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Sherman in Ge
Ii? J. Massey, M. 1
On the 29th of November, 1864,
just thirty-seven years ago, Sherman's
army first entered Milledgev?le, Ga.,
then the State capital. For three or
four days previous to this time,
straggling parties came through the
town, some positively asserting that
Sherman was not coming to Milledge
v?le. but going directly to Augusta,
from Atlauta down the Georgia rail
road. The next party would probably
say that he was going by way of Ma
cuii iiii'i ?Luke lho South Carolina
line below Augusta. Probably the
third party would with an much as
surance assert that Sherman was com
ing directly to Milledgcville. This
kept the town in a great state of ten
sion and bewildering excitement.
When, upon Friday, the 18th, posi
tive information was received that
General Sherman was in a very few
miles of the town, heading directly
for the town, of course every one left
who coulu I immediately telegraph
ed Surgeon S. H. Stout, medical di
rector of hospitals of Hood's army,
then located at Columbus, Ga.:
"Sherman reported bearing down on
Milledgev?le in heavy numbers. What
shall I do with Brown hospital and
the patients?" In a very short tiuie
I received in response: "Remain at
your post, surrender your hospital,
ask protection for your sick and
wounded, assistants, nurses and help.
Send to rear immediately orcry pa
??*?r t able to travel. What stores you
un .ut tited, all the assistants, nurses
and help you can dispense with."
I had "at that time, iu the six differ
ent wards, something like two hun
dred sick, wounded and couvaicsceuts.
1 -rent to each ward in person, notified
each patient of what was about to
happen, and that if he felt able to get
np and get away he might do so. All
left but forty-eight, and something
very remarkable, there were at least
some fifteen or twenty who had not
been off their bunks, except when
helped off, for the last threo or four
weeks. They at onoe got up, dressed
and left. They crossed the river and,
so far as 1 know, they are walking
yet. I have never heard from them.
The river was about half a mile from
the hospital, and the general impres
sion seemed to prevai that Sherradn
would not cross the river, but go
down it, after saoking Milledgev?le,
into a better section to gather sup
plies and horses. So, overy one who
was able to get aoross the river felt
that he would be safe from Sherman's
army. I learned that a squad of cav
alry from General Howard's division
was about to enter tho town Sunday
afternoon. In consultation with Dr.
J. It. Bratton, in oharge of Midway
hospital, two miles off, we decided to
go out and meet the cavalry. He met
it in front of the executive mansion.
The company was in command of
Captain Duncan, of Reward's scouts.
He very politely asked us what we
were doing there. Wo told him that
we were under orders. He asked us
-whose order. We answered, under !
jthe orders of the medical director of
jhosuitals of Hocd's army.
After thawing him our orders and
jcommissions, he demanded to sec our
I hospitals. In this connection, it
might be well to remark that I held
my commission from the governor of
the State of Georgia. P-,. Bratton
i held his from the Confederate States.
.Captain Duncan, in looking at my
commission, remarked that it was the
first and only valid commis
sion he had ever see*, down in Dixie;
that Georgia was a sovereign State,
recognized by the Unilod States, and
0 commission or paper signed by the
governor of the State' of Georgia was
valid and in force everywhere, re
marking at the same time that Dr.
Bratton's commission, which was
from the Confederate Convention, was
worth about the paper it was written
on, but nevertheless, out of courtesy,
he recognized it. He usked me to*
show him my hospital. I did so, first
taking him into the office. Before
entering tho office I said to him: "Cap
tain Duncan, bring in two or three
of your best friends with you." He
It was a cold, misty November day.
They had been riding without their
dinner. I had a large, old-fashioned
log fire in an old country fireplace,
which made the room very warm and
comfortable. After seating them I
called to my office boy to bring out
the brandy and sugar. After
-jncjrking the first bottle I said to
"Captain Duncan, help yourself, sir
? in and your friends. Hero is some
itbiMs 'T have been saving you for Some
My older readers will readily recog
jij?ze/what I mean when I aay the su
gpft was the loaf sugar in cubes. The
.v?ptau; readily poured the brandy out
>., in Sunny South.
into four glasses and Bweotened it
with sugar, ile and his three com
panions certainly enjoyed it. After
talking with thcin fifteen or twenty
minutes I told Matt, my boy, to bring
out another bottle. (I had only two
bottle.-, but I did'nt intend for them
to know but what I had several
Said I: "<icntlemcn, before inspect
ing tIie hospitals, help youi elves
Thai buttle Boou went to keep com- i
pany with the first. Thereupon Capr
tain Duncan warmed up and proffered
me any and every assistance 1 might
need during the stay of Sherman's
army. Without further inspection of
the hospitals, he reported to General !
Howard that he had examined my
hospital, and that I was all right, and 1
asked General Howard to see that I 1
have whatever protection might bo
necessary. Within an hour or two
the cavalry retired from the town.
Next day, early, there came in several
hundred bummers, who committed all
kinds of vandalism. They took ev
erything they could fini in sight that
could bo carried away, and searched
for many things out of sight. Brown
hospital was thoroughly sacked. Not
a particle of butter, flour, chickens,
eggs or anything at all I had for the
sick was spared.
1 was left fiilly twenty four hours
with forty-eight sick and wounded
meu without anything at all for them
to eat. As soon as I could get to
General Howard's headquarters, which
was a mile out of town, I did so. Ho
respectfully referred my papers to
General Sherman, and asked that I be
given everything that I needed for my
patients. When I reached General
Sherman's headquarters I found the
mayor of tbe city there, asking for
protection for the town. Sherman
was in no very amiable mood. To the
mayor he dealt out many expletives,
such as I have heard ascribed to Sher
man before. Several old gentlemen
were there, past arm-bearing age. To
those Sherman was kind and consider
A couple of young gentlemen were
I present, whoso clerical avocation ex
empted them from military duties.
They were non-combatants. When
these gentlemen presented themselves
General Sherman, with a withering
"Young men, you aro worse than
traitors to profess the principles you
do and shield yourselves behind such
an exemption; it is worse than treas
on. You should hang your heads in
shame and are unworthy the consider
ation of any honorable gentleman or
lady," and most summarily dismissed
them. I then presented my papers.
General Sherman, in a very pleasant
manner, ordered his adjutant to issue
a requisition upon tvo medical pur
veyor f^r whatever medicine I might
need for my siok and wounded; also
ono on caoh of the quartermaster and
commissary generals for whatever
stores in their departments I might
need. Issuing a further order upon
tbe provost marshal to give me eight
men twioo daily to Kuard my hospit
als, with further instructions that
those men obey me implicitly in pre
ference to any of his officers.
I carried these requisitions to the
various officers. They were promptly
honored; my patients were very com
fortable, and as long as his army re
mained in Milledgeville were well pro
tected and guarded. In this connec
tion, I will state that before leaving
General Sherman's office there oame
in a courier with a despatch. Sher
man read it. He became very muoh
exoited. He paced up and down the
floor of the office three or four
times, then stopping in front of us,
"Whilst you aro here, begging me
for help and provisions and protec
tion, Wheeler is hovering* on the
outskirts of the city ?od murdering
my men. Here is a dispatch where
his men have just murdered twenty
two of my men. Your man Wheeler
gives me more trouble than all of
We were pent up in tho city, cutoff
from all outside communication, and
really did not know that General
Wheeler was within 25 miles of us.
We were glad to know that help was
so near. Ono of tho young men above
reforrcd to, whom General Sherman
gave such a tongue rasping, made bold
to approach General Sherman and
asked him if it was true that General
Wheeler had killed so many of his
men. The general, pointing the index
'finger of his right hand in the young
man's face, said: "Yes, sir, ae3 be
fore to-day's.sun shall go down twen
ty and two young men liko you, sir,
, (emphasizing you) will atone for it."
This was a poser to tho young Ssan.
In after life, if t??a matter was ever
referred to, it was a sore point to this
Since that time, in conversation
with Mr. W. C. Dodson, I learned !
tllat on that very day Wheeler's cav- j
airy did kill fifteen within threo miles
of Milledgeville. He was not present,
and only got it from other members of
Wheeler's cavalry. I have since met
Col. J. P. Austin, late of the Ken
tucky Confederate cavalry, who was
under Wheeler at that time. Ke re
members distinctly the eiroumstanoe,
but being a.Texan, not acquainted
with the geography of the State, he
was not aware that it was so close to
At a house there were gathered
some dozen or more women, white and
colored. A party of Yankee soldiers
had made an attack upon them. Those
who could rushed ont, screaming, in
all directions. They attracted the
attention of a equad of Wheeler's
men, who went immediately to their
rescue, and commenced firing upon
them, killing them right and left,
some ou tue beds, some under beds,
sum: in the house and some under the
house. Colonel Austin says only
fifteen instead of twenty-two were
Colonel Austin says that during
four years of the Confederate war he
was in scores of engagements with
General Morgan, General Wheel?r and
General Breckinridge; that he wit
nessed numbers of acts of bravery and
heroism, but that on that day he wit
nessed the sublimCst act of heroism in
a woman that it ever befell his lot. A
man came running out of the house,
holding a woman before him, so as to
protect him from the lire of Wheeler's
men. Of course, they would not
shoot, fearing that they would kill
her. She shouted, "Shoot, shoot;
I'll suffer death that vengeance'
should be wreaked upon this Hes
sian." About this time, in an adroit
manner, one of Wheeler's men shot
the 'brute through the head, spat
tering blood and brains all over this
It has been stated that the last act
of Governor Brown before leaving
Milledgeville was pardoning the peni
tentiary convicts, provided they would
help Quartermaster Ira It. Foster get
oil the quartermaster stores belonging
to tho State. It is true they did help
the quartermaster general, and
through them General Foster succeed
ed in saving several hundred thousand
dollars' worth of quartermaster stores
belonging to the State. But my re
collection of the last act of the Gov
ernor before leaving the town was to
pardon the convicts, form them into a
military oompany, making the cele
brated burglar, Dr. Roberts, oaptain
commanding. The governor then
made them a neat, beautiful, patri
otic speech, referring very tenderly to
their pardoning, restoration to citi
zenship and their duties as Southern
patriots. This oompany wont to tho
front and part of them remained
faithful to their duties during the
continuance of the war, but some de
Govorner Brown left the city about
4 o'olook Saturday afternoon, with his
family, and went to his plantation in
Dooley County, on which a part of the
ouy of Cordele is now built. After
the war ended, some unscrupulous
correspondents paraded before the
public oertain stories concerning Gov
ernor Brown's oarrying off largo quan
tities of his own personal effects and
leaving property of the State to be de
stroyed. I was present. Such was
not 'he case. These correspondents
eveu went so far as to say that he
loaded a oar full of cabbages from his
garden. A great many unkind re
marks were made about Joe Brown
and his cabbages. Even there were
some very cruel verses paraded
through tho prints in regard to this
matter. The fact of the case is, Gov
ernor Brown's good old mother and
her old cook, Aunt Celia, wishing to
provide something for them to eat
while they were eut oamping, gather
ed only . two basketfuls of ordinary,
old-foohioned blue-stem Georgia col
For the many aots of kindness and
courtesy that I received at the hands
of General Sherman's provost mar
shal. Colonel William H. Hawley, In
diana infanrty, I have ever felt grate
ful, and now, whether it was owiug to
my commission coming from a sover
eign State, or whether through Capt.
Duncan and the two bottles of brandy
and sugar, or my being a non-combat
ant that I received so much kindness
and pretcotion at General Sherman's
hands, I am unable to say. I think,
however, the brandy was an important
factor in the promisos.
Before leaving, I was ordered before
General Sherman. He told mo that
he bad twenty-eight sick men that be
wanted to leave in my charge, and to
make a requisition for all the medi
cines and stores I needed for the hos
pital. I did so. I asked him what I
must do with these men whou they
recovered. His reply was: "If they
die, give them a decent burial; if they
live, send them to Andersonville, of
course. They are prisoners of war,
what clso oan you do? If I had
your men I would send them to pris
Among the modioal stores sent me
Iat this time bi the.medical purveyoi
Was 10 gallons of old rye whiskey,
which at that time would have sold at
$150 a gallon Confederate money.
After Sherman had left, I found that
this whiskey belonged to o'.d man
Frank Huson, proprietor oftheMil
ledgeville hotel. Before Sherman '
came in he had buried it about 10 feet i
deep in his cellar. The negro who '
buried it, to get on good terms with
Sherman, unearthed itand mt.de tho
general a present of it. Loarning the
facts in the case, after Shirraan let: c, I
returned it to my old friend '.iuoon, who
to the day of his death never tired of
thanking me for it.
m m m -
FORREST AND A BULLY.
How the General Saved Himself From
In the summer of 18GS the Tennes
see d-de-gates to the national Demo
cratic convention which nominated
Mr. Seymour.for tho presidency, met
at Nashville and proceeded north in a
body. General Forrest was a delegate
from Memphis, and it was the first
time he had gone north since the war.
Sectional feelings were intense at
that period, but no one of the party
felt any concern for the safety of even
G encrai Forrcst.
The war had ended and there was
no occasion for alarm. Beaching
Louisville, the Kentucky delegates
joined the Tennessecans, one of whom
was General Basil Duke. General
Duke had not met General Forrest be
fore, but after making his acquaint
ance the two sat opposite in the sleep- '
er chatting pleasantly over the events
of the past.
While in Louisville General For
rest telegraph^ the ticket agent at
Cincinnati, askiog him to reserve a
section for his use in the New York
sleeper. The operator, ^ike everyone
else at that time. was familiar with
the fame of Forrest, and gladly.shared
with his friends at other stations the
news which would afford them an op
portunity of seeing the great cavalry
man. At one of these stations there
lived a man who had been for sometime
a terror to his neighbors. He was
known to have killed several men, and
everybody at his home gave him the
right of way.
He was a man of Herculean build
aud wore a scowling expression. He
preferred war to peaoe, and ? sought
every opportunity to pick a quarrel.
This desperate fellow happened to
hear that Forrest would pass on the
"train,, and went from plaoe to place
telling t-hoee ho met that ho intended
to take the dammed rebel from the
train and drag him through the street.
Fully 2,000 people collected at the
little depot to ceo him do it.
-The big ruffian grew more furious
as the crowd was augmented, and the
operator who gave out the news deem
ed it wise to notify General Forrest
and suggest that he remain where he
was and await the night train. The
conductor on a southbound train was
told to state the fsots to the conductor
on the train bearing the delegates, and
say that a great mob had already as
sembled to witness the humiliation
the bully proposed to inflict, and to
urge General Forrest .to turn back.
These facts were communicated to
General Duke, who felt much delicaoy
in relating the story to Forrest,* but
deemed it his duty, and, therefore, ex
plained the situation to him.
The train was near the stationt and
whatever was decided on must be done
quiokly. The oonduotor accompanied
General Duke and urged General For
rest to get off, that he knew the man
to be very desperate.
General Duke simply stated what
he had been told and said: "General
Forrest we will standby you." For
rest thanked him, but said: ''The
man does not know me, therefore, be
oannot have any quarrel with me. It
is .all talk, and I am going to remain in
V/e are showing this season a
They are the latest in style, t
manship, the lowest in pri?e,
We sell all styles Low Dc
See the big stock on my fl
The traiu slowed down for the sta
tion and the crowd surrounded the'
platform. No one could tell what the
next few minutes would bring forward.
As soon as the train stopped the
big bully burst open the door and
smashed the glass in the upper part of
it as a herald of his approach.
He strutted down the aisle, oalling
for the damned rebel to stand up.
General Forrest was eating an apple,
and the only person in the oar without
evidenoes of excitement. The bad
man finally sired him up and made
toward him, oursiog and oharging.
General Forrest, quiok as a flash,
grasped him by the throat and had
thrown him headlong from the plat
form of tho oar to the ground. The
general made the air blue for an in
stant, and when the bully regained his
feet he was on a dead run. Forrest
quickly realized the ludicrousnesB of
the affair and burst into a laugh.
The train soon pulled out. and the
crowd whioh had assembled to see the
damn rebel dragged through the street,
; was waving hats and handkerchiefs
and giving cheers for Forrest.?New
Not the Girl for Him.
The father was quite anxious for
his son to marry, and on every occa
sion he was picking out wl it he
thought was a suitable girl. One
<night at a dinner the old gentleman
sat next to a very attraetive young
woman, and on his way home he was
loud in his praises.
"My boy," he said, "she's the very
girl for you." ?
"Not much," replied the boy with
"But I say she is," insisted papa.
"And I say not," insisted the son.
The father became teity on the
"You're too hard to please. You
don'tiexpect a woman to be perfect, do
"Then why isn't this just the girl
"Because," replied the young man
with an effort, "she's for some other
fellow She told me so last night."
? If a mrrried woman knows whioh
side of her biscuit the jam is on she
will never repeat the fool things her
husband said during their courtship.
The man who can hardly crawl, and
has just strength to get through a day's
work, has no strength left for family
life. He wants to be quiet ; to be alone,
out of sight and sound of everybody.
What a difference between such a
man and the healthy, hearty man, who
romps with his children and rides his
laugiiing baby to "Banbury 0088.''
What makes the difference? Usually
di-ea&e of the stomach, involving the
entire digestive and nutritive system.
Dr. Pierce'a Golden Medical Discovery
cures diseases of the stomach and other
organs ox digestion and nutrition. When
these diseases axe cured the hindrance la
the proper nourishment of the body is
removed and strength comes hack again.
"I am happy to say I am getting to feel fine."
. -rites Mr. A. J. Vanderwater. of 873 West
Division Street. Chicago, I1L "In all I have
taken abc bottles of * Golden Btedkal Discovery ?
and four or five vials of the Uttle 'Pellets/ They
have done me worlds of good. These medi
cines have brought the great change in me
from a slow mope of a man that could'hardly
crawl, tired and sick aU the tboe, and could do
no work. Wow X can work, sleep, eat, and seel
fine, and that tired feeling is all going- away. X
am very thaukfut that I wrote to Dr. Pier?.
His ' Golden Medical Discovery * and his little
liver * Peucts ' nave almost made a new man of
me. X feel young as I did at thirty yeara. Mo
other doctor for me, only Dr. Pierce.1*
?Dr. Pierce'a Common Sense Medical
I AdvLjcj , in paper wyw, is sent /fee - on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
! expense of mailing only. Address Dr.
IL V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
tfo the finest things on wheels
he best in material and work
ail things considered.
JOS. J. FRET WELL.
The Kind Ton Haye Always ~B<oagM, and which ftia* been,
in use for over SO years, has borne the signature of
audb?s been made under bis per
sonal s upervision since its Infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good** are feu? /
Experiments that trifle -with and endanger the health c*f
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTORIA
Oastoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pave*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
-a t _ . . ii.->iLi?... ? -a.?--u.i.? maw Af luin TUTnuaruvHrtt
wumiiiw uciiu^i v/jinun, 4>.v?fiuww C?J5y? j..iir?M;v:tr
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Fcverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regelates the
Stomach and Dowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
. The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
genuine CASTORIA always
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Haie Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THE CENTAUR COMPANY. TT MURRAT OTRCCT. MV TORR OITV.
Winter Proo? Shoes.
WE have on hand the best selection of comfort-bringers for cold and
tired feet that we have ever carried. Our long experience of ten yeare Shoe
buying has enabled us to select only the best values from the largest manu
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to our customer* better goods for less money than we have ever before been
able to do. You will, therefore, not consider that our/Shoes are CHEAP
Shoes because they are -low-priced. The little school fellow will find his
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their Winter's worries overcome, as our School Shoes protect the purse as
well as the feet. There are a few old shelf-worn Shoes in stock that we want
to eell at a large discount. They are pretty fair Shoes, but not as good as
new?hence the big mark-down in price. They are yours for* the cash,only
while they last. They can't last long at the price.
REMEMBER WE SELL '
OF EVERY KIND.
DEAN & R?TUFFE.
The Store whore your Mends Trade.
' When th?Leaves
%n to Turn V
18 the time to sow OATS', R* E an^BAttLEY. \ Now, in order that you
may not come up lacking in harvest time, we have bought GOOD SEED
for you. JUST RECEIVED?
3000 bnshols Texas Be? Bust Proof Oatb,
2000 bushels Ninety Six Red BuBt Proof Oats..
1000 bushels Winter Grazing Oats.
Car Load Rge and Barley.
Could have sold the above without moving earn- foc a handsome profit,,
but pr?tent d to give them to you at a loss, as we want to supply those that
have always patronized us. J
Recollect the above is only about one-quarter our usual supply, and is all
we cau get ; *o come aud secure your Seed at once. Can buy plenty of Kan
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M ? STBI?KLAND.
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The opposite cut Illustrates Con
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