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WARREN BAKU, Editor nnd PnblUhcr. VOL. 1. MARIPOSA PROFESSIONAL CARDS. 0. A. MKKKITT AI.KX. DKKHING. jffERnwTT dm.iiuy;. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office on Main street, between Fonrth ami Fifth, MARIPOSA. altf ALFA’. DEERING, NOTARY PUBLIC. Henry G, Worthington, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Tifflco in Fremont'* Adobe House, corner Main and Fifth ats. nltf MARIPOSA. R . H. DALY, COUNSELLOR AT LAW) DISTRICT ATTORNEY AND NOTARY PUBLIC; M All IP OS A, Office in the Court House Building. aft-tf HAUL. M. AUSTIN B. U. BAIUU*. ALISON & HARRIS, ATT ORN E Y S A T LAW. MARIPOSA. Okfi at os Main, betwkkn Fourth and Fifth Sts. nllf DR. W. S. KAVANAUOH. OFFICE—ON MAIN STREET, OPIHWITE I)K. HURQFXL’S DAOUERREAN OAIJ.KRY, MARIPOSA. al tf J . S . WATTS, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOE TOWNSHIP No. 3. Office on Mam street, two doons below the Pont Office, MARIPOSA. nltf ALFRED F. WASHBURN, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FO.H TOWNSHIP Wo. 3, OFFICE IX MAini'OSA. nltl Dr. A. «T. linsotor, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, LOWER AQUA FRIO. OFFICE— FIRS! IIOoR BKI/IW WHITTIER'* lIOTKI. DU. L. WILL DEVOTF. HIS ASSIDUOUS AT tention to the examination ami treatment of mn h case# am! disorders an may l»c brought to his notice. I’orannal attendance will >*• given in any part of the County, on short notice, when required. A newKtock of Medici new, pure and fresh, just re ceived. Agua Frio, July 8,1*56. altf DR. JAMES L. CLARKE. OFFICE “ PJXF TRFF. HOUSE,” CORNER FIFTH AND MAIN STREETS, MARIPOSA. nltf J. B. ISBAIL, I> E 3ST T I S T , M AIN STREET, MARIPOSA, 17ORUF.RI.Y OF Pini.ADFJ.IinA. (PENN.) IS PERMA ' molly located iu Mari|*ofta, having a comfortable and oimeoientolHc*. next door to tin* Purine Express, with all the necessary Instruments amt appliances. Will do any kind of work that imrtains to the profession of iV-nUstry, In a manner which shall irive entire satisfaction, or the money refunded Artificial Teeth Inserted on (Sold Hate or on Pivot, a* the case may require. Teeth Plugged with pure Gold, or extracted. Children's Teeth regulated when neces sary. and all IHscases of the Cum* treated, the most of which are called scurvy of ttie rums. Cure, or no pay. Chloroform administered, it desired. Term* reasonable. Examination free. altf R . B . THOM AS , ARCHITECT AND CARPENTER, Will furnish Designs fur Buildings, Specifications, Rills of Lumber. IMini lie of Cost, etc., and undertake Buildings on moderate terms. All work entrusted to bi n will lie executed with neatness ami despatch. Shop on Hnflion street, near Concert Half. Jyfltf Dr. 11. J. Paine, DENTIST, LATE OF THE FIRM OF PAINE .A REKRS, DENTISTS. SAX FRANCISCO, I* now permuQcutly located at im <> ti jr r t .* s , WHERE HE WILL RE HAPPY TO ATTEND TO ( ALLS iu hia profession. Having, during an extensive prac (ice of seventeen years, made many improvements in the Dental Art, aud assisted materially iu bringing it tn its pres ent high state of perfection, he feels warranted In saying to all those wishing Dental operations |>erlornied. or Artificial Teeth inserted, on fine gold plate, that his work cannot la* excelled iu the United State-*. Terms moderate. Consult a lion-, tree. N. 11. Dr. P. will make, occasionally, professional visits to the neighboring Towns, when he will attend persona at Ilnur residences, upon application, either by letter or other wise. altf I)U. THOMAS PAYNE. <J"Ornn: —U Dr. A. IJ. Boyce's Drug-Store, opposite •the Yo«emit* Hole!,—where he may be consulted at ull hours. aitf n. is. iiaii, ATTORN E Y A T LA W, MERCED FAU.O, MERCED < VV-NTY. el if JOHN A. LENT, Attorney ami (oiniscllor at l.i>\t, No. 42 Montgomery Block, Montgomery street, al tf Sax Fkaxcimco. I. R. OABPRNTIBR, COUNSELLOR AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC, Corner Merchant and Montgomery streets, al If Sax Fraxcirco. TIN-SHOP ...AND... STOVE - DEPOT, Next door to Phillip Hotel, Alaripota, mHE UNDERSIGNED. HRAUKT FOR PAST PATRON 1 ,ige, announce* to the Publio that he continues to niter for Hale a large assortment of i’AKLoU AND COOKINti STOVI* ; TIN W ARK AN DMA ED WA RE CARPKNTKNRST AND MINERS* V*HM\ CAMPHRNF. AND Oil, LAMPS; LEAD PIPE AND PI MI'S. Sheet Iron. Copper, Tin and Zinc worked to order. a All work done to order prom idly and satisfactorily. mJT l r<»m henceforth 1 ad«nt the ('ash tirlnelple—CASil UN IiKJJVFHY. (altf j 0 WORftttflQt MARIPOSA, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 22, 1857. Iflaripasa Dnuacrnt. ' i*u BIAS HED EVERY WBONES!)AY M OHN I N(J, BY WARREN BAER, KTJITOR AND PUBUSHKH. TERMBI Per Annum, in advance $5 00 For aix month*, in adnuuM 3 00 j Single copies 28 AdvertloementM inaerled at the lowest rates. | Rf Every description of Plain and Fancy Job Fruiting neatly and promptly executed. A O K NTS. THOMAS BOTI'E, north-east corner Washington nnd Montgomery streets. Sun Franc! -en. is our rtnly authorised agent to receive subscriptions and advertisements. T. M. HESTON. Express Rider between this place and Kern River, is duly authorial to V.vetve aubscriptious, ad j vertisements and Job Work. i t, a' Mr. F. I) TOPI*. of Stockton, Is our duly authorized I Agent to receive subscript ions and advertisements, From the New York Spirit of the Times. A Ilnml-Houml Supper In Alnbamn. Among the most perplexing of the small ca lamities to which civilized humanity is heir, none, for time being, arc better calculated to disturb good humor, and upset equanimity, and radically take the conceit out of a man, than to find himself placed in a situation, in a drawing-room or nt. an evening party where prompt decision is indispensable, and neither guide or precedent is at hand to indicate the course to bo pursued. These petty annoyan ces are sometimes magnified by circumstances into positive distresses. There are things more comforting in life, there are situations more to bo envied, than that of a man groping in the “ terra incognita ” of fashionable society, com pelled to act without previous acquaintance with its usages, and painfully conscious that the slightest ignorance or inadvertence will bo duly heralded as the “ best joke of the season.” A little sympathy or disposition to relieve from embarrassment w fell or manifested by the generality of man or womankind towards a Hiilfering victim. There is only one instance on record of courtesy and true politeness where a gentleman, at his dining-tahlc, drank off un hesitatingly the finger-bowl of tepid water, in order to keep in countenance an unfortunate guest, whose obliviousness of that “ institution” had led him to despatch at a gulph a similar bowl to appease bis thirst. This exception, i confirming the general rule, adds this general truth as another argument in support of the theory of innate cruelty. And hence, many an unhappy soul is allowed to flounder about in all the mazes of gauchrie enduring agony the most pitiable, until he is slowly and ten derly drawn ashore by some fiendish Chester field, who, in his mission of mercy, takes good care that every body present shall have a fair view of ail the “ points of the animalor, un til the poor devil, disencumbered of all remain ing sense, with a desperation of resolution, ad equate to the most forlorn hope, cuts the Gor dion knot, and relieves himself from his dilem ma by incontinently taking to his heels— rn~ tnosing. The latter was the ingloiious expe dient adopted by Hill Ihisson at the memora ble “ tea-fight” that came off at Gen. Jones’ on the first of May, Anno Domini 184—. But we must permit Hill to relate his “ hair-breadth ’scape” in his own language, as he narrated it last winter to an admiring crowd assembled in the social hull of a Warrior river steamboat. “ Speaking of awful fix**, gentleman, I was . in one once; but as long as my head’s hot, I’ll never he so caugh^again —never. You arc all acquainted with Miss Angelina Jones—General Jones’ second daughter; about fifteen years ago, you know, she was a beauty, and no mis take— “ Tho moat |>Cf*rk*M piece of earth I think, That e'er the nun nhone bright on.” I was sixteen years old—Angy, as I endear ingly called her in my heart of hearts, was twenty-eight; still, Hyron-like I loved her, and with a devotedness that had no parallel outside of fashionable novels. I feel queer when I think of her now. The spell this paragon had over me was wondrous; an accidental look transfixed me, and set a a watery vapor float ing before my eyes; a word set a hundred jewsharps a playing in my ears; her touch gave mo absolutely a buck ague. In short, I was hcels-ovor-head, many fathoms deep in love —encountering, in imagination, multitudi nous perils for her sake; had saved her, in my waking dreams, nt the low est calculation, from the sinking wrecks of thirteen steamboats, three hundred runaway scrapes in carriages and on horseback, fought and killed twenty seven men in buckram, in duels on her ac count, took to ‘ rhyme and melancholy’ and whisky, and, to cap the climax, I engraved her initials, 4 A. J.’, on every hecchcn tree within a circuit of five miles—an operation by which I I was fast acquiring notoriety, in a political way, some \wag having matlc people believe that ‘A. J.’ stood for the hero of tho Hermit age, until an evil-disposed person, much to my detriment, interpreted them to signify A Jack- Aboat fifteen years ago I was invited, by the latest imported method, to take tea at Gen. .Jones’. That invitation was an epoch in my life ; it was the first public acknowledgement of my sixteen year old manhood, and I resol ved to go. Now, one word about my raising, and the position of the Jones family in society. My parents, you know, belong to the plain, substantial, respectable, but unhifulutin class, and regulated their household economy ac cordingly ; when we slept we slept in beds, and ■ when we ate our meals we sat down to a table lon winch tho eatables were placed, with a ser "THE UNION AND ITS GOVERNMENT vant behind us to administer to our wants; but the Jones’ being descended from the first families of South Carolina, which is a kick above the F. F. V’s, conducted things on an upper ten, high pressure, patent back-action principle, a la Franeaise and fiddle-sticks, latest improvements, and all that. I went to the tea-fight—Clod forgive me! Arriving at the door, I was salaamed in by the finest dressed nigger I ever saw, and entering the drawing-room, around which the guests were arranged, every other one a gentleman, and every other one a lady, I dropped, in a state of collapse and embarrassment, into a scat near est the door. I was not suffered to remain long in repose ; a nigger, holding in his hand a huge waiter, covered with empty plates, en tered the door and marched right up to me, first man. The brilliant idea flashed on my mind that this manoeuvre was only a prelude to setting the table, and the pantomime of po king the machine with empty plates on it to ward me was quickly interpreted to signify that he desired a little assistance, or, in other words, that he expected me to hold the concern, whilst he brought in the table, spread the cloth, Ac. On this hint I acted. Springing up hur riedly, for fear of exposing ray ignorftnee of hautten, I seized tho “institution” which he held out to me with both my hands, and strove to disengage it from the servant. Now came a scene—the servant backed, I forwarded, shook the waiter until the plates thereon jingled again, to satisfy him that I had a good grip on it. and that he might safely give it up; whis pering, by way of quieting his apprehensions, I “ I’ve got it —let go!” But the black rasral hung on manfully. Up to this point my eyes . had been directed to the waiter, now I looked up in the servant’s face; »* was in a broad grin, Ivory all exposed, as he said, “ let go, massa.” A hasty glance around the room as sured me that I had played “ the divil,” and committed some horrible breach of etiquette. I let go the waiter as if it had been red hot, and, at that instant would have been delighted to let go all hold on existence and all mundane appurtenances, and would have been willing, ' In the bargain, to have signed a deed of relin quishment to every thing I expected the old man, my father, would bequeath me, for the happy privilege of “ shuffling off this mortal coil” on the spot. I fell back into my seat, feeling worse than any criminal. But my trials had not yet ended—the infernal servant; again approached me ; again I was at a loss to divine what he wanted me to do; a moment I ago, it was clear that he did not desire my as sistance in supporting the waiter of plates;; now, it occurred to me, as no one else came forward to relieve him, he had changed his mind, and had concluded to accept “ aid and } comfort” from me, whom lie had honored by such llattering preference, on first entering the room, as to single out as Ids first-assistant waiter holder In ordinary. Just as 1 w as reaching out my hand to clutch the waiter again, 1 overheard angel Angelina .say to that dandy, Bob Sutton, whom I intend to w hip if I ever catch him out of Mobile, “ Pray, dear Mr. Sutton, don’t move or say a word, but wait and only see what it will do next,” At the moment these words conveyed no meaning to my mind, as tho servant was just then making a communication to me of an interesting character. In obedience to his instructions, I nervously took an empty plate | from the waiter. The other guests likewise helped themselves to empty plates. Briskly I on the. heels of the first servant came another, I whose waiter was covered with empty cups | i and saucers, lie, also, made a break at me Jinl. 1 began to feci that I knew all about 1 matters. With commendable sangfroid I pro- I vided myself with an empty cup and saucer; the other guests ditto. 1 saw another waiter with eatables, and with drinkables approach ing, and having both hands entirely occupied, one in holding my plate, and the other my cup and saucer, 1 began to discern breakers in the distance. As 1 had but two hands, and they both engaged, it was demonstrated that if I got any thing to eat or drink, somebody would have to help me; and onco helped, if I got anything in my mouth besides the tea, some body would have to put it there. The imps of darkness came to me, as usual, first “ Have some tea, Mr. Brisson ?” His hands were both required to sustain the waiter, mine to support my plate, cup and saucer. 1 real ly wanted some tea, but to get it was mani festly out of the question, so I answered : “ No, I thank you, would’nt choose any.” “Do take some tea,” urged Mrs. General 1 Jones, from tho other side of the room; “you’l j find it very nice, Mr.. Brisson.” “ No, I thank you, mam,” says I, seeing no i possible way to get myself helped if I said yes ; j “ I am not fond of tea ;’*• which was as big a | lie as ever was told, but what was a fellow to do? The tea passed along, and next came a wait er groaning under a bountiful supply of cold turkey, cold ham, chipped venison, cakes, Ac. Although I was very hungry, 1 inwardly pray ed to be skipped—that this cup might pass. But no, the waiter stops before me. I felt a nervous jerking and twitching all over, as I re plied to an invitation to help myself. “ No, 1 thank you—would’nt choose any.” “ Why, Mr. Brisson,” said the lady of the house, not suspecting tho cause of my refusal, “ arc you unwell f” “ No, mam,” I faintly stammered out, “ I never was in better health.” “ Let me insist, then, on your taking some of the wild turkey ; it is very delicate.” ‘VDon’t doubt it, mam,” says I, “but I don't choose any." All this time the waiter remained in front of me, the other guests looking, wondering, and waiting. My presence of mind, like Rob Acre’s courage, was fast oozing out at my finger ends; a film was forming over my eyes. “ General, said Mrs. General Jones, “ I de clare I believe there is something the matter with Mr. Brisson.” These were the last words I heard at that tea-party. My brain was on fire, my head reeled, nnd springing like a wild panther for ward, I upset the servant with the tea service, sent plates spinning in every direction, per formed feats of agility that would have astound ed Gabriel Ravel, made my exit, God knows how, and never recovered consciousness until I found myself on the hack of ray favorite hunter, many miles on my way homo. This was my first introduction to, and God granting, will be my last acquaintance with hnnd-around supper*. Curious Dliu otd h t on AVnlkrr'a IMvcr. The Placcrville American gives an interest ing detail of some discoveries which were made in April last year by a prospecting party which went from Carso., Valley to the region of Walk er’s River, which lies about one hundred and fifty miles to the southward. Its informant is G. S. Lanmann, who was one of the prospect ors. The A merican says : “ The party, composed of nine men, was ac companied by two Indians. On arriving at the river, they found the Indians to be quite nu merous, otic of whom informed them, through their guides, that four white men had been there the year previous, and indicated the spot where they had encamped. The party then examined the place, and from the appearance of some posts, blazed trees, ami other tokens, they were induced to believe the information which the Indians had given them was true.— This Indian informed them that those white men dug a largo hole in the earth, where they found gold; that the Indians murdered the w'holo party, and then buried them in the hole which had been made. Mr. T.anmann’s party promised to give the Indian a mule and some blankets, if he would conduct them to the place where the men had been buried. He agreed to do so, and for three days and a half they traveled up the east fork of the river, when the Indian stated that they were in the neighbor hood of the place. He then left them, for the purpose of visiting an encampment of Indians which was near by. In some three hours ho returned, accompanied by several other In dians, who pointed to some adjacent hills, and said the white men were buried there. In a few’ minutes after their Indian guide disap peared, and they neither saw or heard of him again. It was the opinion of the party that the Indian told the truth relative to the mur der of three white men, but that he was de terred from pointing out the precise locality of their grave, from fear of the Indians. “ From this place the Indians conducted them to the slope of a mountain, about six miles cast of the river, where there were nu merous boiling springs, the water of which is of such a high temperature, that they could scarcely bear their hands in it for a moment.— From one of these hot springs there w .’as a con tinued discharge of very smn ll w hite polished stones, about the size of quail shot, which, from convoluted action in the w’ator, w’erc made per fectly round, presenting the appearance of pearls usually found in certain testaceous fish of the oyster kind, with the exception of their being more opaque. The quantity of these small pearly pebbles ejected from this spring is very great, and they can bo gathered by bush els. They are well adapted for manufacturing paste jewelry. These pearly stones may bean interesting subject of investigation for our ge ologists. In the neighborhood of these hot springs, there are quite a number of cold springs. “ Some distance below’ these, on the same slope, the party found a strong alkaline stream, about four feet wide, along the edges of which there was a hard crust of saleratus, as pure and good as any of that manufactured article.— Where this stream enters the river, it discolors its pure waters for some distance. In the cast fork of the river, and the adjacent smaller streams, speckled trout were found in abund ance, and mainly constitute the food of the In dians, and would be very available for the same purpose to miners and emigrants who may go there. The parly found wild game to be very abundant, among which were a species of large sage hen, rabbits, antelope and deer. “ At the head of the east fork of Walker’s River, they found a handsome valley, lifteen miles in length and eight in width, without timber, but well watered, and admirably adapt ed to agricultural and grazing purposes. 44 Wherever the parly prospected for gold, they averaged from live to seven cents to the pan. The dirt is easily worked, and the gold appeared to be distributed all through the soil. Mr. Lanniann believes the day is not distant when there will be extensive mining operations carried on in that region. Even now, a party sufficiently large to protect themselves from the Indians —say from twenty to thirty—he thinks, would meet with good sue cess.” TEUMB : FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. SUPREME COUIIT DEC IBIDN. Hoffman et al vs. Stone el al. —The former ' decisions of this Court, in cases involving the right of parties to appropriate waters for mining and other purposes, have been based upon tho wants of the community and the peculiar con dition of things in this State, (for which there is no precedent,) rather than any absolute rule of law governing such cases. The absence of legislation on this subject, 1 has devolved on the Courts tho necessity of framing rules for the protection of this great ' interest, and in determining these questions, we have conformed, as nearly as possible, to I the analogies of the common law. The fart early manifested Itself, that the | mines could not he successfully worked without a proprietorship in waters, and was recognized and maintained. To protect those who, by j their energy, industry and capital, had con structed canals and races, carrying water for miles, into parts of the country which must have otherwise remained unfruitful and unde veloped, it was held that the first appropriator acquired a special property in the waters thus appropriated, as a necessary consequence of such properly, might invoke all legal remedies | for its enjoyment or defense. A party appro- j priating water, has the solo and exclusive right j to use the same for tho purposes for which it | was appropriated, and so long as he is not ob- 1 structod in the use thereof, he has no ground of action. In the case before us it is shown that Dutch Gulch was a mere torrent, dry at certain sea sons of tho year; that it was used by defend ants as a part of their ditch for conducting wa-: ter from another stream down to their dam; that in point of fact, the water so brought to Dutch Gulch, and turned in there by defend- ; ants, was not abandoned by them, but was turned in for the purpose of being conveyed to 1 their dam, from whence it was afterwards di verted, and sold by them; that there was, at the time of the commencement of the suit, no natural water flowing in the bed of tho stream, I and that all the waters so diverted by the do- 1 fondants wore artificial, or waters conducted j there by them. Tho plaintiffs being tho prior locators, it would follow that any interference with the waters of Dutch Gulch would be an infraction of their rights. But the appropriation of tho waters did not give them the exclusive use of the bed of the stream. We see no reason why j it might not be used by others as a channel for ( conducting waters, so long as it did not inter- ; fere with their rights. If the defendants were | diverting tho natural water of the stream, as i well as that brought into it by themselves, then . the plaintiff would have a just cause of com- ! plaint. It would be a harsh rule, however, to re-! quire those engaged in these enterprises to con- 1 struct an actual ditch along the whole route ■ through whic h tho waters were carried, and to refuse them the economy that nature occasion- j ally afforded in the shape of a dry ravine, gulch | or canon. It is contended, however, that this case falls within the rule of Eddy et al. vs. i Simpson et al, 8 Cal. Rep., and Kelly & Co. 1 vs. Natoma Water Company, January term, i 1850. We do not think so. The verdict of the jury finds that the water was not abandon- j ed by tho defendants, and left to find its way 1 by natural channels into Dutch Gulch, hut was turned in, by defend"*,| s making the gulch ii! couneH'p.g link of their ditch. Under all the circumstances of the case, we ! do not see how the plaintiff is entitled to re lief. It may very possibly happen that at cer tain seasons of the year the defendants’ dam will obstruct the water running in tho natural channel of the stream, which of right belongs to the plaintiffs, and in that event they would have their action. But at the date of the com mencement of this suit no such slate of facts is shown to exist, and the plaintiffs are not en titled to any relief. Judgment reversed. Murray, C. J. I concur : Burnett, J. Itf.m for Ladies.— Ladies who wish to keep pace with the progress of tho ago, will find by tho following, that to he in fashion with the Dress Reformers, a very considerable alteration must be made in their wardrobes; “ The mem bers of the recent Dress Convention, at Canas tota, New York, appeared in dresses that gen erally readied down not farther than the knee. Tho Bloomer pantalctt’s were not worn, but in their place were neat white and flesh colored silk stockings, fitting closely to the leg, and laced about half way to the garter with gaiter strings. Many of these dresses were made of rich velvets, and beneath the skirts were to be seen the points of beautiful laco petticoats.— This is the style of dress which the Reformers will endeavor to make fashionable.” Fourth of March— Wnr Selected. — Do our readers, asks the New Orleans True Delta, generally know the reason why the Fourth of March was chosen as the day for tho inaugu ration of the President of tho United States? 11 was selected because tho fourth of March in every year commencing from the first inaugu ration, cannot come on a Sunday for at least three hundred or more years. The fact shows the regard which the framers of our govern ! ment had for the Sabbath. They had arranged the matter so wisely that tho day for the per ( fonuance of tho ceremonies of inauguration j will not fall on a Sunday for three hundred years. Gas from Wood. —We witnessed the other night, says the Sacramento State Journal , the first illumination of the Orleans Hotel, by wood gas-light, and it proves to be very far from a a failure. The lights were bright and of a pleasant hue. Gas-light made from w«K)d, and from wood alone, is one of the greatest im provements on artificial light, the introduction of which California’s welcome will not fail.— Gas-light produced by our inexhaustible forests by the pitch-pine, which has been until this day useless either for lumber or firewood, opens a market for an important vegetable pro duction so profusely spread over the moun tains. We hope that the new process will soon be adopted by all our mining towns, and give a due reward to the enterprising men who show to the old country that in California brains as well as hands arc hard at work. We learn from the inventors, who are owners of a patent attached to the process, that their appa ratus for producing wood gas-light is of the greatest simplicity, and does not costover one third of that employed for coal; that they get more gas out of one pound of wood than can be got out of the same quantity of the best coal; that one cord of pine wood weighs sixty hundred, at least, and will cost, delivered in our town, sl2 only ; while the same weight of coal is worth at least S7O in our market; and that they obtain by the distillation of the wood a very good article of charcoal and several other useful bodies, which are saleable everywhere, and pay for a large portion of the expenses. Tub American Flag.— lt is strange, says one of our exchanges, that the people of these United States understand so little of the proper fonn, proportion of size, number of stripes of the glorious “Star Spangled Banner.” The standard of the army and navy is fixed at six feet six inches by four feet four inches; the number of stripes is thirteen, viz: seven red and six white. It will be perceived that that ting is just one,half longer than it is broad, and that its proportions arc perfect when properly carried out. The first stripe at the top is red, the next white, and so down alternately, which makes the last Ted. The blue “ field” for the stars is the width and square of the first seven stripes, four red and three white ; these stripes extend from the entire length of the “ field” to the extremity of the flag. The next stripe is white, extending the entire length of it and di rectly under the “ field,” in strong and pleasant relief, then follows the remaining stripes alter nately. The number of stars on the “ field” is now thirty-one, and the army and navy imme diately add another star on the admission of a new State in our glorious Union. A Parson in Difficulty. —The PitUburg Pott is responsible fur the following; “ A young parson lost his way in the forest, and it being cold and rainy, he happened upon a poor | cottage, and desired a lodging or hay loft to stay in, and some fire to warm him. The man told him that he and his wife had but one bed, | and if he pleased to lay with them, he should be welcome. The parson thanked him and I kindly accepted It. In the morning the man [ rose to go to market, and meeting some of his ! neighbors he fell to laughing. They asked him what made him so merry about the mouth.— “ Why,” says ho, “ I can’t but think how shamed the parson will be when he awakes to find himself alone in bed with my wife,” A Proud Position. —The London Timet has ' an article on the probable policy of President Buchanan, with this flattering interrogatory; ! “ Who would not be tho President of the I United States? —the choice of a nation offrcc -1 m'eri, fne object of most intimate care, solici tude and contention to 27,000,000 of the most intelligent of the human race; the object at which cvfcry man’s finger points; the topic on which every man’s tongue descants —raised above bis fellow men by no accident of birth, by no mere superiority of wealth, but by the presumed fitness of his personal qualities for one of the most elevated situations that man bo called upon to fill.” A Runaway Marriage in High Life.—• Lately a runaway marriage took place in Grace Church, New York, which excited no little commotion in fashionable circles. Tho bride is an heiress, worth in her owm right $250,000, and is but fourteen years and eight months old. She was an inmate in a fashionable seminary in New York. The bridegroom is S k, a well known habitue of Fifth Avenue salons, of tho mature age of thirty-ono years. No names arc mentioned. Tho pair have started oft % Southern tour. Largest Woman in the World.— Much the largest woman in the world—and certainly large enough in all conscience—is said to bo Madame Oceana, now exhibiting in the Mu seum, at Now Orleans. She is of tho following stupendous proportions: Weight 51U pounds; dimensions of arm 20 inches; dimensions of •alf of the leg 38 inches; round the waist 9 . feet 2 inches. She wears, in spite of her enor mous bulk, No. 8 shoes, and hails—this human ocean—from Kentuck}-. Fat vl Accident at Diamond Springs.—A I telegraphic dispatch to the Sacramento Union , announces that on Tuesday of last week, while Mr. Stowcll was shipping a belt on a drum in j the Pacific Mills, four miles above Diamond j Springs, be was caught and carried around tho drum, breaking both legs and arms, and othcr j wise injuring him so seriously that he died in j three hours after. NO. 4.