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BY JAMES A. KOYT. ANDERSON C. H., S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, 1866. VOLUME 1.?NUMBER 34. The Intelligencer IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT THREE DOLLARS PER ASHUTSL, IN U. S. CURRENCY, OS, 32 00 A YEAR Iff SPECIE. RATES OF ADVERTISING. Advertisements inserted at the rates of One Dol? lar per square of twelve lines for the first insertion *nd Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. Obituaries and Marriage Notices charged for at these rates. Condition of Uncle Sam?For the Information of His Nephews and Nieces! "Pity the sorrows of a poor old man." There is nothing moro calculated to en? list tfae -tsympathies of the generous and tenderhearted than the terrible mental anxiety ot a poor old gray haired invalid nncle, who, lying on a bed of sickness, with his frame racked with torture, and his constitution shattered by a dire dis? ease ; has, in addition to all this, the most terrible mental forebodings, arising from the dissensions of his nephews and nieces, who even disturb tho holy sanctity of tho sick man's chamber by their continued' wrangling and quarreling. The poor old gentleman is nearly rela? ted to us all. His name is Uncle Sam? uel?sometimes affectionately, not dis? respectfully, abbreviated into Uncle Sam. Uncle Sam has always been a good old fellow, & clever old chap as ever lived. When we got into that little difficulty, ninety years ago, with old mother Eng? land?when we ran out of her house and, leaving the parental roof, went forth on the wido, wide world, a baker's dozen of '^oor unprotected orphans?then it was that good old Uncle Samuel, with tears in his eyes, and in the fullness of his bi^ heart, came forward to take us in his ca? pricious embrace to adopt nf at his own children and be a kind guardian and fath? er to us forever and forever. Now let us make an investigation as to the present condition of our poor sick Uncle, what led to it, what remedies are proposed; and what is best to be dene for the old gentleman. When Uncle Sam first took the thirteen orphans under his charge^ be immediately went to house? keeping in a moderately sized house j but, as time grew on apace, the old gentleman ^ other children, till the family he numerous that it was necessary a much larger residence at an enormous rent. The family: however, had grown too large to occupy the same house?the children could not get along peaceably together, and soon began to wrangte and quarrel. The principal bone of contention was, that some of the chil? dren had a number of little black toys in the shape of men and women j they had bought and paid for these toys; in fact, many of them had been stolen by one portion of the children and sold to the other, and after the sale those who had sold them and received pay, wanted to take them away from the others and smash them to pieces. From this and ether causes a dreadful quarrel arose, till one party plainly showed that it wished to keep the other entirely under its thumb. This state of affairs continued for some time, till at last the larger party liired a new. housekeeper called Uncle Abe, who> although a good-hearted, funny dld gentleman, sided so plainly with his friends who* had engaged him, that the4 smaller party determined to quit the big house and rent a smaller one in a place called Dixie's Land, taking with them the little black toys, building up a new nur .sery, and going to housekeeping on thoir own hook. This party called themselves Dixicitcs; the larger party called themselves Yan ieeites. Uncle Sam objected to the broaking up, of the big establishment, and a row commenced, which was a regular . knock-down-and-drag-out fight. Every? body pitched in, even some of the black toys were -wonnd np, and, taking a pa.it, soon became again wounded. The fight was an unequal ono?a large crowd of big boys, of course, eventually succeeded in overcoming a small crowd of small boys. The fight, however, lasted a long while, and the little fellows kept it up as long as it was possible for them to hold out. Meanwhile, Uncle Abo emptied all of tho boxes of black toy men and women, and the droll little creatures began to run about, at largo, like tho little toy mice, which are wound up clock fashion. Now the Dixieities really and honestly have an affection for these littlo toys, which are associated with the most pleas? ant reminiscences of their earliest child? hood, and it grieves them to see them rudely handled by thoso who do not care for them in the least. They arc, how? ever, willing to " accept the situation," do without tho toys, and go back into the big house, like good children, and beg pardon of good old Uncle Sam. The kind old gentleman is ready to receive his penitent nephews and nieces, but some of their bigger and most unforgiving broth? ers and sisters are still angry with them, and wish to compel them to live in the house in Dixie's Land, although it is en? tirely unfurnished, and they are desper? ately poor and unablo to fit it up com? fortably. This is what worries poor old Uncle Sam; this is what makes him sad, and has laid him up in a bed of sickness. The old gentleman has as big a heart as ever, and*ne is most anxieus to take the ! poor children back into the big house, to kiss them and forgive them. Bat one of the big brothers?a bad boy, named Howe ?cares no more for his uncle than for his poor brothers and ?isters, and insists on compeiling themstili to live in the empty, unfurnished house. This he proposes to Uncle Sam, and many others of tho un? forgiving brothers and sisters endorse the cruel proposition. But Undo Sam has a big heart, and so has the new housekeeper. Uncle Johnson, and both of them are sorely grieved. All of the big brothers, however, are not so unrelenting; a good boy, named Doolittlo, has headed a party who are endeavoring to do a great deal for peace sake, if the Ho weites are suc? cessful, tho big house will evcraially bo broken up entirely, and all parties will be compelled to go to boarding. ? Should the Doolittleites succeed, all will be well ?poor old Uncle Sam will smile once more, and all will go back pleasantly into tho big house, forget tho past, take care of the black toys, and be happy now and in the future. -:-<r> The South in Congress. The Hon. C. C. Longdon, formerly edi? tor of the journal to which ho writes, now a member of Congress from the Mobile District, has addressed to the Mobile Register and Advertiser a letter, dated at "Washington, on the 4th inst, in which, after reviewing the very forcibly the ac? tion of. Congress upon the admission of the Southern Representatives, he states that he has" come to the conclusion that the Southern States will bo deprived of representation during the whole existence of the present Congress. The motives which, in his opinion, con? trol the action of the radicals are so clearly and well stated in his letter that we quote that portion of it: "The motive of all this is perfectly transparent. The radicals arc anxious to pass ^certain measures,- and among them amendments to the Constitution, (as I have 6tated in former letter,) for the double purpose of consolidating theirown power, and also as further punishment of of tho " wicked rebels." Were they to admit the Southern members, Jill their well laid schemes would be certainly de? feated?especially all thoso which require a two-thirds vote?while, if the Southern members are kept out, the radical ma? jority, in each House, is sufficient to ena? ble them to carry all their measures, bid? ding defiance oven to the Executive veto; for instance: parties in the Senate now stand thirty-eight Republicans, eleven op* position and ono vacancy (from Iowa.) We will give tho vacancy to the Repub? licans, making their number thirty-nine. Admit the twenty-two Senators from the Southern Statos, and parties will then stand thirty-nine Republicans and thirty three opposition. No two-thirds vote for them hero. And besides, thero are three Senators classed as Republicans, who will vote with tho opposition on all extreme measures of the radicals. These are Messrs. Cowan, Doolittlo and Dixon, and this will make it a tie in the Senate ?thirty-six Republicans and thirty-six opposition. So the admission of the Southern Senators would deprive the radicals of their power in the Senate.? And this is reason enough for keeping them out. In tho House, parties now stand: 133 Republicans to 35 opposition. Admit tho 5S Southern members and the opposition is increased to 93?making it impossible for tho radicals to carry any measurc that requires a twe-thirds vote. This view of the case satisfactorily ox plaining why it is tho Southern members are not admitted. It is power versus Constitutional right." -4? Three vonerablo ladies still survive who were of tho choir of young girls that dressed in white, greeted Washington as he entered Trenton, in -1786, on his way to assumo the Presidency, and who strew? ed his pathway with flowers. Ono yet Jives in Trenton, another is the mother of the Hon. Mr. Chestnut, formerly Senator from South Carolina, and the third, Mrs. Sarah Hand, resides in Cape May county, Now Jersey. Extravagance of the Women. In an article on retrenchment, a thing imperiously demanded by these times, tho Charlottesville Chronicle, with a reckless bravery unparallclled in the late war, makes an onslaught upon female dress.? It declares that the number and quality of products a woman has on her back is prodigious. It enumerates all the articles of the female wardrobe with a peculiarity that can only be the result of iong and careful observation. It says that, to rig out one young woman, there must be an elegant pair of shoes, silk stockings, kid gloves, a bonnet, which is a world in it? self ; pomade, teeth plugged, combs, hair? pins, hair-net, rouge, starch, sozodont, cologne, ear-rings, brooch, chain, crino? line and linen, .flannel, finger-rings, ian, bracelet, watch, collar, cuffs, parasol, and the main dress itself. Add cloak, furs, over-shoes, sea-foam, balmoral, lace, pock? et-handkerchief, gold pencil, port-monaie, brado; lace, cord, buttons, flowers, feath? ers, beads, spangles, ribands, roscates, buckles, furbelows, tucks, flounces, em? broidery, etc., etc. Tho Clironicle demands to know wheth? er women were intended for all this orna? mentation. It asserts that one-third of their life is taken up in buying, preparing and talking over their drosses; that among themselves tho subject of dress is almost tho exclusive subject of conversation, which cannot be true in the neighborhood of Charlottesville?for some days at least after the appearance of this article. It is the opinion of the Chronicle that about one-fourth of the time of tho human race, and, perhaps, one-fourth of their earnings, are devoted to the dressing of women. It' is especially indignant about bonnets, and insists that the Eoman ladies never di earned of [bonnetsf* It bolieves that a respectable female may be dressed, for one year, for about $150. At least SG00, 000,000 a year would be saved to the country by the enforcement ofjsnmptuary laws, compelling the women to be eco? nomical in dress. In short, we should judge from the Chronicle article, that " Man's dress is of man's life a thing apart? 'Tis woman's whole existence." "We trust the women will now proceed at once to reform, retrench, pay off the national debt, and savo tho country.? Nothing of the kind can be expected of the men. "We have always regarded the female sex, compared to the male, as a cheap institution. A man's hat, coat, breeches and boots, cost more in general than a woman's clothing. Moreover, the men drink whiskey, smoke segars, chew tobacco and eat voraciously. Thero aro as many male as female spendthrifts among the young men and the young women of fashion. When women many, the}' generally?outside the great cities at least?cast off their extravagant follies and other nonsense; whereas, men ex? change their jnvinilo wild oats for polt tics and other expensive luxuries that cost the country a good deal more than all the dress 'expenditures of the women. Politicians involve a country in debt and war, and then the women are called upon to go bareheaded, and dress like Poca hontas, in order to foot the bill. We concur, however, in tho vital im? portance of retrenchment by both sexes. Men and women are both spending a great deal of money uselessly. There is an immense outlay upon superfluities, and unless greater economy is exercised, the times, hard as they arc, will become infinitely worse. No one should think now of appearances. Thero is as much necessity now for rigid economy as in tho Confederate times. Tho ladies then showed themselves capable of self-denial in dress, table and furniture, and they have only to realize that tho necessity for retrenchment is as great as ^ver to set an example that the mon will do well to follow. -o The Philadelphia Press thinks that universal peaco will prevail in the world during tho present year?that, metaphor? ically speaking, tho Tcmplo'of Jamis will bo closed?but it is evident that the pre? vailing desire is against war. The Brit? ish policy of Lord Palruerstonarfor tho most part, was in favor of peace at any price, and this-is certainly tho desire of Mr. Giladstone, who knows that the equal? ization and reduction of taxation are wholly incompatible with tho costly con? dition of war. Napoleon has actually begun to reduce his military establish? ment. Look out for Him.?When you find a man writing his advertisement and stick? ing it up at tho post office, or in hotels, or on street posts, instead of publishing it in his town paper, look out for him?the very*act shows that ho is too closo fisted to deal with to advantage. This is the <: frozen truth." The English Press on General Grant's Report. Gen oral Grant's report of his military operations is attracting a large share of attention abroad. The English journals comment on it very favorably, and make the Lieutenant-General the subject of many high compliments. Tho London Times says: What renders this report, too, the moro remarkable, is that it ex? plains a new, and as the event proved, a successful system of tactics devised for the occasion. The system was that of availing himself of his great superiority of numbers, attacking a variety of points at once, and preventing the concentra? tion of tho Southern troops. Says the Times: Man for man tho Southerners were tho best troops, partly, perhaps, from natural aptitudes, but mainly, no doubt, from the great military ability of their command? ers. On a fair field, and in any one bat? tle, tho Federals could not pretend to reckon confidently on winning; but there was one thing on which they could reck? on, and that was on killing a certain num? ber of Confederates. Of course they must suffer equal or even greater losses themselves, but that they could well af? ford. If every battle cost tho South a certain proportion of men, a given num? ber of battles must destroy the Southern power, even if no battle was a decisive victory. So Grant determined not only to fight, but to fight on without stint or stay, como what might. Hard knocks and incessant blows constituted his strat? egy and tactics. If he were to fare as McClellan and Hooker had, he would not do as McCcllan and Hooker had done. He opened the new campaign resolved to go on fighting whether he won or lost, and, as ho himself says, "to hammer continuously against tho armed force of the enemy and his rcsourcos until by moro attrition, if no other way, there should bo nothing loft to him but submis? sion." The literal execution of this pol? icy is expressed in every lino of tho re? port. While recounting the events of the Virginia campaign tho General rep? resents ono engagement as virtually a failure in these words: "It was the on? ly general attack made from the Eapi dan to tho James which did not inflict upon tho enemy losses to compensate for our own losses. I would not bo under? stood as saying that all previous attacks resulted in victories to our arms, or ac? complished as much as I had hoped from them; but they inflicted upon tho enemy severe losses, which tended in tho end to the overthrow of tho rebellion." flow much these tactics cost the North we need not say. As far as plans can bo justified by events, that justification belongs certainly to Grant. His system was successful whoro evory other system^had failed. His campaign brought tho war to an end, whereas every former campaign had left tho contest protty nearly as it stood bo foro. It must be understood, too, that wherover military science appears moro conspicuous than brute foi'cc, that merit is Grant's also. Tho scheme of Sher? man's campaign was dictated by Grants as were others less important and less fortunate The grand principle of the whole system was co-operation. Besides tho two great armies of the East and West, which, on this occasion, were to pull together, Grant set half a dozen oth? er armies in motion, to distract, occupy and punish tho enemy at all points to? gether. * * * That result is undoubt edly duo to the "military arithmetic" of General Grant. He is not tho first con? queror who has adopted the principlo, though ho was tho first to apply it to the resources of a whole poople instead of tho divisions of a single army. He is en titlod, thoreforo, to the credit which com? plete success confers; and, indeed, terri? ble though the cost was, it may well be questioned whether an indefinite prolon? gation of the war would not have cost both parties more. Tho Liverpool Post-says : General Grant's report is about to be? come as famous as Caisar's Commenta? ries. It is infinitely mere important, for in the recent civil war in Amei'ica Greek met Greek, and Grant encountered a more formidable foe than Crosar. At first ^the report escaped attention. It came in a bunale of official documents, all figures and few argumonts; but when the story of tho campaign of 1864 was looked in? to, matter was found in it calculated to interest tho world at present and for all future time. General Grant neither writes nor thinks liko an ordinary soldier?he is a philoso? pher, an historian, a profound statesman, and he sinks self in his narrative, .but never fails to praise others with a palpa? ble consciousness which bespeaks the ut? most sincerity, in perfect keeping with personal admiration and friendship. The war had endured three years when he was called to the command of the ar? my. Tho call made him the savior of his country. Unobtrusive and humble-mind? ed, though full of profound thoughts, his merits discovered themselves when the opportunity presented itself. He was tho man for the timo and tho place, and he was the only fully qualified one. Events approved of Lincoln's solfection, for, whoro McClclIan proved an abortion, Grant alone properly satisfied judgment. * * * * General Grant's report will forever occupy tho attention of soldiers, statesmen and nations. Tho London Daily News speaks of Gen. Grant in tho same complimentary terms, while of Generals Butler and Banks, its language is contemptuous. It says : But able as tho plan sketched out by General Grant was, and based as it was upon established military principles, its execution would havo been impossible if those who acted under the Coramander in-Chief had been different mem In a fiold of war so extensivo as that of the United States, it is simply impossible to give detailed instructions to each of his subordinates. And so it was with Gene? ral Grant. "When ho is explaining his views to such men as Butler and Banks he certainly descends into details, be? cause it is obvious ho had no confidence in their military capacity. But in deal? ing with Sherman, Meado or Sheridan, he contents himself with tho most gene? ral instructions. .-o- . From Artemus Ward's New Volume. Horace Greeley's Ride to Pla cerville. When Horace Greeley was in Califor? nia, ovation awaited him at every town. He had written powerful leaders in the Tribune in favor of the Pacific railroad, which had greatly ondeared him to the citizens of the Golden State, and there? fore they made much of him when he wont to see thom. At one town tho enthusiastic populace tore his celebrated whito coat to pieces, and carried tho pieces home to remember him by. The citizens of Placcrville prepared to fete the great journalist, and an extra coach, with extra relays of horses was chartered of the California Stage Com? pany, to carry him from Eolsom to Pla cervillo?distance forty miles. The extra was in some way delayed, and did not leave Folsom until in the afternoon. Mr. Grccly was to be feted at seven o'clock that evening by tho citizens of Placer ville, and it was altogether necessary that he should be there by that hour. So tho stage company said to Henry Monk, the driver of the'extra, "Honry, this great man must be there by seven to-night." And Henry answered, " The great man shall bo there." The roads wdre in an awful state, and j dnring the first few miles out of Folsom, slow progress was made. " Sir," said Mr. Greely, " are you aware that I must bo at Placcrville at seven o'clock to-night?'' " I've got my orders," laconically re? plied Henry Monk. Still the coach dragged slowly forward. " Sir," said Mr. Greely, " this is not a trifling matter. I must be there at seven!" Again come tho answer, " I'vo got my orders!" ? But tho speed was not incroascd, and Mr. Greely chafed away another half hour, when, as he was again about to re? monstrate with the driver, tho horses started into a furious run, and all sorts of encouraging yells filled the air from the throat of Henry Monk. " That is right, my good fellow!" cried Mr. Greely. " I'll give you ten dollars when you get to Placorville. Now we are going I" Thoy wero indeed, and at a tetrible speed. Crack, crack! went the whip, and again that voice split tho air. " Git up 1 Hi! yi! G'long! Yip?yip!" ?And on they tore over stones and ruts, up hill and down, at a rate of speed never beforo achieved by stage horses. Mr. Greely, who had been bouncing from one end of the coach to the other like an India rubber ball, managed to get his head out of the window, when he said: ? Do-n't-on't you-u-u think we-e-e shall get there by seven if wo do-on't-on't-on't go so fast?" " I've got my orders!" That was all Henry Monk said. And on tore the coach. It was becoming serious. Already the journalist was extremely sore from tho terrible jolting, and again his head''might have been seen" at the window. " Sir,"he said," I don'tcare?if we don't get there at seven !" " I've got my orders!" Fresh, horses. Forward again, faster. I than before. Over rocks and stumps, On one of which the coach narrowly escaped tnrning a somcr-sault. " See here!" shrieked Mr. Greely, " I don't care if we don't get there at all I" I've got ray ordors! I work for tho Californy Stage Company, I do. That's what I work for. They said, got this man through by 1 seving/ on' this man's goin* through. You bet I Gerlon^I Whoocp!" Another frightful jerk, and Mr. Greely's bald head suddenly found its way through the roof of the coach amidst the crash of small timbers and the ripping of strong canvas. " Stop, you maniac!" ho roared. Again answered Henry Monk. " I've got my orders! Keep your seat, Horace!" At Mud Springs, a village a fow miles from Placerville, they met a large delega? tion of the citizens of Placerville, who had come out te meet tho celebrated edi? tor, and escort him to town. There was a military company, a brass band, and A six horse wagon load of beautiful girls in milk white dresses, representing-all tho States in tho Union. It was nearly dark now, but the delegation was amply pro? vided with torches, and bonfires blazed all along the road to Placerville. The citizens met tho coach in the out? skirts of Mud Springs, and Mr. Monk reined in his foam-covered steeds. " Is Mr. Greely on board ?" asked tho chairman of the committee. "He was a.fow miles back" said Mr. Monk. " Yes," he added?' after looking down through the hole which the fearful jolting and the head of Mr. G. had made in the coach roof, " yes, I can see him.? no is there." "Mr. Greely," said the chairman of tho committee, presenting himself at tho window of the coach, "Mr. Greely, we have come most cordially to welcome you, sir?why, God bless me, air you are bleed? ing at the nose." " I've got my orders," cried Mr. Monk. " My orders is as follors: ? Git him. there by seving.' It was a quarter of seving. Stand out of the way." "But, sir," exclaimed che couiuiittee man, seizing tho off leader by the reins, " Mr. Monk, we aro come to escort'him iato town. Look at the procession, ?ir, and at the brass band, and ibc people and tho young women, sir." I've got my ordere!" screamed Mt\ Monk. My orders don't say nothin'abor.t no brass bands and young women. My ordcrs says git him there by seving! Let go the lines! Clear the Way there.? Whoc?ep! Keep your seat Horace !? And the coach dashedwildly through the procession, upsetting a portion of the brass band and violently grazing the wagon which contained tho beautiful young women in white. Years hence groyliaircd men. who were little boys in this procession, will tell their grandchildren how this stage tor? through Mud Springs, and how Horace Greely's bald head ever and anon shoved itself like a wild apparition, above tUa coach roof. Mr. Monk was on t'mo. Theo w a tradition that Mr. Greely wa-? vo- y indic? ant for a while; theu he Inu-.?od, ami finally presented Mr. Monk w>;h a bmn new suit of clothes. Mr. Monk himself is still in tho employ ef tho California Stage Company, and is rather fond of relating a story that has made him famous all over the Pacific coast, but he says ho yields to no man in his admiration for Horace Greely. -,?o-_ c Jeff. Davis?Strange Rumors?Whap He Says and Does.?The rumors of the rescue of Jefferson Davis from prison are assuming a new and strange character. It is now hinted that tho authorities do sire his escape, and that facilities have Aeon offered him, but that he-won't go I There is little room to doubt the awk waAl embarrassment attendant upon his confinement and rejected trial. Chief Justice Chase does not hesitate to say that he cannot be convicted of treason, and Thaddens Stevens declares that he is nothing more than a foreign leader, about as much amenable to the laws of the United States as Maximilian. I have it from the best authority?from authority which you cannot question?that Mr. Davis feels the most ample security. He said less than a week ago, "my defence is complete now, and rests solely upon tho law, which will be administered fair? ly, I know, and in perfect accordance with civil justice." The shameful petti? coat story will be put to the blush when that time arrives. Mr. Davis is at pres? ent in good health, eats heartily, reads a good deal, and possesses, as he said the othor day, "a good digestion and a good I conscience." He receives letters from his wife three times a week, and keeps a journal every day. ? Washington Cor. Nashville Banner.