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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, February 24, 1881, Image 1

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CiDtiucuUUed Family Antecedents o? the
South Carolina Senator.
Cvrrc??>ondence New York Graphic.
WASHINGTON, February 8.
To see the galleries crowded for the
first time in w*t;ka to hear Conkling reply
to Senator Butler shows that the gladia
torial appetite is still strong in this city
ef affrays, where Sumner was beaten,
where Sam HouHtou beat Congressman
Stanton, where Sickles shot Key and
Groves killed Cilley. The Butler family
now, aa in 1800, is the subject of ail phy
sical notice.
Senator Butler, of South Carolina, is a
probably clear descendant of Walter the
Butler, who went with Henry II. to the
conquest of Ireland, was ronde Chief
Butler, and whose descendant soon after
wards adopted tho name of Lo Botiller,
ide bottler or the buttler. Had Ireland
como to a Uko independence with Scot
land, the royal line of the Butlers might
have cut as wide a swath historically ns
the lino of Wnlter the Steward, which
became the Se ich and English Stuarts.
The Butlers, as Dukes of Ormond, rose
to the highes? dignity in Ireland, and
though of J' jnnnn origin, became "more
Irish than the Irish." While the Stuarts
were fighting fo?- their crown the great
Butler Ormond was his Viceroy in Ire
land, and at the expulsion of tue Irish
from all their country east of tho Shan
non, Pierce Butler, hunted like a beast,
made his way to Cromwell in person and
was forgiven. Like all aristocratic fami
lies, tho Butler name was adopted by a
large tenantry, yet it is pretty distinct
ively Irish. Butlers were with the Tory
Johnsons of New York and with the
Sctriot Bettlers of Wyoming, and Pierce
biller, Major of a British regiment in
Boston, joined the Americans, operated
in South Carolina, and, having usaisted
to make the Constitution, became tho
first Senutor from that State, and lived
till 1822.
When the Constitution waa under de
bate this Major Butler was a lender in
extending the foreign slave trade to 1808
-significantly the end of Jefferson's
Presidential term-and he was the author
of the fugitive slave law of 1788, though
fair and reciprocal on other questions.
The Butlers of Pennsylvania and Ken
tucky also kept tho naine of Pierce, and
came from Kilkenny ; one of them was
the Democratic candidate for Vice-Presi
dent with Cass. In 1840 Samson H.
Butler, of South Carolina, made a speech
ia Co?g?c?? defending slavery on Scrip
tural grounds. Andrew Pickeus Butler
was the most celebrated of the family,
aud was born at the Irish settlement of
Edgefield, the most lawless and duelling
?oint of South Carolina, in the year
796. This was tho man against whom
Sumner leveled bis speech on the "Bar
barism of Slavery." He was educated
at the celebrated South Carolina College,
at Columbia, where free trade was first
taught by Cooper, of Pennsylvania, tho
English son-in-law of Joseph Priestley.
Calhoun seized on tho party cry of free
trade to elect himself President, and tho
nullifying laws were therefore passed
against the Federal protective duties. It
would seem that all South Carolinians,
Unionista as well as Nullifiers, were free
traders. Andrew P. Butler became a
Judge at forty, and so remained twelve
years, until George McDuffie died, when
he was appointed United States Senator
about 1847, and was in the Senate till his
death in 1857. His father had been a
' regular army surgeon and a Congressman,
r.nd his brother William was also n Con
gressman, and married the sister of Com
modore Perry, grand-aunt of Mrs. Bel
mont, of Now York. Recollecting tho
friendship between Belmont and Tom
Bayard and the recent correspondence
between Bayard ?nd Senutor Conkling,
you will see a possible analogy between
it and Senator Butler's outbreak. Ile is
tho posterity of Miss Perry and a cousin
of Perry Belmort, Congressman-elect.
Auother Butler, Pierce M., was Governor
of South Carolina in 1836, and was killed
leading bis regiment ou the field of
Cherubusco. Tho regiment marched to
Mexico nearly 1,200 strong, and returned
with only 800 men and few of its officers,
and to it the Palmetto tree monument at
Columbia is raised. The Pierce Butler
who married Funny Kcmbie and resided
nt Philadelphia was of slight relation to
any of the public men foregoing, though
it is suggestive that through the Kein bl es
the Butlers are connections of General
Grant, who3u daughter married the son of
Fanny Kembla Butler's sister.
In the dispute over carrying slavery
into Oregon, 1848. Senator A. P. Butler
said "he would tell bis constituents to go
into the territories with arms in their
hands and settle at all hazards. * * *
I am ready to embark in the bont with
my Slate and trust it to tho care of
One month alter Charles Sumner was
elected to the United States Semite ho
presented a New England petition to re
peal tho Fugitive Slave law, and in tho
excited debate which followed he chose
the old veteran Senators of the South,
Butler and Mason, as the representative
agents of slavery extension. Butler
aiked if Mr. Sumner would send back
fugitive slave? if tho law waa repealed.
"ls thy servant a dog that he should do
this thing?'' replied Sumner. "Then
you tell mo iu my presence as a co equal
Senator that it ia a dog's office to execto
the Constitution of tho United States ?"
So beean the exasperating animus be
. _ .t.- ._!_..ii_J.... "r ?ir... -
i rf ccu IUD ?j\?itv?i?.???v? V.? .i... u.^ji......
of age and tho Massachusetts champion
of fortv. Sumner's animarnnnn in ?hot
Senate'created as much'curioaity and dis
gust as Cadst Whittaker did 80 years ;
afterwards in tho military aristocracy of
West Point. The father of Thomas Bay
ard cast in his lot with the radical South
ern clement, though he had married in
Philadelphia. There was on old feud
between South Carolina and Massachu
setts, made personal by the mission of
the father of George Hoar to Charleston
as tho State agent to protect the freedom
of Massaxdrttsetts colored sailors, and the
debate between Webster and Haync,
when Sumner was only nineteen years of
age, had appeared to make these two
States tho moral champions of tho slavery
question. After the repeal of tho Mis
souri comoromiso and the aggressions of
Pierce's administration on Kansas, Sum
ner levelled all tho personalities of a set
Bpeooh, entitled "The Crimo Against
Kansas," upon Stephen A. Douglas and
Andrew Picken? Bntlor. The air was
full of fight, and scalp takers from Kan
sas were lying drunk around Washington
hotels thtfeatening- to ."lick" somebody.
Two t??ys nftcr ?peech, which had
painted a godlew 'state of things m South
Carolina, and paid no great respect to
the intellect or good intentions of Sena
tor Butler, the latter's young relative.
Preston 8. Brooks,.who was 87 ^e. ra aid.
and Sumner, then forty-five, assaulted
the latter with a stick. Tho assault
killed all three of the parties, lt is said, |
Mr. Sumner suffered from tho assault for
eighteen years, and, it is believed tohavo
been among tba causes of his death.
No moro was heard of the Butler family
of Sooth Carolina for nearly twenty
years, till the present Senator appeared
in tho Hamburg massacre, near Augusta,
Qa., but in the interval Benjamin F.
Butler, an Ormond, too, as his grand
father was in tho Revolutionary war, and
his father in tbo war of 1812, made an
immense reputation against tho rebellion,
though be wa3 a Breckenridge elector for
Massachusetts in 18G0. Roderick R.
Butler, of Tennessee, late candidato for
Speaker of tbo Legislature, is a Republi
can, and was a mechanic, born PU tho
mountains of Virginia, in the same
county willi John S. Mosby. All ?he
Butlers are of strong Irish temperaments.
Washington Under Water.
Thc Long Bridge connecting Wash
ington with Virginia soil ?B for tho most
part a causeway, which bas mudo it a
trim for tho Potomac during the last few
dayo. Tho wurm wenther bad Hooded
the river, aud ibo ice gorge above and
below Long Bridge bas helped to swell the
volume until early this morning when
the ice began to break up. The swollen
waters of the Potomac poured against tbo
wall of masonry forming tho bridge
across tho Potomac, backing tho river
around tho point to where the Washing
ton Monument stands, and thence across
tho White Houso lot, filling up the lower
ground between Pennsylvania avenue
and South Washington, for the distance
of a mile and a half.
The result has been that all day long
the lower portion of tbo broad avenue
from Tenth street west to tho Capitol
gate has literally been a canal, in which
row boals, flat boats and nil kinds of
small water craft bave been used to ferry
people from their dwellings, places of
business, and to and from soma of the
smaller hotels located on the south Bide
of the avenue. Fully one-half "of this
great business thoroughfare bas been sub
merged and is likely to be submerged for
several days. All day long tho streets
lending to the avenue have been thronged
with pedestrians and vehicles.
Senators and Representatives crowded
the balcony in front of the Congressional
library watching the wonderful scene
witnessed from this favorable position.
Ono part of Washington had become a
new Venice. Along- the streets where
the pavements were known to be good
horses were driven, and in some locali
ties it required au effort moro than ford
ing a stream ti get safely across. Tho
broad space covered by tho Botanical
Garden at the foot of tho Capitol bad
become an nrtifirdnl Ink?. Tim sile of
tho Baltimore and Potomac depot was
surrounded with water, the flood causing
all business tobe suspended. Street cars
that were driven for awhile were aban
doned on tho track. The great market
house was isolated by tue flood, and
even the few dealers who attempted to
open up business on the open sidewalk
were finally compelled to abandon their
temporary quarters.
Think of n theatre in the heart of
Washington closed because it was impos
sible to get to it except in boats. And
yet there wero members of Congress Wbo
had tho meanness to say that this great
damaging overflow of tho bouka of
the Potomac was a job got up by the
advocates ufa large appropriation for tho
Mississippi River, for while the Potomac
was rising the House was engaged in
discussing tho river and harbor bill.
The damage caused by tho flood is at
present pure conjecture. The govern
ment will be a heavy loser. The fish
pond nnd ali the apparatus used by the
Smithsonian Institute bas been destroyed
and the carp scattered to destruction.
Tho basement of the main building occu
pied by tho census bureau is filled with
water, though most of the papers and
records stored there were removed in an
ticipation of just what bas happened.
The steam fire engines worked all day
trying te keep down tho deluge in this
building, but gave it up after boura of
service as a bad job, it being discovered
that it WOB practically throwing water
over a rail lenee.
The principal loss lo tho government
will be the damage done to the bridges
out of the city. Tho frame work of tho
Long Bridge at tho draw having been
swept away, railroad communication and
postal connections South will be delayed
for Boruo timo on this account. To-night
the only means of communication with
Alexandria is via Aqueduct Bridge,
above Georgetown, by couriers, who have
to take the Summit Road on tho Virginia
side to reach that place, and from thence
there is telegraphic and rail communica
It would seem almost incredibla to
those acquainted with the topography of
Washington that the scenes describer! aro
real, and tho damage done here and in
Georgetown will aggregate hundreds of
thousands of dollars. Tho sight of tho
unfinished monument on a little island,
the waters almost laving ita very base,
vas one of the attractions from the south
frontof the treasury building, from which
position a strong boy could easily have
thrown a stono into the water.
The stables of tho President, just south
of the Executive Mansion, were within a
sort distance cf tho encroaching flood, and
near tho old Vau Ness mansion, which,
in lim njrli.ii- /l. -f ->
palatial residence, was n great basin of
water big enough for a New York skat
ing rink. Soutn Washington, generally
known as the island, is now in very fact
wholly ?cp?f?ic? fluni ibu other part of
the city by n river from three hundred to
e'ght hundred feet wide. Hov/ long tho
flood will stay no ono can tell, but that
it is here and likely to remain for several
days no ono can doubt.
ing story is .ola of a two story brick
bouse, in the suburbs of Boston, whose
doors and windows aro nailed up and
which has never been occupied : Nearly
thirty years ago n young man built it for
his bride, intending to mortgage it and
pay for it gradually, ns his worldly goods
increased, to all of which she agreed.
When the wedding day was P.L ...Muted,
tho trousseau ready and the bous? finish
ed, he took tho lady sut from Boston to in
spect it. After going over the house be
Sresented ber with a deed of it for a wed
ing gift. Knowing bis circumstances,
she was astonished that ho had actually
paid for it. Ho ci plained that, buying
a ticket in A lottery he hnd drawn the
first prize, which Just covered the cost of
thc bouse. The Puritan maiden protest
ed she would not take n home obtained
by gambling, and refused the deed. His
arguments wera of no avail ; she re
mained obdurate. When they left the
bouse he locked thc door ?nd threw tho
key into the brook near by. The next
day ho boarded up the windows, and only
tho spiders and mice have ever occupied
if. Tho man never married ; bc became
rieb, but is a wanderer on tho face of the
earth. Thc woman never married ; abe
is still living,; poor and an invalid.
- Some new feminine boots aro but?
toned behind tho ankle. .
Telegraph Polea Covered anO s Valley Filled
-Pleasurea of Life In the Great North
Dy Telegraph to the Herald.
ST. PAUL, MIN., Fob. 13, 1881.
Reports of tho succession of storms and
high wind? continuo to come in from ail
eectious of the Northwest. Some of the
details are well calculated to shock the
credulity of even the "oldest inhabi
tant" of this section. Singular though
it may seem, tho extreme Northwest, hz*
beet: comparatively free from the worst
features of the embargo upon travel. It
would seem that thesuowfall in Dakota
and Northern Minnesota has bean lifted
bodily by ibo fierce tempest of wind and
drifted into Southern Minnesota, Wis
consin and Nebraska. Reliable reports
reach here from along tho line of the
Southern Minnesota to the oiled that for
miles the t'.-iegraph poles are entirely
concealed 'jy mountainous drifts. The
Chanarniban Valley, twenty miles long
and sixty feet deep, is filled to tho brim
with snow. The water tanks wero bu
ried out of view. Families living along
this line have formed a genuine commune
for the lime being, living together in ono j
house and u?ing the others in the neigh
borhood for fuel. This extreme expedi
ent was rendered necessary by tho re
moteness from timber and coal and the
fact that the season of storms bad set in
before they had laid in their winter
Btock of supplies. That the storm has
been a general ono tho following special
advices from points remoto from each
other clearly show :
A Montevideo dispatch gives these
details from that point : "The lastBtorm
was the most severo ever experienced in
this section. Business for four days
was almost suspended, and it was with
great difficulty that teams could be driven
through the street!;. Tho snow in many
places was drifted as high na thc second
stories. No teams from the country havo
come in for eight days, and the farmers
travel only on snow shoes. In many
places the fanners' horses and stables are
completely buried under snow."
A St. James dispatch says : "Since tho
beginning of February this country has
been visited by a series of storms wholly
unprecedented since its settlement, and
communication by railroad has been
interrupted to au extent hitherto not
known. Successive storms earlier in the
winter had tested to the fullest extent
the capacity of tho snow fences and
groves of trees provided by the railroad
company for the protection cf ina cuts
along the line. The cuts havo been filled
mountain high with drifted snow since
tho lat of January, notwithstanding the
herculean and well-directed efforts of the
company to clear the track. Thero was
at one timo a prospect of relief, the
blockade having been raised within two
miles of this town, but we relapsed into
despair when last night another blizzard
set in. It raged all night and to-day is
still at full blast. The town is fairly
overrun with shovellers, many of whom
sleep in the depots and cars, unable to
find accommodations elsewhere. Citi
zens are joining the army and vio with
the railroad men in their efforts to raiso
the blockade."
Wisconsin is also suffering from tho
terrible tempest. The Wisconsin (/en
trai road is reported to be almost past
finding out. Tho telegraph wires on
this lino are down and the trains Are
blockaded. No trains are now ott?; .ed
nor will be until there is a bettor pros
Sect of getting them through than could
e discerned nt noon to-day. Business
cf all kinds is st a standstill. The wind
is blowing at tho rate of forty miles an
hour, and there is no telling when tho
snow will cease falling. Specials from
all parts of the State agree that the storm is
general and the worst that hos been known
in years. Madison advices report a
heavy snowfall there. All trains on the
roads running north and south from that
place have been abandoned. The only
casually reported in this section of the
State is that of a Norwegian farmer, name
unknown, who was frozen to death on
the Sun Prairie road. It is supposed
that ho was on his way home from town
intoxicated and fell from his sled. His
horses, losing their driver, doubtless
became confused and lost their way.
Even Iowa hes not been free from the
worst effects of the storm. A Postville
special received here this morning says :
The severest strom of tho season has been
raging steadily for twenty-four hours.
The snow drifted six feet high in tho
streets of the city. Part of a train on the
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul rail
road is snowed in on the maia track at
this station. Tho rest of tho train is
somewhere between the stations. The
Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern
Railroad trains have been snowbound a
week, three trains being at this station.
There are drifts from three to eight feet
high on both roads and all travel is
suspended. The hotels are crowded with
detained and anxious passengers." The
following is from Marshalltown uudcr '
the same date: "We havo had twenty
four hours of the wost storm of raiu and
wind that has visited Central Iowa iii
eighteen years. The Central railroad of
Iowa and the Chicago and Northwestern
are completely blocked up. The Illinois
Central had ten trains in the drifts to-day
on the Iowa division, one of them a
stock train. E. Jeffrey, General Super
intendent frorr? Q.Mnaon i* snowbound
between Manson and Pomeroy, about one
hundred and twenty miles -west of this
place, and Trainmaster McNeil!
caught in tho drifts at Charles City, on
thc wr?uch. S??c??! ciippir? engines
are in the shops here, and nearly every
snow plough on this division is disabled.
The Burlington, Cedar Rapids and j
Northern lino was opened to Albcrtlea j
last night for tho first time in a week,
and now this air line is blocked again
with tbreo feet of snow reported at Bur
This from Des Moines : "Tho worst |
storm for thirty years has prevailed in
this section for the h\st twenty-four hours.
High windi havo drifted the snow BO as
to block travel. No traius have arrived
or departed since yesterday. On the
trunk linea the tracks are snowed in, and
trains have been unable to move to-day.
On the branch roads all trains are. sus
fended. A train on tho Rock Island
toad, which left Council Bluffs yesterday
at half-past five, struck a snow bank a
mile long and remains there still. A
train running west yesterday evening got ]
stuck between Grinnell and Newton, and
couldn't go either way. The train yes
terday ftom Fort Dodge got within ten
miles of this city, and ls there yet. The
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy and
Chicago and Northwestern are lu the
same condition. Tho snow is packed sn
that it can only be removed by shovels,
and but little progress can bo made till
the wind subsides."
Advices from the pineries far away in
the North shows that they have not been
slighted by tbs storm. A citizen cl St.
Paul, just from there, says that the snow
i in tho woods is now fully three feet deep
i on the high ground and four feet or more
in depth in tue swamps."
The dispatches above cover tho terri
tory which has suffered most from the
storms, but later advices from points rc?
moto from telegraph communication may
reveal a more critical condition of affairs
than this. If tho unprecedented depth
of suow should remain until thc spring
rains, at?d then all go off in s vofurr?,
tho whole valley of tho Mississippi and
its tributaries would be inundated and
great suffering would ensue. The
weather hero has been in a niching mood
for a week, until within a couple of days,
when it has been cold and clear. In fact,
it was clear and cold hore when the ele
ments woro robing in nil their fury south
west and east of us, ns appears by tho
advices received hero and reported in
detail above.
Thc Soil.
For the convenience of tho reader, wo
reproduce tho composition of a fertile,
601I, as given in a Into issue of this pa
Organic matter. 9.7
Silica. G4.8
Alumina. 5.7
Lime. 5.9
Oxide iron. 0.1
, Oxide manganese.1
' Potash.2
Sulphuric acid.2
Phosphoric acid.3
Loss during analysis, &c 3.4
Having already commented on ibo
functions of alumina and organic mutter
in tho soil, wo proceed now to notice
other pc'nts.
Scarcely any two soils will show iden
tity of composition ; nor do we mean
to say that all fertile soils conform to the
standard above given. Buta soil to bc
fertile, mina contain, not necessarily in
the Hame proportions, but to a Biiliieicnt
citent, and in available forms, all tho
destitueras given in our table. For all
}di.ms f.uke up from the soil, but in dif
erci.c. proportions, potash, soda, lime,
magnesia, oxide iron, oxide manganese
sometimes, silica, chlorine, sulphuric and
Ehosplu tc acids. Every soil, then, to
e productive, must contain all theso
substances. Tho?o constituents which
exist in tho soil in small quantities aro
exactly those which demand the special
notice and care of the farmer. This is
so because they are most liable to ex
haustion for thc double reason: (1) Be
cause they are found tn so small an
extent in thc soil, and (2), because upon
them tho growing plant makes its heav
iest demand:?. Lei us look nc this mailer
a little more in detail. Tho amount of
phosphoric acid is given as 0.4 per cent,
or four-tenths of a pound in 100 pounds
dry soil, and vt-ry few soils contain even
so much as this. Is not this too small
an ainouut of phosphoric acid to arrest
serious attention ? We reply by saying
that the amount of phosphoric acid in
the soil is exceedingly small, but at the
same time enormously large. Relatively
small, absolutely large. The soil of an
acre 12 inches deep will weigh, in round
numbers, 4,000,000. pounds, and will
contain nt the rate of for.r-teuths, of a
pound of phosphoric acid in 100 pounds
soil-0.4 per cent.-10,000 pounds or 8
tons of phosphoric acid. To add this
much phosphoric acid to thc soil would
demand per acre a little moro than 17
tons of pure bone phosphate. A soil,
then, containing no phosphoric acid, is
agriculturally worthless. To attempt tb
supply four-tenths of one per cent, of
phosphoric acid to such a soil would nost
more money thnn the value of tb? heav
iest yield at the highest price* of white
Burley tobacco in the limestone regions
of Kentucky. A soil containing no pot
ash, no soda, no chlorine, no lime, no
sulphuric acid, no phosphoric acid, ail
of which added together mako only (see
table) seven percent, of the weight of tho
soil, ts no soil at nil ; it ss simply a des
But, as we have remarked, the plant
makes its heaviest demands on those
constituents of thc soil, which constitute
such a small- part of its weight. For
instance, thc ash of thc grain of wheat
contains 49 per cent, of phosphoric acid ;
in other words, wheat and the cereals
generally tuko up from the soil about as
much of phosphoric acid as of all tho
other substances furnished by the soil
put together. So, also, moro than half
the weigi t (51 per cent.) of the ash of
potaiow .* potash ; nearly two-thirds (64
per cent.) of tobacco ash is made up of
potash and lime. We might continue
the illustration to any extent, showing
that pluma moko upon the soil tho heav
iest demands for those substances which
it contains in tho smallest proportions.
Hence the intelligent farmer seeks to
add these substances to "he soil hythe ap
plication of various fertilizers, particular
ly commercial fertilizers; and sims, by
deep plowing and fullow crops, to hasten
the disintegration of mineral masses, and
bring their soluble constituents to the
surfuce for admixture with the soil prop
In tho light of theso fact?, we see the
philosophy of a rotation of crops. If a
soil bo cultivated for a succession of sea
sons in the cereals, there will benn ex
haustion, greater or less, of phosphoric
acid ; and tho constant cultivation of
tobacco on the samo laud will causo a
deficiency of potash and lime in the soil.
What is th? true indication, and what
sort of crops rhould follow each other in
rotation* 'Ii. ?u that n ahe demands as
different os possible upon the soil, so
that one or two constituents shall not bo
_i.:_.,i t~_l-l -?_- - A
uut.ji.\ 1 v M %\? n-n t lin i-i i .11 ii jicai ni LC 1
year. For instance, tobacco will take up
potash and limo largely aud very little
phosphoric acid. Let it be followed by
wheat, which will demand phosphoric
acid largely and very little'potash and
lime. By tho timo tho land is again
planted in tobacco, too ?necinl exhaus
tion of potash and limo caused by the
first tobacco crop has been repaired by
the disintegration of the purely mineral
mutter of the soil, or by tho addition of
limo and potash in tho form of manure,
or as is usually the case, by the combina
tion of theso processes.
Wo see also why a soil, if let alone,
always reverts to ita natural condition.
Let us consider two arcas : One natu
rally poor, bas been KO fertilized that it
produces five barrels of corn to tho nero;
the other, naturally rich, bas been so
exhausted by constant cultivation, that,
though once producing ten, it also now
produces only five barrels. Tho produc
tive capacity of each is now the same;
aro tbo two tracts of equal value? By
no means. Tho tract originally poor, if
let alone, wit) fall back to its original
barrenness ; tho tract, naturally rich, if
let alone, will regain its original fertility.
The former bas to be constantly nursed
and doctored that it may hold its own ; the
latter, without assistance except from tba
recuperating powers of nature, will
become rich again. Why so? A soil is
only disintegrated rock mixed with vari
able amounis of organic matter. This
rock underlying the soil is always break
ing down. It ls reduced by tho plow, by
the roots of plants, by the solvent power
I of water, by tho disruptive effect of frcez
[ ing water, by alternations of beat and
cold, and by the chemical action of the
atmosphere. Thc composition of the soil
j depends upon the composition of tho
underlying rock.** If tho'rock contain, ia
sufficient quantities, all the necessary
constituents of a fertile soil, its reduction
and disintegration will produce a fertile
eoil. By n?l??H?!t-n oumoatinn WA rnav
remove these constituents more rapidly
than they can he set free, and hence
reduce tho productive capacity of tho
soil, or make it poor. But if we will
only stay our hands, '. ie to: c, crumbling
under tho silent action o? tho great forces
of nature, will ngaiu giv? UR a soil a?
rich os it was when its virgin bosom was
first torn and tortured by tho plow.
The soil, naturally poor, made rich by
artificial means, left to itself, reverts also
of necessity to its original condition.
Tho underlying rock is deficient in some
essential constituent of a fertile soil, per
haps potash, perhaps phosphoric acid.
To cr .-ble it to bring n gi jd trop, these
substances must bc furnished in putres
cent or commercial manaren. You apply
tho manuro, tho crop comes. All right,
you say, your land is now rich. Yes,
rich for a year or two, rich ns long ni
your manures supply tho deficient con
stituents. Simply l?t lt alone, and it be
comes poor again. The manure is
exhausted, and tho rock, as it disinte
grates, cannot supply, for it doc- uot
contain, sufficient quantities of those
euiential constituents*, potasl and phos
phoric acid.
Hence a pince of land, naturally rich,
but now poe. from drastic treatment,
will show thc effect for many years of a
liberal application of manure. With
this help, the natural disintegration of
the mineral ic. tier of the soil and sub
soil supplies to succeeding crops ail the
inorganic food they require. But if the
soil be formed from poor rock, the effect
of Hie same manuro will bo far less per
manen^ for successive crops must
depend, as to certain mineral constitu
ents of plants, chiefly upon manures and
little upon the soil.
To know, then, tho history of a tract
of land is an important factor in the
determination of its value. If it has been
nursed from original infertility up to ?
respectable productiveness by heavy
expenditures of money for manures, it is i
nevertheless far less valuable than a
tract whose productive capacity was
originaly .twice as great, but has been i
reduced to tho same point by exhaustive <
tillage. Land, then, bow poor Boevcr <
now, if originally rich, constantly tends ?
to reguin its own, and, with a little extra '.
help and kind treatment, will make i
sensible advancement every year, and i
will soon accomplish the result. Land, '
however, which may bo rich now by '
manurial applications, but was originally '
poor, will demand all tho time the same i
generous treatment, or revert to its orig- 1
inal barrenness. Thus wo see that two i
given area9 may be equally productive I
now, and yet possess altogether different t
Tho failure to notice this distinction, i
to trace the history of a farm, has led to :
grievous blunders and irreparable disas
ter. To buy poor land once rich is a I
wise investment, to buy at moderate rates 1
rich land that was originally poor, may i
bo judicious under particular circum- <
stance? ; but to buy nt almost any price 1
land that is poor and was born poor, is I
simply to get possession of a money sink. I
-Religious Herald.
The Train and the Trestle.
Tho news was received in the city yes
terday morning of nn accident on the
Charleston and Savannah Railway which
recalls a similar occurrence on tho Cam- 1
den branch of the South Carolina Rail
road, over twenty years ago, when morn
than three miles of trestle toppled over I
like a row of bricks. The particulars of ;
the occurrence are aa follows :
Tho freight train oa the Charleston
and Savannah Railway, which left Savan- 1
nab at half-past 7 o'clock on Thursday
evening, fell through the trestle near the J
?a-'uniuih River, oil the South Carolina
side. The acrider*, is supposed to have 1
been caused Dy tlu creaking of an axle 1
of ooo of ti>e freight cars, which knocked 1
ono of tho clenches of tho trestlework 1
out of its place. This v.-wakened the j
connecting benches and caused the col- 1
lapse of about two miles of trestling, 1
which sank quietly into the swamp with 1
tho engine lind train of cars still upon ]
the track. No one was hurt, and tho cars
escaped with little injury.
The train was in charge of Conductor 1
C. C. Murphy, an ". the engine {No. 19) !
was driven by Mr. Janies Wilkinson.
There were twenty loaded freight cars 1
attached to tue engine. 1
At the place of the accident lhere are 1
altogether four and one-third miles of 1
trestling, about two-thirds of which is on
tho South Carolina sido of the river.
Where tho train fell in tho height of the
trestling was about ten feet from the
ground. The train was about two hun
dred yards from tho solid ground when
the crush came, and it is said that the en
gineer saw the track giving way behind
him, but too lalo to Eave hts train.
Mr. C. S. Gadsdea, thc Superintendent
of the Road, went to the scene of the
accident by the 7 o'clock train yesterday
morning, but had not returned to the
city last night.
From such information os could be de
rived from thc officials in this city it is
impossible to make any correct estimate
of the extent of the damage, tho cost of
tho trestling or the length of time that
must elapse before thorough travel by
rail can be resumed. A force of five
hundred hands bas been put to work,
and tho break will be repaired with all
The tresillos which fell in ?ras built
about the year 1869. It was well put to
gether, of good pino timber, and was
constructed of benches held together by
long wood stringers or sills, the wholo
braced with crossties. This superstruc
ture waa supported by piles well driven
into the marshy ground oelow, and form
ing ? substantial and steady foundation.
Tho connecting limbers were so strung
that when one hcuch of the trestling
gave way it pulled with great force upon
the other benches and, destroying their
perpendicular, caused tho two miles to
give way.-News and Courier.
- Mr. Carlyle is believed to have be
queathed tho greater part of his large
and valuable library to Harvard College.
Ho had signified such an intention before
his death.
- The Mentor correspondents have
about exhausted Cabinet possibilities,
but one inventive fellow says that Gar
field is looking after the wives of candi
dates and will accept no man wedded to
a busy-body, or one who has a raft of
poor relations to bc provided for.
- Little Minnie Lee, the ten-year-old
daughter of Charles F. Lee, of Newark,
N. J., who was bitten by a mad dog last
New Year's evening, died Thursday.
She passed adrcadful night, frothing at
the mouth, snarling and straggling so
that it required several men to hold lier,
and finally died in great agony.
- In a case at tho last term of Abbe
ville Court an appeal was taken from a
conviction under tue stock law, the pris
oner's counsel holding the law to bo in
conflict with Section 20, Article II, and
Section 10, Artie's I. Tho Judge sus
tained tho constitutionality of tho Act,
and the case goes to the Supremo Court.
A Project Which inny holp Cincinnati
Southern lo Ileach the Sen.
Trie Blue Ridge- Railroad Company ol
South Carolina iras chartered In that
State, Georgia, North Carolina and Ten
nessee in 1852. This road w.;n to extend
from Anderson, 8. C., to Knoxvillo.Tenn.,
a distar*? of 196 miles. Tho enterprise
eras tho business dream of John C. Cal
houn, and has been the pct scheme
of thc Trcnholms, tho Gouidins, tho
Hamptons, and the leading men of South
Carolina ever since thuruna was first pro
jected. The object 1*1 tho incorporatorti
was to connect Charleston with the ?reat
Northwest by a direct lino of rnilB which
would shorten tho distance to Chicngo
and Cincinnati over tho existing lines by
rubout 200 miles. On tho South Caroli
na and Georgia end of thc linc over ?4,
000,000 we?o expended before the civil
war put au end to thc work. Of this
sum, the State of South Carolina and tho
city of Charleston contributed $3,000,000,
and tho wallanee was raise, hy voluntary
subscriptions and mortgage bonds, which
aro now tho only existing lieus on tho
rond. In South Carolina 43 miles of tho
road were completed, connecting .'nder
son with Walhalla, and this section of the
road has been in good runnig order over
since. Beyond Walhalla tho road was
graded ai faros ihe Blue Ridge Mountains,
and a tunnel, 6,000 feet in length, was
begun through tho mountains. About
4,500 feet of litis tunnel were completed,
450 feet being bored through rock. By
means of tunnel the grade over the moun
tains wns reduced lo 70 feet to tho mile,
which is an easier grado than that of any
of thc other ruilronds cro-sing tho Blue
Ridge and tho Allegamos. In the Stnto
of Georgia two small tunnels wero part
of the original plan of tho rond. Ono of
them i-i t ntii ely completed, and tho other
is very nearly so. A largo part of the
grading in Georgia is aleo completed.
Tho road runs directly through tho Rabun
Clap, which admits of a passage through
the mountains nt a comparatively trilling
expense. On the north-western cud of
lite line 18 miles of road were completed,
from Knoxville lo Marysville, Tenn.,
and this portion has been in running or
[1er over since it was built. At this cud
of tlic road about $1,000,000 were expen
ilcd by ibo State of Tonne oe, under the
internal Improvement net. Ono buudred
?ind thirty-li .-e miles of tho rond, as orig
inally surveyed, remain to bo constructed.
Thc work was being rapidly prosecuted
tvhen tho civil war begun; ?nil ?hat put a
reto on thc enterprise which has not been
removed up ta the present time. A num- !
ber of New York and Boston capitalists
ire now preparing to take possession of
the charter, and push the read through
to completion.
A prominent South Carolina citizen
low in New York told a Times reporter
yesterday some very interesting facts in
in regard to tho Blue Ridge Railroad and
the roads with which it will compete for
business if it is built as originally de
signed. He said : "The mortgage liens
sn this property consist of first mortgage
bonds to tho amount of $236,000, with in
terest since 1861, and second mortgage
bondi to the amount of $598,000. In
1854 a first mortgage loan of $1,500,000
was authorized by tho company, but
under this authority bonds to tho amount
of $236.000 only were issued. In the
same year tho Legislature of South Caro
lina guaranteed bonds to tho compuuy to
complete tho road to tho amount of
$1,000,000. This guarantee was uever
used, but in 1868 tho Legislature con
firmed it and added $3.0?0.000 to the
guarantee, provided BO much was neces
sary to pay tho outstanding first mortgage
bonds, and tho floating debt of Ibo com
pany, and to completo the road. Owing
to tho panic of 1873, only $598,000 of
these second mortgage bonos, guaranteed
by the State, were ever issued, and the
balance of Ibo State guarantee was re
turned to the Stato Treasury and can
celed. The Stato guarantee on tho Bec
and mortgage bonds was declared consti
tutional by Judge Melton, of thc Court
af Common Pleas of Richland county,
before tho indorsement was made. Those
mortgages aro a first and second lien on
ibo entire road, with all the rights aud
franchises of the company, except on tho
Tennessee end of tho line, where the
State of Tenuesseo has a prior Hen on
the 18 miles of completed road, for the
$1,000,000 advanced under tho Internal
Improvement act. The importance of
the action about to be taken townrd tho
completion of tho road will be apprecia
ted by those who understand tho system
of railroads connecting the great North
west with tho Southeastern Atlantic ports.
The Louisville and Nashville and tho
Kentucky Central Companies have re
cently combined with the Kuoxville and
Ohio Company, und agreed to build their
roads to the Tennessee linc, so as to form
a direct connection with Knoxville, and
contracts for tho work are about to bo
awarded. The Cincinnati Southern finds
itself at Chattanooga dependent on tho
Louisville and Nashville to reach thc
Atlantic ports of tho Southeast ; and in
order to make itself independent, tho
Cincinnati Southern has already sur
veyed a Uno from Emory Gap directly
east to Knoxville, a distance or 42 miles.
So you Bee the tn?ee great Western and
Southern corporations are making haste
to reach Knoxville, thc northwestern end
nf tb? Blue Ridge Railroad. At Ander
son, the southeastern end, there ore two
railroad connections with Charleston,
Port Royal and Savannah. Ono is over
tho Greenville and fTnltimhia Rn?!ro?d,
which has recently been nure.hft*pd hy
the Clydo party, of this city, and tbo
Stewarts, of Richmond, Va. Tbo other
is by woy of the Savannah Valley, which
is to bo built, and the route tbis way will
bo 50 miles shorter than by the Greenville
Road. Tho Edgefield, Trenton nnd Aiken
Railroad is rapidly approaching comple
tion. The South Carolina Railroad, thc
great corporation of tho State, is about
to pass into the bands of New York and
Boston Capitalists. It should be remem
bered," continued tho speaker, "that tho
only completed railroad from the North
west to the Southeast is tho Chattanooga
and Atlanta, now controlled by tho
Louisville and Nashville Company.
The freight business of this line ia so
great that tho trains almost touch each
other, and the facilities for doing tho
business of the section aro totally inr.de
?unte. The completion of tho Blue
lidge Road will supply n want that baa
long been felt. It will bo a trunk line,
fully able to compete with tho Chatta
nooga and Atlanta line, aud will reduce
tbo distance from Chicago aud Cincinnati
to the Southeast ports by about 200 miles.
The parties controlling tho Blue Ridge
Road at both ends aro now organizing for
ita rapid completion." Tho estimated
cost of tho work is $8,000,000.-N. Y.
- Rev. Samuel W. Duke, in a recent
Bostou Monday lecturo, ra ii": that in Ver
mont the proportion of divorces is one to
every fourteen marriages ; in Rhode
Island, ono to every thirteen in Massa
chusetts, one to overy two ..y-one. The
Charleston New? ana Courier oaya that
"two men in Vermont found it *asy to
twap wives by appearing it. Court and
briefly stating their Trish ci and rouons/'
General New? Summary.
- House-rents in New York city hav
? advanced from ten to twcnty-flvo p<
fl -There has loen unusual mortal it
, among tho colored people of Pickensthi
[ winter.
i - It is said that Hayes will nominal
, ' Taft for the Supremo Court, if Matthew
i.t rejected.
- A seat in tho New York Sloe
? Board wos recently sold for thirty thot
. sand dollars.
I - A son of Henry Ward Beecher hi
been appointed an Assistant District A
' torney in New Y'ork.
- A man in Pennsylvania has nco
, that produces twenty-threo and a ba
' pounds of butter a week.
- Abbeville county hoH paid $21,202
48 for Slate, $13,384.01 for county an
i $8,917.50 for school taxe*.
- Tho inland fisheries of Easter
North Carolina yieldi $500,000 per ar
' n ii ni and employ 4,000 men.
! - Mr. John T. Raymond has scored
j great success in New York in his ne
' play, "Fresh, the American."
- Ti'O State of Kansas is going I
I pince n statue of John Brown in tho Ni
j lionel Gallery at Washington.
- Senator Allison's chief reconuuei
? dation for the Cabinet is that beean bei
j General Schcnck nt draw-poker.
- A Norwich, Conn., fourteen-yeai
old boy is writing and illustrating n po]
ular history of the United States.
- Amos T. Dwight, one of tho olde
members of tho Now York Cotton Ei
change, died on Monday, 7th inst.
- Mrs. Hayes says she likes to live i
tho White House. This, wo believe,
also one of Mr. Hayes' weaknesses.
- Ex-Governor Tnlbott, of Massaclu
j setts, tinnies that women should 1
allowed to vote in municipal affairs.
- Every building in the town of Pa
Mancha?, Ln., was swept away by a te
rifle storm of wind und rain on the 91
- A citizen of Vermont has recoven
fifteen hundred dollars from a rail rot
company in tb nt State for cutting off h
- Henry, tho body servant of Ho
A. H. .Stephens, who recently died ?
Crawfordsvillc, Ga., wus worth nboi
- A constitutional amendment is no
beforo tho Missouri Legislature prohib?
ing tho manufacturo of alcoholic liquu
in that State.
- Ludlow Street jail, New Y'ork eil
has a number of prisoners confined f
debt, ono of whom iias boen thero 1
more than fivo years.
- A bar-room for women bas be
ioprncd on one of Now York's most fa9
onnble thoroughfares, and is reported
bo liberally patronized.
- Tho storm on the 8th instant causi
eight laud slides on tho Air Line Ra
road, between Charlotto and Atlant
The damage, however, was not great.
- A bill has been presented in tl
Missouri Legislature- providing that bel
after nt all general elections tbe voti
shall bo by viva voce, and not by ballot.
- A villago is to bo organized ne
Boston, tho tillo deeds to which will co
tain a clause forever prohibiting t
manufacturo or salo of intoxicati
liquoiR in tho town.
- Col. John 8. Mosby is mentioned
Washington as tho next Republican ca
didate for Governor of Virginia. It
said that a movement already is on f<
to secure for him the nomination.
- Tho Hon. John H. Dillard, As
ciato Justice of the Supreme Court
North Carolina, hos resigned his posiii
on tho bench. Col. Thomas Ruffin 1
been appointed to fill the vacancy.
- Tho dividend declared by tbe less<
of the Georgia Western and Allan
Railroad at their recent meeting was f
thousand for each share. ' On twei
shrres they paid out one hundred th?
sf nd dol?ais.
- Two Senators and six Represen
lives were captured in a recent pol
raid on gambling places in WaBhingt
This is another illustration of tho efl
of Washington "malaria" on the C
grcasional system.
- Tho Masons of Augusta have
termincd to build a new Masonic Tem
and a fine theatre on the Bite of tl;
present lodge room. Tho improvem
will cost about $55,000. Tho new thc?
will seat one thousand people.
- A Galveston widow is about
mnrry lier fifth husband. Her pastor
bukeil her for contemplating matrimi
BO soon again. "Well, I just want yoi
understand, if the Lord keeps on tak
them I will too," was tho spirited rc|
- At the Delaware Breakwater the
last week was frozen over for more tl
twelve miles oui., and tho mouth of
bay from Lawes to tho opposite Jei
shore was closed completely, and pera
could r-.ro.--a cn foot to Capo May, a
tance of ten miles.
- The South Caroliua Railroad of
a rate of $10 for emigrants, from ?
York to Columbia via Charleston,
route being from Now York to Charlo:
by steamer, and from Charleston to
lumbla by rail. Thia price includes c
dren, baggage, Sec.
- It is estimated that it will only t
about twenty years to consumo tho oi
nal pine forest of Georgia, and i
thought to be timo for .tho ndnptio
somo effective measure of protect
Tl.? />n...i.n.?l!?. Atmmtfm 1 O Of?
XOC "SuuwiMp.ivM uuimg .uuv atui*ui
to over 250,000 acres.
- An ordinance hos been pass?e
the Augusta Board of Health requii
the vaccination of all children :n
I limit* of the city cf Augusta, snd
bidding teachers of private and pt
schools lo admit any unvuecinated <
dren into their schools.
- An effort ia being made to ce
au increased clerical force for tho AU
trostoffice, tho business has grown toi
argo proportions. In 187G tho tot?
ceipts of the office wore $24,424.35, w
in 1880 they were $52,925.28, or i
than twice tue amount.
- Tho woman's rights movement
received a boost in Texas, where a :
lution has been forced through the
islature, in the teeth of determined
position, admitting the sisters to posi
in thc Stato departments on an equ
with men. The heads of depann
havo hitherto denied them employ!
- Thc students at Eastman's Cora
cial College in Poughkeepsie. New 1
have compelled the exclusion of Fr
lek C. Dickerson, a colored young
of character and intelligence. Hi
had beon paid and he had comm?
his studies, when the white stu
threatened violence if he cont!
among them.
- A bill has becn^u&sed by the!
Carolina Legislature providing fo
fiublication of a roll of the Nortb
ina troops in the late war. The di
collecting tho names bas been dele
to Major Mooro, the historian. In
tion to this work, he will add other
descriptive of tho movements of
regiment during tho war.
- In California tho males for
outnumbered tho females very la
but this disproportion hos beengrat
decreasing, and now tho disparity ii
paratively email. According to tl
census, the population of the Stal
?gnslre of Cbkwe-, who are neat
meo, ia 789,086, of which number 443,271
are males and 346,415 females,
e - Colonel Jerome Bonaparte and his
ir wife are now living in Washington and
entertaining a great deal. Mrs. Bena
ir parte-n grand-daughter of Daniel Web
s ster-is a clever and charming woman.
She dresses magnificently, and often
0 wean beautiful jewels, a large share of
s which descended to her from the late
Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte.
V - A tabulated statement of thecondi
. tion of tho State Banks of Georgia,
which, under tho laws of the State, are
s required to make semi-annual returns to
- the Governor of their condition, shows
an invested capital of $5,487,051.40, with
r $7,167,351.91 of discounted papers, of
f which only $268,999.27 aro considered
doubtful, bad or worthless,
- . A party of fifteen Maine mon, rop
1 ii "puting A half million of capital, passed
through Chicago a few naya ngo on their
? wnj to Ar'.ansas and Texas. They will
. .select and bargain for eligible sites for
towna and settlements. It ls proposed to
i send out largo colonies from the East,
t and arrangemcnti! will bp made by this
advance party for the incoming settlers.
. - Thomas L. James, tho efficient post
' master of Now York, is the favorite can
didate of many of the leading Republi
" cans of New York for the Postmaster*
'? Generalship. Here is an opportunity to
improve tho civil service of tho country
by appointing a competent man who is
' an expert, instead of a politician who
cannot tell n mail bag from n sack of
' flour.
- If a mun bad put ?10,000 ic West
ern Union stock when tho company was
1 organized and left it lying tuero un
1 touched and uncared for, his Investment
would now be worth $481,700, and the
' cash dividends would have amounted to
' as much moro in the interval. This is
rather better than being ono of tbe lilies
1 of tho field which sow not, neither do
they spin.
- A silver mino bas been located in
W i Ikea County, Ga. Somo of its oro has
been assayed and yields $112 to tho ton.
This is tho richest silver oro yet found in
tho South, and there is a sharp demaud
for the stock of tho mine. It is owned
by Mr. George T. Jackson, of Augusta,
and a fow others. It is valued nt $1,000,
000, and several thousand shares have
been taken in New York.
- Tho Wisconsin Grangers aro rally
i ing again ns "Tho Alliance," to regulato
railroad, express, telegraph and other
corporations and increase their burden
; cf taxation. A bill has been already
, introduced into the Legislature lo add
50- per cent, to railway licenses, but a
powerful lobby is working against it, and
\ it is partly pressed in a spirit of revengo"
by dissatisfied patrons of thc road.
- Benjamin Hendricks, a Newark,
Ohio, furmor, seventy-eight years old,
who recently deeded bis 100-acro farm to
his son with tho understanding that be
was to bo cared for tho rest of his life,
was turned out in tho cold, barefooted
and thinly clad, tho other day, and was
badly frozen when tho neighbors finally
took him in. The local indignation in
duced tho son to toko bis father back,
und steps will be taken to Bet tbe deed
asido and restore tho property to the old
- In tho year 1878 tho ..otal receipts
of rough rico of all grades at Wilming
ton, NT C., did not exceed 20,000 bushels.
In 1879 tho receipts were probably 40,000
bushels, or about double thoso of tho
year previous, as near aa can bo esti
mated. For the present crop year it ia
. estimated that they will reach not less
than 100,000 bushels, about enc half cf
which is upland, while the year to como,
judging from the present indications, the
receipts will probably be increased at
least 50 per cent.
- The Supreme Court of Appcala of
Virginia on the 10th inst., rendered a
decision reversing tho judgment of tbs
Corporation Court of Danville in the
caso of James Thomas DeJornette, con
victed, in September last, of the murder
of his sister, Mollie De Jnrnetto. and ssn
I fenced to bo banged on tho 29th of Octo
ber, but in whose case, a writ of error be
ing granted, execution was stayed. De
Jaruette shot and killed his sister in a
house of ill fame last July. Tbe COBO
has been remanded for a new triai.
- Homer Jenkins, a young well-to-do
farmer, aged 20, committed suicide at
his homo fifteen miles from Greenville
on the morning of tho 11th, by blowing
out his brains with an army musket. No
cause is assigned for tho act. He arose
before tho sun and loading tao muakot
went into a field, ho said, to shoot somo
birds. Going sovorol hundred yards from
his house bo placed the butt of tho gun
on a rock and with a forked stick pushed
tho trigger, tho gun firing and taking off
a good portion of the top of his bead.
- Mrr. Lucy A. Elkins, wife of a once
famous Chicago artist, Henry A. Elkins,
bas commenced suit against a Chicago
saloon keeper named William Cuducy
and tho owners of the building he occu
Eied for $25,000 for debauching her has
and and making bim a confirmed
drunkard. Elkins, she says, was earning
$10.000 a year at bis profession, whoa
Cuduoy enticed bim into his place, and
there ho squandered not less than $20,000
of hts hard-earned income, and has since
been incapacitated for work at his pro
fession ana unable, toaupport his'family.
- A Washington letter says : "Tho fact
that tho select committee bf the Houso
on tho inter-occanic ship canal has, by a
majority of one, pgrceu to report a bill
to guarantee $50,000,000 of bonds for the
j Eada,company is of no earthly signifi
cance, as tho scheme cannot get fifty
votes in the Houso. In tho meeting of
the committee yesterday there was rather
an exciting sceno just before tho vote was
taken. The peppery Mr. Conger, whose
son is said to be tho private secretary to
Mr. Fads, favored the scheme. Mr.
Hutchins sug?estod^that Mr. Conger's
action might DO influenced by personal
considerations. Mr. Conger boiled all
over and called Mr. Hutchins a liar,
' when tho latter returned the compliment
by calling bim a scoundrel. After this
exchange of courtesies business was pro
ceeded with. Neither of the gentlemen
! are from the South. Mr. Conger is from
Michigan and Mr. Hutchins is from New
1 York."
- The Washington correspondent of
- tho Philadelphia Time* is responsible for
i the statement that Mr. Hayes bas, during
' bis four years' fraudulent occupancy of
' tho White House, been indulging in some
? petty swindling in open violation of law.
1 by which he has realized a few hundred
. dollars. It appears that a few dava after
I his inauguration he demanded the pay
ment of a month's salary ($4,166.66)
? advance, and the treasurer, thinking he
3 really needed the money, sent it to him.
' A similar demand was compiled with in
f April and knottier in May, but the $ecro
1 tary refused to pay the latter, after noti
. lying Mr. Hayes that to do so would be
s an open violation of Section 3,<J48 of tho
? Revised Statutes, which declares that "no
advance of public monoy shall be rando
r in any case whatever." After receiving
, this notification Mr. Hsyes temporarily
r withdrew his request, hat subsequently
. demanded and obtained his salary on the
t 15th of every month. Tbls anecies ol
- petty swindling readers him liable tfl
I topewhaitfnh

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