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illustrious Career o
Whose Early Xiife
Jditor Anderaon Intelligencer:
A lady in [speaking of Edgeftelu, 8.
( said it waa a very pretty little T>1
Ugo spread out over the country whioh
'bas always been noted for distinguish
ed men and beautiful 'Women. Dr. J.
J. Calhoun, in a letter published in
the Kdgef?eld Chronicle, of date 26
ruiy, 1882, fiaid ;in part: "From the
earliest ages the human race has
exhibited a tendency to be looking
through the past and recoiling
?rom oblivion the carnes and '-ho
baracters pf the great and good of
'Philosophers, poets, warriors and
statesmen have received their ;ust
leed of praise upon the pages of his
)ry, as worthy of imitation and e-nu
?atiou, hut no one of these classes
8 so essential to the happiness
ind prosperity of mankind as the lat
Solon, the great lawgiver of an
cient Greeoe, will be reverenoed in
ivery civilized country as long as time
?hall last, while his native land only
?resents the wreck of former great
ieB9. Lycurgus, by his oode of laws,
as rendered ciassio the little town of
?parta; which otherwise would never
iave been known, exoept to the geog
apher, beyond ?he confines of Laoo
la. Justinian's fame ia coexistant
ith Roman civilization and his fa
lous compilation of the laws, enti
ced the 'Pande?te and Code,' is to
lay the standard text book on civil
law in Borne of the universities upon
;he continent. As the future Listo
han reviews the great men of our aga
iud country, especially those who
iave made their impress in the legis
lative halls and whose memory will be
anded down from generation to gen
ration as worthy examples, none will
?ppear brighter than the name of
^Preston S. Brooks, of South Caroli
Tbe same could be said of Louis
BTrezevant Wigfall, of Texas, who was
Hborn on the plantation of his father in
jEdgefield District, S. C., April 21,
.810. He attended the South Caroli
la College, and from thence be, to
gether with John J. MoMahan, the
father of our present State Superin
tendent of Education, went to the
Seminole War, and he, Wigfall, re
seived a commission as lieutenant of
^volunteers, and after their term of
lervice expired they resumed their
studies at the college. Wigfall mar
ked a Miss Cross, of Providence, R.
gp., and moved fromEdgefield to Texas
ind settled at Marshall, where he be
san the practice of law. He was
?lected to the State Legislature in
?1856 to 1860. While serving in the
State Senate in the winter of 1860 he
was elected to the United States Sen
ate, where he took his seat 4th Janu
ary, 1861. He soon made himself felt
s a power on the side of his collea
;ues from the South. On the 4th
Kruly, when the extra session of the
thirty-seventh Congress was called he
as not in his peat, and he was ex
iled from that body 11th July. Af
er Texas seceded, he went at once to
Montgomery, Alabama, was there at
he formation of the Confederacy, and
as one of the signers of the Consti
tution. After the battle of Fort
uniter, he proceeded to Richmond,
here he was oommiBsioned colonel of
he Second Texas Regiment, and was
oon made brigadier general in the C.
\. On the 20th February, 1862, he
esig.^ed to take his seat in the Con
ederate Senate, to which body he had
?cen elected from Texas. Ho remain
ed in the Confederate Senate until the
close of the war.
'reston S. Brooks was born on tho
6th, day of August, 1819, at Edgefield
V? H., S. C., and was the eldest son
of Whitfield Brooks, man of supe
rior mental endowments and a pr?nai
ent member of the Edgefield bar.
His mother waB Miss Mary P. Carroll.
After receiving his primary education
io his native village, he was sent to
the famous school at Mt.*Enon, taught
hy Charles K. Johnson, who had di
rected many of Carolina's talented
sons in the paths of literature and
science. There he remained until he
was prepared for college. He then
entered the South Carolina College at
the age of 17, and during his attend
suce exhibited talents of no ordinary
character, whioh distinguished him
upon graduation. After leaving col
lege he applied himself to the study
?f law, and was admitted to practice
in the courts in December, 1845, and
would doubtless have risen to emi
nence had he oontinued to follow it.
Immediately after he was admitted to
the bar the war between the United
States and Mexico broke o?t. Mr.
Brooks, true to the instinots of hie
ancestors and patriotic nature, prompt
ly raised a company of volunteers,
joined tho Palmetto Regiment and
hastened to the seat of war. Soon
*fter the fall of Vera Cruz the Pal
wTY YEARS AGO.
f Louis T. Wigfall,
Was Spent in This
motto Regiment nader the commend
of Col. Pierce M. Butler, wee ordered
to Alvaraso, a. distance of 150 miles,
whioh was accomplished in less than
ten days. Bat the fatigue of such a
journey was too great a tax on his con
stitution and he became a victim of a
disease peoulier to the climate, whioh
so prostrated him as necessitate his
return home. Baring his absence his
company waa commanded by Lient.
W. C. TVT oiangue and in hts absence
by that gallant and brave man, Lient.
Joseph Abney, ?.her Capt. Brooks
recovered he returned and joined his
command near the City of Mexico, re
maining with it until the dose of the
war. Capt. Brooks, after his return
thorne, devoted himself to agricultural
pursuits. This occupation was con
genial with his testes, and he pursued
it with pleasure and profit. H i a high
est eulogy is found in the oirole of his
family and his generosity to his
friends. Capt. Brooks married Miss
Means, a daughter of Br. Means, but
oho lived only a short time. He was
married a second time to a oousin of
his former wife. By this marriage
there are living one daughter, Mrs. V.
E. McBee, and one son, Preston S.
Brooks, of Sewanee, Tenn. In a short
while efter Capt. Brooks retired to his
place to live the retired life of a plant
er, he was nominated by his friends to
represent the Third Congressional
District in Congress. He entered
Congress in 1853 as the successor of
Hon. Armistead Burt, who had de
clined a re-eleotion. Mr. Brooks
took a high stand in Congress. For cas
tigating Mr. Sumner on tho 22nd May,
1856, Judge Crawford, before whom
he was tried, fined , him $300, whioh
his constituents paid, and immediate
ly after resigning his seat his people
vindicated him by unanimously re
electing him. The impression made
upon the heart of the public mind
(especially at the North) that he was
a violent man and a professional duel
list was false. On the contrary, he
was opposed to the duel. Though he
had challenged Mr. Burlingame, of
Massachusetts, for offensive language
ueed in the House, growing out of the
Sumner affair, he on more than one
occasion expressed himself as opposed
to this mode of settling difficulties.
In proof of his sentiment on the sub
ject, we oite the ease of Mr. Pryor and
Mr. Ridgeway, both Virginians, who
had gone on the field of honor and ex
changed shots. Mr. Brooks arriving
on the field at this juncture, told Mr.
Ridgeway that Mr. Pryor had a wife
and children, and asked if he would be
willing to make that wife a widow and
those children orphans. H?B reply
was that he oould not resist such an
appeal, and Mr. Brooks was author
ized to Bettie the difficulty, whioh he
did without bloodshed. It is true
that he did fight a duel with Mr.
Wigfall, of whioh we will give a
From 1822 to 1830 Mr. Daniel Bird
was clerk of court of Edgefield Dis
trict, and was happily married to a
sister, of Whitfield Brooks aud raised
a large family. One of his sons was
Thos. Butler Bird. In 1840 George
Pope vti? derk of court, uncle to our
learned Senior Associate Justice Y. J.
Pope. Simon Christie, father of Mr. P.
B. Christie, of Columbia, was sheriff,
O. Towles was ordinary or probate
judge and James Terry was commis
sioner in equity.
Col. Whitfield Brooks and Mr. Louis
T. Wigfall got into a politioal discus
sion and their letters were published
in the Edgefield papers and ran into
personal hostility. In October, 1840,
Tom Bird and Mr. Wigfall had some
hot words about these letters, and
after exchanging two shots each Tom
Bird was mortally wounded and died
that night. Mr. Wigfall went to see
him before he died and they par .cd
as friends. James P. Carroll, Faq.,
(afterwards chancellor) expressed him
self about tho difficulty and Mr. Wig
fall sent him a challenge, which was
promptly accepted. At this time
Preston ?.. Brooks was in Fairfield
Distriot, and his brother, J. C. Brooks,
was attending the South Carolina Col
lege. The duel was fought near Ham
burg, S. C. One fire was exchanged
without effeot <nd the matter accom
modated. John L. Manning I (af
terwards governor) was Mr. WigfaU's
second and Gen. James Jones was
Mr. Carroll's seoond. About this
time . Preston S. Brooks arrived in
Edgefield ad sent Mr. Wigfn)* -& chair
longe before the parties left Hamburg.
The Carroll-Wigfall .luci took place
i on the 3rd November, 1840. Brooks
, and Wigfall fought on Goat Island, in
Savannah Rivor 'then a part of the
i plantation of Col. Bauskett, afterwards
owned by Gov. Pickens) on the 10th
, November, 1840. Gen. Cantey was
[ Mr. WigfaU's second and Gov. P. M.
i Butler was Mr. Brooks' second. Two
? shots were exohanged-the first Wig
i ali missed and Brooks' ball passed
through WigfalTs coat lapel and his
vest. At the second fire both fell
Wigfall shot through both thigh* and
Brooks in tho hip, the bail passing
through or near the spine and break
ing his left arm. There being no
means of conveying them away both
principals lay where they fell all night
and the next day they were taken
in the same open pole boat, Wig
fall to Augusta and Brooks to Ham
burg. Dr. Dugaarof Augusta, attend
All the principals and seconds in
the two duels rose to distinction. Gen.
Gantey waa a distinguished man, soc
ceeding Gen. James Jones aa Adju
tant and Inapeotor General, and was
suoceded hy Gen. B. G. M. Dun o vant.
John L. Manning>ucoeeded Gov. Jas.
H. Means aa Governor from 1852 to
1864, and he was suooeeded by Gov.
Jas. H. Adams, of Eic bland. Jamea
P. Carroll was cleated Chancellor 12th
December, 1859, and filled that high
position for years. When quite a
young man he was candidate for the
Legislature and Col. Whitfield Brooks
took him up to Saluda where they met
au old friend of Col. Brooks', Mr.
Peterson Boram, who was a bright but
not a comely man, tall of stature, one
eyed and wore a stove-pipe hat. Mr.
Brooks said, "Mr. Boram, this is my
young brother-in-law, whom I partly
raised." Old Mr. Boram looked at
him carefully and said: "He looks
like he is about half raised." And
Carroll, as quick as thought, replied:
"Why, Mr. Boram, you being one-eyed
oan only see about half of me at a
time." Mr. Boram was BO well pleased
that he carried his "box" for Carroll,
and he was oleo ted. The last time
Gov. Manning and Chancellor Carroll
met was in the Spring of 1883. The
Governor took tea with the .Chancel
lor. When they said good-bye on the
front piazza the Governor said:
"Chancellor, we may never meet again,
let me kies you." They embraoed and
parted forever; the Chancellor died
the following August in the 76th
year. Gen. Jones was Adjutant and
Inspector General of the State, the
first State House Commissioner, chair
man of the Board of Visitors to the
Citadel for years, and the first colonel
of the Fourteenth South Carolina In
fantry, McGowan's Brigade, A. N. V.,
and died October, 1865, beloved by all
who knew him. Gov. Pierce M. But
ler succeeded George McBuffi e, of Ab
beville, as Governor from 183C to
1838, and was succeeded by Patriok
Noble, ot Abbeville, and was killed at
Cherubusco. Brig.-Gen. Louis T.
Wigfall, after the war between the
States was over, sailed from Galveston
to England, where he resided for three
years. On his return to America he
settled in Baltimore. While on a visit
to his old home in Texas, he died at
Galveston, 18th February, 1873, in
the 57th year of his age. Peace to bia
ashes. Preston Brooks died while a
member of Congress, on the 27th Jan
uary, 1856, in the 37th year of his age.
He is buried away in the cemetery of
his native village, where sleep the re
mains of his father and kindred. The
following lines were written on the
melancholy ocoasion of his death by a
gifted lady in Washington:
"Truth, honor, love" and friendship
now are wreathing
Their fairest laurels o'er his silent
And plaintive requiems of repose are
A holy incense, and rare perfume.
His memory time will render still more
Though death has closed on him its
The brave and true his virtues will
Cures Eczema, Itching Hunters, Pim
ples and Carbuncles.-Costs Nothing
B. B. B. (Botanic Blood Balm) is
now recognized as a certain and sure
cure for eczema, itching skin, humors,
scabs, scales, watery blisters, pimples,
aching bones or joints, boils, carbun
cles, prickling pain in the skin, old,
eating sores, ulcers, etc. Botanic
Blood Balm taken internally, cures
thc worst and most deep-seated cases
by enriohing, purifying and vitalizing
the blood, thereby giving a healthy
blood supply to tbe skin. Botanic
Blood Balm is the only cure, to stay
oured, for these awful, annoying skin
troubles. Heals every sore and gives
the rieh glow of health to the skin.
Builds up the broken down body and
makes the blood red and nourishing.
Especially advised for chronic, old
cases that doctors, patent medicines
aud hot springs fail to cure. Druggists,
$1. To prove B. B. B. cures, sample
bent free and prepaid by writing Blood
Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga. Describe
trouble and free medical advice sen!
in sealed letter. Sold in Anderson
by Orr-Gray Drug Co., Wilhite ?S
Wilhite, and Evans Pharmacy.
- Many a man's success in life ii
due to the faot that he is foolish ?
his talk but wise in hie actions.
Sciatic Rheumatism Cured Afier Flf
teen Years of Suffering.
"I have been afflicted with soiath
rheumatism for fourteen years." sav;
Josh Edgar, of Germantown, Cal. "]
was able to be around but constant!;
suffered. I tried everything I coule
hear of and at last was told to trj
Chamberlain's Pain Balm, which I die
and was immediately relieved and in :
short time oured, and I am happy ti
say it has not since returned." Wh]
not uso this liniment and get well? I
is for sale by Orr-Gray Drng Co.
Isaac H. McCalla was born Nov. 16, 1863, nea? Lowndesville, S. C., in Abbeville
County. His father was Captain George R. McCalla, one of the largest farmers in
that seotion of the State. He waa a lad of twelve years at the close of the civil
war and attended the public schools of the neighborhood in which his fathor lived
until he was sixteen, when he entered upon his chosen occupation for life, that of
farming. For more than thirty years he has devoted himself to agricultural pur
suits, and his energy and good judgment have been crowned with success. He
is considered one of the best farmers in the upper part of the State, and for a
number of years has been identified with all the movements looking to the ad
vancement of the farmer and their interests and for the general good of his com
munity, oounty and State. He was an ardent follower of Hampton in the memor
able campaign of 1876, and did valiant and effective service for the redemption of
his State. Taking an Interest in public affairs, be has represented his county in
the State conventions since 1890.
Having stood with Senator Tillman in bis figH In the State convention of 1888
he became a leader of the Reform movement, p <dng it his most active support.
He was a delegate from the Third Congressional District to the Democratic
National Convention of 1802, and also to the conventions of ?1806 and 1000, and was
selected by the delegation to represent South Carolina at the notification of Mr.
Bryan in New York in August, 1806. In 1894 he was elected to the State Senate
for four years, serving his county with ability. He was also elected a delegate to
the Constitutional Convention, receiving the largest number of votes of any other
member of the delegation.
In 1800 when the United States declared war against Spain and South Carolina
was called upon for volunteers he came to the front and went to Columbia at his I
own expense to aid and assist in the proper equipment of Company A and the sol- |
diers ot the 1st Regiment for military service. He cook great interest in the com
fort and welfare of the young soldiers who were called out to fight for their coun
try, and Company A passed most complimentary resolutions thanking him for his
valuable services and assistance.
Being a life-long Democrat he submits his candidacy to the Democratic voters of
the Third District, and will present his views on leading national questions from
time to time as the campaign progresses.
The liniment bottle and flannel strip are
familiar objects in nearly every household.
They are the weapons that have been used for
generations to fight old Rheumatism, and are
about as effective in the battle with this giant
disease as the blunderbuss o' our forefathers
wonld be In modern warfare.
Rheumatism is caused by an acid, sour
condition of the blood. It is filled with acrid, irritating matter that settles
in the joints, muscles and nerves, and liniments and oils nor nothing
else applied externally can dislodge these gritty, corroding particles. They
Were deposited there by the blood and can be reached only through the blood.
Rubbing with liniments sometimes relieve temporarily the aches and
pains, but these are only symptoms which are liable to return with every
change ox the weather ; the real disease lies deeper, the blood and system
are infected. Rheumatism cannot be radically and permanently cured
until the blood has been purified, and no remedy does this so thoroughly
and promptly as S. S. 8. It neutralizes the acids and sends a stream
of rich, strong blood to the affected parts, which
dissolves and washes out all foreign materials, and the
euaerer obtains happy relief from the torturing pains.
Q S. S. S. contains no potash or other mineral, but
is a perfect vegetable blood purifier- and most
exhilarating tonic. Our physicians will advise, without charge, all who
Write about their case, and we will send free our special book on Rheumatism
and its treatment, THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, Ga.
Seasonable Goods for the Farmers.
WE aie prepared to furnish the Farmer with just such Farm Imple
ments as he needs at this season of the year.
You will always Iud our stock of STEEL PLOWS complete.
There is no way that the Farmer can economize more than to. use one of
our UNIVERSAL GUANO DISTRIBUTORS, that opens the furrow and
puts iu the Fertilizer at the same lime, unless it is to get one of our WEED
ERS, and run it over the cotton field just as it is trying to break through the
hard crust that forms on the bedded row juBt after one of these Spring rains
that never fails to come. Come in and let us tell you about our Adjustable
Keystone Weeder-the gi eat labor saver and cotton raiser.
Don't fcrget that we are Headquarters for COTTON PLANTERS
HARROWS, CULTIVATOR and HOES. Our PERFECT HARROW
-the greatest Corn and Cotton Cultivator on the market-once you get one
of these Harrows you cannot afford to do without them. We also sell the
Roman and Terrel that stand* first on. the list.
HOES1-Just received a Car Load of Hoes, all sizes and kinds, and prices
are low enough.
Big stock of Garden Rakes and other tools for the gardener.
Builders* Hardware, Nails and Barb Wire always on hand.
BROCK HARDWARE COMPANY,
Successors to Brock Brothers.
BLACKSMITH AKD WOODWORK SHOPS !
THE undersigned, having succeeded to the business of Frank Johnson
& Co., will continue it at the old Et and, anti solicits the patronage of the public.
Repairing and Repainting promptly executed.
We make a specialty o?' "Goodyear," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing.
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ready for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm Wagons
that we especially invite your attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business,
Church Street, Opposite Jail. J. P. TODD
f. G. BROW*. E. A. SMYTH, C. A. GAMDBTTT V A TJ.,"_
Prat ATnu vii? Pru ?AMBRIM., xT. A. BUBORIDOB,
rrea. ? ?reas. Vice Pro. Beoretary. Supt. Chemical Dept.
COTTON SLED IV*EAL AND HULLS.
We are prepared to sell our customers Fertilizers of all kinds
and In any quantities.
Wo wish to call your special attention to our
16 per cent. Petrified Dissolved Bone,
oanufactured from Tennessee Phosphate Bock, also our
Standard Blood Ammoniated Guano.
All of our goods run high in the different ingredients, which are selected
with care, and are of the bess quality. Our principal source of Ammonia is
ierived from Blood and Tankage.
e are also prepared to sell you Cotton Seed Meal, Kainit and Arid
Phosphate for fertilizing purposes.
We are import?is of German Kainit, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda,
i full stock of which we have on hand at all times. We will make you a lair
exchange of an> of the above named articles, also Meal and Hulls for feeding
purposes, for Cotton Seed at our various mill points.
Please call and &ee us and secure our prices before placing your orders.
Thanking you for your past liberal patronage and encouraging words of
praise for the nigh quality and excellence of our goods, and wishing you a
prosperous New x oar, we remain, Yours truly,
ANDERSON PHOSPHATE AND OIL CO., Anderson, 8. C.
Vir ginia=C ar ?lilia
CHJtllLESTON, S. C.
Largest Manufacturers of
Fertilizers in the South.
Importers of . . .
Pure German Kainit,
Muriate of Potash,
Nitrate of Soda,
Sulphate of Potash.
It is important in buying your fertilizers, not
only to buy goods of established reputation and high
grade, but to buy where your wants of every
character can be supplied.
We are in position to furnish all classes of
goods and in such quantities as buyers desire. It
will pay you to see us before purchasing.
Address Virginia*Carolina Cnemical Co.,
Charleston, S. C.
; .-nd for Virginia-Carolina Almanac,
(ice (or the atkins;.
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
SELLS UP-TC DATE FURNITURE.
KEEP in Stock the BEST FURITTJRE for the MONEY to be found
in upper South Carolina.
Baby Carriages, Go Carts, Side Boards, Bed Room Suites,
And anything you want in the Furniture line.
B?f We keep an up-to-date HEARSE.
SO. COFFINS and CASKETS furnished day or night
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
Attention, Farmers !
We have just received ons Car Load of
Fancy Winter Grazing Oats.
Come quick and secure some of them before they aro
O. D. ANDERSON & BRO.
ft AB S MTCn I-YOU to know that I am offering PIANOS, OR
WAll I tU ! GANS and SEWING MACHINES AT
COST* 1 have in stock the very beet that money can buy. A limited
number of Standard Vibrato?* Sewing Machines for 821.00 each. Pianos
from 8140.00 to 8260 00. Remember, this is Cash, and remember, aUo, that
it is COST. No such opportunity has been offered the people of Anderson.
You can save fifty per cent by taking advantage of this eale.
Come to see me it you are looking for the BEST.
M. imm WILLIS, Next door Peoples Bank.
Some desirable Building Lots for eale.
o - w
Acme Paint and Cement Cure
Specially used on Tin Hoofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT. CO.
F. B. GR AYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.