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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, October 27, 1887, Image 1

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BY E. B. MURRAI
Tlj??B^'?OhUMN,
?. CLINESCALES, Editor.
Our newly married teachers have onr
warmest congratulations.
Many of oar teachers went to Atlanta.
. We hope they had a good time?and
.made it profitable.
Have you trustees had a. meeting du?
ring this month 1 ? Why not ? Don't all
speak at onCe, now \
Mr. A. J. Watt will teach at New
Prospect! Mr. C. O. Burris at Hunter's
Spring?, Mies Bettie Smith at Concord.
Next week we will publish an essay
? ?ead by Miss Olivia Newton at Honea
Path on "Teachers' Helps." We trust
all th? ie?chers Will read it carefully and
with profit.
Don's forget that the public schools
will open Monday, October 31st. If)
yotl have engaged your teachers, very
well; if not, why not? I am talking
now to the trustees, not to the patrons?
they may be looking around for a "ma n
teacher." y
We are-glad to know that the plan
proposed by the School Commissioner at
Honea Path meets the. hearty approval of |
all the teachers and ,school officers with
whom b.8 has conversed. For the special
benefit of those who were not at the
Honea Path meeting, let us state our
purpose again: We propose, if possible,
? to start a teachers' library. We propose
to start on a small amount of money
: contributed by the teachers- One dollar
' only is. the amount each is asked to con?
tribute.. There are over eighty white
. teachers in this county. "With eighty
? dollars we can purchase a neat little
??library of almost incalculable value :o
the teachers.. On? teachers need tools to
work with. They need books, they need
pspess. With one dollar one may not
buy many books and papers, but by cen?
tralising und combining our forces we
may accomplish * great-deal. By giving
'0t one dollar. Lmay 'have access to $80.00
wortt of books ;aod papers; The library
w can be kept in the School Commissioner's
y ?fiic?, and. the Commissioner be. mads
,^r;^e''^br?tian;' Every member of the
Association is expected to contribute his
;'j3?llar and to. do it without hesitation
when called upon. Remember that you
"havo never had such an opportunity
offered^ you?that of contributing .$1'!00
? and getting access to the worth of $80.00.
:-: ::_ThLi is afair test of yonr earnestness, so
be prep?r^i: wheu :the_ Commissioner
comes around, to hand over your dollar.
Don't think now that this is a dream, a
wiid speculation, an ebullition of excess*
.???^iy?spWts-; we mean business, and: pro
?jjpose fo tesfc your educational temperature
by this improvised thermometer. Let us
see ! " .' . *
TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.
it is wita;"pride that we recall the fact
that the recent meeting of the Teachers'
Association at Honea Path was a success
: beyond what: the most sanguine of us
liad': dared to hope for. Thirty three
? teachers responded to their names, and
? By their presence, and. interest contribu
/.te$<to.'the unprecedented success of the
meeting. As had been announced, the
-whole. of Friday afternoon was spent
with Prof. Watkins's school, watching
the recitations made by his classes and
studying and criticising b?s methods of |
instruction.
The afternoon's session was iudeed an
experience meeting,-as it ought to have
been. Every teacher felt free and easy
and asked'any questions that were raised
?by'the programme. The afternoon was
bhlytoo short; before we knew it,- the
{time for the closing exercises had come.
' : The execcutive committee hadarranged
for. Dr. Lander to occupy the time set
apart for the evening session. Sickness
prevented-Dr. Lander from attending
until.Saturday morning, bo a change in
the programme was necessary.
The citizens of Honea Path know full
? well how to appreciate such, gatherings,
; and were out in full force Friday night.
'-Though disappointed in not being per?
mitted to hear Dr. Lander, tbey availed
themselves "of the opportunity for ac?
quainting themselves with the "strangers
within their gates." For about an hour,
. everybody,' old and young, male and
female, seemed to bestir himself in his
efforts to make tde occasion pleasant to
others .and profitable to himself. The
young . gentlemen aud young ladies of j
Prof. Watkins's school were especially
active in their efforts to entertain the
teacher's present. After an hour's social
enjoyment, in which the whole assembly,
without a eiugle exception, seemed to
participate; Prof. Watkins pulled the
rope that rang the school bell, and, after
quiet was restored, introduce J the School
Commissioner, who, he said, would fill
up a few moments of the time which the
executive committee bad arranged for
Dr. Lander, President of the Association,
to'oceupy." The School Commissioner
talked about thirty minutes in which he
took occasion to explain the object of
the Association and to urge the teachers
present to still greater earnestness in
their efforts to prepare themselves for
the great work in which tbey are engaged.
These remarks concluded, Prof. Wat
kins announced that the exercises of the
. evening were over unless the young peo?
ple desired to remain longer. Conversa?
tion was again renewed, and quite a num?
ber of persons of all ages remained until
some time later.
Saturday morning found the teachers
all with energy renewed and refreshed
for the day's work. The regular pro?
gramme, which bad been advertised, was
' taken up, and the subjects, "Teachers'
.Helps," "How to teach Geography,"
"Encouragements to Teachers," and some
others were discussed with marked earn?
estness and intelligence. The speeches
were short and to the point. Miss Olivia
j Newton read a remarkably clear cut essay
on "Teachers' Helps." The paper was
read modestly, but with noticeable dis?
tinctness and studied emphasis, and, in
the effect produced, illustrated the power
of good reading. Though no subject
had been assigned to Mr. W. E. Brazeale
r& co.
he delivered a very clear and pointed
talk on "Encouragements of Teachers."
Not the least important part of the
programme was the discussion of the
questions found in the question box.
Teachers, patrons and pupils were invited
to make use of the question box and
many of them did it with a will.
Some one dropped in this question:
"Will some one give the origin of the
name Honea Path, and give a short his?
torical sketch of the town ?" Mr. Wat
kins banded the que&tion to Miss Lizzie
Brock, one of Honea Path's most intel?
ligent young ladies. In a few moments
the following sketch was handed in by
Miss Brock r The beautiful little town
of Honea Path, situated "in the South?
eastern part of Anderson County, on the
Columbia and Greenville Railroad, was
first called Geerton after Mr. A. F. Geer
ton of the village. After a time it was
called Honey Path, deriving that name
from a path which led to a well-known
bee-tree in the neighborhood. Honey
Path, retained that spelling until 1854,
when it was changed to Honea Path by
G. W. Hawthorn, who was at that time
postmaster here.
The first dwelling house here was
owned by Mr. John Grier. The first
dry goods store was owned by MesseB. J.
L. Brock & Co."
Piof McSwain, of the Williamston
Male Academy, is quite an acquisition to
the membership of the Association. His
presence Saturday, and the hearty earn?
estness with which he entered into the
discussions were very encouraging to
those members who have been banging
on to the Association during its dark
days. Dr. Lander's presence is a bene?
diction always. On such occasions there
is an attraction about him which every
one feels. This writer will always re?
member his sympathetic aid and wise
counsels in the efforts to set che Associ?
ation on foot.
The next meeting of the Association
will be held at Hunter's Spring, abont
eight weeks froni' now. The ^meeting,
though so long off,'promises* to be one of |
increased interest, and those who miss it
will have cause for regret.
One of the most interesting parts of
the programme at Honea Path was the
demonstration by Hiss Nora Hubbard of
the plan of teaching small children to
read by what is known as the "word
method." Miss Hubbard had no chart
with her, but by a nice use of the black?
board made the plan very clear and fully
demonstrated its superiority over the
old a b c method.
The Future of Jersey Cattle.
The Southern Live Stock Journal,
published at Starkville, Miss., in its issue
of the-22d of September, says:
"The apprehension is sometimes ex?
pressed that the large number of Jersey
cattle will overstock the United States
and destroy values because of the num?
ber being greater than the demand. We
have before uis volume 23 of the Herd
Kegist'er of the American Jersey Cattle
Club, which ig the last published volume.
This volume e hows that the entire num?
ber of registered. . Jergey cattle in the
United State? at the time it was pub?
lished (1887) was 41,000 females and
17,100 bulls, making total 58,100.'
"This embraces all the Jersey cattle
imported from the island or bred in the
United States for the last forty years.
Estimating only.one-.third.of this number
now dead,-and you have less than 40,000
registered Jerseys in the United States.
This entire number could: be easily
handled in this country?which is a
small one, embracing only 275,200 acres
?and leaving nearly seven acres to the
head. Deducting 10,000 bulls from the
total number of registered Jerseys, leaves
30,000 females. The total number of j
milch cows in the United States is esti?
mated at 21,000,000. This gives the ratio
of registered Jerseys, one to every Beven
hundred.
"The estimated milk product annually
is 7,350,000,000 gallons, and the value of |
the entire dairy product for the last
twelve months is near$500,000,000. But
it will be asked what per cent, of the
above amount of milk is converted into
butter, for the Jersey cow is a specialist,
and. her field of usefulness limited chiefly
to the butter dairy. If quantity and.
quality of butter coupled with that of
economic production is that no other
breed will convert a given quality of feed
into an equal amount of butter?the
Jersey cow stands without a rival. Then
what proportion of the above animal
milk production of 7,350,000,000 gallons
is converted into butter, for this will de?
termine in large measure the future de?
mand for Jersey cattle in the United
States. Of the above amount it is esti?
mated that 4,000,000,000 gallons?largely
over half of the annual milk product?
is converted into butter. Consequently
no serious apprehension of overstocking
the market or demand for Jersey cattle
need be felt until the number exceeds
10,0.00,000. head.
- "Prof. Gully, at the Agricultural and
Mechanical College farm at Starkevslle,
has thoroughly tested the merits of Jer?
sey cows as butte'r cows at the dairy of j
the-college farm, and there, as everywhere
else where these cows, have been properly
fed and cared for, their merits have been
well sustained. Their character for rich
milk and golden, delicious butter is as
well sustained as that of the Dutcham or
short horns is for beef. No one can
name the butter breed that equals the
Jerseys up to 1887."
? The corn crop is placed at' about
threefourths of a full crop by the agricul?
tural department report for October, or
at 1,500,000,000 bushels. This is about a
sixth better than was feared earlier or
than recent private estimates. The crop
as it stands, however, is the smallest in
ten years but one, it 1881, when in waB
only 1,100,000,000, and the present yield
is-Jarger chiefly because of the large crop
at the South, which is 150,000,000 bush?
els larger than two years ago. The
South will produce nearly a third of the
present crop, or nearly enough for its own
consumption, while in past years of large
yield the Southern States have supplied
a bare sixth of the total. The great corn
States, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Kan?
sas, have scarcely half~a crop, ami in
Missouri the yield is not'large.
GENUINE SOUTHERN "WELCOME
Extended to President Cleveland at At?
lanta.
Atlanta, Oct. 18?President Cleve?
land and his paxty arrived here at 11.15
o'clock last nig'-t, and notwithstanding
the pitiless rain, which had fallen inces?
santly since noon, with constantly in?
creasing violence, they were greeted by
the largest concourse of people ever
gathered in a Southern city. Fully one
hundred thousand people were in Atlanta
last night, and thousands of rain soaked
enthusiasts surrounded the Union depot.
The streets, though perfect Beas, were so
crowded as to be almost impassable.
The bunting, flags, etc., with which
almost all the buildings in the city are
liberally decorated, presented anything
but a gala appearance, but the welcome
of the people obviated all necessity of
bunting or flags to evidence the hearti?
ness of their welcome to the Chief Magis?
trate of the nation. All day long it bad
rained, but undeterred by the elements
the visiting citizen soldiery promenaded
the streets, and strains of martial music
was heard on all sides. When the spe?
cial train, having on board the citizens'
reception committee, pulled out of the
station at 7 o'clock to meet the Presiden?
tial train at Marietta, enthusiasm was at
fever heat, but when the booming of
cannon on Kennesaw announced the
approach of Grover Cleveland, it knew
no bounds, and from the umbrella cano?
pied thousands who had been impatiently
awaiting bis arrival came a shout of wel?
come that re-echoed and re-echoed until
the- whole city rang with the loud huzzas.
The Atlanta Rifles, Gate City Guards and
Governor's Horse Guard, assisted by one
hundred special police, kept clear the
street leading from the station to the
Kimball House, where an elegant suite
of rooms had been .furnished for the re?
ception of the party. Five Governors
with their staffs added eclat to the recep?
tion of the nation's chief?Richardson of
South Carolina, Taylor of Tennessee,
Perry of Florida, Loundsbury of Connec?
ticut, and our gallant Gordon.
Fully 15,000 people were congregated
about the depot and along the line of the
railroad track from Whitehall to Pryor
streets, where they had been standing
since dark, and all of them were as wet
as drowned rats. As the train moved
into the depot a salute was fired from
Broad street bridge by the Atlanta artil?
lery. The President and party were
placed in carriages and driven to the
Kimball, with an escort of 100 men, who
carried torches.
The morning is cloudy, showing a pos?
sibility of rain. The trains are still
bringing in thousands of strangers, yet it
is estimated that six or seven thousand
of those here last night failed to And
beds. The corridors and stairs of the
Kimball House, where the President is
quartered, had the appearance of a has?
tily made bivouac. Sleeping forms were
lying in all directions upon the floor and
stairs. Atlanta is a prohibition town,
and despite the crowd and enthusiasm,
there is very little drunkenness.
The President's party did not retire
until 2 o'clock this morning, it having
been found impossible to get their bag?
gage through the crowds and to their
rooms earlier. As a coneequence they
breakfasted late this morning. At 11
o'clock President Collins and Vice-Presi?
dent Grady, of the exposition, called at
the President's rooms and escorted the
President and Mrs. Cleveland and Post?
master General Vilas to the capitol,
where they entered the Governor's room
and were received by Governor Gordon.
The visiting Governors, the Supreme
Court of the State, members of the Gov?
ernor's staff, United States officials,
municipal authorities and members of
the Legislature were presented to the
city's guests.
This ceremonial over, the distinguished
visitors, escorted by Governor Gordon
and Senators Brown and Colquilt, and
accompanied by visiting Governors and
many other people of distinction, pro?
ceeded to Piedmont Park, which is the
exposition grounds. A national salute
was fired as the procession entered the
gates of the enclosure, and proceeded to
the speaker's stand. The formalities of
welcome to tte President began with
prayer by Rev. Dr. Bartlett of the Pres?
byterian Church, after which Mr. H. W.
Grady, VicoPiesident of the exposition,
iu a brief but eloquent speech, extended
a welcome to the President.
Mr. Grady i?aid he had the honor of
introducing the foremost ruler of this
earth, the President of the American
republic, one to whom, by the peaceful,
unquestioned suffrages of this people,
their highest commission had been given.
The proud pleasure of welcoming him
was emphasized by the knowledge that
he had held his high commission with
dignified sincerity and that he had
honored hi * high office with a strong and
spotless administration. He could
promise the privilege that even a Presi?
dent might esteem ?that of looking into
the faces and hearing the cordial welcome
of more Southerners than any living
man, or dead man, had seen apsembled
before.
The President replied as follows:
When in 1845 a convention was held at
Memphis, in the State of Tennessee, hav?
ing for its object the development of the
resources of the Eastern and Southern
States, one of the most prominent and
far-Beeing statesmen of the country fore?
told the future greatness and importance
of a point in DeKalb County, iu the
State of Georgia, called Atlanta not far
from the village of Decatur. This place
wa3 then properly called "a point," for
Atlanta was then merely a name given
to the railroad station here, having no
fair pretention to being either a village
or a city. It was two years after this
that the name was adopted by the people
of the little village of Mathersville, when
they proudly acquired a city charter.
Experiencing all the incidents and strug?
gles common to municipal growth, it had
in 1861 a population of about 13,000.
Soon thereafter the thunders of war
sounded all about her, and a besieged
army occupied her streets and business
places. Her buildings and property
were destroyed by both the armie3,
besieged and the besiegers, to such
an extent that when the inhabi?
tants in December, 18G4, returned to
fDEESON, S. C, TH1
the city from which they had been
driven, they found their homes wrecked
and burned and their city a scene of
charred and desolate ruin. Thus it is
that the Atlanta of to day may well be
said to date from 1865. I have lately
seen evidences of the activity and perse?
verance of the people of the United
States in the creation of prosperous and
bustliDg cities and in overcoming the
difficulties that are inseparable from new
settlements and the growth of new cities.
But it seems to me that an element of
heroism is added by a people who viewed
without despair the destruction of a'l
they have wrought, who begin again to
build their waste places, and who, in
spite of the greatest discouragement,
evince a determination to reach their
destiny. In twenty-two years the second
Atlanta has been built, is comparably
larger, more prosperous and fairer than
the destroyed Atlanta. Her place as
first among the cities of a great State,
her constantly increasing business, and
her large manufacturing interests are
evidences of the courage aud enterprise
of her people. They may well be proud
of the work of their hands. Nor shall
the glory of their achievements be left to
their sole gratification. All their coun?
trymen may congratulate - themselves
that what has been done is the result of
American enterprise. Surely nothing
should stand in the way of such congrat?
ulation ; and the citizen who, seeing
these additions to the wealth and pro?
gress of a nation, cannot now from his
heart proudly say of the people who
have restored Atlanta, "These are my
countrymen," forgets his fealty to Amer
ican citizenship.
The efforts of Atlanta in the direction
of an improved condition of trade and
business have not been selfish and cir
cum8cribed. The International Cotton
Exposition of 1881, and the National
Commercial Convention of 1885, both
important events, which originated with
her people and were held here, were of
great direct advantage to a large section,
and of great benefit to the entire country.
To day Atlanta holds another exposition,
to which the people of Georgia ,and
neighboring States are invited here, to
display their products and their m?nu
factures and to give the proof of their
resources. The occasion cannot fail to
lead to the best results. Every man at
all concerned in what is here exhibited
will return to his home with new plans
and purposes which will result in his
increased prosperity, and the aggregate
of this will make a rich and prosperous
neighborhood. Its contagion makes a
rich and prosperous State. We often
.hear of a State noted for its excellent
products. This is not always the result
of the fertility of the soil or its adapta?
bility, but often of the enterprise of its
people in inaugurating such expositions
as this, where they may meet and take
counsel and learn of each other. All of
Georgia's neighboring States still feel the
impulse of the Cotton Exposition of 1881
and the Commercial Convention of 1885,
and I trust that the Piedmont Exhibi
tion may prove of as great benefit as
these to the material welfare of the large
section of this country which has contrib
uted to its success.
After the President bad concluded his
remarks there were loud and prolonged
calls for Governor Gordon, in response
to which that gentleman spoke briefly to
the multitude. The public Teception at
the fair grounds was a pleasant affair.
Analogies In Nature.
"Why should it be thought with you
an incredble thing that God should raise
the dead ?" Things all around us suggest
it. On what grew all these flowers ? Out
of the mould and the earth.
Resurrected! The radiant butterfly,
where does it come from? The loath?
some caterpillar. That alabatross that
smites the tempest with its wing, where
did it come from? A seneless shell.
Near Bergerac, France, in a Celtic tomb
under a block, were found flower-seeds
that had been buried two thousand years.
The explorer took the flower-seed and
planted it, and it came up; it bloomed in
bluebell and heliotrope. Two thousand
years ago buried, yet resurrected. A
traveler says he found in a mummy , pit
in Egypt, garden peas [.that had been
buried there three thousand years ago.
Ho brought them out, and on the fourth
of June, 1S44, he planted them, and in
thirty days they sprang up. Buried three
thousand years, yet resurrected. "Why
should it be thought a thing incredible
with you that God should raise the dead V
Where did all this silk come from?the
silk that adorns your person and your
homes ? In the hollow of a staff a Greek
missionary brought from China to Europe
the progenitors of those worms that now
supply the silk markets of many nations
The pagentry of bannered hosts and the
luxurious articles of commercial empor?
ium blazing out from the silkworms.
And who shall be surprised if out of this
insignificant earthly life, our bodies un?
fold into something worthy of the coming
eternities? Put silver into diluted nitre
and it dissolves. Is the silver gone for?
ever? No. Put in it some pieces of cop?
per and the silver reappears. If one force
dissolves another force organizes.
"Why should it be thought a thing
incredible with you that God should raise
the dead?" The insects flew and the
worms cast autumn feebler and feebler
and theu stopped. They have taken no
food, they want none. They lay dormant
and insensible, but soon the' south wind
will blow the resurrection trumpet, and
the air and the earth will be full of them.
Do you not think that God can do as
much for our bodies as He does for the
wasps and the spiders and the snails?
This morning at half past four o'clock,
there waa a resurrection. Out of night,
the day. A few weeks ago there was a
resurrectiou in all our gardens. Why
not some day a resurrection amid all the
graves ??Talmage
? A meeting of clergymen of differ?
ent denominations, to the number of 100,
was held Monday in the Calvary Baptist
Church, New York, and adopted resolu
fc on? to urge citizens to dofeat any polit?
ical candidate who will not commit him
self to legislation to prevent lit? sale of
liquor on Sunday.
JRSDAY MORNING
STORMING M'ELWAINES HILL.
A Chapter From the Unwritten History of
the War.
Captain II*. Dunlop in Abbeville Medium.
About 10 o'clock p. m., March 27th,
1865, while actively engaged in rear?
ranging the picket line in front of the
brigade, some three miles west of Peters?
burg, I was summoned to appear, in?
stanter, at brigade headquarters.
Having obeyed the summons, I was
informed by the brigade commander that
the commanding general had directed
Lieutenant General Hill, at all hazards,
to dislodge the enemy's forces, now
strongly entrenched, from their position
on the McElwaine hill, and that this
must be done before daylight in the
morning; that the four battalions of
sharpshooters of Wilcox's Light Division
had been selected and assigned to that
duty; and that, in the event of success, ?
each survivor of the engagement should
be rewarded with a thirty-day furlough.
Accordingly at about 2 o'clock on the
morning of the 2Sth, the battalion under
my command moved out to a point on
the Boydton plankroad directly in front
of the McElwaine hill, where, in a short
time, the several battalions of the light
division assembled. Upon consultation
of the several commanders it was deter?
mined, by a manoeuvre, coup de main, to
assault the centre of the enemy's position
in solid order of battle, with Wooten's
North Carolina battalion on the right
and Dunlop's South Carolina battalion
on the left, in front, covered and sup?
ported by Young's North Carolina and
-'s Georgia battalion. Having pierced
the enemy's centre, it wa3 further deter?
mined that the two leading battalions
should change direction, Wooten to the
right and Dunlop to the left, and sweep
the enemy's lines from the hill; in the
meantime the two supporting battalions
were to move up and occupy the crest of
the ridge, as a basis for future operations,
in defense of the position carried, should
the enemy attempt to recover the hill,
and upon whose right and left the two
leading battalions, as soon as the hill
was cleared, were to return and form.
The lights on our picket line were
gradually extinguished in our front, so
that our movements could not be discov?
ered and the chances of success placed at
a greater hazard by notice to the enemy
of our designs against their position.
Every precaution to conceal our move?
ments having been taken, and everything
being in readiness at about 5 o'clock the
column moved to the attack. The
silence of death settled down upon the
dark valley which intervened between
the two lines of battle?the blue and the
gray?as this little band of six hundred
Confederates sallied forth with stealthy
step and undaunted courage to encounter
a force five times their number, in a
strong position, well fortified, and the
scene of a deadly yet successful contest
on the preceding day. Slowly and
steadily and with the most perfect order
of alignment the Confederates advanced.
When within one hundred yards of the
Federal breastworks, we encountered a
deep ditch, densely hedged on both sides
with briars and thorns, into which,
without hesitation, each and every man
let himself down and crawled out on the
opposite side, and took his place in line.
Within but a few moments' delay to rec?
tify the alignment, the advance was con?
tinued undiscovered until the leading
battalions reached a point not exceeding
twenty yards from the Federal lines.
Now nerved with a sense of the right?
eousness of their cause and their own
native grit, and conscious that their
movements were observed, with bated
breath, by their comrades on the h?ls
behind them, with a determination to
carry the position or die in the attempt,
this gallant band rushed upon the unsus?
pecting enemy, for a moment grappled
with him in deadly combat, wrenched
from his grasp the dearly-won success of
the preceding day, and hurled him from
his position, reeling and bleeding, back
upon his main line.
The right battalion now changed direc?
tion to the right, the left battalion to the
left and swept the hill from centre to cir?
cumference, while the supporting col?
umn moved up -and took position upon
the summit of the hill, and continued the
fire with deadly effect upon the broken
ranks of the retreating Federals. The
two leading battalions having cleared the
field of every trace of the enemy for at
least a mile on either side of the point of
attack, now returned and took position
on the right and left of the two battal?
ions occupying the crest of the hill.
The enemy organized a heavy column
at three several times during the day and
moved out to attack our position on the
hill, but such was the steadiness of our
line and the accuracy of our fire, that be
was as many times driven in confusion
back upon the main line.
At length yielding to the conviction
that the Confederates were there to stay,
they discontinued their efforts to retake
the hill and sued for a truce of sufficient
time to bury their dead.
The position was held unassisted by
the four battalions until 0 o'clock the
following night, when they were relieved
by other troops, and returned to tbeir
positions on the general line.
Tho loss of the Confederates in this
engagement was only ten men killed,
wounded and missing, while the Federals
lost heavily in killed and wounded be?
sides 300 prisoners taken.
I cannot close this report without ex?
pressing my unstinted admiration of the
intrepid valor of the troops engaged in
this action ; and especially of the officers
and men composing the battalion which
I had the honor to command.
The Medium says that Captain Dunlop
is now Deputy Auditor of Arkansas and
in his leisure last August he prepared
this account and sent it to General
McGowan. The battalion of sharpshoot?
ers, says the Medium, was a select body
of soldiers. It was made up of two men
f.-om each company in the brigade.
These men were selected on account of
their conspicuous courage, their physical
abilily to undergo great hardships, their
quick hearing, good eyesight and steady
nerve. It was commanded by Captain
Dunlop and well officered. Charles E.
Watson of this county was ono of the
lieutenants. It was the boast of the bat
, OCTOBEE 27, 188'
talion and it was true that no single line
of battle could driveSback one of their
skirmish lines. They were drilled in
long range Bhooting, and it is said one of
their number killed Gen. Sedgwick at
Spottsylvania Court House, the first shot,
a distance of twelve hundred yards.
It Pays to Think.
A striking instance of the extent to
which labor saving machinery is carried
nowadays, says the Industrial Journal
is shown in the tin can industry. Every?
body knows that tin cans are manufactur?
ed by machinery. One of the machines
used in the process solders the longitu?
dinal seams of the cans at the rate of fifty
a minute, the cans rushing along in a
continuous stream. Now, of course, a
drop or two of solder is left on the can.
The drop on the outside can be easily
cleaned away, but it is not so easy to
secure the drop left on the inside. It
would't do, of course, to retard the speed
of the work?better waste the drop, it is
only a trifle, anyhow, and to 89 men in
100 it would not seem worth a minute's
attention. The hundredth man worked
for a firm using one of these machines,
and he set about devising an ingenious
arrangement for wiping the inside of the
can, thereby saving that drop of solder
and leaving none to come in contact with
the contents of the can. He was encou?
raged by his employers to patent his
invention, did so, and has already receiv?
ed several thousand dollars in royalties
for its use. As the machine solders 20,
000 cans a day, the solder saved by bis
invention amounted to $15 a day. It
pays to think as you work.
The Elyton Land Company.
No story in the history of modern
progress present more charming features
and All ad: n like incidents than that relat?
ing to the Elyton Land company. Its
history has become univerual and forms
probably the greatest factor in the new
era that has dawned upon the South since
I the war. While others are doing much for
i Birmingham, the Elyton company are
I still progressing, and have authorized the
placing of $2,000,000 within a year in pub
! lie enterprises, $1,000,000 of which will
build a huge rolling mill. The entire
history of their work in expending money
on Birmingham reads like a romance.
Starting with only $100,000 cash a few
years ago, they have grown to enormous
wealth, and are now worth not less than
$15,000,000. How many millions they
have paid out in dividends to their stock?
holders would be hard to estimate, but
lucky indeed is that man who owns only
a few shares in a corporation whose stock
is now worth $4,000 a share, $100 being
the par value of the shares.. Their work
has heen always conservative, but emin?
ently progressive, and the end is not yet.
They are not by any means a monopoly,
but their every movement has been
marked by that broad liberality which has
tended to build Birmingham into one of
the future great cities of America.
Stinging or Bees?How to Allay the
Tain.
Nearly every boy and girl, whether
living in the country or city, has at some
time been stung, by either a bee or a
wasp. At the time of the sting the pain
has so occupied the attention, that you
did not stop to consider whether the sting
was inflicted by a bee or a wasp, nor did
you at the time admire the mechanism
by which the sting was inflicted. All
are aware that the sting is actually pain?
ful, and that it is inflicted by one?the
rear, or tail end of the insect. Some one
has humorously called this the ''business
end" of the insect. All should know that
a drop of water of ammonia (often called
"spirits of hartshorn") applied to the
place will usually at once relieve the pain
caused by these stings, as well as those of
the mosquito. If ammonia is not at
hand, a little baking soda, mixed into a
stiff paste with water, may be applied.
In the absence of both of these, apply a
plaster of mud. If no application can
be mado, the pain will soon pass away
and we may then well consider how the
wound was inflicted.?American Agricul?
turist.
The English Sparrow.
About twenty years ago the English
sparrow first attracted attention in this
country, a cage of them having been
brought across the water to New York.
Their fine qualities were published
throughout the land, when Col. Styles,
then editor of the Albany Neivs, urged
their introduction into Georgia to de?
stroy the cotton caterpillar. Colonel
Nelson Tift, of that city, was probably
the first man in the south to introduce
them, when the country was impatient,
fearing they would not multiply suffi?
ciently fast. Every town was solicitous
for a cage of the little to-be Salvationists
of the cotton planter. The sequel is
known. Every town and city in the land
is alive with these birds, and the cater?
pillars move on annually as of yore, and
the little pests are pronounced the great?
est of nuisances. It is almost impossible
to raise a head of kaffer corn, millet or
milo maize to maturity in many sections
of Georgia in consequence of their de?
predations. Yet they continue to multi?
ply as rapidly as the Egyptian locust.?
Marshallville, Ga,, Times.
? Attorney General Earle, on the ap?
plication of the comptroller general, has
given his opinion touching the liability
of foreign loan compauies to be taxed on
the bonds and mortgages given them to
secure moneys lent to citizens of this
State?such bonds being made payable
beyond the limits of the State. The at?
torney general advises that these com?
panies can not be taxed on such securi?
ties.
? It is generally knowu that the
coeducation of the sexes is carried on
without limitations in the University of
Texas. The young men and young
women are admitted to the same classes
in every department and are eligible to
equal degrees and honors without excep?
tion. The regular exercises of the insti?
tution were resumed on the 29th ult. with
100 students, sixteen of whom am young
women. Th?> university te a Stftto irioii
tution.
I.
The Little Sontheru Soldier Boy.
George Wilson was just ten years of age,
still in "knickerbockers," and had but
recently entered into tbe dignity of short
hair, his mother, after r>uch persuasion,
having finally consented to the cutting
of his flaxen curls, in which the sunshine
was wont to tangle itself. He was a
bright, active boy, thoroughly alive to
the momentous events of the times in
which he lived, and a gener."' favorite.
After the battle, he was among the
Grst at the bulletin board, to learn its
results, and many a time as the heart?
rending scream of a wife or mother
echoed the announcement of a name
reported "killed," this little fellow, child
though he was, would seem be&ide him?
self.
One day he and his "factotum," as
his colored boy Frank was called, met in
solemn conclave, and decided to run
away, and follow the army. Being too
young to enlist, they decided upon the
novel plan of becoming markers or mes?
sengers, in fact anything by which they
could reach the army.
George's parents were refugees in the
upper portion of South Carolina, and the
camp to which the boys proposed going
was on tbe sea-coast, near Charleston, in
order to reach which necessitated many
miles of travel. Neither distance nor
the lack of money, however, daunted
them ; and so one bright morning George
put a change of clothes in his green
baize school satchel, and Frank tied his
in a red bandanna handkerchief, which
was his mother's chief glory, and the
two set out on their travels.
Knowing that they would be discov?
ered in the attempt to board the train
which left the small town, they walked
to the next station, a distance of five
miles, and as tbe train was leaving tbe
depot jumped on the rear platform. At
the South the stations are juite remote
from each other, and the conductors,
after closing the rear door, seldom open
it until the next station is reached. In
this way the boys made the entire trip,
and reached the desired haven. By the
time they arrived, their appetites were in
a pretty keen condition, having exhausted
all of tbe buiscuit and bits of ham which
were sandwiched between their clothing.
The teamsters and servants of the officers
gave them something to eat, and George
was just negotiating with a captain for
the position of marker, when General
Capers, who had been a life-long friend
to his family, approached and said,
"Why, George Wilson, what are you
doing here, so far away from home?
Does your mother know that you are
here?"
Now George had always been noted for
telling the truth, but on this occasion
flatly denied his name was "George
Wilson," and pretended not to know the
general. Soon, however, Frank made
his appearance, and George seeing that
further deception was useless, begged the
general to give him a place. This of
course was refused. General Capers
telegraphed his distracted parents, and
placing the two runaways under guard
until they could be sent home, he ques?
tioned them as to their intention.
George told what his ambition was, and
Frank with both hands down in his
pockets, and every tooth in his head
showing, said, "I was gwine ter jine de
cavalry, Mas' Gineral, dat's w'at I run'd
away fur, but I specs I'll git a lashin'
from mammy we'n I gits home."
They arrived at the home on the day
of tbe capture of Columbia, and in the
excitement of the hour George (in whose
breast the military ardor was not yet ex?
tinguished) again left for the scene of
action.
He joined a command as marker, in a
North Carolina regiment, and during the
last battle of the war, which was fought
in North Carolina, as he was standing
with his little red flag in his hand, a
man just in front of him was shot down.
In an instant the little soldier boy threw
away his flag, seized the gun and fought
all day, nntil near it3 closa when a stray
bullet struck him in the breast and he
fell. A soldier in his rear, who had a
son about his age, picked the wounded
boy up in his arms, and carried him from
the field.
A surgeon was called, but the case was
hopeless, and as the little fellow lay upon
the rude hospital bed, with the death
damp on his golden tresses, and a deep,
earnest meaning in the depths of his
blue eyes, he said to the soldier who had
borne him from the field, "My name is
George Wilson; my father is in the Army
of Virginia, but my mother is in Ander?
son, South Carolina; I want you to write
to mamma, and ask her to forgive me for
running away, but tell her I did my duty
as my boy heart told me to do. I could
not stay at home and think of my father
and brothers risking their lives for me.
And now," said he as his pulse grew
weaker and weaker, "and now," holding
out his hand to take the paper upon
which the soldier, through his blinding
tears, was writing, "give me that, and let
me kiss it, so that my darling mother
shall receive my last kis3."
As he kissed it, and handed it back to
the faithful soldier, the blue eyes closed,
and the little soldier boy went to answer
the roll-call in heaven.?Mrs. F. G. de
Fontaine in the Parish Visitor.
? Col. Coxe, of North Carolina, has
the most comprehensive and impartial
war record of any man in the country.
He began service in the Southern army;
then, to protect his inheritance, he gained
tho consent of the State authorities to
procure a substitute and visit Pennsyl?
vania. Arrived there, he was soon
drafted into tho Union army, but again
procuring a substituto, and, letting the
two hired patriots fight it out between
them. Ik went to Europe. His record is
thus succinctly summed up by a corres?
pondent of the Boston Herald: "He
fought on both side3 simultaneously, and
yet at the same time was in Europe. He
was killed in one army, wounded in the
other, and yet never received a battle
sear."
? Cesar White, a negro who was con?
victed of the murder of A. E. Morgan, a
white man, in Colleton county, and sen?
tenced to be hanged, has had his sentence
commuted by the Governor to life im?
prisonment in the penitentiary.
VOLUMI
Another Pool of SHoain.
Elizabethton, Texx., October 10 ?
I have recently visited the "poison
spring," discovered a few months ago by
a little boy in the mountains of North
Carolina. The story of its discovery has
frequently been told in the local papers
how little Willie cleared leaves from a
drain in the rocks to get water for his
father working the corn near by, and the
next morning found that the "poison
oak sores" on his arms had healed wher?
ever the water touched. "Go back,"
said the old man, "and wash all over!"
And the next morning the eruption was
gone.
It is called a "poison spring" either
because of its effects on this eruption or
from the arsenic it contains.
After the lad's experience with ?5ta
healing properties was made'known, the
mountain population flocked to it from
miles around. On a Sunday it seemed a
second Pool of Siloam, with'so many
scrofulous, cancerous and ulcerated peo?
ple reclining along the] banks?fat old
women, bandy-legged men and artless
mountain maidens dangling their shanks
in the healing water. Horses]and cattle
were brought, and on these occasions
there might sometimes be.'counted a hun?
dred sore backed nags and galled steers
waiting their turn.
It is wonderful bow rapidly the cura?
tive properties act. In forty-eight hours,
sometimes'.less, an angry sore is.healed.
In one instance a cancer was drawn out
by the roots. The Sunday gatherings at
the spring [soon became a nuisance; for
the county. The mountain men brought
"moonshine," and with drinking came
fighting and cutting.^It was in vain that
the better-disposed tried to make it a
religious gathering; the prayers at the
spring were interrupted and services
often ended in a free fight.
When an invalid from Saltville, Va., a
Capt. Thompson, moved up to the spring,
and camped near in a tent, he found this
state of things unsupportable and bought
the property in self-defence. It was
inclosed and entrance gained' only by
special permission. Then came trouble.
The mountain men declared that no one
man should own that spring, and if Capt.
Thompson didn't move out they would
move him. A crowd of bullies armed
and went down to execute the threat.
The Captain heard of their approach,
loaded his rifle and took a stand by the
spring. "The first man who enters that
gate," said he, when they came near?
"the first man who enters that gate will
be shot dead."
They had mistaken-their man. From
that day he was unmolested.
"I was scared half to death," said the
captain, "but I didn't, let them find it
out."
The water oozes up into a slight cavity
blasted in the rock and is caught and
bottled as fast as it trickles out. The
demand for it is very great, a large portion
being used at the spring. To the taste
the water is pure and very cold, its'min
eral property being scarcely perceptible,
but its effects are unusual and remarka?
ble, as, indeed, is the analysis, for besides
the "bromine and arsenic," which give
the water its name, it contains lithium,
iodine, potash and a phosphate.
The Talking Machine.
New York, Oct. 14?A machine that
is intended to take the place of private
secretaries and shorthand writers general?
ly will be put on the market next month.
It is the perfected] phonograph of the
wizard of Menlo Park. The new ma?
chine will be smaller than the ordinary
type writer, and will be sold at retail for
about ?100. The Edison Company has
a factory in Bloomfield, where the ma?
chines are being made. The company
claims that the machine will reproduce
the voice so clearly and accurately that
the words cannot be misunderstood. The
owner of the machine merely has to talk
into it as he would into a telephone, and
when he is through his typewriter can
ungrind his remarks and materialize
them on paper.
The public may have a chance to buy
two kinds of phonographs. The Ameri?
can Graphophorae Company is also pre?
paring to get out machines to take the
place of stenographers. This company
was organized in Washington six months
ago, and is working under the patents of
Alexander G. Bell and Sumner Taintor.
Tho Edison Company think the other
company's machine may be an infringe?
ment of the Edison phonograph.
- ?i -
The Wife's Pig and Her Money.
The other day we remarked to a friend
that had just purchased a pair of pure
Berkshires to consume the skim milk
and kitchen wastes, that he should make
their Winter meat of them. He replied:
"No, sir; my wife feeds them, and it has
to be a good feeder that can beat her ;
and when fatted, they are sold and she
gets the money. We sell about $50
worth each year. I buy the pigs and
furnish the feed, and she does the feed?
ing, and the money they briDg is hers."
This gentleman lives in town, but he sets
an example it would be well for many
farmers to follow. There would be more
happy farmers' wives if they received a
liberal share of the money they bring in
by carrying slops to the pigs. If they
knew that they would get a share of the
money, many of them would succeed far
better with the pigs than their liege
lords.?National Stockman.
A Xovel lucensivo to Speed.
Honest John Blank was for several
years the well-known Governor of a New
England State. Gov. John had a brother
William, perhaps equally honest, though
less well known, who was a sportsman,
and somewhat given to the cheering cup.
On one of their shooting excursions
William and a boon companion found
that their horse did not trot quite rap?
idly enough to correspond with their
exhilarated notions of the proper speed,
aud the companion fired a charge of bird
shot into the animal to encourage him.
The horse dashed wildly off, the buggy
rocking, hats and parcels flying in all
directions, and William, ruler of the
storm, flhnulcd with delight: "Shoot Mm
ag'in. rflir.ot Mm sig'i'i! II" goes adm'a
bly."
XXIII.?NO. 16.
Use or the Weed.
Every tobacconist recognizes the great
change that is taking place in what may
be called in a rather new sense the pub?
lic taste. Any average tobacconist,
whoso trade is not chiefly among sailors
and truckmen, will tell you he does not
sell one-half as much chewing tobacco as
he did ten years ago. Very likely he
will be unable to guess why it is, but he
can't deny the fact. I asked one of them
about it the other day. He said:
"The change is due to a variety of
causes. It is a great deal more apparent
here in the East than in the West aod
South, but it is going on all over the
country. One thing is undoubtedly the
strength of public opinion that it is an
uncleanly habit. It is bard for a man
who chews to keep evidences of it from
his clothes. That fact makes it inevita?
ble that the habit should go down before
the increasing attention to dress, that is a
feature of modern life. Then a great
many refined and well-intentioned per?
sons have waged war against it for years.
It was inevitable that some effect should
follow their crusade.
"But the principal causes are right
here: There is a great deal more dyspep
sia and stomach trouble in the country
now than there used to be, and no person
can chew tobacco who has a weak stom?
ach. James Farton says in his famous
pamphlet against rum and tobacco that
the stomach will hold cut against the
weed longer than the lungs. James does
not smoke or chew, and therefore he
doesen't know. Common experience
shows that he is wrong, and doctors sup?
port the verdict of common experience.
The action of the tobacco juice, which
trickles down the chewer's throat, is to
paralyze the stomach. It will do that
long before smoke will, have any percep?
tible effect upon an ordinary pair, of
lungs.
"Then tbe cigarette has done a great
deal to put an end to the habit of chew?
ing tobacco. The growth of the ciga rette
practice in this country is, as they say of
Western towns, 'phenomenal.' The con?
sumption of cigarettes has doubled many
times over in tbe last fifteen years.
About seven out of every ten boys who
are growing up now smoke cigarettes.
And after a boy has smoked cigarettes a
few years he not only has no taste for
tobacco in any other form, but he has no
constitution left to stand chewing tobacco.
' It is curious how boys will take cigarettes.
I believe it is very largely because of the
fuss that is made about them. It has got
to be the common opinion that cigarette
smoking is the moat injurious practice
known. That is just why boys adopt it.
It makes tbem an object of awful interest,
to other boys and to girls. It is soothing
to a boy's foolish pride to know that
people have marked him out as one who
is rushing with frightful temerity to early
destruction. Whether that is the cause
of it or not, it is perfectly certain that
more and more cigarettes are being sold
every year and less and less chewing to?
bacco.
They Paid for Their Little Joke.
The story comes from Weldon about a
well-known engineer on the Atlantic
Coast Lino who is said to be a little su?
perstitious. He feels sad if he fails to
look at the new moon over his right
shoulder, and always makes a cross mark
in his path when he has to turn back for
something that he has forgotten. It is
said that he will travel a mile out of his
way to avoid a graveyard, and carries the
left hind foot of a rabbit in bis pistol
pocket. Some of the conductors on the
line attempted to play a joke on this en?
gineer a few days ago. They hired, a
coffin from Mr. Emory, a dealer at Wel?
don, and placed it in the room at the"
hotel occupied by tho engineer on his
arrival. It was midnight when his train
came in and tbe tired'engineer retired to
his apartment. As he entered his room
he stumbled over the coffin and came
near falling, but striking a match he saw
the obstacle and divined the purpose of
the jokers. He at once returned to the
yard of the hotel, where he secured a bil?
let of wood, and ascending to his room
deliberately smashed the coffin into
splinters, The next morning he left.
Weldon, and his disappointed tormentors
repaired to his room. When they'saw
tbe wrecked cofin they heaved a sigh of
disappointment and chagrin, but gather?
ed up the fragments and sent them to Mr.
Emory, when the latter returned a bill
for $16, which the conductors had to
pay.
His Hearthstone St?l Warm,
There is a man living near Danbury,
N; C, who, forty-five years ago, married
and determined that so long as he lived
his heartbstono should never become cold.
To this deterraSnation he has adhered
with a persistency amounting almost to
superstition. He has never slept from
home a single night, has never tasted
food from any other board than his own,
and never, at any time, had a match on
his premises. The fire has never been
permitted to burn out in his fireplace,
nor has he ever used a gill of kerosene
oil, bought a pound of candles or any?
thing else for the purposes of lighting his
residence, which boasts of only two win?
dows, or rather two holes cut in the body
of the logs of which his house is built,
about 8 by 10 inches. The roof is of
boards and has only been replaced three
times during the forty-five years. He
has been three times married and is the
father of fourteen children, all of whom
are living and all married but three. He
has greatgrandchildren. Ho is still in
vigorous health.
A Parrot Hidden Near the Coffin,
The Norfolk and Western train men
tell a good joke on an express messenger
running between this city and Chatta?
nooga. In the rush of loading his car at
Chattanooga a parrot was put in a corner
unnoticed by him and a lot of stuff piled
up around the bird. In the same car was
a corpso. Alter the train had gotten
some distance from the city and all was;
silent tho messeenger was startled by
hearing, "I'mhot! Let meoutP The
men say the messenger stayed in the car
only long enough to exclaim: "Hanged
if you don't p;ct )tottpr than that before
you get out."

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