Newspaper Page Text
j^ndersofi? S. C.
VOLUME I. . . NUMBER 4."
a?at i i i- mi ' 11
At a meeting of the citizens of Abbe?
ville District, held on the 21st ultimo, the
following' memorial to the President of
the United States was unanimously adop?
ted, and each paper in tho State was re?
quested to copy :
To his Excellency, Andrew Johnson,
President of the United Stales*:
The memorial of the citizens of Abbeville
District, South Carolina, assembled in
mass meeting, respectfully sheweth, . <"
That South Carolina has laid down her
arms, hostilities have ceased in her bor?
ders, and yet our people enjoy neither
the blessings of peace nor the protection
of law. We have not, and know not any
persons in this State, who have the pur?
pose or the inclination to renew the con?
test in any ibriri. Tho speedy and com?
plete restoration of our relations to the
Constitution of the United States and the
Union, and the peace and security which
they guarantee to the citizen, are our un
Jeigned desire and the grout want of our
whole country. In view of these desira?
ble ends, we pledge, in good faith, ready
and unreserved submission and obedience
to all lawful authority.
The state of our exhausted means and
resources requires the fostering care ol
law'and order. Parts ot our State are
under the inconvenient restraints of mili?
tary authority, whilst large sections, in?
cluding that in which wo- live, are 'with?
out any form of government. All civil
.rule and rulers are'suspended, and men
are subject to no other restraint than those
which habit, or their own sense of pro?
priety imposes. All experience attests
that these voluntary restraints are inade?
quate to mispress the rapacious and other
vicious passions of men. Crime, Outrage
aud wrong are perpetrated with impunity
upon the ^peaceable and helpless. Our
community depends upon voluntary and
irregular organizations foPthe protection
of persons and property, aiid a sense of
inseturity depresses the energy and dis
turbs the repose of our people.
.The efficiency of the grout laboring class
of the State has been seriously, aiul. we
fear, disastrously, impaired by inconsist?
ent military regulations..1 This whole
body of laborers has been demoralized by
the removal of the domestic regulation*
to which they have been accustomed, and
the lailureto substitute any other discjp
line or government over them. The able
bodied men and women have, in many in?
stances, abandoned the farms upon which
they were employed, leaving behind them
the children and tho old to be supported
by the proprietors. In some instances
htTsbands have deserted, their wives and
children, and we have known both father
and mother to abandon "their infant to be
Scared for by others. We have not seen
that these laborers have been requhed by
any order to remain upon the farms and
to labor for the present year, or even to
assist in making and harvesting the grow?
ing crops. Many of those who left the
farms have taken with them the "mules
and .'iiorscs which were indispensable fur
the farm work. Those who remain upon
the farms arc generally indisposed to la?
bor as they had previously donCj or to be
orderly and industrious, and many are
loitering idle and mischievously through
The devastation of whole districts of our
State by armies or raiding parties?remo?
ving or destroying every animal for labor
or lood. every article for tire subsistence
of man or beast, every implement and ap?
pliance of agriculture, has kft the whole
agricultural population of the country in
a most deplorable condition. The cotton
crop of tho-last four years has been incon?
siderable, as but'a small area was allowed
by.law to bo planted; and even now the
supply of the mere necessaries of life is
not only meagre everywhere, but'in some
distriots'whoily cxhausted. Thiaisection
is without mail facilities, and its trnnnii
nications by railroad have been wholly
interrupted, and are not likely soon to be
These evils arc greatly aggravated b}
the total ""absence of any circulating mc
tiiuin. Gold and silver are possessed by
but few, and by these few in small sums. '
The stock of cotton on hand will supply
but little if any more money than will he
necessary to pay taxes, and we iear that
a large number of farms must inevitably
be sold for that purpose. The growing
crop of cotton can add but little, it is be?
lieved not one fourth of a million of bales,
to the existing stock, which probably
does not amount to one and a half million
of bales. -
Amongst the jlcat disasters which the
\vi:m a-rtf prudeut^amongat ns behold in
tho immediate future of our unhappy
country, is a conflict between the white
and black races, which there is much in
their sundered relations to incite, and in
many parts of our State no power of .civil
*ov military government to repress. . This
danger is fearfully augmented in its immi
nenoy. and in its horrors, by the superior
numerical strength ot the blacks over the
whites, a ul by the fact that the lattei* are
generally being disarmed of all offensive
weapons, while man)' of the ftrmer are in
the possession of fire arms and are exrjsvi
itrtho use of them.
These political, social and industrial
evils have greatly paralyzed tho mechani?
cal and agricultural Industry of our coun?
try, and sa'dly depressed, the spirit and
energies of our people.
In tender Consideration whereof, we
crave the prompt aid *4 the government,
by remedial and preventive measures, to
mitigate tho evils that disturb us at the
present, and to avert the calamities that
menace us in the future.
We pray that our legislature may be
allowed to hold its usual sessions, and may
have wisdom to devrso measures suitable
to the necessities of tho State. That a
.convention of the people'may be a#eem
| bled; that the Congress of the Uniteo.
States may exhibit the magnanimity and
statesmanship which the difficult posture
of affairs requires; that the President of
the .United States may'so exercise the
high powers entrusted to him by the con
stitution and. laws, as to acquire for him?
self imperishable^renown, and for his
?ountry the blessings of peace, harmony
and universal prosperity. That courts?
Federal and State?may again exercise
their beneficent powers among us, crimes
be restrained, contracts enforced, contro?
versies peaceably settled, and opportunity
given for easy access to judicial authority.
That postal facilities may be.again afford- ?
ed to us.- That' our public offices may be,
re-opened, and our private avocations
safely and profitably resumed. ' And that
in all respects our State Government may
re-assume its functions, and the relations
of our people and State to the Constitu?
tion and Union be speedily re-established;
"We recommend to our foilow citizens
in other parts of our State, an early ex?
position of their views on the subject of
Qitr deliberations.. Wo destfe that this
memorial be respectfully laid before the
President of the United States; and to
?ive greater effect to the voice of the
State, as it may proceed <from primary
meetings, we suggest that,a- deputation
of citizens should, if permitted, wait upon
the President. We, on our part, nomi?
nate as ono of such deputation, our fellow
citizen, the Honorable Armistead Burt,
who is possessed with t-l)e sense of this
meeting, and the ills wo suffer, much
more fully than we have been able to ex?
press tl em; and if this should be agreea?
ble to other meetings, we hope they will
confirm the appointment of Mr. Burt,
und add to him other suitable persons
f.om their respective districts or sections.
" ' -;-:-*--L-'- ? ?
Ee-organization.?The work of re-or?
ganization of the Slates is being pushed
rapidly forward. The following have
e 1 ec led^'cgul air govern ors :
Kentucky, Tl.bmasE. Bramlettc; Mary?
land, ThomasSwann; Tennessee,William
G. Brownlow; Virginia, Francis H. Pier
point; Missouri, Thomas C. Fletcher; Lou
isiana, James M. Wells.
. The President has appointed tho fol?
lowing Provisional Governors for the fol?
North Carolina, William W. Holden;
Georgia, James Johnson; Mississippi,
William L. Sharkey; Texas, Andrew J.
Hamilton j Alabama, Wm. E. Parsons.
Provisional Governors are yet to be
appointed for the States of South Carolina
Tax on Cotton.?As there appears to
be a wide difference of opinion, even
among well informed men in all quarters,
as to the pretise effect of the Executive
proclamation of the 13th instant on the
cotton, trade, it is thought proper to state
that all restrictions, on trade in that arti?
cle east of the Mississippi are removed,
and the only tax it is now requited to
pay is that of two cents.per pound im?
posed by the internal revenue laws.?ST.
[ Cotton lias been selling, in. Columbus?7
Ga., at 22 cents. It'is worth 18 cents at.
1 Abbeville in grecn-bauks.