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BY CUNKSC?LES & LANGSTON.
FINE CHINA AND GLASSWARE, ; - .; . ROTH^GERMAN :and FRENCH- IMPORTATIONS. italian Marble leases, Walking C?nes, a hundred styles, * Marble, Walnut and Enameled Clocks,. Sterling, and Silver Plated Ware, Gold, Silver and Nickel Watches. ?BE sore yon come and see the beautiful lines of now" and nsefnl Novelties we have added to ear already Attractive Stock. Our desire is to make our stock com' plete in the ah?vs lines, and supply a demand that has long existed for these goods. With this end in view our Mr. J. M. Hubbard has spent several weeks in New York, seeking first hands, and perfecting arrangements that enable us to compete with any House in the State. New supply of N, G. B. Kings. ? JOHN M. H?BBABD &> BRO. CUNNl NC HAM BROS. Are occupying their New and Commodious Store Room, and are every day receiving new and attractive addi? tions to their complete Stock of Dry Goods, Notions, Hats, Boots and Shoes, Hardware and Groceries. We airevnadonbt, Headquarters for FLO?R. The "Woman Head Floor," you know, is "ahead" of all. We have Choice Groceries of all Kinds. The Finest Teas, Roasted Coffee and Cream Cheese, &c We guarantee satisfaction in regard to PRICES tod QUALITY. ' The w?test attention to all. Come to see us, and we will make you comfortable while-^i<.h us, and send you home happy, jar* We are in the Cotton Market. Your friends, lit;'- C?NIVJffGHAM BROS. V . Sept IS. 1888 10 _ 3m THE LADIES' STORE Offers a Few Remarks to the Public in General. e r Ye connoisseurs in Notions and Novelties, Eere's-Gloves and Handkerchiefs, too, .. Laces, ;N Brought especially on for you ! Ye lovers of Dress Goods and Feathers, - Here's Cashmeres and Millinery new, . With prices agreeable vnth "rains" and "wrecks, We only ask you our Stock to look through. Respectfully, MISS LIZZIE WILLIAMS. Bags to call the attention of his friends and customers to his Stock of| Goods now on hand. ? IN ' DRY GOODS HAVE a nice assortment of the Celebrated VIRGINIA CASSIMERES, which will" ? give better satisfaction than any Goods you can buy. I also have a nice line of 35ale'r?k Frost's OA8HM ARET, which will make yon a NICE SUIT of Clothes for a SMALL AMOUNT OF MONEY. SHOES. V . I wish to call attention to my Stock of Men's and Ladies' Shoes. I will sell you . the best Shoe for Two Dollars yon. ever bought at that price. .-WALL PAPER. - I have the largest Stock.of ;Wall Paper and Bordering I have ever had, and at Low Trices. HATS AT LOW PRICES. BDWARE, NOTloNH, and man i give me a call. I will sell- them chet A. B. TOWERS, No. 4 Granite Row, Anderson, S. O. GROCERIES, HARDWARE, NOTIONS, and many articles you cannot ' find In other Stores. Please give me a call. I will sell-them cheap. I am determined to sell cheao. MOVED TO . 10 Granite Row, (Next Boor to S, Bleckley Co.,) Where we would like to see our friends and the trading public generally. We have increased our Stock of DRY GOODS, NOTIONS and SHOES, N And can promise you POINT BLANK LOW PRICES In these Departments. OUR GROCERY DEPARTMENT WU1 be complete, and having bought largely of 4 all grades of FLOUR before the rise, are in position to give SPECIAL prices on same. TOBACCO OUR PET SPECIALTY. *&* Gome and see us in cur new quarters, and be con? vinced of our ABILITY and WILLINGNESS to serve you. tT^ j;"BAZE^ &; CO A FROM WASHINGTON TERRITORY. A.Native of Anderson County Tells of Some of the Disadvantages of the Country. Walla Walla, W. T., August 25,' 1888. Editors Intelligencer : As I have promised to give your many readers a few dots from this valley, my present temporary home iu the Northwest, I now undertake to give a brief description of the valley, together with its advantages as compared with the old Eastern States. The valley is completely surrounded by mountains and bills, and is nine hundred feet above tbe sea. It might properly bo termed a bason about forty miles io diameter, and baa several large streams flowing through it, all of which empties into the Columbia, the only outlet to the valley. The largest portion of the valley presents the appearance of having been covered by water. The strongest evi? dence is shown by the stones in the valley, away from streams, being smooth and round, and look as though the ocean waves had beaten upon them for ages. This idea is sustained by the oldest Indians, having been handed down from generation to generation They claim some unfriendly spirit visited them, and bursted forth through the hill at the point now called "the Dales/' and inflicted a great curse upon them by destroying tbeir fishing' grounds. There is uo history of this wonderful and imag? inary phenomena, but viewing the geo? graphical position of the Valley, it is ?not at all impossible, but these are hidden mysteries, with no possible medi? um by which the facts can ever be brought., to light. It will be observed that this valley is eleven degrees farther North than the Northern part of South Carolina, and strange, it is about eleven degrees hotter, the thermometer register* iDg one hundred and thirteen dergrees. This is'attributed to, the dry season, as there are no rain scarcely from June to October to cool the atmosphere, which becomes very much rarified, and entirely destitute of moisture. Tbe .longest days are about sixteen hours, but this is not the longest day, as many of your readers know; there are days of six months duration?(I drop this as a thought for your readers to investigate.) Leaving the description of the. valley for your readers to search out more fully for themselves, I now will give some of the resources of the valley, together with the advantages and disadvantages as com pared with the old worn out States, with nothing but the negro and mule and the "king cotton," as our own staple to real* ize money and a livelihood. .Before I close I hope to be able to show the advantage tbe Eastern people possess over the Western, instead of the reverse. I only propose to set forth facts as they present themselves to my immediate observation, and I find this the only way to arrive at any definite conclusion as to the advantages offered in the Northwest to the emigrant. Let me say, readers, in the East, at present, there are not many advantages to be. realized in the West at this day and time, and those who emigrate must necessarily, subject themselves to many disadvantages, and nine cases out of ten the emigrant never will be able to survive and overcome these difficulties, and will have to work as laborer the balance of tbeir days. I write from observation, and see many cases to estab? lish this fact. This may seem, strange to many who have read such favorable reports of this Western country, but it is none the less true. If any one is dis? posed to ignore this fact, and wishes to realize the position the emigrants are placed in, let them come braced on the bright hopes of realizing a fortune in a few years, and they will be so completely disappointed they will.be ready to concur with me, and confirm everything I have said. Every emigrant fully expects to homestead or preempt a piece of land on their arrival. Yes, these land agents (or laud sharks I deem them) and tbe rail? road companies send out circulars induc? ing the people who are doing well in their present locations to emigrate and accept the superior advantages they oner in rich and cheap lands, which are sub? ject to entry, and offered on such favora? ble terms. Let me earnestly warn the people against such persuasions, as tbe finest lands of the We.- have long ago been taken up, and can not be bought at any living price, some being sold for $100 per acre, and the most of the land that can be.taken by preemption is not worth anything, but to assist in holding old earth together and in her natural posi? tion. I see many men who have taken land on some of the places offered, and still have to work at some public work as a laborer for a 'living. It is true there are many rich farms, and would produce enormous crops if there were seasons sufficient, but there is scarcely no rain from first of June until October, and the earth becomes as dry, and resembles ashes, and a great deal of the soil con? tains large quantities of alkali, which completely kills many wheat crops before they reach maturity. There is no corn raised, except by irrigation. Fruit of all kind and gardens yield prolific crops where they can be irrigated, but there are few farms accessible to water, and consequently but few can engage in these enterprises, but those who have irriga? tion facilities can realize a large income from fruits and vegetables, as there is such a large territory destitute, and must be supplied by a Tdw growers. Wheat, barley, oats and rye, are the staples of the valley, and under ordinary seasons yield good crops, but they are not always paying crops, as I have, by interrogation, ascer lained the fact from reliable farmers that the cost of raising and the freight for shipping often exceeds tbe amount realized for the entire crop. It is bard to estimate the average yield, but judg? ing from this year's crop, it cannot exceed twenty-five bushels. The wheat land is only sown every second year, as the crop will not yield prolificacy if sown iu succession every year. I will close my article by giving the cost of raising one acre of wheat and the profit on the same, supposing a yield of twenty five bushels, and worth fifty cents per bushel. cost. Plowing land.$1 25 Harrowing and seeding. 1 00 Cutting. 1 25 NDERSON, S. a, TI Threshing. 1 50 Sacking.1 00 Total expenses..$6 00 profit. 25 bushels wheat at fifty ceuts......$12 50 Deducting expenses. 6 00 Laaving income every 2 year?.$ 6 50 Respectfully, J. D. Kelly. TRIP TO- THE MOUNTAINS. Editors LntelligeisX'er : On Au gust 11th our party of eight bid farewell to Anderson,, its hot days and dusty roads, and turned our faces toward tbe more inviting air, water and scenery of tbe mountains. We went prepared for camping out, so we could stop when we pleased, where we pleased, and be depen dent on nobody for food or shelter. Our first place of importance was Toccoa City, resting among the outlying spurs of the mountains. Here we paused awhile to look at the pretty little town and the scenery around us, then we headed our way toward the beautiful Toccoa Falls, two miles from town ; here a little stream takes a desperate leap over a precipice one hundred and eighty feet high, mak ing a beautiful fall. There is a very pretty Indian legend relating to the falls, but I will not stop to tell it. After leaving Toccoa, and at tbe end of thir? teen miles, we came to an abrupt halt before the yawning chasm and troubled waters of Tallulah. There are three large hotels here, and all were full of boarders. The fall, or where Tallulah the Terri? ble makes A final break for liberty, cut? ting its way through chasms and canons of incredible depths, rushing furiously over the rocks, forming a series of falls, cascades and whirlpools, that are said by many to vie with the sublimity of Niag? ara and the grandeur of the Yosemite of California. It takes steady uerves and strong muscles to follow the paths that lead to the bottom of tbe canou, for nearly all the paths are made of ladders and gang ways, braced to the bare rocks by iron rods. Following one of these paths you at last como to tbe "five story house," at the foot of Tempesta fall, where you go in at the top story to get to the bottom one. But, perhaps, the grandest view of all is from Point Inspi? ration, one thousand feet high, where below are Hurricane, Bridal Veil, Ladore, Oceana and Sweet Sixteen Falls, and just to the left is the Grand Chasm, one thousand feet deep, while looking over this chasm to the opposite side, we saw the incoming train slowly crawling around the cliff eight hundred feet above the river bed. Here I had better leave the reader and go on with my journey, for I have taken up too much time already with a partial description of the'numer? ous places of interest about Tallulah. After leaving here we next found our? selves in tbe little village of Clayton. We stopped here an hour or two looking at the peaks around, the most prominent of which were "Screamer" and "Black Rock." We next came to Rabun Valley, where we traveled for about ten miles through one field of corn, and we were told that it was this way for twenty-three miles down the valley. We then took another road leading to Highlands, but camped that night under the shelter of tbe great Rabun B vld, near Mud Creek fills, a favorite haunt of the mountain trout. It wsb an idealnight for camping, and we found a beautiful grassy knoll sloping toward the creek. There was nothing to disturb us, so we found our beds early, but we two boys were hardly asleep before we were aroused by a rock? ing motion of tbe wagon, (our sleeping apartment). My firstjmpression was of earthquakes, and waking my partner, we cautiously peered over the side of the body, and saw a large "razorback" com? placently rubbing his back on the wheel, and had come very near rolling ns down the hill. It is needless to add that we tied our wagon the next night. We had hardly settled ourselves again before a drove of cattle came around, and in it were two bulls who fell out about some? thing and went for each other in earnest. We were interested spectators till the fight came to an end, and the vanquished foe sullenly retired leaving the victor pawing tip the dirt and bellowing so loudly that I thought I would take a part in it, and arming myself with a blanket I started out to "shoo" him off, but he wouldn't "shoo," so I let him do as he pleased, and while looking out on the beautiful moonlight scene I watched the mists slowly creeping up the rugged sides of Bald, and listened to tbe lovely "hoot of the owl, 4the roar of the falls, and the musical tinkle of the cow bells in tbe distance. All this made an impression I am not likely to forget. We stayed at this place two days, caught as many trout as we could, and then continued our way to Highlands. We passed near the sum? mit of Scaly Mountain. This is a bare rocky peak, commanding a beautiful view of the mountains around. We arrived in Highlands late that night and found, as we thought, a good place to camp, which it was in clear weather, for it was a little basin, grassy and soft, but about midnight the floodgates were opened, and before tbe ones in the tent could be gotten out they were ankle deep in water, so the eight of us had to make the best of it iu the wagons; but we were up early the next morning, packed our wet clothes and mattresses, and left without breakfast and with rather a wet impression of Highlands. Our next halt was at tbe foot of Whitesides, where we breakfasted, stretched our wet clothes in the sun, and then took ourselves to the summit of tbe mountain. You can get nearly to the top with wagons, but there is part of it that. is very steep. When you stand up there it seems as if you certainly have all the world at your feet; looking to the South we could see Walhalla, Westminster, and we were told Anderson, but it was so smoky we could not see that distance. Looking over the cliff four thousand feet below, we could see Horsecove; the streams and roads looking like so many glisten? ing threads, and the bouses like bee hives, while to tbe left and North the eye fails to take in ranges in the distance. Here we can see four States: North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee, and fotfr ranges of moun IURSDAY MORNIN? tains?the Blue Ridge, Balsams, Smoky and Unakas. We couldn't enjoy this scene, always so the next place we stop? ped was Cashier's Valley. We spent Sunday among the good people here, and started in a homeward direction through Gfceen miles of the prettiest mountain road I ever saw, not seeing a bouse or clearing in that distance. Then we came to the summit of Flat Top, and locked two of the wheels on each wagon, and started down a hill seven miles long. Here I saw four turns of the road below us, and as wa would go swinging around these bends we could catch panoramic views of the country below us. We stopped about half way down and turned off a by-path to Whitewater Falls, which are quite as pretty as Tallulah. While here we were caught in a cloud?I say in a cloud, for it came right up the side of the mountain and completely enveloped us, but we had to keep on as it was nearly night,'and almost impossible to camp there, and after crossing three swollen rivers, we at last found refuge and hos? pitality in the pictureeque little valley of Jocassee. We were water-bound here for two nights and a day, then it was with many regrets we crossed Whitewa? ter again, and rapidly left the mountains behind us, and supped that night in Seneca. The next day, after a stay of nearly two weeks, we arrived at home safe and sound, with abundant appetites and feeling like renovated beings. ? C. E. J. New Tribes of Indians. The great table land of Matto Grosso, in the western part of Brazil, is still one of the least known portions of South America. When Dr. Clauss and Dr. von den Steinen penetrated it several years ago, and followed the large Xingu river from its head waters to the Amazon, they floated down about 1,000 miles before they reached the known portion of the river. They did not have time to adequately study the strange and un? heard of Indian tribes they met amid these dense forests and banen uplands, and for the purpose of making further researches among them Dr. von den Sternen returned to the upper Xingu last year. He visited the villages of nine of the three tribes, and in a recent lecture in Bio de Janeiro he gave the interesting results of his studies. There is hardly a corner of the earth whose people have not bad some inkling of the great world beyond them. But these primitive natives of the upper Xingu, bad apparently, never seen a scrap of trade goods or heard that human beings existed outside their little circle of observation. They use do metal im? plements, but fell trees with stone axes to clear the ground for their plantations of Indian corn, cotton and tobacco. Wearing shell ornaments, they use ham? mers and nails of stone to perforate them. They make knives ont of shells and the sharp teeth of a certain fisb, and with these poor tools they carve their rudely ornamented stools and weapons. Dogs and fowls are found in all parts of the Amazon valley that have been visited by traders, but these Xingu tribes have never heard of them. Neither have they any knowledge of the banana, sugar cane, and rice, with which natives of tbo tropicp 1 zone are generally familiar. Tbey have not the slightest conception of a God, but they believe they will live again after death. Their most important Diyth relates to the creation of the world, which, in their view, consists wholly of the head waters of the upper Xingu and Tapajns Rivers. From the languages and pottery of all but one of these tribes the explorer de rived the idea that these isolated peoples are allied to the original stock of the once powerful Caribs, who journey? ed from the South to the sea. One tribe differed ? so greatly from all others that he was unable to trace its re? lation to any other people. These peoples are almost wholly isolated even from each other, and their anguages, though of the same derivation, are so dissimilar that the tribes can not understand each other. Few people exist to day who are so primitive in their ideas and eo low in the social scale as these new found Indians of South America. The Calf Case Settled. Burlington, Iowa, Sept. 29.?The Jones calf case, which has long been a cause celebre in this section, and which, in the length and variety of its proceedings has threatened to rival Jarndyce versus Jarodyce, has at last been settled. The jury, after being out eighteen hours, returned a verdict of $1,000 damages for the plaintiff. The case was first begun in 1874, when a man named Potter bought five calves of Robert Johnson for $45. The ani? mals were shortly afterwards identified as having belonged to various farmers in the vicinity, from whom they had been stolen. As a. result, the Jones County Anti-Horse Thief Society charged John? son with the robbery, and in the fall of the year he was indicted. In the follow? ing February be was again indicted for the same offense. In the first trial the jury disagreed, but in the second John? son was acquitted. Soon after bis acquittal he began suit against two farmers named Miller and Foreman and six other prominent members of the society which bad caused his arrest, claiming $10,000 damages for malicious prosecution. This case was tried three times in various District Courts, Johnson each time receiving a verdict awarding him from $3,000 to $7,000. In 1833 it was tried in Biackhawk .County, and a verdict of $5,000 damages rendered, which was, however, Bet aside by the Supreme Court. In 1836 a verdict for $7,000 was obtained by Johnson, which was, however, Bet aside by the Supreme Court, and tne case remanded for trial. This last trial was completed yesterday. During the progress of the various trials the court coats alone have amouoted to more than $5,000, while the attorneys' fees have been more than three times that amount. Johnson has been driven into insolvency, while the defendants are almost penniless. ? "For years I suffered from loss of appetite and indigestion, but failed to find reliof until I began takiDg Ayer's Sarsaparilla. This medicine entirely cured me. My appetite and digestion are now perfect."?Fred. G. Bower, 496 Seventh St., South Boston, Mass. ? A few days ago a cow ou Mr. Stap? ler's plantation, in Jackson county Ga., gave birth to twin calves. The proesper ous farmer was of course delighted to bear of this double increase, and immediately went out to view his new born property, but a closer examination revealed a most startling phenomenon. The calves were still alive, but could not free themselves from each other, and it was with great difficulty that tbey moved their heads. At last it was discovered that the two animals were joined together from the breast clear up to the neck, and the front feet of each calf was wrapped around the other. In* this position they laid until sundown tnat afternoon, when tbey both died. ? Many forget that the hair and sca'p need cleaning. Extensive use of Ayer b Hair Vigor has proven that it is the best cleansing agent for the hair?that it pre? vents dandruff and stimulate? the hair to renewed growth. i, OCTOBER 11, 188 GORBON SAVED YORK And Protected Wrightsville from the Flames. When General Gordon was shown a newspaper reference to his York, Penn aylvania, experience, in which it was stated that that town was saved from destruction by some intercession or con tract trade with him by some of the citi zees, he expressed surprise at any such statement, and in answer to questions naid: "My troops were in advance of Gen? eral Lee's array. We bad been 8r?nt some distance ahead and we entered York on Sunday morning just as the people were un their way to church. "My commaud had marched from Richmond almost literally without bag? gage and in the hot July sun upon dust; turnpikes. They were, therefore, covered with dust and with the fine powder ground by wheels on the macadamized lime roads, their beads and clothes and horses all being made tbe same color by this dust. Many of them were bare footed, and altogether it was the most forbiding looking set of men, doubtless, that had ever entered the streets of that town. I bad not myself had an opportu? nity of changing my clothes in many days. , "It is easy to imagine, therefore, what h panic was created by this rough, dust begrimed body of men. As I rode alonp r.he main streets, which were crowded with men, women and children in Sun? day attire, the contrast between our pppearance and theirs was most strking. No wonder it created a panic, and I have never seen a population more alarmed. "In the hea^wWjfi^^^nthe main square, was ? vast gather!^^?^9Sa>|?g^ w relieve the population frr-m apprenen lion, I halted the column and made them a speech from my horse. The faces o! the men/ were full of an expression of apprehension, the women of alarm and the children of terror. T 9aid to them, in substance: GENERAL GORDON'S SPEECH TO THE / PEOPLE. " 'Ladies and Gentlemen of York: It is doubtlessB a most painful sight to you to: see a hostile army in your midst. I l ?eg you to remember, however, that you have been accustoming our eyes to such eights for several years past. I wish to assure you, however,- that General Lee and the Confederate soldiers have enter? ed your State in no spirit of retaliation. We are here simply to fight tbe armies which aTe invading our soil and destroy? ing our homes. Tbe men who are before you in dusty gray uniforms, barefooted many of them and ragged, are gentlemen and the sons of geutlemen. They are actuated by no mean spirit, but by the loftiest conception of duty that ever moved men in any war?that of self defense. I beg to assure you that no private property will be disturbed ; that no private home will be entered, and if one woman in this city is insulted by one of these soldiers, I promise you tbe head of Buch a man. They have just read in tbe Philadelphia Inquirer of this morn? ing of the destruction, by order of Fed? eral commanders, of tbe town of Buford, South Carolina, and of Darien, Georgia. Some of these men were citizens of Darien, and naturally feel some indigna? tion at the destruction of their homes, but as I have already stated there is in their hearts no spirit of retaliation, and they fight only tbe men with arms in their hands.' A BOUQUET AND A NOTE. "The effect of my remark was to quiet the population to a very considerable extent. As I rode out of town, a little girl about ten years old ran up to my horse and gave me a bouquet, concealed iu which was a note without signature, but advising me of a federal force sta? tioned at Wrightsville, some tweuty miles ahead of me. I moved through York without halting and camped beyond it. "The next day I marched to Wrigbts ville, on the Susquehanna river, and found the Federal force located in the exact position described in the aoony mous note. The information 'Contained in the note enabled me to turn tbe flank of the position and to dislodge the force that was there (which I think was com? peted of one hundred day men), without any battle. In retreating across tbe bridge over tbe Susquehanna, between tbe towns ol Wrightsville and Columbia, the Fed? eral troops fired the bridge. I stayed to extinguish, tbe flames, but was unable to do so, and the burning bridge fired the town. I formed my command around tbe burning district, with each flank rest? ing upon the water's edge of the Susque? hanna river, and began a systematic fight with the flames, in order to save tbe town. We did save it, and the next morning, after fighting the flames late at night, when 1 was in the act of beginning my retrograde movement, inasmuch as I failed to save the bridge and cross tbe river, I was waited on by a committee from the town authorities of Wrights? ville, extending me the formal thanks of ibo.-e people for having saved the town, und also an invitation to a complimentary In^ch given by the lady whose house would have been tbe next to take fire nut for the prevention of those Confeder? ate soldiers. "I bav; thus given all the facts con? noted /,th my movement in that part of Pennsylvania, in order to show how absurd ii the statement that I had to be hired or persuaded from destroying pri vate property. I not only followed my own inclination in abstaining from any detraction and in absolutely saving from fire kindled by Federal forces pri? vate property, but I acted in accordance with tbe stringent orders of General Lee. CONFEDERATE MONEY IN PENNSYL VANIA. . "Of course I do not mean to say or intimate that we hesitated to take food or hnrses or whatever supplies were needed to sustain tbe army, but outside of this there was no destruction even of fences, and tbe track of General Lee's army, uith the exception of the battlefield at Gettysburg, could not be traced by any evidence of the march of hostile armies." "YVhat would tbe people say when you took horses, etc?" "There were many incidents most amusing in character. Most of the inuabitauts of that beautiful valley of Pennsylvania were Dutch or people of German descent, with immense barns and small houses. When it was neces? sary to impress or take horses, of course they protested most roundly, saying in their broken English that we did not own the horses and bad not paid for them ; to which my reply was that I was ready to pay. "When they demanded the pay I offered Confederate money, which was the only currency I had. Of course this tney rejected with great indignation, and demanded good money. To this I replied that I could not furnish that, but I would give them an order on Mr. Lin? coln for the money, and did, in several cases, give an order on the President of tin United States to pay for ao many horses at so much per* head. I don't suppose my drafts were honored, but I have never heard of their being pro? tected, nor have they been returned to mo. Such incidents were common on the road. ? Shiloh'a Vitalizer in what you need for Constipation, Loss of Appetite, Diz? ziness, and all symptoms of Dyspepsia. Pr'ce 10 and 75 cents per bottle. For L-alo by Hill Bros. ? Shiloh'a Cough and Consumption Cure is sold by us on a guarantee. It rii-P8 Consumption. For sale by Fill Brofl, 9 18. BILL ARP'S LETTER. He Ruminates Orer the Losses and Crosses of Life. Atlanta Constitution. I was just ruminating over the trials and tribulations, the losses and crosses of keeping up with society and running the domestic machine. How expenses in? crease and encroach upon you inch by inch, and how things wear out and you have to buy new ones before you know it, and how you don't know when the cook will quit, and bow most everything is on a strain, and there is a good side and a bad side every pleasure, and we must not expect too much and we won't be disap pointed, but we must move along calm and serene, and take things as they come and watch them as they go, and by the time we are old enough to die we will be just about fitten to live, and this proves that this life is just a little skir mish of raw recruits?a tuning of the violen, a school where we may learn the incidents if we will. Tbe best pleasure that I have ever found is that which I gave away, or that which somebody gave to me. As Shakspeare says about mercy, it is twice blessed?it blesseth him that gives and him that doth receive, and so one day in midsummer when'it was awful hot and tbe night's milk soured before breakfast, and the cream spoiled tbe coffee, Mrs. Arp sighed and said, "I do wish we bad a refrigerator," which was j an exclamation I bad beard before. Well, I found a beautiful solid cherry oue in Borne soon after and bought it, and while she was out visiting I slipped it in the diningroom and we managed to keep her out until the Bupper bell raDg, and nobody said anything as ebe walked wfaBSSb t>10 p",t'0"'a but all of us were watching' and~!i?tening. Mrs. Arp can see more with her two eyes and see it quicker than anybody, and she paused upon the threshold and exclaimed, "Well did I ever; isn't it beautiful; just what I wanted;" and she approached ber lord with a maiden's grace and patted bim on one cheek and kissed bim upon the other and then perused the refrigerator to her heart's content. It was all right and peace and tranquility abounded for a right smart while. Next morning the ice business was duly inaugurated, and just to show what a fool I am about some things, I will confess that I thought a refrigerator was a contrivance to keep things cool without ice. I never dreamed that I was entailing upon my poor packet just thirty cents a day for three or four months in the year. But when money bring? smiles and sweet milk and solid butter all mixed up together, it psys and I'm going to run on that line as long as I can. Home life is tbe biggest part of life and the best. A man's home is bis castle, his church, his flower garden, bis music . hall, bis continual delight and comfort, or it is-bis curse. It is just what the husband and wife choose to make it ?a hell or a heaven. But I have always thought that home was more sacred to the wife than the husband?more femin? ine than masculine, for she has to dwell there and abide continually and it ought to be made as attractive as possible and as woman loves ornament more than man and has an eye and a heart for the beau? tiful both in nature and art, it becomes every good, thoughtful, considerate hus? band, to indulge bis wife in everything that be can afford. Suppose be doesn't care a snap abont lace curtains or carpets, or papered walls, or china dishes or pretty pictures, or beautiful flowers, be has tied unto him a being who does-and she can't get away from tbe place that is to be ber prison or ber pleasure until she dies. Sometime* I get worried because there is so much cooking and so much cleaning up and scouring, and washing, and so many things that bave to be mended and replaced, and ray memory goes back to the primitive days of my youth, when we lived in a. little bumble house of three rooms, with a little square porch in front. There were but two rooms, in front, and a shed room attached ?a shed room that was not ceiled, and my brother and I slept there and I have never beard any mueic half so sweet as the sound of the rain-as it pattered on that roof on a long winter night. It seemed to me tbe sweet lulaby of tbe angels, and* it almost brings the tears from my tearless eyes now as I recall tbe tenderness with which our good mother came every night and tucked tbe cover around us, and said "good night my dar? lings." There was no glass in (he window ?nothing but a battered shutter?no ceiling or plastered wall, no fire place, and yet we were happy and contented, and slept in comfort and had pleasant dreams and were up with the morning sun "That never rose a wink too soon Nor brought too long a day." Those old times were mighty good times lor we did not know that better times would ever come and I imagine that half a: century from now, when my wife and I have been long under the sod, and our children will be looking back to these very days as days of primitive sim plicity and yet more full of happiness aud sweet content than any tbey ever enjoyed. And all this comes from the buoyancy and brightness that belongs to youth?to childhood. What a beautiful halo surrounds everything then. What a luxury of delight to fish or to hunt or to top chestnut trees or pick chinkapins or gather walnuts aud blackhaws and maypops or to wade in tbe branch and hunt birds' nests or catch young rabbits or to set traps for birds. Tbe world is very lovely to a child and I would keep it so if I could. I would rather be a child of nature than a child of art. I have no greater horror than to see young girls shut up within convents amid monastic, ascetic, misanthropic teachers?cranks who bave soured on the world and are doing penace with solemn faces and continual prayers. Wo are what the Creator made us?social, cheer? ful and glad by nature just as the lambs. I see that some poor miserable fools are trying to write down marriage as a mis? take and a fraud and tbey are cranks ton. The marriage relation is tbe natural rela? tion and when Dame Nature speaks sbe speaks truth. It isjust as natural for the sexes to mate as it is for doves. Of course they sometimes mate badly, but 'they had better do that than not mate at all. Speaking of the old times, I am reminded of older times still, for I have before me a newspaper that is dated August 20th, 1773. It is the "Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser" and has a long communication from George Washington, who was booming his lands, (twenty thousand acres) on the Kauawha river and wanted to lease them to yet tiers. I notice that the letter S is all right at the end of a word, but is au F elsewhere; For instance, the paper says, "The Hoop Miffilfippi arrived Irom Penfacola and tbe captain fays the parfon with his party from-New Jerfey are fafely arrived aud have began their fettlement." An advertisement says, "Ran away from the fubscriber fometime laft fpring my negro man Prince, a tall Aim fellow, with feveral backs in his .forehead, who ever fecures him fhall have five pounds." Another man advertises that he baa "pocket of hops for sale and de fires to purchafe a negro girl about twelve years old." There is a big snake story aud a cas? ualty about a boy playing with a pistol and an artcle again H the fashions and an 'ad' saying the mail will be sent to Phil? adelphia once a week on horseback. Think of that. The mail from Baltimore to Philadelphia carried on a horse once a week. One hundred and fifteen years have passed since then and there arc some towns left yet where the horse mail goes once a week. There is a splendid essay od dueling, written by the bishop VOLUM of London to Lord Townsend. Alto? gether it is a very readable paper, and not so unlike our modern papers as one would imagine. Literature has not changed like inventions and contrivances. We have now no authors superior to Shakespeare and Addison, and Walter Scott, and Goldsmith, and Bacon, and Johnson, and I don't suppose we ever will have. We have no poets that will compare with Tom Moore, and Burns, and Byron. Most all of our advance? ment is for matter, not mind?for the world's comfort and not its refinement. Bill Abp. Mr. Cleveland's Substitute. Mr. Cleveland has been talking to a Chicago Herald reporter about politics, and he said some pretty tart thing*, espe cially as to the Congressional assaults that have been made upon him, remark ing by the way, that he is not a free trader. In regard to the personal assaults ma'de npon him, we now quote the President: "I am tree to say I care little for them. I know that tbey are are not true, and I believe they are meant to be understood, by myself, in a Pickwickian sense. I confess that the speeches of some of the senators surprise me, for I look upon the Senate of the United States as the most dignified body in the world, and certainly there have been speeches delivered there which do not comport with that dignity." Atter expressing amusement that the very senators who were foremost and most bitter in those attacks have no hesitation in asking very particular favors at hie hands, he dismissed a question as to the stories put afloat abnut_him. with the re? mark, that ''I do not pretend to keep pace with the campaign lies manufacturedjout of whole clotb, and I wonder at the ingenuity thai devises them." Yet he seems posted as to gome of the stories afloat and remarks :'"lt was said a short time ago that, I had-never appointed a Catholic priest as chaplain in the army or navy. Now, the fact is, that there never have been but three Catholic priests appointed as chaplains in the United States service, and I appointed two of them." In discussing tbeFree Trade Protestant religion affair, Mr.Cleveland finds oppor? tunity to make a significant declaration. Bead it: "And that story about my saying I be lieve in free trade as I believe in the Pro? testant religion?I cannot I imagine where people pick up such absurd statements. In the first place I don't believe in free trade at all, in the next place free trade and protection are mere matters of gov? ernmental policy. I don't look upon religion as a matter of policy. That is something of very much higher moment tban anything political. But I never said and never could say anything that might be even distorted into Ruch an expression." This is the first utterance from the exec? utive's own lips that gave the lie to a big bundle of Republican speeches in New England, where the President's messages to Congress were construed into free trade utterances, and where the masses are told that the Mills bill is but the preliminary step towards putting his free trade theo? ries into practice in the republic. "But how about that substitnte, Mr. Cleveland ?" And the interview waxed much warmer and quite interesting. "Yes, it is true that I hired a substitute during the war. I am under (he impress? ion that some very eminent Republicans did the same thing. I was drafted at a time when it was impossible for me to go. Two of my brothers were already in tbe service, and if it bad been possible for me to go in justice to our family I would have gono voluntarily. A friend brought me tbe substitute, who was a Norwegian sailor just paid off from his ship, and who was desirous of going into the army and mak? ing the most be could of it. He was a splendid looking fellow, aud I remember the provost marshal complimented me on bringing in so fine a recruit. He enlisted and served through tbe war, and, so far as I know, was a good soldier. After the war he returned to Buffalo and called to see me. He was poor and I gave him $5. He was afterwards admitted to tbe Sol? diers' Home, at Bath N. Y., and be died there as many other soldiers did. He never was in a poor bouse, so far as I know, and he certainly did not die in one." The Craze in Chicago. Chicago, October 1.?The excitement on 'Change over tbe September deal in wheat ceased on Saturday only to be re? sumed this morning. . What defaulting shorts in September wheat would do and what course Hutchinson would pursue were tbe uppermost thoughts in the minds ofall. It was learned .through the delivery clerk that about 750,000 bushels of Octo? ber wheat passed around on the floor. Over half of this was credited to Hutch? inson. The general belief was tb?.t he was letting go of October pretty freely in order to ease tbe situation, but it did not ease. When the opening bell tapped at 10 30 another wild scene occurred in the wheat pit. The volume of tradiDg was enor? mous. Tbe failures of Frank Clifton & Co. and S. C. Orr & Co. only added to the excitement on tbe floor. It was about 11 A. M. when the news of tbe failures became generally known. At tbisHime the crowd lost their heads because of the heavy earnings in Decem? ber wheat. There was a perfect craze to buy. The advance for thirty minutes was most remarkable and there i* no tell? ing where it would have ceased had not Hutchinson eased the market by liberal selling. The advance in lard was due to the buying of Clifton shorts. After a tempo? rary bulge the market again reacted, and then started in on a bulge that was even more sensational than tbe one that came before. Rumors went around that some big firm was in trouble, but oobody dared mention names. Orr says his liabilities are about $50,000, that his suspension is due to the failure on the part of some of his customers to re? spond to his calls for margins, and that be will be able to resume business in a day or two. None of the members of the firm of Clifton & Co. was to be seen, bui from Clifton's frieuds it was learned thai he was short about 50,000 bushels ol September wheat, and also short ol October lard. It was believed that all bis losses were to Hutchison, though il was alfo said he had large amounts ol money up in the shape of margins, whict could not be made available to apply or his indebtedness. ? The Atlanta Constitution declare; that Africa has a great future. Railroad: are pushing into the interior, steamers are sailing on tbe great rivers, and r steady stream of immigration is flowing in. it may yet be the great cotton tobacco and coffee country of the world and exercise great influence in the com mercial world. ? For lame buck, side or chest, us( Shiloh's Porous Plaster. Price 25 cents For sale by Hill Bros. ?- Potato whiskey apparently is be coming more popular with the English, U the great worriment of certain of them who con tend that few forms of alcohol an so mischievious as it. During th_ firs half of the current year the importatioi of potato whiskey by the United Kingdon increased nearly 400,000gallons.?Bostoi Transcript. ? Croup, Whoopiog Cough and Bron chilis immediately relieved by Sbilob'i Cure. For sale by Hill Bros. E XXIV.- -NO. 14. All Sorts of Paragruph?. ? As many as 3,000,000 women in the United States work for money,. ? The late cyclone in Cuba killed ; 1,000 persons. It was a heavy blow to^ the little island, ? A writer Jn the New York Sun figures that a national campaign costs'-': about $20,000,000. ? The people of Tokio, Japan, have ' 'aken to eating horseflesh, and there is quite a demand for it. . : ?i. ? The Methodists have built more * than forty thousand new churches in the South since the war. ? There is promise of an unusually^ 'arge cramberry crop, and the turkeys are. said to be in paticular full feather. ? It is stated that over 500,000 rose.^ plants are annually imported into Amer? ica from England, France and Holland; ? ? Nelson Lee, who was recently killed/ in Cbarlestowo, W. Va., was found to-t> have his heart on the right side of his body. ? The Emperor of China evidently ^, does not think that marriage is a faUare^'yj He is about to spend $2,500,000 on his wedding. ? The Island of La Costi, on the Florida coast, is being set out with cocoa-*; S nut trees so rapidly that it will - soon be^; one immense cocoanut grove. ? A large apple tree near Polo, III., which has borne for fifty one years, had^ upon it last year forty-five bushelB, which'^ were sold for $1.25 per bushel. ? By far the richest of all the candi- :| dates for President of the United States;^ this year is Alson Streeter oi Illinois, the candidate of the Union Labor party...". ? New York is a great city. She has":^ subscribed one hundred thousand dollars for the yellow fever sufferers. This is as / much as the government appropriation. ? Eev. B. Waugb, secretary of^a^Sj English society for the prevention,ofrjfj cruelty to children, recently asserted that j5: 1,000 children are murdered ever winfetp? in England to obtain the insuranceiQus their lives.?Chicago Herald. ? Col. L. Fountaine, of Canton /Miss., has trained a pair of pet bears so that he drives them double to a buggy.; He:; occasionally appears on the streets withr'f them, scaring the horses half out of the; wits, and amusing the small boys greatl, ? "You are the most worthless, "m that ever made a woman's life intolerable, John." And a week afterward she sued a railroad company for $100,000 damages '-' for killing John. The pre^ersity of some women is past comprehension.?PittsSttri Bulleten. . ? The leading physician of Havana i authority for tbe statement that tbere h not been one day in twenty years thai has not seen a case of yellow fever " that city. How important then is it tha every possible means of access be closec against this disease. ' ? A young man in Mariana, F dreamed that he made a balloon asce: si on and descended by means of a para chute. On awaking be was disgusted find that be was standing up in bed bold iugan open umbrella with a. grip t made bis hands ache. ? Tbe longest through car service oi any railroad Hoe in tbe world is said be on tbe Southern Pacific Road, between' New Orleans and San Francisco, 2,495 miles. The fastest through trafipfen this road is timed at 113 hours, 25 minutes or at tbe rate of 22 miles and hour. V ? Who was the last killed in the war? ; This is not an easy question to answer, but in tbe town of Union, Me., some of the people think it was Jacob Sidelinger, of that towa. He was killed on the veryi day of Lee's surrender to General. Grant, ; > and in tbe latter pant of tbe day. . ? Here is what a Republican manur ' f cture of New York has to say: "A ? lower tariff all around means better . business for us as well as cheaper goods for the people. I believe in protection"'>:< for infant industries, but not for giant ^ monopolies, and I shall vote for Cleve- . land and tariff reform." ? Adam Forepaugb, tbe circus man. wants to bet $30,000 even that Cleveland^ will be tbe next President, bat can findv^j no takers. "Barney D. Frost, the Pitts burg oil broker, has bad an offer of $100,000 even on Cleveland's- election /ir posted in New York, Pittsburg and otheraS cities for weeks, but finds no taker. The^_ usual odds in New York now is $100 to $75 in favor of Cleveland. Tom Ochifc^ tree offers to bet $60 to $100 on Harrison.V- -" ? On Sunday, August 19, a new Bap? tist mission church was dedicated in the heart of Chinatown, San Francisco. The ./ lot and bmldiDg cost $20,000. The^l mission includes about' one hundred Chinese, of whom twenty-five have joined; the church. The main attraction is the night-school. Ninety Chinese, who work in shops and factories are taught English. - The day school has 120 Chinese girls and '. boys. ? Maj. Miles H. Fergurson, who is one^V of the best of tbe many good farmers of Laurens, related bis experience to tbe ; Advertiser, by which be made a crop ot '} sorghum on one acre of ground, which when turned into money, will feed a horse one year. He has gathered from - this acre 877 bundles of fodder, 40 bushels of cane seed and 150 gallons' of syrup. Tbe cost of cultivation was $4 00, and the ! . guano, $3.25. How many men have cade., an acre more profitable ??Laurens Adver- v tiser. '?? ? The Jacksonville (Fla) Times-Union ' publishes a table showing the date of the ::; earliest frost in that city for the past eix-;~j; teen years. It is not encouraging to the ";; hope.of an early chill sufficient to kill out the yellow fever. Tbe earliest frost - recorded was October 28, 1876, and the;':-? latest November 26, 1878. The earliest^ killing frosts were November 16, JtSiSj-^ and the same date in 1880. In 1875 a -: killing frost did not come until February - 5. Last year a killing frost came on November 21, earlier than usual. ? Hutchison's corner of tbe Chicago wheat market for September has netted . him a clean profit of $3,000,000. The// correspondent of the New York Worf?p in describing tbe situation at tbe close':/ of tbe Exchange on Saturday, says: "As- . the last day of the month falls upon*>i Sunday, tbere will be one more day-for deliveries, and nobody can tell just how ? extensive tbe squeeze has been until the? deliveries are made. It is certain, how-'i ever, that a great many settlements were", made with Hutchinson during tbe last" fifteen minutes of tbe day at $2 a bushel. As he bought at 86 and 88 cents, his profits in every case were enormous.^: Between now aod Monday noon there1-/ will be little rest for those who are still;* short. Every effort will be made to gets wheat into the city in time for the deli7 eries. It is not believed, however, that*; anything can be done to break Hutchin-' son's grasp upon the situation, and whenVx the final settlements are made they will v7 have to be at his figures. Then the general S expectation is tbere will be failures and :: lots of trouble. ?" Ladies In delicate health needing a gentle yet effective laxative will find tbe California^ liquid fruit remedy, Syrup of Figs, pleas? ing to the taste, acceptable to the stomach,- ' and perfectly safe in all cases. It is the ? most easily taken and pleasantly effective ? remedy known to cure and prevent coats tiveness, to dispel headaches, colds, andv fevers, and strengthen the kidneys, liver? and bowels, and is therefore a favcrilai remedy with iadics. For sale by Sitbp*| bod, Read & Cor,