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BY JAMES A. HOYT.
ANDERSON C. H., S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 5, 1866. _-? VOLUME 1.-NUMBER 42! Tiie Intelligencer IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT THREE DOLLARS PEE ATTfTUM, IN U. S. CURRENCY, OR, S2.00 A YEAR IN SPECIE. HATES OF ADVERTISING. Advertisements inserted at the rates of One Dol? lar per square of twelve lines for tlfe first insertion and Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. Obituaries and Marriage Notices charged for at these rates. Eloquent Addresses. "We have derived such great pleasure from the perusal of the valedictory ad? dresses delivered before the two branches of the Georgia Legislature just before its recent adjournment, containing senti? ments -worthy of all commendation at this time and expressed in forcible and eloquent lauguage. that the temptation cannot be resisted to give our readers the benefit of lengthy extracts from each ad? dress. The Hon. Mr. Gibson, President of the Senate, in the course of his vale? dictory, sud: ?'To adapt ourselves to our changed relations is au easy task to him, who participated in the late struggle. And while we yield the absolute and entire freedom of the African race, and the ab? stract principle of peaceable secession as a myth, we claim the establishment and the supremacy of the Constitution of the United States as the supreme law of the land, guaranteeing, as it does, freedom, justice and good government to all. With the purpose of establishing good govern? ment under the Constitution of our fath? ers, let us in patience bear all things a id hope all things, trusting that the spirit of | the father of our land may incline all to do justice and love mercy. "Your Chief Magistrate, Andrew John? son, has done and is doing all he can to restore our once happy Union. If his ef? forts should' fail all that is left of ropttb licanism on this continent must perish, and a conflict must inevitably ensue in ?which the supremacy of the Caucassian race will bo established beyond doubt. Every Christian heart must deploro and lament such a conflict. Yet to establish t'.c great principle of self-government wo must nerve ourselves fur the issue. To contemplate this ^scenc, oven in tho dis? tance, is appalling; but who.can close his eyes to the inevitable tendencies of ram? pant, irresponsible radicalism. We rely on tho enlightened and patriotic dovotion of our conservative brethren of the North to the spirit of the Union and Constitu? tion, hoping and trusting that its estab? lishment may bo permanent and perpetual. "We cannot close our eyes to the fact that there still remains a Radical fanati? cism in the North that would subvert the groat principles of self-government if not cl ecked, conquered and controlled. We must, however take for our watchword, "The Union und tho Constitution of our fathers?the 'Union' being tho paramount good, and the "Constitution" our guide? and if rampant fanaticism should seek to subvert the former or mutilate the latter, lot us, in common with our conservative brethren of the North, East snd West, rally to the support of the one and the defense of the other, assured that the in? dissoluble union of these States, and free government, under the Constitution as it it is, will reward our efforts. I mean not to threaten or defy, but I understand the spirit of our people North and South, I feel justified in assuming that the Union of our fathers is the design and purpose of all patriotic hearts, and that any purpose to transfer the powers of this Government or its control by constitu? tional amendments or otherwise to the African or negro race will involve us in a conflict which in comparison with the late struggle will be but child's play.? Humanity shudders at the bare mention of such a conflict. "This is eur land; these are our homes. Beneath the soil on which we tread lie buried our ancestors, and the graves of our children are not yet sodden over with grass, and by their side fain would we have our remains interred, and woe to tho man who would disinherit us of our birth? right and appropriate it to the use and benefit of a foreign and barbarous race. We must control in obedience to the Con? stitution and the laws made theroundorto the exclusion of all barbarian races; but let us not forget that the African race among us must be protected in their per? sons and property. Our laws must be wise, just and equal, and our people must obey them, in letter and spirit. Further we cannot go. And if those who assume to legislate for us on this question will in? sist upon turning over our Government to the African race, then we predict, a revolution with incalculable ills to both races, the last grand death struggle of liberty on the American continent. May God, in his mercy, avert such a calamity! I trust our people yet have nerve enough to meet tfce emergency. I have not thought it improper for me to say. this much upon a subject to me clad in gloomy forebodings and apprehensions; for the assasination of our Chief Magistrate or any successful effort, unconstitutionally to change our Government, one or both of whieh seems to bo the purpose of a powerful party at the North, would, be? yond doubt, produce such a result. If such a contest be forced upon us, let us be prepared "to quit us as men," making no j war npon the Union and the Constitution, , but upon reckless fanaticism, which would engulph both in a common ruin. "Designing and defeated demagogues among ourselves, and usual newspaper correspondents may, by misrepresenta? tions, fan the flame until a great fire may bo kindled, and passion again usurp the throne of reason. Yet I trust that our people, warned by tho past, will, as ono man, adhere to the Union, Constitution, and Government of our fathers." Speaker Haedeman, of the House of Representatives, spoke as follows: "The circumstances that surrounded us at our meeting have been somewhat changed, the Provisional Government under which we met, has ceased, and we adjourn to-day under a Governor, elected by the sovereign voice of the people of our State. The same cloud, however, that overspread our horizon and threat? ened us with its fury?still blackens our political sky?and though ever and anon tho sunlight breaks through its curtained gloom, betokening the glory of a brighter day?it soon o'er clouded and all is dark again. The storm of war has passed, yet the echo of its murmuritigs fell upon-the ear. and the evidences of its fury are manifest in tho desolation that marks its sweep. Where wcturn,ruin darkens our prospects, and desolation saddens us with tho fatality of its blight. Our people bow in sorrow and in sadness?"for the fields of Heshbon languish and the vine of Si bininah" withers and dies. The fruitful fields, the cultivated valleys, tho cottage home and the eit}' palace?evidence to? day, the heart-sickening ravages of a mighty revolution?as it was unto Tyro, so it has been unto us, "in the city is left desolation and the gate is smitten with destruction." Vet though, destruction, sweep our lovely plains, Rise fellow-iucn, our 'manhood yet remains.' "And if we are but true to ourselves, true to the great principles of civil liberty, true to the magna cbarta of our rights, tho'Constitution of our countiy, to the indomitable will, the irresponsible ener? gy, manly integrity and commendable zeal, that has ever characterized our peo? ple, "it is not yet a very little while and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field. The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad and tho desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose." To ac? complish theso ends }*our legislation has been directed, 3-011 have provided as lib? erally as your capacities would allow for the wants of j-our destitute poor, have properly appreciated the helpless condi? tion of our maimed and wounded soldieiy, have guarded with commendable fidelity the rights and interests of our former slaves, have passed liberal laws to develop the vast resources of our State, her min? eral wealth, her mechanical abilities, her manufacturing powers, and now with convictions of duty discharged, you go hence to the more agreeable and profitable avocations of civil lifo and domestic en? gagements. Think not, gentlemen, your labors are over; you but enter a wider and more faithful field. Here, you con? tended only with your own prejudices. There, you should exert your powers and the influence of jrour position to correct the passions of the hour and to harmonize your people with the surroundings of the present. Exhort them to patience, to forbearance, ana a manly submission to the authorities that be. Teach them the lessons of harmony, and implore them by all that is dear in the present and hope? ful in the future, to unite their energies in the support of a common destinj'- and a common country. From every quarter of our State comes the cheering news of the acceptance by our people of the re? sults of the revolution and the restoration policy of'thc chief Executive of the Union. "We are engaged to day in a great con? flict with Ainulek for political salvation and national existence. Our political Moses has lifted up his hand;, so far Is? rael has triumphed; but those hands are now heavy?heavy with the responsibili? ties of his position, heavy with the weight of a nation's redemption and the per? petuity of tho republic, and, unless like Aaron and Hur, we stay up bis hands until the going down of the sun, the Amalekites will prevail and civil liberty and'republican institutions, panic stricken at the madness of the hour, and the ma? lignity of embittered hate, will leave tho world to despotism land misrule. Go forth then to your people in view of the mighty interests at stake, with words of counsel upon your lips. Teach them tho neces? sity of a commendable, patience, a for? giving spirit, a. manly loyalty, an active co-operation with the authorities of the Government in restoring peace, order and civil government to our distracted coun? try. Tell them?though they are sojourn? ing in the wilderness of Shur, with its dark shadows, its mantling gloom, its forest shades, its dangerous mazes?they shall not yet be given over to destruc? tion. It is true if they drink none of Ma rah's waters, embittered by the sad re? collections of tho past and the evils of the present?and are true to themselves, they may yet repose beneath tho balm trees of Elim and in peaceful security encamp by her wells of waters." MILITARY TRIAL. [continued.] Citadel, March 26, 1866. The Commission met at 10.30 A. M., and continued the trial of James Craw? ford Keys, his son, Robert Keys, and Eli? sha Byrcm. Major L. Koys, a witness for the de? fence, deposed that in October ho lived with his father, Crawford Keys; that there was no service in the Baptist Church on Sunday, the 8th October; that Mr. Murray, the Pastor, preached that Sunday at the Brick Church near Hol? land's store; that tho carriage was not driven to Church that Sunday, and his mother and sister did not go to Church that day; that Miss Lee was not at their house that day; that only Robert Keys' horse was in the stable that Sunda}1-, all day; that the others wero in the pasture, having been put there Saturday evening, and brought up Monday morning; that he left his father and Robert at homo when he went to Church, and found them there on his return; that after supper, on the 8th October, his father, Robert and Elisha Byrcm sat in tho front piazza smoking and talking; that By rem had come to get a distiller; that Robert left home after supper, and was away about an hour; that ho last saw his father that night about9 o'clock, when he left them in tho piazza and went into his room to go to bed; that ho saw him tho first time again the next morning at seven o'clock at the hog-pen; that he then had no pis? tol on; that a few moments after his fath? er left the piazza, Byrem, Robert and himself (witness) went up stairs into the room occupied by Robert and himself; that Byrcm staid there until nine o'clock, and then left by himself; that he and Rob? ert slept in the same bed; that Robert did not leave tho room that night, and was in bed,when witness woke at six o'clock in tho morning: Afrit he heard no servant called that night, and did not himself call Rachei; that there wero two pistols in the house?a small one belong? ing to Peter Keys and a larger one sent by Stowers to be mendod; that his father did not have a suit of " blue-mixed " clothes; that there were three saddles at the house at tho time; that he (witness) was arrested with Robert at home on Wednesday after the murder, and their father later the samo day at Anderson Court House; that Byrem was arrested on the Saturday after the murder; that he (witness) was examined by the milita? ry authorities before he was discharged on the Friday following his arrest. Being cross-examined by the Judge Advocate, the witness deposed that he first knew of a guard being placed at Brown's Ferry on Saturday before the murder; that his father claimed all tho cotton there; that five bales were Con? federate tax in kind, given to his father by the quartermaster for his wages; that he thinks his brother Joo was sitting at the supper table when his father left it, but cannot remember distinctly; that his father after supper went into his room, filled and lit his pipe; that, if his father had spoken to Lem while on the front piazza, he (witness) would have heard it; that he is certain his father did not speak to Lem or call to Fred while on the front piazza; that Byrcm came on horseback a half hour after his father went out upon I the front piazza, and hitched his horse to I the front gate; that he (witness) heard j all that was said by Byrem, Robert, and , his father while on the piazza; that By i rem left the house about 10 o'clock; that I Robert, when he rode off that evening, I went to Capt. Fretwell's, and nowhere else; that Robert told him next day that \ ho had a short conversation with Fret j well, and had not gotten off his horse; j that he (witness) guessed at the hour at , which ho went to bed that night,<that ?? Joe was in their mother's room while they I were on tho piazza; that Rachel cleared off the supper table; that Joe, his broth? er, came to his (witness') room soon after Eobert, Byrem and witness went in there, but did not come there again, to witness' knowledge; that the door of the room was unlocked, and that the entrance of Joe might have waked him; that he has been in Confederate service; that Eobert could not have gone out that night with? out bis knowing it, as he would have heard him had he walked out in his shoes, or would have been waked by his getting up; that Robert would not be obliged to pass over him in getting op; that witness is not positive Robert could not have got? ten out of bed without waking him; that Fred Clark and-Lern were at home when he left for Church, but that he did not see them afterwards; that his father did not leave home that day; that he left Pe? ter at home fixing to start; that he never heard any of the accused say where Pe? ter was that Sunday. Question by the Judge Advocate : Did any mombcrof the family, to your knowl? edge, inquire in the presence ?f the ac? cused, or eithor of them, where Peter had been when he returned ? Tho accused, through their counsel, ob? jected to the question as calling for hear? say, as being immaterial, and as tending to criminate persons not on trial. The objection was sustained. The witness further deposed that he saw Peter Keys last in the latter part of October; that a guard came to arrest Pe? ter the day witness was arrested, and again that night; that F*oter was not at tho house when they came; that he does not know why Peter keeps out of the way of being arrested. The examination of the witness here closed. On account of tho sickness of a mem? ber of the Commission, the Commission adjournod to meet on the 27th instant, at 10.30 A. M. March 27. Lieut. C. M. Bailey, a member of the Commission, being absent on account of illness, the accused, by their counsel, ask? ed that the trial shall continue, and con? sented that when the absent member shall be able, resume his seat and that the proceedings, during his absence, bo read to him, and the trial in all respects pro? ceed as if he had not been absent. Miss M. Eleanor Keys, a witness for tho defence, deposed as follows: I am the daughter of Crawford Keys; am 16 years of age, and on the 8th October was living with my parents; I did not go to Church on the 8th October; Miss Leo was not at my father's that Sunday; brother Major went to Church, and Lewis went to Sun? day School; my mother, my . father, and I, were at home all that day; my father and Eobert were at supper that evening; after supper Robert lit his pipe and went into the }*ard, my father lit his and went into the piazza; at 8 o'clock my father was, I think, in the front piazza; I don't know who was with him; at half-past 8 o'clock I went to Mrs. Peter Keys' room and went to bed thero at 9 o'clock; about two hours after going to bed I was waked by Mrs. Peter Keys, whose baby was sick, to get a candle; I went down stairs and got a candle in my mother's room, and lit it thero; m}T father was lying in bed; my mother, my little sister and lit? tle brother, were in tho room; tho moon was then shining; I did not call Rachol or any of the servants that night, and did not hear my mother call Rachel; my father did not have a suit of blue-mixed clothes on the 8th October last; I left Mrs. Peter Keys' room that night after getting the candle, when Peter came in ; I was asleep when he came in; I saw my father at breakfast next morning about 7 o'clock; I saw Robert Sunday evening, directly after supper. Being cross-examined by the Judge Advocate, Miss Keys deposed: I am quite certain Major left home on the 8th October, directly after breakfast, about 8 o'clock; I didn't see Elisha Byrem at all that night or day; I don't think he was at my father's house that day; I didn't see him, if he was there; I think my fath? er spent the evening on the piazza; I didn't see any one with him; but, on go? ing up stairs that evening, I heard Mr.' Byrem's voice in the piazza, but did not see him. I said, before, that Mr. Byrem was not at my father's that DAT, be? cause I did not see him there; that NIGHT I heard him talking on the pi? azza writh my father; I heard him as I was going up stairs, about half-past eight o'clock; I and Mrs. Peter Keys went to bed about 9 o'clock, but I can only guess at the hour; I sleep with Mrs. Peter Keys when Peter is away; Peter was expected back that evoning at supper; he returned that night between midnight and day? light; I can only guess at the time Mrs. Peter Keys waked me, to go for a can? dle; I may have been asleep about two hours; our candle had burnt out; in go? ing down stairs I did not seo the moon, but noticed that it was shining; I don't know whether my father was awake when I went into his room; he did not speak to mc; I am certain no pistol is generally kept in my father's room; I last saw Peter on the 13th December; he came homo at 3 o'clock, and left just af? ter dark; Joe and Major were, I think, at home at the time; the same evening Ma? jor went to an "infair" (i. e. a bridal par? ty) at Anderson village, at Mr. McCully's, and returned about 1 o'clock. I don't remember seeing Lem on the 8th Octo? ber; after I left Peter's room that night I went to bod again, and slept an hour or two, and got up about six o'clock. At the request of one of the counsel of tho accused, the Commission adjourned , to meet on the 28th inst., at 10.30 A. M. March 28,1866. W. S. Williams, a witness for tho de? fence, deposed as follows: I am 54 years of ago, and live near Salubrity, Pickens District; 1 made the acquaintance of Lar gent, a Marylander, in July last, at Col. Hamilton's, in Anderson District; he was said to havo been a soldier in .the Con? federate Army; he is 21 or 22 years of ago, a little over five feet high, of a fair complexion, with red features and hair; about the 1st November I saw him rid? ing a 6mall chestnut sorrel mare in the road near Col. Hamilton's; this was the first time I saw the mare; I last saw her about the 1st of January in the posses? sion of the Provost Marshal at Walhalla; I know Martin, but never saw him in Largent's company; I have seen Hooper in Largent's company; I think Hooper was a stranger in Anderson District; Largent's business was trading in horses; he said he was on his way to another State; I gave him, in the latter part of October a letter to be carried to my undo Thomas E. Williams, living in Jackson? ville, Alabama; I saw Hoopor aud Mar? tin together, after I had seen the sorrel marc, at Slabtowr, in Anderson District, eighteen miles in a northwesterly direc? tion from Anderson C. H.; Hamilton's is about the same distance and in the same direction from Anderson C. H.; the sorrel marc was taken from Largent's posses? sion about the 1st January, at my broth? er's, five miles from my house, where Largent was then staying; Capt. Bray, Provost Marshal at Walhalla, commanded the party that took the mare; the same party arrested mc at 12 o'clock that night, before they took the mare; Lar? gent was not arrested that night. Being cross-examined by the Judge Advocate, the witness deposed as follows: Largent bought, among others, United States horses; it was understood that tho Government was about to claim horses branded U. S.; Largent bought horses for the purpose of removing them from the State; he askod an introduction torn}' uncle, saying he would probably have horses to sell; he did not say United States horses; I saw him with two or three horses branded U. S.?a roan,'a bay and a gray; ho had a brown mare mark? ed U. S. or?C. S.; his sorrel mare has staid at my place; Largent was regarded in the community as a good citizen; since my arrival in this city I havfc lived with Mr. Jeficrs; I don't know whether he is the business agent or intimate friend of Crawford Keys; I was in attendance this morning on the Commission at the re? quest of Colonel Burt, after I was dis? charged by the Judge Advocate from at? tendance for the day as a witness; tho letter shown me is in my hand-writing, and is the letter referred to by me in my direct examination as having been given by me to Largent. The Judge Advocate road the letter, which is as follows : Salubrity, Pickens District, October 24,1865. Dear Uncle : I havo an opportunity, perhaps, of sending you a short letter one time more. We are all well here, and doing the best we can. The crops in this section of country are only tollerable good. Allow me to introduce to your acquain? tance ray friend, Mr. W. Largent who is a Marylander, a refugeo who has been battling for our cause for tho last four years, and now he cannot 4jo homo, as there is a large majority of Union men in his country. He is now going further South, looking out for business. He has done about all ho can doo hcare, and he has done good service. He may have some horses for sale that he traded for here, horses that wero subject, I suppose, to tho Yankee authorities. He has taken tho wrisk of buying them, and run the chances of making what he can. If he calls on you, please give him what as? sistance you can; he can tell you all about this country better than I can write it.?? Write to me if you ever get an opportu nity to send me a letter. Herbert ar? rived borne all wright, and was well pleased with relations in Alabama. Yonr affectionate nephew, W. S. WILLIAMS. To Thos. E. "Williams, of Jacksonville, Calhoun County, Alabama. The horses referred to in the above let? ter are those mentioned in my testimony, at tho time the letter was written I did not know Largent had tha sorrel mare ; he did not go to Alabama, as he could not collect money due to him; Largent did not conceal himself between the 8th Oc? tober, 1865, and my arrest, but went baok and forth in his ordinary manner daring that time; he did not attempt to conceal the fact of having the sorrel mare; I nev? er hoard him speak of the murder at Brown's Ferry; Largent is a friend of mine. Being re-examined, the witness stated that Col. Hamilton has a grandson named Walker Rassel, 20 or 21 years of age, living with him; that he (witness) keeps a public house, and has been a merchant for several years. The accused introduced the record in the case of F. Gr. Stowers, to show that, on the first day of that trial, Warren Howell, a witness for the prosecution, deposed that he went to the Ferry two hours after the murder; that the party made its appearance not more than half an hour after the man Jones left; also, to show that W. P. Brown, a witness for the prosecution, did not state, in his evi? dence, on the 4th and I6th days of the trial, that he recognized the voice of Crawford Keys on the night of the mur? der, that the moon was shining, nor that he recognized the features of any of the party. The Judge Advocate showed, from the record, that Brown was riot asked, on the days referred to, whether he recognized tho voice of Keys, whether the moon was shining, nor whether he recognized the features of any of the party._ The accused showed fromtne record in the case of Stowera that Brown had said that "just bis general appearance" indu-' cod him to believe he saw Crawford Keys tho night of tho murder; that Brown in reply to a question said, "I can't think I I am mistaken in the man (Crawford Keys); I took it to be him;" and that Brown did not mention the voice of Keys as one of the means of recognition. The accused, by their counsel, read from Miller's Almanac the statement that on the morning of the Cth October, 1800, the sun rose at oh. lm. o'clock A. m., and the Judge Advocate read the statement, in the same Almanac, that the moon rose on tho 8th of October, 1865, at 8.55 P. M., and had become full on tho 4th of Oc? tober 5.15 P. M., and went into its last quarter on the 11th October, 1865, at 10. .5 P. M. The Commission adjourned to meet on tho 20th instaut March 29,18(10. Thomas A. Shorard, a witness for the* defence-, deposed as follows: I am 42years of age and live in the southwestern part of Anderson District; 1 am a merchant there; James Allen live; in that neigh? borhood, about 26 miles from Anderson C. H.; he is tho father-in-law of Peter Keys; I know Peter Keys. The examination of this ' witness con? cluded? The accused, by their counsel, closed their defence here, subject to the under? standing that Captain Bray and Lieuten? ant Cook, and any parties who may ac? company them, and whom the accused may deem important, shall be placed up? on the stand. The Judge Advocato consented to this arrangement, with the modification that the evidence be offered before the rebut? ting testimony on the part of the prosecu? tion is closed. On account of the religious observances usual on Good Friday and the following day, the Commission adjourned to meet on Monday, the 2d April, prox. - ? Will Peep Out.?-The Memphis Aval? anche likens the Southern people to a hen-peeked husband, who was invariably thrust under his wife's bed when visited by good looking men. On one occasion she was serving up refreshments for her guests, and her husband could not resist the temptation to peep out. She per? ceived it, and by sly nods and shakes of the head, was warning him to be quiet. " You may wink and blink as much as you please," said he, t;but so long as I have the spirit of a man within me, I will peep." The Southern, people have been driven to the wall. The soldier has laid down his arms in good faith. While the radicals are proposing their infarnor schemes of opposition, wo cannot ^AB^< the temptation to " peep out." . ^ 0*^^ Don't mistake arrogance