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irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
DELARGE DENOCNC?D~AS A BASE LIAR.
General Legislative Proceeding?.
[SrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE SEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 27.
lu the Senate to-day Lunney introduced
resolutions for the appointment ot a committee
to investigate cases ot alleged frauds in public
Swalls, colored, introduced a bill to provide
for filling vacancies in theoitlce of sheriff; also
a bill authorizing counties, cities and towns to
make subscriptions for internal improvements.
Corbin introduced a bill to provide for the for?
mation of associations for religious, charitable
and educational purposes.
Lifcney gave notice of a bill to incorporate the
Black Creek Cemetery Company.
The report of the Judiciary Committee on the
concurrent resolution requesting the Attorney
General to inform the General Assembly whether
the law requiring three months' notice in the
m public press, for the changing or amending char
K ters of incorporations, is abolished by law, was
A House bill to incorporate the Heston Fire En.
gine Corni . ny, of Georgetown, S. C., was read a
In the House the following were read a first
time: A bill to regulate the fee3 of probate
judges, clerks of Circuit Courts, trial justices, and
justices of the peace; a bill to amend the charter
of Summerville and to extend its limits; a bill to
amend the charter of Abbeville, and to provide for
the formation of religious, charitable and educa?
tional associations; a bill to Incorporate the
?omet Engine Company of Orangeburg; the Code
A resolution instructing the Judiciary Commit?
tee to report what action they have taken rela?
tive to preparing an amendment to the constitu?
tion to extend the right of suffrage to females,
was laid on the table.
Notice was given by Jervey of a bill to Incorpo?
rate the Lincoln Guard, of St. Stephen's, Charles?
ton County; by McKinlay, to extend the law per?
mitting the erection of wooden buildings In the
uppljr wards of the City of Charleston; by Cook,
to incorporate the Hook and Ladder Company of
Greenville; by Sasportas, to amend the charter of
thc Town of Branchville.
The bill to aratmd the charter of the Georgetown
Railroad wus passed.
The Educational bill was then discussed, and
sections 3 and 8, relating to text books, were re?
ferred to a special committee of seven.
During the debate DeLarge intimated that all
the school commissioners had been "seen" by
McIntyre, who is a school commissioner, said
that if DeLarge meant him he wa3 a base liar.
There warmnch confusion, but McIntyre apolo1"
gized to thc House, and the hub-bub subsided.
A DAT AT THE CAFETAL.
Meeting ot the Executive Comm!
the South Carolina Agricultural and
Mechanical Society - Judge Boozer
Magistrates to be Weeded Out-The
[FROM OUR OWS CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, January 20.
SOUTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
A meeting of the Executive Committee or
this society was hold in the Columbia Hotel last
night, at which were present Colonel D. Wyatt
Aiken. Col..;el J. P. Thomas, Messrs. W. Wallace,
W. M. Lawton, W. S, ?T?Uerey, and others.
The premium for tue best field of cotton on five
acra and on one acre of land was awarded to
Mr. J. M. Crawford, of Columbia.
Several letters from fertilizing companies, offer?
ing to test their manures through the society,
were read, but their requests were not complied
with, because the grounds of the society are al?
ready under cultivation.
Mr. W. M. Lawton tendered a proposition
from the South Carolina Institute, (incorporated
"wholly for the development of the various Indus?
tries of the State by means of fairs,") that it and
thc Agricultural Society hold a fair together in
Charleston next year. A vote was taken upon
agreeing to the proposition, and it was voted
A premium Hst of $7000 was authorized for thc
next fair. The list will be published lu a few
days in THE NEWS, Courier, Phtcnix and Guar?
dian. Last year the premium list amounted to
only four thousand dollars.
Messrs. Whilden 4 Co., through Mr. Lawton,
submitted a design ror a medal, which was adopt?
ed, and the committee authorized to have a sunl
clent number made. The medal will be about the
size or a Mexican dollar, some of gold, others or
sUver. Around the outer edge is the name "South
Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical Society,
1870." In the centre a representation ol a pal?
metto tree, around which are clustered a sheaf
of gram, a barrel of turpentine, a bale of cotton,
a plough and other agricultural implements, an
anvil and a pale of compasses: On thc reverse
side of the medal ls a wreath-oae-half composed
of flowers and the other half or stalks or grain.
In the centre.or the wreath are the words,
"Awarded to"-a blank being left for the name
of the party to whom the medal may be awarded.
Al^jether, the design of the medal is very neat.
Arter disposing or some other bisiness of no
general interest, the committee adjourned to
meet on the first Tuesday of May next.
In the Supreme Court to-day thc rollowing
preamble and resolutions were presented by thc
bar or the Supreme Court and adopted:
Resolved, That in the death or the Hon. Lemuel
Boozer, Judge or the Court or Common.rica3 and
General Sessions of thc Fifth Judicial Circuit or
this state, we morun the loss ora juror and
useful public servant, au able and impar?
tial judge and au honest and estimable gentle?
Resolved, That the foregoing expression of our
respect and esteem be presented to the Supreme
Court, with the request that it be spread upon
the records or the court.
Arter eulogistic speeches from Attorney-Gene?
ral Chamberlain, Chief Justice Moses, Hon. Mr.
DeSaus3iire, and Mr. Treadwell, of Columbia, and
Colonel Caughman, of Lexington, the court ad?
journed as a mark of respect to the memory of
the deceased judge.
MAGISTRATES TO DE WEEDED OUT.
It ls well known that in this State there are
more magistrates than there is any necessity for,
especially so when their limited jurisdiction ls
considered. There has been much talk in regard
to getting rid or a number of these magistrates,
and giving those who remain more power. To?
day a bill was introduced by Corbin which pro?
vides for the abolishing of the olllces of magis?
trate after the first of May next, and the creating
of trial judges. The provisions of the bill are that
the Governor shall, with the consent of the
Senate, appoint and commission in the
gevOpu counties or the state a suit?
able number of trial justices, who shall
be distributed as the conveniences of thc several
counties require: but the number in commission
shall not exceed five in Abbeville, four In Ander?
son, six in Barnwell, seven in Beaufort, eighteen
in Charleston, four in Chester, four in Clarendon,
Jive in Colletou, four in Chesterfield, five In Dar?
lington, seven in Edgetield, five in Fairfield, four
in Georgetown, five in Greenville, four in Horry,
four in Kershaw, four in Lancaster, five in Lau?
rens, four in Lexington, four in Marion, four itP]
Marlboro', four in Newberry, three In Oconee, five
in Orangebuvg, three lu Pickens, five in Richland,
five in Spartanburg, five in Sumter, three in
Union, three In Williamsburg, arid four In York;
that these justices shall hold their offices for two
years, unless sooner removed by the Governor;
that if a trial justice change his donielle, his au?
thority and jurisdiction as such shall cease, and
another justice be appointed to fill his place: that
this act shall take effect after the first day of
May next: that the trial justices herein provided
for may be appointed and commissioned prior to
that time to enter upon their duties on and after
that day: on and after the first day of May the
office of magistrates be abolished.
Tlic bill to revise, simplify, and abridge thc
rules, practice, pleadings, and forms of thc courts
of this state received its third reading in the Sen?
ate to-day. llayne and Leslie relieved the read?
ing clerk, and between them the bill was disposed
of in short order, each one of the readers skip?
ping just as many lines as he deemed proper.
During a discussion before the bill was read, Les?
lie spoke about it, alluding to it as Hie bill pre?
sented by the commission to codify the laws of
the State, whereupon Hayne desired to know ii
the commission had been appointed to codify thc
laws of South Carolina or of New York; to which
question he received no answer. Each word in
this code of procedure cost the State about forty
A resolution providing that the two houses do
meet in joint assembly on Tuesday. February 1,
for the purpose or electing an associate justice of
the Supreme Court to fill the vacancy occasioned
by the resignation of lion. S. L. H?ge; and also,
for an election for an associate justice for the
term of six years, was adopted by the House and
sent to the Senate, where, after considerable dis?
cussion, it was rererred to the Committee on
Elections. It ls believed by many that there will
be no election this session. Wright's star ls in
the ascendant. L.
THE OLD DOMINION.
RICHMOND, January 2T
General Canby to-day issued an order that
all military commissions acting under the recon?
struction law ceased, and all citizen prisoners be
turned over to the State courts; that all citizen
prisoners, uudergoing sentence of military com?
mission, shall serve out such sentence unless re?
leased by an United States court,. nil that all
civil officers appointed under the provisional
government shall vneate when their successors
are elected or appointed under thc ucw onstltu
Governor Walker issued a proclamation con?
vening the Legislature on Tuesday, February S.
John L. Marve, Jr., of Fredericksburg, was to?
day appointed Lieutenant Governer by Governor
Walker, to fill the vacancy occasioned by thc
electon of Lewis to the Senate.
THE WJ.lt IX CUD J..
HAVANA, January 2T.
Yaimaseda reports Bayamo, Chiqua ri and
Manzanillo as tranquil, while Guayautenamo,
Baracoa and Santiago are free from Insurgents.
Yalmaseda is about leaving Santiago to assume
command of the troops at Las Tunas.
KTHE SOUTHjpAROLlXA ELECTIONS.
The Ballimore ?inn gives the following re?
port of the debate in the House of Representa?
tives on Monday, on the South Carolina elec?
tion case of Wallace, Radical, against Simpson,
The House then took up Hie contested elec?
tion case of A. S. Wallace vs. W. D. Simpson,
from the Fourth District of South Carolina!
The resolution of the majority of the committee
declares thal Mr. Wallace has the prima facie
right to the seat. That ol'thc minority declares
Mr. Burdett, of Missouri, addressed the House
in favor of thc majority resolution.
Messrs. Randall, ol' "Pennsylvania, and Burr,
of Illiulos, argued in favor of the minority re?
port. The discussion was further continued by
Messrs. Cessna, of Pennsylvania; Bowen and
Whittemore. of South Carolina; Stevens, of J
Ohio; Burdett, of Missouri, and others.
Tte question was then laken. first upon the
resolution reported by the minority of the
committee declaring that neither Wallace nor
Simpson had the prima facie right, and
which waa offered as an amendment. The
resolution was adopted-yeas 103, nays 73.
Mr. belsey, of New York, then moved to lay
the resolution ?is amended on the table. Re?
Thc question then recurred lipon adopting
the amended resolution, pending which Mr.
Whittemore moved adjourn. Rejected
yeas us, nays loo.
After some further filibustering, the resolu?
tion as amended was tabled.
AUGUSTA AXD KNOXVILLE ROAD.
Speaking of this enterprise, the Washington
(Wilkes County, Ga.) Gazette says:
The proposed railroad, when completed, Is
likely to become one of the most important
lines of communient ion between tho Atlantic
coast and the far West. The plan of the pro?
jectors, as al present developed, is to carry the
work through Rabun Gup into Tennessee, and
then connect with the Blue Ridge Railroad,
leading to Knoxville, and through that, with
Cincinnati and the great West. This route
will be shorter by one hundred mile? and
more, than any one now open between the lar
West and the Atlantic coast-with which latter
it will connect by means of the Augusta and
Port Royal Railroad. This harbor is the best
ou the Southern coast-not even excepting
Brunswick. Tile largest sea-going vessels can
come into Port Royal und anchor"at the piers,
without any other "pilots than those they carry
at sea; and with tue completion of Hie pro?
posed railroads, a line of steamers will run
direct to all the principal European and Medi?
Tins route will also shorten communication
between the West and South America and the
Gulf Islands, by several bandied miles-Sa?
vannah, Port Royal ami Charleston being far
more convenient ponds of intercourse with
them than Baltimore and New York
It only remains to be said that the Northern
company who have taken bold of this work, is
composed ol' tuen of extensive means and large
experience in railroading and financiering,
while the name ol' a distinguished Georgian,
Hon. H. H. Casey, of Columbia, as president
of the projected Augusta. Hartwell ami Rabun
Gap Road, ls sufficient voucher lor the integ?
rity and honest intentions of thc company.
-Prince Murat, about to be tried lor slap?
ping a magistrate's face, was recently asked
at a dinner party why he appeared so seldom
in the Bois. He replied, "My exchequer lim?
its, lor the present, the number of my stud to
two horses, and his Majesty toroids my ap?
pearance iu public short of four." "Then" why
doesn't his Majesty make np the deficiency?''
asked one of the guests. "Ah!"' sighed the
Prince, "he luis often promised; but then he
has a 'deficiency' of his own which needs mak?
ing up a good deal more than mine."
-The lord high chamberlain of the Klmr of
the Sandwich islands is an Irishman. When
the Duke of Edinburgh recently visited Hie
king, thc Irishman "disgusted the English
prince by appearing at Hie head of Hie stairs
in full state robes, snouting: "Walk up-come
right up-the king's at home."'
-Hon. John Rose, late Canadian finance
minister, and now of the banking house of
Morton, Rose & Co., of London, lias been
created by the Queen Knight Commander of
the Order ot St. Michael ami Sf. Geonre.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED TRESS.]
WASHINGTON*, January 27.
Senators Carpenter. Edmunds and Ferry,
who arc considering Georgia, will favor a new
election throughout thc State, or thc reinstalla?
tion or General Ruger as provisional governor.
Both the new election and Hie relustallation
seem probable, as much dissatisfaction and differ?
ence of opinion exist in Congress about Georgia.
BATER.-Revenue to-day six hundred and sev?
enty-nine thousand dollars.
Delano bas gone to ohio for ten days.
Thc Tresident has nominated John Eaton,
formerly editor of the Memphis Post, commission?
er of education' vice Barnard.
Corbin, the President's brother-in-law, was be?
fore thc Gold Panic Committee to-day.
Lewis^senator from Virginia, was seated.
Tortor, after a struggle, was seated.
Thc President replying to Mayor Bowen and
others regarding Washington, denied his inten?
tion of recommending appropriations for Hie Im?
provement of Washington now. Such recom?
mendation would bc disregarded. The Western
members were especially tenacious on the sub?
ject, but thc year closing, March 3, would show a
greet reduction of the public debt and lesss taxa?
tion, and Congress, by that time, might see the
necessity of improving the capital. He had no
doubt thc time would come when Cabinet minis?
ters would bc furnished with houses free of rent
by the government. To suppose that men rep?
resenting the nation could, on the pittance of
SS000 a year, give grand dinners and receptions
was simply ridiculous.".
In the House, Secretary Porter announced thc
approval of the Virginia bill, and Platt, Ridge?
way and Milnes were seated. The House voted
toseat Porter, but he, with Hare and Gibson, were
not present, but will be seared on npppcarlpg at
the bar of thc House. Booker, McKenzie and
Segar are In the hands ol the Election Commit?
tee, and are retained ror further consideration.
In the Senate, a resolution nullifying the de?
cisions of revenue officers regarding whiskey
seizures, was indefinitely postponed. This ac?
tions relieves a million dollars' worth of California
No action has been taken as yet regarding the
LATER.-In the nousc a bill establishing certain
steamship lines was Introduced.
The Secretary of Hie Treasury was asked why
he allowed the collection of certain harbor fees In
New York arter thc Supreme Court declared thew
There l3 no probability of thc Senate passing
thc bill abolishing thc franking privilege.
Dawes' speech to-day was considered a com?
plete vindication of himself.
The bill allowing Virginians who have conscien?
tious scruples to ailinn, was passed.
Porter, after a long debate, was seated.
The Speaker announced the special committee
on postal telegraph-Washburne, of wisconsin;
Lawrence, Dawes, Davis, Palmer? Woodward,
The bill abolishing thc franking privilege was
passed by 174 to 14. It repeals all laws and parts
of laws giving to any otllcer or department or the
government, or other persons, the right either to
send or receive through the malls, free of postage,
any letter, document or other mallabie matter.
Dawes made a successful defei against But?
ler's attack on him regarding extravagance.
Among other statements Dawes said that he had
visited the departments ami renions! rat ed against
thc estimates. He also visited thc President,
who said he knew little of any other than the es?
timates of Hie War Department, which he was
satisfied could not be cut down.
Terry oniclally communicates to the War De?
partment thc organization of thc Georgia House
of Representatives, after a careful examination of
the law. He says he is convinced that no author?
ity exists for giving the seats ol in?ligible mem?
bers to those receiving tho-ncxt highest vote.
The members from the newly restored States
get no back documents, they having heretofore
In the Senate joint resolutions forbidding as?
sessments from subordinates for presents to supe?
rior ortlcials was Passed, and goes to the Presi?
A motion to call up a bill creating Omaha a
port of entry, brought forth expressions In favor
ofthe abolition or many unimportant ports or
entry now In existence.
Senator Lewis, rrom Virginia, was qualified.
The bill making Omaha a port of entry was
Tue consideration of the currency bill was re?
sumed and discussed to adjournment.
E UR O 1* JE.
The French Army-Papal Infallibility.
PARIS, January 27.
On account of Hie troubles in Purls anti
elsewhere, the French army will not bc reduced
The vote and discussions on commercial ques?
tions has been compromised so ns to prevent thc
threatened change In the ministry.
Thc Papal authorities have forbidden thc pub?
lication or thc Bishop or orleans' letter to thc
Archbishop or Malinos, lt is supposed that thc
Bishop or Orleans commits hlmseir against the
Tlic Elections-Abolit ion of Consulates.
MADRID, January 27.
The snows delay election returns, but thc
known results show five Unionists, ten Democrats,
six Progressionists, and one Ca rust. The defeat
of Montpensier ls confirmed.
Thc Spanish Consulates at Mobile, Charleston
and Calveston arc abolished, and the Spanish
Consul at Mobile transferred to the Vice-Consulate
at New York.
Death of the Duke dc Broglie.
PARIS, January 27.
The Duke de Broglie, a leading Orleanlst, ls
dead. Age eighty-five years.
The Foreign Holders of Eric.
LONDON, January 27.
An agent leaves soon for New York to protect
the rorcign stockholders in thc Erie Road, by
voting the stock held abroad.
Thc Spanish Elections.
MADRID January 27.
Authorities classify the deputies elected to fill
vacancies as, Progressionists eighteen, Republi?
cans four, Unionists three, Absolutists one.
T1IJB GEORttlA LEGISLATURE.
ATLANTA, January 27.
The Senate organized to-day. Two mem?
bers, from Hie Eighth and Tenth Districts, (were
deciared ineligible ?)
The House received a letter from the Governor,
endorsed by General Terry, stating that certain
persons were here claiming the scats of thc mem?
bers declared ineligible, they having received thc
next highest vote. The Governor advised that
they bc allowed to take their seats, aud said that
General Terry approved his course. The House
refused to seat them. Ayes, G3; nays, ??.
SPARKS FROM TUE WIRES.
The "Green Line-' excursion party reached
Macon at daylight yesterday. In the oftcrnoon
they had a grand banquet, and at night went on
Colonel Digby, of thc English army, married
Miss Lillie, daughter of W. S. Groesbeck, of Clo- i
cinnati, yesterday-Bishop Rosecrans, Catholic,
and Bishop Mcllvalne, Episcopal, oillclatlng.
The Louisiana Legislature have adopted a reso- 1
lotion petitioning Congress not to reduce the 1
duty on sugar and molasses.
Sixty-four Democrats and lukewarm Republi?
cans are to bc turned out of the New Orleans Cus- 1
tonihouse. and their places filled by active Radi- ?
cal politicians. ?
THE HONE BILL.
REPORT OF THE SENATE C03?
AtlTTEE. * /
A PRACTICAL AND POETICAL EFFCSION.
[FROM OVK OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
T COLUMBIA, January sc.
Tliis snbject ol phosphates and phosphatic
deposits bids fair to be again what it was only a
few weeks since-thc chief topic or discussion.
It will be r?faembcred that the bills "to grant
to certain persons the exclusive right to dig and
mine in the beds of navigable streams and waters
of the State for phosphate rocks and phosphatic
deposits," and "to regulate the digging of phos?
phate deposits from the navigable streams and
waters of thc State of S?nth Carolina," were re?
ferred to the Senate Committee on Incorpora?
tions. To day the committee made a lengthy re?
Tn.VT "CED OF FINANCIAL ROSES,"
as the bill to grant the exclusive right is desig?
nated tu a petition now before thc Senate, was
first grartcd by thc committee, and an attempt
made to take the sting out of the snake, alleged
iu thc same petition to be coiled up in the "bcd of
roses" aforesaid. t
The committee (of which Frank Arnim ls chair?
man) recommended that this exclusive right bill
do not pass, because it is In thc nature of a
monopoly, granting to a few Individuals the ab?
solute aiid exclusive right, for all time, to take
from the watera of the State, belonging to thc
whole people, an article or primary and general
Importance to the farmer and planter, and devote
it tu their own personal benefit. It gives these
individuals the power to regulate thc supply and
price of thc article, to make it dear or cheap,
plenty or scarce, and, consequently, thc price of
agricultural products, and of the food of the peo?
ple. Having the power to control the price or the
article, they can tlx the amount or tax they will
levy on every larmer, planter or Individual who
uses lt. The collection and removal of the mate?
rial will employ many thousand laborers lu the
different portions or the State, where territory
has been granted to this corporatlon, who will be
solely under Its control as to determining their
wages, and deciding who shall be employed and
who shall be discharged. Under the domination
of this gig'antic monopoly, an influence may be
exerted which would render the condition of the
laboring man little better than that or a serf, ami
less desirable for himself and family than the
thraldom rrom which he has been so recently
TILING CT AND PULLING DOWN.
Aside from the questionable right or the Legis?
lature to confer snob dangerous powers upon a
corporation, there can bc no doubt of the Impolicy
of thc measure in the minds of all who are op?
posed to a retrograde inoveraeLt In the path of
progress and civilization so recently entered upon
by the people of this State. The policy Indicated
was the elevation or thc individual man from the
condition of servitude and debasement in which
he was formerly held, into a free, Intelligent and
responsible citizen, eutitlcd to all thc fruits and
advantages of his own labor; that he should be
encouraged and assisted to become the owner of
property, with thc comforts and blessings of
home, of family and friends, of education ?iud re?
union; and even at this present time there ls a
bill before the Senate appropriating half a mil?
lion or dollars Tor tue purchase or lands, in pur?
suance nf this laudable policy, which will place
thousands of our laboring men In thc position of
owners, enabling them to realize that great
conservative sense of property, that there
ls something to live for, something to
struggle for; and prompting the man up?
ward ami onward lu the path of prosperi?
ty and Independence. And, with such a policv.
approved and entered upon, wc are asked by ibis
bili to bestow on a company of Individuals phos?
phates worth many millions of dollars.bclouglng to
ihcStatc, thc collecting and removal ofwhich will
employ thousands or laborers, congregated"
togettier in large numbers, working under thc
direction of overseers, separated from thc health?
ful influences or home, subjected to all the baneful
and degrading abuses which have heretofore
characterized, ami which are always consequent
upon, such a system of labor, A strange Incon?
sistency would be thus presented In our legtHla
tlon, of appropriating money from the treasury
to build up one system of labor, while, at thc
same time, we arc giving immense wealth, al?
ready in the treasury, to a corporation, thc result
of which will be to encourage and promote au
antagonistic scheme or congregated labor, assimi?
lating, In its material and moral disadvantages,
to tlie repudiated curse of slavery, with but rcw
advantages over lt, except lu name.
EXTINGUISHMENT OF THE STATE DEBT.
Thc justice and expediency of the measure may
also be questioned, in Its aspect of taking rrom
die available resources ol the State such an Im?
mensely valuable property, when she ls strug?
gling with pecuniary embarrassments, and thc
people are groaning and discontented under thc
weight or taxation necessary to support thc gov?
ernment and maintain its credit. Under proper
and judicious management, it ls believed that the
revenue rrom this very property may defray a
considerable portion of the current expenses of
thc State; or, ir devoted to a sinking fund, would
in a rewyears extinguish entirely the State debt.
This poini is especially worthy or notice, in decid?
ing upon a measure which proposes to tl icu thc
patrimony of a whole people, destitute and Im?
poverished, from the custody or the State, its con?
stitutional guardian, and consign lt to thc hands
of a few wealthy Individuals, who are apparently
lu nowise distinguished from their fellow-citizens
for public services or public sacrifices. As the
sole equivalent for these obnoxious features of the
lull, lt proposes to give the State a royally of
twenty cents for every ton or phosphates collect?
ed by the corporators, a sum utterly Insignificant,
In proportion to its value, and which would
scarcely defray thc expenses of Its collection.
A TRECNANT FACT
that is well worthy of consideration ls that, in
tliis magnificent donation of public property, In
which all classes of our citizens have an equal
right, there ls not a single individual of thc col?
ored race among thc corporators, and yet the la?
borers io mine ami dig the phosphates will almost
exclusively be taken from them. This fact de?
rives especial significance from the remark recent?
ly of a Democratic newspaper in Charleston, when
ctlcu'a lug upon the political chances lu thutcnin:
tv in the coming political struggle, tim the labor?
ers In thc phosphate beds would probably vote
with those who employed them. This invidious
discrimination against our fellow-citlzens who
comport a large majority in this State, and the
political purpose to which il may be prostituted,
are not calculated to recommend thc measure to
thc favorable consideration of thc Legislature.
A GORGEOUS PROSPECT.
With a view to prepare a plan for mining and
digging thc phosphates, which should avoid the
odious objection of monopoly, ami do Justice to
thc various interestsiuvoived.the committee have
sought for such information as would guide them
in making a proper estimate of the extent ami
value of our phosphate deposits; of thc cost of
mining them, and of their marketable value; and,
notwithstanding our efforts were hut partially
succcssfn), we have ascertained enough to iuducc
us to estimate them as of immense value, and as
calculated, if judiciously managed, to become a
most Important source or revenue to the State,
and of wealth to the nation. A few short mouths
only have intervened since their discovery, and
the Carolina phosphate beds are already recog?
nized as the prit jipal and most available source
of supply In the world for fertilizers, lt only re?
quires judicious legislation, and in a brier period
will witness the vessels or every clime
thronging thc harbor of Charleston In quest
or this valuable substance. Already has lt
Induced the novel spectacle on Ashley Elver, at a
single vvharr. some ten miles olio ve the City of
Charleston, or seven ocean steamers (???) In quest
of phosphates, affrighting, with the shrill shriek or
their engines, thc deer, the turkey, and other
timid denizens or those sylvan glades which
were but recently their only Inhabitants. Norarc
facilities wanted tor the accommodation or this
suddenly augmented commerce. Commodious
warehouses and capacious wharves have ap?
peared as If by magic; and frequently during
the summer months, when nnacclimatcd captains
and crews have a wholesome dread of malarial
disease, a vessel has come up from the city to the
company's wharf at 7 o'clock in the morning, has
had placed oil board four hundred tons or phos?
phates, ami returned to her berth at Charleston
by 7 o'clock the same evcnlug. ready Tur her out?
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE.
One of these phosphate companies has already
invested upwards of six hundred thous<*:id dol?
lars, (principally furnished by Philadelphia capi?
talists,) in lands, buildings and machinery. They
employ from three to live hundred workmen,
whose wanes reach, on an average, about nine
thousand dollars per month. They have exported
numerous cargoes of phosphates to domestic
ports, ?md someto Europe; and they have sold in
the City of New York alone one hundred and tlfty
thousand dollars' worth of phosphatc.the whole of
w hich was taken from ten acres or their land.
As marking the influence exercised by the
discovery of the Carolina phosphates, lt maybe
mentioned that pievious to that event, thc princi?
pal source of supply for that material was the
N'evassa Company, which collected it rrom some
ot the Carri bean Islands. The company was a
strong one, having nor less than three millions or
dollars capital, with their headquarters at. Phila?
delphia. Their stated price for the material
ivas twenty-five dollars per ton. In a few months
artur the organization or thc Charleston Phos?
phate Company it contracted to deliver in Phila?
delphia the Carolina phosphate at eleven dollars
per ton, which lt did accordingly, and the couse
quence was, as we are Informed, that the sh
of the Xevassa Company, which at par were i
dollars, have since been offered for three dol
per share. While, however, there has been
enormous loss or capital to the company, tl
has been an Immense gain to t?lc agricult
community in being ?>blc to procure an artlcl
eleven dollars per ton equally good with one
which they had beep paying twenty-flve dol
per ton, or more that double as much. Equ
favorable and Interesting accounts, no doi
might bc rurnlshed from thc Wando Manu
turing Company, South Carolina Phosphate Ci
pany and others, but we have not b
favored with oppoitunities of obtaining then
TUE COMMITTEE "OK PHOSPHATES."
There has been referred to your commltti
"bill to regulate thc digging and mining of pl
phare deposits from the navigable streams e
waters or the State of South Carolina," which
them, appears to combine more or the ess
tial requisites for a general law on the sub
than any other which has been brought to ti
attention; and they, therefore, with some a<
Hons, and modifications, recommend it to
favorable consideration or thc Senate. It will
perceived that it asks ror no monopoly, or ox?
sive privileges, t< r corporations or Individu
but places all upon an equal footing; that lt
set ts the prerogative of thc State, and thc ris
of labor, and affords encouragement to Mic ma
facturer and capitalist. It asserts the righ
all citizens, upon complying with the terms ti
conditions Imposed by the State, to mine/
remove the phosphates, upon which lt Impose
royalty of two dollars per ton Tor the benefll
the whole people of thc State. While
right of thc Slate to impose the royalty cannot
controverted, there may be a diversity of opin
as to Its amount. The committee were contr
cd, in lixing lt at thc amount specified, from
fact that parties and associations, now engajj
In mining and removing phosphates, pay to
owners or the land in which they are situated (
dollar per ton for Hie privilege or taking th
away. They arc generally covered with ear
frequently to the depth or two or three reef, t
removal or which, and of the shrubbery, tic
Ac, by which they are encumbered, and the si
sequent washing and transportation to thc lat
lng of thc phosphates, from most of which tin
.< ngaged in removing the river phosphates wot
bc exempt, In the opinion or the committee, a
at least another dollar to the charges, niaki
them fully equivalent to the royalty Imposed
tho State. Thc ease and facility of procuring I
phosphates from the river beds, especially duri
the earlier operations, should also be taken li
consideration, and if experience demonstra!
thc amount to be excessive, it can be read
modified at the next session.
RETURNS TO TUE STATE.
Thc bill also provides for the Incorporation
companies for the purchase and sale of thc pin
phates from those engaged in mining and c
lectlng them, and who, upon giving proper se?
rlty, may be licensed and designated as State <
positorlcs, and. authorized to give receipts to t
miners and collectors or phosphates for the si
or two dollars per ton royalty. These recelf
must bc forwarded monthly to the Auditor
State, who shall proceed at once to collect thc
from thc depositories. This arrangement w
simplify the process or collecting, and render u
necessary a multitude or Inspectors, conecto
Ac, and by its checks alford a wholesome sa
guard against abuses. Provision is al
made for the appointment of a board
commissioners, consisting or his Excelle
cy thc Governor, the Secretary or Stat
and the Attorney-General, to frame
coflc of rules Tor thc details or these regulation
which shall bc printed and appended to the
cense Issued by thc Secretary or State. The b
also provides that upon every ton oragrlcultui
fertilizers of a certain specific grade, man ufa
tured In South Carolina, there shall be allowed
drawback of one dollar for every ton or phd
phate rock, or phosphatlc material employed
its composition, upon satisfactory proof that tl
royalty has been paid upon sahl phosphate
This will alford a judicious and needful encou
ngement and stimulus for manufacturing this vi
nable material ut home, which will attract lari
amounts of capital iront a distance fol that pu
pose, Instead of sending it abroad in Its ra
state to give employment io labor and capital
other sections, timi to enrich other localities i:
Stead of our own.
SOUTH CAROLINA'S FOLLY.
South Carolina has too long afforded an exar
pie of the folly of furnishing the world with b
valuable raw materials, to be repurchased aga
at a greatly enhanced cost In their manufacture
condition, and thc present favorable opportuni
or correcting and reforming this policy should 1
eagerly embraced. With thc great advantage i
having thc principal ingr?dient at our own door
our manufactures will be enabled to hold ont 1
.lacements to thc agriculturists of every clim
ami their ships will resort to our seaports far sn
lilies, bringing with them more or less or the pr
ducts of their own countries, greatly stimulant!
free trade, building up our foreign coinmcrc
und giving additional employment to capital au
labor. Your committee have before them a bl
to incorporate thc South Curollua Chemical an
Mining Company, and to license and ant hom
the same to dig timi minc in certain navigabl
rivers lu this Statt, under certalu restrictions an
WHAT MR. nt ATT HAS DONE.
At thc head of this company ls Mr. Nathanil
Pratt, to whose arduous zeal and scientific knov
ledge the State and the world arc so materlall
Indebted far thc Jiscovery of the agrlculturt
value or our phosphates. Their object ls to estai
lish works for chemical purposes aud product!
as well as appropriate and appertaining to all th
uses of thc farm, plantation, manufactory, an
Indeed lo most of thc useful arts. They propos
to make acids, paints and oils, dyes, mordant?
chemicals, salts and fertilizing agents-work
which will cost much mono and labor to estai:
lish, and great skill to manage aud keep In opera
tion, but when erected will bring to the doors no
only of thc agriculturists, but thc mechanic am
artisan, those things that ?re Indispensable fo
their operations, but which they are obliged nov
to procure elsewhere. The committee have al
retuly indicated their views In reference to tin
value of such establishments asare herein indlcat
cd, and of thc policy or encouraging them by eve
ry legitimate means. Mr. Pratt and his coadju
tors ?sk far no exclusive privileges or monopolies
but ure willing that all shall obtain thc same prl
vileges. on thc like conditions. With some amend
meurs that they have Incorporated with the bill
they cordially recommend Its passage.
A SLAP AT THE "CODIKIEKS."
In conclusion, your committee would express
their regret that this important question had nen
been entrusted to abler hands. They are feeling!)
convinced of thc difficulties surrounding au at
tempt to frame a satisfactory law for the regula?
tion of a subject nt unce novei and complicated,
upon which there are no lights of experience, ot
codes of procedure to imitate or to copy. They
arc conscious of their deficiency in the legal acu?
men and learned lore which adorn and Illuminate
some of the brighter lights or our legislative hulls,
but which too frequently prove light without
heat, "that leads to bewilder and dazzles to
blind." Dut your committee liave directed their
eil'orts to an honest, and sincere determination to
discharge their duty us servants of the people; to
guard their rights and protect their interests,
rather than to c'onfar illimitable wealth and Inter?
minable privileges upon a favored few. at the ex?
pense or the tolling many, and thus building up
an odious monopoly that will be able, by its power
and influence over thc many thousands whom lt
will control, to contest the power o? the State
with its government, and even to effect a political
revolution, thus perverting what was Intended by
a gracious Providence as a munificent blessing
into an Irredeemable curse. The best that your
committee can hope far ls that they may have
made some suggestions, which, in more skllfal
hanils, may approximate to a proper system, of
which experience will detect thc errors and sug?
gest the remedies.
THE (I EN El.AI. LICENSE BILL.
The same committee offered several amend?
ments to Hoyt's bill, which provided fora system
of general licenses, and recommended that it be
passed. Thc amendments arc :
That associations of persons with sufficient cap?
ital may be incorporated for the purpose or dig
giug. mining and removing phosphates and phos?
phate materials from the rivers and navigable
streams or thc State, for the purchase and sale
thereof, and for manufacturing thc sume; and
such association, upon giving proper security,
may be appointed and designateil us regularly
licensed depositories, who shall be authorized to
give receipts to the seller, or sellers thereof, who
shall have licenses to dig or collect the same for
thc royalty to the State or two dollars per ton
thereo'n, which receipt thc seller or sellers shall
transmit with their monthly return to the Auditor
or State far collection; and all persons engaged
in mining, digging or removing said phosphates
or phosphatlc materials lu and from thc rivers
ami navigable waters of thc State arc strictly
prohibited from selling, trading or disposing of
said phosphates or phosphatlc materials to any
person or persons who are not authorized and
licensed to purchase and give receipts far thc roy?
alty to the State, under penalty or immediate for?
feiture of their license ami such other punishment
as may bc authorized by this act.
Ssa's. Upon all phosphates and phosphatlc ma?
terial upon which satisfactory evidence is fur?
nished that the royalty of two dollars per ton has
been paid to thc Stute government or its agents,
when manufactured into commercial fertilizers
of the usual standard for exportation, a drawback
of one dollar or the phosphate or phosphatlc ma?
terial shall bc allowed or paid to such manufac?
turer or manufacturers, and shall be duly ac?
counted for In their accounts with the State Au?
Strike out In the printed bill thc words "Section
V and insert "Section 6," ami add to the end of
the section: "That his Excellency the Governor,
thc Secretary or State and the Attorney-General
be authorized and directed to draw up a code or
regulations far thc government or those engaged
in thc diging, mining anti removal of phosphate
rocks, not inconsistent with this act, which shall
be binding and obligatory as a portion or this
act (including the amount of peualtv,) and- shall
bc printed and appended to thc licenses Issued to
each Individual or individuals licensed by the
Secretary of State."
All matters reported by the eommlttee were
ordered to be printed and to be considered to?
morrow. It ls thought that the "exclusive right"
bill will bc passed in a form which will not ap?
pear so obnoxious as an exclusive right, but will
give the incorporators powers virtually equal to
what they would have secured had the bill passed
a3 presented. L.
TUVTU AT J,AST.
THE BUCHANAN CABINET.
Historical Revelations of Judge Black
-Stanton's Political Position In 1860.
Thc Hon. Jere. S. Black publishes a lengthy
and interesting card to the public, detailing
his reminiscences of the officia! conduct of the
late Secretary Stanton during the latter's asso?
ciation with him In the Buchanan Cabinet.
Hispbjcct in bringing to mind these political
by-goncs is to contradict slatements which have
been made by eulogists and others, "that Mr.
Stanton entered thatadministratlon with views
opposed to those of the President and the men
who were to be his colleagues, all of .whom,
except Messrs. Holt and Dix, were in favor of
the Southern Confederacy, and ready to sacri?
fice the Union; that, supported by these two,
he bullied thc rest; that he terrified the Presi?
dent by threats of resignation into measures
which otherwise would not have been thought
ol ; that he urged Immediate war upon the
seceding States, to crush out the rebellion;
that though defeated In this by the treason of
his associates, he carried with a high hand
other points of sound policy; that by these
hardy displays of hostility to the administra?
tion which trusted him, he promoted thc in?
terests and won the gratitude of his enemies."
THE BEAL ATTITUDE OF MR. STANTON.
Thc political attitude of Mr. Stanton towards
the Buchanan administration previous to his
appointment as Attorney-General, Judge B.
proceeds to say, is wholly misunderstood or
else wilfully misrepresented. He was fully
with us at every stage ot the Kansas question,
and no maa felt a more loathing contempt
than he did for thc knavery ot the Abolition?
ists lu refusing to vote upon thc Lccompton
constitution, when nothing but a vote was
needed to expel slavery from the new State,
and thus terminate thc dispute by deciding it
in thc way which they themselves pretended to
wish. He wholly denied Mr. Douglas' no?
tions, and blamed him severely for the unrea?
sonable and mischievous schism which he
had created in the party. Thc Know-noth
ism of Bell and Everett found no favor in
lils eyes. In thc canvass ol' 18(10 he re?
garded the salvation of the country as hanging
upon the forlorn hope of Brecklnrldgc's elec?
tion.- We knew the Abolitionists to be the
avowed enemies of the constitution and the
Union, and we thought thc Republicans would
necessarily be corrupted by their alliance with
them. As we saw thc march of these combin?
ed forces upon thc capital, we leltthat the
constitutional liberties of the country were in
as much peril as Rome was when thc Gauls
were pouring over the broken defence of the
city. Whether we were right or wrong, ls not
thc question now. It ls enough to say that Mr.
Stanton shared these apprehensions fully. He
more than shared them; to some extent he In?
spired them, for he knew Mr. Lincoln person?
ally, and thc account he gave of him was any?
thing but favorable.
HIS OPPOSITION TO WAR.
During the angry excitement following the
election of Mr. Lincoln, and the warlike atti
tilde assumed by South Carolina, the question
?iroso in the Cabinet as to how the difficulty
"should be settled. The President was bound
to do both parties thu best service he could in
spite of their teeth, and that service consisted
in preserving thc peace of thc nalion. It was
his special and most Imperative duty not to em?
broil the incoming administration by a civil
war which his successor might be unwilling to
approve or lo prosecute. It was undoubtedly
right to leave the President elect and his ad?
visors In a situation where they could take their
choice between compromising and lighting.
In fact, Mr. Lincoln was in favorofthe iormer,
If his inaugural be any sign of his sentiments.
The mind ol no man was more deeply im?
bued with these opinions than Mr. Stanton's.
The idea never entered lils head-certainly
never passed his Hps-that the President ought
to make war upou States or put the whole
people ont of the protection of the laws, and
expose them all to Indiscriminate slaugh?
ter as public enemies, because some individ?
uals among them had doue or threatened to
do what was Inconsistent with their obliga?
tions to Hie United States.
LBOAL POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT-MK. STAN?
On the 20th of November I answered thc
President's questions concerning his legal
powers and duties, holding that the ordinances
ol'secession were nullities; that the seceding
States were, and would bc as much in the
Union as ever; that the Federal Executive was
bound there as well as elsewhere to execute
the laws, to hold thc public property and to
collect tlie revenue; that If the means and
machinery furnished by law for these purpo?
ses were inadequate he could not adopt others
and usurp powers which had not been dele?
gated; that neither the executive nor legisla?
tive departments had authority under the con?
stitution to make war upon a State; that the
military power might be. used, if necessary, in
aiding the judicial authorities to execute thc
laws in collecting the revenues, in defending
or retaking public property, but not in acts ol'
indiscriminate hostility against all the people
of a State. This is thu "opinion" which lias
since been so ellen, so much and so well
abused, denounced and villtilcd. Mr. Stanton
did not stultify himself by denying the plain,
obvious and simple truths which it expressed.
Thc paper was shown him before it went to the
President, and after a slight alteration sugges?
ted by himself he not oiily approved, but ap?
plauded it enthusiastically.
It disappointed the President. He had hasti?
ly taken it for granted that Congress might
make secession a cause for war; and In the
draft of his message, already prepared, he had
submitted the question of war or peace to
their decision. Bul thc advice of thc law de?
partment, supported by a powerful argument
from General Cass, convinced him of his error,
and that part of the message was rewritten.
The substance of the message, so modified, re?
ceived "r. Stanton's hearty endorsement in
everything that regarded secession and the
treatment it ought to receive.
Soon after this General Cass retired. I was
requested to take the State Department, and
Mr. Stanton was appointed Attorney-Oeneral
upon my declaring that I was unwilling to
leave the care of certain causes pending In thc
Supreme Court lo any hands but his. This ap?
pointment alone, without any other proof,
ought, to satisfy any reasoning mind thal all I
have said of Mr. Stanton's sentiments must be
true. Wc look him for what he professed to
be-a true friend of thc Union; a devout be?
liever in the Constitution; a faithful man, who
would not violate his oath of office by wilful
disobedience to the laws. I am still convinced
that he did not deceive us. If he abandoned
those principles in 1SG2, the change, however
sudden and unaccountable, is not satisfactory
evidence that he was au iwposter and a hypo?
crite in 18C0.
The card concludes with a refutation of tho
reports that Mr. Stanton engaged in dragoon?
ing the President and hectoring his colleagues,
thc writer being unable to recollect that he
ever had one word of serious controversy with
the President or anybody else. During the
discussions which concluded in the determi?
nation io reinforce Fort Sumter, Mr. Stanton
"was always true, but the part he look was
by no means a leading one. He said many
times that lie was there only that I (Judge
Black) might have two votes instead of one.
Ou no occasion was there the slightest con?
flict between him and me. * * It would be
a wrong to the memory of Mr. Stamou not. to
add that, so far as known, he never gave coun?
tenance or encouragement to those fabulous
stories of lils behavior."
-Herr Friedrich Hocker, the German exile,
who took a leading part in the revolution of
1848. has advertised his farm in Illinois for
sale, and. having received an amneslv, will re?
turn to his Fatherland.
THE LAND OF DIAMONDS.
Precious Stones Innumerable In South.
Africa-Whole Farms Glittering with
Gems-Dazzling Brilliants of aU Sixes
and Values-How to Reach the Mines.
An occasional correspondent of the. New t
York World, writing from Tort Elizabeth,
South Africa, on December 4, gives the fol?
lowing account of the diamond mines :
THE DIAMOND MINES
arc situated In the Orange Free State, a Dutch
republic, back of this colony, nearly due north
in the Interior. A great deal of the country hi
taken up by farmers, and each larmer owns
about 6000 acres of land; but there ls an 1m- .
mense amount of unexplored land in the Or
range and Vaal River districts, and it is from
these districts that the natives have heretofore
brought all the diamonds that have been sold
in this market. Thc roads are good for 300
miles to Hope Town*, (near where the diamond
region commences,) and from there you have
to make your roads as best you can; out as tbe
country is mostly plain or gently rolling land,
it Is easy to get over.
THE LARGEST DIAMOND
that has been found ls the Star of South Africa.
It was purchased from a native doctor or ma
fician by a Dutchman for 500 sheep. He
rougli t it to Port Elizabeth and sold it for
?12,500. It was put on exhibition and realized
several hundred pounds, which was handed
over to a charitable institution. The owner
was offered ?20,000 for lt at Cape Town, but -
the owner refused, and the last that I heard of
it was that the owner was in Paris negotiating
a sale with some prince at ?30,000. I have
seen several diamonds from up the country
valued at from ?10 to ?80, but
THE NEXT LARGEST
sold in this place was on the Market square at
public auction. It brought ?320. Since then
regular shipments have been made to England
by every steamer, and among the regular con?
signments from here you will see ua box of
diamonds." The last that goes by this steamer
consists of over three hundred diamonds, va?
rying in size from one-half to three and a hali
carats. A one and a quarter carat diamond in
the rough, If pretty regular and first water, is' '
worth ?8, and a two and a half ?32. This al?
lows one-half carat waste lor cutting.
A FARM SPARKLING WITH DIAMOND?.
Tlie greatest excitement has fc. < n regarding
the discovery of 230 diamonds on one farra.
On the day before ?n?s discovery the farm was
virtually sold for ?2000 tn bluebacks, worth
about two shillings to the pound sterling, but
on the day of the discovery the owner,refused
to close a bargain with the first buyer, and
sold lt to another party for ?2000 in coln. Tire
consequence is that a litigation will commence
immediately about this farm.
PLENTY OP GEMS.
A correspondent of the Graaf Rel net Adver?
tiser writes from Hope Town, und^rdateof
November 14, that Messrs. Hond, 7.>l??&De
Kock returned last Sunday from a trip to the
diamond mines. Mr. Hond brought with him
sixty diamonds, and Mr. De Kock about seven
teen. These diamonds are all very small, the
largest not exceeding three carats weight.
They average less than half a carat, but are
very pretty gems, mostly all first water. Mr.
Gores also returned a few days ago rrom the
diamond fields, bringlni forty diamonds, also
very small, but ot tlie first water. One he
found himself while shaking hands with a
trader at his wagon. It ls the prettiest gem in
the parcel, and weighs two carats. He found
another and a smaller one. Besides those
enumerated, Mr. Gores has brought twenty
four diamonds into Hope Town. Tue Queens?
town Free Press reports that Mr. Sonnenburg
has Just returned from bis trip np the country
with fifty-one diamonds and several varieties
of oUier precious stones. They are certainly
THE PRETTIEST COLLECTION
of diamonds ever seen in Queenstown. Tbe
largest is about six carats, and the smallest
about thc size of a pin's head. Of the twenty
three largest, none weigh less than one carat.
The whole of this collection was purchased by
Mr. S. beyond the River Vaal. He was offered
?850 for'the lot, but considers them worth
Tbe Graaf Reine: paper says that diamond
news ls still the news. Yesterday's post con?
firms the discovery of a diamond spot near
Jacobadal, and the number collected is said to
be three hundred. A correspondent gays that
a private company has been formed at Hope
Town, who have purchased for a good round
sum the farm on which these diamonds were
found. It is probable, therefore soon, that
some systematic operations will be commenc?
ed. A constant supply of small diamonds
would be far preferable to an occasional find?
ing even of diamonds like the "Star of South
Africa." Regularity of supply Is of the great?
MEN AND WOMEN.
-Rocheiort Is a Montmartre man, but no
other kind ?*f a martyr.
-The new Earl of Derby's first public speech
was on thc subjeet of lunacy.
-Mrs. Stowe might be thought to be on pa?
rade by the reviewing she gets.
-Governor Fred. Douglass of the territory
of San Domingo is the suggestion.
-The King of Prussia smokes, every day,
from ?cn to fifteen very strong cigars.
-Bismarck has recently lost a great deal, of
money by unluckly corn speculations. .
-Brick Pomeroy ls the third wealthiest man,
and the largest taxpayer In Lacrosse.
-Francois Guizot, thc veteran French states?
man and author, takes but one meal daily.
-The Emperor of Austria himself instructs
bis children in penmanship and arithmetic.
-A member of the diplomatic corps franked
his trunk from Washington to San Francisco.
-Bismarck's son ls likely to die Irom the
effects of the wound received in the late dueL
-Mr. George P . Healey ls painting In Borne
a portrait of Pius IX for Bishop B^ey, of New
-A Nevada editor acknowledges the re?
ceipt ol a bottle of whiskey and a Bible on
-The New Orleans Times alludes to General
John B. Magruder as "the evergreen of our
-George H. Pendleton ls to deliver an ora?
tion to the students of General Lee's college,
July 4th next.
-Mr. Charles O'Conor's new Fifth avenue
mansion is to be second in magnificence only
to A. T. Stewart's.
-New appointment-Mr. Henry L. Dawes,
of Massachusetts, surgeon-general of the Ate
-Parepa's mother was the only music teach
e* she ever had, and the warmest affection ex?
isted between them.
-Hayna?'s monument has been removed
by the family, since it has been found impos?t
ble to prevent its mutilation.
-It is stated, "with an air of authority," that
a German publisher has several unpublished
works of Heinrich Heine in press.
-John H. Stephens, one of the wealthiest
real estate owners in Newark, N. J., died on
Sunday. His property ls valued at $1,500,000.
-Mollie Trussell, who killed her lover,
George Trussell, at one time owner of the
horse Dexter, ls reported insane In San Fran?
-Thc Emperor Napoleon said the other day
to one of his personal friends, "I never find
any persons but such as advise me to do things
which I have already resolved to do."
-Prince Pierre Napoleon is very unpopular
among the peasants of his estates, Inasmuch
as he frequently, during his hunting expedi?
tions, rides through their waving corn fields.
_Porelre lost his seat in the French Cham?
ber of Deputies because his election agent had
circulated a forged letter in the Emperor's
name, urging the swindling banker for the