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The Charleston daily news. [volume] (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, December 02, 1865, Image 1

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CHABLESTOX DAILY KEWS....DECEMBEB 9, 1865. _"
?BT TELEGRAPH
Tte Vote of South. Carolin? for Members of
Congre???
KBNNEDY, AIKEN, MoGOWAN, AND FAE30'V,
EliECTED TO C0NGBE8S.
OoLOitaiA, December 1.-The official retaras for
members ot Cotorrees from South Carolina present tho
toll s wing rote:
nasT DuxaicT. nu usu? Dunner.
Kennedy.1444 Alien..?.. 753
Dudley.1289 Elliott. .669
Bradioj. 4? Whaler.423
Millar.-19 Ayer.76
. rorBTH DISTRICT.
Taran DISTRICT. Farrow..2414
McGowan.123? MeAHaVj!....;-JU2K
Ortffin.-'IH WM..850"
Jone*...'....."?:. 84
Governors PEI-BY sod Oks wUl leave st 12 o'clock A.
M. for Charleston.
New Toarle Flctoorlnls.
Th* Goos, tho TROX and the Bau any ex, from time
immemorial have been considered the cardinal princi?
ple* oftastc as wi til as of art. The?, are xhe great pos?
tulates, and in proportion as oay'work of art falls short
of these requisites, it loses Its claim on 'well regulated
humansjpmpcihy. and should not be tolerated in good
society. It is net necessary for our present purpose
i we should enter Into minnte philosophical defini?
tions of t'aeso throe terina. Few of tho readers of TEX
Haws vc tdd be disposed to foBow us into discussions
K> abstruse, and we will therefore, leave them ? to
Jomas, Corre, sod their disciples; and here only refer
s? a few propositions, which, by the concurrent tee ti?
mmy of both history and common sense, have been re?
wired as all but axiomatic,
Oas of these is, that nothing that is revolting to the'
?MO-nothing that the eye of taste turns from with
ust-should be introduced hito a work .of art, be lt
OB, picture or statue. The ancients uniformly od
>d to thia canon. Our great dramatic te also, with the
i instinct of sit, Were guided by this principie. In
Hiddle Ages, when taste had become degenerate,
ad the baser rastions of the rabble were catered to by
ate ors, actors and painters, we find obscene pictures,
ld the stag? and even the churches desecrated by the
itetion of the coarse and licentious Mysteries
ad Moralities. Bat aB those have passed into oblivion,
le antiquarian alone occasionally meets them, like so
if noisome filthy Insects, in bis literary or historical
btes. The satirist holds them np to scorn.
; Many of oar readers are doubtless famiuar with Wan?
t's Ten Tmtutami A Year; and they will remember
3d sentimental Mis? Quirk, who had her parlor adorn
[ arith execution soases from the Old Bailey, and her
B?sate fiBed with autographs and locks of hair from
blahed heroes who had been hanged. "We well
?Beet, when wo read it, some fifteen years ago, we
igst the whole sketch exaggerated, and the satire
i having descended to broad farce. But, nota avenu
i tort cela, says Momma's doctor. Nothing ls to
t "isaid now, or rather unrepresented, In our Pic?
ar?ais. Nothing is now considered so attractive asa
tg. The execution of the Larcomc assassina ?fas
rad ittMjfcjllall ialai*sss?<sil Finn or tjve pW
rt--nr*rrf7| ISMUS i ll s ll i ?I fTJ
p th interesting performance. We forget now whether
|the dsectlDn of the bodies by the surgeons waa one of
aoasketcJied; but if lt was not, the reason must be,
tatt ie bodies dil not undergo such examination; for
M sure that the enterprising publishers and
ricpat reporters would not think of foregoing such an
jpp. ault}' of griitifying the prurient appetites of their
brats a.
Tl case Jost Instanced ls by no means an isolated
nw le. Tba execution of Vtxnz again afforded a fine
tali >r the graphic eloquence and portraying skill of
i rack reportera and engravers. Harper1'? Weekly
a fine sketch of tho gentlemen of the press
around the gallows, sxaoking, segara, while
g the hanging. These editors or reportera, or
they were (hyenas would be the true cognc
had a fino opportunity of immortalising them*
on Ulis occasion. Why did tiny not have their
affixed to their portraits in Harper t Tat this
ajly Pictorial has the impudence tb call itself the
of CixiUvtUion. A queer civilization, truly, it
ss Bin to foreigners, if they receive {his filthy sheet
accredited exponent and representative,
da not consider any af toe New York Illustrated
free from tills blemish, but Harper's is unque*
y the most guilty: This latter journal cemmene
oareJar a few yean ago, with fair promises, and
?H received in evey Southern family circle. The
j wera known to be conservative In their views
gnat queutions that then divided North and
; and so guarded were they on this point, in their
act both of the Magazine ar d the Weekly, that, on
occasion, when on article appeared in the former
tty an U-slavery in blas, the next number of the
e brought on apology from the editor and pub
I, with the promise af greater vigilance in future,
coarse of conduct waa adhered to till the com
cement of the war ; thea these Amlnodob Sleeks,
ding further dissimulation r nprofltable-the ^ oath
trade being cut off-immediately veered round to
e very extrema of radicalism, and there they have ever
oe remained. No journals in the North were so uni
y malignant and vituperative of the South, aB
h the war, as the twaSfcre named. Even thia
could forgive and forget, if we found them now actu
by a spirit of concord and amity, fiat no ; to this
not a number af the Weekly or the Monthly can be
up without finding it filled with stories and
lettes cal culi.ted to keep up the bod blood so
iously generated daring the part five years, or ro?
of actual facts, ander the head of "Current
ts"-but so garbled and viowed from so unfair, if
hostile, a stand-point, that the partisan coloring
more than neutralize tte -nodicum of fact upon
h the paragraph is baaed,
et thia journal boa a large circulation all over the
"?y ; here, we are sorry to say, as wed os elsewhere,
however, need surprise no one. **'The brood way"
always been more popular than "the straight an 1
TW path." Of course we ore not so verdant as for
moment to supposa that anything we could say
? h ?ve the least influence with the conductors of
papers, especially when Mammon, with his softest
hmm en ts, advises a contrary coarse. But we are
without hope that the better class of our own people
? whose instruction we endeavor to contribute our
ible mite-may discour.ge these scandals upon pub
- orals. . We make this appeal apon no sectional
d, for all men it ii our earnest endeavor to avoid
tore; but upon the broad and common ground of
- prop-icty, religion and sc und morality; for against
ie t'.t> publications in question are arrayed.
ith -ne self-righteousness of the Pharisees, these
lernen for years doily beat their breasts, thankful
they ?re not os wicked as those publicans-the
thorn sloveholders; and the world, rash and unre
lag. judging by the fair and flashy exterior resound
loud amen. As slaveholders, we hove not a woi d to
The peculiar institution iso thing of the past.
Lth?i*.,an> ?"*:-n Principle*, to which we hove always
-uribed, Which, Indeed, formed our rule of Hie, and
ese we stffl adhere-aye, stronger now than ever
I one of these is to endeavor to educate our children
to good and useful men; and. in order to accomplish
I we find it necessary to withhold from thenTthese
liy police gazettes, where vice, if it ls not sctuaBv
?.?in.ended, stu! te often drawn in such seductive
- that it grows familiar and loses ad ita hideous
THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
[nIOU OTT? OWN C 3HEESP0KDENT. ]
COLUMBIA, November 29.-At .baH-past ose o'clock
to-day, Hr. GBEV, the Door-lecper ot the Houne of Rep?
resentativos, cried out, "Make way for thc Senate," and
a few momenta afterwards, ''Hake way for the Provi?
sional Governor and the-Governor elect" The Senate
being seated, the Provisional Governor, the Governor
elect, and the venerable Chief Justice of the StUe, en?
tered Ute HalL Gt-vernor PKSSX made a brave, manly
and feeling address, doing credit to both bia head and'
bis heart, and satisfying these who heard him that the' I
8tato had done well in rewarding his servi oes by elect?
ing him to the Senate of the Um ted States. I herewith
send you a copy of the speech, and your readers can
judge Of its merits for themselves.
This speech, as Governor Perry announced, was the
last communication that he vouid, m _w ?? i t-sjsjst-te* ?
Uti Ul aiSWISJSjasiSiissiUf'WL^Blilis Flui lull.tExecn
tivo of the State, his conduct has at no time been other
than that of one anxious to do what he behoved to be
honest, just and conciliatory. While some- may think
that he bas erred at times, ro one will venture to im?
peach the motives which prompted his actions. It is
saying much for any man who has occupied tho diffi?
cult position which he has rilled, <hat his general course
has merited not only the approbation of those whose
repr?sentative he was, bnt abo that or those whom
he waa appointed to govern. It should certainly be to
him the proudest rcminisoenoe of bis life, that he should
have bKn able at one and the same time to discharge
his dory to the United States and bia duty .tb those '
whose fellow-citizen he na The position was in*
vidions, but his obligations to both parties have been :
manfully discharged, and his reputation bas been large- 1
ly increased.
Governor Perry havlrg closed his remark.', CoL Orr
delivered his inaugural ad dross, a copy ol which I also 1
forward. This address was exactly what one would have 1
expected from the able gentleman in whose hands the '
destinies of the State have been intrusted. Teeming 1
with good sense, it carries to the mind the conviction 1
that the speaker not only means'what he says, bat ls 1
deeply impressed with the necessity for carrying out the '
Une of policy indicated. No .man tn this State is better 1
able, and perhaps not one is ts well able, to carry ont 1
that policy as is Governor Or.-. For years ho has nada na- 1
tioi al reputation for ability second io none. He was 1
the godfather, If not the father, of the present Constitu?
tion; and if any man can raise the Stato fron tbeaehes, 1
rebuild her cities, revive her various interest?, and im- j
pel her onward in'the march r* progress, Governor Orr j
will succeed in the undertaking. Bold, gifted and suer- '
lette, the word "tail" has no place tn His vocabulary. 1
His life has boen one continued success, and ander his '
guidance wo may well belie VJ that the prosperity of thia \
State will far exoosd the m st sanguine expectations. '
After his remarks were concluded, the Chief Justice of '
the State od. inisterod the oath of office, and the cere- '
monies of inauguration were completed. The Hon. W. 1
D. Porter not having reached this city until this evening, 1
his inauguration will probably take place to-morrow. . ]
In the House of Eepr tentatives to-day, Mr. Wagener ;
presented the mom or d of the City Council of Charles- 1
ton to be allowed .J fix the price of licenses to sell
liquors. This mern rial is the samo aa that presented
yesterday by Mr. Bu atinaba Senate.
Pursuant to notice, the bill to organize the Executive 1
Department waa introduced and read foraBe first time.
This bill provides, among other things, that the Gov- '
ernor shall reside at Columbia, and that an appropria- 1
tien shaU be made to provide him with a house. It also 1
fixes tho salary of the Lien tenant-Go vernor at ten collars
a day during his attendance on the Legislature., and 1
allows him the usualmileage.
A btu was also introduced to amend the charters of
varions banking institution J, which waa referred to the
Committee on Incorporations.
Mr. Lord introduced a bili to amend the charter of the
Charl salon Gas Light Oom-Jany, which was referred to
the same nomrsJttse. \ jffl__
By resolution of Mr. War??y, ladfcr?HtfZ_rWed seats 1
on tho floor duning ?he ceremonies ot ?aUff^iitoo. .-??? J
?wat on tho QoffrW Qrfe ftoxtf? Was -?? ui^ff-^M.? jjfr. '
'^r^sel.lWne' rose te make a remark- with re?
gard to the custom of wearing a gown by the Speaker.
Tho custom wa? a good one, and he ssw no reason why
it should not be continuad. He understood thu the
gown had been preserved. He moved a resolution that
the Committee on the State House and Grounds inquire
whether the gown had been preserved, and, if preserved,
to bring the same to Columbia to be worn by the pres?
ent Speaker. .
Mr. Wallace moved to lay the resolution on the table,
which the House refused to do; and the resolution was
agreed to.
The Committee on Officers and Offices having reported
certain offices .-scant, Mr. Lord moved that a message
be sent to the Senate, inviting that body to go Into an
election for Register, Commissioner and Master in Equi?
ty to-morrow, at one o'clock; which was agreed ra.
Mr. Barker moved that s sim Uar message bo sent,
inviting the Senate to Join in an election for two Asso?
ciate Judges of the Court of Appeals. Mr. Barker said
that he offered the reaolutio:- st the suggestion of the
Chief Justice.
The Hon. W. H. Tresco i arrived here to-day.
Governor Porry'a SpeccU.
Senator* and Heaters of tin Home ofRepraentatiws:
I have come here to-day to bid yon farewell as I'M vis?
ional Governor of South Carolina, and tc congratulate
you on the restoration of the State once more to self-go
Temment and Independents, as a member of the Federal
Union. Like the leader of God's chosen people of old, I
have had the honor of conducting you through the wil?
derness, within alght of th? promised land, bat am not
permitted to enter lt Thi.t gre it boon has been reserv?
ed for my *t?*?wgn<.?_* friend, who is now about to be
inaugurated as tho first Chief Magistrate of the State
ever elected by the sovereign people. If not within
"three days," he will within a very short time ba able
to pass you over the confusion and military rule, ander
which you have so long lived, to that happy state In
which you will be able to govern yourselves, and enjoy
all the rights and privileges of a free and enligV med
yeople. Under his wise and able administration i hope
io see the good old Statu revive, prosper, and I ie onoe
more happy.
I am sure, gentlemen, that I may say with perfect
propriety, as the representative of the Federal Govern?
ment in South Carolina, that the State has done enough
to jntitle her to be received back as a member of the
Federal Union, with all of ber Conttitutional rights
fully restored. She wis foremost in assuming the post
of danger in the recent revolution, and in her appeal to
arms in defence of -hat she honestly believed to be her
reserved rights as s State. Gallantly and nobly ben?
sons fought toronga the var, pouring out their blood
and sacrificing thrlr Uves on almost every battle-field
throughout the Southam States. When oonqnered by
overwhelming numbers, seeing their towns and villages
nothing bat smouldering rains, their beloved State a
wide-spread'desolation, their wives and sisters and Ut*
tie children and aged parra ts at the point of starvation,
Ukebrave men they accepjed the docreoa of God, and
submitted themselves tc the dire fortunes of war. Sad
and silent, with mani/ fortitude and firmness, they
awaited the terms of the conqueror. When those terms
were made known, they wete first, wi?i a generous
pride and hitih chivalry, to assumo the humiliation
which their State had been foremost in bringing on our
common country.
As soon as the President's Proclamation was issued,
the people of South Carolina went cheerfully forward
and took the amnesty oath. They promptly as-em bled
in Convention, under the older of the Provisional Gover?
nor, and reformed their S*Ate Constitution, as was de?
sired by the President They abolished slavery, and
freely gave up their two hundred milli m s invested in
slaves. When advised to adopt the Constitutional
Amendment to the Constitution of tho Untied States
abolishing slavery. South Carolina was the first Southern
State which ratified the same, and ?etan example for ber
sister States to foUow. She has been first, also, in pre?
paring a wise and humano code of laws for th- protec?
tion of the freedmen in aU their rights of personal pro?
perty, and allowing them to give testimony lu her Courts
of Justice. She has now e)octed her Beorese-tatives in
both Houses of Congress, and commissioned them to
take their seats in that body. Sb? has organized a per?
fect State Government, wi? h Legislative, Executive and
Judiciary Departments, aU repubUcan In their character,
and the members of each swearing to support the Con?
stitution of the United States. Her ordinances of seces?
sion have been repealed, and she now pledges herself to
stand by the Union in 'good faith and with all siicerity.
Having done aU this, you and your Stat- have done
your duty, gr ice fully and nuthfuHy, as becomes a gal?
lant and.gcnerous people, who are never afraid to assume
any position where honor and patriotism prompt. I
know the President desires to reUeve yon of military
rule, and see your Representatives once more seated in
the councils of the nation. I cannot believe that Con?
gress wul exclude them, by a te* oath, which does not
apply to members of Congress, fo. they are not officers
of the Federal Government as waa early decided In the
history of our Government Nor haa Congress any power
to impose on its members any other oath than that pre
ecribed in the Constitution. To admit a contrary doo
trina, would enable the majority In Congress to exclude
the minority, because they were Domoorats, or States
Right?' men, or professed say other principles repos-]
nwt to the creed ol the majority. The Constitutions*!
oath was wisely ordained, snd excludes all other ofttatl
The powers of Congr?s* are delegated sad sp?cifie, andi
they hare no others. The reason for the passage of this
test oath has passed away, and if not repealed, no on*4
in South Carolina can fill a Federal office till a new gene-* j
ration has sprung up, for all now Irring, mon, women,
and children, did, in some way, countenance the war. <
It is known to you, gentlemen, that I was opposed to
the secession of South Carolina. No man in America
regretted more deeply than I did this fatal movement,
for I thought I foresaw all the evil consequences which
have resulted from it. But, when the issue was made", J
my feelings in sympathy were all with my native State, j
And yet, I conscientiously believed that even the BUM
cesa of the Southern States would be disastrous. The
jealoHsics and errors of the Grecian States ware con?
stantly in my mind. Disintegration once commenced*
la a confederation of republics, no one could force**!
whore it would enc", except in petty tyrannies, or a con*
solidated military despotism. -
Henceforth, no one 111 inissstsTrrVfin fuew'&'asVdejL ,
of NiiililniMiMi asiS'Saw Ifflpiiiliiii i and perpctaitaMj ;
UM aaaisiwr?ulon. It has shown a power and strengCSui j
marni snd physical, which defy dissolution, till some
extraordinary change has taken place in the condition"'
of the people. The tendency of civilisation ls to enlarge: -
Governments, and not to disintegrate them. AB cansad
of discontent or dissatisfaction between the North and ?
the South hftvo been removed by the abolition of slavery.
The different sections of this gi eat Republic are mntuaV.
ly dependent on each other, and the one cannot Uve well
without the other. The Southern States plant cotton,
and the Northern States manufacture it* The Gr?et
West grows grain, and raises Uve stock for the supply tm
both sections. We all speak- the same language, and h
have the same common origin.. Oar opinions and .feel-fl
tugs in regard to tho republican principles of govern-1
ment are Identical. There is, too, a similarity m our |
pursuits sad habits, manners, customs, and religion ,
and education.
History teaches us that tho present asperity of feeling, j
which moy exist in the breasts of many, in cons?quence I
of the wrongs sad injuries of the war, wiU soon wear i
out Brave and honorable men are always nady and
willing io become reconciled. History teaches us, too,
that the ravages of war are much more easily repaired
than one ls apt to suppose. An industrious and enter?
prising people Will Boon restore a country desolated try
war. Such a people may soon convert a wilderness m to jj
productive and highly improved farms. .No ons need i
lespair of the State, In a few years, with peace and in-1
iustry, everything will change and wear a prosperouc L
md happy aspect.
You have, gentlemen, in your lAdalotive capooity^ar-1
luous und responsible duties to perform, requjHH
treat prudence and. forethought. Your finaacae^^H
leaking system, cow prostrate, rnVvetoberestoredjOmH
aws have to bs amended to suit tho chang?e. o?jB??LU
if the Stat?; yjur militia system, no* _ ame intntj
thoa ever, requires your earliest ctffltM*itrs*sos3MB
judiciary muai bo restored, sad in some
bo proper to moke improvements tn the system. 4a^H
wa trespassing on the prerogatives of th? Ocatatitti^^H
Governor. Henceforth, all of my cominunicatiasj^^H
the representative of the Federal Government, nrdf^H
made through hun, and to him. I hope most dev*oily 1
that I may have none co moko, except one, which' asjU^H
tees me to say that the Preddent of the United Sta^^LH
cognizes South Carolina, once more, os a mm&r*BM|
Federal Union, fully restored to all of her CongtituflH
rights.
in conclusion, gentlemen, let me return yon my molt
grateful thank? for the very fiotterin? manner In which
you have conferred on mo the high and disttngurishod
trui t of representing th? State of Booth Carolina tn tho
Senate of the United State*. ' And let me assure yots that
all my energies and humble talents will be devoted infla?'
promotion of the best interests of.the State; her wiltara
and honor. " '
I bid you an affectionate adieu.
Governor Orr's Speech.
OnUlemen of tie Senate ani;Bouee cf. ReprtmUaiiva:
The Constitution of South Carolina requires that the
oath of office of the Governor shall be taken in your pr*?
Bonce; and imuemorial osage requires him to make, ol
such aa occasions brief exposition of Jae pnafiota?
the new Constitution, and the eventful period in the ,
State's history when the selection is mode, AU* me with'
asease of the profoundest gratitude. I approach Us
grave duties sad responsibilities with the deeped hu?
mility, and with a sincero distrust of my capacity to dis?
charge them lc such mumer as to satisfy the reasonable
expectation of the State. '
under these circumstances, I caa venture with safety
to moke ot least ons pledge to the people of this ancient ,
Commonwealth: that all the zeal and energy of my na?
ture, daring my official term, shall be earnestly andean,
stoutly devoted to their service. With the uniform
practice of that partiality which caused tbam to elevate
me to this groat omeo, 1 trust they will exercise a gene?
rous confidence in aU the act* of my administration,
always giving me fail credit for just and patriotic mo?
tives.
The State is now just entering upon a new and ur tried
career, where there is mueh to hope for sad aot a tittle
to fear. AU of ocr old landmarks m politics have been
swept off by the fire* of war. Our social sad industrial
systems have perished from the some unrelenting and
anpitying canse. Some of our most distinguished citi?
zens, and many of our most promising young men*, have
fallen martyrs to the ancient principies of South Caro?
lina. Grief over the biers of the loved one* ha* filled
every household, snd the tears of the widow and the
orphan have bedewed every hearthstone. And yet, amid
this general wreck in all the relations of Ufe, it would be
unmanly to despond. The highest courage and the
sternest fortitude ls demanded wherever the heaviest
^??.n-j^-j overtake and threaten to engalph us.
The* people of South Carolina secceded from the
Federal Union under an earnest and honest conviction
that they had the Constitutional right so to do; and they
were equally earnest ead honest in th* conviction that
their interest and the security ol a very large property
in alav?s required them to resort to this extreme mea?
sure. Other 8tate8 united with her to set np a nair Gov?
ernment. The Executive, tho Legislative, sud the Judi*
dal Deportments of the United Stetej Government, all,
denied the right which we hod asserted, and war en?
sued. AB partit* knew that slavery waa the real foun?
dation of Ute collision between the sections. The Sooth
engaged ia it to preserve and perpetuate it; the North
to destroy it Four year* of bloody, desolating war was
spent in settling the issue which had been committed to
the arbitrament of the sword; and that High Tribunal,
from which there la no earthly appeal, decided the
cause against us. It was a final, irreversible decree.
We were eihonotod. oar armies surrendered, our last
available recrut had been sent to the front, and our re?
source* were all consumed. We succumbed to the
power of the United States, and under the wise and
magnanimous policy of President Johnson, we will, I
hop* ind believe, very soon be restored to aU our per?
sonal and political rights in the Federal Union, on ter ms
of perfect equality with all the States of that powerful
sisterhood.
The ?mr has decided, first: that one or more of the
Steles of the Federal Union have not the right, at will,
to secede therefrom. The doctrine of secession, whioh
.was held to be orthodox in the State Rights school of
politics, ls now exploded for any practical purpose. The
theory of absolute sovereignty of a State of the Federal
Union (from wheure was derived the right to secede),
which wa* believed almost universally to be o sound
constitutional construction, snust also be materially
modified to conform to this imposing decision. In all
the powers granted in the Constitution to the Federal
Government it is supreme and sovereign, and mast be
obeyed and respected accordingly. Where the righto of
a State are disregarded, or unconstitutional acts done by
any department of the Federal Government, redress can
no longer be sought b- interposiug tile sovereignty of
the State, either tor/nullification or secession; but t .e
remedy is by petition or remonstrance--by reason,
which sooner or later will overtake justice-by an appeal
to the supreme judicial power of the Union; or by revo?
lution, which, if unsuccessful, is treason.
The decision was far more imposing and obligatory
than if it had been pronounced by the Supreme Court
of the United States. Had it been tried there, an effort
to reverse it might have oeen mode, because its mem?
bers and opinions often change. But the God of Battles
hos pronounced an irreversible judgment, ofter o long,
desperate aud sanguinary struggle, and it would be
neither politic or patriotic ever again to invoke a now
trial of the fearful issue.
The clemency which President Johnson has so gener?
ously extended to many of our citizens, in granting foil
and free pardon for participation in the latev revolution,
does honor to his statesmanship and to his sense of jus?
tice. He is the ruling power of a great and triumphant
Government, and by his policy will attach by cords
stronger than "triple steel" the citizens of one entire
section of the Union t > that Government which ho Hts
so long and so'obly supported and maintained. He wos
well acquainted with the South-with her politics and
politicians, and knew however erroneous in bis judg?
ment moy hove been their political principles, that they
honestly entertained the sentiments which they profess?
ed, and for which they periled their all; and after failing
in their end, when they proposed to return to their
loyalty, that humanity and policy dictated that they
should uot be hunted down for ignominious punish?
ment.
I tthoU give his policy of reconstruction sn earnest and
zealous support.
li Th?_& d**Uled,.secc ad : That ?U?r!ry should be.to
dt?b ?7_5?bsot?l&lT exterminated in all th'. States of the
tefflon. The Cotfranttoa of this Statcifc.ith singular
r^anto?tv^nd promptness, accepted tuWresult or the.
i^^Jh?ii^ii^A??xfiia tho fundamental law 'ruai
having beela emancipated Sy tLe s ^ion of tho
^ttoOJitate^ tmt_o^Jc3.ja|aver} should ??rver cc re
^^^^^^^.tng th'?Cmjf^?onal Amendment prt?,
^ryw?WwTo. the United States',, and cx-irf erring or?;
{'engross power to carry the samo into cfleet. Slavery"
ft* America is, therefore, ;4.*e?'?r -sVact. The people of
npnUi Carolina hsvo acxtuieseed.l!W?is sequanco of the
Mi with i ' uarVOae cneerf ufness, especially when lt ia
*_K_-taat qjir people have been, thc staunchest defend
,'BSf thu institution, on principles of pobcy, for more
A 3?etdErr-ttti her tatereni in tho institution was
krs*>te-. lelatiVely, than any of Her eisters, itam?h value
..tthe .beginning ot tho war being moro O^n two hun
fc^noSpated, lt iilUt? Ei edPuTuuU) Ul Ule people to ae
?ut? to him his righta of parson and property as a freed
s^-that a jual remuneration shall oe paid bim for his
sap v'iAnce of the artful and lawless. The importance
sf yo?r^egialation, regulating tho relative rights and
lutta? af the whites and the freedmen, at your present
i_juon, cannot be over'intimated. The vital interests'
Otha ?tate, in my Judgment, are dependent solely upon
Bp bj_s you may pass with reference to this population,
Hjfltost be restrained from theft, Idleness, Vagrancy
Billi?, and taught he absolute necessity of .strictly
?BB) lag with their contracts for labor. They must bo_
?pot d ta their person and property; and, for a few
gan a le?st, some supervisory power should be estab,
Hfl. a ratify their contracts for labor, until their ex
fjjH*??ve?nd ineresstng ?aowledqe may teach them to
Aird against the craft of tho unscrupulous. To insure
i>l protection of person and property, and to guard
aefietr against tumultuous disturbances of the peace
PSjjnut 11 sr. ea sass, retaliations and assassinations- ifwill
cJtnalspeiiSably sprossn T to modify the rules of wi
dJics so sa to permit tl negro to testify In all oases
??j;") bia rights of pert a ana property are ta volved,
?taaawlabor of every negro In the State ia needed, if not
.Wm tho sod, in some other, uiafal employment-for
?-..C1 Otare ot cottou und rice; and, In all menial Open
H? it ta vory douUI ai wfcethe* any laborers ta thia
BKUry or in Eur.?pe can supply his placo. His long
fc? thorough tretula* ia those employaient? give
[K a certain sk21 and aptitude whian a stranger can
^Ksbtain by .experience It ls, therefore, of the first
?Swanee that snob a policy should be adopted as will
?Bte the farmers and plantera to employ the negro,
?Boat he should remain cheerful aad contented.
__tt there ls another consideration prompting os to
__tqato humanely and Justly for the negro. He has
g__Lborn and reared among us, and while ho has, un
JMroately, qualiUea that stamp his Inferiority to the
Mffcman, ha possesses others that Invite our respect
njt_> class, daring the war. their lcyalty to their owners
*H*Bo society was worthy of the highest commendation,
lu no single instance, even where the slave popnla
^^^Kpnderated over the whites as aa hundred to
^^^K'ibere aa outbreak or inaurreetion. With a
^^^Hbd e on tb?ir part of the nature of tho .con
__BH|? the deep personal Interest they had ic its
iyu*. ls it not wonderful that they quietly pursued their
K.iioi. and mainly produced the supplies that fed our
irVresJ If there be reason to complain that the negro
Ho, >ssn emauolpatcd, in d?rogation of the right and
HB*tat bf the owner, ac ch complaint cannot be lodged
M??r t him ; whatever of i'I-feeling exiots ta the minds
ofiCo? ?er owners for tho present state of affairs, it'is
nil i ?t th?t it should be visited on him. Interest
and bimsniiy -?ubre m to treat him kindly, and to
e}i)vtt> him, morally ano Intellectually; it will make him
abet /r laborar, neigbix r sod num. Suddenly relieved
Irony*)* restraints of ita rervile condition in which bo
w^jjfra and reared, bin ignorance can excite na sur
jBB^^^^-^Ss^T^^^
/The Constitution of ibo United States* recogulsod pro*>
porty ta clave?, and sn appropriation waa made by Con?
gress to indemnify alato owners in the District of
Columbia, when slavery ?sas abolished there In 1801. I.
therefore, cherish the hope that Congress will, as soon
as the public debt ls provided for, make some Just and"!
equitable arrangement to make the citizens of the Southlf
some compensation for the slaves manumitted by thal
.United States authorities. /
Vjho pursuit? of South Carolina have not heretofore
bein sufficiently diversified. Agriculture was the great
business of the State. The mechanic, the manufacturer
aad the artisan have not been encouraged to migrate
hither, and the native population have not embarked ta
thf emuloymenta. The result has been that most of
the proceeds of the two great staple crops-cotton and
rice-have been expended without the limits of th?
State, In purchasing such necessary articles as should
hat? been fabricated or manufactured within our bor?
ders.
Every facility and encouragement should be given by
?tho State Government and by the people, to immigrants
from the North and from Europe, so that thia great de?
ficiency ta skilled Uber may, st an early day, be sup?
plied. Under oar former system of labo::, immigration
was discountenanced from an apprehension that the im?
migrants, when they located in the country, would
prove hostile and dangerous to the Institution of slavery
from want of knowledge and sympathy with it. The
great change ia the condition of the negroes has re?
in ved this objection, and the material prosperity of tho,
State imperatively dema nds a great increase of agricul?
tural'and skilled mechanical labor.
The present ls a mort auspicious timo for embarking
in manufacturing pursuit?. The high tariff, which is
likely to be continued for many years without material
redaction, promises such protection to this interest, ss
willenable every branch of manufactures to be develop?
ed, The extensive water power in the central, northern
and western portions of the State-the salubriousness of
tar climate-tho equable temperature-the facilities for
transportation over the railroads penetrating every sec?
tion of the State-Invite capitalist?, at home and abroad,
to invest their money m these enterprises promising
such handsome remunerating rew uds. Companies aro
already being organized to negotiate theaefltag and pur?
chasing of lands and manufacturing sites ; and wherever
a citizen owns a water-power, and is unable to improve
it with his own means, let him invito bj?, neighbors to
form a company, and if that falls, invite straagers; aad
if that fails, let him cell to those who will improve ind
develop it - *
By well directed enterprise and energy every water
power in the State, in a few brief years, will be decorated
with a manufactory or a machine ?hop. The accumula?
tion of OsMfcal and the great influx of population it will
bring wilt stimulate industry. The farmer having s
borne market can diversify hia labor and make lt more
profitable. Activity will be imparted to commercial pur?
suits. Manufactures will flourish and yieldlarge profits
to their owners, fostered and protected as they will be
for mi.ny years by high protective tariffs. A harmonious
combination of agriculture, commerce aad manufac?
tures-and all of them are inviting ta this State-will
bring us wealth and prosperity. We can then build up
school houses, aad churches and colle jes, and make new
Carolina not unworthy of tho fame and renown of old
Carolina.
Cur first great-want is enterprise and industry-if we
will them we command them. Our next great want ls
skilled labor-this must come from the North and from
'Europe; it will not come if we do not invite it and extend
the band of friends hip to the immigrant. If ho is looked
upon with enmity and suspicion, it cannot be expected
that he will make your country the home of himself and
hts descendants; and other States, more sagacious, will
derive the benefit of hia-skill, capital sad citizenship.
Cur last want is capjtal to develope the great and varied
resources of thia State. It ia to be obtained by labor,
and from abroad, by making Its profits remunerative to
the owner. With these wanta supplied, there is no roa
1 -SOB to view our tature gloomily; on the contrary, there
is much to hope for ourselves and our posterity.
Wu hftve erne-ged from a long and disastrous war, with
our cities and towns burnt, our houses destroyed, our
fields and plantations ravaged, and our wealth scattered,
hut we are in no worse condition than our forefathers
when they came out of the revolution. Their virtue
and labor and economy soon made then a more pros?
perous people than ever before. Why moy not the same
qualities work out the same happy result for us ? It is
vain ti? indulge ia reptciags over the mlsfortuaes of the
past. Our work, is with and for tho future. If we are to
deserve well of the country and ot posterity, it must de?
pend o i thc fidelity with s-hich it is executed.
PTA new Constitution has been adopted, and by it your
Government has been liberalized. Every citizen may
axplre to its honors; and if esteemed worthy by his fel?
lows, may occupy its high places. It merits a fair trial
ttom the people, and will doubtless receive it The hope
ls ardently cherished by me that every change made ia
tb? old Constitution may prove a salutary reform. With
the Courts speedily opened, and a strict enforcement of
the o -?minal law, the evil passions of bad and taconsider*
ats men will be restrained, and order soon restored to
fijciaty.
The total destruction of Urge tracts of co un irv by an
invddiug army, and Ute exhaustion of* the entire State,
consequent upon a long war, incapacitates the people
?- ^-- ,
from paying ibo mraal amount of taxes, and if behoove*
all departments of tho Government to practice and en?
force a rigid economy. The annual appropriation* aero
tcforo made will undergo tho closes, ?crtit?ny, anil
'wini! over a r?duction can be made, or the -ppL-opriation K
entirely dispensed with, it will be done. A? supernu?
merary ulftees abolished, and the salaries ot ihoee con-*
ttoiedredrced whenever it caa bo dene without defa-ir -
mint tc th( r-.b'-o service, so that tho expend aturo i for
f?e support of. UK Government wiU be reduced to'ha
most frjgil standard. , The E-tcctivo Depurtrcent "ill '
cordially co-operate vuh you in all measure? to reduce
the cxponses of the State u '-J?* lowest.standard comps- .
Ubic frith its efficient* admiiiStrat'on.
-<anvo*dng.tbo blessing of Almighty God cn f.ir"
efforts fb ameliorato the condition'of oar des Matee and
uiUictid country, und appealing to Him for wisdom, mo?
deration raid fortitude in the discharge of our grave and ?
?pluous^I^ors^I am picp&ic? to take the oafi to eap?
* L"?L^>Wrzr! t^-*?!.* ~~ 'V*
. V??TOSUJI?, November 30.-Tho Hon. W. D. POBTEB to?
day took the i II m nfnjiej a*i urnifi nilli Governor, ia
Jilli iiiisa*''*'^^'??MI I I TIM I ni Assemb'y. Then? is no citi?
zen of Charleston who can do other than foal pleasure at
'the highly complimentary vote which he received. For
yo?**8 represen ti og the District as State Senator, his kind,
heart and gifted mind was fully appreciated by his fel?
low-citizen*.. ' The indorsement of his worth by the
haadsame vote that he received from (JJ parta cf- the
State, cannot be other than gratifying to the Urge con?
stituency whose representative he wu, ead "?Mr"|t
whom he could find inmensa numbers of friends, and
no enemies. It is to be hoped that at some day not far
distant he will be able to extend the sphees of his use
fulness to aa arena in which ho will have upon him the
eyes of the whole nation, and*1 where he wilt make for '
himself a still wider reputation for distinguished ability,.
social qualities and honest, earnest manhood. '
Before the oath waa administered to him by the ChioC
Justice, he delivered the following address, of which it
can truly be said that' among tho very many beautiful
productions of "the speaker, none caa be found more
.chisto, more Beautiful, more earnest, or moro though*-.
SPEECH OF THZ TJX?TEK?XT QOVSBNOa.
Gentlemen of thc Senat? and Houubf )2tpsttentati#ct:
To the good people of the State, thronph yon ss their
chosen repr?sentatives, I return my atacere thanks I'm
the honor conferred on me, Daring a Jc;m of pabilo
.'lervice, running through? period of tt*t?ly-flve years, :
i i has not boen my lot bat oro to make say appeal to the
whole people of tho Stato, or to receive aay previous
proof of their trust sad confidence. Regar ding ?lr??
election as a token of their favor and ap^Tobatior., I ' re?
ceive it with thankfulness, sad shall amy* cherish it
vrith pride.
The amended Constitution of the State pro vide* that
Sitae Lieutenant Governor shall act a* Preeidcmt of the
Renate. It will now become my duty to preside over the
deliberations of that body. Happily the duties of th?
Chair are cot strange to me, and my recollection of the
kindness and courtesy of Senators in i'orn?rdays makes
ne feel that I shall still bo among frienda, who wfU ex?
tend to me all lie indulgence and support that may b?
r ceded.
A great charge has oome over us within the last yea?.
L*he evidences of lt are everywhete about ns-in pros?
tration, vrratk and ruin. All, all is changed, ?ve our
mutual friendships and the deep, unwavering tove we
f :cl for oar State, the common mother of ut an. Th*
former have sustained us ia all our tria,**, and of the
Utter nothing but death can dem-ivo us-ncr war, nor
I ?ace, nor prosperity, nor adversity, nor the changes of
time, nor the turning tide of fortune. Like tn* chil?
li ren, in th - hour of distre**, wo
roso m wpji "
?&fct*
inprove thei
v* have to dael ItTAMMMs lilli Gerny oflViel
gc-' measures necessary ft? your consideration, buFl
may bo permitted to say a word or two in relation to the
spirit and temper in which we shoulddesl with the pres?
ent exigencies. We should, of course, reaPzo our tree sit
r ation in its full extent, and should s'-so realize that what
'may be right and proper in relation w tho condition of
tcings, may not necessarily be either right or proper in
relation to another, and different condition of things.
The great obstacle* we have to encounter are ia our
pride and prejudices-in feelings und opiniono that are
traditional with us, and have grown to bo a .part ef our
second nature. The question of dion or or dishonor, in
any particular case, must be resorted by .each individual
for himself It depends upon the rited, the interest,
tie/purpose. It depends much, too, upon the relative
situation of the parties. There may be mere dis?
honor in requiring and enforcing a condition, than
in accepting and submitting to it Eetwsoa victor
.nd vanquished, he te most magnanimous who rise*
to the highest levels of the occasion, sad best satis?
fies the requirements of honor, self-respeot, truth?
fulness and generosity. But certain y, his who act*
well bia part in adverse circumstances, must command
respect and need not fear humiliation. ?ipecially,
now, in practical matters, should be guard ngalaet aa
obstinate adherence to theory, without euflloient
regard to new facts and conditions. For example-we
have renounced slave labor and accepted tree labor.
Let ns not condemn the latter in advance. I>et us not
prejudge its failure. This lathe way to ensure fail?
ure. Let os give it fair play and deal with it Uko men
who are determined it shall succeed. This is the way
to insure success. Our own interests and tho interests
of those whose lot is oast with us, the happiness and
prosperity of our State, depend upon our grappling this
great industrial problem in good faith and with a brave,
cheerful, confident and determined spirit The Work of*
recreation 1* in our hands, and if we shall succeed in
building up anew our waste places, and in laying a sure
foundation of a large and enduring prosperity, the
blessings of those who come after us will rest upon our
names.
Our people have pledged anew their faith to the
Government of the United States. This is a matter of
honor; and they wilir well and truly redeem their faith.
Those who doubt them do not know them. They hav?
been brave in war, and will be true in peace. To affect
enthusiasm now would bo a hollow modiery-the
basest of hypocrisies. It cannot be expected of them.
They have their griefs and their memories. These are
sacred and are entitled to respect and cannot be taken
from them; but they will not Buffer them to come ia
conflict with their duties. AU that they ask ia return ia.
a truth and a faith commensurate with their own, and
so may be laid the foundation of a confidence that will
be firm and enduring, sad will ripen, ia time, teto good
will, esteem snd harmony that caa alone make a govern?
ment a blessing or a people contented and happy.
The address ended, the Chief Justice administered
the oath of office, and South Carolina was again enabled
to boast a Governor sad Lieutenant-Go vernor of her own
choosing. It is to be hoped that her obeloe- will be ap?
proved at Washington. It is to be prayed that th*
travail is over sad-the new birth has taken place. It te
to be desired that the agony ha? passed, and that the
bloody sweat has been ?riped away from her brow. It is
to be wished that the humiliation, th.? grief and the sor?
row, may bavo given way to returning happinoe* and
prosperity. .
The foUowing telegram has been received by the Pro?
visional Governor from the President, and it would seem
to ind?calo that he has changed his views with regard to
the time at which members elect should present their
certificates of election. Thc views given In this dispatch
are, at least; different from those attributed to bim a
Hhort time back. Perhaps he is right. It may be far
more dignified to submit our case to the country through
Congress, than to submit it to a mere Clerk by whom it
luis been already prejudged. Ono man may be wrong,
and continue to be wrong, but the mass of the peopli
eventually do what is right and just and proper. We
may Buffer for a time from the Radical, but the honest
masses will eventually rise above the tricks and schemes
of porty, and act with wisdom, humanity and generosity.
WASHINOTOX, November 27, 1865.
To O. F. Perry. Provisional Governor:
I ilo not think it necessary for the members elect, for
Sou'h Cai-olina to be present at tho organization of Con
aress On tho contrary, it will be better policy to pre?
sent their certificates of election after the two houses
are organised, which will then be a simple question, un
der tho Constitution, of the members taking their seat*.
Eic i house must judge, for itself, the election returns
and qualification of its own members. As to what tho
two houifcs wiU do, in reference to the osth, now re
qidied to bo ta en, before the members can take their
BM**, i* unknown to me; andido not liku to predict
Bat, upon the whole, I am ot opinion that it would ba

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