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;?:*? i-V ?:rftl MHK v," %n fititcpeitkitl jamilg Soarnnl-gtW t0 foEfits, ftos, fitoatot, #t. BY JAMES A. HOYT. ANDERSON C. H, S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15, 1866. VOLUME 1.?NUMBER 35. The Intelligencer IS PUBLISnED WEEKLY AT . THREE DOLLARS !PES ASTFUM, m V. S. CURRENCY, OB^ ?8.00 A YEAR IK SPECIE. RATES OF ADVERTISING, ^Advertisements inserted at the rates of One Dol? lar per square of twelvo lines-for the first insertion and Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. Obituaries .anc^ Marriage Notices charged for at these rates. . : ! . j* gltscellane?us gating. New Basis of Representation. We noticed yesterday the bill passed by the House of Representatives of Con? gress, fixing a new basis of representa? tion. As a matter of interest, and /to place it on record, we subjoin; the pro? ceedings of the House on the occasion of its passage: Mr. Stevens, ft-om the Joint Committee on Reconstruction, to whom were re? ferred the joint resolution and all of the proposed amendments to amend tho Con? stitution of tho United States bo as to provido for a new basis of representation, reported the following joint resolution as a substitute for tho propositions referred to them: Resolved, By the Senate and House of Representatives, etc., (two-thirds of both Houses concurring,) that the following article bo proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as an amendment to the Constitution of tho United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid as part of said Constitution, viz: "Article?Representatives shall be. ap? portioned among the several States which may be included within this Union accor? ding to their respective numbers, count? ings the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians ndPtaxcd. Pro? vided, That whenevor the elective fran? chise shall be denied or abridged in any State on account of raco or color, all per? sons therein of such race or color shall be excluded from the basis of representa? tion/' [This amendmont is the same heretofore under consideration, except that the words?"and direct. taxes"?aro stricken out after the Word Representa? tive." Mr. Stevens addressed the House in support of tho amendment as modified, which he had just reported. He said that it differed only from the amendment ^ heretofore under consideration by striking |?ut the words "and direct taxes.'' He Kheld differently from the position at the ^rother end of the avenue, that the Consti ' tution needed no amendment, but should remain as our fathers made it. B?t Con ? gress had a duty to discharge, ho conten? ded, only cqiialled for weal t>r woe to that Convention which issued the Declaration of Independence. The present and future generations awaited tho legislation of this Congress on the basis of freedom with the greatest and deepest interest. If the fathers had placed the Constitu? tion on tho basis of freedom in the Dcc .laration of Independence, there would bavo been no necessity for the present amendment, and every one now would have been free and equal before the law. But at the timo when it was proposed to reduce the principlen of the , declaration into the organic law of the land, a spirit hot from hell appeared among the foun? ders of tho Government, which has been growing larger and stronger ever since. The fathers, to preserve and harmonize the conflicting views of the thirteen col? onies, made a compromise in the Consti? tution. At the time that took place, there were but 90 bnles of cotton expor? ted. | Now, there wero 3,000,000. Then, there'were but a few slaves, while now there were 4,000,000 freed men?the slaves having increased so rapidly as to exceed even the white population of the South? ern States. Ho reviewed the present time as the one to do justice to tho prin? ciples of tho Constitution, and he would say now, that ho would rathcr^not live than to entertain the sentiment of the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Ray? mond,) and those above him, that the Constitution did not need any amend? ment. Mr. Raymond (interrupting) said that Mr. Stevens misunderstood him in say? ing that he opposed all amendments. Ho express!}' conceded that some amendment similar to tho ponding one should be adopted. Mr. Stevens (continuing) said he allu? ded as much to a gentleman at the other end of tho avenue as to tho gentleman from New York. He had as much re? spect for the President as any one, but he did not endorse him, for he had pnt forth a document in the shape of a com? mand to this House, which was a usur? pation and violation of the rules and privileges of this House, and a'hundred years ago would have cost a British king his head, had he sentsuch an edict in such a way to parliament. Without this amend? ment, he contended that the States al? ways had tiae^ght tpjregulate. the elec? tive franchise, and ho held that the pend? ing amendment did not take away this right when it became incorporated in the Constitution. It said; however, to these States, that if they abused the elective franchise, the Constitution would hold a penalty over them. All knew of the aspiration and ambi? tion of the Southern States to rale this nation?for having failed to ruin the coun? try they would now try to rule it ; but the constitutional amendment would say to those States, just so far as yo? abuse the elective franchise by refusing a vote to the moat loyal part of your population, just so in proportion shall you lose your power in the Government by losing your representation in the halls of Congress. The South would lose, by this amend? ment, tbirty-fivo representatives. Their representation would" be reduced from eighty to forty-five; and then we could add, he said, the whole nest of Copper? heads, and freedom wonld still bo trium? phant in this hall. Mr. Stevens then pro? ceeded to favor tho education?civil.,and religiouB?-of the freedmen for four or five years to come, and when they became qualified ho would give them suffrage. But he did not want them to vote till they were qualified, and then he would give them representation. . Ho would frankly say that he did not want their representation until that time. In a few years he would not be here to see those on the other side , of tho house draw daggers on him when he made such :a speech as he now was making, as was the case many years ago, but freemen would occupy their places. He opposed Mr. Scher.ok's proposition to apportiou representation among male voters. It was, luTsaid, in ono respect objectionable. It Beemed to indicate a fear of rivalry with the women as much as the Demo? crats had feared the rivalry of tho negro. While he could not get all he wanted, ho would take what could be carried through the States and. through two-thirds of both houses. While he had respect for the re? cent opinion of the President, it was well known that this amendment did not go to him for his signature, and it was, there? fore, all the more kind for tho President to send his opinion to this House. Mr. Smith, of Kentucky, called for the reading of the President's views, to which Mr. Stevens had alluded. [The Clerk then rend the Associated Press tel? egram in Monday's papers, giving a con? versation of a Senator with tho Presi? dent] Mr. Ingersoll, of Illinois, asked Mr. Stevens how he knew those to bo the President's views't Sir. Stevens said ho was satisfied in his own.mind with his authority that those were the views of tho President. Mr. Ingersoll asked for the authority. Mr. Stevens. 0, I cannot reveal to the gentleman all of the secrets between the-President and myself. [Great laugh? ter.] But tho President had nothing to do with tho amendment. The House, it was true, had sent the other constitu? tional amendment to President Lincoln, who had signed it, and modestly returnod it to tho House, stating that he did not think that the Constitution required his signature. But while he sent it, said Mr. Stevens, | to Mr. Lincoln, we should send no consti-1 tutional amendment to Andrew Johnson. J He thon alluded to Mr. Raymond's speech, and declarod that the Southern States | were belligerent during the war beyond a doubt, the gentleman's opinion to the contrary. He admired Mr. Raymond, who was powerful in assault and cunning in defence, and commended his amiabili? ty of temper, but the softening of the brain was sometimes taken for tenderness of the. heart. He quoted the conclusion of Raymond's speoch, where he spoke of the rebel dead lying with our own, and being the nation's forevermoro. Mr. Ste? vens said the gentleman had spoken of theTebel dead with our own dead, who gave up their lives at Gettysburg and the kindred fields of tho war. Instead of leaving them to rot in their dishonored graves, unwept and unsung, they are to be resurrected to the front ranks of tho nation, and monuments erected to their memory. ' He deemed such talk on the part of the gentleman as simply blasphemy, and if the spirits of tho dead could burst the ceremonts of the tomb and stalk from their graves, wrapped in their bloody shrouds, they would rebuke the gentle? man for such blasphemy until his eye-balls were soared. Mr. Raymond said that ho spoke only of the courage of the robol soldiers, and did not claim them as with the loyal dead. Loud cries of "question," "question," camo from all parts'of the hah. The House then proceeded to vote. Mr. Schenck offered hfc amendment basing apportionment on votes, as a sub? stitute. It was not agread to?yeas 38} nays 130. The House then passed, by the requi? site two-thirds voto, tho constitutional amendment just as it came this morning from the Reconstruction Committee, and given above in full. The yeas were 120, and the nays 46. A Strange Case A case of unusual interest, says the Chicago Times, was heard at the Police Court yesterday. After a number of or? dinary criminal trials had been examined and disposod of, as the merits of the tes? timony against them demanded, tho clerk called out the name of Sarah Davis, when, after a pause of a few minutes, a neatly attired female about c0 years of age advanced from tho prisoner's pen to tho dock in front of the Judge. Sho bore on her arm a small basket, containing a few newspapers and several articles of wearing apparel. About her face was an indescribable expression of sorrow and anxiety, such as is the result of, and is traceable to, years of brooding grief, and restless, wearing, wearying thought. The sorrow that had fallen on her heart like a blighting frost, had lain so coldly on its pulsations that day by day her health failed, until now it seems but the work of a few 6hort weeks to bring her wasted framo and unhappy life to their only hope of rest?the grave. It seemed impossibjf. to believe that an expression of so much kiudncss and intelligence could belong to a thief, and yet she stood there to answer tho chargo of larceny. William L. Haddock, residing at No. 144 Warren street, was called as a wit? ness and swore that the accused frequent ly camo to his house; and that he had told her to stay away. Missing a small framed pliptograph, containing tho pic? tures of himself, his wife and children, and a few card photographs from an al-r bum, he suspected rightly who had takon them, and sending an otiicor to the room of tho accused, he recovered tho lost ar? ticles. He statod that the photographs cost him 810, but from their appearance their value did not equal one-third that sum. Tho testimony of tho officer, on these isolated facts, supported that of tie com? plainant. The case appeared to be a very clear one, when the Judge wisely asking the accused if she had anything to say, she at first hesitated, but upon being asked again, spoko a few minutes, and, in the littlo she said, there seemed to be embodied so much of wrong, so much grief and such unmistakable honesty that the Judge reserved his decision. She stated that about two years ago William L. Maddock, the complainant, hlti seduced her; that the fruit of their illicit passion was'a child which Maddock had rudely taken away from her; that having grown exasperated'at,his unkind ness and ill treatment, in a fit of despera-' tion publicly cowhidod him in Illinois. She stated that public sentiment had been -so strongly against him in two or three places where he had lived since he had ruined her, that he was compelled to leave on account of this wrong and injury to her. Sho further stated that her happi? ness in lifo had been destroyed by him, her hopes iu life crushed forever, and her health so worn down by grief and anxie? ty that she had no desire but to die. She j remarked that in her wrotchodnoss of mind and body she did things that were prompted by feelings which she could uot control, and that would not have been done other circumstances. The framed photograph is said to contain tho likeness of her child, and whom she stated she loved tenderly and beyond measure. Bursting into tears in the feeble narra? tion of this piteous tale, much that she said was not understood; and, doubtless, much that she might say in her own be? half, her grief would not permit her to tell. Her respectable appearance, and tho evident honesty of her words, pro? duced a profound sensation in" the court room. A bystander was heard to remark: "Tho only thing I regrot is that she is now too weak to repeat tho ,cowhiding experiment." - At the Dead Letter Office in "Washing? ton a lotter was roccntly received con? taining a check for eight thousand dollars in coin directed to a lady in JSevr York, requesting her "to accept tho enclosed as a return for the kindness shown my fath? er and mother," dated at the Astor House, and signed "John," who was to start im? mediately for Europe. The Postmaster General directed thorough search for the lady, and at last found her. Letter from Gov. Orr. We extract the following from the New York News: Governor Orr, of South Carolina, under date of January 19, 1866, addressed a long letter to the President, in relation to the sea island lands, from which the following extracts are made: In the lower part of the State scarcely a contract has been, or can be, made. The delay in car? rying out your instructions of last Octo? ber positively, which has continued from General Howard's visit to Captain Ketch um's return, within the past few days, renders the freedmen, as a body, incredu? lous of any restoration. They have in many places quietly but firmly refused to accept any terms; but, I regret to say, that within the last few days they have in some* instances resorted to violence, burning down dwellings, destroying bridges, entrenching themselves in their quarters and refusing either to contract or give way to those who will. And in these eases, it is proper to say, that the contracts offered them have been approv? ed by the United States authorities as lib? eral and just. This is not unnatural, for as long as the freedman has reason to be lievo that the Government will give him a homestead of forty acres, he will not voluntarily work for wages. It cannot, I think, be denied that the action of the Freedman's Bureau in this State has largely contributed to this unfortunate result. Without entering into the min? ute detail of its administration, I am con? strained to say that there is, to my mind, sufficient evidence of an unwillingness to co-operate cordially with the policy of the Government. Certificates of titles have been in some cases granted to per? sons filling none of tho conditions even of Gen. Sherman's order, and have been given to chance visitors to the islands for lands, not only for themselves, but for their friends who have never been away from their homes in tho interior. Great delay has been interposed in the execu? tion of the forms necesaary to restoration, and tho bureau has, indeed, gono far to defeat the very object of your orders, for it has decided that where a freedman re? fuses to contract on any terms, however just, that in such case there can be no mutually satisfactory arrangement, and his rofusal acts as a bar to restoration. In addition to this, tho whole of tho Parish of St. Helena, and a great portion of St. Luke's, comprising tho body of the estates which, in intrinsic value, in their former amount of product, cannot be sur? passed by an equal extent of country in any State of the Union, have been ap? propriated by the Government under tho provisions of the direct Tax Act. These lands are occupied by Freedmen; some under tho pretence of allotment; some under the pretence of purchase; some ! under pretence of Gen. Sherman's order, and most under no pretonce at all. The Tax Commissionei'S charged with the exe? cution of these acts have manifested these sympathies as the agents of tho Freed? man's Bureau, and this wholo section of country is held out as not only a home of the refugees, but is a land of promise for every indolent freedman in the State. Finally, a bill has been reported to Congress, and is now under discussion, by which the titles granted under Gen. Shorman's field orders are to be confirmed for three years. I do not think, there? fore, that I am risking either an extreme or doubtful opinion when I say that the chief cause of our difficulty, in finding a solution of this question of labor, proceeds from the action of the Government en? couraging the belief that the sea coast region of S. Carolina ia to be confiscated for the purpose of establishing a system of independent colonization for tho freed? men. If this is not so, then the interests of this State requiro that this impression, so gcnorally prevailing, should bo authori? tatively denied, and that those who, for purposes of personal interest or political agitation, are ondeavoring to prolong and to exaggerate our present embarrassment, should be deprived of so effective a means of mischief. Can ajg^eason bo found why the planter on the coast, who was driven from his homo in 1861 or 1862, should now have his lands appropriated for distribution, while his fellow-citizens of the middle or upper districts, whose es? tates have been undisturbed, but has par? ticipated as fully and heartily in the war, shall be confirmed in possession of his ? Tho policy of which, as a representative of the Stato. I complain, is the partial and unjust confiscation of tho property of a small portion of citizens, including a largo number of unoffending widows and or? phans, to be given, in the same spirit of injustice in which it is taken, to persons having no claim for special consideration at your hands. Tho moro introduction of the bill for confirming these titles has had an immediate and injurious effect. It i has checked tho energy which was be ginning to manifest itscff; suspended tho contracts which were in process; arrested the spirit with which the planters were preparing to go to work hopefully and heartily," and stopped at once the invest? ment of all Northern capital which was beginning to find profitable employment in Southern fields. IsTow, if tho occupa? tion of these lands in tho hands of which General Sherman's order placed them is confirmed also, and every day will make it worse, one or two things will follow? either this section of the State will nearly be abandoned to its fate, and its misera? ble population dwindling away from dis? ease, want and crime, will, after a few years of mischievous vagabondage, disap? pear from the land, or by fraud or force will bo expelled. But if these lands are restored, their capitalists, the certain re? muneration of successful cultivation, the fact that the freedmen are accustomed to the soil, mode of culture, and habits, of employer, will secure to such freedmen successful contracts and the most liberal wages. The planters who can return, and the foreign capital which will occu? py the places of those who cannot, will by energy soon recover these places, and the country will reap the benefits. This letter of Governor Orr was brought to Washington by a special messenger, who was too late, however, to influence the action of the Senate on tho Freed man's Bureau bill relating to tho islands. -0 Adventures of a Bigamist in Min? nesota. Last Fall a young lark, traveling under the alias of C. W. Stimpson, came to this place. He hailed from Waterville, Mo., and represented himself as worth $40,000. On the road he "passed" himself off as an agent of the Grand Trunk Railway, exhibiting protended letters from the su? perintendent, and in this way obtainod a pass over tho Stage Company's lino from Col. Merriam. By means of his $40,000 proportions ho also waded into the good graces of somo of your St. Cloud people. After reaching this place he laid siege to the affections of a Mrs. Hubbard, an am? iable and respected widow lady of Sank Centre, worth somo property. It seems that they had both formerly lived in Wa? terville, Me., Stimpson being at that time a common laborer working for her rela? tives, though then under his real name, he had written to hor during tho Sum? mer declaring himself an old lover; sta? ting that a trip to California had placed at his command a largo fortuno, and clos? ing with a request for permission to visit her. She thinking it was a brother who had taken this means to play a pleasant joke, wrote for him to come. So Mr 840,000 Stimpson appeared in our little town, and literally "took"-the place.? The quantity of air(s). in the neighbor? hood was wonderfully increased. He brought with him letters Of recommenda? tion, said now to have been forged, from her relatives, and exhibited pretended i certificates of deposit in the St. Paul banks for heavy sums of money. Ho also "-Stole the livery of heaven To serve the devil in;" was extremely sanctimonious, indulged in long prayers, and was a strong advo? cate of famny worsh ip. As the result of his labors, ho and M::s. H. were married in St. Cloud last October.; Fora time all went on delightfully, but after a while letters were received in Sauk Center, showing that Stimpson nad already been twice married in the east; that he had twice boen in State Prison, thus divorcing his former wives. He also attempted to compol his third wife (Mrs. H.) to give him some valuablo papers. She refused, whon ho stole them. Now for the de? nouement. He was preparing to leave on this morning's stage, when last evening he was arrested in Safford's Hotel, and, upon examination, the missing papers, as well as some others, were found in tho bottom of his boots and sewed up in the lining of his coat. As soon as he got his boots on again, he made for the door and started through tho snow bank, followed by some twenty citizens. Such a tumbling, wal? lowing, puffing and blowing you probably never saw. After an exciting chase of about two hundred rods the pursuers closed on the gay groom, and he was brought back to the hotel, where his hands and feet were firmly tied. To-day he is to undergo another examination. Stimpson has secured, it is understood, most of Mrs. Hubbard's means, and for her considerable genuine sympathy is felt. His $40,000 has dwindled down to a shadow; or, if any are left, they aro like himself,' in bonds.?Cor. of the St Cloud (Minn.) Democrat, Jan. 15. -?? "Madame," said a gentleman to his wife, " let me tell you facts are stubborn things." Hear me, you don't .say so," quoth tho lady, "what a fact you must be!" Another Candidate for Southern Honors* The Richmond correspondent of the New York Times, a Mr. Brooks, was pummelled rather severely by Mr. Pol? lard, of tho Examiner, a few days since. We look for Mr. Ben C. Truman, a cor? respondent of tho same paper, now in Tennessee, to bo honored in like manner. In a letter from Nashville he writes: whereabouts op prominent ex-conpkd erate generals of tennessee. The ex-Confederates of Tennessee, like the ex-Confederates of other States which I have visited, have donned their citizens' clothes, and are now engaged in various peaceful pursuits. Lieut. Col. A. P. Stew? art, with whom I had an interesting in? terview a few days ago, after a few months of ruralizing, has gone into the commission business in New Orleans.? Stewart was a fine officer, and commanded the Confederate right wing at the battle of Nashville. Major General John ?J. Brown, who was wounded at the battle* of Franklin, is practicing law in Nashville. Ho is a brother of ex-Governor Neil S. Brown. General Gordon who was cap? tured at Franklin, has gone to Texas.? He has resided in Texas before the war, but upon the breaking out of the rebel? lion ho came to Tennessee and raised a company. Major General Quarles, who was badly wounded in Franklin, is in New York with his brother, who was for? merly a member of Congress from the . Clarksville District. Quarles had lately married a rich Mobilo girl. I called on him about a year ago. and he spoke very kindly of the Federal officers, and prom? ised to make Dr. Cliff, a prominent Union, man of Franklin, Minister to England, when he (Quarles) should' have become President of tho Southern Confederacy. Quarles is a lawyer by profession, and * voiy clever gentleman. He told me, just one year ago, that things looked squally, but he added that if he recovered he should go it again. Gen. Gideon J. Pil? low, who was unsuccessful at war, has gone to planting. He has got his Arkan? sas plantation in running order, and be? lieves that free labor will be succ- s f d. He was in Memphis a few da}'s ago, en route for his home in Middle Tennessee. Gens. Sam Anderson, Jcel A. Battle and Bushrod Johnson are all in Nashville practicing law. The latt.r was a fine of? ficer. Anderson was formerly the post? master at Nashville, and was better at that than at fighting. The only big thing that Anderson ever done was te demand the surrender of Nashville in the fall of 1862?that's all he did. When Negley told him he could not have. the city if he would tako it, he took?himself off. Battle was once captured at Shiloh. He put on considerable airs at the time, but nobod}' was hurt. Gen. Mark Wright is taking it very easy in the practice of law and in testing whisky?he .may be said to bo lawlessly engaged. Gen. Frank Cheatham is going it as before the war1? on his shape. I do not suppose Frank cares much about music, sculpture, or painting?but what he don't know about tho little joker and coppering on the ja- k . isn't worth knowing. He can " Chcatam" at cards all tho time ! Gen. Geo. Maury is practicing law at Nashville. Maury had three brothers in the war, and two half-brothers; none were injurod. Maury was not worshipped by his troeps. He was represented as bleak and gouty.? Gens. Smith and Bate are also in Nash? ville practicing law. Bate was a little on the Sir Lucius O'Trigger style?he had not rather fight than eat. He did a big thing about a year ago?got cleaned out by Rousseau. Ho wouldn't do to "Bate on." At the commencement of the war he and Niel S. Brown wore going to clean out the Yankee gunboats with pikes.? Just about as ridiculous as the Dutchman who was in favor of getting up a regi? ment of lager beer fellows, armed with scythes, to mow down the rebel armies. Just imagine a shower of grape and can? ister flying into these worthies?great gracious! how the pikes and scythes would fly. Gen. "Vaughan, who was cleaned out By Gen. Pillow in East Ten? nessee in thofall of 1864, is at his home n that socticm of the country. Dibrell. has also settled down. Lieut. Gen. Na? poleon Bedford Forrest is in Memphis, ?e is in the grocery and commission bu? siness on tho leveo with Tote, Gill & Able. I have met no man who talks better than Forrest. No man is more in favor of a lasting peace. He is not an educated man, but ho is most gifted by Nature.? He was tho most successful cavalry gen? eral of the war, and sacrificed a large amount of property during the rebellion. I cannot believe that Forrest' is the bad man that many of us havo taken Him to be. In relation to what is known as the Fort Pillow massacre, I have met several Federal officers who say that the whole thing was exaggerated. The fact is, our flag was not pulled down, and Forrest's men banged away and really did kill some of our soldiers after they had sur? rendered. Ben C. Trumaw.