Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
ANOTHER DAY'S DOINGS.
D?LARGE ON THE WAR PATH. /
ISPECUL TELEGRAM TO THE SEWS.]
COLUMBIA. January 19.
In thc House the special order, a Senate
bill to incorporate Hie Charleston Water Com?
pany, in the City of Charleston, State of South
Carolina, was considered, aud the enacting clause
The following were read a second time: A Sen?
ate bill to incorporate the Vigilant Fire Company,
or Columbia; a Senate bill to incorporate the
Wateree Fire Engine Company, No. 2, of Camden,
S. C.; a bill to incorporate the Winnsboro' Hook
and Ladder Company, of the Town of Winnsboro";
a bill to fix the weight of crude turpentine which
slut?! be understood to make a barrel, in the ab?
sence or proor or a special stipulation to the con?
trary; a bill to establish a ferry across the Wacca
maw River, in Korry County, and to vest the
same in John J. Reaves, his heirs and assigns; a
Senate bill to establish a company under the
name or the Mount Pleasant and Sullivan's Island
Ferry Company. ,
The Governor has approved the joint resolution
appointing the Ash commissioners; the joint
resolution instructing the county commissioners
or Charleston to report concerning lands belong?
ing to the State in that county; the act to repeal
the township law.
Ti?? ' ?? to incorporate the Edgefleld Agricul?
tural SovMy was passed and sent to the Senate.
DeLarge gave notice or a bill to repeal the Cor?
bin act to validate the election or 1S6S, approved
in March, 1SS9.
Cooke gave notice or a bill to amend thc char?
ter or Greenville.
In the Senate the Committee on Railroads pre
sented a favorable report on the bill to repeal the
act Incorporating the Air Line Railroad, which
The bill to create the metropolitan police force
was indefinitely postponed.
The House bill to recharter the Blythe Gap
Turnpike received its second reading; also the
bill to amend the act concerning the duties and
liabilities of coroners.
A^nim gave notice of bilis to amend thc act to
define the powers of county commissioners; to
exempt manufactures established, or soon to be,
rrom taxes for five years. ^
Leslie introduced a bill to araend-tlie charter or
the Town or Bamberg.
Bieman gave notice or a bill to incorporate the
New Hope Baptist Church.
The Charleston docket was called in the Su?
preme Court to-day. A number or Charleston
lawyers were present.
TBZE CHARLESTON EXTENSION RILL
A FIELD DAY IN THE STATE SENATE.
SPEECHES BT CORBIN, NASH, CAIN AND
What Corbin Thinks of thc Mackeys
Friends In Council-A Spicy Debate,
Ac, Sic. "
[FROM Ont OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, January 19.
TOE CHARLESTON EXTENSION.
There was nothing of general interest done
in the House to-day, and thc same can be said ot
the Senate until hair-past one o'clock, when Cor?
bin moved to take up, out or its order, general
order number twelve-the House bill to alter and
amend the charter and extend the limits or the
City or Charleston, and provide for au election or
Mayor and Aldermen of the same. The motion
The members*! the House mus; have posted.
some one in the Senate to notily them when the
bill was called up, for before Corbin's motion was
carried a large number of them came into the
Senate chamber, most of them taking "seats on
the floor," but a number went into the gallery.
Among those in the gallery was to be seen Dr. A.
G. Mackey, for whose especial benefit It is believ?
ed the bill was gotten up. He, however, left the
gallery when Corbin alluded, iu no complimentary
terms, to the malcontents or the City Council,
meaning T. J. Mackey and his rrieuds. During
the debate upon the bill there was intense ex?
citement, and more leeling was displayed than at
any other time this session.
WHAT CORBIN* SAID.
As soon as the motion to take up thc bill v\ as
carried, Nash moved to refor it to the Committee
on Incorporations, with instructions to report at
an early day. To this Corbin objected.and said that
there was no reason to refer the bill to the com?
mittee, because it would elicit nothing that was
not already known. The bill had two objects:
first, the extension of the limits of the city; sec?
ond, a new election for Mayor ant] Aldermen.
The first was absolute''." wrong, and could not be
defended on any grounds. The whole object or a
municipal government, he said, is to secura?to
the people living under lt special privileges, but ir
this measure prevailed, Hie effect would be to
destroy those privileges and take away
benefits nov: enjoyed. The object or extending
an? place should be to include something of
value, but in the present instance it was propos?
ed to include nothing, but forests and fields.
These necessarily would be subject to an addi?
tion!?! burden or taxation. As to the second ob?
ject, a few words would show how impracticable
it was to attempt the removal of the present
city government. Thc trouble incident to estab?
lishing the validity of the last election was fresh
in the miuds of the senators, and yet but a Tew
months had elapsed and the spectacle was wit?
nessed or hair a dozen discontented officials at?
tempting to break dowu aud destroy that which
they in part had helped to avert.
Wimbush inquired whether, if Mayor Cla--k
had not been promised the customhouse, would
lie Lave yielded the positior at all ? To this
Corbin replied that he (Clari! did not even dream
he could get the customhouse until weeks arter
retiring rrom the Mayoralty. The truth was they
had been drawn out, smoked out, only yielding
when the law said they must go. The present
board being organized, they attempted to carry
on the city government, but unfortunately there
were one or two men in that body .so infamous?
ly corrupt* that but for the good sense or the re?
mainder the City of Charleston tcoulu Ita re Ifen
irretrievably ruined. The chier aim ol these
malcontents appeared to bc the division or the
loaves and fishes, and I have seen the time, said
Corbin, when I could sit down and wcep
over the results or my own efforts in
putting these men in ortlce; when^I was
ashamed to go into the streets for rear that men
would point at the City Council, and say: "Sec
your infamous work." They turned around and
kicked me harder than they did anybody else. I
was villified and traduced by a bold, bad man,
from the day he went in until he was driven out.
Who has n it been lilied with shame at the spec?
tacle Omen ;0 angry that they have drawn their
revolvers in the Council chamber anil at ten
to kill their own kindred ? And who does ni
lieve to day that that same tuan and his fr
are the ones who have nearly defeated and
eu up tho Republican party in Charleston, an
at the bottom ol' this movement ? Since tho.
turtling clement has gone, the City Conn
Charleston is as sensible and as well-mean
body as is to be found any where. Their pol
enemies conrade that they are doing allin
power to Improve the finances of the city an
store her to her former condition.
A good deal has been said about the "Lie
law." During the past year there has been t
on sales, which was d'scovercd to. be unco
tutlonal; hence, under proper advice, they ai
ed another plan, with w .''ich to meet their ob
Hons. If they were nu fortunate in fixing cei
licenses beyond a satisfactory figure, it canm
helped; but I say herc boldly that it isabsoli
false, that thc Council, either directly or indi
ly, have authorized any discrimination on ace
of race, color. Ac.
Nash inquired if colored men were not ref
seats among thc audience at thc Academ
The speaker said that it is true, and tte mr
is undergoing legal investigation, but the lav
the State having already declared the civd ri
of citizens and imposed a penalty, it was not <
petent for the municipal authorities to impos
additional penaity. They could neither take 1
nor add to the law. All of this excitement
been aroused because the Council would not
an illegal ordinance, the one introduced by Al
Nash. Didn't the City Council have powc
declare that the Academy of Music had no r
to make a distinction on account of race
Corbin. I have already answered the quest
They had no such authority. These are somi
the reasons given by the distinguished get
men who went to Charleston aud framed a se
of resolutions thanking themselves (DcLa
and Elliott) for doing certain things.
Arnim raised the point of order that, as Cot
was the City Atterney, he had no right to
heard upon this subject.
The point was not sustained, and Corbin c
tinued. I don't want to see Republicans rr
dered in the honse of their friends, and for
other motive than becanse they cannot dlstrib
"plunder" to all who wanted lt. The nine co
ed and eight white men now in the City Coui
are as good Republicans as are to be found in
country; and yet we propose to destroy then
the risk of disintegrating the Republican party
Charleston : in short, this is a most iniquiti
mea->:ire-the grossest, foulest wrong that co
be perpetrated by the Legislature of South Ca
lina. I know of no scheme yet invented more
pugnant to my feelings than this measure,
have been told that I myself would be annihila
if 1 did net support it. If I am to have it on th
terms, then I court annihilation. If there i
Republicans who want to kill mc or drive
from the State, I say let them come on. 11
done forever with the party if it cracks its whl
around- mc in that style. I have been lo
enough in this State to be misunderstood, a
never have had a motive that has not bt
prompted to secure the good of the people.
Nash favored the reference of the bill t o tho Co
mittee on Incorporations. When a govornnu
became oppressive the people had a right
change it. He proposed not only to nullify t
license ordinance, but the men who made it. 1
had helped to put them in position, and now pr
posed to get rid of them. [Corbin : That can't
done.] Nash complained that the Council h;
sent police to the Academy of Music with Instn
Hons not to admit colored persons to certain pat
of the building. That single act was sufficient
justify him In-voting for the bill. After expr?s
lng his opinion that the present Council we
corrupt, bad men, who would not only be tl
death of the Republican party, but of the cl
Itself, Nash took hissent. .
Donaldson said that Nash's argument mini
be comprehended In ono sentence-he wanted t
get rid of thc M?yor and Aldermen of Charle
ton. Ile could see no object In extending tl
city limits unless lt was to give a place for
number of cormorants thirsting for the flnanci
of Charleston. In his opinion the present Count
were politically unimpeachable. Turning I
Nash, he said: "Some upon that board, slr, wei
fighting your batties when you were unable I
hohJyour head up: they wore thc apostles of
great principle, und their followers are now i
pursuit of public plunder. I have been threa
ened, said he, if I did not do thus and so, bi
I hurl back any attempt of these wire-pullers t
bribe or shackle mc, or to commit any outrag
which would offend thc dignity of this body.
Speakiug or the recent meeting at Charleston
he said it was a puny affair, gotten up by titos?
who represented thc m cnn cst men in that etty
who have no other dct-ign than to rob the publi
treasury, and if necessary repudiate Its debt.
Rainey said that, as a representative of the col
ored clement, he desired to vindicate them frorr
some foul aspersions. It had been publicly dc
clareil in the lobby that colored senators had beet
bought to vote against the bill, but he challenge*
thc proof. It might tte <aid that he was not a Rc
publican, but for one he wouhl not lie gagged tc
support an infamous measure of this kin.1; liewa:
prepared to crush the bill on the spot.
he would rasher have Iiis right arra severed thar
have those men turned out or otllee. Charleston
was now poverty-stricken, and her City Connell
was doing all ia their power to regenerate her
let them stay there, lt had been intimated alsc
that he had been bribed, but there was not money
enough to induce him to go bar:, ou gentljnieu
whom he had voted into power. He was in favor,
however, or committing the bill to the Committee
Leslie made a speech in opposition to thc bill,
but then voted against thc motion to indotlniiely
postpone, as he was in favor or committing it to
the committee: still he thought some or the mem?
bers or thc Council ought to be cracking sto:?e1n
the penitentiary. He always did think so, and
never expected to have raason tor changing lils
opinion. He had voled Tor the validating bill
which put them into oHlec, but he would mimi:
ir lt had been a bill to put Democrats in he would
not have done it. He was done vomiting
over that crowd; it seemed, however, that their
very names had made the House sick, as was
shown by a vote of 78 to s to kick them out nf
Wright aud Wimbush made brier speeches fa?
voring the motion to refer the bill to ihe Commit?
tee ou Incorporations.
Cain said that he had just returned rrom
Charleston, where lie had consulted the bulls and
bear?, and his constituents generally, black,
white and brown, and that he round no desire ex?
pressed that this bill should pass, except by a
very few whose aim was to enjoy the emoluments
or office. There were Dfty million reasons in thc
shape or dollars, which belonged to these con?
stituents, why this measure should be killed. As j
Tor that meeting in Charleston, last Saturday
night, it was a failure: there were not more than
titty persons there, not enough to sign a petition
which it wai intended to send up herc, urgltig
the senators to vote for the bill; out you see
there is no petltiou up here of any kind, except?
ing those against the bill, if the citizens had
desired that this bill should pass, we would have
been Hooded with petitions.
Cain's was Hie last speech, after which Nash
asked leave to withdraw his motion to refer the
bill to thc Committee on Incorporations. Wright
immediately renewed Hie motion. Corbin moved
to indefinitely postpone the whole matter.
Wright 's motion was put aud lost. Nays-Cor?
bin, Allen, Puck, Biciuan, Cain, Dickson, Donald?
son, Duncan, Fos ?.r. Greene, Hoyt, JilUon,
Jolinston, Nash. Raiuey, Rcl?l, Rose, Rodgers
1?. Ayes-Durber, Leslie, Montgomery, Owens,
Wright ami Wlmbusli-6. Wimbnsh then moved
to adjourn. The yeas and nays were called with
Hie vote against adjournment thc same as that
against referring excepting that Duncan voted
for thc motion. After some further "dilatory
motions," Corbin's motion to Indefinitely postpone
was put and carried. Ayes-Corbin, Allen, Ruck,
Kiernan, Cain, Dickson, Donaldson, Duncan, Fos?
ter, Greene, Hoyt, Jillson, Johnston, Maxwell,
Rainey, Reid, Rose, Rodgers-18. Nays-Leslie,
Montgomery, Nash, Owens, Wright and Wim
After thc announcement of the vote the Senate
The friends of the bill, although fully convinced
before it was taken up that its defeat was cer?
tain, were highly Indignant, and so expressed
themselves, aud have been holding improptu
indignation meetings all the evening. Since thc
bill was defeated many of the members of the
House who voted for it have expressed satis?
faction at Hie action of the Senate, and stated
that they will'never vote for any other measures
tending to remove the municipal authorities of
Charleston. All of the Democrats in the Seuatc
voted against the bul; thc reason that those in the
House voted for it is, as asserted, because
they were informed that thc citizens of Charles?
ton desired its passage.
A GOOD MOVE.
In the Senate to day Corbin introduced a bill to
limit the cost of criminal prosecutions, which pro?
vides that in no case shall the fees of more than
three witnesses be taxed against the State, in the
examination of criminals, before trial in justices'
or magistrates' courts, unless their materiality
and importance shall first be certified to by the
solicitor for the circuit in which thc examination
shall take place, and that no trial justice or mag?
istrate shall be paid fees for biudlng over more
thau three witnesses, lu any one criminal case, to
appear before thc Court of General Sessions, un?
less the solicitor for thc circuit- shall certify to
their materiality and importance.
INVESTMENT OF FUNDS.
A bill "to authorize trustees and others to in?
vest funds in the bonds of the State of South Caro?
lina," was introduced to day in the Senate by
Corbin. It provides that gunrdlaus, trustees, ad
ministrators^execators, probate judges, clerks of
courts, and all other persons holding funds in
trust for investment, bc authorized to luvest thc
same in the bonds of thc State, provided that, as
to officers of courts, there be no order of court
directing a different Investment.
In my last letter I referred to the probability of
a fight between Corbin and Moses to settle the
"little differences" now existing between the
members of thc Senate and House, over whom
these distinguished personages have the honor to
preside. I regret to say that there is now no
prospect of this desired contest coming off. Moses
can't, consistently, engage in a fight just at pres?
ent, for is he not, as I now write, delivering a lec?
ture upon Hie subject of "Religion," [if he isn't
he ought to be, for he promised to deliver a lec?
ture upon that subject to-night, for thc benefit of
thc African Methodist Episcopal Church of this
place.] inculcating thc broad principles of "peace
on earth and good will to men," 1. e., if Moses
treats his subject In that way. However, I must
confess that Z cannot surmise how he will treat
DISTURBANCE AT A MENAGERIE.
A Man Killed at Graham-'* Turnout,
South Carolina. .
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TOE NEWS.]
FLORENCE, S. C., January 19.
. A disturbance occurred at Graham's Turn?
out, on thc Northeastern Railroad, on Tuesday
night, between some of the attaches of Reynolds'
menagerie, which wa3 exhibiting at that place,
and some of the citizens. During the dispute,
Mr. G. T. Dargan was shot and instantly killed
by a maa named Cha vers, connected with the
menagerie. Chavers has succeeded in eluding ar?
rest thus far. Thc cause of thc difficulty is not
EUR OE E.
Thc End of Traupmann-Aristocratic
PARIS, January 19.
Traupmann was executed lids morning.
His last words, loudly spoken, were-"I persist
that 1 had accomplices."
lt ls now certain that Pierre Ilonapartc will be
tried at Versailles, and the same high court will
also try Prince Murat for recently striking a mag?
TUE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT.
PROVIDENCE, January 19.
Rhode Island has ratified the Filteentli
CoLUMnps, Orno, January 19.
The House votes ou the Fifteenth amendment
ST. LOUIS, January 19.
Missouri has ratified thc Fifteenth amendment.
RICHMOND. January 19.
The Representatives of both Republican and
Conservative parties have milted in preparations
for a public demonstration on thc day of the
State's admission. A joint committee has ap?
plied to the Washington authorities for the loan
of cannon for tiring salutes, and the application
has been granted. Geucral Cunby to-day direct?
ed James C. Taylor, the aitorney-general of the
State elected last summer, to assume thc duties
of that office, lils disabilities haviag been removed.
TUE GEORGIA MUDDLE.
ATLANTA. January is.
Terry replied negatively to Bryant's letter
requesting reference of the question of eligibility
of members protested* against to the opinion of
thc Supreme Court of the State, on the ground
that Brown had already expressed aa opinion in
Bryant, chairman of thc committee, has re?
ceived Hie opinion of Chief Justice Brown, In op
position to Farrow's opinion, making ineligible
to seats commissioners of roads, State librarian,
.vc, as not officers under the provision of thc
Bryant's letter expresses entire confidence in
the desire of Democrats to submit to the require?
ments of Congress aud to tu^l in the enforcement
of law, regardless of race or color, and charges
fraud and corruption on the part of thc Bullock
party in thc attempt to manipulate the Legisla?
ture. The State's interest, and not political su?
premacy, is the objector the Conservatives aud
Thc delay in organization costs the State three
thousand dol?ais per day. The situation is chaotic
The indications arc that organization will bc
pressed to-morrow by the Conservatives, even to
the arrest of persons obstruciiug.-[special to
thc Augusta Constitutionalist.
TUF MISSISSIPPI SENATORSUIPS.
WASHINGTON. January 13.
The Chronicle has the f'Mowing special:
'.Jackson, Mississippi.-Governor Alcorn ?selected
United States Senator for thc term commencing
one year from next March. General Ames is
elected for the unexpired term of five years.
There was a great contest for Hie term expiring
in lill, but thc ?lection '.vas almost unanimous."
VIRGINIA ANJO GEORGIA.
ANOTHER BLOW FOR TBE OLD DOMINION.
A VA IX APPEAL FOR GEORGIA.
A Small Spoonful of FUJI Suggested
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TIIE NEWS.)
WASHINGTON, January 19.
The Radicals gained the victory in the Sen?
ate to-day, and added thc "test oath" to the Vir?
ginia bill as it came from thc House. This will
not delay the admission of Virginia, ir the House
accepts the amendment, as nearly all the mem?
bers or thc Legislature can take this oath. [This
oath is not the ''Iron-clad," but the oath provided
for In the Fifteenth Constitutlona amendment.]
A bill was Introduced iu the House to-day and
referred, providing for the completion of the
General Lee will attend thc Peabody obsequies
Two sets orRepnblican senators have been Im?
portuning the President to-day-one to get him
to revoke General Terry's action In examining into
th" qualifications ol thc members or the Georgia
Legislature, and thc other to induce him to give
lt his decided approval. Grant replied that he
had left the entire matter to General Terry's dis?
cretion, and would not interrcre.
[FROM TUE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]' C.
In thc House the General of the Army asked
by what authority or under what law ofllcers or
the United States army occupy seats In the Geor?
The Senate Judiciary Committee reported ad?
versely on the bill making mles or evidence In
State courts prevail ist Federal courts. Nothing*'
rrom other committees.
The screw steamer Congress will sall In a rew
days ror Samana as the flag ship or Commodore
Greene. Thc steamer Colorado will relieve the
Delaware as thc flag ship or the Asiatic Squadron.
The Election Committee will report inravoror
The monds or Virginia seem much discouraged
by-thc course or events today. The grand ob?
ject luis been t/> get thc bill back Into the House,
as an additional amendment, and much delay is
apprehended in the Senate.
In the House, bills were Introduced amending
thc bankrupt act, exempting rrom its operations
cern i n Hie insurance policies.
Tac League Island Navy Yard was discussed.
Thc bill continuing the Income tax was passed
with the rollowlug text:
RemAtea, Ac, That whereas doubts have arUcn,
and conflicting decisions have been made, in the
different departments of the government, In re?
gard-to the construction of laws relating to tax
on Incomes, lt ls hereby declared to be thc true
intent and meaning or the act relating to that
subject, that all persons arc liable to the payment
or their proper Income tax, accruing and "to ac?
crue, lor and during und up to thc cud or thc
year 1S70; and that thc nssessmsnt and collection
ol any such tux accruing In the year 1870 and re?
maining unpaid on thc first day or January, 1171,
may, under thc existing provisions ol' law, be
made in the last mentioned year.
The pension and appropriations bill amount?
ing to thirty millions, were passed.
Whittemorc offered a resolution, which was
passcd.'auihoriztng thc Cotnmltecc on Freedmen's
Affairs to send lor persons and papers In refer?
ence to thc employment, by thc bureau, of per?
sons who committed perjury In taking thc test
oath. The House then adjourned.
A communication was received rrom Mr. Fill?
more, enclosing the resolutions of the Louisville
.oramcrclnl Convention relative to the Southern
Arter thc, discussion or thc rranking privilege
thc Virginia matter was resumed.
Wilson moved 'thc recommitment or the bill,
but this was voted down. A motion to postpone
thc.wholc question to February, and the amend?
ments admitting thc Congressional delegation ou
the 4th oIMnrch were withdrawn, when Edwards'
amendment was adopted by a vote or 45 to 10,
and Hie Senate adjourned without final action.
TUE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.
ATLANTA, January 19.
The Senate mel at 10 o'clock and took a re?
cess to 12, and then adjourned until Monday next
at 12 M. The House was called to order at 12,
and one member qualified. No more appearing,
an order was read from Governor Bullock, ap?
proved by General Terry, taking a recess uni ll
Monday. Pending the Investigation, the boa rd or
ehlccrs met at io A. M., and the defence not being
ready, adjourned until to-morrow.
SPARKS FROM TUE WIRES.
Pierre Chameau and ex-Senator Greene, of
Missouri, are dead.
Another large sugar case Involving 1000 boxes
was decided at New Orleans .yesterday. A ver?
dict In favor or Hie government was returned,
and thc sugar condemned.
Alfred Hennen, an eminent citizen and lawyer
or New orleans, is dead. The courts adjourned
m respect to his memory.
Heavy rains, continue in thc neighborhood or
Augusta, Ga., and the Savannah River ls rising.
A freshet ls apprehended.
TUE STEAMER A XX A OUTRAGE.
HOW COLLECTOR CLARK DID THE DIRTY
WORK OF SPAHL /
Robbery Outright by United States Of?
ficials-Spain Officering thc Port of
Charleston -Captain Som mt i 's Ac?
count of hi? Experiences.
Wc illili in the New York Sun the following
detailed account of an outrage, which has al?
ready been briefly noticed in the editorial col?
umns ol Tnt: NEWS :
CHARLESTON, January 9.
Arrived in this port, thc :>il at 0.30 P. M. On
tito 41 li wont alongside the wharf at 0.30 A. M.
and began lo coal ship. Before going along?
side lue wharf a revenue officer canrc on
board and Inspected papers ?uni vessel; found
all correct anti told .tue to report my arrival
at the customhouse. ? went, up with my pa?
pers. Deputy Collector Young inspected slime,
and told mu I could leave when J got ready.
At 12:30 P. M., having a pilot on board mid
ready to leave, ?in officer Irom tho custom
house came down demanding the papers. I
went tiltil him lo thc customhouse, where I
COLLECTOR CLARK AND THE SPANISH CONSUL
in close conversation. Thc Spanish Consul
then overhauled my papers, but declared they
were all right. (Isll a Spanish Consul's busi?
ness lo overhaul customhouse papers ?) Af?
ter the consultation the collector Informed
me tlint he had to detain the ship for violating
thc neutrality laws. (Is it a collector'* bnsi"
ness to stop ? vessel for violating the neutrali?
ty laws when Hie customhouse papers aro cor?
rect ?) I asked him in what respect the ves?
sel had violated thc neutrality laws; was it in
coming in tor coal ? He did not give any an?
swer, inti left with Hie Spanish Consul. Al thu
same time he sent a customhouse officer to
inspect the vessel again. Half un hour after?
wards lie ret urned "ami said tome he had io
detain thc vessel on account of having
AN EXCESS OF PASSENGERS.
Under that pretext I was kept that day.
I Next morning, I consulted a lawyer, and lie
went with me to the collector's. This time
there w as nothing said about neutrality laws
and tim number ol' passengers, but I was told
that Hie officers sent on board reported that
there were not any rules or regulations posted
up in the cabin. 1 was asked for my inspect?
or's certificate, and I told him that I knew that
the boilers and vessel had been inspected, and
that thc papers were omitted lo be sent on
board, but that they were at the owner's office
in New York. Thc collector informed rac that
A PENALTY OP FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS
must bc paid down before he would allow mc
to depart, also that I must have thc vessel in?
spected hore. This I hud done at once, and
then tried to? raise the $500 to pay thc fine.
The collector informed me that he would wait
till five o'clock'for me to pay the money at his
otlicc. .After three hours I found a gentleman
that was willing to furnish the money by giv?
ing security. Thc wind being fair, I ordered a
pilot on board, and told the engineer to steam
up. so that I could leave any lime. I then
went to thc customhouse, anti found that the
collector liad left. I immediately repaired to
his house, but he was not there either; but I
was informed he could be found at oue of thc
hotels, and 1 proceeded thither at once. Here
I found a deputy collector figuring up thc
AMOUNT FOR INSPECTION.
He informed me that if I was reidy to pay
some $540 odd, ho would send to thc collec?
tor for thc key of the customhouse
to procure my papers, as he did.
About 7 o'clock P. II. the papers were pro?
cured and I was just about to pay thc amount,
when a gentleman stepped up, took mi; one
side, and told me that thc vessel had been
seized by the United States marshal. I was
afterward told that the collector knew this at
3 P. M. Why do you think ho was anxious to
get thc amount paid down before the seizure
should come to my Knowledge ? I hurried
down lo the vessel, which I found hauled up
to the government wharf
IS POSSESSION OF TUE MARSHAL,
who had ordered passengers and crew ashore.
I gave at once orders to thc crew riot to
leave thc vessel without my orders, and at the
same time explained to the marshal that the
ship's compa y liad received advances, and it
tlie vessel was released the following day, I
6honld bc unable to proceed to sea. as the
crew would not return. Thc marshal ordered
them and everybody oise on shore. ' The pas?
sengers had to leave at once, but the crew re?
fused io obey any orders except mine. Thc
marshal for two hours threatened them with
jail and other punishments if they did not obey
his orders. The marshal then wanted mc to,
order them on shore, which I refused, at the
same time telling him that I would hold him
responsible if he ordered the men on shore,
and thereby broke up my voyage. He left,
aud at 12.30 A. M. returned with a
DETACHMENT OF TWENTY-FIVE SOLDIERS
and two lieutenants, and with this force drove
tlie men ashore. I threw all tho responsibility
on the marshal, and, ns I stated before, I had
steam up; this ran up to 35 pounds. Thc marshal
wanted me to draw thc lires and let off steam.
I told him, l,You have driven my engineer on
shore, and arc responsible for everything; so
do whatever you please." The deputy mar?
shal then tried to let thc steam off. What lie
did I do not know; but in thc morning I heard
a stream of water running in the ship. I asked
the deputy marshal the cause of this water
running in. Ho answered he did not know
what it was, but Hint. it. hud been running all
niirht. I turned out and found about two
WATER IX THE HOLD,
and soon found from whence thc water flowed
and shut off the cock. A libel was Hied against
Hie ship for having
VIOLATED THE NEUTRALITY LAWS
in being lltlcd out within tile limits of thc
United Stares, and having arms and ammuni?
tion on board. This libel I answered, and a
hearing was to take place the next day,
Thursday, the Cth. The marshal commenced
searching the vessel, ami pumped the water
out. The latter he completed, but thc first
progressed very slowly, evidently to gain time.
At ll A. M. tlie case was to come up before the
judge, and he lixed the next day. I called on
tho Judge, explained to him the unjust and un?
reasonable detention of my vessel, and tho
under which I was, as I had to pay tho ex?
penses not alone of the ship, but ol' passen?
gers also. He listened kindly, and told me bc
would do justice, and hear the case next day.
Friday came, but tho Spanish Consul asked for ?
ten days from the dato ot" thc filing of the libel,
as it would take time for Hie marshal to over?
haul thc vessel, and for him to receive other
evidence from thc North. By my connsol I
informed thc judge that willi four men I could
take everything out of thc vessel and replace
it in four hours, aud that tlie marshal seemed
to be willing to take time in order.to
PLEASE THE SPANISH CONSUL.
Thc judge ?hon decided that thc marshal
should have his report ready the next day at
ll o'clock A. M. I went down to the ship, und
there they were at last working in earnest,
taking everything out of tho ship, ballast,
coal, provisions, &c. Among the men I dis?
covered one whose features at once told mc
he was ti Spaniard, and who seemed lo bc ex?
traordinarily engaged in searching the ship. I
asked thc mute who this man was. He told
me he said he was an American carpenter, but
that bc had come down to thc ship in a car?
riage with the Spanish Consul, and that utter
a consultation between
TUE MARSHAL AND THE SPANISH CONSUL,
this man was sent on board. I commenced
to question the man, and lie told mc that he
was a Spaniard, and that he had been sent ou
board by Hie Spanish Consul to
SKAHCII THE SHIP.
I then called up six or seven witnesses, and
before them thc man said the same Hiing. Tho
marshal coming down, I asked him it the dep?
uty marshals and he were not capable to search
the vessel without help from tho Spanish Con?
sul. He informed me that this man was his
expert. I asked him if an American expert
would not have done just as well, but I was
told that was his business. This
or expert, as the consul called him, did not
search that part of the ship only which the
marshal hud searched the day before, but that
which he had searched already, and did not
leave a box. bag or barrel unturned. On Sat?
urday, the Sth, we went to the court at H. A.
M., but the .Spanish Consul's attorney and Hie
United States District Attorney had iiot under?
stood that there was to be a hearing that day,
nor was Hie judge present. After waiting some
time we left. As you know, I was anxious to
have the ease decided as soon as possible, and
went to Hie Judge's residence and lound him
in, but sick. 1 stated that my counsel had
been waiting in court, but, he said that he did
not remember that a nearing was to take place
tint day; that lie was very sick, but that If he
could serve me he would repair to the court at
I P. M., as he knew it was very hard to bc de?
tained in lilis way.
My counsel informed the other party and we
met. My counsel wanted the judge to make
tho Spanish Consul give a bond for $5000 for
damages for detaining Hie vessel, as it was
clearly to bc seen that lie used the United
Stales Attorney as his shield for detaining the
vessel, but tho District Attorney stated that
the United States had prosecuted tills libel, and
that although the marshal's report wrns in court
und cleared Hie vessel from the libel, they
DETAIN HER ON SUSPICION,
and hold her until the loth of January, as by
that lime lie would have evidence. The judge
decided next Monday for the trial. It is bard
io say how the government officiais here uro
led by tho Spanish Consul.
Thc Spanish Consul overhauls American
customhouse papers which the collector cer?
tainly ought lo be able to do himself; and for
all 1 know il may have been he who told Hie
collector that lie could detain Hie vessel for
nor having Hie inspector's certificate ou board.
This would prove that Hie collector is not tit?
ted for his office. Tho Spanish Consul sends
down his agent or spy to search thc ship, and
I can't help thinking Hutt those gentlemen arc
Spanish cut spa ws.
I may also remark that thc marshal certainly
had neither business nor right to open lite
passengers' letters. OS he did. Had he known
Spanish, bc probably would have read them.
GEORGE \Y. BROWN, Esq.. New York.
-Spiritualism, says the New York Times, ls
thriving in New York. Most people who "go
about" very much hear of a private??!??* almost
every day at tba house of some new convert, or
under the wing of a veteran believer in i lie art,
mystery, or whatever it is to be called.
HOW TO FORM AND RUN THEM.
Successful Experiments in New York
City-Thc Joarncymen Printers and
Tailor? Associations-Hints to Enter?
It is an encouraging fact for all industrial
interests of this country that thc working
classes are at length earnestly directing their
attention from protective to co-operative
unions. Both are means, by which labor seeks
to protect Itself, the fancied or real enemy in
both cases being capital seeking to get che
most work for thc least money. Practically,
the American protective unions are organiza?
tions which hare tended to produce such an?
tagonism and precipitate strikes. Co-opera?
tive unions, rightly conducted, arc calculated
to reconcile capital and Jabor by combining
their interests and thusJjp abolish strikes alto?
gether. The New York Tribune, in the course
of an interesting article reviewing the rise
and progress o? the co-operative system among
thc workingmen, says:
Thc great defect of the Protective Unions
has been the fact that they have been aggres?
sive and expensive, therelore, unwise organ?
izations. They have maintained at heavy ex?
pense long and formidable strikes, but settled
nothing. Where the Unions have succeeded
in enforcing their demands it has been but
for a time; the submission or compromises
or the employers have been bul tempo?
rary, and tho struggles have bceu liable to
renewal at any moment. The Iron Moul?
ders' Unions-one of the strongest on this
continent-spent during and since thc war
over a million and a half dollars in con?
ducting strikes for higher- wages without
effecting anything of practical value. The
co-operative associations of the various trades
are proving, on the contrary, to be defen?
sive and profitable unions; not only saving
the money formerly spent In useless strikes,
but adding an actuar profit to it. The experi?
ence of the Iron Moulders-of which more in
future articles-fully prove this, as does also
the success of tho associations named below.
Their tendency is to prevent strikes. It will
be a powerful argument In favor of strikers in
the future to point to capitalists who refuse
their demands on the ground that they can
mot afford thc required advance'In wages, to
successful co-operative unions without large
capitals voluntarily paying the demand. There
can bc no stronger argument advanced than
such an illustration; and we hope to see many
of'them in this country.
A great deal of matter has recently been
published In tills country rclative'to the suc?
cess of the co-operative establishments In Eng?
land, France and Germany. This material has
generally been of a desultory. Imperfect, and
theoretical character, and ol' little value to
practical men. The consequence is that for
tlie lack of practical knowledge of these enter?
prises the laboring classes have not engaged
with zeal in similar schemes. Thc United
States is considered by men who have long
been engaged In co-operative movements
abroad, as a wider and freer, and in every
sense a better field for co-operation limn in
Europe, but il ls as yet the least gleaned of
them all. We propose nothing further in re?
gard to the theory ol' co-operation; the simple
purpose of all such schemes is, or should be,
to combine capital and Jabot-making each
laborer his own employer! Our purpose here Is
to give lu such detail us wc can gather it thc cxr
perience of the only successful co-operative as?
sociations in this city for the guidance and en?
couragement ol those who are contemplating
similar schemes. Wc arc sorry to say thal
these details are not perfect and full. It ls
Hie consequence of a strange and ill-defined
but nevertheless very strong Jealousy existing
among workingmen. The working classes, as
a rule, are the last to give their support to the
established co-operative establishments; and,
speak of all such enterprises not only in doubt?
ing but contemptuous terms. On the other
band, we have found that, with lew excep?
tions, those pecuniarily interested In co-opera?
tion have been unwilling to give information
which would servo to enlighten others as"to
the proper steps to be taken in forming and
conducting thc association. It is difficult to
imagine why such feelings should exist; we do
not attempt to explain their existence, but to
note them as a weak point in their organiza?
tion which thc laboring men ought to mend.
The most prosperous of the co-operative as?
sociations of the country are not in New York
City; indeed, the 115,000 or 70,000 members of
the trades unions of this city have been far
less active than those of oilier cities. The
iron moulders, clothing cutters, builders, car?
penters and others are at present organizing
associations on the co-operative principle, but
the only ones in New York which may bc call?
ed successful arc the Journeymen printers, at
No. 100 William street, and the Journeymen
tailors, ?it Fourteenth street and Third avenue.
JOURNEYMEN PI?TNTKK.S' CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIA?
Mr. John Vincent, formerly a compositor In
the Tribune office, and at present foreman in
?tho Citizen composing room, was tho origina?
tor ol' the association, at No. 10(1 William
street, the most successful of the three co-ope?
rative establishments among printers In thc
country. One ol'these ls In Philadelphia, the
oilier in Chicago; uoMi are younger than the
New York, association, and little is known.
We shall be glad to hear more ol' their success.
The New York establishment was indirectly
the result ol'the failure of a strike. In 180-4
Mr. Vincent was one ol' the many thrown out
of employment by that failure, and repaired to
Boston, where, shortly ufAcr, (tc was again left
idle by thc failure of'tile second general strike
in thu newspaper offices. The strikers at thc
time were anxious to gel a statement express?
ing their views ol' the differences between
publishers ami printers before thc public;
and, being offered the use of a vacant ofllcc for
that purpose, several printers set up, printed
and published a circular, setting forth, in
strong terms, thc grievances ol' the strikers.
The circular attracted attention, and commit?
tees Iroin various trades unions in Boston
waited upon thc printers and offered them pe?
cuniary aid if tiley would continue to publish
thc circular in the form of a weekly paper, to
be the organ ol thc Boston Workingmen'*
Unions, embracing and representing all trades.
Arrangements were ut once made; the office
and material were rented; thirteen of thc
strikers formed a co-operative partnership, in
which their labor was their only capital, and a
paper, called The Boston Voice, was at once
Issued by them. No Job work was obtained,
nor indeed solicited, as the material which
they possessed was exclusively that of a news?
paper ofllce. The thirteen involuntary co-ope?
ratives made a respectable living oiit of the
office; but thc great difficulty in the way ol'
success was the want ol' capital, aud at thc
close of the year the paper died, and the en?
terprise came to an end. Thc profits were
nothing; the labor of the associates hud not
even been paid for at the regular Union rates.
But each ol'those engaged in this adventure
came out of it with thc conviction that a small
capital and good management was all that was
necessary to the success ol' such ii co-operative
Mr. Vincent was probably more firm in this
conviction, and more impressed with the ad?
vantages ol'co-operation and thu correctness
of tlie co-operative principle than any ot his
partners; ?ind on his return to New York, in
September. ISO'j. he beg in to agitate it among
the printers willi whom lie associated and lu
boivd. One day his mosl skeptical friend said
to him, "Yiui have talked this tiling long
enough: draw up your proposition in writing,
and see how many will go into it." Mr. Vin?
cent I lien drew up and circulated a document
ostting forth briefly ilie.advantages of co-ope?
ration, and soliciting signatures of those dis?
posed lo form au association. Thc only con?
dition of membership was thc payment of a
weekly instalment of $1 per week by each
member until stifiicient funds to buy an ellice
were accumulated. It was at llrsi intended
that the association should number lilly mem?
bers, the tiret twenty-live subscribers to select
the remainder by ballot from among the later
applicants; but the number was finally confined
to the original twenty-five signers. Al?
though the first printers to whom the
proposition was shown ridiculed the
scheme, and Hie prospect on thc first
day M'as very dark, it required only
two days tu? Secure the requisite number of
naines." Among the original twenty-five sub?
scribers were the following printers, more or
less favorably known to journeymen printers
generally: Nelson W. Young, president Work
insinen's Union, and dav foreman in the Herald
otlice: CUurles B. S tilth, president elect of thc
Sew York Typographical Union; Robert Mc
Kcchnie. at the time president of thc National
Typographical Union, and now foreman of the
World. One or the sub-editors of the Tribune
was also a member, and still retains his inter?
est. Thc other members were prominent and
active members ot thc typographical union.
Care was taken, as of necessltv should be in
all such undertakings, lo enlist'in the scheme
the best class of printers. It would not be a
true and just history of the undertaking to .
omit tc say that thc leaders and directors, and
managers of this enterprise were men of more
than average intelligence and Industry. These
traits, as well as inoney, are necessary to the
success of any such undertaking by men of
any trade. Only such men can hope to be
successful manufacturers either by the old or
the co-operative plan, Tnose below the aver?
age of intelligence must always expect to be
only hired laborers. It is the great and just
rule of life which the most perfect scheme of
co-operation, Hie most powerful plan of pro?
tective union, cannot alter one jot or tittle.
Tlie first payment of the original instalment
was made In November, 1866, and regular
weekly payments were made from that time
forwaid. The capital stock was fixcdjit $5000,
and it was not intended to begin \%ark until
that, sum was paid up. Thc members were
patient, persevering men, some of whom
talked of waiting ten years if necessary
to get the requisite capital. ?ut early
in tlie year 18C7, the oflice ot the New
York Shipping List was ofTered for sale at a
sacrifice; and "tho attention of the co-opera?
tives was called to tips as an opportunity
for beginning business at once. The office had
cost $5000. It had been perfectly fitted up and
used but litttle over a month; the materiaLem
braced a full assortment of newspaper type, .
much of which could bc used in the higher
class of job work. On examination it was
found to be a bargain at $ifi00, at which lt waa
now held; Mr. Beach, the proprietor, offering
to sell to the association on easy terms. A few
of the twenty-five members, anxious to begin
operations, proposed to pay up their share of
the capital stock at once, und several did so.
By May 1, 1867, about $1250 of the capital stock
was thus paid m. Of this sum $500 was paid
in cash for the office; three notes, at six,
twelve and eighteen months, were given fos,
the remaining $2000, and on May 7 the office
was opened by the association, as announced
on a small card, thc only effort made by lt-ln
the way of advertising, as a "book, Job and
general printing office." One of the principal
mistakes of thc management has been thc fail?
ure to advertise.
The establishment on its opening gave em?
ployment to only two of the members of the as*'
sociation. The members put -their office on
precisely the same footing as any other job of?
fice, appealing to no society or organization
for help, but taking whatever came. They had
expected, and reasonably enough, the custom
of small merchants and tradespeople strug?
gling like themselves; but it ls their exp?ri?
ence that the greater part of their custom came
from other classes-large houses having much
printing to be done, looking closely as to its
cost, and engaging it where it could be had
cheapest. Wc learn that like experience
marked the opening of the Tailors' Co-opera?
tive Union. It was thc experience of Mr. Ro?
bert Blissert,* the originator of the latter es?
tablishment, that tlie working classes them?
selves would largely patronize the. association.
He has found that, On the contrary, the sup?
port has como mainly from Broadway clothiers,
large merchants and manufacturers, and, sin?
gularly enough, from editors-"classes of
men," as a workingman expressed it- to us,
"better acquainted with the economy of' co?
operation than the working classes seem to be
with Its advantages."
Thc business of the Journeymen Printers'
Association did not rapidly Increase. Work
came in slowly, the weekly instalments to?
ward raising thc capital stock were regularly
paid, and tlie small profits were spent in in- -
creasing the stock. At the end ot the first
six months the business gave employment to .
live men, and at the end ot their fiscal year
May. 1868-twenty-five printers found constant
employment at the regular Union prices.
The second year of the adventure was still'
more prosperous. Even in the dullest season
business was above the average ofthat enjoy?
ed by surrounding establishments. The busi?
ness was extended as the patronage Increased,
the profits going to swell the stock or to add
new material. Tflie new steam presses were
purchased In June, 1869, and these gave em?
ployment to three additional hands. The ma?
jority of those employed were journeymen
not interested in the profits of the concern.
The most of those who had entered into the
scheme held more lucrative positions In other
offices; these they retained, Investing what they
could sparc in the association. At the close of the
second fiscal year-May, 1869-the association
gave full und remunerative employment to
twenty-eight compositors and pressmen. At
the end ot that year tlie association also de?
clared a dividend of fifty per cent. The capi?
tal stock was increased to $15,000-twenty-five
shares of $600 each, and the dividend went in
part payment. The members were so well sat?
isfied with the investment of their money in
tills scheme that they were unanimously In fa?
vor of enlarging thc establishment and Increas?
ing thc capital stock. At the same time, the
oflice, stock and fixtures were carefully inven?
toried at $1G,OOO. A second dividend will be
declared about January 1, 1870, and half
yearly afterward. It is thought by the presi?
dent and manager that the stock Inventory at
the cud of I860 will show a value of not less
All this, it must be remembered, is the re?
sult or the investment originally ot' only $1250,
and at no time ol' more than $6300, and the
iabor of. two men originally, and not more
than twenty-five mon at any time since. The
sum paid in by the co-operatives has averaged
not more than $2 per week, a sum so insigni?
ficant as not to bc missed. "I suppose," said
tlie president, alluding to this point, "that
there is not one of the members whoy aside
from Iiis interest in the concern, is not as well .
off to-day as if he hail not paid his stock at
all." It would have been deposited in a bank
drawing but six por cent, interest, or proba?
bly spent for some object which would have
been not only useless but dangerous.
Tho partial* success of the Journeymen Prin?
ters' Association created considerable commo?
tion in the Typographical Union of this city.
It was urged that thc concern was not proper?
ly co-operative, as it was confined to only
twentykflve members, and not open to all mem?
bers ol'The craft. Thc twenty-five members -
suggested to the jealous malcontents that the
field was open to them to form another. One
was undertaken, but the error of admitting
too many members was committed. One
thousand members subscribed $1500 os a capi?
tal, but soon quarrelled among themselves, and
about two hundred of them having met in con?
vention to settle the difficulties, did so by In?
dulging in a free fight. Thc association waa
broken up, but only about eighty-nine per
cent, of tlie monies subscribed was returned.
Experience has shown that the fewer the mem?
bers and tlie larger the weekly instalment, the
greater the chances of harmony and success.
THE TAIMES' CO-OPERATIVE ONION.
Thc establishment at the corner of Four?
teenth street and Third avenue was startled in
the spring of 1869 by Robert Blissert and sev?
enteen associates. Their capital stock con?
sisted of thc $1 per week subscription of the
eighteen members; and not a yard of cloth was
on hand when the scheme was started and
work began. The want of capital of course
w.iLs a serious obstacle to rapid success, and
tlie members are chary of relating the particu?
lars ot the carly struggles. Thc details ot
the association cannot, therefore, be given.
The value of tlie stock on baud is estimated
at about $1000, which represents about nine
months' profils, plus the weekly instalments
of about eighteen workmen, to whom con?
stant employment has been given.
"P R E N C II CHINA.
Now open and for sale, a fine assortment of
FRENCH CHINA DINNER SETS, Tea Sets and
Dinner and Hreakrast PLATES, Tea Plates, Coffee
and Tea Cups and Saucers, Covered Dishes, Flat
Dishes, Teapots, Sugar and Cream Bowls. Butter
Dishes, Ac, Ac, at importers' cost.
R. IL MCDOWELL, ror Importers,
janl2 wfmlmo King street, corner Libertj
J O II N MARSHALL JR.
NAVAL STORES, COTTON, LUMBER ANDfRICE.
Charleston, S. C.