OCR Interpretation


The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 12, 1880, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1880-08-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

? .VU* Mi It .
.BT E. B. MUKKAT & CO.
ANDERSON, S. C, THUKSDAY MOENING, AUGUST 12, 1880.
VOLUME XVI.?NO. 5.
THE AHMT AND THE LAW.
Hancock's View of Duty In the flares-Til
tleD Corrtest.
New Yobx, July 31;
Much bilk having been made over a
letter written by ?reo3|tfenc
Sherman in Decerftbe%A3rbf uben ?he
whole country was convulsed by the riv?
al claims of Hay es and TildeD to the Pres?
idency. Gen. Hancock wrote to Gen.
Sbjwp?iv;8od asked ithatcthe Irttefrbil
given mm for publication." Gen. Sber
majMna absent at the time on. r . trip to;
the WW, buVas soon "?s he returned he
sent a certified copy to Gen. Hancock,
who furnished it to the Associated Press.
This letter was written in reply to two
letters on the situation received from Gen,.
8hennan: : ' -y4
ca bond el et postofpice. StE. louis,)
December 28; 1876. " J -
My Dear General: Your favor of the
4th instant reached me in New York on
the 5th, the day before I left for the West.
I intended to reply to it before leaving,
but the' care's incident to departure in?
terfered. Then again, since ray arrival,
here, I ? have been so -occupied ? wif b- per1*
sonal affairs of a business nature, that I
have deferred writing from day to day
edgemettf'ofTot
ceived^,few.daj'a,sinae- -I have conclu?
ded to^^vVhirc-bn We^9tfi(to-morrow
eronin^)^^^i^rn^y^^ expected in
' It has been cold and dreary since my
-^arrival hert.rJl-JBaircr worked "like]a I
Tnrk" (I.p'resdme that'means.hard work) !
in the country in making fences, cutting
down trees, repairing buddings, &c., &c,
)f arty-'tbat I have j
hintered in a temperate zone. I have
wn St. Louis in December to have
snial weather thr?ugbou't the month.'
rhis December has been frigid and the
river has been frozen more solid than I
have ever known it. M f (lOOi v ''
When I heard the jum?r that I was
ordered to thd3&cImV6ca?t; I thought it"
probably true. Considering the past dis?
cussion on that subject possibilities
seemH^>mTl(>-';pl)rnt*"that way. Had'
it be<SQ,T4e IstjoJbld.pT coltrse.bave pre-:
sented no complaint nor made resistance
of any kind. I would have gone quickly
j^flp^/PW?a^-'t?iiiTO promptly. I cer?
tainly would have! been relieved fron the
re^pomiibijity and- anexieties concerning
Presidential matters which may fall to
those near the throne or in authority
withiq thejiestvfour- montbsi as .well as i
from other incidenls or matters, which I
could not control and action concerning
which I might not approve. I was not
exactly prepared to go to the Pacific,
however,, and I therefore felt relieved
when I received your note informing me
that there "was no truth in the rumors,
Thea I did not wish to appear tobe es?
caping from responsibilities and possible
dangers which may cluster around mili?
tary commanders in the East, especially
in the ritical period fast approaching.
All's welUt^ebtit iwilU <"> K.'
The whole matter of the Presidency
seems to me to be simple and to admit of |
a peaceful solution. The machinery for
such a contingency *s ^threatens to- pre-,
sent itself h^le^ ??cWully prepared:
It only requires lubrication owing.to die-.
v^^'lJieitr^ehc&af have nothing to dd
?mVA /Aff VtyftnttiOr jaaugysatiim of.Pxasi
dente. The people elect the President,
Cougjess declares in joint session . who be
w J^e^f theiarflfy hajrdonlyto obey his
mandates, and are protected in so doing
only so far at t^/may^ lawful <Qur
commissions express that.
I,ik6ojli; OXX3 3
JEFFEiSOVsj WiVj OF INAUGURATION..
It suits our system. He rode alone on
horseback to the Capitol.) I fear it was
the "old capitol/') tied his horse to the
rail fenco; entered and was sworn ; then
rode to the executive mansion and took
possession. He inaugurated himself sim
~ ply by taking the oath of office. There
is no legal inauguration in our system.
The people or politicians may institute
parades in honor of the event, "and public j
officials oiay add^-lW patreant - W'as-1
semblingtroops and banner*, but all that
only comes properly after . uauguration,
not before, and it is not a part of it. Our
systen\dj?es not provide, that one Presi ?
dent-shou 14 inaugurate) another. There
might be danger in that, and it was stu
d unity1 to fi'ou i of tlnrcharTe*f.1 *? ? - 1 ~*~
But ,vou arejjlaceji in an exceptional?
ly in^o?ta?t^ofi66u in connection-'with
com% 3&r&kh The ? Capital, is-?in" my
jurisdiction also, but 1 am subordinate
and not on the spot,- ami if I were.-, so
also would be my superior tip author?
ity for there is the' station of the
general-in-chief. On the principle that
a regularly elected President's term of j
office expires with the 3rd of March, (of
which "f have nottheslighest doubt,) and
which the:laws bearing on the subject
uniformity recognize, and m consideration
of die possibility that the lawfully elected
President may not appear until the 5th
of March and a great deal of responsibil?
ity may necessarily fall upon you, you
hold over. You will have power and
prestige to support you. Tbe secretary
of war, too, probably holds orer, but if no
President appears he may not be able to
exercise functions in the name of Presi?
dent, for his proper acts are those of a
known superior, a lawful President. You
acHm youi uwu resuoLUi.'ftitity-and by
virtue,of commission only restricted by
tbe &Q> |&tM*!#7 of mar is the
mou^3r|?i)r?jR*Jftesidertt/ ;*Yo? are*)
not.
If neither candidate has a constitution?
al majority, of the Electoral College, or
. the) Senate and house 'on the occasion
of the count, do not unite in declaring
some person legally elected by tbe peo
these is a lawful machinery^
already provided to meet that contingen?
cy ana decide the question peacefully.
It has not been recently used, no occa?
sion presenting1 itself, but our forefathers
provided it. It has | been exercised
and lias been recognized and sub?
mitted to as lawful on every hand.
That machinery would probably
elect Mr. Tilden President" and Mr.
Wheeler Vice-President/ That would be
right enough, for. the law provides that
in the failure to elect duly by tbe people
the Hou3e shall immediately elect the
President and the Senate the Vice-Pres?
ident. Some tribunal must decide
whether the people b.ive duly elected a
President. I presume, of course, that
it is the joint affirmative action of the
Senate and the House, or why are they
present to witness the count if not to see
that it is fair and just ? If a failure to
ngree arises betweea two bodies there can
be no lawful.affirmative decision that the
people have elected a President, and the
House must then proceed to act, not the
Senate. The Senate elects Vice-Presi-1
dents, not Presidents. Doubtless in case
of failure" by the House to'felecta Presi?
dent by she 4th of March, the President
of ibe S*'.nRte(if there be ohel would bo
tbe legitimate person to exercise presi?
dential authority for the time being, or
until the appearance ofa lawful President,
or for the time laid down in the Consti?
tution. Such courses would be peaceful,
i s . '
and I have a firm belief lawful,
j I have no. doubt that *
governor HAYES * WtJLD' make an
excellent president.
I have met him and know of him. For
a brief neripd^he served-under my com
,mand ; hjit-as the matter stands I can't
see any-likelih'ood of his*being duly de?
clared elected by the people, unless the
[ Senate and hous? come to be in accord
as to that fact, and the house would of
contaeJ hot .'Otherwise. isleciU hlufc- Olfcha't
the people want is a peaceful de terra ina
\ tipn of ithiBiiriitteiv' 'aar'?ur aadeterroina*'
tion as possible, and a lawful one. No
other determination couId stand the test, j
The country, if not plunged" into revolu?
tion, would become poorer day by day,
business would;.Languish,..and our bonds
would come home" to find' a depreciated
market. . . . v . ,. ..;<?! ?
: r Inasmrt in favor of the 1 ?
military action in SQUTil carolina
recently,~and if 'Gen. JRuger had telegraph?
ed to me or asked for advice, I would Have
advised: him not, under any~\drmiTn^afices,
^todffow himself of troops to determine who
wejjejtJie lawful numbers of a State Lsgifila
ture.lt- could 5ibt"have given liirn' better
advice than to refer him the special mes?
sage of the President in the case of Lou?
isiana some time before. But in
South_GMolina he bad the question set?
tled "by a decision of the Supreme Court
of the State, the highest tribunal which
had acted on the question, so that his
line of duty seemed- oven to- bo clearer
than in -action -itrthe'Louisiaua case. If
the Federal. Court had intfered and over?
ruled the decision of the!StnteCourt there
might ?ave ?been a do'ubtr certainly, but
the Federal Court only interfered to com?
plicate,, not to decide or overrule. A uy
-??wit is noatusinc^'olTSbiiafmy toi#er
upon such a question, arfd oven rf it might
'?ft so in any -event, iPflfe'ctvil^autnority
is supreme, as the Constitution declares
.it to be, t,hfi South Carolina case was one
in which the army had a plain duty.
Had Gen. Buger asked me for advice,
and if .I had given it, Lsbould oX course
Vav* notified you of &y action immedi?
ately, so that it could have been promptly
overruled if it should have been deemed
advisable by you or other superior in
^authority. t. ,
V 6eD< Buger did hot astr for my fid vice,
and j inferred-from that and-other-facts
that he did not desire it, or that being
in direct communication with my milita?
ry superiors at the seat of government,
who were nearer to him in time and dis?
tance that I was, he deemed it unnecessa?
ry. As Gen. Buger had the ultimate
responsibility of action, and bad really
?theJ^reater jda*iger; to4eohfront ^?"?the
final action in the matter; I did not ven?
ture to embarrass him by suggestions.
He was a department commander and
the lawful head of the military adminis
t ration within the limits of the department.
But besides, I knew that be bad been'
called 'o Washington for consultation
before taking command, and was probably
aware of the views of the administration
as to the civil affairs in his command.
I knew that ho was in direct communi?
cation with mr superiors in authority; in
reference to 'delicate subjects 'presented
for his consideration, or bad ideas of his
own which be believed to be sufficiently
in accord with the views of our common
superiors to enable hipi to act intelligent?
ly according to his'judgfnent, and with?
out suggestions from those not on the
spot and not as fully acquainted with
4iW-faeto*g"htBi6?lf. He durirod-twypto
be free to act, as he had eventually the
greater respainsibiBt^jMid so-the blatter
was governed as? between himself and
myself.
As i. have been writing thus freely to
you, I may still further unbosom myself
.-by stating that ;I have>not thought it.
ilfa^eul or #I8& "if0^*U8EtjiDEBAL
troops
iu such matters as have transpired east
of the Mississippi within the last few
months, save so far as they may be
brought into action under the article of
the constitution which contemplates
meeting armed resistance or invasions of
4t State more powerful then the State au?
thorities can subdue by ordinary process,
and then only. when 1 requested- by tho
^legislature, or, if If could' riot* 66 con?
vened in season, by the Governor. . And
when the President of the United States
intervenes in that manner, it isaStateof
war, not peace.
The army is laboring under disadvan?
tages, _and has-been .used unlawfully, at.
"times in flie Judgment ofTiie"people, (In
mine certainly,) aod we have great
dealofkindIy^e4i)igtwhi/?h theieoinrn?-,
nityfat Karge OBCe^WforW. *ftMUrW
to stop and unload." Officers iu com?
mand of troops often.-fiud it difficult to act
Tris&f and safely wlnin superiors in an?,
thority have different views of law from
theirs, und when legislation has sanc?
tioned action seemingly in conflict with
the fundamental law,-and they generally
defer to the known judgment of their su?
periors.
Officers of the army1 are' so regarded in
such great crises, and are held to such
responsibility, especially those at or near
the head of-it, .that it is necessary on
such momentous occasions
to dare to determine
for themselves what is lawful and what
is not lawful under our system, if the
military authorities should be invoked, ss
might possibly be the case in] such ex?
ceptional times, when there existed such
divergent views to the correct result.
The army will suffer from its past action
if it has acted wrongfully. Our , regular
'?rmyhasPlrfylo liotd upon the- afiectiolte;
of the people of to-day, and its superior
officers should certainly, as fat as lies in
their power, legally and with righteous
intent aid to defend the right, which to
us is the law, and the institutions which
tbey represent. It is a well meaning in?
stitution, and it would be well if it should
have an opportunity to be recognized as
a bulwark in support of the rights of the
people and of the law.
I am truly yours,
Winfield S. Hancock.
To Gen. W. T. Sherman, command?
ing army of -the United States.
? Miss Oliver, of Waco, Texas, paint?
ed a mythological picture and the Dr.
Burleston in a sermon denounced it as
indecent. Two hundred citizens of Waco
have signed a document stating that the
picture is all right, and another two hun?
dred have requested Dr. Burleston to
repeat the sermon. We suspect there
are two hundred prurient prudes in
Waco. Some over-good people in Balti?
more objected to Thomas Winans' gar
ded statutes. He built a $10,000 wall
around them.
? Some remarkable long ranged shoot?
ing has lately been done at Ilion, N. Y.
The weapon tested was a Remington
military rifle, (Spauish mode), using
seventy five grains of powder, and 385
grains of lead ; the distance being 1,800
yards, or one mile and forty yards. To
obtain this ranee, the rear sight was ele?
vated three and one-quarter inches. As
near as could be calculated, the bullets
were in the air a little more than five
; seconds. At the distance named, they
were shot through a dry two-inch Bpruce
plank, and imbedded four inches in solid
earth.
Gen. Hancock and the Execution of
Airs. Surratt.
Mr. John T. Clampitt, counsel for Mrs.
Surratt, has written a letter, which has
been printed in a campaign biography of
Gen. Hancock, just issued from the press,
in which he exposes the litter absurdity
of the Republican slander that Gen. Han?
cock was in some way responsible for the
execution of that cruelly ill-used woman.
He shows, in the first place, that Gen.
Hancock, as commandant at Washington,
: was simply the medium of the order is?
sued by President Johnson for the execu?
tion of the findings of the Military Court j
' which condemned Mrs. Surratt and others
to death. He had nothing whatever to'
do with the military commission that!
tried the prisoners, nor was he specially j
charged with the execution of the sen
tence. The order was simply transmit-1
ted-through him as corammander of a |
military post to Gen. Hartranft, who was
designated as tho special provost mar-1
shal to carry into effect the verdi&t of
the court. Gen. Hancock's duty in the
premises was purely ministerial and was !
discharged in the ordinary way. Mr. !
Clampitt testifies that Gen. Han
cock was deeply moved in Mrs. Surratt's
behalf and distressed on her account.
The charge that he denied her tho con?
solation.of a priest is pronounced to be
malicious and utterly false, and Mr. j
Clampitt declares that on the morning of j
the execution both Fathers Walter and
Wiget were in Mrs. Surratt's cell. As
to the charge that Gen. Hancock refused
to obey the writ of habeas corpus, Mr.
Clampitt states wbat is already well
known, viz., that execution of the writ
was suspended by the order of President
Johnson himself. He also avers that
'Gen. Hancock did all in his power to
obtain pardon for Mrs. Surratt, and had
couriers stationed at points from the
White House to the Arsenal in order that
if a pardon or respite should be issued it
might reach its destination as soon as
possible. In other words, not the slight?
est share of the responsibility for the
murder of Mrs. Surratt can be fastened
upon Gen. Hancock. That responsibili?
ty rests with the Republican party,
which demanded of the authorities the
life of a woman as an offering to the fury
of an excited people, and, as Mr. Clam?
pitt exclaims with just indignation, "the
attempt of these politicians falsely and
unjustly, to traduce Gen. Hancock for a
? responsibility he never had shows the
'"utmost depravity of human nature.?
While their own bands are reeking with
the blood of an innocent woman, which
they had demanded with fiendish malig?
nity, they seek to defame, for base pur?
poses, one of the bravest heroes of the
war, by the attempts to falsely implicate
him in the infamy of their own crime."
Mr. Jno. P. Brophy, the president of
the St. Louis College, who was a resi?
dent of Washington at the time Presi?
dent Lincoln was assassinated, gives the
New York Herald a full account of his
efforts to save Mrs. Surratt, in whose in?
nocence he believed firmly. He says :
"Of all those in authority to whom I
appealed in behalf of an unfortunate
woman who was an alien among her own
people, torn from het home, stricken in
her affections and blighted in fame and
hope, from two men only did I experience
kindness and consideration. Those two
men, who were too chivalrous to persecute
a defenceless female, too noble.to frown
upon one responding to the voice of duty
?inher behalf, .were Gen. John F. Hart?
ranft and Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock.
[The three civilians seemed actually to
thirst for her innocent blood. The two gal?
lant soldiers, who had faced death on a
hundred, battle-fields, scorned to have her
blood upon their hands, and did what in
them lay to save her from a felon's doom.
I know whereof I speak, aud no man
living has a better right to speak than I.
"On Thursday, July 6, 1865, the peo?
ple were startled by the official an?
nouncement, over the President's signa?
ture, that four of the prisoners, including
Mrs; Mary E. Surratt, were to be banged
on the following day, between the hours
of 10 and 2 o'clock. That same day I
received permisson for the first time to
visit Mrs. Surratt. I went immediately
to her cell in the penitentiary and found
the Bev. Father Wiget, the president of
.Gonzaga College, already there. Soon
after her daughter and the Bev. Father
Walter arrived. They had been to the
White House in the hope of obtaining
a reprieve, but, as I understand, were
refused an audience by President John?
son. We remained with Mrs. Surratt
.for several hours, affording her such con
>olatiou as we could. That night Father
?Walter nnd myself called upon Judge
Holt, but our efforts proved fruitless.?
On the morning of the'fatal day I went
before a notary and made an affidavit
of such facts as I .ioped would induce
the President to grant a stay of proceed?
ings in her case. This affidavit I bad
forwarded to the President. I then rode
in haste to the penitentiary, where I
found Mrs. Surratt suffering inteuscly
from cramps nnd congestive chills. At
my request Gen. Hartranft wont to the
prisoner Payne and held a conversation
with him. So impressed was Gen. Hart?
ranft with Payne's solemn declaration
of his own guilt and protestations of
Mrs. Surratt's innocence that he imme?
diately wrote a letter to President
Johnson, couched substantially, in these
words: "The prisoner Payne has just
told me that Mrs. Surratt is entirely in?
nocent of the assassination of President
Liacoln or of my knowledge thereof,
lie also states that she had no knowl?
edge whatever of the abduction plot, that
nothing was ever said to her about it,
and that her name was never mentioned
by the parties connected therewith. At
the close of tho letter Gen. Hartranft
wrote these significant words: "I believe
that Payne has told the truth in this
matter." While writing, he ordered a
pair of the fastest horses to be brought,
and when he had finished writing and
had signed his name and rank, he deliv?
ered the letter to me and told me to go
in all haste and place the letter in the
President's hands, at the same time giv?
ing instructions to the driver to be sub?
ject to my orders. I told the driver the
object of my mission, and he put the
horses to their utmost speed.
"Arrived at the White House, I crav?
ed an andience with Mr. Johnson. It
waB refused. I then sent Gen. Hart
ranft'8 letter to the President and waited
for an answer. No answer came.?
While there I met Anna E. Surratt, who,
in her repeated endeavors to see the
President, had been rudely repulsed by
Preston King and a nie of soldiery.
Judge Charles Mason, of Iowa, with
tears streaming down his checks, was
there seeking in vain for an interview
with the President, and endeavoring to
assuage the grief of the heart-broken
child. Mrs. Senator Douglass?looking
more queenly than ever on her errand of
mercy?came down the broad stairs of
the White House. Despite the efforts of
the guard and the protests of Preston
King she forced her way into the Presi?
dent's office and had begged for a few
days' respite to allow the condemned
woman time to prepare for death. Mr.
Johnson refused. Coming to me in the
East Room, where I was trying to com?
fort Anna, Mrs. Douglass said: "Mr.
Bropby, I have seen the President, but
j there is no hope!" I said to her, "Mad
' am, has the President seen my . state
j ment and the letter that I have just
j brought from Gen. Harlranft?'* There
I was not a moment to loose. Immediately
j retracing her steps she again forced her
j way into the presence of the President,
i Again she pleaded with all the eloquence
of a woman's heart stirred to its depth,
but all in vain. Mr. Johnson said he
had seen both papers, but there was
nothing in them, and the woman must
die.
"Finding that no hope remained, I
urged Anna to go to her mother while
she was yet alive. We drove rapidly
toward the penitentiary. On our way
from the White House 1 noticed mount?
ed soldiers at intervals along the route,
but I did not know at that time for what
purposes they had been so stationed.?
When we arrived at the arsenal gate, an
hour or so before the execution, we were
refused admission by the soldiers on
guard. In the excitement I had mis?
laid my pass, and for a time it seemed as
if mother and daughter were to be de
f>rivcd of the mournful privilege of a
ast farewell. Just then a carriage drove
up and Gen. Hancock descended from
it and came to the ambulance in which
were Anna Surratt and myself, surround?
ed by the guard. Ordering the guard
away, the General spoke to Anna in a
voice of subdued sadness told her that
he feared there was no hope, as the
higher authorities were inexorable, and
urged her to brabe herself for tbe terri?
ble ordeal. Coming around the ambu?
lance to tbe seat I occupied, Gen. Han?
cock said to me, in a low tone: "Mr.
Brophy, I fear there is no hope, arid it
would be cruel to hold out any hope to
that poor child when there is none.?
Still, I have stationed mounted men all
along the line to the White House, with
instructions to make nil possible baste in
case the President should at the last mo
men relent and grant a reprieve for
Mrs. Surratt. If a reprieve be granted,
it will probably be directed to me as the
commander of the department, and I
shall be on tbe spot till the last moment
for the purpose of opening a reprieve
should any be sent.' He then, in the
kindliest manner, gavo me instructions
to let Anna remain with her mother as
long as prudence would permit, but upon
no condition to allow her to witness her
mother's execution, as the memory of
tbe terrible scene would in after years be
too horrible for her to contemplate. He
then gave orders to the guard to let us
pass, and be drove near us until we
reached tbe penitentiary.
"To describe the heartrending cveuts
of that memorable day, the frantic part?
ing of n.other and daughter, the solemn,
protestations of innocence of that mother
in the face of death upon the scaffold,
her outpouring of gratitude to myself for
tbe poor services I had tried to render,
her 'only regret' at 'parting with poor
Anna,' who would soou be alone in the
cold, world! and above all, her most
humble submission to the will of Almigh?
ty God in that direful hour?to describe all
these scenes is beyoud the power of my
feeble pen, and beyond the object I have
now in view. My object now is to add
my testimony to that of others in vindi?
cation of one who has been most unjustly
assailed for alleged connection with this
case of which no brave man could pos?
sibly be guilty."
Women in the Working World.
?I confess that I am not at all sure that
if certain rosewood doors were flung wide
open to certain of our working women
that they would at all be inclined to
enter. Still it would be hard to make
any autocrat believe that, wouldn't it?
To illustrate: I know a certain recog?
nized leader of fashion and society, a
cultivated, elegant woman, who can en?
tertain a whole roomful of company,
whose word and whose opinions are laws
in the circle in which she moves. This
lady will not only owe her milliner for
six months at a time, will not only bar?
gain and bargain with her seamstress and
finally tell the overworked sewing wo?
man to come again for one, two and
three months at a time when she asks
for mouey, will let them both see the
hard, selfish, contemptible side of her
nature, and which she keeps covered up
from her own friends, but will further?
more pass her debtors on her way to
church with a haughty stare as if she
saw them not. To be sure to the finer
quality of women such snobbish treat?
ment actB rather as a tonic, but to the
timid, shrinking workiug girl, who has
started out in the world full of pride at
her importance as a broad winner and a
helper, glad in a shy way of her high
rank in nature's aristocracy, such a sneer
comes like a ?t blanket. This last
Spring a certain very nice club of young
gentlemen proposed giving a reception to
their young lady i'rieuds. A certain
young gentlcmaa, whom I know, sent in
the name of a very charming and lovely
young lady for an invitation to the re?
ception. Her name was refused, and
the mortified applicant demanded tbe
reason. The committee was very sorry,
and, as far they were concerned, there
was no reason at all; but the other young
ladies, who were all high-toned, would
be sure to object, because she worked in
a store! And I do believe if those young
lady guests had been told the estimation
that was placed upon their idea of the
nobility of work by the gentleman of
the-club, that to tho last woman of
them the lesson would have been one
life-lasting in its value, and they each
would have recognized their duties to
each other as women, as perhaps they
had never done before.?Catharine Cole
in the New Orleans Times.
Laughing Off a Duel.?"Speaking
of the Cash-Shannon duel," said the
Exchange fiend, putting his feet in the
waste basket, "we need a few men like
Judge Dooly. He laughed out of duels
with an audacious wit that compelled
even the admiration of his enemies.
You remember he said, when they
threatened that if he didn't fight his
name would fill the columns of a news?
paper, that he had rather fill ten news?
papers than one coffin. Once he went
on the field with a man who had St.
Vitus' dance. His opponent was staud
ing at his post, his whole frame jerking
nervously from his malady. Dooly, in
the soberest manner, left his post and,
cutting a forked stick, stuck it in the
ground in front of his opponent.
'"What does this mean?' asked his
opponent.
"'Why,' says Dooly, 'I want you to
rest your pistol in that fork so that you
can steady your aim. If you shoot at
me with that hand shaking so, you'll
pepper me full of holes the first fire.'
"Then there was a laugh all arouud
and the duel was put off without a day."
?Atlanta Constitution.
-4-?-a?
No Good Preaching?No man can
do a good job of woric, preach a good
sermon, try a law suit well, doctor a pa?
tient, or write a good article when he
feels miserable and dull, with sluggish
brain and unsteady nerves, and none
should make the attempt in such a con?
dition when it can be so easily and
cheaply removed by a little Hop Bitters.
See other column.?Albany Times.
Bill Arp on tlio Crops.
When a farmer has laid by his crop
and the seasons have been kind and the
corn and cotton look green and vigorous,
and the sweet potato vines have covered
the ground, what an innocent luxury it
is to set in the piazzer in the shades of
evening and with one's feet on the ban?
nisters, contemplate the beauty and boun?
ty of nature and the hopeful prospects of
another year's support. It looks like
that even an Ishmaelite might then feel
calm'and serious, and if he is still un?
grateful for his abundant blessings he is
worse than a heathen, and ought to be
run out of a Christian country with the
Chinese plank in the democratic platform.
Every year brings toil and trouble and
apprehension, but there always comes
along rest and pence and the ripe fruits
of one's labors.
In the journey of lifo the mountains
loom up before us and they look high
and steep and rugged, but somehow they
always disappear just before we get to
them and then we can look back and feel
ashamed that we borrowed so much trou?
ble and bad so much anxiety for nothing.
What a great pile of miserable fears we
build up every day, It's good for a man
to ruminate over it and resolve to have
more faith in providence, and I am ru?
minating now. I was thinking about the
crop that has been laid by and that brought
to mine another crop that was pret?
ty much done with and is able to
take care of itself with a little watching.
I mean the crop of children that for 30
years hns kept us a working and worrying
by day and by night, in summer and
winter, in peace and in war, but it's all
over now thank the good Lord for His
mercies. The last tender shoot is about
laid by. No more nurseicg and toting
around and warming the milk by the
midnight lamp. No more baby songs or
paregoric or teething or colic or catnip
tea. No more washing tod dressing and
undressing and putting to bed. No tip?
toeing round the room when they arc
asleep or playing horse and bear and mon?
key when they are awake. Never again
will there be two or three of em crawling
all over a man or under his chair, or rid- J
ing on his back or trotting on his weary
knees as he sings the same old songs that
he bas sung a thousand times before.
Our last and youngest, bas passsed the
rubicon. Bless her little heart, if it was
all for my sake, I wish she would never
grow any more or any older, for she is
the comfort of my declining years. She
can now wash and dress, anu undress, and
say her own prayers and put her little
self to bed. She can sing her own songs,
and look at the picture books, und save
us many a step, for she waits on us now
like a fairy and fills the house with sun?
light. The crop is laid by, thank good?
ness and I wouldent undertake to make
another for a house full of gold. . In the
heyday of our youthful vigor a kind
Providence enables us to bear up splen?
didly under these sorts of burdens, but an
old man can't?it wasn't intended?it's
against the order of nature. Many a
time have I watched the old blue hens
that lays and sets and hatches her little
brood, and works and watches for em a
couple of months, and then lays by the
crop and goes to laying again for another.
We can't do that, and I don't want to,
for I tell you I'm tired. If there's any
peril in life that is like a lingering sui?
cide, it is for an old widower who bas
raised one crop to marry a young wife
and go to cropping again. I don't think
they will ever get to Heaven, for the
Arabs say that Paradise wasn't made for
fools. If ever I am a lone widower which
the lord forbid, I'll flee from a marrying
woman like I would from the wrath to
come, for ray time is out. I've served
my full term, and now that I am luxuri?
ating in the long shadows, I don't
wan't anybody but her to sing John
Anderson my Joe to me. I've been try?
ing to get her off to Catoosa for a week
or so to recuperate her feelings and enjoy
society. I offered to sell a ycarlin and
raise a few dollars, but she is afraid that
something might happen. Little Carl is
ber idol and yesterday he was fooling
around shutting up bumble bees in gimp
son weed blossoms and got stung and his
band and his arms are all swelled up and
my wife, Mrs. Arp, she had read about a
little bee sting killing a man and of course
a big bee sting could kill a little boy all
the easier. Then again the grapes arc
ripe and the apples are green and the
children hanker after em and might get
sick, and there's some little clothes to
make, and the winter socks arc to be knit
and so on and so forth, and lastly but
not 1 easily there seems to be some trouble
about something to wear. When she puts
on her best elotbes she always looks
mighty pretty to me, but still I suppose
I'm no judge of such thirds. I told her
that every ulessed woman at Catoosa was
exactly in the same fix. They had noth?
ing to wear. But after all, that is a
little pardonable weakness that we
men have no right to complain of, for
they are a heap better than we are wheth?
er they have got anything to wear or not.
We must all do the very best wo can to
clothe em decently. When old mother
Eve had to leave home she made the
same complaint and father Adam did the
best he could?he got her some fig leaves
and a few straws and fixed her up.
A farmer has got some leisure now to
ruminate upon his State and his country.
It's every patriot's duty to reflect upon
political situation and prospect and get
all the light he can. For several years
we have been mostly concerned about
our State?priziug her out of the mud.
But now she is all safe and it's a fitting
time for us to consider our national af?
fairs.
Our national politics is a big thing. It
always was a big thing, but it seems to
me now that the coming presidential con?
test is bigger than it ever was before.
I've been hoping for a change ever since
the war, but it was a weak sort of a hope
that was prepared in advance for a dis?
appointment, but now I've got an abiding,
consoling faith that the end of the lane
is in sight?that we are bound to whip
em, horse, foot and dragoons. My hopes
arc so pregnant and exhilerating that I
could hardly bear up under defeat. The
calamity to the nation and to me would
be awful. As one of the only two origi?
nal Hancock men, maybe I take it to
heart too much and feel more responsi?
bility than I ought. Me and Mr. Ste?
phens got on the same line together
somehow and started the Hancock boom.
We are the only two pure and unadulter?
ated originals. Jim Waddel comes next.
He was mighty close on behind. Wc
three will live in history like them fellers
who arrested Maj. Andre in the revolution.
They saved the country and so will we.
The democratic party took our advice and
now, if it don't make any mistake or
blunders, the country is safe. Another
revolution is going on. Office suckers
and office seekers are fleeing from the
other side in gangs. I hear the flutter
of their wings and their plaintive screech
sounds like the wild geese flying south
in the fall of the year. Its most aston?
ishing how some men can diagnose and
how .shifty they suddenly become. I
hear men hollerin for Hancock now who
have been side-wipin around Grant and
Hayes and Sherman and company ever
since the war. They are trying to imi?
tate the regular democratic yell, and are
i
ready to swear they never was anything
but a democrat. These office suckers
and seekers are the best sort of diagno?
sers. Its a good sign to see em slipping
and sliding back to ranks.
Crop Prospects.
The Register publishes tho following
condensations of reports for July to the
Commissioner of Agriculture of this
State:
CORN.
I The seasons for July in most of the
counties have been favorable to late
planted corn. The rains, however, came
almost too late to benefit the early plan?
ted, and in some of the counties the rains
were partial, so that the average condi?
tion in the middle and southern counties
is not reported so good ns in June while
in Northern Carolina it is somewhat
better. The highest estimate is from
Clarendon, where it is rated at 75, or
one-fouth above an average crop, and
the lowest in Fairfield?our authority
there reporting the condition at 35, or a
fraction more than one-third of an aver?
age. It is safe to say that, unless we
have very unfavorable seasons for the
next few weeks, at least three-fourths of an
average crop will be gathered. Tho con?
dition for the Northern counties is 81,
Middle 70 and Southern 74.
COTTON.
The July reports on the crop give a
better average than for June. The weath?
er has been propitious and it is now rated
above an average for the entire State.
Rust has made its appearance in some
localities, but no injury has yet been
done; the weed is strong and healthy
and the plant well fruited. The outlook
at this time for a full crop is very prom?
ising; a short time now will determine
what damage, if any, will be done by
rust and the caterpillars. Our correspon?
dents write encouragingly and express
very little fean of the crop being serious?
ly detrimented. The condition in North?
ern Carolina is 103, Middle Carolina 100,
and Southern Carolina 103. The highest
estimates are from the Counties of New
berry and Clarendon, where it is reported
at 125, and the lowest 75, in the County
of Lexington.
TOBACCO.
Very little tobacco is cultivated in the
State for tho market; it is raised princi?
pally for homo consumption. The con?
dition for Northern Carolina is 100;
Middle Carolina 64 ; and Southern Caro?
lina 50.
RICE
Is reported in several counties a* excep?
tionally fine, but in others sufficient rain
has not fallen to bring the crop up to an
average. This is particularly the case in
Colleton County, where the water courses
have not been fil led on the Ashepoo and
Combahee River;}; the crops low down
on the rivers suffered serious injury from
the June drought, while higher up it is in
much better condition. It is reported
in this county at 50; in Northern Car?
olina the condition is 75 ; in Middle
Carolina 88, and in Southern Carolina
82.
PEASE.
Owing to the dry weather of June the
growth of peas has been retarded, and
in some counties tbey were not planted
until later than usual, and it is, therefore,
too early to make even an approximate)
estimate. Good seasons from this time
forward will give an average yield,
although it is now reported at less than
an average condition.
SORGHUM.
The reports show a slight falling off
from Juno. The estimate for the whole
State was given at 100. It is now repor?
ted in Northern Carolina at 83, Middle
Carolina 82 and Southern Carolina
92.
FRUIT.
Our people are now devoting more at?
tention to fruit culture than ever before.
Fruits of all kinds can be grown with
little expense and trouble, and it will,
in the future, become a source of large
revenue. The yield was better than was
anticipated in June, the returns for July
showing an increase of 25 per cent., and
probably three-fourths of a crop is not
too high an estimate.
THE OUTLOOK
for our farmers is now very encouraging.
With favoraba seasons a fine crop of cot?
ton will be made. Probably corn suffi?
cient for home consumption, with a sur?
plus for market, will bo gathered. The
usually large production of oats will be
of great benefit in reducing farm expen?
ses. The other crops are in finir condi?
tion, and, with no unusual disaster, our
planters will be in better condition finan?
cially to begin the new year than for
some t:me past.
Enten by Mountain Lions.
A most horrible and ghastly illustra?
tion of the experience of man in his assid?
uous pusuit after wealth is that which
was given to the reporter yesterday morn?
ing by a party of prospectors who bad
just returned from the Gunnison district
and who* are now encamped on the Ar?
kansas river. The following narration
will be valuable to those contemplating
a visit to those regions and will serve to
admonish them in a way that they will
fortify themselves not only against one
predicament but against a multiplicity
that might arise. On or about the 1st of
July two prospectors completed their out?
fit at Pitkin and departed in search of
pay dust and saleable holes. They trav?
eled on for some days and stopped only
for a few hours now and then to examine
the deceptive rocks that rose before them
on both sides. They at last reaced a
small valley in the mountains and were
passing through it, when suddenly a
number of mountain lions made their
appearance and started immediately for
their prey. One of the men made an
effort to repel the attack from the hide?
ous beast, while tbe other sought protec*
tection in his legs, and running to a pro?
jecting rock on the mountain side was
enabled to see the terrible encounter
between his comrade and the lions.
There they were in bloody battle, while
the shining claws of the beasts were seen
to combine and strip tbe flesh from the
man who was battling with the stock of
his gun. The coward, who unfortunately
lived to tell his story, says that suddenly
the prospector was on tho ground and
that his enraged adversaries wer Jc
vouring him. Thinking that poss.jly
one man would not appease their appe?
tites, the looker-on thought it about
time to leave, and so hastened away. He
was now without any weapon against the
invasion of hunger or tbe chill mountain
weather, and his only recourse from in?
evitable death was to reach a camp. To
return through the valley he dared not,
and by making a circuitous route he trus?
ted that he would strike the trail. It was
almost dark and a slight rain began to
fall. Hestarted on, however, and wanted
to reach the trail before night was there
to lead him astray with her myriads of
star lights. This was when he commit?
ted his error, for he wandered from the
right direction, and wearied and discour?
aged he sat dovvu and built a fire. The
light came to succor him, but now bun
ger advanced, and aoon visions of a com?
fortable cabin and plenty of food danced
before him, as if gloating upon his misery.
He did not succeed in finding the trail
that day, and when nightfall came he
ate a few pine bum and laid down ex?
posed to the elements again. This con?
tinued for eight days and nights, and at
last be accidentally discovered a trail.
He reached this, and when he should
have been overjoyed at his prospects all
hope seemed to desert him and be laid
down not caring what came. He re?
mained there some hours, probably, when
a party of prospectors came along and
' found him almost unconscious. They
administered a little brandy and succeeded
in reviving him. A meal was prepared,
but his stomach refused to retain it. Ho
was taken up and strapped upon a horse
being unable to keep his seat without it,
and 'he narrow condition of the trail pre?
venting them from riding beside and
supporting him. The reporter's inform?
ants met the party with the man shortly
j afterward, and halting tbem elicited the
i above, but neglected to ascertain the names
of the unfortunate prospectors. The man
I with his days of starvation was almost
! reduced to nothingness, while his fissured
I lips and cheek-bones that appealed for aid
presented a revolting picture. The man
will, no doubt, follow his friend into eter?
nity, but in a way not so tragic and hor?
rible.
? The colored Hancock and English
club iu Montgomery, Alabama, numbers
GOO members, and is still increasing.
? The Democratic and Republican
candidates for governor have arranged
for a joint discussion of the polical is?
sues of the campaign nt various places in
North Carolina.
? The New York Times thinks that
'?'Major-Gen. Bunsby Hancock should
evidently be the title of the Cincinnati
nominee." This is the kind of talk that
helps the Democratic candidate.
? There is a rumor (hat Gen. Butler
will not run for Governor of Massachu?
setts on the Democratic ticket because
he is not willing to endanger the success
of Col. French an the Democratic candi?
date for Congress in the Eighth District
of that State.
? A meeting of four hundred repre?
sentatives of the French colony in New
York was held on Wednesday evening,
at which a Hancock and English Club
was organized. Two thousand dollars
were immediately subscribed for cam?
paign purposes.
? The Republican organs continue to
report "enthusiastic Republican meet?
ings" in the Southern States, forgetting
that they have told their readers every
day; for years that no Republican is
"allowed free speech or any rights what?
ever" in the South.
? Gen. W. J. Smith, Republican, ad?
vised the negroes at Capleville, Tenn., in
a public speech last week "to quit spend?
ing their money for whiskey, tobacco,
cigars and gew gaws, but to save it and
bug powder, shot, guns and pistols with
which to defend themselves in this election."
? The Greenback party in Connecti?
cut is tumbling to pieces. It is believed
their vote 5 ill be reduced to a few hun?
dred from 8,314 in 1878. Gen. Weaver
is going to stump the State to see if he
cannot recall the disaffected. The State
organ of the party has declared for Han?
cock.
? The Boston Post puts it thus: The
Now York Times is terribly shocked at
finding in an obscure South ^ rolina
paper this paragraph: "We do advocate
the full use of such means is we can use
lawfully. We mean that the white
skinned man who joins the party of cor?
ruption should be a social leper, shunned,
despised and hated." Only a few months
ago a United States Senator stood up in
a public hall in Bangor, and, in refer?
ence to Democrats, used language so
nearly like the above th . the Carolina
paper seems guilty of plagiarism.
? The New York Herald says of Han?
cock's letter to Sherman: "Gen. Han?
cock's friends well may invoke public
judgment whether it does not prove him
knows nothing outside of the routine of
military command and obedience?
whether, indeed, it does not prove him
to have been a conservative, high-mind?
ed, cool-beaded, law-abiding citizen in
one of the most perilous periods through
which the Republic ever has passed. It
is a letter which displays something more
than common sense. It testifies to the
possession of qualifications of statesman?
ship much more sati&factorily than the
letter of acceptance of the Cincinnati
nomination. There is a ring in some of
its passages which sounds like an echo
of the spirit of the great constitutional
era of the Republic, the era of Washing?
ton and Jefferson. All of Gen. Han?
cock's published papers so far?and this
especially?show that whatever may be
his deficiencies, there is no tendency to
deraagogism in his disposition, but that
he is a sincere and patriotic and straight?
forward man, aud if this favorable im?
pression coutinues unabated till Novem?
ber he certainly will have a good chance
of success on election day."
? A gentleman in Raleigh, North
Carolina, vouches for the truth of the
following statements. They illustrate
Gen. Hancocl j kindly nature during
the war: "Among the Democrats of the
old North State thore is a hearty enthu?
siasm for Hancock and English. Gen.
Hancock has always been popular with
the soldiers of this State, who were near?
ly all in the army of Northern Virginia.
They recognized him as their most
dreaded opponent on the battle-field, and
the kindest when the fortunes of war
placed them in his hands. Many stories
are told of his attention to prisoners and
care of the wounded. At the battle of
Williamsburg Capt. Henry Mullins, of
the Fifth North Carolina Infantry, com?
manded by Col. D. K. McRae, fell mor?
tally wounded. Gen. Hancock found
him on the field, aud tenderly asked the
dying youth, for he was only a boy, if
there was anything he could do for him.
'Write to my mother,' said he, 'that I
died like a soldier.' This the General
promptly did. He wrote to the young
man's mother, informing her of her son's
death, with such praise of his courage
and words of sympathy as were best cal?
culated to soothe her affliction. That
letter he sent to Col. McRae under a flag
of truce. It is just such deeds as this
that help to alleviate the horrors of war.
Gen. George H. Stewart was a West
Point classmate of Hancock's, and it
seems there was some feud between them.
At Spottsylvania, on May 12,1864, Han?
cock ran his corps over a part of the
Confederate lines within the famous
'Horseshoe,' capturing an entire division.
Among the prisoners was Stewart. The
General was in a great rage over his cap?
ture. He was carried before Hancock,
who cordially offered his hand, with the
words: 'How are you, Stewart?' The
latter drew haughtily back and said : 'I
am Gen. Stewart, of the Confederate
army, and your prisoner, and under the
circumstances I decline to reeeive your
hand.' 'And under any other circum?
stances, General, I would not have
offered it,' said Hancock quickly. Struck
wtih the retort, and feeling ashamed of
himself, Stewart made the necessary
amends, and they were reconciled."
Political Notes.
more than a mere
General UTews Summary.
? There are 2,372 whiskey dealers in
Georgia.
i ? The Alabama election, August 2,
resulted in a Democratic success through?
out the State.
? The Greenbrier White Sulphur Liv
every Stables were burned August 1,
with 44 horses.
? The census office says that the total
population of the United States will be a
little over 49,000,000.
? Counterfeit trade dollars of date 1880
are circulating. The government has
issued no trade dollars this year.
? The census indicates an increase in
population in Missouri of 30 per cent, in
10 years. The population is over 2,000,
000.
? The People's Labor Convention
have nominated, or rather endorsed the
nomination of, Gen. Garfield for the
Presidency.
? Vegetables are so scarce in parts of
Virginia that Quantities are purchased at
Petersburg and sent thirty and forty
miles into the country.
? A Mr. Branscom, of Florida, has
been overtaken by a detective in New
York with nearly a million forged secu?
rities of the city of Jacksonville, Fin.
? Dr. Deems has added $200 to the
"Deems Fund" of the University qi
North Carolina, to be loaned to indigent
students attending that institution.
?More than 300,000 acres of land along
the Air Line Eailroad in Georgia, North
Carolina and South Carolina have been
registered for sale at low stationary fig?
ures for the next two years.
? A government officer has discovered
an immense bed of phosphate rock near
one of the sounds on the North Carolina
coast. A specimen has been forwarded
to Prof. Kerr at Chapel Hill for analy?
sis.
? The first cotton factory in the South
was built on Mill Branch in Lincoln
County, in the year 1815, by Michael
Schenck, grandfather of Judge David
Schenck, of Lincoln ton, N. C, and of
Mrs. Dr. Lander, of Williamston, in this
State.
? Mr. Francis Fontaine, the Immi?
gration Commissioner for Georgia, is
doing excellent work in overcoming the
prejudices of immigrants against the
South. Last week he brought nearly 100
Germans to Cedartown, where they will
be employed by the Cherokee Iron
Works.
? The Irish famine crisis is believed
to be past. The growing crops are doing
well, and the potato crop is ripe. The
contributions are said now to be suffi?
cient to tide the people over to better
times. The British. Parliament should
do the rest by appropriate legislation for
^reland.
? The most remarkable result of the
census brought to light so far is, that in a
number of places spread over what is
usually considered the West, from the
western boundary of Pennsylvania to the
Mississippi river and from the Ohio
river to the Lakes, the population has
decreased since 1870.
? The Danville (Va.) Post quotes
Bishop Penick as saying, in a lecture in
that city recently, that only a few of the
colored emigrants from America to Afri?
ca had succeeded, and that the large
majority, probably nine-tenths, of the
others, would gladly return, provided
they were offeree! the same inducements
for returning as were made for their go?
ing.
? The largest botanical depot in tho
world is said to be at Statesville, N. C,
where the firm which controls it has now
in stock 1,700 varieties of roots, herbs,
bark, seeds, flowers and mosses, and all
sorts of plants for herbariums, in quanti?
ties of from 50 to 35,000 pounds of each
kind. They pay the collectors, who are
mainly Cherok'ees, either in cash or
goods, and last year disposed in this way
of $400,000 worth of merchandise, ship?
ping 1,800,000 pounds of roots and
"herbs."
? There are two plantation proprie?
tors in Louisiana whose landed posses?
sions rival those of the proudest estates
of the English nobility, and many Ger?
man princes have fewer subjects than
they have employees on their pay rolls.
Colonel Edward Richard owns 5,000
acres of cotton plantations, widely scat
. tered, but all managnd under his super?
vision. The other proprietor is John
Burnside, who has eight extensive sugar
plantations and 3,387 acres of cano in
the ground. His last crop produced
6,084,000 pounds of sugar and 7,260 bar?
rels of molasses, from which $565,000
must have been realized.
? A party of white men in Clayton
County, Ga., committed a horrible and
unpiovoked murder of a young negro
woman, and wantonly beat and injured
an old negro and his wife last week.?
The facts seem to be about these, as
gathered from one of the party (Cook)
who turned State's evidence, but after?
wards retracted: The party bad been to
a dance, and when ready to go home
some one suggested that they go by the
old negro's house, and give him a good
thrashing. Cook denied that there was
any intention to kill any one, but says
that the negroes fired on the party when
it approached, and they returned the fire,
killing the young woman and wounding
the old man.
? Mr. Russell, General Hancock's
brother-in-law, states that when old
Aunt Betsy, a colored servant in his
family at St. Louis, was informed that
General Hancock had been nominated,
she responded: "For gracious! I am
ober rejoiced to hear it. What church
is lie going to join?" Sho thought
nomination meant conversion. Another
colored servant gave a different meaning
to the word. Her main thought was for
Ann Lee,, the old colored woman in the
General's'household, where she has been
for a great many years : "The General,
I suppose, couldn't help it," said this
other servant. "I reckon now he'll have
to give up housekeeping and go to
boarding, but what then will become of
poor Ann Lee?"
? Commissioner Raum, of the Bureau
of Internal Revenue, submitted a report
to the Secretary of the Treasury August
4, showing that during th-1 past fiscal
year $125,981,916.10 of internal Revenue
taxes had been collected and that the
entire sum bad been paid into the Treas?
ury. During the past four fiscal years
the total amount of taxes received by tho
Internal Revenue Collectors was $467,
080,885.10 and the entire sum has been
paid into the Treasury. The cost of
collection has been about 3 per cent.?
The great bulk of taxes were paid
promptly, with few penalties and without
litigation. Frauds in most of the Dis?
tricts have been reduced to a minimum.
During the past four years a welt sus?
tained effort has been made to suppress
the illicit manufacture and sale of whis?
ky and tobacco in a number of districts
in the Southern States where, for many
years, these practices had been rife.?
During that period 3,874 illicit stills
have been seized, 7,078 persons arrested
for illicit distilling 25 officers and em?
ployees have been killed and 55 wounded
while enforcing the laws. Frauds upon
the revenue have been greatly reduced
and violent resistance in the law has
practically ceased in all of these districts,
except the second District of Georgia.

xml | txt