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s i Q. ila ? i tig Hie Food ai i d Ke? ufa - ling Hie S toiouclis a i\d Dowe 1 s of .INFAN T S /CH 1 Ll) If KN Tromotcs Di^eslion.Cluvrrul ness and Rest .Contains neill 1er Opium.Morpliine nor Mineral. "NOT "N AR C O T I C . Kttpe offJhiDrSLU'.l ELPITCJ?KIi f\im/?tn Stitt " i MX Xtnnn ' \ tiathtU* So/it - P uhusf .Wn' * \ JhyjftmiH- - ) / It/?I Sr Oil - I C/aitfcd .Wtgqr h?n?rpr**/i rtavar. J A perice! Remedy for Constipa tion , Sour Stomach. Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions. Keven sly ness cuu! Loss OF SLEEP. Tac Simile Sitfnnturc of KEW YO UK. At b:. iii ? fi ii I lyn. K> I tis: I) For Infants and Children The Kind You Have Always Bought EXACT COPY OF.V/PAPPEIR^ THE CtMT?U?I COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY. In the Piedmont Belt of the South ? Anderson County is the HUB of the Piedmont Belt, and amd you can select from the following and let me hear from f on : 5? the City of Anderson : House and Lot on North Main Street. House and Lot on ?South Malu Street. Vacnut Lot on South Main Street. In Centervillo Township : 156 acres, improved ; also, 07 acres, 3arj Broadway Township : 61 acre-. $n Pendleton Township : 77 acred. 3n Fork Town th ip : 104, 900, 10? and 52 nore Tracts. ,3a Hall Township : 28H acres. ALL MORE OR LESS WELL IMPROVED. In dickens County I have 285 acres in one body and 75 acres in another. In Oconee County I have several Tracts, running 104, 418,75, 385, 138, 166-all in Center Township. There are no better ?ands io pr?Mu?? vu an I offer you abors, Hud if yon sws interested in buying or selling lands in tho city or country, see me and So. sae tell you what I nave to offer. Yours for building up the country and city, i JOS. J. FRET WELT.? Anderson, 8. O. A.. O. 8TEIOZLAND, DENTIST. Office over FarmersIandlMerchants Bank, Anderson, 8.0. 3FHXD. G. BROWN, ,Pres. and Treaa. | B. F. MAULDIN, Vice President. A. 8. FARM BB, Secretary. V The Anderson Real Estate and Investment Co., BUYERS AND SELLERS OF SMK? EST ATE, STOCKS & BONDS. Our facilities for handling your property aro perfect, at w? aro largo advertisers all over the country. Bight now -we are having considerable inquiry for farms in this anet ad orning Counties, and owners of farm lands in tho Piedmont |. Action who wish to diepose of their property will find that ?|! ve ar? in a position to make quick and satisfactory sales, i-^w- is.thetime to list your property ^th ns, and we ?\/ trn?tedton?. .;?V^#:.. ?$ 11. . Address all communications to J. C, Cummings, Bales ??I 3De^tmen^^:; HMM? MU ana ? IIIRWIT tiiim WAR SI Century Long Evoluti There is botnetbiug fascilating about a guu, especially if it is au army gyo, says a Springfield, Mass., letter. Per haps it ha? never killed a man. Per il will never kill ouc. Even if it does, it isn't the only mankiller in the world. The trolley car ia a good old reliable along that line. And then their are cows, banana peels, yellow fever mos quitoes and a raft of evil disposed microbes. Almost anything oan kill a man if it can get just the right jiu jitsu hold on his life. But the fascinating thing about an army gun is that maakilling is nut a mere incident in its career. It is its whole end and aim. So when one looks into ita barrel or handles its cartridges there is what the poet calls a horrid fascination abput it. That being the case, even men who have no notion of getting in front of a gun, or behind one either, may care to know something about the army rifles the country makefl. in thc first place Tncle Sam makes his own gun3. If bc should have a big war on his hands he might be driven to buyiDg guns made by private contractors. Otherwise every rifle used by the regular army or by thc military is made here at Springfield or at Hock Island, 111. The history of the Springfield rifle is the history of gunning for the last century. The armory was started here in 17U1 but tho first records of tho guns made here begin in 171)4. Though at that time wo were rather on tho outer fringe of the world we were up to date in our army guns. The first recorded model made at Springfield was a Trench fliotiook, smooth bore musket, known as tho Charlville model. So far as looks went it was rather formidable, having a barrel about threo feet long and a bayonet almost as big as a sword. As a matter of fact, though this musket-which was es sentially thc same as the one with which American independence was gained-was lo*s deadly than it look ed. No conder the men of Bunker Hill were told to hold their fire until they could Heo tho whites of tho enemy's eyes. Their guns couldn't be depend ed on for a muoh longer range. Be yond eighty ya?ds thc aim was hit or miss; ohio?y miss. At 200 yards this type of gun couldn't be depended on to hit anything even in a massed com pany. This model was in use for about forty years, t but it was gradually im proved by thia esra nuu u?i?u l? wak ing, until in 1805 oar remarkable gun nery actually led the English to send a commission over here to try to learn something from us, a thing whioh they have been doing every since. "Lieut. Warien," they reported, "having heard that good, shooting could be made at 200 yards with the United States servies musket and knowing that the English musket was useless at that distanco as far as ao* ouraoy was concerned, went to Gover nor's Island to find out if Major Tornton could arraDge a day for some praotioe at that distance." Imagine our pride at being able to show off our long range shooting to the hated British I Howeve, they got ahead of ns iu the first big stride of improvement in the old musket. It seems rathor queer that it was an English clergyman who first paten ed a peroussion process for exploding gunpowder. His name was Forsyth, and his patent, issued in 1807 wan on the use of a potassium chlorate mix ture. Erom that time on for forty years inventors all over the civilized world were constantly experimenting with peroussion guns, but it was not until 1842 that thia government aocoptod a model of this type. The first percus sion guns manufactured by thia , gov ernment'were made in 1844 ,and were, followed by ten years of gradna) im? pro ve m ont along that one Une.; The next radical change was to the rifle musket. Bi fies were hot new. They had peen used for years in this country and' abroad for. special military ovgan??&> tions, but tboy were not very satisfac tory. . ?'.. Sc far bask as tho end of the eigh toonth century thin country had form ed a corps bf riflemen. But the Frenoh ab??t this' time gave np' to the whole idea, said ibo weapon was im practicably and "suited" only tho phlegmat?o constitution of an English meniV--v; * .. ; ' }v|gftj if anybody should attempt td^aiuj1 one of tho old rifle bullets of thafc d?y down the barrel of the gan ho would .seethe'Fira^ rifles'be?n? muskie loading, the bullets ?fcsA*oJbsi peireeptibly smalley than " barrel and it toofc^tirnS anaX patty' I to 'ram them horae^ ii Was no^?tf ORIES. ion of the Army Rifle. I introduction of thc metallic cartridge that the rifle mutket became really serviceable. That brings the siory up to our war model, the model of 1885. It was a ribed musket, 53, firing an expanding minie bullet. As the calibre of the musket grew less the bullet became longer, thus se curing greater speed and range. With this gun a destructive fire could be de livered at a distance of 860 yards, and even at 1,000 yards it would penetrate more than three inches of white pine so that it was not to be lightly regard, cd inside that distance. The next step in gun making was the breechloader. Like the other rad ical changes, it was a long time in the making. So far back as 1810 an inventor named John Hall was employed by tho government to set up his machinery at the Harper's Ferry Armory and make a thousand brecchloading arms by way of experiment. Hall had in vented tho arm itself in 1811. As it was eight years before the government gave him the Harper's Ferry order the idea does not seem to have appealed very forcibly to thc powers of Wash ington. Once he got thc gun under way, however, it seemed to have been re ceived with some favor, for breech loaders were made under Hall's super vision until 1844. More than 25,000 were made during that time at Har per's Ferry aud almost aa many by out side contractors. They were given out to speoial or ganizations and some went to the reg ulars and some to thc mili. But there doesn't seem to have been any wild eagerness to be equipped with them, for in 18G0 there were still almost 20,000 of these guns stored in the dif ferent arsenals. The breechloading idea wa9 all right in itself, but it did not get on well with the old gun and the old charge. It seems as if improvements are al ways oncleggcd. Each one Umps till another comes to help it along. So the breechloading gun h?d to have a self-primed', expanding, metallic car tridge before it could get into the. march of progress. '/ The period before the outbreak of the civil war was one of continual ex p?r?iu?sti?jg w?th brsschlosders asd even with magazine rifles. Between 1852 and 1860 the government pur chased 12,183 breeohloading arms cf various patterns besides the rights to alter 2,000 old arms upon two plana .-3 1- --?__.?.__ Q AAA ...LU?.?J ?DU IV uiauumviuiv w(vvu ?... ?w?. metallic ease cartridges on one of those plans. But the war put a atop to the expor iment. The need for immense quanti* ties of arms taxed the government ar mories to their utmbat and In addition thousand?> of con trio t meda ga?a were purchased. . .. *. ; It may surprise annie people to know that between 1861 and 1866 the govern ment purchased 94,000 magasine rifles* of one make alone. Thia was the Spen cer repeating rifle firing seven etir-. tridges with reloading. Bul the vais majority of guns used daring the war w?ro the old 1825 mod el ri9ed musket, muzzle loading, cali bre .58. Toward the end of the war; the Springfield board recommended the adoption' of the Peabody brets*' loading rifle, but. the war department disapproved. ; . They did begin to make Joaly n, but the reports from tho field wer o unfavor able and only 3,000 guns of that model were turned V?utV^ Next the govern men t tried converting the old muskets, into breechloaders and 50,000 were al- , tered in this way. The old rifling waa 'bored out and a tube inserted in the barre), a progress which naturally proved deoidelyUnsuccessful. ; '.'? ' . Bat-with the waroverand it?:?j^: . sons laid to heart, tho Springfield arm ory got busy with evolution pf ino modern rifle. A new model waa intro duced every year or two. Experiments followed on one another's failure^ success. ' ; Tho calibre waa reduced from ,58 to .45. Th? gun became .a breeoh lo ?der, a repeater or a magasin? .r?fle.-.VvT?i.- -, sights were continually improved, %his want on nbtU in l^ thev gnu known to the pub?to as the ;Kri|f-be* ! name the regular army rifle. The cali bre by tho this tims was dow.? 40 .30, /w.h;e^ '^^M^^^r.. ; ' .The lates^mo^el'iaVthe ? military riflos. Whilo the effective range of the oivH War rifle musket was : $60 ?aW,: -^^^ 1 ^Oi^daV ;g^^te - :? : ; ; ^ iklot of i?tei^aiitiff ' pened tt the self hw been go??g through these i jshangee. At first it used to have * * Imiloir h^ ; '^er,^^UBsle Of tho gao whs^'bay-'j: fflMjtswero nxed. ' Aa a conflf?noirfii thc guns could not bc tired without taking off the bayonet, uor could a jharge be made after firing without stopping to put tho bayonet on. It was natural that a manner lesa iucon* renieut should be devised, and it soon tras. Later tho experiment was made of libing a trowel and shaped bayonet, so it could be employed in throwing up trenches. But thiB waa discarded be ca\'8o of its weight and shortness, whioh placed men at a disadvantage against troops equipped with looger bayonets. Fifteen years ago it was thought that the long raDge modern rifles would practically do away with close encounters between opposing armies, and the moral support whioh a soldier gains from having a bayooet in his possession could be given by a less burdensome variety of the article. A rod bayonet was therefore introduced. It had a pointed tip and was carried in the same position whioh the ramrod used to oooupy on the gun barrel. But the Russo-Japanese war hae brought bask thc old bayonet with its deadly power in a hand to hand en counter. The events around Pori Arthur demonstrated that it is impos' sible for troops to advance in the fae? of modern firing. They simply oan not stand up against it. As a consequence, the advanced np on a fortified position must be mad? at night. The old knife bayonet i more effectual in the hand to hand cn counters which come either in case o a sortie or in storming the works ti which theso night advanoeB bring th troops. It is a matter of curiosity to th outsider what becomes of tho old guns In many eases certain parts of tbei can be used again in the manufactur of improved models. Others are pas? ed in from the regulars tu-the railitic Some aro sold to boy's military school* Hundreds of them are sold to dealer and by them to collectors of souve nirs. While thc life of a gun is more ol ten cut short by its going out of fash ion than in any other way, still i grows feeble and useless just as hi man beings do. Every time a moder rifle is fired the explosion liberate gasses whioh have an enorrcius prei Bure. This produces a heat which in ii tense. Firing many rounds is U>:el to cause, suoh erosion of tho interb of the barrel as will, seriously impa tho usefulness of that particular gui So that lhere is a pretty steady d maud for new rifles oren in times < peace, when guns wear thecasely? out, t&ough more slowly, in mere ta get praotice. Cartridges which aro suspended i another type are broken up at Fran! ford. Pa., where the government me u fae tures its ammunition, and tl available materials are used again. In tjmes of war the percentage loss depends entirely on the indivi ual oiroumstances. - The greatest fa tot is continued and rapid firing. Tb might render a gan unserviceable 1 heating;the parts so that there wou be erosion. . ;' There is in ' th's'; ' mna?nm^tvjt Springfield armory aft flaiei-sstii'iggrtf of gune, showing how a rifle itself m como to a violent end. Barst barro broken stocke, jammed locks, bull holds travoraoly through the barre barrels whioh haye received a null directly into tbs murile-these a sous of the ways in Whioh a rifle pot ont of action. : . Wbett the bystander ?S4B 1 styfel guns from Vttion. at a mome&t*a wa! lag soldiers are Bupposed to ttke ea his own weapon the;.ct??ianffo??N how in the world the men know sh i is whioh. Soldiers tuemselTfie ? t?at they grow as familiar with \ feel of their nwn/?ran?s as a : eayali man does with tho gait of his h orso, If there should bo any confusion can speedily be settled, as every g is numbered. Men ara not allowed mart?tn'sl?:r?fl?|;;ifr this rulo appears .not 'have been v ilantly bnforced during,t^i||??p||( In the museum at the armory th lawjjsey the name **^?atev formed; by the hoi of pins drivetf ihto th? butt:. Ano errM sjaoorately carVedt;?; ^not| hefts coDBidcrable details bf one * 8. McConnell, Company A; Fifteen &ei*tuok Infantry, JrVaireviUs, ?t< ^ltsr,OWo^am?aga^ paignt^AtlantsT, Tho maki og of ar my guns is^ one We:.may not go to Martur a, hund? years ^oomsi.hnt *asyit& tho.^ol ||r^^als^ up-to-?ato military rifles on hand psi likely t* shu* "?^t'mii^^thfi do -'S*''"^^4!*'^"'?^-MS!. S^/'-'"^.^11. ';,? - 1 ??' v.^:A:'poo^,m?n ' :'isn*i'i'n^ii?^,i? ?hi?^a^^?^^^l^^gKKra -bettet cremate it. STATE .NEWS. - Tho Vardry railla io Greenville will soon be ia operation. - Good prions for tobacco aro look ed For in tho eastern part of the 8tate this fall - Tho 93rd anniversary of the Rich land Volunteers will be celebrated at Columbia in August. ~- Tbe republican State convention will be hold at Columbia in August* No ticket will be nominated. Samuel Sharp, a twelve year old boy *AS accidentally killed 12 miles from Columbia by the discharge of a shotgun in the banda of his uncle. - A cotton warehouse at Caser down Mills in Greenville waa struok by lightning Thursday afternoon and cotton damaged by fire and water to the extent of $10,000. - Moaan Pressely Young of Due Wost, will go to Egypt, where he will teach in tbe oollege at AsBuit. - Tho State pross association ad journed at thr Isle of Palms after eleoting E. H. Aull president, W. Banks vioe president, August Kohn treasure and R. L. Freeman secretary. The association will again meet at the Isle of Palms next May and vail im mediately thereafter visit the James towu Exposition in a body. -Raoe trouble at Gyrnett, Hampton County, waa threatened for a time be oause four negro women made an at tack on two white women. Tho gov ernor was notified and wired to the sheriff to take proper aotion. - Tho residence of H. W. Lese mann of Summerville, was entered by thieves who succeeded in obtaining and .carrying of a solitude diamond ring, gentleman's gold watoh, ladies' diamond ring, turquoise ring and a quantity of wearing apparel. - Work has commenced on a now cotton warehouse to be erected in Co lumbia by the Standard Warehouse company at a cost of about $40,000 and to have a capacity of about 6,000 bales storage. This is one of the step? taken by this concern to mako Colum bia ene of tho largest cotton centers ot' the South. - G. Wash Hunter, a well known young man of Laurens County, who last Thursday morning, at Goldfield, killed E. F. Copeland of Clinton, sur rendered tu Sheriff Duckett of Laurens Saturday. The killing of Copeland wau.over a game Of cards. Hunter has bee?> ".eleasod on bond. ..rfSThe largest manufacturing in dustry in South Catolina, next to cot ton, is the making of lumber, accord* ing to a bulletin just received from tho bureau of manufacturers. The manufacturers of cotton is by far the most important manufacturing indus* try in the State, hoi nj- in 1900 62.3 per cent and in 1905 72 6 per o?nt of the Whole. .. 1 . 'A little hero, in the person of Sydney Darbee, ll years old, son of Mri L. 8. Darbee of Charleston, de veloped Friday afternoon,O'pn 'Ben-,, netto wharf, when the boy,- without taking time to remo-ve his aloteoa, dove into the. dock and Tcseued bis friend of the eame age, Marion Wul.^ bern,, from drowning.. Sydney 'was wiih his mother on the wharf and lit* tie Marion was seen struggling in the water. Airs. - Durbeo attempted to reaoh him by leaning over the eldo of ?he; pier, but failed, and a? the boy was going down for the second time Sydney, without a suggestion, Jump? ed into the water a?d roso to tho sur* face with bb friend iu his arms. -, Miss Clara Oleinens, Mark Twain's brilliant daughter, was talking at At* Untie City about entertaining, "Tact," ahe aaidj ^i?^weaUaVto good entertaining. With tho most hospital spirit itt the world, one they, without taot, only render one's guests aotnf ott .ble. Taot averts, blondo?. *'I onoe dined at a honse where the bostesa has no taot. Opposite me sat i ni^git, qalet gentleman*; . i-p-*? ;t$*?; titing? suddenlyjturned/ ?|?o?^a*; ?5||t^ , fusion bu to her husband. '-,,'.\ ^WSr? ' tiXBo9t inattentive you ar&, Jos. You ma 81 look after Mr. Blank bo tier. ^e^nelpi?g?hiniseifto everything/ " M^.?he Farmer's ^?^^ ::'&Vvory>.*a^^ B^dS#^^ H a sn? bath to sweeteh it^. she know? : 'that? Kor elit?rntis soiur ft will ,ta!nV3ths-r <|ihH&jihat l?dano tn it. Tho stomach is a^y^utritlv?, tiract? are performed pro-. Oc?*saav wh? wie*^ Kerning ?fbutter? ??jt nt>i?alppareht^ than that if this stomach churn is^MSMi "" 1 sgsssBBs a ', agi Dreyfus noir ? Major Ia French Array. Pari9, July 21.- ID tho pt-esenoe of a distinguished military assemblage. Major Alfred Dreyfus, wearing tho full uniform of his rank, today receiv ed thu cross of Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. The ceremony which occurred in the court yard of the military school was renderad doubly impressive by being held on the very spot where the hat? tons and gold lace were stripped off his uniform and his areord broken twelve years ago. - ' The court yard, from Which the publie waa rigorously excluded, was enoirolef'1 by two batteries of the 13th artillery; commanded bp Golonel Tarde, who made the reocnt discoveries at the war offiae leading to rehearing of the case against Dreyfus and hie acquit tai. . General Gillain, accomplished by e. . number of. army officials entered the cirole with trumpets and drums sound ing. The general attaohed the decor ation to Major Dreyfus' breast and fe? lioitated him on his well-earned honor. The major replied briefly, expressing his acknowledgements. The ceremony was over in five minutes* tho general, Major Dreyfus and the army - officials retiring amid the dipping of flags and a roll pf drums. \ $100 Dellaro for a Battle. This would not be a large pries to pay for Dr.. Drummond's . Lightning. Remedies for rheumatism if one could not get relief any cheaper. The Drummond Medicine Co., ??ew York, have received hundreds of un ao i ?cit ed testimonials from grateful people restored to health by the use ol' their remedies, who would not hesitate to . pay any price rather than suffer the former tortue. ,If you-would like to try these remedies, and your druggist has not got them, write direct to the company. Agents wanted. WOFFORD COLLEGE. Henry N. Snyder, LL.D., President. Two degrees, A. B, > end A. M. Four courses leading to the A. B. D? gr?e. Nine Professors., Library and Librarian. The W. E. Burnett gymnasium under a compe tent direotor. , J. B. Cleveland S?i eno? Hall, Athletic grounds. Course of lectures by the ablest men on tho platform, Next session begins Sep tember 19. Board ?roai $12 fco SIG a month.,v; For Catalogue or .other information,, address ; J. A. Gamew?ll, Secretary, Spartanhurg,^ S. ,0. i . School. ' ? Th " v h ff bri?k baildinga. ;. Steam heal, uud eleotrxo lights. . 7 H^ad Master, three teachers and Matrons live in tue buildings;, individual attention tc <?*cb ssa-; -1 dont. ^Situate*1 on the Wofford Cam- . pus. . . ' ? Students take regular course in the y, i College Gymnasium, and have, access to the.Colleg^Lihl^^-^^^??^^^^^^f?' - $125^00. pays ipr poiatdj-tuition..and all feeSv 'Next^-s?isiOtt begins Sep tember 19fch. For Catalogue,, ete.y address . A; Mason DuPree, j !M i i S. CiMi?i^ ^4<^': ; 5'Bouth'Oa^ Office of the Chairman Board ofVtat* , * ? vacancy In tho State Soholarehtps ea lats In Audsrson Coamy. j. AppJloaUon ^blanlke^m^y^e ' ohtata?d;' t^^n^rman?of tbe^Blord ot*'VitMmf^S^^^^:: Sbartes?on, S. C. Tbeas application*. lUy made out aa directed, mae&. be in the kasdaoUho Chairman by the SO? fa. of July?' ; -, ? ft' O?.i>BDBN^ ,:W .. W%\ v ' chairman Board of Vialtora. JolyllMOOO . - 4'- 8 , s Ho tieso of Bufo^r&hip? &W.-ilin?s^*a^WP.Ow ^ have thiCrday formed a oopartuorahlp for the^ra^c^ ' - / Joly li, ?03. J*k'g3 *>- CaR|? 12lat Year Begin? B^t?mU^ls?&^hM?^ lAttewv Seieae?,?^^ ' .i ... aotoJat??^^ljia^^ .?V; ?l?r?a?ep?^ goJvomty of Soutk Car oIfe& -^?f.