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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, September 20, 1918, Image 4

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tumorous frpartrarnt
Try Again.
We don't know what to call him. We'd
hate to make a botch.
And rnispionounce a hero ilke a KTeat
and splendid Foch.
Hut. anyhow, we laud him. and loudly
cry. "B'goHh'?
"However they pronounce him, hurrah
for Deneral Foch!"
?Kansas City Star.
Well, Poaaibly.?J. Monroe Fitch, for
m?r representative in the lower house
of the k? neral assembly from Delaware
county, lawyer and itepublican
politician, who is by way of being one
of the big farm-owners of Delaware
county. In showing a comi>any or his
friends over his big stock farm near
Yorktown. the other 'lay. called special
attention to the fact that a number ol
per si|iiirrels live in the trees near the
tenant houses that were so tame they
treated those about the faun as affectionately
as though they (the squirrels)
were kittens.
"Why, there's one fox squirrel amon?
' in.** Kitch told his visitors, "that's so
tame he runs to meet me and climbs on
my shoulder whenever he notices me
come in the ttate. If that doesn't prove
tiiat even wdd animals have affection
mid sense, what does it prove, I'd like
to know?"
"Well, sines- you've asked the question."
said one of his visitors, ever so
kindly, "it miKht prove that he thinks
you're a nut."?Indiana |?olis News.
A Hard Knock.---During the cross
examinations of a you ok physician in it
lawsuit, the plaintiffs lawyer made
disugiecable remarks about the witness's
youth and inexperience.
"You claim to Is- acquainted witli
the various symptoms attending concussion
of the bruin?" asked the lawyer.
"I do."
"We will take a concrete case," continued
the lawyer. "If my learned
friend, council for the defense,
and myself were to hanK our heads togcth?
r. would he get concussion of the
The young physician smiled. "The
probabilities are," he replied, "that the
counsel for the defense would."?Boston
A Camofleur.?A Kood story is told
by the dean of Carlisle. It concerns a
clergyman who. taking occasional duty
for a friend In one of the tnooriand
churches in a remote comer of CuinIs-rland,
was one day greatly scandalized
on observing the old verger, who
had been collecting the offertory,
mia-tlv abstract a half-crown before
presenting the plate at the altar rails.
After service he called the old man
Into the vestry and told him, with emotion.
that his crime had la-en discovered.
The verger looked puzzled. Then a
sudden light dawned on him.
"Wy, sir .you don't mean that ould
half-crown of mine! Why. I've led off
with he this last fifteen year."?Pittsburgh
Chronicle Telegraph.
Monument to Jefferson Davie.?A
great onellsk of poured concrete
which is being reared on the Christlen-Todd
Cgunty_ line in Kentucky,
us a memorial to Jefferson Davis, the
president of the Confederacy, is shown
in the October Popular Mechanics
Magazine. The shaft which was begun
early in the summer of 1917, will
la- reared the lull height of 351 feet
some time next summer. It is expected.
The foundations of the obelisk are
twenty feet deep, extending down to
solid limestone, and forty-five feet
s<iuare at the surface. Within the
base is a room eighteen feet square,
from which an elevator shaft leads to
an observation room at the top. Portions
of three States can be seen from
tlds lofty point. *
The Curat* Did His Best.?The difference,
not merely of degree, but kind,
which Is supposed to separate the English
rector from the inferior order of
curates is amusingly exemplified in
lilt' lUIIUWill^.
Itetiirning to his parish after his autumn
holiday, a dignified country clergyman.
iiotldiit; a woman at her cottage
door, wlt'r u tiuby in her arms,
asked: "Has that hahv lieeri baptized?"
"Well, sir," replied the curtsying
mother. "I shouldn't like to say as
much as that, hut your young man
came and did what he could."?Chicago
Church Calendars Please Copy.?
Throughout the christening ceremony
the baby smiled up beautifully into the
clergyman's face.
"Well, madam,'" said he to the young
wife. "1 must congratulate you on your
little one's behavior. 1 have christen<sl
more than 2.000 babies, but 1 never
before christened one that behaved so
well as yours."
The young mother smiled demurely,
and said:
"His father and I. with a pail of water.
have been practicing on him for
the last ten days."?Minneapolis Tribune.
Rapid Calculator.?School Inspector
?"Now, my little man. what do five
and one make? " No answer.
Inspector?"Suppose I gave you five
dogs and then another dog. how many
dogs would you have?"
Small Hoy (confidently)?"Seven."
Inspector?"Tut. tut! How would
von hnw> seven*"
Small Hoy?"Course I should. I got
a dog o" my own at home."?Christian
True Artist.?Mrs. Grummell entered
the taxidermist's with a stuffed
parrot In her hands.
"Do you remember the bird you
stuffed for me last autumn?" she asked.
"Well, the work was so badly
done that the feathers are simply falling
"Ah, madam." said the man. "that Is
a triumph of art. We stuff our birds
so well that they moult at the proper
season."?Minneapolis Tribune.
Knew His Bibls.?"Why do you have
an apple as your trade mark?" asked
a client of the cash tailor.
"Well, well." replied the man. rubbing
his hands, "if It hadn't tu*n for
an apple where would the clothing
business be?"?Tit-Bits.
Sam* Tr*atm*nt?"Doctor, my husband
is troubled with a bussing noise
in his ears."
"Better have him go to the seashore
for a month."
"But, he can't get away."
"Then you go."?Boston Transcript.
Recked te Their Standard Fn
They Are Now Opposing the Austria
In Their Native Mountains and
Are Giving Good Account of The
In Sacramento, the little capital
California. writes a Washington ci
respondent, there is a Jugo-Slav "i
' kol." or athletic-literary society, wh
before the I'nited States declared v
against Germany, had 'IS active me
hers, it now has four. All the r
are volunteer fighters for the All
along the mountain crest of the H
kan peninsula.
The Macedonian battle-front, <iui<
cent mo long au?t iu? uumuiuuvii
Set-Ma, seemn about to thrust Its
once more before the eyes of t
world. Already the Italian a
French have routed the enemy In J
bania, the Itritish have struck In I
valley of the Shruma, farther east 1
ward Kavala the Creeks have b<
winning their victories. while
the center the French, along the Vi
<lar ami the Cerna. and the Serbs I
yond the Monastir are holding t
body of the Bulgarians in bloody pi
until the final hour ripens. With t
Serbian army under Crown I'rlr
Alexander there is a complete <
vision of Jugo-Slavs?some 22,0
men several thousand of whom ma
their way back to this ancient fig!
ing ground from the United Stat
Remember that these are Austri
subjects. Serbs, Croats, Solvenat
were all born lieneath the yo
of the Dual Monarchy and it is ji
that yoke they are lighting to thri
off forever. Should they be captur
they will probably be hanged. If pi
oedcnt means anything in Austr
And yet they turn to Serbia with tli
same longing for a free union whi
all Italians felt for I'iedniont.
There is no route from Jugo-Sla\
to the Macedonian front. Serbia a
all the great stretches of southc
Austria and Hungary inhabited by t
South-Slavs is in the iron grip of t
enemy. It is impossible to reach t
lines for the Allies. How then do 20.C
Jugo-Slavs come to be fighting in t
ranks of the Allies in Macedonia?
That Is one of the strangest won
er-stories of the present war.
When Austria, acting as German
catspaw. tirought on the givat stru
gle she depended greatly upon t
Slavic elements in her army, he
Czech-Solvaks and J ago-Slavs. Th
were sturdy people and all histc
had proved them good lighters. H
a single year of war-fare showed tli
Austria could no longer use the
The story of the Czech-Slovaks,
Bohemians, is well known. Ever
hody has heard how they surrender
to the Itussians in great masses.
What hap|>ened to the Jugo-Sla
is not so well known. At first Kti
sia tried to fling them against Serl
in a fratricidal war. which, jt
because blood brother was p
ted against blood brother, failed di
astrously. with losses of some 70,0
Then the Jugo-Slavs were turn
against the Russian front. It is si
that fully 100,000 of them went o\
to the Russians. The 22nd regiment
infantry, constantly reconstituted
the Austrians. surrendered thi
times. It was found that the or
front on which the Jugo-Slavs prov
dependable was along the Itali
hattle line. Up to within a year It!
ian pretensions to the Dalmati
coast have kept up an enmity betwe
the two people which Austria w
shrewd enough to make use of. Xo
however, that Ituly has given up thi
pretensions there Is a Jugo-Slnv ui
with the Italian armies along t
Have, completely equipped and drl
ed and rvudy to face service in t
shell craters against the common e
Hut it was in Russia that the grer
est body of J u go-Slav volunta
prisoners were gathered. Even und
thi- Czar's regime their reorganizatl
as r?nrt of Russia's fighting forces w
begun. They were concentrated nc
Odessa and their patriotic office
worked among them to such effe
that an entire division of fighting m
was organized?the first foreign ui
to fight under the Russian flag.
They wore thrown in as an intern
l?art of the Russian armies defendi
the Dohruda In Humanin during Ge
oral von Maokensen's famous drive
1916. How well they fought may
judged from the fact that entire dh
slans was annihilated. One offlci
Lieutenant Lovrich, and 15 men wo
left alive.
This pitiful remnant returned
Odessa. Sixteen men only, soldir
who have been through an ordt
fiery enough to have destroyed t
spirit of most they nevertheless set
work immediately to organize the r(
of the Jugo-Slavs in Russia. Th
heeame the nucleus of two more cor
plete divisions and (leneral Zivokvl
was sent from Siberia to commai
Rut by this time the Russian re
olution had taken place and ever
moved so rapidly that within a brl
interval the whole Russian army h
ceased to exist and the Rolshevl
were in control of affairs. The n?
Jugo-Slav divisions were given i
opportunity to fight In Russia. R
they were determined to find t
chance somewhere. In small marc
ing units they made their way nort
ward clear to Archangel. Thence th
were secretly taken to France by A
lied transports. Some were land
there but the bulk were ferried arou
to Salonika there to renew the w
against the detested Hapsburg regin
It was thought at that time that i
theJugo-Slav fighters in Russia h,
rejoined the Allies. Not so. Only a f<
months ago a brief cable dispatch
the papers announced that 4.600 Jug
Slav volunteers from Russia with 3
officers had suddenly appeared in t
Sues Canal on their way to battle
Macedonia. No explanation was gi
en of how they got there. As a ma
ter of fact this determined lit
group had forced its way across t
lTral3 from Odessa and then
straight across Siberia to Vladivo
tok. cathcrlng strength from the va
ions prison camps as it progresse
At Vladivostok these crusaders hi
been provided with ships to make t
long voyage through the eastern se
up into the Mediterranean. Journe
like that mean real devotion to
As a matter of fact the flghtli
Jugo-Slavs In Macedonia have bei
drawn from the four corners of tl
earth. There are hundreds from tl
t ,
M Transvaal and Cap* Town, others
from South America. The United States
is well represented. All these scat- ^
Ml tered contingents were first sent to
Tunis and there outfitted by the
French. From there they passed into
the control of the Serbian general c
staff. Many more aiv fighting with t
BE ?h?- Foreign ia-gion in France andlc
with the Anzacs.
There are twelve million and a half f
in* Jugo-Slav in the world. All except s
ey five and a half million are held in pol- i
m. itieal and economic slavery. Yet t
every soul of them is fired with a pas- I
Islon of liberty. Serbia and a large ji
state ak>ne is the land of their heart's |t
f- desire and the national tenacity which i
?o- Serbia has shown animates them all. |
ich f>f no people may it more truly l>e 1
,-ar said tliat they will fight tyranny un- t
m- til the last drop of blood is shed. i
est , , t
al- t
Frenchman Amazed At the Way ,
us- 1
0f Thinga Are Done. ,
elf M edica) supplies require ten entire I
;he buildings for eots, litters, mattresses, t
nj oxygen tanks and the great stocks of t
Vj. hospital supplies. t
he The signal service has two large *
[o- buildings and much open storage, with i
,t.n huge stocks of telegraph and telephone c
ln wire for the army communication sys- s
ir. tern which now spreads all over ?
France. I
The warehouses for food, clothing t
ay and all quartermaster's supplies extend j;
he along a frontage of several miles, all s
lce the buildings uniform. 500 by fifty
jj. feet. Uniforms, clothing, flour and
00, what are called sack goods are kept r
tl,. under cover in the warehouses, but t
,t. much of tire stock in crates, boxes and r
es> barrels is stacked along the depot c
aji streets for miles. a
i The one item of gasoline is a huge a
,gt. thing owing to the part motor traction f
,st takes in warfare. In one month our s
JW army will have five million gallons, or n
,.,l an average of five gallons a man for
an army of a million men. This e
~~ ? rxt' 111 <11111 S
jlt Mirans a mi'iiu.i iiivx-unui ??. .
ujt I'arrets a month. ti
cj, To step into the army refrigerator
on a hot midsummer day is rather a o
ja novel experience. The thermometer c
?j was about 90 degrees as we went s
rn througii the yards, but as the colonel a
p,. opened the door of the big rcfrigera- t
p,. ting plant we were struck with an
Arctic chill of five degrees below zero s
100 ?a drop of 95 degrees as we crossed "
the threshold. Inside the workmen >
were bundled in tur coats wrapped a- v
tj_ round their ears. The floors were a
slippery with frost and the long am- I
y'8 monia pipes above dripped frosted tl
K_ icicles like stalactites in a cave,
p,. l-'rost an inch thick covered the burlap I
,tp coverings of the big sides and rpiar- f
ey ters of beef and the beef itself was f
,ry frozen solid as stone. I
lut Many of the workers in this place t
,at are from the big packing houses of t
m. Chicago. Besides more than a million s
or pounds of frozen meat always on
y_ hands there is oleomargarine, butter, s
lard and all kinds of fats. It isarrang- ^
ed like a ship with water-tight com- f
V8 part men t s, except that these are cold
,s_ compartments, so that the freezing is c
,ia carried only to those compartments
18l reuulred. No ice is used, as the freezit
in? process is carried out by the fore- a
i?. ing of ammonia through pipes at a c
00. dgh pressure. t
ictj The (iernian prisoncis' stockade wan 8
tld r.ot far beyond. Here some 1,000 Ger- j
.er mans are housed^and fed, while they y
of take part in the construction and ,
Ij.. warehouse work. Around the stork e,.
<?de runs a wlrr netting fifteen feet
(jv high. with a nuinher of armed guards. (
vtj The prisoners show no desire to get (
an away, and when an exchange of pris- (
oners was.tieing carried out not long
an ago two of thein actually broke down j
on in tears at the thought of going back }
as to their native land. They sleep on (
w cots and their rations are about the
>Hi* same as those furnished the labor L
^1, troops. The German officers have (
hf. their own barracks inside the stockade.
U wear their uniforms and medals and (
^ have rather comfortable equipment. }
n with spring cots.
r> \
lor Great Advance In American Living ^
on j
as The people of the .United States ?
ar have been wholly unconscious of the r
,rg rapidity with which they have ad>ct
vanccd from comparative poverty to
en unequalled affluence, says the Ameri- t
can Review of Reviews. Most people v
in all countries, and through all ages. f
,aj haw lived close to the border lands {
a of famine and epidemic. No great {
n_ i>opuL'ition in all history was ever so ?
ln luxurious as the j>eople of the United
1)C States have been in recent years. s
.j_ There has been an amazing advance ^
j,r in the standards of living: and we j.
should aim to have both town dwell- t
ers and country people live still more j
decently and agreeably in years to j
,rs come. But a high standard of living (
,ai is compatible with simplicity and
he thrift. There are now men living in M
to Washington who remembered when it '
>at was a common thing to sec cabinet
ev ministers, senators and members of
n_ the supreme court going to market In t
the morning, with their baskets, and (
nJ carrying home the supplies that they ^
had frugally purchased. It is not. j
v_ however, a question of returning to v
lts old ways of living, but rather a ques- ^
lef Hon of utilizing wisely our new advantages.
In his book on America.
Ikl written a few years ago. a famous ^
?w French Senator. d'Kstomelles deConan
stant, declared that his own country a
lut could live In comfort upon what Amer- j
he leans waste and throw away. When r
the French, after their defeat by Ger- t
many, had to pay an Indemnity of five
ov thousand francs, the peasants met the t
bill out of their .savings. At a later j
ed period they lent Russia still larger v
nd sums which Russian savings must ,
ar some time repay. Meanwhile, our (
)e war bills will be Increased with ^
ftll the new army program, and at least f
ad twenty million different Americans
>w should by thrift and saving be able to r
ln subscribe for the fourth liberty loan. r
0_ soon to be offered to the public.
00 ? t
he Boy Scouts of America have sold
)n more than $17,000,000 worth of war
v_ savings stamps. It was announced on
Monday at headquarters of the organl)o
Izatlon In New York. Edward Hodghe
son of McKeesport. Pa., who turned In
ce $42,596, heads the national list of Boy
Scout salesmen, and G. Schuyler Tarr_
bell of Ithaca, N. Y., holds the record
for New York state with sales of $41.841.
Sales of individual scouts averhe
aged $11, while 2,471 "ace medals"
^ have been issued to boys who disposed
yg of $250 of these "baby bonds."
a 1 * '
Among the captives taken by the
Americans at Thlaucourt was Prof.
pn Otto Scheernkase, the exploiter of
chlorine gas as a form of civilized warhe
Astonishing Achievements of Ameri- Ri
can Tranaport Maatert. P1'
Long lines of khaki-clad men just ca
lebarked from American transports,
md now on their way to their first mi
amp. writes a correspondent from a u"
vestern France-American port, pack- ^
d the streets from curb to curb and P"
itretched away for miles. It was four 1,0
niles and uphill most of the way?
hrough the city, suburbs and country Pa
anes, from the sea-front to the great tn
eception camp located outside the th
own. one of the largest camps in the
Aorld and capable of caring for gt
copulation of a metropolitan city. wl
Hour after hour, from six o'clock In er
he morning until late In the after- ot
loon the steady tramp of marching
housands had been going on. for this m<
steady stream is the army of 36.000 on
hat has just arrived on thirteen fu
\merlean transports, making the re- in|
ord debarkment from ship to camp m<
vithin twelve hours.
With" Major X, the engineer officer lni
if the camp, we skirted alongside this a"
noving stream, from the landing to
heir camp, and bad an opportunity o( m!
teeing each stage in the huge movenent
up to the time the tired marchers
pitched their shelter tents on the
ioakeu grounds and crawled inside to
ileep. Stirring as it wus to see these
nen come to swell the l.OOO.OoO men in
he American ranks, yet theie was a ^ '
rriinness and grayness to the scene
luggesting the stern reality of war. 801
Their First Glimpse of War.
A steady downpour swept across the or
nnks, and the men were dripping as t0
hey trudged through the rain-soaked 8el
nud. They were at route step, with- elf
iut the regularity of parading troops. to
ind each man carried, beside his rifle, w'
ill his belongings on his back, seventy
tounds of tent , blankets, clothing, s,!^
hoes, and all the miscellaneous e<iuip
nent of a soldier headed for the front. ln
Their last camp was in the wellquipped
eantoninents In the United e'f
states, where they slept on cots and
lad si semblance of modern comfort cel
cow they were on the war-swept soil f,c
if France, and had seen the last of ,ei
ots and comforts. It was their first
;lirnpse of real war conditions, and 8el
myone who says it's cheerful shuts co
lis eyes to the grimness of war.
"There are more troops arriving." nl'
aid the major as he led the way. si*
than the total strength of the United
States army a short time ago. And 0,1
clth such an Influx we have to provide tei
i very elastic camp of immediate exinnsion
from a thousand up to a hunIreil
thousand men."
The major was well qualified to ex>lain
the magnitude of the work, for 'ol
le had been chief constructing engi- to
leer of the New York subway system, '< r
lad planned and built a good part of
he system and had made the populaIon
figures on which subway conduction
was based.
"To get an idea of the camp." he s''
aid, "compare It with Central Park.
Ve have 2,500 acres here: Central Park
las 800 acres. Why, the entire area ol
dew York city on Manhattan island is ro
inly 41,000 acres."
Miles and Miles of Tents. ?.
On both sides of the road, for mile wj
ifter mile as we sped along In an army
:ar, a city of tents was, rising, and ov
here was a hum and bustl? of camp an
ictivlty on a vast scale. Mt morn- pr
ng all the ground had been a stub- rj
ile field from the newly cut wheat and jtn
inrley. But now every available foot |0i
vns being laid off by the army engi- Pl<
leers, working with tripods and instru- W1
nents like a party of surveyors. Tent- in
d streets and avenues, headquarters th
ents, mess, kitchen and hospitnl tents,
ind vast parks for supplies and artil- on
ery and horses, were rising In the pP
lelds and spreading for forty square ho
niles over this huge enclosure. Mi
"We never take a field of growing th
renin," said the major, "l>ut as fast as st
he grain Is cut we take over the fields
ind with harvest time well advanced wl
his entire farming section will soon ho
>e turned into an American camp." th
In one of the fields where we stop- C.
K-d to see the men, two battalions of 4,
100 men each, just marched in and
vere preparing to pitch their tents, cn
rhe great stretch of ploughed ground. Mi
ust cleared of grain, was rain-soaked, re
ind the storm had set in for the night, ail
rhe men stood ready, each with a half el<
>f a shelter tent, to drive the stakes 4,
md lash it against the elements, and Pr
hen crawl in. It seemed an endless 18
vnit for all the formalities of lnying th
nit the camp with engineering exact- Mi
less, yet all of this was essential to 4,
he smooth running of such a large
oncern. tei
At last the stakes were driven and sij
ioon the great field was dotted with bl;
housands of khaki mounds, about as Bi
dgh as a man's waist, called "pup" tei
ents, probably because they looked
ike dog houses. Under the tent there or
s just room for. two lying down, and sei
f the ground is soaked, as it is to- gu
light, the rubber poncho keeps out tu:
ome of the water and kindly nature sei
ind the iron of youth must do the rest, ho
Filtered Water for the Men. ha
This was only one typical camp of H*
he hundreds lining the roads for miles gh
n this vast reception camp. Field 31,
dtchens and water carts were wheel- ed
ng up to all the camps as the tents th
rent up. Filtered water is brought in hli
logsheads, and each command has its se;
ipportioned lot of hogsheads. Later Gc
in there will be a splendid system of Be
rater mains for the whole camp. ,
Tint h^rp npp flip mr-n nn<l o wnfpr V/
ystem is not installed In a day. So Ba
nstead of waiting for twelve-Inch R)
no ins. the primitive hogBhend is filling 4.
he gap. Each man carries his enter- .rei
rency ration for three days. Some of po
hem were nibbling it before climbing lui
nto their pup tents, but most of them wi
vaited for the rmoklng field kitchen Se
o get into action with its cooks, serv- tei
ng out hot coffee, hot soup and meat, he
rhe item of feeding an army with Mi
recislon is in tself a gigantic task. thi
"We served 1,800,000 meals last rn<
nonth," said Major X, "or 600.000 army wi
ations of three meals to the ration." flv
And besides all the feeding and wa- 1
ering and sanitation there is the im- E^
nonse "paper work" of such an organ- fu
zation. There are 128 separate or- dl<
animations in the 36,000 men just ar- ce
ived. Each of the 128 must be sort- of
d an.! brought together, and every In- of
lividual soldier of the 36,000 must be tnj
dentifled and accounted for, so as to ci
ruard against losses, and then each thi
irganization and man must have his 1
Ictail to one of the sectors of the fight- lei
ng front. This "paper work." as it Is w]
nllod, is prodigious, and. like every at
hing military, it must be done with en
ibsolute precision. And the paper wl
rork calls for paper, which is very tei
lard to get. 'I
Map Made On Wrapping Paper. , tlr
"When headquarters called for a N<
nap of the camp the other day," said ^
e major, "they got it all right, on the
ly paper which could be found,
llch was brown wrapping paper,
it it was a good map, and the wrapig
paper map of the big American
mp will go into the archives."
When taps sounded tonight every
in of this 36.000 was under canvas,
:hough this morning every man had
en afloat. It was the record aceomishment
in landing, for while one
dy of arrivals had been large?12.0?the
landing had taken the best
rt of two days, whereas this huge
insfer was In the daylight hours of
p first dav.
"And right on top of it." said the
neral tonight, "one ship is arriving
th 12.000 more men and then anothflotilla
of transports and then anher."
Thus this gigantic influx of armed
?n goes on steadily and unceasingly
record tim?, with little or no consion.
each man and organization heit
cared for and accounted for as they
jve forward to the front, and all of
e huge enterprisi of docking, lands',
transporting and camping, with
their Infinite details, crcateil out of
rtually nothing within the last ten
uth Carolina Has Filled Numerous
r A. R. Salley, Jr.
Of the 39 men who have represented
uth Carolina in the United States
nate since the creation of that body,
have been appointed by the governor
elected by the general assembly
All unexpired terms and one has
rved terms to which he had been
cted and subsequently was elected
an unexpired term. Mr. Pollock
II be the first senator to be elected
a direct vote of the people of the
ite to fill out an unexpired term.
The first midterm vacancy to occur
a South Cnrolina senatorial seat was
at of Pierce Battler, who had been
cted for the term March 4, 1793
ireh 4. 1799, resigned in 179C. In I)etnber,
1796, the general assembly
;cted John Hunter to fill out the
m. On November 26, 179S, Senator
inter resigned and the general asmbly
elected Charles Pinckney to
mplete the term to March 4. 1799.
d also to serve the full term beginlg
that day. Senator Pinckney romed
in 1801 to go as minister to
ain and the general assembly electClen.
Thomas Sumter to fill out his
-m to March 4, 1805.
John FNving Calhoun, who had been
cted for the term beginning March
1801, died Noverber 3, 1802, and the
neral assembly elected former Senar
I'lerce Butler to fill out the term
March 4, 1807. In 1804 Senator Hut
resigned for the second time and
e general assembly elected John
itllard to fill out the term,
rn 1810 Senator Sumter, who had
en re-elected for the full term bennlng
March 4, 1805, resigned and
d general assembly elected John
iylor to fill out the term ending on
arch 4, 1811. Senator Taylor was
-elected for the full term beginning
arch 4, 1811, but himself resigned in
16, and the general assembly elected
illinm Smith * to fill out his term,
llch expired March 4, 1817.
Senator Gaillard, who had served for
er 21 years, died February 26, 1826.
d Governor Richard I. Manning,
and parent of the present governor,
chard I. Manning, appointed WIIm
Harper to succeed him. The folding
winter the general assembly
?cted former Senator William Smith,
io had been defeated for re-election
1822 by Robert Y. Hayne, to fill out
e term ending March 4, 1831.
In 1832 Senator Hayne resigned upbeing
elected governor, and the
neral assembly elected John C. Calun
to mi out his term, which ended
arch 4, 1835. Mr. Calhoun resigned
e vice presidency of the United
ates to accept the senatorship.
In 1833 Senator Stenhen T1 Miller
io had been elected for the full term
ginning March 4. 1831, resigned and
e general assembly elected William
Preston to fill out his teim to March
In 1832. John C. Calhoun, who had
tered upon his third term as senator
arch 4 ,1841, resigned to become sectary
of state under President Tyler,
id Judge Daniel Elliott Huger was
H?ted to complete his term to March
1847. In the same year Senator
oston, who had been re-elected In
37 for a full term, also resigned and
e general assembly elected George
cDuffle to fill out the term to March
McDuffle was re-elected for the full
rm beginning March 4, 1S43, but rerned
in 1846 and the general assemy
elected Judge Andrew Pickens
itler to serve the remainder of the
rm to March 4, 1849.
In 1845 Senator Huger resigned in
der that Mr. Calhoun, whose cabinet
rvice had terminated with the inauration
of President Polk, might rern
to the senate, and the general asmbly
immediately elected Mr. Calun
to complete the term which he
d relinquished three years before.
? was re-elected for the full term helming
March 4, 1847, but died March
, 18&0. Governor Seabrook appolntFranklln
H. Elmore of Columbia to
e vacant seat. Mr. Elmore began
j service April 11 and died May 20.
rving but a little over a month,
tvernor Seabrook then appointed
>bert \V. Barnwell to the vacancy.
When the general assembly met In
jvember that body elected Senator
irnwell's cousin. Robert Barnwell
lett, to fill out the term to March
1853. In May, 1852, Senator Rhett
signed and Governor Means apinted
William F. DeSaussure of Conbia
to the vacancy. The following
nter the general assembly elected
nator DeSaussure to complete the
rm to March 4, 1863. Thus five men
Id the seat during the one term from
arch 4, 1847, to March 4, 1863, and
at three of them received appoint?nt
at the hands of the executive. It
II also be observed that two of the
e were of Columbia.
On May 6, 1853, Senator Joeiah J.
ana. who had been elected for the
It term beginning March 4. 1853.
?d, and on May 11 following wan auceded
by Arthur P. Hayne, a brother
Robert Y. Hayne, by appointment
Governor Allston. At the next meet*
p of the general aaaembly James
lestnut, Jr., was elected to All out
e term.
On May 25. 1857, Senator A. P. But\
who was serving his third term,
itch began March 4, 1855, died, and
the succeeding session of the gen*
il assembly, James H. Hammond
is elected to fill out the unexpired
rm wTilch ended March 4. 1881.
Senators Chestnut and Hammond reed
from the senate on the 10th of
>vember, 1880, as they saw that
>uth Carolina Intended to withdraw
from the I'nion. Their seats remained
vacaat for the years of the war. After
the war the general assembly elected
John L. Manning and R. F. Ferry
to the two vacant seats, but they were
denied admission. After the passage
of the "reconstruction" measures the
general assembly In June. IShS. elected
Thomas J. Robertson to the vacant
term which began March 4. 1S65. and
which would end March 4.1871. and
Frederick A. Sawyer to the vacant
term which began March 4. 1S67. and
would end March 4. 1S73.
From 1S6S to 1S97?a period of
i? ,
years IIU IUUir uuuiuir? uvvumu til
midterms. On March 4. 1SD7. Joseph
H. Karle entered ujon a full term as
senator. I?ut died about 60 days thereafter.
Governor Ellerbe appointed
Jolin I-. McLaurin to the vacancy. A
Democratic primary that summer nominated
Mr. McLaurin for election by
th" general assembly at its next sitting
and the general assembly accordingly
elected Senator McLaurin to complete
the full term to March 4, 1903.
During tin sitting of the general assembly
in 190*. Senator l^itimer.
whose teim would have expired March
4. 1909. died and the general assembly
elected Frank II. Gray to complete the
The recent death of Senator Tillman
and the appointment of Christie I tenet
to succeed him are fresh in the minds
of all.
Of the 26 men who have filled unexpired
terms or parts of them 19 have
been elected by the general assembly,
five have been appointed by the gov- "
ernor and two have been elected by f
the general assembly after having
served part of the term by appointnient
of the governor.
The Willrtam if. Smith referred to
above was from York county. From
the first settlement of the state up to
the close of the Revolutionary war. the
Kpiscopal church had been the established
church of South Carolina, and
under a system thut had limited the
franchise to communicants of that
church. Episcopalians of the lowcoun.
? . ? o i. atnta
Judge Smith, a member of Bullock's
Creek Presbyterian church, made the
issue of this Episcopal domination
throughout the upper port of the state
to such an extent that he was able to
secure two shortt term elections to the
senate. Senators were at that time
elected by the general assembly, and
the Episcopalians having marshalled 4
their full strength in the meantime. ^
when it came to filling the full term ||
were able to put Judge Smith out of
business. Judge Smith was the first
important "Reform" leader in South
Carolina.?Editor Yorkville Enquirer.
Items of Interest Gathered From Various
A record trip from Washington t<>
New York by way of Philadelphia with
the aerial mail was made last Monday
by D. C. PeHart. He was in the air
two hours and twelve minutes. He left
Washington at 11.40, reached Philadelphia
at 1.03 p. m., and left for NewYork
eight minutes later and landed
at Belmont Park at 2 p. m. DeHart ,,
carried 210 pounds of mail from
Washington to Philadelphia and 150
pounds from Philadelphia to Belmont |
Park. fl
A German officer captured by the fl
Americans makes interesting revela- 1
tlons concerning the St. Mihiel salient. 1
He declares its continued holding by J
the Germans would have been and was |
a piece of unsoldierly pretentiousness. )
which was only persisted in from po- J
litiortl necessity. He was very angry jj
about it and asserted representations ?
had been made to the great general j
staff as to the impossibility ot holding a
the salient with the troops assigned to ?
it in face of the American concentra- |
Hon which wn? Unnu-n to be takinif '
enough money U. start an account
Haven't you a dollar? Th&t U all It ti
takes at THIS BANK. s
Just try it for a year or six months.
If.you do not wish to continue it you f
have lost nothing by the trial. t
Which WUl It Be Ouooese or Failure?
Bank -of Hickory Grove i
place, but at the time it was supposed I
the occasion wus not propitious for at- J
tacking the Germans and readjustment J
of the German positions was postpon- J
< <1 until the moment for a complete 1
evacuation wus passed.
York County. '
By L. R. Williams, Esquire, Probate j
Judge of York County. J
WHEREAS Q. N. McCALL has ap- ]
" plied to me for letters of Admin- j
istration on all and singular, the goods 4
and chattels, rights and credits of R. J
McCALL, late of the County aforesaid, J
deceased. j
These are, therefore, to cite and ad- 4
monish all and singular the kindred J
and creditors of the said deceased, to I
be and appear before me at our next .
Probate Court for the said County, to j
be holden at York Courthouse on the j
to shew cause, if any, why the said Ad- J
ministration should not be granted. ^
Given under my Hand and Seal, this |
10th day of September in the year of
our Lord one thousand nine hundred and
eighteen and in the 143rd year
of American Independence.
Probate Judge of York County.
Sept. 13?74 f 2t*
County of York.
By L. R. Williams. Probate Judge for
York County.
" C. Pis., has applied to me for Letters
of Administration, on all and singular,
the goods and chattels, rights
and credits of ISAAC WRIGHT. Jr..
late of the County aforesaid, deceased.
Thow aro therefore, to cite and ad
monlah all and singular the kindred I
and creditors of the said deceased, to I
be and appear before me at our next Probate
Court for the said county, to .
be holden at York Court House on the 1
11TH DAY OF OCTOBER, 1918, to (
shew cause, If any, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal, this
27th day of August, In the year of
our Lord one thousand nine hundred
and eighteen and In the 143rd year s
of American Independence.
Probate Judge for York County. ?
70 t ?t ?
lTfe ;
Look at the men who are successful t
In the eyes of the world. Ninety-nine
out of every hundred started a Bank 2
Account when they were young?and
stuck to it s
And now, look at the fall urea Very
few of them have a Bank account now. a
Not speaking of when they were young li
Perhaps you think you have not I
P Start th
with a Cup or Two "
of LuzianneTT
AM-AND-EGGS and a cup
11 of steaming, stimulating
Luzianne. What better start could
anybody have for the day's workl
IllZIANMt The sanitai7' air"ti?ht ^ locks
I the flavor in! Buy a can of
Luzianne today.
/ If you don't agree it's the best
j hot beverage that ever passed your
I lips, your grocer will give you back
what you paid for it, and ask no
^ questions. So, there.
"When It Pours, It Reigns"
* *zr+ ?* + **r+ *zt+ *zr+ ** + ** + ** + ** + h$t?
Winter is coming on?Not very far away?and that NOW is
a good time to see about your Heating Apparatus?Get Your Stoves,
Orates, Piping, etc., in order, as it were. See Us for?
Then. too. have YOUR STOVES PUT UP NOW, as We will be
very short of help a little later on anu you migm nui gn
A3* +A*? +A*? ?A*? +kt*L +A** +A*1 iAS* +Ag?t Hgg +|
AT GASTONIA, OCTOBER 8, 9,10, 11, 12
FRED M. ALLEN, Executive Secretary,
Gastonia, N. C.
| Our ROLLER MILL lias been thoroughly overtiauled,
j the machinery has been put in first-class condition, and all X
I old Bolting Cloths have teen replaced with New ones.
i We have a First-Class MILLER who knows his busi- X
I ness, and we arc here to GIVE ABSOLUTE SATISFAC- ?
i* TION to all patrons, whether they send their wheat by ?
freight or messenger, or whether they come in person. r
) do not throw away And we Grind It As It Ought I
! to Bc Ground- I
I tiirow them inu. yomr w.|. ()ur Flouring Mill is on the Oil C V
I on when roe come U town. ? m
\ we will bar ?b?^ Mill Ground, but entirely 7
| separate. ?
King of Reconstructive Tonics
Builds up the Nerves, and Sexual System?Produces Rich, Red
Blood?A Builder-up of the EnUre Body.
For Men and Women Full Treatment?No Benefit No Cost
One Dollar?All Druggists.
92 Acres?Of good, level Ian', with YORK, S. C.
-room house. Joining F1-. ? Jackson's _ ,
Itore place. It Ij a No. 1 Fvm. Corrected to Angost 1st, 1918, SchcdD.
M. Parrott?Place. 11-2 miles ule figures are subject to change
rom Clover; on Clover road; 300 without notice anH are not guarancres;
6-r dwelling; 3 4-r tenant
louses. Will sell as a whole or In
wo tracts. Priced right. WEST BOUND
Six-Room House?On 62 acres of No. 117 No. Ill No. 86
ood land, on Howall's Ferry road, 3 mn Iff?" J
alles from Courthouse Ar* 8-10pm 6.18pm 6.88am
118 Acrea Land?6-r dwelling, l-r Ar. ?-20pm l i0un
n^'school***1-2 m,,e ot z,on churcb a- Ro^Sfc: i$?
200 Acres?Of saw Umber and wood- A*- MArion 12.10pm
and, within mile of Zion church. Saw EAST BOUND
Imber worth price of*whole tract. No ? No 114 No. u8
Two Vacant Lots? 90x300 and lOOx Lv. Marion 4.40pm
26 feeL on King's Mountain street Lv. Rutherford ton SSOnm 6 85am
ltullding Lot?60*225 feet, on west Iat. Blscksborg__ 7 66pm 7 38am
lde Wright avenue. Lv. Blackabor*.._ 8.06pm I.Mam
137 Acrea?i-room dwelling. 2 ten- lr. York t.llpm. 10.80am 4.40am
nt houses. Known as the Will Wal- at. Roek Hill 9 W^ U 0fcua 7Atmm
ice Place?6 milea south of Torkvllle. _ .
>evel land. Trains Noe. 86. 86. 118 and 114. conj
p. Kell Property?7-room dwell- J??0* *?th main line trains at Blacksng;
1 1-8 acre lot on East Liberty ?ur* 411(1 from Points North and
treet, Torkvllle. SouthLot?Near
Graded school?90 feet N'oa 86 and 36 connect with trains
ront; 200 feet deep. On shady side of at Marion to and from Asheville and ?
he street. 8ee me about it. points East and West. ^
_ _ ^ _ Noa. 117, 118, 86 and 114 connect at
C. P. SHERER- Real Estate. Rock Hill with trains to and from
Charlotte and Columbia.
or Woodmen of the World Receipt For more detailed Information, api?nir?
for sale at The Ehiaalrar Office Si' 10 Agents.
V_ *TnZ?n w. E. McGEE 8. H McLEAN.
r by Mall 30 Gents each. a. <j. p. a. D. P. A.

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