OCR Interpretation

The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, November 16, 1860, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1860-11-16/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

%n liibtptitot $onrm?--#I)flicl> to politics, literature, gUtos, Utah, Agriculture, gtitntt ant> -|rt.
? _-.
{From the Charleston Mercury.]
Monday, November 5.1860.
The Senate met, and was called to or
tier at noon.
On motion of Senator Blaken ey, Sena?
tor Moses was unanimously called to the
The Secretary read the proclamation of
the Governor calling the extra session.
The roll being called, a quorum was
found to be present, and the Senators
Were duly qualifiodi
. The Senate then proceeded to the elec?
tion of President, whereupon Hon. W. D;
Sorter, Senator* from the Parish of St.
Pliillip's and St. Michael's, was declared
unanimously chosen, and was conducted
to the Chair. The Senators having risen
to receive him, he said:
Senators : I thank you for this new
manifestation of your confidence and fa?
vor, and accept it in the same k'nctly'spir
it in which I know it is tendered. It
?hall be my endeavor to discharge
the duties of the office with fidel?
ity; to promote the wishes and give
expression to the sense of the. body, accor?
ding to-the rules which have been laid
down for our government.
One short year has removed from all
earthly scenes three of those who partic
pated in our last deliberations. This is
an unusual mortality. While we pay our
last tribute to tho memories of our depar?
ted associates, let us take the solemn ad?
monition home to our hearts, and make
timely preparation for the coming of the
dread messenger, who comes to each but
once, but comes to all.
I do not seek now to lift the veil that
hides the future from our sight, but we
have all an instinctive feeling that we are
on the eve of great events:. His Excel?
lency, the Crovernor. in the terms of his
call, has summoned us to "take action, if
advisable, for the safety and protection of
the State." Heretofore we .have consult?
ed for its convenience and well-being?
now, its destiny?its very existence de?
pends, in great pare, upon our action. It
"Was the old injunction, in times of great
public peril, to the Roman Consuls, to
take care that the Republic sustained no
detriment. Tliis charge and injunction is
now addressed to us. All that is dear
and precious to tins people?life, fortune,
" honor, history?all is committed to our
keeping, for weal or for woe, for honor or
for shame. Let us do our part, so that
those who come after us shall acknowl?
edge that we were not unworthy of the
great trusts devolved upon us, and not un?
equal to the great exigencies by which we
were tried. Above all things, let us be of
one mind. We are all agreed as to our
wrongs. Let us sacrifice all differences
of opinion as to the time find mode of
remedy, upon the altar of patriotism and
for the sake of the great cause. In our
unanimity will be our strength, physical
and moral. No human power can with?
stand or break down a united people,
standing upon their o/vn soil and defend*
ing their homes and their firesides. May
we be so united, and may the great Gov?
ernor of men and of nations inspire our
hearts with courage, and inform our un?
derstandings with wisdom, and lead us in
the way of honor and safety."
The vote was then taken for Clerk, and
W. E. Martin was unanimously chosen.
A. D. Goodwin was elected Reading Clerk
without opposition.
A. D. Gaillai'd was elected Messenger,
and J. D. Gaillard Doorkeeper.
The President then announced the or?
ganization complete.
A Committee was sent to the Governor
announcing that the Senate was ready to
receivag^gHpnniuuication or message,
an.d<?SipHn^f?ee was sent to the House
announcingwhe Senate ready for business.
On motion of Mr. ifesesne, of Charleston,
the rules of the last Senate were adopted
for this jession. Senator Simpson deliver?
ed ajgMpling eulogy on his predecessor,
Ser^Kr Irby, of Laurens, deceased, and
offered resolutions of respect to nis mem?
ory, which were unanimously adopted.
Senator Heyward -similarly eulogized Mr.
O'Bryan, of St. Bartholomew's, deceased.
The Committee returned from the Gov?
ernor and announced the following Mes?
sage :
Executive Department, "1
Columbia, S. C, Nov. 5, 1860. j
Gentlemen ofm the Senate and House of
? 7;
Representatives :
The Act of Congress, passed in the
year 1846, enacts that the Electors of
President and Vice President shall be ap?
pointed on the Tuesday next after the
first Monday of the month of November,
of the year in which they are to be ap?
pointed. The annual meeting of the Leg
iskture of South Carolina, by a constitu?
tional provision, will not take place until
the fourth Monday in November instant.
I have considered it my duty, under the
authority conferred upon me. to convene
the Legislature on extraordinary occa?
sions, to convene you, that you may, on
to-morrow, appoint the number of Electors
of President and Vice President to which
this State is entitled.
Under ordinary circumstances your du?
ty could be soon discharged by" the elec?
tion of Electors representing the choice
of the people of the State? but in view of
tho threatening aspect of affairs, and the
strong probability of the election to the
Presidency of a sectional candidate, by a
party committed to the support of meas?
ures which, if carried ou:, will inevitably
destroy our equality in the Union, and ul?
timately reduce the Southern States to
mere provinces of a consolidated despo?
tism, to be governed by a fixed majority
in Congress hostile to our institutions, and
fatally bent upon our ruin, I would re?
spectfully suggest thirt -tne- J?^Tsl?Tirrc"
T^ntnTm^Tn session, and take such action as
will prepare the State for any emergency
that may arise.
That an exposition of the will of the
people may bo obtained on a question in?
volving such momentous consequences, I
would earnestly recommend that, in the
event of Abraham Lincoln's election to
the Presidency, a Convention of the peo?
ple of this State be immediately called, to
consider and determine for themselves the
mode and measures of redress. My own
opinions of what the Convention should
do arc of little moment; bat believing
that tho time has arrived, when every
one however humble he may be, should
express his opinions in unmistakable lan?
guage, I am constrained to say that the
only alternative reft, in my judgment;, is
the secession of South Carolina from the
Federal Union. The indications from
many of the Southern States justify the
conclusion that the secession of South
Carolina will be immediately followed, if
not adopted simultaneously by them, and
ultimately_by_the entire South. The long
desired co-operation of the other States
having similar institutions, for which so
many of our citizens have been waiting,
seems to be near at hand, and if we are
true to ourselves will soon be realized.
The State has, with great unanimity, de?
clared that she has a right, peaceably, to
secede, and no power on earth can right?
fully prevent it.
If in the exercise of arbitrary power,
and forgetful of the lessons of history,
the Government of the United States
should attempt coercion, it will become
our solemn duty to meet force by force ;
and whatever may be the decision of the
Convention, representing the sovereignty
of the State,.and amenable to no earthly
tribunal, it shall, during the remainder of
my administration, be carried out to the
letter, regardless of any hazards tha t may
surround its execution. I would also re?
spectfully recommend a thorough reor?
ganization of the Militia, so as to place
the whole military force of the State in a
position to be used at the shortest notice
and with the greatest efficiency. Even
man In the State, between the ages of
eighteen and forty-five, should bo well
armed with the most efficient weapons of
modern warfare, and all the available
means of the State used for that purpose
In addition to this general preparation,
I would also recommend that the services
often thousand volunteers be immediate?
ly accepted; that the}' be organized and
drilled by officers chosen by thomsclves,
and beln readiness to be called on upon the
shortest - notice With this preparation
for defence, and with all the hallowed
memories of past achievements, with our
love of liberty and hatred of tyranny,
and with the knowledge that we ere con?
tending for the safety of our > homes and
firesides, we can confidently appeal to the
Disposer of all human events and safely
trust our cause in His keeping.
Mr. Garlington moved that the*Mcssag%
be printed, and made the special order for
Tuesday, at half-past twelve o'clock&vhieh
was carried.
Mr. Moses moved the appointment of a
committee of one from each Congression?
al District, in conjunct ion with i similar
committee from the House, to nominate
Electors for the Presidency, which was
carried. The following committee was
appointed : Senators Barnes, Barke1;.
Dantzler,?Garlington, Sharpe and Moses.
On motion of Senator Hope, the Senate
adjourned until Tuesday, the 6th iust.
Monday, November 5.
The members assembled at 1:! o'clock.
On motion of Mr. Buist, Mr. Boylston
was chosen temporary Chairman.
The House was called to order, and the
Clerk read the proclamation of the Gov
ernor calling the extra session. The
members then presented their credentials,
and were qualified according to the form
prescribed by the Constitution of South
James Clarke, member elect from Lex?
ington District, refused to qualify, on the
ground*that he was disqualified by hold?
ing the appointment of Postmaster. His
refusal was tabled.
The members present all being quali?
fied, "the House unanimously re-elected
Gen. James Simons Speaker. A Cojp
mittce waited upon Gen. Simons and con?
ducted him to the Chair, when he spoke
as follows :
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
It is with great difficulty that I can find
language to express the profound sensa?
tions which fill my breast on this occasion.
That I should at the end of a long period
of connection with this House have had
the good fortune to receive such a testi?
monial of the confidence of the people of
this commonwelth through their reprcsen
?TJtrrves, is enough to excite emotions^
scarcely to be expressed. Allow me, gen?
tlemen, to tender my most profound ac?
knowledgments, and testify with no af?
fectation the deep impression which this
fresh evidence of your confidence has im?
pressed upon me. The duties of this
chair, and I have a right to say so, from
a long experience, are full of difficulty,
care and responsibility. At no time are
they easy; but all of these elements are
multiplied when the case is such a one as
the crissis which now impends overbids
Commonwealth; and unless I have your
aid in directing and moderating the de?
bates and deliberation of this body, I shall
have little hope of accomplishing the pur?
pose of our assembling. I therefore en?
treat you to bear with one another and
with me, and to bend all your energies
and all yoor talents and all your spirit to
the common good of our beloved Co'mon
wealth. I commend you now.gentlemen,
to the business of the General Assembly.
A committee, consisting of Messrs.
Buist, Frazer and Gibbs, informed the
Governor that the House was organized,
when he sent in his annual Message,
which was read, and which will be found
in the proceedings of the Senate.
On motion of Mr. Buist, in compliance
with a recommendation from the Gover?
nor, it was ordered that the Electors be
chosen at 12 o'clock to-morrow, by joint
ballot; and also that the recommendation
regarding the calling of a Convention of
the people, be made the special order for
Tuesday, at 1 o'clock.
On motion of Mr. Mullins, a message
was sent to the Senate, appointing a com?
mittee from each Congressional District
to confer with a like committee on the
part of the House, which was laid on the
On motion of Mr. Kennedy, the clergy
of Columbia were invited to open the
House with prayer.
Mr. Coffin, of Charleston, remarked,
that he would offer his all as a sacrifice
on the altar of his country, and that their
duties, as public, servants, should be en?
tered upon with a proper feeling, and with
a determination to protect our borders
from attacks of murderers and midnight
assassins. Mr. Coffin proposed that a day
of fasting, humiliation and prayer tobt
ordered. In looking back to the past, we
find that our forefathers established the
precedent in 1774. because God had avert?
ed the calamity which had threatened
their rights. George Washington?that
good man?had gone to church on that
occasion, and had fasted all that day. If
such means were called for then?if the
people were then invited to the House of
God, did not the present fearf.il crisis de?
mand a like offering? Mr. Coffin proposed
a resolution, setting apart Tuesday, Nov.
the 22d, as a da}- of humilation and prayer,
and that the Governor request all the
Governors of the Southern States to unite
in naming the same da}'.
On motion of Eichard Yeadon, Esq., o
Charleston, Mr. Coffin's resolution was
made the Special Order for two o'clock on
Tuesday, the Gth.
Col. Cuningham. of Charleston, offered
a resolution authorizitfg and directing his
Excellency. Governor Gist, to use the one
hundred thousand dollars appropriated
last year for military contingencies, in the
purchase of improved arms and millitary
accoutrements. Col. Cunningham, said,
in explanation, that his resolution was not
intended to embrace, such other military
preparations as the Legislature might
deem proper, upon the election of Lin?
coln being ascertained; but simply to car?
ry into effect the intention of the last Leg?
islature in regard to the appropriation
made at tho last session, and to relieve the
Governor's cmbarassmcnt, growing out of
the wording of the resolution.- Sol. Cun
ingbam's resolution was nnule rjtrt of the
Special Order for one o'clock on Tuesday?
the 6th. ' m
* - - i
Mr. John T. Sloan was re-elected Clerk;
after which the House adjourned until 11
o'clock a. m. on to-morrow. Tuesday the
Tuesday, November 6.
The Senate met at 11 o'clock. The
journal of Monday's proceedings was read
and approved.
The following message was received
from the House of Representatives:
House of Representatives, 1
November 6, 1860. j
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Senate:
The House respectfully informs the Sen?
ate that this House has agreed to a reso
tion for the appointment of Electors of
President and Vice-President of the Unit?
ed States, for the term to commence on
the 4th of march next, and that the said
appointment be made by general ballot of
the General Assembly, in the Hall of
the House of Representatives, at 12
o'clock, meridian, on Tuesday, the 6th
inst., as provide^', ^ji2^^^?jX.A^2? jCoj}_.
"gTessfof i;he United State, ratified on the
23d day of January, 1845; and this House
respectfully requests the Senate to concur
in said resolution.
By order of the House,
The Smate immediately concurred in
the resolution, and proceeded to the Hall of
the House to ballot.
On returning, the Governor's Message,
the special order for half-past twelve
o'clock, was taken up.
Senator Garlington offered the following
resolution :
Resolved, That the order making the
Message of His Excellency the Governor
the special order for this day at half-past
twelve o'clock, be discharged, and that so
much of said Message as relates to the
call of a Convention of the people of this
State, the reorganization of the militia,
and preparations for the defence of the
State, ho made the special order for Thurs?
day next, at 1 o'clock, p. m.
The resolution was adopted.
Senator Rhett offered the following res?
olution .
Resolved, That the Treasurer of the Up?
per Division be. and is hereby instructed,
to settle the bills of the State Printer for
work ordered by the General Assembly
and executed since the last session, out of
any funds appropriated for Public Print?
ing during the session.
The resolution was adopted.
On m otion. Senator Simpson ofLaurens,
was excused from attendance, owing to
the pressure of judicial duties.
Aud the Senate then adjourned until 12
o'clock to-morrow.
The house was called to order by the
Speaker at 11 o'clock a. m. The roll
having been called, the business of the
day was opened with prayer by the Rev.
Dr. Thornwell. After beseeching God to |
be merciful, and to bless us, and not to
enter into judgment against us, he poured
forth the lbllowing petition :
" We acknowledge the supremacy of
Thy law, and we beseech Thee to be our
God and the God of our children through?
out the generations; especially do wo
risk Thy blessing upon the people of these
United States this day. 0, God! the
destinies of this country may turn upon
the events of a few short hours ! We be?
seech Thee to give to all our people the
spirit of a sound mind ; give them a per?
vading reverence for Thy- will; give them
a solenm sense of their obligations; give
them fidelity in their relations to one an?
other; and, if consistent with Thy Holy
Will, we beseech Thee that Truth and
Justice may everywhere prevail; that our
institutions may be preserved in their in?
tegrity, and transmitted to distant gener?
ations. 0 God ! calm the tumults of the
people; give wisdom to all our Senators;
give the spirit of a sound mind to all the
members of this Confederacy, and grant
that Thy name may be glorified and our
interests promoted; but 0 God, if it be
Thy will that a different destiny should
await us, we ask Thy blessing cspecially
up?m this Commonwealth; give to the
members of this Legislature the guidance
of Thy Holy Spirit; impart to them
sound minds, purity of motives, and a
sjjicere desire to promote the interests of
their country, and to be faithful to their
God; and we beseech Thee, 0 God, tha':
Thy favor may rest upon all those States
that have a common interest with us.
We beseech Thee that they may be bound
together in the holy tics of Truth, Justice ,
ami of Love. Give us?if it be Thy pur?
pose?give us, ?Wejpeseech Thee, an hon?
orable name among the nations of the
earth. Be our Gift!; be our guide; be our
evorlasting all. ?We commend ourselves
and our interests into Thy hands. Oh,
give .us real Jiumility, real self-distrust,,
renl conn^dence in God; and'grant that
every member of this legislative Assembly
may feel the awful responsibility resting
upon him, and gird up his mind to dis?
charge his duty in Thy fear, and with an
eye single to Thy glory; and all we ask
is in Thy name, and for the glory of Christ j
our Eedemer. Amen.
Messrs. E. C. Whalby, P. C. Kirk and
H. G. Sheriden, who were not present on
3Ionday, were qualified aud took their
Oe motion of Mr. Counts, a resolution
was adopted authorizing the Speaker to
issue writs of election to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the refusal of Mr. J. J.
Clark to quaiify.
The hour of 12 o'clock having arrived,
the Senate, with its President and officers
in attendence, were announced. Eoth
bodies then proceeded to elect, by joint
ballot, electors for President and Vice
Presidect of the United States. The
whole number of votes cast was 161, of
which the Senators cast 43, and the mem?
bers of the House of EepresentativesllS;
2e?^^ii^to^aj3hoice, 81 Messrs. Buist,
Butler and Byrd were appointed a com?
mittee to count the votes.
Having performed that duty, the com?
mittee reported as follows:
Foi the State at large, Wm. E. Martin,
had received 151 votes, and A. P. Cal
houa 155 votes.
1st Congressional District?John Wil?
liams, 156 votes.
2d Congressional District?Thos. Y.
Simons, 142 votes.
3d Congressional District?G. P, El?
liot, 156 votes.
4th Congressional District?T. Watson,
148 votes. , .
5th Congressional District?Joseph F.
Gist, 157 votes.
6th Congressional District?E. G. Mc
Cay. 159 votes.
There were four scattering votes.
The speaker then declared these gentle?
men duly elected to cast the electoral
vote of the State for President and Yic?
Mr. Buist, of Charleston, offered the fol?
lowing resolution :
Resolved, That it is the sense of this
General Assembly, that the electors, this
day appointed, cast their votes in favor
of John C. Breckinridgc for President,'
and Joesph Lane for Yicc-President, of
the United States.
Mr. Yeadon. of Charleston, moved to
amend the resolution by inserting ^the
wurds ;t members of the General Assem?
bly." The law provided that the mem?
bers present should perform this duty,
and if the words were inserted, it might
prevent yiny misapprehension in the fu?
Mr. Buist accepted the amendment.
Mr. Yeadon said, as there seemed to be
entire unanimity, he would move to add,
after the word ; resolved,' the word ' unan
Mr. Wm. Whnley, of Charleston, would
like to know whether that was not the
docti'inc of instruction. It is the duty of
the General Assembly to elect the Elec?
tors, but he-did not think it was their du?
ty to instruct them how to vote. The
Electors know the sense of the Legislature
and of the people, and the gentlemen
Icnow how they ought to vote in accord?
ance with that sense. Mr. Whalcy would
never consent that that resolution should
be unanimous, for he was opposed to the
doctrine of instruction.
Mr. Boylston said it was not instruction,
but a mere request. It was true it had a
great moral force and influence. He
hoped the gentleman would withdraw his
Mr. Whaley said he would not vote at
all. He could not regard it as anything
but instruction.
I Mr. Yeadon believed that heretofore it
I had been the uniform usage of tho House
to express this sense of the body, but he
would withdraw the motion for the pres?
Mr. Buist said it is tho precedent and
usage of this body to declare that it is the
sense of the General Assembly that the
Electors shall vote for certain individuals.
Were it not so, he should not have under*
taken to offer the resolution.
The question being put, the resolution
was adopted.
The hour of one o'clock having arrived,
Mr. Buist called up the special order for
the day. He said the special orders for
this hour are?the recommendations con?
tained in the Message of his Excellency
the Governor, in regard to calling a Con?
vention of the people, the reorganization
of the militia system, and the defence of
the State. He did not desire to refer at
this time more particularly to the resolu?
tions of Col. Cunningham upon the sub?
ject of the appropriation made at the last
session for the purchase of arms. If at?
tention is diroctod to the Message, it will
be seen that the recommendations upon
that subject, calling a Convention, are
' predicated upon that contingency of the
election of Lincoln. Inasmuch as the re?
commendations are predicated upon that
contingency, his own opinion was, that it
would be impolitic for this body to take
action iintil they ascertain what is the
result of that election; and if it be so.
Sir?if we have reason to expect and an?
ticipate that the consummation of that
election will be untoward?that Mr. Lin?
coln will receive a majority of the electo?
ral votes?he might be permitted to re?
mark that it was his individual opinion
that the action of this body, in this great
crisis, should be prompt, immediate, effec?
tive and decisive. The reasons which
influence him in pronouncing this judg?
ment, were inappropriate to urge at this
time. He stated them with a view of di?
recting the attention of the House to the
proper method of disposing of this epeci&l
order, and with a view of bringing the
question before the House, he would beg
leave to move that the House be dischar?
ged from its further consideration to-day,
and that it be made the special order for
Thursday nexlat one_o!c]pgfer??"~""*"""*'?
The motion was agreed to.
Mr. Cunningham, of Charleston, then
called up his resolution authorizing and
directing the Governor to use the appro?
priation of one hundred thousand dollars,
made at the last session, in the purchase
of arms and accoutrements. He moved
to amend his resolution by inserting the
word ''ammunition," so that the appropri?
ation would be used in providing proper
accoutrements and amunition to accompa?
ny these arms. The amendment was
agreed to, and the resolution adopted.
Mr. Coffin, of Charleston, called up^the
special order in relation to the appoint?
ment of the twenty-second day of Novem?
ber as a day of fasting and prayer.
Mr. Teadon moved that it be made the
special order for Thursday next. While
he was heartily in favor of a day of fasting
and prayer, in .the contingency which
most of them apprehended, he was oppos?
ed to acting prematurely. The motion
was agreed to. >
The House then entered into an election
for Messenger and Doorkeeper, and Mr.
A. P. Nicholson was, on the third-ballot,
elected Messenger, and Mr. C. M. Grey
The House then adjourned.
Support to South Carolina.?The fol?
lowing is another indication that the eyes
of the South are now upon South Caroli?
na, and that she is to be. the Sardinia of
this political movement. It was address-,
ed to Gen. Simons, Speaker of the House:
Washington, November 7.?The Wash
ington National Volunteers proffer their
services to South Carolina, in case of her
withdrawal from the Union. Southern
men hero are with South Carolina..
Very Goon.?A minister's wife says:
"The first time I took my eldest boy to
church, when he was two years and a half
old, I managed, with caresses and frowns
and candy, to keep him very still till the
sermon was half dono. By this time his
patience was exhausted, and he climed to
his feet, and stood on the seat, looking at
the preacher (his father) quite intently.
Then, as if he had hit upon a certain relie?
for his troubles, he pulled me by-thechin
to attract my attention, and exclaimed, in
a distinct voico, '-Mamma, make papa say
A Western editor and his wife were
walking ?ut in the bright moon-light one
evening. The wife was exceedingly poeti?
cal nature, and said to her mate, ''Notice
?that moon, how bright and calm and
beautiful." "Couldn't think of noticing
it," retorted the editor, "Toranything than
the usual rates?a dollar and fifty cents
for twelve lines."
New Article.?Out West they have
what are called " solid lies." We have
heard of white, black and very mean
ones, but not before of a solid article.
They probably look like a pieco of char?
A Fiohtinc Population.?Appended
to a recent advertisement of a masqurade
ball, at Loporte, California, is the follow?
ing significant notice:
i: N. B.?Gentlemen (and ladies) will be
required to leave their fire-arms and cut?
lery at the door."
Several small droves of hogs have al?
ready reached Lynchburg, Va., which
wore sold readily at $6 per cwt. gross.
One penny a day will buy food in Chi?
na sufficient to enable a man to live com*
The notorious yacht Wanderer is at
Havana, preparing for another African,
The shock of an earthquako was sensi?
bly felt by thousands, in Rochester,!!**. Y.,
on the evening of the 26th nit.

xml | txt