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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, October 20, 1887, Image 1

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Hare yoa a Kecord Book ?
Have you ever seen a copy of the
Teachers' Institute or of the Carolina
Teacher? Call at this office and get one.
You might afford to live on two meals
a day, one possibly ; but you can't afford
to teach without the aid of some educa?
tional journal.
At this writing, October 11th, the
meeting of the Association at Honea
Path promises to be unusually well at?
tended, and promises good results.
Is it too late to make a fioal appeal in
behalf of the school houses? After
awhile, this delightful weather will give
place to cold winds and frosts. How
about ii? Are your school bouses pre?
pared for your children ?
We are glad to see a neat, new school
house at Neal's Creek; and we are re?
joiced that the patrons of the Cedar
Grove school are arranging to build a
new Church and turn the old Church
building into a school house. Hurrah
for Cedar Grove!
Miss Lizzie Anderson's letter was
crowded out last week. Miss Lizzie has
our thanks for this mention of the Wil
liamston Institute. It shows her appre?
ciation of the work done there and the
many good things the absent teachers
missed. Miss Anderson was a faithful
teacher-pupil, and, we are glad to say,
puts into practice what she learns. Her
note book was well filled at the Institute
and her modus operandi in the school?
room now fairly sparkles with the many
ideas she caught.
The schools will open out the first
Monday in November. Let us insist
again that each Board of Trustees bold
at least one meeting before that time.
You can do it, you know you can. You
are very busy looking after something for
the children's stomachs and backs: that's
right, hut don't frrget that you owe them
another duty. Send and get a Trustees'
Book, there is one here for you. Hold
your meetings regularly. The Commis?
sioner in bis rounds will take pleasure in
examining your book.
Teachers will get married sometimes.
That's all right and well,.but when it be?
gins to thin our ranks as much as is done
this fall, it gets to be a serious matter
with us. Some weeks ago, Miss Belle
Elrod, of Brushy Creek, was married.
Last week, Mr. W. P. Holland, of Leba?
non, was married, and a few days after,
Miss Annie Emerson bade adieu to
single blessedness. We have no objec?
tion to our teachers marryiog, if tbey
will continue to teach, but when tbey
speak farewell to Pedagogics just about
the time tbey have learned to teach suc?
cessfully, we must beg to enter an earnest
protest. We regret to lose Misses Elrod j
and Emerson from our list of teachers.
They have done excellent work. We
thank tbem for tbeir efficient labors in
the past, and, in behalf of the Teachers'
Association, of which tbey were both
members, extend to tbem the heartiest
congratulations. An earnest, faithful
teacher is apt to make a good wife.
Of the nine white applicants for teach?
ers' certificates last Friday, only four
fought the battle through and won.
And let us whisper into the ears of some
of these persons who are eternally
croaking about "man teachers," three of
those who failed were "man teachers;"
the successful ones were females, who
plodded away at their papers until after
9 o'clock at night. Some people seem to
think that any thing with breeches on
can teach school. A big mistake. It
takes brains, not breeches, to teach school.
One of the dear "man teachers" who
failed Friday, has been pegging away for
the last two years, trying, or pretending
to try, to teach school. He hasn't a
grammar in his house. Until recently
he took absolutely no paper, educational
or otherwise. No wonder the examina?
tion papers frightened him like the roar
of an earthquake. But he was a "man
teacherlet not that fact b? forgotten.
He failed, but be writes us: "Provi?
dence permitting, I intend to come
through all right next April." That has
the right ring about it, and if be but
sticks to that resolution, he may make a
man yet. Yes, a "man teacher." His
failure may prove a blessing to him. We
shall see.
Now is a good time for the teacher to
convert himself. The greatest obstacles
standing in the way of educational pro?
gress are not so much outside, as inside
the teaching ranks. There are thousands
of teachers who take no educational
paper, and own no standard educational
book. This is a fact! It is a disgrace!
There is absolutely no hope for such.
They are stubborn obstacles (ob-sto).
They stand in the door of the temple of
progress, not going in themselves, and
not suffering tho3e who would go in to
enter:? Teachers' Institute.
We are glad to know that a journal of
so wide spread influence holds the same
opinion that we have been advancing for
the last three year3. Surely the greatest
obstacles to progress in the work of edu?
cation are to be found, not outside, but
inside the ranks of the teachers. That
fact we have boldly asserted time and
again. "There are thousands of teach?
ers who take no educational paper, and
own no standard educational book."
Yes, sir, that is truth again: there are
many who, not only do not take or own
these papers and books, but would not
read them if furnished by the State, or
by Borne benevolent society. Is such a
man fit to teach school ? Are there not
men standing" in the door of the temple
of progress?" Let each intelligent
reader of these lines look around him
and behold for himself.
We have argued long, ami, we think,
faithfully for better teachers. Our efforts
b8ve not ceased; they shall not ce.-.se.
We have been pleading for Institutes,
pleading for Associations, pleading for
Y & CO.
educational journals, pleading for any
thing that would give the children light
and the teachers power. We congratu?
late ourselves that our efforts have not
been wholly in vain. There are more
educational journals read in Anderson
County now than at any period in the
past; of the eighty white teachers in
Anderson County, more than seventy
attended the Institute at Williamston.
These things mean something. They
mark a new era in the educational pro?
gress of this County. If we can induce
our teachers to take and read and educa?
tional r?aper; if we can induce our
teachi: . to attend an Institute and drink
deeply vi' the enthusiasm it radiates, we
count ourselves and the cause we repre?
sent fortunate. Let us away with the
obstacles that "stand in the door of the
temple of progress," and move steadily
teachees' institute.
Mr. Editor : I would like to mention
a few of the many good things those
teachers missed who failed to attend the
The members of the faculty, inspired
with renewed interest every day, filled
each period with something intensely in
teresting and profitable to us all. They
represented by their actions our ideals of
teachers, showing us that if we expect to
interest our pupils, wo must be alive
with interest and enthusiasm ourselves.
We were shown how flowers, wood,
paper, clay or sand afford the objects
from which children can find out things
for themselves.
In Dr. Klemm's teaching you saw
and felt as well as lieard. He used
telling illustrations in explaining a sub?
ject, often drawing diagrams on the board",
thereby making more lasting impressions.
He tried to impress us with the fact that
the only way to reach a child's mind is
through the five senses, especially that
of sight, always linking the known with
the unknown. Geography was taught
from a board consisting of a map of a
country without cities or boundaries put
down. The child supplies what is lack?
ing, so docs his geography as well as his
arithmetic. Dr. Klemm says memoriz?
ing names is not geography. PupilB
must be made so familiar with a country
that they can travel in imagination over
it, though they have never been ten
miles from home. The same thing is
true of history, which, by being taught
correctly, is nothing but a series of mind
I wish you could have heard Miss
Leonard's talks on teaching Language
Lessons and English Grammar, also
Prof. Morrison's on History of Educa
tion and School Law. Both were very
instructive. Miss Leonard insisted on
comparison as most valuable in training
the minds of pupils. Her moulding
forms in clay and color lessons were what
we wanted to see. Her method of teach
ing vocal music and calisthenics pleased
us all. We were especially pleased with
Dr. Lander's way of teaching primary
arithmetic. He uses objects, and makes
things plain. He insists upon a thing's
being done well, before beginning any
thing else.
Space forbids any further talk, so can't
tell you this time how much we enjoyed
the fine lectures, the splendid reception
to which we were all invited, or the ex
hilaratiog walks to that health-giving
spring near the college.
Lizzie H. Anderson.
Sept. 2S, 1887.
The Order of Murderers.
New Orleans, Oct. 10.?A special
to the Picayune, from Greenwood, Miss.,
says: Prophet Segur, Mike Brown,
Eobert Brown, Major Mack, John Hin
ton, Robert Owens, Wash Johnson and
Wa3h Scott, negro Masons, charged with
the killing of Harry Taylor and wife,
after a hearing before Justice Parks,
have been, with the exception of the
last named, who gave bond, committed
to jail without the benefit of bond, to
await the action of the grand jury, and
have been brought here for safe keeping.
Morton Ford, who has been in jail, will
have a preliminary examination to day,
and probably some others not yet arrest?
ed. There is clear evidence against them,
and they will no doubt be convicted.
DuriDg the preliminary trial, it was dis?
covered that a resolution to kill Kerney,
a white man who had a fight with one of
their brethren, whose arm he broke, was
passed during one of their meetings, but
the time appointed for the deed had not
yet come. Two days were consumed in
taking testimony, and many other ne
groes have been implicated. There is no
doubt that a colored man, a member of
the Dry Bayou Lodge of negro Masons,
was killed by Harry Taylor, and that
both Taylor and his wife had disappeared,
a body answering to Taylor's being found
in the river with marks of violence upon
it. The body had been weigted down.
Lodges in the country were organized by
a negro named Stringer, who claims to
be working under the authority of the
Grand Or-^ut of France. Their lodge
was founded in 1SS2. Several other
lodges have been founded in this section.
Colored Masons are not recognized by
white Mason3 at all, and their order is
not under the authority of the old York
order of masonry. It is hard to say
whether they have an obligation that
teaches them to avenge, slay, etc., or
whether they construe the obligations
they take to suit themselves. The white
people of the County are determined to
brake up their lodges and to punish the
guilty members of this death dealing
order. The Circuit Court, when it meets,
will decide upon the matter.
Three of the rive Utah Commission?
ers agree upon the annual report present?
ing the affairs of that Territory. The
population is about 200,000, and the
property is assessed at a valuation of
$30,000,000. The Mormon population
is 1G2,000, 40,000, of whom are
children under 8 years of age. The
income of the church from tithiogB was
$010,000, in 1SS0, and must now be much
greater. Since the passage of the Ed?
munds act in 1S82, 541 persons have
been indicted for unlaw cohabitation and
2S'J have been convicted. Fourteen have
been convicted of polygamy and muny
have fled to . vo'd arrest.
The Horrors of tho Cliatsworth Disaster
North Judson, Ind., Oct. 11.?An?
other Chatsworth railroad horror occur?
red on the Chicago and Atlantic
Railroad this morning, sixty miles east
of Chicago, near Kout's station, Indiana.
Seventeen passengers were killed and
burned up in the wreck, and from
twenty-five to thirty were more or less
injured. A heavy fresh meat train tel?
escoped the evening accommodation
train, which leaves Chicago at 7.45 p. m.
The accommodation, with one baggage
car, two coaches and one sleeper, had
stopped at a water tank for water, about
a mile west of Kouls, and the freight
train following crashed into the sleeper,
telescoping and burning up the entire
passenger train, as above stated.
Wm. Perry, Auditor of this (Stark)
county, and hi: wife and child were vic?
tims of the terrible fire, which broke out
almost immediately after the freight
train crushed in among the passeDgers.
The Perrys lived here. Not a particle of
their bodies was rescued from the flames.
another account.
Kouts Station, Ind., Oct. 11.?The
worst horrors of the Chatsworth disaster
were duplicated here to day. A dozen
blood stained, smoke begrimed, injured
victims of railroad carelessness or blun?
dering were brought into the village's
little station house early this morning,
and this afternoon the charred corpses of
victims of the same blundering or care?
lessness were laid upon the station plat?
form, while three miles west, uown the
track of the Chi go and Atlantic Rail?
road, near a lonely old water tank, piles
of fearfully tangled debris marked the
spot where a collision seldom equalled
for terrible results had occurred.
According to the best estimate obtain?
able, (for only an estimate was possible,)
fully thirty human lives had been sacri?
ficed outright, and half that number of
persons had suffered injuries more or less
As nearly as can be gathered from the
confused stories told, the concrete facts
are that the passenger train was tbc east
bound express which left Chicago at 7.15
last night. The eccentric strap had
broken and the driving wheels on one
side became useless. The engineer had
stopped at the water tank to repair,
thinking he could do so in a few minutes.
He had not stopped more than one min?
ute, when a fast freight train, loaded
with dressed meats, crashed into the rear
of the train. Tho last car of the train
was a heavy Pullman sleeper. This,
when struck by the freight engine, crush?
ed the three coaches in front and appears
to have killed or wounr' i everybody in
them. Seven persons were in the sleeper,
and these all escaped harm, except shock.
Accounts vary as to how the wreck
caught fire. Some attribute it to the coal
in the freight engine; but one passenger
who was rescued from the crushed
coaches sayB that while fastened between
two car seats he saw the gas with which
the car was lighted suddenly fill the
upper part of the car with flame, the ga3
pipes having apparently been broken and
the escaping gas caught from the lighted
No evidence appears in any of the
stories that a flagman was sent to the
rear when the train stopped, or that any
precaution was taken to guard against
such an accident, excepting that the
night telegraph operator at Kouls says
the rear brakeman on the passenger train
hung out a red lantern when the train
stopped. The men on the passenger
train were fully aware that the freight
train was following them.
The Vision of the Lord.
Dannecker, the German sculptor, oc?
cupied eight years upon a matule statue
of Christ. When he had labored two
years the work wa; apparently finished.
He called into his studio a little girl, and
directing her attentiou to the statue,
asked her, "Who is that?" She replied,
"Some great man." The artist turned
away disheartened. His artistic eye had
been deceived. He had failed, and his
two years of labor were thrown away.
But he began anew; and after another
year or two had passed he again iuvitod
the child into his studio, aud repeated
the inquiry, "Who is that?" This time
he was not disappointed. After looking
in silence for awhile, her curiosity deep?
ened into awe and thankfulness, and
bursting into tears, she said, in low and
gentle tones, "Suffer little children to
come unto me." It was enough. The
untutored instinct of the child had di?
vined his meaning, and he knew that his
work was a success. He believed then,
and ever afterward, that he had been in?
spired of God to do that thing. He
thought that he had seen a vision of
Christ in his solitary vigils. He had but
transferred to the marble the image which
the Lord had shown to him.
His rising fame attracted the attention
of Napoleon, and he was requested to
make a statue of Venus similar to tho
Ariadne, for the gallery of the Louvre.
He refused, saying, "A man who has
seen Christ would commit sacrilege if he
should employ his art in the carving
of a pagan goddess. My art is hence?
forth a consecrated thiug."
Mr. Deems Wasn't Afraid.
When Rev. Dr. C. F. Deems, of the
Church of the Strangers in New York
city, wanted money to pay off a debt on
the building he called on Commodoro
"Are you going to preach what I want
to hear ?" asked the old man, sternly.
"I shall try to preach acceptably,"
answered the clergyman, in an evasive
But no sooner had he said the words
vhan all the manhood within him rose in
revolt, and the spirit of John Koos
seemed calling him to account.
"I shall preach the Gospel as I believe
and understand it, and if you have any
special sins I shall bo most likely lo
preach against them."
"Humph!" said the Commodore, and
ended the interview.
The next day ho sent Mr. Deems a
check for ?5C,0U0 for not being afraid to
do his duty.?Detroit Free J'rm,
American Camels.
Dallas, Tex., September 20.?In
orderitbat the Texas State Fair and Dal?
las Exposition may be complete in every
particular the association has concluded
to bring from the West a number of
Texas camels, which they will place
among the products of Texas. It is not
generally known that there are camels,
both wild and domestic, in Texas, but it
is nevertheless a fact. Texas is a great
State, and ha3 a little of everything.
A Xews reporter yesterday called upon
Major John Henry Crown in quest of
information in regard to the history of
Texas camels. Major Brown says that
they were brought to Texas by the Fed?
eral Government in 1851 for the purpose
of testing the feasibility of using them
in crossing the great American desert
and the dry region between here and
California. Several Arabian canvassers
came along with the camels for the pur?
pose of instructing the Americans in
their art of handling the animals. These
Arabs remained in the employ of the
Government for the space of two years,
and when they left it was believed that
the camels were a success as a means of
travelling in the dry region, and it was
also believed the animals would retain
their vigor and health of their native
country. The Government then pro?
ceeded to breed them at Camp Verde, a
military post in Kerr County, and they
multiplied and replenished wi'.h great
rapidity. When the war came on the
camels, of course, fell into the hands of
the Southern Confederacy, which had
control of them until the close of the
struggle, at which time Major Brown
says there were seventy-six camels at
Camp Verde, ranging in age from one
year upward. But all the camels were
not concentrated at Camp Verde. They
had scattered during the war, and sorao
of them were in use in Arizona, while
others had wandered from the settle?
ments and gone wild. Very little atten?
tion was given to the camels or to com?
munication by means of them with
California during the war, and by the
time the Federal Government got Texas
reconstructed and ready to resume the
caravan business across the plains the
railroads were eolving the problem for
which the camels were being bred, and
the ships of the desert were heard of no
more as a factor in the commerce of
The propriety of running the camels at
Camp Verde ioto Mexico was discussed
by some of the Texas who sought refuge
in that Republic at the closo of the war,
but the matter ended in discussion.
Major Brown says he had not kept run
of the camels in late years, but he is cer?
tain that there are still quite a number
of them, both wild and tame.
The move to exhibit some of them at
the fair meets with his hearty endorse?
ment. Africa and Asia could get up
pretty good camel shows, but with these
exceptions Texas is the only country
that can trot out a drove of these long
between drinks animals.
The reporter asked Major Brown in
regard to a tradition of the importation
of some camels to this State by individu?
als, but he had no definite recollection
concerning the same. IT2 had a vague
idea that somebody brought a lot of
camels to the coast prior to the time the
Government importation was made, but
could not say what was the result of the
enterprise or whether any of the descen?
dants of the animals were living.?From
the Galveston Neics.
What it Costs to Raise a Boy.
"My father never did anything for
me," recently remarked a young mau
who, a few weeks ago, finished his
school life and is now seeking u good
business opening. Judging by the
words and the complaining tone in
which they were uttered, the member of
the firm who heard them is prone to the
belief that the young man's idea of "doing
something" is an outright gift of $1,000
in a lump, or the purchase of a partner?
ship in an established concern. The
young man, to the knowledge of the
writer, has never done one mouth's actu?
al work for others in his eutirc life. Hi
life has been passed in the pleasant
pastimes of the home circle, in reading,
studying, hunting, fishing, ball playing,
yatching and other employments not
particularly beneficial to others. He is
a type of that class of boys whose parents
are sufficiently well-to-do to keep ser?
vants to attend the household drudgery
and whose fathers follow vocations in
which no use can be made of the boy's
Bpare time. Like most boys of his class
he looks upou his board and clothes for
twenty years, together with his pony,
jewelry, bicycle, etc., as matters of
course. The writer, while the complain?
ing remark was still ringing in his ears,
had the curiosity to make a conservative
compilation of what it costs to raise an
ordinary boy for the first twenty years of
his life, and here it i3:
SUiO per year for the lirst five years. $."00
8100 per year fur the second five years. 750
8200 jut year fur the third live years. 1,000
;:;00 per year for the next three years. 1)00
S?OO per year for the next two years. 1,000
This is a moderate estimate of the
financial balance agaiust the boy who
complains that his father has never done
anything for him.?Buffalo Express.
Give the Babies Water.
The St. Louis Medical and Surgical
Journal says: "Dr. Touissaint, in an
article in the Union Mcdkale do Canada,
calls attention to the fact that miik docs
not satisfy tho thirst of babies. It ap?
peases hunger, but it frequently intensi?
fies thirst ; and the author maintains
that it is this very thirst that causes
healthy children, raised altogether at the
breast, to cry so frequently and so vio?
lently. We have seen peevish, fretful
iufants, upon whom all tho arts of the
nurse and mother had in vain tried with?
out eliciting a smile, suddenly brighten
up at the sight of water, reach eagerly
for it, and, on obtaining a drink, go ofTto
alcep calmly and contentedly. We
quite agree with Dr. Touissant, when he
declares that many cases of infantile
indigestion would l>c benefited or cured
by giving the little pHiertt s> r*?guhrsup?
ply of water."
Successful Lnbratory.
Cincinnati, Sept. 2C.?The operation
of laparolomy has just beeu performed in
this city, and the life of "Bauty" Mitchell,
a colored tough, saved by it. Mitchell
was shot in a low resort on Sunday night
by Bob Bryant in a quarrel over a game
of craps. The ball, fired from a 31
calibre revolver, entered the abdomen,
leaving a small round hole a trifle above
and to the left of the umbilicus. When
he was taken to the ward he was writh?
ing in agony, and from the hasty exami?
nation made it was believed he could
live but a few hours.
At the hospital Dr. P. S. Conner con?
cluded that the ball had penetrated the
stomach, and probably the intestiues.
Under ordinary circumstances the wound
would have been treated only to ease the
patient'3 paiu, as there would be scarcely
any hope for recovery ; but Mitchell is a
man of fine and powerful physique, and
Dr. Conner, thinking that his iron con?
stitution would stand it, suggested the
only hope of safety?that of au opera?
The patient wa3 suffering intense pain.
His wishes were consulted, aud the case
was fully explained. He knew that
death was inevitable if something was
not done, and on the other hand that
few persons survived the operation more
than a few hours. Something had to be
done, and that at once, as every instant
the patient grew worse. He hesitated
only a moment and then consented.
Preparations were begun at once.
Instruments to meet every emergency
that might arise were brought to the
operating room. Perfectly cool and ap?
parently unconcerned, Mitchell allowed
the surgeons to remove his clothing and
lay him on the operating tablo. Dr.
Murphy was present to act as Dr. Con?
ner's assistant, and administered the
anesthetic, that soon rendered the
patient unconscious. A little group of
interested internes stood in a group
about the operating table, and a death?
like silence reigned as the surgeon re?
moved his coat preparatory to the proba?
bly fatal cut.
Then Dr. Conner, with a steady hand,
made an incision extending nearly the
whole length of the left side of the ab?
domen. The external part of the opera?
tion was finished, and then came the
extremely delicate operation of removiog
the intestines from tbeir'place. As the
operation progressed the surgeon pro?
ceeded more slowly. Nine bullet holes
were discovered, and in addition several
large blood vessels had been severed by
tbe ball, and the prospect of saving the
patient's life was indeed a gloomy one.
Dr. Conner, however, never stopped for
a second. The holes were sewed up and
the intestines were carefully put back
into position. The external wound was
closed with silk and silver wire. The
work had taken over three hours. The
patipnt soon recovered, and did not ap?
pear to suffer much pain.
Since then Mitchell has steadily im?
proved, even beyond the most sanguine
hopes of the surgeons. The only danger
apprehended at this stage is from inflam?
The Business Instinct.
Some interesting letters were published
in the Sun of yesterday inorniDg, in
which suggestions were given by success?
ful business men about the best way to
acquire wealth. Gen. Butler, P. T. Bar
num, Erastus Wiman, and Henry Faxon
are the writers of these letters, and most
successful business men have they been.
Each began life without a dollar, and
each in very diverse pursuits has accumu?
lated vasi possessions.
Though the suggestions they give differ
somewhat, they all agreo upon this point
though none of them directly speak of it,
and that is that the first prime qualifica
for business success is an aptitude for
making money and for using what is
made so that accumulation will follow.
Very many able men have made large
sums of money at labor for which they
have special abilities, and yet have not
been able to accumulate a competency.
Henry Ward Beccher was able to earn
very large sums, and it has been estimat?
ed that in the course of his life he had
received nearly ?1,000,000 for his services,
and yet he was not a money-maker, and
was often put to personal annoyance.
We know of men who earn large sal?
aries, from ten to fifteen thousand dollars
a year, who are always more or less em?
barrassed, aud each year find themselves
a little behind. So that the earning
capacity of a man is nut a test of bis
moueymakiug ability. Mr. Jay Gould
is said to believe that the ability to make
money cannot be acquired, but 's natural;
and we once heard a very successful
accumulator say that the money maker,
meaning the man who not only receives
but accumulates, is, like the poet, born,
and not made, and business instinct
requires but little trainiug.
So that it comes to this: the young
man who is capaplc of acting upon the
interesting aud valuable suggestions that
these successful men have given may
make up his mind that he has the busi?
ness instinct.
How Hawks and Owls Eat.
It appears that the table manners
differ among birds, as they do among
human beings. It comes to the same
thing in the end, but what a queer
method it seems, to cat a chicken first
and then pick him !
An enthusiastic sportsman says: "Did
you ever notice a hawk or an owl prepar?
ing to make a meal of a bird ? The
difference in their methods is very great.
A hawk will first pick all tho feathers
ofT the bird, and then pick it to pieces ns
it is devoured. Ho goes at it in a very
systematic and dainty manner.
"Not so with an owl. After killing
a bird, the owl swallows it whole, feath?
ers and all. He then sits quietly, and in
an hour or so you will see him move his
ueck about, as if trying to untangle a knot
in it. Then he will hump Iiis back, lower
his head, and a ball of feathers will roll
out of his mouth.
"The operation shows that the owl di?
vests the bird of its feathers after swal?
lowing it. while I Ik* hawk plucks out
every fealli"! :?.n<l ?juiM lieforr; Im: \nliv-* u I
bUe." . I
, OCTOBER 20, 1881
In an Insane Hospital.
New York, Oct. 9.?On the 23J of
September a young woman applied for
lodgings at the Temporary Home for
Women, at 84 Second Avenue. She
gave the name of Nellie Biown. Towards
evening she began to act oueerly. Tho
lodgers, who are all working women, be?
came alarmed. She was apparently
insane. The next day the matron sent
for an officer and she was taken before
Judge Duffy, at E&ex Market Police
Court. The Judge became very much
interested. He said she looked like his
sister. He thought she waa suffering
from the effects of drugs. lie sent her
to Bellevue Hospital for examination.
She remained there for a day or two.
The physicians said she was insane.
Reporters went to see her and tried to
unravel the romance of her life, but she
could remember nothing, and there were
all sorts of guesses as to her identity.
From Bellevue she was committed
as iusane to the hospital on Blackwell's
Island. There she remained for ten days
until friends claimed her and she was
released. All these facts were duly
chronicled. The mystery has at last been
solved. Nellie Brown was in the employ
of the World. She feigned insanity and
went to Blackwell's for the express pur?
pose of writing up her experiences.
The remarkable part of this story is
that the young woman was able to de?
ceive! all the experts. She says, in tell?
ing about it: "I took upon myself to
enact the part of a poor, unfortunate,
crazy girl and felt it my duty not to shirk
any of the disagreeable results that
should follow. I became one of the
city's insane wards for that length of
time, experienced much and saw and
heard more of the treatment accorded to
this helpless class of our population, and
when I had seen and heard enough my
release was promptly secured. I felt the
insane ward with pleasure and regret
pleasure that I was once more able to
enjoy the free breath of heaven ; regret
that I could not have brought with me
some of the unfortunate women who lived
and suffered with me, and who I am
convinced are just as sane as I was and
am now m3*sclf. But here let me say one
thing: From the moment I entered the
insane ward on the island I made no
attempt to keep up the assumed role of
insanity. I talked and acted just as I do
in ordinary life. Yet, strange to say, the
more sanely I talked and acted the craz?
ier I was thought to be by all except one
physician, whose kindness and gentle
ways I shall not soon forget."
Miss Brown began the story of her ex?
periences in the World to-day, but has
not yet given an insight into life on
Blackwell's Island. At Bellevue she
was not roughly treated, but she nearly
froze to death for want of coverings.
Her bed wa3 hard as a rock, she was fed
on a piece of cold boiled beef and potato
and was told that as she was a charity
ward she had no rig^c to complain. The
nurses talked so loudly all night that
sleep was impossible. She met two per?
sons there who were, she thinks, perfectly
Hot Wafer Remedies.
There is no remedy of such general
application, and none so easily attaina?
ble, as water, and yet nine persons out
often will pass by it in an emergency to
seek for something of far less efficiency.
There are few cases of illness where
water should not ? occupy the highest
place as a remedial agent. A atrip of
flannel or napkin, folded lengthwise and
dipped in hot water and wrung out, and
then applied around the neck of a child
that has tho croup, with thick dry flannel
outside, will usually bring relief in ten
minutes. A towel folded several times,
and dipped in hot water, and quickly
wrung and applied over the toothache or
neuralgia, will generally afford prompt
relic/. This treatment in colic works
like magic. I have seen cases that have
resisted all other treatment for hours
yield to this iu ten minutes. There is
uothing that so promptly cuts short a
congestion of the lung*, sore throat, or
rheumatism, as hot water, when applied
promptly and thoroughly. Tepid water
acts promptly as an emetic, and hoi
water, taken freely half an hour before
bedtime, is the best cathartic possible in
the case of constipation, while it has a
most soothing effect upon the stomach
and bowels. This treatment continued a
few months, with proper attention to
diet, will cure any curable case of dys?
pepsia. Headache almost always yields
to the simultaneous application of hot
water to the feet and the back of the
neck.?H'aWi Journal of Health.
How Sulphur Matches arc Made.
Nearly all the operations of match?
making are now carried on by machin?
ery. The wood is first sawed into blocks
of uuiform length, one and a half inches
long, or the length of the match. Those
blocks are then fed into the cutting ma?
chine, which cuts twelve matches at
every stroke. To make round matches
the wood is forced through perforations
iu metal plates. The splints are then
put into slats arranged ou a double chain
250 feet long. On Luis they are carried
to the sulphur vat, dipped Hierein by
mechanical movement, and then in the
same manner to the phosphorus vat and
dipped. Machines are also used for
making the boxes and packing tho
spliuts therein. As the consumption of
matches is moat enormous?being esti?
mated at six a day for every man, woman
and child in Europe and North America
?they form an important article of com?
merce, and the invention of machinery
for fheir manufacture lias proven of
great advantage. But the special value
of machinery is that it so largely reduced
the mortality caused by working over the
phosphorus. The substance when heat?
ed, throws off fumes that canuot be con?
tinuously breathed without causiug dis?
ease. In large factories 114,000 small
boxes of matches arc often made and
packed ready for shipping in a singlo
day. _
? "My young friend," he snid, sol?
emnly, "do you over attend a place of
worship?" "Yes, ^ir; regularly evory
Sunday night," replied the youth. "I'm
on my way to see her now."
The Rattlesnake's Eye,
Never seeing a snake charm a bird, or
animal, I concluded it was a superstition
or fancy, devoid of fact. So I continued
to think until a few days ago, when a
farmer friend of mine, living four miles
south of Abilene, told me what he had
lately witnessed. He said he was riding
along on a prairie and saw a prairie dog
within a few feet of him which refused
to scamper to his hole, as prairie dogs
usually do when approached by man ; on
the contrary, he eat as if transfixed to
the spot, though making a constant
nervous, shuddering motion, as if anx?
ious to get away. My friend thought
this was strange, and while considering
the spectacle he presently saw a large
rattlesnake coiled up under some bushes,
his head uplifted, about six or seven feet
from the dog, v:hich still heeded him
not, but looked steadily upon the snake.
He dismounted, took the dog by the
head and thrust him off, when the snake,
which had up to that moment remained
quiet, immediately swelled with rage,
and began sounding his rattles. The
prairie dog for some line seemed
benumbed, hardly capable of motion,
but grew better, and finally got into his
hole. My friend then killed the rattler.
Now, was this a case of charming? If
not, then what was it'? My friend, who
told me this, is named John Irving
McClure, a farmer, well known to ran, a
good and truthful man. I now give it
up that snakes do indeed charm or so
paralyze birds and little animals with
terror, when they catch their eye, that
they become helpless and motionless,
almost dead. What say the scientists ?
And to one who is familiar with the
eyes of rattlesnakes, it does not seem
unreasonable that they should have such
power. If you will examine the eye of
one when he is cold in death, you will
perceive that it has an extremely malig?
nant and terrible expression. When he
is alive and excited I know of nothing in
all nature of so dreadful appearance as
the eye of the rattlesnake. It is enough
to strike not only birds and little ani?
mals, but men, with nightmare. I have,
on several occasions, examined them
closely with strong glasses, and feel with
all force what I state, and I will tell you
that there are few men on the face of the
earth who can look upon an angered
rattlesnake through a good glass?bring?
ing him apparently within a foot or two
of the eye?and stand it for more than a
Cured by Faith Alone.
A reliable physician in Danbury re?
lates a remarkalbe case of curing a
woman who had been unable to utter a
syllable in two years. She had been
treated by a number of doctors for her
loss of voice, but to no purpose. This
physician satisfied himself that there was
no disease of the organ of speech, or any
derangement. He concluded that she
could speak if only she would be influenc?
ed to exert tho will power. From a con?
versation with her, carried on in writing,
he discovered that she had great faith in
miraculous cures, and thought she could
only be relieved in some such way. He
found, too, that she was superstitious.
He concluded to try the effect of a little
mummery on her. Accordingly one
morning when visiting her he sat down by
a table and leaned his head down upon
his hands for some five minutes without
speaking, as if iu wrapt meditation. He
suddenly jumped up and told the woman
that he was now right, that be was going
to cure her on a certain day. He then
gave her minute directions i:i respect to
it. He told her that on the day he should
come to the house at 10 A. M.; that he
should first give three raps upon the
window, and then he should go to the
front door and give two raps : that when
the door opened he would be found
standing with both hands upon the door
post and his head leaning upon them ;
that the door to her room must be opened
wide, aud that he would walk in with
measured tread, and when he got to her
bedside he should say, "Good morning,"
and that she would answer in reply,
"Good morning doctor." On the ap?
point day he did just as he said he should
do, and when he said "Good morning"
to her, sho promptly made the reply,
"Good morning, doctor," in a loud,
strong voice. She seemed utterly aston?
ished herself, but said she felt that what
the doctor said would be true, and firmly
believed that he had wrought a miricle
in her cure.
A Moonshiner Arrested.
Gainesville, Ga., OctG.?A moou
shiner jumped over a precipice iu White
County to escape the revenue officers, and
in jumping over a second ledge was so
disabled that the officers caught him.
Deputy Collector Ware, with Deputy
Marshals Cape and Carter, stole upon the
still of William J. Crane, near Cleveland,
in White County. When the officers
were almost near enough to surround
the house one of them broke a limb of a
! tree and Crane heard the noise. With
the quick eye of au Indian he saw the
revenue officer and darted away, hotly
pursued by Ware. Crane jumped over a
ledge of rock to the ground, forty feet
below. Ware did not take the dizzy
leap, but Cape ran round to the bottom
of the precipice. Crane was stunned by
the fall, but got up and rau from Cape.
He jumped over another ledge and fell
stunned to the ground. Cape ran down,
and, levelling his guu on the moonshiner,
ordered him to surrender. "I don't give
a-for your gun, but the breath is
knocked out of mo and I cannot run,"
said Crane. The officers came up, and
Crainc was handcuffed and taken to
? Mr. Randall has admitted that a
tariff bill has been virtually agreed upon
between Mr. Carlisle and himself. The
tobacco tax, except on cigars, will bo
abolished. The whisky aud brandy tax
will remain. The tax on a few raw
materials yet to be agreed on will be
takeu off and the bill passed early in the
? J. H. Hall, of Jacksonville, Fla.,
is a geuuino sympathizer with the aillict
od Irish poople. He oilers to give 100,
(100 acres of land in Georgia to the suffer
crj of Ireland, in lr?.?'.s < f treniy-fue
acres to each.family,
A Woman's Courage
Dorothea Iv. Dix had no fear of the
insane, and the power of her voice over
them was very remarkable. During a
visit of inspection to one of the asylums
of her own founding she expressed a wish
to enter the basement which was locked.
The keeper told her that only the fiercest
maniaces were confined there, and that
her life would be endangered by going
where they were. She said she had no
fear, and insisted upon entering. He
reluctantly admitted her. pointing out
the man particularly to be avoided. She
at once approached the poor maniac,
whose hand was stretched through the
bars of his cell as if to seize her. She
took the hand, and in a quiet void) full
of controlling power began to talk with
him as if he were a rational being. She
expressed her sympathy for him and her
desire to help him, and held his atten?
tion for some time. At length her hand
and arm, from the effects of his tight
grip, began to ache violently. She told
him of it an asked him to release her.
He said he would if she would come
again, which condition being agreed to,
he let her hand go and she went away
with the astonished keeper.
Once when driving with only a boy
for her escort through an unfrequented
road in one of the Southern States, her
carriage was stopped by a highwayman
who, at the point of a pistol, demanded
her money. With perfect calmness she
told him that of course he could have her
money, but that if ho took it he would
also take from her the power to do the
errand of mercy on which she had started
and informed him of the nature of that
errend. The man gazed at her while she
spoke, with a bewildered expression ; he
dropped his hand and told her that he
did not want her money, and that he had
seen her before; that she had read and
talked to him in prison. She said she
was sorry that it had done no good. He
then confessed that he resolved to follow
her advice, but that after leaving the
prison he was taunted with being a jail?
bird ; he had no home, no friends and no
money, and so he got discouraged and
went back to his old life and expected to
get back to prison in time. Her heart
was touched with pity, and there on that
lonely road, not knowing but that the
man had accomplices near, she pleaded
with him as he stood before her, revolver
in hand. She told him that there was
yet time for him to take a good stand
among his fellow-men and that she would
be hie friend. Then, taking out her
well-filled purse, of which he a few min?
utes before would so gladly have robbed
her, she drew out a five-dollar bill which
with great difficulty she persuaded him
to accept. Then, giving him more
kiud counsel and bidding him good-bye,
she drove oa unharmed.
Cure for Iusomnin.
I had frequently noticed that when
engaged in deep thought, particularly at
night, there seemed to be something like
a compression of the eyelids, the upper
one especially, and the eyes themselves
apparently turned upward, as if looking
in that direction. This invariably
occurred, and the moment that, by an
effort I arrested the course of thought
and /reed the mind from the subject with
which it was engaged the eyes resumed
their natural position and the compression
of the lids ceased.
Now, it occurred to me one night that
I would not allow the eyes to turn
upward, but kept them determinedly in
the opposite position, as if looking down ;
and having done so for a short time, I
found that the mind did not revert to the
thoughts with which it had been occu?
pied, and I soon fell asleep. I tried the
plan again with the same result, and,
after an experience of two year3, I can
truly say that, unless when something
really annoying or worrying occurred, I
have always been able to go to sleep very
shortly after retiring to rest.
There may occasionally be some diffi?
culty in keeping the eyes in the position
I have described, but a determined effort
to do so is all that is required, and I am
certain that, if -kept in the down-looking
position, it will be fouud that composure
and sleep will be the result.?Chamber?
Blainc Losing Ground.
It does not look as much like Mr.
Elaine in 'SS as it did. The political
situation of the Republican camp is
changing. Six months ago it looked
like Mr. Elaine would have a walk over
for the nomination, but I repeat that a
change has occurred. Here in Washing
tou the change is surprising. Republi?
cans who were red hot for Elaine are
now saying that perhaps it would be a
mistake to again nominate him, and Re?
publicans with Elaine leanings are now
for either one of the Shermans, General
Sheridan, Allison, Hawley or Gresham
in preference to the Plumed Knight.
Out in the country the gradual diminish?
ing of the Elaine sentiment is noticeable.
Leadrng Republicans are speaking boldly
out against Blainc or any other man
having a mortgage on the presidential
nomination. This change of feeling is
significant, for it means that the Repub?
licans are satisfied that they cannot beat
Mr. Cleveland with Mr. Elaine, and pro?
pose to bring out another man. This is
about the size of it.?Courier-Journal.
From a Girl's Composition on Boys.
Boys is men that have not got as big
as their papas, and girls is young women
that will be young ladies by and by.
Man was made before women. When
God looked at Adam lie said to Himself,
"Well, I guess I can do better than that
if I try again," and then he made Kve.
God liked Eve so much better than He
did Adam that there h&\ been more
women in the world than men ever since.
Boys are a trouble. They are very wear?
ing on everything but soap. If I could
have my way half the boys in the world
would be littlo girls and the other half
would be dolls. My papa is so nice to
me that I guess ho must have been a girl
when he was a little boy.
? Boston Corbett, the man who shot
Wilkes Booth after tho assassination of
Lincoln, has just been declared hopeless?
ly insane, lie has been placed in the
Kansas State insnno asylum,
S XXIII.--NO. 15.
Only Half Murdered.
IIoxjiam, Tex., Oct. 10.?Deputy
Sheriff Mitch. Simmons, of Savoy, tells a
sensational story about Jim Scarlett,
the man who at the last term of the
District Court was sentenced to hang
for the murder of Andy Lacefield, com?
mitted about three years ago in the
northern part of Fannin County. The
evidence against Scarlett was furnished
by two men who professed to have seen
him come upon Lacefield while asleep
and strike him repeatedly on the head
with a revolver, after trying vainly to
shoot him. A strong piece of corrobora?
tive evidence was the dying confession of
a convict, who professed to have been
intimidated by Scarlett into helping him
to carry the body to the river. All three
men Scarlett got out of the way, and it
was with great difficulty that the two
living witnessea were found on the infor?
mation given by the convict.
Pending the trial Scarlett's attorney
received a letter from a gentleman who
lived near the scene of the alleged mur?
der, stating that Lacefield was not dead,
but was theu living somewhere in the
county. No particular attention was
paid to this statement, but subsequent
developments have proved the assertion
not without grounds. Deputy Sheriff
Simmons has seen the man who wassup?
posed to have been murdered, and he is
now living near Trenton, about eighteen
miles from this place. The man stated
to Simmons that he was without doubt
the Lacefield that, when thrown into the
river and left for dead, had regained
consciousness and been restored to life.
When asked why he did not appear dur?
ing the trial and save the condemned
man from a death sentence, he said he
did not care if Scarlett was hanged. In
justification of the strong assertion that
he is Lacefield the man showed the Dep?
uty Sheriff the scars of the wounds made
by Scarlett's pistol.
The Kilter Experience of a Lancaster
County Xegro.
About a year ago a party of eleven
families of negroes left Lancaster and
went to Liberia. Thomas Massey, an in?
dustrious and well-to-do negro, was in?
fatuated by the misrepresentation of
some race partisan that Liberia was a
paradise for the negroes, and got up a
party to go. Some even sold part of
their clothing to raise money enough to
pay their fare. They went, and now
they all want to get back. Some of them
would almost sell themselves into slavery
to live once more in Carolina. Even
Massey, who was so anxious to go, and
who tried to induce many others to go,
wants to get back, as the following letter
in the Lancaster Ledger shows :
CAr-e Palmas, Liberia, Aug. 10,18S7.
?Mr. John R. Welsh.?Sir: I have
landed in Liberia and am not pleased
with it. I wish you would please help
me back to my same place. I want you
to write soon to me and let me know what
you will do for me. I want you if you
please to moke some arrangements to get
me back. You must write to Messrs.
Yates & Porterficld who own the ships
that come to Liberia. You know me
well. I worked on your plantation four?
teen years and did not fail to pay your
rent. Now I want you to do me a favor,
help me back and I will pay you back.
Me and my two sons and my wife want
to come back home, and we look to you
to send ua aid. We will stay on your
plantation until wc pay you up. You
can write Messrs. Yates and Porterfield,
115 Wall street, New York, aud see what
is their lowest price to fetch four persons
from Liberia to America. Please Mr.
Welsh do all you can for me for I never
failed to stand up to you. Now, I must
close by saying write soon to me if you
please and let me know what you will do
for me. Yours, truly,
James Massey.
A Just Tribute.
Justice Miller, of the Supreme Court
of the United States, is a Republican in
politics, but he is not a blind partisan.
He was one of the speakers at the Grand
Army banquet in St. Louis, aud respon?
ded to the toast "To the president of the
United States." In doing so Justice
Miller said he did not approve of Mr.
Cleveland's election, and expected to
cast bis next presidential vote for a Re*
publican, but added: "I have the cour?
age, and I say in the presence of this
meeting of the Grand Army of the Re?
public, that Grover Cleveland is an
honest man, a pure mau, to whose skirts
no corruption belongs, and who intends
to do right according to the best lights
that God has given him." Justice Miller
closed by urging the Graud Army men
to "give President Cleveland credit for
honesty of purpose and good intentions"
in any position he might assume, and to
remember that he occupies the place
with honor which Washington held,
which Jefferson held, which Grant has
held, which Lincoln has held.? Rallimore
? A German of science (Dr. Krauss
of Halle) not long ago made some studies
about fruit tress. He says that they
sleep during the day, and do most of
their growing by night. The fruit of the
cherry laurel, for example, increases
nine times as fast ia the night as in the
day. Apples, however, are not quite so
lazy during the day, for their rate of
growth at night is SO per cent., and 20
per cent, by day; that is to say, they
toil only four times as quickly by night
as by day.
? News has just reached Chattanooga
of the poisoning of the eutire Ogletree
family, consisting of four persons, near
Talladega, Ala. All the members of the
family have already died, consisting of
David Ogletree and wife and two chil?
dren. The death was caused by drinking
whiskey in which Mrs. Ogletree had put
strychnine. She had threatened to pois?
on the whole family. The poisoning
took place Thursday, and the deaths
occurred in a few hours.
? "Johnny," inquired his aunt, "what
do you like best of all ?" "Candy," re?
plied Johnny. "And what after that ?"
inquired hU aunt. 'More candy," re?
plied Johnny, aller .i moment's delibera?

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