I (Sbaffegtan' Satin j????| :
VOLUME VIII._NUMBER 1209. * CHARLESTON, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 6, 1669._SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
The, Sooth Carolina Election Commit
te*-A Four Per < nt. Loan-T h
Sitmatlon in Cuba-The Counterfeit
[SPECIAL TBLEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, November 5.
The Sub-Election Committee decided tooday
that they would not incur tbe expense of going
to 8outh Carolina to take testimony in the con?
tested election cases.
' There seems tobe no doubt that Secretary Bout
weQ will recommend a four per cent. loan.
The Cabinet to-day had up the question o? what
disposition to make of the Spanish iron-clads, and
decided to hold them.
Advices received from Havana to-day say that
matters are very quiet m Cuba, and that at no
time-within the year were trie Spaniards so COB
Ident of suppressing the rebellion. .This confi?
dence ls based on the course of the United States
Government m detaining the Hornet, and In other
acta calculated to prevent aid being given the in
General McMahon has applied to be reinstated
as Minister to Paraguay.
The treasury officials say that they have now
?lue to tbe counterfeiting operations, and will
break np. other important gangs all over the
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, November 5.
The Postmaster-General has ordered that
new building be selected for a postofflce in Nash
' ville, the present one being unequal to the de?
The contingent fund of the House being ex?
hausted, the Sub-Committee on Elections have,
declined visiting South Carolina. The elections in
that State wul be, investigated aere after the meet?
ing of Congress.
The revenue receipts are over $000,000. The cus?
toms from the ?Sth to the 80th of October Inclu?
sive are over $3^000, ooo.
? Bogers has been appointed Collector of Customs
at St. Mark's, Fla.
THE DEATH OE GEOEGE PEABODY.
LONDON, November 5.
The death of George Peabody creates a pro?
found sensation. Nearly all the morning papers
have obituary articles.
The Times says: "The news of Mr. Peabody's
death will be received with no common sorrow on
both sides of the Atlantic. The sentiment of re
greytrul not be a mere passing tribute of grati?
tude to a munificent benefactor. Mr. Peabody
through a long life accumulated manifold
titles to be lamented. He was an ardent
patriot, and was loved abroad as much
aa at home. He waa a New Englander
who, when the South, was bowed down to the
dust, stepped forward and claimed a right to
succor her. He wu no courtier; yet he was hon?
ored by sovereigns and princes. He was profuse
tn als charity, which pauperised nobody. He was
a philanthropist who was liked as well as hon
"Med. There was nothing hard or narrow about
his philanthropy. He simply did whatever good
?ame in his way."
Pectoral Meetings in "Paris-The City
Many electoral meetings have been held in
various parts of the etty. There has been no oc?
casion for ponce Interference. .
Adjournment of Ute Spanish Cortes,
MADRID, November A
The Cortes have again adjourned. The govern?
ment wm endeavor to UH vacant seats with par?
tisans of the Duke of Genoa.
Holiday in London.
LONDON, November 5.
To-morrow win be a hobday. The Queen will
visit the city to open '.he new Holborn Bridge
Nsw TORS, November 5.
fitter returns, are more unfavorable to the
Republicans., The Tribune estimates the Senate
two Democratic and the Assembly sixteen Demo?
cratic majority. The Tunes puts the Assembly at
seventy democrats and fifty-eight Republicans.
SPARKS PROM THE WIRES.
The America has salted from Hong Kong
with one thousand Chinese and a million of treas?
ure for San Francisco.
Lr*. L. R. Waring, a prominent physician of
Richmond, Va., died suddenly yesterday morning.
Tte Virginia State Pair closed yesterday evening
at S o'clock. One thousand dollars in premiums
Treasury detectives have captured a big tob?c?
eo stamp counterfeiting estaN ahmest. Private
statements indicate a wide range of accomplices.
.It hi reported that the Comptroller of the Cur?
rency will advise a radical change m the banking
laws, whereby the system will be open to ail who
can furnish the necessary security.
The Provisional Governor of Texas applied for
authority to enforce the ordinances ?ffopted by
the Reconstruction Convention. General Rey?
nolds says that they are not valid, and that the
ratification o? the constitution will not make
THE ABBEVILLE FAIR.
An Astonishing Success-Tho S t o c le?
the Vehicles-The Grains and Pro
dace-Thc Spectators and Visitors
Oration by Mr. Lee.
y ' -
[FROM otra OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
T " ABBEVILLE C. H., November 4.
Th?'AbbevlUe Agricultural Fair opened yes?
terday with most astonishing success. Many an?
ticipations af a failure had been expressed, but
yesterday's sights gave an earnest that "there's
life In the old land yet." The Executive Committee
have cause of rejoteing, for they have succeeded,
The day was calm r.nd lovely, and as balmy as
as Indian summer. With the rising sun came
pouring in from every side fine stock that had
been previously entered and had to be on lue
ground by 9 o'clock. Before that hour every srall
previously .prepared for horses, mules, cat; le,
?heep and bogs, was Ulled, and around the lota
were hitched mules, Jacks, saddle and harness
horses, and some cattle were driven for safe
keeping to private lots. Amongst 'he ??wine were
Chester pigs one hundred and forty days old,
weighing one-hundred and forty pounds each;
JBsaex bogs a year old, weighing three hundred
pounds, and Une and beautiM full-blood Berk,
shires. Merino, SoutbdowrPand grade sheep
wire entered, while Durham, Devon and Ayre
?dre cattle ornamented the lots. The fleet racer,
the nimble pony, the lubberly roadster, the noble
stallion, all enlivened the scene, which would
-have been creditable to our ante-bellum condi?
A walk continued around the grounds pleased
and. delighted me the further I went. Here stood
,utirol buggy, there an excellent wagon, and
beyond duplicates of the same, better than
?ant, all made In this district. In the lower
floor of the building was everything to delight
the planter's eye; cotton bales, clover hay, and
beautiful samples of all kinds of small grain,
splendid potatoes (sweet and Irish,) corn, turnips,
beets, mangold? \n? barrels of beautiful flour.
Up-etairs was thc ladies' department, filled, yes,
crammed, ?though the hall was forty by sixty
feet,) with everything to eat and drink, from a
magnificent cake to a bottle of delicious wine,
and more lovely specimens of ladies' handiwork
than one could enumerate in a volume.
By lo o'clock the streets were al've with the
nearing masses of both blacks and whites. And
during the day over 1000 extra tickets were sold,
though it was previously thought a majority of
the citizens of the district were paid members of
the society. Visitors were here from GreenvUlc,
Anderson, Laurens, Edgefleld and Newberry. The
drinking saloons were all closed, and none of the
grocery merchants would seU spirituous liquors,
so that a more orderly crowd was never assem?
bled together; and it gives me pleasure ro say
that the colored people behaved quietly through?
out the day, and though those of them who bought
tickets were allowed free access to the Fair build?
ing and grounds, they deported themselves In
every respect quite as genteelly as could have been
Music from the Courthouse portico soon col?
lected more than a houseful: m that direction,
and in a few minutes this throng was being en?
lightened by the Hpn. D. Lee, of East Tennessee,
in one of the most practical, entertaining agri?
cultural speeches it has ever been my pleasure to
hear. Efforts are being made to Induce Dr. Lee
to visit Columbia during next week, and if he
does, the Executive Committee should not fail to
have him address the South Carolina Agricultural
and Mecha^tf^Soclety. The intelligent planter
who hfJ^iTrT Lee cannot but be both edified and
delighted. Indeed it would be an economical and
profitable investment for the society to secure his
services as an agricultural chemist or geologist to
traverse the State, aad lecture at stated periods
to the planters.
At 4 o'clock the Fair grounds were closed, and
scarcely had the son gone down until a hot sup?
per was announced for BOBO charitable or reli?
gious purpose, and thither the crowds strayed,
and until near midnight the good things of life
were enjoyed, at most reasonable figures, by one
and au of this joyous assemblage. Roast pigs,
turkeys, hams, chicken salad, hot coffee, oysters,
meringues charlottes, calle, and other things "too
numerous," Ae., were as plentiful as the beauti?
ful ladies, of whom there were not a few.
Indeed, you should have been here this' week,
or had a representative present. Ton or he might
have taken notes of interest sufficient to have fill?
ed a dozen columns. Tour humble correspond?
ent must postpone a further report for the pre
KnU - - - C'H"
ALL ABOUT THE BT ATE.
Fon nd Dead.
The Greenville Enterprise says: "The body of
Mr. Grady's little son was found on Wednesday
afternoon last, in the mill pond above the factorv,
and all uncertainty as to the child's fate put at
rest. His remains were brought to the Baptist
Church on Thursday, and the funeral services
were most feelingly and impressively performed
by the Pastor. Rev. W. D. Thomas; a large num?
ber of sympathizing friends attended."
Election in Beaufort.
Three of the old wardens having resigned their
seats in the Council, an elctlon was ordered and
came off on the Sd Instant. On Monday last a
mass meeting was called and held in thc town
hall for the purpose of nominating suitable can?
didates. The attendance was small, the citizens
generally not knowing of the meeting. Messrs.
lt. S. Langley, H. G. Jerald and James D. Bell
were the nomm?es. The number of candidates
run, however, numbered some thirteen In addi?
tion to those nominated. The following ls the
result of the election, viz : Langley 112, Williams
9?, and Bell 70.
The whole amount collected in Greenville
County this year ls, according to thc statement
furnished, $42,142 80. Of this amount there has
been paid district expenses of assessors, Ac,
$1743; jury tickets, State witnesses, Ac, trans?
porting prisoners, amount paid to County Com?
missioners, $8803 30; total district expenses, $io,
646 ao; transmitted to State Treasury, $31,596 60.
The County Auditor has received out of the
State fund, in addition, $500, which ls not charged
in the district account. The collection is not yet
complete; it wUl take four or five thousand dol?
lars more to complete lt, which run up the tax on
GreenviUe County to pretty near $50,000.
The Columbia Phoenix says: "The ladies of
Columbia assembled at the Methodist Church yes?
terday afternoon, to form a State Association for
the erection of a monument to the Confederate
dead. Mrs. George Howe was requested to pre?
side, and Miss Isabella Martin was appointed
secretary. The Rev. Wm. Martin opened the
meeting with prayer. General Hampton was then
presented to the meeting, who, at some length,
m very happy and appropriate terms, stated the
objects of the meeting. Mrs. Darby moved that a
committee of six ladles be appointed to draft a
constitution and by-laws for the association,
which committee was instructed to report to an
adjourned meeting, to be held during the week of
the Fair, at which time the society will be fully
organized by adopting a constitution and elect
tog permanent ofllcers. The meeting then ad?
journed, to meet as above stated, ol which notice
wlU be given."
Beaufort County Courthouse Destroyed
" by Fire.
Early on Sunday morning last a Aro was discov?
ered In the courthouse of Beaufort, a.id*so rapid
was the action of thc devouring element that be?
fore the necessary aid for its extinction ceuld be
obtained the whole premises, Inr'.udlng the county
courthouse, jury rooms, sheriff's offlce, together
with the offices of the count;, treasurer, county
commissioners, Judge of probate, auditor and
clerk of th/Vourt, were wra; ped In one sheet of
flame, pre*%ing to the numerous spectators a
spectacle it?Urch was awful! v grand. The offices
of the sheriff and clerk wer s In the front or main
building, on the ground f ?or, and as tne clerk
and deputy sheriff reside very near, and were
early on the spot, aU the valuablo books of both
offices, and many, of the papers were saved.
None of the records ol mesne conveyance
were lost, and the dockets or court, with
a portion of the papers in equity, were also
saved. The sheriff's valuai 'les and money were
in a Herring safe, and consequently were not ma?
terially Injured, but the destruction in thc other
county offices has been total, and in the case of
the auditor, Judge of probate and treasurer, the
loss is quite Irreparable. The county duplicates
of assessment in the auditor's offlce, the tax
executions in the treasurer's, together with
all unpaid tax bills, and In the probate of?
fice, guardians and trustees accounts, wills,
and a large accumulation of soldiers' bounty
and pension papers have been utterly des?
troyed. The most strenuous efforts were made
to preserve thc most Important papers, and the au?
ditor and several other gentlemen very narrowly
escaped suffocation in making the attempt. For
sometime the large and beautiful residence of
Dr. Jenkins, only seventy feet distant, was in
imminent danger, but was fortunately saved by
thc timely efforts of the firemen, who not only
used the engine, but also carried water to the
roof. The wind at the time happened to be light,
and was blowiug from the uortb, which drove
the flames away from other buildings, which
would have involved much greater destruction
had-they caught, as they certainly would if the
wind had been tn any other direction. Fortunate?
ly a fuU tide gave the firemen an abundant sup?
ply or water. Nothing ls known of the origin or
the fire, although there can be no reasonable
doubt that it was the work or an incendiary. The
motive which has led to the commission or such a
crime, in thc absence of the least clue to the per?
petrator, can only b; a matter of surmise and
conjecture. A lueetl g or the town and county
r.atnoritles took place on Monday afternoon, ami
evidence was taken on examination or persons res?
ident near the spot, with a view to detect, ir pos?
sible, the criminal who, Tor the sake or plunder,
or thinking to escape the payment or taxes, or to
gratify some private malice cherished against in?
dividual officers, or the entire executive of the
county, has thus destroyed the public records,
and added to the burden of. taxation some
thousands of dollars to pay for such duplicate pa?
pers as must of necessity bc made. Besides this,
there will be a targe outlay in providing another
courthouse; and cs the General Sessions will
open next month there will only be very little
time to make the required provision. The build?
ing destroyed belonged to the United States, and
was leased by the town under the act which rend?
ers obligatory the providing of public accommo?
dation. The sheriff has removed his effects to a
room in the jail, and thc clerk has opened an
office at his own residence. .
Shreds or State New*.
At a called meeting or thc Agricultural Society
of fork District, held on the 2d Instant, with
Major A. A. McKenzie presiding, thc following
persons were nominated as delegates to the State
Agricultural Society's meeting at Columbia, on
the 10th; Principals A. A. McKenzie, J. T. Lowry.
Alternates-J. L. Adams, J. E. Wilson.
After a few frosts and rreezea. Greenville is en?
joying tba calm delights or Indian summer, and
the old time smokiness or the atmosphere accom?
panies the season.
1 ROM THE STATE ?Al'IIAL.
The Censas or Nine Counties-Exhibits
Comparison with 1SG0-Increase or
Whites-Decrease of Negroes.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, November 4.
Tho census returns have been delayed by
the impossibility of getting the necessary books
ready, in time. The work will be finished proba?
bly by the middle of December. Thus far nine coun?
ties have been heard from officially, and the re?
sults are full of interest. The following table is a
general exhibit of these results:
I IQ Cf *N OS ?rt *J9 "S
?5 j rt CO ?S rt ?8 rt
rt CO* rn" rtT . o" ? ? O* ^ I
O I y rt Cl H H H S H
? r" rt
3 ? a
- IN rs o C? CN
LT5 I- CC I- ? ?
.rt? t- rt 00 I
tt of M" fi I-" ci
? ^ "
SI g s s s
g I ^ ? rf ?
tr rt s
rt M Cl rt
rt rt rt cf
ff rt* rt" rt* rt rt" rt" CO rt
2 S g g
CN rt CN CC
CN rt rt
a c s s a
i- i- ci rt oe
- r ot - c r; J. -.. i
rt" CN CN* rt" rt"
S 3 S S S S g
rt ? CC CC ? rt 00
c ?? c si S S
T J i_ hi c
2 ? rt c ? sS
u S B
S 5 a
S rt 5
a n. g
As a basis of comparison of the present with
the past, the following exhibit of the census of ]
i860 will be interesting :
In four of these nine counties there has been an
increase of the aggregate population since 1800,
23,125 J 22,873
10,289 I 7,962
17,481 I 16,489
In five of these nine counties there has been
a decrease of tbe aggregate population, since
i860, as follows:
1869.? I 1860.
Population. Population.I Decrease.
That ls to say, in these nine counties, there has
been since 1860, a loss of 1910 inhabitant.-; over and
above the entire Increase.
The details of this loss appear in the following
exhibit, which is a comparative statement of
white and colored persons in the counties respect?
fully, with increase and decrease collated:
es oo rt
cc r- el
?* ? w
rt" rt" ?*"
rt rt CN m
?- f K
. - ?
a ? o
S fe M
? s 5
?c 8 -
a - es
< O Q
: : : M B
?- : fe s
*? fc i_ O a
a 2 ? ? 3
3 S ? I 1
fl rt s.e.,
J 33 cc efl IS
From these aggregates we see that, tn-the nine
counties, the final result is an Increase of just 22
whites and a decrease of 1941 colored inhabitants.
These fluctuations of population are referable to
so many causes, that generalizations just now
would be unsafe. The negroes are migrating to?
ward the coast and thc cities. Immigrants are
coming in. Death ls doing Its work with unequal
hands. Lut there are some anomalous facts
some that go against the coast migrating idea.
For example, in Anderson there has been a de?
crease of whites and an increase of negroes, and
that at the very foot of tlie mountains. Mut here,
lu a population so larj-ely white, the mark of wal?
is most visible. In a few weeks wc shall have fall
returns. Til! then theories may bc lield tu abey?
-The next elections occuron the 30th instant,
in Texas and Mississippi, on adopting the new
State constitutions and for olllces under them.
The total rcKiotration in Mississippi is 139,937, of
whom 59,176 are white and 80,7ui colored. There
were 76,010 votes cast at the cenvent-iou election,
of which 63,822 were colored and 69,737 were for
the convention. In Texas the vote for the con?
vention last year was 54,388, giving 30,890 ma?
jority In its favor; but several counties are not In?
cluded In thc return.
-That was a curious raid the New Orleans po?
lice made on Wednesday last. They arrested
about one hundred bakers and seized eighty-five
hundred loaves of bread. This exhausted the bread
market, and the local papers call lt the battle of
light-weights for the championship. The police
came out ahead, the bakers being fined from $25
to $50 each, and their bread confiscated.
-One hundred and flay thousand dollars is
to be raised for a national Presbyterian Church
in Washington City.
-T'ne new Catholic Cathedral now being
built in Brooklyn, N. T., will cost 12,000,000, and
will seat 15,000 persons.
-The rectory o? Pensthorpe, in England, just
conferred on Rev.S. Dendy, is described as being
worth ?50 a year, lt comprises twelve inhabi?
tants, and contains no church.
-The Hebrew Kation al, a new Jewish Journal
published in London, gives the statistics of the
Jews in the world.- There are 6,000,000 Jews in
the world, one-half of whom live in Europe.
America contains 200,000.
-There was quite recently a lively demand for
tracts at a Western settlement, aud the Tract So?
ciety felt convinced that a great revlvai must be
going on there. At last lt leaked out that thc
settlers were using the documents to paper their
log cabins with.
-In the case of thc Rev. Colin C. Tate, of the
Protestant Episcopal Church, arraigned on
charges preferred by Bishop Mcllvalne, of Ohio,
tjie Ecclesiastical Court sustalnnd a plea made
against its jurisdiction in thc case, aud on Friday
last adjourned sine die.
-Haifa dozen clergymen of Bncyrus, Ohio,
have united in a protest against "promiscuous
dancing, at any time and anywhere, as an
amusement," and add thc request that they bc
not hereafter invited to any place or entertain?
ment where dauclng will bc allowed.
-In the Punjab, the extreme northern portion
of" India, thirty years ago, Uierc was not a Chris?
tian man, and where twenty years ago there were
only forty missionaries for 17,000,600 Inhabitants,
or one to 400,000, there are liow churches with
more than sow Christians, and schools with over
-The Bishop of Calcutta writes to the Society
for the Propagation of the Gospel, stating that he
has received iuto the communion of the Church of
England, at their own request, seven thousand of
the disaffected native convert? at Chota Nagpore,
who have been under the charge of the Gossner's
-The London Times in Tuesday's Issue ex?
presses the opinion that the Catholic Church
must be withdrawn from undue Roman prepon?
derance, and the City of Rome from ecclesiastical
domination. It is only by ceasing to bc au
Italian sovereign, says the Times, that the Pope
can aspire to become universal Pontiff.
-A New York letter of Monday says: "Among
the arrivals from Europe to-day is Rev. Father
Morrill, rector of thc High (Episcopal) Church of
St. Albans. It ls said be has brought with him
the newest rites and ceremonies In vogue with
churchmen of the advanced ritual school in Eng?
land, and wiii soon introduce them here, on a
very grand scale."
-Cardinal Cullen, in a pastoral just Issued, ex?
horts all members of societies similar to the Fe?
nian organization to abandon them. He adverts
to the evils sustained by Spam and Italy through
the action of secret societies, and says the mem?
bers of such organizations will Incur the penalty
of excommunication, and cannot participate in
the Jubilee which has just been published.
-Rev. R. M. Cc ut on. M. A., incumbent of St.
Johu, thc Evangelist, Oxford, and a prominent
Ritualist, has been holding a "retreat" at his
monastery In Marston street, Oxford. During its
continuance, thc brethren give themselves up to
fasting and prayer, maintaining the strictest
silence and reserve. The services in the monaste?
ry chapel are incessant. The whole of the breth?
ren are clothed in long black cassocks, confined
at the waist by a cord, and wear long black felt
-The Protestant-Primate orTretand has deliv?
ered a charge which discusses all the circum?
stances o? the church in that country. He ob?
jects to wasting time in recriminations on the
conduct of adversaries or the failings of friends.
He expressed an earnest hope that no alterations,
save such as may bc absolutely unavoidable, may
be made in the liturgy of the church. As to com?
mutation, when they saw what arrangements
were made for a charter of incorporation and a
sustentation fund, they would be belter judges of
what course to pursue. The limitation (to hold
land only applied to the church body. There was
a danger in organizing voluntary cimrcbes, that
arrangements might bc made as to government
patronage and maintenance of the clergy, by
which their independence would be impaired.
-Hitherto the Austrian universities have not
admitted Jews as professors. But the disability
is at last removed. Dr. Maunther, an eminent
oculist of the school of Stilwag and Von Gracfe,
has been appointed to the chair of optealralc sur?
gery In the I'ulverslty of Innsbruck. The race
throughout the world seems to bc casting off Us
gabardine-Its robe of sufferance-and humbly
taking on garments of grace and honor. Its
members sit in senates and cabinets and acade?
mies, and like the diligent man spoken of in the
Scripture, "stand before kings." They ure even
tearing away the barriers which in some of thc
continental cities still separate tue Ghetto, or Jew
quarter, from the rest of the town. At this rate,
they-bid fair to restore the ancient renown and
glory of their race without going back to Jerusa?
lem and rebuilding thc Temple.
TUE WORLD OF FASHION.
NEW YORK STYLES FOR NOVEMBER.
Republican Queens and their Toilette
Thc Promenade-Fashionable Wed?
dings-How they are Managed-Thc
Cloak of thc Period-Puru, Hats, Orna?
ments, ov< .
Jennie June, in her November budgee of
fashion gossip for the ladles, says:
Thc vulgar desire which exists among women
of fashion here to ape the manners, dress, and
pretensions of women of rank and title In other
countries and other times, was never so conspicu?
ous as now, when fashion itself has revived In
some measure the traditlou3 which belong tb a
past, credited alike with thc folly ol' reckless ex?
travagance and the license of undisguised
Vauxhall and Ranelagh are reproduced In their
glorv (or their shame) In the false hair, thc
powdered hair, the painted cheeks, the exposed
bosoms, the bunehed-up skirts, 'he affected walk,
the monstrous airs aud affectation, which are part
and paree! of every large fashionable assemblage.
We out-Herod Herod. Nothing like it was ever
seen in Paris, or any other city in the world; for
the recognized eccentricities of leaders or fashion
abroad are few, and their notoriety gamed chiefly
by the record of their achievements in the news?
papers, la not coveted by women of really high
character and position.
Here, on thc contrary, there arc a host ortho
wives and daughters o? butchers and bakers and
candlestick makers, who seize with avidity upon
every new whim or fancy reported, and fondly
imagine themselves queens of fashion, and only
prevented by a few thousand feet or water from
hob-nobbing with the Empress Eugenie, Hie
Princess of Wales, and the dear duchesses and
countesses who grow thick as blackberries on
every soil unfortunately but ours. They quite
rail to comprehend the ract that as thc daughters
or grocers and wives of liquor dealers, chalr
makcrs and glue or Hour manufacturers, they
would have no existence at all iu thc social sphere
Of any country but this.
TUE DAILY PROMENADE.
American visitors to Europe notice with great
satisfaction the fact that there are more elegantly
dressed women to bc seen lu the streets of New
York city, and proportionately in every other
Americau city, than in any other country iu the
This ls true; but lt is not so certain that it re?
dounds greatly to the credit of American women.
In no other country do women of all classes make
such a business of dress. Wives, and especially
daughters, or storekeepers, and men engaged In
all sorts ol occupations, who participate in what'
they call "society," do little else. A week is
very "dull" that does not average Tour nights out
during the "season." This occasions late hours
mr rising, and much time is cousumed in brush?
ing out powder, curling, frizzing, cleaniug spots
off gloves ami dresses, and preparing for the next
In the meantime, it ls necessary to do a little
shopping and uiaice one or two calls, aud for this
purpose as complete a costume In its way must
be donned, as il' tbs wearer's reputation and so
cial position depended upon it, for dress bein;
important a matter to those who have nott
else, every faculty is devoted to lt, and it wc
no more do for a flaw to exist In a toiiet, w)
will be critically examined by every lady acqua
ance the wearer may meet, than it would In
armor of a knight of the, elden times. In t
cases, the chances of meeting an opponent wc
be the almost certainty of being vanquished
dreadful nosslblllty truly, and one which, at i
cost to somebody else, the American young 1
insists upon guarding against. The great I
roughfares, therefore, from 12 in the morning
o'clock in the afternoon, are thronged with bc
lirully dressed women, nearly all of them you
most of tkera unmarried, who seem to have
object in life but to put on elaborate attire, i
go out and display it.
The spectacle on a clear, bright day ls brill!
in thc extreme, but, to me, lt is a sad and sicK
ing sight. There is little more trace of gentler
or womanliness about these dally promena
than among the painted but less bedizened ci
turcs who walk there at night. They are bold
look, loud in speech, obtrusive in manner, ?
measure every woman they meet by the cost
the material of her dress or the number of ya
of trimming that she wears. They are conn
seurs lu everything, and like thc fools of ev
generation, rush in where angels fear to tread
Less preparation and care expended on
streets, and more upon details of home, would
infinitely more creditable to us. Some idea n
be obtained of thc money expended on street t
visiting dresses from the cost of some of the sh
suits exhibited by the large houses during
present season. One of these was compos?e
blue silk and blue velvet, and .was trimmed w
sable. Its value was one thousand dollars, J
other was of silk and velvet, with a trlniminp
the silk; this was three hundred and seventy-t
dollars. Another was of black velvet, trimn
with thick oorded silk; this was three bund
and fifty dollars. A poplin suit, changeable gri
and black, rather elaborately made, and trimn
with black corded silk, not at all an expens
looking dress, was two huadrcd and fifty dolls
From January till October the bill for dre
making for two young ladies, daughters o
hardware dealer In this city, was fifteen hund?
dollars. This sum represented the malting
thirty-five dresses. In most cases without tri
mings or material, and three-fourths of tin
"walking" dresses. This case ls not given as
extreme by any means, but as a repr?sent?t
The autumn is the favorite season of the y<
for weddings in this country, and particularly
New York city. The reasons are various; but c
is undoubtedly to bc found in the fact thai
series of receptions and entertainments being t
pected, the late fall and early winter following
thc moat convenient time for them.
A large number or fashionable weddings ha
taken place recently, but none so complete
that attracted so much attention and admlrati
as that of a very beautiful young lady, the daus
ter or a principal member of an old, well-kno\
and highly respected firm in New York, who 1
longs to that rapidly disappearing class or mi
chants whose word is as good as their bond. T
details or this wedding may serve as a guide
some fair and expectant readers, and 1 therefc
give some or them. The ceremony, cards l
which had been previously sent out, ("no card
ls now dreadfully vulgar slang and obsolete,) to<
placa at Trinity Chapel ot 7*i P. M. The rece
don at the house of the parents of the bride wi
announced from 8 o'clock till 10. The spectacle
the church- was magnificent. It was brilliant
lighted; nil the ladles were in full evening dre!
and the odors or perfumes and bouquets, compc
ed or tube roses and the rarest exotics, were i
most overpowering. The bride was dressed
white satin, trimmed with the richest point lac
Her Vail was ol tulle, and was attached to a "she
herdess" wreath or orange blossoms. It cot
pletely enveloped her. She wore a superb di
mond necklace and earrings, and carried a lari
bouquet or tube roses, and other white rragra
flowers, In a silver filagree holder, surroundc
with heavy silk fringe.
There were four bridesmaids, all dressed allk
all handsome girls, and all striking brunette
quite a novelty In the age or blondes. Their cc
turnes were composed or white tulle, trimmt
with white satin folds and piping, white sat
panniers, and crimson natural flowers (gen
niums) In their dark hair. Their toilettes wei
decidedly the most becoming and perfect bride
maid's dresses that have been seen this season.
The reception occupied about three hours, ar
was attended by probably eight hundred peo pl
A thousand Invitations were issued; the carp
was. as is usual at all grand entertainments, lal
down the steps and across the sidewalk*, and tl
company entering were flied up stairs to tl
back room on the second floor, not to "lay o
meir tSlBgs," as ouc uusopmstlcatM - tsar, wh
did not go in a carriage, supposed, but to lnspec
the bridal presents, which covered thc long tabit
lining three sides or the room. Thc multlpllclt
or gorgeou8.Bllver-ware, rich Jewelry and costl
ornaments exhibited was absolutely enormous
Two generations could not possibly use them al
Everything that could be mentioned in the way c
rich silver table furniture was duplicated severs
times, and there were many articles tor whlc
one could not find a name. Among the most usc
ful gifts was a complete set of dinner, tea an
dessert china; elegant bronze chronometer clod
with side pieces; groups of skeleton flowers, rlcli
ly mounted, and enclosed in beautiful glas
frames; a complete assortment of preserved fruit
in glass jars, and a fine set of table linen am
damask. There were also several complete set
of jewels, and one of point lace, besides quanti
ties of rich fans and handkerchiefs. Alter view
lng the gilts, the people filed back again dowi
stairs to the door or the great drawing and recep
tion rooms, where they were met by ushers, on
or whom took charge" or the ladles, the other o
thc gentlemen, to present them to the brida
party, who occupied a convenient space betweei
the front windows. At the right stood the rathe
and mother or thc bride, to whom thc guests als
paid their respects, and then were at liberty ti
find out their friends or retire, as they .pleased
In some hospitable houses-in this one, for in
stance-where many old rriends are expected, i
grand supper is prepared; but this is not cousid
ered necessary for a wedding reception. Some
times the cake nail wine are served from a tabb
in another room, and sometimes the guests corni
and go without any refreshment at all.
These were really magnificent. I never saw as
many handsome dresses together upon any ont
occasion. Not one but looked fresh, and wat
costly In material and make-up. One of the simp
lest was composed of the new short silk, stripe?
with satin. It was made with a demi-traln, ti
round pannier, open heart boddlce, with a tulle
handkerchief laid in folds on tho Inside, sleeves a
cantique, with lace raffles, und au immense bow at
the back. The satin stripe was pink; the silk white,
shot with pink. The trimming pluk, ?Uk fringe,
headed with narrow cross-cut fclds or the mate?
rial. A Byzantine locket was suspended from
the neck by a black velvet ribbon, and was
matched by thc earrings and other ornaments.
A dress which attracted attention consisted
of a white silk train, brocaded in little pink
rosebuds, with blue" rorget-me-nots, and turned
back lu revers from the iront over a white
satin petticoat, the apron trout or which
was covered with small Howers or white lace; the
revers were raced with blue satin, and fastened
at thc back, under the pannier, with a large blue
satin bow; the boddlce was very low; the sleeves
siiort, and were mounted with small revers, faced
with blue satin, over puffs of tulle arranged as
short sleeves and as a stomacher, and edging to
the low ueek. A pearl necklace and ornaments
were worn with this dress. A most charming
dress was of blue shot satin, the new tint called
'.glacier" blue, which has a wonderfully beautiful
effect by gas light, lt looks like snow crystallized
iuto the clear autumn blue of the sky.. It was
made low and cut square, with very short sleeves.
It was simply trimmed with a fringe of chenille
round thc neck amt sleeves, and with an exquisite
blonde lace scarf, draped lu folds upon Hie
boddiee. and tied at the back in u bow,
and ends over a huge pannier bow of the
satin. A deep red silk (rouge antique) was
made with side panniers, trimmed with lriuge
to match, ornamented in the centre or the
back, which was looped high with a ladder or
black velvet bows. The round low boddiee was
trimmed with rringe also, and black velvet bows
arranged as ornaments for the corsage and tops
of tie: sleeves, which were mere straps. The ma?
jority of the dresses, however, were plaiu satin,
or poult de soire, with overdresses or muslin
trimmed with a profusion of Vallenclcnucs
lace, and very much bunched up. Cue of the
prettiest of these dresses was worn over blue silk,
and trimmed with loops and how* of l?l;ick vt-i.'et
ribbon, and pink rosebuds in the centre. A superb
black antique Silk dress was cut with a train, and
looped lilgh on one side only, over a Kornau
striped satin petticoat. Tho chatelaine was a
Parisian novelty, lt consisted ol a beautiful little
watch set in a carved frame, and suspended by
ornamental leather bands.
THE CLOAK OF TUE PERIOD
Is tho coat to all intent ami purpose. The most
fashionable styles, as developed by tho approach
of the cold season, is, as stated in a previous
letter, handsomely cut into thc figure, anti orna?
mented with revers broad cuff and large buttons,
This coat, when made in velvet, is cut with side
panniers Instead of lappets, and very richly trim?
med with black lace at thc wrists and across the
shoulders, terminating in a. cascade or series of
loops or bows in thc centre of the back. The skin
llneil with white satin, und the garment when
completed, ls called tho marquise coat. -
Another very handsome and more useful velvet
cloak is made almost exactly ?ike a gentleman's
dress-coat, only the lappets are rather narrow,
and arc turned back in revers over a rounded
panulercd oversklrt and coat, separate from each
other, and can be worn separate or together. The
cardinal shape ls revived in some of the hand?
somest cloaks, with the addition or a broad loose
flap at the back, trimmed with fabulous lace,
which also forms a border to the bottom of the
Quite a change has been effected this season hy?
the use of heavy ribbed silks upon cloaks and vel?
vet Cloaks as trimming. The effect is exceeding?
ly good; Infinitely better than filmsy fringe and
coarse gimps apon such heavy and costly ma?
terials. Revers and cuffs, both of cloth and velvet
cloak, are faced with silk, and these facings arc
cdp-ed with a narrow double quilling of the same.
This constitutes all the trimming, with the excep?
tion of buttons.
The "mantle" cloak can be obtained in various
materials-velvet, cloth, and Scotch plaid: but is
t-enerally made to complete suits, and in cold
weather requires a wrap of some kind over it,
unless made of very thick material. It ls of the
round mantle shape, drawn in at the back with a
belt, and each bow forms sleeves which are some?
times cut np and trimmed so as to form a model
something like the Hungarian.
For wraps, besides the waterproofs, which are
more comfortable and protective than ever before,
there are Scotch circulars, trimmed with fringe
containing the colors of the plaid and Hlgniand
plaids or scarfs, arranged as a hood at the back,
arid generally worn with one corner thrown over
thc left shoulder.
Opera sacks and loose or neglige styles gene?
rally are made of soft white velvet plush or heavy
cloth, or of white Astrac?n fur, heavily frlnired
with goat's hair; the latter are worn ?vlth mun* to
match, and are very fashionable for matine-*, day
receptions, concerts, and other dressy but not
.'full dress" purposes.
For opera wear there ls a very pretty new Rus?
sian bachclik, made in white velvet cloth, which
has a hood, crosses in front, and ls carried to the
back, thc rounded tabs at the side forming an
ornament to a plaid dress. It ls cut out in points
upon the edge, and bound with blue or scarlet
Rich chenille fringes and soft white feather
fringe are U6ed for trimming evening dresses, by
ladies who are tired of lace and satin decorations;
white feather fringe ls lovely upon white satin.
White alpaca may be trimmed for an evening
dress with rich white chenille fringe and white
"mess" (a sort of a silvery velvet plush) heading.
Black fans, with oval tops and gold mountings,
are the latest Parisian styles. Very recent French
novelties consist of portemonnales, bracelets.chat
elalncs, and even earrings, ornamented with
a medallion into which a miniature watch
a perfect time-keeper-ls introduced. With black
silk toilettes, or red silk trimmed with
black lace, gold Jewelry is worn of a deep
?olor, what is called thc Abyssinian gold; the
designs are hoops and rings, or heads, or horse?
shoes, heavily fringed. Little scarlet sailor jack?
ets are the rage now among young ladles. Hats
are more fashionable for street wear than bon?
nets. The high crowned Tyrolean black felt, or
black straw, bound with velvet and trimmed with
broad ribbed ribbon, a plume of short feathers
which curt over the front, and an immense Jet oe
steel buckel. It is fashionable to attach a long
Kasze vail of the color to black or gray felt hats
at the back, and wear it passed round the neck
and put through in a knot at the side.
RA VENEL.-Departed this life on Friday even?
ing, the 5th instant, in the sixty-fourth year of
her age, Mrs. ELIZABETH COFFIN RAVXNEL, widow
of the late Henry Ravenel.
p3*T!H.E RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
ef the family are Invited to attend the Funeral
Service at the Huguenot Church, on SUNDAY, the
7th Instant, at half-past 1 o'clock, P. M. nov?
"THE FRIENDS OF MISS R. J.
WALKER, and of the family, are invited to at?
tend her Funeral, at the First Presbyterian
Church, TO-MORROW, at 12 o'clock M. novfl *
pa- THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances or Mr. and Mrs. James R. Owens
are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of
their eldest son, WM. THOS. RICHARD, at 0
o'clock Ta is MORNING, from their residence No.
644 King street. - novo
p^TSE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Miss CATHERINE L. FOWLER,
and of Eliza D. and Andrew D. Fowler,. are re.
spectrally invited to attend the Fun-ral Services
of the former, at St. Michael's Church, THIS AF?
TERNOON, at 4 o'clock, without further invitatlon
pa*1HE FRIENDS AND ACQUAINT?
ANCES of Captain B. D. HEWETSON, and of Mr.
A. c. Ttl lu, and af Pr.Mrt Mii.Bi-D?or,-?ro sss -
pectfully invited to attend the Funeral Services ef
the former, at the Magno lia Cemetery, at 4 o'clock,
THIS AFTERNOON. nove
^PYTHAGOREAN LODGE, No. 21, A.
F. M.-The Members sf Pythagorean Lodge, Np,
21, A. F. M., will assemble at Masonic Hall, at 3
P. M, THIS DAY, to attend the Funeral of their
late Brother, Captain B. D. HEWETSON.
By order of the W. M. R. STEWART,
pS- THE DRAWING FOR THE HAND?
SOME MUSIC BOX, at VON SANTEN'S BAZAAR,
will take place THIS APTBRNOON, at 3 o'clock pre
par ASSIGNEES' NOTICE.-IN BANK?
RUPTCY.-In the matter of ALLISON A. MCDOW?
ELL, Bankrupt.-All Creditors having liens In the
above stated oase, will establish the same before
Hon. J. C. CARPENTER, Registrar in Bankruptcy,
at his office In Charleston, S. C., on or before the
24th day of November, 1869, or bo barred from
any benefit In the decree for distribution to bc
made m the said case.
nov6 s3 L. B. STEPHENSON, Assignee.
pa* EXECUTOR'S NOTICE.-ALL
persons indebted to the Estate of the late OTIS
MILLS will make payment, and all persons having
claims against the same will present them, pro?
perly attested, to Messrs. PKLSSLEY, LOUD A
INOLESBY, No. 21 Brond street.
H. n. RAYMOND,
nov? s3 Qualified Executor.
pa* CHARLESTON, S. C., NOVEMBER
6,1869.-A colored gentleman of Charleston pro?
posed, with some of his friends, to join a lire
company, knowing him to be a gentleman and
could go through any examination required by
the company, as his friends knows him to be.
Herc is to thc vicc-presldeut:
SIR-In place of giving the candidate his own
chances before the institution, you influence men
to vote against him, when you 6ay you know me
and who I am. I deny your insertion. 1 know
nothing about you or I do not wish to know, and
If you say you have any charges against me, I
will give you a chance to prove before thc commu?
nity. (Signed) TUE CANDIDATE.
20, 1803.-Dear Sir-Your "ROSADALIS" has
proved a great success iu my case of Chronic
Rheumatism and Neuralgia, after having tried in
vain for two months to get relief from other
sources, lt certainly ls worthy of trial by any
person so afflicted.
Very respectfully yours, Ac.
THOMAS II. GORE.
I hereby certify that I was cured of a dis?
tressing Tetter (that had heretofore resisted ali
medical treatment,) by thc usc of ROSADALIS,
and I cheerfully recommend lt to all suffcring
likewise. APPLEWHITE SANDERS.
For sale by GOODRICH, W1NEMAN A CO., Im?
porters of Drugs aud Chemicals, Charleston, S. C.
^CITY TREASURY, CHARLESTON,
NOVEMBER l, 1?69.-Notice of Real Estate owners
is rcspectruliy called to thc following resolution
passed by Council 28th of October :
..That the City Treasurer-be, and ls hereby, au?
thorized to extend the time of payment of bal?
ance on real estate for 1S69 to the 15th day of No?
vember, with Interest from 20tli day of October;
on and after which clay execution shall be issued
agalDst all defaulters."
Extract from minute?.
nov." 3 City Treasurer.
pS* MEDICAL NOTICE.-PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases pertaining to the Genlto
Urinary Organs, will receive the latest scientific
treatment, by placing themselves under the care
of DK. T. REENTSJERNA, Office No. 74 Basel
street, three doors east from, the Postofl'ce.
jS??-ST. JOHN'S LUTHERAN CHURCH.
Service in this Church TOMORROW MORNING, at
half-pa8t io o'clock, by the Rev; W. w; HICKS,
and in the EVENING at 7 o'clock.
Strangers will be provided with seats in the
MORNING. EVENING Service, seats free. novo
jjSS-FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH.
There will be no service in this Church To-Mos
Row. A meeting of the members of the Church
and Corporation win be held in the Lecture '
Room, MONDAY EVENING, the 8th instant, at half-,
past 7 o'clock. A general attendance ls requested.
pm- CITADEL SQUARE BAPTIST"
CHURCH.-The Pastor being absent, the pulpit
will be Ulled TO-MORROW FORENOON by Rev. J. H.
HONOUR, and a' NIGHT by Rev. C. S. VEDDER.
Morning Service at half-past io o'clock. :<flght at
quarter past 7 o'clock. A collection will be taken
np at the close of each service. novd
.?-?-ZION PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,
GLEBE STREET.-Divine Service may be expect),
ed In this Church every SABBATH MORNING and
AFTERNOON, at half-past io A. M. and half-past 3 ?
P. M. Preaching by the Pastor, Rev. J. L. G IRA 11
DEA?, D. D.
Strangers will be provided with seats,
Service will -be held in this Church, TO-MORROW
MORNING, at the usual hour, the Rev. R. P. CUT?
LER officiating. Strangers are cordially invited
^DIVINE SERVICE WILL BE
conducted in thc Orphan's Chapel on SABBATH
AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock, by the Rev. RUFUS P.
^HUGUENOT CHURCH .-THE
usual service will be omitted in this Church TO?
MORROW AFTERNOON. nova
pa-ZION'S CHURQH; CALHOUN
STREET.-Divine Service will be performed In
this Church TO-MORROW AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock,
by the Rev. WM. T. CUTTO._novo ?
Jiff* THE ORDINANCE OF BAPTISM
will be administered at the foot of Connell street,
at half past io o'clock TO-MORROW MORNING, by
the Rev. CHAS. SMALL, Pastor of the Calvary
Baptist Church. A cordial Invitation to other
churches is extended. A collection win betaken
np in aid of the Church._nov6 1?
pa-'?BE RIGHT REV. BISHOP LYNCH
will deliver a LECTURE In St. Patrick's Church
on SUNDAY SVBNTNG, November 7, at half-past 7
o'clock, on " The Miracle of the Liquefaction of
the Blood of St. Januarius. Tickets of admission
so cents._nov6 2
pS-MANY YEARS AGO THE WRITER
of this notice and an invalid physician, while, visit?
ing the Island o' St. Croix for their health, expert- '
enced and witnessed many surprising and benefi?
cial effects of the rum there produced upon mn n y of
the invalids who were, like ourselves, ste king
health, and upon inquiry and In vestigatlon,obtain?
ed a full history of Its medicinal virtues. He was
delighted and surprised, and determined to make
it the basis of a Tonic and Restorative Medicine.
The result of his labors was a glorious success for
himself and suffering humanity. The celebra?
ted PLANTATION BITTERS wis thus mad?
known to the world. Being an article of real
merit, founded on new principles, and relying
wholly upon the vegetable kingdom for its me?
dicinal effects, lt worked a rapid revolution hi the
treatment of physical debility.
MAGNOLIA WATER-Superior to the best import
novi tuth23 UB?C' *UU iU1U *" __
pa-CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
JAMES ADGER are notified that she ls discharging
cargo THIS DAY at Adger's Wharf. Goods re?
maining uncalled for at sunset will be at the
owners' risk on the dock.
JAMES ADGHR A CO.,
pS- CONSIGNEES PER BRITISH
steamship DARIEN are hereby notified that said
steamship has been THIS DAY entered under the
Five Day Act. All goods not Permitted at the
expiration of that time will be sent to the Govern?
ment Stores. ROBT. MURE A CO.,
pa- TO THE PUBLIC. -GEORGE LIT?
TLE A CO., No. 213 King street, are offering Fine
Cassimcre VESTS at $2 and $2 50 each, worth
pa- TO THE FLOUR MERCHANTS
AND ALL INTERESTED.-OFFICE INSFECTOR;OP
FLOUR, NO. ?8 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, October
16.-Orders for Inspection of Flour will be re
ceived at this oiv.ee from this date, and be
promptly attended to.
C. N. AVERILL,
octie_ Inspector of Flour.
pa- NOTICE. -NATIONAL FREED?
MAN'S SAVINGS AND TRUST COMPANY,
CHARLESTON BBANCH, No. 74 BROAD STREET.
Money deposited on or before Nbvember 16th
will draw interest from November 1st.
0Ct28 17_NATHAN RITTER, Cashier.
pSr A CARD.-A CLERGYMAN,"
while residing In South America as a Missionary,
discovered a safe and simple remedy for the cure
of'Nervous Weakness, Early Decay, Disease of
the Urinary and Seminal Organs and the whole
train of disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers have been cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to
benefit the afflicted and unfortunate, I wUi send
thc recipe for preparing and using this medicine,
in a sealed envelope, to any one who needs it,
free of eharge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
Station D, Bible House*.
oe ti 3mos?_ New York City.
pSr MANHOOD.-A MEDICAL ESSAY
on thc Cause and Cure of Premature Decline In
Man, the treatment of Nervous and Physical De?
There ls no member of society by whom this
book will not be found useful, whether such per?
son holds the relation of Parent Preceptor or
Clergyman."-Medical Times and Gazette.
Sent by mail on receipt of fifty cents. Address
the Author, Dr. E. DEF. CURTIS, Washington,
D. C. septl lyr
pa-TllE SHIVERING SEASON.-IT
is impossible to suppose that any human being
can consider an attack of Fever and Ague a light
visitation. And yet thousands act as if such a
calamity was of no consequence, while thousands
who are actually suffering from the distressing
complaint neglect to adopt the certain means or
cure. It ought to bc known in every locality sub?
ject to this scourge, or which is Infested with re?
mittent fever, or any other epidemic produced by
malaria, that HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS
taken in advance or at the commencement of the
unhealthy season, will fortify the system against
the atmospheric poison which generates these
distempers. This admirable invigorant-harm?
less, agreeable, and possessing rarer medicinal
virtues than any other tonic ct present known,
will break up the paroxysms of Intermittent or
remittent fever in from forty-eight hours to ten
days. Such ls the universal testimony from dis?
tricts where periodical fevers have been combat
ted with this powerful vegetable Chologogue. In
a thievish neighborhood wise men bar their doors
and windows, yet strange to say if the same
neighborhood happens to be pervaded by aerial
poison they seldom take the trouble to put their
bodies in a state of defence against the subtle
enemy. Shivering victims endeavoring in vain to
warm your blue hauds over the fire, or consum?
ing with the fever that follows the chUl, remem?
ber that HOSTETTER'S BITTERS ls an absolute,
sveeOV and infallible specific for your distressing
maiady. novi e?*c
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