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H. A. DE COURCY, Editor. Saturday, February 14, IW2. pa- Nonce. —Mr. L. P. Fisher is our authorized Agent in San Francisco to re ceive advertisements and subscriptions. Orders for this paper, left with him at the Counting-room of the Evening Picayune, will be attended to. Tbe County Petition. We have pleasure in informing our readers that the petition, praying for investigation into the corrupt and fraud ulent proceedings connected with the county seat elections—which has been in course of signature throughout the county —has been transmitted this week to the Legislature. Its great bulk be speaks bow uv* versally it b»i l»»n sub scribed. Indeed, every camp south of Mokelamne River has signified its wishes on the subject, all anxious that the courts and county offices should be located in a more central position, and one easy of access from all parts of the county. Accompanying the petition is a mass ofdocumenlary evidence,drawn up with the greatest care, and duly verified on oath, which must necessarily carry con viction to the most skeptical, that illegal and corrupt practices prevailed to a fearful extent at the elections referred to. In our last number we stated a few of the facts connected with this base proceeding. Since then we have been favored with copies of the sworn testi mony, fully sustaining the statements advanced, and laying bare a preconcert ed scheme to thwart the wishes of the people, in which the plotters seem to have freely availed themselves of fraud ulent returns, gross bribery, and we regret to say, even perjury. The parties interested in maintaining this reign of fraud, dreading an expo sure, have been moving heaven and earth since the meeting of the Legisla ture to bolster up their cause, and, mindful of theii old tactics, have been dispensing their favors with no niggard hand. There are those in our Legislature who are directly interested in the suc cess of the Jackson speculation, and we have heard it reported that three mem bers of the delegation from this county are already pledged to maintain the present arrangement. But such is the force of testimony which will be pro duced, that no man, with any preten sions to candor or impartiality, can re sist the prayer of the petition, for an investigation. This is all we want. — Let us have an opportunity to prove our case, and the Legislature may then take such action on the matter, as in their wisdom shall seem fit. We are not particularly anxious to have congregated around us the immac ulate official clique who were concerned in this fraud —and in this we are strengthened by the opinion of our plain spoken, honest cotemporary, the West ern American, who says :—“ If the county seat of Calaveras county brings into its neighborhood such a pack of impudent and ignorant legal rascals as congregate around some county seats in our State, the people of Mokelumne Hill are well rid of it.” We have received the Jackson Sen tinel, and perceive that the editor has devoted a large portion of his space to this subject. But as he deals so largely in sophistry, and dues not even attempt to disprove our statements, we do not think it necessary to recur to them, nor to bring up additional testimony. We cannot, however, refrain from noticing his statement that, with one exception, all the large towns are on the north side of the river, and that they are sat isfied with the present location of the county seat. Everybody knows that the only place deserving the name of a town, besides Jackson, on the north, is Volcano, and the returns prove that this precinct cast a large vote for Mo kelumne Hill. In enumerating the large towns of his section, we are sur prised he overlooked Greaserville and Pekin. We fling back with contempt the impudent sneer at the citizens of the southern portion of our county. In liberality and enterprise they are not surpassed by those of any part of the State. Their towns are built with regu larity and neatness, and of substantial materials, their streets strongly con trasting with the noxious filth and mud which disfigures the northern capital. Neither is there tbe shadow of truth in the assertion thot tbe great southern towns are opposed to Mokelumne Hill. Their almost unanimous support of our petition disproves the calumny. We can assure the editor of the Sen tinel that it is not our intention to occu py our space in fruitless endeavors to convince him of the falsity of his posi tion. Matters of greater importance claim our attention —even were it not generally known that his ephemeral sheet was got up for the purpose of raising false issues, and, if possible, of misleading public opinion on this subject Correction. —In our last issue was pub lished a paragraph relative to a difficulty having occurred at Murphy’s Camp, in which we stated that the sheriff, Mr. Marshall, hail shot two Frenchmen, one of whom was instantly killed. Since then, we have re ceived a correct statement of the whole af fair, which is to the following effect: —An Italian had made complaint to a magistrate at Murphy’s, that five “Basques” (French men), had jumped his claim on Cayote Gulch, while he was occupied nursing his partner, who, at that time, was very sick. Wishing to arrange the dispute with as little difficulty as possible, the justice ad dressed the trespassers a letter, written in their own language, requesting them to leave the claim, or come forward and prove their right to it. The “Basques” having refused to receive the letter, or pay any at tention to its requisitions, a summons was issued and put into the hands of the sheriff, who dispatched a deputy to serve it It was not until tbe second day that the party could be found, when they were informed through an interpreter of what was wanted with them. The eldest one of the party was in favor of having the case tried, but the others overruled him, and one who appear ed to have most influence, swore “ they did not care if fifty sheriffs or fifty alcalde* came, they cared for no law in California.” Upon receipt of this message, the sheriff, with a small posse of five men proceeded to the spot, and summoned the “ Basques” to appear and answer in Court. Having obtained two hours time to look up witnesses, the whole party finally start ed for camp. On the way, however, the sheriff finding the “ Basques” to be all armed, deemed it prudent to make them give up their weapons Some of them did so; but one who had a revolver, refused. In attempting to take it from him, the sheriff was beset by two others of the party who attempted to wrest his rifle from him. In the scuffle which ensued, the piece was accidentally discharged, the ball tak ing effect in one of the trespassers, who died next day of his wound. Finding he was now obliged to fight, Mr. Marshall clubbed his rifle to defend himself against the foremost of his assailants, but not fully succeeding in beating him off, he eventually drew his revolver and shot him. The man is severely, though not dangerously, wounded. The rest of the “ Basques” then fled. One of them, the same who expressed a willingness to obey the summons in the first place, was subsequently arrested, and failing to prove their right to the claim, was discharged upon his pledge to abandon all pretensions to it. We regret very much the results of this affair; but we know that the sheriff did no more than his duty re quired under the circumstances, and can assure him that he still enjoys the confi dence of the entire community. •—■• • • • Democratic Convention. —In another column will be found the report of the pro ceedings of this convention, which met at San Andres on Tuesday last. It was not very numerously attended, however. Our reporter informs us that every facility was tendered by the citizens of S»n Andres to prosecute the business for which it conven ed. The report of the secretaries is cor rect, with the exception of an oversight— which often will unavoidably happen in the recording of the proceedings of meetings— of a resolution which was offered by the Hon. Wm. Fowle Smith, recommending the delegates to support the claims of Stephen A. Douglass and Howell Cobb for the presi dency and vice-presidency. This was dis approved of, and a substitute adopted, leav ing the delegates free from all instructions to do what they should see best to advance the interests of the democratic party. Pirn. Docs—We are under obligations by the receipt this week of a great number of valuable documents, to the Hon. W. W. Gwinn, U. S. Senator. Also, to the Hon. J. Y. Lind, E. Young, T. B. Van Buren, and Jas. W. Coffroth. Adams & Co. —The gentlemen of this establishment have most liberally supplied ns with papers during the week, from the Atlantic and Europe. Carson Creek. — The population of this locality, we are happy to say, is on the in crease. The diggings all along the creek are paying well, although the ravine has been worked twice already. This has been perhaps the richest placer in California, paying largely throughout its whole ex tent, while portions of it have yielded amounts totally unprecedented in the mines The want of water, however, is severely felt here ; hut the miners are in expectation of relief in tMs matter by the introduction of water from the tanislaus. Should this take place, the ravines and flats along the creek will amply repay the labor expended in their working, and it is said that even far up the hill sides good diggings are to be found. The day after the recent ra'ns, a Mexican boy, walking along the creek, picked np a piece of quartz, which, upon being broken up with a hammer, produc ed 8 ounces of ; and on the same day | a minor kno* ’’•v “ Norwegian Bil,” dis j covered nmong •;»>» “tailings,** a piece of : pure gold weighing 6 ounces, j From this creek rises the hill containing I the celebrated quartz-veins, the richest yet I discovered. The principal claimants are the South Carolina, the Ufcion, and the Consolidated mining companies, the title of the latter being in dispute. The first-nam ed company have leased out a portion of i their mine to Madame A/artinez. This en -1 terprisiug lady personally superintends the operation. Her contract, which was en , tered into before gold was struck, (and will shortly toepire) is held on the condition of giving Ihe company one third of the metal. The grinding is performed by a rastra erected m the Stanislaus. This shaft has been sixik to the depth of 105 feet, the vein bcaringnorth becoming more valuable. A contracl has been entered into with Senor Arraynj for three years, to work another portion of this company’s lead, on payment of 40 per cent, of t e nett proceeds. The I’nion company are prosecuting their works, *n contract with Arrayne, for one third of the proceeds for the first year—af terwanfe, one-half. They a large quantity of metal on hand. The works on the Comolidated company’s claim are at a stand-still, pending the decision of the suit between Morgan & Co. and Finnegan & Co. This dispute has seriously retarded the prosperity of the camp, as but for it, we have nv doubt that powerful machinery would long since have been erected in the neighborhood, realizing immense wealth to all concerned. A mill has been erected on the creek for the pui pose of quartz grind ing, but it has proved a total failure. We are informed that Messrs. Chittenden & Ncwland, of Sonora, are about to erect a suitable mill on the Stanislaus, with a view to develop the resources of these mines We have to acknowledge,while on a recent visit to this interesting section of our coun ty, the courtesy of Mr. Finnegan, who, with Mr. Devlin, of the South Carolina company, and Col. Gore, of the Union com pany, conducted us over the Hill, pointing out the ditferent claims, guiding us in our descent of the shafts, and affording us every facility for witnessing the operations of the miners. Murphy’s. —We find that the miners, al though suffering from a great scarcity of water, are still doing as well as could be expected under the circumstances. Within a short time past, new diggings were open ed on the south east side of Kenton Hill, or Mount Pleasant, which promise to pay re mark-iMy well No large strikes have as jet been made, but the earth pays from the surface, and grows better as the holes in crease in depth. The ledge has not yet been reached in this placer, and ths im pression is, that when the holes get down, from present appearances, they will prove incalculably rich. The Murphy’s Creek Mining Company are steadily pursuing their operations, meeting with that success which their ener gy and enterprise so richly deserve- This is one of the most liberal companies in Cali fornia. They have generously yielded up a large portion of their claim to those wish ing to work on it, and their operations have been conducted in such a scientific and masterly manner, by their worthy Presi dent Judge Putney, that they have secured to the miners in the neighborhood the only means of washing their earth. The post office in this important settle ment is one of the best conducted in the State. Major Berniaud is a gentleman every way qualified for the responsible po sition which he holds The strictest regu larity prevails, and all letters which have been either misdirected, or their owners have removed, are taken care of, and no trouble spared to ensure their delivery at their destination. The Major is also agent for Brown’s Express—and is proprietor of the largest miners’ store in the district, and has on hand a large stock of provision, clothing, mining tools, liquors, &c., &c. We refer our readers to the advertise ment, in aaother column of a grand ball, to be given at M. Theate’s, on Tuesday evening next, for the benefit of the French Hospital here. We hope to see this soiree, having so charitable an end in view, gene rously patronized. Public Instruction. —We have received the first annual report of John Q. Marvin, Esq., superintendent of public instruction. It is a most able document, and reflects the highest credit on its author. The para mount importance of n sound system of public instruction is earnestly set forth, to gether with the necessity for an adequate endowmentof schools. As there can be no re venue received from the sources indicated by the legislature for the support of schools for a considerable time to come, some imme. diate steps should be taken to provide funds for this most necessary purpose, and ac cordingly some suggestions are thrown out to supply this deficiency which are entitled to the most favorable consideration. An appendix to the report on school statistics, gives an estimate of the number of children resident in each county, and we confess ourselves agreably surprised at the number of children at present within our State. From it we make the following compila tion':—Butt# county contains 60 children 5 Calaveras, 100; Colusi, 75; Contra Costa, 400; TEI Dorado, 100; Klamath, 50; Lo» Angelos, 250; Marin, CO; Mariposa, 100; Mendocino, 70; Monterey, 600; Napa, 100 ; Nevada, 250; Placer, 120; San Francisco, 1000 ; Sin Joaquin, 250; Sacramento, 400 ; San Diego, 12C; San Luis Obispo, 200; San ta Cruz, 200; Santa Clara, 300; Santa Barbara, 400; Shasta, 50; Sonoma, 250; Sutter, 75; Solano, 200; Trinity, 125 Tuolumne, 150; Yolo, 75; Yuba, 150; mak ing a total of 6,000 children and youths between the ages of four ami eighteen years, for whom there is no education, nor the means of procuring it, provided by the state. Postal Regulations. —We have receiv' ed a letter from James M. Goggin, Esq, superintending agent, post office depart ment, giving a most satisfactory account of his exertions, for increasing the mail facili ties of California, and more especially in connection with this section of the The letter is not intended for publication, but from the great importance of the sub ject, as well as in justice to Mr. Goggin himself, we have determined to lay it before the public, hoping to be pardoned for over looking his request that it should be consi dered as strictly private We are sorry our limits prevent us giving it insertion to-day, but it shall appear in our next. Hunter & Co.—We had the pleasure of partaking of a most sumptuous banquet, gi ven by the proprietors of this Express and Banking house on Tuesday evening at Jackson, on the occasion of their establish ing a branch ot their house in the northern section of Calaveras county. George Tan nett, Esq., presided on the occasion, and gave the highest satisfaction to the nume rous company assembled by his exbaustless fund of wit and anecdote. Wines of the choicest vintage flowed freely around the board —song anil sentiment prevailed, and at an early hour the company separated, having spent an evening of rare enjoyment. The dinner was served up by Messrs Du pleix & Qodefroy, of the French hotel, in a manner which reflected the highest credit on their establishment. Bath House. —The necessity for an es tablishment of this kind has been long felt here —more severely, perhaps, than in any other part of California. There is nothing more conducive to comfort and health than personal cleanliness. It gives us much pleasure therefore in being enabled to state, that our enterprizing citizen, Mr. Henry S. Edwards is making arrangements to sup ply this great want, and will shortly have his bath house in operation. Mr. Edwards has long been connected with the “ city baths” in San Francisco, and is well known as an attentive and courteous gentleman* We have no doubt but his exertions will be duly appreciated by this community, and we most cordially wish him success. Rooms will be set apart for ladies. Mr. E. at pre sent conducts a barber’s saloon on Centre street, and is one of the most expert and light handed professors of the tonsorial art we have ever experienced. Angel’s Camp. The miners engaged here, are doing well. There is a good sup ply of water in the creek, and the earth returns a rich reward to the enterprising and industrious. There are no deep dig gings, but the placers yield well and all are making good wages. The produce is from 12 to 50 cents to the panful. The late rains have opened the springs in some of the ra vines, which are paying well. Nor are they without their “ chispas” in this loca lity. A friend of ours, Mr Peter D. Gil lespie, picked up, last week, a beautiful specimen of pure gold, weighing 22 ounces. He found it in his claim on the creek, which pays over an ounce a day to the man. We beg to call the attention of our friends in this section of the country to the advertisement of Messrs, Cameron and Ly ons, which will be found in our columns to day. These gentlemen possess unusual fa cilities in trade. They are in connection with one of the largest importing houses in Stockton, and, having a number of teams on the road, are consequently enabled to sup ply every thing of the very best quality, and on as favorable terms as any other house in the trads. Arrival or the Oregon.— Five Days Later. —Through theckindness of Mr. Geo. D. Brush, of Reynolds, Todd & Co., and of Mr. Clark, of Adams & Co., we were put in possession, on Thursday, of full files of Atlantic and European papers by this steamer. From the evening edition of th* Alta, we learn, that the P. M. S. Co.’s steamer Ore gon, Captain Pearson, arrived at San Fran cisco on Wednesday morning at 8 o’clock, 14 days and 7 hours running time from Pa nama. The Oregon brings the mails, and five days later advices from the Eastern states. She had on board 489 passengers, of which number 38 were females and 28 children. The intelligence by this arrival is of con siderable interest. The Kossuth excitement is on the wane, and a spirit of opposition is growing up against his intervention doctrines. Henry Clay, in an interview with Kos suth at Washington, is reported to have said “ A dying man, I oppose your* doctrine of intervention. The importance of this’ statement will, no doubt, be powerfully felt all over the Union. The papers contain full reports of the proceedings consequent on the presentation of Kossuth to Congress, which took place on Wednesday, January 7. In the evening, the grand congressional banquet took place, when the Hon Daniel Webster made seve ral speeches and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. The English government has disavowed the act of the captain of the Express, in firing into the Prometheus, and intimated their intention of abandoning the protecto rate of the Afosquito kingdom. The Legislature of Texas has instructed the secretary of state to go to Washington and draw five million dollars of the debt due by the United States. The Spanish difficulty is to be amicably arranged, and the Cuban prisoners sent home. Mr. Thrasher, it is also expected, will be shortly liberated. Mr. Rives, our minister at Paris, has been authorized to acknowledge the govern ment of Louis Napoleon. There are a great number of passengers on the Isthmus, for California. Four sail ing vessels, carrying 600, were to sail the day after the Oregon, leaving behind them at least 1000. Provisions are scarce. A party of fifty Englishmen, from the Cornwall mines, have landed at Chagrcs, from Southampton, where they will pro ceed to the quartz mines of Agua Frio, in .4/ariposa. [advertisement ] Angel’s Camp, Feb 5, 1852. Sir —ln your paper of the 17th ult., I noticed an article representing that the Sheriff had visited Carson's Hill, in com pany of Capt. Morgan, to execute the writ of restitution in favor of Morgan et al vs. Finnegan et al. The article referred to in your paper from a gentleman representing himself to be present at the time of said attempt of said Sheriff to execute *aid writ, 1 pro nounce false, and that the statement made by Mr. E. F. Willison is not a one sided or prejudiced statement, but a plain, truth ful. and incontrovertible statement of the facts as they occurred at the time. In regard to your informant, I have no hesitation in saying that he promulgated the above facts knowing them to be false. I am responsible to your informant. Yours, respectfully, Jno. McLean Addison. Two Men Hung —On Wednesday last, great excitement prevailed at Murphy’s. Two tents had been broken into at that camp, from one of which four hundred dol lars had been taken—and from the other but twenty five Sheriff Marshall, we learn, arrested the persons who had commit*ed the crimes, and they proved to be an Eng lishman and an Irishman, whose names we were unable to learn. The people were infuriated beyond control, showing by their excited actions that nothing but the lives of the criminals would be allowed to expiate their guilt. Accordingly, they seized them from the sheriff, and with shouts of passionate exultation, launched the unfor tunate culprits into eternity. Complimentary We have, again to acknowledge the kindness of our friend Mr. Laforge, for a liberal supply of the most delicate tenderloin that has graced our table for a length of time. Captain H. M. Sturges, another of our first and firmest friends, has laid ns under obligations, during the past week, for ena bling us to toast his health and prosperity in bumpers of sparkling champagne, and to allay our sorrows by the soothing influ ence of his exquisitely flavored “ habanas.” —• • • Reynolds, Todd & Co. —Our friend Mr. Turner, of this firm, has our thanks for full files of papers. Also, for his most welcome supply of magazines, and the il lustrated papers of the Atlantic and Eurdpe. Hunter & Co. —We have had the plea sure of a visit from Mr. Phenix, of this enterprising firm, who handed us the Sac ramento papers, and also the second num ber of the Jackson Sentinel. Died. —February Bth, at the house Don S. Simons, on the Middle Fork of the Calaveras, James Frjpe, aged about 22 years. He said he was a .son of Simon Price of Newton county. Mo., and had a brother in this country. California and Mis souri papers, please copy. On the Calaveras Rich Gulch, of apo plexy, E. C. Reynolds, from Texas, aged 60 years.