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Mariposa Democrat. [volume] (Mariposa, Calif.) 1856-1???, April 01, 1857, Image 1

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WARRE\ IIAKR, F.dllor ami PublUher.
VOL. 1.
jnr.KKiTT is itEHHi.rn.
Office od Main afreet, between Fourth and Fifth.
Henry G. Worthlns<«ii)
Office ha Fremont'* Adobe House, corner Main and Fifth at*,
a -.v aau.rr. - :-'Tr; —:rm —r: ■■■nt
R . H , DALY,
Office in the Court House Building.
Okfkuc on Main, iiktwmiin Fopktu asp Fifth Sin.
omen—ox main STin:n <utosin; up. hciiiiixi s
IlAtit EittlKAN IIAI.I.P.FIV, MARIPn A. nl tf
Mum street, two door* below the Pont Office,
MARIPOSA. nl t f
Dr. A., or. Xioaotor,
PII y SlOl A N AN D SUR (J E oV,
office—pirot iK'oit below winmov. s iiot::i..
ii mi wt'hu.»»-t3s fit "rrtfi’flfl.l mrr
J. B. I S 3AI L,
15 B 3NT T I S T ,
' iienllv loratod in Mari|ui«u having a comfortable and
convenient iMilov neat <t«Hir to the Paeiflc Expre**. with all
the necessary Instruments sod appliiim <*s. Will <lo any
kind of work that pertain* to tlie profession of ItentUtry, in
a manner which shall give entire satisfaction, or the money
refunded. Artificial Teeth Inserted on i. !■' Plat.- or on
pivot, a* file cane may require. Teeth Plugged with pure
(Juki, or extracted. Children's Teeth r< -go la ted when -
aarv. -and all DiiWHficfi of the (Dims Irealetl, the moat of
whirh are ealled scurvy of the gums. fun*, or no pay.
Oilorofnrm administered, If deidmi. Terms re.isouahle.
Examination free, altf
Will furnish Designs for Building*, H pec Mentions,
Bill* of Ltimlior, Estimate of Cost, etc,, and undertake
Buildings on moderute terms. All nmk entrusted to
Ill'll will Ik* executed with neutne** and deHputch.
Shop on Bullion street, near Concert Hall. Jyntf
tention to the exaniinution and treatment of Mich
cimom and disorder* as may lie hroinrht to his notice,
ronoml attendance will l»o given in any part ef the
County, on nhort notice, when required.
A new Block of Medicine*. pure and fresh, just re
ceived. Agua Frio, July H, altf
Dr. 11. .1. Paine,
Is now permanently located at
If O it JV i T . f S ,
in Imk profession. Having, during an extensive prac
tice of seventeen years, made many improvemeuts in the
Dental Art, and assisted materially in bringing it toils pie
ent high stale of perfection, he feels warranted in saying t>>
all those wishing iKmtal operations performed, or Artillciol
Teeth inserted. on fine gold plate, that his work cannot 1«-
a*celled in the Uniloil Stales. Terms moderate. Consulta
tions free.
N. B. Dr. P. will make, occasionally, professional lisits
to the neighboring Towns, when he will attend |N>rson* at
tlieir residences, upon application, either by letter or olb« r
wue. altf
AS" < IfFH'K At Hr, a. IV itiycn’. I)ru,dul., «ppo.it6
Hie YuMuiiits llutH, uh.ro 1,., bo r.,n.ult«J nt nil
hour.. nllf
K. 11. Hall,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
No. 42 Montgomery Block, Montgomery street,
altf Bag Fkaxcibco.
Corner Merchant ami Mun'goingry- streets,
*ltf San Fkancibco.
door to Phillip*' Hotel , MurijfOta.
nuautmci*. to Hi. Cubli,-. il,at lit- ooutluuos l„ „lf,. r
lor sale a large assortment of
Bheet Iron. Cnp|KT, Tin and /u c « -rkt d to order.
tv All work dun* t«. order promptly and suii*factor
from henceforth 1 adopt lh*Oiah principle ( \
ON pEIJVEKY. {altf j a, WORMS®
Mariposa JD eurocrat
Por Annum, in advance IB 00
For fix month*, in advance 3 00
Hlngle copica *26
Advertisement* inserted at llie lowest rate-*.
Mir Every description of Plain and Fancy Job Printing
neatly nud promptly executed.
!\ G K N. T S . .
THOMAS HOYPK. north en-t corner Washington and
Montgomery streets, Han Francisco, is our duly Authorised
agent to recuive subscription* and advertisements.
T. M. HI>T»N, Express Kider between litis place nttd
Kern River, is duly milhoriKed to receive subscription ad
vertiM>nenU and Job Work.
[ From the Now York Evening I’cwt. ]
The Author of the *ti»i-S;mnt;li«l ISnimrr*
Robert Carter & Brothers, of this city, have
just published am at edition of the poems of
Frauds S. Key, Ksq., the gifted author of the
Star-Spangled Banner. Most of the pieces
were in manuscript, and the enjoyment of
them has been hitherto confined to the narrow
circle anil surviving personal friends. They
are preceded by a letter from Chief Justice Ta
ney, who is a brother-in-law of Mr. Key, de
tailing the circumstances originating and at
tending the composition of the most famous of
his pieces, the Star Spangled Banner. The
letter wo give at length. This collection is
edited by Henry V. D. Johns, of Baltimore.
WMliiugtun. ISSO.
My Dear Sir: —I promised some time ago
to give you an account of the incidents in the
life of Mr. P. S. Key, which led him to write
the “Star-Spangled Banner,” and of (he cir
cumstances under which it was written. The
song has become a national one, and will 1
think, from iU >■“. couli “ uo to <*><
especially in Maryland ; and everything that
concerns its author must be a matter of interest
to his children and descendants. And I pro
ceed to fulfil my promise with the more plea
sure, because, while the song shows his genius
and taste as a poet, the incidents connected
with it, and the circumstances under which it
was written, will show his character and worth
as a man. The scene ho describes, and the
warm spirit of patriotism which breathes in the
song, were not the offspring of mere fancy or
poetic imagination. He describes what he ac
wltnessing the conflict, and what he felt when
the battle was over, and the victory won by
his countrymen. Every word came from bis
heart, and for that reason, even more than
from its poetical merit, it never fails to find a
response in the hearts of those who listen to it.
You will remember that in 1814, when the
song was written, 1 resided In Frederick, and
Mr. Key in Georgetown. You will also recol
lect, that soon after the British troops retired
from Washington, a squadron of the enemy’s
ships made their way up the Potomac, and ap
peared before Alexandria, which was compelled
to capitulate ; and the squadron remained there
some days, plundering the town of tobacco,
and whatever else they wanted. It was ru
mored, and believed in Frederick, that a ma
rauding attack of the same character would be
made on Washington and Georgetown before
Uir ships lift the river. He would not, and
indeed could not, with honor, leave the place,
while it was threatened by the enemy, for he
was a volunteer in the Light Artillery, com
manded by Major Peter, which was composed
of citizens of the District of Columbia, who hud
uniformed themselves and offered their services
to the government, and who had been employ
ed in active service from the time the British
fleet appeared in tin* Patuxent, preparatory to
the movement upon Washington. And Mrs.
Key refused to leave home while Mr. Key was
thus daily exposed to danger.
Believing, as we did, that an attack would
probably he made on Georgetown, we became
very anxious about the situation of his family.
For if the attack was made, Mr. Key would be
with the troops engaged in the defense; and as
it was impossible to foresee what would be the
issue of the conflict, his family, by remaining
in Georgetown, might ho placed in great and
useless peril When I speak of we t f mean
Mr. Key’s father and mother, and Mrs, Taney
and myself. But it was agreed among us that
I should go to Georgetown, and try to persuade
Mrs. Key to come away w ith their children,
and stay with me or with Mr. Key’s father,
until the danger was over. When 1 reached
Georgetown, I found the English ships still at
Alexandria, and a body of militia encamped in
Washington, which had been assembled to de
fend the city. But it was then believed, from
infoimation received, that no attack would be
made by the enemy on Washington or George
town ; and preparations were making on our
part to annoy them by butteries on shore when
they descended the river. The knowledge of
these preparations probably hastened their de
parture, aud the second or third day after my
arrival the ships were seen moving down the
On the evening of the day that the enemy
disappeared, Mr. Kiehard West arrived at Mr.
Key’s, and told him that aficr the British army
passed through Upper Marlboro’, on their re
turn to their ships, and had encamped some
miles below the town, a detachment was sent
back which entered Dr. Beane’s house about
midnight, compelled him to rise from bis bed,
and hurried him off to the British camp, hardly
allowing him timo to put his clothes on; that
lie was treated with gfeat harshness, and close
ly guarded ; and that as soon us his friends
were apprised of his situation, they hastened to
the headquarters of the English army to solicit
his release, but it was peremptorily refused,
and they were not even permitted to see him;
and that he had been carried as a prisoner on
hoard the fleet And finding their own efforts
unavailing, and alarmed for his safety, his
friends in and about Marlboro’ thought it ad
visable that Mr. West should hasten to George
town, apcl reque.4, Mr. Kcy4r obtain ih« sanc
tion of the government to his going on boai€ of
the Admiral’s ship, under a flag of truce, and
endeavoring to obtain the release of Dr. Beane
before the fleet sailed. It was then lying at
the mouth of the Potomac, and its destination
was not at that time known with certainty.
Dr. Beane, as perhaps you know, was the
leading physician in Upper Marlboro’, and an
accomplished scholar and gentleman, lie was
highly respected by all who knew him; was
the family physician of Mr. West, and the inti
mate friend of Mr. Key. He occupied one of
the best houses in Upper Marlboro’, and lived
very handsomely; and his house was selected
for the quarters of Admiral Oockburn, and
some of the principal officers of the army,
when the British troops encamped at Marlboro’
on the march to Washington. These officers
were, of course, furnished with everything that
the house could offer; and they, in return,
treated him with much courtesy, and placed
guards around his grounds and outhouses, to
prevent depredations by their troops.
But on the return of the army to the ships,
after the main body had passed through the
town, stragglers who had left the ranks t*» !►*«•••
her, or from some other motive**, made their
anuearu— au.« time to time, singly or in
small squads, and Dr. Beane put himself at the
head of a small body of citizens to pursue and
make prisoners of them. Information of the
proceedings was, by some means or other con
veyed to the English camp, and the detach
ment of which we have spoken, was sent back
to release the prisoners and siezo Dr. Beane.
They did not seem to regard him, and certainly
did not treat him as a prisoner of war, but us
one who had deceived and broken his faith
with them.
Mr. Key readily agreed to undertake the
mission in his favor, and the President prompt
ly jrave his saucLum-10, it. Utuu> were. iuuue
'aiau-vy •unut.ti to the vcssOm usually employed
as a cartel in the communication with the fleet
in the Chesapeake, tube made ready without
delay; and Mr. John S. Skinner, who was agent
for the government for Hags of truce and ex
change of prisoners, and who was well known
as such to the officers of the fleet, was directed
to accompany Mr. K2y. And so soon as the
arrangements were made, he hastened to Bal
timore, whence the vessel was to sail; and
Mrs, Key and the children went with me to
Frederick, and thence to Ida father’s cn Pipe
creek, where she remained until he returned.
We heard nothing from him until the enemy
retreated from Baltimore, which, as well us I
now can recollect, was a week or ton days af
ter he left us; and wo were becoming uneasy
about him, when, to our great joy, he made his
appearance at my house, on his way to join his
He told me that he found the British fleet at
the mouth of the Potomac, preparing for the
expedition against Baltimore. He was courte
ously received by Admiral Cochrane and the
officers of the army, ns well as the navy. But
when he made known his business, his appli
cation was received so coldly that he feared it
would fail. General Ross and Admiral Cock
burn, who accompanied the expedition to
Washington—particularly the latter— spoke of
Dr. Beane in very harsh terms, and at fust not
disposed to release him. It however happened
fortunately, that Mr. Skinner carried letters
from the wounded British officers, left at Bla
densburg, and in these letters to their friends
on hoard the fleet, they all spoke of the human
ity and kindness with which they had been
treated after they had fallen into our hands.—
And after a good deal of conversation, and
strong representations from Mr. Key as to the
character and standing of Dr. Beane, and of
• In- drti|. iilinmt jjl
which he lived took in Ins fate, General Ross
said that Dr. Beane deserved much more pun
ishment than lie had received ; hut that he felt
himself hound to make a return fur the kind
ness which had been shown to his wounded of
ficers, whom he had been compelled to leave
at Bladensburg; and upon that ground, and
that only, he would release him. But Mr. Key
was at the same time informed that he, or any
one else, would be permitted to leave the fleet
for some days; and must ho detained until the
attack on Baltimore, which was then about to
he made, was over. But he was assured that
they would make him and Mr. Skinner as com
fortable as possible while they detained them.
Admiral Cochrane, with whom they dined on
the day of their arrival, apologized for not ac
commodating them with his own ship, saying
thu.t it was crowded already with officers of the
army ; hut they would be well taken care of
in the frigate Surprise, commanded by his son,
Thomas Cochrane. And to this frigate they
were accordingly transferred.
Mr. Key had an interview with Dr. Beane,
before General Ross consented to release him.
I do not recollect whether ho was onboard the
Admiral’s ship or the Surprise, hut 1 believe it
was the former. He found him in the forward
port of the ll,ip. among the sailors and sol
diers; he ha<| not a change of clothes from the
time ho was poized; was constantly treated
with indignulpn by those around him, and no
officer would ppcak to him. lie was treated
as a culprit, ad not as a prisoner of war. And
this harsh treatment contin
ued until he 'ps placed on board tho Cartel.
Somttljdg aust hnve passed when the offi
cers were qijtcrod at his house, on the march
to AV ashinp' v !m. h, in tho judgment of
Gfeneral *Bu:kd !*;•»« ny» iv - t , ...<j
against lie English forces until the troops liad
ro-embrked. It is impossible, on any other
ground to account for the manner in which
he wasppoken of and treated. But whatever
Gcnerii Ross and the officers may have
though, I am quite sure that Dr. Beane did
not thiak he was in any way pledged to abstain
from advc hostilities against tho public ene
my. Aid when he made prisoners of the
stragglers, he did not think himself a prisoner
on panic, nor suppose himself to be violating
any obligation he had incurred. For ho was a
gentlcnnn of untainted character, and a nice
sense M honor, and incapable of doing any
thing that could have justified such treatmeut.
Mr. Hey imputed the ill usage he had received
to Aimiral Cochrane, who, it is still remem
bered, while he commanded in the Chesa
pcal.e, carried on hostilities in a vindictive tem
per, assailing and plundering defenceless vil
lages, or cou'Jicnancing such proceedings by
those under bis command.
Mr. Key and Mr. Skinner continued on
board of tho Surprise, where they vo *T
kindly treated uy nir J human Cochrane, until
11 ic fleet reached the Pafapsico, and prepara
tions were making for landing the troops.—
Admiral Cochrane then shifted his Hag to the
frigate in order that he might be able to move
further up the river, and superintend in person
the attack by water, on the fort. And Mr.
Key and Mr. Skinner were then sent on board
their own vessel, with a guard of sailors and
marines, to prevent them from landing. They
were permitted to take I)r. Beane with them,
arid they thought themselves fortunate In being
anchored in a position which enabled them to
.see distinctly the Hag of Fort McHenry from
the deck of tho vessel. He proceeded, then,
with much animation to describe tho scene on
the night of the bombardment. He and Mr.
rucud'ied on deck during tho night,
watching e Tlj .. lui
fired, until it fell, and listening with breathless
interest to hear if an explosion followed.
While the bombardment continued it was
sufficient procf that tho fort had not surrender
ed. But it suddenly ceased, some time before
day—and as tin y bud no communication with
any of tho enemy’s ships, they did not know
whether the fort had surrendered or the attack
upon it had been abandoned. They paced the
deck for the residue of the night, in painful
suspense, watching with intense anxiety for the
return of day, and looking every few minutes
at (heir wattles to see how long .they must
wait for it; .aid as soon ns it dawned, and be
fore it was light enough to see the objects at a
distance, their glasses wore turned to the fort,
uncertain whether they should sec the stars
and stripes, or the Hag of tho enemy. At
length the li dit came, and they saw that “ our
Hag was still ‘there.” And as the day advan
ced they (Hoovered, from tho movements of
the boats between the shore and the Hats, that
the troops had been roughly handled, and that
many wounded men bad been carried to the
ships. At length he was informed that the at
tack on Baltimore had failed, that the British
army was re-cm barking, and that he and Mr.
Skinner and Dr. Beane would he permitted to
leave them and go where they pleased, ns soon
as the trooj;i were on board and the fleet ready
to sail.
He told me that, under the excitement of the
time, he had wi itten a song, and handed me a
printed copy of “ The Star Spangled Banner.”
When I read it and expressed my admiration,
I asked him how he found time, in tho scenes
he bad been passing through, to compose such
a song. Ho said he commenced it on the deck
of their vessel, in the fervor of the moment,
when he saw the enemy hastily retreating to
their ahlpa, nml looked nt tho Hair lie hod
watched torso anxiously, as the morning open
ed ; that he had written some lines or brief
notes that would aid him in calling them to
mind, upon tho back of a letter which ho hap
pened to have in his pocket; and for some of
tho lines, as he proceeded, ho was obliged to
rely altogether on his memory; and that he
finished it in the boat on his way to the shore,
and wrote it out as it now stands, at the hotel,
on the night ho reached Baltimore, and imme
diately after lie arrived. He said that on the
next morning he took it to Judge Nicholson, to
ask him what he thought of it; that he was so
much pleased with it that he immediately sent
it to a printer, and directed copies to be struck
off in hand hill form ; and that he, (Mr. Key,)
believed it to have been favorably received by
the Baltimore public.
Judge Nicholson and Mrs. Key were nearly
connected by marriage, Mrs. Key and Mrs.
Nicholson being sisters. The Judge was a
man of cultivated taste, had at one time been
distinguished among the leading men in Con
gress, and was at the period of which I am
speaking Chief Justice of Baltimore, and one
of the Judges of the Court of Appeals of Mary
land. Notwithstanding his judicial character,
which exempted him from military service, he
accepted the command of a volunteer company
of artillery. And when the enemy approach
ed, and an attack on the fort was expected he
and hia company offered their acrvicca to the
government, to asaist in its defence. They
were accepted, and formed a part of the garri
son during the bombardment. The Judge had
been relieved from duty, and returned to his
family only the night before Mr. Key showed
him his song. And you may easily imagine
the feelings with which, at such a moment, be ,
i'liau (I, , x r , ~ v mi',
doubt, as Mr. Key modestly expressed it, fa-1
vorably received. In less than an hour after
he had left it in the hands of the printer, it
was all over town, and hailed with enthusiasm,
and took its place at once as a national song.
I have made this account of “ The Star-
Spangled Banner” longer than I intended, and
find that I have introduced incidents and per
sons outside of the subject I originally contem
plated. Hut I have felt a melancholy pleasure !
in recalling events connected in any degree
with the life of one with whom I was so long
and so closely united in friendship and affec
tion ; and whom 1 so much admired for his
brilliant genius, and for his many virtues. 1
am sure, however, that neither you or any of
his children or descendants, will think the ac
count 1 have given them too long.
Your friend, truly,
In Paris there is current just now a comical
story concerning Count M , a well-known
nobleman. The Count, it appears, has a young
relation who holds a place and a modest salary
in one of the railroad offices. The Countess,
young, vain, beautiful, and sentimental, con
ceived a passion for her husband’s young rela
tion, and fondly imagined that it was returned.
Every look and act of attention on the part of
A (as we will cull the young man) was
carefully noted, until she felt assured finally
that his love was deep and heartfelt. One
night it was already nearly midnight
A was aroused by a knock at bis room
door. On answering the call, he found to his
astonishment the Countess arrayed in travel
ing costume, and bearing her jewell-casket in
her arms.
“Dearest Henry,” said she, “I am come to
reward the love you have so long entertained
“ Love!” said the young man, almost speech
less with astonishment.
“ Ijiy aside your embarrassment I have
long known of your feelings. My husband is
a monster : I will live with him no longer.—
Come, let us leave this country and fly far
away to foreign lands,”
'* Nonsense, madam,” said A , who was
fast recovering his presence of mind; “it
never occurred to me to love you. And as for
flying to foreign lands, you forget that my sal
ary in my present situation is all 1 have to live
“ Here arc my jewels, they will suffice.—
Love needs but little —”
“Unfortunately, madam, I am not in love.
Pray return to your home in quietness.”
Now the Countess would, doubtless, have
fainted, but the exigencies of the occasion
would not permit of such a luxury.
“ I can not return,” said she, after a pause ;
“ I have left a letter behind, telling all to the
Count. Ho has received it ere this, ami knows
that I hate him, and love you. If I return,
you know the consequences."
“ Yes, ho will murder me, the foolish man ;
ho will lose no time in putting a pistol-bullet
through my brain,” said A , who found
himself in a singularly unpleasant predica
The clock was just striking two. The Coun
toss was weeping bitter tears of disappoint
ment. A paced the floor in vexod per
plexity. Just then there was a knock at the
door. The young man grew pale at the thought
that it was the Count, already come to claim
his revenge. He concealed the Countess in a
closet, opened the door—and behold the
“ Henry, I want you,” said he, in low, ex
cited tones.
“1 am ready,’ nnswcreu me jouag >u«n,
firmly, but despairingly.
“It is well. 1 thought I could depend at
least upon finding you.”
“ You sec,” continued ho, “I went from the
()pcra to the Cafe Tortoni this evening, where
I got into a quarrel with a Russian. Wo are
to exchange shots at daybreak. I need a sec
“ And you have not yet been home ?" broke
in A , breathing freer than he had done for
an hour past.
“No. I shall not go home till all is over.—
Meet me in half an hour at the Tortoni. 1
will return there now."
So saying the Count walked ofH
A returned to his room, acquainted the
Countess with the fortunate turn of events,
called a cabriolet, took her homo, and then
posted off to the rendezvous. l)n arriving
there he found the Count M and his Rus
sian antagonist engaged In (he peaceful discus
sion of a bottle of Champagne. The quArrel
had been “ arranged,” and the duel, of course,
was not to be.
It was too good a story to keep, and young
A—’s indiscretion has procured him a lucra
tive post in one of the Provinces.
The Miner's Dowiiii and I p*.
Wc take the folio wing jrorn the Sierra Cit
izen, and coin mend it to our readers for its
The miner sees far more downs than ups in
his experience of California life. Sometimes*
after writing a dozen letters to his friends in
the Atlantic States, and waiting as many
months for an answer—hearing that the mail
is in—alter a hard week’s work, ho puts on
hia cleanliest wool shirt, and hurries five of
stiff with n iVAUfc
to winter’s storms, but with a heart beating
quick and light with happy expectations.
You see him walk up to the little hole in thef
wall with an unsteady nerve, and a trembling
voice, asks if there is a letter for,him. He re
ceives the laconic answer, “ Not any, sir,” in
a tone of voice indicating that he had better
go about his business, and then to see the tear
mositening the poor fellow’s check, as he re
traces his weary steps homeward, wondering
to himself if the loved ones at homo “ miss”
He is down now. Everything seems dark
and dreary, even the brilliant star of Hope has
refused to shed her radiant beams on his path
way, and he feels as if he had not a friend on
the face of the earth. But in an unexpected
hour, lie receives several letters from home
containing intelligence. Perhaps one is from
his father, who tells him that he is a brave
boy, that he must bo prudent and steady, and
above all, not to bring a reproach upon his
name by a dishonorable action; and to re
member, come what may, whether rich or
| poor, as long as his father lives, he will find a
i homo and a parent’s arras open to receive him.
Ills mother adds a few lines at the bottom,
the import of which is, that he must not forget
hia duty to his Maker. He also receives a let-*
ter from his intended, who, among a host of
other sweet things, informs him that Dick,
Tom, and Harry have all made proposals for
her hand, hut that she had rejected them all*
much to her own amusement, and to their ter
rible confusion. And among the rest, there
i is one from Joe Barpost, his old bunting com
panion, who informs him that “ last Thursday
a week he wounded a thunderin’ big black
| bar over in the corn patch, and she tuck to the
I woods, and in consequence of the little white
: slut having her tail druv up, and fifteen or
ratid bad luck that.”
The miner is up now. He lies down on hia
rough coucli at night with a light heart, and
while enjoying that pleasant repose between
consciousness and sleep, visions of other days
Hit across his
I sitting in a brilliantly lighted parlor—the bout
is midnight—besido him sits a lovely being,-
one whom of all others he holds most deaf
this earth. He had been asking her to tamo
the day, and was waiting for her reply—o
tell-tale blush waa on her cheek, when just atf
that moment the door opened, and in stalked
the 44 big black bar that tuck to the woods”—
he has hardly time to recover from his aston
ishment, when the bar suddenly changes into
Dick, Tom and Harry, who are all fighting
with each other. The miner rolls up his
sleeves, pitches in, and is about to come off
fourth best, when he wakes up, and find*
himself in the middle of the cabin floor, with
sundry camp kettles, stools, and boots scatter
ed about him.
11. 11. TANEY.
Again, the miner concludes that his claim,
which has always paid him live or six dollars
per day to the hand, is not such a good claim
after all, as he is continually hearing of others
who arc making from an ounce up to fifty dol
lars, and why cannot he do the same ? So he
sells out for a few hundred dollars, and leaved
on a prospecting tour—sinks a shaft—gets twtf
dollars to the pan, and concludes he has goi
the “ dead wood” this time—spends five or six.
I months’ time and all of his in opening
i his new diggings, and at last finds that he can
i not “ make grub.” Here he is down again—
| wishes that he had not sold his old claim—
could have had fifteen hundred dollars in cash
I if he had held on to it.
! And this is the miner’s history—five dotent
to one —but of all the “ downs,” that of
getting nown in a grog»snop, anu uuowing
away his dust for that which not only docs
him no good, but injures him intellectually,
physically and morally, is the worst. O! that
the miner would learn lessons of wisdom from
his hard experience.
Tehuantepec Route.— The stage road
across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec is being
rapidly completed; at least, so say the latest
* advices. Over four head of horses are already
located at the various stations along the route,
• and forty Concord coaches are on the ground.
The road will be opened by the first day of
U. fci. Navy.— The U. S. Navy in Novem
ber, 1860, consisted of I*2 ships of the line, 18
frigates, 19 sloops pf war, 3 brigs, 1 schooner,
7 screfr steamers of the first class, 1 of the
second class, 2 of the third class, 8 side
w heel steamers of the first class, 1 of the se
cond class, 5 of the third class, 8 steam ten
ders, 5 store ships, and 1 permanent receiving
vessel Total, 76 vessels, carrying 2,243 guns.
Yky, the Chinese Commissioner beheaded
70,000 persons during his term of office.
NO. 1.

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