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THE DAILY NEWS.
Loss and Gain. 6be has gained a palace, whose lambent walls 8bow talc in the astral's creamy glow. "Whore lightsome feet through tho stately balls Boat time to tho music's ebb and flow. tBho has lost-oh, only a houiostoad old. Where the swallows flit a>;<l thosuow-birus stay. Where tho moonlight cares-.es the purple wold, And the sea takes ever it? own ?l d way. She was wi^o-she actetb well hor part She bas lost-ouly a heart. She has mlned'ot summer trie >ds, not a few, Fashion and rank, and riches and power; For many who hold hor gracious and true, Scarco loved the maiden without a dowor. ?be has lost-tho light to remember the soug Ono sung that night 'mid the rosos and iain; Tho right to know, in tho loveless throng, How one watcheth hor still with passionate pain. Be it so-she halb chosen wo:l her part She has lost-only a heart. Ehe has ?rained those ?ems of a cosily light. That flash in her neck and her gleaming hair; Are you thinking, dear, of tho midsummer night, When he wound her curls with tho jessamine there? She has lost-a circlet of slender gold, A trodden vow and some faded flowers Hi 'se worthless letters, all yellow and old, That she cared for a little in girlish hours. N'importe!-she acted well her part-? Sho has lost-only a heart, She has gained a presence of steadier ?race, Her step is as freer and her voice is as sweet; And if never a flush lights thc fair, cold face. Why, Life is a riddle; and she m discreet. She has lost the fitful, revealing glow That traced each thought to it H innermost fount; Tfet 'tis well, perhaps, since a woman, yon know. Must give this tender world an account. And you think sbe has lost the holler i art ? Nay, nay, dear-only a heart. OUR GREAT STAPLE. Cotton tn the Future-Its Production ana Consumption. Tho following lotter, which wo copy from tho Memphis Avalanche, contains views in regard io the position and prospeots of the South as affected by, the cotton crop, which will be found full of hopo and encouragement for our people, i and eminently wortbytho attention of overy thoughtful reader: MEMPHIS, March 29,1869. The chief wants of man aro food and cloth? ing, and that country is most favored which can produce these in the greatest abundance and at the least cost. Judging by this rule, the Southern or Cotton States of the Union possess advantages equalled in no other part of tho world. Besides hoing able to produce foocr-cnough for a denso population, they pro? duce that staple which clothes more people than any other fabric. So universal has be? come its usa that it is the leading article of the world's commerce, and it builds and freights more ships, sinks more mines, and erects mora factories than any other product of the earth. Nothing is so intimatoly inter . woven with the prosperity and progress of our whole Union as cotton. The increase in its production has been wonderful, growing from about 100.CO0 bales in 1800, to 5,887,000 in 1860. But there was a ?emand for this rapidly Scowing production ; for, in 1857, two-thirds of e vast commerce of Great Britain were based upon the growth of American cotton ; and, in 1860, the Southern States furnished her with eighty per cent, of all the colton she manufac? tured. An idea may be formed of the value Bhe places on our cotton, when it is known that, during the war, tho prices in Liverpool ran up to $1 83 per pound. But ir we look at the demand for it in the United States alono, wo shall conolude that ..Cotton is still King." In 1800, tho factories of this country consumed 22.000 bales of 400 pounds eaoh ; in 1860,1,091.000 bales. Tho capital invested in manufactures in? creased thirty percent, from 1850 to I860, and is now estimated at $130,000,000. During i bat period, the consumption of the raw material in? creased fitty-five percent. These facts all pt ove tho constantly growing demand for Southern eotton, and nonce its production bas been highly stimulated duriog tho past thirty years. Its consumption seems to have no limits, for - improved machinery and expanding commerce all tend to introduce it info still more general lise. But its production has a limit, and that is measured by the number of hands engaged in its culture. Beiore the wir, ninetoen twontiotha of theso "hands" were the negro Blaves of the South, and the orop of 1860 was the largest ever raised. Until the war the growth of our slave population was nearly as rapid as that of the whites; the latter being about three and one-third per cent, and that of the former about three per cent, per annum; and under the old system of trained labor the increased production could be safely estimated. In a few years more the South would have grown ten million bales, while the North would have monopolized the cotton commerce of the world. All this has been changed. It was proclaim? ed that the labor of the free negro would bring the price of cotton ddWn to three cents per pound. It has gone up to twenty-five and thirty cents; and fout millions ot contented laborers nave been converted into a communi? ty of idlers, vagrants, politicians and paupers. Bumnor, Greeley and Phillips, in attempting to play tho role of Washington, Jefferson, Web? ster and Clay, have mistaken fanaticism for Statesmanship. The day will never come again when five mil? lion bales of cotton wilt be raised by the ne? groes ol the Southern State*, though the de? mand is not likely to abate. The vast sums in? vested in manufactures will demand that the looms and spinners shall stdl ran. Where shall the cotton be found? In India and Egypt the Ceduction is falling off, though greatly stimu fced during tb : war. In the former the popu? lation is so dense that a famine is threatened whenever too muob labor is diverted from the produotion of food. The manufacturing world, old and new, thus anxiously looks to the South? ern States of this Union as the chief source for the supply of cotton. New England states? manship has reduced this supply one-half, and trebled the price. Let us look at some facts, and see to what conclusions they will lead. r ?* In 1860 (see abstract census, p. 181) there were 8 950,000 slaves in the Southern States; 1,150 000 being in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Missouri. This left a 800,000 in the cotton States. One-half of these, or 1,400.000. were between the ages of 15 and 60; and no planter will say that he ever had more than half his negroes in the cotton field. From this 1,400,000 must be deducted, house servants, mechanics, and negroes in cities, towns &c, not engaged in prodnoing cotton. It is not probable, therefore, that we ever hod 1,300,000 slaves thus employed.' Ii they averaged four bales to the hand-men and women, old abd young-the production would be about as much as the large crop of 1860. This was under a syBten of labor thoroughly trained and under the most industrious and energetic management. Then there were few idlers and no paupers. How is it now ? Not more than half the 1,800,000 former slaves can now be found in the field. Thousands have sought the haunts of cities and towns; and the females seldom work. Tb is at least pretty certain that not more than 800,000 negroes can be counted, to-day, as field hands, and the general estimate does not exceed two and a half bales to the hand. Put it at three, the crop would then be 2,400,000 bales. Add 200 000 for the production of whrte labor, and we have a orop of 2 600,000. Can it exoeed 8,000,000 bales ? I confess it does not seem that the present labor system of the South can reach that figure, save in an extra? ordinary season. It may be done ; perhaps 4,000,000 bales may be reached if we negleot food ; but would not that be paying rather dearly for the "extra million bales? Yearby ?ear, food is steadily advancing in price, here are thousands here who romombor when they could buy corn at twenty to thirty cents and wheat at Arty oents per bushel, and pork at four or five cents per pound or twelve dollars per barrel. "What are the prices now ? Double and treble whet they weie years ago. There is a powerful Sency producing this. From 1840 to 1850, e inorease of our oountry population was about thirty per cent., that of the cities up - wards ot eighty per cent. In 1600, our city population was one in eleven of the whole po? pulation. In 1868 it was one in nearly every five. In other words, our food producers are rapidly becoming less numerous as compared fi&. f- with the whole population, and hence the opin? ion that food will not tall much in prices. ? Great Britain slaughtered one million leas hogs last winter than tho winter before; and the Northwestern States 800,000 less. lu 1868 the corn crop was sixty millions of bushels les? than tho crop of 1860, eight years ago. Re? member, too, that every year we are re? ceiving about 250.000 souls fi'om Europe, who seldorn produce food the year they ar? rive, bat are constant consumera. Doe? this look Uko a fall io the prise of food? With fact? like these, can our people think it beet to raise four million jeales of cotton and buy their food from Axe Northwest ? ? small orop pf cotton wUl bring more -.?? / . money theo, a.:large on?. The five million Holes of : I860, at ten conte a pound, brought but $850.000,000. The drop at 1868. pst i mated at 2,800 OOO bales, at an average of 25 oents, will bring 6287,600,000. It ie thea evident that a half crop will bring more money than * very lirgo one. The truth is, if tho South will raise food in abundance for all her wants, she cannot exceed three million bales. Tho labor is not boro Tho prosent cotton producers aro gen? erally trained hands. When thcBO pass away, their n?ceos 'ors will be less numerous and still loss reliable. Skill and improved machinery may cultivate moro laud, but human fingers alo o can gather tho crop. Hence tho conclu? sion that with an abundance ot f >od tho South cannot possibly raise cotton enough to put the price undor twenty cents for some years. If, in addition to all this, she will also onter largely into manufacturing all tho shirting, sheeting, Sec., sho needs, she will savo an im? mense profit now pai i out to New England on thoso fabrics. lu 1860 the Southern Stitos spun one-third of all the cotton yarns used in tho whole Union, but wove only ono twentieth of all the cloth. Why may wo not produco tho cloth as large y as the yarn? There caa be no doubt as to the profits. I do not regard it as possible, even wero it dosirablo, to increase our negro population. That race has never so rapidly multiplied any? where, and never boon found so civilized and Christianized as under the influence of constant contact with the whites of tho Southern States. The guardianship of the latter having been withdrawn, tho former will rapidly lapse into semi-barbarism and gradually disappear. No t wo distinct nations, even of the same race, over lived peaceably together, as equals, under the same government. Such an instance is found no? where in all history. If this be Bo of nations of the same race, how must it be with nations of different races? It has been aptly said that the Saxon race would always exterminate those whom they could not subjugate; and tho fate of tho American Indian illustrates it. Tho ne? gro raco is doomed. Its ultimate fate is but a question of time. Is it desirable to increase such a population ? Would we gain anything but mero numbers, whose moral and intellec? tual degradation would be but food for corrupt politicians? Is it not vastly better for us to populate our waste lands with a class of whites who will have some pride of race and some regard for their political rights and duties ? If the South is to bo peopled with millions who aro to be our equals, in tho name of Heaven let it be with men of our own color and race. Though grossly outraged, thc South is not yet ruined ; for it is a difficult job to ruin a conntry so blessed in climate and soil, and having such a population as oura bas been in all the changes of tho past eighty years. The sons of the mon who honored Washington. Jefferson, Henry, Madison, Jackson, Clay and Calhoun, as their models for patriots and statesmen, cannot long bo under the rule of such adventurers and charlatans as now curse both North and South. A brighter day is dawning. During the past thirty years the South has never been so little in debt as she is to-day ; and, with political kindness, she will soon be on her feet again. During tho past five months, I have traversed a dozen counties in Mississippi on horseback, and a constant and free intercourse with the farmers assures mo that there has not been so much money in the State for many years. Bich planters used to belong to commission merchants of New Orleans. This has mostly endod. Economy is the order of the day, and o/orv one is ad? dressing himself to its necessities. With thc money of the past crop they aro buying mules and farming implements, and are planting about as much land in corn as in cotton, thus insuring an abundance of food. The proceeds of the cotton crop of this year (1869) will be almost entirely a surplus, and in ten years the South will be much the wealthi? est portion of the Union. But time, in its steady evolutions, will soon come to her relief in another way. Look at the sabjoined tables. They are worth studying, for they cleat ly indi? cate where even now is tba seat of political power. With the ability to raise an abund? ance of food, and keep cotton above twenty cents per pound, we mav look upon the future with high hope. Below I contrast the population and wealth of the whole Union with tbe population and wealth of the States of the Mississippi Valley. These States aro Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wis? consin, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Ala? bama, Mississippi and Louisiana: 1860. Population of? the United States.31,500,000 Population of the Valley States. 14,500,000 Wealth ol the United States.916,000,000,000 Wealth ot the Valley H.ates. 7 500,000,000 Here it is seen that ten years ago the fifteen States nimed above had nearly hair the popu? lation and wealth of the whole Unioi.; although three-fourths of them wore a wilderness lesa than fifteen years ago. Can any one doubt that the tendency of political power is Wost ward? But let us looL at it in another and still more suggestive light. Tho ton mest prosperous and progressive States of this valley are Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkan? sas, Mississippi and Louisiana. Contrast them with the four most prosperous and progressive States of the Atlantic seaboard. From 1850 to 1860 the increase of the former, in population, was sixty-nine per cent., that of the latter but thirty-two. In the former the increase in wealth was 800 per cent., in the latter but 110. If ten (10) of the Atlantic States had been selected, instead of four, the difference would have been still greater, and, in order to pre? sent the question in the best b'ght for them, but four States were selected, they the most flourishing. If ibis be true of the period be? tween 1850 and 1860, what must be the increase of the Valley States since then? The growth since 1860 has been more.^ marvellous than ever before. Another cenan will be taken next year, and we shall mata, find the spell at New England broken, and her power for mischief gone. In addition to all this, Mary? land, Virginia, the two Carolinas, Florida and Texas, whioh are not Valley States, will unite their destinies with these, for, as they are all essentially agricultural, their interests are mutual. They will doubtless hold two-thirds of the votes in Congress and control the des? tinies of the Union. The elections in the Northwest last fall, as compared with those of two years bet?re, prove that the antagonism of of the people towards the South is on the wane here; and in a few more years we may exclaim, "Now is the winter of our discontent made sum? mer." Yon will say this is a hopefnl picture. Well, I am a hopefnl man. Better that than to be ever foreboding evil. The past has its les? sons of bitterness and oppression; but it is difficul t to believe that this country can long be ruled by any party whose pathway to power is strewn with tue wrecked rights and liberties of individuals and States. J. T. TllEZEVANT. THU CORAX, REEFS. How the Florida. Keys were Formed. The wife of Professor Agassiz has an article in Our Young Folks for February, telling how the islands of the coast of Florida were formed, from which we make the following extract : Just outside the lower extremity of Florida are a number of islands, the eastermost almost touching the main land, while the western lie a little further off. In conseqnenqe of this peculiarity in their disposition the space left between these islands and the Florida coast, marked on the map as mud flats, is broad and open at the western outlet, but almost closed towards the east. It ia important to remember the form of this broad intervening space, stretching between the keys and the main Und, because the nar? rower and more shallow end may be easily filled up Kith sand, mud, etc. If you will look at tho map, you will see by the flats at the eastern end of this once open channel that snoh a pro? cess is actually going on. In fact, a outrent sets towards the channel, drifting into it sand, mud, aud debris of all sorts. I hope to show you that these flats, being gradually consolidated into dry land, willst last make a bridge between the islands and the lower extremi y of Florida, uniting them solid? ly together, so that the former will cease to be islands, and will become part of the mam land. Indeed, wo shall find lh?t Florida herself; so far as her structure is known, is only a euooes sion of snob rows of islands as now He outside her southern ?hore, nutted together by flats exactly like those accumulating at thia moment between the present islands aud the coast. These islands are called the Keys of Florida, and are distinguished from one another by a variety of appellations, snob as 8and Key, Key West, Indian Key, Long Key and the like. They are of various sizes; some, like Key West for instance, are large, inhabited islands, planted with fruit and flower gardens, whet o cocoanut? and palms, orange trees and bananas, grow in great luxuriance: while others are mere barron rooks, scarcely rising above the surface of the ocean, washed over by the waves, and wholly destitute of verdure. Suppose, now, that in fancy we sail out from the keys on their seaward side, choosing a bright, oahu day, when the surface of the ocean is still. The water of that region is always remarkably olear; and under such in? fluences of sky and atmosphere, it IB HO trans* it that the botte m may be seen at a oon ' te depth, difctinot as a plo tm e under southward ?b a distaros of some four or five miles from the keys, wa find ourselves in tbe neighborhood of a rooky wall arising from the ocean bottom. As we approach It, if we look over the sides of the boat, we shall sss that we are passing over a floating shrubbery, a branching- growth spreading in ovory direction, ita lighter portious Bwayiu?-gently with tho movement, of tho Boa. lt is not groon, liko land shrubbery, but has a variety of Boft, bright hues-purple," rosy, amethyst yellow, brown and orange. If ciicumstancos are favorable, and tho water crystal clear, as it sometimes is, wo shall have glimpses of bright colored fishes swimming in and out amid this tangled thick? et, or hero and there wa may discern a variety ef sea anemones; their soft, foal bery fringe fully expanded. This wonderful growth over which wo have imagined ourse Ive H to bo sailing is the top of a coral wall. Beaching tho surtaoo ol tho water at intervals, it forms littlo rocky islands hero and there, divided from each other by open channels, through some of which vessels of considerable sizo may pass. This wall in fact in a repetition of tho samo process as that which has formed the inner i o A* ol keys, tho ugh in a more incomplete stage; it is built up by the coral animals from tho sea bottom. Wher? ever circumstances are most favorable to their development, there they srew most rapidly. In such spots they bring the wall to a soa level sooner than in others. ThiB dono, however, the work of tho coral animals cooses, because they cannot livo out of the water. But in consequence of a procesB of decay and decomposition, whioh I shall des? cribe when we examine tho structure and lifo ot tho animals themselves, BUCU a wall-or coral root, as it is called-is surrounded by coral Band and fragments worn away from it by the notion of the Boa. Materials of this sort, mixed with sea weod, broken shells, &c, soon gather upjn the top of the reef whero ever the coral growth haB brought it to tho sea lovel. By degrees a soil is colleoted upon suoh spots, raising them more aud more above the surface of tho water. In this way tho islands have been formed which wo call the keys of Florida: and in the same way the little patohes now rising highest on the summit of tho reef will cul ai go gradually into more and more ex? tensive islands, though at present many of them are scarcely visible abovo tho water level. ARTISTIC MO TIS JES. How Homes may bo Made Attractive. A book entitled '-Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery and other Details," by C. L. Eastlake, has just been published in London. A part.of the volume has already ap? peared in the form of contributions to the Cornhill Magazine, the Queen and the London Review, but tho illustrations and a great part of the text aro new. Mr. Eastlake gives some useful suggestions concerning furniture and the numerous details of housekeeping. He Bays: As ? rulo, the simple patterns aro the best for every situo.tion; but where the eye has to regt upon thc surface of the wall alone,-a great? er play of line in the pattern may become ad? visable, lt is obvions that delioate lints admit of more linear complexity than those which an) rich or dark. Intricate forms should be accompanied by quiet colors, and variety of hue should be chastened by the plainest pos? sible outlines. In color, wall paper should op? pose instead of repeating that of the furniture and hangings by whioh they are surrounded. Some people conceive that the most important condition of good taste has been fulfilled if every bit of damask In one room is out from one piece, and every article of furniture is made from the same niece of wood. At this rate the ort of house utting wonld be reduoed to a very simple process. The real secret of success in decorative color is, however, quite as much dependent on contrast as on similari? ty of tint; nor can real artistic effect be expect? ed without tho employment of both. Mr. Eastlake goes on to show that modern grates, fenders and fire irons are almost always ill-designed, regardless of the nature of the materiel of whioh they are made. The curtain pole of the present day, with fachsias or con volvnli sprawling down at the ends, he says, is a wonderful burlesque of the simple iron rod on which curtains were formerly hung. For the cur aine, besides Bilk, rep and damask, the German stuff called Coletan is one of the most artistic of modern textile fabrics. The Frenoh material called Algerisso, which was the best thing of the hind that had appeared for many years-being oheap, washable aud artistic - found few admirers, and is not now obtainable. Clotorine is good and useful in quality, but the designs in use for it includes every element which sound taste would avoid. For sommer curtains. Swiss lace, mado of stout thread, and worked in small, well defined patterns, is much better than muslin on which is semi-natural? istic foliage or nondescript labyrinth of em? bossment. Library book cases are capable of muoh im? provement, and the drawing room furniture, sent in from a fashionable upholsterer, is sore to furnish illustrations of faults in taste and construction. Oil paintings should not bo hung with water-color drawings, nor th se with en? gravings and photographs. It is best to keep all painting? in a room by themselves. Draw? ings should be hung so that the centre of the piotnre in about five feet six inches from the floor. They should net touch euch other; in a drawing room, especially, they may be ad? vantageously separated by sconces, mirrors or brackets, supporting some object of art. Never bang glazed drawings opposite a win? dow, says Mr. Eastlake, and be adds : Never suspend a framed picture, however small, from one nail. This ?nay seem a trifle ; but, independently of the consid?rations of safety, the effect produced by two points of support is infinitely better. The triangular space inclosed by a piotnre cord stretched be tween tl ire i points must always be inharmo? nious with the horizontal and vertical line of a room, i -The story goes tbat when Grant was at West Point, after his election, Hamilton Fish invited the President elect to make his house a home, and the offer was accepted. The Hon. Hamilton Fish is a superb entertainer. In all social matters he is a master, and th? Presi? dent was fairly charmed off his feet by the easy freedom and elegant hospitality of his host. The dinners were admirable, the wines rare and delicious, while the cigars breathed the soft fragrance of their native isle. The hours flew by on golden wings, and the dav came whioh put the closing limit to the pleas? ant Visit. Hamilton Fi di gave a magnificent dinner. At the table the President elect met an old acquaintance, and while talking to him. after dinner, in the library, where they smoked together, General Grant suddenly removed the cigar from his month, threw hui thumb over bis shoulder in the direction of the dining room, where the elegant entertainer yet was, and asked in a low voice : "Who is thia Hamil? ton Fiah?" j --What a curious book might be written on the history of suicid?e I The ingenuity of dis? torted minds in discovering strange modes of death seems inexhaustible. An English car? penter a few days ago turned his mechanical skill to account in constructing a guillotine for his own decapitation. A New York merchant very recently hanged himself, and after pat? ting on the noose adopted a most ingemouo way oT tying his hands between his legs, so that he could -not release himself should his heart fail him at the last moment. Religious mania, has been known to drir j men to self cruoifixion. The most horrible caso of sui? cido, however, that we remember, occurred a few days ago in London, where a man emptied a can of par&fine oil all over his poison, and then set himself on fire. This, we believe, ia as (ar as anybody has yet gone. CoNsianedMiper Hontn csioltaa Mauro??! April 1ft. 802 bales Cotton, 62 bales Domestics, 8 oars Lum? ber, 8 cars Wood, 1 car Stock. To Railroad Agent, Oraeser ft Smith. Werner ft Duofcer, Caldwell ft eon, W B WSUtema, Seeder ft Davis, J Wiley % Co, Mowry ft Co, Treat ft Adger, Willis ft Chlaolm, O W Wil? liams ft Co, Q H Walto ft Co, W W smith, A B Mal ligan, W O Courtnay ft Co, s it Marshall, Bischoff ft Oe, and Goldsmith ft Soo. Consignee* per Korti??astern KalLroad April IO. 108 bales Cotton, ?87 bushels Bice. 82 bbls Naval Store?, Tobacco, Mdse, fte. To J Gondko >. J But? ler, Reeder ft Davie. Stoll, Webb ft Co. Howard ft Bro, Graeser ft Smith, J D Aiken ft Oe, 8 D Stoney, Rev J M Green, Moxyoks ft Kalter?, Kendall ft Dook ery, Cleghorn, Herring ft Co, G W William? ft Co, W K Ryan, J L h chi rm er, J 7 O'Neill ft foo, Oatea dorff ft Co, T i> Olanoy ft Co, Q folUn. Ravenel ft Co, J J Jacob*, and Order. Paaaenesrs, Par steamship James Adger, from New York - C A stetson, Ber J M Smith, Rev E M Hickey. T J Whitemore, J Stone, O St ou.?, A Reagan, L O Fell, J Cormier. J Mitchell, a T Te. ry. P Campbell. Captain 8 Adkins, and 8 in steerage. Per ?teamer Pilot Boy, from Savannah via Bean, fort and Bilton Head-B 8 Cooke, wife and child, Ur? Ja Lyle, Mies Newcomb, Mia? Wilson, ft B Ad. olson, Mr Bulkier, wife and d tu gb ter, Mr? Pen. altrgtoa, two children and ?errant, i H Lee, wife, two children and aervaat, Col simmer. If ra Steele, A V Co ii von aad wife, C C Niet, J Smith, C P Wil? liam?. J 4 Klein, O J Stoibrand, wife and three eh 11 dren, i apple, % Modbury aad wife, and 6 on deck. Fer steamer Fannie, from Havannah via Bilton Bead, Beaufort, Bdleto, Ac-F Cumin age, J B Eat ill, Wim, two chtldreu and aarvant, J McIntosh, A T P Chapman, A Duponsr, A M Jones, E Chi anim and ?Utter, HE Swinton, OM Jen M a?, J J Walker, and Son deck. Commercial. Export?. LIVERPOOL-Por steamship Camilla-1S4 bags Soa inland Cotton. 1579 bales Upi ?nd Cotton, 15 bales Toba-co, 510 bags of Ground South Caro? lina Phosphite, 1(58 bbls Ito In. ROCKPORT, ME-Per bri? Manzanillo-119,118 feet Steam Sawed Lumber. Charleston Cotton and Klee Market. OFFICE OK THE CHARLESTON DAILY NEWS, 1 CHARLESTON. Friday Evening, April 10. | COTTON.-The market was qulot, with a limited demand, caused by the dullness at Now York and the non-receipt of Liverpool telegrams. Kales about 200bales,at uu.-hmgoj rites, viz: lat 25%; 0 at 26%;69at27;25at27%; 3 at 27%; 15 at 27%; 59 at 28, and 3 of extra staple at 3()c ty lb. Wo quote : LIVERPOOL CLASSIFICATION. Ordinary to cood ordinary.26%(??27% Low middling.'il !i<gi - Middling.27% ?2? By Now York classification wo quote; Low middling.27%@ RICE.- The transactions woro limited, butpriceB were Arm. Sales about 00 tierces of clean Carolina, say 28 tierces at 8c; 50 af. 8\?c ty tb. Wo quote com? mon to fair clean Carolina at 7%@9%; go>d 8%'?> 8%o ty lb. Markets by Telegraph. FOREIGN MARKETS. HAVANA, April 15 -Sugar firm; sales 12,003 boxes of No. 12 at 9. Sterling 11% to 12%. TJ. S. currency 23%a24% account. DOMESTIC MARKETS. NEW YORK, April 10-Noon.-Money active at 7; sterling 7%. Gold 38%. Cotton quiet at 28% Tur? pentine finn at 50c. Rosin linn; strained $2 50 to $2 55. Evoning.-Cotton without decided change; Bales 1800 bales at 28%c. Flour dull; common to fair ex j tra Southern $0 20J0 85 Wheat dull and declining. I Corn heavy ; now yellow Southern 87c. Pork lower at $30 87%a Jl. Lard lower at 18%al9%. Whiskey nominal. Sugar firm; muscovado ll%al2%; Havana 12%al2%. Coffee firm. Other RrocerloB dull. Naval stores firm. Turpentine 49%a60%. Rosin $2 45a8. Freights Armor; cotton by steam 3-10d. Money easy on call at 7 por cont. Sterling dull but steady at 7%a8. Stacks strong. Gold 89. BALTIMORE, April 16.-Cotton dull at 28%c. Flour dull and weak. Wheat drooping; good to prime rod $2a210. Other grains dull. Pork quiet at $32. Bacon firm. Shoulders 14%e. Lard firm at 19%c. Whis? key firm at 92c. CINCINNATI, April 10.-Flour firmer- family at $C 50a0 75. Cora active and higher. Whiskey limit? ed and in demand at 90c. Provisions firmer. Pork $31, Bacon shoulders 13%. Lard firm-city 18. ST. Lours, April ld.-Whlikoy 87%a89. Pork higher at $30 50a31. Bacon higher; shoulders 13% ; clear sides 16%al7; choice sugar-cured hams 20a 20%. Lard firm-in keg 19. LouisvrLLF, April 16.-Pork $31 75. Lard 18% Shoulders 13%; clear aides 17%. Flour $5 80J6. Whiskey 91. WILMINGTON, April 16.-Spirits turpentine un? changed. Resin quiet at $18Ja7. Crude turpentine firm at $1 60*3 70. Tar firm at $2 30. Cotton dull at 26c for mixed qualities. ??AUGUSTA, April 16.-Market quiet and easier; eales 244 b ?les ; receipts 40 -middlings 27c. SAVANNAH. April 16.-Cotton dull; sales 300 bales. Middlings 27%c. Receipts 746; exports to Liverpoo 1 2264. MOBILE, April 16.-Receipts for the week 8786 bales; r x por ts coastwise 776 bales; foreign none; stock 41,206 bales; sales for the week 6000 bales; sales to -day none. Market dull and prices norn i nal Low mildling 27c; receipts 1067 bales; experts none. NEW OBU'-ANS, Aprd 16.-Receipts to-day 2604 bales; for the week, gross 12.428.net 10,427; exporta to-day 4196; for the week, to Great Britain 10,434, to the Contiueut 7296, co ist wiso 11312; stock 109,927; sales to-day KOO bales; for the week 20.700, m irket dull and unchanged; middling uplands 28%a28% . Gold 33. Sterling 43%. Commercial 42%. Sigat exchange on New York % premium. Interior Cotton Markets. YORKVILLE, April 14.-Cotton dull at 25c, and little offering. MONTGOMERY, April 14-Cotton market firm at 26c for low middlings. SUMTER, April 13.-About one hundred an d twenty bales sold during the week at 26%a26%c. CHESTER, April 13.-Cotton market inactive and receipts light. We quote middling at 25a25%c, other grades in proportion. MACON, April 14.-The demand to-day was very good. The market closed steady-holders fir ai. Middlings 26c-the finest brluginig more. Receipts to-day lt bales; shipments 139 bales; sales 314 bales. CHARLOTTE, April 12.-Trade waa rather dull last week (except in the wholesale line,) in conse? quence of tho busy season ai ong farmers. Cotton opened at the first of the week at 26a2?%c, but on (saturday 26%a25%c was the highest figures paid. About 85 bales sold during the week. _^ JflMiiit Hems. J?ort of Charleston. April XT'. J?OK,T OwfkJUHINiLX/aJR. PHASES OF THE MOON. Last Quarter, 8d, S honre, 28 minutes, evening. New Moon, 11th, 8 hours, 27 minutes, evening. First Quarter, 19th, 9 hours, 46 minutes, morning. Full Moon, 27tu, 1 hour, 1 minute, morning. SON BISE*. I ans. MOON SETS. BIOH WATEB. 12 Monday.... i 6..85 | 6..27 Sets. 13 Tuesday.... 5..84 6..27 ? 8.. 3 141 Wednesday. | 5..32 j 6. .28 8. .69 15, Thursday... 6..81 ; 6..S9 I 9. .67 16 Friday.1 6..30 ; 6..29 i 10..64 17 Saturdry...) 6..29 1 C..30 ll..50 lSlSnudav.I 6..28 > B..81 | Mo-n. 8.. 9 8..42 9..24 10.. 6 10. .61 ll..45 Moro. Arri reel Yesterday. Steamship James Adger, Lockwood, Hew York- - left 18th inst Mdse. To James Ada;er ft Co, 8 C Railroad Agent, H B Railroad Agent, Florida Steamer Agents, southern Express Co, A H Abrahams et Co, C D Ahr. ns A Co, J Archer, E Bates A Co, H Brown, T H Blackwell. O D Brahe ft Co, T M Bristoll. G H Brown. Budd st Blake. E Bull, H Bullwinkle ?t Co, J C Burcfamyer, Cameron st Barkley, ? If Cater, W H Ch ateo St co, W 8 Corwin St Co, H Daly, M Drake, J B Duval % Son, J H Eason & Bro, J S fairly St Co, I L Falk St Co, D F Fleming fe Co, H Gerdts at Co, O Goldstein, Goodrich, Wlnemin St Co, J H Graver St Co. J Ferguson. J H Hall St Co, C H Hilton, Hart St Co, Holmes St Calder, J Hurkamp lc Co, I Hyman St Co, B H Jackson, Jeffords st Co, O B Johnson, John? ston, Crews St Co, Kinsman Bros, H Blatte St Co, F Kr?ssel, Jr. Klinck, Wlckenberg St Co, Knox Daly St Co, Xrtete St Chapman, W Lagerten, McLoy St Rice, Mentone st Co, Marshall St Burge, Menke St Muller, Vorth, Keelo & Wardell, J 0 Ojemann, B O'Neul, D O'Neill St Son, J F O'neill st hon. Palmetto Pioneer Co-operative Association. H T Peake, superintendent, G B Pin? ree, C Plonge, R Both, Blecke Mt Schachte, Riordan, Dawson St Co, J Russell, F E Schroeder, P 8< huckin in, J B feemcke, fceymour et EUcox. fehaek elford As Kelly, W B Steed man, Stenhouse At Co, G W steffen*, B B Stoddard St Co, Strauss St Vance. A L Tobias, WAgener ft Monsees, Walker, Evans ft Cogswell, E Ward ft Co. Werner ft Ducker, Willis ft Ghtsolm, G W Williams ft Co, B Wing, W J Tites, P Cullinane, G L Wnght. M Oarmnklo. Bart ft Wirth, G W Aimer B J Oliver, J Jara, M H Nathans, T M Zuroher. D Maguire, B H Gordon, J Heeeeman, 8 B Marshall, L Cohen ft Co. G Prince, J commins, J B Read ft cc, Dowie ft Moise,- Forsyth, Mccomb ft Co, Molchers ft Muller, C Kerrison, B8 Lester, F C Bor? ner. M A Tannluuron, P Teisenberg, B B Cowper tbwait, Stol], Webb ft Co, 8 La Torre, D Solteri, J 8 Bee, T D Muller, W J Lee, B Feldmann ft Co, Crane, Bovlston ft Co. 8 H Wilson, A Langer, Order, and other*. 1Mb instant, ll A M. passed steamship bea Gull, hf nco for Bal tim .ro. ' Steamer Pilot Bey, Peck, Sav.mnah via Bean? fort, Hilton. Head. Sta. Sundries. Tc J Ferguson, Lopez St Leslie, sud O J H toi band. Steamer Fannie, Adair, Havannah, via Hilton Head Beaufort, Bdlcto, fte. Mdse, fto. To John Ferguson, M Goldsmith ft bon, and Mrs W fiavenel. Cleared Yesterday. B<itish steamship Camilla, Peace, Liverpool-B Mure ft co. trig Manzanillo, Magune, Rockport, Me-Olney ft -Co. g. Sehr Frank ft Emily. Colley. Philadelphia, via Da? llen, Ga-Risley ft Creighton. Sailed Yesterday. Steamer City Point, McVttUn, Palatka, via Jackson? ville, Fernandina and Savannah. From thia Pas*. Steamship Champion, Lockwood, Now York, April 13. Cleared for thia l'Art. British steamship Marmora, Robinson, at Baltimore, April 14. Memoranda. The ?ehr Scud,, originally from Calala. Me, but which put into Hampton Roads in distress, aalled from Fortress Monroe for Charleston on the 18th in? stant. . t ? Shtpnevr* by Telegraph. NKW Toax, April ld-All tbs coast s to? ca er* ins are due have arrived. WiLMworoN, April 16-Arrived, the Volunteer, from New York. Cleared, the Fairbanks, for Nsw Fork. SAVANNAH, April 16-Arri ved? steamship Leo from Cleared, ship chevalier for Queenstown ; bark* John Ellis tor Liverpool ; Helen* Sligo for ireland ; sobr Sophi* fer H**a*u. Weather moderate. Wind B9K. F O V T ZS ' S CELEBRATED Hors? anti Cattle Powders. This preparation, long and favorably known, will thor ovghly reinvigorate broken down and low-spirited horseB, by strength cuing and cleansing thc stomach and intes? tines. It is a sure preven? tive of all diseases ^. >^KV? T^>iT --- incident to this ani? mal, such as LUNG FEVER, GLANDERS, YEL LOW WATER, HEAVES, Coughs, Distemper, Fevc.*, Founder, Loss of Appetite and Vital Eneigy, &c. It? uso improvi thc Wind, Iner. es thc Appoti gives a S ut and Glossy Skin ant transforms ttio V^?KSSK miserable Skele I ons ^^T-S?^. into a flue looktu;; Mid Bpi ri to?! Horse. TO KEEPERS OF COWS THIS PREPARATION IS INVALUABLE lt in croases the quat) ti ty and im? proves tho quality of tho MILK. , It has been proven by actual experi? ment to increase the quantity of Milk and Cream t won ty per cent., and make the But? ter firm and sweet. In fattening cattle, it gives them an appetite, opens their hides and makes them thrive much faster. IN ALL DISEASES OF SWINE, SUCH AS COUGH?, ULCERS IN THE L U N G 8, LIVER, kc, this articlcacts as a sp?? cifie. By putting from one-half to a paper in a barrel of swill tho ab'ivo diseases will bo eradicated or en? tirely prevented. If given in timo, a certain pro ti ve and cure for tho Hog Cholera. %' PREFABED BY DAVID E. POUTZ, WHOLESALE DRUG AND MEDICINE DEPOT, No. 110 Franklin-Btre>t, Baltimore, Md. FOB SALE BT BOWIE & NOISE, WHOLESALE DRUG HOUSE, No. 161 MEETING-STREET, OPPOSITE CHARLESTON HOTEL, March 31_46 EOS AD ALIS Purities the Blood. For Sale by Orastrtats KvcrywheK. July 2* nae l>i Safes. MARVIN'S PATENT Alum & Dry Plaste FIRE PRO0 Are most desirable for quality, finish and price. MARVIN'S SPHERICAL BURGLAR SAFES Cannot be Sledged! Cannot be Wedged ! Cannot be Drilled ! BANK VAULTS, VAULT DOORS, EXPRE83 BOXES, FAMILY PLATE SAFES, COMBINATION LOOKS Please ?end- for a catalogue to sOaAvm A oo., (oldest safe manufacturera) , , ( 865 Broadway, New York. Principal j ?21 ?hes???, Phil?. Warehouses }108Bank st., Cleveland.O And for sale by our agents in th? principal oities throughout lb? United States FOB SALK BT WM. M. BIRD St CO., No. 203 EAST BAY* CHAKLl sTii.v. December 20 lyr M. L. FILLEY'S Celebrated Cooking Stoves, IP "PHILANTHROPIST" AND " Ol VTL?AN," Manufactured at Troy,' N. Y" and for nie by ?, 1?. FULL ?BT ON, i .; AUGUSTA, . QA, mHKHE STOVES STAND ?NB?VaLLED FOB JL capacity, durability, oonveniences and the gen? eral purpose* to whioh Cooking Stoves are need. Tbe PBILANTHROPIsr ls eitra heavy plated, and baa Ash Drawer; can be made Into a ?ix boiler hole .tova; hae oatt iron Witer Tank galvanised, or enamel lined. A strictly ?infec?as* Btoje, The CIVILIAN ia of a neat JbsaUrn, an*tm* a fine large Oven. T??U stovo oan bo had with the extension Hack, six holes, and reservoir when desired ^<W^^8nW?l>LSET0N. January 80 tmoe Augusta. Ge. _ furniture, (Etc. FURNITURE, CHM MI1II?11?1?. -O ZD-A-ILTIIEJXJ HC. SILCOX, Nos. 175,177 and 179 KINO-STREET, - - Charleston, S. C., Keeps constantly on hand a large andi well selected Assortment of CABIN ET F OBNIT U KK. Of the latest and most approved styles, which he offers at prices that c innot fail to please. ALSO, CHAMBER AND COTTAGE SETS, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. ?S-THE BEST ASSORTMENT EVER OFFERED IN TO TS MARKE r.-TyQ. N. IS.-Goods Carefully Packed tor Shipping. March 18 DAG thstu'imos FERTILIZERS! RHODES' 8U?PH08PHATE ! THE OLD AND LONGEST ESTABLISHED STANDARD MANURE. ORCHILLA GUANO ! PERUVIAN GUANO I -o "O H ODES' MANURE IN IT8 PREPARATION, 19 M\DE EQUALLY ADAPTED FOR FACING XAI large crons of Cotton, Corn, Wheat, Tobacco Potatoes and other Root Crops. The Manufacturing Department ts couductod by Frederick Klotl, oue of tho most silUful Chemists and Manufacturers in tho United States. It is endorsed, approved and recommended by all ol tho most prominent Chemists and Atrrtculturists In the Southern States. "It can be relied upon a* uuiform in quality," always reliable, productivo of largo crops, and unexcelled by any in the market, in the high percentage of "True Fortiliziny Principles." Price $57 50 cash, or $63 time, with Factor's acceptance, and 7 per cent, interest until 1st Decernb' r. 1809. URCHILLA GUANO-''AA." a Ano Bird Guano, rich in Phosphates and Alkaline Palls. Price > cash. $40 time. PERUVIAN GUANO-Warranted pure, and always on haud. Furnished at market prices for ca th. -o Analysis of Rhodes' Standard Superphosphate of Lime. Moisture Expelled at 212?..5.05 Soluble Phosphoric Acid.;.9.06 Equal to Phosphate Limo.19.78 Common Phosphorio Acid.IC.03 Equal to Bono Phosphate.34.99 Total Phosphates.54.77 Limo with Phosphoric Aoid.29.GB Sand.00.00 Sulphate of Lime and other Salts not estimated.40.18 100.00 The above analysis indicates a Manurial Superphosphate o? Limo of tho highost grado ordi? narily found in the American market. Its largo amount of Soluble Phosphoric Acid supplies an active nutriment for tho development and maturity of tho fruitago. Tho Sulphuric Acid whioh it contains, by chemical affinity with tho elomonts of most soils, oontributo to its Fer? tilizing Properties. To show its best effects, this Superphosphate should bo applied und er and in contact with tho Seed, and with a moderately shallow covering of soil. A. MEANS, Inspector, Savannah, Chatham Countv, Georgi;'.. G. H. WILLIAMS, Assistant Chemist. February 18th, 1869. We guarantee that every package of RHODES' STANDARD SUPERPHOSPHATE ?'iall fully come up to the above analysis. 15. M. RHODES & CO., No. 8a SOUTH-STRKET, UALT101ORE. B. S. RHETT & SON, February 37 AGENTS, CHARLESTON, S. C. Jtosttraiuc. GUARDIAN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK Organized in 1859. All Policies non-Forfeitable. Hali Loan Taken, No Notes Required LAST CASH DIVIDEND 50 (FIFTY) PER CENT. Statement. Policies in forco_.$25,000,000 Assets. 1,500,000 Annual Income. 800,000 Losses Paid.- 500,000 Officers. W. H. PECKHAM, President. H. V. GAHAGAN, Seorotary. L. McADAM, Actuary. G. A. F?DICKAR,-Superintendent. Directors. Hon. JOHN A. Dix, New York. * E. V. HAUOHWOOT, Firm E. V. Hauejhwom ? Hon. JAMES HARPER, Firm Harper ?V. Bros., Co. ex-Mavor New York. WM. WILKENS, Firm W. Wilkena & Co. JOHN J. CRANE, President Bank Republic. JULIUS H. PUATT, Merchant. WK. T. HOOKES, Wall-street. WM. W. WRIGHT, Merchant. WM. M. VBRMTLYE, Banker (Yermilye A Co.) CHAS. J. STARR, Merchant. CHAS. G. ROCKWOOD, Cashier Newark Banking WILLIAM ALLEN, Merchant. Company. GEO. W. CUTLER, Banker, Palmyra, N. Y. Hon. GEORGE OPDTKE ex-Mayor of New York. GEO. T. HOPS, President Continental Fire In MINOT C. MORGAN, Banker. suranoe Company. THOMAS RIONET, Firm Thomas Rigney & Co. JOHN H. SHERWOOD, Park Place. BENJ. B. SHERMAN, Treasurer New York Steam WALTON H. r* '?CKRAM, Corner 5th Avenue an Sugar Refiniog Company. Twenty-thira-street. AARON ARNOLD, Firm of Arnold, Constable & Co. EDWARD H. Waurnr, Newark, N. J. RICHARD H. BOWNE, Wetmore & Bowne, Law- GEO. W. FARLEE, Counsellor. yers. W. L. COGSWELL, Merchant. GEORGE KEIM, General Agent for South Carolina. Dr. T. RBEMSTJBHRA, Examining Physician. R. ISSEKTEL, GENERAL AGENT FOR CHARLESTON, j January 12 dino Offlee No. 989 King-Street, Charleston, 8. C. AYEB'? 8 ABS APA BILLA, FUR PURIFYING THU BLO?D, THE REPUTATION _^ ibis excellent medicine en ^?pJXa. Jove, ie derived from il? ^?TK J? euros, many of which ore yrL mm J?M trnly marvellous. Invete ,0^ ^V&tW' rate cases of Scrolulous Mr disease, where the system J\ fun seemed saturated witt? ?dr'-^v ?ML corrnp'lon, have been pu MIM 8 JJ* lided and cured by it. ^BBpVT-" . Scrofulous affections and ,A-?*4|OTfcf disorders, whieL were ag ^s??kWBM Hr Healed by tho Bcroru ??'sHBaSsnalP' loua contamination until they wore painfully aflllctiog, nave been radically cured in such great numbers in ainu tt every section of tbe countrv, that the pabilo scarcely need to be Informed of its virtues or uses. Scrofulous poison le one of the moat de tractive enemies of our race. Often this unseen a d unfelt tenant of the organism undermines the con titutlon, and invites the attack ol enfeebling or fatal diseases, without exciting a suspicion of its pr?sence. Again, lt seems to breed infection throuuh the body, and then, on some favorable occasion, rapidly develops into one or other ol its hideous forms, either on the surface or among the vitals. In tbe latter, tubercles may be suddenly deposited ta the lungs or heart, 01 tumors formed in tbe liver, or it shows its presence by eruptions on the skin, or foul ulcerations on son e part of tho body. Hence the occasional use o bottle of this ?ARSAPARILLA ls advisable, .-ven when no act!? J symptoms of disease appear, .ol? sons athlete I with the following complaints gem nilly find imn edlate relief, and, at length, cure by thc use of this SARSAPARILLA: St. Anthony's x'.tf. Rose or Erysipelas, Tetter, Salt Rheum, Scald bead Kin?, Worm, fore lyes. Sore Ears, and other np tiona or visible forms of Scrofulous disease. Mao. in the more concealed forms, aa Dyspepsia, Di nea Heart Di?ease. Pits, Epilepsy, Neuralgia, and tht va? rious ulcerous affections of the muscular chi1 nci - Ton* system*. -?t_ ?ynbfh* or Venereal and Mercurial Disease .< re cur -d by lt, though . long tune is required fot sui - during these obstinate maladi * by any medu .LC But long continued nee of this medicine will eure tho "complaint. Leucorrhce? or Whites, Utertrt III ceratlons and Female diseases, are commonly tooti relieved and ultimately cured by its purifying! ?nc invigorating eff. ct. Minute Directions for each < at* are found in our Almanac, ?applied gratis. bi'cu matt nm and Gout, wben caused by aocamulatioLi o' entraneous matter? ta the blood, yield quickly to Jl as also Liver complaints. Torpidity, Congestion ci Inflammation of the Liver and Jaun Mee, when aris? ing, as they often do. from the rankling poisons tn the blood This SARAPARILLA ls a great restore* for the strength and vigor of the ag ?tem. Those who are Languid and Listless, Despondent, Sleep! ?s I and troubled with Nervous Apprehensions pr Fears, or any of tb? affections symptomatic bf Weakness, SU and immediatereUef aol convincing evidence ita restorative power upon trial. mr am? mt .. Dr. J?. G. ATAR, dt CO., Lowell, Mn**., Practical and Analytical Chemists. Bold at Wholesale, by DOW I ft A MOI SF., Charleston, South Carolina, And by Batafl Druggists everywhere. March OE nao th?tu&mos HOUSEKEEPERS ! HOUSEKEEPERS ! HEN-WO M KN-ANO CTHIX.DHK* B?K.N-WOMEX-AND CHILDRKK X READ-READ. "Cooling to Scalds and Burns," "?toothing to all painful wounds," Ac. ..Healing to all bores, Ulcers," Ac. 'COSTAR'*' BUCKTHORN SAL Ia the most extraordinary SALVE ever known. power of Soothing and Healing for all Guts, Ba Bruises, Bores, Ulcers, Chapped Bands and bain, sore Nipples, for Piles, Ac, Ac - is without a pa UL One person says of it: "I would not hew out a box in my house, if it cost SS, or I h travel all th % way to New York tor it." liV. F. Evening News, September EOT AH Druggists In OBABIiESTON seU it. "COSTAR'S " STANDARD PREP ARATIO - . ABB HIS BBA?JTIFIEB THE Bitter-sweet smd Uranga Blossom AW* One Bottle, SI-Three tot $% Hld k?Coa?asr*ew Hat,' Koacn, Stn., Kxtermr?. "?;oitarV Bad Bag Kx terminators. ??SL*ose?r?e" (only pine) Inaeet Powder. "Only infallible Hemed ISJ known." ,H I ! Beware 111 of spurious imitations." ?'AU Dr aggi ?ts in OB ABLES TON seU them. " Address '. CO? PAR," No. 13 HowaurdUst.., M - Y Bold in CHARLESTON, 8. G., by 800BHICH, WIN WM AN St CO. BL March 23 nae lyr