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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 30, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1899-08-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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He didn't
have the
Lucky Key !
THE fellow who broke our plate glass
show window with a brick last Wednes
day night didn't have the lucky key, else
you people who now hold keys wouldn't
have a chance to try them on September
% 1899. The box is somewhat disfigured,
but the money is all 0. H., and if you
want to win
of more Dollars
We give a key with each dollar's worth
you trade, and then we give you more for
your dollars than any credit Store can
possibly give. Remember
B. 0. Evans k Co,
>Tot Room for Two Races-Favors
(Jironwood Index.
Mr. Wyatt Aiken, ol' Abbeville, last
night sent the Index thc following let
ter received by him from Gen. M. C.
Butler. Gen. Butler deals with a mat
ter that is of great interest just at this
time, and his letter is intensely inter
esting both on account of the boldness
of the position he takes and the caus
? tic manner in which he refers to Sena
j tor Tillman "and others" for their ut
terances on the same subject. Hi? let
ter is us follows:
EDGEFIELD, S. C., Aug. 23.
Dear Wyatt: Thc newspaper accounts
of the state of affairs in Greenwood
county which I take to be in the main
correct, portray a condition of affairs
truly deplorable. I am no apologist
for lawlessness at the hands of any
class of people, and offer no excuse for
it in Greenwood or any other county,
but in order to check it we must find
the causes that produce lawlessness
and apply an effective remedy, Pub
lic meetings and denunciation will not
cure the disease. 'You may plaster
over a sore on the human body and
conceal it for a time, but if the disease
is in the blood it will break out some
where else. A good doctor will strike
at the root of the disease, and eradi
cate it there, while he applies palia
tives on the surface.
So it is with the race question in this
country. Poor white men, who have
to "earn their bread by the sweat of
their faces," cannot compete with cheap
negro labor. To attempt to do so ini
Slies their degradation and ultimate
e8truction or expatriation. One race
or the other must go to the wall, and
without any other feelings toward the
negro race than that of absolute kind
ness and good will, I shall be found on
the side of my own race when that
issue is presented, as it is now, in my
opinion. Two races cannot live to
gether in peace on terms of equal civil
and political rights, and the sooner we
realize that the better it will be for
both races. The gradual and perma
nent separation of the races is the only
solution of the terrible problem. The
bitterness between them is growing
more intense every day and will con
tinue to increase m intensity as time
goes on, unless some practical remedy
is applied. Otherwise the day of pain
ful retribution is inevitable, and a train
of calamities are in store for us too
distressing to contemplate. The fate
of the negro is pathetic, pitiable, as
things now are. The fate of the labor
ing white is worse so, as he has to com
pete with negro labor.
It is very easy for Tillman and others
to denounce the lawlessness of the
Eoor white man, "the one gallus, wool
at crowd; tho poor farmer boy." Let
Mr. Tillman and those who join him as
the guardians of the negro and present
denunciators of the poor white man,
put themselves in his place, and walk
between tho plow handles, shove t
plane or wield the hammer from sum
to sundown, in competition with neg
labor, employed at from tinco to ti
dollars a month, a peck of meal ai
three pounds of bacon a week. Son
of these patriots now jumping on tl
"one-gallus, wool-hat crowd" are ai
have been for years living on fat sal
ries, enjoying flic cream ot' the land, 1
tlie grace of thc; "one-gallns, wool-h
crowd." Having reached the top, tin
now ckick down the ladder on wliii
they rose to wealth and power. Sin
sudden conversion to the ways of la
and order make one tired.
I repeat, I have no excuse to ofter f<
"white capping" or any other form <
outlawry, but sometimes justification
if not excuse, may bc dug up from th
depths of pc? rerty and the hard lines 1
which cheap negro labor have plunge
many worthy, poor white men. An
whenever you arraign thc accused an
denounced before a white jury toi
tried for their violent and iawles
effort to break down and drive out tli
competition with cheap negro labo
you will strike a chord of sympath
running through the hearts of ever
member of the panel, for thc accuse
are of their own race. So we will coi
tinue to go through with the farce an
expense of trying to convict white me
for making raids on negroes. Revers
the situation and put negroes in th
iury box to try negroes and you won!
have the same result. God Almight
has implanted in the heart of each rac
an ineradicable hatred against th
other, and you can no more expel it b,
trials and denunciations and lecture
than you can change the nature o
color of each by a cyclone.
The government of the United State
ought to appropriate a hundred mil
lions of dollars and duplicate as of tei
as may be necessary, to assist the ne
groes m settling a colony to themselves
or, what would be almost as effective
assist them in moving to the north o
northwest. The government did thii
for the Indians because they could no
live in peace with their waite neigh
bors. Why not adopt the same policy
for the colored race? The stupid, un
tenable law on our statute books mak
ing it a penal offence for an eniigranl
agent to induce negroes to leave the
State ought to be repealed, and th(
State ought to pay a bonus of so mad
a head for every negro who can be in
duced to go. Cheap labor is the curse
of any country. It may enrich a few,
but the great body of the citizenship
cannot emerge from a state of semi
peonage of starvation wages.
The landowners would be better off
if the cheap labor would get out and
make way for an intelligent, thrifty
class of white laborers wno would in
telligently diversify agriculture, im
prove the lands and make plenty and
prosperity where starvation and degra
dation now hold sway.
A temporary inconvenience might
result if the negro should go away, but
the white men of the south would meet
the emergency and solve it with cour
age and intelligence. The terrors
which beset the females of their fami
lies would give place to a feeling of se
curity and composure; society would
adjust itself on lines of safety and en
lightened progress. As it. is, young
men are leaving the farms, seeking em
ployment where they avoid competi
tion with cheap labor. Whenever they
lind themselves able, heads of families
are moving to towns and villages for
better security to their families, leav
ing thc fields to a vicious, ruinous ten
ant system, which' kills the land and
demoralizes thc country.
It behooves young men to look the
situation squarely in the face. Those
of us who have passed thc meridian of
life cannot in the nature of things live
to see the end, but as for myself I shall
point out the way as it appears to me,
and contribute as best I can to the so
lution of the race question on lines of
humanity and.justice. In the discus
sion there is no room for passion or in
temperate language. The wild haran
gues of men who openly advise the
murder of the Tolberts and keeping
the negro in a state of quasi slavery,
and yet who always manage to get into
a safe place when the ball opens, de
serve the contempt and execration of
all right-minded men. That is not thc
way to bring peace and order in the
country and give the law an opportu
nity to ?assert itself.
You will naturally ask why not cure
the evils of cheap negro In bor by ad
vancing their wages and lift them up
from their present plane of degrada
tion. The ready answer is lound in
the fact that their methods of work,
their habits of life, their lack of intel
ligence and adaptation and thrift in
modem production does not justify it.
This has been tried within my knowl
edge, with disappointment and loss as
the result.
The same argument was used on the
Pacific coast during the agitation of
the Chinese labor question with the
same resuit.
You may look at the subject in every
one of its possible phases, and come
back to the starting point, that the
negro, endowed as ne is with every
civil and political right that the law
confers upon you and myself, cannot
and will not live in peace with the
white man, so long as he is in immedi
ate contact with him. It never has
and never can be done, until the Crea
tor of us all change the natures of us
all. Lynchings, white capping, mob
law, every form of lawlessness, con
stantly menaces society, obstructs pro
gress, and keeps up a state of anxiety
while such contact exists. .
Very truly,
- It is said that L. W. Youmans,
of Barnwell county, will compete with
Senator Tillman in candidating for
senatorial honors. It is claimed for
him that he is quite popular with the
"wool-hat contingent," whatever that
is. >
$100 Reward, $100.
The readers of this paper will be pleased to learn
that there is at least one dreaded disease that sci
ence has been able to cure in all its stages, and that
is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only posi
tive cum now known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease requires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is
taken internally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system, thereby de
stroying the foundation of the disease, and giving
the pa' tient strength by building up th*, constitu
tion and assisting nature in doing its work. The
proprietors have >o much frith in its curative
powers, that they offer On e Hundred 1'ollars for
any case that it falls to cure. Send for list of tes
Hall's Family Fills Are the best.
Cheap Printing.
Law Briefs at 60 cent? a Page-Good
Work, Good Paper, Prompt Delivery.
Minutes cheaper. than at ary other
house. Catalogues in the best style
If you have printing to do, it will be to
your interest to write to the Press and
Banner, Abbeville, S. C. tf.
- Charleston is to have a big mod
ern hotel.
- Several sections of thc State were
visited by a storm last week and much
damage was done.
- A rumor i* afloat that a northern
syndicate has bought the Columbia
canal for ?1.000,000.
- State Alliance Lecturer J. ll.
Blake would like to succeed Mr. Lat
imer in Congress.
- Lewis D. Bowie, '.rho once was
Clerk of the Court a: Abbeville, died
at his home near Due West, last week.
- Miss Mary Dorsey, living near
Walhalla, celebrated her OSth birth
day on the 20th inst., having been
born August 20th, 1S01. She enjoys
good health.
- Abbeville will build a roller mill.
Eight thousand dollars is necessary
for the plant. $4,000 have already
been subscribed. Another cotton fac
tory is talked of.
- At Oak Grove, Hampton county,
people have found a work that beats
cotton. It is gathering "dog tongue,
deer tongue or pine barren musk,"
which bri?gs from li to 2 cents a
- Gov. McSwceney has issued a
requisition upon the Governor of
Georgia for Ike Simpson, colored, who
has been arrested in that State and is
wanted in Pickens county to answer
a charge of the murder of his brother.
- About two weeks ago a mad dog
made its appearance in the upper part
of Richland county, about ten miles |
from the city. He bit several dogs
and four or five hogs, all of which
have since gone mad. The hogs and
several dogs which showed signs of
hydrophobia have since been killed.
- Frank Ben necke, of Walhalla, fell
from a cliff of rocks forty feet high on
Black Rock mountain. His front
teeth were broken and otherwise
bruised up. His boy comrades came
to town for a conveyance to bring him
in, but he recuperated and was met j
pacing into town a wiser boy.
- During the storm on Thursday
a negro woman on the plantation of
T. A. Clarke in Back swamp was kill
ed by lightning. ? She was sittingftn a
rocking chair imher house with a baby
in her arms. ? The bolt struck the
house, and threw her from the chair
in which she was sitting, killing her
instantly. The child in her arms was
not hurt in the slightest, and was
picked up by neighbors playing on the
floor.-Florence Times.
- Ladson, sixteen-year-old son ot:
Mr. and Mrs. 0. P. Smawley, living
tjear Landrum, was killed by a shifting
freight train. He was walking down
the side track evidently intending to
catch the passenger train as it was
backing on the side track. The wheels
passed over his legs almost severing
them from his body.
- Last week an attempted assault
was made near Barnwell. A negro e n
gaged in laying rails for the Atlantic
Coast Line pursued a young white gir 1
to her door. Thc negro was arrested,
given thirty-four lashes and told to
skip, which he did. Some hot heads
were in favor of lynching, but as he
did not accomplish his purpose t he
wiser counsel prevailed.
- At the solicitation of friends and
relatives, supported by numerously
signed petitions, the sentence of A. B.
Fowler, South Carolina's "-armless for
ger," has been commuted by Governor
McSweeney from the penitentiary to
the Greenville county chaingang. He
is serving three years' sentence, hav
ing been sent to the penitentiary from
Greenville in February, 1898.
- Last Saturday there were several
fatalities from lightning on the George
town Railroad. A log train was load
ing when a thunder and hail storm
came u$. Lightning struck near the
train and it is.supposed to have run
on the telegraph wires jumping off to
the train. Two negroes who were
holding on to the chains were instantly
killed, while r half dozen others were
knocked down.
- A strange incident occurred at the
"Wesley Grove church, about seven
miles from Walterboro, Sunday after
noon. The colored congregation being
engaged in its regular Sunday worship,
one of the brethren, John Gadsden,
was called upon to "lead in \ rayer."
In rssponse to the request he began to
pray, but before his supplication was
concluted lightning struck him and he
was lifted off the floor in an unconscious
condition and carried home by his
- Last Saturday night while Con
stable Samuel Tobias, of Clarendon
county, was trailing William Dickson,
a notorious horse thief and burglar,
he suddenly met him in the road with
another escaped convict. J?efore he
could use his gun, the constable was
fatally clubbed, his skull being crush
ed. The criminals had just robbed
the Manning depot of a quantity of
1 goids. They took the constable's
I weapons and are still at large.
Philo-Teknon or Bab
Cures the Child and saves the Parents
Care and Anxiety.
Almost EVERYBODY in this section who has or have had children under their
care has heard of or used
They have been used in PRIVATE practice and SOLD over the counter for more than
They cure Cholera Infantum, Diarrhoae, Dysentery, Cholera Morbus, Colic, Thrush,
Eruptions and Sores on the skin, aids Digestion and regulates the Bowels, Strengthens
the Child and allays IRRITATION and makes TEETHING EAS Y and not a period of
The life and health of Children.are dependent upon the constant watchfulness of
loving mothers. Guard carefully, then, the little charges entrusted to your keeping,
and if they are suffering from any of the above DO NOT DELAY. Prompt action
is necessary to protect the health of the Child,
ENTIRELY HARMLESS and the best possible medicine to be given during
TEETHING, which is the most TRYING TIME of a baby's life.
S. C.

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