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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, September 02, 1919, Image 1

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. i_ M. grist's sons. pubiiiher&. $ ^amil? jie?sjaj*K dftr % jJromolion of tt< JjlnWiral, jjfkial, JjrfqiHnipI and ?omm?;cial |nltr?ste if th< $?pt*. TER"^^rT.ermN *S2?"c* I
ESTABLISHED 1855 ' - " YORK, S. C..TUESIIAY; SEPTEMBER 3, 1919. ! NO. 7Q
P LEADERS INCITE RIOTS
Congressman Byrnes Fixes Responsibility
For Troubles.
?
SUGGESTS LEGISLATION BY CONGRESS
South Carolina Man Thinks that
Negro Leaders are Being Instigated
and Financed to Make Trouble
Among Jhe Negroes, Along the Lines
of I. W. W. and Bolshevism.
New York Times.
Washington, Aug. 25.?Representative
James F. Byrnes of South Caro- <
Una told the house today that the race i
antagonism whi^h flared up in Wash- ,
ington and other sections of the coun- i
try recently had its inspiration in in- i
p?nrll?rv nttAranPAi nf nAPm lpiulcrs I
circulated through negro publications. ]
*4hc situation which came to the sur ,
face in Washington and Chicago, Mr.
: . Byrnes said, was growing worse as
the magazines published revolutionary
utterances of negro leaders. He predicted
a serious race war and industrial
stagnation in the south if negroes
followed the advice of their leaders as
set forth in certain publications from
which he read liberally. He called
upon the government to proceed
against the negro leaders under the
? Espionage act.
Some of the negro leaders, Mr.
Byrnes said, had asserted that the
south wotfld become another Russia
and in such a revolt the negroes would
get the privileges and rights denied
them. Mr. Byrnes said there was no
reason to believe that the present attitude
of the negroes would take on
such a serious form, but he was sure
thht the uafair utterances were working
great evil to the negroes themselves.
V
Journals Urge Violence.
"In hundreds of negro publications d
these radical leaders of the negro race c
t are urging their followers to resort to *
violence in .order to obtain privileges ^
they believe therqselvea entitled to," 1
. said Mr% Byrnes. "The recent riots in- V
dicate that they are accepting this c
advice. It is unfortunate that somr
negroes havp changed their attitude.
Inspired doubtless by the desire to ii
promote the success of the radical c
leaders. A fair illustration of this \
type of negro leaders is W. E. B. Du F
Boif, editor of The Crisis .'Magazine, n
Du. Bois hps heretofore rendeVed great s
service to his people by intelligent
leadership." / h
"It is manifest," continued Mr. C
Byrnes, 'that when sanguinary con- o
fllcts take place in cities so widely c
separated and in so short a time the o
cause is general and not local. The
cause is these articles, some of which c
i I will read to you." d
An article "Returning Soldiers," z
published in The Crisis, was rend l?y. f
M*. Byrnes as an example of the acli- ?
1 vlties of the negro leaders. This, an p
editorial In the magazine concluded: c
Wo sing: This country of ours, p
despite ail its better souls have done t
and dreamed, is yet a shameful land, t
It lyncher It disfranchises /
its own citizens It encourages |
ignorance It steals from us 1
It insults us. o
To support each of these statements, c
'the representative said, Du Bois prints "
^ a short article concluding with the fol- t
R lowing: t
"This is the country to which we sol- t
Qft diers of democracy return. This is
the fatherland for which we fought! n
'But it is our fartherlnnd. It was right r
IB A for us to tight! The faults of the J
P country are our faults. Under sim- c
liar circumstances we would fight
* again. But by the God of Heaven we n
are cowards and jackassos if now that r
war iB over we do not marshal every i
ounce of our brain and brawn to fight a
a Bterncr, longer, mure unbending bat- s
tie against the forces of hell in our tl
own land.' " c
. "We return.
"We return from fighting.
'We return fighting. 2
"We make way for democracy! We f
?avo<J it in France and by the Great ^
Jehovah, we will save it in America, r
or know the reason why."
The Espionage act is still in effect. -]
Mr. Byrnes said, and he called upon ^
the government to employ it against N
such inflammatory articles.
Asks Attorney General to Act. (
"If this editorial." he observed. (
"which refers to this as a 'shameful t
land,' charging the government with r
lyndhiog, disfranchising its citizens, en- j
couraging ignorance, and stealing from t
its citizens, does not constitute a vio- t
lation of the Espionage law it would be ! c
difficult to conceive language suIH- . c
ciently abusive to constitute a viola- \1
tion. Believing'' this is true 1 have
called this editorial to the attention of;
the attorney generai with the request s
that he have proceedings instituted ; (
against Du Bois.
"No greater sei*vice can be rendered v
to the negroes today than to have them '
know that this government wiH not
tolerate on the part of its leaders, ac- ;;
tlon which tends to array thoni against J
the governfhent under which they live, i ]
,/^.hd under which the negro race has
made greater progress than it has un- j
Uer any other government on earth. ,
In the same magazine, Mr. Byrnes i
^ Bald, 'the following portion of a letter ;
written by a negro officer in France, j
9^? was carried with the approval of its '
HHf editors. , k
"1 am beginning to wonder whether !
it will ever be possible fpr me to see .
flS American (white) without wishing <
that l;e were in his satnnic majesty's
private domain. I must pray long and
earnestly that hatred of my fellowman
be removed from my heart, and
that I can truthfully lay claim to being
a Christian."
That his view is shared by other negroes
who served as ofllcers in the army
was evident from statements of William
M. Col3on, A contributing editor
of The Messenger, another negro
magazine. Mr. Byrnes said. Colson,
who Mr. Byrnes said, claimed to be an
officer in the 367 infan,try, wrote the
following In the July issue of The
Messenger, under the heading "Propaganda
and the American Negro Soldier:"
. I
"A feeble and indefinite propaganda
did spring up among the negro solw
diers in Franco. In that democratic
. lime they found themselves. They
felt better within themselves because
they. were lighting for France, and for
their race, rather than for a flag which
had j?o meaning." ^
Loyalty Made "Conditional."
In this article. Mr. Colson says
igain: "No intelligent American negro
is.wil'ing to lay down his life for the
United States as It now exists." And
:gain: "Intelligent negroes have all
eached the point where their loyalty
.0 the ^country is conditional."
"A possible/ explanation of the feeling
)f these *negro officers is contained on
)age 21 of the May issue of The
Crisis." Mr. Byrnes said, "where
omplaint Is made that the issuance of
in order preventing them from attendng
a dance where they could dance
vith white women. It is stated that
it Car.ne3 colored ofllcers, who com>osed
the 167th detachment, attended
everal dances where they were enteraincd
by, and danced with Frenbh
adles of the town; that shortly thereifter
an order was issued that no ofIcer
ol that detachment would be pernittcd
to attend a dance where a fee
ras charged. The complaint Is that
nasmuch as a fee was charged at all
Iance3. and all officers of that partiular
detachment were negroes, the cf
ect or the order was tpat tncy were
lenicd the opportunity to dance with p
he white ladies of the town, while t
rhite officers of other detachments \
ould continue to attend the dances* ?
Accuses William M. Trotted, Too. 9
"When Du Hois is guilty of publish- 1
ng stuff of this kind." Mr. Byrnes de- s
lared, "it is not surprising to find ft!
Villiam Monroe Trotter, editor of The t
Jos ton Guardian tfnegro), doing his h
rfcniost to incltf* riots find cause blcud- ?
hed." U
Spca'iing of The Messenger, edited
y. A. I'hilip Randolph and Chandler A
>won, Mr. Byrpcs said it was printed F
n fine quality paper and does not n
arry half a dozen advertisements d
ther than its own. , P
"It is evident that it is supported by F
ontrib itions from some source," ho
eclaretl. The material in the maga- tl
inc would indicate that the source c.
rom which the support comes is anta- tl
onistioto the United States. It ap- tl
ieals for the establishment in this *
ountry of a Soviet government. It a
raises the treatment of the negro by F
he (,5c: mans as contrasted with the ti
reatinent accorded the negro by the d
killed forces. It urges the negro to tl
oin the I. W. W.: pays tribute to v
)cbs and every otiirr convicted enemy d
f the government and prays for the 11
stabllshment of a Bolshevist gov- n
rnmcnt in this land. It is evident that a
lie T. W. W. is financing it in an effort ^
o have the negro of America join it in
heir revolutionary plans.' t!
Representative Byrnes said this "b
tiegazinc urged that negroes be made a
(Oliee captains in all large cities. The h
uly issue of The Messenger, he said,
arried this statement*: *
"All ouch big negro communities are r<
magazines of race prejudice dynamite,
cady to explode at any moment upon s
intling the flame to the fuse. Riots s
re imminent?real race riots?in al! *
uch large cities as New York, Phila- a
clphia, Baltitnore, Washington, Chi- t
ago, Pittsburg, and St. Louis." - b
Violenco Deliberately Planned. "
""Since the publication of this maga- a
ine," Mr. Byrnes continued, "most un- n
ortunate race riots have occurred in *
Vashington and Chicago. In deternining
who was the aggressor the ^
ibove statements are enlightening. t
rhoy show thai the negro leaders had s
leliberately planned a campaign of 1
iolcnce."
Mr. Byrnes said that if there was at 1
iresent no law prohibiting circulation ''
hrough the mails of incendiary doc- v
rines, it was time that legislation be r
nacted to> prohibit it. The foreign 1
>rcss, which, through publication of (!
evolutionary doctrines, was once a '
langer, was now under surveilance, he 1
leclarcd, and like steps should be tak- 1
;n against the use of the negro press 1
or the Bolshevik ami I. \\\ \V.
' ;
The Lowly Corncob.?tTntil a day not I
>o very long ago, something like 3.-1'
)00,000,000 bushels of corncobs were \v
hrown away annually % the United I1
ttates, a fact that disturbed nobody in i
particular, for they seemed good for
nothing. It needed the government's j
nquiring chemists to discover that
i 1
Lliey could be transformed into com-j
tnerclal products. Properly treated I
the cobs yield an adhesive gum that is j
finding use in various industries, from I
manufacturing paper l)0\es to pasting j
posters on billboards. The solid cob, i?
left alter the glue has lieen extracted, |
is ground up, mixed with molasses,!,
and dried as a food for eattie. Nothing \
that was a corncob need be wasted: 1
and the moral of that, as the Duchess [i
might be expected to say to Alice, is .
that ong should never think anything L
unless one ]ias tried to find out,?)
L'hrlstinn Science Monitor. |
MAJOR McFADDEN IS BACK t
ti
Distinguished Soldier Returned After
Sixteen Months Of Service. c
BELIEVES WAR WILL BE RENEWED n
s
#- A
According to Rock Hill Man, the Al- b
c
lies Shodld Have Gone into Gor- R
many as They Could Haye Done and
Given the Germans a Taste of What 8
the Germans Gave the Belgians and v
French. o
After serving overseas nearly 16
months, going with the Thirtieth <li- /
vision through the thick of the fight- c
ing at the front, helping to break the "
famous Hindenburg line and later, ^
ifter being transferred to the Third tl
division, keeping watch over the w
bridge-heads of the Rhine, Major C. L. *
McFadden has returned to his home in
Rock Hill. Major McFadden sailed on ir
:he America from Brest, August 12 and tl
irrived in New York on the 20th. He d.
ai
cached home this morning and 'was
riven a warm welcome by his many c<
'riends here. However, he has not
rct been released from service. He ^
jxpects to remain here untjl about the
iOth of September, and will then go ei
o Camp Gordon, to obtain his dis- 111
sharge from the army. Major Mc 'adden
was met upon his arrival in al
Jew York by his wife, who accompan- 6t
ed him home.
Major McFadden left Rock Hill as 3
aptain of the local military company, d<
vJiich later became Company' H, ^
- ?ai
ism lniamry, lnirueiu uiviaiuii. *\.1er
a period of training: at Camp Sc- f0
rier, 'Greenville, Company H was pi
ransfejred from Greenville to New
fork, preparatory to sailing: to
"ranee. The company embai/ked at ot
Jew York oft May 11, 1918, arriving er
Liverpool, England, May 23. From j*
here tbo company was transferred
o Dover and thence to France. su
Captain McFadden was practically or
a command of tile second battalion
hroughout the summer and 'all of th
918. Ho received his commission as gr
aajor on October 17, and after the I1
igning of the armistice, when the a
'hirticth division was preparing to jn
ail for home, he was transferred to dc
he Third division, which was assigned
o duty in the occupied area of Gferiany;
Major McFadden's transfer to m
lie army of occupation occurred Janary
14, 1919; *J]
Majoy McFadden states that the mi
iiperican troops are rapidly leaving pc
"ranee. There are at present, he says,
ot more than 85,000 American sol- ^
lers left In that country. The trans- th
ort on i'hich the major sailed from kr
irest, brought home 3,600 men. ^
When asked about the attitude of sj(
he French .people toward, the Amerian
soldier,' Major MoFaddcn stated hi I
hat the treatment now received by
nc
he Americans at the hands of tjic th
'rcnch is not as warm and ynthusl- a
stic as when the Yankees first.visited
'ranee. He intimated that the attipcj
ude of the French toward our sol- f0
iers is like that of the host toward an
he guest who has over-stayed his
,'clcome. The French, Major McFnd
on declared, arc very anxious 10 re- sti
djust themselves, settle down to busi- ?P
ess and restore conditions to normal In'
s soon a3 possible. As Ion/? as the nr
Ltnerican soldiers remain billited in so
heir homes and occjupy their towns 130
he French are greatly handicapped ,{r
i their efforts to settle themselves be
nd resume the industrial activities ti(
itcrrupted by the war, he added. For
his reason the French have shown 20
igns of impatience recently in their
clations with the American soldiers.
Major McFadden, as many other fri
oldicrs returning from France, have sit
aid, expressed it as their belief that
he war will have to be fought over ag
gain within the next 10 years. The inIcnr.ans
were defeated, he declared,
lit they have not been conquered. 1m- ^
icdlately after the signing of tne ur
rmistice the Germans were very nc
icek, Major McFadden stated, but
hey are growing more arrogant daily. ^
'ho fJprman nrmv should have been iVi
orccd to surrender on its own terri- pr
ory, he said. When the armistice was ^
igned the American forces were ready ar
o march to Berlin, the major con- tw
inued. Two' long lines, containing Oi
housands and thousands of trucks, at
oaded with ammunition and supplies, nj
rere standing ready to move into Ger- b?
riany when the fighting ceased. Had 43
ho war lasted a few days longer, he
Icclared, German towns all along the m
order would have been literally torn fr
o pieces by the advancing Allied ar- su
nies. While the signing of the arrhisice
prevented the sacriiice of thousmds
of lives, the niajor believes that n(
f the Allied forces had been permited
to invade Germany and give them cc
t taste of the destruction and suffering sc
vhich the Huns had been inflicting as
pon France and Belgium, the chances ai
'rw t\ pftnnl itinn nf tho \v;ir with ClPI*
nany would he greatly reduced.
The war lord of Germany, despite ?'
lis downfall, has not lost much of his
popularity with the German people, ai
lccording to Major McKadden, who P'
!ays that the former kaiser is not P'
danied by the Germans for the de- tc
feat of the German armies. However, sc
ilthough the kaiser is still honored fa
)y his erstwhile subjects, from the ri
riews gathered through his associa- th
tlon with the Germans in the occupied m
iron Major McFadden does not think n<
Wilholm will evpr be able to 'come tc
hack.' , a
The Germans, he says, have appar- ti
ntly realized Itho futility of attcmpttg
to set up again a government with
he cx-kaiser as Its head.
LOOKOUT FOR DECEMBER ^
>iro Prophecies of Things to Come
Last Month of Year. r
Owing to a strange grouping of six *
tlghty planets, spelt as has not been
ecn In a score -of centuries, the Unit- .
d States next December will be swept
y the most terrlnc weather cataclysm
xperienced since human history bean,
writes Prof. Porta in the St.
'aul Daily News.
It will be caused by the hugest sunpot
on recoaa?a sunspot that will be
loohla 4a 4 ML nolffld AVP I n
louwjt iv v/v. I q
Since maffftflrst began to make rec- ?
rds of evonts no sunspot has been '
irge enough to be seen without the ^
id of instruments. This one will be. h
The .sunspot that will appear De- j,
ember 17, 1919, will be a vast wound 1
thfe side of the sun.
It will be a gigantic explosion ' of ?
aming gases, leaping hundreds of a
ion sands of miles out into space. It
rill have a crater large enough to enulf
the earth much as Vesuvius might a
ngulf a football. e:
Such a sugspot will be rich enough S(
t. electro-magnetic energy to fling n
le atmosphere of our planet into a ,
Isturbance without precedent or par- "
Bel. . I
There will be hurricanes, lightning, w
ilossal rains.
It will be weeks before the earth ?
ill regain its normal weather condi- b
ons. ' pj
There will alio be gigantic lava f(
uptlons, great # earthquakes, to say
jthing of floods' end fearful cold. e:
I make thiB startling prophecy with w
> desire to be merely sensational or c<
arming. It. is merely because my .
udy of thf planets has revealed
irtaln results with mathematical cer- S
.inty, that 1 now say to you: v<
Be warned In advance. Tremen- ol
>us things are going to happen from
efcember>- 17 to December 20, 1919, s>
id afterwards." ' t\
Here are the simple, yet astounding <j|
cts that enable men to make this
oph^cy: v.i
The planets in their orbits swing lp w
cat eclipses about the sun. They
c linked to the sun, and to veach pj
her, by chains of clectro-magiietic .
ier*y whose compelling forces counract
each other and hold each planet h<
its regular path.' / ' fo
Whenever two planets wheel into re
ich. positions that they pull together
i the sun?Either in "conjunction" on1 m
e same side of the sun, or in "oppo- at
Lion" wiin me sun ueivvewi mciu? pj
eir united; pull causes the sun's .
ises to "explode"?to. leap out into
ace in the whirling: volcano we call P*
suns pot. :, D
These sunspotsjn turn cause storms g(
the atmosphere of our earth? f
>ubtless ofp'other planets -as well. 10
Two planets united*are enough to eti
use ,a small sunspct and a small 0f
orm. Three cause a large one?four
ftke a vers srrent storm Indeed. '
Llut ?on Member 17, 1919, no less '
an seven -planets will pull jointly on
e sun. These will include all the ..
ighticst planets, those with the most "
werful pull, t '11
Six of them?-MeVcury, Mars, Venus, st
ipiter, "Saturn and Neptune?will be
conjunction: grouped together in .
e greatest "League of Planets" ever ln
iowu In the annals of astronomy. pi
They will be massed ln the narrow
nit of but 26 degrees, on the same Sl]
3e of the sun. )
Directly opposite, coming Into oppoion
with this gigantic league, will
i the huge planet Uranus. The mag- <<0
tic currents between Uranus and .
o six planets will pierce the sun. like
mighty- spear. sc
Our enrth is outside the league at an
igle of nearly !)Q degrees?In porfect
sition to receive almost the fun
rce of the monster electrical disturbice
as it leaps into activity on what, wl
us. will be the eastern horizon of
c sun's disk. _
This means wo shall get the full
rength <j>f the storm when the sunot
is atfits worst, before the cjpldd- pc
g glass have had time to die dowji. g(
Such a close grouping of planets has ..
iver been recorded before. The whole
lar system will be strongly out of
lance. m
What will be the outcome? My ..rj
lowlodgc does not permit me to state
yond the fact that the storms, erup- el<
)ns and earthquakes will be tremen- ill
ius in their strength and scope. nc
Itemember the date?December 17 to
, and after.
> - ? di
-Washington dispatches emanating J
Dm oflicial sources and reviewing the
:uatlon in western Siberia, rcpreseni a
at conditions are not nearly so bad gt]
..iev auoeared a week or ten days
;o. Indeed they have been very much
iprovcd so far as the fortunes of the UI
iti-Bolshevik forces are concerned, gr
olchak has retreated 600 miles in- aj
sad of 800 miles from his further
les, and it is said that his losses have
>t been nearly so severe as was at H
st -reported. In addition a Junction rc
is now been effected in the lines of ^
olchak and Denekine, and together
ey are covering a battlefront of apoximately
1,940 miles, extending PI
om the Black sea to,the marshes of
tnsk, up in the Arctic circle. There
e several hundred miles of marsh be een
the Bolshevlki .on the north and cc
msk, and Omsk is said to be compar- M
ively safe, especially since winter is hi
sar. On the ether hand the commu- ?
cation lines of the Bolsheviki have
sen extended 1.037 miles as against
17 miles at the beginning, and this di
ves the anti-Bolsheviki another ad- of
intage. It is said that arms and amunition
recently shipped to Kolchak
om America now have reasonable as- p
irance of reaching him on .time. to
1 in
What is known as ancient Thrace, hi
1\\ UlKlClj U. Sl""b' 'UpiIIfill UAJ'IfNUUll (J|
it formerly for the most part includ-' ?di
t in European Turkey, and under the io
ittlcment of the Balkan war of 1913, gi
isigned largely to Turkey is to be re- qi
ipcytioned among Greece, and two di
jw states to be set up under the proction
of the league of nations. One P;
: the new states is to be composed en- d<
rely oT ancient Thracian territory, re
id the other is to be made up of the tr
resent Turkish vilayet of Constantino- to
le. That part of Thrace which went m
) Bulgaria in the settlement of the ui
;cond Balkan war in 1913, is to be n<
iken away from Bulgaria and Bulga- ai
a is to be completely shut out from gy
ic Aegean sea on which she had for- m
icrly acquired a coast line. The ex- m
;t boundaries of the new free states
> be created are to be established by fr
commission of experts to be sent T
icre by the peace conference. st
,\ ?
FAMOUS MEN OF FICTION
* .
iounterpart In Real Life Not At All
Uncommon.
iREAT ROMANCE BASED ON FICTION
fugo's Masterpiece Recalls a True
Story?The Count of Monte Cristo
Was Not Altogether a Creature of
lm.ninaiinn_AII nf nirUaria'a Chap.
acters Were People in the Fleah.
The late Russell Sage was guilty of
t least one essay In authorship. Fifeen
years ago, ip the columns of a
lew York weekly, there appeared over
is signature a paper-entitled "The Inustlce
of Vacatlons'\ that was quoted
rom one end of the -country to the
ther. Here, In part, was Mr. Sage's 1
rgument:
"Let us assume that an employer 1
nd his clerk make an agreement to 1
achange Just remuneration for readable
services and each keeps his 1
art of the agreement. Are they not !
ien quits? If there is an obligation 1
think it is on the part of the clerk, I
ho avails of the credit, skill and or- 1
anization of the employer to learn a 1
usine8s and advance himself alon^ a 1
ith which has already been prepared :
>r him. What right has he, then, to 1
cpect pay for two weeks time for :
hlch he render* d6 equivalent, not 1
>nsldering the serious inconvenlep.ee 1
> which he often puts his employer? <
uppose we were to reverse the con- 1
mtional order of things and instead 1
the clerk demanding two weeks pay <
ratls the employer should demand 1
ro weeks work without pay as a con- 1
tion of retaining the clerk in his t
nploy. What a tremendous howl I
ould go up!' 1
It was not exactly a literary master- J
ece,. that essay of Mr. Sage's, but t
r a brief time it was the subject of
>t controversy, men some one cuiuu
rward with the discovery that the t
ally important point in the wttole t
atter was that Mr. Sage's article was r
lother vindication in rear life of a t
ige of fiction, that there was noth- ri
g new in the argument, that it was t
?cisely the argument ^hat Charles
Ickens had put in the mouth of old a
iroogo^of "A Christmas Carol," be- t
rc that worthy had undergone the J
tange of heart as a result of tho visit li
the fairies. Here is the clinching t
-idence: I
Scrooge's Half Crown. a
At length the hour of shutting up
e counting house arrived. With an
will Scrooge dismounted from his c
ool and tactily admitted the tact to r
p expectant'clerk in the Tank, who c
stantly snuffed his candle out and o
it on his hat. I
"You'll want all day tomorrow, I t
ippose?" said Scrooge. a
"If quite convenient, sli1." \ I
"It's not convenient," said Scrodge, c
nd it's not fair. If I were to stop ii
ilf a crown for it you'd think your- s
If ill used. I'll be bound." c
The clerk smiled faintly. . a
"And yet" said Scrooge, 'you don't a
ink mo ill used; when I pay a day's I
l?C3 for no work." , n
Thr> ptprk observed that it was only 1<
ice a year. f
"A poor excuse for picking a man's t
elect every 25th of December," said c
sroogc, buttoning hts great coat to e
e chin. y h
In all fiction there Is probably no li
ore extraordinary plot than that of c
'he Count of Monte Crlsto" of the r
tier Dumas. Edmoijld Dantes, the c
iterate sailor of Marseilles, de- li
unccd as a Bonapartist agent and r
infined for fourteen years In the t
ingcon of the Chate'au d'lf, there to v
ecO the Abbe Faria, who edifcatcs t
m, indicates to him the existence of [
fabulous fortune, and in whose burial t
iroud he escapes to return to the I
ork to wreak hW terrible vengeance li
>on his persecutors, is one of the I
eat romantic imaginary figures of
1 time. But Dumas, for his plot, did a
>t have to draw upon his invention c
e found all the details at hand in d
al life, or rather in the archives of I
e French secret police. The actual t
3mond Dantes was named Francois c
Icaud. fc
The Real Dantes. c
In 1806 Picaud was a journeyman f
bbler, betrothed to a girl named I
arguerite Vigoreaux. On the eve of a
s marriage he was denounced as. a v
>y and thrown into prison. There c
i remained for seven years, acting e
iring his incarceration as the servant I
1 a wealthy Milanese ecclesiastic, r
he churchman treated Picaud like I
son, and dying in prison bequeathed t
i him seven million francs on deposit f
the bank of Amsterdam and told >
m of a hiding place In Italy where A
amonds to the value of twelve hun- 8
cd thousand francs, and three mill- t
n of specie consisting of English I
aineas, French louis d'or, Spanish t
jadruples, Venetian florins, and
teats of Milan, were concealed.
After the fall of the empire in 1814 t
Icaud, who had been imprisoned un- 1
;r the name of Joseph'Lucher, was b
leased. He gathered together the C
easure bequeathed to him and began "
i build plans for vengeance upon the a
en who had been the cause of his r
idoing ;jnd his suffering. He did s
3t know their names, but disguised as F
i Italian priest he found the least b
jilty of the conspirators and by b
eans of the same story of the dia- a
ond which Dumas Introduced into h
["he Count of Monte Cristo" elicited s
om him all the details of the plot, ti
his man was ths Caderousse of the h
oiy, and the real name of Fornand, C
r.. . i
! the Catalan fisherman, who afterward
became the Count de Mortcerf, was
Lou pain.
Loupain, the prim? mover of the
denouncement of seven years beforef
had married Marguerite, prospered,
an<^ was tho proprietor of one of the
finest cafes in Paris. There Picaud,
In diBguisc, sought and found employment
Among his fellow servants were
Gervais Chaubard and Guilhem Solari,
tho two men who with Loupain were
responsible for Picaud's years in
prison. Soon disaster began to fall
upon the guilty onefc. One day Chaubard
disappeared, and his body,
pierced by a poignard, was fonnd on
the Pont des Arts. Loupaln's family
was disgraced. He himself was reduced
to poverty and finally was
stabbed to death by a masked man la
the garden of the Tullerles. Solarl
died in frightful convulsions from
poison. Vengeance had been consummated,
but retribution was about to
fall upon the head of fMc&ud.
, As he was leaving the garden at the
Tullerles after the assassination of
Loupain, ficaud was seized and carried
away to an abandoned .quarry. There,
In the darkness, his captor said: "Well,
Picaud, what name are you passing
under now? Are you still the priest
Baldlnl, or the waiter Prosper? In
>our desire for vengeance you have
told yourself to the devil. Ten years
pou have devoted to the pursuit of
ihree I creatures you should have
spared. Me you dragged down to partition.
The diamond by which you
jribed me was my* undoing. I killed
lim who cheated me. I was arrested,
iondemned to the galleys, and for
/ears dragged the ball and chain.
EVhen I made my escape my one
bought was to reach and punish the
Jriest Baldlnl. Ydu >ir^ in mty power.'.
Do you recognize me? I am Antonle ;
Ulut. How much will you pay ' for i
>read and water?" ' \ " I
y"I have no money." . "You
have sixteen millions," retorted i
he captor, who went on to enumerate I
lis victim's investments. "Th^se are i
ny conditions. I will give you some- 1
hlng to eat twice a day, but for each I
near you must pay me twenty-rive i
housand francs."
The prisoner's cupidity, proved 1
tronger than his, hunger. He stood i
he test of such acute suffering without i
lelding that his captor saw that he
iad gone too far, 'and at last roused m
o fury by this persistent obstinacy <
le . threw himself upon Picaud. and A
tabbed him to death. . '
Hugo's Jsan Valjoan. \
If in French Action there is one '
haractcr better known to American
eaders than Edraond Dantes, Count '
f Monte Crlsto, it is the Jean Valjean 1
f Victor Hugo's "Les Miserables," and '
ike Dahtes, Valjean has had his coun- 1
crpart in real life. The name of the 1
ctual Valjean was Urbian Lemerre. '
fe was born in a Smalt town in the '
entrc of* France and was brought up
n the most sordid and unpromising 1
urroundingu. When still a youth he !
ommitted a trifling crime at the in- '
tigation of a.comrade, was caught
nd sentenced to imprisonment 1
luring his Incarceration he was a j
nodel prisoner and when he was re?ased
he was bent upon living hence- '
orth an upright and useful life. Re- '
? .. .. i
urning to nis nauve town, ne iounu
very door barred against him an<l '
very wdy to honest employment 1
looked. One evening he noticed feomb '
torses grazing in a field. The idea
ame to him to borrow one of them, '
ido to the seacoast and thence em- '
bark to America, where* he could begin *
Ife anew under another name. He '
odo bareback all night, reaching in ;
he morning the outskirts of Nantes, ;
inhere he turned the horse loose. But
icing without papers, he found it lm- 1
lossiblc to carry out his scheme of
aklng ship for the western world,
le was arrested for the theft of the '
torse and sentenced to eight years in 1
irison. '
After serving three years he escaped (
nd made his way to Parfs. In the j
apltal he found frork, prospered, by
lint of energy and ability winning a 1
losition and the esteem of the neigh- 1
lorhood in which h| lived; Then, se- ,
ure in the belief that the past had
teen forever) blotted out and that no <
me would recognize in the success- j
ul merchant of the quarter the Urbian
vemerre of the galleys, he married :
ind begat a family. But one day he 1
tras subjected to the scrutiny of a pair (
if baleful eyes. They belonged to an i
x-convict who had turned policeman. '
f was .the Javert of the Victor Hugo j
omance over again. By this Javert ]
..emerre was denounced to the authorl- <
ies, sentenced'to serve out his incom- 1
>leted prison term and several added |
'ears as punishment for his escape, i
Then he was again tolling in the
ralley the whole pitable story reached
he ears of the m'nister of police and
^cmerre was granted a full pardon by
he emperor.
The Original of Dickens'* Fagin.
A story somewhat similar to that of
he real Jean Valjean, though not
ikely to enlist the reader's sympathy,
ias to do with the original from whom
'harles Dickens drew the Fagin of his
Oliver Twist." The real Fagin was
. certain notorious Ikey Solomons, a ,
lotorious fence or receiver of stolen <
;oods, who passed through Newgate i
irison in 1831, six years before Dickens ]
tegan writing his novel. Solomons had <
ieen. an itinerant street vender at 8; I
X 10 he had passed bad money; at 14 '
ie was a pickpocket and a seller of i
ham goods. While still Ln his teens J
ie was sentenced to transportation <
iut did not get beyond the hulks at <
Miathnm. After his release be worked <
... -
honestly for iwo yean, b<it baring
saved ilM hy rtonnd to. Lonto tad
set up as a fenfe. Among his other .<
activities ho' sttbilshstf^s system of
provincial agencies by which stolen
goods were passed on from Loadbp to j
the seaports and thence abroad. ,
For a considerable time Solomons
prolonged his immunity from arrest
*JJ mv V?I ?
marks by which stole* articles mtgM
be identified. On ono occasion -the " ;
whole proceeds of a robbery from a
boot shop was taped to Urn; the
owner came with the police and was
morally convinced t .that the property
was his byt couldnot positively identify
it, add Solomons defied them
remove, a single shoe. Eventually the
Injured bbot maker was fofced .to bay
back his stolen stock.,U*nally the fence ?
confined his attentions to small artlcles.
mostly plate and Jewelry, which
he kept concealed in a hiding ptnea
with a trapdoor Jyst benepih his Jfcd.'
He lived in Rosemary Lane, and cmstimes
had ah much as twenty thfti*
sand pounds worth *flf''gobdg^decr6tdd *,
on the preml* ea T^. v . ? KH
When his trade waa dmsMr he set <
up a second establishment, at the head
of whteh, although be was married,
he put a woman other than hit wife.
This move. led to disaster; the real.
Mrs. Solomons fdund It out' He was'
Implicated as a reoeiva*. and decided
to try his fortunes in another land.
On the point of emigrating to New i
South Wales he was arrested add committed
to Newgate. By a clew trick ,
he ^escaped from ?prlebtj, OHighid^riie
North Sea to Copenhagen, and thence
sailed to the United States. ' *J>
. Wifs Turned Crims.
As a guest 6t, Brother Jonathan be
devoted himself to the circulation of
forgechnote*. Hi* wltf In- London
could not hjsist the temptation to
r.irirsr,
fourteen years imprisonment and was
sent to Van Dlemen's Land. There
Solomons Joined her. and they set np '
ei general shop and began to prosper:
He was however, recognised, taken
back to_Bngian<l an<P Newgista prison
as a receiver and a prison breaker.
Receiving a sentence df fourteen years,
he Was reeonveyed'by hla own request
to Van Dfoman'a Land. T^ere ts no
record of his further adventures.
?f the Dickens po^iJ# and the ?yiginala 1
years of the novelist's <nh? life and thS
Dora Spenlow of Ih. bod. top*
Beadncll. with whom Diokens wins' once
madly, .la,love; IfWpnvbsr.
irawn from DickeilSV father, and krs. .
Mlckleby from his mother, who once
asked her son If |r character of that
kind had ever efcisfed. "Baha" WeUer.
af "The Pickwick PSpers ^ wasTTSnm"
Vale; the CheeryVlb brothers were the
3rant brothers; Hfcrdld Skfrapole and
Lawrence Boythortt Of "Bleak House" ' *'
cverA resnectively Lsish Hunt .'and
Walter-Savage LaHdor. AJso familiar
Is the story of Repfecca Grat*) whose i
love romance atfd sacrflce, told by 1
Washington Irving, who himself
earned of them When courting katllda
Hoffman In a house that stood
it the corner of BtoadwOy and Dua^e
street, New York, to 81r "Walter Scott
In Abbotsford, suggested the Rebecca
of "Ivanhoe." .InHdentaJUy the name
"Ivanhoe" Aluno troos^o oM rhyme',
the tragic death of the Templar, Brian
ie Bois Guiltier*, 'was foundeda
leath which took place in 8cott's presence
In the Edinburgh parliament
house, and the nfcjpe of Front-deBgenf
was borrowed from a roll of
Norman warriors lb the Auchiplfcck
manuscript.
, ??' V
Stevenson Vote# to Override President's
Veto.r?There was only one
shango In the attitude of the 8outh
Carolina delegation todaV" in the . eto
overriding the president's second vfto *
of the bill to repeal ttt daylight saving
law. a scompared with the attitude of
the delegation on the drat vote, Jttly
14, when the houie failed to override.
ttepresenwuivu n? r. dvctciwvu vim*
to sustain. the first veto and today
voted to override. Representatives
Whaley and Nichoils, who' voted in
July to override, Were absent today
but were both paired in favor ?t overriding.
Congressman Stevenson rave the
following explanation of hie apparent
change of view: 'The senate rider .on
the agricultural appropriation reported
the established time zones to which
the' railroads, were required to conform.
The presfefit Dili does not disturb
the zones, retain* a part of the
former act that is good and mtrely
repeals that part Which requires the
clock to be turned forward in April
md back in October. The reason this
affects South Carolina Is that the Seaboard,
the Coast Litoe and Southern:
railroads all.' pass through ColumbiaThe
Seaboard Air Line changed . its
time at Columbia, the Atlantic Coaat
Line and Southern changed their time
at the Savannah river, eighty-fhrw
ler the old custom we had, three kinds
sf time?sun time and two kinds of
railroad time. Under the zone system
all the railroad* have to change at
:he same place dbd confusion does
lot occur."?Washington. special of
August 19 to News and Courier.
Members or me oparianDurg vagjoii. .
Association, a branch of the American
Cotton Association have eubicribcd
$134,000 for stock in a corporation
to erect in Bpartknburg
:ounty a syatem Of warehouses owned
jy the members of the association,
rhe subscribers pledged themselves to
alse additional stock amounting to
1300,00<J. The plan is to build In the
:ounty In
'ity of SpMi'inburif" 'rfnfl " the otjfl
iifltrlbuted^over tW county.
A ?. ' M
V i ?I^BB

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