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BY CLINKSCALES & LANGSTON.
ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 19, 1896. VOLUME XXXII." NO. 8. LOTTBEK than anything else. We could say in this "ad." all the arguments in the world would not induce you to buy from us if the figures we quote on our Goods were not right. We can save you money on your purchase. We have done it before, and in tend to do it all the time, no matter what others say or do. All we want is a chance to prove to you what we have just said. Just now we are making close prices on CLOTHING FOR SPOT CASH! If you need a Suit just come and be con vinced. $1.00, $1.25 and $150 STRAW HAT at ?OC? B.ii. RING THE BELLES! THE LOVELY BELLES! WITH THE ELEGANT RINGS THAT HUBBARD SELLS. FINE RINGS, CHEAP KINGS ? ALL OF THEM GOOD RINGS I I MAKE RINGS, SELL RINGS, MEND RINGS IN FACT-"Am in the Bing" Business." JOHN M. HUBBARD,JEWELER, Hotel Slock, Sijgrn ol tlie "Big- Watoll. MAKE YOUR OWN MOLASSES ! For the best results ase tlie only reliable a-Gu lis ai M-uiiii Evapor They are the best manufactured. We have a full line of BUGGY AND WAGON MATERIAL, Including Spokes, Rims, Hubs, Shafts, Axles, Wheels-already tired. DOORS, SASH, BLINDS. NAILS. AND ALL KINDS OF BUILDERS' HARDWARE.. Powder, Shot, Loaded Shells, And last, but not least, we want to call the attention of GINNERS to our line of. Rubber and Leather Belting, Eugine Fittings, and ail necessary Bepair Valyes and Bolts. ??* Come to see us. We will treat you right, and guarantee satisfac tion. BROCK BROS., General Harware, - Anderson, S. C. A DANGER IN WEAKNESS. THERE is a great danger menaces the public. It lurks out of sight in the form ot weak and impure Drugs. If you have a prescription to compound, the jbrmula is made up with the suppo sition thai the Drugs are pure and strong. If any of them are weak the others will overbalance it and a great danger ?B imminent. Our Drugs are Absolutely Pure. ORR & SLOAN. A REMEDY FOR HARD TIMES ! YES, I can give it to you, if you will give me a call, see my Goods and get my prices. My Stock consists of Fancy and Family Groceries, Confectioneries, Canned Goods, Tobacco and Cigars, In fact, almost everything in the Grocery line. I am not afraid of competition, but I want you to give me a call, and if j my Goods and prices don't suit you, you need not purchase. Gk F. BIGBY. FREE CITY DELIVERY. "EAT, DRINK AND BE MERRY!" But be sure that what you eat and drink is bought at the Popular Grocery ! Nothing but First Class Goods are sold There. HAVE you tried our SEAL BRAND or MORNING JOY COFFEES, put up in one and two pound Cans. If not you are behind the times. Their equal is not found in the oity. The same can be truthfully said about KINGAN HAMS and SWAN'S DOWN FLOUR. Why do yen worry about something nice to eat nud drink ? Simply because you havant been to see UP. With OUR STOOK OF GROCERIES be^re you it will take but a moment to select something for Breakfast. Dinnpr or Supper. MA word to the wise is sufficient." Yours truly, LIGON & LEDBETTER, Wholesale and Retail Grocers, Anderson, S. C. ^gt*Remember, we sell the best;LIME and CEMENT on the market. OFF TO THE NORTH POLE. The Final Preparations For the Andree Expedition. Philadelphia Record. Scarcely a year has elapsed since Mr. Andree, the Swedish scientist, first gave the public details of his proposed method of reaching the pole by balloon, and yet in that time the expedition has received the endorse ment and financial support of many notable scientific societies, all details arranged, and at this writing the bal loon is probably on its way, bowling along over the ice fields at a furious rate. If Mr. Andree's hopes arc real ized before two weeks aro passed he will have landed at some point on the American continent. The upper part of the balloon is covered by a cap of oilcloth. In the centre there is a wooden point holding the strong iron ring to which the ropes of the network are fastened, while a little below the middle of the balloon is a large belt which is in tended to give strength against the pressure of the wind. When the lower part becomes empty of gas the wind produces a hollow in the balloon, this having the same effect as a sail. The diameter of the balloon is 21i yards, the volume nearly 5,000 cubic yards. It has been possible to make the balloon smaller than was at first intended on account of the excellence of the material obtainable. The wicker basket is one story high, round, and roofed, and contains sleeping accommodation for two persons, the third voyageur being always on the watch. The mattresses are intended to serve as buoys in the event of the expedition being submerged. Within the net is the mainsail, and outside there are two other sails, stretched on bamboo poles, the whole sail area being 94 square yards, or a quarter of the cross-section of the balloon. The sail is attached by three straps to the strong iron ring, and stoops forward so that the wind tends to lift the bal loon. The fixing points of the drag ropes are movable, and thereby the direction of the balloon can rapidly be changed. It is intended to main tain if possible a height of from 196 to 218 yards. Each of the three drag-ropes has a length of 436 yards, and the distance of each 100 metres there are weak points, at which they may be torn if thc balloon should catch anywhere. These weak points are protected by metal rings which can easily be seen from the balloon. It will only be necessary to observe how much time elapses while two of these metal rings pass the same spot in order to learn the speed at which the balloon is traveling. At the top is thc ''cave" or storeroom for .the provisions. The balloon carnes -1,400 pounds of ballast, provisions for four% and a half months, a boat, clothes, guns and ammunition for 1,500 shots. From Spitzbergen to Behring Sound the passage could be made in six days, but 30 days will be allowed. The material of which the balloon is made is so excellent that the balloon should be able to float for a period of 9,000 days. Herr Andree's colleagues in this daring expedition will be Dr. N. G. Ekholin and Herr N.<Strindberg. The expedition was virtually organ ized at Gothenburg. The departure from this was to have taken place on June 1, but it was postponed one week out of deference to the views of Nardenskjold, who advised waiting until the polar ice had melted still more. So, says Leslie's Weekly, it was Sunday, the 7th of June, at 10 o'clock a. m., when the steamer Virgo left Gothenburg with the Swedish polar expedition and all paraphernalia on board. The day was beautifully clear and calm, and interest in the departure was inhanced by the gala appearance jf the city and harbor, everything on land or afloat being festively decorated. Thousands of people congregated on the docks hours before the actual starting time, while the numerous boats were loaded with spectators. Mr. Andree received a telegram from the queen, and shortly after, amid the joyful shouts of the well-wishers, started for the run to Tromsoe, where the first stop will be made on the way to Spitzbergen. Besides Mr. Andree, Dr. Ekholm and Mr. Strindberg-the polar expe dition trio-The Virgo had on board Monsieur Lachambre, the maker of the balloon, together with 31 persons inclusive of the crew. Some of these are members of the scientific expedition that will explore Spitzbergen while preparations for the balloon journey are in progress, such as unloading supplies, inflating thc balloon, etc. Thc balloon once started the gas ma chine used for thc filling, and all other accessories will be reloaded on the ship, but a store house of supplies will be left behind. The scientists will have had nearly a month for their researches in the islands, and will then board the steamer and head homeward about thc first of August for the return trip. On thc Virgo's arrival at Tromsoe the carrier pigeons sent on from Ham merfest were taken on board. This done, the steamer turned her head straight north for Spitzbergen. Mr. Andree allowed in his plans two week's time for unloading the steamer and erecting thc balloon house. This house was taken along in sections, having been built so as to be ready to put up in the speediest way possible on arrival at Spitzbergen. It is just large enough to contain the balloon when fully inflated, when it can be cast off, as it were, the bal loon standing unfettered and ready to flr">.t away on the breeze tho moment her courageous commander desires. This he expected to be ready to do about the 20th of July, not binding .himself to an exact date and hour, but rather being ready to seize the most favorable opportunity permitted by wind and weather. Mr. Andree puts much importance on getting a good start, so while the actual schedule time was July 24, there have been unavoidable delays. With fair wind and under the most desirable conditions, the pole can be reached in 48 hours, but Mr. Andree does not set any time, nor docs he wish to be anticipated in advance of what he considers will be thc time required under average conditions. This he concedes would at least be two weeks. As to landing, that will be made inland as far as possible with the hope of reaching some cosmopolitan centre, one of the large cities on this continentbeingtbe harbor Mr. Andree has most in view. The scientific gaius derived from the expedition will be geographical as a matter of course, also hydrographie and metcrological ; but what Mr. Andree most particularly wishes to demonstrate is the usefulness of the balloon as a medium for transportation, and especially for exploration, of un-1 known and .hitherto inaccessible por tions of the-globe. Mr. Andree is an enthusiastic balloonist, his confidence in this mode of travel being most natural in view of his oft-repeated and entirely successful enterprises in this direction. The ridicule of the scoffers -of which there has been an abundance -and thc warnings of the wiseacres have made no impression upon him. To him it is the initial, but ultimately safe journey, to bc followed by many others, when he has once cut the ice by sailing through thc air. That the expedition is in every way equipped goes without telling. Every precaution has been taken for possible accidents, and food supplies for months. Each of the trio has his particular task to perform. The learned and ex perienced Dr. Elkholm will make the meterological and scientific observa tions. Photography and like duties will be in Mr. Strindberg's oharge, while Mr. Andree will be oommander and caretaker of the balloon. But all will work in unison, assisting each other whenever need be ; two will at all times be on duty. Mr. Andree, unlike most travelers undertaking a long journey, was very little bothered with missives and messages to people living in those parts he is bound for ; he has, however, one letter confided to his care by an American, and addressed to Dr. Nansen, which he has promised to de liver in case they should happen to meet. .$20,000 Worth of Cats. A cat farm ! This will certainly strike most people as a novel industry. Few, probably, are aware that such an establishment is in successful operation in one of the suburbs of Boston, and is paying large dividends to those interested in the venture. It bears the euphonious title of Walnut Ridge Farm. Owing to thc growing demand, the Walnut Ridge establishment has its hands full in supplying the orders which pour in every day, and the breeding of the animals promises to become general. Exactly 1,150 cats of various ages were shipped from this place last year, declares the Washing ton Star statistician, an average of nearly 100 a month, or more than three a day. The amount received for the consignments footed up nearly $20,000, and this year the business is expected to increase at least 60 per cent. Just as othe? fads, fashions change in regard to breed of cats, and Angoras are now the rage. This va riety, being comparatively rare, has attained a correspondingly high posi tion in the esteem of those able to afford such luxuries ; society demands thoroughbred animals. This country has been a little backward in introduc ing the Angora, and until recently they have not been within the reach of the public. Not only was the cost of importing them very considerable, but the risk incurred in bringing the animal to this climate was great. But now they have become very, hardy . here. It is said that their hair grows longer and is much brighter, and that in every way the American Angora is a superlative animal. The Angora cat, as its name indi cates, comes from Angora, in Western Asia-a province which is also cele brated for itB long-haired goat. This breed is in high favor with the Turks and Armenians, the best commanding a great price. The-prime points of excellence are a small head, with nose not too long ; large, full eyes, of a color in harmony with that of its fur ; ears rather large and pointed, with a tuft of hair at the apex-the size not showing, as they are deeply set in the long hair on the forehead ; a very full flowing mane about the head and neck. This latter should not be short ; neith er should the body, which should be graceful and elegant and covered with silky hair, with a slight mixture of wolliness. In this it differs from the Persian cat. In texture the hair should be as fiue as possible and not so woolly as that of the Russian cat : the legs of moderate length ; the tail long, curving upwards slightly toward the end, the hair very long at the base and less toward the tip. The colors of these cats are quite varied, a pure white, with blue eyes, being regarded as perfection. Angora cats arc very playful and make delightful pets, as they are very intelligent. There is something very surprisingly aristocratic and imposing in their appearance. In feeding the kittens particular attention must be given to have the food clean and wholesome ; warm milk and oatmeal is what should be given principally, though cats can bc fed on most any thing that is good. Of the Angora cat there arc more than eight varieties-solid black, solid yellow, solid gray, solid white, black and white, yellow and white, maltese, tortoise shell and various mixed colors -indeed, prettily marked mixed ones seem to be in the greatest demand. The prices vary, ranging as follows : The best full-grown, male or female, $10 to $25; second, $5 to $10 ; kittens, $2 to $10 cachj either sex. The solid colors are much more expensive than the mixed, though many prefer the latter. Half of the Angoras raised now are not strictly thoroughbreds ; there are scarcely 20 breeders in this country who have thc fine imported stock to raise kittens from. However, it must not be supposed that Angoras alone have thc call on public favor. The Persian cat is also very popular. It differs from the Angora chiefly in that its tail is larger and thc hair fuller and coarser at the end. The eyes should be large, full and round, with a soft expression. The Persian is longer in body than the Augora and apparently more strongly made, yet slender and elegant and exceedingly graceful in all its movements. The .colors comprise al most every tint obtainable in cats. Another popular variety is thc Rus sian. Thc principal characteristics are the unusually large body and rela tively short legs. Its habits are pecu liar and not at all like the common short-legged cat. Thc Tabby cat is chiefly remarkable on account of the variety of colors in its coat. Thc name "tabby" ha3 reference to its peculiar markings, being derived from a word meaning ribbed silk. The Abyssinian cat is included in the tabby variety. It is believed that this breed is identical with the Egyp tian cat, which was worshiped so many centuries ago, and the mummies of which are so numerous. The Manx cat is a curious creature. It lacks that appendage which enables its brothers to alight upon their feet, no matter from what distance they may bc dropped. lu other words, it has no tail-the best breeds none at all, and even the less aristocratic not enough to measure off au inch on the tape line. The creature runs more like a hare than a cat. NAVAL SHIPS LOST AT SEA. Six American Vessels That Were "Never Heard From." Detroit Free Dress, The navy department has many in teresting records of its ships that have met with sad endings, but none more so than the briof accounts of six dif ferent ones summed up tersely in these words : ''Never heard from." This laconic expression is familiar to all sea followers, and it contains a world of meaning if rightly under stood. There have been ships that have gone down in battle with the flags flying defiantly at the masthead, and others that have battled bravely against the adverse elements until waterlogged, they have sunk within sight of land ; but to be lost at sea, with no mention of the disaster, be cause of lack of all detail, is to meet a fate hardly deserved. Early in the history of our navy such a mystery closed about one of the first vessels flying the new Stars and Stripes. The ill-fated Saratoga, an 18 gun ship, after performing a brilliant service on the high seas, sailed forth upon the great ocean and disappeared forever from all human knowledge. What we know of her is briefly sum med up in a few sentences. After capturing three English prizes she was intercepted on her way to Phila delphia with them by the British 74 gun ship of the line Intrepid, and af ter a long fight she escaped from her heavier adversary. No further word from the Saratoga was ever received, and no Bigns of her wreckage were ever discovered. She probably foun dered at sea in a gale, but she never left any one behind to tell the tale. This was in 1780, and thc next loss of a similar character occurred 20 years later. The 36-gun frigate Insurgent, commanded by Capt. Patrick Fletcher, was originally under the French flag, but after she was captured by the Constellation off the island of Nevis she sailed under the American flag un til the end of her short career. She had sealed orders to sail from the Chesapeake capes out to sea, but af ter she sailed on her easterly course no word from any ship brought tidings of the Insurgent. She disappeared completely. No one on board of her was ever saved to give official confir mation of the story of her loss. The fourteen-gun brig Pickering met with a similar fate. She was cruising off Guadaloupe, with Master Commandant Benjamin Hiller in charge, when a severe storm arose and swept the seas. It is generally sup posed that the vessel, which was an unseaworthy sea tub, foundered with all on board. Pieces of the wreckage were picked up along the coast, butas so many vessels were lost during this gale, there was no certainty of identi fying them. It is thought also that the same storm might have caused the loss of the Insurgent, although as to this no trustworthy account can be found. The next vessel in our navy to dis appear in this mysterious fashion was known as gunboat No. 7, commanded by Lieut. Ogelvie. She sailed from New York May 14, 1805, to increase our naval force tben engaged in the war with Tripoli. She returned to this port after being out for a few days, and then she sailed on June 29 the second time. But she never reached her des tination. Although nine other boats left about the same time for the Medi terranean service, and all reached their points in time, gunboat No. 7 -was lost, and no word was ever re ceived from any of her officers or crew. The loss of the Wasp followed this disaster. The mystery about this handsome naval fighter is generally familiar to all readers of American history. Her exploits on the water after her first launching until the time of her strange disappearance were so brilliant that every school boy knows about them. Within a period of five months the Wasp took 15 Eng lish merchantmen, valued at nearly a quarter of a million dollars, and fought several stubborn battles with naval vessels of her own size and strength. On Oct. 1,1814, the Wasp hailed the Swedish bark Adonis and took on board two of the surviving of ficers of the old Essex after her de struction in Valparaiso harbor, and then passed on into the dark mystery which has never been solved. That was the last intelligence ever brought to port by any ship concerning the veteran fighter and victor. Her fate will ever remain an unexplained puz zle. The last vessel of the scries to be lost at sea without leaving any sign behind to explain matters was the brig Epcrvier, commanded by Lieut. John Shubrick. When the terms of the treaty between the United States and Algiers were dictated to the Dey at the point of the cannon by Decatur in 1815, a copy of the paper was sent home by the Epervier. The brig passed the Straits of Gibralter on July 12, 1815, and from that time all trace of her was lost. She sailed out upon the ocean and was swallowed up by the sea that has wrecked the hopes and ambitions of so many. In modern times the loss of naval vessels at sea has been comparatively limited. The United States navy has been singularly fortunate in this re spect during the past ha!!f century, but this may be attributable as much to the limited number of ships in commission as to any skill or safe guard. The modern navy is built up on such different lines from the old class of war vessels that it is difficult to compare the two, but it is safe to assume that the cruisers of today could stand the elements much better than their prototypes of 50 years ago. The mysterious disappearance of a member of the white squadron would undoubtedly cause more general sor row and comment than the loss of the Wasp, Insurgent or Saratoga did in their days. A naval vessel of our modern fleet carries a much larger complement of men, and her cost is several times as groat. Thc navy department proba bly exercises more precautions than any private company in surrounding thc war vessels with every safeguard known to science, and it is because of this discipline that war vessels are so Beldom lost. The mysterious loss of only six war vessels during a period of 100 years of active national exist ence is a record that the na.vy depart ment of any nation might be proud of, and when it is remembered that some of the strange disappearances recorded were only ordinary merchant vessels fitted up as war ships, the cause for pride is increased. Great Britain and France have each a much forger list of war ships that have sailed upon thc ocean to go down before some heavy storm with out leaving any message behind. Great Britain leads the list in this re spect, which is only natural consider ing the size of her navy, and France comes second, with Spain following as a close third. On the naval list of each nation there is written over against the name of thc unfortunate vessels these ominous words: "Never heard from." TYns "Belle lloydV Maid. At the western base of a hill in Berkeley county, W. Ya., about a mile and a half back from thc river and directly opposite Williamsport, in a comfortable farm house, surrounded by a family of grown children, lives "Aunt" Mary Stripling, an old color ed woman, who cherishes the memory of once having been the maid, and in a manner, the companion in her early life of Belle Boyd, the famous female spy of the Confederacy. "Aunt" Mary is a relic of slavery days. She was born in Clark county, Virginia, on the plantation of John Early, father of General Jubal Early, the leader. Her childhood was spent at the old Virginia home, but when her young mistress, Miss Susan Early, became the bride of James Glenn, whose plantation bordered many miles of the Potomac, about Sandy Bidge, near Shepardstown, she went along to continue in the service of her "mis sus." It was then she first met and became associated with the woman whose daring wild escapes were rarely equaled by, and often astonished, the men in gray with whom she mingled in the days of blood at:d strife. Maria Belle Boyd wis born in Mar tinsburg. She was the daughter of Benjamin Boyd, a reputable and weal thy resident of that place. Their home was bright, inviting, and there Belle and her sister, who lives in Charles Town, and a brother, were carefully reared. Her afterlife, how ever, threw a black imadow athwart the threshold of that home and the training she received there. James Glenn, the owner and master of "Aunt" Mary, was the uncle of Belle Boyd, who often visited and spent much of her time on his planta tion before thc war. She was describ ed to a press representative by the old colored woman as having been a state ly and prepossessing young lady with black hair and eyes, and having many admirers among the male sex. Her associates were classed among the best families. She always dressed in style and was a lover of ouv.door sport, in which her high spirited nature was wont to revel. She sat upon a horse like an equestrinnc and would ride like the wind over the country in a fox hunt with an escort, but frequent ly alone. In this respect her manner often bordered on recklessness. At times she would appear disguised in male dress and ride horseback with parties of her friends. These cle ments in her nature at times, how ever, were the only indications which, though unforeseen, pointed unerringly into the future to a life of stirring ro mance and wild and reckless daring. James Glenn had two daughters, Florence and Lillie, who were her con stant companions during her visits to their home. When the war broke out Belle Boyd's nature was roused and her sym pathies went out freely to the South ern cause. She never intimated to anyone her determination, but after the first year of carnage passed she quietly left home and joined General Ashby's command. Her career then began. She gradually overcame her womanly timidity and the spirit of fearlessness arose in its stead. As a spy she won fame and figured in some of the most daring adventures on re cord. Her service to the Confederate army was invaluable. The fame of the woman spread over the country and won at once admiration and con tempt. Her life has been published in full and is well known. She was captured by Union soldiers and sent to Fortress Monroe. Then she was sent to the old capital prison in Wash ington, and there married a northern soldier. There her father found her and died of a broken heart. Her life was checkered, full of romance and adventures.-Crofton. (TV. Va.,) Cor. Philadelphia Times. Mile in Sixty-Three Seconds. ALTON, III., Aug. 9.-E. 0. An derson, the intrepid young Central Il linois wheelman, to-day reduced by nearly a minute the bicycle record of the world. It was a bold and original idea that led to the accomplishment of this marvelous feat. His plan was simply that of riding close behind a railroad train in the vacuum created by the passing cars. After considerable difficulty he suc ceeded in inducing the officials of the St. Louis, Chicago and St. Paul Rail way to build him a board walk two miles long between the rails between this city and St, Louis. The fastest engine on the road was assigned to set the pace, and a regular passenger coach was fitted up with a platform on thc rear end, with a smooth, perpen dicular surface seven feet wide paint ed black, with the exception of one white board in the centre, to be aimed at by the wheelman. An iron guard rail prevented the chance of fouling the car with the wheel, and au over hanging canopy protected the rider from cinders. The event was widely advertised by thc railroad company, and a great crowd of enthusiasts were taken to day on a special train to see the re sult. The course was two miles south from Oldenburg Station, giving a half mile from the start to the finish. Anderson had previously trained on the track, and felt confident of suc cess, but had overestimated just a lit tle his ability. He got off nicely, and for the first half mile kept thoroughly up with the flying train, but then it became evident he could not maintain this rate of speed. The train covered the ground in something better than a sixty mile gait, but the rider came short just sufficiently to miss by three seconds his wager to cover the mile in one minute. However he demonstrated thc fact that a bicycle can be put over ground a great deal faster than any one has ever before thought of doing and thereby earned the laudatiou of wheel ing enthusiasts everywhere. A great cheer went up from thc throng when the result was announced. Thc first half mile was covered at the rate of sixty-two miles an hour.-New York Journal. $100 Reward. $100. Tbc readers of Ibis paper will be pleased to learn tbat lhere ls nt least one dreaded disease tbat sci ence bas been able to cure in all its stages, and that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only posi tive cure now known to tho medical fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional disease requires a constitutional treatment. Hal IVs Catarrh Cure is tsken internally, acting directly upon the blood and raucous surfaces of the system, thereby de stroying tho foundation of thc di ease, and giving ibu pa tient strength by building up the constitu tion and assisting nature in doing Its work The proprietors have >o much faith in Its curative powers, that they offer One Hundred lollara for any OMS that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes timonials BILL ARFS LETTER. Arp Explains About the Extreme Heat of July and August. Atlanta Constitution. Julius Ciosar was a very great man. He was a Democrat and the leader of his party when only thirty-three years old, and held thc hilliest office before he was forty. But I don't understand what made him cut a slice out of the middle of the year and name it July. And his son Gus did the same thing and named it August. If they wanted to dismember tho year and add two more months why dident they take it off the tail end and lap them on to December. I don't like July nor Au gust nohow. It seems to rae they get hotter and hotter as the years roll on. I can't work in my garden. It is so warm that I can't gather the vegeta bles nor mow grass for the cow with any comfort. I sweat all over with perspiration and have to change my garments every day. We don't go to bed until ll o'clock and can't sleep good for an hour after, but I -eckon it will come all right again before long. I reckon so. It always does. What ever is is right. My wife borrowed the baby again last night. Ever and anon she has to have a baby to stay over night and sleep with her to remind her of the good old times when she nursed her own and fondled them and patted them in the restless night. So little Caro line, who is the youngest .grandchild, was left with her to comfort her and it made both happy, for the little thing loves her grandma and hardly knows which mother she belongs; to. I got to sleep about midnight, b at my olfac tories or esophagus or larynx or throt tle valve or whatever you call it was out of order and I suppose I was snoring pretty lively when I heard r voice calling me: ''William, Wil liam." Asleep or awake that uxorian voice always makes me jump with alacrity. I hastened over to her cor ner of the room to see what was tho matter and ran against thc center table and a chair and waited, for orders. Suddenly she whispered: "I just wanted you to turn over. You snore so loud you will wake up the baby. Don't snore so." With a subdued feeling I started back to my bed but it was awful dark and I couldent find the round table that was in the middle of the room. Slowly and cautiously I felt my way when suddenly my no3e collided with the top of the marj tlepiece. This guided me to my little bed again and I assumed a tired and xecumbent posi tion and ruminated on the battle of life. But I mustent snore was the order. The baby mustent be disturbed. This injunction weighed so heavily upon me that I was afraid to fall into a deep sleep and of getting sonorous again, so I slumbered along and dreamed I was traveling to heaven or some haven of rest and on every barn and board fence and rocky cliff there was a red letter sign like a patent medicine sign and it said "Don't Snore ! Don't Snore! Don't Snore!" and by and by we reached a high mountain and there was a youth climbing it with a banner and I thought it was the ex celsior chap we used to see in the blue back spelling book, but as the breeze unfolded the banner I saw it was "Don't Snore, Don't Snore." Just then I was awakened by a gentle sonorous olfactory sound that came from the other corner of the room and so I ventured over there and touched her tenderly and -7hispered : "Don't snore ; you will wake up the baby." This baby-raising business is about the biggest business I know of and the most responsible. I was one of ten that my mother raised, and my wife has raised ten, and we have rais ed ten, and it looks like some of our -posterity are on the same ancestral line. But there were no grandparents in our family and we little chaps had to rough it like Cain and Abel did. Nowadays it takes two parents and three or four grand-parents and several aunts and a nurse and a baby carriage to raise a child, but that is all right if the child is blessed with such privi leges. The dear little things ought to have a good time in infancy, for trou ble will surely come when they get older, and I rejoice that the modern children have a better time than we did. I remember the little brown cradle that we were all rocked in, aDd when there wasent a baby carriage in the town. I remember when the average child had no nurse save its mother, and she did the housework and made all thc garments, too, and dident know she was having a hard time. The little chaps dident have their faces washed nor their clothes changed but once or twice a day and they were set down on the floor or the ground and given some home-made playthings and they, too, dident know there was anything better. Even the children of wealthy parents were turn ed over to. the little darkies and were happy in their keeping. I remember when Evan Howell, the political 'iic tator, was bobbing around with the little niggers and got so dirty playing in the sand you couldent spot him nor tell tother from which. But now his little grandchildren go around in laces and ribbons and gold buttons and ride tn a $40 baby carriage and bathe in a $40 bath tub, and Evan thinks it is all right, and I reckon it is. Ours come as near doing the same thing as they can and so do everybody clses. lt is a beautiful trait in human nature to improve on your own raising and to sweeten the hardships of childhood. But the time will come when the boys and the girls get big enough to bc use ful and then they should be made to know it. They should be raised to habits of industry. The girl of ten years should help her mother in house work and in nursing the baby. The boy of teu should begin with the hoe in the garden and the ax at the wood pile. Thc piano is all right and so is the pony, but work should be mixed with pleasure. Sometimes I think there is too much schooling and colleg ing going on in this generation and too little work. The curriculum of our public schools is now nine long years, say from eight to seventeen, and then comes three or four more of college and no work in all that time, 1 no habits of industry, nothing but : books, books, books. There is hardly a sweet girl graduate in the State who ? can make her own dresses. She goes to the milliner and keeps her poor old : father on a strain. Perhaps the col lege boy takes an honor and gets his : name in the papers and then, of course, ; he must study law and dabble in poli tics and depend on the old man for a : support. These kind of nice, smart, good-for-nothing boys arc in every city and town and village. They know nothing of thc practical concerns ' of life. They couldcut plan a house nor run a saw mill nor an ice factory ? nor a brickyard nor even a little farm, i They know nothing of a 'horticulture or the science of growing flowers and evergreens. They couldent hang a door or make a gate latch or put up a roller window curtain. But they know a little Latin and Greek and Greek and some geometry and perhaps can tell you whether the deluge came before or after the flood, and they can play baseball and football and danoo the german and wear tanned shoes and bellybands to perfection, but they are good boys and so smart and have such nice manners and winning ways that their mothers are proud of them, but their old fathers are serious and per plexed. College life is very fascinat ing both to boys and girls, but to most of them it is a waste of precious time. Education should be mixed with labor. It should be hard to get, not easy. BILL AHP. Wire Versus Cotton Ties. COLUMBIA, August 12.-The result of the test of the wire-bound bale of cotton at the Champion Compress in Charleston Tuesday was somewhat of a disappointment to the Alliance Ex change people, who are managing the fight against the Cotton Tie Trust, but it has not in the least cooled their ardor nor lessened their determination to push the fight to the bitter end. Col. D. P. Duncan, the manager of. the Alliance Exchange, who witnessed the test, returned from Charleston this morning. He is satisfied from that test that wire ties can be success fully used as a substitute for the flat iron ties, and believes that the far mers of the South will use them until the trust has been compelled to reduce the price of hoop ties to something like that at which they were sold last year. He is writing to the represen tatives of the farmers in other States, urging them to follow the example of the South Carolina Alliance and resist the action of the trust in advancing. the price of hoop ties about 100 per cent, when the price of iron had only advanced about 10 per cent. There does not seem to be much response from the farmers of the other States, who are probably content to use hoop ties, even at the advanced price, since the ties sell as cotton and there is a bigger profit from this source on hoop ties than on wire ties, which are only about one-half as heavy. At best it is but a sentiment that Col. Duncan is fighting for, and. it will bc hard to get South Carolina fanners to fight for that sentiment when they get to study ing about the remark of the Charles ton cotton factor, who said that he would substitute hoop ties for all wire ties on bales of cotton consigned to him and make a profit of 17 cents a bale by the exchange, not counting the value of the wire he would get. The farmers see no reason why they should throw away that profit merely to battle for a sentiment. Mr. J. H. Berry, the inventor of the buckle used in the test in Charleston, is the secretary of the Alliance Ex change. He believes the buckle will answer all the purposes for which it was designed. He says that the buck les used in Charleston were rather smaller than he intended the buckles to be, which was due to the hurry with which they were made in Colum bia so as to be sent to Charleston to prevent delay in making the test. With a larger buckle he thinks the fastening can bc done more quickly. Another disadvantage of the test in Charleston, he says,, was the use of hard wire tires. Annealed wire ties have been ordered for use on the next bale shipped for testing. The anneal ed wire is more pliable, and it will take less time to loop it.-Special to News and Courier. Faithful Dog. The loyalty of a well-bred pointer dog to his work is remarkable. A writer in The American Field gives the following instance : "More than a month ago I was re turning home from Old Dominion's Kennel at White Post, Va., with my latest purchase, Comrade, and while visiting my cousin in Elkhart, 111., one morning, he'wanted me to kill him some plovers. I drove .out on his farm,-taking Comra.de with me. I saw a buDch of plovers and tried to sneak up to them, but they flushed, keeping Comrade at heel, the birds flying close to some osage orange brush. While creeping up again I missed the dog, and looking back I -saw him on a staunch point (one of those twisted points, with his body one way and his head the other). Is ot knowing that he was pointing I walked back and be fore I had taken eight steps the dog jumped back and changed his position but held held his point. I then ran up and to my surprise heard a rattle snake, which had struck the dog and was ready to strike again when I shot. Just after shooting close to the snake out flew a Bob White. The dog held, stood, never rushing, but watched the bird fly away. I then went to my spring wagon, and drove as fast as I could to the town of Elkhart. There I procured a pint of whiskey, mixed it with a pint of milk, and gave it to Comrade. Thc dog then became drowsy, fell asleep, and never awoke until next morning, apparently none the worse for the snake bite. He is at present here with me in good condi tion, not showing any effect at all of the bite, but just a small scar above the eye." Baths on thc Train. And now a bathing car for railways bas been patented. Henceforward there is no reason why persons travel ing should be annoyed by the inci dental dust and cinders. If they feel ?oilcd they can jump into a bath tub, presently emerging therefrom clean and freshened. The patent bathing sar has a double row of little rooms running from one end to the other, on either si J of the isle. Each room contains a bath tub and may be closed by a sliding door, so that the strictest privacy is secured' Each room has a window to afford light and may be furnished with every luxury and con venience to be found in a hotel of the first class. Hot water is supplied from the locomotive, or steam may be used, likewise obtained from the en gine by means of pipes runniug under the train to heat the water for bath ing. The water for the baths is sup posed to be contained in a tank on the roof of the car. To each bath is to be attached an apparatus for a shower bath. In closets in the attendants' rooms are to be stored such prepara tions as are requisite for furnishing imitation sea water or any sort of medicated baths that may also be pro vided. Of course, the attendants will understand the art of massage. At one end of the car will be a barber's ihair. I All Sorts ot Paragraphs. - It is ignorance that delights in > controversy. - The British aristocracy includes 14,000 persons. - It is said 21 bicycle factories 1 failed up in June. - It is th e hasty word repressed that makes speech golden. - If you are successful the world will forgive you for everything else. - In every occupation there is but. one safe rule, and that is always to di one's best. - Taking it year in and year out, the coldest hour of each 24 is 5 o'olook in the morning. - Tte average walking pace of a healthy man or woman is said to be 75 stepii a minute. - Dr.Oinanza,ofVienna,has invent ed a me -hod of photographically regis tering the pulze beats. ^ - According to the most reliable estimates, the world contains to-day 280,000,000 grown women. - The physiologists say that the ?0 right side of the brain is of more im- J portance to organic life than the left. - A fossilized tooth of some ex- . tinct species of animal recently found in Cedar County, Nebraska, ' weighs- '..'? 14$ pounds. - Rira pie-Does your wife obey : 3 you as she promised to do at the altar? Simple-Well, the fact is I never dared to test her. - Moral courage is the only true J courage. The other is possessed by <Sg| all thing3 in common. The snake has ||| it as well as the lion. -The latest style of waltzing is call- ^ cd tandem.She stands with her back to 1 her partner, who holds her right hand extended while her left hand is put be hind her. - Lyell, the geologist, says : At a period comparatively recent all that portion ol: the United State? south of the Black Hills was under from 500 to 900 feet cf water. - On the eastern coast oil Ireland it rains on an average of 208Hays in the year ; in England about 150 days ; at Kazan about 90 days, and in Sibe ria only 60 days. - A German physician naya? that thrist arises from the loss of liquid in. food whi:h is cooked. He advises fresh fruit and oysters for medicine in gout and indigestion. - Twenty-four governments, in cluding thc United States, Japan, China, Persia and nearly all the Euro- - pean countries, ha.ve given official notice that they will exhibit in Paris in 1900. - A nurse girl in St. Louis waa i.;>i? discharged without her wages. She took the baby with her, and refused to tell where it was until her wages were paid, claiming that shehad alien on her former charge. - Only 70 years have elapsed since the first railway in t?e world was fin-: ished. During thtit* comparatively brief period -400,000 miles have been constructed, the British empire ac counting for about one-sixth. - The children of the blackest Af ricans are born whitish. In ?. month *' they become pale yellow, in a year brown, at Four dirty black, at six or seven glossy black. The change is in the mucus membrance below the cu ticle. - Lemons are u?ed for soap in many countries where they grow. When the men and women of the West Indies want to wash their hands they squeeze the juice of a lemon over them briskly in water until they are clean. - Husband-These trousers that I - . H want to wear at the fishing party have not a single brace britton on. Wife (sweetly)-Then, John, if your party is drowned, I shall be able to identify your body from the oiihers. Husband (savagely)-No you won't; the others are all married men, too. - Six weeks ago I suffered with a very severe cold; was almost unable to speak. My friends all advised me to consult a physician. Noticing Cham berlain's Cough Remedy advertised in the St. Paul Volks Zeitung I pro cured a bottle, and after taking it a short while was entirely well. I now most heartily recommend this remedy to anyone suffering with a cold. WM. KEIL, 678 Selby Ave., St. Paul, Minn. For sale by Hill Bros. - If we only could recognize them, probably we should be surprised to see how oftenr a piece of money re turns to us, and wouldn't it be inter esting if we could trace their travels? A Yinalhaven merehant has thought of this several times lately as he look ed at his favorite pocket piece. He stamp 2d his; name on it 25 years ago when a young man working at Hurri cane and sent it out on its wanderings. He did not see it again until n few days ago, when somebody gave it to him in exchange for a bag of fruit. He does not mean to part with it. again.-Lewiston Journal. - Since 1878 there have been nine epidemics of .dysentery in different parts of the country in which Cham berlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy was used with perfect suc cess. Dysentery, when epidemic, is almost as severe and dangerous as Asiatic cholera. Heretofore tho best efforts of the most skilled physicians have failed tc check its ravages, this remedy, however, has cured the most malignant cases, both of children and adults, and under the most trying con ditions, which proves it to be the best medicine in the world for "bowel com plaints. For sale by Hill Bros. - Two amateur hunters in . the northern woods, not long ago, taw a - deer, and both fired at once. ''That is my deer," said A; "I shot it." "No, you did not," hotly replied B. "It is my deer, because I killed it." A third party was approaching the deer from the opposite direction, with fury in his eye aad a club in his hand. "Which of you two rascals shot, my calf?" roared ohe farmer. "That fel low, B, just now told me he did it." said A. And B, now thoroughly alarmed for his personal safety, an swered : "He lies. He shot it him self, I saw him do it, and I'll swear to it." - My little boy, when two years of age, was taken very ill with bloody flux. I was advised to use Chamber lain's Colic, Colera and Diarrhoea Remedy, and luckily procured pa?t of a bottle. I carefully read the direc tions and gave it accordingly. Hewas very low, but slowly and surely he began to improve, gradually recovered, and is now as stout and as stron,; as ever. I feel sure it saved his life! I never can praise the Remedy hall' its worth. I am ?orry every one iv the world docs not know how good it is, as I do.-Mrs. Lina S. Hinton, Gra hamsville,. jfclarion Co., Florida*. For sale by Hill Bros.