"Washington, November 23.?I learn
from reliable sources that the Treasury
Department will be forced to suspend
specie payment in the course of the next
ten days. Arrangements will be made to
pay off the Government ollicials in Treas?
ury notes. There is the greatest alarm
among the clerks in consequence of this
* straitened condition of the public Treasu?
. There is no longer any possible doubt
concerning the President's views on seces?
sion. In conversing to-day with a gen?
tleman of this city, ho took strong
grounds against the Southern movement.
He declared that he did not believe that
the great West would ever permit the
mouths of tho Mississippi Iii vor to be held
by a foreign power. "South Carolina,
said he, "wishes to enter into a conflict
with me, and upon tho shedding of the
first drop of blood, to drag the other
States iuto the movement of dissolution.''
He acknowledged that the South had
suffered.great wrongs at the hands of the
North, but thought that the compact be?
tween them should not be broken until
reasoning and reflection had been exhaust?
ed. He would first appeal to the North
for justice, and if it should be denied,
then, said the President," I am with
them." Notwithstanding his condemna?
tion ot secession, Mr. Buchanan has not
given the slightest indication of the course
he proposes to adopt whei it takes place.
But he has pointedly authorized the deni?
al of the statement that he favors seces?
The Administration still holds in abey?
ance, the resignation of tho Federal
officials in South Carolina. To-day, the
resignation of United States Marshall
Hamilton, of Charleston, was received
and placed upon file.
The President to-day despatched a spe?
cial messenger with full instructions for
Gen. Harney to proceed with all possible
haste against Montgomery, and to deal
with him in a summary way.
Information has been received here
that Montgomery, and his desperate band
of Abolitionists, are preparing to proceed
through the Indian country to mako a
raid upon the unprotected frontiers of
Texas. Montgomery has sworn that he
will carry on his bloody war of extermin
arion until he frees every slave in the
South-western part of Missouri.
Troubles in Kansas?Washington,
Nov. 21.?The Government has official
information from Kansas, that tho noto?
rious Montgomery, and others, have com?
menced operations in that Territory,
by hanging and and killing pro-slavery
men,*and threatening to compel an ad?
journment of the Government land sales,
advertised to tako placo in December
next. Previous to the reception of this
information, letters have been received
here that Montgomery's force amounted
to five hundred men, well supplied with
arms and ammunition, and other material
aid; and that from time to time warlike
supplies have been received by hiin from
Other writers from that Territory also
' say that the demand to adjourn the land
sales had been resorted to as a mere pre?
text for raising an armed forco, and that
the real object of the lawless organizations
is a raid first upon the frontiers of Missou?
ri, and then on Arkansas and Western
Texas, in order to avenge tho punishment
of the Abolition emissaries in those bor?
It appears that Governor Medavy, who
is now in this city, is well posted "in re?
gard to Montgomery's plans and designs.
Orders will be forthwith dispatched to
Kansas for moving the Federal troops to
such points as may be most nocessaiy for
the protection of the people and the land
officos, as well as public property.
Fort Scott has been named as one of
the points likely to be invaded.
Washington, Nov. 25.?The President
is now considering the expediency of re
commouding Congress to call a convention
of all the States, as the only means of pre?
serving the Union.
At a meeting held yesterday, in Essex
county, Va., resolutions were*passed, re?
questing South Carolina to delay for the
present. Perhaps they want to send a
Commissioner to consult with her upon
tho propriety of waiting the co-operation
There have been no resignations in the
Cabinet as yet. None of the members arc
expected to resign before March, unless at
their State's request.
The South Carolina Delegation is now
expected to resume their scats in the
House, in view of the important measures
that they may come up for consideration.
The question of the " right of secession,"
and the propriety of passing a " Force
Bill," may be chief topics of discussion.
Mississippi.?An immense meeting of
Mississippians was held last week at Jack?
son in that State. Speeches woro made
by Gov. Pettus, Hon. A. G. Brown, Judge
Gholson, Maj. Barksdale, and others.?
Resolutions were adopted expressing a
settled determination never to submit to
Abolition rule. The last resolution is as
Resolved, That we sympathize fully with
the people of .South Carolina, feeling that
their cause is our cause, and that whatev
cr ma\T be the final determination of the
people of this Stalo respecting their rela?
tions to the existing Union, wo cannot
but regard a blow struck at South Caro?
lina, or any other Southern State, as a
blow struck at us, and that it is our duty
to oppose and resist any attempt, irom
any quarter, to molest her or them in
their efforts to escape from the sectional
tyranny about to be inaugurated.
North Carolina.?The Governor's
message takes strong Southern grounds.
It recommends a conference with the
neighboring States, and then a State Con?
vention on Federal affairs. He recom?
mends the enrollment of all men between
eighteen and forty-five years, and also
recommends the raising of a corps of ten
thousand volunteers, with arms and equip?
ments. He goes for resisting any effort
at coercion in any event.
Maryland.?A petition is tobe presen?
ted to the Govenor ofMaryland, urging the
propriety of immediately calling a special
B3Ssion of the General Assembly of
that State, to tako into consideration the
present momentous crisis in^he destiny of
%k %i?mm Intrlligcnctr.
THURSDAY MORNING, NOV-R. 2?, I860.
JAMES A. HOYT, Editor.
Oac copy one year, invariably in advance,.$1.00.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates: liberal
."eductions made to those who will advertise by the
Mr. F. E. Habbisox, who was nominated last
week, publishes a card in another column, in
which he declines being a candidate for the Con
Maj. Geo. Seaiiokxe, nomited in the Gazette
last week, also declines in yesterday's issue of
" Wide Awake."
The communication over this signature came lo
hand last week, just an hour or so too late for in?
sertion in that, i^suc. We publish it now, as it
emanates from an extreme section of the District,
and is another expression, added to the many vre
have heard, urging the acceptance by Judge Wm r
keb of the nomination for the Convention.
The Southern Almanac.
Petek B. Glass, of Columbia, will accept our
thanks for a neat interleaved Almanac for 1861,
which he has published for distribution. Mr.
(ir.Ass is the successor toR. L. Bryan at the long
established and well known Book Store on Richard?
son street, and any of our friends visiting the
State Capital will hardly fail to examine his exten?
sive assortment of Books. &C.
Small Fox in Columbia.
Several cases of small pox have been discovered
in Columbia within the last few days, and the Lcg
laturc, it is hinted, will adjourn over to Charleston.
Wc arc of the opinion that there is more alarm
than necessary; and that the disease will speedily
disappear. This opinion is based upon the under?
standing that tlie first case reported is an importa?
tion, and consequently will be promptly checked.
The reader will observe elsewhere an earnest call
for a general attendance of the people at this place
on next Monday. Wc cordially unite in urging up?
on the citizens generally to participate in the prj
cccdings of that day. Several distinguished gen?
tlemen will be prcscut and give their views upon
political affairs. Let every man who can possibly
do so, attend at the Court House on Monday and
hear for himself.
Death by Drowning.
We learn with regret that Thomas J. Giant, of
this District, met a sad fate on Friday last, by ac?
cidental drowning. Itc started from his home, be?
fore daylight, for the niillponu, a short distanse
thence, for the purpose of shooting duck. lie wus
found a few hours afterwards, in the embrace
of death. Wc forbear giving particulars, for fear
of adding an additional pang to his bereaved fam?
ily. He was about 2"> years of age, and has left a
wife and child to mourn his Midden demise. They
have our sympathies in this sad affliction of Provi?
We learn that on Friday night last, a man named
Tiio.mam Habbisox was shot, at Fciidlcton, by
Francisco Tisciiessf.uo, belter known in this set
lion by thf cognonicii of "Sancho." The ball en?
tered the. head of deceased behind the right ear,
proving fatal almost instantly. Various reportsrac
in circulation regarding this affair, but, as the
case will undergo judicial investigation, we think
it prudenl to give none of them. The accused de?
livered himself up to the proper authorities, and
was remanded to the ShcrjjF of this District the
same night on which this unfortunate occurrence
Tho Pondleton Meeting.
A correspondeut elsewhere gives a spirited and
interesting account of the meeting-at Pcudlcton'on
Friday last. His attentive favor is duly apprecia?
ted, as wc could obtain no place inside the build?
ing to hear the speeches, nnd therefore could
make no report. The Committee of Arrange?
ments seemed altogether indifferent in regard to
having the proceedings reported, ami after more
than one ineffectual attempt to procure a sent or
comfortable stand in hearing distance, wo return?
ed to the hotel and awaited the departure of the
In addition to what our friend stales, we learn
that another meeting was held at Pcndletou on
Monday last, at which speeches were made by
Messrs. Onn, Reeu, Wiekes, and perhaps others.
Tho citizens of Pendlet on and vicinity, are not
behind those of any other community in appreci?
ating their wrongs nnd preparation for ample re?
dress. They have ever been alive to resistance,
nnd when (he day of trial comes, if we are to sec
that day, Pcndletou will send her full quota of
brave spirits to the defence of their State and sec?
tion. Wc know the people there, and cau speak
from that knowlcdgo?they will never submit.
Hon. W. W. Boyce.
Tins able and distinguished Representative of j
this State in the Federal Congress, arrived in our
village on Wcdnesdaj- afternoon of last week. Up?
on the fact becoming known, a committee of citi?
zens waited on him and requested him to faror
their fellow-townsmen with nn expressoin of his
views upon the absorbing issues of the day. The
invitation was kindly accepted, and the Court
House that evening was again filled with anxious
listeners and ardent resistance men and women.
Mr. Boyce was introduced to the audience by Dr.
A. Evins, Chairman of tho meeting, in a few ap?
The able champiou of Free Trade then proceeded
to deliver a most earnest and effective speech of
one hour, which was listened to with strict aticu
tion and elicited frequent plaudits from the intelli?
gent audience. The press upon our columns will
not. admit of a full report. He was for resistance
at nil hazards; believed that wc would have several
of the Southern States to secede with us and that
others would follow; saw no hope in delay; thought
the quicker this State acts the better. She had gone
too far to recede with honor. Crcsar paused be?
fore but not after he crossed the Rubicon-, and then
pressed on until the Roman Empire lay at his feet.
A gallant people will not submit. The State is
resolved to go on, and though there may be dan?
ger in the movement, there is certain death and
subjugation in submission. He, however, believed
there would be no war, but financial pressure
This effort of Mr. Boyce was truly eloquent and
full of research and ability. His closing alluuious
of a classical character were touching, patriotic
nnd impressive, and held spell-bound the admiring
audience. We have seldom heard this peroration
surpassed, nor witnessed a deeper impression upon
an auditor.*. j
Speech of Hon. Jarno;: Chesnut.
Last week we mentioned, in brief terms, the
speech of Hon. James Cuesxut, delivered before n
large audience in the Court House on Tuesday
evening, 20th inst The speech was characterized
by plain and practical views of the issues now be
foro the public mind, and was an earnest and im?
pressive appeal against submission to abolition'
denomination. The interest, frequently attested
by his hearers, must have been gratifying to our
late Senator, and we are confident that his senti?
ments met a cordial response in the bosoms of those
who were fortunnte enough to hear him on that
occasion. From imperfect notes, we make the fol?
lowing synopsis of his remarks.
He thanked the audience for the compliment
paid him by the invitation to address them at this
time, and expressed his gratification at having the
opportunity of visiting this region. lie had just
come from home, in a distant part of the State,
where the good work, in which all are engaged,
goes bravely on. While picking their flints and
keeping their powder dry, the citizens of his sec?
tion were putting their trust in God for a. speedy
deliverance. There was among his people, but one
mind and one voice?that niiud, subordination to
the State?that voice for a severance of the ties
that bind us to a tyrannical confederacy.
The times are momentous?we are engaged in an
earnest struggle, and it is desirous to discuss with
becoming gravity the question presented for solu?
tion by South Carolina. We must have an earnest
purpose, clearness of head and firmncs3 of heart to
meet the issue as becomes freemen. A Convention
of the sovereignty of the State has been called; no
ordinary events could justify such extraordinary
proceeding?the results to be attained is to free us
from a fatally dangerous connection, to resume the
powers delegated to the General Government, and
thus constitute a Union of the South?the prime ob?
ject all have in view. It was thought by those who
called this Convention that the best means of reach?
ing that object was prompt action on our part; he
believed it would bring the other States to our side
If we wait and allow others to retreat, it would be
impossible to obtain the co-operation of such States.
When the Union is dissolved, the question is
changed. The only question then left for the slave
States, is, which side shall we take? Will they
ally themselves against us and support the enemies
of the South, or unite in the movement and sup?
port us, with common feelings, interests and dan?
gers. When it is presented to them, he entertained
no doubt which side they will espouse?they will
cling to us.
But there were other considerations for decision
now; as to whether the action at this time is wise
or not, and the cause sufficient. He believed it to
be wise, and not unwise or imprudent. As to the
cause, the mere election of one man to the Presiden?
cy would not rend this Union into atoms, and nei?
ther would the success of any one holding his
, v'o.vs. The triumph of that scctioual party furn?
ishes the occasion and justifies our secession from
the existing government. The causes which have
culminated in this triumph lie far behind?lie deep
in nature, anil arc developed in two distinct antag?
onisms of social policy. The trainers of the Con?
stitution saw all these conflicting elements, and
with integrity, devotion aud patriotism, they
sought to accomplish perpetuity of the Union be?
tween the two sections. But they omitted from
the calculation a very important element; they did
not foresee the effect when it should pass through
the alembic of puritanical fanaticism, and these
1 destroyers of i lie Constitution have determined that
I the two sections shall not be reconciled.
Before the Revolution every colony possessed
; slavery, and in the formation of the Constitution,
compromises were made and guarantees given in
reference to that institution. This lasted for a
I time, but circumstances brought about ctnancipa
j tiou. Before that period arrived, the friends of
negro equality sold their slaves to us and put the
money iu their pockets ; and now they claim we
should emancipate as they did. It was not many
? years before the question entered tlie political arc
i na; indeed, as far back as 181(1, societies f.ir the
: publication of anti-slavery tracts were formed, and
1 since then they have employed every means to prc
j vent quiet and beget strife. They have agents
1 now, such has been the progress of that party, to
j instigate servile insurrections, and to apply the
' lighted torch when families are wrapt iu slumber.
The speaker (hen went into an exposition of the
! history, rise and progress erf the Black Republi
; '-an parly, and from the record, exhibited the in?
tentions and objects of that party. lie also read
front recent speeches of their leaders, to show their
sentiments since the election, and justly character?
ized the fanatical ravings of Summer, Wilson and
How, said the speaker, shall we meet all this!
Not by an attempt to prevent the inauguration of
their President elect by force, for that would be
treason, and we arc no traitors. Wait for an "overt
act ?" JXhy assume that ground ? If the Slate is
sovereign,and we believe that the liberties and lives
of her citizens are in danger, we have the right to
prevent the inflict ion of such an enormous evil. J
.Shall we sec them coming with lighted torch,
when our wives and children are slumbering, and
wait until the torch is applied before striking?
How. then, do we propose meeting the impending
danger? There is but one practicable mode,
which is for the South to resume the powers dele?
gated to the General Government, and united,
stand in that position which nature entitles her,
and to begin. South Carolina must secede. The in?
formation from all quarters is cheering?letters
are constantly being received by him-and others,
urging the prompt action of this State. He then
read a letter from an influential citizenof Louisiana,
urging us to move in moderation, and wc would
be certain to find that Slate close upon our heels.
Mississippi does not wail, and Alabama is going
forward. The gallant State of Georgia, summon?
ing her thousands, proclaimcs that she will stand?
by us, and will rally beneath the lone star.
Arc you waiting your own consent? There is
no other hope except iu taking the destinies of our
commonwealth into our own hands, and with one
mind, one voice and one heart, fling the banner
to the breeze, and walk forth regenerated and dis?
enthralled. All the dangers that beset our path?
way are in the Union. Ilia friends, right and
left, knew that in times past he had been a conser?
vative Union man?he now sees, at this juncture,
that which no man then could sec, that there is no
hope for us in the Union All is dark and gloorav,
and no ray of hope is held out for continuing a
connection with the Federal Government. The
Union must be brought to an end or ruin to our
section will follow. Outside of this Confederacy
there may be danger, but no dishonor. While
hope beckons us onward, she holds no encouraging
ray even to men who will submit.
The eloquent speaker then examined the present
and future condition of the South, and depicted in :
glowing colors the growth, prosperity and power '
of a Southern Confederacy. His estimate, too,
was based upon facts and figures, and conclusively
proved the assertion that we would be a great and
But, said Mr. C, there is a question behind all
this. He desired to discuss it with frankness and
present avery phase of the iesua. S:ipr,oea fhs '
other Southern States do not secede, and wc are
left alone. Ue must then consider whether wc
prefer utter dciitruction in the Union or the chan?
ces without. If coercion was attempted, thou3ands
from all over the South would instantly march to
ourdefence. Atadif ourforts arc to be blockaded, he
affirms that there would be motive sufficient with
England and France to acknowedge our indepen?
dence and thus reach a supply of cotton. But if
we should be mistaken, and his opinions at. fault,
and no assistance is rendered us, then, for one, he
would prefer to die worthy of the blood he bears
than to fall at the footstool of a relentless tyranny.
It was his absolute conviction, that the agitation of
this slavery issue four years longer will inevitably
destroy us, and the only question for us to deter?
mine, is, whether wc shall be destroyed without
resistance or make a noble effort to be free, and
thus maintain our liberties and independence.
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Ciiessnlt's speech
which we have briefly sketched in the foregoing,
deafening thunders of applause shook the building.
His hearers cjrdially and fully endorsed the senti?
ments enunciated, and gave frequent proof of their
approval during the delivery of his closing remarks
upon the future of South Carolina.
In return for a beautiful boquet thrown from the
ladies' scats, Mr. chesxut paid a handsome com?
pliment to the women of Carolina, avowing his be?
lief that in ti e day of trial they will be as true,
courageous and patriotic as our revolutionary fath?
ers found them in '7u\
The Delegates to the Convention.
The voters of this District arc to elect five Dele?
gates to a State Convention, which assembles on
the 17th proximo. The election takes place on
next Thursday, one week hence. Several gentle?
men have been put in nomination by their respec?
tive friends. ?omc of whom have declined. While
it would have been better that only one ticket be
run, composed of men in whom the entire District
might safely confide their interests, the people, in
the absence of any authorized and general expres?
sion of their views, will have to choose from among
the number yet in the field. In doing so, wc
would respectfully but earnestly urge upon our
fellow-citizens the great importance of the exercise
of cool judgment and calm consideration. The ex?
isting stale of affairs admits of no gratification o'
personal ambition. Former party lines arc oblit?
erated. Evc-y man must agree to sustain the ac?
tion of South Carolina, for her connection with the
Federal Government will be dissolved by the ap?
proaching Convention. Tlrs is an truly certain to
take place as any event in the future possibly can
be. Her immediate action, too, meets the almost
unanimous a pproval of her sons. Add to this, that
there is every reason to believe that other Southern
States will adopt the same course, and these facts
prove conclusively that there cannot be rightfully
introduced into the canvass any question of sepa?
rate secession or co-operation.
In view of this state of things, we would beseech
the voters of Anderson to act with unanimity and
concord. Select men as delegates such as you
would entrust your dcnresls interests with, be'
past party affiliations be forgotten ; seek to intro?
duce no scheme which would mar the harmonious
feeling exhibited all over the Stale ; sei aside per?
sonal prejudices, if any exists, and rise above pet?
ty contentions or private bickerings; in a word,
vote for men of stern integrity, sound judgment,
enlarged experience and known abilities, ouch
men are before the people, and we would earnestly
impress upon ail the necessity of voting uiidcr
standingly. The oacasion rises fur above any, in
magnitude and importance, that the people of this
Slate have ever acted upon. Be equal to I lie occa?
sion, then, and stiller no one to outstrip you in pa
triotisin?and devotion to your Stale and her best
Letter from Hon. R. Toombs.
We are indebted to Maj. K. M. Ki'iKKit.. of this
place, for the privilege of placing before our read?
ers the following short bur expressive letter from
Senator Tot jibs, of Georgia, on the existing slate
of political affairs :
Washington, Go., Nov. ?jj, 1800.
M;i Dear Sir : On my arrival .:i home yesterday,
j I found your favor of the 13th inst., and regret
j that my engagements in Georgia would not permit
me to be with you to-d.-iy.
The time has come for secession?nothing else
will meet the public danger and insure tho public
security. Lei each Si ate of the South withdraw
j as fast as i hey can act. The ai t of one will secure
j the res*, and then, if the' North wants terms, if we
J choose we can trefft outside as equals?inside, only
I as inferiors..
As South Carolina has called her Convention
J first, we earnestly hope &he will not. baulk the
I great enterprise by the least indecision. Go out of
1 the Union at once. I do not doubt but that Gcor
i gia will do ho as soon as her Convention meets.
Very truly, your friend,
Elbebt M. Rxckrr. Anderson. S. C.
Z. C Pulliam, Esq.
On Friday evening last, our talented young
friend, the popular lleprescnfativc from Pickcns
District?whose name heads this paragraph?arriv?
ed in our village on his way to Columbia. Al ear?
ly candle light a number of the villagers responded
to i he ringing of the Court House bell, and conven?
ed in public meeting, with C. C. Lanhstox, Esq.,
in the chair. The object being explained, on mo?
tion, a Committee of three was appointed to wait
on Mr. Pulliam, at the Benson House, and invite
hiui to address the audience. The Committee dis?
charged thai duly, and returned with Mr. P., who
was introduced lo the assembly, and who respond?
ed most happily to the complimentary call. He
spoke eloquently of resistance, and gave cheering
accounts o(' the feeling among his own people.
His speech was brief, but to the point, in an emin?
ent degree. Applause after applause was given
lustily for the mountain District and her gallant
Important to Voluntoer Companies.
Among the resolutions adopted at the extra ses?
sion of the Legislature was the following, offered
by Mr. Simcnton :
Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor be
authorized to furnish arms to such new volunteer
.companies as shall exhibit to him satisfactory proof
that they arc fully organized, with not less than
sixty-four privates, with proper commissioned nnd
non-commissicned officers, and that they have been
proper] v uniformed.
For the Intelligenter.
Mr. Editor : In-selecting the candidates to rep?
resent our District in the Convention to assemble in
Columbia on the 17th of December next, it will be
admitted by all parlies that the best legal talent
should be chosen, al least in part, as the Constitu?
tion of the State must necessarily be revised.
With this view, the name of Judge WuiTxnu is re?
spectfully submitted as one eminently qualified for
this all important trust.
The Rev. W, A. McSwain will preach in
the Court House on Sunday night next, at cn:ly
One of Lincoln's Organs on the Secession Move?
We ask every reader, who has the faintest spark
of Southern fire in his breast, to read the annexed
extracts from the Chicago Democrat, which is pub?
lished at the home of Abe Lincoln. A perusal of
thom will satisfy any man in regard to the light in
which Southerners are held by that infamous gang
The election is over and Lincoln is elected, by a
larger majority of the popular vote than was antici?
pated, and by the electoral vote of every free State.
Thus not only has the consummation which the
firc-e4tcrs of the South have for years proclaimed
as the inevitable preclude to disunion been attain?
ed, but the job ha.'; been done so effectually, com?
pletely and emphatically, as to leave no doubt that
the free people of the North meant they should be
understood. When eighteen millions of freemen
speak as they spoke on Tuesday, they make a noise
that even the most stupid secessionist cannot, fail to
Thus the people of the free North say to the slave
oligarchy, " We will endure your insolence, suffer
your tyranny, bear with your assumption no lon?
ger! NYe have listened to your threats, as insult?
ing as they were cowardly, of what you would do,
if we dared to .carry out our convictions of right, at
the ballot-box, and elect a man who would not bow
the knoe to you, and who would place your ac?
cursed institution of slavery where the public mind
would rest in the belief that it would become final?
" Vcu have sworn that if we dared elect such man
you would dissolve the Union. We have elected
him, aid now we want you to try your little game
of secession. Do it, if you dare ! So long as you
remain in the Union, peaceably and decently, you
shall enjoy your constitutional rights. But every
man of you who attempts to subvert this Union,
which we prize so dearly, will be hung as high as
Hainan. Wc will have no fooling about the mat?
ter ! By the Eternal: the. Union must be preserv?
Such is the lecture read by the people of the
North !o their Southern brcthreu on Tuesday. And
now, what will the chivalry do about it ?
Will they eat dirt ? Will they take back all they
have said about disunion, a Southern Confederacy,
the rights of the South, the blood of the enemies,
and all that sort of thing ? What will the Yanccys,
the Ithctts, the Kcitts, the Jeff. Davises, and all
that uoblc army of traitors do ?
The chivalry trill cat dirt. They will hack out.
They never hail any spunk anyhow. The best they
could do was 10 bully, and brag and bluster. John
Brown and his seventeen men were enough to af?
fright the whole mighty Commonwealth of Virginia
out of its propriety, and to hold it as a conquered
province until recaptured by the Federal troops ;
and to this day John Brown's ghost is more terri?
ble than an army with banners, in the eyes of eve?
ry Southern cavalier. These knights of the sunny
South arc just such heroes as Sancho Panza was.
They are wonderful hands at bragging and telling
fantastical lies, but when it comes to action, count
As if to add the last cap-stone to this absurdity
of disunion bluster, the telegraph, yesterday,
brought us the news that the Legislature of South
Carolina, on Tuesday, elected her Presidential elec?
tors, and that they had concluded to postpone
arming the State until they had ascertained that
Lincoln was really elected! Poor devils! the
smallest kind of a knot-hole is sufficient for them
to crawl through now.
J'or the Intelligencer.
Grand Bally at Fendloton.
Viciens und Anderton in Council?The Mountain De?
mocracy Enthusiastic for Resistant??Barbecue,
Speeches, >yc., ,yc.
J//-. Editor : P.eing present at the public dem?
onstration held in Pendlet on on Friday last, tho
24th inst., 1 was happy to perceive that our fellow
citizens of that vicinity were so fully awake to the
exigencies of the limes, and so unanimous iu the
sentiment of secession from the present oppressive
Union!?a Union no longer of harmonious ele?
ments, or of fraternal and kindly feelings, but of
opposite and discordant element.-.
Among the speakers present were the Hon.
Jamc-t Chesnut, our ex-Senator of the United
Slates; Ilouablcs Messrs. Boyce and Ashmore,
members of Congress; our fellow-citizens, Col.
Orr, Solicitor Heed and Judge Whitucr. The
member of the State Legislature, (Col. W. A.
Hay no. y from that portion Of the District, opened
the meeting in a spirited and complimentary ad?
dress of welcome into their midst of the distin?
guished gentlemen who had honored them with
their presence; in the course of which he paid a
liaudsoinc compliment to each of the honorable
gentlemen, and alluded to the position of their cx
Senator, now occupying the position in the pres?
ent crisis of affairs, of a simple citi:en of South
Col. Chesnut was first called upon, and he re?
sponded in actable and lucid address of about an
hour, portraying iu a masterly way the rights and
the wrongs of the South, and advocating, by a\\
means, the withdrawal of the State from the Union.
I He was listened to by the large and respectable !
audience with profound attention, and the advice
he g.wc, and the pictures he drew of further con?
tinuance in the present Union, evidently produced
(in coming from the source they did) a profound
impression upon the audience.
The Hon. Mr. Boyce and Col. Ashmore, (the
members of Congress,) were next called out, and
responded most happily. Mr. Boyce spoke for
considerably upwards of an hour, and enchained
(while at times he considerably amused the audi?
ence by his spicy anecdotes) their attention, by
the truthful and vivid picture he drew of the pres?
ent state of the affairs of the country. The time
being short before the starting of" the; cars, Col.
Ashmore and Col. Orr were necessarily compelled
to condense their remarks into a comparatively
short compass. They both happily responded,
however, to the calls made upon them, and fully
sustained I heir well-earned reputation for elo?
quence and ability. Had the time been longer,
and the weather less inclement, both Judge Whit
ner and Mr. Solicitor Reed would have been called
upon, but the whistle of the locomotive gave warn?
ing chat the meeting had to be broken up.
A bountiful Barbecue then awaited the guests,
where good will, harmony, and a unanimous feel?
ing of acquiescence in the tone and tenor of the
sentiments expressed by all the speakers, prevail?
ed among all the people. Upon the whole, Mr.
Editor, you may safely echo back to the seaboard
and the whole lower section of South Carolina,
the hearty and unanimous feeling of spirited re?
sistance on the part of the mountain region of Car?
olina to any further submission on their part, or of
longer continuance in a Union, now become scc
tionalized, and no longer answering the purposes
for which it was established. Let the ardent and
cnthusiastio oitizeas of the lower country, then,
Mr. Editor, learn the cheering intelligence that
their brethren of the upper country arc with them,
heart and soul, and like them, will be found, (in
the language of the motto of South Carolina,)
animis, opibus que parati?prepared with strength
For the Intelligencer:
Political Meeting at Hartwell, Oa.
HAETWELtj November 23, 1860.
According to previous notice, a large and re?
spectable portion of the citizens of all parties
met in the Court House.
On motion, Solomon S. Jones was called to the
Chair, aud F. B. Hodges and Joel Towers were re?
quested to act as Secretaries.
The Chair then called upon Jamts E. Skelton,
Esq., who explained the object of the meeting in a
forcible and pointed manner.
qu motion, a Committee of thirteen was appoint?
ed to prepare business for the meeting, whereupon
the Chair appointed the following Committed:
P. E. Davant, R. S. Hill, Michael Johnson, John
J. J. Sheppard, Win. R. Pool, Larkin Clarke, John
W. Scales, James II. McMullen, James Allen. F. S.?
Roberts, R. I. Gordon, J. H. Skelton and James
During the absence of the Committee, James E.
Skelton, Esq., being called for, addressed the meet-'
ing eloquently and forcibly for the space of twen?
ty-five minutes. Messrs. F. B. Hodges, Wm. R;
Pool, J. G. Justice, John J. J. Sheppard and P. E.
Davant made short but appropriate speeches in fa?
vor of resistance to Black Republican rule.
The following Preamble and Resolutions, repor?
ted by the Committee, were unanimously adopted:
Whereat, The declaration of principles upon
which our forefathers adopted the Constitution, as
the basis of the Union, was as follows: "To es?
tablish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro?
vide for the common defence, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty tej
themselves and their posterity." The State of
Georgia has ever regarded this compact as sacred,
and with sufficient, conciliation and forbearance/
has endeavored to defend and perpetuate its prin?
ciples. She has asked for nothing more than its
plain guarantees, and could not honorably bo con
tinted with anything less*
And, Whereas, A party has arisen at the North,
founded in bigotry and fanaticism, whose sole am?
bition is directed against the institutions of the
Southern States, and have declared an irreprcssi^
blc war against Constitutional rights. With fcar^
ful rapidity they have ascended into power in the
Northern States, whilst quite a number of their Leg?
islatures, although "solemnly sworn to support tho
Constitution of the United States, have, with im?
pious hearts and polluted hands, defiled its fair
pages, nnd nullified the plain provision of that
instrument, which constituted the bond of union
between our forefathers, and transmitted to us,
their posterity, as the palladium of our liberties.
With armed mobs, they have invaded our territory,
excited discontent and insurrection among our
slaves, disturbing our peace, destroying our prop
city and jeopardizing the lives of our wives and
children. Such is the object and part of tho re?
cord of that party which is soon to take possession
of the Government, by the election of its represen?
tative to the Presidential chair. Therefore
Resolved, That the clcctiou and inauguration of
Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal llamlin to tho
Presidency and Viet; Presidency of the United
States ought to resisted by the people of Georgia
and of the South.
Resolved, That Mic time, mode and measure of
resistance should be left to a Convention of the
Resolved, That this County, irrespective of par?
ty, meet in Cwverrtion on the first Tuesday in De?
cember next, for die purpose of selecting candi?
dates to represent us in the State Convention.
SOLOMON S. JONES, Chairman.
F. B. Hodoes, c . .
t .... v~~,.?J e Secretaries.
Joel >owehs, j
For th: Intelligencer.
Enthusiastic Meeting at Balton.
Hin. Editor : Pursuant to previous notice, a largo
portion of tho ladies and gentlemen of Helton and tho
surrounding country, assembled in the Academy build?
ing at candle-lighting on Thnrsday evening, the 22d"
inst., to hear political speeches. Although the' night
j was unfavorable, yet the attendance was large, and tho
utmost enthusiasm prevailed.
On motion. Dr. W. C. Brown was called to the Chair
and W. S. Magce appointed Secretary. After a few
pertinent remarks, the Chairman introduced the first
speaker of the cvoning, Col. W. D. Wilkes, who was
greeted with applause. Of tho manner and matter of
iis speech, wo enn only say that it was eloquent, abb*
and acceptable. When in fiery tones ho asked all
present, who would follow the Palmetto Flag with or
without co-operation, nearly every one present roso to
their feet with a shout. Wo never heard the Colonel
deliver a better speech.
The Chairman next introduced Gen. S. M. Wilkes,
a candidate for tho Convention. Ho is' a knorvn and
tried Carolinian, and his patriotic sentiments were
heartily- cheered. For near two hours bo discussed tho'
qucstious at issue between tho North and tho South in
their Constitutional, historic, legal and social bearings,
and having shown the enormity of tho wrongs heaped
upon us, asserted that further submission would be
cowardly and ruinous, and showed how independent
we could bo in a Southern Confederacy.
When Gen. Wilkes fiuished speaking, Copt. Thomas'
Martin ofTered the following resolutions, which were
Resolved, That the olection of Lincoln to tho Presi?
dency of these United States, upon sectional principles
avowedly hostile to the shivcholding States, is a viola?
tion of tho good faith pledged by the Fathors of tho
Republic when they adopted the Constitution, and de?
mands of South Carolina and the South a prompt with?
drawal from tho Union. ?
Resolved, That William J. Broonic, Captain of the
company of Independent Blues,, be and is hereby re?
quested to call out his Company on Wednesday, the*
jth of December next, to take a veto upon tendering'
their services to the Governor of Sooth Carolina.
Resolved, That all persons who may be desirous of
joining said Company as volunteers, be and they v
hcrcby invited to-be present on that, day and enrol
Our people aro marching firmly up to the mark, and
you may set them down as all right
Upon motion, tho proceedings of tho meeting were
ordered to be published.
W. C. BROWN, Chairman.
W. S. Mao ee, Secretary.
For the Intelligencer.
To the Citizens of Anderson District:
My name has been placed before you on a ticket
announced last week for Delegates to the State
I deem it proper, under existing circumstances,
to decline the nomination, and believe that my mo?
tives will be appreciated even by those to whose,
partiality I am indebted for this expression oX c.on~
I desire to see the people of my Dlstrfct, anc?
the State at large, move forward1 to the great meas?
ure of deliverance now contemplated with entire*
harmony ct evcrgt step, i am ready and willing trj.
assume my fuil share of responsibility in, property
and person, be the hazards what they may, in th<J?
Other persons of more age and experience, and
I hope nnd believe of greater wisdom, have been
nominated to-aid in counsel and direct the conduct
of our people,- including some, even, of my pwn
household, and to suoh it is far more agreeable to.
me to defer.
If the State shall act, as I trust she wiU,. firmly
and promptly, and the threat to coerce shall be at?
tempted by those in authority, there will then be
"a place in the picture" for every truo-heartei2
Carolinian. F. E. HARRIS.Q&. -
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