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INfEfiRUT Of THE UW
Discussion of Grave Prtblem Confronting Society. CROOKED LAWYER DANGEROUS MENAGE v / ji <- ; # , Leaders of American Bar Association Beginning to Appreciate the Situation and to Inquire Into the Remedy ?Matters of Tremendous Importance j tc Fee Institutions. The United St?tcs Is today beinp swamped by the greatest crime wave in its history. Contempt for law by a portion of oar jxjpulation is only j equaled by the indifference of the remainder. The- average citizen persues the daily recdrd of assalilts, rdbberies and murders in his newspaper to exclaim: "It is terrible. Something ought to bo donfe about it." But he. himself, does nothirg. Occasionally, In some of the southern and western states,, citizens take the law into their own hands, and organizations such as the Ku Klux Klairvprtng up. Most of these attempts arc so' interwoven with religious prejudice that their effect is nullified. Crime and criminals we have always had. There aro men and women whose diseased minds cairfce thorn tcr prey upon society. Bat criminal in the past to a large extent were isolated, their crimes sporadic, ^oday there is.an interwoven. fahrid of crime co\fbrit?g the continent. '"Crirtie His bccotrio^a' bustnose. Its tentacles reach into ovory stratum of society. Crime has taken a leaf from the book of big business. In fact, it Is now Jftafilf big bjusii^css. Crime, which ttseif is defined as any violaticn of human'or divine law,; can be roughly divided into crimes against property and crimes against- man. These can be subdivided into crimes of guile and crimeA of violence. Crimes of guile are ebmpassed through trickery; crimes of violence by the application of force. The 4lrst almost invariably leads to the second. A grainy crook will seldom resort to violence, but for the crook of low mentality it is the only recourse. The success of master crooks inspires the lower criminals to emulation in the only manner of which they are capable. High Finance and" Crime. Whenever there is an era of what might be called "high-class" crime, sometimes sugar-coated by the term "high finance," by- mean3 - of which crdoks. whether in the guise of promoters, financiers or captains of industry, rob the public of its savings, it is followed by a wave of violent crimes. The center of crime is, today, as it has always been, in the larger cities. In! these congested centers of-population, where ho one knows his neighbor's business, the criminal can work to better advantage than in the country or smaller towns- where all eyes are focused upon him. in the cities, criminals of all degrees have gravitated Into organizations which have their ramifications extending into the very citadels of the officers whom society has chosen to defend it.. It Is this discovery by crlminnls of the value of organization together with the laxity and indifference of the general public that causes the "crime wave" of today to bd of such potential menace to the nation. From New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Boston, Seattle, New Orleans, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Detroit San Francisco, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Milwaukee. Kansas CLy and many other cities these rings or arch criminals radiate out to the surrounding? wuntry. Here we have rings of automobile thieves, bank robbers, bootleggers, white slavers, dope peddlers, burglars, bunco men, blackmailers and even murdere-a. Th^se rings, through liberal use of money and political influence, have corrupted members of the state, county and city police forces, have purchased the bar and often reached the bench itself iAttJ, h On est OCQcltf&Twho really wish the law enforced find themselves helpless, their hands virtually tied. Thus the public is left defenseless, at the mercy of the enemies to society. The press, which snouin > sound the alarm and awaken the lethargic public to its danger, usually expends its energies exploiting the results hut ignoring the basic causes. There is a remedy for this menacing state of affairs. Itts an obvious remedy, and a simple one. If the members' of the legal profession, if 50 per cent, only of* the members of the bar would forget their private interests and devote themselves unreservedly to the public we'fare, the crime wave could be wiped out in six months and future crime reduced to a minimum. > Lawyers, Defend Yourselves. The truth is that the bar upon which the public depends for the proper administration of justice and protection from those who flout the law is no longer either efficient or honest. Graft, mental and moral corruption, the greed for money md notoriety and the "Let George do it" spirit have brought it j to a point where instead of acting as I n priinn flptnrrMtl it functions larffelv I as a crime inciter. Crime is not only defined as a violation of Divine or human laws but it is also defined as an omission of a duty commanded. It is the sworn duty of every lawyer to uphold the law. Failure to do so classes him with the criminals. A few honest and co- ingeous individuals in the legal ranks ire battling bravely to overcome this inertia, this inefficiency, this disregarding of professional ethics and ideals, and downright dishonesty swamping their profession. TJhat the leaders of the bar have begun to realize this condition themselves Is evidenced by the investigation now ?% - being conducted by the American F.ar Association. The report of the committee which is looking into the causes leading to the present crime wave gives five probable causes thereof, which reflect directly, upon the bar itself. This committee consists of such eminent member^ of the profession as W. ! Ft. Swaney, of Chattanooga, Tennessee; I Charles S. Whitman, former governor of New York; Judge Marcus A. Kav-. anaugh, of Chicago; Charles W. Finnham, of St. Caul and Wade H. Ellis, of ' Washington, D. C. The five probable causes ror xnoj crime wave, which the committee discovered after taking testimony In the j principal cities of the country, are as follows: "First, that the crime wave is a natural outgrowth of the' World War. "Second, that the crime wave instead of being an outgrowth of the war is merely one of the causes that lead to the war and which is continuing in aggravated form since the war has ended. "Third, a growing belief on the part of the masses throughout the country that the courts are only for the rich and that they deny justice to the poor with a resulting tendency on the part of the poor to take the law ino their own hands. "Fourth, that the trouble is largely with the members of the bar themselves. Many men practicing law today (the committee has been told) ought to be in Jail, "Fifth, that conviction for crime Hi the courts Is Incoming increasingly difficult nind that the criminal once convicted is not punished sufficiently to deter others from repeating his offense." That the trouble may lie in all five is true, but for this article the first two causes may b6 dismissed. They were largely psychological. A few weak minds may have been influenced by war-induced hysteria and a sense of the injustico of the scheme of things to turn against their fellow men but it is difficult to convince a reasoning mind that the great mass of the men who went abroad to give their lives if necessary would so quicklyi reverse their convictions. Our excuse for going into the war was to preserve democracy and democracy does not mean anarchy and crime. The High Cost of Justice. The third cause given "that the courts are for the rich and deny justice to the poor" is not a new complaint. Here the trouble is not with the law itself which, in theory, places all upon the same plane, but with its practical administration. Daily in every court is witnessed the man with money and Influence escaping the penalty of his misdeeds whether on a murder charge or an arrest for speeding. Minor offenses, it is true, furnish a better example of this than graver charges where public .attention is focused and the force of public opinion felt. In any case, the poor man without money to hire competent lawyers and without influential friends is handicap, ed. Except in citie3 where the office of public defender has been established he is forced to depend up on fledgling attorneys or those who, because of the small fee allowed by the court, devote not more than perfunctory attention to his case. But it is not so much the system of determining the guilt or innocence of the accused, nor its administration, that is at fault. Despite its defects there are surprisingly few innocent persons convicted, whether rich or poor. It is conservatively estimated llhat for every innocent person wrongly convicted a thousand, guilty ones escape. It is in the degree of the punishment wherein lies the injustice as between rich and poor. Immediately upon conviction of a wealthy man, or one with political influence, the machinery is set in motion to obtain a pardon or a mitigation of sentence. The poor man stays in prison, forgotten by all except perhaps his immediate family. The penalty of poverty is also felt in the administration of the alternative of fine or imprisonment. The rich man pays his fine without suffering even temporary inconvenience. The poor man pays his debt to society with his body, by the i sacrifice of his liberty. The fourth reason given for the | crime wave places tne mame mr u squarely on the shoulders of the bar : itself. It should rest not only on those crooked members spcciiied but also j upon tin- other members whose lack of j initiative and moral courage allows such conditions to exist. Occasionally there is a lawyer who ; dares to speak out. Thomas Lee Woolwine is district attorney for Los Angeles county, which embraces a population of more than a million people and Mr. Woolwitic is in a position to know whereof ho speaks. In a statement to The Dearborn In- | dependent, Mr. Woolwine says: "I am convinced after many years of j experience that T am justified in the j assertion that fully 7f> per cent of the ; attorneys who make it their business j to defend persons charged with crime I are suborners of perjury and should be | in the penitentiary themselves. "There is no single force in the ' United Slates today that so menaces ! the lives and property of the people of this country as these crooked criminal lawyers. The stock in trade of these | vultures is to suborn perjury by the | \ hole::ale, to terrify witnesses and by every villainous trick and device to discredit, if possible, the prosecution. ? - " ..rl, t 11 <, i* <rl,...,r 1 j ;\S II lillS WUC Iiv/l Uliuuoii mw 1 in cheap tricks to create 'atmosphere' hy all kinds of false pretenses and baseless arguments and motions. They . do not hesitate to corrupt and terrify ; witnesses and in many instance:; to drive them from the jurisdiction, of the courts of the state. In m>; own expe- ( rtcnce it has often been necessary to j have armed guards accompany the witnesses for the people, to protect llierh night and day from the machina- j lions of these scoundt'els. Sentimentalizing Over Prisoners. "Also some of the worst enemies of j the people in the orderly udministrn- | tion of the criminal law is the lying, j unscrupulous press. "During the progress of the prosenil Ion of notorious cases tho represen- I tatlves of the;;c evil institutions arc j busy moulding public sentiment to the holief that assassins and murderers I are heinj^'terribly oppressed and, in! fact, archeroes and heroines of the most admirable typo., f-ong, slushy,; oozing sob stories hji sentimental misguided femalesf crtVolope these crimi-> nals in an atmosphere of false romance and maudlin pity. These stories aidi<d by ingenious inuendo deify the murderer and blacken the memories of the murdered dead." - I This altitude of the bar, aided by | tho yellow press, the stage and the j motion pictures, as Mr. Woolwine ' points out, has created a false sentimentality among the general public that handicaps and almost nullifies the efforts of those public officials who arc conscientiously attempting to protect society from Its enemies. A few years ago novelists and playwrights, by harping U|x?n certain undoubted abuses of their position by public prosecutors and police officers, were greatly Instrumental in forming a prejudice in the public mind against officers of the law. This prejudice has never entirely died out and recently it has been awakened and fanned into flame by clever, unscrupulous lawyers, by the yellow press and by the motion pictures. A large alien element in our population, an element that is quick to Igsis == j ' n? L/U C 1 York Count Boll We * Pick up and The price < Other state! PEOPLES BANK We Will Help Y McC0NNELL DR1 Your Fight is We Realize Our Depe FARMERS',SSm THIS IS THE V/ORST KIND 0 A LOSS MARQMn mi mruiuuLTiiLiju vu Gasoline, Keros< ROCK HILL YO DORSE' NEW SYSTEM I Bread, Cakes, Pie; YORK HARDWA1 ! Lynchburg Plows Caloric Pipeless Fui'naoe, C cash in on sickly sentiment that dis- ; guises the acquisition of dirty dollars, j is also a contributing factor. There has brcn a great deal of mystery hedged about the law. The average citizen is prone to regard it as an intricatc affair, something standing aloof and apart from him. Lawyers have done much to encourage thiq idea .-us it ; trebles their importance and enables them to collect fees not commensurate with the value of their services. Yet law is or should he one of the simplest "things In our daily experience. Law in its general sense is nothing but a rule of conduct. A few persons living .off by themselves can get along without any laws except perhaps certain opal 'agreements. A person living entirely apart from Ids kind needs no lawj whatever. . But as the eizo of the community increases. rules of conduct are necessary until, in the present Complex stop? of our civilization with nearly one-hillf of mrr population crowded into cities, so many rules or laws are required that one-itenth of the citizens are utilized to draw up, interpret and enforce the legislation laid down for our guidance. The Producers of Law. The politicians who make our laws, the lawyers who interpret them, and the peace officers who enforce them are fundamentally a parasitic class as they contribute nothing in an cconom ie sense to society. Yet they constitute a vital port of our social structure. They might he said to be inflicted upon humanity because of its sins. With the Golden'Rule followed to the letter, the necessity for lawyers and peace officers would vanish and with them would go the parasite of parasites, the professional politician. The function of the law to society is as oil and grease are to machinery. It >i i in a V You Know . In rn tor 1 y has prospects evil. Five or si: PLOW! I burn puncture for young cotton is bou 5 make cotton u we have. 6 TRUST CO. L rou to Fight. WE IE t GOODS CO, loi Our Fight ndence on You. j FIRE YORK, jce co. s. c. 'F A TIME FOR i WITHOUT INSURANCE. , COMPANY j(j^ 1 _ 3ne ana uns. RK CLOVER rrs' lie 1 BAKERY , J. H. CAI s and Pastries. RE COMPANY Shelf Hardware rockery and Glassware, is supposed to lubricate the wheels of i our social organization so that it will \ run smoothly with a minimum of fric- t lion. The law should adjust minor in- ' equalities of temper and temperament, i compromise in the clash of conflict- t ing interests, bring order out of dis- : order through the strict application of ) the principle of justice; a most important function, one of inestimable ser- J vice to humanity if the bench and bar j ] had kept its faith. That it has failed 'l and failed lamentably is shown by the condition <?f society today. ! !j instead! of greasing the machinery of n society ihe bar seemingly has delight- ,j r;l in throwing sand into its gears. In- J stead of compromising and reconciling, ?j it libs aggravated and irritated. In )l unholy alliance with the 'professional politician it has added to the rules of,*i social conduct until by their Yjjry mill- j'] tiplicity Lhcy are practically nullified. U ?John It. Wallace in Dearborn Inde- i4; pendent. * ' |.j Nothing Doing In This Nock.?In !*! r?n.n.U.,linn ..III. ? wnll -Llmtun rillnp. 13 ney of the city, who often appears in . criminal courts an?t who gets his share j of tiie patronage of that element in )i our society which refuses to abide by j the prohibition Jaws, ho said that he .1 had about made up his mind that he. J would definitely let his intention be ,j known of not appearing any more for *j violators of the prohibition laws. We are wondering what a marvel- *1 ? ously wholesome effect it would have ' ] upon the morals of tlie community if nil the attorneys at the Charlotte bar ] should in concert come to that decis- ,j ion and let the word go out that they *< are henceforth done with this thing of ?| appearing for men who are engaged in *j the bootlegging business. ? < ?l course u wouiu >>e extraordinary i ' - ' > n;P w/o. M IIIO WW he Boll Wi for a normal cr x weeks hard w PLOW! d squares every weevils and desi ind to be good. nder far worse 1 It is our only m OAN & SAVINGS BAN! rVITE YOU TO GROW W11 SEVILLE COTTON OIL I Cotton Seed Products Coal and Ice. SHERER & QUINN Heavy and Fancy Groceries Country Produce. lPATRICK-BELK COMPi SELLS IT FOR LESS. IERTY SERVICE STATU ^ROLL, Prep. MASON CARROLL, NIVENS BROTHERS Fresh and Fancy Groceries Specials in Coffee. ind perhaps, in a sense unethical for ,vbo make a practice of selling: liquor J tttorneys to take such an unusual | !curse as this, but we arc thinking of | ts ultimate influence in putting an end } o bootlegging and destroying this cor- | ? 1... YOU vs. T WEE FIGHT THE B? \ The present state of . K/\ 1 I lt*AA?nl i iic uun v 11. t* ? A great attack 011 all : ? wet spell. I We have an almost cei I; weather in August and iS held down if 1 lie tight is 1 A late fall will help > ! vield of cotton. S? * 9 # # C But, nothing will help i I; WEEVIL NOW so as tc I when the real test conies I PICK UP THE FAL1 LOOK FOR rrHE > STROY THEM. !; WE PAY FIVE PER CEF > CIDCT MATIAMAI 1 rmoi imiiuiml i J. H- SAYE, President SHARON, ? ' ~ r ~ ??? III w?IL IIn??? F YC rY ither Is Id* . . i ri , 'Ml' 1< '.evil ? op of cotton if v ork will produc PLOW/ day, Look in w troy them. Let us have s Soli Weevil con oney crop. [ YORK FURNI ,-u- TjS Furniture ; Licensed Underta CO. CALHOUN D The Cash Pay Cash NATHAN EVERYTHING YOI m. THE CASH Heavy and 1 Fay Cash and t ON MRS. J. II Jr" "9r' Ha^Madel LOGAN LI F. E. MOOEE Lumber and ] J I rupt and iniquitous business. If men come into court without shrewd attorneys to guide them and protect theiy interests they would soon find that the punishment would be greater than they could bear.?Charlotte News. he boll -i :vil '1 OLL WEEVIL ? the weather is ideal for X ' ' ' *' ' \ i fronts should follow this 'I'O. i ?? 'tain prospect of hot, dry ieptember and he can be 1' cept up. I' a'nndevfullv in cettin? a y f we do not FIGHT THE | > cut down his numbers. in August. ? jEN squares. WEEVILS AND DE- . f IT ON TIME DEPOSITS SANK OF SHARON | J. S. HARTNESS, Cathier ? : 1 " 1 11 1 I ;. . I sal I - <' "C. y, ' U ;-?! ve fight the |j || e results. hite blooms H] ; ome to sell, ditions than JURE COMPANY for the Home ,kers and Embalmers. RUG COMPANY l Drug Store, and Pay Less. FEINSTE1N FOR EVERYBODY IK, S. C. : CARRY STORE Pancy Groceries. tank the Difference. I. FERGUSON ,de Millinery, flats a Specialty. IMBER YARD !, PROPRIETOR, Building Supplies.