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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, March 03, 1881, Image 1

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He Talks Freely, and Gives His Opinion
of Various Matten.
Abbeville Press & Banner.
General C. J. Stoibrand and United
States Commissioner Captain F. H.
Eaton arrived in town last Monday even?
ing and took lodging at Brace's Hotel.
Knowing the general anxiety of our peo?
ple to be informed as to the object of
tbeir visit, we sought an interview with
them. Upon telling General Stoibrand
that our people knew very little of him,
and that we should be glad for any in?
formation which he might give us for
publication in the Press and Banner, he
A.?"I am very sorry that I am not
better known in the up-country; for, if I
were, I think I would be less disliked."
. We then elicited the following infor?
mation from him :
General C. J. Stolbrand was born in
j Sweden ; from Chicago, Illinois, he-en
f tered (he Union army at the beginning
of the-war, and-came-to South Carolina
in 1865 in command of the artillery of
the;.. 15thArmy Corps. "Immediately
after the war he was'engaged in cotton
planting aud continued in that business
in Beaufort County to 1867. In 1868 he
was appointed Secretary of the State
Constitutional Convention, which met.
that year and-formed the present"Consti?
tution; of- the "State. This was his first
venture in politics. He was elected to
ihje $q?se of Bepresentatives of the first
Republican Legislature, and served until
he was appointed Superintendent of the
Penitentiary in January, 1869. This
position bei held until March, 1873. In
1876 he was appointed Superintendent
of ?ouajjufeGofi ot the Federal Custom
"House Tn ~Charleston, which "place he
held until July, 1877, when the building,
which had been worked at for thirty-two
years, was finished. In 1880 be was ap?
pointed U. 8 J Storekeeper, and Gauger.
September 10, at Newberry, he was nom?
inated by the Republicans as .their can
"dhiaie foi Congress in opposition to the
Hoju D. W. Aikeo, the Democratic nom?
inee! |,; His fain i ly consists of his wife and
five children?three" of whom are at
home. His only living son is a Lieuten?
ant in the U. S. Infantry, now on the
Q.?General, will you be good enough
to tell us the object for which this inves?
tigation is held ?
A.?Certainly; this investigation is
made solely, and for no other purpose
thin that of establishing my right to a
seat in the Forty-Seventh Congress from
the Third District of South Carolina. I
have not advised, nor do I desire, that
aov arrests should be made here or else
Q.?Then you entertain no personal
ill-will or malice toward any of ->ur peo?
A>-^Oh^noI?do not know, the name
?jfji single'man who may have violated
the elevlion laws in your County; nor do
"^rawlir now ? the- names \ of any such
persons, except to prove the justice of
my claim to the seat. I would not, how
ever,.have you to understand that I am
. sdemu^ly .making any apology for com?
ing here to contend for what I conceive
to be my rights. I do no such thing as
Q.-?We do not wish to ask any im?
proper'questions of you, Captain* but
would you object to saying what your in?
tentions are," in the matter of making
arrests in this County for alleged viola?
tions.o/ the election laws?
A.?-I'have no intention of issuing any
warrants of arrest. I am here in the in?
terest of General Stoibrand, for the pur?
pose of taking testimony in this contest.
Q.?Have you anything to say of the
"returned member?"
A.?No, sir. I never speak of him ex?
cept in a general way. During the cam?
paign I thought it probable that we
should, meet on the stump and discuss
political matters, but for some reason the
.meeting never took place. From the
newspapers I learn that he thinks I have
no home or local habitation, unless per
haps-it.be in Washington City. The fact
is, I*haye lived in Columbia since 1869.
I-have been in Pickens County for sev?
eral months, discharging my duty as
Storekesper aud Gauger, while my family
reside in Columbia.
. Q<=-A,8. compared with Illinois, how
doesJ~jp^hlCarolina stand?
A.?I' think South Carolina a fine
country. The climate is excellent and
the atmosphere is pure. There is no
miasma here, as in Chicago from whence
I came. -While I lived in Chicago my
family suffered greatly, and although the
ancestors-of my family had always been
free from pulmonary complaint, my old?
est son died there of consumption. I
entered the army with the determination
of settling in the South at the close of
the war, and since I moved my family,
here we have bad no sickness at all. I
am well pleased with the country, and do
not intend to leave it, unless I should go
away^free from the general allegation
that.has been so often made against those
. Republicans who have already gone.
Q.?General, you spoke of planting
. cotton in the low country. How do the
negroes of the low country, in Beaufort
for instance, compare with the negroes in
:he upper pa-rt of the State? Are they
as. prosperous, and are they as good spec?
imens'of humanity, as are the negroes of
Ibis section?
A.?Having been away from them up?
wards of twelve years, I am unable to
speak of their present condition. At
that time, however, the negroes on the
coast were not the equals of the up-coun?
try negroes in any respect. The negroes
here are decidedly more intelligent and
morep^osperous than were those on the
coast. ' The mild climate enables them to
yo almost without clothing, and then
thef have no trouble to live on fish and
oysters. I believe Abbeville County to
be one of the finest counties in the State.
Your white- people as a class are highly
educated, and are certainly a very fine
people., Your lands are excellent, and
produce the most varied and profitable
crops, r This is a magnificent country.
It would'take potent reasons to induce
me to-leave.
Q.?Do you think the interests of the
State would be promoted by restoring the
Republican party to power in South Car?
A.?If you mean the Republican party
as it was, no; if you mean the Republi?
can party as it it, yes. The Republican
party has always been right. It was its
old fugitive leaders that were uot of the
right kind. I blame the Democracy for
not punishing the Republican criminals
who came into the hands of the law,
whereby injustice to the masse? was done.
stolbrand's friends in abbeville.
Q.?If you have no objection lo mak
! ing the fact known, will you tell us the
names of those who are most active for
you in Abbeville?
A.?I may say that Ab. Titus, the Re?
publican County Chairman, is in my in?
terest. I have just had an interview
with him. Alfred Butler is taking a
promiuent part in this matter, and per?
haps had more to do with summoning
and securing witnesses than any one else.
taking testimony in knox'8 ball.
Q.?Where will you take testimony ?
A. ?This being a statutory holiday by
both the laws of the Utiited States and
of the State of South Carolina, and owing
to the fact ot Colonel Gary's indi?posi
tioD, I will take no testimony to day. I
am not hard pressed any way, and I pre-'
fer to observe the holiday. This day was
inadvertantly set apart for the work.
We will take testimony to-morrow,
Wednesday, the 23rd, in Knox's Hall,
and if we should not finis'.., we will con?
clude the work on Thursday morning be?
fore the hour for the departure of the
noon train. We have an appointment
for Anderson, and must leave here by
ihat time.
a cloud of anxious witnesses ap
B. L. Young, Supervisor at Donald's,
W. M. Wimbush, Supervisor at Due
West, and ticket distributers W. M. Mc
Curry, J. S. Grier and G. W. Richey
walked iu without knocking. Upon be?
ing asked who the? wanted to see, the
spokesman said, "Mr. Stoibrand." After
a short pause one of them said to General
Stol brand:
"We hear that you are not going to
take testimony to-day ?"
Stoibrand?No; this is a legal holiday,
and nothing you might say to me now
would be of any legal force. When we
take testimony, Mr. Gary, counsel of the
defendant, must be present. He is sick
to-day. To-morrow he or some one else
will represent Mr. Aiken.
Anxious witness?We have been, here
since yesterday morning. Our expenses
are heavy. We are farmers. We can?
not wel) spare m ore time from pur farms.
We must go home.
Stolbrand?I should be very sorry to
lose your testimony. From what I have
heard of Due West r.nd Doualdsviile, I
think your testimony would be valuable
to me. I hope that you will not go
About this time Alfred Butler called
the General to the door, to speak to him
privately. It seemed that the negroes
had found Stolbrand's whereabouts, and
they came in droves. They were prompt?
ly asked to go down the steps, and the
iuterview was not resumed.
compliment to colonel gary.
Both General Stoibrand and Captain
Eaton express themselves in the highest
terms as to the courtesy and ability of
Colonel Eugene B. Gary, who represents
the Hon. D. W. Aiken. While he has
been very watchful of his client's inter?
ests, they have found him to be a very
pleasaut geutleman.
following a phantom.
General Stoibrand is a man of about
fifty years of age, but has the appearance'
of being older. He tajks freely, and* his*
courteous and polite."manner .indjiate
that he has seen better days." His gen?
eral bearing would impress one with . the
belief that he is neither a natural bom
politician nor a man suitable to represent
us in Congress, but we were glad to no?
tice in him the absence of any exhibition
of that ill-feeling or hatred to the white
people of the State, bo common with Re?
publicans. As a candidate for Congress
he is of course following a phantom, and
is spending money which could be other?
wise more profitably invested.
Reclaiming the Everglades in Florida.
An immense transaction, involving
the reclamation of 12,000,000 acres
of land, or one-third of oue the
States of the Union, has been un?
dertaken by a company of Philadel?
phia gentlemen, with every prospect of
success. About one-third of the State of
Florida is a huge swamp, termed "the
Everglades," a dark, impenetrable, un?
known region. No white has ever fully
explored it, and all that is known of it is
a great swamp, with a numberof lakes here
and there, and islands upon which roam
ferocious wild beasts. The project of
reclaiming this wonderfully rich country
has been talked of for years, and it has
long been considered feasible by many
engineers. Some time since the State of
Florida made a move in -the matter,
which is likely to culminate in the recla?
mation of the immense body of land that
has lain under water for a thousand
years. Under a contract with the State
of Florida, a Philadelphia company is
about undertaking this great scheme.
The leading man in the enterprise is
Hamilton Disston, a young gentleman of
business energy and ample fortune, and
present head of the saw manufacturing
firm of Henry Disston & Sons. Associa?
ted with him are ex-Sheriff Wm. H.
Wright, W. C. Parsons, Whitman H.
Drake, A. B. Linderman, all of this city,
L Coryell, of Florida, and others. Under
the agreement already made with the
State the company.aro required to begin
surveys within sixty days, and within six
months lo put a force equal to one hun?
dred men on the work, and continue as
expeditiously as possible until it is com?
pleted. It is proposed to drain the land
by a canal and Lake Okeechobce to the
Caloosakachee River, which empties into
the Gulf of Mexico. Another canal may
also be constructed to the east, tapping
the St. Lucie River, which flows into the
Atlantic. These canals will entirely
drain the swamp, and from ten to twelve
million acres of the richest land in the
world will be reclaimed. The company
will receive for the work one-half of the
land recovered, and it is expected that
this will largely repay all expendi?
ture of mouey that may be made in the
work. The company will organize at
once, with Hamilton Disston as president.
It is proposed to issue 1,000,000 shares of
stock at $10 par value. Each share will
carry with it the right to an acre of land.
The proceeds of-" 50,000 shares will be
used as the working capital.
? The Enterprise Cotton Factory of
Augusta has declared a dividend of 10
per cent., and there, is talk of increasing
its spindles from 18,000 to 33,000.
? Of the fifty-eight men who framed
the Constitution and declared the inde?
pendence of Texas, March 2, 1836, one
is still living: Dr. Charles B. Stewa-t, of
Montgomery County.
? A little girl of twelve years, the
daughter of a clergyman, was asked :
"Sadie, does your papa ever preach the
same sermnn twice?" After thinking a
moment, Sadie replied: "Yes, I think
he does; but I think he hollers in differ?
ent places."
? Jeff. Davis wrote me for my picture
to put in his book along with some
others. I wrote him that I would not
be found in such company. I will bet
him ?500 that his book does not appear
by.the l?t of April, nor while I live.?
Robert Tbombs,
Tho Grace With Which the cx-Coiifed
erato President Receives Visitors?The
Uncompleted History of the Confederacy
?Entertaining Personal Description and
Correspondence of the Springfield Republican.
In company with a lady from Hamp
den county, Mrs. C. S. W., I visited to?
day at Beauvoir, the residence of Jeffer?
son Davis. This place is about four
miles east'of Mississippi City, and is
very charmingly located ou Mississippi
Sound, with an illimitable view of the
Gulf of Mexico, studded near the shore
with a few islands, and locked in on the
east with a promontory or long spit of
land running quite a distance out at sea.
The house itself is the center of a large
inclbsure,- made beautiful with evergreen
trees and shrubbery, among which
are conspicuous the magnolia, orange
and the Pride of India trees,
seldom found out of Florida in the same
perfection of luxuriant growth as here,
and scattered about in a way to indicate
that nature had more to do with their
arrangement than, the hand of man.
Ascending a high flight of stairs to the gal?
lery we were admitted to a wide and deep,
corridor, thence to the parlor, a large airy
and comfortably furnished room, where
numerous paintings ornamented frescoed
walls, while two or more easels supported
paintings, among which I recognized St.
Cecelia. One distinguished feature of
the room is that it has in the centre a
circular, cushioned seat that bespeaks
comfort and abundant hospitality. A
glance from the front windows upon the
scene before you suffices to show that
good taste was displayed in the selection
of the location and that it is not inappro?
priately named "A l'Outrance." We
were met by Gen. "Joe Davis," a
"nephew of his uncle," a genial, good
looking and kindly-disposed gentleman,
a beautiful, bright-eyed little girl, his
daughter, and what must not be passed
over sans mention, a noble-looking New?
foundland dog.
Jefferson Davis soon made his appear?
ance, greeting us with a warmth and
cordiality that made us quite at our ease
and feel thoroughly welcome. After
announcing ourselves as strangers to him,
and that we called to pay our respects,
he expressed'himself happy to see us and
hoped we would find enough to pay us
for making the visit. Upon Mrs. W.
speaking in admiration of the place and
its locality, he remarked that the house
was built by a Mr. Brown, that it had
been improved by its subsequent owner,
Mr. Dorsey, of whose widow he had pur?
chased it. This announcement gave ms
surprise, in view of the fact that Mrs. Dor?
sey had given the property to him by her
will, and that a suit is or has been pend?
ing by her heirs to have the will vacated
and the titles transferred to them. This
seeming inconsistency ie explained, how?
ever, by the further fact that though a
contract for :he sale of the estate had
been-made1 to Mr. Davis by the widow,
it had never been ratified by payment on
bis part; and hence the heirs claim the
title bad never passed out of the testa?
trix^ v Be that xis it may,1 it is certain
th?Jp(r^seht 6ccttpahtof the premises on
this occasion labored to impress on us the
fact that he came into possession by lawful
purchase, and no other way, as be took
occasion to announce it more than once
during the course of conversation.
In noticing a.photograph of himself
hanging just over the mantel I failed
not to observe, as I have often heard
stated, that there is a marked difference
between all of his photographs and the
original. What it the difference it is hard
to distinguish, and yet it is so striking
that while you will always recognize
them as likenesses of Mr. Davis, yet,
when you compare tbem with the origi?
nal you see at a glance they are quite
unlike, so that in fact there are two
"Jeff." Davises,- the real one which I see
before me now?thin, wiry, straight,
genial and even jovial, with a mirthful
expression of countenance, and the one
that stares at us in shop-windows and from
the drawing-room walls of good seces?
sionists?a meager, somber face, which
you would conclude is hardly ever irri?
tated with a smile. The cause of this
curious discrepancy is in the ever varying
expression of the eye, which no photo?
grapher can catch. I alluded to this dis?
similarity between himself and his pic?
tures.- He jocosely replied: "I pre?
sume the. subject is not pleasing to the
photographer, and he adds not the artis?
tic touches/' He then discoursed on the
inadequacy of the photographic art to
portray nature, and particularly bumau
nature, as it is. "Whatever is changea?
ble in nature it fails to give a proper
conception of. It fixes in rigid lines a
single glance of the countenance, and
that is all. Solomon saysr'There is
nothing new under the sun.' But there
is the play of the -human countenance."
I stated that the papers said he had
about completed his "History of the Rise
and Fall of the Confederacy." "I wish
it was true," he replied, "but the papers
cannot know, as much regarding it
as myself. If they could see my raauu
script not yet sent to the publisher, and
how much more remains to be put into
manuscript, they would arrive ni the
same conclusion as myself, there is much
of hard work to be done yet," and he
laughed in a careless manner about it.
The otium aim dug seems to have
been Mr. Davis' life-long possession.
The impression a 6tranger would
conceive of Mr. Davis is that he
has led the life of a littcrature, rather
than a militaiy or political one, and
that he had sailed all his life over smooth
seas; that if to others there had ever
been a "lost cause," there had never been
any for him, aud that, unlike that other
great organizer of revolt, he would never
repeat or apply to himself the lines:
"?what though th c field be lost;
All is not lost, the unconquerable will,
And study of revenge."
On begging the favor of his autograph,
he replied we were quite welcome
to it and remarking that "whenever
you have anything to do, it is
well to do it at once," retired to his
study, and returning in a few moments,
preseuted us each with the desired sou?
venir. As we were leaving he arose with
the grace of a knight of old, giving his
arm to my fair friend and escorting her
down the long avenue to the carriage.
Then with another hearty grasp of the
hand and bonvoyage, wc bade farewell to
? Twelve of the fourteen Republican
United States Senators just elected were
opposed to the nomination of General
Grant for a third term.
? The house where Sherman received
Johnston's surrender fifteen years ago
has been converted into a town of 3,.r)()0
inhabitants and factories paying nearly
$900,000 annual revenue tax. Yellow
tobacco has done it.
? It was getting well into the night.
She yawned, and Uten asked him if he
ever saw a snapping turtle. "Once," he
replied, "iu a show." Said she, "It's
verv funny, but, do vou know, you sort
of remind me of that bird?" "Why?"
she asked. "Ob, you hang oo so."
Hoir^titey Vote in the Territory unclothe
Moral Effect.
Mrs. L. F. Stevens, of.Laramie City, Wy?
oming, read a paper before the Female
Suffrage Association, Friday, giving the
result of her observation of tbe operation of
equal suffrage in that Territory. She be
gins and closes with'arguments fo*" equal
suffrage, but the body of her article is de?
voted to the subject as applied to Wyom?
ing and is as follows:
For the last six years it has been my
fortune to be a citizen and voter of Wy?
oming. I will try to give briefly some
account of the operation of women voting
there. When Wyoming Territory was
organized, in the article defining who
should be voters, no allusion was made to
sex. All citizens 21 years of age, ninety
days resident in the Territory, were made
voters. From that day the women of
Wyoming have had, and, judging from
the use they have made of it, have enjoy?
ed the right of voting. They nearly all
vote at every election. At least as
large a percentage of them as of
the men vote. So far they have
held but few offices, although eligi?
ble on exactly the same conditions as
the men. They have never made them?
selves candidates for party nominations,
as I understand is usual for men to do
who want office. They have taken no
part in caucuses or conventions, but
should they see fit to do so I have no
doubt they would receive all the defer?
ence due them, and their wishes would
have respectful consideration. Though
absent from caucus, their influence is
very strongly felt in the consultation of
both parties. It has come to be known
that a mau who is intemperate, or immor?
al, or dishonest, cannot draw the vote of
the women of his party. There are a
large number of women in each party
who will not vote for such men. Iu Lar
amie City, where there were 22 saloons,
at the clectiou two years ago, every Coun?
ty official elected was a strictly temper?
ance man, and of irreproachable charac?
ter. At the election last Fall the candi?
dates of both parties were claimed by
those who were personally acquainted
with them to bo with one or two excep?
tions, so far as character and habits were
concerned, all suitable persons for the
offices for which they were nominated.
I am told by those who used to attend
elections in tbe States that the method
of canvasses and elections is much better
in Wyoming than where women do not
vote. In the first place, they say there
is not near so much of personal detrac?
tion and abuse of candidates, and at the
the election there is better order. Two
or three days before election each party
sends to every house iu the precinct sev?
eral of its tickets and a circular setting
forth their claims. The night before
election all saloons are closed and are
not allowed to open until the voting is
Excepting the Inspectors and Clerks
of Election, and one challenger for each
party, no one is allowed to remain within
fifteen feet of the polls longer than is nec?
essary to vote. One man of each party
stands in the hall to furnish tickets, but
has little to do, as nearly every one bring,
their ticket prepared as they want it.
The tickets are printed, or may be written
on paper furnished by the County, uni- ?
form, for all parties, in shape, color and
texture, and withoutdistinguishing marks.
Espionage is not possible. There is no
opportunity of solicitiug votes near the
polls. I am told by those whose duties
kept them at the polls all day, that, from
morning until night, there was not the
slightest breach of decorum iu or about
the court house. This is remarkable
when we consider, that between the hours
of nine aud five, twelve hundred and one
ballots were deposited in one box, dispos?
ing of twenty-three offices, carrying with
them annual salaries amounting in the
aggregate lo ns many thousand dollars,
aud more than thirty candidates living
within ten minutes' walk of the polls.
I have never seen anything like rudeness
at the polls, and have never heard any
woman complain of any.
There is less likelihood of a woman's
encountering rude treatment at the polls
than in any other place of nublic assem?
bling. I know by repeated experiences,
that women are nowber ? treated with ?
greater deference than where they hold
the ballot in their hand.
I am told that here in Colorado it is
frequenty asserted that only the lowest
and worst class of weinen in Wyoming
vote. The worst class can, and I believe
generally do, vote. But I wish to assert
with all earnestness that nearly all wo?
men voje, and that those recognized as
the best and leading class are the most
zealous political workers and the most
unfailing voters.
I.presume there are men and women in
the Territory who arc opposed to women's
suffrage, but I have not met them or heard
of them. There is certainly nothing like
a party opposed to it. It is accepted on
all hands "as an accomplished fact, and
the people of Wyoming are proud of the
Three years ago one man introduced
into the Legislature a bill to do away
with woman suffrage, but his motion re?
ceived no second, and he and his measure
were promptly laughed down and out.
Many improvements that may beexpec
ted from women's voting have not yet
been accomplished or even attempted in
Wyoming. To all of us taking part in
politics is a new thing. Most of us have
come lo the Territory within five or six
years, arc comparative strangers to each
other. Many brought prejudices against
voting that required time to overcome.
There arc probably not one-half as
many women as men in the Territory.
A large part of the men are unmarried rail?
road employees, stock ranchmen and mi?
ners without families. We are not in a
situation to control or even to make great
innovations. There has been no attempt
at concert of action ns women, and prob?
ably it is best there should be none.
Solidifying in that way would be likely to
produce a counter solidification.?Denver
Discipline is Childhood.?Young
people who have been habitually grati?
fied in all their desires will not only in?
dulge more in capricious desires, but
will infallibly take it more amiss when
the feelings or happiness of others re?
quire that they should be thwarted, than
those who have been practically trained
to the habit of subduing and restraining
them, and consequently will, in general,
sacrifice the happiness of others to their
own selfish indulgence. To what else is
the selfishness of princes and other great
people to he attributed ? It is in vain to
think of cultivating principles of gener- j
osity and beneficence by mere exhortation
and reasoning, nothing but the practical
habit of overcoming our own selfishness, j
and of familiarly encountering privations :
and discomforts tin account of others, will i
ever enable us to do it when required, i
Indulgence infallibly produces selfishness
and hardness of heart, and nothing but!
severe discipline and control can lay the
foundation of a magnanimous character.!
?Lord Jeffrey.
? Charlotte, N. O, will have water?
works at au annual expense of $2,000. |
Another Murder In Abbeville.
Abbeville is again the scene of crime
and bloodshed?a crime for which the
history and traditions of a country so fa?
mous in the past for law and order, fur?
nish no parallel. It seems from the
testimony taken at the Coroner's inquest
that on the night of Friday, the 18th in?
stant, some negroes undertook to have
a candy-pulling at the house of Sarah
Martin, on the the plantation in the pos?
session ofMr. Stark Martin, that owing
to the presence of Mr. William Bee Mar?
tin that intention was abandoned; that
Mr. Martin the same night forced open
the door of Caroline Farrow's house,
while she was dressing, that she took
flight from the honse in the darkness and
secreted herself for a time; that she
afterwards went to the house of Cornel?
ius Matthaws; that in about a half or
three-quarters of an hour from that time
the muzzle of a guu was seen projecting
through a crack between the logs of the
house in which she had taken refuge;
that a voice from the ??taide, believed to
be that of Mr. William Bee Martin, said;
"Take care, I've got you now." At that
instant the gun fired, and the whole load
of shot was lodged in the hip of Caroline
Farrow, who was standing perhaps four
or five feet from the muzzle of the gun
when it was discharged. She fell upon
the floor on her face. There was a com?
motion about the house, not unnatural to
the occurrence of such an event; one of
the men went into the yard; the figure
of a man supposed to be that of Mr. Wil?
liam Bee Martin, was seen to mount a
horse, which he rode away rapidly.
The evidence at the Coroner's "inquest
was solely in behalf of the State. The
Coroner does notundertake to investigate
the merits of crirr e, and hence no evi?
dence was taken in the interest of the ac?
cused. In the absence of any testimony,
we thought it well to offer his brother an
opportunity to say a word in his behalf.
In reply, Mr. J Campbell Martin, protes?
ted thai his brother was innocent, that
be was at bis house, in bed and asleep
at the hour, when the shooting was done.
It is not our province to pronounce
judgment as to whether either the evi?
dence before the jury or the statement of
Mr. Martin are true or untrue. We give
them publicity for what tbey are worth,
and will allow the reader to form his con?
clusion as to the guilt or innocence of
the accused. About one fact, however,
we think there can be no doubt?that a
most foul and base deed has been com?
mitted. The heart shrinks from the con?
templation of the killing of any human
being in the manner by which the life
of Caroline Farrow was taken, and the
quiet, inoffensive citizen must feel to a
great degree the doubt as to his personal
safety in a country where such crimes j
occur. The public are familiar with
many of the facts concerning the various
crimes which have blackened the history
of Abbeville county within the la-t few
years, but we look in vain for one of
greater atrocity, one more likely to give
our people a feeling of insecurity, even
while around their own firesides.
The muzzle of an unfriendly shot gun
peering through the cracks of one's house
is not of the nerve-quieting order, and
although the Governor of the State has
seen fit, in his wisdom, to pass unnoticed,
the crime at Maddox's Mill, where Mr.
YVm. Maddox was called to his door l?Bt
November in the night time and murder?
ed, it is to be hoped that he will not be
slow to see that the detectives and State
officers shall do their whole duty in tbis
matter. Coroner J. A. Shillito so far, has
discharged his duty fully, and he informs
us that he v, ill to-day comply with the re
requirements of the law, and send to the
Governor the evidence taken at the in?
quest. If the Governor will let peoplo
who may be contemplating cold blooded
murder know that the power of the State
would be brought against tbem it is fair to
presume that crimes of this kind will be
fewer. In no county have we had a
greater number of cold blooded murders
than in Abbeville. The Harmons, the
Franklins, William Maddox, and now
Caroline Farrow?all murdered in cold
blood, while in their own houses.
For years the juries of Abbeville have
been exceedingly lenient towards persons
charged with crimes against the person,
and we are now reaping the evils of that
sickly sentimentality which shrinks from
meeting out a just punishment for crime.
Is there not a limit beyond which the
forbearance of our people will not go ?
Is there not a time when they will assert
that crime shall stop??Abbeville Press
and Banner.
?arp in Georgia.
Dr. Cnry, fish commissioner of Georg: a,
writes me an interesting letter about
the carp fisheries in that State. One year
ago last fall he distributed seven hundred
carp through Georgia, stocking about
thirty pond3. Last fall he stocked three
hundred ponds in Georgia, scattered from
Dalonega to Savannah. The interest in
carp has increased enormously just now.
Every mail briDga application for fish,
and Dr. Cary is satisfied that five hun?
dred ponds are being prepared and will
be ready for carp next fall. If these can
be stocked there will be about one thou?
sand ponds in the State properly stocked
with carp, four hundred of which will be
old ponds. I think that Dr. Cary will
find 1,000 new ponds ready for fish in the
coming fall. To meet this demand is
important. The government ponds at
Washington were swept away in the
freshet of last week, and the carp scat?
tered, but the Baltimore government
ponds have a large supply. Dr. Cary
thinks that the carp put in Georgia
ponds in 1879 will spawn this spring,
withoutdoubt. If so he will be able to
supply all Georgia demands. He is go?
ing to establish State hatching ponds
during the present year, from which he
will get all the fish that can be needed.
The results of growth in the fish in
Georgia ponds as reported by Dr. Cary
astounds every one here. The ichthyolo?
gists declare that it is almost incredible
that any fish can grow as these carp have
grown in Georgia. Dr. Cary writes:
"On the 20th of November, 1879, I de?
posited in a Marietta pond carp weigh?
ing half an ounce apiece. On the 21st
of November, 1880, just one year later,
carp wero taken from tbis pond weigh?
ing over four ponds. Two specimens
just one year old taken from a Macon
pond measured 22 and 24 inches respec?
tively. Specimens taken from a Dougher?
ty county pound exceeded in weight and
size either of these. Many similar cases
were reported and the estimate of Dr.
Hessell that carp in the south would
equal four pounds a year. Put 20 small
carp in a pound this fall. One year from
the sprinp they will spawn and give at
least 5,000 small carp that are healthy
and will grow?more probably 25,000.
But say 5,000. At four pounds of
growth each they will give 20,000 pounds
of the best meat in a year, at no expense
or trouble. What Georgian will then
have to go out and hunt a ground-hog.?
II. W. O. in Atlanta Constitution.
? Farm laborers in Japan receive 5-'85
a year with board, or 50 without board.
If a arm laborer eats as much as a farm
laborer in America, he makes $300 by
w?rkiflg icrr f35 a year in that way.
A Singular Storj.
New York, Feb. 14.
A sad story of parental seventy and
cruelty, growing out of a mistake ou the
part of the parent and the wickedness of
a servant girl, was made public to-day
through the Harlem Police Court.
Charles E. Crawford, a clerk, lives at
1G0 First street and Morris avenue. His
family consists of a wife and a daughter
of thirteen. On the 1st of September last
Mary Dooley, aged twenty, a quiet look?
ing girl, was employed as house servant.
She brought good references. A month
or so after her arrival various articles be?
gan to disappear, but inquiry threw no j
light on the matter. Jewelry and money |
next were missed.
A search was made, and a pocketbook j
containing $150, stolen from the desk of j
Mr. Crawford, was found wrappedin some j
old clothes of Annie Louisa, the daughter. |
She was accused, but denied the theft, i
Other stolen articles were discovered in
a doll's trunk. The child was severely
punished by the parents, who thought
her denial added untruth to the theft.
They desired her to confess, and, to this
end severely chastised her, and, to avoid
a further punishment, the child acknowl?
edged she had stolen it. The property,
however, continued to disappear, and the j
child wa3 again accused. She denied it,
butjth rough fear of punishment again con?
fessed. In reply to the question what
she done with the things she had taken,
she said she had destroyed them. Her
parents began to think she was of un?
sound mind. Physicians put the matter
down as insanity on the subject of steal?
ing. The^child was watched, but the
property continued to disappear. Incen?
diarism was added to the robberies, and
the child, to avoid chastisement for tell?
ing and untruth, admitted her guilt.
The hands of the little girl were now
strapped to her side, but still the robber?
ies aid not cease, and another fire nearly
destroyed the house. Crawford, to pre?
vent his daughter injuring herself, had
a belt made, and, procuring a chain,
chained the child to the wall of the din?
ing room during the day, and at night to
the post of the bed of Mary Dooley.
Tbe servant slept with the child to pre?
vent her doing herself injury.
One day in the early part of the pres?
ent month a lady called to see Mrs. Craw
ford.^ She placed aside her wraps, which
consisted of a valuable fur lined mantle
and muff and bonnet, but when she looked
for them again they were gone. A detec?
tive found the articles contaiued iu the
garret. That day Anuie Louisa was un?
chained, but went about the house with
her arms bound to her side; being
threatened with punishment, she con?
fessed having placed the property where
it was found.
The father, for some reason, now had
cause to suspect his servant, and a neigh?
bor informed Mrs. Crawford that Mary
Dooley was dishonest. During her ab?
sence yesterday the place where she kept
her clothing was searched, and there,
carefully put away, was much of tbe miss?
ing property. When Mary returned last
night, she was met by a detective and
accused of the thefts, and of having set
fire to the house on two occasions. She
confessed, and said thegreaterpartof the
jewelry and valuables she had stoled were
at her home, and they were found.
To-day Mary was arraigned in the Po?
lice Court, where only the charge of in?
cendiarism was preferred against her.
She acknowledged the offense, and was
committed in default of $3,000 bail to
await the action of the Grand Jury.
"That woman," said the detective, refer?
ring to Dooley, "is the most wicked being
lever saw. It brought tears to my eyes
when I saw that child chained to the wall
like a dog. I don't see how she could
have slept with the child aud listened to
the clank of ber chain, knowing she was
the cause of it."
The Sonth Revircd.
That the Republican party cherishes,
at least so far as its stalwart branch goes,
the hope of one day again dominating the
South with military and carpet-bagging
forces, is a fact admitted freely by many
of the prominent mouthpieces of that
party. Senator Patterson's famous la?
mentation over tho many "good years of
stealing" that still remained in South
Carolina left a plaintive echo which is
still ringing in tbe ears of all his class.
To these gentlemen, if they ever hope
to obtain a clutch on the money-bags of
the South again, it will be of unusual
interest to learn bow prosperous that sec?
tion has become. Recent observation
shows that there has been marvelous pro?
gress iu the mechanical and industrial
arts since the locust carpetbagger was
got rid of. New villages are springing
up and old ones arc wideniug and show?
ing more thrift. Country stores, where
all useful and luxurious articles are sold,
are established in every hamlet. Manu?
facturing centers are forming.
At Chattanooga there has been estab?
lished the largest tanuery in the United
States; Nashville possesses the largest
wagon factory in the country; Richmond
has instituted an immense business in the
manufacture of cigarettes from tobacco of
the finest quality, grown in places and on
lands which ten years ago were supposed
to be unfit for growing any tobacco even of
the coarsest kinds. Wood is worked in
all sorts of forms, aud the chief supply of
the bestash, oak and walntit for Eastern
cities is now found in the South. Iron is
being made at the lowest cost and of the
best quality in many places, and the load?
ing iron cities of the North are driven to
construct new lines of railroad to reach
the Southern mines in order to maintain
her place. At nearly any point of the
South on which he could put his finger
the old political carpetbagger can find a
gold mioe^richer than the District that
he used to work, if he could only get at
If the Scotts, Chamberlains, Pattersons,
Dorseya et al. can only rehabilitate the
old military or carpetbag governments
and repeat their old games under them,
their fortunes would be assured. Unfor?
tunately for them, however, the South
has a?-termined tosupervise the workings
of these gold mines to a certain extent
itself. The rule established there for the
future is that every one, native or carpet?
bagger, shall put a hand to the plow, not
thrust both arms up to the shoulders in
the Stale Treasuries again.?New York
? Mr. Segura, of Iberia, Louisiaua,
lost thirty cows by the late severe
? The feeling between President-elect
Garfield and President Hayes is said to
be far from cordial. The Washington
correspondent of the Chicago Times says
that some time ago Mr. Hayes appointed
a postmaster in Garfield's district, against
Gen. Garfield's protest. One day last
winter an Ohio gentleman seeking ar
office asked Gen. Garfield to help him.
The latter replied: "My recommenda?
tion will do you no good whatever. It
will injure you, if anything. The Presi?
dent makes a point of ignoring any sug?
gestions I make to him.'' This was said
with a good deal of feeling. It is cur?
rent gossip among Ohio people that Gen.
Garfield resented this snub in a quiet
General News Summary.
? The total taxable property of Ten
I nessee is $211,768,438.
J ? Arkansas and Texas are contending
j wifk the concealed weapons.
I ? East Tennessee has 8,004,126 acres
j of land valued at $37,417,470.
I ? More or less damage resulted from
[ the late rains all over Louisiana.
j ? Two mules had a fight at Eutaw,
j Ala., resulting in the death of one.
? KnoxvilTe, Tcnn., has 13 churches,
! which will seat every soul of her popula
j tion at one time.
.? The Mardi Gras pageants at New
Orleans this yuar will surpass anything of
the kind ever witnessed there.
? The cotton factory at Cottondale,
eight miles from Tuscaloosa, Ala., has
172 looms continually running.
? Louis Gaskins, of Brooksville, Fla.,
plucked a ripe watermelon on the 10th,
which was fully matured and of nice
? Get). Hancock has advised the inau?
guration committee that he will be in
Washington and at the committee's ser?
vice on the 4lh of March.
? The sugar trade had an unusually
prosperous year in 1880. The consump?
tion in this country increased 9 per cent.,
and both refiners and dealers made
? A bill to revive the whipping post
for wife-beaters o likely to pass the In?
diana Legislature. It limits the punish?
ment to twenty-five strokes on the bare
back with a cat-o'-ninc-tails.
? A claim for one cent was recently
allowed the Union Pacific Eailroad by
the treasury department, and its settle?
ment involved as much labor and red
tape as if it bad been for a million dol?
? Glass manufacture is making won?
derful strides in Ohio. Last year five
new works were erected ; this year there
will probably be as many more. More
than two thousand are employed in the
? A letter from Rosewood, Fla., to the
Hartford, Conn., Times says that the
writer doubts whether there were ever so
many people in Florida as at this time,
and the arrivals are numerous beyond
anything ever seen before.
? Senator-elect Miller, of California,
savs his Alaska fur seal company has
paid the government $3,000,000 of the
?7,000,000 we paid for Alaska, and before
his grant expires will have paid the whole
sum wc paid Russia; while the seals,
honestly protected, are more plentiful
than ever.
? Grant's friends have raised ?350,000
for him, and seem to have agreed to fur?
nish him witb free dinners and to have
him deadheaded on all the railroads.
The poor man bas about $100,000 besides
his recent gifts. Really, General Logan,
don't you think he can manage to get on
with economy?
? HunLsville (Tex.) Mem: Total con?
victs on hand February 1, 2,140 (consist?
ing of 2,111 State and 29 United States).
How employed : In prison at Huntsville,
405; hired about Huntsville, 21; on
Rusk prison construction, 198; in iron
foundery force, 99; in wood-cutting
forces, 206 ; in plantation forces, 946.
? The Rev. Dr. Cuyler, ia recent rem?
iniscences as to Carlyle, mentioned that
he heard him say: "I wad like to see
America. Ye may talk about your
Dimocracy or any other 'cracy or any
kind of polcctical rubbish, but the secret
of happiness in America is that ye have
gat a vast deal of land for a very few
? The Putnam County (Fla.) Herald
says that an agent of the Italian Govern?
ment has been in Florida and has just
returned to Italy. He advocated Florida
as a home for his countrymen, and a large
immigration to that State mtw be expect?
ed. Arrangements are being perfected
with tbe Oriental Steamship Company
lor their passage.
? The most valuable modern coin is a
Confederate States silver dollar, which is
valued at $1,000. There were only a few
of these coins struck. The Confederate
government had the dies made and a few
coins were struck at the New Orleans
mint for the inspection of the govern?
ment officials. They found, however,
that they had no more silver, and no
more were coined.
? The blacks of the sixteen Soul hern
States have increased from 4,242,003 in
1870 to 5,643,891 in 18S0?again of more
than 33 per cent. The whites in these
States have increased from 3,813,377 in
1870 to 11,259,713 in 1880, or less than
28 per cent. As there was very little
immigration during the ten years, it fol?
lows that the census result} probably
show the correct rates of increase of the
two races.
? The Oregon system of liquor licenses
is being urged for trial in Boston. Under
it the buyer, not the seller, is obliged to
procure a license. Objection is made to
the plan on account of the gr?;at number
ot licenses that would have to be issupd
and looked after, while friends of the
measure think it would debar from the
saloons many chrouic drinkers, who have
not the money and respectability requi?
site to secure a license.
? Senator Jones, of Nevada, says the
people of his State hardly know they
have a government. The system of tax?
ation is such that the pour do not feel the
taxes. People are taxed according to
their incomes. A mine is taxed for what
it produces, so that it pays taxes as part
of its expenses. Comparatively speak?
ing, the burden is not felt. In the East,
says the Senator, taxes can not be levied
in*that way, because there are too many
rich men.
? It is said that Horace Maynard
turned a young man out of the Postoffice
Department whose family are Republi?
cans merely because he made some bets
on Hancock's election. When Maynard
came back from Tennessee beaten for the
Senate, bis bad humor was the subject of
common comment all over Washington.
He was as sour as old cider, and is said
to have taken a petty revenge on his
political foes by turning several Demo?
crats in Tennessee out of the Postoffice
? Reports from Chicago are to the
effect that smallpox is increasing there
with great rapidity, and that in several
towns in Illinois and Iowa the disease is
epidemic. Cincinnati, too, is becoming
alarmed, and remembering that no longer
ago than 1872 eleven thousand one hun?
dred and seventy-nine of her people per?
ished from this loathsome disease, tho
papers unite in urging the health depart?
ment to immediately take all possible
measures to prevent its gaining a foothold
in tbe city.
? Daniel Douglass, Esq., member of
the Legislature from Chesterfield County,
died on the 20lh inst. Mr. Douglass was
about 65 years old, and was highly
esteemed by tho people of the County.
He was Sheriff of Chesterfield before the
war, County Commissioner s^.nce, and
last fall was elected Representative, but
owing to failing health was compelled to
ask for and obtain leave of absence be?
fore the adjournment of the session. He
died of dyspepsia, but had been suffering
from a complication of diseases.
? The New York Times is displeased
with the rumored co-operatiou with Ma
hone on the part of the Republicans in
the organization of the next Senate,
which is to he repaid in aid "of his pecu?
liar views in his own State." The Times
declares that "such a bargain would be
as unprofitable as it would be discredit?
able to all concerned, and it may be dis?
missed as one of the stories in which cor?
respondents indulge, not so much for the
enlightenment of their readers as for
their own amusement."
? An unusual scene was presented in
the house on the 16lh. Alexander Ste?
phens was rolling about in is his
wheel chair, delivering a speech on tho
acceptance of the Collamer statue. The
members all gathered around him with
bended postures and solemn visage as if
the thought of death was on every mind.
Entire silence prevailed, and now and
then when Mr. Stephens would endeavor
to lift up his voice, it had a shrieking
sound as though of dying agony. The
scene was of a remarkablv solemn charac?
? There are about 7/5,000 more men
than women in Texas, and about that
many more women than men in Massa?
chusetts. If some "Little Buttercup"
were to mix the two States up nobody
would complain.?Detroit Free Press.
Perhaps not; they are too gallant down
that way to complain; but if 75,000
Massachusetts spinsters were turned loose
in Texas there would be more mcu
wading across the Rio Grande into Mex?
ico than have ever left that State since
the battle of San Jacinto.?Brooklyn
? Puck proposes to rename the mouths,
describing them by names which would
suggest their most prominent qualities.
This would enable children to learn the
names readily on the kindergarten plan,
and the months, if this sensible plan
were adopted, would be named as fol?
lows: January would be Slushuary, Feb?
ruary would be Slopuary, March would
be Winduary, April would be Rainuary,
May would be Buduary, June would be
Warmuary, July would be Roastuary,
August would be Broiluary, September
would be Chiluary, October would be
Colduary, November would be Frostuary
and December would be Snowuary.
? The Louisiana planters who have
substituted Italian for negro labor are re?
ported as quite enthusiastic over the
result of the change. Tbe first batch of
these emigrants reached New Orleans
just before Christmas, and were sent to
several plantations north of the city.
They learn readily, and seem willing and
able to do a full day's work for tbe pay
offered them. There is a question as to
whether they will be able to withstand
the climate of Louisiana, and until tbey
have been tbere a year that question will
remain undecided. Heretofore the Ital?
ians have gone chiefly to the South
American republics, where the climate is
quite like that of Southern Italy.
? General Garfield has long favored
the proposition now before the Senate,
and iu Mr. Pendleton's charge, to admit
Cabinet officers to the right to participate
in the discussions of the two Houses re?
garding matters in their Departments.
The measure has so much favor other?
wise that it is very likely to be adopted
by the next Congress. In view of this it
?s suggested here that Mr. Garfield will
be careful to select for his Cabinet gen?
tlemen who will know how to make an
effective appearance on the floors of the
two Houses. It would be damaging to
the administration to have any of its
members make a lame presentation of a
question, or still worse, a lame defense,
in a body like tbe Senate, which abounds
in trained and merciless debaters.
? "Cam" Rousey was shot and killed
recently in a Kentucky town by a man
named Gresham, and a correspondent of
the Courier-Journal, in reporting the
affair, called Rousey a desperado. Two
friends of Rousey resented this in com?
munications to the paper, and from tbem
it was learned that "Cam" was one of
eleven brothers, of whom six still live.
Of tbe five dead brothers, Jasper was
hanged by a mob in 1859, Thomas was
killed in 1865 as he was leaving Sabbath
school by Thomas and John Akin, who
were also in the mob that hanged Jasper;
Smith was killed in 1867 while trying to
rescue two brothers from the Kentucky
militia during the Lynch trouble, and
Archie wa9 killed last year by John Wil?
liams through a mistake. It is averred
that they "were noble fellows," who
never looked "to the Courts for justice,
but went to their abusers and demanded
an eye'for an eye or friendship on the
spot, with appropriate apologies, which
they would exchange."
? The invitation to General Hancock
to attend the inauguration of Garfield,
recalls the fact that the great-hearted
Westerner, Douglas, went with a tranquil
face to see Lincoln made President, and
walked into the ball-room with Mrs.
Lincoln on his arm. The only two Pres?
idents, I believe, who ever refused to s**
their successors inaugurated were thu
Adams's. The first Adams left the Cap?
itol in a bitter passion before Jeffersou
reached it, and retired to his country
home, a soured aud implacable old man.
The next Adams 'made way for Jackson
with a hatred that he did not attempt to
conceal. He was taking a horseback
ride on tho outskirts of Washington
while Jackson was taking the oath. All
the|othcr Presidents witnessed the inau?
guration of their successors?but I sup?
pose we shall have a break in the custom
when Garfield is about to take the oath.
As President Tilden has been prevented
by circumstances beyond his control,
from spending bis term in tho White
House, it is hardly probable that ho will
ride over to Washington merely to sec.
his successor sworn in.
? Quite a breeze has been stirred by
a report in reference to the inaugural
ball which states that nearly one-half of
the tickets sold have been purchased by
colored people. Tho occasion is likely,
therefore, to present a variety which is
too spicy for the fastidious people of the
North, for it is they who are making the
row with the committee. Since this re?
port has been in circulation few tickets
have been bought, and the committee are
anxious about their finances. This little
circumstance shows how dead is the civil
rights legislation over which tbe great
parties bitterly contended. There has
come to pass an almost universal assent
to the doctrine held by the Democrats iu
that passionate struggle for?nothing.
It was claimed then, and it is demon?
strated now, that this question of social
rights is one which no legislation can
affect. It is governed by influences too
subtle to be controlled by the astutest
statesman. It is one of those great ques?
tions which is best regulated when not
regulated at all. It seems, in one view,
strange that a man of Sumner's broad
brain and deep knowledge of the phi?
losophy of government, should have been
so wrapt up in such an impracticable
scheme that he died with a prayer for its
success on his lips. But Sumner was an
enthusiast on the subject of tho negro.
He wanted to give him everything no
matter whether he could use it or not.
In his burning zeal he tried to do at one
stroke that which, if ever possible at all,
could only be possible after a long series
of developments; or more probably, he
attempted to break down business which
he supposed man had set up, but which,
in all probability, exist in tho very con*
Btitntioo of the races.

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