?.'Back to Charleston at
''Our Women in thc War''
Charleston, March 14, 18?5.-1 I
hope my last safely roached you and
1 know you feel anxious about u< so I
will get - to smuggle this through
the lines. You will bo relieved to
know that wc aro once more in our
house in Charleston.
Hy dint of mother's representations
of our unprotected condition OD thc
plantation to the officer in command,
ait J her frequent reminders that hy
their confiscation of all our animals
aud destruction of our vehicles wc had
hoon deprived of all m.rans of trans
porting ourselves to the city, she
As oou u> the Northeastern Rail
road was put in running order, which
.vas within a few days alter Charles*
t/OU was evacuated, the major inform
ed us ihat we might ride down in a
* box. ctr. Ile also gave us permission
to carry in the car whatever house
-'hold gooda we could.
It was hard to choose from the ac
? iuaiulattou of years what furniture to
take with us, as we knew that all that
?vas left would he stolen, our prcencc
only hsvisg kept out the vagrant nc
i. groes, and camp followers, who we
heard from thc eervants, complained
very much that our house had not
been gutted as others in the neigh
' borhood had. Wo had a very short
time for choosing, as wo had notice
- only ?in the afternoon that wc must
he off in thc morning. Mother had a
rime among us, as each had something
very untransportable, which, t0(|U0te
dear A Mit Anna, "it would Lc sac
rilege to leave."
I fought hard for all thc hooks and
the oki t-ofa, which had been in the
?house si/ico the Revolution, and was
said to have been Washington's favor
ite scat wheo he visited the planta
tion in 1791; but&had to content my
self with only the books that I could
get into a tn.uk and when our friend
ly Irish soldier, M ?Man us, who volun
teered to help us move the things,
soised our valued sofa to hoist it into
the car, it proved its antiquity by
breaking io pieces. I could have
-cried over the loss, but mother said
"this is co time for sentiment, it has
'.served from one Revolution to be
?^wrecked io another."
Tho last night wc spent at tho plan
tation waB truly forlorn. The ser
vante warned us to expect an attaok
-rom some vagrant negroes, who had
- come from the up-country, and were
.roving about, as Maum Marths ex
-proascd it **free till dey fool," rob
-Ling and destroying, unchecked by
<We asked the officer in command to
\givn ns a guard for the night: but he
?refused, so mother deoided that we
mast spend the sight together in the
? parlor. The men servants promised
to watch outside, and both Fanny and
'.Rachel begged to be allowed to stay
?wita us in the house. You may
imagino that it was a weary vigil as
' ?'jooeoi ns slept, and we put ont the
'? light, fearing lent it might guide oomo
* -evil doer.
Paul, Quash, and Jack walked
-.around the house by turns all night;
and I am sure that it was owing to
their faithful watchfulness that the
'./dawn found us unmolested.
"At an 'early hour Maum Martha
? .'brought in a nico breakfast and with
some .pride told us that one of tho offi
cers \iad Been her preparing it and
bad expressed surprise, but shu had
told him. that she was from an old
?Congo family herself, "ah' no upstart
??-ree nigger; for since Mausaa's family
.came from France, and ber's from Af
rica, they had been together for ?ve
^generations; an' so long as she was in
de kitohon ehe knew what was proper
tobe ?ont in do house, even if she
.liad to ?karry to get it."
Quash, 'Fanny and Rachel carno
.with ns to the city, but Mauro Mar
cha and Paul were left behind in their
With difficulty we got into the dirty
?boa: car, and Aunt May had quilted
Into her skirts many papers for safe
.keeping and around ber shoulders had
],e- -valuable cash mete shawl sewed
under a blaek one, all of whiob weight
ed her down so that she fell, and
'frightened us muoh by her inability to
vWe junked her up and were thank
'ff jil Chat dbe was not hurt, and had
?been kept from getting up only by her
?int? nc age.
At the station io Charleston we
..'first heard of ibe burning of Colum
^ cia; and while we were waiting for a
.-?carriage the officer io command of the
* -/guard kept dinning into our ears that
* Gceo. Hampton had barned that city,
. which assertion- mother . firmly con
tradicted, persistently saying that
sfZ en. Sherman had ?one it.
We were mueh afraid that we would
?'"-landour house taken by the Freed
j y/men'a Bureau, or by some officers for
A ..?ft residence, but happily neither was
tho Close o?' the War.
Edition News and Courier.
thc case. Hut we found that nearly
all thc furniture had been stolen, and
were thankful to have the few pieces
that wo had brought from the plan
AH ?twas on Saturday that we came
down all of our things lad tobe left
in the station until Monday, and then
when <?uahh went for them he found
that the military gentry (?) had taken
from among them whatever they want
All the furniture that we found in
the house was an old table and a very
large hook case and my only bed thus
far has been a mosquito net spread on
On Sunday afternoon mother and
Aunt May went to see Cousin M.,
who is very ill, and while Aunie and I
remained with Aunt Anna, who was
resting on her mattress on thc floor,
Kachel came rushing up stairs, say
ing, "Oh, mam, some officers say they
want this house and have come to take
it; they aro coming up into the dining
I at once said, "we must go do'wn
and meet them," and calling to Annio
to put thc few spoons that were out
at once in her pocket, we each gave
Aunt Anna an arm and went down,
followed by Rachel.
I must say I felt much agitated at
the thought of what wo might en
counter, and dreaded for our old aunt,
who seemed much unnerved.
As wo entered the dining room by
one door a naval officer came in by iho
other, advancing with a calm air of
I was just going to speak when
Aunt Anna astounded us by saying, in
tho kindest tones: "Why Edmund I
how is your mother.v
Wo thought her bereft of reason,
but the effect upon tho officer was in
stantaneously overwhelming. He
staggered and exclaimed: "Good God!
Miss J-, is it you? You shall not
be molested," and turning quickly,
left thc ho "JO without giving her a
chance to say another word.
It seems that Aunt Anna had in
stantly recognized him as the son of
au old and dear friend in Now York,
and upon ihe return of mother Bad
Aunt May the unlooked for occur
rence was fully discussed.
Aunt was muoh oommended for re
cognising him and we hope t'iat her
recognition will stand us in good
stead, as we know that Liout. Henry
is a gentleman, and on aooount of the
warm friendship that has existed for
so many yeara between our old aunta
and the elder members of his family
he will probably use any influeno? he
may have with the authorities in our
The next day another naval officer
oalled at the house and asked to see
mother, whom he told he had had
the pleasure, previous to the war, of
lerving with those of our family who
were then in the navy, and although
he had been blockading Charleston
for many months ho had promised our
cousin. Lieut. Fairfax, who remained
in the United States navy, that if he
ever got into Charleston be would
look us up, and gladly do what he
oould to help us.
Mother felt that in our present de
fenceless oondition she should not rc
fuso any offers of ai 1 and thanked
him. He then produced a oopy of a
morning paper, whioh contained a gen
eral order that any oitizen who de
sired protection must put a United
States flag on his house, and that no
outrages would be punished that were
committed on premises that did not
contain such flags.
After reading this order he drew
from his pooket a small flag, whioh he
he said, with our permission he would
tack to the piazza.
Mother politely deolined his offer,
but por aunts made such a point of
the advisability of aooepting it that
she waa indnoed to yield. He thea
asked me to hold the little staff while
he tacked it to the post, but I oould
not touch it and oalled to his assist
ance a little negro girl, as moro ap
propriate, who stood staring in at tho
gate, and she held it for him.
Annie looked on quietly and said
nothing, but at night, after we were
gone to bed, said, "I can not stand it.
I oannot breathe with that flag there."
She only expressed my own -feelings,
so went quietly down in the dark and
pulling iu down, secreted it.
We determined to keep our own
oounsel, as we had heard only the day
before of the arrest and imprisonment1
of a lady for polling down a similar
flag, and had no desire to be martyrs,
only we did not want it there.
Tho next morning while we held onr
peace we were muoh amused at tho
excitement of our aunts over the dis
appearance of the flag/ and their in
sisting that they "knew it had been
stolen, for they had soon a man
going down.the street with one just I
Tho house now remains as hereto- j
Capt. Mayo, our naval friend, has
just come to inform mother that orders
have been issued by the commanding
geucral that we all must go up King
street to morrow morning, and take
the oath of allegiance to the United
States. She positively refused, but
Capt. Mayo says that in case of non
compliance we will all have to leave
thc city at once. I am at a loss to
imagine what grounds the authorities
have for fear of us, aa helpless a party
of five ladies as can be found, the
eldest being HI, aud tho youngest 10;
but wc must decide today, and unless
you see us, if we are actually turned
out, I will write you of the result in
Charleston. March 17, ISO.").-Day
before yesterday Capt. Muyo returned
and informed UH that thc orders had
been modified, so that if wc desired,
only the oath of neutrality would be
Wc had never before heard of such
an oath being required of helpless wo
men, but we were willing to com
promise undo; tho circumstances. So
as there w*s iiot the smallest chance
of our '' .er beiug of any service again
to thc Confederate cause, we announ
ced our willingness to declaro our
selves neutral if thc United States
Government thought it important,
j Aunt Anna said her 81 years rcn
j dercd her utterly unable to walk as
far as thc provost marshal's office and
asked "if the commandant thought
her neutrality of importance would he
send an officer to the house to admin
ister the oath?" This was dono.
Aunt May, having in view tho new
regulation, which prohibited the de
livery of letters through tho postoffioo
to any one who had not taken the
oath of allegiance, and having her
daughter in Now York from whom she
was anxious to hear, said, trembling
I ly that she "would take tho oath of
Capt. Mayo's manner to her immo
diatcly changed, and became very cor
dial, as ho said, "ho would go and no
tify the provost marshal and come
back for us," whom he had already
offered to aocompany.
We retired to our room to make our
selves presentable for the streets, at
wo had not boen out of the house sinai
we came down from tho plantation anc
Annie and I ohanged our homesput
dresses for our black and put on, witt
lurking feelings of satisfaction, out
bonnets, for which we had paid th<
milliner only a few months before
$150eaoh. We felt that our onomiei
would be impressed with the faat tim
we were quito within the oirole of th;
fashionable world, and really whei
we appeared Capt. Msyo seemed quit
struck; bat we did not then iinagin
He courteously offered his arm ti
Aunt May, who took it with a dee]
sigh and we, leaving Auct Anna ti
Rachel's oare, followed them to th
provost marshal's office, where w
had reason to be glad of Capt. Mayo'i
I escort, as tho sidewalk in front of th
nffijs and the doorway were throngs;
with idle negroes, who would hov
made themselves very offensive i
they had not. seen us escorted hy
United States officer.
As we entered, Capt. Mayo said t
us in a low tone, that "the oath wil
be administered to you ladies by
member of one of the best families o
Boston,", to whioh Annie replied
"don't you think he might be bette
Of this theoaptain took nonotioe a
he led the party to the middle of
room, where we stood tho attractio
of many curious eyes. The officer a
the table came forward and askc
whioh of the ladies desired to tak
the oath of allegiance, whereupoi
Aunt May, looking very conscious
moved forward and tremblingly hel
u? her hand, but she was so agitate
that soc could scarcely murmur he
assent and eign ber name.
When abo haoafiniahed Capt. May
congratulated her upon her renewe
loyalty, but muoh to his ohagrin sh
replied, "I only did it so that I cool
get my letters from the postoffiee; bi
I had no idea that the oath containe
such dreadful sentiments; please 1<
me Boratoh out roy name and take tl
oath of neutrality instead."
At this the provost marshal temar)
ed, '.'Madame, do you not realize tl
sanotity of an oath, or do you desi)
to take all the oaths?"
Mother and Annie calmly took oat!
of neutrality and when my turn oan
and when I stepped forward to awe,
neutrality to the United States, it a
peared to be tho erov?ning farce of tl
' day. The officers present.seemod
be impressed with the absurdity
the thing and oould not control thc
countenances for smiling as I sto<
t_ .rn_ .i.-...
Aa wa sadly walked away we pass?
several Northern women and observi
that they all wore bonnets not mm
larger than our hands, while our bo
nets that wa had thought eo muoh o
with their lofty fronts, oould be ooi
pared to nothing more truly than tl
tower of Pisa. We could not reoi
the idea that tho oddity of our a
pear?oce must have led them to ii
agine that we had just come out of t
I pon our arrival at homo Annie
and 1 at once set about cutting ??own
our bonnet.- and drawing in and chang*
ing the bhape of our ?-kins, but moth
er was very unsympathetic and said
nbc "could not imagine why we wish
ed to look like Yankee women."
Annie and I witnessed a sickening
sight yesterday when wo were out on
the street for a few moments. A
handsome laige dog was being ohased
by some negro Holdiers, one of whom
dashed out its braina with the butt of
a rifle almost on t J our skirts. We
were dreadfully agitated and upon
mentioning thc matter to Capt. Mayo,
he informed us that all dogs must
have licenses or bc killed. I was
much distressed at lue danger of los
ing my pct ('ora, but Capt. Mayo
offered to obtain a license fee for her
if I would accept it, and as we did
not have $1.50 to pay for it, we accept
ed his kind offer, so Cora is now pro
Yesterday mother received notico
that a war lax had been levied upon
all real estate, and that it must bc
paid within 30 days. Our tax amounts
to $180, and for our lives wo cannot
conceive where the money is coming
from to pay it, as we have only ono
gold dollar among us, but little pro
visions, and only two of our cows that
were smart enough to escape into the
woods when tho others of tho herd
were slaughtered at thc plantation by
Gen. Potter's troops.
Mother was greatly troubled about
the necessity of raising the money,
and seeing an advertisement in tho
paper that old china and handsome
pieces of glass would be bought by a
Bostonian for relics, sent an answer
to tho address and this morning took
from the trunk some of our best
pieces wo had saved and set them
upon our only tablo in readiness for
While we were at dinner two very
unattractive citizens of Boston pre
sentcd themselves, who after looking
at tho articles declined to purchase
and instead offered themselves as
boarderj, saying that they had come
to Charleston to opon a grocery house
and would bo willing to pay their
board in provisions. Of oourse this
arrangement was promptly declined
but we were very much disheartened
that our first effort to raise tho money
for the tax bad proved suoh a failure
M. J. Fi
The Extremity or Patriotism.
Major-was desperately wound
ed in the charge on tho enemies'
breastworks at the hattie of Franklin,
and while on top of the enemy's works,
fell on their side. Having on the
stars, indicating his rank, he was in
tho darkness mistaken by the Federals
for a United States General, and was
hurried off to their hospital. He was
well taken care of but so severely
wounded that he lay ' at the point
of death for months. In the spring
, of 1865 his wife, by superhuman exer
tions, made her way through the linea
and reaohad the hospital to nurse
Just before she reached him the
Yankee surgeons told him that hie
best ohanoe of recovery waa to be had
by going to his home and enjoying the
care and oomforta he could have there
and that lie would bo permitted to go
if he would take the oath of allegiance
to the United States.
When his wife came the Major told
her of the proposal made him. Be
fore her lay her husband, whose only
hope of life seemed to be that ho
should enjoy the oomforta of their
home and her loving attentions. The
temptation was atrong but with a
heart fall of loyalty to her beloved
South she answered him, "No! I don't
want to see you at home solong as the
Confederate banner waves."
Cheer for Roosevelt.
Chioago, Maroh 13.-A dispatch to
The Tribune from New Orleans, La.,
"An offloial proclamation has been
issued by General Stephen B. Lee,
Commander-in-Chief of tho United
Confederate Veterans, paying un
stinted praises'to Congress for pass
ing the battle flag return mo isuro and to
President Roosevelt for his prompt
< "General Lee saya:
" ' I- would bo derelict in my duty
not to give expression to the satisfac
tion that filia the heart of every Con
federate veteran for the unanimity
With whioh the national legislature
passed the bill restoring the Confed
oroto flags to the several States- aud
tba readiness with whioh tho me asuro
waa approved by tho president. Thia
aotion io fresh evidence that there aro
now in our grand ooviotry co sectional
lines-no south, no north, no east, nor !
west, bus wo are ali Americans de
voted to ono common country. And]
I urge upon all parties north or aouth
Who have odors in their possession j
to return them at onco to tho State j
"Thia aotion ?8 unprecedented in [
the history of southern Confederate
-~ Should idiots fa, killed at birth?
It*s~a doubtful proposition. It would1
save us frc m spring poems, though.
Ministering to a Mind Diseased. ;
Tho doctor'? telephone bell rang.
"Hello'.'' he said, applying the
'phone to his ear
"Hello! Is that Dr. Kewruui?"
"This is Mrs * lerzili. O, doctor,
I have such a tickling io my throat.
I just can't endure it. I wish you'd
come over as quick as you oan and
see what is the cause of it."
The old hypochondriac!" he mut
tered. "There is nothing on'' earth
tho matter with her, but I suppose
I'll have to go, as usual. "Madam,"
he eontioued, raising his voice,
what did you have fordinner?"
''Chicken pot pic."
"All right. I'll be there io a few
When ho visited his patient, a
quarter of an hour later, he found
her coughing and wheezing and appar
ently iu jireat pain.
"No relief yet, madam?" he asked. |
"Not a (cough) hit, doctor! "It's
(co'iJ:) gening worse (cough) every
"Well," he said, opening his case
and taking out a small steel instru
ment with a long handle, "we'll soon
renmve the cause. People are often
troubled in this way after eating
chicken pot pic. May I ask you to
suspend your coughing for a moment
and open your mouth?"
"Will it hurt, doctor?" '
"Not a particle. Now close your
She complied, and he inserted the
"I seo what it is madam. Hold
still. There-that's all."
"Is it over, doctjr?"
I "Yes; you may open your eyes."
"Did you find anything?"
"I should say I did. Do you see
Whereupon he showed her a chioken
feather, which appeared to be in a
remarkable state of preservation,
"Is the tickling all gone, madam?"
"Yes, it's all gone, doctor, I don't
feel it a bit now. I just happened to
! think, though, that I've made a.mis
take. It wasn't chicken I had for din
ner, doctor, lt was roast pork. O,
dear! I can feel it oomiog on (cough,
cough) again! '
Then the doctor's patience gave way.
"Confound it, madam!" ho exclaim
ed. "Why didn't.you say so earlier?
If you'd told me that at first I would
have extracted a bristle!"-Chicago
An luttra Risk.
Senator Clark, as all the world
knows, is a large employee of labor.
He is very demooiaticin his manner
and is easily reaohed by his men, to
whom he listens kindly. He was" ap
proached by one of his;men recently,
who asked him ior a raise in salary.
The Senator remarked that he thought
he was doing rather well and asked
him if he had any good reason to
offer. The man said he had recently
"Oh," ?sid the Ses?tcr, "cs tc
that, I'm sorry; but you. see, young
man, we are not responsible for acci
" 4,< unless they happen in the
?-If farmers continuo to cut the
ootton acreage, ' some of Mr. Boll
Weevil's children may have to go
hungry next fall.
:- An autombile is rigid economy
compared with a wife.
A Carolina Heroine
Lancaster, Mardi ll, 1905 -Miss
Blanche Cougar, a bright Lancaster t
girl, bas recently accepted the posi- t
tion of stenographer and typewriter t
for D. W. ?dierman & Son's Company, (
of Alcolu, S. C. Her history is an
exemplification of what even a girl ?
may accomplish when imbued with t
the determination to be the architect
of her own fortune. f
AB a child Miss Gousar was ambi- c
tious to acquire an education, but, be- t
ing without means and having to work i
for a living, her prospeots were any
thing but encouraging. She soon (
foun'4 a way, however, to overcome
ali difficulties. Pier plan was to attend
the Lancaster graded school duriug
the day and to work at night in the 1
colton mills. She Ind to walk a mile
to the school and a mile from her
home to the mills. That was a hard,
very bard task for a child, studying
all day and working Dights; but for i
ooe with little Blanche Cous&r's cour- i
age and resolution it meint success.
Notwithstanding the fact that she
bad but little time to prepare for her '
recitations, she was one of the graded
school's honor graduates a year or so
After finishing school she devoted
her entire time to mill work io order
to make enough money to enable her
I to go off and take a business oourse,
which she did last fall, going to the
Welsh Neck High Sohool, of Harts
ville. She reoontly concluded lier
studies there and is now filling the
responsible position referred to at
For one of her tender age aod limit
ed experience, Miss Gousar writes
remarkably well, her vocabulary and
descriptive powers being really
wonderful. Her school compositions
were of such decided merit that more
th UL one was published in the local
papers at the request of the then
buperiutendent; Mr. L. T. Baker, DOW
at the head of the Mount Zion Insti
tute, Winnsboro.-Special to News
The bridegroom who carries a minia
ture horseshoe in his pocket will al
ways be lucky.
The bride who dreams of fairies on
the hight before her wedding will be
Never give a telegram to a bride or
bridegroom on the way to the church.
It is a sure omen of evil.
Marriages on board ship are consid
ered unlucky. If you can't bo mar
ried on dry land remain unwed:.
, The finding of a spider on a wed
ding gown by the bride is considered ?
cure token of happiness to come.
If, during the marriage ceremony
the wadding ring should fall down,
the bride's fate will not be an enviable
If a bride should/ by chance, she a
coffin as she starts off on her wedding
tour, she should order the driver of
the carriage, to turn back ?nd start
. --Bridget was none too truthful,
and her mistress had been using all
her eloquence to make her see the
error of d ceci ti uloess.. But her would
be reformer turned upon her a boam
ioglriah smile, and said, in a mosLoa
joling tone: -'"Share, now, ma'am,
an* what do ve suppose th' powor o'
desavi?' was gi venous fer?"
- A loaf of bread , doesn't rise to
Her Pointed Question.
Nell is a little girl who is allowed
o joia the dinner at her house when
here are guests, on the stipulation
hat she shall keep very quiet, says
Collier's Weekly. /
Cn several occasions the little girl '
rab refused dessert on the ground
hat "it wss not good"for her."
Recently, when there were not s
ew guests at dinner at the house iii
luestion, tho youngster, having ob
aioed permission to speak, naively
"Mother, will the desert hurt me,
>r is there enough to go around?"
A TRUE APPETIZER AND TOXIC.
Hi o na Will Make You Feel Hun
gry and Hearty, and Give Strcugth
Ask any friend who looks thin, pale,
and out of health hew many raeal? lui
or she eats a day, and tho ohanoes are
that, .the answer^.will bo "Not over
two, and I don't feel hungry then."
The plumy, rosy, and robust eat three
square meals daily and their perfeot,
health is due to a strong stomtch and
digestive system, as such a system
takes out of the food all those ele
ments that make pure blood, and give
nourishment and vitality to the body.
The one appetizer and tonio that
should bo taken is Mi-o-na, the only
agent known that will strengthen the
stomaoh and digestive system, and
put them in such perfeot working
order that they will digept easily and
naturally all the'food that is eaten,
and send to the tabie positively hun
gry for the ne^t meal.' .
Without a strong stomaoh digestion '
will be poor, the blood impure, - and
serious liver aad kidney troubles re
sult, causing headaches, backaches,
spots before the eyes, dizziness,
sleeplessness, nervousness, irritable
ness, a furred tongue and bad breath,
all of whioh can be readily ovcroome
by the use of Mi o-na, (costing but
50o a box), as it goes right to. the j
foundation of perfeot health, tho
Scores of leading people io this
State, including editors, ministers, .
bankers, and their families, gladly
testify to the tonio, strengthening
and health giving effects of Mi-o-na.
Furthermore, Evans Pharmacy, onO
of the most reliable drug firms in this
sealion, sell Mi-o-na under a pu aran toe
to refund the money if it docs not
produoe satisfactory results.
.- m i mn 1
- An institution where drunkards
are reformed advertises that it is more
like a home than a hospital, but there
is no broomstick to greet the late ar
- Eighty-five and six-tenths per
oent-of the freight oars of the United
States now have air brakes.
- A great many people-have con
sciences that would require an ? alarm
clock to wake up.
- Artificial roses never appear to
S3 poor an advantage as when they
bloom on a girl's cheeks.
- "I hope, slr, that you ara bring?
ing up your children ia the fear of the
Lord." ul(o, sir. In tbe.fear of the
Beef, Egg, Oil and other combines."
Bly-Does your wife ever listen
to your advice? Sly-Yes; she listens,
and that's alli
- Once in a while a boy' knows '
enough not to know more than ; hts
- Debtors forget that creditors
never forget. ?/ .'? ' '. ' ......J,
A common soda cracker is as susceptibly to at
mospheric change as a barometer. That's why
crackers bought in a bag taste worse one time
than another. That's why you could never get a
really good soda cracker urmi the National
Biscuit Company-made SJ ft ?ail a ills?u?t and
protected them with air tight packages. Kow, it
makes no difference whether it's clear or rainy jv
dry or moist; warm or cold; you can enjoy at
their best, the best crackers, the best bakers ever
baked, by simply asking for
The best soda cracker made.
RATIONAL BISCUIT GOMPANY
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