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VOL. I....NO. 8.
CHARLESTON, S.O., TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 18C5. PRICE FIVE CENTS. THE CHARLESTON DAILY NEWS, ICATHCART, McMILLAN & MORTON, PROPRIETORS, INTO. 18 HAYNE-STEEET. TERMS?CASH. DAILY?ONE YEAR.-.$10.00 DAILY-SIX MONTHS.5?00 DAILY-THREE MONTHS.? ?? j?- Single Copies FIVE CENTS. ??-Ncws Dealers supplied nt a liberal discount. ADVERTISING. One Square, Ten Livres, one insertion, ONE EOL LVR AND ?TFTY CENTO. Each cori?nuaUon, SEVENTY-FTVE CENTS. Lees than a square, TiFTKEN CENTS PER LD?E for Brst insort?on ; HALF PRICE for each<nntinnation. 1NTERES1MGINTELLIGENCE Two Days Later frc* ttw Korth. Special Telc?T.-nplilc ?Ispatrhcs to the A?a gutfiu Count itntionulist. New YonK, AuguBt 17. -The HtraWs Quebec correBpondorit says : Tlie Canadian debt irxeccds -jjovonty-five million dollar?. Political t?fiairs are in a very ticklish condition. But little additional money has been deposited eince yesterday. Relativo to Ketchum'B robberies they now say -the amount is half a million. The Times* special from Washington says : The fioccah object to the establishment of colored ?schools, and aro beseeching Gen. Howard to have them removed. They allege, among other rea eons, they will cause real estate to depreciate. Wirts:'? trial has again been postponed The Herald sayB that all the soldiers now in the :flold except thoso of Sherman's army will have teen paid up to the 30th of June last. A number of citizens from Richmond have been several days waiting to call on the President with a delegation concerning pardons. The self-eon ?titutou committee visited the White House yester day, and -were addressed in a friendly way by the President, who inquired where they were from. A member of the delegation, in & pompous style, re plied, "We are proud to Bay we'are from the city of Richmond.' ' The President remarked ho did not see any occasion for pride on that account, turning his back, and devoting his attention to other business, thus ending the interview. New Yobh, August 17_English papers by the China are filled with accounts ana speculations concerning the Atlantic cable, but contain no defi nite intelligence. Fortress Monroe, August 18.--Much excite ment wae caused by the explosion of a magazine containing a large quantity of powder and ammu nition, the property of the lato rebel government, stored in a small wooden house, known as the Tre degar arsenal. Fragmenta of shells were thrown miles around. Persons living near had to tlee for their lives. Abpy, August 16.?Up to 1 o'clock thiu afternoon -there waa no signs of anything from the Oreat Eastern. Arrlvnl of the Steamship McClellan at IIIHo? llrn.l. The steamer. McCleUan, from New York on the ICth, arrived at Hilton Head on Saturday. We are indebted to Sears A Co., news dealers, Charles ton Hotel, for full files of Northern papers of the 36th, from which wo make the following summary of interesting news : The World, of 15th, has the fouowing.telcgram from Washington concerning THE TOTAL OP JEFF. DAVIB. As t ho result of careful inquiry, it in be lie ve ?1 that there is an unwillingness on the part of a portion of Uie Cabinet to have Jefferson Davis tried for treason, while there is reason for assorting that the President is persistent in having him brought before a civil tribunal. Chief-Justice Chase is ex pected to arrive here in the course of a few days for consultation with the President aa to the time, the manner and the place which shall be d?sign?t ed. The ablest counsel in the United States are also being consulted upon the subject There is a fixed determination on the part of the Executive that there shall be an immediate and fair trial, by a jury of the country, for bigh treason. A Washington dispatch to the Tribune, August 15th,nays: INTERNAL REVENUE PWIHIOK. Tho Commissioner of Internal Revenue has de cided that where a person purchases trees of nur serymen to till orders previously obtained, and delivers the same at different stations on the rail road, either by himself or his agents, he is required to take - out a dealer's license for euch and ovory station at wir -h he delivers the trees. The same decision will apply to his agents. THE CABLE. A special dispatch to the Associated Press, dated Heart's Content, August 14, tin Aspy Bay, August 16, sayt): We bave just heard, through a schooner named the First Fruit, which arrived at Harbor Orucu on ' August 14, that at four o'clock A. M., on tho 6th of August, she saw the Oreat Eastern and a large screw steamer in latitude 51.40 North, longitude 38 Went. At ' : o'clock A. M., on the same day, sho saw a beacon buoy, with a flog marked "Great Eastern, No. 5." The ships were at the time about five miles Southeast from the buoy, and the wea ther was exceedingly thick and foggy. The captain of the First Fruit endeavored to near , 'the- steamer,, hut owing to a calm was obliged to give up tho effort. - The bc?ow ?tourner went alongside the schooner and spoke-with her. The captain of the steamor (which is supposed to bo the Terrible) hiformed the captain of the schooner that the cable parted on tho 3d instant, and that the buoy was the mark where the cable was last seen. v ^TFheaptO?in of the schooner further sUtos that ' he is not certain ?f the exact position of the-buoy, having bad no observations for several days. ., . . The ne w? caused ?mite an excitement among the fearful inhabitants of Heart's Content. We had been expecting for several days that somo disaster had occurred to the fleet, out were not prepared fbr < the ue tl?al announcement when it ra5**?^ * We do not, however, give up the ex pedition as a failure, as when last seen tho steam? i?8^0?"? endeavoring, to .discover the location o? the buoy, showing that they had not abandoned all . ^^9.? cvonlually laying the cable. " V^:??ckay, the aapermtondemV of the New foundland telegraph line, is yet, hopeful, that the . G/ealyEMteni wilT arrive in tho course of a few days with the cable all right. ,.I MEN dobcribi) to you the deep disappointment whichpreraito among the people in general. j~i AP**^J*,l]*/iiHS*i'ttas iHtt ?act thai the general feehng is, after bo many-failures, that the Atlantic cabio is a thing which will never be successfully " aed. iloWaftor.fl from) St, Johoa a*Jd otheTtoiacoa bave gone home, and the reporters and telegraph ers aru'411 that remain of-tho thousands who 11 lied th,o v?lagtj laut weok. At the time of the cable breaking it was about cix hundred miles distant from tlie coast of New foundland. Tho special Washington correspondence of the Wvrld, under dato uf Augu?t 10, has tho fall owing: THE WERTZ TRIAL POSTPONED A PAT. The trial of Oaptain Wcrtz was to havo com menced to-day, but has been 1'uTthor postponed wtQ to-morrow. Thin morning, several govern ment witnesses were in attendance, and there arc ithers in tho cily who can at any moment bo sum moned. Tho accused ho? for com mol Judge Hughes, Clon. J. W. Denver, and Messrs. Puck and Schilde. The prisoner its a Swiss by birth. When tho United States "forces captured New Orleans, ho do??rted his plantation antlntjrroes in Louisiana and, with his wife and throe ohihlrcn, went to Vichsbnrg. In 18C3 the rebel government sent him to Europe as a military commissioner. Ho remained Uioro-eight months, when, returning to Richmond, by running the 'Wiimiiigton 'blockade, he wa? appointed on assistant adjutant-general, with th? rank of cap tain, and assigned to the command of tho Andor boe ville prison. AFT.tmS IN MOUTH CAUOZJMA. General Schdficld, commanding tho Department dt North GnTolina, arrived in town this morning. Those who havo conversed with the general repre sent affaire in North Carolina as much moro satis factory thamifl represented in malicious Associated Press dispatches from Raleigh, SPLENDID CAVALUT UEOrME?IT. The Sixth regular cavalrv, formerly the old Se cond while under command of General Robert E. Lee, haB just received three hundred now recruits, all of whom have served in tho war as voterans. This regiment is now in splendid condition, and was ordered to Texas a short time since, but is at present hi camp near Frederick, Maryland. CHANGE IN THE PATEMT OFTICE. Commissioner of Patents, Ho^oway, finding it impossible to remain in his position under the ar bitrary ruling of tho new Secretary of tho Interior, insisted on President Johnson's accepting his re signation. Tho President has declined sevcriU times, but to-day finally acceded to his renacefcj and appointed ex-Congrobsmau Theaker, of Ohio, in his place. The latter genli'man has ho on for r?verai years ono of tho principal examiners of patents. PREBTOH KING'S APPOINTMENT. The appointment of Preston King as collector of New York, created as much surprise here as in New York. Evon late last night there wo? not an intimation outside of cabinet officers and high offi cials of the treasury that such a change had been made. The new collector was observed at the White Houho yesterday, but as he has made his home with the President since April, that simple fact suggested no inquiry. There were no New York pouticians in town, save one of small promi nence, and tboy certainly could not have been aware, therefore, of the imminence of the change. Mr. King left for Now York in the morning trahi. INDIAN commissioners. The commissioners to visit tho Western Indian tribes, composed of Judge Edwards, of the Land office ; Colonel Parker, of Grant's staff: General Homey, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and General Herron, loave this city to-morrow morn ing, accompanied by their secretaries, en route for 8t. Louis and the plains. They will specially visit those Indian triboB who have forfeited their annui ties by joining tho rebels in tho late war. PROTEST AGAINST CABINET MEETINGS AT THE WHITE HOUSE. It is said that Secretaries Stanfon and Harlan, and Attorney-General Speed, have protested against any more cabinet meetings being held at the Ex ecutive mansion during the summer months, on ac count of its unhoalthiuess. A LOUISIANA UNION MAN. The statement that ex-Governor Wickliffc, of Louisiana, i? here to be pardoned, is erroneous. He has been a Union man throughout the war, though residing all of the time in that State. PERSONAL. Senator Gorrett Davis, of Kentucky, and General Horace Boughton, of New York; General Hovey. of Indiana, and Generals Schotield, Wherry and Crocker, are in town. Governor Morton left for Indiana to-night. PAMJON8. Some thirty persons were pardoned to-day. The only ones of prominence wore ex-Senator Benja min Fitzpntrick, of Alabama, who was at one timo Vice-President pro tent., and William Byrd, of Memphis, Tenn. J. T. Souther, of Now York, was also amnestied by the President to-day. SECRETARY BEWARD'b HEALTH. Notwithstanding tho arduous labors of Secretary Seward, since his return from Cape May, his health continues satisfactory, relieving the apprehension that the duties of the State Department might prove too exhaustive for his recently shattered en ergies. THE DEFALCATION OF A. P. HTONE. A P. Stone, a collector of internal revenue of Ohio, was, it is ascertained, a defaulter to tho amount of $93,000, His sureties are bound in the sum of $100,000; they ore perfectly responsible, and will satisfy tho Government. INTERNAL REVENUE BUSINESS. Nearly #400,000,000 have passed through tho In ternal Revenue Bureau since its organization, and so far it has not sustained the loss of a singlo dol lar bv any misconduct of any of its officers. The last day's* receipts from internal revenue are about 11,600,000. HOBBY'S MOVEMENTS. Colonel J. S. Mosby loft Alexandria on Thursday evening for liis home in Warrcnton, there to re main until the further orders of the War Depart ment. Such was the excited feelings, it ia said, against him on the part of the citizens and soldiers, that his life was in danger vhile he remained in Alexandria, several persons, whom he had deeply wronged dining the war, having armed them selves to kill him. EMIGRATION FROM BREMEN. The Department of State haB received advices from the united States Consul at Bremen, in which it is represented that during the next six months of this year, from Jnnnary 1 up to Juno last, 1865, the emigration to the United States through the ports of Bremen, amounted to 16,700 emigrants, in fifty-six vessels, against 15,063. in sixty-two ships, in 1863. During the first six month? in 1865, the emigration through Hamburg amounted to 155,600 emigrants, which gives a total addition to our population of nearly 31,000 souls in six months. And from those two ports only a fan larger emigration to the United State? is expect ed this fall and next spring, and ah nnmnial num ber of vessels have already been chartered for that purpose. DEUVEBY OF SEVEN-THIRTY BONDS. Th? delivery of the remaining seven-thirty bonds will bo made by tho 26th hist. The delay has been caused by the exhaustion of tho blank forms of tho smaller denominations, six or seven million of which in amount have to be printed to meet the demand. The Tribune of the 16th, has the following : Rear Admiral D. D. Porter has been appointed. ad interim, chief of the bureau of navigation ana detail of the navy department. This appointment tills the vacancy caused b-r the death of Captain Perciva! Drayton. Gov. Brownlow.of Tennessee,'in consequence of having received intelligence that the franchisa law was not complied with in many places in the recent election in that State, has iomied a procla mation making provision for propounding certain questions to county officers, for the purpose of ascertaining tho facts. Ho aleo aake for'informa tion from loyal citizens on the matter, and assure? them of his determination that they shall not bo cheated hy any evasions of tho act allndcd to. James Mitchel, aaan of John Mttohel, reached rortrofts Monroe on Wednesday evening, to neok an interview with hia father, which wVU refused by Gen. Miles, the post commandant. ./ .A Boston paper states that the principal hotels of that city havo bad all their stock c4 tugar* seiaed by; national officer-, for allowed iiiftac?ohs of the internal revenuo laws. -Gold or wed on Saturday ift-H&?, sola' at HI, then rallied to 142, and cloned strong. ^Oovern ment bonds wore dull and steady, with tho excep tion of 7.80t?, which show a declino of ] per cent. M F. JUGO ANO THE WaWl INUIES. A Revolution in Havana?Tur. Reactionary Tau- i ty?Petition to the Progressive Con ans?Tur.; French in Sonora?Tue Minino TtuoioN of So- j NORA?Population of Sonora?The Yaquis and the French?The French Scientific Expedi tion nv Mexico?Places Visited dy the Expe dition and What it has Found. Havana, AuguBt 9. A REVOLUTION IN HAVANA?TUX REACTIONARY TARTY. The whirlwind which has bo violently and unex pectedly shaken Yankee land has been felt not only in the United States, where it originated, but also I in our immediate neighborhood, where it now be-1 gins to act. Ile volutions, if not civil wars, arc con- j taginus; they forcibly inoc?lalo themselves into other people. The Island of Cuba; the Island I Queen us it is called, queen by the grace of beauty j and wealth, has caught the contagion, and is at present engaged in tho laborious work of modifying I its institutions. The movement has not assumed yet tho character of revolution in its own aspect, although intrinsically it presents as radical a re form as auy one we have at?compliahcd. Ab I have already said, the island is divided between two par ties?the native party, or Cubans proper, who are demanding an extension of tho right of suffrage, a greater amouut of local freedom, and the grad ual abolition of slavery ; and the foreign or Span ish party, or more properly speaking, the party of office-holders, headed by M. Dulce, the Captain General, who is opposing the reforms proposed by the Cubans, under the pretenco that the political ai'i?'miletion of Cuba (now under an exceptional government) with Spain would be untimely ana dangerous, i much in conacquenco of the ?ivors ity of race as the difficulty of abrogating the "pat ronage" exercised by tho planterB upon the labor ers, f I have now under my oycB tho petition of the Cuban office-holders to tho Queen, and a letter published in tho EpoCA qi Madrid, the organ of the present ministry, containing the grievances of the Cubans?grievances, tho redresB of which is supported by the aforesaid journal. Both docu ments are characteristic of the parties whose opin ions they represent; that presented by tho reac tionists is especially marked by a vagueness ?>f ex pression and by generalities about the danger of innovations, the impossibility of cxtentling politi cal rights to all classes, and by a formal and ilia tiuct opposition to the Abolition of slavery. A noteworthy passage, to which I call your atten tion, is that m which slave trading ie condemned as an immoral traffic which public opinion con demns. Suppose that, suspecting tho sincerity of that opinion, you happen to turu the page, what will you see at the end of the document ? AlnH ! nothing moro or less than the signatures of the most prominent slave-traders of Cuba, such as Julian dc Zulncta, the Marq?ese of Mariaudo, Francisco Marty y Torrens, Antonio do la T?r nente, Gonzales Larrinogn, Tuon Perez Calvo, Ruiz Leon, aud a lot of others. Does not this contradiction between words and acts make the petition of tho reactionist? a hypocritical exposi tion of aentiments resting upon no single truth, and having no other incentive but tho interests of thoso who nave signed it ? PETITION OF THE PROGRESSIVE ?7UBANS, Quite different is tho petition of the progressive Cubans to the Queen. As far as I can judge from i the letter published iu tho ?poca, the complaints of tho latter rest upon indisputable moral ground, upon tho increase of vicee and crimes in Cuba, resulting from tho present system of government, upon the necessity of granting political privilege? by tho assimilation of tho Spanish colonies to the metropolis, and upon the urgency of reforming slavory, auch aa it exists at present. Tho petition ers, wno consist of the best aud wealthiest inhabi tants of Cuba, state, among other things, that they hope that the defence of Cuban's rights, presented before tho Cortes by several of its mombers?a de fence the publication of which was, by tho way, prohibited in Cuba?will be continued, and that tho words of the Dnke La Torre, asking whether Span ish colonies would always have been treated as the illegitimate children of Spain, will be remcmbei*Hcl as a forerunner of the reforms which Cuba needs and claims. ENTRANCE OF THE FRENCH DJ SONORA. . Correspondents in Sonora, attending the French expedition in that region, describe it as a most beautiful country, as a real heaven oil earth. The valleys are especially delightful. They are planted with pine, cedar, oak and ebony, and are teeming with all sorts of game. Watered by numerous stream?, and covered with everlasting green, they are moat prolific, and will produce two crops of maize a year. Tue Jesuits who, from 1570 up to 1710, had established in the country several hos pitals, had built in these valleys bonica far the con valescent. It was usual to say that the patients who were sent to these houses were sent to the paradise of Sonora. THE inNTWO? SEOXON OP SONORA. The great wealth of the country consists, how ever, in its mines which, on account of their im portance and character, deserve a special descrip tion. It is impossible, at present, to givo accurately their location and number, Sonora having never been settled by the Mexicans, owing to the disturb ed condition of their government and the selfish ness of their leaders. The most reliable account, I think, is that given in 1776 by the Qommandancia General, a Spanish ?company who had the monop oly of tho mines in Mexico. At that time the dis covered deposits of gold and silver exceeded the number of thirty. Most of them have been worked since, and are still producing very handsome re sults. Among the richest are La Naguolla, Saint Xavier, Preciades, Tajo, Babicanoro, Ban Jose do Gracia, and L'Amada. POPULATION or SONORA-THE YAQUIS AND THE FRENCH. The whole population of the State amounts to about one hundred and thirty thousand inhabi tants, including the Indian tribes, such as the Apaches, the Mayos, the Papayos, the Opatos and the Yaquis. The latter are the most numerous, and possess, on the river of that name, somo very fino villages and buildings. The Yaquis can put under arms from ten to twelve thousand warriors. This was their number when they attempted to drive the Spaniards out of their country in 1740 and in 1825, On both occasions the struggle was a long one, and was marked hy unheard-of atroci ties. Finally they were vanquished. Since that time they have lived in open hostility with the whites, and have refused to acknowledge any kind of government. Notwithstanding their savage nature the Yaquis are said to bo better than other Indian tribes. Sober and industrious, yet at times gay, aud always passionately fond of the dance, they have, like tho French, a congeniality of habits, the offect of which haB obviously been very favorable to tho latter. Wherever the French eoldierahave gone,' their cordiality and openness of manner? has found an echo in tlie hearts of tlie Yaquis, who ?b delighted U> find in his conqueror a man who shares with him his brandy and-his money, who is particularly gallant with i_?: ladles, and very fond of amusement and dancing.. All tho Yaquie who have been reached have sworn inviolable attach ment to the French, and have, with the mass of their countrymen not yet visited by ?rouch troops, rejected all the advances made by Juarez and his friends. Formerly they were fondly attached to the Jesuits, who under? tood them 'well; and com posed for them dancing tunes and ballets, with which they have amused themaelveo for the laet century. UEA?TY OF ISS YAQCIJS WOMEN. The women of that tribe aro generally very beautiful, short, with ellgbtty brownish skin, long hair, large eyes, elegant waists and fino form??. Also, they justly boast of having given tho name of Sonora to tho State, and are .fond of relating how it happens that the beauty of one of their ?ox was tho origin of that appellation. In 1580, when the Spnniurds explored, for the first time, th<;ir rieh und wealthy country, they were well received by flu? chief of a tribe * of Cnyoins. whose wife, young nud handsome, was related to the ancient Yuqui/, prints. This woman and her husband treated the Hpaniurds with great hospitality. When, on their return, they spake of the regions they had visited, they called it the country of the handsome Se?ora, the land of the handsomo lady.' This name was, by euphony, changed into tlio name of Sonora, which bus been officially adopted since 1710. arras of sonora. The most important cities of that country are Uros ; the capital, Hermosillo, situated at about one hundred and thirty miles from the gulf of Califor nia ; San Fernando do Guaymas, possessing an ex cellent harbor, and considered, with reason, us ono of tho best on tho Pacific (the French have lost landed there); Onosura, Guadalupe de Altar, Aris pa (which, till 1782, has been the capital of the state and the residenco of Spanish authorities); Horcas itns, Scncguilla, Hostimun. Alamos, Sonora, Scuta Cruz de Mayo, with a small harbor visited by the coasters of Lower California, and La Liberiitad, with a good and safe harbor. It was through that city that our government used to send, with J . 1 rez's authorisation, arms and material.of. w m/?> t he corps of army encamped in New <\?)o* * ^u the frontier of Texas. J Ik the french scientific expedition, f^y1- \ The French scientific expedition appointed by tho government to do in Mexico what Champoluon and Geoffroy St. Hilaire did, at the end of the last century, in Egypt?that is to say, give a report of Mexican antiquities?has begun, and is now prr> secuting its difficult labors?difficult in u'.ore than ono sense, because to tho knowledge required to describe the nature and oharactcr of what is found, uro added the perils of overrunning a wild coun try, among populations excited by rumora of war, and not always friendly. The expedition is ilivideu into four commit-.; es?committee on medical and Datara! edenes, committee on physical and chemi cal science, committco on history, language and archeology, and committee on statistics, political economy and public works. The three firHt numbers of tho work undertaken by the expedition have already bcon published. Among these articles already published I find some instruction given to travelers by the vari ous committees, a note on the hydrographical ex plorations of the coast of Mexico by Rcar-Adniiral Jurien do la Gravioro, a noto on the exploration of tho rainerai deposita by Mr. Combes, Information given by M. lo Baron Groa on the ancient monu ments of Teotihuacan and Xochicaleo, and a no tice of Mr. Roger Dubos on tho mineB of the State (?f Chihuahua. Tho second number of the work contains on article upon tbo making of the pulque, tho favorite beverage of tho Mexicans, by Mr. Uoussingaidt; an article on tho medicine in Mexi co, by Mr. Leon Cindet, and a list of the works of fered to tho expedition. In the third number there is a memoir of Mr. Do Quatrafaycs upon the maps, made up by Malte Brun, under the title of "Ethno graphy of Mexico," and a map of Yucatan; a report of Baron Larrey on tho works inserted in the Me dical Gazette of Mexico, a summary of tho sitting? of the expedition, by Mr. Anatole Durny; an arti cle relating to agriculture; an article upon tho artesian well of Santiago, and a note on cottou culturo in the State of Chihuahua. PLACES VI81TED BY THE EXPEDITION AND WHAT THEY HAVE FOUND. The parts of Mexico hitherto visited by the ex pedition are those most important for archeology and antiquities. Several caravans of explorers have already started from Merida, and aro located in the various regions of tho ruins. Fholographic proof-sheets and very handsome drawings uro al ready iu circulation in Moxico. Tho next steamer will bring several collections, which will give an idea of the artistical wealth of the country. They will contain palaces, pyramids, temples, &c, far superior to those found at Palanque. The prov ince of Oajaca and tho shores of the Pacific are also explored. There tho commission has found hieroglyphic tables, a few fragments of sculp ture, and a few symbols of ancient divinity, among which is a god with a parrot's head, which seems very odd, and is an object of much disserta tion among French Bavons. If any ono happens to come into the hall whero they meet nothing else is heard of but Aztecs ond Toltecs. Those who are acquainted with Egypt pretend that the scientific ruins of Acahuai ami Yucatan are still more fruit ful than those on tho shores of the Nile. The Committee on Public Works havo also the task of studying the ground for the opening of an inter oceanic canal through the hikes or from Colon to Panama. ThiB project is, as everybody knows, a favorite ono with tho Emperor of France, who was already contemplating it when confined in the prison of Ham as u political prisoner and us a pre tender to the crown of France. Our Steam Marine. Since the close of the rebellion, the steam ma rine of this port has received large and numerous additions, partly of vessels that had been uued in the navy and for government purposes generally, and partly of new steamers. Manv are still so em ployed that will, by and by, bo added to the mer chant marine; but at present there are 629 steam vessels registered at Una port, representing 41,5,065 tons burden. Of this 70,000 tons aro employed in the coasting-trade alone. Sailing ships henceforward will only find employ ment in transporting tho coarser staples. of com merce, such as coal, timber, oil, heavy machiner v, and a portion of the crops of cotton and bread stuffs. Ports which before tho rebellion seldom were visited by a steamer now havo their steam 1'ii.s, and plans are now making to extend our steam commercial enterprise to distant points hitherto not possessing sufficient advantages to guarantee a fan* pecuniary return for tho risk. In less than a year we abaft, doubtless, be in communication with China, Japan, and the Sandwich Islands, by steam, and our lines will be extended to Brazil, saving many days in time and much expense. There is also a movement, inaugurated by tho Messrs. I.cary, for an American line of steamers to Europe. They will dispatch tho Circassian on the 19th instant, for Southampton and Bremen. The old Havre line is also to bo revived with tho Ara go and Fulton. Wilmington and Manchester Railroad.?The first train through to Manchester. S. C, by the Wilmington and Manchester road is advertised in this morning's paper to leave here to-night, at eleven o'clock, and will arrive at Wilmington, in return daily, at four A. M. This road will connect at Florence- with the Northoastern Railroad to Charleston, and the Cheraw and Darlington Rail road from Florence to Cheraw. Owing to tho un finished road between Columbia and Manchester, there is no roil communication established as yet, but a line of stages are now running between the two places. . The great advantages that tho opening of this road affords to Wilmington, at the present, havo been 'spoken of before. Being the first line of communication yot opened entire with the South, and running through a scope of country, the larger part of which is immensely rich, and which heretofore has had no transportation for tho pro duce accumulated, it must necessarily be of greater advantage commercially than would at a moment be anticipated. Cotton and turpentine ho m piles along this road awaiting this reopening, that a de pot for its sale might be established here. The majority of this cotton is of tho best staple-^being raised in South Carolin?, Georgia and the States further South, and will, in any market, command tho best and hicheet price paid for the raw-article. I W?mitigton Herahi. 17<h intt. _--?- - ?.-j? The racing week at Saratoga closed oh Satur day. Tho running comprised a hurdlo race, a walkt over, a mile dash, and a handicap race. Tho lat ter was tho feature of tho day, no less than seven heats being rrin before the contest was decided in favor ol Thunder. The owners of Fleetwing ?hal lengod Kentucky to run a four mile race on Mon? day, but the challenge was declined. The Provost Marshal of Mobfio has issued an or der requiring the arrest of negroes found upon tbo streets after 9 o'clock at night without passes from their employers. He has also given notice that negro testimony is not valid against white men. *? <?? . - Brigadier-General Sent is appointed Provost Marshel-Gsneral of Texas, Wnll-Stre? t Convulacd. FAILURE OF ONE OK THE LAROBItT HUMS IN THE RANFU?O QUARTER? PORCINO AND AHSCONIHNO Of THE JUNIOR l'ARTNER?1IIH DSFABTOBS WITH $2,500,(100. The latest excitement in Wall-street, and proba bly the greatest for a number of years, is the an nouncement of failings in distinguished finiimrial circles. The old and honored firm of Blown. Mor ris Kotchum, Son A Co., has failed for an immense ' amount of money, and Edwin B. Ketehuin, the lato manager of the concern, and the ?on of the senior partner, has suddenly disappeared, and a? funda to thu amount of $2,000,000 are found to be missing at the sumo time, the conclusion is that the young man has absconded with the money or its equiva lent in bad debts. Mr. Kctchnm, Br., resides at Westnort, Conn., and was telegraphed night before last try Mr. Bolk nap of the firm, that his presence was required in town. Mr. Ketehum arrived yesterday morning, and for the first time learned the character and extent of the astounding frauds which had been perpetrated by his son. Ho immediately directed the bonne to suspend payment, and make an in vestigation into tho condition of it? affairs. Tho ? ?stigation shows that the frauds wore perpe trated on the house to a great extent by abstract ing the collaterals, which bankers ami brokers had leit with them as hypothecations of loans, and on which advances had been made. As far aa ascer tained, the members of the house arc of the opin ion that they will be able to pay fift v cents on tho dollar. All the remittances received yesterday morning from their correspondents, Mr.'Kctchuni directed to be specially deposited in one of thu city banks to tho credit of the partios concerned. Mr. Ketehum ?b the senior, and has been esti mated to bo worth from $5,000,000 to $6,000,000. CHARLES ORA11AM A CO.'S LOSS. Mr. Edward B. Ketehum is said to havo forged gold-cheeks upon the Bank of New York to the amonnt of $200,000, which rumor increases to the possible amount of $250,000. The gold-chccka were taken from a book procured in Juno last, os tensibly for the use of CharlcB Graham ?V Co., who having made a deposit, drew a check or left their sip;naturcs with the Bank of New York, which acted as the custodians of gold for speculator h and brokers. Tho checks wcro numbered from 58,501 to 50,000, both inclusive, and wore for $5000 each, and it is supposed wero all used, making an aggre gate of $250,000. The entire filling of tho checks was a forgery, and tbey were used as collaterals and held for loans. Of course, they were not presented for payment. They were not well executed, and their appoaranco should havo disclosed tho fraud at an early pe riod. They were mostly used among country and German houses, and the Fourth National Bank loaned upon them to the extent of $225,000, to par tics outside of tho banks of both Ketehum and Graham. It is stated that in addition to this for gery of gold-checks, Mr. E. B. Ketehum ha3robbed the firm of which ho wae partner and activo man ager of a large amount of securities. The sum is Elaced as high as $2,000,000. Mr. Graham, whoso usincsa has been mauged by Mr. ?. B. Ketehum for the past two months, being ill, is a loser to tho extent of $280,000. The street was filled with rumors of other loa?ea and failures, and a general panic prevailed. Very low quotations were consequently mado in tho stock market, and thore was little buying at tho close of the day. The principal character in this case, Mr. E. B. Ketehum, is a, youthful, dashing man, and waB entrusted with largo Bums of money. The tale of his transgression iu brief and easily to be traced. Living daily in tho atmosphcro of Wall street, he became infatuated- with the gambling spirit of that locality. He cast and lost. Little by little, he was led in deeper and deeper, until, to gratify Ida gambling propensities, he wont at any length and all lengths, swindling not only the concern over which ho had Bway, but oven commit ting the crime of forgery to accumulate the means for fresh gambling. Yet he carrietl this load upon hia brain and conscience bo quietly and skillfully that no one of those who were in every day contact with him dreamed of his guilt. He was seen, on Sunday night, to leave his father's house with a small black carpet-bag, which, now that ho is gone, is remembered to have appeared stuffed full of bank notes, Government bonds, or something of the kind. He has departed, and may never be ar rested, but hie punishment will be groat wherever he goes, and the dark close of his careor ia merely a repetition of the conclusion of many a wild drama that has been enacted in Wall-street, where gold is fcver the soul of tho plot THE LAST EXPLOSION. Morris Ketehum has for many years?pchans forty?been a shrewd, observing, cautious, thrifty Srivato banker in our city. Helias grown gray in evotion to money-making, and has ucen general ly supposed quite successful. No one who knows him has deemed him worth less than $1,000,000 any time these ten years: and if we had been asked to name the private banking houses of our city in the order of their wealth and stability respecuve ly, we should probably have placed MorriB Ketehum & Co. second on the list. Suddenly, there is a crash I There are fraud ulent gold certificates afloat 1 Some one muet have forged them 1 A good many " smell woolen." and there is a general scrambling and peering to see who arc and who are not "stuck." Tho younger Ketehum turns up missing ; and the father, sum moned posthaste to the city by telegram, arrived yesterday morning io learn that his son has forged gold certificates, and sold hypothecated stock?, and overdrawn accounts, and swindled right and left to the tuno of some two millions of dollars or more? nearly all of which he ia presumed to have lost in reckless, luckless stock speculations ; and that Ketehum & Co. havo no choice but to stop pay ment 1 We trust that the first aspect of the caso is the worst. We hope to hear within a week that tho house of Ketehum ft Co. has resumed payment, and that its respected head can and shortly w?lre tirc with enough to support him in comfort for tho rest of his mortal life.?N. Y. Trilnine, IfA. ? Front IVxas?Arrival of Gen. Sheridan. [Correspondence New York Tribune.] Brownsviixe, Texas, July 25?Gen. Sheridan and staff came up to this point yesterday from Gal vos ton, and were received by Gen. Steele, com manding the Department of the Bio Grande. On the staff ore Col. M. P. Small, Col. Sawtello, Lieut. Col. Glicselin, Major GiUcapie, Major Parsons and Major Kiss. " , This visit of Gen. Sheridan io the Headquarters of tho Department of the Bio Grande is only one of an unimportant nature. He will remain at this place two days, and will, during that time, take a look at the Quartermaster's Department and tho sanitary arrangement? hero. At present everything will be found very quiet by the General, and he will only have some sanita rv matters to claim his attention. From tho other sido of the Bio Grande he will hear of nothing to break in upon the general aspect of tranquil vigi lance observed on both aides of tho river. This place and Matamoras are both full of spies? who report to each other's headquarters anything of importance that takes place on the river. Pj SANITARY. The sanitary state of the army of tho Rio Grande is fair, in spite of bad water, a burning sun, and at atmosphere filled with dust. "Dango fovor" is prevalent This ie au-o called "hone fever," and consista ot pains in one's bones, which renders a man miscrablo enough while the attack laste. Tho number of vacant buildings bore afford some good hospitals, which, it must bo or.ld,? aro tolerably well fined. , , . COTTON. -, A few hundred bales of cotton, In bad shipping order, have been hauled here from 'the ulterior, and will go down the riveras soon aa a boat icon .bo had. ,-? - i i ?>. .' ' " Gentrat. Cars.?A correspondent writes s We rarely meet with the name of General Case io? tho papers; but he "still lives," at the ripo age of eighty-four years. Ho res idea on Jeffersoc-etreet, Dotroit. in a handsome modern-built dwelling, while his el?eBt eon occupies the old family hbme atefcd, two squares distant. Though afflicted with the feebleness and forgetfulness naturally incident to his patriarchal age, he maintains better health and a more active spirit than' could reasonably be supposed to belong to hi? time of time.