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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 14, 1884, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1884-08-14/ed-2/seq-1/

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?y E. B. MURRAY & CO.
._ i.
rain WomVi in Clmrleston Weekly News.
the 14th and 15th of May, 18G4,
butilo ot Resaca took place. I waa
og at tho tinto with Borne friends on
farm, nearly two miles uorlh of the
ge, but cn what afterwards proved to
hotly coutested part of the held,
had not the vaguest idea that a
. was impending. That Qen. Johu
would retreat toword Atlanta and
c them "in the linea" they fully ex
il, and bad made their arrangements
rdinglyi scuding off what valuables
could and packing up a;d storing
thc balance. But that Le should
at Resaca and make a desperate
d lhere astonished them. And wheo
found that their home would bc iu
battlefield, that their very house
ld be hotly contested for, as it was a
e. strong building standing on a hill.
rounding two fords, nut! it would
fore bo impossible to remain iu it,
nero filled with dismay. When
ld they go 7 All their stock and
cles of every sort bad been sent off,
ey could not ride away. And it was
ssiblb for an old man and a lot of
ate women to march perhaps for
H. Even if they could stand the
eli, where should they go?
ll day long wo bad been running out
e fence to seo the troops pass by and
eak to any friends who might chance
o among them. By them" we were
red that a fight on the morrow waa
itnble, and their distress at our
erous positiou did not tend to raise
spirits. By night wo found ourselves
the midst of a camp. Tho light of
camp fires lit up the horizon far and
e, and the bum of thousands of
an tokes was like the roaring of a
hty sea. By to-morrow night how
y of these voices will be stilled, I
gbt; and indeed how many of us
be left?
y musings wjre interrupted by the
ul of my friend's Bon. Capt. Mitch
nus in the engineer corps and bad
busy all day laying pontoon bridges
s the Ooatanaula River at Resaca,
was tired and jaded ; but, full of
cty, bo bad come to inquire what
"ather expected to do, and was appall
o learn that they all contemplated
ining in the bouBe.
'ou will all bo killed 1" he said, in
Vbero ?hall we go?" they tuted,
'uppose you go down to the river and
uoder the bluff. That viii be a
tal hiding-place."
a river, like most mountain streams,
very high banks.
'es, but if the Yankees try .md cross
, as it is likely they will," .said one
is sisters, "we might be caught by an
ading fire and BO perish miscraoly
rats in a hole. No, if we muBt die
s die above ground."
rea," rejoined another, in an aside to
"I might fall into the river and get
ned. I always was afraid of wa
lten the distracted captain proposed
; we should all lie down on the side
> neighboring hill.and so escape the
1 and shell. But some ono suggested
1 our troops, in charging, might run
r us and trample us to death ; and so
would All be slain by '"ie bands (or
1er feet) of our friends. With a deep
in be acknowledged thia {hinger, and
t last suggestion proposed that we
sid lie down on the Hoar cleo to the
I. As he seemed so distressed we all
iniaed, though we knew none of ns
e going to do it. Indeed, one of his
.TS confided to me that abo intended
ret up on the fence and stay there,
see all that she could see ; that she
long desired to witness a battle, and
i waa her chanco.
lien the unhappy captain bade his
?ly adieu, neither ever expecting to
(he other again. His mother was
0 overwhelmed at the patting. She
the moat timid creature I ever saw,
bad sat all thia time in a state of
apse ; but I believe now she was more
ressed at the danger her son must run
the morrow than of any she might
ounter. At last, worn out and weary,
feli asleep, and Blept. soundly till the
' of the human sea the next morning
ised us. It must have been nearly 8
ock when, as I was talking to some
iers, I spied Capt. Mitchell galloping
followed by two army wagons that
i. Johnston had kindly loaned him.
'Pack up and come away at once," he
I. "The fight will begin directly and
will then'have to ride under fire."
bad been offering my services to a
?eon as a field-hospital nurse, but at
news I ignominiously forsook him to
1 up my tr-'ngs, and J never saw
er him or h^ aospital afterwards.
ven in the hurry of flight I could but
ce that the instinctive love of prop
is much greater in women than in
. Capt. Mitchell wad frantic to be
but hui sisters insisted that they must
a moment to pick up "their things."
?binga 1" he cried. "Is this a time to
of things? The fight may com
es at any moment ; and can you all
two or three miles under fire?"
VU bo ready in a moment," said one
Hu sisters, looking np from a large
?J* ?he was hurriedly packing with
Hp and dresses.
Bat then the sudden "boom" of a
?on was heard.
Vood Lord !" cried the Captain, leap
flu if shot. "There I the fight has
penced I" and taking np an armful
?Uijng be threw it Into the trunk,
Wdown the, lid, and turning to the
if?, cried : "Here, pat it in the
ie sister had no idea of giving np
beloved things, but abe aaw it was
?? to contest tho point with him, so
resorted to subterfuge.
ton had better look after moiher,"
"heated. "I'll bet ahe is turning
W and round and doing nothing."
Si Captain fell into the snare and
fad opt of the room.
?re, ' cried she to the men, "drop
J*H<>k IU not send it off half
!*<V nattle or no battle."
?? two soldiers surveyed her with
1 ? admiration at her pluck. The
or artillery and tho sharp rattle of
???try flue?f the'air. Hastily open
?trunk she hurriedly packed it,
Just filled it to the top when ber
?asheard approaching.
7. hurry !" cried she to the men,
Captain will catch you. I am
aid of him at present than of all
> meantime Capt. Mitchell had
?ts mother turning round and
M frightened todo much, though
found tjhna to peek her bania
with valnables to be left,.and
h JTC?* ?J? Wa work
& ber Bible and a forge tntkoy
? "om which abe wa? sever
known to be separated .-.mumer or winter,
abo stood ready lo depart, praying and
fanning herself ; and if her daughters
had not looked after her clothing she
would not have had a change to her
Luckily the girls wero as brave and
cool as their mother was faint-hearted
and excited, and in au incrediblo short
time had affairs in marching order. As
very few trunks could be put into tho
wagon, every sack and pillow-case was
pressed into service, and garment after
garment wa* rolled up into tight balls
and crammed down into them, and these
bogs wero then packed into the wagon.
The demand for hags, of course, was
great, and as there was no time to look
for them so amusing scene took place
between one of the ladies and her niece
old Mrs. Mitchell's pet grandchild, a girl
of eight or ten, who, far from concerning
herself to save anything of valu6, had
appropriated one of tho valuable bags
for the use of four gray kittens, named
after four Conlederato captains of her
acquaintance. With this great treasure
she was marching off, when her ?unt
spied her and capturing tho bag, indig
nantly tilted tho four tabby captains out,
who joyfully scampered away.
"Aro not your grand-paren's clothes of
more value than four cata?" abe scorn
fully demanded, when the little girl made
a tearful remonstrance.
lu answer to Cap. Mitchell's cry to
make haste, as the firing had commenced
along tho line, and if they did not hurry
they would be forced to ride for miles
under Gro, tho household sallied forth,
all the ladies with something IQ their
bands, looking very much like people
Hying from a Lousu ou fire-old Mm.
Mitchell with her Bible and turkey-tail
fan, and her granddaughter with another
sack containing tho four cat captains,
wh un she had run down and captured.
They were mewing and scratching, and
were a very disagreeable piece of baggage
to sit near, as they clawed everything
within reach.
One of tho sisters, it should bo men
tioned, was so thoughtless as to come
forth empty-handed.
"Aro you carrying off nothing?" the
others demanded reproachfully.
Abashed abo fled back into the desert
ed bouse, and snatching up a large
looking-glass, for which she had no man
ner of use, clasped it in her arms after
the manner of a breastplate, apd sallying
forth in this dazzling armor, climbed to
Uer placo on top of the baggage in the
At last every one, servants and all,
were packed in the wagons and we start
ed off.
For about two miles the dirt road and
railroad ran close together. Drawn up
along tho railroad was a line of soldiers
waiting for their time to take a hand in
the ball, which was now being opened at
Resaca, tao miles away, by a grand
cannonading. They looked mournfully at
us as we rode hy. Then something
jostled the wagon, some one lost their
balance-it may have been oue of the cat
captains-and in the confusion an elbow
was thrust into the looking glass breast
plate and shivered it, so the fragments
were cast out. The line of veterans
broke, the men darted forward to Becure
tho hits of glans, and eagerly scanned
Buch little strips of their faces as they
could see.
The little village of Resaca is situated
at the junction of two mountain rivers,
which, here flow together and form the
Oostanaula. This river was spanned by
a fine railroad bridge, and for the>e
reasons Resaco- had b^n conaidered as a
strategic point of considerrMe impor
tance, and bad been closely ,,uardedfor
a long time. The line of bills which
surrounded the village bristled^ with for
tifications. At the foot of one of these
chains stretched a little plateau, and on
this ran both railroads and dirt road. As
our heavily ladened wagons jogged slowly
along a shell flew over the breastworks
and sailed toward us. It was still some
distance from us when a little stream of
white' smoke issned from it. Old Mrs.
Mitchell bad never seen one of the per
nicious things, and it attracted her favor
able notice.
"What ia that op there with the white
smoke?" ?he calmly demanded.
AB has been said before the old lady
was nervous and timid, and had she
known the dangerous nature of the obied
of her admiration she might have taken
a fit. After jumping to the couclusior.
that it waa too far off to hurt us some on?
' formed ber that it was only a shell.
"Ah 1" aaid the old lady, "is that so
Why, they ate very pretty things."
Here the driver turned round in hi
saddle and surveyed us, but I have ni
idea whether he thought we were heroe
or idiots. His contemplations were in
terrupted by an officer leaping on th
breastworks and shouting, "Double-quid
that wagon I Double-quick it I"
A Utile, farther on we met a squad c
horsemen. They proved to be Gen. Pol
and his Btaff, and Capt. Mitchell, wh
was serving under him, rode up besid
hi? father to speak to bim.
It was the first time I had ever see
the warrior priest, and it was also th
last, for he was killed during this can:
pnign. He was a very fine looking mai
and I will never forget the courteoi
grace with which he bared his head aa
bowed in token of sympathy as we pasi
ed- .
"Where are you to cross the rive
Captain ?" he asked.
''At tbs lower pontoon, General,
think it the safest.''
We had not gono very far before ot
of his aides came flying after us.
"The General says you had better ero
at the upper bridge. The firing is not i
hot there." s ...
As we rode through Resaca the litt
village seemed fairly to rock from t
tremendous cannonading. Many or 1
houses had been struck.
When we reached the pontoon brldi
it was thought best that we should di
mount and cross on foot, and it fell ton
lot to escort Mrs. Mitchell over. I
sooner had we started than a Fedet
battery not far off opened fire opon t
The soldiers on the opposite side of t
river, protected by the high railro
embankment, became quite frantic at o
danger sBd kept screaming to us
"Ran 1 run, ladies I for God's sake rs
aud get over here." .
All of this wes lost on old Mrs. Mitt
ell. 8he could not hear what they si
for tho roar of the cannonading to wh
she hsd now,become accustomed. Neil
er did she know that we were under fi
thongh the balls were splashing in l
.rater on each side of us. She did i
see very well, so at??H not notice thi
anu' no one felt callo? upon to draw I
attention lo the fact. Sha objected
rUnnlog. preferring to walk : so takl
her by tie hand we ambled! along, fl
way across we passed a soldier on gus
whereupon she stopned to ask him
than wa? any danger there. He wa
Sp looking fellow, butha fairiy ?|
at her : language failed J*'0"
could ?odhis tongue I hurried her
declaring that "lt waaJJ^nst orden
Bpenk to thc guard/' For I knew thi
she ever discovered thc dinger sho wa?
in, her knees would gi?o way under uer,
and I would have the pleasure of carry
ing ber tho rest of the way.
At last we reached the other bank and
were under cover of tho railroad em
bankment. Then the officer in charge of
the pontoon came up to speak to us. He
waa an old friend Mrs. Mitchell had not
Been for yes.ro, and she greeted him cor
"How do you do, Capt. Harria ? I am
BO glad to seo you. How is your wife ?"
''She is very well," said the astonished
Captain, looking first at the old lady and
then involuntarily at a shell flying over
She was so buey tattling to the Captain
Lhat Bhe bad not noticed it.
"And your sisters, how are they ?''
"Very well, I thank you," he Baid
politely, not wishing to be outdone in
"And our friends, the Turners-havo
pou seen them lately ?"
He gazed at her in astonishment. The
forest trees around were being riddled by
shot and shell, but she was so busy talk
ing about ber neighbors she did not
notice them, their whistling sound being
irowucd in the louder noise of the can
nonading. Men were lying around
.Youiuled and dying, but she did not seo
pery well, and she probably concluded
that they had assumed thoso postures to
?capo being burt. I believe had she
known tbe re. ' state of tho casa she
would have died of fright.
While she was prattling thus with her
>ld friend i noticed a little group not far
iff-a squad of soldiers with a wc-nan
in their midst, and a horse with a side
?addle uu it, standing near. 1 judged
:hat she bad just riddc . there, for she
itood, with her face dropped in her
mnds, by the side of a man who lay BtifT
ind stark upon the ground ; while the
rroup around, by their looks and ges
tures, testified their sympathy. Did Bhe
;ome too-late? I wondered.
While I thus mused the wagonB croB?
ni and we were hurried inlo them and
continued our flight till we reached Cal
loun, some six miles distant, being kept
tn the alert all the way by the shelle
srashing among the tree-tops.
On reaching Calhoun it seemed almoat
ts if we had jumped from the frying-pan
uto the Are. as tho town was being
ihelled and tue citizens were flying foi
heir lives in every direction. A fierce
igbt was going on. The Federal cavalry
vere trying to cross the river and the
Confederates were trying- to prevent
hem. We could Btand in tho street and
vit ness tho fray, as the town was righi
lown on the river. But hero wo had ta
;ive up our wagons, so we all dismount
id, glad to be relieved from our cramped
losition, and from the four cat captains
7uo bad escaped from their bag and bad
>een disporting themselves on the backe
ind shoulders of the company. We toot
efuge in a little deserted bouse fron
ivhich every one ?ad fled.
Excitement is i\ very good tonic, bul
t can't keep one up forever. We bad nt
>reakfa8t and were all extremely hungry
The cook, provident soul, bad come of
7!th a large basket of bread. Somi
>ther thoughtful creature, just before ou
light, baa turned all the milk into thi
vater bucket, thinking th UH to save both
This idea bad met with Capt. Mitchell'!
varm approval as he chased up and dowi
ho house, hurrying everybody.
"A very good notion," said ho, 'Tl
iee to that being taken care of, myself.'
So tho milk was consigned to bi
?barge, and when every one clamorous!;
lemanded these viands, the captain saii
ic would -enjoy a drink of milk.
"I take great credit lo myself for sav
ng it," he added complacently.
The cook produced the bread. Th
nilk, ah I where was it? Nowhere to b
bund ! The last known of it was whe
t was seen on the hall table just befor
ve left home, and I make no doubt som
bi rs tv Confederate bad long since cot
urned it. A battery of reproachful eye
vere levelled on the captain, who lonke
ixtremely foolish.
"Yon would never have made a goo
mtter-milk ranger. You are unfit ?
he position," said Daisy severely as B!
orrowfully devoured hot dry bread.
But the fury of the fight around i
eon diverted our minds from our priva
Some officers climbed a very high hi
a front of our little homo for the pu
)0se of reconnoitering, and ?.he Federa
) pe ned fire ou them in flue H ty ie. Tl
ihelh) came whistling over our heai
linking the bouses and shivering tl
xees across the way, causing the office
0 beat a hasty retreat. As for old Mi
Mitchell, I thought she would have hi
1 spaam. It was the first time she rei
zen she was in any danger. As eve
theil burst, she leaned un crying, "Lo
preserve me 1" and aa they burst eve
minute or two, she came nearer obeyit
the Bible injunction to "pray wicho
leasing" than any one I have ever sec
By night the dear old lady was very sic
md we were all feeling quite anxio
?bout her.
Early in the day Capt. Mitchell li
is, after giving strict orders that1
.vere to remain closely indoor*, and r
jxpose ourselves to the gaze of the si
liery, who constantly passed to and :
before the door. As he seemed vc
mxious and worried, we thought it b
to faithfully promise to obey bim ; t
just as soon as we made sure he was o
sf sight we sallied forth and station
ourselves npon the fence, or any whi
ilse that we could get a good sight of I
Fighting going on. We could bo in
more danger in one place than anotfa
and preferred to be shot out of doon
have the roof come crashing down ur
Dur heads. As for Daisy, who had
long desired to see a battle, Bhe hu
upon the gate, and being anxious to h
In the good cause, handed water to ev
thirsty soldier who passed. It was rec
itraoge to see how many of them w
Commonness of interest did away w
ceremony. We frequently asked 1
went the fight, and many a sold
taking pity on ns after seeing our at
ions faces, tried to cheer os with hope
Daisy, who was very young r.od
mantle, waa thrown into ees tades iii
miration over a handsome young cs
lier, who, half reining in his gallop
steed, with a graceful wave of his gat
leted hand, cried. "Don't be alaru
ladies, we will defend yon !"
"Oh I is be not a brave defender I"
cried, using a cant obrase of the timi
Soon after there jogged by the rou
est sort of a cavalryman, who, wish
to throw in his meed of sympa
drawl? ' mt in a harsh, nasal TC
"8keer*-. raia?"
"He ? riso a brave defender," aal
M Dais} .urned away in disgust.
After two days anxious waiting
Calhonn for the battle to be over tba
miirbt return home, we learned with
may that Gen. Johnston wat alowij
treating, and found ourselves nnmb
among the rast army of homelea? t
gees. The home we expected to te
to in tyro dayl we nover saw again
two year?, and then it had been swept of
everything and was in ruins.
Journeying on the trains with the sick
and wounded soldiers we at last reached
M-, where kind friends welcomed
us. Mrs. Mitchell, recovering from her
fright and fatigue, discovered that she
was a war'worn veteran. Sbe also learn
ed with great surprise that her trip from
home to Calhoun was a far more danger
ous affair than ber disagreeable experi
ences in that village, and as it was far
pleasanter to think of, she was never
weary of Baying to thc gaping old ladies
who came to see ber, whilo sho geutly
fanni d herself with tho turkey-tail fan,
"And I actually, ma' un , rodo eight miles
under fire !"
"And never knew it," I wanted to add,
but didn't.
Mason's Cotton Harvester and tho Pros
pects of its Success.
The autumn of 1881 bids fair to bo a
memorable epoch for the Southern States,
not only because it ic likely to bring lo
an ced the ion" reign of H?p?'blican
misrule in our National a fla in', but be
cause it promises to usher into successful
uso an invention which will certainly
give a wonderful impetus to our great
agricultural iudustry, and may bring
about a peaceful revolution in our sys
tem of field labor. We refer to the now
cotton picking machine, kuown as Ma
son's Cotton Harvester. The multitude
of inquiries about it that reach us from
all parts of tho South shows how wide
spread is the public interest in the suc
cess of tho invention.
The opening bolls will in a few weeks
spread "tho snow of Southern summers"
over our fields, and befor-j the close of
the present month it ia hoped that there
will be abundant opportunity for tho
final test of tho now Harvester. Since
the last crop was gathered no time has
been lost and no endeavor has been
spared by the Compauy which owns the
patents to prepare for this crop a ma
chine which would satisfactorily do the
work of picking tho cotton from tho
plant and take placo of tho expensive
and tedious process of hand labor. Sev
eral machines of slightly varying styles
have now been completed and aro ready
to straddle the cottou rowB. At the
close of the last season Mr. Mason had
succeeded iu perfecting a machino which
would pick out the open cotton without
injury to tho growing plants, or the un
matured cotton bolls and blooms. This
machine, which was tested in the pres
ence of large numbers of planters, dem
onstrated that the principle which was to
solve the great problem had been discov
ered. The mechanical application of
the principle at that time was not per
fectly satisfactory to Mr. Mason. It was
too complicated and costly, and in other
respects needed improvement. The
conveyors which removo the cotton from
tho boxes, srhere it ?B deposited by the
picking ??terna, -.?ero not of sufficient ca
pacity to remove tho cotton aa fast as it
was picked. To remedy the defects ot
construction and to Bimpiifv the machine
has been the aim of Mr. Mason's work
during the past ai:: months. The coming
tests will best show how completely he
has succeeded in this difficult task. The
machine is now quin light, weighing
only about 800 pounds, aud i* "hapely as
well as bandy. Yet it is so strong that it
cannot easily get out of order, and its
manipulation requires no other skill than
tho knowledge of how to drive a horse or
mule. Uutil tho test shall have been
made it is impossible to Bay what the
capacity of the machino will bo. Its
inventor is confident that it will harvest
4,000 pounds of seed cotton in a day of
ten hours.
After the first testa, which will be
made near the company's shops at Sum
ter, S. C., it is likely that tesis will be
made in different parts of thia State and
other cotton-growing sections. A letter
from the Treasurer of the World's Ex
position at New Orleans oays that, in
compliance with a suggestion made by
i,he Colton Harvester Company, the
Director-General will appoint a commit
tee of competent judges to witness a trial
of the Cottou Harvesting Machine at
'juch time and place as shall be desig
nated by tho Harvester Company. This
arrangement has been made in order that
the real morita of the machine may be
conclusively demonstrated. In Decem
ber, when the Exposition will open, and
in January when it will probably bo only
fairly organized and largely attended,
the cotton in the fields will not be in
favorable condition for picking. Such
cotton as might be preserved on the
plants for the purpose would be wind
tossed, stained and full of trash. Wbat
the Cotton Harvester Company desires to
demonstrate is that their machine is
specially adapted for gathering the cotton
at precisely the same time that it is
picked by hand. To demonstrate this it
is likely that some time about the middle
of October will be fixed for the test
The committee v/ill then have every op
portunity of examining the work per
formed by the machine upon the cotton
plants when filled with blooms, forms,
untipe bolls and open bolls. Whatever
award the judges may decide to make
can be made during the Exposition, aud
a machine will, of course, be on exhibi
tion as part of tho South Carolina ex
The deep interest which is felt through
out the South in Mr. Mason's work is
shown by the large number of prominent
gentlemen who travel long distances to
visit the shops in Sumter to see it They
come, incredulous that the machine will
ever succeed in the practical work of
picking cotton ; but they go away con
vinced that Its success is assured. The
magnitude of the results af the solution
of tho problem which has baffled the iu
genuity of inventors for half a century
ia hard to overestimate. Tbe complete
practical success of the Cotton Harvester
means that tbe Southern States can and
will raise the cotton for the world, at a
cost at least forty millions of dollars less
than it now costa to produce it. No
wonder that the outcome of Mr. Mason's
modest machi no-sb op in Sumter is watch
ed by the whole Booth with eager and
impatient gaze I-News and Courier.
- The young man who used to sing
"I fear no foe" before he was. married, j
now says, "I cannot sing the old songs." [
- A yoong girl began to sing : "Lis
ten to the mocking bird," and everybody
in the room rushed ont to find a mock
ing bird to listen to.
- "In wbat condition was tbe patri
arch Job at the ?nd of his life t" asked
a Sunday School teacher of a quiet look
ing boy at the foot of the class. "Dead,"
calmly replied tho boy. '
Tbe following advertisement ap?
pesred lo an Edin burg paper-"For cale,
a handsome plano the property of a
young lady wno is leaving Scotland in a
walnut case with turned legs."
- An Irish Judge had a habit of beg
ging pardon on every occasion. ' One day
cs ho wat about tb leave the bench, the
officer of tho court, reminded him that
he bad act passed sentence of death on
one of the criminals aa be had intended.
"Dear .ms |" eaid hU lordship. "I beg
his pard?n^bribjp bha up."
Oorretpondence of the Intelligencer.
Borne writer has paid that if we should
speak of tho "Old Castle of Heidelberg"
as the "old stone houso on huckleberry
bill," mauy of tho pootio and romantic ]
associations would bo lost, although the
literal meaning would remain the same ;
and whilo this nf ny ho true to a certain
exton'., (tho word Heidelberg meaning
nothing more than "huckleberry moun
tain,") yet it is also truo that for one who
has ever had tho pleasuro of seeing this
graud old castlo-tho finest ruiu in Ger
many-no change ol name can ever
chango or obliterate thc memory.
Tho city of Heidelberg ia most delight
fully situated in tho narrow valley of tho
Nectar, just at its junction with tho val
ley of the Khiue ; and the castle, which
for several centuries was the neat of tho
Palaliue, and was regarded as one of the
most impregnable fortresses of Europe,
overhangs tho valley on the South side j
of tho river, and about 300 foet above (
tho city. It consists of Humorous towera <
and other defensivo works, toge.tlier with
the remains of the palaces which wore J J
built and occupied at different periods in I (
ita history, tho whole protected by alf
moat not less than fifty feet in width and I i
from thirty to forty feet in depth, the j *
main cntranco being formerly over a I '
drawbridge aud through a narrow pas- J.
sago iu a watch tower, closed by a maa* j '
sive poi. .JH?D, V.'L.^U thrs?ieiiing ?rou j '
points can still bo Beeu abovo our hoads I !
as wo enter. Ono of the most important 11
towers was blown up by tho French in j J
1089 and so great was the strength of the I [
masonry that a largo portion of tho wall, I '
nearly twenty feet in thickness, fell out-1 c
ward without crumbling and still lies io 11
tho mont, a mnuumcnt to tho skill of the I I
masons who erected this mighty fortress. J fl
Nearly a hundred years later tho castle j c
was struck by lightning and since that I c
timo no attempt at restoration has been I '
made. In one of tho cellars is the cele? v
bruted "tun" or wino cask, the largest
ever constructed. It is as large as a I I
small house, having a length of thirty-1 e
two feet, a vertical diameter of twenty- 1 J
six feet and a horizontal diameter of I 1
twenty-two feot and holding about 60,- R
OOO gallons or nearly 1,000 barrels. It 1
was built more than ono hundred years 4
ago and has been filled several times, I ?
but is at present unused.
About 700 feet above the cant?o, on 1
the top of the mountain, is the K?nigs-1 0
Btubl, or King's Heat, with a tower which I [
commands the finest view we have as I J
yot seen in Europe. It includes a large I
portion of tba ferti'e plain of the Rhine I 0
and the valley of the Neckar, with the n
ri vern winding away to the Northward I jj
until they unite at Mannheim, and on d
the F-.nt and South the dark unbroken 1
green of the Blade Forest, with the 0
idonwald, the Suabian and the Taunus I a
mountains in the distance. Looking *
Westward toward* the Rhine, tho scene I '
is not unlike that from the Catskill Ia
Mountain House, hoking towards tho P.
Hudson ; but vHh the added advantage I ?
that hero the mountains, although much I '
lower, rise abrubtly from the plain, while I
tho point of observation is the highest 1
for many miles, thus giving an extensive 1
view of the forests, mountains and valleys
on tho North, the East aud the South. a
The University of Heidelberg is one of n
tho most famous in Europe, but its build
ings are in no way commensurate with u
its great reputation. The plain, dingy .
structures which are pointed out as the '
University buildings are in striking con- 6
traBt to the massive and elegant balls 11
erected by many of tho colleges and 8
universities of America. A majority of '
the students are faithful, hard-working t
Beekers after knowledge, but duelling r
and dissipation constitute the amusement v
of too large a portion. The duelling is a I *
mere farce, slender swords being used, ?
sharpened only at the point, wbiio the
upper portion of the face and the chest
aro protected with a wire Bereen. A fenc- I 2
ing master stands by the 6ide of each of
tho contestants to ward off any blow that
may eeom dangerous, and the sham fight
goes on until one or the other hos received s
a wound, usually in the lower part of the I c
face, the scar from which will form an I ^
honorable (?) record of university life. I s
We saw some dozens of these disfigured 11
faces about the city, while others whose j c.
wounds had not yet healed were going j c
about with their countenances plastered s
up as though they had been enjoyiug an t
interview with a belligerent cat. I <
Baden Baden, about two hours' ride I 1
Southward from Heidelberg, is, we were Ic
informed by the clerk of our hotel there, I "
"the prettiest place in Germany :" and 1t
after a few hours spent in looking over I I
its attractions we were not inclined to 1j
dispute his statement. It is situated in I1
a lovely valley, surrounded by wooded I f
hills just at the edge of the Black Forest ; j 1
and shares with Wiesbaden tho honor of *
being one of the two most popular I '
watering places of Europe. Its Cursaal I *
ia much finer than that of its rival and j -
waa built years ago by the lessee of the I !
gambling privilege ; but for twelve years ! *
public gambling has been prohibited I ]
throughout Germany and with it bas I 1
gone much of tho glory of Baden. The I '
food old times, when "things were I 1
ivcly," are remembered with longing by I(
many of the old habitue* of the place, as I '
well as by the shop-keepers whose coilers I '
were enriched by the flood of gold so
recklessly poured into the city. It still 11
has many attractions, however, in its
parks, its concerts, etc., and is visited
annually by thousands. The waters,
Uko those of Wiesbaden, have been I
famous ever since the old Roman days |
and the chemical ingredients are about
tho same as those of the latter place.
They are used for almost every ailment,
real or imaginary. Fat people drink
that they may become lean and lean peo
plo drink that they may become fat. Sick I
people drink that they may become weil, I
and if well people are fools enough to
drink, we see no good and sufficient I
reason why they should not become sick. I
It is an amusing sight at about five or I
six o'clock in the morning, to ROO hun
dreds, both sick and well of both sexes
making their way to the "Trickhalle"
where the waters from all the springs are
collected and struggling with one or more
glasses of the sickening stuff*. Thinking
that some of the readers of these letters
might wish to sample some of these
famous waters, we have secured "at
great expense." the following recipe,
which, by both analysis and synthesis,
bas been proven correct to the thirtieth
decimal: To fourteen gallons of rain
water, two weeks old, add two quarts of
soft soap and five pounds, sixteen ounces
of common salt. Boil until dono and
when it baa cooled to a temperature of
about 150 degrees, try a glass of it and if
you like lt you have our permission to
come to Baden Baden and drink all you
Strasburg, the ancient capital of the
province of Alsace and for nearly 200
years in the-posseaslon of France, but
wrested from that country during th*
Franco-Prussian war? ia located In the
midst nf a fertile plain, which surrounds
the city for many cniles on every side.
It bas a population of about 90,000 and
is strongly fortified. Tho Cathedral,
with it wonderful astronomical clock, is
the principal attraction of the city and
ls well worth a visit. It was commenced
in 1015 and tho structure ss it stands at
tho present completed iu 1439. The
original plan contemplated tho building,
of twin spires almila* to tboso since
erected on tho Cologne cathedral; but
only one was built thus detracting much
from the appearance of tho fncade. It is
310 feet in length (80 feet loss than the
structure at Cologne) with a nave 100
feet in height and a tower which is often
incorrectly stated to bo the loftiest in
Europe, it being 4U5 feet high, or 46
feet lower than the great spiro of Cologue.
Tho astronomical clock is built on tho
floor in tho South transept, and is ono of
the most complicated pieces of mechanism
over constructed. It is the result of
twcn'.y years of labor, fifteen of which
nero devoted to tho plans and calcula
tions ?nd five to the actual construction
)f tin nischinery by tho inventor. It is
)nly ?uo-.it fitty years old, having been
built to replace otie chich was destroyed.
Besides allowing tho hour of the day, the
lay of the week, month, etc., it give a tho
.hinch festivals, tbo position nf tho earth
md much other valuable astronomical
nformation, aud is calculsted to follow
he calendar correctly for 999 years. Ita
liaplay of puppets is one of its great
ittraclions, and thoy certainly show great
ngenuity on the part of the inventor.
The principal display takes place at noon,
vben figures representing the twelve
ipostles pass before an image of Christ,
>aob .>..,-, ?og in torn, a cock crows, a fig
ire of Tinea turns an hour glass and ~a
ious other puppets and imngea take part
n the exhibition. Tbo view from the
piro of the cathedral or from tho plat
brm on which the missing tower was to
lave becu built, is an admirable one, in
?hiding the city surrounded by a com
ileto circle of fortifications, with the vast
ditin!) beyond. A largo number of
torks, being protected by tho IawBof tbe
?itv, build their nests on tho tops of the
himneys of many of the houses, and
rom tho cathedral dozons of these awk
ward birds may be seen.
The Falls of the Rhino was tho next
>oint on our programme and wero roach
d by us from Strasburg by passing over
ho Black Forest Railway, a road which
a regarded as one of the triumphs of
nodern engineering. It runs for many
niles over the densely wooded bills of
bis romantic region, tue dark green of
ho foreBts and not any foul deeds of
dood, furnishing the rer-son for giving it
ho uncanny nnmo which it bears. The
,1 leged falls, which are spoken of an "tho
rioat imposing in Europe," aro located at
Dahausen, three miles west of Schafl
lauRen, and an American may be par
loned should bo indulge in a quiet smile
it the doubtful majesty of tho affair. It
s a mere cascade, tbe river making a
lescent of about sixty foot, flowing over
be rocks on ono side at an angle of
bout 45 degrees and on the other at
ibout half that inclination. Of course
he water is dashed into foam aa it is
iuried downward, and in tbe absence of
nytbing better, the "falls" might be re
;arded aa "very pretty." Nearly In the
entre of the fall rises a steep, rocky io
and which can be reached by a boat
rom below, and from the top tbo best
iew is obtained. If you csn imagine
bat the rock isntbotit to be wasbed away
ry the rush of tbe waters you may be
bte to arouse nome enthusiasm over "tbe
rioat imposing falls of Europe."
From Neubauaen, a nhort ride brings
ts to Lake Constance, one of tbo largest,
tut not tbe most beautiful of tbe swiss
akes. On the north and northeast its
bores are low and flat, but farther south
ho mountains vhc around it and give it
ome fine bits of scenery. Wo cross
rom Constance to Fr i ed rieh ahn fen, on
ho northeastern nhore, and from thence
ecross to Romanahoru, ai which place
re again take the train for Zurich,
.'hero, on the shore of tho beautiful lake
f that name we spent a "day of rest."
t Train Runs Away Down the Hoon?
Last Monday afternoon, 4th inst., an
.ccident of a very thrilling nature oc
urred on tbo Ducktown branch of the
Venteril North Carolina Railroad, re
utting in the wreck of a construction
rain, tho destruction of a trestle and the
leath of Conductor Wyun, who was in
hargo of the tre'a at the time of tho
iccident, and wht- ri urned to jump from
ho moving cars L<B all tho others did.
)ur information is that on the evening
n question a material train was slowly
iscending a steep grado up a mountain
ide, and when about midway up the
rrado a coupling pin broke, or a bumper
lulled out, detaching the train from the
mgine. Tbo train was a heavy one, and
he moment it broke loose from the en
gine it commenced a wild runaway down
he mountain side. The force of con
'.traction hands, the brakemen and tratn
lauds leaped from tho train as it started
lown the mountain and all escaped un
mri. Only ono m rm remained on the
ly ii.-g train, and he was the heroic Cap
ain Wynn, tho conductor of the train,
who leaped to ? brake wheel ard bent
iii every energy to check the speed of
ho train by the application of tho brake
But his efforts proved unavniliasr. At
sach revolution of ".he wheels the speed
)f the train increased. It was a thrilling I
ipectaclo to see the ruuaway cars streak-1
ng down tbe iron pathway with one
lolitary man on board-tbo courageous
Wynn, bis back bent to tbe brake wheel
md his bair strep ming In the wind. A
ihort distance down the road was a trestle
spanning a stream, and it was here ?hut
ilisaster overtook the train and its occu
pant. Just as the cars ran on the trestle,
the wheels jumped the track and in an
Instant the trestle waa demolished and
the cars tumbled one upon the other in
s general wreck. The train hands real
ired what bad occurred as soon as they
heard the crash, and they hastened In
the direction of the trestle to find that
all waa a wreck. The first thought waa
for Capt. Wynn, and they set to work at
once in the endeavor to rescue him from
the debris, but it was some time before
his body was reached. He was found
under one of the cara and when pulled
out was still alive, but hopelessly crushed
and bruised. Both his legs were broken
badly, the fractures extending almost to
bis nip joints,- and thete were other
bruises and contusions about his body.
The physicians, who were quickly sum
mcned, pronounced bis injuries fatal.
He was carried to a boase near by where
every attention waa paid him until his
death, which occurred a lew boura after?
warda.-Charlotte Obtener.
- "How many drams make a pint?"
asked a school teacher. "Four," yelled
a boy, springing np. "How do yon make
that?*' aaked the astonished teach or;
"the table says it takes 128." "Well, it
don't take but four at our home, 'cana?
I often heard man say that when the
wanted te make a pint with tho old man,
sho gave him about four drams and then
abe was solid." Buch reasoning broke
the teacher down.
Tums Ul? Attention to Military Boya.
What a pleasant Uiiog it is-tba re
union of array comrades. I believe there
are more of them both North and South
this year than any year since the war.
Thore is a sad, sweet pleasure about it,
and ?hero is nothing wrong or demoraliz
ing, and 1 hope tbe boys in blue and tho
boys in gray will keep" it up as long as
there is a quorum left. The quorums of
some of tho companies aro getting very
miall, for there is un enemy to human
life that is surer of his mark than cannon
ball or shot or shelli Old father time is
slow, but ho is cure. Speaking of quo
rums reminds me ot a faithful soldier, a
Jew, a very humblo and patient Jew.
who joined a compauy from Rome and
raas received under protest, for be was
frail and feohle, and had never made any
Jemonstration of courage or patriotism.
That man hardly ever baw anything
rarely smiled even at the camp-fire jokes,
but ho was as truo as steel. Ho never
?vent to hospital, never asked for a fur
lough, nover was well, nevor was sick,
never straggled on the ruarcb, nover
missed a battle, and never boasted of
anything he did. I remember that when
hit company were badly out up and badly
lemoralized and a forced march waa
ordered, the regiment was suddenly halt
ed for review, and when his company
tvns called for to bo inspected the faithful
Tew stepped forward and presented arms.
'Where is -rur company, Mr. Jonas?"
laid tho ,01.mending oiticer. Jonas
nade MI Lumblo salute and replied,
'Colon' '. 1 ish do kumbuy." I was
rup. ;'?i'.?ns ovsr thess things the other
ia> when I was in Banks County and
leard that the Banks County Guards
vero to have a reunion. I wish I could
?avo stayed to see it and enjoy it. I re
?all the time when the Banks County
Guards made such a seoBation in the
Virginia army on account of the peculiar
3oliteness of their contain. Captain
Gaudier was r. bern Chesterfield and
?eithor tho rules nor tho rigor of war
:ould shako or modify hie. instinctive
muteness. "Gentlemen of the Banks
bounty Guards, you will plea?4 to right
ace." .
"Gentlemen of tho Banks County
3uards I thought that I ordered you tc?
00k to the right and dress but doubtless
rou did not hear me, so I will repeat tho
udor, gentlemen of the Banka County
Guards you will pleaso look to the right
md dress."
"Gentlemen of tho Bauks Couutv
Suarda. I havo just received a comm um
?ation from Colonel Somme? saying that
ie will send Major Harris down at 2
>'ciock to exercise you in the drill and
ither military tactics. I would like to
iBk you gentlemen if it is your pleasure
0 bo drilled by Major Harrison ?"
Bill Chaston says that about this 'Jme
1 great big bearded privato who wus a
jell weather among the boys and was
eaning up against a treo, locked his nrma
iver his hoad and gaped and yawned as
ie replied, "no capttng I dont believe I
eel like drilling this ovening. We will
et the colonel know when we feel liku it."
Military terms and military tactics
vere altogether unknown to tho men
aineera and their officer.!, but they did
he best they could and were always
cady for a fight. When Captain Cand
or wanted bis company to advance a few
incoa to the front ho always said "Gen
lemon of tho Banks County Guards I
viii thank you to step this way." Bot
n due time thar became familiar with
ight obliqua and file left and counter
narcb and charge and fix bayonets end
ill tho other orders except fall back and
etreat, and no company in Colonel
Jeromes, command stood higher wrcour
ige and patriotism tbau tho Banka Coun
y Guards. Long may the remnant live
o honor their country, and long may
Captain Candler livo to command them
n peace as faithfully as he did in war.
I seo that many ot the regiments have
resented their bauners, their tattered
ind torn and faded banners, and it ie
low lawful for the boys to plant the ola
:olors in their midst and do homage to
hem and there are none to molest 01
nako us afraid.
That is a good sign, a sign of returning
-eason in the minda of our masters. 1
emcmbcr well when it was not tolerated
[ remember when the young folks o!
[lome had some tableaux in the city hall
0 rais* money to put the pews back ir
he churches, the pews that Sherman'c
nen bad taken out to make pontoons ol
ind kindle their camp fires. They bac
1 buttle scene on the stage and set up at
)ld confederate flag in the corner.
Do lo Mesa WOB there, the command
tnt of the post. He was half Frencl
ind half Spanish, half fool and half do;
ind would have made a splendid pries
n old Spanish inquisition. When h
law the flag he loft the hall in a tower o
?ago. Next morning be put all th
imminent persons connected with th
ableaux under arrest and threatened t
mt the girls in jail but he was afraid.
I was lord mayor of the little town e
.hat time and as in duty bound wrote t
Seneral George H. Thomas at Louisville
Kentucky, and told him frankly all abol
it and asked for tho discbarge of th
young men.
The reply that I received in due tim
reminds me of Logan's letter of accet
tance. It is a splendid bloody shirt,
ii ave it now bofo re me and will give 0
extract jost '.o show where we stood i
Febuary, 1867. I bad written him t
bumblo as a dead nigger. I told bli
that our people in Rome had io ROC
fr.!th accepted the situation, and ibo ho*
intended no insult hy thc. display of ti
^f'he answer says, "If your people hai
ordinary intelligence tbry miranderstan
their present 'itLtus, which is that the r
hellion is a hrge crime embodying a
the crimes in the decalogue. It has bet
conquered and disarmed and its rei
namo and emblems ate hateful to tl
people of the trusted States, and he ma
be indeed obtuse who expects to 1
allowed to parado before the eyes of loy
people that which they execrate ai
"Your excuse that the young men d
not know it was wrong ia too puerile
answer. They know well enough wi
ia right in such matters without waltl
to be warned by orders from these bei
"Tho soli cause of ibis offence ls tl
the citizer a of Rome bare not accept
the situa'iou which fa that the civil vi
was a rroellionand those eugaged In
are rebels, and rebellion ie treason, a
tren-.-m is a crime, a hoi noua one? d?se;
i^g <{ punishment, and that you reb
have not been punished ls owing to I
msgnanity of your conquerers, w
maoy of you, the war ia called A reva
Hon and rebela are called con fed ors
and loyalists to the anion are cat
d-d yankees and traitors) and o
the whole great crime with ita accun
record of slaughtered heroes and patrh
yon are trying to throw the glean of
epectability. ">
' "Aa however, it in pretended by you t
the persona arrested were ao innocent
not to know thai It waa- wrong for
punished Uni tors to glory io their ehe
and plant the symbol of their crime
the face of the coen try they will bo
leaeed from confinement with ?he out
standing that no act of treason ?ill
hereafter naas unnoticed, and may they
and all others profit by the lesson they
pave received.
Asst. Adjt. Gen.
That is very nico and affectionate and
well calculated to make good union men
of those boys, wasent it t ' Thank the
Lord we have survived such bitterness
and tyranny, and if it was not for such
mon as Logan, who continue to bate and
abuse us, our whole country would be at
peace. BILL ABP.
The Ridiculous Position of Two Promt
dent Mtv..
Judgo William Carter, of Sheboygan,
aud Judge Caswell Marks, of 8eHna, ?>
wcro both nativeaof Lexington, Ky. In
boyhood they had jammed the same cat's
head into the same milk pitcher, stolen
peaches from the same tree, got trounced
by the same farmers, were otherwise en
viously intimate I friends, afterwards
chums at college and then errand boys in
the enmo office. Later in lifo they parted
and roso to sublime honors in their sep
arate places. Last January they met for
tho first time Bince their parMng, in Lox
logion, aud browed a convivial bowl in
honor of the event. About midnight,
full of affection and enthusiasm, they re
tired ia the same bed. It was a huge
affair, standing in the middle of tho room
ind capable of being drawn up by ropes
lo the ceiling while the room was being
cleaned. It was a very cold night ana
they placed their clothing nnon the foot
>f the bed. Just after they foli asteen
four friends entered BO?U-, drew the bed
jy tho ropes nearly to the ceiling, and
left them thus suspended about ten foot
IVom the floor. They then locked tho
ioor outside and retired.
At 3 a. m. Judge Carter woko with
that species of thirst which usually comes
ifter Kentucky punck and technically
known as "hot coppers." Leaping light
ly out of bed to get tho ico pitcher, he
went whirling down ten feet, alighting
with a soul-stirring thump on all fours.
There was a loug and painful pause.
Then he peered up and through the
tarkness and called:
?No reply.)
"Ob, Caswell 1"
(Feeble cries.)
"Caa 1"
"Eh?-um ?-what ?" Tho Judge was
"I've fallen through a trop I" yelled
lie now frightened Judge, "get up and
ight a candle I"
"Where are you ?" a?ked Judgo Car
er, sleepily, framing his opinion that his
honorable brother waa drunk. .
"Down here ; fell tltiough a trap (
Don't get out on my sido of the bed i"
"All right 1" And Judge Marks,
tpringing out on his own side, turned
.tiree somersaults and landed on bis
jacK. Both were now convinced that
;hoy were in a den of thir<ve?, and per*
taps would be murdered. ' The jokers
tad closed the heavy wooden shutters so
.hat no light could enter, ?.nd removed
he furniture.
The Judges greetd around on their
lacda and knees, nearly frozen to death,
md oniy ut daybreak discovered the bed,
?limbed into it, and got warm enough, to
alk the thing over.
There were recently two temperance
locieties started under glorious auspices.
The headquarters of one ia at Selma, (fte
>ther at Sheboygan.
Grant as a Hlstorbo.
I found Gen. Grant in his library,
.moog a mass of papers and books, bard
it work on his History of the Siege of
Vicksburg, one of a series of works on'
he civil war, which, when finished; will
loubtleas give to the world nn impartial
ind thorough history of that great enoch
in our nation's lifo. So buried was ne in
ais work that when I began talking with .
aim his answers were in military style ;
sut ho-afterwards spoke as earnestly as !
if he were giving an order just , before -
tome great battle. By and by be quieted.
lown and related an incident of th?
liege before entirely unknown to me. In
i well modulated tone he said in his own
maractertislio way :
"The order was given to fire the mine
ind immediately after the 'usa blazed
irigbtly. The next instant a terrific ex
plosion occurred and human beings worn
ieon to shoot high into the air. Borne of
.hem fell to the earth.fearfully mangled.: .
while others, wonderful it is to relate,
Tell back alive, but with terrible wounds.
Among those who escaped death was a
robust colored mon who had been en
faged on the Confederate side asa miner.
Ie was in the mine at the timo tho order .
to fire was given, but had not reached
ieop enough when the. explosion took
place, and,In consequence, ho waa blown
aigu, into the air. He fell on a pile of
Barth unhurt. He was first taken into
my headquarters, where he gave tho ofli
cers present foll information about the
construction and location of tho Confed
erate shaft and his experience while in
the air. When asked how far he thought
he bad gone op ho said: "Oh, Lord o'
massa, I went up 'bout three to five
miles, bot I done th.ink the Lord He
landed me within tho Yankee Unes."
Here the great soldier laughed aa "
heartily as if the incident had occurred
only yesterday. I was very glad to find
him in ouch a cheerful ciood, ca his late
beness troubles must have worried him
considerably. He is frrjjei?sg thc=i
now, I think; He bas finished the Battle
of Shiloh and he will soon write, from a
strictly impartial standpoint, an account
af Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
From a Long Branch LetUr.'
A l'ltIfni Catastrophe.
AUGUSTA, August 4.-Last night about .
1 o'clock Mr. 'John B. Garter, a well
known citizen of Augusto, was awakened '
hy mosquitoes under his cet. Ho got up, .
lit a kerosene oil lamp, went back to the y
bed and began to brush out tho mosqul-, t ?
toes. While doing this he struck hi? foot
.gainst something and etambled. The
lamp was broken against, the bedpost nnd
the hot oil, falling on Mr. Garter, took
fire and burned fiercely; -to a. moment
ho was completely enveloped taTB??.,,,.
flames. ' His cries aroused his wife, who
made every effort ?fo extinguish the
flames, and in thia she was soon ! assisted .
by othes members of the fatally and
neighbors who ru?.hcd ia, Whon, how
ev&theflr? waa-?nally nat out ie waa '
found that Mri Oairter waa horribly b'wn
od< His entire body In faut was bumed
to a crisp and ho sufi?rod terrible agony
nntil he alad, about ? o'clock thia morn
ing, retaining consciousness? to tba l??fc?&
Mr. Carter wan 60 years of nge ?fcWJOB
prominent cltlwm of Augusta. Hd waa
for several years a member of tbadrug l
firm, of Barrett &, Carter, and at tb&timo
of his death waa bookkeeper for JV H.
i\\**zn??tt : Arii^b was much
liked and esteemed.
- A New York Uea&? saya "he??o ara
lower this season^ Reals' aro high aa:
ever hore ; tho doctora obargo.two doll&ia

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