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Mamas Cjjtmriclf. Published every Saturday Morning, at Mokelumne Hill Office in the Iron Building,corner of Pleasant and Wash ington streets, BY HAMILTON. AIERS k CO. TKBM*. Subscriptions, ( invariably in ad vance,) for one year .$lO 00 Six months, 5 00 Three months, 8 00 Single copies 25 Advertuing, £ne square of 10 line*. or less, first insertion.*.. 4 00 tmfmsil -. ... *l vo All kinds of Jos Wobk neatly excuted. Capt. J. W. Miller is oar authorized Agent for Calaveras County. Marshal Soult. We give the following condensed his tory of the above soldier, the death of whom the last intelligence from Europe brought us. We translate it from a long and succint narrative of his ex ploits in the army and the legislative halls of his country. Although in the latter capacity, his history may be very interesting to Frenchmen, still it con tains nothing of import to the American reader. We have therefore but slightly alluded to it: Marshal Soult belongs to the great generation of 1769, a year really cli macteric, which produced Napoleon, Cuvier, Chateaubriand, Walter Scott, And we believe, also, Wellington. Born at Saint Arnans, (Tarn, a department of France), of a farming family, Nico las Jean de Soult entered as simple sol dier, in 1785, in the royal infantry, where he first received his military grades. In he was appointed second lieutenant of a company of gre nadiers in the first battalion of Haut- Rhin, which very shortly afterwards elected him by acclamation adjutant major, and then captain. Charged with the command of a division, he assisted at the battle of Kaiserslautern, At the battle of Weissenbourg he nobly dis tinguished himself, where, commanding the attack of the left flank, he succeed ed in putting to tliglu the Austrians from the important heights of Pigeon nier, had nestled themselves. His valorous achievements here, bought him the respective ranks of adjutant general-in-chief of battalion, and colo nel-adjutant-general. He was present at the two battles of Fleurus, at the last of which, the divisions of Ardennes, commanded by Marceau, having been repulsed, and retreating in great disor der, the desperate general searched for an honourable death in the midst of the mills of Fleurus. Soult rau to him, and *aid, “ You wish death, Marceau and your soldiers are dishonoring them selves and their standard ; —go to them And bring them back to the combat ! Victory will be more glorious than a death so isolated—so secluded !” Mar ■ceau listened to his friend—hurried After the retreating soldiers and rally ing them, came back to participate in the triumphs of the day. Soult assisted at the blockade of Lux embourg, in the capacity of general of brigade, to which rank he had been promoted. Shortly after, under the re nowned Lefebvre and Kleber, as chief of the advance guard, he obtained suc cessful passages across the Sieg, finest, and Usnacb, and commanded the left 'wing at the battle of Altkirchen, where the Austrians were completely routed. As general of division, in the 7th year of the consulateship, he was charg ed with the suppression of the Helve tian insurrection, and succeeded as much by bis powers of persuasion as ‘by the sword. This work accomplish •ed, he rejoined the army of Massena, •and took uu efficient pan in gaining the famous battle of Zurich, by cutting at •night,—a manoeuvre full of hardihood and daring,—through the junction of •the Austrians with the Russians. He followed Massena to the army of Italy, where he commanded the right wing, and contributed to that admirable defense of Genes, which rendered prac ticable the campaign of Saint Bernard and the success of Marengo. Alter numerous and glorious com bats, in all parts of Genes, he was wounded and made prisoner, with his brother, at Monte Cretto ; but the vic tory of Marengo returned him liberty, and he was named superior comman dant of Piedmont, where he suppressed the insurrection of the valley of Aoste, and the aggression of the Barbels. In 1801 we find him at the head of a corps of 12,000 men, charged with the occupation of Otrante, Gallipoli, Ta rent and Brindes. Eighteen months after he was desig nated to the general command of the Egyptian army, vice Abdallah Menou, resigned. After the famous peace of Amiens, as colonel-general of the Consular guard, he was, at the rupture of the treaty, in xLmmicvno Chronicle. MCftCBLUMWE UUya t SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1552. vested with the command of the Camp of Boulogne and the army of invasion against England. On the 19th of May, was In cluded by the Emperor io;tjie ftirriouJ promotion of eighteen,—of which be hai beeif for many year# the last surviving member, —and received thgf-enviable tide of Marshal of hfe retained forty-seven yearswjjTgfflSreoS, Bonaparte had not known WnerufSoult but by reputation ; but hb Jfebfvedfttftn Massena regarding honorable AytggotPtn§s*d Mrar to yow as a ....«> heart, superceding which forces, 1 know nothing !” At the victory of Austerlitz, it was his corps which threw into the lake of Menitz one-half of the Russian army. The'next day, an officer went to Napo leon for instructions :—“ Go,” said the latter, “ and receive them from Mar shal Soult—he conducts the battle !” Appointed Governor of Vienna, after Austerlitz, Napoleon privileged him to collect a million francs for his private use ; but he nobly refused, replying that, “services like his were not paid with gold !” This was the epoch of heroism, of simplicity, of disinterest edness—but such happy times pass quickly. He fought, at Giessen, Marshal Kalk reuth, routed the King of Prussia, and blockaded Magdeburg, He aso fought at Pultusk and at Eylau. After the treaty of Tilsit, the Mar shal reentered France and was created Duke of Dalmatia, which title he en joyed until his death. VVe arrive at the unfortunate Wa\r of Spain, where the Marshal ph/yeft a grand part and exercised a grejjit com mand, nearly without interruption, from 1808 to 1814. Appointed, in the first place, commander of the centre of the east army, he fought the forces of Es tramadura, took Burgos and Santander, and followed, with his swoid in iis very vitals, the English army, even to Co runna, where it was to embark after an exqiting engagement, which cost its ge neral Sir John Moore, his life. Soult took Corunna, and afterwards Ferrol, the arsenals of which contained an im mense quantity of materiel of war. which became the trophies of the vic tors. In fact Soult conducted himself nobly and bravely all through the Pe ninsular war. He figured boldly in nearly every engagement, among which we will cite, that he took Ba dajos, and gained the victory of Ge bora. After the revolution of July, 1830, Soult was appointed Minister of War by Louis Philippe. In 1832 he was made President of the Council, and evinced a great activity—a great inte rest in the fulfillment of the duties of the offices. Long prior to this period, Napoleon, seeing his versatility of ta lent, remarked, “Marshal, you are the best manoeuvrer in Europe !” Since 1845, when he was honored with the title of Marshal-General, he has lived a private life ; and was as much respected for his virtues as a citi zen, as he was idolized for his bravery as a soldier. He died at his residence in Saint Amans, of pneumonia, on the 26th No vember 1852. A French juggler came near falling a sacrifice to the superstition and igno rance of some of the peasantry of France. On the occasion of a grand ball given upon his estate, he lighted the colored lamps with which his park was decorated, with a piece of ice. Some time afterward, as some work men were blasting rocks near his cha teau, he exploded one a mile distant, with the aid of a wire and an electric spark. Of course, it was soon believed, far and wide, that he was in league with the Fvil One. And when, a few days afterward, the cholera appeared in the locality", it was unanimously at tributed to this devil’s emissary. His chateau was about to be mobbed, when he ran off to Paris, to escape their geance. Early Rising.-The character of the early riser is the very reverse of the sloven’s. His countenance is ruddy, his eyes joyous and serene, and his frame full of activity. His mind, also, is clear and unclouded, and free from that oppressive langour which weighs like a nightmare upon the spirit of the sluggard. The man who rises betimes is in the fair way of laying in both health and wealth ; w hile he who dozes away his existence in unnecessary sleep, will acquire neither. On the contrary, he runs every chance of losing what ever portion he may yet lie in posses sion of, and of sinking fast from his sta tion in society—a bankrupt both in per son and in purse. The Wilmington (N. C.) Journal says that the bituminous coal of the Deep River coal fields can be placed in New York at a cost of $2 58 per tun, and the anthracite coals at a cost of 82 98 per tun. Atlantic Sews. The steamship Pacific, of Vander bilt’s line, arrived at San Francisco ft Thursday. The intelligence is 'days later and highly interesting. Henry Clay's health is much better Jand it is understood that he will endea vor to address the Senate on the 6lh upon non-intervention project. •fiusiPEßTiAi. Pointings. -The Bos dent, and ofR. M. T. flynfer, of Vir ginia, for Vice President, “subject to the decision of the Democratic National Convention.” It flies their names at its editorial head. Kentucky.-THc German Democrats of Louisville have chosen quite a num ber of Delegates to the Opposition State Convention at Frankfort, January 8, to watch the proceedings of that body. Gen. Butler was nominated fot the Pre sidency by the Opposition of Graves county, and Linn Boyd for the Vice- Presidency in Simpson county. The whig candidates for Oovcrnor and Lieut. Governor in the latepanvass, will be the two United States Senators from Kentucky in the next Congress. Mr. Dixon will take his seat althe next session, unless Mr. unless H-. Clay should retire still earlier, wljile Mr. Thompson awaits the retireineii of Mr. Underwood at the close of tRs Con gress. Hon. Archibald Dixon, who |aa just been chosen by the Legislature |)f Ken tucky to fill the seat of Henry Clay in the U. S. Senate from the first of Sep tember next, has never yet been'in Con gress, but has been a distinguished mem ber of the State Legislature and of the late Constitutional Convention, where he was an active champion of reform generally, but exceedingly adrerse to any actien looking to slave emancipa tion. He was the whig candidate for Governor in the late canvass, Lint beat en, owing to the abstraction of emanci pation votes by Cassius M. Clay. Omo.—At the county meeting of the Free Democracy of Hamilton, recently, Free S >il re<«vl*r.i<»n«rTrtrrfyv«l<,- » ed, and the immediate calling of a State Convention recommended. John P. Hale was named for President, and Samuel Lewis for Vice-President. The Fairfield and Hocking County Opposi tion Conventions recommend William Allen for President. Missouri. —The Opposition of An drew comity nominate for President, James Buchanan, and for Vice-PrCsi dent, Gen. Butler. A warm discussion has arisen on the expediency of calling the Legislature together soon to apportion the Slate for the XXXIIId Congress, according to the new basis, which goes into effect in 1853, Unless some action is taken by Gov. King, five members of Congress can only be chosen next August instead of seven, the number the State will be entitled to in the next Congress. Gov. King has it in his power to call an extra session of the Legislature, by which a postponement of the election may be ordered until August, 1853, and in the meantime a newly elected Assembly may apportion the State into Congres sional Districts. Maryland. —The Legislature meets on the Btb inst., pursuant to the provi sions of the new Constitution. The session is limited to the first Wednes day in January, 1853. The sword voted to Gen. Bennett Riley of the U. S. Army, by the Legis lature of Missouri, was formally pre sented to him iyfTndcpe tide nee Hall, Philadelphia, onllhe sth. The C'mciqna/i Enquirer states that the AudiUrf nf Illinois has determined to treat the Bank Law as a nullity, by refusing to-r3sue hills on the deposit of stock as enacted by the law. The ques tion will be brought before the Supreme Court. Frauds. —The officers of the custom house ol New York discovered some days ago that a man who had large dealings in that establishment had been guilty of various trial practices, such as forgery, perjury, passing simulated do cuments, &,c., &,c., to a very large ex tent. We do not learn that the person has been arrested. Without a Shepherd.— Rev. Dr. Creighton of New York, has declined accepting the Bishopric of the Diocese. The Church there is thus left again without a Bishop, and the old question of office returns as an apple of discord. Several prominent names are already suggested as candidates. Fire. — A destructive fire broke out in the large building No. 32 Gold st., New York, occupied by Myers &, Co. as a piano forte manufactory. Owing to the large quantity of inflammable matter in the premises, the flames spread with great rapidity, and before fifteen minutes had elapsed, fhc entire build ing, which runs iteariy back to Cliff st., was filled with one dense mass of flame. The flames communicated to the build ings No. SO, occupied by Henry Deflot [& Co., importers of willow ware, and I to No. 34, occupied by Samuel Howes, carpenter, G. Van mater, carpenter, and Wrn. Gore, watch glass maker, both of which, with their contents, were entire ly destroyed. The third story of the brick building No. 93 John street, oc cupied by Messrs. Longbotharn St Jen kitid, Premium Binders’ Boards Manu rf* wi*4t its coe loms, and throughout greatly damaged by water. The build ings No. 91 occupied by Wm. Jessup St Sou, and No. 95 John street, occu pied as a grocery, No. 23 Gold street, occupied by Jesse Delano as a dwelling, and No. 9 Cliff street, occupied by lilcecker St Ootbout as an iron ware house, were greatly damaged through out by water, and only through the active exertions of the firemen, were prevented from being destroyed. The loss of the various occupants of these buildings will probably amount to up ward of $150,000. The damage by water to the stock in the other buildings in the vicinity is estimated at from $40,000 to $50,000. A horse valued at $250, in a stable in the rear of No. 34 Gold street, was burned to death. Kossuth. —On the 28th December, Kossuth, accompanied Inf his suit, was presented to Presideafiviillmore, at the White House. The interview was strictly private and lasted twenty min utes. Kossuth read a written address expressing the gratitude of Hungary to the United States, &c. to which the President replied in substance as fol lows: “ 1 am happy, Governor Kossuth, to welcome you to this land of freedom; and it gives rne pleasure to congratu late you upon your release from a long confinement in Turkey, and your late arrival here. As an individual, 1 sym pathize deeply with upon your brave struggle lor the independence and freedom of your native land. The American people can never be ind’f ferent to such a contest, but our policy as a nation in this respect has been *ru.r. tt.c re amcnr»juicr,l ot‘ our Government, and my own views, as the Chief Executive Magistrate of this nation, arc fully and freely ex pressed in my recent message to Con gress, to which you have been pleased to allude. They are the same whether speaking to Congress here or to the nations of Europe. Should your country be restored to independence and freedom, I should then wish you, as the greatest blessing you could enjoy, a restoration to your native land; but should that ever hap pen, I can only repeat my welcome to you and your companions here, and pray that God’s blessing may rest upon you wherever your lot may be cast.” And here the interview terminated. Kossuth came out first and remained alone in the hall for some minutes. He looked very grave, and apparently somewhat disappointed. After he was seated in his carriage, Mr. Webster joined him, and they drove away together. The President will give Kossuth a dinner on Saturday. Books of subscription to the Belvi dere and Delaware Railroad have been opened. This road, commencing at Belvidere, traverses the counties of W arren, Hunterdon and Mercer, along the valley of the Delaware to the City of Trenton, a distance of sixty-two miles, passing within two hundred yards of the Borough of Easton, Pa., and running through Riegelsville, Milford, Frenchtown, Lambertville and Siters ville. At Trenton it connects with the Philadelphia and Trenton and Camden and Amboy Railroads, thus forming a continuous line of Railroad from Belvi dere to the Cities of New York and Philadelphia. The maximum grade of this road is only six feet to the mile. Cuba.—By the steamship Africa, which arrived at New York on the id January, intelligence is received of the pardon and liberation by the Queen of Spain, of all the American prisoners who were concerned in the invasion ef Cuba under Lopez. This act is done in consideration of “ the acknowledge ment by the Federal Government of the insult offered to the Spanish flag by a seditious crowd (at New Orleans,) appreciating it in the same terms as the government of her Majesty, ike.” and the offer to compensate the Spanish Consul for the losses sustained by him from the mob. The Spanish Minister to Washington is rewarded for his zeal and loyalty in managing so delicate a business, with the Grand Cross of Charles 111. Important from Mexico. —The brig Globe, from Vera Cruz, arrived at New Orleans, Monday, December 29, and reports a violent popular outbreak in the city of Mexico on the 10th instant, arising out of the passage of a law for NUMBER 18. the reduction of the tariff. The excite ment was directed against foreigners, many of whose stores were destroyed, and several lives lost. Advices from Vera Cruz to December 16 announce the adjournment of the Mexican Con gress, after passing the tariff amend ments, and authorizing a loan of two millions of dollars. The report of the defeat of Caravajal at Cerralvo is con firmed. The Mexican official account states his loss of four killed and seventy wounded. Our Charge to Buenos Ay-4 A-... • ‘•v’SP.dv' » falser.—ColiM has com pletely swept ('verytbitir-ftpfot ailli he has been elected President tar te« years by an immense majoWty, It s not only the tremendous poll in his favor, which establishes the fact of his great popularity, but the manner in which many of the tickets were worded is a convincing proof, if none other were wanting, that the voters were almost infatuated in their adoration of the man. The feelings of the people of France appear to have been stamped on their ballots, and show that “ Na poleon the Second,” as lie is styled, is first in their hearts. They seem to look to him alone for happiness and prosperity, and have entrusted their future welfare into his keeping. How worthy lie may be of this great respon sibility, remains f*r time to prove. The elect ion came off on the 20th and 21st of December. The ail vices from Paris are to the morning of the 23d Dec. up to which time the following was the state of the vote as far as known: De partments—yes, 2,911,903; no, 431,037. Paris and Banlieue yes, 196,676; no, k 83,925. Louis Napoleon will probably have 7,000,000 majority. It is said that the French garrison at Rome had immediately deposited its adhesion to the policy of Louis Napo leon in the hands of General Gemeau. Rome Was illuminated on the occasion, hut it was not known whether at the expense of the Papal Government or the French, Turkey.—A shook of an earthquake was felt on the 12th October, at Herat, in European Turkey. It threw down par' of the fortress, and 400 soldier* perished in tlie rums. About SOU houses, a Greek church, and two mosques were greatly injured. When, after the dis aster, the population was counted, 800 persons were missing; hut many of them were supposed to have taken to flight. The upper part of a mountain near the town became detached, and was cast a considerable distance ; a crater then opened in the centre and vomited black smoke and blocks of stone; this was'followed by a sulphu rous lava in a boiling state which sub sequently turned to powder. Fetid ex halations arose, which corrupted the air. The villages near Herat also suf fered greatly from the earthquake. At Salonica, on the 30th and 31st October, shocks were felt. They came from the north to the south, and lasted several seconds. The sky was covered at the time. The fir.-t shocks were slight, the hitters stronger, but it is nut stated that they did any damage. China.— The following is from The Overland Friend of China, dated Vic toria, October 30 : China presents a troubled aspect. In Pekin treason lurks around the throne ; the northern seaboard swarms with freebooters, who, not content with plun dering every vessel that crosses their path, make continual ravage in the va rious towns where anything of value is to be obtained —and in the southern provinces rebellion rears its head, every report giving additional success on the side of the insurgents. W ith a know ledge that for months past thore have been upward of a hundred thousand imperial troops in the field, who make no headway, the great masses of the people art; fffiw beginning to despise a government for which they have hither to felt respectful terror. Two days prior to the date of our last monthly summary, the government forces were severely worsted in an engagement in the Yung-gan district, in which the combatants brought forth the elite on both sides. Following this battle, about the 28lh or 30lh ult., the reliefs laid siege to the chief city of the district, called by one of our correspondents Hunmoo, which they took and sacked, mutilating, in a shocking manner, the district magistrate and his family, who, with a number of the principal inhabi tants, refused to give in allegiance to the gieat King Tienteh. Of the inha. hitants generally, great numbers were beheaded on refusal to forswear the Hienfung dynasty. An extensive fire occurred at Canton on the Bth of October, which, it is said, destroyed some five hundred houses and a large quantity of property. The reports are very vague. The Hong Kong papers of the 30th October state that severe typhoons had occurred in the China seas.