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Mariposa Democrat. [volume] (Mariposa, Calif.) 1856-1???, June 25, 1857, Image 1

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illrmpoGii Democrat.
WARREN It A EH, Editor and Publisher.
VOL. 1.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS.
B. A. BKHRITT... ALKX. DEEKIKO.
.uEKßirr is neeitM'CF,
ATTOU N E Y S AT LAW.
Office on Main street, between Fourth and Filth,
MARIPOSA. altf
ALEX. DEERING, NOTARY PUBLIC.
Henry G. Worthington,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
Office In Fremont’s Adobe House, corner Main and Fifth sts.
altf MARIPOSA.
R . H, DALY,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW;
DISTRICT ATTORNEY AND NOTARY PUBLIC;
MARIPOSA.
Office In the Court House Building. 08-tf |
•AMI.. I. A Ll!* IN 11. H. HAKKIH.
ALISON & HARRIS,
ATTORNEYS A T LAW,
MARIPOSA.
Okkick on Main, between Fourth and Fifth Sts.
altf
J . S . IV ATT S ,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOR TOWNSHIP No. 3.
Office no Mam street, two doors below the Post Office,
MARIPOSA. altf
ALFRED F. WASHBURN,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOR TOWNSHIP No. 3,
OFFICE IN MARIK*A. »lt!
Dr. 11. J. Paine,
DENTIST,
LATE OF THE FIRM OF PAINE A BEERS, DENTIBTB,
PAN FRANCISCO,
Is now permanently located at
U O Ml JV / T O S ,
•tMTHKRK HE WILL BE HAPPY TO ATTEND TO CALLS j
yy in his profession. Having. during an extensive pruc
tice of seventeen years, made many improvements in the
Dentsl Art. and assisted materially in bringing it to its pre- I
ent hit'll state of jierfeclion, he feeds warranted In saying to |
all tho-e wishing Dental operations performed, or Artitleial (
Teeth inserted, «>n tine no Id plate, that his work cannot t»e
excelled in the Called States. Terms moderate Consult*
lions free.
N. H. —Dr. P. will make, occasionally, professional visits
to the neighboring Towns, when he will attend person - at j
their icsidcucus, upon application, either by letter or other- 1
wise. altl
Dr. A. sT. Lasotor,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
LOWEI AQUA FRIO.
OFFICE— FIH.-T noon PFJ/l’.V WHITTIER'S HOTEL.
DR. t. WILL DEVOTE HIS ASSIDUOUS AT
tention to the examination and treatment of hucli
cases and disorders as may he brought to his notice.
Personal attendance will lie given in any part of the
County, on short notice, when required.
A new stock of Medicines, pure and fresh, just re-,
ceived. Agua Frio, July H, 185 G. altf i
DR. W. S. KAVANAUGH.
OFFICE —ON MAIN STREET. OPPOSITE DR. HUDBELL’S
DAOtJKKREAN GALLERY, MARIPOSA. altf |
DR. JAMES L. CLARKE.
OFFICE “PINE TREE HOUSE,” CORNER FIFTH AND
MAIN STREETS, MARIPOSA. altf
DR. THOMAS PAYNE.
Ibn UK— At Dr, A. D. Boyce’§ Drug Store, opposite*
the Yoaemite HoUd, Mariposa.—where he may be cnnanlted '
at all hours. altf I
J. B. ISBAIL,
DENTIST,
MAIN STREET, MARIPOSA,
1 FORMERLY OF PHILADELPHIA. (PENN ) IS PERMA
; nently located in Mariposa, having a comfortable and
convenient Office, next door to the Pacific Express, with all
the neoeaaary Instruments and appliances. Will do any :
kind of work that i>erlaiuM to the profession of Dentistry, in
a manner which shall give entire satisfaction, or the money ,
refunded. Artitleial Teeth inserted on Gold Plate or on i
Pivot, as the case may require. Teeth Plugged with pure
Gold, or extracted. Children's Teeth regulated when nec.es |
sarv, and all Diseases of the Gums treated, the most of j
which are called scurvy of the gums. Cure, or no pay.
Chloroform administered, il desired. Terms reasonable.
Examination free. altf i
R. B. Hall,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MERCED FALLS, MERCED COUNTY. .11l
COOK & riNN ER~
COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Panon. Building, Xo. 140 Clay Street,
■»4t SAX FRANCISCO.
JOHN A. LENT,
Attorney and Coiinm-llor at l.atv,
No. 42 Montgomery Block, Montgomery street,
altf Ban Fh an Cl 800.
E. R. GARPENTIKR,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
Corner Merchant and Montgomery streets,
altf Sax Fk ax cisco.
NEW HILLIARD SALOON.
MAIN BTUKKT, MARIPOSA.
1 FITTED IP AND AURA NORM IN A STALE UNBPR
* passed by any similar establishment out of Ban Fran
cisco. The Bar is stocked with the BEST of IdtJUUKM and
1 HOIOST HOARS BLITMKNTHAI, H NEWCOMB.
|jT Ice (ontlaiilly on hand. alStf
R . B . THOMAS,
ARCHITECT AND CARPENTER,
MARIPOSA,
Win furnish Design* for Buildings, Specifications
HBi of Lumber, Estimate of Cost. etc., and undertake
Buildings on moderate terms. All work entrusted to
him will ho executed withneatness and despatch.
Shop on BuMioa street. near Con <rt Hall. JyStf
HORNITOS, MARIPOSA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1857.
IWariposa |)tmocrat.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSOA Y MORNING,
BY WARREN BAER,
KOITOK AN I) PUDLIfI II KK .
TERMS:
For annum. In advance s.*> 00
For six mouth*, in advance 8 00
Single copiati 26
Advertisement* inserted at the lowest rate*.
O#" Every description of Plain and Fancy Job Printing
neatly and promptly executed.
From the A«]iinwall Courier.
EVACUATION OF RIVAS.
On the 30th of April, after having been soli
cited by Capt. Davis to abandon his position
and to go in the St Mary’s to Panama, and
thence to the United States, with assurance
that he [Capt D.] would protect all his force
and secure for them conveyances to the United
States, and with the other assurance that he
intended to take possession of the only means
of conveyance which Walker had, namely, the
schooner Granada, Walker commissioned Gen.
Hcnningscn and Col. Waters to negotiate.—
The result of their negotiations was an agree
ment, drafted by Gen. Hcnningscn, which was
signed, proclaimed, and acted upon by Gea.
Walker and Capt. Davis, on the Ist of May.—
It is contained in the annexed :
Head-quarters or tub Army,
Adj. General’s Office, Kivas, May 1, 1857.
General Orders, No. 50.—The Command
cr-in -chief, in communicating to the Army the
following agreement, thinks proper to state
that he entered into it on solemn assurances
from Capt. Davis that Col. Lockridge, with
his whole command, had left the San Juan
river for the United States.
In parting, for the present, with the brave
comrades* who have adhered to our cause,
through evil as well as good report, the Com
mander-in-chief desires to return his deep and
heartfelt thanks to the officers and soldiers
under his command.
Reduced to our present position by the
cowardice of some, the incapacity of others,
and the treachery of many, the Army has yet
written a page of American history which it is
impossible to forget or erase.
From the future, if not from the present, we
may expect just judgment.
Rivas, May 1, 1857
An agreement is hereby entered into between
General William Walker on the one part, and
Com. Chas. 11. Davis, of the U. S. Navy, on the
other part, and of which the stipulations are
as follows:
First.— Gen. William Walker, with sixteen
officers of his staff, shall march out of Rivas
with their side-arms, pistols, horses and per
sonal baggage, under the guaranty of said Capt.
Davis, of the U. S. Navy, that they should not
be molested by the enemy, and should be al
lowed to embark on board the U. S. vessel-of
war St. Mary’s, in the harbor of San Juan del
Sud, the said Capt. Davis undertaking to trans
port them safely on the St. Mary’s to Panama.
Secondly. —The officers of Gen. Walker’s
army shall march out of Rivas with their side
arms, under the guaranty and protection of
Capt. Davis, who undertakes to see them safe
ly transported to Panama, in charge of a U. S.
officer.
Thirdly.— -The privates and non-commis
sioned officers, citizens and employees of de
partments, wounded or unwounded, shall be
surrendered, with their arms, to Capt. Davis, or
one of his officers, and placed under his pro
tection or control, he pledging himself to have
them safely transported to Panama, in separate
vessels from the deserters from the ranks, and
without being brought into contact with them.
Fourthly. —Capt. Davis undertakes to ob
tain guaranties that all natives of Nicaragua or
Central America, now in Rivas and surrender
ed to the protection of Captain Davis, shall be
allowed to reside in Nicaragua, and be protect
ed in life and property.
Fifthly. —lt is agreed that such officers as
have wives and families in San Juan del Sud
shall be allowed to remain there, under the
protection of the United States flag, until an
opportunity offers of embarkation for Panama
or San Francisco.
General William Walker and Captain Davis
mutually pledge themselves to each other, that
this agreement shall be executed in good faith.
[Signed] WM. WALKER,
Cl I AS. 11. DAVIS.
(Com. U. Navy.)
Present and acting:
[Signed] C. F. Hi.nnincsen,
John P. Waters,
J. WiNTiißoi* Taylor.
By command of Win. Walker, General Com
manding-in-chief.
Pu. R. Tuomcson, Adj. Gen. N. A.
The following was endorsed on the above
document by Gen. Ilenningsen :
This is the only agreement or convention
whatever entered into by General Walker; it
was only entered into after Captain Davis de
clared that he w ould not let the schooner Gran
ada leave the harbor of San Juan, and meant
to seize her before he sailed. No convention
or capitulation was entered into by the enemy,
Rivas being given up to Capt Davis, and the
garrison surrendered to him. C. F. 11.
The same evening, after the proclamation
aforesaid, Walker, escorted by Captain Davis
ami Gen. Zavala, left Rivas for San Juan —and
on the next day he issued another order ad
dressed to Capt. Faysscux, instructing him to
give up the Granada to the United States.
On the same day (’apt. Davis sent Lieut.
McCorkle with Walker’s men to Virgin Bay
with orders to accompany them to Panama. —
On the 6th, the St. Mary's left San Juan del
" THE UNION AND ITS GOVERNMENT,"
Sud. At that time Lieut. McCorkle and his
charge had not yet left A irgin.
Appended is Gen. llenningscn’s report of
the evacuation ami the attendant proceedings.
To Hie Excellency, Gen. Win. Walker , Com
mander-in-chief, and Vreeidcnt of Nicar
agua ;
Sm —In conformity with your instructions
on the night of the 3d of April, I proceeded
with Colonel Waters to the enemy’s camp at
Cuatro Esquinas, to confer on your behalf with
Capt. Davis, of the U. S. sloop-nf w ar St. Mary’s.
Captain Davis, said he knew your position was
untenable: that he had opened negotiations
with the allies for the evacuation f that place,
if you would consent. Firstly, that Colonel
Lockridge had retired from the river; 2dly,
that no more steamers would come out from
tlie U, 8., and Bdly, that your ranks were
being thinned by desertion ; and therefore pro
posed that you' should surrender Uivas and
you and your stall' should accompany him to
San Juan, and thence per U. S. 8. St. Mary’s to
Panama, the rest to be transported via Tor
tuga* and Punta Arenas to Panama, alter sur
rendering their arms, and the officers retain
ing their side arms.
I replied that your entertaining such pro
positions would depend on your being satisfied
with regard to the evaluation of the river; that
your principal motive for holding Rivas was,
that Lockridge might arrive and find it oc
cupied by the enemy; that it was probable
you could not hold out much longer, hut you
could break the enemy’s ranks, and march in
any direction you pleased; that if you were
further enfeebled you could cut your way to
the Pacific and embark at San Juan or some
other point on the coast on your schooner Gra
nada, with two six pounders, stores arms,
cartridges, cannister, amunition, powder and
lead.
On this Captain Davis remarked, that he
must at once inform me that it was his un
alter ahU determination not to allow the schoon
er Granada to leave the port, and to take pos
session of her previous to her sailing, which
must take place in a few’ days. He was acting
on instructions from his superior officer, from
the Commander in chief; that since the last
administration, instructions have been received
which contained nothing to alter the course he
intended to pursue, but ho prefered I should
consider this as unsaid —and that you would
regard him as acting on his own ami sole re
sponsibility. I remarked that his resolution
was a most important one and would probably
prove a determining fact, and therefore asked
him to repeat deliberately whether it was his
fixed determination to seize the Granada; he
replied that it was his unalterable resolution not
to allow* the schooner to leave the harbor, and
to take jK)ssession of her before he sailed.
With regard to the evacuation of the San Juan
river by Col Lockridge and his forces, he said
—that he had entirely satisfied himself of the
fact, both by the investigations of his Lieut.
McCorkle and by perusing the copy of a con
tract for passage to the U. 8. of said force,
signed by Scott, and officers of the British
Squadron, beside other corresponding evidence.
I observed that he might have been im
posed on by a forgery, and asked whether his
conviction was shared by Mr. McDonald, agent
of the Transit Co., whose position rendered his
opinion valuable. Capt. Davis replied that Mr.
McDonald had been satisfied of the fact by
Lieut. McCorkle’s representations: but that
he (Capt. Davis) was full}' aware of the re
sponsibility ho was assuming, and pledgi d him
self for the authenticity of his statement. I
thereupon agreed to submit the following offer
from Capt. Davis, as the only proposition like
ly to be admissible, viz: that, under the guar
antee of the American flag you should, with
sixteen of your officers selected by yourself,
with their arms, horses and effects leave Rivas
to embark at San Juan for Panama—that
Rivas, with its garrison, should be surrendered
to Capt. Davis—that the privates should de
liver up to him their arms, and together with
their officers, employees and citizens be trans
ported by another route to Panama, accom
panied by a U. 8. officer, and under guarantees
of the D. 8. Hag.
At 2 a.m. May I, I returned to Rivas, pro
mising your answer at 10 a. m., and per
sonally to come back, if the negotiation was
not broken off. Accordingly, at 10, I return
ed to the quarters of Capt. Davis, at the Cua
tro Esquinas accompanied again by Col.
Waters, when Capt. Davis signed the draft of
the agreement which I had made out in your
presence and to which you acceded, in view of
the determining fact—that Capt. Davis de
clared (hat he had embargoed and intended to
seize the Granada (which was therefore cer
tain), and pledged himself as to the evacuation
of the San Juan river by Col. Lockridge (which
was therefore more than probable.)
In conformity with your instructions, the
agreement in question was drawn out without
any reference to the allied rebel leaders, ex
cept when once mentioned as the enemy.
With Gen. Zavala, I interchanged courtesies in
(he quarters of Captain Davis, Jerez I met in
the same place, after signature of the agree
ment. Rut no allusion was made to it by
either, while being still negotiated or after its
conclusion.
I only observed, in reply to a remark which
had been made, that shots were fired from
both lines during the armistice ; that from the
other side they were fired on wantonly—from
ours, only when the enemy profited, by the
suspension of arms, to induce desertion or to
erect barricades, which we considered, and
would continue to consider, an act of hostility;
and that on the 11th ultimo, when wo re
turned the wounded and prisoners to the en
emy, by your directions, I myself saw them,
under cover of the white flag, attempt to raise
a barrier on the. Ban Jorge road. To this Gen.
Zavala replied, that very different orders had
been given, and that the matter should be bet
ter looked into in future, but gave me to un
derstand that the commander in one of the
enemy’s entrenched camps had very little con
trol over the other. Having brought back
this agreement for your signature, Col. Waters
returned with it to the Cuatro Esquinas, and
was to bring back Capt. Davis as soon as word
was sent that you were ready to evacuate.
I next ordered cannon, foundry and ammuni
tion to be destroyed, by breaking the trunions
and sawing through the carriages of the former,
by breaking up the steam engine, fan, anj cu
pola of the foundry,and throwing tlie ammuni
tion and powder in4o the arsenal-yard wells.
This order w*s duly executed by Lieut.
Colonels Sw’inglo and Patterson respectively,
at the head of the arsenal aivl ordnance de
purtments. In this manner were destroyed in
the arsenal two twelve-pound brass howitzers,
three six-pound iron guns, four light iron
twelve-pound mortars, four brass guns taken
from the enemy (viz. one four-pound and
three five-pound guns). In the ordnance office
55,000 cartridges, 300,000 caps, 1600 pounds
powder. There remain undestroyed 55 shell,
320 twenty-four-pound shot fired into Rivas
by the enemy, 240 six-pound shot cast of iron
from the enemy’s shot, from hell metal and
from lead.
About 5 p. m. Capt. Davis, with Gen. Zavala,
who was to escort you, both through his lines
and to San Juan, repaired to your head quarters
at Rivas, and I proceeded from thence, with
Capt. Davis and Dr. Taylor (Surgeon of the
St. Mary’s), to the lower plaza, where I order
cd the garrison to he formed, and caused your
General < )rder No. 59 to be read to them. I
then addressed them, to the effect that they
were now, by your order, taransferred to the
control of Capt. Davis, and to take protection
of the United States flag, and that I expected
they would yield to him, or to any United
States officer be should appoint, the same im
plicit obedience as to their own Commander
in-chief, until they reached Panama. I then
presented Capt. Davis, who expressed to them
the hope that officers and men would assist
him in the execution of his arduous task. He
then transfered the command, until his return
on the following day, to Dr. Taylor, Surgeon
of the St. Mary’s, who directed the men to de
liver up their arms in the ordnance office.
The state of the garrison, when delivered over
to the United States officer, was as follows:
Wounded and nick, and out of hospital, Surgeons and
hospital attendance . Ifti
Prisoners 102
Kin ploy ces of depHrtments and armed citizens HO
OlliniN, non-commissioned others and privates, ex
elusive of the 10 accompanying you to. Sun Juan 14H
Native troops 40
On returning to your head quarters with
Capt. Davis and Lieut. Swingle, we found that
you had left with your staff, accompanied by
Gen. Zavala, for San Juan del Sur, where, the
same night, I made to you on hoard the St.
Mary’s, verbally, the report which, by your fur
ther order, I hereby reduce to writing.
CHAS. FREIVC IIENNINGSEN,
Major General Nicaraguan Army.
On the arrival of Walker and his officers at
Panama, they were kept on hoard of the St.
Mary s until the 10th, when they were sent to
Aspinwall in charge of an officer and a com
pany of the Marines. The same evening they
left for the United States, Walker and a ma
jority going to New Orleans, and Ilenningsen
and a few others to New York.
From Hu* Pnnanut SUr and Il«*rnld.
STATISTIC* OF W A I.K Mil'S CAMPAIGN.
BV GENERAL IIKNNINOSKH.
The following document was given by Gen.
Ilenningsen to a gentleman in this city, who has
kindly placed it at our disposition for publica
tion.
We believe that in some particulars which
did not fall under Gen. iienningsen's personal
observation he is mistaken, ami that his state
ment of the enemy's number and loss is too
large in many instances, whilst it will be ob
served that he preserves a most guarded si
lence as to the sufferings of Walker’s men, and
gives us no insight into the “ policy” of Walker
or his administration.
The duration of the war carried on by Gen.
Walker in Nicaragua against the allied forces,
may be divided into three periods :
The first period may he reckoned from Juno
21), 1855, to April 11th, 1866, comprising nine
months, during which ho fought against 4,800
men, viz: 1,800 serviles and 3,000 Costa Ri
cans, the result leaving him, after a loss in
round numbers of 200 men killed and wound
ed, (and 1,000 of the enemy,) master of the
soil of Nicaragua.
The following were the principal engage
ments :
At Rivas, June 20, 1865, Gen. Walker com
mando^ —American force, 55 Americans and
10 natives; enemy’s force, 600. Americans
and natives killed, 11 ; do. wounded, 11 ; ene
my’s loss in killed and wounded, 800.
At Virgin, Sept. 3, Gen. Walker command
ing—American force, 45 Americans and 120
natives ; enemy’s force, 650. American loss
0 ; enemy’s loss, 160.
At Santa Rosa, March 20, 1856, CoLSchles
singer commanding—American force, 800 ; en
emy’s force, 600. Americans killed and wound
ed, 85; enemy’s loss unknown.
At Rivas, April 11, Gen. Walker command
ing—American force, 550 Americans and 200
natives; enemy’s force, 3,000. Americans
killed, 00, wounded 80; enemy killed and
wounded, 140.
The second period may he reckoned from
the Ist of September to the 12th December,
1860, terminating with the evacuation of
Granada. During this time he (Walker) had
to contend against about 7,000 men of the na
tive and Allied army, the result being, that
with a loss of 311 killed and wounded on his
side, and the loss of 2,700 killed and wounded
on that of the Allies, at the end of December
their forces were reduced to 1,600 men, thinned
every day by desertion. In fact, hut for the
capture of the lake and river steamers, the
war might have been considered virtually de
cided.
The following were the principal actions:
Sept. 1, 1856, at San Jacinto, Col. McDonald
commanding—American force, 40; Allied ar
my, 200. Americans killed and wounded, 26;
Allies, —.
Sept. 5, San Jacinto, Col. Cole command
ing—American force, 60; Allied force, 200.
October 10, at Massaya, (ien. W alker com
manding—American force, 800 ; Allied force,
1,800. Americans killed and wounded, 00;
Allies do., 000.
Oct. 13,at Granada, Gen. Walker command
TKIt MS : FIVE DOLLARS PEE ANNUM, IN ADVANCE,
ing—American force, 150 ; Allied force, 800.
(Killed and wounded, no return).
Nov. 10, on the Transit, Gen. Hornsby com
manding—American force 250; Allies, 700.
Nov, 11, same place, Gen. Walker com
manding—American force, 260; Allied, 880,
Americans killed and wounded, (on the two
days) 25 ; Allies do., 70.
Nov. 17, at Massayn, (Jen. Walker com
manding—American force, 260; Allied force,
2.000. Americans killed and wounded, 90 j
Allies do., 600.
Nov. 24, at Granada, Gen. Henningsen
commanding—American force, 270; Allied
force, 2,800. Americans killed and wounded,
160: Allies do., 1,500.
Total Americans killed and wounded during
this period, 311
Total of Allies killed and wounded during this
period, 2,700
The third period may be reckoned from the
25th of January to the Ist of May, 1857,
which terminated the siege of Rivas, and during
which time Walker had contended against over
0,000 of the enemy, with a loss to his force of
300 killed and wounded, and between 2,000
and 2,500 to that of the Allies.
The actions are classed as follows:
Jan 25, 1857, at Obraje, Gen. Henningsen
commanding—American force, 230 ; Allied do.
2,100. Americans killed and wounded, 15;
Allies do., 00.
Jan. 29, at San Jorge, Gen. Henningsen
commanding—American force 400 ; Allied do.,
2.800. American loss, 92; Allied do., 850.
Feh. 3, same place, Gen. Walker command
ing—American force, 220; Allied do., —,
Americans killed and wounded, 25 ; Allies do.,
20.
Feb. 20, at same place, Gen. Walker com
manding—American force, 300 ; Allied do., —.
Americans killed and wounded, none; Allies
do., 100.
March 4, at Jocote, Gen. Sanders command
ing—American force, 125; Allied do., 2,800.
Americans killed and wounded, 39; Allies
■ Ih., —.
March 10, at San Jorge, Gen. Walker com
manding—American force, 400; Allied do.,
2.800. Americans killed and wounded, 75;
Allies do., 500.
March 23, at Rivas, Gen. Walker command
ing—American force, —; Allied do., 2,500.
American loss, ; Allied do., 400.
April 12, at same place, Gen. Walker com
manding—American force, —; Allied do.,
2.000. Americans killed and wounded, (from
March 23 to April 11,) 52 ; Allies do., 600.
Total American loss, 299
Total Allied loss, 2100
From the foregoing, wo arrive at the follow
ing summary :
Force of Walker from the time of his
landing to May 1, 1857, nearly two
years, exclusive of Lockridge’s force 2,518
Total force of the allies, exclusive of
1,200 Costa Ricans, (if on the river
as alleged,) 18,000
Total killed ami wounded of Walker’s
force, 2,815. say 850
Total of Allied loss, 5,860
To this force of 2,518 men, the total number
Walker bad under arms during two years
since bis landing in the country, it is hardly
necessary to add the armed citizens who fought
at Granada and Rivas, because they arc, with
a score of exceptions, discharged soldiers. It
must he borne in mind that if many unwound
ed died, a large proportion of the w’onndcd
recovered.
It is estimated that during the two years, of
2,518 men enlisted or holding commissions,
there were—
Killed, or died of wounds or sickness,
about 1,000
Deserted, 700
Discharged, 250
In Rivas, on Ist of May, 435
Surrendered, or escaped on the river, 8U
Total, 2,465
Leaving unaccounted for, 58
It will be perceived from these figures, which
are substantially correct, (whatever error they
may contain being in favor of the Allies,) that
this has been no ordinary contest, either as re
gards the obslinancy with which Walker’s
men fought, or the odds against which they
were opposed, and to enable your readers to
discern that this has been no holiday work, it
will suffice to point out that in proportion to
the number engaged, the loss of the Americans
averages more than double the number lost in
the battles of Mexico, by Taylor or Scott, and
that Walker’s men were engaged against an
average of double the disparity of force which
the United Stales armies had to struggle against
in Mexico. Those who will take the trouble
to figure out the matter will discern that the
loss was, for instance, at Rivas, 11th of April,
24 per cent.; at Massaya, Nov. 17tli, 85 per
cent.; at Granada, 37 per cent.; at San Jorge
in the first battle, 23 per cent; and in the
lust, 18 per cent.; whereas, the first day’s
battle of Monterey, in Mexico, gives under 9
per cent. They will further discover, that the
average fighting in Nicaragua Ims been all
through more bloody that the memorable bat
tle of Lundy’s Lane; and w hen it is consider
ed that about 1,000 of Walker’s men have
done the real fighting, it will bo conceded that
they have redeemed the weakness or the thaine
of those who could not face prolonged endu
rance or continued danger.
At Jocote, March 4th, by the incapacity of
Gen. Sunders, 125 men, whom he commanded,
avo way before 200 of the enemy. The
wounded, which he abandoned, were slaughter
ed. His total loss wps 37 men. This was
called the Jocote races.
On the 10th March, Gen. Walker marched
to San Jorge with 400 men, two six pounders,
one howitzer, and four mortars, approached
within 400 yards and fired on the place for
near two hours, expending near 220 shot and
shell. By this fire the enemy were driven out
of San Jorge, except the church, where they
left a small guard for the wounded. One part
of their force retired back of the town, the re
mainder, favored by the broken ground, brush
and plantain patches, and numbering about
2,000 men, made a fierce attack, which lasted
about four hours, on Gen. Walker’s position,
which half the time was attacked on three
sides at once. Finally, all these attempts hav
ing been repulsed, Gen. Walker fired forty
shots more on the place, with a view to show
that he had maintained his ground, as there
was nobody in it. It was now discovered that
the enemy had got between Gen. W alker and
Rivas, where, in the hollow' road, and behind
cactus fences, they hoped to impede his re
turn, or, at least, to stop his heavy guns, mor
tars, and wagons of wounded. They were,
however, dispersed without trouble or loss, till
close to Rivas, where on one road they had
strongly barricaded a house at the Cuatro Es
quinas. On this road, one gun, a wagon, and
some wounded were wedged in on a hollow
road ; and almost as much loss was expe
rienced in rash attempts to pass this house
(w hich Gen. Walker twice rode by), as during
the whole fight at San Jorge. Meanwhile Gen,
Henningsen, who had brought up the rear
guard in excellent order, dispatched part of
his force, with the two guns, into Rivas by the
other road, which had been easily cleared.—
Finally, as night was coming on, the other
guns and wagons were driven through a plan
tain patch and brought into Rivas a(>out day
break. The total logs of Walker’s force was
seventy-five killed and wounded. loss of
the enemy is ascertained to have been 400
killed and wounded; probably much more, as
nearly 600 rounds were fired this day from
Walker’s artillery.
On the 23d of March 2,500 men attacked
Rivas. They nearly surprised, and had cut
through the door of the hospital when discover
ed. They attacked him from three sides with
great fierceness for about three hours. On
three points they succeded in occupying houses
outside the barricades. At one point they
brought up a five-pound gun, which was cap
tured, together with an Italian Licutcnant-CoG
onel commanding it, the same who was m
charge of the stores on board the Costa Rican
brig blown up by Capt. Faysscux. The en
emy were finally driven out of all these houses,
leaving about thirty prisoners, one gun and
about 6,000 cartridges in the hands of Walker.
Though the enemy had been all the morning
removing their dead, seventy bodies were
buried that afternoon by the garrison, and two
wells, one full and the other half-full of dead,
were discovered two days after.
The enemy at one time occupied half the
house in which Major Tucker’s men were quar
tered, and twenty-five were here taken prison
ers by him.
The total loss of the enemy was ascertained
to be over 400 men ; that of Walker 12 killed
and wounded.
The next attack was on the 11th of April,
an hour before daybreak, 150 Costa Ricans,
on the information of deserters, gaining the
Lower Plaza, and occupied nearly a whole row
of houses. They again attacked three sides of
the town, and succeeded in occupying some
huts, being within a thin partition of Captain
McEnchen’s quarters on the main street Gen.
Henningsen brought three pins to bear, one
in front, one on the side, and one on the rear
of the south of the Plaza, and Capt. Buchanan’s
company charging on them, seventy-three, in
cluding three officers, surrendered, the rest
having stampeded. One of the guns was then
sent tfr the relief of Capt. McEachen, and the
enemy were rapidly driven back. These and
Santa Crsula were the serious points of attack ;
on all others they had been repulsed, and by
9 o’clock, a. m., had abandoned the field,
leaving 130 bodies for Walker’s men to bury,
and 73 prisoners, and 25 wounded in his
hands; 100 more dead w'ero seen laid out at
the Cuatro Esquinas, and 225* wounded were
counted. This, however, was only part of
their loss, which, besides prisoners, cannot be
computed at less than 600 men. Walker’s
loss was 10 killed and wounded; and 55 from
the 22d of March, when the enemy first opened
lire with a 24-lb. gun on Rivas, to the Ist of
May.
The enemy attempted to batter Rivas with
two 24 pounders, one howitzer, and four 5-lb.
guns, one of which was taken on the 22d of
March.
Their twenty four pound shot, of which
they fired nearly 500 into Rivas, strange to
say, only killed one man, Lieut. Moore, and
wounded another by a falling beam—Colonel
Henry. Capt. Mann was killed by a five
pound shot, and the roofs of the houses bad
suffered considerably. Home of these twenty
four pound shot r together with all the church
bells, and another gun taken when Walker
entered Rivas in December lust, were cast inly
six pound shot and fired baclfc
When Rivas was surrendered to Capt. Davis r
the trunnions of all the guns had been broken
off, and all the ammunition destroyed..
Js T O. 12.

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