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H. A. DC COORCKT , . . ./. . . EDITOR. Saturday, October IS, 1851. galoratory. The first Dumber of~the Ciute»*j Cnioaicu is this day presented to the public, with a prospect not excelled by any newspaper enterprise ever before undertaken within the border* of the State of California. It is a matter of no little surprise that a county, embracing so extensive an area of territory and boaating so large a population as is conceded to Cala ▼eras, should have been so long without a printing presate proclaim to the world its great natural resources, and to assert, advocate, and defend the inalienable rights and privileges of her people. Bounded on the south by the Stanis laus River, an immense territory of » mining and agricultural land is travers ed before the northern limit is reached, far above the North Fork of the Mo kelumne j while, on the west, the fer tile and almost illimitable plains furnish their quota to the making up of the variety of country and interests embrac ed within the boundaries of Calaveras ; the whole being enclosed, on the east, by the Stale line which, in an imaginary path, makes its way through everlast ing snows, beyond the summits of the eternal Sierras. Few counties north of Mariposa can boast a greater extent of territory— none that van claim with Justice, more natural advantages, its regards the wealth contained within its borders, nor that can supersede or outstrip the citizens of Calaveras in indomitable perseverance, energy and public spir- ited enterprise. We have good and sufficient reasons for making these assertions. Calave ras is known and talked of, both far and near, and its wealth the subject of discussion. Of the generous and liber al spirit of its inhabitants, we can speak from personal experience. Greater and more substantial encouragement was seldom given, perhaps, in the history of newspaper establishments, than that which bos been extended towards the Chronicle. Taken by the hand, like brothers, when we arrived at this place, every assistance we needed was given us, until, thanks to the citizens of Mo kelumne HiH, we are enabled to issue our infant sheet, established upon a permanent basis. A disinterested public spirit is the natural characteristic of a printer. The very nature of his profession has a ten dency to make him waive his own in clinations when the community may be benefited by bis pursuing a course that may not be positively consonant with bis own views ; although, if he he con scientiously disposed, and upright and honest in disposition, nought but truth ful arguments and plain, matter-of-fuct statements will be published from bis press. As such, it shall be our earnest en deavor to meet the views of the com munity upon every subject affecting the public weal. Where praise is merited, we shall, in our cokiins, award it, irre spective of political distinctions. And, when abuses come*witlrin our observa tion, it shall be our aim to expose them uncontrolled by personal friendships or dislikes, and if possible, point out the means by which they may be corrected. Politically, the Cusonicle will speak its honest sentiments upon any subject, no matter by what party advanced, and adopt the views of neither, unless they coincide with our own, or as they may tend to infftience for good or ilh the in terests of oar common country. As a journal of geaeral’ intelligence, the Chkosicu will contain 1 in its col umns correct statements of the markets at the different mining posts of the county, in~awch form as will make them acceptable Obmerchants and other busi ness men: In point of mining intelligent, no ex ertion will 1 be spared to render our sheet essentially acceptable to the miners, as a medium of - obtaining information rel ative to “ diggings’* (ofwhich they may not bo aware) whether in this county or in other sections of the State or else where, while full summaries of news from the Atlantic Board, Europe and other parts of (he world, will be given at every new arrival. Thus, making our salutatory bow to the public of Calaveras, .we respectful ly solicit its countenance and favor for the future numbers of the Curoriclk. Mokelnmne Bill. Little more than two years have elapsed since we first trod upon Cali fornian soil, and in that time there has been scarcely a spot within its limits that has not felt the imprint of our footsteps ; and yet, in all that period we have visited no place that gave, evi dences of greater or more permanent prosperity than the hill-built city of Moke! u nine. Two years ago, Mokclumne and its adjacent placers were known and spo ken of as extremely rich, but of small extent, and friends ridiculed each other when they spoke of going to placers where “ all the claims worth ahything w'ere long since worked out, or were permanently taken up.” Frequently, however, new and large “strikes” were made, and those who before thought lightly of these placers, began to evince an interest in them secondary to no other consideration. The result has been the discovery of diggings unparal leled in richness or extent —earth pay ing the miner well for his labor even in the surface soil of the hill-sides, while others, boldly sinking shafts over a hundred feel deep into the very bow els of the mountains, have astonished the world—not more than themselves— at the vast success which attended their arduous and persevering labors. Different from the coyote diggings of any other section of the mining dis tricts of California, here, at Mokel umne Hill, if one’s hole will pay at all. be can always secure “lumps” suffi cient to defray his daily expenses, while the earth in which the finer gold is con tained is laid up in piles to await the rains. Diggings such as these are numer ous, and almost inexhaustible in the vicinity of Mokelumne. These are stubborn and incontrovertible facts; and with them standing boldly forth, our lively and bustling town cannot fail to become one of the most prominent and successful mining points in Cali fornia, so long as mining will be made the principal branch of the business of her people. For the development of all those re sources which surround us so almn antiy, the Calaveras Chronicle will lie found standing boldly forth, not as an advocate of sectional opinions, hut, ns its name indicates, identified with the interests of the whole County, it will be an exponent of its advantages, and a zealous defender of its rights and privileges. Chronicle. —The first number of our paper is now before the public. We can make no apology, kind reader, if it does not meet your expectations. It is always a vexatious and difficult task to open any business, and a com mencement eannot really be looked up on as a true “ specimen” of what is to follow. As we progress, we shall en deavor to improve, borrowing encou ragement from your approval. CO“Our Subscription Books are now open. Will our friends who have not yet had their names entered upon our lists, oblige us by doing so immediately. Much time and trouble will be saved by pursuing this course. Our terms will be found at the head of our col umns, and are only such as are neces sary to the success of a printer. OCJ*To those of our friends who have so generously aided us by liberal sub scriptions, we return our most grateful thanks, ami will endeavor to recipro cate their favors by the spirit of our columns. v k - Bridge. — A permanent and substan tial' bridge, is now. being .erected, over the Mokelumne River, at Middle Bar, built of the heaviest and most durable timber. By the by, this same Middle Bar is one of the most prominent min ing localities of our county, and pos sesses no mean advantages for general business. business can lie successfully prosecuted without advertising. Try Arrival of (hr Pacifit. THIRTEEN DAYS LATER. Th* •tcam»hi|> Pacific, Cnpt. Bailey, arrived in San Francisco harbor at 10 o’clock on Thursday evening, bringing dates from new Orleans and New York to the 13th September. We are in debted. for full files of Eastern ex changes to Newell & Co. and Reynolds Todd & Co.’s expresses. The S«n Francisco Herald, the only Bay paper we received was furnished us, through Newell fit Co., by “ Pete,” who came galloping up to the office at race-horse speed. From the Herald, we takebthe fol lowing memoranda of the Pacific: “ The steamship Pacific left San Juan October the Sd, at 10 o’clock P.M. Left in port the brigs Mary Adeline, Alina and Anna Julia. October 4tb, met the propeller Carolina, bound down the coast. Oct. Btb, arrived at Acapulco at 6 w'fck'ijk. A.M; sailed the same day at 11 o’clock, P.M. The steamers Tennessee and Gold Hnnter left four hours previous. The Tennes see left with her way-mail and passen gers to sail direct for San Francisco. Left in port the propeller Com. Stock ton. Passed the Gold Hunter at 4 o’clock, A.M. On the 9th, at 11 o’clock, P.M., met a steamer bound to the southward and coastward. October 11th, passed the Tennessee. Octol>er 14th, died on board, of epilepsy, Sam. Cropper—a colored man, (waiter.) October 16th, arrived at San Francisco, at 7 o’clock, P.M.. Steamer Pacific’s running time from San Juan del Sud to Acapulco, four days eight hours from; Acapulco to San Francisco, seven days twenty hours—out of which she was detained six hours in a dense fog off the Island of San Clemente. “ The Pacific coaled in Uenlejo on the 25th of September. Left in port the brig Ruth aud schr Jacob M. Ry erson.” Theie is no later news from Cuba, the details, however, of the late revo lution are more extended. During the last three days of August Havana was llje of the most in tense excitement, caused hy the defeat and capture of Lopez, and the over throw of the invaders. Never was news received with greater joy and more apparent satisfaction. Guns were fired during the day, and at night the principal buildings were illuminated, while torchlight processions marched through the streets. Shouts and vivas for Concha and the Queen were con tinually given. Lopez was shot in ef figy in different parts of the town. He was dressed in the full uniform of a General, and under his left arm was a garneco' k, nod in his left hand a pack of cards. The rahble amused them selves hy shooting at the effigy all day. At half past six o’clock on the morn ing of the Ist September the troops were assembled st the place of execu tion, which was at the Punta, at the entrance of the harbor, directly oppo site the Moro. There were on the ground at the time 5,000 troops and about 8,000 citizens. A few minutes be fore seven Lopez was brought forward and ascended a platform about fifteen feet bighf on wbieh was the chair of ex ecution. He turned, and facing the multitude assembled, addressed them a short speech, thdconclusion of which, (and his last words) was, “ I die for my beloved Cuba.” He then took his seat, the machine was adjusted, and at one turn of the strew his head dropped off; then all that remained of him who had so long been the terror and dread of the Cuban government, was a cold, bfock, lifeless corpse. He evinced not the slightest trembling or fear—bis step was proud and firm, and his voice clear and distinct. A few hisses and groans were heard after the execution—save that everything was orderly and quiet. A letter to the New York Herald, dated at Havana, Sept. 1, in speaking of the termination of~lhe invasion, says that ** the Spaniards considered the island lost. The creoles bad, it was long understood, been waiting for such an expedition to rise and shake off their allegiance to the crown of Snain. >Ve have seen what they have done. bis five hundred men have l>een sacrificed by the cowardice of these miserable wretches, who have deceived everybody. I assure you the government were under the greatest I trm and apprehension, because, as I said before, they, as well as every body else, really and sincerely believed that the creoles would have joined Lopez to a man. I consider that Spain is now more firmly seated in her power with regard to Cuba than she ever was be fore. She knows now bow completely she may set at defiance the stupid brag gndocio of these pusillanimous cre oles; and unless Spain should bocome involved in a war with the United States, she may remain perfectly tran quil. so far as regards the Cubans ever obtaining their independence by their own endeavors, These dastardly cre oles invited Lopez and the unfortunate men to assist them to obtain thetr inde pendence, and not one them even at tempted to join him. "Lopez was surrounded by upwards of six thousand troops, and after hold ing out eighteen days, was eventually bunted through the mountains by blood-bounds, and final); betrayed by a creole. Do all m your power to pre vent other expeditions leaving the States ; and you cannot but do well too in cautioning the public, and publish ing to the world the dastardly conduct of these base wretches, the “ creoles,” who, by their cowardly conduct and base promises, induced that handful of brave men to come on here, lo their al most total destruction. About 140 are left to lie sent, probably for life, to the quicksilver miues in Spain.” The President arrived in Washing ton mi the 40th ult. The Republic says that a telegraphic dispatch containing the intelligence of the Cuban expedition and its results reached him at the White Sulphur Springs on the previous Sunday, and he started on his return as soon as he had so far recovered from his recent indisposition as to render it prudent to travel. We are happy to state that his health is entirely recovered Nearly all the members of the Cabi net were in Washington at the last ad • f vices. The ship Alexander, Cnpt. Walker, arrived at New Orleans on the d2lh from Havana, which port she left on the sth inst., four days after the Em pire City. Cnpt. Walker reports that the Cnpt. General had released two of the prison ers taken with the Lopez expedition. Havana was perfectly quiet, nml the Captain heard of no insurgents in the mountains about Puerto Principe, or in any other part of the island The U. S. sloop-of-war Albany left Havana on the 4th inst., destination not known ; anti the U. S. steamer Sara nac was going in as Capt. Walker was coming out. Serious fears were entertained at N. Orleans on the night of the 12lh inst., nml for several nights previous, that a renewal of the riots which disgraced the streets of that city a short time since would take place. The intentions of the miscreants who premeditated it ap pears to have been fur purposes of plun der. Fortunately, however, the design was nipped in the bud. The Delta, of the 13th, speaking of the affair, says that every proper precaution that predence and a just regard for the preservation of the peace and good order of onr city required, was adopted last evening, the the Mayor having issued the necessary orders to increase the police force, and to dispose them in sauh a manner as to secure the most efficient co-operation bad their services been in requisition. Seventy of the First Municipality po lice were placed at the disposal of the Second Municipality authorities.. A subscription is being taken up in New Orleans for the relief of the Cuban volunteers. By way of New Orleans we learn that a serious riot had taken place in Durango, Mexico, cansed by the mer chants having raised the price of corn to two dollars and a Haifa bushel. Corn is the principal food of the poorer tlas * ' ses. Hon. Levi Woodbury died at his res idence in Portsmouth, at about 10 o’- clock of Thursday evening, September 11th. His age was 61 years. The American yacht America beat every thing brought against her recent ly at the World’s Regatta around the Isle of Wight, Pioneer Hosk-asd-Lujob* Com pany.— Several of our citizen*, who arc, more or leas, interested in buildings and other property, have recently made an effort to organize a company, for the protection of the town against fire ; and such progress has been made in the undertaking, that it is confidcnly hoped we shall soon have here as efficient a corps of firemen as in any town in the State. At a meeting held at Messrs Myers St Robinson’s, on Main street, Wenes day evening last, a committee, elected at a previous meeting, reported the fol lowing as a Constitution for the gov* ernment of the company, when it should be more fully organized, which report was accepted and adopted : Art 1. That the property holders and citizens of Mokeluirme Hill form themselves into a company for tha better protection of pr >perty against fire. Art. 2. That this company shall be known as the Pioneer Ilook-and-Ladder Fire Company of Mokelumne Hill. Art. 3 That the officers of said Compa ny shall consist of a President. Vice Presi dent, Secretary, Treasurer, and three Fire Wardens, to be elected by hellot. The per son haring the highest number of votes, shall bs declared elected ; each officer to be voted lor separately. Art. 4. A majority oi the members pres ent at any meeting shall c m.-tute a quorum lor the transaction of business Art 6. It shall be the duty of the Presi d«nt to preside at all meetings of the said Company He shall have the power to call meetings for the transaction ol business, to put 3-11 questions, and give the casting vote in case of a tie Art. G It shall be the duty of the Vic* Presi lent to preside in the absence of the President, aud in his absence the Secretary, mid in his absence, the Treasurer, or in bis absence, either of the Fire Wardens. Art. 7. it shall be the ot the Secre tary to keep a correct record ol proceedings and report at every meeting toe transac tions of the preceding meeting Art. 8 It shall be the duty of the Trea surer to collect and disburse all monies of the Company; to keep a true and fiithful account of all monies by him received and disbursed, and report the same at each meeting of the Company. Art 9 The Treasurer shill be required not to pay out any monies of the Company except upon the written order of the Presi dent, or in case i f his absence, upon that of the Vice President. Art 10* It shall be the duty of the Fire Wardens to examine the different premises in this place; tc see that there are uj place* where fire is used, calculated to endanger property by fire. Ai t. 11 This Company shall boll a meeting ou Wednesday evening of each week. Art 12. The funds of this Company will be raised by subscription, aud the contribu tions of property holders aud all others de sirous o! subscribing Art 13 This Constitution may be amen ded, ad le I to, or diminished, as the Coinpa ny may deem proper. liest loed. Tint wo who have In reunto af fixed our signatures, to th s Constitution, do thereby give our consent to have our buildings lorn down, or any other property removed, by the members of the Hook ani- L idder Comp my—provided it is deemed necessary by the President, of s id Compa ny, or other officer then in command. Here follow the signatures of members and others who conform to the spirit of lh* above resolution — [Ed. Chrov ] As will be seen by a notice in another part of our paper, an adjourned meet ing of the company will be held on Monday evening at Messrs Myers St Robinson’s, and it is to be hoped th« importance of the object will bring to gether a large number of out citizens. Mahbjed —ln this town, by Ju lge S. B. Ball, on the evening of the 16th hist , Armagallk A. Fkench to Jane Gam bol.. This is the first marriage that has been legally solemnized in this place May they long live to enjoy the bliss of hymeneal fe licity ! Complimentary. — Large numbers of our friends learning that the work upon the first number of our paper was •« fat advanced as to enable # us to issue it thin morning, made our office up te twelw o'clock last night, the p«ffeo; aoen* of » drawing room levee. Wmcs of o«ry (in scription flowed in generous aoundance and complimentary toasts and responses hr ok* forth in eager tones of friendly impnlse.— To our friends Newell & Co. and J F. Brush, E-q i we were indebted for sundry bottles of Champagne of Nightingale’s* own brand, and for a sumptuous collation with the requisite amount of lleidsick ac companying it, owe our thanks to our wor thy friend Lnforge One circumstance, among the reminis cences cf the evening, worthy of record is, the first copy, ever struck off, of the Cala veras Chronicle, was put up at aue un and sold for three dollars and seventy- five eent«. Avis aux Fran^ms —Nous espdrions, dans ca premier numtfro, pidsenter a nos lecteurs Fmnonis une colonne frangaise; par suite d'un accident impi£vu, nous nous trouvons foreds dc icme trca notre pro chaine publication uno redaction franoaise pir nous acnooc^s