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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, November 10, 1887, Image 1

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BY E. B. MUKKA
flS??ioWJMN,
J. G. CLINKSCALES, Editor.
Mr. P. 0. Hall is appointed trustee in
No. 10 to fill vacancy.
Mr. Grice moves off handsomely at
Williford's. He took a big slice of the
Institute and is using it to advantage.
We have encouraging reports from the
work done by Mr. McSwain, the princi?
pal of the Male Academy at Williamston.
*. f ' . : ? .
Several dajs ago, Miss Moorehead
spent the day with Mis3 Hubbard's
school. She means to improve her
plans. r,_
Mr. E. Z. Bf?wn will teach at White
field. Mr. Brown is a good man and
will do faithful work. He is reading the
Carolina Hacker.
Make this the best school year of your
liftfr He^wEp goes into the field with no
auch" desire would better change his
business. You have played out.
Have you a Kecord Book ? If your
?trustees attend to their business, they
will require you to come up just right
before they will sign your papers.
5^wouIditftke pleasure in announcing
the time for the meetings of the different
boards of trustees. Your teachers do not
know where or when to meet you.
Quite a number of schools in the
County, we find, did not open until last
Monday. -The patrons could not spare
toe ch ild ren from the cotton .patches.
Mr. Pickel is moving off well at Bel
ton. We have not yet heard why he
failed to attend the meeting of the Asso?
ciation. Doubtless he has a good excuse.
r^The. trustees, of District No.; 2,.< (Pen?
sion) req?estus to state that they will
not pay for pupils sent to or from their
district unless they are regularly trans?
ferred. - f \ $v % ; - ?> s\'jl . ?
How many teachers in Anderson
County take educational journals ?
What are they ? Will you he ad kind as
to drop us a card giving this'information ?
Do it, if yon please, without delay.
The Midway school will not open
ft< [November. 14. Mr. Sterling re
- the patrons and trustees to come
with their children the first day. We
do hope every patron and trustee will be
present. :/{{,?.<.
Miss Nettie Hall came up a few days
ago and enquired after the address of the
Carolina Teacher and The Teachers In
??ute. That looks like, business.. Miss
Hall means to do better work than she
'tfaslsver done.
Miss Lela Browne is back from
'Orangeburg -'County, and'back rto stay.
-We welcome* her in the name of the
Teachers' Association. Miss Lela will
teach in No. 9, the same school she
taught just before she went to Orange
burg. / ,
? Mr. W. E: Earle is teaching at- Moun
.tain Creek where Miss Alice Davis has
done such excellent work during the
faat few years. It is either an advantage
or a disadvantage to follow a good teach
er?just as. one. makes it. Mr. Earle
knows that and will be on his metal.
'?H i ? :!?:;. ' -
? ,If a.teacher wants to learn how to
teach a class of six in arithmetic when
there are just six different kinds of
arithmetics in that class, let him attend
the Institutes and Teachers' Associations.
One of the ablest teachers in the county
prefers that his pupils have different
books..
? Several of biir teachers went to the
Piedmont Exposition, and to Charleston
last week. Remember it is a poor teach?
er that doesn't take advantage of such
trips for impressing upon the minds of
his pupils some geographical or historical
truth. Fail in this and you had better
stay at home.
. * ? i
Some"of our trustees have not thought
enought of their responsibilities to come
or send for a Trustees' Record Book.
They have had no meeting, they have
employed no teachers, they, have done
nothing. What a nice thing it would be
now for them just to resign and let some
others take their places I Surely some
df them will. "A word to the wise is
sufficient."
"Be manly, be honest in your dealings
with-your pupils. Let a boy know that
you suspect him of being a rascal and
you take the first step toward making
him a first-class scoundrel. Teach a boy
that it is best to be frank and open and
honest at all times and under all circum-'
stances by being frank and open and
honest yourself in all your dealings with
him.-' Never insinuate. The teacher
who insinuates that a boy has been
guilty of wrong is as guilty as the mean?
est boy in school.
Our good-natured friend, the Eureka
correspondent of the Anderson Intel?
ligencer, thinks we know nothing of
the good work recently done on the
school house there. My friend you are a
"little too previous;" you forget that
wjs have a plank or two in that building.
We know of your prosperity, and have
had occasion to speak of your good deeds
so Often heretofore that this time we
were like the boy the calf ran over?you
made such a long jump, we conldn't do
the subject justice.
It is funny to hear a man, who can't
read, discussing the peculiar merits of
his favorite teacher.
"You say you have a good teacher this
year, my friend ?"
"Yes; yes, sir, he is the best teacher
we ever had; why he gits thar a leetle
arter sunrise and stays thar tell the sun
is nearly down."
"Yes, sir; is that why you think he is
a gcod teacher 1"
"No, no; he makes the children lam
powerful; you see he never lets 'em take
their eyes off the book from the time
they gns thar tell they leave. I think
Y & CO.
when a man does that he is a ten din
poicerful close to his business."
And just bo it is with a host of good
people in this county. The man that
can whip the hardest, the man who
knows the least about the human mind
is the teacher they want. May the Lord
have mercy on the children of this
county.
You are now in the midst of your
work. Are you equal to it? Do you
ever think of your responsibilities ? Ask
yourself these questions and answer
them thoughtfully: 1. Am I a better
teacher than I was last session ? If not,
why not ?
2. Why am I teaching ? Is it for the
little pay there is in it?
3. What am I doing to make myself a
better teacher?
4. Does my life teach ? if so, does it
teach such lessons as the patrons and the
conscience of any honest man would
approve ?
5. Am I as well posted in the text
bookd I use as I ought to be?
6. Have I won the confidence and
esteem of my pupils ?
7. Why is it that this particular boy
dislikes me so? is the fault with me, or
with him?
S. What have I done to get the sympa?
thy and support of my patrons ?
9. Am I conscious of having done
good to day, or have I just been killing
time?
10. What encouragement did I give
my pupils to day ?
Da jcing for the Wine.
General J. M. Leach spends consider?
able of his time in Washington with his
son, J. M. Leach, Jr., who is a chief of
division in the Sixth Auditor's office.
The General is as full of "reminiscences"
and good stories as ever, and one which
1 heard him relate to a party of North
Carolinians the other evening will bear
repeating. Said he, in effect :
"You know that Zeb Vance used to
be a member of the National House be?
fore the war, and Sion Bogers represent?
ed the Raleigh District in Congress.
Well, some friends sent Frank Shober,
of Salisbury, and me a case of very fine
wine one day. Zeb and Sion found it
out somehow, and they used to come
around to see us mighty often. In fact,
they became great friends of ours, stick?
ing, closer than brothers?while the wine
lasted.
"One night, after they had relieved us
of a half dozen bottles, more or less,
they got to feeling pretty good, and after
a while Zeb remarked that he believed
he was. just about the best dancer that
North Carolina ever sent to Congress.
"Now, nobody ever heard of Zeb
Vance's virtues as a dancer before.
Every one knows that he doesn't in the
least resemble a ballet girl. He ain't
built right to dance and I didn't believe
he bad ever had any experience in that
direction before that night, but he Btuck
to his assertion.
"Well, Zeb kept repeating the state?
ment until finally Sion says: 'Zeb, I
don't count myself any great shakes as a
practical exponent of the ter'psicborean
art, but I allow that I can just dance
the hind legs off of you.'
"Now, Sion Eodgers was built like a
bean pole; he was over six feet high and
as thin as a wafer, and no living man
ever saw him without a big pair of eye*
glasses adjusted to his long nose. If it
was funny to think of Zeb Vance's danc?
ing, it was simply ridiculous to consider
Sion Bogers in that connection. But
Shober said he believed Sion could down
Zeb; I asserted to the contrary, and
Shober bet me $100.
"The room was cleared, Zeb and Sion
peeled off their wearing apparel until
nothing was left but nocturnal habili?
ments, and the two contestants took their
positions on the floor. It was an ill
assorted pair?never were two men more
unlike. Shober and I were to do the
patting, and Zeb and Sion were told that
the man who stayed on the floor longest
was to have a half dozen bottles of our
wine. Shober started the old plantation
pat; the dancers caught step and went
at it.
" ?Go it, Sion !' shouted Shober.
" 'Buckle down to it, Zeb!' I ex?
claimed, and both men began to rattle
off a double ohuffle back-step that would
have turned any nigger in North Caro?
lina green with envy.
"Time passed.
"Midnight came and went, the clock
on the mantel struck one. The dancing
still went on.
"Daylight appeared. Vance was be?
ginning to double like a hunchback, and
he was sweating like a draft horse. Sion
seemed to grow taller every minute; bis
head was thrown back, his arms stood
akimbo, only his toes appeared to touch
the floor, and not a drop of perspiration
was visible about him.
"The hotel breakfast bell rang. Sho?
ber and I were nearly exhausted,
although we took turns iu patting; but
the dancing still went on. Zeb's shirt
was sticking to him like a huge court
plaster, but Sion looked as cool as a
Chris'.mas snow storm. Zeb was bent
over until he had nearly assumed a bit?
ting posture, his bow-legs looking as
round as a barrel hoop. Sion continued
to grow taller, and his eye glasses still
preserved their equilibrium on the end
of his nose.
"When 12 o'clock came aud CongresB
assembled we suggested a recess. But
no, Sion wouldn't hear to it. Finally I
saw that Zeb, who now stood only about
two feet two inches in his sock, was about
to subside, and I gave up.
"The artists then once more regaled
themselves with our wine, and Zeb went
to bed. But Sion didn't. After dancing
ten hours without a stop, he went to the
House of Representatives and made a
big speech."?Maxwell Gorman in the
Soulhern Home.
? "How does it happen that there are
so many old maids among the school
teachers ?" asked a reporter of a.teacher
the other day. "Because school teachers
arc, as a rule, women of ecdso; and no
woman will give up a $G0 position for a
$10 man," was the reply.
? The first degree of folly is to think
one's self wise, the next to tell others
so ;"the third, to denpise all counsel.
_ an:
A BAG OF BONES.
The Discover}* of the Remains of A. T.
Stewart.
New York, October 30.?The mys?
tery which has so long enveloped the
fate of the body of the millionaire dry
goods dealer, Alexander T. Stewart,
forms the subject of a chapter in Super?
intendent G. W. Walling's book, "The
Recollections of a New York Chief of
Police," which is soon to be published.
The ex-superinteudent professes to give
the only true story of the stealing of the
body, and a so alleges that the body was
subsequently returned to representatives
of Judge Hilton.
The remains were buried in St. Mark's
Churchyard, corner of Second avenue
and Tenth street, in an underground
vault, the entrance to which was covered
by a flagstone, which, in turn, was sod?
ded over with the surrounding surface,
bo that there was no outward evidence of
its location.
Judge Hilton had discovered evidences
that the vault had been tampered with,
and set a watch, but as nothing further
transpired, the watch was withdrawn,
and three nights later, that is, on the
night of November 6th, or the morn?
ing of November 7th, 1878, the vault
was broken open and the remair.'j stolen.
Judge Hilton was firmly of the opinion
that the sexton or his assistant had
guilty knowledge of the transaction, but
this was never known. The Judge at
once offered a reward of $25,000 for the
return of the body and the conviction of
the grave robbers.
The first clew came from General Pat?
rick Jones, ex-postmaster of New York,
who notified Walling that an ex-soldier
who had served under him claimed to
know something about the Stewart body,
and with proper encouragement would
give information leading to its recovery.
The superintendent submitted the offer
to Judge Hilton, who declared he would
never pay one cent for Mr. Stewart's
bones unless they came accompanied by
the thieves in irons. General Jones was
persistent, and wanted to work the case
and arrange for burying the body. He
showed letters from the thieves, and a
few days later gave to the police a pack?
age expressed to him from Boston, con?
taining a coffin plate, which was identi?
fied by tho engraver who had done the
work. To complete their identification,
the robbers Bent a piece of paper that
fitted exactly the hole in the velvet cover
of the coffin cut out by the thieves when
the body was removed. This is now in
the bands of Sexton Hamill, and the
coffin plate is at police headquarters.
Judge Hilton remained unalterable and
the case was dropped by the authorities,
but continued by private detectives.
Mrs. Stewart differed with her counsel
and strongly wished to recover the body.
Learning this fact, the robbers opened
correspondence with her directly. No
trace of the body or thieves was found
until January, 18S2, when General Jones
called at headquarters. He brought
with him a parcel which contained the
silver knobs and several of the handles
belonging to the coffin in which the body
had been buried. He also showed some
letters which he had received. They
purported to have been written in
Canada, and were signed by "Henry G.
Romaine." With the first letter a $100
bill was enclosed as a retainer for him to
act as attorney for the return of the body
upon the payment of $250,000. The let?
ter theu went on to tell the hour at
which the body was taken; how it was
inclosed in a zinc-lined trunk and taken
to Canada and buried. It is said the
features were perfectly preserved, except
the eyes. This was the letter which
inclosed the bit of paper corresponding
to the size of the hole in the velvet, and
promised, if further proof was required,
to send the coffin plate upon the inser?
tion in the New York Herald of these
words : "Canada?Send P. Counsel."
This was done, and under date of Bos?
ton, January 31, 1879, a letter came, say?
ing the plate was sent from there to avoid
the scrutiny of custom officials on the
Canadian border. The plate was receiv?
ed and identified. General Jones was
instructed; in case the relatives were
ready to negotiate for the remains, to
insert this personal in the Herald'. "Can?
ada?Will do business. Counsel."
This was done at Judge Hilton's
request. The reply which came from
Boston on the 11th of February set forth
the terms upon which the body would be
restored :
1. The amount to be paid shall be
$200,000.
2. The body will be delivered to your?
self and Judge Hilton within twenty-five
miles of the city of Montreal, and no
other person shall be present.
3. The money is to be placed in your
hands or under your control until Judge
Hilton is fully satisfied, when you will
deliver it to my representative.
4. Both parties to maintain forever an
unbroken B?ence in regard to the trans?
action.
Judge Hilton refused to agree to the
terms proposed, and further declined to
negotiate through the medium of "per?
sonals." Romaine was written to, Gen?
eral Jones informing him of the condi?
tion of things. His reply was soon
received, ordering Mr. Jones to break off
all communication with Judge Hilton
and open negotiations with Mrs. Stewart.
No notice was taken of this request, but
in March Judge Hilton made an offer of
$25,000 for the body.
General Jones made the fact known to
Romaine, who respectfully but firmly
declined. This closed the correspon?
dence. The robbers, becoming discour?
aged, now offered to sell the body for
$100.000. Mrs. Stewart was willing, aud
ordered her representative to pay the
amouut. They delayed matters until the
figure was reduced to $20,000, which was
accepted. The conditions of delivery
were severe. The messenger with the
money was to leave New York city at 10
p. in, alone in a one-horse wagon and
drive into Westchester County, along a
lonely road which was indicated on a
map sent by the thieves. Some time
beforo morning, if the mau was acting in
good faith and was not accompanied or
followed by detectives, he would be met
and given further direction. A young
relative nl* Mrs. Stewart undertook the
hazardous errand. Two or three times
DERSON, S. C, THI
during the night he wrs certain that he
was closely watched, but it was 3 o'clock
when a masked horseman rode up, gave
the signal agreed upon, and turned the
buggy up a lonely lane. The strange
visitor here left him, directing him to
drive on. At the end of another mile he
became aware that another wagon was
blocking the way. He paused. A
masked man promptly appeared and
brought forward a bag to his buggy,
saying: "Here'ti3; where's the money ?"
"Where's the proof of identity ?" asked
the messenger, as the bag containing the
mortal remains of A. T. Stewart were
lifted into the buggy.
"Here," said the other, holding up an
irregular bit of velvet and opening a
bull's eye lantern with a click. The
piece was compared with a bit of paper
of the same shape which the New
Yorker bad brought with him to this
lonely spot.
"Come, hurry up," was the command.
The messenger obeyed by producing
the money and the robbers retired a few
feet and counted it by the light of their
lantern. Then they moved off to their
vehicle and the messenger of Mrs. Stew?
art drove back the way he had come.
The next night a freight car went out
to Garden City, containing nothing
except a trunk, and on it sat a man who
had spent the previous night in the lone?
liest part of Westchester County. An
empty coffin had been already deposited
in the cathedral, and at the dead of night
two men transferred the bones from the
trunk. They then placed the coffin in
au inaccessible vault beneath the dome.
If any one should ever again touch
unbidden the vault which holds the
bones of the merchant millionaire, the
touch would release a hidden spring
which would ring the chime3 in the
tower and send an instant alarm through
the town.
Meeting of the Penitentiary Directors.
The Baord of Directors of the Peniten?
tiary held their regular monthly meeting
yesterday at 11 o,clock A. M. at the insti?
tution. The main business beforo the
Board at this time was the preparation of
the annual report to be made to the
Legislature and receiving from the Su
perintendenthisannul report. The matter
of the purchase of land for a State farm
to employ the convict labor at command
more advantageously came up, several
propositions being before the Board from
parties desiring to sell land to the State
for the purpose mentioned. No definite
action was taken, however, it being the
sense of the meeting that the matter
could be better acted upon at the next
regular meeting, which will be held the
last day of the present month.
From a member of the Board it was
learned that the condition of that insti?
tution was satisfactory. It was also stat?
ed in the report to the Legislature a new
idea would be proached, in that while
previously it has been the custom for the
expenses of the Penitentiary to be paid
from its earnings, it will be recommended
that the Legislature grant a certain sum
$100,000, if so much be necessary, for the
support of the institution, all the earnings
tbereform to be covered into the State
Treasury. This will show more clearly
just what the institution costs and what
its earnings are, and it is believed will
be in the line of economy. It is thought
that it has been self supporting the past
year with a small margin on the right
side. There are still 400 of the 500 bales
of cotton to be sold from the farms in
which the State has an interest.
Another new idea which seems to have
taken root in the minds of the members
of the Board as the result of their exper?
ience, is that so far as may be possible
the Penitentiary should employ the labor
of the convicts itself, that is, instead of
incurring the risk, expense, and constant
exposure to charges of cruelty of leasing
convicts to railroad contractors, etc., for
a sum not much beyond $75 to $100 a
year, the Board thinks a better showing
and without the attendant disadvantages
of the old bystcm slated, by employing
the convicts at work on laud owned by
the State and cultivated wholly iu the
interest of the State and not on shares.
By this plan it is believed much of the
food materially required by the inmates
could be raised by their labor.
The loan of $25,000 voted to the Peni?
tentiary by the Legislature, and much of
which was required to pay losses by the
freshet, it is desired to have stand for
another year at least.?Columbia Register,
November 3rd.
Nut Bearing Trees.
It is somewhat strauge that among the
undeveloped industries of the State so
few persons have thought of investing
money in nut bearing trce3, when it
could be made one of the most important
branches of horticulture, and unlike
most industries, is safe from the danger
of over production for at least a century.
Among nut bearing trees the filbert,
walnut and chestnut deserve special
notice, but the pecan is indeed the prince
of all?the most beautiful and symme?
trical, the most hardy and long lived, the
most popular and the most profitable.
No one industry in the horticultural line
will pay so large returns?not even the
famous orange groves of Florida. This
tree k not at all choice of soils?will
grow almost anywhere, on hill Bides in
rocky places not suitable for cultivation,
or on high sandy ridges?but will grow
faster and larger if planted on moist
fertile soil. Broad areas of land in our
State, now valueless to the owners, would
in a short time, almost without expense,
yield immense profits if planted in pecan
trees. Surely it is time our people were
giving this industry attention, and every
farmer should have a grove of stately
pecans?"the pride of the neighborhood,
the admiration of the sojourners, the
fortune of its owner."
? "You love my daughter?" said the
old man. "Love her!" he exclaimed,
passionately ; "why, sir, I would die for
her! For one soft glance from those
sweet eyes I would hurl mysolf from
yonder clifl' and perish, a bleeding,
bruised mass, upon the rocks two hun?
dred feet below!" The oUl man shook
his head. "I'm something of a liar my?
self," lie said, "ami '>nc is enough for a
small family liko mine."
RSDAY MOENING,
THE GOOD OLD DATS.
IIow the Kornaus Secured Wives?Why
the Ring is Worn?Jewish Marriugo Kites
?The Uninvited Guests' Revenge in the
Colonial Days.
Pittiburg Dispatch.
Adam would probably never have
married if he had been compelled to
huot around the present Allegheny court
buildings to find the little back room of
the Register's office, where he would be
obliged to pay his half dollar and swear
to more things than he ever dreamed of
before he could get a marriage license.
He would certainly have been in a bad
fix when he came to swear that Eve was
of full age, or to produce the written
consent of her father or mother. It is
Bate to say that he would have given it
up and died an old bachelor. Yet with?
out minister, magistrate, register or other
official intervention the marriage of
Adam and Eve was such that it would
have stood the test of the old English
common law.
From earliest times the various states
of society have imposed regulations for
the observance of this solemn contract.
For rnarmge is simply a contract,
except that the parties cannot now
change or terminate it by mutual con?
sent, as they can all other contracts.
There is in the Royal Library of Paris a
written contract made in 1207, between
two persons of noblo bir.th in Armagnal.
The husband and wife were bound to
each other for seven years. It was also
agreed that the parties should have the
right to renew the tie at the end of that
time if they mutually agreed; but if not,
the children were to be equally divided,
and if the number should chance not to
be even, they were to draw lots for the
odd one.
The Roman Church alone regarded
marriage as a sacrament, but all the
other churches recognized it as a divine
institution, and, accordingly, every' de?
nomination has provided religious servi?
ces for its solemnization. So strong a
hold did the church in England gain
upon it that for a long time the regula?
tion of marriage and divorce was almost
exclusively under the church's jurisdic?
tion.
Among the Romans there were three
ways of obtaining a wife?by capture,
sale or gift. When a Roman bought a
wife, and this was the usual way, the
ceremony that followed was merely gone
through for the sake of having indisputa?
ble evidence of the sale. The head of
the family had to give her ever to the
husband in the presence of witnesses, and
it is from this that we now have the cus?
tom of giviug away the bride. Before
the period of Rome's greatness, the par?
ties could dissolve the marriage by mu?
tual consent. Wheu they wished to ter?
minate the contract, they usually went
before an altar and in the presence of
witnesses declared the marriage at an
end. At and after the time of Rome's
greatness the marriage was indissoluble.
The Roman husband took his wife not
as her husband, but as her father. She
came into his family the same almost as
an adopted daughter. Originally the
husband had absolute and complete con?
trol over her and her property. Even
after his death she was subjected to any
guardianship that he might have had
appointed for her during his lifetime.
But'a change came in her condition, and
came as changes usually come, from one
extreme to another. The wife was now
subject to the tutelage of guardians ap?
pointed by her own family. This tutelage
gave-her a very independent position as
to her separate estate and person.
Before this change came, and even
afterward, there was exercised among
the Romans complete tyranny by the
head of the family over his relations
which were members of his family. As
head of the family the eldest male was
always the head. He had power not
only over his relatives, but all persons
connected with his household and his
children's households. While the father
lived his sou was subject to him, although
the son might be 40 years old and have
a large family of his own. The grand?
children were subject to the grandfather
the same as their own father. The fam
ly was then regarded much as we now
regard the individual. If a member com?
mitted a crime the whole family was
held responsible, and it was perfectly
lawful for the injured family to get
revenge or satisfaction even if it were
necessary to exterminate the whole
offending family. This was carried to
such an extent that sometimes whole
families were destroyed.
The blood feud, and it was well named,
descended from father to son. It was to
the Roman, in effect, what the inherited
curse was to the Greek. The feud was
kept up not so much for the sake of pun?
ishment as to prevent the supposed lia?
bility of the offending family to commit
fresh offences. With all their peculiar
customs in regard to the family, it must
be said to their credit that they never to
any extent practiced polygamy.
If the Romans did not countenance
polygamy, the Hebrews did; and they
had a more peculiar custom. There was
a law among them called the Levirate,
which means brother-in-law, and accord?
ing to this law, at the death of the
huaband, the next oldest unmarried
brother in law of the widow married her
if there were no children. In tbi3 way
the wife of the eldest brother might, in
the course of time, have been the wife of
all the brothers. This custom afterward
extended to many of the western nation?,
but the marriage took place whether
there were any children or not. There
was another kind of marriage called
polygnia, and, like the Levirate, it
extended to the western counties. Thi?,
however, .did not gain much foothold
among the Hebrews. Polygnia was sim?
ply polygamy reversed. According to it
the woman was the head of the bouse,
and might have as many legal husbands
at one time as she pleased. Her children
bore her name, and recognized her as
head of the house.
Some of the customs attending a
Hebraic marriage were peculiar. The
bridegroom dressed himself in the most
gorgeous Htyle he could command. He
next perfumed himself with frankincense
and myrrh. Then he went forth covered
with garlands, ^r, if he were rich, lie
would wear a circlet of gold and ride a
NOVEMBER 10, 186
gayly caparisoned horse. He was
attended to the bride's house by his
groomsmen, musicians, siogers and torch
bearers. The marriage was always cele?
brated at night, and the bridesmaids
were provided with lamps to meet the
bridegroom when he came. On his arri?
val, he found the bride, bridesmaids and
company awaiting him. As soon as the
actual ceremony was over, the entire
party returned to the bridegroom's house
with great rejoicing. When they reached
the house, they partook of the wedding
feast. The festivities usually lasted dur?
ing fourteen days. The groom not only
furnished the feast, but the robes of those
who took part in the ceremony.
Pioneer marriages in this country, not
a century ago, had some resemblance to
a Hebrew wedding. In those days' the
marriage was the cause of great excite?
ment, and the wdiolo neighborhood was
usually invited. As the houses of the
bride and groom were generally far apart,
the groom started early in the morning
on a horse as highly caparisoned as the
times would allow. He was attended by
his groomsmen. The marriage generally
took place before noon to enablo the
whole party to return to the groom's
home before daik. The home journey
was not always without incident. If any
persons were not invited to attend they
were not at all backward about felling
trees in the road, piling up all kinds of
hinderanccs and firing off guns to scare
the horses.. Severe injuries were thus
frequently caused, but bravely borne.
When the party were within a few miles
of the house a bottle race was arranged.
Two persons were chosen for this danger?
ous ride. The most impassable road was
selected, and the riders started for the
house. Pell mell they went over all
kinds of obstacles, and when the fortu?
nate one reached the bouse ho was
handed the much-prized black betty, as
the whiskey bottle was then called. He
then returned to the party, and after giv?
ing each of the groomsmen and even the
bridemaids a drink, he put the bottle in
his jacket for future reference. When
the house was reached a feast was ready
for the party, who were usually hungry
after the long ride. The festivities were
kept up all night, till broad daylight,
when the feast ended.
The ring which is now so commonly
used at marriage ceremonies was origi?
nally, in England, made of iron adorned
with adamant. Being bard, it was sup?
posed to signify tue durance and perpet?
uity of the contract. The eminent
Swainburn speaks about this ring.
"Howbeitt," he said, "it skille'.h not at
this day of what metal the ring may be
made of the form of it being round and
without end doth import that their love
should circulate and flow continually.
The finger on which the ring is to be
worn is the fourth finger of the left hand,
next unto the little finger, because there
was supposed a vein of blood to paas
from thence unto the heart."
A Girl in Prison for Life.
Tbenton, Ga., Oct 30.?There is a
girl named Leila Burgess serving a life
term in the Dade County coal mines, the
story of whose crime is somewhat
strange. Her father, James Burgess,
lived near Martin, in the western part of
of the State. He had two daughters, the
youngest of whom was Leila. About
three jears ago he joiued the church, and
became a regular church attendant. He
was pained to see that this his two
daughters, now grown to young woman?
hood, did not care to attend the religious
services with the regularity that he did,
and where all should have been concord
the bitterest kind of discord grew up.
After a while Burgess told the girls that
a revival was about to open and that he
expected them to attend every service,
and if they did not there would be some?
body to whip. For three mornings the
girls failed to apppear at the "sunrise"
meetings. On the fourth morning Bur?
gess pulled the girls out of bed and
began to chastise one of them severely.
When he had beaten her into submission
he began on the other. Leila, who was
the first one chastised, slipped out of the
room, procured an axe, and with one
stroke buried the edge of it in her fath*
er's skull. The gash was five inches
long and penetrated the brain half an
inch. Afterward the girl sat looking
sullenly at the dead body of ber father,
oblivious of the crowds which pressed in
to behold the f.cene of blood. She was
convicted of the highest grade of man?
slaughter, and took her place among the
convicts uncomplainingly, merely saying
that she would commit the crime over
again before she would be compelled to
go to church so early in the morning.
Travel In 1S17 Versus 1SS6.
A magazine published in Philadelphia
in ISIS gave the following as an item of
news:
"In the course of the twelve months
of 1817 12,000 wagons passed the Alle?
gheny Mountains from Philadelphia and
Baltimore, each with from four to six
horses, carrying from thirty-five to forty
hundrcd weight. The cost of carriage
was about $7 per hundred weight, in
some cases as high as $10, to Philadel?
phia. The aggregate sum paid for the
conveyance of goods exceeded $1,500,
000." To move a ton of freight between
Pittsburg aud Philadelphia therefore
cost npt less than $1-10, and took probably
two weeks' time.
In 1SSG the average amount received
by the Pennsylvania Railroad for the
carriage of freight was three quarters
cent per tou per mile. The distance from
Philadelphia to Pittsburg is 3S5 mile.",
so that the ton which cost $110 in 1S17
was carried in 1SSG for $2.S7. At the
former time the workingmen in Phila?
delphia had to pay $14 for moving a bar?
rel of flour from Pittsburg, against 28
cents now. The Pittsburg consumer
paid $7 freight upon every 100 pounds
of dry goods brought from Philadelphia,
which 100 pounds is now hauled in two
days at a cost of 14 centc.?New York
Times.
? Why would a blacksmith not be
IiL-ely to make a successful man ? Be?
cause he always has so many irons in the
fire.
- ? A man born >>' van r;.inr?ol be proud
of his native land.
) /.
THE m'ERPKIST POTTERY,
Oconeo's Clay Turned into Useful mid
JJeautlfiil PJecos of Tottery.
Walhalla, October 31.?Yesterday I
paid a visit to the Enterprise Pottery of
our town. This enterprise has been es?
tablished in our midst only recently and
is just now getting into active operation.
About three or four years since Capt John
C.Neville made the discovery of one of
the finest and most plastic clays that^can
be found. He then erected a three-story
building with the design of manufactur?
ing English Bristol ware. He continued
in this branch of the pottery business
uutil quite recently, when he was driven
by the fineness and purity of his clay and
other advantages to the conclusion that
he could manufacture the finer grades of
ware more profitably.
Having come to this conclusion, Capt
Neville sent some of his clay to Mr. Wm
E. Rivers, who at that time was superin?
tending the Art Tile works of Newburgh,
N. Y. for the purpose of having it tested.
Mr. Rivers, having tested the argillaceous
compouned, returned the result in the
form and finish of a most handsome tea?
pot and beautiful vase. Mr. Rivers, the
experienced and practical potter, to whom
Capt Neville had sent bis clay, upon test?
ing it and appreciating its fine quality,
immediately sent down an application for
the management of the pottery with a
view of becoming a party to the firm.
Capt Neville offering terms agreeable to
Mr. Rivers, he packed up last June,
relinquished New York, and has since
been proving himself a citizen of our
town, thoroughly alive to industry and
enterprise.
Upon my arrival at the pottery I was
first shown the clay, which was as fine as
flour and when kneaded as plastic as
flour dough. This clay is first mined,
(the mine is near the pottery,) then run
through a pug mill, which reduces it all
to the same consistency. It is then taken
from the mill and carried down in a damp
celler, where it is stored for future use.
There is another way they have of pre?
paring the clay. The clay is incorporat?
ed with water and reduced to about the
same consistency ss cream and then pass?
ed through a very fine seive. The clay
prepared according to this process is used
for casting puryose3.
From the place of preparing the clay I
went into the room where the artisans
were converting the raw plastic materials
into hard, substantial, useful and orna?
mental vessels. This is a most interest?
ing sight, and is apparently simplicity
simplified. My attention was first direct?
ed to casting. The moulds, that are
larger at the bottoA than at the top, are
of necessity made in sections; otherwise
the vessel, having been made in the
mould, could not be got out. In the cast?
ing process the clay is poured into moulds
made of plaster Paris. The plaster, be?
ing porous, is in consequence an absorb?
ent and takes in the moisture from the
clay next to the mould, which leaves it
stiff or bard, while that in the centreis
yet liquid and is poured back into the
receptacle from which it had been taken.
It can be used over again.
The next process that attracted my at?
tention was that of pressing. In execut?
ing this method a lump of solid clay
corresponding in amount with one side of
the proposed vessel is taken from a large
block always on hand. This lump is
beaten out to the desired thickness, then
pressed in one side of the mould. The
filling of the other side is accomplished
in a similar way. The two sides are then
put together with a roll of clay, between
which is pressed into the seams, making
the sides well connected. The bottom is
made and fastened by the same means.
My attention was next drawn to the
modus operandi known asjiggering. This
mode is executed by two employees, a
boy and a man. The boy turns a wheel
which trains ite speed to the jigger, in
which a mould is placed. A lump of
clay is then put in proportion to the size
of the desired vessel. While the mould
in the jigger is spinning arcund, the man
draws down a handle with a tool attached
which fashions the inside as the mould
does the outside.
Having observed the different methods
of forming the vessels, I was conducted
into the designing, modelling and mould
making department. Here I met Mr.
Rivers, who was making, from an origin?
al design, a most handsome model, dis?
playing good taste and fine workmanship.
Mr. Rivers is a thorough potter. He
came over from England to the United
States about ten years ago. While in
England he was associated with potting
from boyhood, thus receiving thorough
training. The process of making moulds
was being rapidly executed in this de?
partment from the models developed by
Mr. Rivers. The models are made of
plaster or hard clay. The moulds are
made from plaster Paris exclusively.
The ware, after it has been fashioned,
is placed iu a storeroom, where it is thor?
oughly dried, and afterwards it is placed
in large cylindrical or oval clay encase?
ments called saggers. These saggers are
made from coarse clay and pulverized
rock.
I next visited a towering kiln construct?
ed upou modern principles. Here I met
the young and energetic Mr. Samuel
Neville, party to the firm, who manages
the firming and the evacuation of the kiln
after it is fired and cooled off. Mr. Ne?
ville informs me that the heat he attains
in firing is about l,S0O degrees. The
ware when it is burned once is said to be
in a biscuit state, which state is
is adapted to the reception of the
glaze in its varied shades and colors.
I came back from the kiln with the
biscuit ware to the glazing depart?
ment, where the rougher glaze and the
most delicate tints are applied to the
ware. The pieces of solid color arc im?
mersed in a solution. The pieces with
varied tints are glazed by means of
camel hair brushes dipped in the different
shades and applied on the different parts
of the vessel, as the artist designs. Until
violent heat has strickened and fused the
glaze no color is discernible, but as soon
as sufficient heat is obtained the different
hues arc presented most vividly. The
different colored glazes arc manufactured
hy Mr. Rivers, at the pottery, from crude
minerals. Finally, Capt Neville conduct?
ed me to the finished wareroom. Hero I
VOLUMI
found some of the finest specimens of
terra cotta, yellowwarc, Rockingham, ma?
jolica and Barbontine. Capt Neville ex?
pects to exhibit his various classes of
ware at the State Fair.?Cor. News and
Cower.
Natural Cotton
"This bale of cotton seems to be unus?
ually heavy, old man," said a cotton
buyer to a uegro whose cotton he had just
weighed.
"Yes sah ; yes. Raised in mighty low
groun' down next ter de hayou, sab.
Ole Tom Neil had some raised down dar
dat's heavier den dis."
"But this seems to be a little too
heavy."
"Oh, it's nachul, sah; it's nachul.
Mighty heavy dew down in dat low groun'
at night. Almos' think dar'd been er
rain-ever' mawnin' sah. Yes, it's nach?
ul."
"Yes, but I don't care about paving
you until I open this bale."
"Dar ain't no use in openin' de bale,
sah; no U3e er tall. Cotton's all dar,
nachul an' mighty fine. Look out, boss,
doan far de cotton ter pieces dat er way.
Dar, dat'll do. Oh, yer see, it's nachul.
Low groun' ?"
The cotton buyer hauled out a log of
green wood.
"What do you call this?"
"Sah?"
"I say what do you call this
"W'y, sah, some o'de cuis things?"
"Never mind what do you call this ?"*
"Looks like woodrsah ; I'll be blame
ef it doant. Is it sho' 'nutf wood boss ?"
"You know well enough what it is,
you good-fornothing old rascal."
"Who do?;'
"Who do, you thieving?"
"Ta kere, now; ta kere. Neber seed
dat wood till dis minit, and doan know
how it got dar. Muster drapped in w'en
I wasn't lookin'."
"I think it dropped in when you were
looking. Take your cotton away from
hero. I don't want it."
"W'y, sah, jes pay me far do cotton
an' let de wood alone. W'at yer mean
by sich capers? Huh, I ain' axed yer to
take de wood. I?I?I ain' er pusson to
force nothin' on a man w'en be doant
want it. Yas, sab, dat's mighty fine cot?
ton. Raised down dar?"
"Take it away, I tell you. Take it
away, or I'll burn it up."
"W'at come 'stryiog er man's property
widout given him warnin? Onrea?ona
blest man I eber seed, an' it doan peer
ter me like yer' wanter ack hones'nohow;
an' I wanter tell yer right yere dat I ain'
gwine ter had no more dealin' wid yer.
Ef dar's anything I spizes it's er unhones'
w'ite man."
Trick That a Good Little Boy Bid.
Many years ago one of the most fa?
mous elephants that traveled in this
country was "Old Columbus." During
one of his summer trips through Vir?
ginia, he stopped at the town of D-.
In the neighboring town of H-, a
boy, familiarly called "Dave," and noto?
rious for leadership in all kinds of mis?
chievous trickp, determined to show off
before the others boys at "Old Coluni
bus's" expense, and invited several of
his companions to go with him.
Having come to to the elephant's sta?
ble, Dave gave him first candy, then
cake, and then, finally cried, "Now,
boys!" and slipped a piece of tobacco in
his proboscis, intending to get out of
danger and enjoy "Old Colurabus's" dis?
gust and danger.
But before he could move Columbus
seized him and whirled him upward
through the opening overhead against
the roof of the stable.
Unhurt by his unexpected "rise,"
Dave dropped on the hay mow. The
other boys below, supposing this to be
"the trick" promised them, cried out in
admiration :
"Dave, Dave, do that again!"
Dave, comfortably seated out of harm's
way, very earnestly answered :
"No, boys! I only do that trick once
a day!"
Where He Learned it.
He was a pretty lfltle fellow, but it
was his manners, not his looks, that
attracted everybody?clerks in the
stores, people in the horse-cars, men,
women and children. A boy four years
old who, if anybody said to him, "How
do you do?" answered, "I am well,
thanks," and if he had a request to make,
be it of friend or stranger, began it with
"Please." And the beauty of it was that
the "thanks" and "please" were so much
a matter of course to the child that he
never knew he was doing anything at all
noticeable. "How cunning it is," said a
showy woman to his mother as they sat
at dinner at the public table of a hotel
one day, "to hear that child thank the
waiters and say 'Please' when he wants
anything. I never saw anything so
sweet. My children have to be con?
stantly told if I want them to thank peo?
ple. How well you must have taught
him, that be never forgets." "He has
always been accustomed to it," said the
mother. "We have always said 'Please'
to him when we wished him to do any?
thing, and have thanked him. He
knows no other way. The showy woman
looked as if she did not need any further
explanation of the way in which habits
are formed. Probably you do not.
? An enterprising reporter has discov?
ered several colored millionaires in New
York and Brooklyn. One of the sup?
posed nabobs threatened to institute a
suit for damages against any newspaper
which names him as a millionaire, for he
mournfully declares that if it becomes
generally known that he is wealthy life
would become unbearable, because of
the many applications to endow colleges,
schools and churches for negroes, and to
assist less fortunate members of his race
with which he would surely be deluged.
He owns houses without number and
prefers to have white people for tenants,
and he is said to also hold government
and first mortgage railroad bonds to a
considerable extent.
? A devoted swain declares he is ?0
fond of Iiis jrirl that he has rubbed the
skin from his nnse by ki sing her ;*undow
on ths wall.
3 XXIII.- -NO. 18.
The Weck or Seven Daysf
As has been remarkable by the com?
mentators, and as is apparent to careful
readers, it woJd seem that some notion
of the week of seven days was current
among the people whose history is re*
corded in very early times, that is to say,
at a date preceding Moses or any of the
books written by him. The proof of this
is to be found in such passages as the.
following: Genesis, xxix, 27, where Jacob
. is desired by Laban to "fulfill her week,"
that is Leah's week, in order that he
might also receive Rachel. The week
appears to express the time given up to
nuptial festivities So afterwards in
Judges, xiv., where Samson speaks of
"the seven days of the feast." So also
on the occasion of the death of Jacob,
Joseph "made a mourning for his father
seven days." (Genesis, 1:19.) But
"neither of these instances, flny_Jn_nrq_)
than Noah's procedure in the ark, go
further than showing the custom of ob?
serving a term of seven days for any ob? '
servance of importance." They do not
prove that the whole year or the wbolo
month was thus divided at all times and
without regard to remarkable events.
They do not indeed prove this, but they
suggest the division as common and fam?
iliar and in some early period recognized
as an institution. When, therefore, the
children of Israel went down to Egypt
for what proved to be a veryjojj^cjtftrra-^
in that countryJb*j*-fW3iTbIy"were famil?
iar with the practice of [dividing time by
"weeks, and -at all events the notion of
seven days as a convenient portion of
time for the affairs oflife would not seem
altogether strange to them. It is exceed?
ingly probable that on arriving in Egypt
they found the week established by the
practice of the country. It will be ob?
served that it was in Egypt that Joseph
mourned seven days for Jacob, and it is
possible, though there seems to be no
necessity to assume the fact, that in so
doing he was conforming to the custom
of the country, as he did with regard to
the embalming and chesting of his fath?
er's remains. But independently of any
such consideration, it would seem highly
probable that the Israelites found them?",,,
selves in Egypt among a people who
divided the time by weeks of seven days.
We know that they did so at a later
period; why might they not have com?
menced as early as before the sojourn of
the Israelites? The Egyptian* were, in
fact, a people very likely to be advanced
in such a matter as this: order and gov?
ernment, both ecclesiastical and civil,
were undoubtedly in a remarkable state
of perfection at the time to which refer?
ence is now made, and it would seem
much more probable than otherwise that
so convenient an institute as the subdi?
vision of the month into short periods .
had already been eotablished. It may be
noted with reference to the number seven
and its recognition in .some form or
another as a special.numbcr among the
Egyptians, that we have incidental evi?
dence in the dream of Pharoah; the
special form of the dream, as present?
ing seven fat and seven lean kine, may
supposed to have been connected with
some familiaity in Pharaoh's mind with
the number seven during his waking
hours. And as regards the Israelites, it
may be observed that the period of Eeven
days is introduced into the most solemn
event of their Egyptian sojurn, namely,
the ordinance of the Passover. "Seven
days shall ye cat unleavened bread;
even the first day ye shall put away
leaven out of your houses; for whosover
eateth leaven bread from the first until
the seventh day, that soul shall be cut
off from Israel."? The Bishop of Carlisle
inthe Contemporary Review.
Stories of Jay Gould's physical infirm?
ities have a Buddensiek foundation. He
never possessed the frame of an athelete,
but without it he has performed an
amount of work under which an athelete
of the first class would have lain down
aud been gathered to his forefathers long
ago. Big-framed men have attempted
ventures small in comparison with some
of Mr. Gould's accomplishments and
been killed in the attempt.
His strong point is method. On
reaching his office he knows exactly how
much of his time must be devoted to
routine business and engagements which
must be kept; the remainder is booked
for possible contingencies. His mental
organization is a perfect machine. If
Mr. Gould were in a railroad smash-up
his first impulse would be to pull out hia
watch and note the time. Uc is not ner?
vous, but the hand of a man past middlo
age, who works as he does, is never as
steady as a rock.
Mr. Gould has seen a great many
stronger and younger men than he is laid
away. To all appearances he will out?
live many more.?N. Y. Sun.
Too Healthy an Appetite.
Several years ago, when James A.
Allison, of Cuthbert, was clerking for
Allison & Atkins, he was sent into the
country to collect an account, with in?
structions to "board it out" if he could
collect it in no other way. He reached
the house a while before dinner and was "
told by the debtor that he could not
possibly pay the bill. Jim told him
what his instructions were and awaited
dinner. Dinner was announced and Jim
partook with the family. After watch?
ing him devour one meal the debtor de?
cided it would be cheaper to p3y the bill
than to board Jim a week, went to a
neighbor, borrowed the money and
settled in full.?Savannah New?.
A gentleman who was in the Dacus
ville section of Pickcns County the other
day, tells of an act of heroism on the
part of a lady there. One day last week,
a negro cabin on the place of Geo. W.
Cox, caught on fire. Mrs. Sallie Cox
discovered the blaze. She knew there
was a sick child in the house, and its
parents were away. She rushed into the)
burning cabin, secured the helpless child
and ran out. As she rushed through tho
door, a part of the building fell in, and
she was terribly burr-d. She saved the
child, but her own burns were so severe
Hint it was feared ?he would not survive
them.? Greenville Carolinian.
Jay Gould.
A Brave Woman.

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