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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 23, 1899, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1899-08-23/ed-2/seq-2/

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E?iithu.siasst ici I'M eetin^j
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iltEKNWooj?, August !.*?.?'I here
has been one Convention in tins Mute
in which there was no mention oi pol
itics. This may s--cc.ni wondrous
strange, and itis remarkable, for there
were men pn sent who have had some
thing to do with the making of the
, iliticsi oi the Matt*, but the only
mention of polities that was made was
the plea that it should be eschewed.
There was no applause except when it
was on a hit about living at home and
raising food products on the planta
tion. The Comcution was a yood
one, and it has sown the -ecu for
miich good. It has .shown that there
i- the dawn of a new day in the agri
culture of the State, a brighter and a
better day.
Congressman A. C. Latimer was
asked to serve a.-. t< inporary chairman,
and Mr. N. A. Craig was selected as
Then, withou: turthei ado, the ex
perience meeting? tiiat for which the
Convention met?-started. Someone
present said that Mr. C. I*. Robert-,
of Greenwood, had just sold two bun
dred bushel.- of wheat, and want* d his
views. Mr. Roberts believes in deep
ploughing iu preparing hind- For
planting wheat, and mixes fertilizers
with his cotton seed on his lands:
made a yield of llThl bushels on Hi or
IS acres; prefers the blue stem wheat
for this sectton for plauting; has nev
er been troubled with rust; always
.-oaks his seed in blucstone prepara
tion over night: thinks it dangerous
not to soak a- soon as he can after
frost, and keeps it up until after
<"iristrnti>. Me sold his wheat last
year for one dollar to one dollar and
twenty-five cents per bushel, and this
year for one dollar. He plants cotton
and wheat, and finds more money in
wheat than in cotton.
Mr. Kldridge U. Addison, of Nine
ty-Six. said that he had been studying
>mall grain for twenty years, and was
a great advocate of the crop. He
thought that the time would come,
and the sooner the better, when not a
pound of flour would be shipped iuto
this State, and when, on the other
hand, South Carolina would ship flour
outside of the State limits, lie made
wheat very successfully on lands that
had been given up as worthless and
which had been run down to the heel;
believed in stable manure on wheat:
wheat stands all kinds of weather. He
sowed ten bushels and made a crop of
three hundred and eight bushels.
Could not advise planting on cotton
land, because the land could not well
be prepared in time for the wheat crop:
prcforred planting after peas or on
pasture land.
Mr. C. Tl. Jordan spoke in part as
Mr. President. Ladies and Gentle
men: Thero is no occasion which is to
tue more enjoyable and no compliment
which I esteem more highly than the
privilege of being with and talking to
the farmers of my country. In the
discussion of those problems, the solu
tion of which is essential to prosperi
ty iu uur future farm work, a subject
is presented in which wc are now
most vitally interested. Conditions
which did not suggest themselves a
decade ago are becoming serious-and
formidable at the present time. While
personally a stranger to most of you I
feel that my own interests aro identi
cal with yours and that wc are all en
gaged in a common cause.
In advocating a revolution in our
farming methods I shall not suggest
the adoption of anything which has
not heretofore been successfully un
dertaken, and will give no advice
which is not capable of piaotical ap
plication. It is quito apparent to any
easual observer that our system of do
ing business is decidedly contrary to
that which existed during the days of
our greatest prosperity and consequent
independence. There was, a time, not
so far back in the past, when the
farmers of the South supplied the
population of the towns and cities
with the necessaries of life from the
varied products of their fanes. At
the present time a large majority of
our farming classes are helplessly de
dependent upon the merchants for
supplies not only for themselves but
for their stock as well. The heavy
staple supplies wbieh the merchants
handle are grown iu the far West, and
the proceeds of the cotton crop of the
South, which should represent the
surplus money crop of the farm, is
paid out to tho farmers of the West.
We are enriching not only these pro
ducers, but tho railroads, wholesale
and retail dealers, through whose
hands these goods must pass before
reaching us, and who charge a fnll
commission all along tho line. The
crop out of which we arc expected to
pay for these supplies is sold at a fig
ure below tho cost of production, and
there can be bnt one result to ns from
' the continuance of such a system of
doing business.
The great State of South Carolina
possesses as great a degree of di
versified resources as any/ State in
?elcl .'it Crrooiiwoocl
if f 'mirU i .
j the Union. Tin i.- not a farm in
i your State whi< 1: cannot. by a proper
method of div< rsilied planting, under
I an intensive system of culture, be
made -clf-supporting. The farmers of
I your Stat< mu-t reali/c that every
' pound ? f supplies which they purchase
! in the open markets \a produced by
I othevnfarmers in distant sections of
j the country who labor under greater
dillicultics than those with which we
have t" contend.
When Southern farms were self
sustaining open accounts were the
only evidence- of indebtedness;, and
the fanner's word was as good a.-gold.
Sharp, shrewd business men of the
world soon saw that there were for
I tune- to be made in the cotton crop if
j the farmer could be induced to pro
' ducc it in largo quantities
; The Western people saw an oppor
: tunity for building granaries and
j packing houses to supply the South
j with food il we could be induced to
j turn our attention entirely to growing
cotton. The big railroad magnates
i saw the grand .opportunity to increase
dividends, multiply their rolling stock
and otherwise fatten on the freights
to be obtained by transporting heavy
and costly supplies from the West for
the Southern cotton grower during the
spring and summer. In the fall mil
lions of cotton bales would be turned
over to them for carriage to the sea
ports or Northern markets, a second
whack had at the great Southern in
The '-iock raisers of Kentucky aud
Tennessee were pleased at the bright
prospect of supply for the future that
beautiful Southland, where all thut
was needed to make a man rich was a
piece of land planted in cotton, with a
negro and a Kentuckys mule to plough
Guano manufacturers saw at once
that plant foods in enormous quanti
titics would have to be supplied to
keep up the fertility of the cleanly
cultivated Heids, and that the invest
ment would be a good one. Cotton
expositions were held all over the
country and the white staple crowned
j It has taken twenty years to whip
the fight, but the intense greed of the
world has done the work, and to day
the old king lies half dead in the
ditch, while broken and disappointed
mourners gaze upon the long trail of
a disappointed past. While the farm
er has lost in the struggle the country
at large has developed aud increased
its wealth steadily each year.
I have no criticism to make of the
farmer for so largely producing cot
ton, even with the costly use of com
mercial fertilizers, when the business
was a lucrative one. l?utwefaee con
ditions to-day which arc serious and
which make impossible the future
wholesale production of cotton as a
means of developing future prosperity
j In the rich, alluvial lands of the
j Southwest, in which arc embraced the
j valleys of the Mississippi, tho cxtcn
j sivc plains of Texas and Southern
i Oklahoma, cotton is being grown on
an average of ono bale per acre, with
j out the use of fertilizers. The farm
! crs of your own State, after using an
j nually hundreds of thousands of tons
j of fertilizers, can barely average half
! a bale per acre. With these heavy
j odds against us and competition au
nually increasing in the Southwest,
' we will be forced to change our pres
ent system of farming. The solution
! of the problem by which we aro to-day
i confronted must be largely determined
j by the efforts of each . individual who
j is directly engaged in the produution
j of ootton?and who, by reason of a
j full appreciation of his needs and coni
j dition, realize that he is as important
factor in breaking the bondage under
which lie rests, that the freedom and
independence of his business may bo
once more established, placing him on
that high plane of prosperity which
was so conspicuous in the early days
of our fathers.
Fill your granaries and smoke hous
es with tho [products of your farms,
stock your pastures with cattle, sheep
and hogs. Divorsify your interests
and prepare to go into the markets of
your country with a dozen staple pro
ducts whore you now only attempt one.
Cut down your cotton acreage and di
versify the erops planted. f We can
gradually get into the supply business
and raise enough cotton besides to
meet the demands of the world, and
the price for which it is sold will be a
profit in our business. Every farmer
who has heretofore operated his affairs
on the credit system must make a
strenuous effort to use more oaeh in
his business for what he is forced to
boy and raise everything at home
whioh his lands will produce.
I am satisfied that a larger acreage
in wheat will be planted in the South
during the coming fall than for many
years past. We need shrewd business
men on the farm 89 we?i. as in other
departments of life. Broad, liberal
thoughts find birth in higher educa
tion. The farmers will only combine
heir common interests when confi
dence in the business ability of each
has been gained. Unity among the
farmers is one of the greatest needs
of the present day. A careful,
thoughtful study of the resources of
the country will open up a system of
diversified farming, which will bring
profit and pleasure to the agricultu
ralist, livery farmer should have a
thorough knowledge of commercial
paper and understand some system of
keeping books. At the beginning of
each year a detailed account of what
he owns should be taken down, rcpre
itcmi/ed account of every dollar ex
pended, whether cash or credit, should
be carefully entered. The cost of la
bor employed aud the materials used
iu the production of the various crops
should be specially accounted. At
the end of the year his books will
show the profits or loss of the busi
ness. Wherever errors existed in the
management, the defects could bo
readily found and remedies applied.
The boys growing up on the farms will
catch the inspiration of systematic
methods and business training, which
they will be able to utilize with profit
and to their own advantabe in future
I'appre ciate the fact that the days
of schooling, as we ordinarily use tho
term, for the adult farmer has passed:
that the only hope for the present and
future cultivation of his mental fac
ulties and the betterment of his ma
terial prosperity must lie in the local
organization of farmers' institutes.
The farmers' institute is without cost
to its membership. I want to give
my aid and encouragement to their es
tablishment in every county in the
South as rapidly as possible If you I
have no institute in your State organ- j
ize and begin the battle for greater
success and prosperity in your farm
ing methods. In theso institutes the
interchange of ideas, experience meet
ings, discussing and adopting the
most successful plans pertaining to
our business would meet and over
come many serious obstacles which
retard, as stumbling blocks, our future
pathway. What the farmer needs
most of all at this time is encourage
ment and aid in the solution of such
problems as will help him in his life
work and the building of a future filled
with contentment, happiness and pros
perity. Organize and attend your in
stitutes with a full appreciation of
your needs and surroundings.
There arc no people who have better
opportunities for self-education than
the farmer, and he should be quick to
take advantage of the circumstances
which place this highly desirable fea
ture of his avocation within his roach.
That farmer whose business is opera
ted on a self-sustaining bpsis, who ex
ercises intelligence, forethought and
correct methods in the conduct of his
affairs, foars no panic. The tighten
ing of the money market, the crash of
falling business houses in the great
cities, reach his ears only through the
medium of the heavy headlines of his
newspaper. lie is happy, peaceful
and contented, and only responsible
to his Maker.
But what of the farmer whose home
is mortgaged in the Northern loan
companies, whose stock and crop fur
nish collateral for the purchase of sup
plies? When the stringency comes,
the crop fails to settle the obligations;
tho loans fall due, an extension is
asked for and refused. The iron grip
of the law is evoked, the property i3
advertised for sale and knocked down
to the highest bidder. The wife is
torn from a home which sho has long
learned to love: the iittic children arc
forced from tho cherished playground,
and another heart-broken farmer is
added to the long and rapidly swelling
lists of tenants, while one more
Southern home passes into Northern
control. This picture is not drawn
from fancy; its roalism is too of
ten heralded as ouc of the misfor
tunes of our present farming system.
The solution of the race problem is
a matter in which the farmers of our
country arc more largely interested
than anyone else. The field of roost
serious districts is in the rural dis
Wo have assembled here for a high
and noble purpose, one worthy and
fitting the honorable avocation in
which wc arc engaged. We are here
to discuss plans for the material bet
torment of tho farmers' condition in
South Carolina and to express our do
termination before the world that the
future planting and growing of wheat
will be conspicuous on every farm in
the State. The reform movement is
taking possession of your people in
earnest, and a revolution of our farm
ing methods is sending tho pleasing j
sunlight of its advanoe into the mind
aud heart of every farmer.
For years thero has been great ri
valry among the transportation lines
from the West, soliciting heavy
freight for shipment into ?nr South
ern country. Wheat, or its manufac
tured products, flour and bran, have
largely figured in the heavy tonnage
of freights daily delivered to your
wholesale merchants in the last twen
ty or thirty years. .The daily con
sumption of foreign hour on the ta
bles of our farmers has boot. Oomo
thing enormous, while our cities never
enjoy bread prepared from home-raised
r. . . -'. - v^:.. . < ' 1
The universal raising of wheat in
your State will be no experiment and
no new undertaking. It will simply
be getting back into the footsteps of
our fathers, and forging a strong link
in the desirable self-sustaining feature
of our farm work. There are thousands
of people in your State to-day who
well remember when patent flour,
sacked in Western mill.-, had no sale
in your merchants' stores. South
Carolina wheat has helped to furnish
the muscle and brain of many of the
most prominent characters who have
conspicuous places in the history of
our country.
Io contrasting the agricultural eon
ditions of the South as they exir.ted
thirty-live yoars ago with those of the
present it can be mot i forcibly pre
sented through a short illustration
from a part of our history with which
wc are all familiar, and of which
many of you who are here to-day have
a feeling recollection. During the
four years' continuation of the civil
war the ontiro population of the South
was blockaded on all sides. The con
tinued call of troops to the front
drained the country of its best man
hood, leaving agriculture largely in
new hands and under the restraint of
perilous, wrought-up times. The en-,
tire Confederacy subsisted upon home
raised supplies, and the invadiDg army
of the North loaded its commissary
departments with the products of
Southern farms. During the entire
period of four years there was no suf
fering in any quarter of the South by
man or beast for want of food, whole
some food, particularly flour. Our
troops suffered for want of money and
transportation facilities, but not be
cause there wa3 not an abundance of
provisions of all kinds in every sec
tion of the South. Gen. Sherman
commenced his memorable march
through Georgia toward the close of
'04, with nearly one hundred and
thirty-five thousand men and thous
ands of oavalry and wagon horses. As
he advanced on his line of march to
the seaboard, and onward through
your own State, his foraging parties
daily replenished this vast army's
commissary department with the finest
bills of fare overissued to any soldiery
in modern times.
The full gr?naries, smoke houses
and extensive, well-stocked pastures
of South Carolina's farms supplied
Gen. Sherman with an abundanoe of
provisions, without any great detri
ment to our people left in the wake of
his march.
It'cannot be doubted that there is
vastly more aereage in cultivation in
your State to-day than at that time.
Should suoh an army with its neces
sary stock equipments, start but
through your State at this time with
out a well-filled commissary, depend
ing upon the resources of the country
to sustain its march to the seaboard,
how far would it proceed without<halt
ing or looking to other sources for
supplies? Suppose for one short year
the population of South Carolina was
blockaded and Western transportation
facilities out short off, what would be
the consequence, under our Qpresent
system of farming? Famine would
run riot in your towns and cities, and
thousands of the agricultural classes
would suffer for bread and meat, be
cause our farmers generally do not
produce enough provisions to take
their families through one year. Of
what a magnificent past we can boast
and how glaringly it contrasts with the
In all departments of commercial
and industrial life, except agriculture,
the inventive genius of man is being
utilized with every possible degree of
profit to the various avocations in
whioh the people of this country are
engaged. The conveniences of all
kinds that the world is daily manufac
turing and placing before the farmer
are tending to render him more help*
less and dependent in a business whioh
should be pre-eminently the most in
dependent on earth. Thirty years
ago, when the eld horse-power thresh
ing and hand power fanning machines
were in use, more wheat was annually
raised in somo militia districts of the
various counties of your State than is
now threshed with all the modern im
provements at our command, from the
combined wheat acreage of two or
three counties.
The young farmers of your State
must look back into the early history
of their fathers and shapo their future
course in agriculture by the self-sus
taining methods in use on every farm
at that time, utilising all the latest
and most approved farming impie
ments that will reduce the cost of la
bor, increase the pleasure of the busi
ness and hasten that day of prosperity
so much to be desired. The older
farmers should resurrect the princi
ples of farming in vogue daring their
earlier days and make of their farms
commendable object lessons of what
they know to be possible of the great
resources of the State.
Plant your wheat not later than the
last week in October, preparing yrur
lands by deep plowing, harrowing and
rolling. No matter how extensive or
how restricted your acreage in wheat
may be the ooming fall do not neglect
to treat the seed as a safeguard against
smu t. I have read hundreds of letters
this spring from farmers siat?ng thut
they could not raise wheat because of I
i \j \ _. t ..-'.'i- -.1' '->''.
the ravages of smut. The Hornaus
were afflicted with the same trouble
over two thousand years ago. Scien
tific investigation within receut years
have discovered the life history of the
smut germ, and by continued esperi
ments have found remedies, which, if
properly applied, will in every in
stance free the grain of future disas
ter from that sourie. Smut is noth
ing more than a parasitic plant adher
ing to the grain, germinating with the
grain and growing along with the
stalk. Its presence is only disco* ered
by microscopic examination, As .[
infected head of wheat develops the
nutriment intended for the grain is J
absorbed by the omutgerm and a mass
of loose brown spores is formed.
These spores, blown about the field
by winds, adhere to thousands of good
grains, and the foundation is laid for
increasing disa.-ter the following year.
?mut does not, therefore, develop
after the crop is planted and growing,
it must be in life and attached to the
seed wheat before it is put into the
ground. Ordinarily a solution of blue
stone, at the rate of one pound to
enough water for immersing five bushj
els of wheat and allowing to stand for
twele or fourteen hours, will eradicate
the trouble. Do not allow smut to
enter into your argument against
wheat raising. A more universal
growing of wheat will develop Hour
mills convenient to every section of
the country. Produce the raw ma
terial and wheat will be at once erect
ed for the preparation and grain into
needed uses.
The widespreadcinterest which the
people of our cities are taking in the
betterment of our agricultural condi
tions is indeed gratifying. There has
never been a time in the hiotory of
our country when so universal an in
terest in agriculture was manifested
by people in all avocations of life as
at present. The world is awakening
to the necessity of the farmer and
the importance of aiding him to so
shape his course in future that
his business may be one of de
serving prosperity and high useful
ness. Upon the success of the farm
er must unquestionably depend the
continued prosperity of all avocations
existing in a truly agricultural coun
Aii of these highly desirable ends
and more may be accomplished through
the adoption of such farming methods
as will enable us to become more pros
perous as the years roll by. Make
your farm self-sustaining. Wheayou
have provided an acreage*of diversified
crops sufficient to meet the demands
of the home supply it would then he
proper to consider the extent of the
money crop. Rotate your crops,
plough deep, harrow and roll your
lands. Increase the fertility of the
soil, supply needed humus and im
prove its mechanical condition by
growing leguminous plants everywhere
they can be sown or cultivated. In
stitute a systematic method of increas
ing the compost heap and cut down
the heavy bills for fertilizers. The
lef.umc and compost heap should be
f.!ie farmer*s bank; with their assist
ance he can at once commence to trav
el the inviting road to independence
and weath. Without them he must
continue to look for help only from
costly and oppressive sources. Let
the farmer work out his independence
without fear or trembling, gradually
abolishing the credit system from the
future conduct of his business.
Greenwood handled the Convention
finely. Every one went awaj'. satis
fied aad delighted with the Conven
tion and Greenwood.
August Kohx.
? i > - ? -
? "Married yet. old man ?" 'No,
but I'm engaged, and that's asgood as
married." "It's better, if you only
knew it."
mind is
ly filled
with nerv
ous un
dread and
sion it
that her
system is
ed and
down. Nine
- times in ten
it indicates
that there is some spcaial
disease or weakness of
the important and deli
cate organs which make
her a woman. Nine tunes
in ten it means that some
instant and radical meas
ures must be taken to save her from com
plete mental and physk-ol wreck.
" z was so nervous X cotudn't bear to bear the
SSBsd of mv awn rciee when ala **
Kellle Brittenhan. of Davenport. Thayer Co.,
Kebr. I.fctt na though there was some one
ready to grab me if the least sound was made.
I really cannot describe the feelings s had, bat
I can say 1 have no such ugly feelings now tod
1 trust Xncver may again. X was soJfenag from
faoate weakness and very much from nervous
prcB t rp* to n ?
I was not able to do anything.. I could not
at alt; tso dl^wg?d, I thought I would try
X>r. Pierce'fl Favorite X-?escriptlon and 'Gotten
Medfeat Discover.', I took eta bottles of the
Prescription' and tune of the Golden Medlml
theyhave done wonders for me.
J^t do an my work now and fee? better than tbr
?-S.'^.ISS.'.?J^ *?&
Disparaged, broken-down women should
write to Dr. R. V. Pierce, at Buffalo, N. Y?
and ieain how carefully ho studies into
these apparently hopeless cases. He wilT
send -Without charge, (in a plain sealed
envelope) the best advice of a capable, ex*
peritneed physician.
jiiiul?tjMg iisbiwu?iunsK?ki
ting theShifflfichs andBoweis of
Imams ( hildhi.n
Ergotes LU^es?oaCheerM*
?u3ss andRest.Conta?ns neither
OmutruMorpliHitf nor Mineral.
"wot "Narcotic.
For Infants and
Pumplin Se? *l'
Alx.Stn/ia -
RtAtUtSdU -
Ant te Steal *
Ptrpcrmmt -
Jii OsrtanabSoJa '
ftitwiSttd -
fltvifttd Sujjmr .
ftfofcrp-TV* /7am:
A perfect Remedy for Cons lipa
lion. Sour Stotnach.Diarrhoca,
Worms .Cortvuts ions .Feveri sh
tiess Olid LOSS OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
At () m o il t h>? old
j3 p.osi s - 33 C ! N I S
The Kind You Ri
Always Bough]
Bears the
You Kai
Always tagt
YOU can get the? "
Larkfbrd Horse Collar,
Guaranteed to prevent or cure galls or eoTe shoulders.
At CUT PRICES for the next thirty days in order to clean up andi
room for New Goods.
Big Line of Groceries of all Kinds
Try us one time. s
One BO-Saw Hi Cotton 6in, Feeder ai Gatow.
ALSO, a few Second-hand Gins: The Hall Gin is given up to
best Gin now bnilt. Nothing cheap about it but the price.
I still handle the BRENNAN CANE MILL-the only Self
Mill now sold.
&c, at bottom puce, mannfactured of Galvanized Iron.
PLUMBING of all kinds. Hso. GRAVEL ROOFING and S?Ov
the beat makes.
the beet.
TINWARE at any price to suit the wants of our customers.
For any of the above will make you pri:es that you will buy of mi
ask your inspection of Goods and prices. Thanking all my friends an
tomers for their liberal patronage, Respectfully,
P. S.?Brins vour RAGS.
33 'CpZEj& ....
Fancy and.
Staple G-roceries,
Flour3 8n^ars O ofiee3
Molasses, Tobacco,
Ajad. Cigars,
Phone and Free Delivery.
South Main Street, below Bank of Anderson
W. H. Harrison's Old
AND with each successive year there also comes, amidst a flourish of tru
tho announcement that eomo now GIX is born, "'another Richmond in the
and every time this announcement in made, it is .jnallfiod by another and
portant, that either one or more valuable features aro patterned exactly like
Old EeliaMe Baniel Pratt ?in.
How many times have you heard that "our Gin Is as, good aa the Daniel Pr*S?
cause we buuVi one ? good deal like it." No doubt some G?iia are sold
strength of such assortions? but ask those who have bought and used them
are the eqnal of the DANIEL PRATT ?IN. But still the years roU on, tbe
Pratt Gin not only holds It* own but continues to add .new laurels to those i
Our GIN SYSTEMS and ELEVATORS are the most complete and UP'HH
tho market. Wo have in stock at AndsrBon In our Warehouse six Car Ixflj
Call on write to
F. ?. WATKIN^e AndersoD
o. ?. msmm & im
GOT every grade you are looking for. We know what you i
've got the prices right. Can't give it to yoe, but we will sell
le Flour 26 to 35c cheaper than aty competition. Loir grade
.00 per barrel.
Car BAB CORN and stecke of Shelled Corn. Buy while it a
advancing rapidly. We know where to bay and get good, sound Coro <
OATS, HAV and BRAN. Special prices by the bn.
W? want your trade, and if honest dealings arid low prices
"get it. Youra for Business;
a* ?. AM&Mm?& & Bi
o cheap. ??oeuiK eut
B?. Now is your chance
ends 5n Caddie?.

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