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Calnucras *£ijvon*u lr.
H. A. DE COURCV, Fmron. Saliirdny, Sovo»ib«*r 8, T _~m ...I _ ' '' Justices’ Blank*. —Weave now print ing a variety of Blank Forms, for tbe use of Justices’ Courts—such as Orders of Attach ment, Subpoenas, Summons, etc. We shall strike off but a limited number of each, and those in want of a supply should send in their orders early. Calaveras Quartz Mines. We have frequently heard it remark ed by gentlemen of acknowledged in telligence, and practical ability, who have traveled much through tills State, that there is no county in it superior in richness to Calaveras. The short time we have been in the county, and the pressure of our business, has thus far prevented us making so thorough a tour as we could wish, although the little we have traveled, has shown us enough to satisfy any one of the least percep tion, that mining in Calaveras is yet in. its infancy. There is scarcely a hill or valley that does not teem with untold wealth, either in the soil itself or in their numberless quartz veins; the permanen cy of our mines, however, depends more particularly upon the quartz leads,new discoveries of which daily reach us. The southern portion of the County has been peculiarly favored in this re spect, having many extensive and re mar dy rich leads. For a slight re port of the San Jose Mine, situated on Angel’s Creek, between New Albany and Angel’s Camp, we are indebted to Dr. James Tobin, the gentlemanly di rector. Mr. Thomas Davis is the su perintendant, and with the Doctor, owns the claims in connection with Messrs 11 irniehsen, Reincke &, Co., Heilman, Brothers St. Co. and Clias. B. Young, of San Francisco, and John Duer of San Jose. Mr. Young is Secretary and Treasurer of the company. Rapid preparations are being made, and the company will have in operation in a few days, a large stone “Tonner,” made of Chinese Granite, and also an iron machine of the same description, now in course of construction at San Francisco. The machine was designed bv Dr. Tobin, the Director of the com pany, and it is said will work well, judging from the operation of the model. The vein upon which the Company have opened their works is composed of quartz in a decomposed state, intermixed with micaceous slate and pyrites of iron, all containing gold invarious degrees of richness. From appearances, and the high sci entific character of the gentleman at the head of this company, known to many of our readers as the late manager of the Almaden Quicksilver Mines near San Jose, and the richness of their ores, we anticipate the most favorable results, and shall receive from them, as they progress, reports which will no doubt tend to aid materially the efforts of those who are less familiar with this mode of mining. The Cincinnati Company have com menced operations upon the same lead with the San Jose Company, at Angel’s, some three hundred yards below the works of the latter. Mr. Windier is the Superintendant; the other officers arc Mr. Buck, J. Bark hone and L. Forsterling, all gentlemen well versed in mining, both practically and theo retically. They arc now washing sufficient earth from the side of their vein as they ex cavate for quartz, to pay all expenses. The quartz in this comoany’s claims is of the same kind and quality as that of the S. Jose claims. A specimen picked up at random, and brought to this place, where it was an alyzed by Gen. Cadwalader, yielded a trifle over one dollar to the pound. There are o*her veins in the County fully as rich, and as they transpire, we shall, as far as practicable, endeavor to lay the par ticulars before the public. Division. —We see, by the Sacramento Transcript, that a meeting has been held in El Dorado County to take into consi deration the policy of dividing that county. Fruit. —Mr. T. W. Bosworth, the oblig ing fruit dealer on Centre street, will ac cept cur thanks for some very fine oranges and as luscious and beautiful a bunch of grapes as we have seen in the country. We would recommend those in want of these luxuries of the mines, to call on him. Deputy County Clerk. —J. L. Trask, E«q., the County Clerk, has appointed Mr. B. 11 Williams to the post of Deputy Clerk in hi. Office. Mixing in the Si:,:i;res. — We took | a stroll through the different diggings in the suburbs of our city on Tuesday last, when we examined all the different inodes of digging now being prosecuted here. Having visited that part of Stock- i ton Hill which created such a furore on ! Monday afternoon last, we examined the claim which originated it. The company owning the claim numbers ten persons. They had sunk a shaft some ' sixty feet into the bill, when they struck water, and at the same time gold—the latter, however, not in such large de posites as was at first supposed, the! cart paying only five bits to three buck- t ets, or, at the rate of about seventy-five 1 cents per sack. The gentlemen com-j posing this company, have now a two fold object in view. AVater being very scarce in the town, and commanding a fair price, they have commenced tunnel ing the hill, in hope of obtaining a suffi cient supply for nil ordinary purposes during the dry season; while, at the same time, should the earth pay them for working, they will continue their mining operations. On the Eastern slope of this same hill, which has already yielded so enor mously, work is still being prosecuted to good advantage. Gold was first dis covered in this part of the hill by a par ty of three gentlemen from New York, who had been here only u few weeks. They worked six weeks, taking ou* over ten thousand dollars from their claim ; when, supposing it worked out ' they sold to another party for two thou sand dollars. These again found the lead* and are supposed to have taken out upwards of twenty thousand dollars, | although, they have not fur want of wa ter, washed all the earth excavated. Miners who have worked here a long ! time estimate that three millions of gold dust have been taken from the F.astcrn slope ofStockton Hill. AVe descended into one of these rich holes to a depth of about one hundred feet, and found that the gold was prin cipally embedded, or incrusted in a spe cies of flinty, copperas colored lava, which is so hard that heavy sledges must be used to break it up. The gold is very pretty and coarse, being seldom found in pieces of less than twenty-five ppntc m V' /» jv •iI- .J. «• very remarkable feature in the soil as we descended this shaft: at a distance of about fifteen feet from the surface, the whole of the outer coating of .the hill has slid downward from twelve to eigh teen inches toward the flats below.— This is observable in nearly all the holes on that side of the hill. The best argu ment we have heard advanced to ac count for this slide is, that the great amount of cayotaing which has been done in the hill, has so vveakend the natural support of the surface, that its immense weight is gradually hearing it down to the valley. In view of this we would urge- upon the miners to use the most extteme caution in their under ground operations. When the ground becomes saturated with water by the rains, they should be more particularly careful, in order to prevent many acci dents that would no doubt occur by ill advised descents into shafts that are not well timbered up. The flats at the foot of this and other hills in the vicinity, will all pay well when the rains set in. There are a great many claims staked off in them, and the owmers of some are so confident of their richness that they have refused large prices for their interests. County Advertisements.— We have on file at present a number of public notices, sent in to us for publication by Judge Smith, the County Judge. They are of some importance, too, but we cannot afford to publish them. However public-spirited we may be, we do not think it will pay to “ work for nothing and find ourselves also.” We did some printing for the county about a week since, and charging according to the rates adopted by the Editorial Convention, held in San Francisco in August last, of which we were a member, sent in our bill, without even adding a per centage to pav freights on material, &c. The august Judge Smith cut our bill down one-half, making it about New York prices, where labor is eight times less than it is here, and then sent us a “ beggarly account” of Coun ty Scrip, worth twenty-five cents on the dollar, to pay us for our work. This wa doing the “ lair thing,” truly, especially as he had a copy of the scale of prices adopted by the editors and proprietors of the California Pre-s. We are not rats, and would rather do without County “pap” th?.n work under price.. A Kl'sji.—Our Mrcets, valleys and hill sides presented a curious spectacle on last Monday afternoon. It seemed as if every habiiation ami coyote hole in the whole tieighborho«*Khail suddenly vomitcil forth its denizens, who all immediately, ami as if by common consent, joined in a general sweepstakes race, the goal being the north ern slope of Stockton lliil. Blacksmiths deserted their forges—carpenters dropped their tools —teamsters left their animals to take care of themselves—those who were eating a late dinner let fall knife and fork upon the rattling plates as though electri fied, ahd started on the up-hill race, deter mined to win or— cave, while the women cheered on their favorites with clamorous voices. The cause of all this hubbub, was j a report, which, having got abroad, spread j like wildfire, that a “ big strike - ’ had been | made on that side of the hill by a lucky | party, and twenty-five dollars a pan, as first reported, was soon magnified to a seventy pound lump. The who'c hill was staked off in claims, and since then hundreds of miners have been at work upon them. Although the “ big “trike 5 ' was, in truth, only about seventy-five cents a sack, wc have hopes that some of the many who are now sinking holes upon that slope of the hill will yet find a rich lef d. Extraordinary Speed. —The quiche? t time made yet bet ween Stockton and this place was by Mr. E. S. Wilson, expressman of Reynolds, Todd & Co. Mr. Wilson re mained in Stockton three days waiting for the mail per steamer Panama, which ar rived in Stockton on Thursday, at twenty minutes past six o'clock. lie started with it at twenty-six minutes after six, and ar rived here at exactly thirty minutes past ten o'clock —making the whole run, without counting delays in changing animals, in four hours and four minutes, He lost twenty-two minutes changing horses, which leaves the runing time three hours and fortyMwo minutes. He changed horses six times, but when within four miles of this place his animal gave out, and he was obliged to stop a teamster and hire a mule to come in ou. This swift express enter prise has cost about two hundred dollars. Xone know better the importance of early deliveries of express matter than journal ists, and we cordially extend our thanks to Mr. Wilson for the promptitude and inde fatigable energy which lie has shown, not only on this, but on previous occasions, in delivering us our letters and papers. Diving for Gold. —We fire credibly in formo(l tlmf o l.sr err rvartjr nf o>wl Indians are now making from ten dollars to an ounce a day about one-and-a-balf miles above Oregon Bar, on the Mokelumne river* by diving for gold. The water is very cold and deep, and being in the centre of a steep canon, there is no way of turning the river. The divers go down with a round-pointed shovel, or a common tin pan, which they bring up half full of sand and earth, from which they wash the gold, and are amply repaid lor their trouble. Curious Rf.lic.— Judge Putney, of Mur physville, has now in his possession a piece of rock which is called Chinese Marble, upon which appears to nave been drawn with some indelliblc matter, a most beauti ful landscape view. The scene represents a well defined forest; the low shrubbery and chaparal in front, and towering pines and other trees rising in the background. The color of the lines in the drawing is about such as is produced by a dark lead pencil upon white paper. The rock is beatifully variegated in color, and is about one foot long, eight inches wide and five or six inches deep. Other pieces of rock of the same de scription but somewhat smaller, bearing the same perfect pencilliags, are in posses sion of other persons in that neighborhood. These curious specimens were found in the bed of the creek into which Judge Putney’s claims extend. They arc very highly prized by those who own them, and we have as yet found it impossible to abtain a specimen. A fine field is here laid open for the Antiqua rian. Are these the relics of a race of hu man beings now extinct ? or arc they only quaint but natural formations of rock ? Mammoth Tooth.—J udge Putney’s par ty took out of their claims, on Murphy’s Creek, a short time ago, a tooth, measuring three and three-quarters of an inch across the top. It has two prongs, one of them being four inches long from its point to the base of the -too Mi. There were no other bones found near this, which was discovered thirty-five feet below the surface. Jt&f* Vic are informed upon unquestion able authority*, that while the earth was being excavated for the foundation of a house on Centre street, one of the workmen took up a pan of earth, and having washed it, obtained gold to the amount of one dollar and a half. Another picked up, whilst ex cavating in the same place, a lump of pure gold weighing half an ounce. • • fcSr An article that we had prepared upon the subject of Tunneling is unavoida bly crowded out of this number. It shall arpe«r in cur next. A noth ;:a Murmurous Assault.—An other cowardly and disgraceful attempt at murder was made in our city on Sunday night last, about eleven o'clock. It appears that a large number of Frenchmen were congregated in social converse at the Gem Saloon, where they* were drinking coffee, when the conversation turned upon the murder of Mittway by the Chilean llojas. After some remarks, a man named llous selle said that if a party were raised for t he j urpose of going to Jackson and taking llojas from the jail by force and hanging him, lie would like to join it. A young man named Victor Albert roplicl by saying he was in favor of the law taking its course, and would have nothing to do with such a movement;, llousselle, then, with a show of friendship, invited Albert to the door to have a private conversation. This was ac ceded to. After a few moments, the report of a pistol was heard, and the party inside, rushing to the front of the establishment, found A. lying upon the ground and welter ing in hislown blood. llousselle had tied, having shot Albert in the side, the ball ranging round towards the spine, without, however, touching it. 11. has, it is sup posed, gone to San Francisco, whither a large party of Frenchmen have gone in pur suit. Albert, although in a very critical state is not yet dead, and his physician thinks he may recover if fever and mortifi cation do not ensue. Stabbing a House. — A most brutal and cruel act was committed on Sunday night last, bv some demon in human form, who, thirsting to glut his taste for blood, and not having the courage to attack one of his own species, selected an unoffending horse that was gracing near by, and plunged a bowie kife into his breast, causing the poor animal's death in a short time thereafter. A man who could thus far demean himself, “ is a brute, whom it were base flattery to call a coward.” An Abolitionist. —Whilst traveling through the northern part of the county,' a few days since, we met a real, live, genu ine abolitionist. His remarks upon a cer tain article in our paper disclosed bis sen timents, he not being aware that the editor was present. After a little discussion, he “knocked under,” completely nonplussed, and we rode off, advising him to establish a newspaper to advocate his own peculiar and pernicious doctrines. He is the first and only abolitionist wc have met with in the county, and we hope he may be the sole representative of his party. Such men are no credit to any community. Murphy's Creek. —On Murphy’s Creek immediately opposite the village of Mur physville, a party of fifty men have been at work for the last six months, under the su perintendence of Judge Putney. Their claims extend over an area of eight hundred yards, and vary in depth from ten to thirty feet from surface to bed rock. They are not at present washing any earth, but pick out lumps enough to pay all ordinary expenses. They have now arrived at a spot where the rock dips in the form of a basin which is supposed to be much richer than any other portion of the claims. Two chain pumps are kept in constant operation to keep this spot dry. The earth is carried on barrows to the creek, where it will be washed du ring the winter. James L. Tr ask., Esq. —We hear that some misunderstanding was created by our remarks last week relative to Mr.Trask and his appointment to the County Clerkship.— Our remarks were merely general upon the impression which the appointment had cre ated in the minds of the community. Being personally acquainted with Mr. Trask, we believe him 10 be a high minded and honor able gentleman, wdio would take no unfair advantage of any one, whether friend or foe. Ahead of Them All.—J. W. Gregory, of San Francisco, forwarded us through Reynolds, Todd & Co. a copy of the N. York Express of Sept. 27, which reached us on Wednesday evening, from twelve to eighteen hours ahead of all others. Late Papers. —Our friend “Pete,” of Newell & Co.’s Express delivered us full files early on Thursday evening last. The English papers sent us by Mr. Clark, the gentlemanly agent of N. & Co. were parti cularly acceptable. Theatre.— We are informed that Dr. Robinson, of the American Theatre at San Francisco, purposes visiting the Hill this evening, or in a few days, in order to give a series of theatrical entertainments, lie will be accompanied by the Lee family, and will no doubt meet with a warm reception. The Empire saloon has been engaged for the purpose. Judge Smith.—We learn that this gen tleman talks o t resigning his office of Coun cj r 5 ty J udge, so soon as the present terms of the Courts in which he is engaged are over. He could nut do a better thing to advance the interests of the county. A slight shower of rain fell about s uni; «n last evening. T!ie Courts. The regular terms of the District mi l County Courts, and a special term of tho Court’of Sessions have been held since our last issue. In the Court of Sessions, John Green was convicted of horse stealing, and tho punishment meted out to him is three years’ imprisonment in the State Prison. In the District Court, the Hon. Chas. M. Crcaucr presiding, Stowell, Dohahue, and Rojas were severally arraigned for murder. In Stoweli’s case, the indictment was quashed, and the prisoner remanded to jail to await the action of another Grand Jury, when it is to be hoped, if they find an in dictment, it will be drawn in conformity with the requirements of the statute. In Donahue’s case, his counsel moved for a change of venue, which was overruled by the Court. They then moved to set aside the indictment which was likewise over ruled. They then moved for a continuance to the next term, and the motion was disal lowed. After the jury were empaneled and sworn, the District Attorney stated that the witnesses on the part of the State were absent, and on his suggestion the Court continued the case until the next morning. When the Court met on the following morn ing, the jury were called, and the District Attorney stated to the Court that the wit nesses were still absent, and the defendant being ready for trial, the Court, on motion of the District Attorney, ordered the case to be discontinued and the prisoner to be recommitted to jail, which operates as a continuance to the next term of the Distinct Court. In Rojas’ case, the Court was obliged to issue attachments to compel tho attendance of witnesses on the part of .the State. The case was tried by a jury who returned a verdict of ’* Not Guilty,” and the prisoner was discharged. After disposing of the business upon the civil calender, the Court adjourned sine die. In the County Court, Hon W. F. Smith presiding.—Sundry civil cases breught be fore the Court, by appeals from Justices’ Courts, were disposed of; among them, the case of Thompson and others vs. Monger, respecting a quartz claim at Carson’s Creek, was tried, and judgment rendered in favor of Monger to reverse the judgment of the J ustice’s Court. In the Special Court of Sessions, the con tested election cases of Nelson vs. Marshall, fur the office of Sheriff, were hoard. In Nelson’s case Marshall’s counsel filed a de murrer, on the ground that none of the causes provided for by statute appeared on the face of the application. The Court dis missed the suit, and Nelson’s counsel gave notice of an appeal to the District Court. The case of McDowall vs. Loring, con testing the election of the latter, to the of fice of Justice of the Peace, was decided in favor of McDowall, and an order made that certificate of election be issued to McDowall. T. J. Hartley. —This specious scamp, who lately occupied the station of County Clerk of this county, “ slopuated” on Fri day, olst ult., under very suspicious cir cumstances. It, appears that a gentleman living on the Hill, while rambling through the streets, recognised, hanging at the door of a store, a pistol which had been stolen from him some weeks before. On reclaiming the weapon, the storekeeper told the owner he had bought it from Hartley for such a price. A party immediately went to Jack son, and confronting Hartley, told him of the facts regarding the pistol. He acknow ledged the sale, but said he had got it from another man, whose name he mentioned, and who, he said, was then mining on the Stanislaus. Hartley also repaid the store keeper the money he had received for the pistol, and, ns report goes, gave him one thousand dollars in county scrip to keep silence on the subject. We learn, also, that the sum of eight hundred dollars in cash was stolen on the same night the pis tol was purloined. Nothing particular of this, however, has transpired. All this happened on Thursday. On Friday, Hartley excused himself from at tending court, Mr. Williams, the Deputy Clerk, being present in his place. While the court was in session Hartley sent a note to Williams, requesting the loan of his mule and one hundred and ten dollars in money, as he was obliged to go to the Stan islaus to arrest a criminal. The reqaes was granted, and nothing more thought of the circumstance until evening, when one of W.’s friends arriving in town from the direction of Dry town, remarked that he had seen Hartley riding as fast as whip and spur could urge the mule towards Sacra mento. Suspicion, in connection with some previous circumstances, was immediately aroused, and the next morning Williams started in chase. Up to this time, how ever, we have not heard the result of the pursuit. It is believed that Hartley has forged County Scrip to a large amount, be sides swindling the merchants and traders of Jackson “ to the tune” of some one or two thousand dollars. He deserves hang ing if caught. The Minstrels. —Quite a large audience was present on Sunday night last, at Shears’ Saloon, to witness the performances of the Ethiopian Minstrels. We were very much delimited, as well as was the whole audience. O 7 In fact, we have seldom been present at a similar exhibition, when so much originali ty and good mimicry were exhibited. From the manner in which these performances are attended, we have no doubt a good theatre where performances were given three or four times a week would amply repay its proprietors.