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The Anderson intelligencer. [volume] (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 01, 1906, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1906-08-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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ling Hie S toiouclis a i\d Dowe 1 s of
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Tromotcs Di^eslion.Cluvrrul
ness and Rest .Contains neill 1er
Opium.Morpliine nor Mineral.
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Kttpe offJhiDrSLU'.l ELPITCJ?KIi
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JhyjftmiH- - )
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C/aitfcd .Wtgqr
h?n?rpr**/i rtavar. J
A perice! Remedy for Constipa
tion , Sour Stomach. Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions. Keven sly
ness cuu! Loss OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Sitfnnturc of
KEW YO UK.
At b:. iii ? fi ii I lyn. K> I tis:
I) For Infants and Children
The Kind You Have
Always Bought
EXACT COPY OF.V/PAPPEIR^
THE CtMT?U?I COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY.
In the Piedmont Belt of the South ?
Anderson County is the HUB of the Piedmont Belt, and
amd you can select from the following and let me hear from
f on :
5? the City of Anderson :
House and Lot on North Main Street.
House and Lot on ?South Malu Street.
Vacnut Lot on South Main Street.
In Centervillo Township :
156 acres, improved ; also, 07 acres,
3arj Broadway Township :
61 acre-.
$n Pendleton Township :
77 acred.
3n Fork Town th ip :
104, 900, 10? and 52 nore Tracts.
,3a Hall Township :
28H acres.
ALL MORE OR LESS WELL IMPROVED.
In dickens County I have 285 acres in one body and 75 acres in another.
In Oconee County I have several Tracts, running 104, 418,75, 385, 138,
166-all in Center Township.
There are no better ?ands io pr?Mu?? vu an I offer you abors, Hud if yon
sws interested in buying or selling lands in tho city or country, see me and
So. sae tell you what I nave to offer.
Yours for building up the country and city,
i
JOS. J. FRET WELT.? Anderson, 8. O.
A.. O. 8TEIOZLAND,
DENTIST.
Office over FarmersIandlMerchants Bank, Anderson, 8.0.
3FHXD. G. BROWN, ,Pres. and Treaa. | B. F. MAULDIN, Vice President.
A. 8. FARM BB, Secretary. V
The Anderson Real Estate
and Investment Co.,
BUYERS AND SELLERS OF
SMK? EST ATE, STOCKS & BONDS.
Our facilities for handling your property aro perfect, at
w? aro largo advertisers all over the country. Bight now
-we are having considerable inquiry for farms in this anet ad
orning Counties, and owners of farm lands in tho Piedmont
|. Action who wish to diepose of their property will find that
?|! ve ar? in a position to make quick and satisfactory sales,
i-^w- is.thetime to list your property ^th ns, and we
?\/ trn?tedton?. .;?V^#:.. ?$
11. . Address all communications to J. C, Cummings, Bales
??I 3De^tmen^^:;
HMM? MU ana ? IIIRWIT tiiim
WAR SI
Century Long Evoluti
There is botnetbiug fascilating about
a guu, especially if it is au army gyo,
says a Springfield, Mass., letter. Per
haps it ha? never killed a man. Per
il will never kill ouc. Even if it does,
it isn't the only mankiller in the world.
The trolley car ia a good old reliable
along that line. And then their are
cows, banana peels, yellow fever mos
quitoes and a raft of evil disposed
microbes.
Almost anything oan kill a man if it
can get just the right jiu jitsu hold on
his life. But the fascinating thing
about an army gun is that maakilling
is nut a mere incident in its career.
It is its whole end and aim. So when
one looks into ita barrel or handles its
cartridges there is what the poet calls
a horrid fascination abput it.
That being the case, even men who
have no notion of getting in front of a
gun, or behind one either, may care to
know something about the army rifles
the country makefl.
in thc first place Tncle Sam makes
his own gun3. If bc should have a
big war on his hands he might be
driven to buyiDg guns made by private
contractors. Otherwise every rifle
used by the regular army or by thc
military is made here at Springfield or
at Hock Island, 111.
The history of the Springfield rifle
is the history of gunning for the last
century. The armory was started here
in 17U1 but tho first records of tho
guns made here begin in 171)4.
Though at that time wo were rather
on tho outer fringe of the world we
were up to date in our army guns.
The first recorded model made at
Springfield was a Trench fliotiook,
smooth bore musket, known as tho
Charlville model.
So far as looks went it was rather
formidable, having a barrel about threo
feet long and a bayonet almost as
big as a sword. As a matter of fact,
though this musket-which was es
sentially thc same as the one with
which American independence was
gained-was lo*s deadly than it look
ed.
No conder the men of Bunker Hill
were told to hold their fire until they
could Heo tho whites of tho enemy's
eyes. Their guns couldn't be depend
ed on for a muoh longer range. Be
yond eighty ya?ds thc aim was hit or
miss; ohio?y miss. At 200 yards this
type of gun couldn't be depended on
to hit anything even in a massed com
pany.
This model was in use for about
forty years, t but it was gradually im
proved by thia esra nuu u?i?u l? wak
ing, until in 1805 oar remarkable gun
nery actually led the English to send
a commission over here to try to learn
something from us, a thing whioh they
have been doing every since.
"Lieut. Warien," they reported,
"having heard that good, shooting
could be made at 200 yards with the
United States servies musket and
knowing that the English musket was
useless at that distanco as far as ao*
ouraoy was concerned, went to Gover
nor's Island to find out if Major
Tornton could arraDge a day for some
praotioe at that distance."
Imagine our pride at being able to
show off our long range shooting to the
hated British I Howeve, they got
ahead of ns iu the first big stride of
improvement in the old musket.
It seems rathor queer that it was
an English clergyman who first paten
ed a peroussion process for exploding
gunpowder. His name was Forsyth,
and his patent, issued in 1807 wan on
the use of a potassium chlorate mix
ture.
Erom that time on for forty years
inventors all over the civilized world
were constantly experimenting with
peroussion guns, but it was not until
1842 that thia government aocoptod a
model of this type. The first percus
sion guns manufactured by thia , gov
ernment'were made in 1844 ,and were,
followed by ten years of gradna) im?
pro ve m ont along that one Une.;
The next radical change was to the
rifle musket.
Bi fies were hot new. They had peen
used for years in this country and'
abroad for. special military ovgan??&>
tions, but tboy were not very satisfac
tory. . ?'..
Sc far bask as tho end of the eigh
toonth century thin country had form
ed a corps bf riflemen. But the
Frenoh ab??t this' time gave np' to the
whole idea, said ibo weapon was im
practicably and "suited" only tho
phlegmat?o constitution of an English
meniV--v; * .. ; ' }v|gftj
if anybody should attempt td^aiuj1
one of tho old rifle bullets of thafc d?y
down the barrel of the gan ho would
.seethe'Fira^
rifles'be?n? muskie loading, the bullets
?fcsA*oJbsi peireeptibly smalley than "
barrel and it toofc^tirnS anaX patty'
I to 'ram them horae^ ii Was no^?tf
ORIES.
ion of the Army Rifle.
I introduction of thc metallic cartridge
that the rifle mutket became really
serviceable.
That brings the siory up to our war
model, the model of 1885. It was a
ribed musket, 53, firing an expanding
minie bullet.
As the calibre of the musket grew
less the bullet became longer, thus se
curing greater speed and range. With
this gun a destructive fire could be de
livered at a distance of 860 yards, and
even at 1,000 yards it would penetrate
more than three inches of white pine
so that it was not to be lightly regard,
cd inside that distance.
The next step in gun making was
the breechloader. Like the other rad
ical changes, it was a long time in the
making.
So far back as 1810 an inventor
named John Hall was employed by tho
government to set up his machinery
at the Harper's Ferry Armory and
make a thousand brecchloading arms
by way of experiment. Hall had in
vented tho arm itself in 1811. As it
was eight years before the government
gave him the Harper's Ferry order the
idea does not seem to have appealed
very forcibly to thc powers of Wash
ington.
Once he got thc gun under way,
however, it seemed to have been re
ceived with some favor, for breech
loaders were made under Hall's super
vision until 1844. More than 25,000
were made during that time at Har
per's Ferry aud almost aa many by out
side contractors.
They were given out to speoial or
ganizations and some went to the reg
ulars and some to thc mili. But
there doesn't seem to have been any
wild eagerness to be equipped with
them, for in 18G0 there were still almost
20,000 of these guns stored in the dif
ferent arsenals.
The breechloading idea wa9 all right
in itself, but it did not get on well
with the old gun and the old charge.
It seems as if improvements are al
ways oncleggcd. Each one Umps till
another comes to help it along. So
the breechloading gun h?d to have a
self-primed', expanding, metallic car
tridge before it could get into the.
march of progress.
'/ The period before the outbreak of
the civil war was one of continual ex
p?r?iu?sti?jg w?th brsschlosders asd
even with magazine rifles. Between
1852 and 1860 the government pur
chased 12,183 breeohloading arms cf
various patterns besides the rights to
alter 2,000 old arms upon two plana
.-3 1- --?__.?.__ Q AAA ...LU?.?J
?DU IV uiauumviuiv w(vvu ?... ?w?.
metallic ease cartridges on one of those
plans.
But the war put a atop to the expor
iment. The need for immense quanti*
ties of arms taxed the government ar
mories to their utmbat and In addition
thousand?> of con trio t meda ga?a were
purchased. . .. *. ;
It may surprise annie people to know
that between 1861 and 1866 the govern
ment purchased 94,000 magasine rifles*
of one make alone. Thia was the Spen
cer repeating rifle firing seven etir-.
tridges with reloading.
Bul the vais majority of guns used
daring the war w?ro the old 1825 mod
el ri9ed musket, muzzle loading, cali
bre .58. Toward the end of the war;
the Springfield board recommended
the adoption' of the Peabody brets*'
loading rifle, but. the war department
disapproved. ; .
They did begin to make Joaly n, but
the reports from tho field wer o unfavor
able and only 3,000 guns of that model
were turned V?utV^ Next the govern
men t tried converting the old muskets,
into breechloaders and 50,000 were al- ,
tered in this way. The old rifling waa
'bored out and a tube inserted in the
barre), a progress which naturally
proved deoidelyUnsuccessful. ; '.'? ' .
Bat-with the waroverand it?:?j^: .
sons laid to heart, tho Springfield arm
ory got busy with evolution pf ino
modern rifle. A new model waa intro
duced every year or two. Experiments
followed on one another's failure^
success. ' ;
Tho calibre waa reduced from ,58 to
.45. Th? gun became .a breeoh lo ?der,
a repeater or a magasin? .r?fle.-.VvT?i.- -,
sights were continually improved,
%his want on nbtU in l^ thev gnu
known to the pub?to as the ;Kri|f-be* !
name the regular army rifle. The cali
bre by tho this tims was dow.? 40 .30,
/w.h;e^ '^^M^^^r.. ;
' .The lates^mo^el'iaVthe ?
military riflos. Whilo the effective
range of the oivH War rifle musket was :
$60 ?aW,: -^^^ 1
^Oi^daV ;g^^te - :? : ; ;
^ iklot of i?tei^aiitiff '
pened tt the
self hw been go??g through these i
jshangee. At first it used to have * *
Imiloir h^ ;
'^er,^^UBsle Of tho gao whs^'bay-'j:
fflMjtswero nxed. ' Aa a conflf?noirfii
thc guns could not bc tired without
taking off the bayonet, uor could a
jharge be made after firing without
stopping to put tho bayonet on. It
was natural that a manner lesa iucon*
renieut should be devised, and it soon
tras.
Later tho experiment was made of
libing a trowel and shaped bayonet, so
it could be employed in throwing up
trenches. But thiB waa discarded be
ca\'8o of its weight and shortness,
whioh placed men at a disadvantage
against troops equipped with looger
bayonets.
Fifteen years ago it was thought
that the long raDge modern rifles
would practically do away with close
encounters between opposing armies,
and the moral support whioh a soldier
gains from having a bayooet in his
possession could be given by a less
burdensome variety of the article. A
rod bayonet was therefore introduced.
It had a pointed tip and was carried in
the same position whioh the ramrod
used to oooupy on the gun barrel.
But the Russo-Japanese war hae
brought bask thc old bayonet with its
deadly power in a hand to hand en
counter. The events around Pori
Arthur demonstrated that it is impos'
sible for troops to advance in the fae?
of modern firing. They simply oan
not stand up against it.
As a consequence, the advanced np
on a fortified position must be mad?
at night. The old knife bayonet i
more effectual in the hand to hand cn
counters which come either in case o
a sortie or in storming the works ti
which theso night advanoeB bring th
troops.
It is a matter of curiosity to th
outsider what becomes of tho old guns
In many eases certain parts of tbei
can be used again in the manufactur
of improved models. Others are pas?
ed in from the regulars tu-the railitic
Some aro sold to boy's military school*
Hundreds of them are sold to dealer
and by them to collectors of souve
nirs.
While thc life of a gun is more ol
ten cut short by its going out of fash
ion than in any other way, still i
grows feeble and useless just as hi
man beings do. Every time a moder
rifle is fired the explosion liberate
gasses whioh have an enorrcius prei
Bure.
This produces a heat which in ii
tense. Firing many rounds is U>:el
to cause, suoh erosion of tho interb
of the barrel as will, seriously impa
tho usefulness of that particular gui
So that lhere is a pretty steady d
maud for new rifles oren in times <
peace, when guns wear thecasely?
out, t&ough more slowly, in mere ta
get praotice.
Cartridges which aro suspended i
another type are broken up at Fran!
ford. Pa., where the government me
u fae tures its ammunition, and tl
available materials are used again.
In tjmes of war the percentage
loss depends entirely on the indivi
ual oiroumstances. - The greatest fa
tot is continued and rapid firing. Tb
might render a gan unserviceable 1
heating;the parts so that there wou
be erosion. .
;' There is in ' th's'; ' mna?nm^tvjt
Springfield armory aft flaiei-sstii'iggrtf
of gune, showing how a rifle itself m
como to a violent end. Barst barro
broken stocke, jammed locks, bull
holds travoraoly through the barre
barrels whioh haye received a null
directly into tbs murile-these a
sous of the ways in Whioh a rifle
pot ont of action. :
. Wbett the bystander ?S4B 1 styfel
guns from Vttion. at a mome&t*a wa!
lag soldiers are Bupposed to ttke ea
his own weapon the;.ct??ianffo??N
how in the world the men know sh i
is whioh. Soldiers tuemselTfie ?
t?at they grow as familiar with \
feel of their nwn/?ran?s as a : eayali
man does with tho gait of his h orso,
If there should bo any confusion
can speedily be settled, as every g
is numbered. Men ara not allowed
mart?tn'sl?:r?fl?|;;ifr
this rulo appears .not 'have been v
ilantly bnforced during,t^i||??p||(
In the museum at the armory th
lawjjsey
the name **^?atev formed; by the hoi
of pins drivetf ihto th? butt:. Ano
errM sjaoorately carVedt;?; ^not|
hefts coDBidcrable details bf one *
8. McConnell, Company A; Fifteen
&ei*tuok Infantry, JrVaireviUs, ?t<
^ltsr,OWo^am?aga^
paignt^AtlantsT,
Tho maki og of ar my guns is^ one
We:.may not go to Martur a, hund?
years ^oomsi.hnt *asyit& tho.^ol
||r^^als^
up-to-?ato military rifles on hand psi
likely t* shu* "?^t'mii^^thfi do
-'S*''"^^4!*'^"'?^-MS!. S^/'-'"^.^11. ';,? - 1 ??'
v.^:A:'poo^,m?n ' :'isn*i'i'n^ii?^,i?
?hi?^a^^?^^^l^^gKKra
-bettet cremate it.
STATE .NEWS.
- Tho Vardry railla io Greenville
will soon be ia operation.
- Good prions for tobacco aro look
ed For in tho eastern part of the 8tate
this fall
- Tho 93rd anniversary of the Rich
land Volunteers will be celebrated at
Columbia in August.
~- Tbe republican State convention
will be hold at Columbia in August*
No ticket will be nominated.
Samuel Sharp, a twelve year old
boy *AS accidentally killed 12 miles
from Columbia by the discharge of a
shotgun in the banda of his uncle.
- A cotton warehouse at Caser
down Mills in Greenville waa struok
by lightning Thursday afternoon and
cotton damaged by fire and water to
the extent of $10,000.
- Moaan Pressely Young of Due
Wost, will go to Egypt, where he will
teach in tbe oollege at AsBuit.
- Tho State pross association ad
journed at thr Isle of Palms after
eleoting E. H. Aull president, W.
Banks vioe president, August Kohn
treasure and R. L. Freeman secretary.
The association will again meet at the
Isle of Palms next May and vail im
mediately thereafter visit the James
towu Exposition in a body.
-Raoe trouble at Gyrnett, Hampton
County, waa threatened for a time be
oause four negro women made an at
tack on two white women. Tho gov
ernor was notified and wired to the
sheriff to take proper aotion.
- Tho residence of H. W. Lese
mann of Summerville, was entered by
thieves who succeeded in obtaining
and .carrying of a solitude diamond
ring, gentleman's gold watoh, ladies'
diamond ring, turquoise ring and a
quantity of wearing apparel.
- Work has commenced on a now
cotton warehouse to be erected in Co
lumbia by the Standard Warehouse
company at a cost of about $40,000
and to have a capacity of about 6,000
bales storage. This is one of the step?
taken by this concern to mako Colum
bia ene of tho largest cotton centers ot'
the South.
- G. Wash Hunter, a well known
young man of Laurens County, who
last Thursday morning, at Goldfield,
killed E. F. Copeland of Clinton, sur
rendered tu Sheriff Duckett of Laurens
Saturday. The killing of Copeland
wau.over a game Of cards. Hunter has
bee?> ".eleasod on bond.
..rfSThe largest manufacturing in
dustry in South Catolina, next to cot
ton, is the making of lumber, accord*
ing to a bulletin just received from
tho bureau of manufacturers. The
manufacturers of cotton is by far the
most important manufacturing indus*
try in the State, hoi nj- in 1900 62.3
per cent and in 1905 72 6 per o?nt of
the Whole. .. 1 .
'A little hero, in the person of
Sydney Darbee, ll years old, son of
Mri L. 8. Darbee of Charleston, de
veloped Friday afternoon,O'pn 'Ben-,,
netto wharf, when the boy,- without
taking time to remo-ve his aloteoa,
dove into the. dock and Tcseued bis
friend of the eame age, Marion Wul.^
bern,, from drowning.. Sydney 'was
wiih his mother on the wharf and lit*
tie Marion was seen struggling in the
water. Airs. - Durbeo attempted to
reaoh him by leaning over the eldo of
?he; pier, but failed, and a? the boy
was going down for the second time
Sydney, without a suggestion, Jump?
ed into the water a?d roso to tho sur*
face with bb friend iu his arms.
-,
Miss Clara Oleinens, Mark Twain's
brilliant daughter, was talking at At*
Untie City about entertaining,
"Tact," ahe aaidj ^i?^weaUaVto
good entertaining. With tho most
hospital spirit itt the world, one they,
without taot, only render one's guests
aotnf ott .ble. Taot averts, blondo?.
*'I onoe dined at a honse where the
bostesa has no taot. Opposite me sat
i ni^git, qalet gentleman*; . i-p-*? ;t$*?;
titing? suddenlyjturned/ ?|?o?^a*;
?5||t^ ,
fusion bu
to her husband. '-,,'.\ ^WSr? '
tiXBo9t inattentive you ar&, Jos.
You ma 81 look after Mr. Blank bo tier.
^e^nelpi?g?hiniseifto everything/ "
M^.?he Farmer's ^?^^
::'&Vvory>.*a^^
B^dS#^^
H a sn? bath to sweeteh it^. she know? :
'that? Kor elit?rntis soiur ft will ,ta!nV3ths-r
<|ihH&jihat l?dano tn it. Tho stomach is
a^y^utritlv?, tiract? are performed pro-.
Oc?*saav wh? wie*^
Kerning ?fbutter? ??jt nt>i?alppareht^
than that if this stomach churn is^MSMi
"" 1 sgsssBBs a ', agi
Dreyfus noir ? Major Ia French Array.
Pari9, July 21.- ID tho pt-esenoe of
a distinguished military assemblage.
Major Alfred Dreyfus, wearing tho
full uniform of his rank, today receiv
ed thu cross of Chevalier of the Legion
of Honor.
The ceremony which occurred in the
court yard of the military school was
renderad doubly impressive by being
held on the very spot where the hat?
tons and gold lace were stripped off
his uniform and his areord broken
twelve years ago. - '
The court yard, from Which the
publie waa rigorously excluded, was
enoirolef'1 by two batteries of the 13th
artillery; commanded bp Golonel Tarde,
who made the reocnt discoveries at the
war offiae leading to rehearing of the
case against Dreyfus and hie acquit
tai. .
General Gillain, accomplished by e. .
number of. army officials entered the
cirole with trumpets and drums sound
ing. The general attaohed the decor
ation to Major Dreyfus' breast and fe?
lioitated him on his well-earned honor.
The major replied briefly, expressing
his acknowledgements. The ceremony
was over in five minutes* tho general,
Major Dreyfus and the army - officials
retiring amid the dipping of flags and
a roll pf drums. \
$100 Dellaro for a Battle.
This would not be a large pries to
pay for Dr.. Drummond's . Lightning.
Remedies for rheumatism if one could
not get relief any cheaper. The
Drummond Medicine Co., ??ew York,
have received hundreds of un ao i ?cit
ed testimonials from grateful people
restored to health by the use ol' their
remedies, who would not hesitate to .
pay any price rather than suffer the
former tortue. ,If you-would like to
try these remedies, and your druggist
has not got them, write direct to the
company. Agents wanted.
WOFFORD COLLEGE.
Henry N. Snyder, LL.D., President.
Two degrees, A. B, > end A. M.
Four courses leading to the A. B. D?
gr?e. Nine Professors.,
Library and Librarian. The W. E.
Burnett gymnasium under a compe
tent direotor. , J. B. Cleveland S?i
eno? Hall, Athletic grounds. Course
of lectures by the ablest men on tho
platform, Next session begins Sep
tember 19.
Board ?roai $12 fco SIG a month.,v;
For Catalogue or .other information,,
address ; J. A. Gamew?ll,
Secretary, Spartanhurg,^ S. ,0.
i . School. '
? Th " v h ff bri?k baildinga. ;. Steam
heal, uud eleotrxo lights. . 7
H^ad Master, three teachers and
Matrons live in tue buildings;,
individual attention tc <?*cb ssa-; -1
dont. ^Situate*1 on the Wofford Cam- .
pus. . . ' ?
Students take regular course in the y, i
College Gymnasium, and have, access
to the.Colleg^Lihl^^-^^^??^^^^^^f?'
- $125^00. pays ipr poiatdj-tuition..and
all feeSv 'Next^-s?isiOtt begins Sep
tember 19fch. For Catalogue,, ete.y
address . A; Mason DuPree, j !M
i i S. CiMi?i^ ^4<^':
; 5'Bouth'Oa^
Office of the Chairman Board ofVtat* , *
? vacancy In tho State Soholarehtps ea
lats In Audsrson Coamy.
j. AppJloaUon ^blanlke^m^y^e ' ohtata?d;'
t^^n^rman?of tbe^Blord ot*'VitMmf^S^^^^::
Sbartes?on, S. C. Tbeas application*.
lUy made out aa directed, mae&. be in
the kasdaoUho Chairman by the SO? fa. of
July?' ; -, ? ft' O?.i>BDBN^ ,:W
.. W%\ v ' chairman Board of Vialtora.
JolyllMOOO . - 4'- 8 , s
Ho tieso of Bufo^r&hip?
&W.-ilin?s^*a^WP.Ow ^
have thiCrday formed a oopartuorahlp for
the^ra^c^ ' - /
Joly li, ?03. J*k'g3 *>- CaR|?
12lat Year Begin? B^t?mU^ls?&^hM?^
lAttewv Seieae?,?^^ ' .i ...
aotoJat??^^ljia^^ .?V;
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