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.BT E. B. MUKKAT & CO. ANDERSON, S. C, THUKSDAY MOENING, AUGUST 12, 1880. VOLUME XVI.?NO. 5. THE AHMT AND THE LAW. Hancock's View of Duty In the flares-Til tleD Corrtest. New Yobx, July 31; Much bilk having been made over a letter written by ?reo3|tfenc Sherman in Decerftbe%A3rbf uben ?he whole country was convulsed by the riv? al claims of Hay es and TildeD to the Pres? idency. Gen. Hancock wrote to Gen. Sbjwp?iv;8od asked ithatcthe Irttefrbil given mm for publication." Gen. Sber majMna absent at the time on. r . trip to; the WW, buVas soon "?s he returned he sent a certified copy to Gen. Hancock, who furnished it to the Associated Press. This letter was written in reply to two letters on the situation received from Gen,. 8hennan: : ' -y4 ca bond el et postofpice. StE. louis,) December 28; 1876. " J - My Dear General: Your favor of the 4th instant reached me in New York on the 5th, the day before I left for the West. I intended to reply to it before leaving, but the' care's incident to departure in? terfered. Then again, since ray arrival, here, I ? have been so -occupied ? wif b- per1* sonal affairs of a business nature, that I have deferred writing from day to day edgemettf'ofTot ceived^,few.daj'a,sinae- -I have conclu? ded to^^vVhirc-bn We^9tfi(to-morrow eronin^)^^^i^rn^y^^ expected in ' It has been cold and dreary since my -^arrival hert.rJl-JBaircr worked "like]a I Tnrk" (I.p'resdme that'means.hard work) ! in the country in making fences, cutting down trees, repairing buddings, &c., &c, )f arty-'tbat I have j hintered in a temperate zone. I have wn St. Louis in December to have snial weather thr?ugbou't the month.' rhis December has been frigid and the river has been frozen more solid than I have ever known it. M f (lOOi v '' When I heard the jum?r that I was ordered to thd3&cImV6ca?t; I thought it" probably true. Considering the past dis? cussion on that subject possibilities seemH^>mTl(>-';pl)rnt*"that way. Had' it be<SQ,T4e IstjoJbld.pT coltrse.bave pre-: sented no complaint nor made resistance of any kind. I would have gone quickly j^flp^/PW?a^-'t?iiiTO promptly. I cer? tainly would have! been relieved fron the re^pomiibijity and- anexieties concerning Presidential matters which may fall to those near the throne or in authority withiq thejiestvfour- montbsi as .well as i from other incidenls or matters, which I could not control and action concerning which I might not approve. I was not exactly prepared to go to the Pacific, however,, and I therefore felt relieved when I received your note informing me that there "was no truth in the rumors, Thea I did not wish to appear tobe es? caping from responsibilities and possible dangers which may cluster around mili? tary commanders in the East, especially in the ritical period fast approaching. All's welUt^ebtit iwilU <"> K.' The whole matter of the Presidency seems to me to be simple and to admit of | a peaceful solution. The machinery for such a contingency *s ^threatens to- pre-, sent itself h^le^ ??cWully prepared: It only requires lubrication owing.to die-. v^^'lJieitr^ehc&af have nothing to dd ?mVA /Aff VtyftnttiOr jaaugysatiim of.Pxasi dente. The people elect the President, Cougjess declares in joint session . who be w J^e^f theiarflfy hajrdonlyto obey his mandates, and are protected in so doing only so far at t^/may^ lawful <Qur commissions express that. I,ik6ojli; OXX3 3 JEFFEiSOVsj WiVj OF INAUGURATION.. It suits our system. He rode alone on horseback to the Capitol.) I fear it was the "old capitol/') tied his horse to the rail fenco; entered and was sworn ; then rode to the executive mansion and took possession. He inaugurated himself sim ~ ply by taking the oath of office. There is no legal inauguration in our system. The people or politicians may institute parades in honor of the event, "and public j officials oiay add^-lW patreant - W'as-1 semblingtroops and banner*, but all that only comes properly after . uauguration, not before, and it is not a part of it. Our systen\dj?es not provide, that one Presi ? dent-shou 14 inaugurate) another. There might be danger in that, and it was stu d unity1 to fi'ou i of tlnrcharTe*f.1 *? ? - 1 ~*~ But ,vou arejjlaceji in an exceptional? ly in^o?ta?t^ofi66u in connection-'with com% 3&r&kh The ? Capital, is-?in" my jurisdiction also, but 1 am subordinate and not on the spot,- ami if I were.-, so also would be my superior tip author? ity for there is the' station of the general-in-chief. On the principle that a regularly elected President's term of j office expires with the 3rd of March, (of which "f have nottheslighest doubt,) and which the:laws bearing on the subject uniformity recognize, and m consideration of die possibility that the lawfully elected President may not appear until the 5th of March and a great deal of responsibil? ity may necessarily fall upon you, you hold over. You will have power and prestige to support you. Tbe secretary of war, too, probably holds orer, but if no President appears he may not be able to exercise functions in the name of Presi? dent, for his proper acts are those of a known superior, a lawful President. You acHm youi uwu resuoLUi.'ftitity-and by virtue,of commission only restricted by tbe &Q> |&tM*!#7 of mar is the mou^3r|?i)r?jR*Jftesidertt/ ;*Yo? are*) not. If neither candidate has a constitution? al majority, of the Electoral College, or . the) Senate and house 'on the occasion of the count, do not unite in declaring some person legally elected by tbe peo these is a lawful machinery^ already provided to meet that contingen? cy ana decide the question peacefully. It has not been recently used, no occa? sion presenting1 itself, but our forefathers provided it. It has | been exercised and lias been recognized and sub? mitted to as lawful on every hand. That machinery would probably elect Mr. Tilden President" and Mr. Wheeler Vice-President/ That would be right enough, for. the law provides that in the failure to elect duly by tbe people the Hou3e shall immediately elect the President and the Senate the Vice-Pres? ident. Some tribunal must decide whether the people b.ive duly elected a President. I presume, of course, that it is the joint affirmative action of the Senate and the House, or why are they present to witness the count if not to see that it is fair and just ? If a failure to ngree arises betweea two bodies there can be no lawful.affirmative decision that the people have elected a President, and the House must then proceed to act, not the Senate. The Senate elects Vice-Presi-1 dents, not Presidents. Doubtless in case of failure" by the House to'felecta Presi? dent by she 4th of March, the President of ibe S*'.nRte(if there be ohel would bo tbe legitimate person to exercise presi? dential authority for the time being, or until the appearance ofa lawful President, or for the time laid down in the Consti? tution. Such courses would be peaceful, i s . ' and I have a firm belief lawful, j I have no. doubt that * governor HAYES * WtJLD' make an excellent president. I have met him and know of him. For a brief neripd^he served-under my com ,mand ; hjit-as the matter stands I can't see any-likelih'ood of his*being duly de? clared elected by the people, unless the [ Senate and hous? come to be in accord as to that fact, and the house would of contaeJ hot .'Otherwise. isleciU hlufc- Olfcha't the people want is a peaceful de terra ina \ tipn of ithiBiiriitteiv' 'aar'?ur aadeterroina*' tion as possible, and a lawful one. No other determination couId stand the test, j The country, if not plunged" into revolu? tion, would become poorer day by day, business would;.Languish,..and our bonds would come home" to find' a depreciated market. . . . v . ,. ..;<?! ? : r Inasmrt in favor of the 1 ? military action in SQUTil carolina recently,~and if 'Gen. JRuger had telegraph? ed to me or asked for advice, I would Have advised: him not, under any~\drmiTn^afices, ^todffow himself of troops to determine who wejjejtJie lawful numbers of a State Lsgifila ture.lt- could 5ibt"have given liirn' better advice than to refer him the special mes? sage of the President in the case of Lou? isiana some time before. But in South_GMolina he bad the question set? tled "by a decision of the Supreme Court of the State, the highest tribunal which had acted on the question, so that his line of duty seemed- oven to- bo clearer than in -action -itrthe'Louisiaua case. If the Federal. Court had intfered and over? ruled the decision of the!StnteCourt there might ?ave ?been a do'ubtr certainly, but the Federal Court only interfered to com? plicate,, not to decide or overrule. A uy -??wit is noatusinc^'olTSbiiafmy toi#er upon such a question, arfd oven rf it might '?ft so in any -event, iPflfe'ctvil^autnority is supreme, as the Constitution declares .it to be, t,hfi South Carolina case was one in which the army had a plain duty. Had Gen. Buger asked me for advice, and if .I had given it, Lsbould oX course Vav* notified you of &y action immedi? ately, so that it could have been promptly overruled if it should have been deemed advisable by you or other superior in ^authority. t. , V 6eD< Buger did hot astr for my fid vice, and j inferred-from that and-other-facts that he did not desire it, or that being in direct communication with my milita? ry superiors at the seat of government, who were nearer to him in time and dis? tance that I was, he deemed it unnecessa? ry. As Gen. Buger had the ultimate responsibility of action, and bad really ?theJ^reater jda*iger; to4eohfront ^?"?the final action in the matter; I did not ven? ture to embarrass him by suggestions. He was a department commander and the lawful head of the military adminis t ration within the limits of the department. But besides, I knew that be bad been' called 'o Washington for consultation before taking command, and was probably aware of the views of the administration as to the civil affairs in his command. I knew that ho was in direct communi? cation with mr superiors in authority; in reference to 'delicate subjects 'presented for his consideration, or bad ideas of his own which be believed to be sufficiently in accord with the views of our common superiors to enable hipi to act intelligent? ly according to his'judgfnent, and with? out suggestions from those not on the spot and not as fully acquainted with 4iW-faeto*g"htBi6?lf. He durirod-twypto be free to act, as he had eventually the greater respainsibiBt^jMid so-the blatter was governed as? between himself and myself. As i. have been writing thus freely to you, I may still further unbosom myself .-by stating that ;I have>not thought it. ilfa^eul or #I8& "if0^*U8EtjiDEBAL troops iu such matters as have transpired east of the Mississippi within the last few months, save so far as they may be brought into action under the article of the constitution which contemplates meeting armed resistance or invasions of 4t State more powerful then the State au? thorities can subdue by ordinary process, and then only. when 1 requested- by tho ^legislature, or, if If could' riot* 66 con? vened in season, by the Governor. . And when the President of the United States intervenes in that manner, it isaStateof war, not peace. The army is laboring under disadvan? tages, _and has-been .used unlawfully, at. "times in flie Judgment ofTiie"people, (In mine certainly,) aod we have great dealofkindIy^e4i)igtwhi/?h theieoinrn?-, nityfat Karge OBCe^WforW. *ftMUrW to stop and unload." Officers iu com? mand of troops often.-fiud it difficult to act Tris&f and safely wlnin superiors in an?, thority have different views of law from theirs, und when legislation has sanc? tioned action seemingly in conflict with the fundamental law,-and they generally defer to the known judgment of their su? periors. Officers of the army1 are' so regarded in such great crises, and are held to such responsibility, especially those at or near the head of-it, .that it is necessary on such momentous occasions to dare to determine for themselves what is lawful and what is not lawful under our system, if the military authorities should be invoked, ss might possibly be the case in] such ex? ceptional times, when there existed such divergent views to the correct result. The army will suffer from its past action if it has acted wrongfully. Our , regular '?rmyhasPlrfylo liotd upon the- afiectiolte; of the people of to-day, and its superior officers should certainly, as fat as lies in their power, legally and with righteous intent aid to defend the right, which to us is the law, and the institutions which tbey represent. It is a well meaning in? stitution, and it would be well if it should have an opportunity to be recognized as a bulwark in support of the rights of the people and of the law. I am truly yours, Winfield S. Hancock. To Gen. W. T. Sherman, command? ing army of -the United States. ? Miss Oliver, of Waco, Texas, paint? ed a mythological picture and the Dr. Burleston in a sermon denounced it as indecent. Two hundred citizens of Waco have signed a document stating that the picture is all right, and another two hun? dred have requested Dr. Burleston to repeat the sermon. We suspect there are two hundred prurient prudes in Waco. Some over-good people in Balti? more objected to Thomas Winans' gar ded statutes. He built a $10,000 wall around them. ? Some remarkable long ranged shoot? ing has lately been done at Ilion, N. Y. The weapon tested was a Remington military rifle, (Spauish mode), using seventy five grains of powder, and 385 grains of lead ; the distance being 1,800 yards, or one mile and forty yards. To obtain this ranee, the rear sight was ele? vated three and one-quarter inches. As near as could be calculated, the bullets were in the air a little more than five ; seconds. At the distance named, they were shot through a dry two-inch Bpruce plank, and imbedded four inches in solid earth. Gen. Hancock and the Execution of Airs. Surratt. Mr. John T. Clampitt, counsel for Mrs. Surratt, has written a letter, which has been printed in a campaign biography of Gen. Hancock, just issued from the press, in which he exposes the litter absurdity of the Republican slander that Gen. Han? cock was in some way responsible for the execution of that cruelly ill-used woman. He shows, in the first place, that Gen. Hancock, as commandant at Washington, : was simply the medium of the order is? sued by President Johnson for the execu? tion of the findings of the Military Court j ' which condemned Mrs. Surratt and others to death. He had nothing whatever to' do with the military commission that! tried the prisoners, nor was he specially j charged with the execution of the sen tence. The order was simply transmit-1 ted-through him as corammander of a | military post to Gen. Hartranft, who was designated as tho special provost mar-1 shal to carry into effect the verdi&t of the court. Gen. Hancock's duty in the premises was purely ministerial and was ! discharged in the ordinary way. Mr. ! Clampitt testifies that Gen. Han cock was deeply moved in Mrs. Surratt's behalf and distressed on her account. The charge that he denied her tho con? solation.of a priest is pronounced to be malicious and utterly false, and Mr. j Clampitt declares that on the morning of j the execution both Fathers Walter and Wiget were in Mrs. Surratt's cell. As to the charge that Gen. Hancock refused to obey the writ of habeas corpus, Mr. Clampitt states wbat is already well known, viz., that execution of the writ was suspended by the order of President Johnson himself. He also avers that 'Gen. Hancock did all in his power to obtain pardon for Mrs. Surratt, and had couriers stationed at points from the White House to the Arsenal in order that if a pardon or respite should be issued it might reach its destination as soon as possible. In other words, not the slight? est share of the responsibility for the murder of Mrs. Surratt can be fastened upon Gen. Hancock. That responsibili? ty rests with the Republican party, which demanded of the authorities the life of a woman as an offering to the fury of an excited people, and, as Mr. Clam? pitt exclaims with just indignation, "the attempt of these politicians falsely and unjustly, to traduce Gen. Hancock for a ? responsibility he never had shows the '"utmost depravity of human nature.? While their own bands are reeking with the blood of an innocent woman, which they had demanded with fiendish malig? nity, they seek to defame, for base pur? poses, one of the bravest heroes of the war, by the attempts to falsely implicate him in the infamy of their own crime." Mr. Jno. P. Brophy, the president of the St. Louis College, who was a resi? dent of Washington at the time Presi? dent Lincoln was assassinated, gives the New York Herald a full account of his efforts to save Mrs. Surratt, in whose in? nocence he believed firmly. He says : "Of all those in authority to whom I appealed in behalf of an unfortunate woman who was an alien among her own people, torn from het home, stricken in her affections and blighted in fame and hope, from two men only did I experience kindness and consideration. Those two men, who were too chivalrous to persecute a defenceless female, too noble.to frown upon one responding to the voice of duty ?inher behalf, .were Gen. John F. Hart? ranft and Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock. [The three civilians seemed actually to thirst for her innocent blood. The two gal? lant soldiers, who had faced death on a hundred, battle-fields, scorned to have her blood upon their hands, and did what in them lay to save her from a felon's doom. I know whereof I speak, aud no man living has a better right to speak than I. "On Thursday, July 6, 1865, the peo? ple were startled by the official an? nouncement, over the President's signa? ture, that four of the prisoners, including Mrs; Mary E. Surratt, were to be banged on the following day, between the hours of 10 and 2 o'clock. That same day I received permisson for the first time to visit Mrs. Surratt. I went immediately to her cell in the penitentiary and found the Bev. Father Wiget, the president of .Gonzaga College, already there. Soon after her daughter and the Bev. Father Walter arrived. They had been to the White House in the hope of obtaining a reprieve, but, as I understand, were refused an audience by President John? son. We remained with Mrs. Surratt .for several hours, affording her such con >olatiou as we could. That night Father ?Walter nnd myself called upon Judge Holt, but our efforts proved fruitless.? On the morning of the'fatal day I went before a notary and made an affidavit of such facts as I .ioped would induce the President to grant a stay of proceed? ings in her case. This affidavit I bad forwarded to the President. I then rode in haste to the penitentiary, where I found Mrs. Surratt suffering inteuscly from cramps nnd congestive chills. At my request Gen. Hartranft wont to the prisoner Payne and held a conversation with him. So impressed was Gen. Hart? ranft with Payne's solemn declaration of his own guilt and protestations of Mrs. Surratt's innocence that he imme? diately wrote a letter to President Johnson, couched substantially, in these words: "The prisoner Payne has just told me that Mrs. Surratt is entirely in? nocent of the assassination of President Liacoln or of my knowledge thereof, lie also states that she had no knowl? edge whatever of the abduction plot, that nothing was ever said to her about it, and that her name was never mentioned by the parties connected therewith. At the close of tho letter Gen. Hartranft wrote these significant words: "I believe that Payne has told the truth in this matter." While writing, he ordered a pair of the fastest horses to be brought, and when he had finished writing and had signed his name and rank, he deliv? ered the letter to me and told me to go in all haste and place the letter in the President's hands, at the same time giv? ing instructions to the driver to be sub? ject to my orders. I told the driver the object of my mission, and he put the horses to their utmost speed. "Arrived at the White House, I crav? ed an andience with Mr. Johnson. It waB refused. I then sent Gen. Hart ranft'8 letter to the President and waited for an answer. No answer came.? While there I met Anna E. Surratt, who, in her repeated endeavors to see the President, had been rudely repulsed by Preston King and a nie of soldiery. Judge Charles Mason, of Iowa, with tears streaming down his checks, was there seeking in vain for an interview with the President, and endeavoring to assuage the grief of the heart-broken child. Mrs. Senator Douglass?looking more queenly than ever on her errand of mercy?came down the broad stairs of the White House. Despite the efforts of the guard and the protests of Preston King she forced her way into the Presi? dent's office and had begged for a few days' respite to allow the condemned woman time to prepare for death. Mr. Johnson refused. Coming to me in the East Room, where I was trying to com? fort Anna, Mrs. Douglass said: "Mr. Bropby, I have seen the President, but j there is no hope!" I said to her, "Mad ' am, has the President seen my . state j ment and the letter that I have just j brought from Gen. Harlranft?'* There I was not a moment to loose. Immediately j retracing her steps she again forced her j way into the presence of the President, i Again she pleaded with all the eloquence of a woman's heart stirred to its depth, but all in vain. Mr. Johnson said he had seen both papers, but there was nothing in them, and the woman must die. "Finding that no hope remained, I urged Anna to go to her mother while she was yet alive. We drove rapidly toward the penitentiary. On our way from the White House 1 noticed mount? ed soldiers at intervals along the route, but I did not know at that time for what purposes they had been so stationed.? When we arrived at the arsenal gate, an hour or so before the execution, we were refused admission by the soldiers on guard. In the excitement I had mis? laid my pass, and for a time it seemed as if mother and daughter were to be de f>rivcd of the mournful privilege of a ast farewell. Just then a carriage drove up and Gen. Hancock descended from it and came to the ambulance in which were Anna Surratt and myself, surround? ed by the guard. Ordering the guard away, the General spoke to Anna in a voice of subdued sadness told her that he feared there was no hope, as the higher authorities were inexorable, and urged her to brabe herself for tbe terri? ble ordeal. Coming around the ambu? lance to tbe seat I occupied, Gen. Han? cock said to me, in a low tone: "Mr. Brophy, I fear there is no hope, arid it would be cruel to hold out any hope to that poor child when there is none.? Still, I have stationed mounted men all along the line to the White House, with instructions to make nil possible baste in case the President should at the last mo men relent and grant a reprieve for Mrs. Surratt. If a reprieve be granted, it will probably be directed to me as the commander of the department, and I shall be on tbe spot till the last moment for the purpose of opening a reprieve should any be sent.' He then, in the kindliest manner, gavo me instructions to let Anna remain with her mother as long as prudence would permit, but upon no condition to allow her to witness her mother's execution, as the memory of tbe terrible scene would in after years be too horrible for her to contemplate. He then gave orders to the guard to let us pass, and be drove near us until we reached tbe penitentiary. "To describe the heartrending cveuts of that memorable day, the frantic part? ing of n.other and daughter, the solemn, protestations of innocence of that mother in the face of death upon the scaffold, her outpouring of gratitude to myself for tbe poor services I had tried to render, her 'only regret' at 'parting with poor Anna,' who would soou be alone in the cold, world! and above all, her most humble submission to the will of Almigh? ty God in that direful hour?to describe all these scenes is beyoud the power of my feeble pen, and beyond the object I have now in view. My object now is to add my testimony to that of others in vindi? cation of one who has been most unjustly assailed for alleged connection with this case of which no brave man could pos? sibly be guilty." Women in the Working World. ?I confess that I am not at all sure that if certain rosewood doors were flung wide open to certain of our working women that they would at all be inclined to enter. Still it would be hard to make any autocrat believe that, wouldn't it? To illustrate: I know a certain recog? nized leader of fashion and society, a cultivated, elegant woman, who can en? tertain a whole roomful of company, whose word and whose opinions are laws in the circle in which she moves. This lady will not only owe her milliner for six months at a time, will not only bar? gain and bargain with her seamstress and finally tell the overworked sewing wo? man to come again for one, two and three months at a time when she asks for mouey, will let them both see the hard, selfish, contemptible side of her nature, and which she keeps covered up from her own friends, but will further? more pass her debtors on her way to church with a haughty stare as if she saw them not. To be sure to the finer quality of women such snobbish treat? ment actB rather as a tonic, but to the timid, shrinking workiug girl, who has started out in the world full of pride at her importance as a broad winner and a helper, glad in a shy way of her high rank in nature's aristocracy, such a sneer comes like a ?t blanket. This last Spring a certain very nice club of young gentlemen proposed giving a reception to their young lady i'rieuds. A certain young gentlcmaa, whom I know, sent in the name of a very charming and lovely young lady for an invitation to the re? ception. Her name was refused, and the mortified applicant demanded tbe reason. The committee was very sorry, and, as far they were concerned, there was no reason at all; but the other young ladies, who were all high-toned, would be sure to object, because she worked in a store! And I do believe if those young lady guests had been told the estimation that was placed upon their idea of the nobility of work by the gentleman of the-club, that to tho last woman of them the lesson would have been one life-lasting in its value, and they each would have recognized their duties to each other as women, as perhaps they had never done before.?Catharine Cole in the New Orleans Times. Laughing Off a Duel.?"Speaking of the Cash-Shannon duel," said the Exchange fiend, putting his feet in the waste basket, "we need a few men like Judge Dooly. He laughed out of duels with an audacious wit that compelled even the admiration of his enemies. You remember he said, when they threatened that if he didn't fight his name would fill the columns of a news? paper, that he had rather fill ten news? papers than one coffin. Once he went on the field with a man who had St. Vitus' dance. His opponent was staud ing at his post, his whole frame jerking nervously from his malady. Dooly, in the soberest manner, left his post and, cutting a forked stick, stuck it in the ground in front of his opponent. '"What does this mean?' asked his opponent. "'Why,' says Dooly, 'I want you to rest your pistol in that fork so that you can steady your aim. If you shoot at me with that hand shaking so, you'll pepper me full of holes the first fire.' "Then there was a laugh all arouud and the duel was put off without a day." ?Atlanta Constitution. -4-?-a? No Good Preaching?No man can do a good job of woric, preach a good sermon, try a law suit well, doctor a pa? tient, or write a good article when he feels miserable and dull, with sluggish brain and unsteady nerves, and none should make the attempt in such a con? dition when it can be so easily and cheaply removed by a little Hop Bitters. See other column.?Albany Times. Bill Arp on tlio Crops. When a farmer has laid by his crop and the seasons have been kind and the corn and cotton look green and vigorous, and the sweet potato vines have covered the ground, what an innocent luxury it is to set in the piazzer in the shades of evening and with one's feet on the ban? nisters, contemplate the beauty and boun? ty of nature and the hopeful prospects of another year's support. It looks like that even an Ishmaelite might then feel calm'and serious, and if he is still un? grateful for his abundant blessings he is worse than a heathen, and ought to be run out of a Christian country with the Chinese plank in the democratic platform. Every year brings toil and trouble and apprehension, but there always comes along rest and pence and the ripe fruits of one's labors. In the journey of lifo the mountains loom up before us and they look high and steep and rugged, but somehow they always disappear just before we get to them and then we can look back and feel ashamed that we borrowed so much trou? ble and bad so much anxiety for nothing. What a great pile of miserable fears we build up every day, It's good for a man to ruminate over it and resolve to have more faith in providence, and I am ru? minating now. I was thinking about the crop that has been laid by and that brought to mine another crop that was pret? ty much done with and is able to take care of itself with a little watching. I mean the crop of children that for 30 years hns kept us a working and worrying by day and by night, in summer and winter, in peace and in war, but it's all over now thank the good Lord for His mercies. The last tender shoot is about laid by. No more nurseicg and toting around and warming the milk by the midnight lamp. No more baby songs or paregoric or teething or colic or catnip tea. No more washing tod dressing and undressing and putting to bed. No tip? toeing round the room when they arc asleep or playing horse and bear and mon? key when they are awake. Never again will there be two or three of em crawling all over a man or under his chair, or rid- J ing on his back or trotting on his weary knees as he sings the same old songs that he bas sung a thousand times before. Our last and youngest, bas passsed the rubicon. Bless her little heart, if it was all for my sake, I wish she would never grow any more or any older, for she is the comfort of my declining years. She can now wash and dress, anu undress, and say her own prayers and put her little self to bed. She can sing her own songs, and look at the picture books, und save us many a step, for she waits on us now like a fairy and fills the house with sun? light. The crop is laid by, thank good? ness and I wouldent undertake to make another for a house full of gold. . In the heyday of our youthful vigor a kind Providence enables us to bear up splen? didly under these sorts of burdens, but an old man can't?it wasn't intended?it's against the order of nature. Many a time have I watched the old blue hens that lays and sets and hatches her little brood, and works and watches for em a couple of months, and then lays by the crop and goes to laying again for another. We can't do that, and I don't want to, for I tell you I'm tired. If there's any peril in life that is like a lingering sui? cide, it is for an old widower who bas raised one crop to marry a young wife and go to cropping again. I don't think they will ever get to Heaven, for the Arabs say that Paradise wasn't made for fools. If ever I am a lone widower which the lord forbid, I'll flee from a marrying woman like I would from the wrath to come, for ray time is out. I've served my full term, and now that I am luxuri? ating in the long shadows, I don't wan't anybody but her to sing John Anderson my Joe to me. I've been try? ing to get her off to Catoosa for a week or so to recuperate her feelings and enjoy society. I offered to sell a ycarlin and raise a few dollars, but she is afraid that something might happen. Little Carl is ber idol and yesterday he was fooling around shutting up bumble bees in gimp son weed blossoms and got stung and his band and his arms are all swelled up and my wife, Mrs. Arp, she had read about a little bee sting killing a man and of course a big bee sting could kill a little boy all the easier. Then again the grapes arc ripe and the apples are green and the children hanker after em and might get sick, and there's some little clothes to make, and the winter socks arc to be knit and so on and so forth, and lastly but not 1 easily there seems to be some trouble about something to wear. When she puts on her best elotbes she always looks mighty pretty to me, but still I suppose I'm no judge of such thirds. I told her that every ulessed woman at Catoosa was exactly in the same fix. They had noth? ing to wear. But after all, that is a little pardonable weakness that we men have no right to complain of, for they are a heap better than we are wheth? er they have got anything to wear or not. We must all do the very best wo can to clothe em decently. When old mother Eve had to leave home she made the same complaint and father Adam did the best he could?he got her some fig leaves and a few straws and fixed her up. A farmer has got some leisure now to ruminate upon his State and his country. It's every patriot's duty to reflect upon political situation and prospect and get all the light he can. For several years we have been mostly concerned about our State?priziug her out of the mud. But now she is all safe and it's a fitting time for us to consider our national af? fairs. Our national politics is a big thing. It always was a big thing, but it seems to me now that the coming presidential con? test is bigger than it ever was before. I've been hoping for a change ever since the war, but it was a weak sort of a hope that was prepared in advance for a dis? appointment, but now I've got an abiding, consoling faith that the end of the lane is in sight?that we are bound to whip em, horse, foot and dragoons. My hopes arc so pregnant and exhilerating that I could hardly bear up under defeat. The calamity to the nation and to me would be awful. As one of the only two origi? nal Hancock men, maybe I take it to heart too much and feel more responsi? bility than I ought. Me and Mr. Ste? phens got on the same line together somehow and started the Hancock boom. We are the only two pure and unadulter? ated originals. Jim Waddel comes next. He was mighty close on behind. Wc three will live in history like them fellers who arrested Maj. Andre in the revolution. They saved the country and so will we. The democratic party took our advice and now, if it don't make any mistake or blunders, the country is safe. Another revolution is going on. Office suckers and office seekers are fleeing from the other side in gangs. I hear the flutter of their wings and their plaintive screech sounds like the wild geese flying south in the fall of the year. Its most aston? ishing how some men can diagnose and how .shifty they suddenly become. I hear men hollerin for Hancock now who have been side-wipin around Grant and Hayes and Sherman and company ever since the war. They are trying to imi? tate the regular democratic yell, and are i ready to swear they never was anything but a democrat. These office suckers and seekers are the best sort of diagno? sers. Its a good sign to see em slipping and sliding back to ranks. Crop Prospects. The Register publishes tho following condensations of reports for July to the Commissioner of Agriculture of this State: CORN. I The seasons for July in most of the counties have been favorable to late planted corn. The rains, however, came almost too late to benefit the early plan? ted, and in some of the counties the rains were partial, so that the average condi? tion in the middle and southern counties is not reported so good ns in June while in Northern Carolina it is somewhat better. The highest estimate is from Clarendon, where it is rated at 75, or one-fouth above an average crop, and the lowest in Fairfield?our authority there reporting the condition at 35, or a fraction more than one-third of an aver? age. It is safe to say that, unless we have very unfavorable seasons for the next few weeks, at least three-fourths of an average crop will be gathered. Tho con? dition for the Northern counties is 81, Middle 70 and Southern 74. COTTON. The July reports on the crop give a better average than for June. The weath? er has been propitious and it is now rated above an average for the entire State. Rust has made its appearance in some localities, but no injury has yet been done; the weed is strong and healthy and the plant well fruited. The outlook at this time for a full crop is very prom? ising; a short time now will determine what damage, if any, will be done by rust and the caterpillars. Our correspon? dents write encouragingly and express very little fean of the crop being serious? ly detrimented. The condition in North? ern Carolina is 103, Middle Carolina 100, and Southern Carolina 103. The highest estimates are from the Counties of New berry and Clarendon, where it is reported at 125, and the lowest 75, in the County of Lexington. TOBACCO. Very little tobacco is cultivated in the State for tho market; it is raised princi? pally for homo consumption. The con? dition for Northern Carolina is 100; Middle Carolina 64 ; and Southern Caro? lina 50. RICE Is reported in several counties a* excep? tionally fine, but in others sufficient rain has not fallen to bring the crop up to an average. This is particularly the case in Colleton County, where the water courses have not been fil led on the Ashepoo and Combahee River;}; the crops low down on the rivers suffered serious injury from the June drought, while higher up it is in much better condition. It is reported in this county at 50; in Northern Car? olina the condition is 75 ; in Middle Carolina 88, and in Southern Carolina 82. PEASE. Owing to the dry weather of June the growth of peas has been retarded, and in some counties tbey were not planted until later than usual, and it is, therefore, too early to make even an approximate) estimate. Good seasons from this time forward will give an average yield, although it is now reported at less than an average condition. SORGHUM. The reports show a slight falling off from Juno. The estimate for the whole State was given at 100. It is now repor? ted in Northern Carolina at 83, Middle Carolina 82 and Southern Carolina 92. FRUIT. Our people are now devoting more at? tention to fruit culture than ever before. Fruits of all kinds can be grown with little expense and trouble, and it will, in the future, become a source of large revenue. The yield was better than was anticipated in June, the returns for July showing an increase of 25 per cent., and probably three-fourths of a crop is not too high an estimate. THE OUTLOOK for our farmers is now very encouraging. With favoraba seasons a fine crop of cot? ton will be made. Probably corn suffi? cient for home consumption, with a sur? plus for market, will bo gathered. The usually large production of oats will be of great benefit in reducing farm expen? ses. The other crops are in finir condi? tion, and, with no unusual disaster, our planters will be in better condition finan? cially to begin the new year than for some t:me past. Enten by Mountain Lions. A most horrible and ghastly illustra? tion of the experience of man in his assid? uous pusuit after wealth is that which was given to the reporter yesterday morn? ing by a party of prospectors who bad just returned from the Gunnison district and who* are now encamped on the Ar? kansas river. The following narration will be valuable to those contemplating a visit to those regions and will serve to admonish them in a way that they will fortify themselves not only against one predicament but against a multiplicity that might arise. On or about the 1st of July two prospectors completed their out? fit at Pitkin and departed in search of pay dust and saleable holes. They trav? eled on for some days and stopped only for a few hours now and then to examine the deceptive rocks that rose before them on both sides. They at last reaced a small valley in the mountains and were passing through it, when suddenly a number of mountain lions made their appearance and started immediately for their prey. One of the men made an effort to repel the attack from the hide? ous beast, while tbe other sought protec* tection in his legs, and running to a pro? jecting rock on the mountain side was enabled to see the terrible encounter between his comrade and the lions. There they were in bloody battle, while the shining claws of the beasts were seen to combine and strip tbe flesh from the man who was battling with the stock of his gun. The coward, who unfortunately lived to tell his story, says that suddenly the prospector was on tho ground and that his enraged adversaries wer Jc vouring him. Thinking that poss.jly one man would not appease their appe? tites, the looker-on thought it about time to leave, and so hastened away. He was now without any weapon against the invasion of hunger or tbe chill mountain weather, and his only recourse from in? evitable death was to reach a camp. To return through the valley he dared not, and by making a circuitous route he trus? ted that he would strike the trail. It was almost dark and a slight rain began to fall. Hestarted on, however, and wanted to reach the trail before night was there to lead him astray with her myriads of star lights. This was when he commit? ted his error, for he wandered from the right direction, and wearied and discour? aged he sat dovvu and built a fire. The light came to succor him, but now bun ger advanced, and aoon visions of a com? fortable cabin and plenty of food danced before him, as if gloating upon his misery. He did not succeed in finding the trail that day, and when nightfall came he ate a few pine bum and laid down ex? posed to the elements again. This con? tinued for eight days and nights, and at last be accidentally discovered a trail. He reached this, and when he should have been overjoyed at his prospects all hope seemed to desert him and be laid down not caring what came. He re? mained there some hours, probably, when a party of prospectors came along and ' found him almost unconscious. They administered a little brandy and succeeded in reviving him. A meal was prepared, but his stomach refused to retain it. Ho was taken up and strapped upon a horse being unable to keep his seat without it, and 'he narrow condition of the trail pre? venting them from riding beside and supporting him. The reporter's inform? ants met the party with the man shortly j afterward, and halting tbem elicited the i above, but neglected to ascertain the names of the unfortunate prospectors. The man I with his days of starvation was almost ! reduced to nothingness, while his fissured I lips and cheek-bones that appealed for aid presented a revolting picture. The man will, no doubt, follow his friend into eter? nity, but in a way not so tragic and hor? rible. ? The colored Hancock and English club iu Montgomery, Alabama, numbers GOO members, and is still increasing. ? The Democratic and Republican candidates for governor have arranged for a joint discussion of the polical is? sues of the campaign nt various places in North Carolina. ? The New York Times thinks that '?'Major-Gen. Bunsby Hancock should evidently be the title of the Cincinnati nominee." This is the kind of talk that helps the Democratic candidate. ? There is a rumor (hat Gen. Butler will not run for Governor of Massachu? setts on the Democratic ticket because he is not willing to endanger the success of Col. French an the Democratic candi? date for Congress in the Eighth District of that State. ? A meeting of four hundred repre? sentatives of the French colony in New York was held on Wednesday evening, at which a Hancock and English Club was organized. Two thousand dollars were immediately subscribed for cam? paign purposes. ? The Republican organs continue to report "enthusiastic Republican meet? ings" in the Southern States, forgetting that they have told their readers every day; for years that no Republican is "allowed free speech or any rights what? ever" in the South. ? Gen. W. J. Smith, Republican, ad? vised the negroes at Capleville, Tenn., in a public speech last week "to quit spend? ing their money for whiskey, tobacco, cigars and gew gaws, but to save it and bug powder, shot, guns and pistols with which to defend themselves in this election." ? The Greenback party in Connecti? cut is tumbling to pieces. It is believed their vote 5 ill be reduced to a few hun? dred from 8,314 in 1878. Gen. Weaver is going to stump the State to see if he cannot recall the disaffected. The State organ of the party has declared for Han? cock. ? The Boston Post puts it thus: The Now York Times is terribly shocked at finding in an obscure South ^ rolina paper this paragraph: "We do advocate the full use of such means is we can use lawfully. We mean that the white skinned man who joins the party of cor? ruption should be a social leper, shunned, despised and hated." Only a few months ago a United States Senator stood up in a public hall in Bangor, and, in refer? ence to Democrats, used language so nearly like the above th . the Carolina paper seems guilty of plagiarism. ? The New York Herald says of Han? cock's letter to Sherman: "Gen. Han? cock's friends well may invoke public judgment whether it does not prove him knows nothing outside of the routine of military command and obedience? whether, indeed, it does not prove him to have been a conservative, high-mind? ed, cool-beaded, law-abiding citizen in one of the most perilous periods through which the Republic ever has passed. It is a letter which displays something more than common sense. It testifies to the possession of qualifications of statesman? ship much more sati&factorily than the letter of acceptance of the Cincinnati nomination. There is a ring in some of its passages which sounds like an echo of the spirit of the great constitutional era of the Republic, the era of Washing? ton and Jefferson. All of Gen. Han? cock's published papers so far?and this especially?show that whatever may be his deficiencies, there is no tendency to deraagogism in his disposition, but that he is a sincere and patriotic and straight? forward man, aud if this favorable im? pression coutinues unabated till Novem? ber he certainly will have a good chance of success on election day." ? A gentleman in Raleigh, North Carolina, vouches for the truth of the following statements. They illustrate Gen. Hancocl j kindly nature during the war: "Among the Democrats of the old North State thore is a hearty enthu? siasm for Hancock and English. Gen. Hancock has always been popular with the soldiers of this State, who were near? ly all in the army of Northern Virginia. They recognized him as their most dreaded opponent on the battle-field, and the kindest when the fortunes of war placed them in his hands. Many stories are told of his attention to prisoners and care of the wounded. At the battle of Williamsburg Capt. Henry Mullins, of the Fifth North Carolina Infantry, com? manded by Col. D. K. McRae, fell mor? tally wounded. Gen. Hancock found him on the field, aud tenderly asked the dying youth, for he was only a boy, if there was anything he could do for him. 'Write to my mother,' said he, 'that I died like a soldier.' This the General promptly did. He wrote to the young man's mother, informing her of her son's death, with such praise of his courage and words of sympathy as were best cal? culated to soothe her affliction. That letter he sent to Col. McRae under a flag of truce. It is just such deeds as this that help to alleviate the horrors of war. Gen. George H. Stewart was a West Point classmate of Hancock's, and it seems there was some feud between them. At Spottsylvania, on May 12,1864, Han? cock ran his corps over a part of the Confederate lines within the famous 'Horseshoe,' capturing an entire division. Among the prisoners was Stewart. The General was in a great rage over his cap? ture. He was carried before Hancock, who cordially offered his hand, with the words: 'How are you, Stewart?' The latter drew haughtily back and said : 'I am Gen. Stewart, of the Confederate army, and your prisoner, and under the circumstances I decline to reeeive your hand.' 'And under any other circum? stances, General, I would not have offered it,' said Hancock quickly. Struck wtih the retort, and feeling ashamed of himself, Stewart made the necessary amends, and they were reconciled." Political Notes. more than a mere General UTews Summary. ? There are 2,372 whiskey dealers in Georgia. i ? The Alabama election, August 2, resulted in a Democratic success through? out the State. ? The Greenbrier White Sulphur Liv every Stables were burned August 1, with 44 horses. ? The census office says that the total population of the United States will be a little over 49,000,000. ? Counterfeit trade dollars of date 1880 are circulating. The government has issued no trade dollars this year. ? The census indicates an increase in population in Missouri of 30 per cent, in 10 years. The population is over 2,000, 000. ? The People's Labor Convention have nominated, or rather endorsed the nomination of, Gen. Garfield for the Presidency. ? Vegetables are so scarce in parts of Virginia that Quantities are purchased at Petersburg and sent thirty and forty miles into the country. ? A Mr. Branscom, of Florida, has been overtaken by a detective in New York with nearly a million forged secu? rities of the city of Jacksonville, Fin. ? Dr. Deems has added $200 to the "Deems Fund" of the University qi North Carolina, to be loaned to indigent students attending that institution. ?More than 300,000 acres of land along the Air Line Eailroad in Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina have been registered for sale at low stationary fig? ures for the next two years. ? A government officer has discovered an immense bed of phosphate rock near one of the sounds on the North Carolina coast. A specimen has been forwarded to Prof. Kerr at Chapel Hill for analy? sis. ? The first cotton factory in the South was built on Mill Branch in Lincoln County, in the year 1815, by Michael Schenck, grandfather of Judge David Schenck, of Lincoln ton, N. C, and of Mrs. Dr. Lander, of Williamston, in this State. ? Mr. Francis Fontaine, the Immi? gration Commissioner for Georgia, is doing excellent work in overcoming the prejudices of immigrants against the South. Last week he brought nearly 100 Germans to Cedartown, where they will be employed by the Cherokee Iron Works. ? The Irish famine crisis is believed to be past. The growing crops are doing well, and the potato crop is ripe. The contributions are said now to be suffi? cient to tide the people over to better times. The British. Parliament should do the rest by appropriate legislation for ^reland. ? The most remarkable result of the census brought to light so far is, that in a number of places spread over what is usually considered the West, from the western boundary of Pennsylvania to the Mississippi river and from the Ohio river to the Lakes, the population has decreased since 1870. ? The Danville (Va.) Post quotes Bishop Penick as saying, in a lecture in that city recently, that only a few of the colored emigrants from America to Afri? ca had succeeded, and that the large majority, probably nine-tenths, of the others, would gladly return, provided they were offeree! the same inducements for returning as were made for their go? ing. ? The largest botanical depot in tho world is said to be at Statesville, N. C, where the firm which controls it has now in stock 1,700 varieties of roots, herbs, bark, seeds, flowers and mosses, and all sorts of plants for herbariums, in quanti? ties of from 50 to 35,000 pounds of each kind. They pay the collectors, who are mainly Cherok'ees, either in cash or goods, and last year disposed in this way of $400,000 worth of merchandise, ship? ping 1,800,000 pounds of roots and "herbs." ? There are two plantation proprie? tors in Louisiana whose landed posses? sions rival those of the proudest estates of the English nobility, and many Ger? man princes have fewer subjects than they have employees on their pay rolls. Colonel Edward Richard owns 5,000 acres of cotton plantations, widely scat . tered, but all managnd under his super? vision. The other proprietor is John Burnside, who has eight extensive sugar plantations and 3,387 acres of cano in the ground. His last crop produced 6,084,000 pounds of sugar and 7,260 bar? rels of molasses, from which $565,000 must have been realized. ? A party of white men in Clayton County, Ga., committed a horrible and unpiovoked murder of a young negro woman, and wantonly beat and injured an old negro and his wife last week.? The facts seem to be about these, as gathered from one of the party (Cook) who turned State's evidence, but after? wards retracted: The party bad been to a dance, and when ready to go home some one suggested that they go by the old negro's house, and give him a good thrashing. Cook denied that there was any intention to kill any one, but says that the negroes fired on the party when it approached, and they returned the fire, killing the young woman and wounding the old man. ? Mr. Russell, General Hancock's brother-in-law, states that when old Aunt Betsy, a colored servant in his family at St. Louis, was informed that General Hancock had been nominated, she responded: "For gracious! I am ober rejoiced to hear it. What church is lie going to join?" Sho thought nomination meant conversion. Another colored servant gave a different meaning to the word. Her main thought was for Ann Lee,, the old colored woman in the General's'household, where she has been for a great many years : "The General, I suppose, couldn't help it," said this other servant. "I reckon now he'll have to give up housekeeping and go to boarding, but what then will become of poor Ann Lee?" ? Commissioner Raum, of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, submitted a report to the Secretary of the Treasury August 4, showing that during th-1 past fiscal year $125,981,916.10 of internal Revenue taxes had been collected and that the entire sum bad been paid into the Treas? ury. During the past four fiscal years the total amount of taxes received by tho Internal Revenue Collectors was $467, 080,885.10 and the entire sum has been paid into the Treasury. The cost of collection has been about 3 per cent.? The great bulk of taxes were paid promptly, with few penalties and without litigation. Frauds in most of the Dis? tricts have been reduced to a minimum. During the past four years a welt sus? tained effort has been made to suppress the illicit manufacture and sale of whis? ky and tobacco in a number of districts in the Southern States where, for many years, these practices had been rife.? During that period 3,874 illicit stills have been seized, 7,078 persons arrested for illicit distilling 25 officers and em? ployees have been killed and 55 wounded while enforcing the laws. Frauds upon the revenue have been greatly reduced and violent resistance in the law has practically ceased in all of these districts, except the second District of Georgia.