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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, November 03, 1887, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1887-11-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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' Wo are requested by the trustees of
Honea Path (No. 16) to state that their
schools will open Monday, November 7.
teachers' helps.
, Shall a&cher%rope fton| in the
dark imagining'that he has a very hard
time in this life performing his daily
routine of duties, which have become
irksome by his clinging to this very
roi1 tine ? Shall he, because he is exclud?
ed from the flippab^eieV of society, and
his profession demands that he use all
the dignity in his possession, brood over
y \*Vj8 solitary lot and suppose that he must
?Nt7tsV<atone unaided by the outside
worl ^%^Kin^moai|n^fso^titnde
he is a true teacher there he will find an
innate desire to make the world wiser
and better. To ask whence came this
^ fundamental principle^wbich underlies
successful teaching, is to ask whence
came Our Father, the Teacher of teach?
ers? for this principle is co-eternal with
God. pft? fritltni& iViteooi?a?f? v| ft*is,
thatriJlJetMin'e^ tiiB' first'tacKJfie is
acting upon the same fundamental prin?
ciple to-day, and will act upon it forever
and forever) Let the teacher lift up his
bead and be of good cheer! Whatever
l)e the matter or method, let him lay
ina^t^[^^|w^ej<||| bet?|rj^ jfc^
Mm feel that he occupies the highest
y position that a human can have, that he
Ib a co-worker with; the Master's Son,
smd that while on his noble mission, He
who sent him stands ready to give unlim?
ited help.
Eifere;and aoVis he to find "tHie'help ?;
OnVwfeMsVaafty uk%t A& ^Blble/
Does that seem old? "Things are not
what they seem." There is much in it
that is newr-X-T A X&l O
One has only to look around him to
find help on every hand. If he needs
knowledge of the subjects .he is teaching,
be will find great aid in^rtughly ^jg^
paring each lesson before going before
the classes. If he needs reference books,
Chamber's Encyclopedia is cheap and
vera ^t^plpl tf} both teacher" :and pupils.
If ewiias1 leisure-which be 1 would like
to spend in reading new books, The Critic
and Good Literature, a weekly, published
in New York ?t $3,00 per annum, is an
excellent book review, and can not fail
to aid one in making up his school
This is the day of newspapers. It is
aaelesa/to say that one will get help from
the,general knowledge gained by reading
first-class periodicals of a general charac?
ter, :-but" 'besides these, ' every teacher
realise.theneeclof some periodical bear-'
ingjespecially,on bis p^rofession. j , . ,
A* weekly, published by the New Eng
hnaPoblishing J O?.,; T6? Harley' Street,
Boston, price.$3.00. per. annum, known,
as Journal of .Education, is specific in.
m?tHods'df teaching/andvery broad in'r
subject matter. A tired teacher will find
much rest and length of life in the week?
ly visits of this cheerful friend.
For practical1 methods and brilliant
suggestions for making the school room
a place or .cheerful, happy work, Tfie
T&t?tir?imttt?te'?hd Practical Teacher
cau-TiDt be surpassed.
T^^^hwestern Journal of Education,
published in Nashville, price $1.00, will
broaden the views of all who will read
? it?-ieo Wire) *l wye
Aihen's Journal of Education, in the
carerof Dr.'Cut Lias, will keep us posted
concerning late American writers, give
valuable methods of teaching and much
" general information. Then, there is our
State organ, Tfo- Carolina Teacher^ We
must give it:<our'patronage. We, of
Anderson can better afford to take the
TtacKer than any other set of teachers,
for our kind Commissioner gives us ines?
timable help in the Teachers' Column
which costs us nothing. We pay no
more for our County paper now than
when it bad no column' devoted to our
special interest Indeed, our patronage
of the Carolina Teacher, which is now
offered at $0.75, is no charity on our part.
It is a duty we owe to ourselves, our
patrons and our pupils. If it fails for
wanf of readers, the failure will be a
dishonor to us, and a fatal stroke to th6
advancement of our common schools.
Let us rally to its support while yet 'tis
Another class of helps. . Of these we
will mention only those that are easily
made, and leave other things of more
expense and difficult construction for
patrons and .trustees to discuss.
Doubtless all country teachers have
difficulty in teaching elocution. A
speaker's desk can be easily made by
taking a^neat gtfocPs'box two feet wide,
four feat long and one foot deep, setting
it on one end, and painting it some
bright color. If you* like, shelves and -
shutters can be added making, a conven?
ient bookcase. This desk will do much
to break the spelt of embarrassment that
attacks a diffident country boy when he
is called on for a.speech. The teacher,
too, will experience no discomfort in get?
ting behind this- desk sometimes when it
becomes necessary to counsel the school,
make an announcement, or perchance
give a word of encouragement to all.
Of course all know the help found in
plenty of blackboards, and all know
some good way to make them. Having
these secures maps, for pupils can soon
learn to make blackboard maps. Neither
is one obliged to be to the expense of
buying a globe. A cannon ball will aid
in teaching many things taught with an
expensive globe.. Or less expensive still
is an apple, depressed at the ends as is
our earth.
The young children enjoy being taught
arithmetic on a board filled with holes,
nine to a square. They soon learn to
notate, numerate, add, and subtract by
filling the holes with nails. This arith?
metic board will entertain and instruct a
class when they are tired Of even a lead
A. home made picture book contains
vast stores of knowledge for children.
. When they are tired of their lessons, it
rests them to have papers and scissor and
cut out all the pictures Ihey see to help
ST & CO.
make the picture look. They enjoy cut?
ting out all the capitals they can find in^
newspapers and saving them in a bos;
they know when their teacher finds time
to help them, they, will have a card les?
son. These little cards are made by.se?
lecting: the. capital letters to form the
name of each member of the class and
posting tbem on bits of card board,
j They soon learn to read and make any
familiar name in this way, and think it
is all play.
Lastly, when all things else fail there
is yet a rich storehouse from which we
can draw endless help of the most gen?
uine ""character. Stand in your school
room door, and" look at the. book of
nature as she spreads her beautiful pages
before you and invites "you to teach by
her kind directions. Go into your grove,
select forty-eight trees, let ten' represent
territories, and the rest the stalwart States
of our noble Union. By the leaves of
these shade trees vibrating on delicate
stems, we can give the pupil a feint idea
of the 50,000,000 inhabitants of the
United. States, each suspended on life's
frail cord, which is destined to be
snapped by sonje, passing gust. While
in7the grove, collect in one great heap all
the stones, old logs and dead limbs, put
fire to this and while it is burning talk to
the observers of Popocatepetl, Chimbo
razo, Cotopaxi, and similar volcanoes.
Walk on till you reach the little school
house spring and there show tbem some
of the waters of the Atlantic that' will
transport this year's cotton crop to Liver?
How pleasant 'twill be to gather a
fresh bouquet of flowers to cheer us
when we have returned to our regular
work I Flowers,*- nature's poetry, are
silent teachers of innocence, purity, and
beauty. .Let us keep them ever near us
to help in making the world wiser "and
better- Olivia Newton.
Prohibition In Georgia.
Atlanta, October 24.?When Gover?
nor Gordon was askQd.for. his: opinion of
prohibition as exemplified in this State,
he said:
r "Prohibition has been tried through
[ local option in one hundred out of one
hundred and thirty-seven counties of the
State, and I do not know that one county
has gone back on its action. I do not
hesitate to pronounce the result good so
far as they are concerned. For Atlanta
it certainly has not damaged us and, in
some very important regards, it has been
of most material service to the freedmen,
who were in the habit of spending at the
low grog-shops on the outskirts of the
city a greater part and often all of their
earnings; to the laboring white classes
in the same degree, as they now spend
theipjmoney "in comforts for their fami?
lies, and to young men who were in the
habit of social drinking about billiard
.and barrooms. I do not by any means
wish to convey the idea that the people
of Atlanta were more addicted to drink?
ing than any other, but. it serves as an
illustration, as it is the only city of its
size iu which the question has been fully
tested. All reports as to damage to busi?
ness are false, and I am sure that the
benefits to the three classes named far
outbalance; any evils outside. In the
rural districts, its good influence is
attested by the great decrease in the
criminal side of our Court dockets."
"Do you not think that the same ben?
efits could be gained by high license?"
"In the.city ft might; it would at
least break up the low grog shops, and so
would probably be almost as efficacious
for the two first classes named as prohi?
"Do you think that the freedmen are
? advancing ?"
"Most decidedly so, both in intelli?
gence and material prosperity. They
are much more conservative in all their
. views and are beginning to appreciate the
advantages of education. They are rap?
idly recovering from the prejudices of
the past, and recognize their employers
as their best friends. Cordiality between
the races is rapidly increasing."
Your correspondent asked if there was
any truth in the charge so often brought
by the Northern press that the freedmen
are restrained in their rights and coerced
into voting with the whites.
"I regret to see the total misapprehen?
sion which exists in the North on this
subject. The fact is that nearly the
whole of our while population is Demo?
cratic. Tbe freedmen who hold property
naturally vote with the property-holding
whites, and this prevents many who are
pot property holders from taking active
parts in politics, or feeling an interest in
political agitations. But perhaps a still
more potent influence in preventing the
negroes from voting is the fact that in
many of our Southern States there is no
such thing as vigorous and wire leader
ship among tbe Republicans in whom the
freedmen; once had such confidence, and
who after the war consolidated the negro
vote; once defeated at the polls they
abandoned the field, and tbe freedmen,
disgusted and without leaders and the
stimulus of novelty which, at first made
every man a sure voter, ceased to take
any interest in politics, either in neglect?
ing to vote altogether, or falling in with
tbe majority. I add another fact without
partisan feeling that a most potent reason
for the change of feeling between the
two races in the South is the encourage*
ment which the whites have given to the
freedmen in furnishing them with educa?
tional facilities far superior to what tbey
received under their former leaders when
tbey held the .reins of government, and
these privileges are bestowed by taxation
upon tbe whites themselves, they holding
the bulk of taxable property. Tbe abso?
lute correctness of this analysis of the
negro vote in the South is proved by the
fact that upon such subjects as they per?
sonally cannot fail to take an interest in,
their vote is fully polled. As an in?
stance, on prohibition all voted, and the
negro brought the balance on his side.
Alao on the fence laws, which compel the
farmer to pen his cattle and allow him to
leave cultivated fields uninclosed, the
negroes always vote and the verdict is
with them. All arguments that may be
submitted and all suggestions combined
going to prove that there is a suppression
of the frecdman's vote in the South be?
cause of political bias must be silent be?
fore these indisputable facts."? Cor. New
York Mail and Express.
Ago of the World?Site oi Eden,
If not too late, I should like to call
attention to the merits of the September
number of our Review. Dr. Harrison
deserves much credit for the excellent
taste, the industry and patience he has
displayed in this labor of love. The
making bricks without straw is an
ancient problem, but he has certainly
solved it. If he bad a wagon load of
"straw" he could not have produced a
more creditable number. Tbe first arti?
cle, the "Sketch of the Life of Elizabeth
Henry, sister of Patrick Henry," is a gem
of purest ray serene. The-picture of tbe
very soul of the olden Virginia hospital?
ity, the pronounced Methodism of that
beautiful and eloquent lady, and that
Albino, Dick, are deeply let into my
heart by the magic skill of tbe writer
and by the eloquence of his theme.
Then comes tbe vertebrated, echolarly
article of Dr. Garland, for which I hear?
tily thank him. We have always wanted
more room between the flood and Abra?
ham ; not for the geologists; no, I would
not give them an hour more?let them
Bwallow each others as best they can and
do, and take all the time required?but
for Job. Yes, for the one grand Epic
with its New Testament outline, and its
resonant grandeur ringing through the
spaces of creation.
The articles on Bishop Harrington, the
Uganda martyr, and that on Jesse Lee,
in their spiritual and ecclesiastical esti?
mate of those heroic men of God, are
highly instructive and inspiring to the
rank and file of our noble itinerancy.
Without naming particularly every arti?
cle, I hope I have said enough to provoke
the appetite of many who do not take
this periodical of our Church.
~ I am, however, a little surprised at the
quiet way in which you, Mr. Editor, take
the speculations of Dr. Warren of the
Boston University, which Dr. Harrison
has noticed somewhat approvingly in his
"Book Eeviews." I should certainly
not allow this industrious and scholarly
Bostonian to take the very ground from
under me without a protest. If "the
Cradle of tbe Human Race" is to be
found at the North Pole, of course no
one can think or look toward it without
I seeing Boston and its university.
Whatever may be the merits of the
Doctor's theory, he has at least loosened
up Eden. It is now fairly at sea. I
have been content all my life to consider
tbe question as settled, and have been
content to think of "Mesopotamia" as
the acknowledged home of our first
parents. But the Doctor says that the
Arctic circle furnishes the true solution
of this fascinating problem. "This per?
ennial interest in the search for the gar?
den of Eden" was, says the Review, the
inspiration of Columbus; that "he cher?
ished the conviction almost, perhaps
actually, to his dying day that he had
discovered Paradise." "One of the most
pathetic passages to be found in all liter?
ature," says Dr. Warren, "is that in
which he announces to his royal patrons
his discovery of the ascent to tbe gate of
tbe long lost garden of Eden." Of course
Columbus was mistaken. It may be,
however, that he was not so far out of the
way as Dr. Warren supposes. At least
there remains something to be said in
favor of Southern latitudes in connection
with Eden. Columbus landed too low.
The next point that attracted attention
of those in search of the site of Paradise
was the Florida coast. That vision, too,
at last went out as a dissolving camera.
I take it for granted that the theory
which places Eden at the North Pole
makes it straddle both hemispheres, and
that brings it into America. I suppose,
too, the suggestion sprang from the dis?
covery of a mammoth in 1771 in a tribu?
tary of the Lena, in Siberia, latitude 65?
North; and also in 1804 one was found
in Siberia. Both, however, had very
close set red wool an inch and a half
long over the skin?an Arctic covering
in fact. Then I suppose the Arctic day
of six months would be quite a windfall
to those who want "more room" in the
Mosaic account of "the evening and tbe
morning" of the first day.
Now, suppose wo bring Eden down
South; say as far as Charleston, embrac?
ing the coast between the Santee and the
Savannah, with its several rivers and
inlets, between the 30th and the 40th
parallels of latitude. We have for it
this much to say:
1. In and near the Cooper and the
Ashley Rivers there is a vast co lection
of the remains of the largest mammals,
especially of their molars and vartebrje.
These are remarkable for their variety ;
very huge, very many, and evidently of
many distinct species. We put this
against all solitary individuals as yet dis?
covered in or near the Arction regions.
. 2. Besides those remains, which, from
the amount of solica in tbem, have
resisted tbe action of time and acids,
there are phosphate masses in which
these molars are imbedded. Probably
the large bones returned to their original
source. Then there are scattered about
small and large boulders of tbe phosphate
of lime, indicating at a greater depth a
mine of this mineral.
3. This shows that these animals were
not floated into this place by the action
of sea currents, but were here from the
first and found in the alluvial plains
around, and meadows filled with bulbous
plants, and an exuberant flora, their
original habitat. Only a region supply?
ing plants fed by a heavy phosphate pab?
ulum could support creatures of such
enormous bone.
4. As these several species multiplied
from a single pair, masses of their re?
mains would most probably indicate the
place of their origin. Whether behemoth
was made in Eden, we know that he was
reviewed there, and there named by
Adam. And the Almighty says, speak?
ing to Job; "Behold now behemoth,
which I made with thee ; he eatcth grass
like an ox."
These views, if correct, are still farther
strengthened by the building of the ark.
As the race had not been separated by
dispersion or language, it is to be sup?
posed that Noali lived not very far from
the original home of man.
The construction of a vc.-hcI at that
time required the same conditions of ma
j terial and chape now essential in naval
architecture. Indeed, the dimensions of
the ark are now those of a ?rat clao3 sea
steamer for freight, and are the standard
proportions in the English Admiralty
office. It was a long, narrow vessel, evi?
dently designed for speed and a long voy?
age. Had it been made only to start
from a .given point and float about for
150 days and then ground at no great
distance, from the point of departure, it
would have been shaped heavy and
The timbers for such a vessel of length,
over 500 feet, required timber of contin*
uous length and great strength. The
cypress was entirely too brittle for the
purpose. Its knees and ribs would
require such wood as the live oak, grown
near the sea, used to the storms, and of a
grain running every way, bearing equally
well a Btrain from every direction. Large
quantities of pitch and tar would be
required for pitching it heavily to the
within and without. The word "gopher"
means "pitch," "pine," and it is proba?
ble that the gopher wood was the wood
of the long-leaf pine. I need not say
that either of the Carolinas could have
furnished the materials in abundance.
That the ark was built somewhat
inland for convenience of timber, is
probable. Yet not very far, as the prin?
cipal weight of its cargo was to be gram?
inivorous stock, and large quantities of
dried herbage, both of which was to come
from meadow lands.
The breaking up of the deep, &c, at
the time of the deluge, would not imply
necessarily any very great change in the
conformation of the continents, nor in
the sea currents. We must also remem?
ber that the Lord at the creation had in
view the possibility of the flood, as- well
as'of the "fall," and arranged according?
ly. When the ark was lifted up, and as
it is bo grandly said, "went upon the
face of the waters," it started due East if
it started from near Charleston. It
would presently strike the gulf stream.
Floating on that sea current it would
take a Northerly direction until it
reached the 40th parallel, and then
would go due East, and, as many a help?
less craft since, would come within sight
of Spain and Africa. But those coasts
being submerged, there would be nothing
to deflect the current, but it would pass
over the plateaus of Spain, into the Med?
iterranean, across the lower part of
Greece, then over the plains of Asia
Minor, and, still holding the same paral?
lel, strike Mount Ararat. The distance
from Charleston to Mount Ararat is 131
degrees of latitude, say 8,515 miles. The
time the ark was on the water was one
hundred and fifty days, or 3,600 hours.
Off Cape Hatteras the gulf stream has a
velocity of two miles an hour; this
would leave very little to be overcome, if
anything, when we allow for the unin?
terrupted flow which the current then
It is not likely that animals would be
landed in any other than the latitude to
which they were accustomed. They
would determine the direction of the
Ark. The pathway of the ark under
this supposition had a blessing in it.
Between the 30th and the 40th parallels
have sprung the great philosophers, war?
riors, statesmen and discoverers of the
race, including the Saviour, St. Paul, St.
John and the Churches of Asia Minor.
I shall not stress the fact that by the
Providence of God we find Methodism
begun at Charleston and Savannah in
the first hymn book ever published by
Mr. Wesley; also in the Moravians, in
Charles Wesley, and in the labors of Mr.
Whitfield. There certainly would be a
fitness in starting it somewhere near the
original site of Eden.
Now, if any one differs from this view,
I am content. I do not press it. I leave
that to you South Caroliuians.
New Orleans, La.
Wasn's Ashamed of Her.
"Now, Lige, don't you be ershamed uv
me." This remark was addressed by a
tall, stoop-shouldered girl, dreesed in a
sort of wrapper made of yellow linen, to a
fat, chunky young fellow. They consti?
tuted a bridal party and were feasting
their eyes on the exciting scenes of city
"Now, don't you be ershamed uv me'"
"Ershamed uv you, honey. W'y, I
don't know who in the nation would be
ershamed uv you ?"
"Kit an' Sis an' Tobe 'lowed that you'd
git me down here an' be ershamed uv
"Wall, they didn't .know whut they
was a talkin' about. Ef a man was to
tell me that I would be ershamed uv you,
w'y, we'd mix too quick."'
"I know youv'e seed mo'n I have,"
she said, after a few moments' silence,
"but you ain't goin' to be ershamed uv
me, air you ?"
"You bet, I ain't."
"I coulder married Jake Bumpers ef
I'd er wanted to, couldn't I, love ?"
"Yes," he replied with a swagger of
conscious superiorty; "but I jest come
along an' knocked his props from under
him. I jest nachully grind sich fellers
inter sassnge meat, me."
"Some uv the folks 'lowed you
wouldn't be good to me, Lige, but you
will, won't you?"
"Wall, you're talkin'."
"An' ef I wus to ax yer fur er quarter
you'd give it to me, wouldn't you ?"
He winced a trifle, and replied: "A
whole quarter?"
"Yes, love, a whole, great big quarter."
"Wall, I reckon I would.".
"Gimme, then."
He gave her a twenty-five cent piece,
not without holding it a little longer than
true generosity would warrant, and said:
"Thar, now, who said I wouldn't be good
to you? Pint out the fellar that said thar
wuz anything mean about me."
She clasped her hands over his arm,
gazed into his eyes and said: "Ligy, I
never do want you to be ershamed uv
me."?Arkansas Traveller.
? The art of paper making has reach?
ed a point where a growing tree may be
cut down, made into paper, and turned
out as a newspaper, all within thirty six
? 'A great many men who start out In
reform the world leave themselves oil'for
the last job.
The Mosely & Stoddard Company Operate
a Regular Dairy at the Tlcdmont Expo?
One of the most interesting sights of
the Piedmont Exposition was the "Panola
Dairy," operated by Cyrus Gates and F.
A. Spencer for the Mosely and Stoddard
company of Poultney, Vermont.
A regularly equipped modern dairy,
with every improved appliance for the
manufacture of butter in full operation,
and every morning turning out one hun?
dred pounds of butter on the exposition
grounds that would easily have sold for
one dollar per pound in New York city.
It was one of the shows of the great fair,
and thousands stopped daily to see the
milk go through all the manipulation
required to transform it into golden but?
ter. Making one hundred pounds each
day, the dairy sold quickly every pound
to visitors, and could easily have dispos?
ed of a great deal more had the dairy the
capacity for making it.
It i9 certainly a great secret to know
how to make butter that will sell for one
dollar per pound. If it is the result of a
peculiar process of treatment and manu?
facture, that process should be made
public, and that was just what Mr. Cyrus
Gates and Mr. F. A. Spencer were doing
every morning at the exposition grounds.
They were instructing all those who
were pleased to stop and look on in the
art of practical butter making. They
were not simply exhibiting new and im?
proved appliances, but they were putting
those appliances into practical operation,
and were showing in every detail the
process of intelligent butter making.
Mr. Cyrus Gates was the agent of the
Mosely & Stoddard Manufacturing Com?
pany, whose new and improved appli?
ances were being used in the manufacture
of butter. Mr. F. A. Spencer was the
practical butter maker, whose experience
on the large dairy farms of the north am?
ply qualify him to fulfill the work here.
These gentlemen and their dairy were
induced to come to the exposition by
Mr. B. W. Hunt, of Eatonton, Ga., and
it was Mr. Hunt who supplied them each
morning with the large quantity of milk
necessary to produce 100 pounds of but?
ter. Mr. Hunt's farm is known as the
?"Panola dairy farm," and it was that
name which was given to the perfect
dairy in daily operation at the Piedmont
Many well known citizens of Atlanta
saw the butter-making process as prac?
ticed by the "Panola dairy," and were
greatly pleased with the result. So much
bo, indeed, that men like Dr. J. F. Alex?
ander, Mr. Ed. Holland, Mr. John A.
Smith, Colonel J. B. Travis and Mrs. S.
D. Harwood, purchased appliances pre?
cisely similar, and are now enabled to do
precisely what the Panola dairymen did
every morning. Prominent people all
over Georgia, and elsewhere, were
charmed with the intelligent working of
the Panola dairy, and M. A. Power, of
the "Piney Woods" hotel, at Thomas
ville, Captain J. G. Hughes, T. L. Bub
sey and F. L. Freyer, of Marietta, White
and Bryant, of Birmingham, and the Bat?
tery Park hotel, at Asheville, N. C,
after seeing the excellent out put of the
"Panola," purchased an equipment, that
will enable them to obtain results exactly
In conversation yesterday with Mr.
Cyrus Gates, the question was asked him
in what does your process have the
advantage over the old process of making
His answer was plain and short. Said
he: "We claim by our process to utilize
every bit of the cream, and with the same
amount of milk to produce three times
the quantity of butter. This result,
alone, is sufficient to commend our pro?
cess to intelligent dairymen, and yet we
have other advantages equally as striking
and peculiar."
"After the milk is taken from the
cows, it is placed in cans that are sur?
rounded by ice or cool water, and by
rapidly cooling the milk the cream is
more rapidly raised and is produced in
three times the quantity than by the old
process of letting the atmosphere work it
all out. The milk and cream is allowed
to stand in the cans for 12 hours, and
then when it i3 desired to make the final
separation between the cream and milk,
the cream is removed from the top, not
by the old skimming process, but by
inserting a tube into the can that fastens
tightly into the faucet at the bottom
which can be opened and shut securely
by a nut. The cream flows down the
tube into a vessel below, and as the
cream is lowered in the vessel the tube
can be lowered too, so that every parti?
cle of cream can be secured without a
drop of milk, and without smearing the
can all over with cream. The cream is
allowed to stand until a slight acid is
developed, then it is brought to a tem?
perature of from GO to G2 degrees, when
it is ready for the churn.
"The Stoddard churn we use is made
of white oak staves and is barrel shaped.
There is nothing inside of it to injure the
grains of butter, but the barrel is revolv?
ed upon its stand, top over bottom, by
turning a crank and the butter is gener?
ated in this manner. The churn con?
verts the entiro amount of cream into
biitter. The granular form of butler
making is practiced, as you nee nothing
is used that will in the least disturb the
grains of butter, We begin to churn as
soon as butter starts from buttermilk iu
particles the size of a wheat kernel, at
which point the buttermilk is withdrawn
from the churn, leaving butter inside.
Then by turning water into churn, the
buttermilk is washed thoroughly from
the butter, lessening tho amount of work?
ing necessary to remove the milk. The
butler is solid as taken from churn in
granular form, and it is allowed to stand
with salt until the salt is thorougly dis?
solved, from four to six hours. It is
then placed upon our patent workers and
worked until all brine is removed, when
it is in proper shape for printing. Our
prints do away with weighing as they
are so arranged as to make four cakes of
one-half pound each, or eight cakes of
one-quarter of a pound each."
The creameries of the Mosley & Stod?
dard company are really handsome
pieces of furniture. They arc encased in
handsome cabinet looking stands, finished
in natural wood, and look when closed
NOVEMBER 3, 188'
like an ordinary cabinet. Mr. Gates
declarcu that a complete equipment foi*
ten or twelve cows, including everything,
would cost less than fifty dollars, and the
saving in butter and the increased price
butter made after the process would
bring, would in a very Bhort time pay for
the output. The butter made by this
process is sweet, and while it extracts
every particle of cream from the milk,
the milk for feeding and culinary purpo?
ses is far better than the acid, sour milk
used by ordinary process.
These gentlemen were at the Piedmont
exposition in connection with the "Pan
ola dairy," and while they had no regu?
lar exhibit on the grounds, the directors
were so much pleased with their work
and its results that they awarded a band
some gold medal and a diploma to them
for the results in practical butter mak?
ing. That they richly deserved it all
admit who saw their ingenious and
attractive dairy. The restaurants daily
bought the butter made, and thousands
of people carried home sample cakes as a
luxury in the way of good butter to be
shown their neighbors.?Atlanta Consti?
Ills Best Girl.
He hurried up to the office as soon as
he entered the hotel, and without waiting
to register inquired eagerly:
"Any letter for me?"
The clerk sorted over a package with
the negligent attention that comes of
practice, then flipped one?a very small
one?on the counter.
The traveling man took it with a cu?
rious smile that twisted his pleasant
looking face into a mask of expectancy.
He smiled more as he read it. Then
oblivious of other travelers who jostled
him, he laid it tenderly against bis lips
and actually kissed it.
A loud guffaw startled him.
"Now look here, old fellow," said a
loud voice, "that won't do, you know.
Too spooney for anything. Confess now,
your wife didn't write that letter ?"
"No, she didn't," said the traveling
man with an amazed look, as if he would
like to change the subject. "That letter
is from my best girl."
The admission was so unexpected that
the trio of friends who had caught him
said no more until after they had eaten a
good dinner and were seated together in
a chum's room.
Then they began to badger him.
"It's no use, you've got to read it to us,
Dick," said one of them, "we want to
know all about your best girl."
"So you shall," said Dick with great
coolness; "I will give you the letter and
you can read it yourselves. There it is,"
and he laid it open on the table.
"I guess not," said the one who had
been loudest in demanding it, "we like
to chaff a little, but I hope we are gentle?
men. The young lady would hardly care
to have her letter read by this crowd,"
and he.looked reproachfully at his friend.
"But I insist upon it," was the answer,
"there is nothing in it to be ashamed of
except the spelling; that is a little shaky,
Pll admit, but she won't care in tlie least.
Bead it Hardy, and judge for your?
Thus urged Hardy took up the letter,
shame-facedly enough, and read it.
There were only a few words. First he
laughed?then swallowed suspiciously
and as he finished it, threw it on the ta?
ble again, and rubbed the back of his
hand across his eyes, as if trubled with
dimness of vision.
"Pshaw," he said, "if I had a love let?
ter like that?" and then was silent.
"Fair play I" cried one of the others
with an uneasy laugh.
"I'll read it to you boys, said their
friend, seeing they made no move to take
it, "and I think you'll agree with me, that
it's a model love letter."
An this was what he read:
Mi owen deer PaPa
I sa mi PBairs every nite annd Wen i
kis youre Pictshure i ASK god to bless
you gOOd by PaPa yure Best gurl
For a moment or two the company
remained silent, while the little letter
was passed from hand to hand, and you
would have said that each and every one
had hay fever by the snuffling that wag
heard. Then Hard jumped to his feet:
"Three cheers for Dolly and three
cheers more for Dick's best girl!"
They were given with a will.?Detroh
Free Press.
Lee and the South.
In describing the different characteris?
tics of the people of this country, Mr,
Iioosevelt, author of the "Life of Benton,'
pays the following tribute to Genera]
"The southerners, by their whole mode
of living, their habits, and their love 01
out door sports, kept up their war-like
spirit; while in the North the so-called
upper classes developed along the linet
of a wealthy and timid bourgeois type
measuring everything by a mercantile
standard (a peculiarly debasing one iJ
taken purely by itself,) and submitting
and submitting to be ruled in local affairs
by law, foreign mobs, and in national
affairs by their arrogant southern king
"The military spirit of these last cer?
tainly stood them in good stead in the
civil war. The world has never seer
better soldiers than those who followed
Lee: and their leader will undoubtedly
rank as without exception the very great'
est of all the great chieftains that the
English speaking people have broughl
forth?and this, although the last and
chief of his autagonists may himself claim
to stand as the full equal of Marlborougt
and Wellington.
? Put down the day of the month or
which you were born ; double it; add 7:
multiply by 50; add your age; Bubtracl
3(35; multiply by 100; add the number
of the month in which you were born
add 1,500. The first two figures of the
result will give you the day of month o;
your birth, the next two your age, auc
the last ti p the number of the month it
which you ]vero born.
? The {Atlanta Exposition made i
clear profi | of ?37,000.
Eight Lions and Their Trainer Batllelng In
a Cage?One Lion Killed.
London, Oct. 18?Early this morning
there was a fearful and exciting battle in
the Jubilee Exhibition at Liverpool.
Delmonico, the most plucky tamer of
beasts, has been exciting the nerves of
the visitors for a long time by trifling in
a cage with three big fore3t lions. Five
more lions, of a different kind, but very
big also, arrived from Africa yesterday,
and were put at once into the big cage
with the three already at home there.
They had no training, but Delmonico
went in among them and thrilled the
crowd that filled the menagerie by an
unusually sensational performance.
When he had done, Mile. Kora, his
partner, went in with the lions and took
a little dog. This was repeated four
times during the day, and the five new 1
lions were too much stunned by the huge,
noisy crowd about them and the repeated
visits of the lady, gentleman and dog, to
think of anything else. Their astonish?
ment had not worn off, and they were
still quiet when left alone for the night
by the attendants at 10 o'clock.
Shortly after midn?ghr, however, the
menagerie was filled with a frightful
roaring and snarling, and a servant sleep?
ing on the premises rushed in to find the
big iron cage rocking and the eight lions
fighting furiously rolled up into a huge
dark ball from which the blood stained fur
was flying in all directions. The huge
beasts rolled over and over, dashing mad?
ly against the sides of the cage, and bit?
ing pieces out of each other with a
ferocity that was sickening. All the
sights organized to gratify man's fondness
for fighting would have seemed the tam?
est child's play in comparison.
After a while it became evident that
there were two distinct sides in the bat?
tle, and the new arrivals were at unfair
odds against the lions who had been in
possession. The efforts of the servant to
separate them only increased their fury,
and at last he rushed off for Delmonico,
who was asleep nen.r by in Edge lane.
The tamer arrived half clad and fouud
his lions|bleeding fearfully but still fight?
The battle was narrowing down to a
duel between two of the biggest lions,
which were rapidly biting each other to
pieces in the middle of the cage. Occa?
sionally the battle became general, and
for a few seconds there would be a wild
jumble of snarling lions with a savage
crunching of teeth to tell how the flesh
was being torn. The appearance of Del-'
monico with a red hot iron produced an
effect, and all but the two chief combat?
ants stopped fighting and crouched sul?
lenly down, licking iheir bloody wounds
and snarling encouragement to the two
On these in their rage hot iron was
useless, even when applied to raw flesh.
The lions responded to the burning sen?
sation only by tearing away at each other
more fiercely.
At last Delmonico fearing he would
lose his two greatest actors, took a reso?
lution which would probably not have
occured to any other man if the existence
of the entire animal creation had been
threatened. He entered the cage half
clad as he was and shut himself in. He
next opened a door communicating with
a second cage and drove into it like so
many sheep the six lions that had been
looking on.
Meanwhile the other lions were still
fighting, although much weaker. Del
mouico's attempts to separate them were
useless. They paid not the slightest at?
tention to him, and although in their
struggles they dashed against him, they
were evidently unconscious of his pres?
Before the tamer could form any plan
to separate them the fight ended of it?
self. The big forest lion, who had been
defending his home against the five
strangers, rolled over on his back, growl?
ed faintly, and died as the other seized
him again by the throat. One of front
legs was gnawed off completely, a hind
leg was chewed to a pulp, all of the mane
and most of the neck were bitten away
and the body was covered with blood, as
was the entire cage. There was not on
tho dead lion any unbitten whole piece
of skin large enough to have made a
glove. He had fought for his rights just
as long as he had been able to work his
teeth and claws.
The victor seemed at first inclined to
dash at the tamer and at the lions in the
neighboring cage, but he changed his
mind under Delmonico's eye, and after a
weak but triumphant roar over the body
of his victim he retired into a corner and
moaned over his wounds. Although
conqueror he was not to be envied. His
mane was gone and his body looked as
though an especially wicked harrow had
been repeatedly dragged over it. Blood J
trickled from a hundred ugly wounds,
and there is little hope that he will live.
Curiously enough, not one of the lions
had its tail bitten off in the fray, which
seems to indicate that some code of honor \
exists among lions which prevents them
from making each other ridiculous, even
in the deadliest combat.
The other six lions will live, but they
were so badly bitten that only two could
be patched up to perform to-day, and
their mangled appearancs terrified Mile.
Kora's little dog out of all recollections
of his role. The loss if the second lion
dies will be about $400. In any case he
will always remain a damaged lion.
She is a Njrctalops.
Jamestown, N. Y., Oct. 21.?Jennie
Gibson, a remarkably handsome girl of
1G, living with her parents in the town
ofArkwright, has never seen the world
by daylight, though enabled by lamp
light to sew and read ju3t as clear as
anybody. Up to tho age of 4 or 5 years
she was believed to be totally blind.
Eminent occulists pronounced her so,
and gave the parents no encouragement.
The parents noticed, however, that after
the lamp was lighted she gave evidence
of seeing; and gradually this power of
sight grew upon her, until the little one
played with her dolls and toys by artifi?
cial light as eagerly as other children by
daylight. She has been a great reader
and is familiar with all the best authors.
Her case has attracted much attention
among doctors.
A Perfected Machine That "Will Work A
New York, Oct. 21.?Thomas A.
Edison has got the most wonderful labo?
ratory on the face of the earth, lie has
erected at Llewellyn Park, in Orange,
N. J., three buildings of brick. Each is
one hundred feet long by fifty wide, and
each has four stories. These buildings
are being supplied with every known
material which could possibly be made
use of.
Mr. Edison has been talking to a re?
porter of the Evening Post and has been
telling some marvelous tales about his
perfected phonograph. Hear him:
"You know that I finished the first
phonograph more than ten years ago. It
remained more or less of a toy. The
germ of something wonderful was per?
fectly distinct, but I tried the impossible
with it, and when the electric light busi?
ness assumed commercial importance I
threw everything overboard for that.
Nevertheless the phonograph has been
more or less constantly in my mind ever
since. When resting from prolonged
work upon the light my brain would re?
vert almost automatically to the old idea.
Since the light has been finished I have
taken up the phonograph, and after eight
months of steady work have made it a
commercial invention.
"My phonograph I expect to see in
every business office. The first five hun?
dred will, 1 hope, be ready for distribu?
tion about the end of Jaouary. Their
operation is simplicity itself, and cannot
fail. The merchant or clerk who wishes
to send a letter has only to see the ma?
chine in motion and to talk in his natu?
ral voice and at the- usuaM'atcoi speed**
into the receiver. When he has finished,
the sheet, or 'phonogram/ a3 I call it, is
ready for putting into a little box made
on purpose for the mails. We are
making the sheets into three sizes?one
for letters of from 800 to 1,000 words,
another size for 2,000 words, another size
for 4,000 words. I expect that an ar?
rangement may be made with the post
office authorities enabling the phonogram
boxes to be sent at the same rate as a
"The receiver of a phonogram will put
it into his apparatus and the message
will be given out more clearly, more dis?
tinctly than the best telephone message
ever sent. The tones of the voice in the
two phonographs which I have finished
are so perfectly rendered that one can
distinguish between twenty different per?
sons each one of whom has said a few
words. One tremendous advantage is
that the letter may be repeated a thou?
sand times if necessary. The phono?
gram does not wear out by use; more?
over, it may be filed away for a hundred
years and be ready the instant it is need?
ed. If a man dictates his will to the
phonograph there will he no disputing
the authenticity of the document with
those who knew the tones of his voice
in life. The cost of making the phono?
gram will be scarcely more than the cost
of ordinary letter paper. The machine
will read out the letter or mesage at the
same speed with which it was dictated.
"I have experimented with a device
for enabling printers to set type directly
from the dictation of the phonograph,
and think that it will work to a charm.
It is so arranged that the printer, by
touching a lever with his foot, allows
five or ten words of the phonogram to be
sounded. If he is not satisfied with the
first hearing he can make it repeat the
same words over and over again until be
has them in type. For busy men who
dictate a great deal for the press, I am
sure that the phonograph will be a ne?
cessity after a very little experience.
"For musicians the phonograph is
going to do wonders, owing to the ex?
treme cheapness with which I can dupli?
cate phonograms and the delicacy with
which the apparatus gives out all musical
sounds. In the early phonograph of ten
years ago, which was a very imperfect
and crude affair compared to that of to?
day, it was always noticed that musical
sounds came out peculiarly well; the
machine would whistle or sing far better
than it would talk. This peculiarity of
the phonograph remains. I have taken
down the music of an orchestra, and the
result is marvelous; each iustrumeutcan
be perfectly distinguished, the strings are
perfectly distinct, the violins from the
cellos, the wind instruments and the
wood are perfectly heard, and eveu in the
notes of a violin the over-tones are dis?
tinct to a delicate ear. It is going to
work wonders for the benefit of music
lovers. A piece for any instrument, for
the piano or for an orchestra, or an act,
or the whole of an opera, musical instru?
ments aud voices can be given out by the
phonograph with a beauty of tone and a
distinctness past belief, and the duplica?
ting apparatus for phonograms is so
cheap an affair that the price of music
for the phonograph will be scarcely worth
considering. As the phonogram will be
practically indestructible by ordinary
use such music can be played over and
over r.gain.
"My first phonrgraph, as you remem?
ber, consisted simply of a roller carrying
the foil and provided with a diaphragm
point properly arranged to scrape or in
I dent the foil. The roller was turned by
hand. In the new instrument there is
far more complication, but altogether
different results. My propelling machine?
ry consists of a small electric motor, run
by a very few cells. Strange to say I
havo found more difficulty in getting a
motor to suit me than any other part of
the apparatus. I tried various kinds of
clock work and spring motors, but found
them untrustworthy and ioisy. The
motors I am now making are absolutely
steady and noiseless. There is no part
of the apparatus, the tools for which 1
am now making upon a large scale here,
which is likely to get out of order or to
work in an uncertain manner. The twe
finished phonographs are practically ex?
actly what I intend to oiler for sale
within a few month."
Among the things at which Mr. Edison
is hard at work, taking them up in turns,
ure a cotton picker, a heat generator ol
electricity, and a new device for propel?
ling street cars by electricity.
XXIII.- -NO. 17.
Let us Give Thanks.
Washington, Oct. 2-3.?The follow?
ing proclamation was issued late this
a proclamation.
The goodness and mercy of God which
have followed the American people du?
ring all the days of the past year claim
their grateful recognition and humble
acknowledgment. By His omnipotent
power He has protected us from war and
pestilence, and from every national
calamity; by Hij gracious favor, the
earth has yielded a generous return to
the labor of the husbandman, and every
path of honest toil has led to comfort
and contentment; by His loving kind?
ness, tho hearts of our people have been
replenished with fraternalsentimenj and
patriotic endeavor, and by His unerring
guidance we have been directed in the
way of national prosperity. To the end
that we may with one accord testify our
gratitude for all these blessings, I, Grover
Cleveland, President of the United
States, do hereby designate and set apart
Thursday, the twenty-fourth day of No?
vember next, as a day of thanksgiving
and prayer, to be observed by all the
people of the land. On that day let all
secular work and employment be sus?
pended; and let our people assemble in
their accustomed places of worship, and
with prayer and songs of praiee give
thanks to our Heavenly Father for all
that He has done for us, while we humbly
implore forgiveness of our sins and a
continuance of His mercy. Let families
and kindred be reunited on that day, and
let their hearts, filled with kindly cheer
and affectionate reminiscence1.ba.t?--?ff*!rl'?
in thankfulness to the Source of all their
nkaMTuTand the Giver of all that makes
fl^Say glad and joyous. And in the
midst of our worship and our happiness
let us remember the poor, the needy and
the unfortunate, and by our gifts of
charity and ready benevolence let us in?
crease the number of those who with
grateful hearts shall join in our thanks?
In witness whereof I have set my hand
and caused the seal of the United
States to be hereunto affixed. Done
at the City of Washington, this 25th
day of October, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred
and eighty seven, and of the inde?
pendence of the United States the
one hundred and twelfth.
Grover Cleveland.
By the President.
Thomas F. Bayard, Sec. of State.
What American Grain Crops Do.
It is a curious illustration of the grow?
ing community of interest between the
people of the world and of the far-reach -
iug influence that may.follow an act
done in one part of the earth that the
competition of Western grain and pro?
visions with English grain and provisions
in English markets has, in the last
twelve years, impaired the value of Eng?
lish farms SO per cent. This is the esti?
mate made by Lord Derby at the recent
annual dinner of the Manchester, Liver?
pool and North Lancashire Agricultural
Society. "It is impossible," he said, "to
speak too strongly of the losses which
have been incurred in connection with
land. I believe a depreciation of SO per
cent, would fairly represent ^the change
that has taken place." This is the
average for the whole country?a loss of
nearly one-third in the value of the farm
property of England. In many cases
values have been so nearly destroyed that
farms are unsalable and unrentable; no
one will pay a rent for the privilege of
raising crops on them which must be
sold at a positive loss. Farming is re?
duced to an exact art in England. It
costs $1 a bushel to raise wheat and if,
after it is raised, it has to be put on the
nearest market side by side with Minne?
sota or Missouri wheat, which is soid for
$1 a bushel, the English farmer has had
his year's work for nothing. The civil?
ized countries are suffering from the very
agencies of civilization?for the peasant
cultivators of France and Italy are worse
off than the English farmers.?New York
? The American colony at Paris is
greatly excited over the unusual termina?
tion of a duel between Mr. Delany, of
Virginia, and Mr. Burbank, of Kentucky.
A discussion arose between tie gentleman
from Virginia and the gentleman from
Kentucky, which was not restricted to
parliamentary language, and which ter?
minated by Mr. Burbank slapping Mr.
Delany's face. A stirring scene followed.
Mr. Delany forthwith challenged Mr.
Burbank, seconds were at once named,
duelling pistols were obtained and the
party drove to the Bois de Boulogne,
where four balls were to be exchanged at
twenty-five paces. Meanwhile one of the
seconds, Mr. William Nair, of St. Louis,
quietly unloaded the pistols and threw
away all the ammunition. When the
ground was reached all but the principals
suddenly jumped into one of the two cabs
which had conveyed the parties, to the
meeting and drove off rapidly. The two
principals stood facing each other in the
early morning light. When they dis?
covered that the pistols were unloaded
they decided to drive back to Paris for
more balls and more powder, but as only
one cab was left they were obliged to
return in the same vehicle. Dur.'ng tho
long drive in the frosty morning air they
had time to become reconciled to each
other, and the affair ended amicably.
? There is a man of Indian descent
named Picket Nelson, living in Essex
County, Virginia, who is a veritable giant
being over seven feet in height and
weighing 350 pounds. His* outstretched
arms measure seven feet four inches from
the finger tips; from his wrist to the end
of his middle finger is twelve inches his
foot is fourteen and a half inches long,
and he wears a No 18 shoe, his lasts being
necesarily hand-made. He can easily
lift 500 pounds, is about 25 yers old, is
quiet aud even diffident in manner, and
works in a saw mill at Essex.
? The Stuart Monumental Association
has completed arrangements for the erec?
tion of a monument to General J. E. B.
Stuart. A granite shaft will be erected
in honor of the great cavalry commander i
on the spot where lie fell "nmr Yellow

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