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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, July 01, 1869, Image 1

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HOTT & CO, Proprietors.
VOLUME 5.-NO. 1.
The Present and Future of Southern Cot?
ton Production.
It is now generally admitted, (saya tho
Hew Orleans Commercial Bulletin) by the
most experienced observers, that the ag?
gregate breadth of land devoted in tho
South to the cultivation of cotton the
present year, is something short of what
it was last year. This does not result
from a less inclination on the part of plan?
ters to produce cotton, or to less capital
at their command to assist in producing
it. On the contrary, thanks to the remu?
nerative results of their last year's opera?
tions, they were in an improved financial
condition and an eager mood of mind, such
as would unquestionably have led them to
undertake to plant more largely of cotton,
but for the interposition of a single diffi?
culty, that of procuring an adequate sup
supply of labor. It is interesting to ex?
plain, and important to understand, the
precise nature of this difficulty; and tho
stubborn fact in which it has its root can?
not be too often or two vividly impressed
on tho commercial mind.
If cotton planters in general did well
in 186S, the colored employees in general
prospered in an equal measure; and, rela
- lively to their needs and expenses, per?
haps in a still larger measure. In propor?
tion as their pecuniary condition was bet?
tered they were indisposed to hire them?
selves as field laborers, and ambitious to
set up farms of their own, on which little
or no cotton would be grown, or to en
- gage in some business requiring the least
amount of hard work. Some went so far
as to dream of an indefinite vacation from
labor of any sort, a period in which they
would abandon themselves to a delicious
insouciance in a life of independent leisure.
Here is the seeretof the stringency of the
labor market which was experienced by
planters in preparing for the operations
of the present year; and here is the prin?
cipal reason wl>3r it would bo rash Lo ex?
pect the growing cotton crop to exceed, or
to reckon with absolute confidence on its
equaling the preceding crop. And, in the
nature of things, this shrinkage of agri?
cultural labor, at about tho same rate
must go on from year to year as long as
the bulk of its supply is confined to the
freed man population. It is tr-ao that
Chinese laborers may gradually fill up the
place in Southern agriculture vacated by
the frccdmcn; it is equally true that white
labor, either native or immigrant, may
Succeed at length, by close and scientific
tillage, in making from much smaller sur?
face, a great deal more cotton than is now
produced. But these arc remote contin?
gencies which can not be counted as lac
tors in determining the actual conditions
of Southern cotton production and, the
immediate prospect of the cotton market J
as it may be affected by those conditions.
For proecnt purposes of commercial cal-)
dilations, it is safe to assumo that the I
crop of last year touched tho highest tidal
mark of production in tho pending indus?
trial situation, and that the crop of the
present year cannot possibly, exceed it,
and will, probably fall below it.
And, on the other hand, it would be
quilo absurd to construe the state of
things above indicated as signifying an
nbsoluto limitation to the growth of
Amorican cotton in the impending future.
Tho passim ist view of any matter is usu?
ally tho unsoundest and most pernicious
of all. Tho opinion that the magnificent
cotton belt of the South is gradually to
6ink into insignificance with reference to
the production of this great staple, is no
exception to the remark. The waste of
war, in spite of many needless obstruc?
tions, clear heads, stout and hopeful
hearts; and skillful and diiligcnt handsare
gradually and surely repairing; railroads
will soon be traversing the South in every
direction, leaving no productive region,
however interior or remotCj without
speedy access to market ; and eventually
the needful labor, attracted by assurance
of profit and facilitated by abundant and
rapid means of transportation, will be
Col. Stobo Farrow.?We learn by pri?
vate letter that the above named gentle?
man has removed from this State, and lo- \
catcd in Atlanta, Ga., and entered upon
the practice of tho law?a great loss to
Spartanburg, but a valuable accession to
the bar of Atlanta. Col. F., after his
graduation at tho South Carolina College,
commenced life as tho editor of the Spar?
tanburg Express. This position he tilled
with marked ability until tho year 1S67,
when lie was elected Commissioner in |
Equity for his District, by a large majori?
ty over his competitor, Judge Vernon.
At tho beginning of tho war, ho entered
tho Confederate army as a captain, and
rising in quick succession to tho rank of
colonel, he made a record as an army
officer of which he and his native District
may well feel proud. At the close of the
war Colonel F. resigned tho office of Com?
missioner, and became apractioncr at the
>Spartanburg Bar. There he mot with
that dogree of success which only enlarg?
ed experience, sound judgment and raro
ability, could command. Wo heartily
wish tho Colonel even a larger measure of
success at his new homo, but we would
much prefer that he had remained in old
Carolina, where he had already a place
and a name that others of more mature
years might envy.?Abbeville Banner.
? In reply to an address of welcome
from Governor Claflin, of Massachusetts,
General Grant said : "It affords me great
pleasure to visit tho capital of a State
which has dono so much for my support
and for the support of tho Union in the
time of tho great rebellion." Grant's
motto soems to be that of the renowned
{Simon Slings?''First, myself; second, my
friends ? and third and lastly, my kintry."
Cincinnati Southern Railway.
Ko large city was ever known to exist
without Laving some special advantages,
cither as a commercial mart, or as a man?
ufacturing centre. To be a successful
competitor in either, the aspirant for
fame or profit must possess natural as
well as artificial avenues through which
commerce may flow, and advantages ei?
ther in the purchase of goods or the con?
trol of the markets. Or in other words,
the dealer and consumer must bo brought
into a sort of close communion. Of what
value would be the manufactures of Bir?
mingham and Sheffield were it not for the
facilities of sending them to the great
markets and consumers of the world ; or
of the millions of surplus products of our
own great West, if we had nottho means
of sending it to tho open mouths and
empty stomachs of tho Eastern States
and Europe.
Taking this view of the question, and
it is the true one, it must bo self-evident
to every mind, that the more avenues,
either natural or artificial, that we pos?
sess, /or commerce and intercourse with
dealers and consumers of our products,
the more extended will be our market,
ant the greater will be the demand for
our wares.
Row what is the real truth as to the
nec ssity for the construction of the Cin?
cinnati Southern Railway ? Why it is
this?there is a district of country em?
bracing nearly the entire Southern States
to which wo have either no access what?
ever, or a very imperfect and round-about
way of reaching it, and the produce and
manufactures of Cincinnati arc forced to
pay transportation tribute to long lines
of railway and other means of transit
bo furo it reaches its destination. To il?
lustrate what we mean, tho pcoplo of
Anderson, S. C, eat Cincinnati flour and
Cincinnati bacon, which are now shipped
by rail to Baltimore 589 miles, then down
the Chesapeake and the Atlantic coast
to Charleston, about G?ll miles, and after?
wards by rail 257 miles. The result is,
as stated by Air. Lalitte, the gentlemanly
merchant delegate of Charleston, S. C,
to the moetings held at our Board ot
Trade rooms, that flour selling in Cincin?
nati at 84.75 to $5.25 per barrel, com?
mands Si 1.00 to $12.50 per barrel in An?
derson, which is a tariff of $0.25 to $7.25
per barrel for transportation and com?
missions. The cost of carrying a barrel
of flour to Baltimore by rail, 580 miles,
is just 60 cents. It is scarcely necessary
to say that on the Cincinnati Southern
Railway and connections, it could be
transported the distance to Anderson,
455 miles, as cheaply or for less than ?o
Baltimore, leaving a clear margin to ci?
ther the producer or consumer, of from
S4.G5 to $5.05 per barrel.
The same is true of all other produce.
The dealers of Knoxville buy stoves in
Troy, N. Y., and cany them 000 miles
by rail; whereas if the Cincinnati South?
ern Railway was made, the distance
would bo but 270 miles, giving 720
miles of transportation in favor of Cin?
cinnati manufactures.
Mr. Lafitte stated in tho Board of
Trade rooms that the South needed one
million stoves to-day.
What is true of stoves applies with
equal force to all manufactured articles
of which tho South now stands in need.
The South presents an open market for
our wares in which Cincinnati would
have by the Cincinnati Southern Railway
the advantage of the short route and
cheap fares.
lu one word, by the construction of
the Cincinnati Southern Railway we com?
mercially conquer 200,000 square miles of
market, and make customers of 4,000,000
of people.
This is not all. It is said to bo a poor
rule that don't work both ways. Tho
construction of the Cincinnati Southern
Railway will bring us, by tho same ad?
vantage of cost of transportation to the
above, rice, sugar, coffee, cotton and
tropical fruits on better terms than the}
can now be had, and enabling Cincinnati
to supply the markets of the .North-west
with those articles; thus again extending
tho area of her tiaffic over a field now in
a great measure barred to her cnterpriso
by cheaper freights from other points.
We will not have to wait until the road
is finished to feel its influence on the
traffic of the city. Tho expenditure of
ten millions of dollars in construction of
tho road must necessarily givo an impe?
tus to tho manufacturers iti tho produc?
tion ot tho various articles used in tho
construction and equipment of a first
class road, that must enliven the mcny
ring of the hammerand incrcaso the hum
of busy lathes, and these again react on
every other department of industry.?
Railroad Record.
Personal Influence.?Blessed influ?
ence of one true, loving human soul on
earth ! Not calculable by algebra, not tlc
ducible by logic; but mysterious, effectu?
al, mighty as the hidden-process by which
tho tiny seed is quickened, and bursts
forth into tall stem and broad leaf and
glowing tasseled flower. Ideas aro often
poor ghosts; our suntillod eyes can not
discern them as they pass athwart us in
thin vapor, and can not mako thsmselvcs
felt. But sometimes they are made of
flesh ; they touch us with soft responsive
hands ; they look at us with sad eyes, and
sneak to us in appealing tones; they aro
clothed in a living human soul, with all
its conflicts, its faith, and its love. Then
their presence is a power; then thoy
shake us like a passion, and we are drawn
niter them with gentle compulsion, as
flame is drawn to flame.?Blackwood.
? The greatoBt wisdom of speech is to
know when, and what, and whero to
sneak?the time, matter and manner.
The next to it is silence
The Southern Historical Society.
A regular.meeting of this association
was held in New Orleans en tho 14th of
June. Tlio meeting was well attended,
and much important business was trans?
acted. . Tho permanent constitution and
by-laws were read and adopted. The
following is an official list of tho officers :
Rev. B. SI. Palmer, D. D., President;
Gen. Braxton Bragg, Vice President;
Joseph Jones. M. D., Secretary and Treas?
Gen. R. E. Lee, Virginia; Hon. S.
Teaklo Wallis, Maryland j Gen. D. H.
Hill, North Carolina; Gen. Wade Hamp?
ton, South Carolina; Hon. Alexander H.
Stephens, Georgia; Admiral R. Semmes,
Alabama; Gov. Isham G.Harris, Tennes?
see; Gov. B. G. Humphreys, Mississippi;
Col. Ashbel Smith, Texas; Gen. J. C.
Breckenridge, Kentucky; Gen. Trusten
Polk, Missouri; Hon. A. H. Garland, Ar?
kansas; Hon. S. P. Mallory, Florida.
The annexed able and elaborate ad?
dress, fully explaining the objects and
scope of the organization, was unani?
mously adopted:
On the 1st of May, 1SG0, after several
preliminary meetings, a number of gen?
tlemen in the city of New Orleans formed
themselves into a permanent association,
under the stj-le of the "Southern Histori?
cal Society," with tho following general
A parent societ}-, to hold its scat and
*its archives in tho city of New Orleans,
with affiliating societies to be organized
in all the States favorable to tho object
proposed, these in their turn branching
into local organizations in the different
townships?forming thus a wide fellow
sliip of closely co-ordinated societies, with
a common centre in tho parent associa?
tion in this city.
The object proposed to be accomplished
is the collection, classification, preserva?
tion, and final publication, in some form
to be hereafter determined, of all the, doc?
uments and facts bearing upon tho event?
ful history of the few years, illustrating
the nature of the struggle from which
the country has just emerged, defining
and vindicating the principles which lay
beneath it. and marking the stages
through which it was conducted to its
issue. It is not understood that this as?
sociation shall be purely sectional, nor
that its labors shall be of a partisan char?
ade r.
Everything which relates to this criti?
cal period of our national history, pend?
ing the conflicts, antecedent or subse?
quent to it, from the point of*view of
cither, or of both the contestants ; every?
thing, in short, which shall vindicate the
truth of history is to bo industriously
collated and filed ; and all parties, in eve?
ry section of the continent, who shall de?
sire to co operate in the attainment of
these ends, will be welcomed to a share
in our councils and our toils.
It is doubtless true, that an accepted
history can never bo written in the midst
of the storm}' events of which that histo-1
ry is comprised, nor by the agents through
whose efficiency they were wrought. The
strong passions which are evoked in eve- J
ry human conflict disturb the vision and
warp the judgment, in the scales of whose |
criticism the necessary facts are to be j
weighed; even the relative importance of
these facts cannot be measured \>y those 1
who are in too close proximity. Scope
must bo afforded for the development of
their remote issues before they can be
brought under tho range of a philosophic
apprehension, and tho secret thread be
discovered, running through all history,
upon Which its single facts chrystaliao in
tho unity of some great providential plan.
The generations of the disinterested
must succeed the generations of the pre?
judiced before history, properly termed
such, can be written. This, precisely, is
the work we now attempt to construct,
the archives in which shall bo collected
these memoirs to serve for future history.
It is believed that invaluable documents
are scattered over the whole land, in
loose sheets, perhaps, lying in the port?
folios of private gentlemen, and only pre?
served as souvenirs of their own parts in
the historic drama>
Existing in forms so perishable, regard?
ed, it may be, only so much waste paper,
by those those into whose bands they
must fall, no delay should bo Buffered in
their collection and preservation.
There is, doubtless, too much that is
yet unwritten floating only in the memo?
ries of tho living, which if not speedily
rescued, will be swallowed in the oblivion
of the grave, but which, it reduced to re?
cord and collated, would afford the key
to many a cipher, in a little while to be?
come unintelligible for want of interpre?
All this various material, gathered from
every section, will need to bo industriously
classified and arranged, and finally depos?
ited in tho central archives of the society,
under the care of appropriate guardians.
To this task of collection, we invite the
immediate attention and co-operation of
our copatriots throughout the South, to
facilitate which, we propose tho organi?
zation of State and district associations,
that our whole peoplo may bo brought
into harmony of action to this important
Tho rapid changes through which the
institutions of the country arc now pass?
ing, and the still more stupendous revo?
lutions in the opinions of men, remind us
that wo stand to-day upon the outer verge
of a great historic cycle, within which a
completed past will shortly bo enclosed.
Another cycle may touch its circumfer?
ence; but tho oventB it shall cmbraco
will bo gathered around another historic
centre, and the future historian will pro?
nounce that in stepping from tire one to
the other he has entered upon another
and separate volume of'the nation's record.
Let us, who are soon to be in that past
to which we properly belong, sec that
thcro are no gaps in the record.
Thus ?hall we discharge a duty to the
fathers, whose principles we inherit, to
the children, who will then know wheth?
er to houor or to dishonor the sires that
begot them ; and above all, to the dead
heroes sleeping on the vast battle-plains,
from Manassas to Vicksburg, whose
epitaph history yet waits to engrave irpon
their tombs.
The funds raised by the initiation fees,
assessments, donations and lectures, after
defraying the current expenses, will be
appropriated to the rent or purchase of a
suitable fire-proof building for the safe
keeping of the archives.
For the accomplishment of these ends
contributions aro respectfully solicited
from all parties interested in the establish?
ment and prosperity of the Southern His?
torical Society.
Contributions to the archives and libra?
ry of the society are respectfully and ear?
nestly solicited under the following specific
1. Tho histories and historical collec?
tions of the individual States, from the
earlie*^rpcriods to the present time, in?
cluding travels, journals and maps.
2. Complete files of the newspapers, pe?
riodicals, literary, scientific and medical
journals of the Southern States from the
earliest times to the present da}' includ?
ing, especially, the period of the American
civil war.
8. Geological, typographical, agricultur?
al, manufacturing and commercial reports,
illustrating the statistics, climate, soil, re?
sources, products and conuuetee of the
Southern States.
4. Works, speeches, sermons and dis?
courses relating to the recent conflict and
political changes. Congressional and State
reports during the recent war.
5. Olficial reports and descriptions, by
officers and privates and newspaper cor?
respondents and eye witnesses of cam?
paigns, military operations, butties and
G. Military maps.
7. Reports upon the munitions, arni3
and equipment, organizatioiviumbers and
losses of the various branches of the
Southern armies?infantry, artillery,cav?
alry, ordinance and commissary and quar?
termaster departments.
8. Reports of the adjutant general ol
the lute C S. A., and of the adjutant-gen?
eral of the armies, departments, districts
and States, showing the resources of the
individual States, tho availablo fighting
population, the number, organization and
losses of the forces called into actual ser?
9. Naval operations of the Confederate
10. Operations ol the Nitre and .Mining
11. Commercial operations.
12. Foreign relations, diplomatic cor?
respondence, etc.
13. Currency.
14. Medical statistics and medical ro
15. Names of all officers, Roldiers and
sailors in the military and naval service
of the Confederate States who wcro kill?
ed in battle, or died of disease and wounds.
16. Names of all wounded officers, sol?
diers and sailors. The nature of the
wounds should be attached to each name,
also the loss of one or more limbs should
be carefull}* noted.
17. Published reports and manuscripts
relating to civil prisoners held during the
18. All matters, published or unpublish?
ed, relating to tho treatment, diseases,
mortality, and exchange of prisoners of
19. Tho conduct of the hostile armies
in the Southern States. Private and pub?
lic losses during the war. Treatment of
citizens by hostile forces.
20. Number, occupation,condition, and
. conduct of colored population. Effects of
emancipation upon the negro, and* upon
the material prosperity of'the South
21. Southern poetry, ballads, songs, etc.
All communications, works and reports
must bo addressed (by mail or express,
prepaid),, to Dr. Joseph Jonos, Secretary
and Treasuror of the Southern Historical
Society, New Orleans, La.
Give Your Child a Local Paper.?A
child beginning to read becomes delight?
ed with a newspaper, because he reads tho
names of persons and things which arc
very familiar, and will make progress ac?
cordingly. A newspaper in ono year is
worth a quarter's schooling to a child, and
over}' father must consider that substan?
tial information is connected with ad?
vancement. Tho mother of a family be?
ing one of tho head, and having a more
immediate charge of tho children, should
herself bo instructed. A mind occupied,
becomes fortified against the ills of life,
and is braced against any emergency.
Children, amused by reading or study,
aro of course moro considorato and more
easily governed. How many parents who
have not got twenty dollars for books for
thoir families would have given hundreds
to reclaim a son or daughter who had ig
norantiy or thoughtlessly fallen into tomp
CovETOU8NEss.?Rich people are like
the cypress tree : tncy may appear well,
but aro fruitless; so rich porsons have the
means to bo generous, yet some aro not
so; but they should consider that they
aro only trustees for what they possess
and should show their wealth to be more
in doing good, than merely in having it.
They should notreservo their bcnovolcnco
for purposes after they are dead; for
those who give not till they die, show
that they would not then if they could keep
their gains longer.
The Last Confederate Prisoner.?
On yesterday there was in this city a
man who claims to be a Conlederate
States soldier, just returning to his home.
Iiis story, if it be true, is certainly a
strange one. He gives his name as W.
A. Ellcrson, and says that he was a mem?
ber of Cobb's Legion during the war.
He is a 3'oung looking man. apparently
twenty-three or four years old, and has
lost both his right leg and his right e\-e.
His story is, that he is a native of Jackson
county, in this State, and that ho joined
Cobb's Jjcgion soon after the breaking
out of hostilities. He served with that
command up to the battle of Gettysburg,
in the Summer of 1863. where he lost his
leg and eye, and was taken prisoner.
From tho time of his capture up to the
surrender of the Confederate armies in
i8G5, he was confined in a military prison
at Elmira, New York. Released when
the war terminated, ho 6tarted home, but
stopping a few days in New York city,
ho got himself into a difficulty, which
postponed his visit homo for four years.
Stumping along the streets with his
wooden leg one day he was cursed by a
negro for a damned rebel. Johnnie's
spirit was not completely subdued by his
long confinement, and drawing a knife as
quick as thought, he plunged the blade
into the body of cuffy and stretched him
dead in the street: Of course he was
immediately arrested and incarcerated
for a second time. His trial for murder
followed in a few days, and James T.
Brady, the great Now York lawyer, af?
fected by tho situation of the soldier,
volunteered in his defence. He was con?
victed of manslaughter, but through the
exertions of his counsel, and his own pe?
culiar situation, the Court only sentenced
him to four years' imprisonment in the
Blackwell Island Penitentiary. He serv?
ed here until a few days since, when his
time expired and he was released. He
made his way to this placo and was fur?
nished by the city authorities yesterday
with free transportation to Athens, which
is not far from his home in Jackson coun?
ty.?Chronicle and Sentinel.
Reading.?A taste for good reading
has long been observed as one of the
most effectual safeguards to young men
against vice and crime. In the first place,
it serves to give employment in those
hours of leisure and freedom from work
which would be likely otherwise worse
than wasted. To tho young man who
has no taste for reading, tho evening hours
become loaded with temptation. It is
tiresome to sit moping bt tho stove, and
he naturally drifts to tho tavern, the sa?
loon, or the billiard and card table. There
he finds others like himself, with vacant
hours to while away, and thus grow up
those habits and associations which soon
eventuate in dissipation or lead to crime.
We doubt if one instance in a thousand
can be found of a young man's making
shipwreck of hopes and character who
was accustomed to spend his evenings at
home reading good books; and we say to
any parent that a well stocked library
and an abundant supply of newspapers
and magazines, with the habit of reading
on the part of your boy, is worth more to
keep him out of mischief, and to make a
man of him, than any other single influ?
ence at your command.
. Again, tho habit of reading confers
positive strength and elevation of charac?
ter. The well-read man is usually the
well-informed man? Heading is the great
stimulus of thinking. The instances are
rare of a great writer and thinker who
was not himself a great reader. There is
no stimulus of tho mind so powerful as
communion with other minds. The mass
of young men, especially of tho working
mechanic and trading classes, need this
mental excitement to preserve a symme?
try and equipoise of character. The far?
mer is in danger of having his thoughts
fall too much into the routine of his daily
life. A good book or newspaper expands
them, setri them to work upon other top?
ics, and gives them a wider scope. The
mechanic, after mastering tho details or
his business and perfecting himself in it,
ought to leavo his trade with his tools
when he goes home at night, and in good
reading find a wider cultivation of his
whole nature The trador who allows his
mind to run constantly upon his business
soon becomes a narrow one-sided man.
He, too, needs to get out of his rut and
givo his thoughts a wider range. To all
of these the" book, tho magazine, and
the newspaper is a necessity.?Lawrence
Weekly Republican.
It is Dark.?Tho following beautiful
sentiments are from Meister Karl's
Sketch book, entitled the "Night of
Heaven." It. is full of touching tender?
ness : "It is dark when tho honest and
honorable man sees the results of years
swept cruelly away by the knavish and
heartless adversary. It is dark when he
feels the clouds of sorrow gather round,
and knows that the hopes and happiness
of others arc fading with his own. But
in that hour the memory of past integrity
will bo a true consolation and assure him
oven hero on earth of gleams of light in
Heaven. It is dark when the dear voice
of that sweet child onco fondly loved, is
no more heard in murmurs. Dark when
tho pattering feet no more resound with?
out tho threshold, or ascend step by step
up stairs. Dark when somo well known
atr recalls the strains once olt attuned to
a childish voice now hushed in death !
Darkness?but only the gloom which now
horalds the Day-spring of immortality,
and tho infinite light of Heaven.
? Blushing is a sign that something of
tho angel is left to woman, beautiful to
the eye and bespeaking the purity of the
heart. When a woman ceases to blush,
she ha^ lost her greatest charm
Thomas Jordan.?The people of tho
South will not shed many oceans of tears
over the disappointment and failures of
Thomas Jordan, quondam chief-of staff to
the peerless Boauregard, and now filibus?
ter among "the orange groves and vine- ?
clad hills of one of Columbia's most love
ly isles."
This man Jordan is an officer of talent,
and performed good service nnder the ill
stared flag of our lost, but not unloved,
Confederacy. But, the war ended, he
must gratify some old personal spite by ?
writing a shameless article for the more
shameless Harper's Magazine, in which
ho vilifies his fallen chief, Jefferson Davis,
then a grief-stricken prisoner in the gloo
[ my casemates of Fortress Monroe.
Mr. Davis may have committed errors:
He doubtless did. But they were "errors
of the head?not of the heart"; and tbo
ex-Confederate who could hurl at him tho
envenomed spear of slander and detrac?
tion while suffering in the prison-house of
tyranny, for tho cause he loved so well, is
not the man to retain the respect of even
those Southern men who could not fully
endorse the policy of Mr. Davis.
General Jordan's article in Harper's
Magazine was doubtless the result of dis?
appointed ambition. He probably meas?
ured his abilities by a higher standard
than Mr. Davis did. But ho can offer no
justification for his coarse and vulgar at?
tack on his unfortunate chief. Now, he
has been disappointed again. He went to
Cuba, it is said, with the fond expecta?
tion of being made second in command
of the Cuban rebels; but that position has
been denied him. And, should he escape
the clutches of the Spanish troops, and
return to the United States, wo shall
doubtless be regaled with another charac?
teristic Magazine article from his worm-"
wood pen.
Go on, Jordan, in your career of filibus?
ter. The people of the South will try to
forget, but they can never forgive you.?
Wilmington Star.
An act of Heroism in Presence of
two Armies.?At the battle of New Hope
Church, fought late in May, 1864; an in?
cident oecuired that attracted the atten?
tion and elicited the praise of two gallant
armies. This incident is rather obscurely
hinted at, in an otherwise admirable no?
tice of the lato Col. Win. H. Martin, of
the Confederate army, which appeared in
a recent number of your paper.
In the battle referred to, the Federals
along one portion of tho line had met
with a disastrous repulse. The ground?
as is always the case in pine forests?was
covered with fallen leaves. These had
been set on fire during the action, and the
repulse of the Federals having been sud?
den and decisivo, they necessarily left
their woanded who lay thick in all por?
tions of the woods, exposed to a more
terrible ordeal than that of battle merely.
They were about to die in tho flames,
when Col. Martin, taking the lead him?
self, ordered his men from their fortifica?
tions, wheD with switches they whipped
out the fire. At the time they left their
position, a heavy firing from the restored
Federal lino was going on, but of courso
this ceased so soon as it became manifest'
that the Confederates were engaged in a
work of humanity to tlieirfallen enemies.
As we have stated, this act upon tho
part of Col. Martin was for a while the
common topic of conversation in two
great armies, and there arc veiy many
who will remember it distinctly. One who
knew all things deep and true, and sad
and strange in human life, has said that
tho word l4Honor" is made a lying tlave
on many a tomb, whilo it is olton dumb
over the resting place "of honored bones
indeed." That it may not be thus with
Col. Martin, whose unknown grave is in
the sands of a far, foreign river, we seek,
in simple justice to his menforj', to recall
a gentle and knightly incident of his life,
which gleamed out like a star from tbo
dec.) murk and gloom of a sanguinary
Who is a Gentleman??A gentleman
is not merely a person acquainted with
certain forms and etiquette of lifo, easy
and self-possessed in society, able t0 6peak
and act and move in the world without
awkwardness, arid free from habits which
aro vulgar and in bad taste'. A gentle?
man is something beyond this; that which
lies at tho root of all his pleasiiig is the
same spirit which lies at tho root of every
Christian virtue. It is the thougbful de?
sire of doin^ in every instanco to others
as he would that others should do unto
him. He is constantly thinking, not in?
deed how he may give pleasure to others
for the mero sense of pleasing, but how
he can show respect to others?how ho
may avoid hurting their feelings. When
he is in society, he scrupulously ascertains
the position and relations of every one
with whom he comes in contact, that he
may give to each his duo honor, his prop?
er position. He studies how ho may
abstain from any allusions which may call
up a disagreeable or offensive association.
A gentleman never alludes to, never even
appeal's conscious of any person's defect,
bodily deformity, inferiority of talent, of
rank, of reputation in the person is whose
society ho is placed. He never assumes
any superiority to himself?never ridi?
cules, never sneers, never boasts, makes a
display of his own power, or rank, or ad?
vantages?such as is implied in ridicule,
or sarcasm, or abuse?as he never indulges
in habits, or tricks, or inclinations which
may bo offensive to others.
? "Put out your tongue a little fur*
ther," said a physician to a female patient:
"A little further, ma'am, if you pleasor?.
a little further still." ' Why, doctor, do,
you think there's uo end to a woman's.
' tongue?" cried the fair patient.

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