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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 23, 1899, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1899-08-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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Enthusiastic IM ee ting'
Last 1
News am
GREEWOOD, August 15.-There
has been one Convention in this State
in which there was no mention of pol
itics. This may seem- wondrous
strange, and it is remarkable, for there
were men present who have had some
thing to do with tue making of the
politics of the State, but the only
mention of politics that was made was
the plea that it should be eschewed.
There was no applause except when it
was on a hit about living at home and
raising food, products on the planta
tion. The Convention was a good
one, and it has Eown the seed for
much good. It has shown that there
is the dawn of a new day in the agri
culture of the State, a brighter and a
better day.
Congressman A. C. Latimer was
. asked to serve as temporary chairman,
and Mr. N. A. Craig was selected as
Then,, without further ado, the ex
perience meeting-that for which the
Convention met-started. , Some one
present said that Mr. 6. P. Roberts,
of Greenwood, had just ?old two hun
dred bushels of wheat, and wanted his
views. Mr. Koberts believes in deep
ploughing in preparing lands for
planting wheat, and mixes fertilizers
with his, cotton seed on his lands;
made a yield of 253 bushels on 16 or
13 acres; prefers the blue stem wheat
tor this sectton for planting; has nev
<jr been troubled with rust; always
?oaks Iiis seed in bluestone prepara
tion over night: thinks it dangerous
not to soak as soon as he can after
frost, and keeps it np until after
Christmas. He sold his wheat last
year for one dollar to one dollar and
twenty-five cents per bushel, and this
year for one dollar. He plants cotton
and wheat, and finds more money in
wheat than in cotton.
Mr. Eldridge C. - Addison, of ??ine
ty-Six. said that he had been studying
small grain for twenty years, and was
a great advocate of the crop. He
thought that thc time would come,
and the sooner the better, wheo not a
pound of flour would be shipped into
this State, and when, on the other
. hand, South Carolina would ship flour
j outside of the State limits. He made
wheat very successfully on lands that
bad been given up as worthless and
which had been run down to the heel;
believed in stable manure on wheat;
Y wheat stands all kinds of weather. He
- sowed ten bushels and made a crop of
three hundred and eight bushels.
Could not advise planting on cotton
land, because the land could not well
be prepared in'time for the wheat crop:
preferred planting after peas or on
pasture land.
Mr. C. H. Jordan spoke in part as
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle
men: There is no occasion which is to
me more enjoyable and no compliment
which I esteem more highly than the
privilege of being with and talking to
the farmers of my country. In the
discussion of those problems, the solu
tion of which is essential to prosperi
ty in our future farm work, a subject
is presented in which we arc now
most vitally interested. Conditions
which did not suggest themselves a
.decade ago are becoming serious, and
"formidable at the present time. While
personally a stranger to most of you I
-feel that my own interests are identi
cal with yours and that we are all en
gaged in a common oause.
In advocating a revolution in our
farming methods I shall not suggest
thc adoption of anything which has
not heretofore been successfully un
dertaken, and will give no advice
"which is not capable of practical ap
plication. It is quite apparent to any
casual observer that our system of do
ing business is decidedly contrary to
that which existed during the days of
our greatest prosperity and consequent
independence. There was a time, not
so far back in the past, when the
farmers of the South supplied the
population of the towns and cities
with the necessaries of life from the
varied products of their farms. At
the present time a large majority of
our farming classes are helplessly de
dependent upon thc merchants for
supplies not only for themselves but
for their stock as well. The heavy
staple supplies which the merchants
handle are grown in the far West, and
the proceeds of the cotton crop of the
South, which should represent thc
Surplus money crop of the farm, is
paid out to the farmers of the West.
We are enriching not only these pro
ducers, but the railroads, wholesale
and retail dealers, through whose
hands these goods must pass before
reaching us, and who charge a full
commission all along the line. The
crop out of which we are expected to
pay for these supplies is sold at a fig
ure below the cost of production, and
there can be but one result to us from
the continuance of such a system of
doing business.
The great State of South Carolina
possesses as great a degree of di
versified resources as any State in
Held at Greenwood
? Courier.
tho Union. There is not a farm in
your State which cannot, by a proper
method of diversified planting, under
an intensive system of culture, be
made self-supporting. The farmers of
your State must realize that every
pound of supplies which they purchase
in the open markets is produced by
otherofarmers in distant sections of
the country who labor under greater
difficulties than those with which we
have to contend.
When Southern farms were self
sustaining open accounts were the
only evidences of indebtedness, and
the farmer's word was as good as gold.
Sharp, shrewd business men of thc
world soon saw that there were for
tunes to be made in thc cotton crop if
the farmer could be induced to pro
duce it in large quantities.
The Western people saw an oppor
tunity for building granaries and
packing houses to supply the South
with food if wc could be induced to
turn our attention entirely to growing
cotton. The big railroad magnates
saw the grand opportunity to increase
dividends, multiply their rolling stock
and otherwise fatten on the freights
to be obtained by transporting heavy
and costly supplies from the West for
the Southern cotton grower during the
spring and summer. In the fall mil
lions of cotton bales would be turned
over to them for carriage to the sea
ports or Northern markets, a second
whack had at the great Southern in
The stock raisers of Kentucky and
Tennessee were pleased at thc bright
prospect of supply for the future that
beautiful Southland, where all that
was needed to make a man rioh was a
piece of land planted io cotton, with a
negro and a Kentuckyamule to plough
Guano manufacturers saw at once
that plant foods in enormous quanti
tities would have to bc supplied to
keep up the fertility of the cleanly
cultivated fields, and that the invest
ment would be a good one. Cotton
expositions were held all over the
country and the white staple crowned
It, has tak,?~ twenty years to whip
the fight, but the intense greed of the
world has done thc work, and to-day
the old king lies half dead in the
ditch, while broken and disappointed
mourners gaze upon the long trail of
a disappointed past. While the farm
er has lost in the struggle the country
at large has developed and increased
its wealth steadily each year.
I have no criticism to make of the
farmer for so largely producing eot
ton, even with the costly use of com
mercial fertilizers, when the business
was a lucrative one. But we face con
ditions to-day which are serious and
which make impossible the future
wholesale production of cotton as a
. means of developing future prosperity
In the rich, alluvial lands of the
Southwest, in which are embraced the
valleys of the Mississippi, the exten
sive plains of Texas and Southern
Oklahoma, cotton is being grown on
an average of one bale per acre; with
out the use of fertilizers. The farm
! ers of your own State, after using an
nually hundreds of thousands of tons
of fertilizers, can barely average half
a bale per acre. With these heavy
j odds against us and competition an
i nually increasing in the Southwest,
: we will be forced to change our pres
! ent system of farming. The solution
j of the problem by which we are to-day
j confronted must be largely determined
by thc efforts of each individual who
is directly engaged in the production
of cotton-and who, by reason of a
full appreciation of his needs and coni
dition, realize that he is an important
factor in breaking the bondage under
j which he rests, that thc freedom and
independence of his business may be
once more established, placing him on
that high plane of prosperity which
was so conspicuous in the early days
of our fathers.
Fill your granaries and smoke hous
es with the [products of your farms,
stock your pastures with cattle, sheep
and hogs. Diversify your interests
and prepare to go into the markets of
your country with a dozen staple pro
ducts where you now only attempt one.
Cut down your cotton acreage and di
versify the crops planted. Wc can
gradually get into the supply business
and raise enough cotton besides to
meet the demands of thc world, and
the price for which it is sold will bc a
profit in our business. Every farmer
who has heretofore operated his affairs
on the credit system must make a
strenuous effort to use more cash in
his business for what he is forced to
buy and raise everything at home
which his lands will produce.
I am satisfied that a larger acreage
in wheat will be planted io thc South
during the coming fall than for many
years past. We need shrewd business
men on the farm as well as in other
departments of life. Broad, liberal
thoughts find birth in higher educa
tion. The farmers will only combine
heir common interests when coi
dence in the business ability of ca
has been gained. Unity among t
farmers is one of the greatest nee
of the present day. A caref
thoughtful study of the resources
the country will open up a system
diversified farming, which will bri
profit and pleasure to the agricull
ralist. Every farmer should have
thorough knowledge of commerc
paper and understand some system
keeping books. At the beginning
each year a detailed account of wt
he owns should be taken down, repi
senting his capital invested, i
itemized account of every dollar e
pended, whether cash or credit, shou
be carefully entered. The cost of 1
bor employed and the materials us
in the production of the various ero
should be specially accounted, J
the end of the year his books w
show the profits or loss of the bu:
ness. Wherever errors existed in t
management, the defects could
readily found and remedies applie
Thc boys growing up on the farms w
catch the inspiration of systemat
methods and business training, whi<
they will be able to utilize with pro
and to their own advantabc in futu
I appreciate thc' fact that the da;
of schooling, as we ordinarily use tl
term, for the adult farmer has passe'
that the only hope for the present ai
future cultivation of his mental fa
ulties and the bettermentoof his m
terial prosperity must lie in the loc
organization of farmers' institute
The farmers' institute is without co
to its membership. I want to gr
my aid and encouragement to their e
tablishment in every county in tl
South as rapidly as possible. If ye
have no institute in your State orgai
ize and begin the battle for great
success and prosperity in your faro
ing methods. In these institutes tl
interchange of ideas, experience mee
ings, discussing and adopting tl
most successful plans pertaining i
our business would meet and ove
come many serious obstacles whic
retard, as stumbling blocks, our futui
pathway. What the farmer neec
most of all at this time is encourag*
ment and aid in the solution of sue
problems as will help him in his Iii
work and the building of a future fille
with contentment, happiness and proi
perity. Organize and attend your ii
stitutes with a full appreciation c
your needs and surroundings.
There arc no people who have betti
opportunities for self-education tha
the farmer, and he should be quick t
take advantage of the circumstance
which place this highly desirable fes
ture of his avocation within his read
That farmer whose business is opera
ted on a self-sustaining basis, who ea
ercises intelligence, forethought an
correct methods in the conduct of hi
affairs, fears no panic. Thc tighten
ing of the money market, the crash o
falling business houses in the grea
cities, reaoh his ears only through th
medium of the heavy headlines of hi
newspaper. He is happy, peacefu
and contented, and only responsibl
to his Maker.
But what of the farmer whose hom
is mortgaged in the Northern loa
companies, whose stock and crop fui
nish collateral for the purchase of sur
plies? Whan the stringency comes
the crop fails to settle the obligations
the loans fall due, an extension i
asked for and refused. Thc iron gri;
of the law is evoked, the property i
advertised for sale and knocked dowi
to the highest bidder. The wife i
torn from a home which she has lon;
learned to love: the little children an
forced from the cherished playground
and another heart-broken farmer i
added to the long and rapidly swcllinj
lists of tenants, while one mor
Southern home passes into Northen
control. This picture is not drawi
from fancy; its ?ealism is too of
ten heralded as one of thc misfor
tunes of our present farming system
The solution of the race problem ii
a matter in which the farmers of ou
country are more largely interestec
than anyone else. The field of mos
serious districts is in the rural dis
Wc have assembled here for a higl
and noble purpose, one worthy an(
fitting thc honorable avocation ir
which we are engaged. We arc hen
to discuss plans for the material bet
tennent of the farmers' condition ir
South Carolina and to express our dc
termination before the world that thc
future planting and growing of wheal
will be conspicuous on every farm ir
the State. The reform movement if
taking possession of your people it
earnest, and a revolution of our farm
ing methods is sending the pleasing
sunlight of its advance into the mind
and heart of every farmer.
For years there has been great ri
valry among thc transportation lines
from thc West, soliciting heavy
freight for shipment into our South
ern country. Wheat, or its manufac
tured products, flour and bran, have
largely figured in thc heavy tonnage
of freights daily delivered to your
wholesale merchants in thc last twen
ty or thirty years. The daily con
sumption of foreign Hour on thc ta
bles of our farmers has been some
thing enormous, while our cities never
enjoy bread prepared from home-raised
j wheat.
Thc universal raising of wheat
your State will be. no experiment a
no new undertaking. It will simj
be gettinc back into the footsteps
our fathers, and forging a strong li
in the desirable self-sustaining featu
of our farm work. There arethousan
of people in your State to-day wi
well remember when patent flor
sacked in Western mills, had no ss
in your merchants' stores. Sou
Carolina wheat has helped to furni
the muscle and brain of many of tl
most prominent characters who ha
conspicuous places in the history
our country.
In contrasting the agricultural co
ditions of the South as they exist?
thirty-five years ago with those of tl
present it can be more forcibly pr
sen ted through a short illustrate
from a part of our history with whi<
wc are all familiar, and of whic
many of you who are here to-day ha1
a feeling recollection. During tl
four years' continuation of the ch
war thc entire population of the Soul
was blockaded on all sides. The coi
tinued call of troops to the froi
drained the country of its best ma:
hood, leaving agriculture largely i
new hands and under the restraint <
perilous, wrought-up times. The ei
tire Confederacy subsisted upon hon
raised supplies, and the invading arm
of the North loaded its commissar
departments with the produots <
Southern farms. During the entii
period of four years there was no su
fering in any quarter of the South b
man or beast for want of food, wholi
some food, particularly flour. Ot
troops suffered for want of money an
transportation facilities, but not bi
cause there was not an abundance c
provisions of all kinds in every sei
j tion of the South. Gen. Sherma
commenced his memorable marc
through Georgia toward the close c
I '64, with nearly one hundred an
thirty-five thousand men and thom
ands of cavalry and wagon horses. A
he advanced on his -line of march t
the seaboard, and onward througi
your own State, his foraging partie
daily replenished this vast army'
commissary department with thefiues
bills of fare everissued to any soldier,
I in modern times.
I The full granaries, smoke house
and extensive, well-stocked pasture
of South Carolina's farms supplie
I Gen. Sherman with an abundance o
I provisions, without} any great detri
! ment to our people left in the wake o
I his march.
It cannot be doubted that there i
j vastly more acreage in cultivation ii
your State to-day than at that time
Should such an army with its neces
sary stock equipments, start du
through your State at this time with
out a well-filled commissary, depend
ing upon the resources of thc country
to sustain its march to the seaboard
how far would it proceed without.halt
ing or looking to other sources fo
supplies? Suppose for one short yea:
I the population of South Carolina wai
blockaded and Western transportador
facilities cut short off, what would bi
the consequence; under our apresen
system of farming? Famine woulc
run riot in your towns and cities, an(
thousands of the agricultural classe!
would suffer for bread and meat, be
cause our farmers generally do noi
produce enough provisions to tak<
their families through one year. Ol
what a magnificent past we can boast
and how glaringly it contrasts with th<
In all departments of commercial
and industrial life, except agriculture
the inventive genius of man is beiuj
utilized with every possible degree oi
profit to the various avocations ic
which the people of this country arc
engaged. The conveniences of al]
kinds that the world is daily manufac
turing and placing before the farmei
are tending to render him more help
less and dependent in a business which
j should be pre-eminently the most in
J dependent on earth. Thirty years
ago, when the cid horse-power thresh
ing and hand power fanning machines
J were in use, more wheat was annually
I raised in some militia districts of thc
various counties of your State than is
now threshed with all the modern im
provements at our command, from the
combined wheat acreage of two or
three counties.
The young farmers of your State
must look back into thc early history
of their fathers and shape their future
J course in agriculture by thc self-sus
taining methods in use on every farm
at that time, utilizing all thc latest
and most approved farming imple
j ments that will reduce thc cost of la
I bor, increase the pleasure of thc busi
ness and hasten that day of prosperity
so much to be desired. Thc older
farmers should resurrect the princi
ples of farming in vogue during their
earlier days and make of their farms
I commendable object lessons of what
they know to be possible of the great
J resources of thc State.
Plant your wheat not iatcr than the
last week in October, preparing your
lands by deep plowing, harrowing and
rolling. No matter how extensive or
how restricted your acreage in wheat
may bc thc coming fall do not neglect
to treat the seed as a safeguard against
J smut. I have read hundreds of letters
I this spriDg from farmers stating that
they could not raise wheat because of
the ravages of smut. The Homans
were afflicted with thc same trouble
over two thousand years ago. Scien
tific investigation within recent years
have discovered the life history of the
smut germ, and by continued experi
ments have found remedies, which, if
properly applied, will in every in
stance free the grain of future disas
ter from that source. Smut is noth
ing more than a parasitic plant adher
ing to the grain, germinating with thc
grain and growing along with the
stalk. Its presence is only discovered
by microscopic examination. As the
infected head of wheat develops the
nutriment intended for the grain is
absorbed by the smut germ and a mass
of loose brown spores is formed.
These spores, blown about the field
by winds, adhere to thousands of good
grains, and the foundation is laid for
increasing disaster the following year.
Smut does not, therefore, develop
after the crop is planted and growing,
it must be in life and attached to the
seed wheat before it is put into the
ground. Ordinarily a solution of blue
stone, at the rate ot' one pound to
enough water for immersing five bushj
els of wheat and allowing to stand for
twele or fourteen hours, will eradicate
the trouble. Do not allow smut to
enter into your argument against
wheat raising. A more universal
growing of wheat will develop flour
mills convenient to every section of
the country. Produce the raw ma
terial and wheat will be at once erect
ed tor the preparation and grain into
needed uses.
The widespreadcinterest which the
people of our cities are taking in the
betterment of our agricultural condi
tions is indeed gratifying. There has
never been a time in the hiotory of
our country when so universal an in
terest in agriculture was manifested
by people in all avocations of life as
at present. The world is awakening
to the necessity of the farmer and
the importance of aiding him to so
shape his course in future that
his business may be one of de
serving prosperity and high useful
ness. Upon the success of the farm
er must unquestionably depend the
continued prosperity of all avocations
existing in a truly agricultural coun
All of these highly desirable ends
and more may be accomplished through
the adoption of such farming methods
as will enable us to become more pros
perous as the years roll by. Make
your farm self-sustaining. Whenyou
have provided an acreage*of diversified
crops sufficient to meet the demands
of the home supply it would then be
proper to consider the extent of the
money crop. Rotate your crops,
plough deep, harrow and roll your
lands. Increase the fertility of the
soil, supply needed humus and im
prove its mechanical conditiou by
growing leguminous plants everywhere
they can be sown or cultivated. In
stitute a systematic method of increas
ing the compost heap and cut down
the heavy bills for fertilizers. The
legume and compost heap should be
the farmer's bank; with their assist
ance he can at once commence to trav
el the inviting road to independence
and weath. Without them he must
continue to look for help only from
costly and opproisive sources. Let
the farmer work out his independence
without fear or trembling, gradually
abolishing thc credit system from the
future conduct of his business.
Greenwood handled the Convention
finely. Every one wont away satis
fied and delighted with the Conven
tion and Greenwood.
- "Married yet. old man ?" ;No.
but I'm engaged, and that's as good as
married." "It's better, if you ouly
knew it."
NERVOUSNESS. <* woman's
I |-^'<^^r^,t,^jt^ , / broken
/J ^?r*1 ' that there is some special
V?jsf'SB^^' dis*1350 or weakness of
Ajay-/ thc important and dcli
y/ cate organs which make
ill I V/ herawoman. Nine times
I j f in ten it means that some
1 " instant and radical meas
ures must be taken to save her from com
plete mental and physical wreck.
"I was so nervous I couldn't bear to hear the
sound of ray own voice when alor?* " says Mrs.
Nellie Mrittenhan, of Davcnpor:, Thayer Co.,
Nebr. "I felt as though thc:-- was some one
ready to grab me if the least sound was made.
I really cannot describe thc feelings I had, but
I can say 1 have no such ugly feelings now and
I trust I never may again. I was suffering from
female weakness and very much from nervous
"I was not able to do anything. I could not
sit up all day. I had not sat up all day since the
Mrth of my baby, four months before I l>cgan to
toke Dr. Pierce's medicines. I took one doctor's
li.edicinc for four months but did not get along
tn: all: so. discouraged. I thought 1 would try
Dr. Pierce's favorite Prescrfptiou and 'Golden
Medical Discovery.' I took six bottles of the
. Prescription * ano nine of the 4 Golden Medical
Disco-cry'and used Dr. Herce's Pleasant Pellets
along vtth the other medicines, and 1 can say
they have 'lone wonders for me.
*' I do all my work now ami feel totter than for
two years. I had not eaten anything for three
months except some kind of soup and crackers;
now I cat ?.nything I want. I believe \ owe ray
health to Dr. Pierce's medicines."
Discouraged, broken-down women should
write to Dr. R. V. Pierce, at buffalo, N. Y.,
and learn how carefully he studies into
these apparently hopeless cases. He will
send without charge, (in a plain sealed
envelope) the best advice of a capable, ex?
perienced physician.
similating theTood andRegula
ling tfaeStomachs andBoweis ?f
tiess andRest.Conta?ns neit?isr
Opiun^lorphin? nor?fineral.
7?c?x orOldVr&KUELPMmER
Pumpkin Set?>~
Alx.Senna *
AniitSerd *
JYppcrmint -
Bi CarboncttSoJa *
flam Seed -
hlnioywn- f?an::
A perfect Remedy fer Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
ness andLOSS OF SlEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
j At'b months old j
j Do SE S - J5 C E N % S
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Always Bought
Bears the / *
Signature //?jT
ty J(v The
A/ Kind
Always Bought
YOU can get the
Larkford Horse Collar,
Guaranteed to prevent or cure galls or sore shouldeo.
At CUT PRICES for the next thirty days in order to clean up and make
room for New Goods.
Big Line of Groceries of all Kinds
Try us one time.
ALSO, a few Second-hand Gins:; The Hall Gin is given up to bethe
best Gin now bailt. Nothing cheap about it but the price.
I still handle the BRENNAN CANE MILL-the only Self-Oiling
Mill now sold.
<&c, at bottom pries, manufactured of Galvanized Iron.
PLUMBING of all kinds. Also, GRAVEL ROOFING and STOVES of
the best makes.
thc best.
TINWARE at any price to suit thc wants of our customers.
For any of the above will make you pri:es that you will buy of me, and
ask your inspection of Goods and prices. Thanking all my friends and cus
tomers for their liberal patronage, Respectfullv.
P. S.-Briuir vour RAGS.
Fancy and.
Staple G-roceries,
Flour, Sugar, Coffee,
Molasses, Tobacco,
A.nd Cigars,
South Main Street, below Bank of Anderson,
Phoue and Free Delivery. W. H. Harrison's Old Stand.
AND with each successive year there also comes, amidst a flourish of trumpets,
the announcement that some new GIN is born, "another Richmond in the field,"
and every time this announcement ia made, it is qualified by another and more im
portant, that either one or more valuable features are patterned exactly like the
Old Reliable Daniel Pratt Gin.
How many times have you heard that "our (tin is as good as the Daniel Pratt, be
cause we build one a good deal like it.!" No doubt some Gins are sold on tbt>
strength of such assertions, but ask those who have bought and used them if they
are the equal of the DANIEL PRATT GIN. But ?tili the years roll on, the Danfrl
Pratt C?in not only holds its own but continues to add new laurels to those already
our (JIN SYSTEMS and ELEVATORS are the most complete and up-to-date ou
tho market. We have in stock at Anderson in our Warehouse six Car Loads of
Call on write to
F. E. WATKINS, Anderson, S.C.
0. D. MW k BRO.
GOT every grade you are looking for. We know what you want, and
we've got the prices right. Can't give it to you, but we will sell you high
rade Flour 25 to o5c cheaper than any competition. Low grade Flout
3.00 per barrel.
Car EAR CORN and stacks of Shelled Corn. Buy while it is cheap
advancing rapidly. We know where to buy and get good, sound Corn cheap.
OATS, HAY and BRAN. Special prices by the ton.
We want your trade, and if honest dealings and low prices count wt
will get it. Yours for Business,
8?, Now is your chance to get Tobacco cheap. Closing out odds and
ends in Caddies.

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