Newspaper Page Text
AVAItREN IIAEIt, Editor nml PnldUher. yol. i. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. b. A.UBKIUTT. AI-KX. BURRING. JIKHKITT K nUEHUrO, ATTOU N E Y S A T I, AW . Odlre on Main street, between Fourth ami Filth. MARIPOSA. nl t f ALEX. DEERINQ, NOTARY PUBLIC. Henry (». U or(liimtion, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. T>lHcp in Fremont's Adobe House corner Mninnml Fifth *t*. ■ Ilf MARIPOSA. R . H . DALY , COUNSELLOR AT LAWi VtISTUICT ATTOIIXKV AND .VOTARY PUBLIC; MARIPOSA. Office in the Court House Building. aH-tf •A«L »« AfIUO.V It. B HARRIS. ALISON A HARRIS, ATTORNEYS A T LAW, MARIPOSA . OmcK os Main, hktwkkn Foi kth and Fifth Ht«. altf K. It. Hall, ATTORNEY AT LAW, MERCKII KAI I-S, MERCED COUNTY. all! J . S. WATTS, JUSTICE OFTHE PEACE FOE TOWNSHIP N 0.3. Office un Main strwt, two door* bdot the Punt Office, MARIPOSA. altf ALFRED F. WASHBURN, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOE TO W NSHIP No. 3, OFFICE IX MARIPOSA. “ U 1 Ur. H. .1. Paine, DENTIST, I.ATE OF TUB FIIIM Of I’AIVK Ji UEKHS, DKXTIgTg. SAN FBANOISOO, In now permanently located at lIORNI T 0 S , lITHERK UK WILL BE HAPPY To ATTEND Tm AIJB y y in hiii profession. Having. during an extemdv*- prac lire of neventeeii years, inaile many impnn••nr nt* in the liental Art, and assisted materially in lirin-.-in-_' Dto it* pre ent hitch state of jterfwrlioß. he fetda warranted in «aying to all Iho-e wishing iß'utal operations j»erfoniied or Artificial Teeth inserted, on Mae (fold plate, that his work cannot lie excelled in the United State*. Term* moderate. < ouaultu tien* free. V. M—Dr. P will make, occa*h>nall> profe« ionnl visit* *o th*- neighboring Town*, when he will attend person* at t'owr residence*. upoa appliratiou. either br letter or other wi«e. altt DR. W. S. KAVANAUOH. •OFFICE —OS MAIN STREET, OHJ'OSITE DB. HUDBKIJ/8 DAGUERRE AN* GALLERY. MARIPOSA. at If DR. JAMES L. CLARKE. OFFICE ‘ PINK TREK HOU8B,” CORNER FIFTH AND MAIN STUEETS, MARIPOSA. altf DR. THOMAS PAYNE. $&• OPFICI—At Dr. A. D. Boyce'* Drug store, opposite the Yosemite Motel, 'laripowa.—where he may he consulted at all hour*. altf J. B. ISB AIL, DENTIST, M AIX STREET, M A lIIPOS \. 1 FORMERLY OF PHILADELPHIA. (PENN.) Iri PERMA . neatly locate ! in Mariposa, having a comfortable and ■'onveuient Office. Beat door to the Pari tic Express. with all Die necessary Instrument* and appliances. Will do any kind of work that pertain* to Die prole* .ion of Dentistry. in a manner which shall give enlir ■ satisfaction. or tin* money refunded. Arliticial Teeth inserted on Gold Plate or on Pivot, a* the case may require Teelti Plugged with pure Cold, or extracted. Children**Teeth regulated when neces *arv. and all Disease* of the Gums treated, the most of which are called scurvy of the gums. Cure, or no pay. Chloroform adininiitu-rod, If desired. Terms reasonable. Examination free. altf COOK A FENNER, COUNSELLORS AT LAW , Parsons Building, No. 140 flay Struct, a2!Uf SAX FRANCISCO. JOHN A. LENT, lllgruej' and Coinis.Ulor at Law, No 4*2 Montgomery Illock, Montgomery street, altf B*3* Fha <iciaoo. E. R. CARP EX TIER, 'COUNSELLOR AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC, Corner Merchant and Montgomery streets, al tf 8a x FR a » risen. SIGN PAINTING. ("VRN'AMRNTAI SKIXg ami GBXFRAL LETTERING, x " iii a Miperhti nianr.<i and according to the late t .-..vie*, evculed with neatness and diitpaleli. and at reason • Hie rate*. I LAV EAT, Old Fellow.*’ Hall, Mariposa. April 7lh, 1867. aB-If N. Potty, CONSTABLE, TOWNSHIP No. 1. Particular attention paid to the collection of Account*, Notes, Ac., jeiitf Jr. W, HUE Y, CONST A n LK. Will attend to the Collecting of Accounts, and all other business appertaining to his office. 4<r Orders iHi at Justice Wa.vhburn'H •flier, will be promptly allcuded to. a* II HOKNITOS, MARIPOSA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 23, 1857. MARIPOSA BUSINESS HOUSES. UNION HOUSE. B Y FRA N K WIL LI AM 8 , (Formerly of the “Franklin House.”) MARIPOSA. *r- Tin: PROI’RIETOR INVITES FRIENDS. Strangers ami Old Customers to give him a call at his New House, near the head of Main street, At the Liberty Pole: When? Board and Ixalgiugof a Unit class Hotel ran be obtained. ... To hia House are also attached .... I. I V F. Ii Y S T A B I. F ...AND BATHS! BATHS! BATHS I Those who desire the comforts and benefits of a • lean, luxurious Hath. Hot, Cold. Temperate, or Shown-, can In* accommodated, as the Proprietor spares no pains in administering to the wants of the outer aa well as the inner man. Baths Fifty Cents each. a Ilf M A RIPOSA BOOK STORE. A Jf I) NEWS DEPOT, AT THE OFFICE OF ’A ELLS, FAH(iu \ CO. J>l nI ii si reel, 31 ar 1 |»u ma . THE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECTFITM.Y inform the Public Urn* he* will keep constantly on hand a gnod selection of BOOKS, STATIONERY, FANCY ARTICLES, MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS, lYAi'eA vill hemUl at Jialet to tuit the Timet. STEAMER PAPERS, fur wmllng t.) the Atlantic State* or Europe, (in wrapper*, postage paid.) will l*e Kept on the counter, at 2.1 cents per copy. California Dally or Wn kly Paper* furnished ov the single copy or by the week. Orders for urn ti Hooka or Article as are not on hand will Ik- received and promptly attended to. Jy*tf Mariposa, July H, J. B. CONDON. NEW TOBACCO, CIGAR, AND VARIETY STORE, .... WHO?-KALE AND RETAIL OPPONITF C ASHMAN’S NEW STORE. MARIr’OHA. 33y IST c/\l tfc MoOrann. ur THE PRO PRIETO HS HAVE RECENTLY received an addition of many Articles most common in use, ami will try to ommodftte the waut-sand Lite of the Public, especially in TOBACCO AND CIGARS. (’.real pains have Lccu taken to delect a good variety of FANCY ARTICLES, Tliat are sire to suit our Customers. To enumerate ail our Articles, is useless: we will only mention NITS, BOOKS, Fill ITS, STATIONERY. BUTTER. CUTLERY, CHEESE, FANCY TOYS, GARDEN SEEDS. CONFECTIONERY, OIL, WALL PAPER, ETC., ETC. altf FURNITURE AN D HE D D TNG. MAIIIP O S A . CHARLES STURCKE ajrWOULD INFORM HIS FRIENDS AND THE Public that he has Removed his Manufactory as atiove of Furniture and Bedding, to a spacious place, nearly opposite the Post Office, Mariposa, where he is now pre pared to sell and Manufacture to order anv article in his line. He has now on hand, and will sell at ns low a price as possible, a lot of Furniture, consisting of CANE SEAT CHAIRS; OFFICE CHAIRS; ROCKING CHAIRS; NURSE CHAIRS; BEDSTEADS; BUREAUS; WASHST A NDB; TABLES. ETC., ETC. With a great variety of other Aitides In his line, too numerous to mention. All Articles that leave his Store arc warranted to 1*» what they are sold for, or no sale. altf MACHINE SHOP ... as* n FOUNDRY, BULLION STREET, Immediately in the Rear of Cashman's Nno Store. MIL N. IIASKKLL, MACHINIST, HAVI.VC IDS MA chine Shop amt Foundry now in complete working ol der, would respectfully inform his friends and the public generally, that he in now prepared to do all kinds of Cast ings to order, and will superintend in person the Making and (’.••pairing of every description of Machinery in general use in the cuinty. Be is prepared to make Castings of 1500 lbs. weight, and will warrant all of his work strong and perfect. If required, he will visit places requiring work done on Boil er* or Kngine*. altf MT MILLIARD BAMS RF.I'AIRKD. and made perfectly round and true. Also—Malls for Rondo turned. .1. A. lIKMIV, Butcher’s Sliop, M ABIPOSA, AVI) WHCII.KSAU. ASH RCTAII, HKAI.KK IN' (irocericH and Provisions, Superior Old French Wines and Liquors, Hat ana and Aiui i lean ( Igar*. French Clothing, direct from Paris. tar Miners and others are requests*! to cull and examine for themselves in-fore purvhaeiog elsewhere. altf MAIt 1 POSA HA KERY, DY O. MEYER tfc CO. MAIN rTBDT, IM WKEN IDTII AMI SIXTH, MAUIIUBA. n» thi: riioiTUKTnii ok tiik mariposa RAKK.IIV Is iilw.n. n.wly In miiinlv Families with L’.iocl, whi.lesmnr lIIIKAU j also, Ml IS and CAKKS. at l.l\ IXO I'IIK KS. UuuiiM .lull- », ISjl. «ltf " THE UNION AND ITS GOVERNMENT." fflariposa gemocrat. PCBMSIIKI) KVKHV THURSDAY MORNING, BY WARREN BAER, KDITOR AND PUB I. IBIIKK. TERMS: Per Annum. In advance f.'i (H) For alx month a. iu advioct 3 00 Single oopiea 2fl Advertisement* inewted at the lowest rate*. Kg- Kverj description of Plain and Fancy Job Printing neatly And promptly executed. [by bkqrkßt A Trip to til© Voscinite Falls. [At the requoKt of uamoroua friend* we re-publleh the account of a trip to thf-e great wonder* of Nature, written by us hut year and published In the Pkmockat.—Ki» | Wo acknowledge our inability to convey even a faint idea of the accumulated mass ol grandeur and loveliness that gradually unfolds itself to the startled gaze of the eager traveler. Even now with feelings of awe and veneration we recall the gorgeous array of the vast and wonderful combined in this superb display of the beautiful and sublime. The hand is not yet formed that, with pen, pencil, or brush, can portray even a reflection of the excessive majesty of aspect that prominently fronts the vision of the shrinking visitor. We travel to foreign climes to obtain a sight of what trav elers have written of—some renowned falls, mountains or rivers—or landscapes amid the Alps of Switzerland or the valleys of Italy. We eagerly seek after books wherein some novice traveler has magnified the sight-seeings of Europe, many of which possess no wonder ful attributes of greatness, save in the mind of the traveler, that will compare with the scenery, separately or in whole, of the Vosemite Valley. We came suddenly, abruptly in view of the Vailcy ; and then commenced ourdescent of the mountain, following a narrow and wind ing trail, until wo reached the plain below. There was no danger in our path, and if there had been, we would not have regarded it, for our eyes were riveted upon the scenery that was imperceptibly spreading and hrightnmg as wc descended the trail. A little way from the top of where wc began to go down the mountain, stands a pine tree, opposite to a very large, hold rock. On this tree you will find a sign or blaze. This mark was placed there by Mr. Peterson, the Engineer of the Mariposa and Vosemite Water Company. It defines the height of the first Fulls visible from this point, and which appears, at this distance off, like a while ribbon hung over a precipice. There was a break in the timber before us, which afforded a full view of the Valley. We hope no one will attribute to us designing mo tives, to draw travel through this county, or treat our description of the Vailcy as the rav ings of a wild enthusiast, —because wc have no other object in view than to make known to those afar off, who may have never heard of this Valley, what a wilderness of majestic beau ty they have yet to explore within the limits of our own State. As though the enchantress of the woods had suddenly waived her magic wand o’er the mountains, was this fairy scenery opened to our view. Thrilling sensations of awe perva ded our senses, which, as w’c approached, grad ually subsided into pleasurable emotions of wonder and delight, similar to those produced upon the soul by distant music echoing amid the hills and valleys in the quiet hours of mid night. Through the blue haze that lingered o’er the scene, we traced the bold outlines of the tow ering peaks of the distant range of the Sierra Nevada; while before us, or rather be neath us, spread the verdant Valley of the Vo- Semite, encased in lofty and picturesque walls of granite, and fertilized by the transparent waters of the Middle Fork of the Merced River. As we approached, the blue haze grew fainter and thinner, seeming to fade from the rocks wc neared, only to thicken in density on the more distant summits, that ever and anon w’erc opening to our gaze. Vainly, with atten tive mind, wc endeavored to catch the first sound of animated nature. We saw the cas cade leaping from its precipitous terminus into the depths below'. We knew that the river was flowing beneath us. Yet we heard not the voice of either. Hushed was the cooing of the grouse, and still w’as the moan of the turtle dove. The spell of silence was flung o’er stream and hill, and w’c appeared like intruders into the realm of Nature’s secret repose. In contemplating the grandeur of the scene, the imagination recoils hack upon itself, content to follow the reach of vision, completely paralyz ed by the magnitude of the expanding vista. Down, down we go, twisting, winding w ith the path, until we roach the meadow below'. And now’ wc first hear the gentle roar of the river, and feel the freshening breeze of the Valley. Glorious Spring was here, quickening Nature w ith her smiling presence, and lulling her to repose with her sportive zephyrs, sighing through the trees; while around, above, and before us—anywhere and everywhere—was written the majesty of God ; and our hearts bowed in all humility to the magnitude of his greatness. Change, the handmaid of Time, was most impressively visible on the face of the stupendous precipices, and by the crum bling ruins scattered near their base. When first entering the Valley, the mind becomes stupified by the immensity of the grandness to which it is opposed. Soon it begins to ad mire points of beauty in the rocks, or in the trees growing from the crevices of their per pendicular sides. And thus commencing with small objects, it slowly and gradually arrives at a contemplation of some particular height, and finally meditates upon their combined grandeur, blended in one universal harmony of perfect sublimity. Thus we rode along, glancing from summit to summit of towering rocks, until proceeding for about a rn»le and a half up stream, we came opposite the falls of what has been inappropriately called the Cas cade of the Rainbow. We say this not to re flect upon the judgment of the gentlemen who has ventured t. bestow this fanciful name upon one of the most attractive cascades of the Val ley. But inasmuch as the falls in the Valley are never of the magnitude of a catcract, and all reflect rainbows at certain hours of the day, the name might be promiscuously applied to all the cascades separately. This full of water is nearly opposite to the famous giant of the Valley, El Capitan. The stream of water which supplies it, rises in the ridge of moun tains that divides the South from the Main Fork of the Merced River, and is one of the latter’s tributaries. The volume of water run ning over the precipice will average, in sum mer, about three cubic feet per second, and is precipitated in an unbroken sheet of spray, and w’ithoul an opposing obstacle, to a depth of 928 feet below, where the stream unites with the river, after running through a narrow channel for a distance of three hundred yards. Viewed from any quarter or point of the hor izon, this cascade is very attractive. To our mind, it resembled a cambric veil, of ample folds, of the finest texture, the purest white ness, and fringed with silver fleece or silken floss. Sitting beside the cherry trees, at some fifty yards from the falls, w e were singularly struck with the graceful motion of the water in its descent, when pressed l»y the breeze. Its foldings and unfoldings—its wavings and its twistings—its contractings and expandings— possess an irresistibly attractive fascination, beyond any object on which wo have ever gazed, and one, too, from which the eyes arc drawn with the greatest reluctance. At night when onr trip recurs to our mind, we muse on its loveliness, until we again hear the noise of its waters in their fall, and see the rainbows that follow its wanderings through the air, in its downward search for the earth and the Valley. VVc make bold to call it the Bridal Veil; and tbos. who may have the felicity to witness the stream floating in the embrace of the morning breeze, w ill acknowledge the re semblance, a»»d perhaps pardon the liberty we have taken in attempting to apply so poetical a name to this Queen of the Valley. Nearly opposite to the Bridal Veil stands the Monarch of the Vale, the El Capitan of the Yosemite Tribe. It is the terminus of a ridge of moun tains, standing out in bold relief, with perpen dicular front, and rising to an elevation of 3100 feet above the level of the river that roars at his base. His stern and prominent front is the first to greet the eye of the visitor. He almost seemed to frown on us ns we passed near his base ; and on his bleached and rugged visage, the last beams of the setting sun linger with affectionate waimth. This monster of rocks stands on the left-hand side of the Valley as you go up the si ream ; and adjoining him looms up with a broad, oval top, the Signal Rock, on which the Yosemilcs lit their signal fires in the hou* of danger. The El Capitan projects farther out towards the middle of the Volley thc.u any of his kindred, and eclipses all of them for huge proportions and lofty bear ing, and is some three hundred feel higher than the Signal Rock. Opposite the Signal Rock stand three sharp-pointed peaks, almost in the position of a triangle. They are jagged, and change their shape and location when viewed from different points. They are the Three Brothers; and further up the Valley, beyond them, ami slightly thrown hack or in the rear of the Brothers, are the Twins or Two Sisters, They cannot be mistaken, for though, when looking down through the Valley, they seem as a single rock, yet when nearly fronting them they present two sharp projecting points, and arc worthy of attention from the great resem blance they bear to each other. The Yosemite Falls now f make their appear ance on the left-hand side of the Valley as you follow up the stream ; while directly opposite these Falls stands the Pyramid Rock, w hich when seen from a distance, is shaped and squared like a pyramid, but wdien viewed from its front, presents a fiat, smooth surface. At the base of this huge monster stands a board house, of 18 by 20 feet in length, with out lloor or chimney. Near this house wc stopped for the night, and prepared our sup per, which w t c ate with a hearty good relish; and after tracing the dim white line of the Yo semite Falls, which front the house on the North, and bowing in silent reverence to the Pyramid on the South, wc clossd our eyes for the night, and joyfully greeted the morning, which, when we awoke, was chock by jowl with our friend El Capitan. Our breakfast was soon finished, when mount ing our horses, we crossed over to the north bank of the river, and after pacing along through the luxuriant fern leaves, and elastic incndow r grass, for the distance of from four to five hundred yards, we arrived at the foot ol the Yosemite Falls—when, alighting from our saddles, wo visited the Falls, and stood direct ly under the falling waters, until the dampnesi TIiHM H:• FIVE DOLLABB PEE ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. of the floating spray admonished us that we were scrutinizing too closely into the secrets of Nature. The whole height of these Falls is 2,C00 feet. Its first leap is over 1,500 feet — The stream then runs foaming and roaring down a stony, steep channel, and then makes another leap of 400 feet, until it reaches a per pendicular height of 000 feet above the Valley, when, at this season of the year, it splashes, or rather drags itself down the sides of the rock, into its wide basin below. The Rapids between these Falls are nearly three quarters of a mile in length. When on the top, you can descend by a ravine, and come out under the first Falls. It requires that one should be several hun dred yards distant to justly appreciate the great elevation of this, the highest, and, during the month of May, the grandest of all the cas cades. The impression made on the mind of the beholder is, that it partakes more of the wonderful than of the sublime. The w’atcr of the last runs, or rather springs, over the preci pice, with a languid splash, striking on a pro jecting bunch of a hard strata of rock, which, when the stream above is full, it freely over leaps with great force, an I in an unbroken fall. Ridding adieu to the favorite Fails of the Yosemite Indians, we continued our tramp up the left-hand bank of the river, toward the broad and glistening front of the Sentinel Rock, at whose base the three branches of the Mer ced River join together; and opposite to which stands the North Dome, 5,178 feet high, and behind which the South Dome rears its ponder ous, towering pinnacle, unrivaled in majesty, unequaled in height, and unsurpassed in solid ified grandeur—being 4,593 feet from the river to the knob of the Dome. The Sentinel Rock which is 3,503 feet high, stands at the head of the Valley, and is equally as prominent, from its position, as El Capitan. It conveys an idea of massive magnificence, and, when viewed from either side, affords an ample view of the tremendous height of its top, and the vast di mensions of its base. Keeping it on our right, we rode along the north branch of the main stream for a mile, until wo reached Mirror Lake, on whose placid surface the whole of the surrounding heights were rctlected, with a dis tinctness and a rlearness unrivaled in beauty by the substantial precipices w hich enclose it. The water is ten feet in depth in the center of this and has a greenish tinge—covers an area of eight acres, and is formed by the waters which How from Lake Ten-nay-ia, some fifteen miles north of the Valley, and which have been dammed up by a fallen mass of rocks from the craggy steeps of the Sentinel Rock. We saw a great number of trout swimming near the surface of the w ater, and succeeded in shoot ing one while basking in the sunshine. Leaving the Lake, we returned to the junc tion of the streams, and keeping the Sentinel Rock on our left, we dismounted from our horses, and followed the middle tributary of the river, up a narrow’ ami rocky gorge, for u distance of nearly two miles, when we were brought into contact with the Vernal Falls. A grove of pine trees stand clustering around the foot of the Fails, and a large pine stands like a sentinel directly in front of the descending stream. Everything is moist and green, and the surrounding mountains en« lose the stream with a graceful slope, forming a small and al most perfect ampilbeatre. The w ater fulls in one unbroken sheet, over a level, perpendicu lar height of 350 feet; arid then following a rug ged, narrow and steep channel, it roaringly wends its way to the foot of the Sentinel Reck. Here the ideal and the beautiful prevail. An exquisite thrill of pleasure pervades the senses. The stream glides over the wall above with an easy gracefulness that fills the soul w ith ad miration. All is soft, uniform and subduing. Nothing is boisterous, irregular or misplaced. These Falls are viewed from a ledge of rocks some seventy-live yards from where the watt r strikes the bottom in its descent. The stream runs between the observer and the foot of the Falls. From this point you turn your back directly upon the falling water, and scrambling up the mountain before your face, bugging the ridge as closely as possible, and tugging and pulling your body up the insecure steep, you reach an Indian trail. Following this path, which turns to the left through a gap in the mountain, your feet soon press a wide plateau ; and from this point the beauty and the mag nificence of the scenery is beyond conception. Nature is here triumphant over Art and Ge nius. Before you rises in stupendous gran deur the towering summit of the South Dome, the highest and the most prodigious mass of solid rock in the Valley, being 4,51)3 in height. The North Dome is more perfect in rotundity, hut fails to fill the mind with so grand an idea of immensity. Side by side, between the Dome and the Nevada Falls, stand pointed conical rocks—that nearest the water fall being called the Sugar Loaf. The opening between the first pillar and the Dome affords a beautiful view* of a pointed mountain, which is also seen from Lake Mirror. This addition to the scene fills up the measure of awful solemnity, that startles the imagination, and renders it powerless to describe. To the right, fair in view’, gently roars the Nevada Falls, descending over a per pendicular wall or embatlcmcnt of 800 feet from the stream, whore the water appeare as though blow’n over the cliff in minute particles of foam, as white and ns light as the driven snow before some wintry blast. It is the Snow Drift. Here we bad the beautiful and sublime so gracefully and magnificently Mended in one harmonious whole, that the “ Divinity was stirred within us ” —when, closing our eyes for a moment upon the vast and splendid array of Nature’s mightiness, wo confessed our weak ness, and in mute silence acknowledged the | wonders and goodness of the One Eternal and Supreme “I Am!” Descending with cau- I tious and sliding steps down from this plateau for a distance of three hundred yards, you come to a transparent sheet of water, covering two acres of land. It is a hollow basin, and lies equidistant between the Nevada Falls and where the stream pitches off the ledge, and makes the Vernal Falls. The Vernal and Nevada Falls arc both made by the same stream, and the distance between the two is about one-half of a mile. This Lake has been called “ Frances,” in honor of Mrs. .lane Frances Neal—she being the first lady who had visited this Lake, and who speaks of the landscape as having fully repaid her for all the fatigue she endured in ascending to the plateau. Let no one attempt to change the name, hut rather add some other record of her courage and her love of the beautiful and grand. Leaving the Nevada Falls, you follow the stream as it runs first over a smooth, oval floor of granite, widening and spreading as it glides along, until it reaches Lake Frances. Here you sit down for a while, and watch for trout, but none are visible, and you continue to follow the stream after it leaves the Lake until it leaps over the brink ; and then, resting on a balustrade of pure granite rock, you lean over and sec the water as it precipitates itself down, away down below—making the Vernal the most graceful of cascades. Diamond drops flash and gleam on the surface of the descend ing stream, and rainbows play around its land ing place. You shudder while you bend over the balustrade; but soon, attracted by the beauty beneath, your fear is changed to admi ration, and you mount the rock, as did Mrs. Neal, and proudly exulting, can inwardly ex claim, that of all the piles of grace and gran ducr that check the range of vision, there is none so great as this. It is a magnificent am phitheatre, and the splendors of Nature’s works are nowwhere on earth manifested with such impressive richness and profusion as are here emblazoned in her giant aspect. We left the Valley with regret, and as we ascended the mountain we took one last, fond, lingering look on the noblest and the fairest scenery in the world—the equal of which we may never look upon again. The trail loading to the Valley is free from rocks, and w'nter, cold, pure and refreshing, can be had at convenient distances along the trail. The path is shaded by tapering firs and pines of enormous size, and is almost a direct lino to the Valley. By turning off to the right hand from the trail, say about two miles be fore you begin to descend into the Valley, and following a path along the mountain, the visit or ran obtain a fair view of three of the Falls in the Valley, from the summits where the streams pitch over the precipices, and also enjoy a beautiful view of the Yosemitc Falls. For four miles up the stream that forms Mirror Lake, the scenery becomes awfully vast and terrifically grand—the rocks running up to sharp jagged points, and towering in the air to a fearful height. PWTA.NCn FROM VAKIOfti rKOMJ.VK.vr PojMH Mill*. From Mariposa to tin* Valley, by tin* Mann Rro ’■» frail. 40 From the end of the trail to the head of the Valley, and the hase of the Sentinel llnek B'-, From the end of tin* trail to the Bridal Veil \y t From the Bridal Veil to the Yosemite Falla 4 From the Yo«emite Fall- to the bead of the Valley.... .'I From tlio bead of the Valley loth* Venial Falla, ... li£ From the Vernal Kalla, around up the mountain. Mind ing round by the plateau, to the Nevada Falls.. I>, Formation of the Valley. From the description wo had heard in re gard to the stiapo and extent of the Volley, we had conceived the idea that it was n long nar row canyon, with ; crpcndicular rocks, the sides formed by the river’s having worn or cut a channel by the constant wearing away of some softer strata of the base or bed ruck, which the stream encountered in its course. In this wo were most agreeably surprised. The Valley, beginning from where the Mann Brothers trail terminates at the foot of the mountain, and ending at the Sentinel Keck, at the head of the Valley, is something over eight miles in length, and will average three quarters of a mile in width. The Middle or Main Fork of the Merced River winds smoothly, with a gentle flow, between the high, perpendicular walls of granite rock, in places nearing the bases of some the more projecting and prom inent points. At the foot of the precipices aro strewn fragments of rocks which have fallen from the cliffs above, displaced by the action of the frosts, or scaled off from the inacces sible sides. The stream gracefully meanders through a large area of meadow-land, which, in places, is covered with a thick growth of fern and shrubbery. Here grows the oak, the lir, the hemlock, the nutmeg, the pine, the maple, the cedar, (he spruce, the laurel, the HI row-wood, the elder, the cherry, the plum, the poplar, the balsam, the dog-wood, and the willow. Wo carefully, yet vainly, sought for the w ide spreading bench-tree ; hut we were amply repaid for this disappointment—our search revealing the bearhorry, the raspberry, the strawberry, the gooseberry, and the ser vicebcrry. Of flowers, we found many varie ties, from tire rose to the honeysuckle, and many plants which w e never before remember having seen. The cherries were yet green, but tire berries wo obtain'd in great abun dance, and found them to possess a delicious flavor.’ The fruit-trees and the berry-hushes were vigorously flowering on tho south bank of the river, on which the snow remains long est In spring, and where the beams of the sun seldom reach. This was readily accounted for by our guide, from the fact that the \ alley runs nearly due Fast and W est in its course between the precipices, and that the fruit-trees, nourished and stimulated by the vital beams of the sun during the day, were nipped in their bloom by the blasting frosts of night. The temperature of tho atmosphere would range, probably, during the day, in the shade, at seventy-six degrees of Fareuhcit; at night, the air is cool and refreshing. NO. K>.