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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
AN EARNEST AND INFLUENTIAL
RICHLAND ELECTS HER DELEGATES TO THE
REFORM CONVENTION. *
Reported Outrage In Abbeville.
ELLIOTT PREPARING TO RUN AGAINST
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE XE WS.]
COLOMBIA, June 6.
The meeting to select delegates to represent
Richland Count^in the Reform Convention,
which assembles In this city on the 15th, was
held to-day. All the proceedings were charac?
terized fcy great earnestness, and the meeting
was perfectly successful
Twenty-eight delegates were chosen. Their
names are as follows: William Wallace, John
T. Sloan, Jr., E. W. Selbels, Alexander Smythe,
' John C. Seegers, Jackson Miller, colored, J. C.
Bell, Richard O'Neale, James Claffey, Charles
P. Pelham, John P. Thomas, James Mayrant,
colored, B. D. Se un, Lewis Wallace, colored,
W. H. Stack, Washington Gibbes, colored, H.
D. H ami ter, Frank Faust, colored, E. S. Per?
cival, James Goodwin, colored, Uriah Portee,
colored, Jesse Lykes, William Weston, Tip
Brown, colored, Warren Adams, S. G. Garner,
?deraon Burns, colored, John Gilmore, col?
ored. ? ,
The movement canses a great deal ol excite?
ment among the negroes, and their agitation
and active interest prove that strikings and
telling effects may be expected.
A rumor from Abbeville states that Mr.
Boozer was assaulted, and Augustus Aiken
threatened by negroes. This was on account
of some part taken by them in the elections of |
. 1868. No particulars have, so far, been given,
i A citizen from Abbeville reports that trou-1
v We is brewing in Union League circles there,
) OD* account of an announcement made by R.
I B. Elliott, the colored x Assistant Adjutaat
Generalof the State, that he #111 be a candi?
date for Congress against Solomon L. H?ge.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, June 7.
" The municipal election passed off with com?
The election pf Emery seems to be con
The Reconstruction Committee has adopted
a rule not to remove disabilities except upon a I
written application. The recommendation of |
friends or of high officials are not respected.
The petition must be accompanied with ex?
pressions indicating proper suDmission.
In the Senate bills were introduced charter?
ing lands to the State-or Alabama to aid the
construction, of the Savannah and Memphis
Railroad, and to prohibit contracts for the im?
portation of Chinese coolies.
The New York merchants' and importers'
petition for the abolition of the tax on sales,
Stewart Introduced a bill to prohibit con-1
tracts for servile labor, which, he said, was in?
tended to breakup the system ol coolie con?
tracts, by which the Chinese laborers were im?
ported to this country and held to labor for
four .years. The contract ls to return the Chi?
nese, dead or alive, to his own country at the
end of four years, and the religious feelings of |
the Chinese prevented them from breaking
til el r contract. This, he said, ls really a sys?
tem of servile labor. The wages are exceed?
ingly low and can be called by no means tree.
The bill provides that no contracts with the
Chinese shall be good longer than six months.
Immediate action, he said, should be had as
agents are now about to introduce them into
South Carolina and Massachusetts. He moved
that the blU be reierred to the Judiciary Com?
mittee, and gave notice that he would press it
to early action.
The Indian Appropriation bill was consid?
A motion to make the Texas -Southern Pa?
cific Railroad a special order prevailed, but was
At the night session the bill for the settle?
ment of claims for quartermaster and commis?
sary stores furnished to or taken by the United
States within the States in rebellion during the
late war, was debated. . Motions to pass over
the bill and to return it to the committee were
The House has adopted a resolution direct?
ing the Committee on Ways and Means to re?
port a bill abolishing the duty on coal.
Bowen introduced a bill (already published
in THE NEWS) for the sale of certain lands on
the sea islands. It was referred to the Recon?
The report of the Committee on Foreign Af?
fairs was made the special order for Tuesday
next, when Banks' Cuban bill comes up.
The River and Harbor Appropriation bill was
mide tte special order for Tuesday.
Schenck's tariff amendments to the Tax bill
were adopted, also an amendment relieving
coasting and fishing vessels from tonnage du?
ties. The bill finally passed by 150 to 35.
The Postofflce Appropriation bill was taken
up. and Sargent withdrew a bill preventing
servile labor contracts.
SPARKS FEOM THE WIRES.
Mr. Robert Bankin, of Liverpool, is dead.
The Englishmen captured by Spanish bri?
gands are rescued, and have arrived at Gibral?
George Thomas, city editor of the Omaha
Republican, Is dead. He was formerly con?
ni cted with the New York Herald.
The ship William F. Storen, of the Blackball
Liverpool line, is burning at New York. Her
cargo of lard, rosin and cotton is destroyed.
The railroad bridge at Troy was set on lire
and narrowly escaped destruction. The same
bridge was burned In 1862, involving the de?
struction of the business portion of the town.
A high wind this morning would probably
have repeated that calamity.
The authentic contradiction of the Jewish
massacre in Roumanla, causes great rejoicing
throughout the country.
Seven ships with pertoleum departed for
Europe, from Philadelphia, this week, with
over a million of gallons. The shipments
from the portare Ave millions of gallons in
ex?esrof the same time last year.
LONDOXDBRRT, June 6.
WattetLa, from New York, and the Frankfort,
from4few Orleans and Havana, have arrived.
The Fenian Scare in England.
LONDON, June 6.
The weather is splendid.
The Irish telegraph is working badly.
The yacht Egeria defeated the Cambria yes?
It is reported that the police are discovering
ramifications of th? Fenian plot everywhere
not only in London, but In Wales and else-,
where. War materials have been seized in
several places, and the persons in charge ar?
rested. The public excitement is unabated.
The Vacant Throne.
MALTRID. June 6.
There was a grand demonstration yesterday
in favor of Espartero as king.
A Terrible Conflagration and Fearful
LOBS of Life.
CONSTANTINOPLE, June 6.
A fire has broken out in the richest part of
the city, on the north side of the Golden Horn.
A high wind was blowing. The residences of
the English, American and Portuguese Am?
bassadors and Consuls, the theatre, many
churches and mosques, and the richest shops
are burned down. The loss of life caused by
falling walls is fearful. The loss of property is
incalculable. The fire is still raging.
CURA-MORE BLOODY WORK.
HAVANA, June G.
DeRodas telegraphs that a hundred Span?
iards and two gunboats dispersed the filibus?
ters from New York, on their landing near
Neu vitas, killing ten, including Captain Harri?
son, wounding two, and taking prisoners.
The stores were captured. Several of the
prisoners were executed immediately.
The steamer George P. Upton, which landed
the expedition, escaped.
MEXICO-A RICE STATE OF THINGS.
HAVANA, June 6.
Vera Cruz advices report that the Mexican
Congress would probably koli an extra ses?
sion to discuss constitutional reforms.
The stage between Vera Cruz and Jalapa
bad been robbed, and one passenger killed.
Six bandits were captured recently at Zaca?
The new Pcrmissello mines are yielding
The citizens of Guatemala have invaded
Mexican Territory. It is generally believed
that Felix Diaz, the Governor of Oaxates, is the
ji ri me mover of this invasion, and Intends es?
tablishing a separate republic.
The national treasury is bankrupt.
The G u ay rufe revolution is ended, Lozada
having refused to takeout in it.
THE MONTGOMERY MUDDLE.
MONTGOMERY, June C.
. The so-called meeting of citizens called to
censure Judge Busteed for incarcerating Au?
ditor Reynolds, tor disobedience of an Injunc?
tion of the United States Cour?-as a grand
failure. Thompson, a negro member of the
Legislature, presided, and announced that
Busteed should be sustained. Resolutions de?
nouncing Busteed were voted down. A war?
rant was Issued against Busteed this morning
for libelling Reynolds, and two negroes were
deputed to execute it, biit Busteed gave bond,
and evaded an arrest.
-The New Orleans Picayune speaks of Sen?
ator Sawyer as "a white blackbird."
-Bismarck has recovered sufficiently to be
able to visit Paris.
-Alfred Tennyson is to make a tour along
the Rhine-on a new poem intent.
-James Waters Zacharie, "the senior mer?
chant of New Orleans," died lost week. He
was a native of Ballimore.
-The King of Sweden meditates a tour
around the world in order "to see with his own
eyes whether it is round."
-Our foreign files announce the death of
the eminent Liverpool merchant, Mr. George
Alexander Brown, of Brown, Shipley A Co.
Mr. Brown was an American.
-Francis Joseph has conferred upon Baron
Anselm von Rothschild the Great Cross of the
Iron Crown, carrying with it thc title of Ex?
cellency, which has never before been enjoyed
by Austrian Hebrews.
-It is announced that the Queen of England
will give a prize of ?40 for the best lan, painted
or carved, by a lady under twenty-five years
of age; the competition being open to female
artists of all nations. The fan must be ready
for the exhibition of 1871.
-Thackeray, on his first visit to New York,
was introduced to a very fashionably dressed
young lady, the daughter of a publisher noted
for his piracy of the works of British authors.
"Ah !" murmured the novelist, "a splendidly
bound edition of 'The Pirate's Daughter.* "
-A letter lrom London with relerence to
Mlle. Nilsson's visit to the United States, says:
"The French Emperor has authorized the di?
rector of the grand opera In Paris to pay M.
Strakosch $50,000, the penalty of breaking her
American engagement with him, and to en?
gage her for ten years, with a pension." If
this is true, the chances of her coming here,
after all, are very dubious.
-The Fenian General Gleason is said to be
only six feet six inches tall, with breadth and
strength In proportion. He has served in thc
Papal army, was lieutenant-colonel of the
Sixty-Third New York Inlantry in the late war,
and has been an internal revenue inspector in
New York City, where it ls reported his cam?
paigns against illicit whiskey were "bold,
brilliant and decisive." It appears that he has
also destroyed large quantities of liquor by the
glass in bar-rooms.
-A strange story comes from Lisbon. " M.
Viera de Castro, formerly deputy, and an au?
thor of some note, had strangled his wife. He
found that she was carrying on an underhand
correspondence with M. Maria de Garrett, who
was considered one of his most intimate friends,
and in the end she confessed her actual guilt.
The husband then half smothered her with
chloroform, alter which he completed her death
by strangulation. De Garrett, to whom he
afterward sent a challenge for a duel ? out?
rance, declined to fight with him, but intimat?
ed that he was willing to lose his life as an ex?
piation for the injury inflicted, adding that he
should passa certain spot at such an hour. The
injured man, howevor, did not carry his re?
venge further, but went to the prefecture of
police and constituted himself prisoner. The
other, it was rumored, had entered a Trappist
monastery. The murdered lady was only
THE REFORM COLUMN.
TWENTY-SEVEN COUNTIES IN EINE.
TOICE OF THE STATE PRESS.
The People Looking to the Convention
a [From the Camden Journal.]
The people have done all they could In a col?
lective capacity, and now look to the conven?
tion to put matters Into such shape that all
parties can unite without regard to political
antecedents, and work together, heartily and
earnestly, and with some prospect of success.
Awake ! Arise !
r. (From the Abbeville Press.] '
Let our people remember that tue duties of
our life are not to be assumed and put offal
pleasure. At no time is apathy commendable,
and least of all, wh?n the skies lower, and the
storms blow and the ship of State quivers in
.every straining canvas, and creaking spar,
and shaking timber. Now ls the tithe for
Action! Action I Action! -
[From the Orangeburg News.]
The people of our State are making the last
holy effort for decency, for honesty. The lost
great prayer wells up from the heart of a
stricken people, "from this miry, murky tide
of pollution and morok filth that is rising with
slimy crawl and overflowing with foul stench
the holy avenues to our homes, our shrines,
our hearts, threatening to stifle and to drown
all the lingering relics of the good and pure.
Good Lord deliver us." From their great
bowed heart wells up the prayer to God in
heaven, and by their efforts and working for
this movement their prayer finds expression.
"Let thy great deeds be thy prayer to thy
The True Issue.
[Prom the Barnwell Sentinel.]
We are glad to see the unanimity prevailing
over the State, in regard to this meeting, lt
will be one of the most important conventions
ever assembled in South Carolina, the object
being to deliver the State from the hands of
the thieves and robbers, who are now bleed?
ing to death not only our credit and resources,
but utterly ruining our character for integrity
and honesty. Let it ever be remembered, that
the object of the present movement is not to
place in office Republicans or Democrats, but
to drive out these "highway robbers," as they
are called by Senator Cain, and put in honest
men, irrespective of party. No man Is to be
voted for because he Is a Democrat; no man is
to be voted against because ls a Republican.
The simple test \a fitness and integrity. Surely
this ls an appeal which commends itself to
every honest minded man, to every pat riot
The Colored People Joining Va.
[From the Union Times.]
We were pleased to see at our county Re?
form meeting a number of colored delegates
in attendance, as well as some colored men
from the Republican party. It should be the
duty of every man who Is in lavor of Reform
in our State Government to Invite and encour?
age the colored people to attend our meetings.
Let them understand thal what we do and say
ls done and said in broad daylight and with
open doors, for all to hear and, it they choose,
to participate in. Let us teach them that
treason and robbery grows and ?onrlsh?s only
under the shades of secrecy und thc darkness
of night, while patriotism and honesty can
only flourish in the bright light of open day,
and m manly opposition lo traitors and ras?
Down with the Taxes !
[From the Lancaster Lcdjrer.]
The movement for Reform and Retrench?
ment ls composed of ali previous parties, and
without regard to class or race. It ls the rep?
resentative and the movetr.ent of the people,
In their might, for the vin licatlon of their own
liberty and the administration of their own
government. Otu- pebple are now ground
down to the dust by excessive and oppressive
taxation, meir hard-earned money, under
the pretext of law, is wrenched from them
and wastefully expended and used for pur?
poses which " disgrace civilization." The
Stale has readied the very verge where
something must be endeavored lor pu?
rity, order and good government, or where we
must submissively and voluntarily pass under
a yoke at war with all freedomv and where the
only government is that of the strong and
ruthless hand. The Reform party bas placed
itself upon broad und progressive principles.
It hos no selfish ends to answer, or purposes
in view. It recognizes exact and "qual Justice
to all. It is the party of ihe people who de?
sire a government ol honesty without plun?
der, of ?rulers without corruption, and of pro?
gress free from oppressive taxation.
. The Sham Cry of "Principle."
* [From the Columbia Guardian.]
In order to give success to the effort for re?
trenchment and reform, it is necessary to sink
at once all partisan feelings, and to curb, re?
strain and conquer all prejudices of race and
color. Let those who may term this a sacri?
fice of principle on the part ot those who were
in 18C? opposed to the extension of suffrage lo
the colored population. Of such we would
ask, upon what grounds was the enfranchise?
ment of the negro obnoxious? Aside from
prejudice, and regarding the matter in a sober
and statesmanlike view, was not thc opposi?
tion maintained from the honest conviction
thal in his present condiiion the colored man
was not prepared to exercise with proper dis?
cretion the elective franchise, and that the
vesting him with it would lead to mischievous
results ! Thc good ol' Hie State was the object
sought. No sane man believed that there was
any wrong per se in the colored mau's voting.
No man ?whose mind can rise above the level
of a vulgar prejudice opposed this elevation
because nftr forefathers came from Africa, or be?
cause his skin is black or his hair unlike ours.
By what system of logic, then, can he be said
td have deserted his principles who seeks to
subserve that same end-the good of the State
by the assistance of the colored vote-which
he strove lo secure by opposition to universal
suffrage ? We can conceive of no higher
standard ia political ethics than the good of
the State, and whatever conduces to that end
we deem it the duty of every good citizen to
further. To rid the State of the vultures that
are now preying upon her vitals, ls the great
necessity of the nour. To effect this, the col?
ored citizens of the Slate must join us; and
whatever tends to effect thal junction is right.
?THE BANK ROBBERS AT WORK.
Daring Attempt at White Plaina, New
York-B lowing Open Doors-T he
Burglars Work all Night, but Her.
ring's Hank Sufe Foils Them.
White Plains. New York, has again been
overrun by burglars, who, during thc i?ast few
days, have carried on a profitable business,
with one or two exceptions. On Friday night
last a gang entered the Central Bank ol' West?
chester County and attempted to blow open a
large Herring sale. bu", without success.
Strange to say, no arrests have been made,
but tile police are scouring the country in
search ot the offenders, who will be severely
dealt with if captured.
LETTER FROM THE RANK OFFICERS,
CENTRAL BASK OF WESTCHESTER COUNTY, I
WHITE PLAINS, N. Y., May .10, 1870. j
Messrs. Herring. Farrel db Sherman, No. 231
Broadway. Nate York:
GENTLEMEN-The Triple Champion Safe we
bongin of you about eighteen months ago has
amply paid tor itself. On Friday night, the
27th instant, a gang of burglars made a des?
perate effort to'break it open. They succeeded
in blowing open the outer lire-proof. Next
they commenced operations on the middle
safe, made of Franklinite and hardened steel
combined; first they knocked of the dial of the
lock; then Ihey tried to make nn incision in
the lower right-hand corner of the door, evi?
dently for the purpose of inserting steel
wedges (a number having beer, left "broken
and used up;) failing in tliis, they then strip?
ped off a portion of outer wrought-iron, all to
no parp?se. Fully two pounds of powder must
have been used in these three ineffectual blasts.
We found In the morning two cans entirely
empty, and the third one nearly empty. Our
window sashes were entirely blown out. One
piece of metal from lire-proof door, weighing
about three pounds, was imbedded in the ceil?
ing overhead; clock ceased lo mn. The shock
was terrific, but wedges, drills and powder
proved of no ava*. They made very little or
no progress toward getting open the middle
safe or outer burglar-proof. We are napp; to
say the inner burglar-proof containing 'our
treasure was not reached at all.
We feel proud of our safe, and think it is
well worth of the name Burglar-proof.
Yours, with much respect, Ac,
W. H. ALBRO, President.
HENRT M. BISSELL, Cashier.
THINGS IN GEORGIA.
GOOD NEWS FOR CHARLESTON.
The Condition of thc Crops-The Com?
pletion of the Macon and Angosta
Road-A Smelling Committee.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
I - MlLLEDGEVTI.LE, GA., May 31.
A year ago my business led rae over this
section of the Empire State, and In again trav?
elling from Augusta to Macon, via Milledge?
ville to Athens, and thence to Eatonton, and
again to Milledgeville, I hav? had a peculiarly
good opportunity of noting-the changes ol the
year, If any there be, and of seeing the condi?
tion of the crops. It Is with no small
satisfaction that I am able io report
both cotton and breadstuffs In fine con?
dition. The wheat crop of Georgia is
unusually good, and the best evidence of
this pleasing fact, is that every farmer admits
lt. and the only grumbling is that, as the crop
has turned out so advantageously tbey ought
to have planted larger crops. The oat crop,
though not as good as the wheat, has yet been
brought out materially by the recent rains.
One fact worthy of notice here, is that the farm?
ers are using commercial fertilizers on their
small grain crops with great success; and the
Wando and other Charleston manipulations of
phosphate will probably be largely used in
planting In the fall. The stand ol cotton
could not be better, and although the plant in
most instances ls only a few Inches high, yet it
is beautifully green and vigorous. The cold, dry
May seems to have proved beneficial rather
than otherwise, for, while the grass has not
grown, cotton, especially where manured,
seems to have gathered all of Its energies for
a race when the first rains gave the signal for
a start, and If there is no loul riding, cotton
must distance its hardy rival. Fertilizers have
been used this year to an unprecedented ex?
tent, and the manures that preiss real merit
will establish themselves beyond peradven?
ture, and who doubts but that the Charleston
fertilizers will win the day. And, apropos of
the dear old, and now much cursed, city, her
merchants must be up and doing, as the Au?
gusta and Macon Railroad (so that thoroughly
efficient superintendent, Mr. B. K. Johnson,
of the Georgia Road, tells me) will be done
by September, and Charleston should be much
benefited by it. One of the largest cotton buyers
of Macon told me a day or two since that last
vear he shipped about 20,000 bales over the
Central Road, but that as he bought to fill
Northern orders altogether, he would this sea?
son ship to Charleston, and thence by our
splendid steam" lines to New York. It is esti
jnated that irom twenty to fifty thousand bales
of cotton will go to our city over the Augusta
and Macon Railroad. There ls one thing
in connection with the lost season and this
road that I cannot understand, unless my in?
formant is mistaken, and he bas no business
to be as he ls, thc agent of Eatonton Road, a
branch of the Central at this point. He asserts
that his road ls, up to date this season, 1900
bales ahead of the Augusta and Macon R. H.,
while last season, 1868-G9, the latter road beat
him 380 bales. If his statement is correct,
why tills falling off?
The only crop that has been materially cut
short by thc long drought ls thc plum crop,
and no doubt this gives great satisfaction to '
the many anxious mammas of refractory boys
who will eut so many green plums. Tho effect
of the recent rains is already visible; all nature
smiles, the air is delightful, and even railroad
travelling comparal I rely pleasant. Georgia,
although still under the Iron heel and overrun
by Grant's minions, nourishes. There ls u re?
freshing independency of tone pervading the
whole people, and they look for aspeedv release
from their burdens. Speaking of burdens, there
is a batch of mouthy legislators, so-called, call?
ing themselves an investigation committee
upon the Penitentiary. As far as I can learn,
it ls just such an affair to get rid of the super?
intendent as that scheme of Scott and his
brothers to get rid of Major Lee, the late able
superintendent of the South Carolina Peni?
tentiary. They are making a mountain out of
a molehill, as lhere arc only some thirty con?
victs within the walls ol the Penitentiary; the
others, some five hundred in number, are un?
der contract building the Augusta and Macon
Railroad, and the Air-Line Road from Atlanta
Milledgeville is a ghost of its former sell,
and, in a mercantile point of view, is almost
a New Jerusalem once again. SE.MI.OU.
SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION OF
Influences Affecting thc Trade.
[From the Boston Advertiser.]
The dally and weekly reports of the market
have fur many months shown an unsatisfac?
tory condition ol'the cotton goods trade and
manufacture. The greater part of the produc?
tion leaves no profit to the manufacturer,
while the declining tendency ol' prices lias de?
terred dealers from making purchases beyond
the imm?diate want of consumers. The mar?
ket will not take the full production in some
ofihe largest lines of goods except at prices
which leave an uncomfortable loss to the man?
ufacturer upon the cost of the raw cotton
worked into them. There are some excep?
tions, as in tlie case ol special fabric.-; and tine
goods, having an established reputation in
market, the whole of which are readily taken
at fair and steady prices. But these are chief?
ly consumed by people who need not econo?
mize closely, who can always buy as they
want; while "the larger production of coarse
and medium goods find consumption among
Hie agricultural and laboring people chiefly.
Upon these the influence of the great fall In
the price of grain and other agricultural pro?
duce is seriously felt, as is the effect of every
check to the well-paid employment of labor.
' There is, however, a more Important or far
reaching^ reason for the depression In this
trade. Every dealer In cotton goods, from the
heaviest jobber in New York to the most re?
mote of retail distributors, watches the cotton
market closely, and is as keen and often a
more correct observer of the main facts in the
market for raw cotton which determines Us
rise or fall, than the colton speculator or man?
ufacturer who studies mainly such points in
Hie relation of supply and demand as the spec?
ulator lays before him. The principal dry
goods houses have agents travelling through
every district in the South where cotlon"is
grown, and through them learned the truth ol'
the shortened crop grown in 1808, and of Hie
greatly lengthened crop of 18G9. For a long
time inc trade as a body have pursued a con?
servative course, and during the Inst year have
taken from week lo week, willi rare excep?
tions, only such quantities of goods as they
could quickly and without loss distribute.
They have known that cotton was too high,
and they interred that cotton goods were too
high and must cheapen. The great increase in
facilities (or transportation also favors frequent
replenishing, ami relieves them Irom the
danger in carrying heavy stocks.
This conservatism by the trade, and the
economy ol the people, whether of choice or
necessity, have concurred to reduce thc de?
mand for cotton fabrics below the needful sup?
ply to Hie people, and lately below the produc?
tion of the mills, until il has come about that
in the last twelvemonth our whole population
lias taken but little if any more iceiyht of cot?
ton cloth than in the year 1800. when its num?
bers were so much less. Before the war, every
well-to-do family had ils store o? cotton arti?
cles for domestic and personal usc. beyond the
Immediate want, and this surplus was used up
by and during the war. Because of the higher
prices since, very little of it has been replaced,
and the purchases of each year since 1805
have nearly measured the current needs. It
follows that the country lias no surplus ol'cot?
ton goods. Those In wear must soon be re?
placed. This necessity is aggravated by an ex?
tensive substitution of light nib ri cs for the
heavier cloths in common usc prior to 1801.
Many more yards are now made from the same
weight of cotton, and their cheapness lias giv
en them preference in market; but the neces?
sity for new cloth comes all the sooner.
Tlie inference from all this is, that there
must soon come a large and necessitous de?
mand for the production of all our cotton
mills. There is a limit to the "walting for
lower prices." These may come, but whether
at higher or lower prices, the want, now real,
though unseen, will become urgent and visible,
and when once recognized by the trade, there
will be no Idle looms. Our manufacturers have
now the dullness of the summer before them.
It may be expedient now. as in 1868 and 18G9,
to shorten the production in all mills whose
fabrics do not sell close up. It would tend to
hasten the turn in their favor, as the same
policy produced it in 18C8, when the few weeks,
of short work were followed by a very profita?
ble autumn and winter. A suggestion has
been recently made that manufacturers should
combine to bring about a common reduction.
Such a thing ls impracticable, and would be
wholly inexpedient if feasible. Even concert?
ed action of this character is unwise. Every
manufacturer should decide upon his own case,
according toits facts, of market and of profit
or loes, present and prospective. It would,
seem now quite sure that there will or can bc
no further material decline in the general
value of cotton goods, except such as may
properly result from a decline in the price of
cotton. We need make no prediction in re?
gard to that, especially now when thc whole
cotton-dealing world, awakening from its long
sustained blunder as to the supply of the cur?
rent year, is carrying its opinion to the oppo?
site extreme and looking for superabundance.
We place before our readers the prominent
facts of cotton supply and consumption, as
they stand to-day. leaving each lo make his
own deductions therefrom as to the future
course of prices :
Since September l the receipts of cotton
at au our ports amount to.bales. .2,770.000
The visible stocks at seven interior
towns were lost year 24,ooo bales; are
now 52,000 bales. After tbts date last
year, thc receipts at ports were HO,ooo
bales. The cotton other than that at
the Interior towns is supposed, from
the ratio of recent deliveries, ands from
plantation advices, to be in larger pro?
portion than lt was last year, but in re?
lative proportion to the inland stocks
the receipts to September l will be.. 173,000
The overland cotton direct to the mills
has not yet been accurately stated, but
good authority un this point in post
years soy lt ls.227,000
Add Southern consumption. 90,000
The crop will be stated at abont.3,260,000
Tne consuming capacity of
the Northern mills ls, say
6,7t0,0O0 splndles,at 4 skeins
of No. 28 yarn each per day
for 800 days, with an allow?
ance of 2fi per cent, of the
weights of yarn for waste
the equivalent ai 460 pounds
per bole, of nearly. 800,000
Add for other uses than spin?
Add Southern consumption
as above. 90,000
Total available for export.2,330,ooo
Of this the export since Sep?
tember has been:
To Great Britain.1,300,000
To the Con une nt of Europe... 645,000 -
Total export to date.,.1,945,000
Leaving available for export, if wanted.. 388,000
The movement of the India crop has been
delayed equal to two months, chiefly from a
tardy maturity and a more tardy preparation
for market. We have not changed our opin?
ion, early expressed, that the India crop now
coming in, is considerably larger than the pre?
ceding one. Its shipments from Bombay to
Europe stands about 190,000 bales behind that
of last year. There are but two or three
weeks more before the early monsoon, when
Its movement should nearly cease until Octo?
ber according to the experience of previous
years. The receipts in Bombay are very
heavy, and Increasing weekly. It seems pro?
bable that iu the last quarter of the year there
will be such an accumulation ot cotton In
Bombay and other Indian ports as has never
been known; but whether, and how much of
it Trill cv nie txj marhct itt 13 LU upc?, cn tine tlc
pend upon the price and other conditions of
trade. Of the shipments prior to the monsoon,
though likely to be 100,000 to 180,0UU bales less
than last year, so large a part comes through
the Suez Canal, that by the end of June or In
July the supply of India colton in Europe will
not differ widely lrom that of last year.
In each year since 18C5 the consumption of
American cotton in England has been largest
in the months when the supply of India cotton
was lowest and of American largest; the use
of India cotton increasing with its free supply.
The relative proportions up to Mo$ 27 and for
the whole year were os follows for three years
Taken for consumption Year's consumption
from Liverpool to May 27. In Great Britain.
American. E. India. American. E. India.
1867 . 21,000 13,000 20,100 17,150
1808.28,000 10,500 21,400 15,400
1869.19,000 14,500 17,540 18,400
For the first 21 weeks of 1870 the trade have
taken (for consumption) at the average rate of
25,150 American, and 12,000 East Indian per
week, from Liverpool. It will be observed
that the quantities lor the first 21 weeks are
from Liverpool only, while for the whole year
they include deliveries from London, Ac.
Nearly all the American cotton goes to Liver?
pool, while London gets a large share of the
India cotton, materially changing the propor?
tions for tlie whole year. So ihr the propor?
tions approximate those ofl8G8, and Indicate
a weekly average for the whole of 1870 about
23,000 bales Amenait, and 17.500 bales ol
East India cotton, "lils would call for an av?
erage rate from now to December 31, ot 21,500
American bales per week, and covers an aver?
age increase of consumption of all sorts equal
td 3500 to 4000 bales per week for the whole
year. Compared with 18G9, a total increase of
about 200,000 bales. The continent has been
slowly Increasing its consumption from year to
year. Last year, worked to its full spinning
capacity, it can Increase this year only by In?
crease of ita machinery or by heavier work. If
the new spindles be reckoned at an increase
of six per cent., which ls hardly probable, they
will require an Increase of only 100,000 bales of
cotton. To sum up : The Increase in Ameri?
can supply actual and offered to Europe from
this crop is-export:
This year.bales 2,300,ooo
Last year. 1,600,000
Increase from other countries.... 20,00s
Net increase of available sup?
ply or American cotton, arter
covering all deficiencies, and a
full rate of consumption. loo.ooo
To be added to stocks In Europe, Oct. 1.
This assumes what ls not probable, that an
export demand will uko to Europe all ol' this
crop that we have to spare; what does not go
there will remain In our ports. We have al?
lowed for home consumption the full require?
ments of the capacity of our milli. Last Sep?
tember they began with stock in hand 50,000
bales larger than usual. To that extent, and
more, they may reduce purchases this year, If
so induced by the state of the market: in which
case so much more may be exported, or left to
swell the stock in ports.
TUE CUB AX QUESTIOX.
St ?itu-, of the Insurgent*-Critic ism of
Spanish Brutality-Proclamation of
The Washington correspondent of a New
York paper gives tho ?ext of the report on the
thc Cuban question, to be submitted to Con?
gress next Monday week, by the committee to
whom the subject was referred. The report
opens by referring to all thc numerous peti?
tions in behalf of Cuba, signed by nearly 75,
000 people ol the United States, a:i<l recapitu?
lating the early stages of the patriots' struggle;
the delusive promises of Spain to speedily
crush the rebellion, and immense efforts made
by the Spaniards and volunteers.
The Cubans, the report continues, had at
Yura, October ll, 13C8.147 men. 4000 the 12th
Per contra :
Required for English deficiency
Deficiency from ludia, say.
Deficiency from Brazil, 75,000,
equal td American.
Increase in English con?
sumption to Oct. l.150,000
Increase In continental
consumption to Oct. 1.. 75,000
of October, 9700 in November, and 12,000 in
December. They have now 20.000 well armed
men. There are 60,000 enrolled and drilled,
but without arms, and they claim that with a
supply of arms they can put into the field
200,000 fighting men-citizens, farmers and
emancipated blacks-men of the country fight?
ing for its liberties. These hostile forces, have
not forgotten the objects for which they were
organized. From the declaration of Cuban in?
dependence at Yara to this hour there has not.
been a week, scarcely a day, which has not
been marked in the calendar of war by fierce
and bloody contests. No revolution presents
a more constant and determined struggle.
Although the Cubans were undisciplined and
unaccustomed to the use of arms, of which in
the beginning they had few or none, and their
enemy was composed of the best troops of the
army and navy of Spain, whose places in the
military posts of the island had been supplied
by the resident Spaniards organized as volun?
teers, the Cubans, nevertheless, have been
ready to meet their foes In skirmish, combat
or battle, and have shown themselves as brave
in attack as defence. A record of nearly all
raids, skirmishes, combats and engagements
and battles occurring from tho xlth of October,
1868, to the defeat of Puello and Goyeneche,
which terminated the campaign of December,
1869, and January, 1870, give an honorable dis?
tinction to the struggle of the Cubans for Inde?
pendence that would in no wise discredit a
people long accustomed to self-government
and trained to the use of arms.
The report then gives a review of the inhu?
man course of the Spaniards toward the insur?
gents, and after elaborate comments on the
character of the struggle as a civil war, and
the duty of nations to belligerents, claims
that a proclamation of strict neutrality on the
part of this government is demanded, and
What objections can Spain make to a procla?
mation of neutrality la the case of Cuba Iden?
tical with her own "prompt decision and
friendly action" in the case of the United
States? What objection can the European na?
tions, wno instantly proclaimed their neutrali?
ty in the civil war in this country, urge against
the neutrality of the United States in the
war ' between Spain and Cuba, after
the unparalleled atrocities of eighteen
months, and the brutal murder of scores
of American citizens and repeated insults to
our consular and commercial agents ? Great
Britain declared her purpose In regard to the
American rebellion in the House of Commons,
the 6th of May, 1861, twenty-three days after the
attack on Fort Sumter, and belore a Bingle life
had been sacrlfled or a drop of blood had been
shed, except in the conflict between soldiers
and citizens in Baltimore on the 19th ot April,
1861. Spain Issued her proclamation of neu?
trality, describing the contestants os belliger?
ents, the 17th day of June, sixty-five days after
the fall of Fort Sumter, and before a single
life had been sacrificed, except at Baltimore.
What objection can Spain make to a declara?
tion of neutrality on the part of the United
States In the Cuban contest after a bloody and
brutal civil war of a year and a half f
The committee distinctly defines its position
We ask only that in the armed contest in
Cuba, the existence of which it would be a
crime to question, the neutrality of the. United
Slates shall be proclaimed and enforced. We
ask for Cuba nothing but justice-that justice
which Mr. Burke said is the chief concern of
mankind. It is n misconception of lad to as?
sume that by a declaration of neutrality we
grant belligerent rights to the Cubans. They
have an inalienable and naturel right, admit?
ted of all men, to fight against oppression lor
the llbertv of their race. It would bc inhuman
for us to strengthen the hand of the oppressor.
If we cannot espouse the cause of liberty, we
ought at least to stand neutral. When we
recognize that a contest exists, the law of na?
tions-the enlightened code of the civilized
world-defines the rights and applies the law
of belligerents. It localizes the war, restrains
the power ot the conqueror, protects the van?
quished, and substitutes for the rapine and
murder of barbarous ages the restraints which
-ara now .everywhere enlorced by Chrlstlad no?
It is likely that the report will be amended
in some of its particulars before being sub?
mitted to the House, lt having been prepared
by General Banks In April last, prior to the
occurrence of events of considerable impor?
tance. No recommendation ls made regard?
ing the murdered Americans, Wyatt and
Speakman, although lt denounces In strong
terms the cruelty and cowardice which caused
their deaths, and lt ls considered probable that
a resolution will be reported authorizing and
instructing the Executive to demand prompt
indemnity from the Spanish Government.
gOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
GENERAI. SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, I
CHARLESTON, S. C., May ll, 1870. J
On and after Sunday, May lotti, the Passenger
Trains upon the South Carolina Railroad will run
Leave Charleston.8.80 A. M.
Arrive at Augusta.4.25 P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.30 A. M.
Arrive at Columbia.4.10 P. M.
Leave Augusta.s.oo A. M.
Leave Columbia..7.45 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.3.30 P. M.
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.8.30 P. M
Leave Augusta.6.00 P. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.05 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.,5.40 A. M.
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.7.30 P. M.
Leave Columbi?.7.60 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.0.00 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.r.6.46 A. M.
Leave Charleston.2.60 P. M.
Arrive at Summerville.4.10 P. M.
Leave Summerville.7.10 A. M.
Arrive at charleston.8.25 A. M.
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trams on
MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS, and be?
tween Camden and Ringville dally, (Sundays ex?
cepted,) connects with up and down Day Pas?
sengers at Ringville.
Leave camden.6.35 A M
Arrive at Columbia.ll.oo A. M.
Leave Columbia.LOO P. M.
Arrive at Camden.6.40 P. M.
H. T. PEAKE,
mayl3 General Superintendent.
JAMES CONNER'S SONS
UNITED STATES TYPE AND ELECTROTYPE
FOUNDRY AND PRINTER'S WAREHOUSE,
NOS. 28, 30 AND 32, CENTRE STREET,
CORNER READ AND DUANE STREETS,
NE W TO Ii K.
A large Stock of ENGLISH AND GERMAN
FACES, bothjplaln and Ornamental, kept on
hand. All Type cast at this establishment ls
manufactured from themetal known as Conner's
Unequalled Hard Type Metal. Every article ne?
cessary for a perfect Printing Office furnished.
The WATCHMAN, published at Sumter, S. C.,
ls one of the oldest and cheapest newspapers In
the State, and has a much larger circulation than
any allier newspaper In the section In which lt ls
published. .Tho merchants of Charleston cannot
lind so goda a medium for communicating with
the businessmen of Sumter and planters of the
surrounding country. Address
GILBERT A FLOWERS, Proprietors, or
W. Y. PAXTON, Business Manager,
apr20 Sumter. S.e.
SHAMPOOING AND HAIR CUTTING.
LADIES AND CHILDREN
Attended at their residences promptly and at
Send orders to
W. E. MARSHALL, Barber,
Broad street, next door to Tc.egraph olllce.
IF'YOU WANT PAPER BAGS, FLOUR
SACKS, and Bags of every description, go to
No. 155 Meeting street, opposite Charleston Hotel,
Charleston, s. C. deci4 6moa
P o R LIVERPOOL.
The first-class British,brig "J. L. PTE ?
Pye, Master, having a large portion of hera
cargo engaged ano going; on board, will sain
dispatch- For Freight engagements apply to
J. A. ENSLOW 4 CO.,
J?i6_ Ko. 141 East Bay.
pOR FORT SUMTER.
The safe, fast sailing and comfortably ap- A.
pointed Yacht "ELEANOR" will make twoSffll
trips dally to Fort Sumter and the other pointa of
historic interest m the harbor, leaving South
Commercial Wharf at 10 A. M. and 3 P. M. The
Yacht can also be chartered for private parties on
reasonable terms. For passage or charter apply
nest door sooth of the Mills House, or to the
Captain on board. may 14
THE REGULAR STEAM LINE-WEEKLY.
The Screw Steamship PPflMPTIir _J[?3B?L
US, Gray, Commander, will eal! for22*iM2
Philadelphia direct, on "FRIDAY, Jane loth, at 2
o'clock P. M., i rom Brown's South Wharf.
49* Insurance by the steamers of this Line %
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabin
$16,) apply to '
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent,
Jun6-mtuthf4_No. ltTnlon Wharves.
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, BOS?
TON, AND THE CITIES OF THE NORTH?
THROUGH BILLS Or LADING GIVEN FOB
COTTON TO BREMEN.
The fine Steamship .. MARYLAND,
Johnson, Commau?cr, will sail rorJSflflE
Baltimore on WBDNESDAY, 8th June, at i p. IL
Connecting with the Bremen Steamer, "LEIP?
ZIG, of the 15th.
49? Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city by railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional insurance, and Consignees are allowed am?
ple time to sample and sell their Goods from
the Railroad Depot in Philadelphia.
PAUL 0. TREN HOLM, Agent,
jun4-4_No. 2 Union Wharves.
?pOR NEW YORK-T U E S D A Y.
The Al side-wheel Steamship jfTflL
CAROLINA, S. Adkins, Commander,_\jMmZ
will sail for New York on TUESDAY, June 7, at s
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trams from Co?
lumbia and Augusta, arriving at 4 P. M.
The SOUTH CAROLINA will make close con?
nection with Liverpool Steamship NEBRASKA,
of Messrs. Williams A Onion's Line, sailing June
Insurance by the Steamers of this Une K per
For Freight Engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all OB
deck and newly famished, apply to WAGNER,
HUGER A CO., No. 26 Broad street, or to WM. A.
COURTENAY. No. 1 Union Wharves. jonl-e
T7ESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect- _jf_W__.
fully invited to cad and examine theSy?fig2
quaUty and prices or our GOODS. Full weight
guaranteed. DeUvered free of expense.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO.,
No. 276 King street, opposite Hasel,
Charleston, s. C.
49* Branch of No. 900 Broadway, New York,
XpOR BEAUFORT, VIA EDISTO, ROCK?
VILLE AND PACIFIC LANDING.
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C. _ .?rr*1*^
Caroll White, will sall from Oiarles-^jaSHSC
ton for above places every TUESDAY MORNING, at
Returning, the PILOT BOY will leave Beaufort
early WEDNBSDAY MORNING, touching at all the
above named Landings on her route to
Charleston. J. D. AIKEN A CO.
pOR SAVANNAH, (INLAND ROUTE.)
VIA PACIFIC LANDING AND BEAUFORT.
Tbe steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C. r _?a*?~*?t?
Carn-ll White, will leave Charles-Jg?SBBMm
ton every THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for
The PILOT BOY will leave Savannah every
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, at a o'clock, touching at
Beaufort and Pacific Landing, and connecting
at Charleston with SATURDAY'S Steamships for
The PILOT BOY will touch at BuU's Island
Wharf every fortnight, going to and returning
from Savannah. J. D. AIKEN A 00.
pOR GARDNER'S BLUFF
AND INTERMEDIATE LANDINGS ON THE
PEEDEE RIVER, VIA GEORGETOWN.
The Steamer PLANTER, Captain
J. T. Foster, ls now receiving freight._
at Accommodation Wharf, and will leave ou
WEDNESDAY MORNING, the 8tb inst., at 6 o'clock.
Freight and wharfage prepaid.
For Freight or Passage, having stateroom ac?
commodations, aply to
RAVENEL A HOLMES.
Jun4-3DAC No. 177 East Bay
Drags, (Eterniz?is, Sst.
JJUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL
FOR INFANTS TEETHING.
ALLAYS INFLAMMATION OF THE GUMS.
CHOLIC, CHOLERA INFANTUM, DYSENTERY,
AND ALL DISEASES TO WHICH
CHILDREN ARE SUBJECT
CONTAINS NO ANODYNE.
RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL is offerea. o
the public with an absolute guarantee against au
danger from its use. Read the following certifl
CHARLESTON, May 16,1868.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our carerul and intel?
ligent Pharmaceutists and Apothecaries, has sub?
mitted to my examination the formula for the
preparation of a Soothing Cordial prepared and
vended by him.
It affords me pleasure to express a favorable
opinion of its safe and efficient adaptation to the
particular cases of the diseases of children, which
lt is designed to reUeve.
E. GEDDINGS, M. D.
Having had occasion to prescribe RUSSELL'S
Soothing Cordial In severe cases of Bowel Com?
plaints In children and delicate females, I have
been much pleased with Its effects. I consider lt
a valuable medicine lu aU cases, in which lt may
bc advisable to avoid tho use of anodyne, and par?
ticularly for family use, as it is perfectly safe.
W. T. WRAGG, M. D.
CHARLESTON. S. C.. 1868.
1 certify that I have most successfully asea
RUSSELL'S Soothing Cordial In the Summer Com?
plaints of infants. He has fully exhibited the in?
gr?dients of his remedy, and thc tedious method
of preparation. I recognize the prescription
containing no anodyne whatever-as a most safe
and ertlcaclous one In bowel affections of cldldren.
When much pain or restlessness attends the affec?
tion, doses of Paregoric can be added to the pre?
scribed doses of the Cordial according to the age
of the patient. The compound, though more
often, acts in an efficient manner without any ad?
dition of anodyne.
In the Diarrhoea of the aged, in Increased doses,
lt ls of great value as a remedy; never disagree?
ing with the stomach-increasing appetite, im?
proving digestion, and acting asa slow but ela?
ci?n: astringent agent.
W. M. FITCH, M. D.
CHARLESTON, S. C., 1868.
Dear Slr-I have used your Soothing Cordial for
Diarrhoea in teething children, and find it & very
excellent preparation, lt has a great advantage
over most preparations of the Und in containing
no Opium or Narcotic.
When these are required they con be added ia
proportions applicable to the case.
I therefore can recommend Its ase In the affec?
tions for which it is designed.
Respectfully yours, Ac,
T. L. OGLER, M. D.
MOUNT PLEASANT, S. C., 1898.
Afr. J. B. Russell :
DEAR SIR-1 have usod your Soothing Cordial
for chudren extensively In my practice, and moat
cheerfully testify to Its merits. I have found lt,
without an exception, to accomplish all it dalma,
and consider it superior to anything in use fcc
Its freedom from anodyne of any kind recom?
mends it as a perfectly safe preparation In tbe
hands of mothers and inexperienced nurses.
Verv respectfully, Ac,
3 D. R. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Made bv J. B. RUSSELL, Chemist.
Sold by Dr. H. BA ER, Wholesale Agent fe
South Carolina. ?ctn