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irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR. COLUMBIA. A K UNE VENTE UZ JO A T. Legislative Proceedings. (8PB01AL TELEGRAM TO THE SEWS. COLUMBIA, February 23. In toe House, to-day, tho Judiciary Oommitte*! reported favorably on a bill to aboiish the inspec? torship of naval stores in Charleston, aud on a bill to incorporate the Sonth Carolina Savings and Building Association No. 2. The KaUroad Committee reported favorably on a Joint resolution to authorize the Attorney-Gene? ral to institute proceedings against the Sonth Carotina Railroad, for violation of its charter, and on a bul to repeal the act to incorporate thc Air Line Railroad. Aresslutlou was adopted requesting the Gov? ernor to appoint a day of thanksgiving and prayer npon official announcement being made of the ratification of tho xvth Constitutional amendment. y A resolution requiring the Land Commissioner !to render a report of his operations was adopted, but the vote was reconsidered, and the resolu? tion was indefinitely postponey?. A resolution was adopted fer holding two dally sessions from ll A. M. to 3 r. M., and from 61*. M. to adjournment. A test vote today indicates that the General Assembly will adjourn nine Gie on March 1. The appropriation bili was read a first tune to day. In the Senate, the bill to incorporate the Chai lee? ton Banking ?ad Trost Company; the but to pro? vide for filling any vacancy in the office of sheriff, received a second reading. Hay nc made a favorable report from thc special joint committee appointed to investigate thc af? fairs of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company. The report was-ordered to be printed. T. J. Mackey speaks In the han or the House to? night. IR opposition to Corbin's report upon the Civil Rights bill and the Trial Justices bul. .*> - TRI AZ JUSTICES. The Charattcr ami Extent of their Jn risdietioau ?freon ona own CORRESPONDENT.] COLUMBIA, February 19. I tove already -sent the provisions et the urn io provide for the appointment or trial Jua tkes. Yesterday it received a second reading arter celng amended KO as to provide JIU ?he au? thority or any trial Justice closes ir he remove from -hid domicile, a distance or three miles," aad that "during the vacation or the Senate, the Governor ht authorized to appoint trial justices, subject to the approval or the Senate, to aot, un -?eas sooner removed by him, till the end of the next session. If not approved by the Senate, said appointment shall cease at the end of the seid session." After the 1st of May the office of magistrates ls abolished. It is to be hoped that the Governor will exercise more discretion In ap? pointing trial Justices than he did in bis selection cf magistrates. in the Senate to-day, Corbin Introduced a bill "to define the criminal Jurisdiction of trial Jus? tices," which provides that they shall have Joris -diction of ah offences which may bc subject to the non ait les of cither fine or forfeiture not exceeding ?no h und red dollars, or imprisonment in the jail or house of correction not exceeding thirty days, and may impose any sentence within those 11m ita, singly or In the alternative; they can punish bf a line or one hundred dollars or thirty days' imprisonment In Joli all assault and catteries and other breaches of the peace when the offence istnot of a high and aggravated nature, requir? ing, In their Judgment, greater punishment. All affrayera, rioters, disturbers and breakers or the poaee, and all wiio go armed offensively to thc terror or the people, and such as ntter menaces or tiireathening speeches,or otherwise dangerous and disorderly persons, maybe arrested by the trial Justices and bound over to the peace, and fined or Imprisoned as above stated, or If aggravated eases, should oeoommltted or bound over for trial before the Court of General Sessions. They shall have Jurisdiction of larcenies or all kinds, provid? ed the property stolen docs not exceed $20 in value; or bringing and receiving, or aiding bi the eoncealment or stolen goods; or offences or ob tainlng property ander raise pretences, by games ar In any way whatever. They shall cansa to be arrested all persons round within their counties oharged with any offence, and persons who, after ?Committing any offence within the county, escape ont of the same; examine into treasons, felonies, grand larcenies, high crimes and misdemeanors; and commit or bind over for trial those who appear to be guilty of crimes or offences not within their jurisdiction, and nonlsh those guilty of such offences within their Jurisdic? tion. AU proceeding before trial Justices shall be summary, or with only such delay as a fair and just examination of the case requires. Every person arrested and brought before a trial jestioe charged with an offence within hU jurisdiction, shall be entitled, on demand, to a trial by jury, to ba selected as Juries are now chosen for magis? trates' coarta. Trial justices aro authorized to issue aU necessary processes to carry their pow? ern Into effect, and may exercise all the powers heretofore conferred by law upon magistrates. Every person convicted before a trial Justice, of any offence whatever, and sentenced, may appeal from thc sentence to the next term or thc Cocrt of General Sessions for the county. The appel? lant snail be committed to abide the sentence of ?aid court until he recognizes to thc State tn soe", reasonable sum, and with such sureties as the court requires. L. E UEO EE. Trouble with thc Conocripts. PARIS, February 21. Se eonaorlpta in camp at Lyona became Macons, and sang thc Marseillaise. Several ar? resta were made. TBS SUEZ CAN AZ. * ALEXANDRIA, February 21. Tho uniform depth of the Suez Canal ia nine? teen feet. HAVANA SUGAR MARKET. HAVANA, February 21. Sugar of all qualities slightly advanced, clos? ing active. Exports to thc United states, 6500 boxes and 8500 hogsheads. Stoek at Havana aud Matanzas, 200,000 boxes and 20,000 hogsheads. STEAMBOAT DISASTER. Meunna, February S. The ?teamer Emma, hence for Cincinnati, snagged ni Island No. 33. caught fire and sank. No particular? are received; but twelve lives are reported to be lost. The Emma shipped 400 balee of ootton at this place. -*> COZD SNAE. NASHVILLE, February 21. The mercury Sunday morning was IO decrees below zero. CHICAGO, February 2L Yesterday was the coldest day or the season. A number or teamsters and others were frozen. MEMPHIS, February 2L There has ^ccn a terrible gale, anU the weather la Intensely cold. LOWELL, February 21. The Merrimac and Concord are very high, and several roads near Lowell aro flooded. Some nilla are stopped by back water. J* ST. LOUIS, February SI. The weather ls very cold. Navigation North ls impended, and couth much impeded. WASHINGTON. THE CADETS AND THE CA EE ET BAGGERS. WHITTEMORE POUND GUILTY. A RESOLUTION IVS HIS EXPULSION IS REPORTED. TWO DAYS' GRACE GIVEN THE CULPRIT. Koge Doing tko (Same Dirty Work. [srKC: AL TEi.nc-RAiia TO mg NEWS.] WASHINGTON, February 21. Tho excitemont in regard to Whittemore and oilier cirpet-bag Congressmen, cliarged with scll cadctshlps, reached fever-heat to-day. From the testimony taken by the House Mili? tary Committee, it appears that ten or twelve cndeiship* were sold by Congressmen, at prices ranging from $500 to $2000. Most of the culprits were members er the last Congress, but Tour or Ave of them sit in the present Congress. Whitte? more, when before the committee, did his best te explain his position. One excuse was that he received 52000, tobe applied to political and edu? cational purposes. He admitted the receipt of thc money, bat did not name thc purposes to which the fund waa applied. When the committee met this morning, they promptly decided that the defence of Whittemore on Saturday did not sufficiently or satisfactorily oounteraot the evidence against Him. The com? mittee, accordingly, voted unanimously to report a resolution for his expulsion. This resolution, together with the evidence, was brough: into the House at 3 o'clock, and created a decided sensation. Ali the evidence was road. This occupied an hour, the members and the crowds in tbe galleries listening patiently. Whittemore, while the evidence was read, sate in his seat. He was the object of all eyes, and looked decidedly pule and nervous. 'When tbe House was discussing whether Wdlt temope should bc allowed time to make his de? fence, he arose to speak. The members sitting near him strongly advised bim to keep quiet, and he did so. After a considerable debate, it was decided to allow Whittemore to appear at thc bar or Ute Honse on Wednesday, and make his de fe noa. Had the vote been taken to-day, thc members eay that Whittemore would have been expelled without a dissenting voice, and it is believed that ou Wednesday more than a two-thirds vote will be obtained lor his expulsion. H?ge, the other South Carolina representative, who was elected by a majority or several thou? sand votes against him. ls also implicated. Ula stated that the committee have evidence to show that ne trotted foracadetshlp;bnt the particulars nave not been obtained. irciOM TUE ASSOCIATED I'KESS.] WA8U1NGTON, February 21. Fifteen millions will bc required for pea plons on thc 4th of March, reducing the currency balance in thc treasury seriously. Few bonds will be purchased during March. LATER.-The Revenue receipts to-day are $087, 000. The public offices will close at noon to-morrow, in honor or the anniversary or the birth or Wash? ington. Two of the professors of the Howard Freed? men's Unreau University have resigned. After her admission, Mississippi will be added to the Department of Louisiana, and will form a part or the military division or the South. Three millions or coin Interest on the tea-for tles ls ?ne ou March 1st. A bill ls pending allowing fine whiskey to re? main ia bond three years, with a small interest on the taxes. Thc inflation resolution, which passed thc Honse to-dny, will meet with but little favor m the Senate. The Supreme Court, to-day, decided in the case of Pelham vs. Rose ct al, that the confiscation act of 1SC2 required the actual seizure or the property and cr?dita libelled, and that the seizure or thc debt or lite maker ora note to thc holder, witbout thc actual arrest or thc note itself, was Insufa cient. The presence or the Spanish frigates Feaitad and Vittoria at New York has been thc subject of much exaggerated comment. Th<.-y will only ie raaln there a few days, aud it is bellcveU are now on their way to another port for repairs. New York was not selected for the purpose. CONGRESSIONAL. In the House, on the regular calls, among the bills was one removing all disabilities in States | adopting and con forming Hs laws to the Fifteenth amendment, and another guaranteeing right ol entry ?r cltizeas Into States whose State consti? tutions make restrictions on account or race or color. A resolution of instruction regarding the Cur? rency Committee report, Increasing the currency fifty Minions, pacsed by a voie or 108 to 73. in the Senate* resolution ls up to give General Fiiz-John Portera rehearing. Chandler is phll hpizlng against Pope's campaign, with "head? quarters in the Raddle.*' LATER.-In the House, to day, a bill WUH Intro? duced abolishing Hie Bureau of Education or the Freedmen's Bureau; also a bill incorporating thc Mississippi Valley Land ajid ?tiver Improvement Company. A resolntlon declaring that pork packers are not taxable as manufacturers, and directing the reruading or all taxes collected from them, caus? ed much confusion, during which the morning hour expired. The question recurs on Monday. The Judiciary Committee reported that the evi? dence against Judge Bustecd, of Alabama, ?ld not warrant his impeachment, aud were dis? charged. The House bill for the removal or political dis? abilities was amended by the addition or a vast number of names, when lt passed and goes to Hie Senate Tor concurrence. In thc Senate a bill was introduced to declare thc ratification of the Fifteenth amendment. A bill was reported to abolish the Freedmen's Bnrcau, and to establish a Bureau of Education, whith shad co-operate with all other educational organizailons throughout the United States, for the education or all classes. The bill ID payroran Iron lighthouse at Cape Camavaral, Florida, was passed. SPARKS. Commodore Chara plln ls dead. The Alabama Senate, elected In 1336, refnse to decide by lot what senators shall be re-elected this rall. The majority contend that all are to hold over lill 1S75. The Virgiuia Legislature resolved yesterday that lt waa inexpedient to elect a United States senator ror the term commencing in 1S71. -Tho views of Hungary touching tho mlll axy bouudary between Austria aud that coun? try have been generally accoptetl by the gov? ernment In Vienna. THE AUGUSTA FIRE PARADE. ARRIVAL OP THE VISITING COMPANIES. A W arm and Hearty W elcomc [SPECIAL TCLK?UAU TU TUK NEWS.] APQ?STA, February 21. The Mechanic's fire Company, of Atlanta; tho Tallala, of Atlanta; thc Mountain City, or Rome; the Marion Fire Company, of Charleston; the Young America Fire Company, of Charles? ton, and Hool* and Ladder Company, No. 1, ol Charleston, with delegations rrom all the Charles? ton fire compauies, arrived here to-day. The Citizen's Fire Company received thc Young America, while the Filmore Company welcomed the Marlon boys, and the Pioneer Company thc Hook and Ladder Company. Tho whole city ls alive with firemen. Thc weather ls bright, but bitter cold. There Is every indication that thc parade to? morrow will be very grand. THE POLITICAL UNDERCURRENT. Tho Social Kqu ?1 it y BUI anil thc Senate Judiciary Committee-Warra Work in a Radical Caneas-Corbin Excoriated. A large number ol Radical legislators met In caucus, In tho ball of the House of Represen? tatives at Columbia, on Wednesday evening last, to consider the Civil Rights bill, as amended by thc Judiciary Coramittoc of thc Senate, of which D. T. Corbin is chairman. We take the following Irom a sketch of tho pro? ceedings of tbe caucus published In the Colum? bia Guardian : Brodie was called to the chair. "Equal Rights" Jones, of Georgetown, came forward with the indictment. The bill, be said, placed colored people in thc same position they had always occupied as regards their civil rights. Un the boats from Georgetown to Charleston they always had to take positions winch were unbecominc men. He dwelt particularly on the odious feature of the bill in thc time fixed for lt to go into effect, viz: first of May. Mr. Corbin migh* enjoy himself In a choice seat at the theatre and all such places at any time bc pleased, but tbe colored people could not pre? sume to do so until May. Then thc theatrical season would be at an end, and tho privilege allowed be but cold comfort. He complained that Corbin and others filled their coffers, and used every means to get positions of proiit, whilo they 6tabN'd, os in this bill, colored men to the heart in treating them as mere chattels, not endowed with any regard for their rights. Hausier maintained that the bill, which had been so mutilated in the Senate, had been drawn by a competent man in tho House. After two hundred and forty years of vassal? age of lour und a half millions of people, their rights, privileges anti common Inheritance had been recognized. It was something monstrous that they wero practically denied In tills re? port. if the chairman entertained any objec? tions to thc bill, ho should have frankly stated them. If some sections were, in his view, inexpedient, he ought to have proposed sub? stitutes for them. Tho course he bud taken showed that he was not In sympathy with thc fundamental principles of thc bill, and, in re? porting it as it now stands, was either knave or fooL The language used by him as to tho fourth section, that lt was un absurdity, wus an insult. He would not taunt him on account of thc heavy obligations which bc owed lo him (the Speaker) and others for the various profitable positions which he tilled. What more concerned him wus the odious discriminations nf the bill against the black man. It contained none against thc white mau, although he might bc as poor as Job's turkey, that had never a leather on its tall. It marked thc palpable deter? mination to give only back scuts to thc colored man. Corbin's profession of Republicanism wus bot a pretence. Ho disregarded those who had elevated bim. Purvis, a young sprig from Philadelphia, thought the l>red Scott decision went to when Taney died, and that every principle or Southern chivalry which mcaul oppression went with lt. Thc American past was some? thing damnable. It was part of his education to hale a certain class of people. Thc meanest man in the world ls a Yankee who is not hon? est, and who affiliates willi Southern Democ? racy. He would welcome Hie thunderbolt from heaven or hell which would blast this State to atoms if, having a colored voting ma? jority of two-thirds, it would allow 6ticli ob? vious rights to be denied its people. Hu ls a fool or scoundrel who says otherwise than that thc principles guaranteed in thc organic law are those upon which the State rests, lt should bo scrupulously looked luto and rigidly maintained, if a conductor on a train should hand this bill to a passenger, Its meaning would be that he must take the second-class car. D. T. Corbin was now called on, and smiling? ly came forward to make Iiis defence. He said that he ivas born, bred and educated a Repub? lican; thal he bad fought, bled (but not quite died) for this principle He reviewed thc sec? tions of thc bill, replying to the criticisms which had been made on them. Mr. Ford, a manager from Baltimore, had appeared before thc committee, and had represented thc ruin which was impending over lils head. The pas sago of thc bill would spoil his calculations if it look effect at once. He was Interested to thc tune of $8000 or $10,000 n month, Invested in them Heals, actors, salaries, lease, Ac, and must of necessity Buffer heavy pecuniary loss, unless the bill should be so modified as to suit the demands and accord willi thc senti? ments of tho pleasure-seeking, thcalrc-golng public. It was concluded to let thc bill go into effect thc first of May. In this way every? body's bones would bc saved. Upon this Ransler nnd some others ex? claimed, "let Ford go to-;" that his ac? commodation and his money ventures were not matters of such public concern as that the fundamental and vital principles of Republi? canism should be violated to subserve them. For one, ho was not. willing thal his wife should be Insulted till the first of May to oblige anybody. Whipper followed up tills skirmishing with a regular attack. In thc positions of thc bill, and in the speech ot Corbin in their defence, ho found an amount of Ignorance for which lie was Wholly unprepared. As presented now, it was eu emasculated us to he of no account ut all. Manager Ford must have thrown power? ful influences around thc committee, Ac Whipper came out particularly 6tron<; as iv lawyer in contesting the legal propositions, of Corbin, na to the power of requiring forfeit? ure of charter where individual righta hud not been respected by corporations and carriers, tho latter having maintained that charters were in their nature contracts, ihc inviolabili? ty of which could not be invaded. Ransier offered resolutions expressive of the sense of thc caucus, which, alter interlocutory remarks of several members, and au elaborate discourse from Swalls In defence and iu ex? planation of the prerogatives of tho Senate of which he is a member, were adopted. They wero condemnatory of thc bill, as reported, and recommended to tho Legislature to refuse to pass it. lt is said that there was a Jug of whiskey on hand to Influence tho result, but the resolutions went down anyhow, whether thc whiskey did it or not. Perhaps in spite jf it. And thus ended au evening ot a very peculiar and spicy character. THE POPE AND THE FENIANS. Condemnation of the Brotherhood-The "Secret Society" Constitution E> plained. It has been for some time a matter of dis? pute in Ireland whether tho Tope's recent con? demnation of secret socleUes wa3 intended to include Uie Fenian Brotherhood. Thu follow? ing decree, dated Burne, January 12, 6eta the question at rest : As lt may be doubted by many whether the socio ty of Feuians is included and denounced among the societies condemned lu the Pontifi? cal Constitutions, our most Huly Father Pius IX. having first taken thc opinions of the emi? nent cardinals, thc inquisitors-general ap? pointed to ffiiard against heretical perversity in thc universal Christian republic, lest, thc hearts of the faithful, particularly the simple, should be perverted to tho. Imminent danger ot their souls, and adhering to the decrees of thc congregation of the General Inquisition Issued lu like circumstances, especially the de? cree of July 5, 18G5, has decreed and declared that tho American o: Irish society called Fe? nian is comprised arnon;' the societies forbid? den and condemned in tue Constitutions of the Supreme Pontiff, and in particular by that lately issued bv his Holiness, dated October 29,1869, beginning "Apostolic^ Sedis;" in par? agraph 4 ol which ar? declared liable to sen? tence of excommunication, to be removed only by the Pope, "Those sects called Freema? sons, Carbonari, or any other kinds of sects which either openly or privately plot against the Church or legitimately constituted author? ities, together with those who In any way favor the same; as also their secret hoads or lead? ers, so lon;r as they Bhall not have de? nounced them.'' He has therefore commanded thia answer to bc given to certain bishops who have asked the question. D. ANGKLO-AKGENTI, Notary o? the Holy Roman Inquisition. ? .. co? ? > CUIXESE JJ ABOR. An Interesting Lrttcrironn General Joan G. "Walker aboattlic Chinamen he has at Worh in Texas. To Hie Editor of Otc New Orkans Picayune : The disorganization of tho labor system of the South, growing ont of the emancipation ot the slaves, is already idling the story ol Southern decay In productive industry. As the middle aged negroes, whose working habits were acquired under the discipline of the old system, die off or become superannu? ated, we are fin tiing none to take their places. Tlie young ones rate their political Import? ance too highlv to waste their energies In lite production of cotton aud sugar. To what ex? tent thc country has been the gainer by the conversion of this large class of producers Into voters and politicians, is a matter of opinion, but certain lt is that the material in? terests of the South have received a heavy blow, and we have not yet even felt its worst effects. Year by year negro laborers will grow more scarce and capricious, and pari passa the price of field work enhance. We may, therefore! expect to see the brambles and weeds of our nelda every year growing ranker, nnless we can procure laborera of another race. Can the Cauca? sians supply tbe want f Theorists may answer affirmatively as often as they please, but Lou? isianans, at least, will not bc convinced against their daily experience and observation, whence, then, ls help to come? For one/vl can fee lt nowhere but on the shores of Asia. Fortunately the gold excitement In California has made us partially acquainted with the In? dustrial and economical value of the If ongo Ilan race. Large numbers of them, drano to our El Dorado by the universal attraction of cold, have for many years been settled on tho Pacific slope. Our first observation of them was as miners of thc precious metals, but the surface and Individual mining becoming un? profitable, these industrious people soon turned their labor to a profitable account In other avocations, and for years have Btipplled to California that desideratum or all new coun? tries-cheap and abundant labor. They have built her railways, dug her irrigating and min? ing canals, drained her lands, reaped her golden harvests, and In tens of thousands of households arc at this moment contrib? uting to tho daily comfort of ber inhab? itants. These are the people who are walting to be called to our relief. Shall we accept their services ? . If we decide to do so, the sooner we set on foot the measures necessary to get them here the belter. Having spent two or three years on the Pacific slope, previous to thc war, I had many opportunities of becoming acquaint? ed with John Chinaman as a laborer, cook, Ac, and since the war have ohm a strong advocate for his Introduction Into iheeouttf. Theory ls worth little without practical demonstration, and lt occurred lo me that tho best method ot Impressing our people with thc value of thc Asiatic was to bring him into our midst and let him speak for himself, in a language that requires no iuterprctcr-that ol' shovel and wheelbarrow. The Houston and Texas Central Railway Company, aRer many costly and unsatisfac? tory experiments in thc Importation from ibis elly and New York of white laborers, at my earnest suggestion, concluded to try the ex? periment of Chinese labor. I was consequent? ly employed by them to proceed to California and bring to Texas the two hundred and filly Chinese uow at labor on the extension of their ; road near Culvert. On this business I reached San Francisco early in October lost, and from that time to thc middle of December I was en? gaged In overcoming the difficulties I found lu thc way of my success. In the first place, Tex? as was a wholly unknown country to even the Chinese who h'atl spent years In California. It was a bourne from whence no Celestial traveller had ever returned; and, In thu next place, I had to overcome the unfriendly Influences of Interested panics of our own race, who desire a monopoly In the business of Chinese Immi? gration at tbe South. At length, however, by Ene dint ol perseverance, I succeeded in Becu iug thc services of two hundred and fifty expe? rienced railroad laborers for a term of three years, and have Just returned from Texas; after placing ibis advanced guard ol' the com? ing army ol' occupation on picket, armed with shovels and picks, contented and happy, at any rate fulfilling their contracts. lt ls lc primier pas qui coule in business as In morals, utid theso two hundred and fitly Mon? golians being la your midst and finding good treatment, good fuod and good pay, will even? tually attracl to our railrouds and other public works, and to our rich but neglected fields, as many ol'their countrymen as we may require. At first let them come for work on our rail? roads, levees, &c, and very soon the locations where they are employed will be known to the Mongolians or California and Chirm, and be? come the nuclei ol'Chinese immigration. Our planters will then be able to employ, ut reasonable wages, as many of that race as they require. Ol' till the varieties of mankind, 1 believe these people are Hie most gregari? ous; and now that a respectable number of them have led the way into this heretofore, to them, ierra inonaittia, others, with proper en? couragement, will not lie?ltale to follow. Perhaps tho Unto hos not yet come when our planters will be able to secure a Bufllcient sup? ply of these laborers in California at the wages they eau afford to pay. Rut the rate ol' wages there ls coming down since the completion of tho Pacific Railroad, anti, I believe, before many months, a lar^e number of valuable hands may be employed even In California at wages within the reach of prudent planters. Ol'course, lt is to the shores of Asia direct! v that we must go for tie millions that the South wlU demand to rebuild her fallen fortunes. To urtnji Hiera hen; ls thc numbers and upon the terms wc can afford to pay requires organ? ized effort,; Kn attendant, something may bc done by In? dividual effort, and itis my purpose to esUib lisli an agency in ihlscity for the employment, and importation from China and California of voluntary laborers, ccoks, domestic servuuts, Ac. At present, as 1 have already indicated, ray efforts will be miinly directed to thc fur? nishing our railroad companies and other cor? porations and conttactora on public works with efficient, reliable and cheap laborers. A few words beforeclosing as tu the habits of Hie Chinese in California. Tiley are abste? mious in their diet, and drink no alcoholic liquors; opium eiuokiag, however, ls a vice quite as prevalent as Intemperate drinking la among Christians. Tiey are inveterate gamb? lers among themselves, but never allow this passion to interfere with their avocations. They arc devoted to tleatrical representations, and their theatres in San Fraucisco are crowd? ed nightly. Some of their plays require a whole week, and often a month or two, to fully develop their plots. Night after night tile same audiences are ?een In their placen, in? tently following the fortunes of the hero ol the piece, whose whole Hie, from the cradle to the grave, ls acted out before the piece is con? cluded. As to religion, lt is difficult to ascertain what they believe, further l ian that the large major? ity of them arc profesied Buddhists. Certainly in the matter of outwml worship, lt ls a relig? ion but Utile exalting, as I have never seen a Chinaman outside ol the Joss house engaged In anything that could be construed Into an act of devotion, unless the scattering to the winds ol' multitudes of amal. bits of "Joss paper," as our traiu rolled out or thc depot cf Sau Francisco, could be taken as such. Upon in- ! qulrv, I was told that this was a propitiatory I offering to Joss for tte Buccesa of our Journey across tJic continent. It is certain, however, that some of them are spiritualists, and firm be? lievers in the supernatural intelligence of Planchette, which has been known and con? sulted by them perhaps from thc days of Con I fucious. Like the Mahometans, they are fond of posting up in their houses, and in public places, short normal maxims, taken from the writings of their sages. Even in their stores and counting-houses, they have their walls covered with colored paper, on which these maxims are written. Until enlightened, I sup? posed them advertisements of goods and wares on sale. The staple articles of their diet are rice, pork and fish, fresh or salted; beef is an unknown food in China, and it is only since their so I j on rn in California that they have learned to eat lt. They are extremely fond of cabbages and sweet potatoes, and In fact are quite as omnivorous as the whlteB and blacks of this country. Thc usual ration of rice, which stands to them lor bread, for a laboring man is from a pound and a half to a pound and three-quarters daily. This amount, of course, would not be required where they are fur? nished with an abundauce of vegetables. Tea is indispensable to them. The usual ration ls about two and a half pounds per day for a hundred men. Such tenas they drink costs lu Now York about sixty-five cents per pound. Apologizing for the length of this letter, I am, respectfully, Joiiv G. WALKKR, No. 60 Carondelet street OUIi DECAYED aUIEPISO. Repart o? tho Special Congressional Committee on Navigation Interests Cause of its Decline-Important Reme? dies Suggested. The report of the Special Committee on Nav? igation Interests, submitted in the House of | Representatives at Washington last week, is a voluminous document. Tho committee, lu prosecuting Its inquiries, have held sessions In thc Cities ot New York, Philadelphia, Boston and Portland, receiving tho statements ofmer- j chants, shipbuilders, shipowners and insu? rance agents, gentlemen having practical knowledge and experience relating to the matter under investigation. Circular letters have been addressed to gentlemen engaged in the various branches of business connected with the shipping interests, requesting a state? ment of their views on the subject under in? quiry, and also to American consuls at the principal ports of loreign countries, asking them to furnish information In regard to tho condition ol the mercantile marine of those countries. The committee argue to show that tho rebel? lion was tho special cause of the decline of I American commerce. The various pro post Hons for its revival put forward by those heard at their meetings aro discussed at length. The committee ls of the opinion that the readmis? sion of the vessels that sought protection un? der a foreign flag duriug the rebellion ls against i sound public policy: that to allow citizens to j avail themselves of all tho advantages con? ferred by our government during peace, and to escape all thu risks of supporting lt during war, by placing their property at euch times under the protection of a foreliru government, would be a dangerous precedent to eslubllsh. Neither can they recommend the policy of ad? mitting foreign-built ships to American registry on payment of a duly, for whatever duty might be so imposed would operate only to the ad? vantage of tbe foreign shipowner, with whom the American purchaser and owner o? such foreign built ships would have to com pete If we were to admit foreign built ships to American reglstnr at all, lt would be with the view of enabling our shipowners lo supply themselves with vessels at a rate as low as that paid by foreign competitors. An American shipowner must in such case be able to pur? chase as cheap as the foreigner, or he must ob? tain better ships; otherwise he ls deprived of | that quality of ability to compete, which is an essential condition of tho success desired by those who wish to engage In t ho carrying trade of the world. The committee at length, after most careful deliberation, Impressed with the great importance of restoring our commercial marine, not only os a means of Increasing the national wealth in time of peace, but also as one of the most efficient agencies for national defence In time of war, recommend the follow? ing measures as calculated lo promote the de? sired object: First. The remission of thc duties lmpcscd npon thc raw material entering Into thc construction of vessels and steamers, limiting the amount to thc minimum of duties por tou collected on the material required lor certain classes of vessels, and where American Iron is used lu the construc? tion of lrou vessels, un amount per ton equivalent to the dulles ou a like amount or Imported raw materials, liraltiug the amount to be paid. Second. That all stores to be uned by vessels anning to foreign ports may bu taken'in boud, free of duty. Third. Further to encourage investment In shipping, and to extend thc aid to Hhlps already built, and which have been sailed during and since the rebellion at great dUudvuntage, allow? ing to all fiuil vessels aud to all stearne rs running to thc British North American Provinces, $1 60 per ton; on steamers to European ports, $4 per iou; und on all other steamers ruunlug to foreign ports, ia per ton. In view of the fact that the tax upon ton? nage cannot be removed without relieving the vessels of all foreign nations of the same, while no such exemption is extended to American vessels In foreign ports, and In, view ot the further fact that thc shipping interest of the country ls lo receive some relief by thc pas? sage of thc proposed measures, the committee recommend ouly the removal ot all tonnage, harbor, pilotage, and other like tuxes imposed upon Hhlpping by Stale aud municipal author? ity, (which taxes have been declared by thc Supreme Court unconstitutional) and the re? adjustment ol' the present tux upon tonnage, BO thut it will fall more equitably upon the dif? ferent classes of vessels affected thereby. Tho amount which will be received from this source ls estimated by the committee to bu more than $3,000.000 per nnuum, and will to that extent contribute to thc relief which ls proposed to be granted In aid of the shipping interest of tho United States. On the question of subsidies the committee say lt would be a matter of economy if our government 6hould build vessels adapted to the uses of commerce in time of peace, and readily convertible into fighting ships In time ot war, giving thc free uso of euch ships In time of penco lo merchants who would lake care of and use them until required for the na? tional defence. Under such circumstances the government would be relieved of the cost of | laking car.c of the ships wheu not required for tile public service, and tho national wealth would be increased by their uso for mercantile purposes. As the government can have tho control ot Buch vessels when needed, by pay? ing only a small percentage of their cost, is lt not clearly a matter of economy and sound public policy to legislate with a view to such results ? Thc committee thus concluded : By thc adoption of a wise and liberal commercial policy, we can control thc trade ol' Eastern Asia and the commerce of the Pacific, and pour their wealth directly Into flic Valley of I the Mississippi, which ls tobe thc centro of | population in the future of our country. Chica? go, St. Louis and oilier cities of the West are, as we have said, to become ports ol'entry and distributors ol' the produc?s of Asia as well as ol' Europe. Thus the greut West hos the same interest in reviving and maintaining the ocean commerce of our country under thc American Hair that the Atlantic Status have In opening up Internal linea of commerce, whether hy thu building of great lines of raliway or by thc Im? provement oliake or river navigation.' " TUE REJECTED l'UE. Thc President Learns that he iv Worth One Hundred Dollars-He Orders Dent to Interview a Colored Citizen. [Mack, in tho Cincinnati Enquirer.] Just as I was scratching my head for subjects of epistolary discourse this morning, a friend came along with a face full of smiles, and said he, "did you hear about that dog ?" "What dog," said I, thinking that perhups, another pointer, or perchance a terrier, had been sent te his Excellency. '-Why, that same dog that was sent to the President from Cleveland." I replied that the last I had heard of the unfortu? nate animal his late hung suspended between Barnum and Bologna, und lt was a question whether he should adorn a museum or be con verted Into sausages. But my friend immedi? ately said I was mistaken. It was very true that the President had con? cluded at first not to receive that pointer, and had sent him summarily from his premises. But since then one of his' confidential advisers, who was an experienced dog fancier, had called on bim and set forth the praises of this Cleveland contribution in glowing terms-told bim be was an imported animal, worth one hundred dollars, and that lt was a great mis? take not to accept him ; furthermore, that the express charge of ten dollars was an error, all the cost ol transportation having been pre? paid in full. Thc President's countenance was instantly overcharged with the gloom ol a conscious blunder ; he saw at a glance that he had acted hastily In not receiving the dog ; and his first inquiry on recovering his self-possession was as to how be could retrieve that false step. The dog was now the property of a colored citizen, and the occupant of an Inverted dry goods box In a back yard adjoining the White House grounds. The President directed Dent to proceed thither and negotiate, if possible, for the surrender of the animal on payment of costs. But the colored citizen, who ls said to be an excellent judge of dogs, was not easily per Buaded into this arrangement ; and at last ac? counts he and Dent were discussing the mat? ter in a very animated and excited style cf language. But Dent was evidently getting thc worse of IL TUB COTTON TRADE. Interesting Statistic* from the London Times. The following Interesting statistics of the cotton trade In Europe are given by the Lon? don Times : The import of cotton Into Great Britain in 18G9 amounted to only 3,382,620 bales, weigh? ing 1,198,354,650 pounds, or 277,510 bales (98, 603,380 pounds) less than in 1868. The de? crease has arisen chiefly from a deficiency in the crops of the United States and ot South America. The Imports from India exceed those of 1868 by 44,540 bales, and those from the Mediterranean and miscellaneous sources by 30,190 boles. The total Import Into all Europe In 1869 amounted to 4,665.000 bales, (averaging 363 pounds each, of which 3,383,000 were received Into British and 1.182,000 Into Continental ports. Of the 3,383,000 bales Into Great Britain, 792,000 bales were re-exported to the Conti-1 nent-making the total supply to foreign Eu? rope 1,974,000 bales, and leaving 2,691,000 for British consumption. The deliveries to English spinners in the year were 2,626,000 bales, and 1,966,000 to Continental spinners. In bales of | 4(i0 pounds each the deliveries to spinners were . 1800. 1867. 1800. Great Britain.2,864.000 2,248,260 2,817,250 Fran?e. 007,260 645,760 074,250 Ce rm u ny and Holland. 630.600 464,260 438,600 Rest of comment.... 661,250 628,760 ssl,750 Total.4,043,000 3,687,000 4,011,000 There are now, by the latest official returns, 32,000,000 spindles In tho British Kingdom, against 30,000,000 In 1860. The falling off in the home consumption of cotton goods has been attributed by temper? ance advocates to increased habits of intem? perance, leaving the working classes less money to spend on clothing. By the advocates of reciprocity lt waa attributed to the French Treaty having Inundated our markets with French fabrics, which undersold our own In the home market. The truth ls that the war (in America) completely changed the relative posi? tions of the textiles, and cotton, instead of be? ing the cheapest, became the dearest article of clothing. The production of wool and flax was stimulated In an extraordinary degree by the advance which immediately occurred In prices, and the consumption of woollen and linen fab-1 rles was enormously Increased, woollen cloth J superseded fustian, and worsted dresses took the place ol cotton prints, and calico shirtings gave way to woollen and linen.- A/fd, although the price of cotton has experienced a marked. decline from the highest point, lt is still fifty per cent above the rates which gave td it com p?ete supremacy over the other 'texilles; and our people have become so accustomed to the wear of the woollen and linen substitutes that they will only be won back to the old style of clothing by a return to something like the former range of values. The relative production of cotton, woohen and linen goods, during these last four years, as compared with four years ending 1860, has been: Home Exported. Consumption. 1863-01. 1800-0. 1858-01 1800-0. ,Cotton, per cent. 774 82.7 22.3 17.3 Wollec. 6.0.3 67.4 4U.1 32 0 Linen. 60.0 64.0 to. o 4o.o Total.7L3 74.7 23.8 25.3 The woollen figures are exclusive of the shoddy trade, and of the wool derived from slaughtered animals, of which we have no trustworthy statistics. The probable supply of cotton this year will be 1,275,000 bales from America, 1,600,000 from India, 550,000 from Brazil, 230,000 from Egypt, Ac, and 150,000 from the Wost Indies, Ac This gives a probable total import for 1870 of 3,760.000 bales. This, alter deducting 850.000 bales for probable export, will give a total supply to British mills of 55,000 bales per week, against 50,000 last year, leavingasurplus stock at the end of the year 60,000 bales'In ex? cess of what lt was at the end of 18G9. * dening fttnclnnes. gEWING MACHINES. Tl\e place to buy SEWING MACHINES Is where you have a choice of styles of different makers. Machines sold on the lease plan, payable monthly. . I hare the best single and double-thread Ma? chines now before thc public TUE WILLCOX A GIBBS-' SILENT MACHINE JL5D WE "WEED" P. P. LOCK-STITCH Are the simplest and most reliable Machines made. Every Machine ls warranted to give satis? faction, or lt will be exchanged for other kinds. All kinds of Sewing neatly and promptly done. Orders taken for all first chus Sewing or Knitting Machines, Needles, Oil, Torsad, Silk, Ac REP AIRING as asnal. D. B. HASELTON, mayl stat My No. 307 Ktnsr street. JgXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE, PARIS, 1807. WHEELER A WILSON. THE GOLD MEDAL. HIGHEST PREMIUM. LOCK-STlTCn, SEWING A>D BUTTON-HOLE MACHINES. The only Gold Medal. Eighty-two Competitors. EDGERTON A RICHARDS, Agents dec24 No. 82 Broad street. iUrngs, <?l)cmicals, Ut. T"CTS LIKE A C H A RUT THE GENUINE ENGLISH CHLOROD1NE, (J. COLLIS BROWME'8,) Is the best Anodyne ever known to the profes? sion. To bc had of Dr.. H. RAER, nov3_No. 131 Market street. FLEMING'S WORM CONFECTIONS, (SANTON1NE.) They are purely vegetable, safe and sure The best ba use. For sale by Dr. H. BAER, No. 1S1 Meeting street, octs _Wholesale Affent ST RECEIVED J D CARBONATE OP AMMONIA Bicarbonate of Soda Cream of Tartar Fresh Hops. For ?ale, wholesale and reta0, by Dr. H. BAER, otto No. 131 Meeting street. ? F. FANKN?N4. APOTHECARY AND CHEMIST, Ko. 123 MEETING STREET. CHARLESTON, S. CA The ad vertlser begs to call attention to Bis stock: of the best Imported and domestic CHEMICALS, DRUGS AND PATENT MED? ICINES. Upon the DISPENSING DEPARTMENT of hie business he bestows the utmost perso na! care aaa attention, and guarantees the purity of the medi? cines os ed In compounding. PRESCRIPTIONS Prepared carefully at ah hours of the day art mgnc. Special Agen cr,for the sale ox SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS. Marmfaotfired fey Messsrs. GEORGE TIEMANN A CO., OF S .W TORE. au SfooK'or HAIR, TOOTH AND HAIL BRUSHES, PEP.M' KERLBS, Ac, U large and well selected. AO ES OT FOB TBS SALE 09 TUB CKLHBBTED ROCK BRIDGE ALUM SPRING WATER, A supply of which ls always on hand. Manafaetarer of . . ._ ...PA N X NU N ? 8 HEPATIC BI TIER ?, Which have established for themselves a reputa? tion surpassed by none. Throngh constant effort and attention be hope to merit a continuance of the pnblio patronage which has hitherto been extended to him. feble tnthslyr_,_ ?RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL FOR INFANTS TEETHING. ALLAYS INFLAMMATION' OP TUB GUMS, CURE* CHOLIO, 0H0L3KA INFANTUM, DYSENTEBT, AMD ALL DISEASES TO WHICH CHILD BSN ABB SUBJ BOT WHEN TBSTHItfO. CONTAINS NO ANODYNE. RUSSELL'S BOOTHINO CORDIAL ls OlTereVsD. thc public with an absolute guarantee against ?: danger from its use. Read the following certin oates: CHARLESTON, May 16,1868. Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our careful and intel? ligent Pharmaceutists and Apothecaries, has auh ?niited to my examination the form?la for the preparation of a Soothing Cordial prepared and vended by bim. It affords me pleasure to express a favorable opinion of its safe and efllclent adaptation to the particular cases of the diseases'of children, wolca lt ls deslgnod to relieve. E. GEDDINGS, M. D. Having had occasion to pres oribe RUSSELL'S Soothing Cordial In severe cases of Bowel Com? plaints in children and delicate females, I have been much pleased with its effects. I consider lt a valuable medicine In ail cases, in which lt may be advisable to avoid the use of anodyne, and par? ticularly for family use, as lt is perfectly safe. W. T. WRAGO, M. D. CHARLESTON, 3. 0., lees. Dear Sir-I have used your Soothing Cordial for Diarrhoea in teething children, and ?nd It a very excellent preparation. It has a great advantage over most preparations of the kind ia containing no Opium or Narcotic. When these are required they can be added in proportions applicable to the case. I therefore can recommend Its use in the affec? tions for which lt ls designed. Respectfully years, Ac, T. L. OG LEE, M. D. CHARLESTON. 8. C.. 1368. I certify that I have most successfully used RUSSBLL'S Soothing Cordial in the Snmmer Com? plaints of Infants. He has fully exhibited the in? gredients of his remedy, and the tedious method of preparation. I recognize the prescription containing no anodyne whatever-as a most safe and erl!caclous one ia bowel affection! of children. When much pain or restlessness attends the affec? tion, doses of Paregoric can be added to the pre? scribed doses or thc Cordial according to the age of the jathnt. The compound, though more often, acis la an enlcient manner without any ad? dition of anodyne. In the Diarrhoea of the aged, In Increased doses. lt ls of great value as a remedy; never disagree? ing with the stomach-increasing appetite, im? proving digestion, and acting as a slow but effi? cient astringent agent W. M. FITCH, M. D. MOUNT PLEASANT, S. C., 1808. Mr. J. ? JrusseK : DEAR SIR-I have used your Soothing Cordial for children extensively In my pract.ee, and most cheerfully testify to its merits. I have found lt, without an exception, to accomplish all it claims, and consider it superior to anything in use for children. its freedom from anodyne of any. kind recom? mends It us a perfectly sate preparation in the hands or mothers and inexperienced nurses. Very respectfully, Ac, D. R. WILLIAMS, M. D. Made by J. B. RUSSELL, Chemist Sold by Dr. H. BAER, Wholesale Agent for South Carolina._oet>13 J H. HAPPOLDT, PRACTICAL GUNMAN ER, No. UO MEST LNG STREET. 1 GUNS. RIFLES AND PISTOLS manufactured and Imported to order. REPAIRING executed with neatness and dis? patch^_ teh* tuih* P. MOODIE, tl. COLLECTOR AND REAL ESTATE AGENT,. No. 26 BROAD STRSFT, Charleston, S. 0. Will attend to the RENTING OF HOUSES, Col? lodion of Rents, Accounts. Ac. Refers to Messrs. Gourdin, MA:thI?sxen A Co J. C. Cochran, Esq., Dr. T. L. Ogler A Son. Messrs! Petter, Rodgers * Cc, Thomas R. Wariac Esa Messrs. W. B. William? A Son. 4 ** decifl thatuSm?