Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE GREAT BATTLE.
BBIrGIUM PRE8ERYES BBB NEU?
THE EMPEROR TELEGRAPHS THE EM?
PRESS THAT ALL IS WELL.
PROPERTY OF THE EMPEROR SENT
LONDON, September 2.
A body of 2500 French infantry and 500 cav?
alry, with two pieces of artillery, camp equip
p?eje and other material, who sought refuge in
Belgium, and Eome wounded Prussians who
also collected there, have been taken to Bour?
ges, where they are carefully attended.
Paris papers notice angrily that Prussian
victories strengthen London stocks, also that
the Crown Prince of Italy and his wife coi
Yesterday Frederick Charles thanked his
troops on the battle-fleld for their gallantry.
The Ninth army, composed ol Landwehr,
has already distinguished itself.
The Examiner, in speaking of the mad
policy of the 14th toward the French policy of
partition and repression, says that the safety
of Europe demands that France be guaranteed
against dishonor and dismemberment, and
hopes that the Cwr will interpose and pre?
serve the balance of power.
A Paris correspondent of the Globe vouches
for the truth o? the report that a heavy battle
has been progressing near the forest of Ar
gonte since 'Wednesday morning.
The following dispatch has reached the Em?
press from the Emperor:
'.All goes wonderfully well. All of our
This obtains some color from the Bouillon
telegram already sent, and which is uncontra
dicted by Prussian accounts.
The correspondent of the Standard, writing
from Sedan, is equally positive of Frenen suc?
;^e Civilian, an obscure sheet, asserts that
sixteen boxes, containing property of the Em?
peror, has arrived and been stowed away In
The Times says that the Prussians, rincling
their enemies still strong in numbers, are
obliged to remain near their fortified towns in
order to watch them.
The Times' money article thinks that a re?
duction of the bank rates to three would be
safe. The rate in open market seems to sus-,
tain the idea.
Prussia Urged to Reject Overtures for
LEITSIC, September 2.
The corporation ol Lelpslc, the commercial
and other civic organizations have united in
an address to the King ot Prussia, as chief of
the German Confederation, urging him to re?
ject all overtures ot mediation, and to prose?
cute the war until permanent peace can be
secured. A similar address will be presented
to the King of Saxony.
PARIS, September 2.
The Monde says that five well trained gun?
ners are assigned to each of three thousand
guns on the fortifications, and that ample am?
munition is provided. It ls believed that there
has been flghting all of to-day. Dis?
patches dated yesterday say that the fortress
of Mezieres and Sedan will occupy the utten
tlon of a large force of the Prussians ii an at?
tempt is made to besiege them.
Tlfe journals call attention to the lact that
the Prussians say much of the battle of the
30th. when Fairly was repulsed, but make little
mention of the 31st, when McMahon repulsed
their left and centre.
The Prince Imperial Is expected at Maubeuge
(a small fortified town, eleven miles north of
Avesnes) from Avesnes.
A fleet ot gunboats going up the S*ine was
lustily cheered by an excited mass of people,
who thronged both banks of the river.
LONDON, September 2.
Samson, a sea-port town in Asia Min or, bas
been destroyed by fire. Twenty-five hundred
houses and six churches were burned, and
many lives lost.
REFUSE IO SUBMIT.
FULDA, Germany, September 2.
The conlerence of bishops has closed its ses?
sion. It was resolved never to submit to the
dogma of infallibility. The faculty at Trl
burgen, Wurtemburg, are in accord with the
RESIGXATIOX OF A MINISTER.
> STUTTGART. September 2.
Baron VarmbiLltT, Minister of Foreign Af
tairs, h is resigned, and Count Fanta has suc?
. AFFAIRS IN SPAIN.
MADRID, September 2.
A few Carlists are in the country. No trouble
is apprehended. The Count dc Chester and
others, exiled to the Canaries, have been re?
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
NEW YORK, September 2-Evening.
Gold bas been steady, and fluctuations small,
but closed dull and Arm. Governments gener?
ally dull; eighty-one coupons 14,'; sixty-twos
13*; sixty-fours 114; sixty-fives 12; new 10:
sixty-sevens 10?; sixty-eights 10.}; forties 6.
LONDON, September 2-Evening.
Consois 914- Bonds S84.
FRANKFORT, September 2-Evening.
Bonds active at 934a93g.
SPARK-i FROM THE WIRES.
Three hundred ^rudoy?es of the Toledo,
Wabash and Western Railroad stopped the
trains on account of the non payment ot their
wage*. The strUters captured four engines.
The American brig Awzotta and Mexican
schooner Minerva wert) wrecked off Mazatlan
j ?a the 30th Of August.
GOVERN OH HOLDEN TO BE AR?
RALEIGH, N. C., September 2.
The Hon. Josiah Turner, through his coun
sel, moved yesterday for a bench warraDt
against Governor Holden for illegal arrest.
?kc, before Judges Dick and Settle of the Su?
preme Court. The motion was entertained,
and the argument will close to-morrow.
DESTR VC TI FR FIRE.
RICHMOND, September 2.
Tills morning the confectionery of C. Zim?
mer was totally destroyed by fire, and the
stocks ol L. Jacobs, dealers in dry goods, and
of Baldwin Brothers, clothiers, considerably
damaged. Loss $2500, but fully insured.
A if ASS MEETING IN NEW YORK.
NEW TORE, September 2.
A great meeting was held yesterday evening
in iavor of the restoration of the seat of local
government to Ireland.
What General Butler Says-Richland
Organizing-Radical Fiascos in Co?
lombia and Edgefield.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
COLUMBIA, September 1.
General Butler arrived In this city last eve?
ning, just irom Sumter. He reports enthu?
siastic receptions wherever he has yet been,
and says the Union Reform party will beat
Scott ten or fifteen thousand majority. The
General ls looking exceedingly well, notwith?
standing all the fatigue he has undergone, and
he says his health is, just now, very good.
The City Council will meet next Tuesday,
when the Sprague contract will, no doubt, be
taken Into consideration. The feeling of the
people, both white and colored, is most bitter
against this contract. When our city was
crowded with refugees during the war-when
we had lour or five times the population we
have now, or even had before- -we had plenty
of water, and for the same puce as now. If
new machinery is needed, the ci y can buy lt,
and can put it up. And as for the supply of
water not being sufficient, the same argument
as above will answer, which renders the ob?
taining of water from Broad River simply ab?
There will be another Union Reform club
started and organized in a few days, and soon
not only this city, but the whole county will
be organized. The clubs are all working quiet?
ly, and even our friends will be surprised at
our strength, when we show what we can do
\t the poils.
We have very gratifying reports irom Edge
field. The negroes are quitting the Republi?
can ranks, and coing over to the Union Reform
party every day. A large Radical meeting was
called to meet in the village, on Saturday last,
which turned out a failure, although it was
reported that both Scott and Ransier would be
there; even these magic names could not draw
Cotton is opening beautifully and rapidly.
The worm has done no damage, so far, and
has been confined to one or two plantations,
and in those nothing so far has been injured.
There was no Radical meeting here on last
Tuesday night, as had been announced. Having '
a band of negro minstrels here, the attraction 1
was too great to allow of the other meeting
with any success: LARA.
THE WEAKNESS OF FORCE.
[From the Yorkvllle Enquirer.)
The lesson taught by the North Carolina
election is ?pre-eminently this : that any
attempt to force the people to express an
opinion at the polls, contrary to their convic?
tions, always reacts to the injury of the aggres?
sor. Governor Holden seems to have been
aware that popular sentiment was against
him, and he foolishly thought he could force a
false verdict by intimidation. He, therefore,
raised and equipped a military force, visited
Washington and secured permission from the
President to inaugurate a military despotism
in North Carolina, and began the work of ter?
rifying. He proclaimed two counties to be in
a state of insurrection, and arrested many citi?
zens of these counties, besides others through?
out the State, on what charity itself could
dignify with no higher ground than that ol'
suspicion. When he was confronted in this
course" by the courts of the State, the consti?
tuted guardian of private rights and liberties,
be audaciously set aside their decisions and
virtually proclaimed himself the sole arbiter
of personal rights in the State. But he did
not gain his object. When the day of election
came the people of North Carolina, with the
bayonet at their throats, (it may be said with?
out any figure of speech.) rose in their might
and repudiated the tyranny which he tried to
establish. It was found that, instead of terri?
fying opponents into submission, he had out?
raged the sense of right of his own friends
and alienated them from their previous sup?
port of his administration.
So will ii ever be In a country where the
people have the power to render a verdict on
actB of their rulers. It will, we firmly beliove,be
so in thle State, where Ignorance ol what is go?
ing on Is the only obstacle, if voters can Xe
made to comprehend In time the schemes of
our present Governor and his adherents. The
militia organization of South Carolina is
merely Governor Holdens Idea of force m a
very slightly modified form. It has already
failed in Tts purpose of terrifying the minority,
and the failure is recognized by its origina?
tors, who have moreover had their eyes
opened by the disaster th<?ir party has sus?
tained in North Caioiina. But as it would
never do to change front at this stage of the
campaign, the machinery must be kept up.
We may expect, therefore, the "pride, pomp
and circumstance ol glorious war;" but its
object herealter will not be to frighten timid
Reformers, but to keep up the falling spirits
of the Radicals. Voters purposely kept in Ig?
norance must be prevented irom hearing Re
iorm speeches, and for that reason military
drills and processions, which are always at?
tractive to this class ol voters, must be care?
fully kept up.
On the contrary, the appeal of the Reform
party is to reason, not to force. All ihey ask
of the bitterest opponent is a patient hearing
or a fair discussion. If, after this, an oppo?
nent is unconvinced, they will oiler no hin?
drance to his voting the Radical ticket. And,
though the head-centres of the Scott party are
moving heaven and earth to prevent their
humble adherents from hearing the Reform
speakers, their tricks are becoming too trans?
parent even for the blindest of their followers.
These know that there must be something
formidable in what the Reform Speakers have
lo say, or the Radical leaders would not be su
troubled ut the idea ol their speaking to col?
ored men. This idea is undoubtedly correct.
In spite of efforts to prevent it. our ealiant
standard-bearers have succeeded in getting a
good many colored men am jng their audiences,
wherever this was the case, they made an im?
pression which nothing but argument can
efface. Violence, as a means of turning votes,
bai? played out, and League Intimidation to
prevent colored men from attending Reiorm
meetings is last playing out also. Unless the
Radical leaders will produce something solid
in the way ot argument, they will certainly
lose their power over the colored race. We
have every encouragement to work and hope
for a successful issue to the present campaign.
It ie a curious statement row made that
three wepks before the battle of Saarbiiicken,
th? Peace Society of Pans sent their deputies
to daaibnicken to celebrate an international
feast held there by the correapondiug society
in Prur?ia. It was bell at the station, one of
thc first rltc:s in flamee.
THE PRUSSIANS ADVANCE VICTO?
BAZAINE DRIVES BACK A PRUSSIAN
SEVEN THOUSAND FRENCH TAKEN
PRISONERS AND TEN THOUS?
AND DISARMED IN
THE PRUSSIANS SLAUGHTERED Al
GLOWING ACCOUNTS PROM PARIS - THE
FRENCH CAPTURE THIRTY GUNS.
WHEREABOUTS OF THE EMPEROR.
PARIS FORTIFICATIONS MINED.
BERLIN, August 31-Official.
The battles covered so wide a range that de?
tails are-contused. It is certain that the Prus?
sians captured twenty cannon, eleven mitrail?
leurs and seven thousand prisoners.
BERLIN, September 2-1 P. M.-Official.
News ls still behind. We know that a series
of battles occurred on the 30th and 31st, both
sides losing heavily. On Wednesday the Prus?
sians were drawn under the guns of Sedan,
where they suffered terribly before they were
able to cross the river.
McMahon moved to Mouzon on Wednesday
morning. Yesterday the encounter was prob?
BERLIN. September 2.
LATEST.-The following is from The King to
'.SEDAN, September 1-3 P. M.
"The battle has raged since half-past eight
this morning. Our forces have advanced vic?
toriously. The Fourth, Fifth and Seventh
Corps and the Bavarians were engaged. The
enemy was almost, entirely driven into the
ST. BARBE, September 1.
Since yesterday Bazaine fought the First
Prussian Corps. The battle ended in the retreat
of the Prussians.
SEDAN, September 2.
Tlie battle yesterday was bloody. Ten thou?
sand officers and soldiers ol' the French army
were driven into Belgium, and were required
instantly to surrender their arms. Great
numbers of wounded have been admitted into
Belgium lor humanity's sake.
BOLTLLON, August 31.
The fighting began this morning. The
French are said to have captured thirty (runs,
rhere was no positive result.
BOUILLON, September 1.
Bazaine drove the Prussians toward Setian.
Hie French are at La Chapelle.
PARIS, September 1-Midnight.
In the absence of official reports from the
commanding generals, the ministry published
i compilation of a multitude ol dispatches re?
ceived from various Belgian towns up to 8
o:clock Wednesday night. The following de?
tails, which are extracted, bear the character
'.On the 30th a series ol' engagements occur?
red between McMahon and the enemy near
Mezieres, lasting from 8 A. M. to 8 P. M.
"Our troops were attacked from the woody
heights of Storres, a position we had recently
eracuated. The attack, which was vigorous,
forced our troops to retrograde, but at 2 o'clock
we took the offensive and retained it unlll 7
o'clock, when darkness ended operations.
"After nightfall we recrossed the Meuse in
order to form again near Dorchery, a few
miles east ol Mezieres.
..Thc engagement lu the first day's fighting
cost us considerable losses, while Indicting
heavy losses on the enemy. Th.> Prussians
burned Mouzon and killed most ot tue inhabi?
"Next day (31st) the Prussians again took
the offensive at seven o'clock in the morning,
on the left bank of the Meuse, between Douzy
add Dorchery. Our forces retreated slowly
until McMahon had drawn the Prussians into
an angle formed by the ramparts of Sedan
and the heights on the left bank of the river.
Here the Prussians experienced heavy losses
and were compelled, on account of the mur?
derous fire, to retreat. They effected this
about noon, withdrawing toward Villemantry,
and after several attempts placed themselves
on the opposite side of the Meuse.
' "On the morning of the 3lst McMahon cross?
ed the Meuse at Mouzon. Everything indi?
cates that the engagement will be resumed to?
PARIS. September 2.
The papers report obscurely French suc?
cesses without locating them.
LONDON, September 2-10 A. M.
Paris dispatches this morning claim that the
Prussians were repulsed In the attack upon
McMahon, after ten hours' hard fighting. The
Prussians attacked the French from front and
rear. The French took thirty trims and many
prisoners. The Prussians, ii is reported, have
been driven towards Belgium.
LONDON'. September 2.
Another dispatch says the Prussians were
victorious, but this is not generally known.
LONDON, September 2.
A private dispatch, dated Wednesday, says:
..That after fighting all day Tuesday. Bazaine
wa? again driven to Metz. Both sides lost
heavily, lt is reported that the Emperor Na?
poleon is dead."
The London journals of to-day are sadly per?
plexed by the late war dispatches. They say
that there was another battle yesterday, near
Sedan, which resulted :avorably for trie
French, and that this siight check to the
Prussians only prevented them from going to
Paris. W. H. Russell, writes that last week,
nothing prevented the Prussians from going
into Paris, but that now it is almost impossi?
ble lor them to do so.
The recent rapid movements of the Prus?
sians advance toward Paris ls attributed to
their anxiety to get there before the fortifica?
tions are further Btrength-?ned and supplied
with fae rifled cannon which are being taken
from the fieet. Experts regard these guns as
The Emperor, attended by Nelaton and
other eminent surgeons, is with Marshal Mc?
The French troops which engaged the Prus?
sians at Attigny were reinforcements from
Paris for Marshal McMahon, and were convey
cd by rail, on the 27th and 23th days of Au?
gust, from Paris to Bethel, and thence march?
ed to Montmedy. and, although fresh when
tiley reached the battle-fleld, they were soon
routed by the Prussians.
PARIS, September 2.
General Ulrich, commanding at Strasbourg,
says that the fortress can and will hold out.
The fortifications of Paris are mined, and
can be blown up at a moment's notice. The
Prussians are losing heavily from sickness,
caused by privation. Positive Information has
been received that McMahon and Bazaine are
able to communicate with each other.
A number of sharpshooters, with custom?
house officers, crossed the Rhine a few miles
below Strasbourg, and captured fire large
boats containing much valuable property.
All of the Paris journals have published let?
ters corroborating the reports of French suc?
cesses, but assert that the Prussians are so
numerous that the battles must be resumed on
a large scale. Both sides have received heavy
It Is reported that King William ls Insane,
and has been taken to Berlin.
It is further reported that a large French
army under General Douay has entered Baden,
also that the non-combatants of Strasbourg
have been enabled to leave thu place through
a recently discovered subterranean passage.
Calais and St. Pierre will be put In a state of
Frenchmen who are taken with arms in
their hands are >o receive the privileges of
prisoners of war if they prove that they were
members ot a military organization, otherwise
they will be tried by a drumhead court-mar?
tial, and, If found not tc be be conceded with
the army, they will have to serve their captors
for not ?ess than two years at hard labor.
PARIS, September 2-Evening.
Uncertain and contradictory reports regard?
ing army movements and the recent battles
have been received. Pnllkao, in the Corps
L?gislatif, to-day declared himself without offi?
cial news from McMahon or Bazaine. He had
no communications to make at the Bourse,
jaai in nil circles fears are expressed that the
French were outnumbered; but advices via
Belgium represent McMahon as successful and
Bazaine fully supplied with provisions.
[From the Northern Papers ]
.ORGANIZATION AND MOVEMENTS OF THE PRUS?
BERLIN, August 31.
The North German Gazette, ol this city,
gives the subjoined statement as to the organi?
zation and movements of the armies of Ger?
many, respecting which many errors have
been in circulation lately : "The Prince Royal
ol' Saxony commands four divisions, organ?
ized as previously reported. This army has
been ordered to move on Paris by way of
Rheims, while the third army is moving td the
same destination through Troyes. Eight array
corps are therefore now moving on Paris. The
first army is commanded by General Von
Steinmetz, and consists of tho 1st, 7th and
Sth army corps. This army is now near Metz.
The second army is that of Prince Fred?
erik Charles, comprising the 2d, 3d,
9th and 10th army corp?. This is also
near Metz. The third army, commanded
by the Prince Royal, comprises the 5th,
6th and 11th corps, as well as two Bavarian
corps. This army has been directed to move
on Paris by way of Troyes. The fourth army
ls that ol the Prince Royal of Saxony, and Ts
advancing on Paris by way of Chalons. The
filth army, under General Werthler, embrac?
ing the Wurteuiburg and Baden divisions, is
now engaged in the siege of Strasbourg. Be?
sides these there ls an army of reserves, partly
under command of the Duke of Mecklenburg -
Schwerein, on the Rhine; partly under the
command ol General Constein, at Berlin,
and partly under the command ol General
Lowenfield, in Silesia."
The Gazette. aRer thi6 recapitulation, goes
on to say: "Evidently the Prussians may, with?
out interruption, or without danger of expos?
ing their rear, move on Paris, while the ar?
mies remaining in North Germany are strong
enough to maintain order at home and pro?
tect the country.1"
FRENCH CHAMBERS-TOE PROTESTANTS.
PARIS, August 31.
lu the Corps L?gislatif yesterday Deputy
Johnson, ol' Bordeaux, protested against the
accusation of Protestants in France. He af?
firmed this was not patriotic, anti said Protes?
tants were ready to sacrifice their lives and
fortunes in defence ol' the country.
The Minister ol the Interior suid that such
accusations were unworthy of France. He
knew that al! Frenchmen were moved by the
?ame sentiment. He would cans.- it to be pub?
lished in all the communes of France that the
first religion now is patriotism. This was
greeted with great applause.
A special Tribune correspondent, passing
through Paris yesterday, was allowed to visit
the fortifications. In the inner line compara?
tive^ few guns are mounted, and they are of
small calibre, mostly old 24s and 32s. Tho
outer forts, toward St. Denis, are connected
by lines of earthworks. Much wood is felled.
1 "am convinced that the government does not
Intend to stand a siege, but the people do. The
southern railroads are still uncut. Oxen are
coming in droves from italy. Coming from
Dijon, near Paris, I passed ten-return cattle
trains in three hours.
GLOOM IN PARIS.
Nothing in Paris is so striking as the general
gloom of the people, and efforts to push forward
troops are incessant. Shattered regiments are
reforming. One regiment ol cuirassiers lias
been formed ol'the remains of the four in the
battle of Woerth, and of another two officers
remain, but literally no men. Troublesome
volunteers are shipped to Algeria.
The Bois de Boulogne has been closed since
yesterday evening. Eight hundred wagons,
containiug household goods, passed yesterday
through the Antegil sate alone.
Th-- inhabitants of the environs are crowd?
ing into Paris and camping in the streets and
squares, unable to obtain lodgings without
paying in advance. All Parisians are leaving
who can. I was oflered to-day a senator's
house for nothing on the condition of occupy?
ing it for len months and hoisting the Frenen
flag. The working classes are still vainly ask?
ing tor arms.
Another correspondent writes under the
same date: Wo can no longer depend on"the
mails. The northern railways are all blocked
up with all sorts of luggage, goods, truck,
grain and provisions from England. It wHl
probably soon be cut by the Prussians, or
wholly occupied lor military service. The pas?
senger and freight trains are stopped; the ex?
press and mail still go. The prefect ot' police
has issued a notice to persons wishing to leave
Paris that they require no passports.
CAPTURE OF UHLANS.
It is reported that a strong detatclunent ol'
Uhlans Is surrounded in the forest of Marne.
They were too far in advance to know when
the Crown Prince changed his course, aud
were left behind. The capture of the entire
body is expected.
DAMAGE TO sTRASBOURO.
A special correspondent telegraphs from
Franklort Monday night. Great damage has
been done to Strasbourg. The principal streets
are ruins-shells fell on the roof of a Catholic
girls1 school and killed seven and wounded
four. After the offer of an armistice was rejected
and the German flag of truce was fired on, the
bombardment was renewed with increased
vigor. The fall of the city is imminent.
The same correspondent telegraphs from
Carlsruhe on Tuesday night : "The inhabitants
who have just escaped from Strasiwurg report
dread.:''.:! suffering. Most of the people spend
the nights !n the cellars. Potatoes are t v :nty
francs per pound, and other Ulinga lu propor?
tion. Horse flesh is the only moat. General
Ulrich declares that he will not surrender mi
the city ls a heap o? ashes. The Inhabitants
beseech bim to make terms. The besieging
forces are Increasing. Their losses are still
trifling. One hundred sixty-pounders were
placea in position lately. The cathedral is
siigiitly injured. Bain has been falling for
The sufferings of the inhabitants of Stras?
bourg are terrible. They are starving, and
are compelled to live In their cellars day and
night to avoid the increasing fire of the be?
siegers. Another fruitless sortie was made by
the garrison on Monday. Prussian sharp?
shooters are within five hundred yards of the
glacis. Many houses have been burned. The
arsenal was for a long time on fire. Tho am?
munition was safely removed. The fortress
continues to resist.
PRUSSIAN MENACE OF ENGLAND.
LONDON, August 31.
England is likely to have an Alabama issue
with Prussia. A not*, almost equivalent to a
protest, has been received by Earl Granville.
It remonstrates against England's disregard of
ber obligations as a neutral; declares Prussia
will not accept legal quibbles of the law offi?
cers of the crown, and summons England to
fulfil her neutral obligations, or take Ene con?
sequences. The question is a diplomatic one,
the note adds, and must be promptly solved as
NOTES OF THE WAR.
How ParU ls Protected-Description of
the Fortifications-The City Safe from
In 1836, after the Bourbons had been expell?
ed r.nd their cousins ol the Orleans family had
ascended the French throne, a law was passed
by the Chambers ordering the construction
and repair of fortresses, and granting a sum
of 140,000,000 francs for constructing a double
line of defence around the capital. The plan
agreed upon provided for double line of de?
fences, the interior to consist of a continuous
enclosure (enceinte continu?e,) and the outer
line ol a series of detached forts, each com?
plete of itself and independent of the other,
and yet all so arranged as to afford each other
the amplest assistance in the event of an
attack. Their fires sweeping each other, it is
necessary for an enemy to pass between them
before he can attach the inner walls, whose
guns also sw^ep the open space between the
TUE INNER LINE.
The inner line of works consists of a series
ol bastions, which present ninety-four angular
fronts. The line is irregular, but surrounds
the entire city, going through the Bois de
Boulogne on'the west, and touching the Bois
de Vincennes on the southwest. It is twenty
two mileB in circumference, and is probably
the longest continuous line of bastions In the
world. The wall, which forms a part ol the
bastions, is also terraced, and has au escarp?
ment ol thirty-four feet, laced with masonry.
Each ot the angular faces (1. e. bastions) has
a medium length of 1090 feet. In front of the
whole, and entirely surrounding the city, is a
continued losse, or line of wet ditches, lined
! with masonry, and of a depth ot eighteen by a
wldlh of twenty feeL From the bottom of
these ditches to the top of the embankments
crowning the walls, ls a height of about forty-1
five feet. The bastions will have mounted In
them an average of about ten guns each,
which will make a total of 940 for the ninety- j
four angular face.?. This agrees with the
dispatches from Paris, which report 1000
guns mounted on the ramparla sine; the
battle of Woerth. About one hundred gates
pierce the ramparts, th? ditch?1? Uetiiir covered
by drawbridges which can be ?vmoved at a
moment's notice, or destroyed lu two minutes
by the cannon in the bastion*. At. different
points in the rear ot thc line are placed exten?
sive magazines, well supplied with ammuni?
tion for the artillery, and amply protected
irom the shot of th? enemy. Since the acces?
sion of Louis Napoleon these magazines have
been entirely remodelled, and are now abso?
lutely impregnable to shot and shell. Until
the present war broke out, there was not a
sun mounted upon the ramparts, nor was the
enceinte complete. To-day every bastion ls
bristling with cannon, and the entire Inner
works are in a complete state of preparation
for an enemy. The heavy guns will have be?
fore them a clean sweep of from one and a
half to three miles, so that even if the Prus?
sians succeed in forcing a passage between the
outer works they will be met at the onset by u
concentric fire from two of the forts and from
THE DETACHED FORTRESSES.
These are fifteen In number and are of va?
rious sizes. They cover a considerable length
of the Seine River, which on the west makes
a deep bend forming a broad peninsula. On
the southeast the junction of the Seine with
the Marne is also covered by a fort. The fif?
teen forts combined present ninety-three
fronts. Each fort Is a separate and distinct
work, intended to rely upon itself in case of
necessity, though receiving support from the
works that flank it. All are casemates, an'",
combined, mount twenty-three hundred guns
of all kinds and calibres. Their armaments
have been in them for a long while, so that
little work has been required for them since
there was a prospect of Paris being besieged.
Each has its own magazine, barracks, store?
house und supply of water, so that should one
be captured the two on each side would not be
inconvenienced in the slightest degree, while
the flankers would be free from the Hank lire
of the two forts referred to.
As announced from Paris, the garrison, in
the event of a siege, will consist of 200,000
men. A great deal of unnecessary sorrow ls
being expressed at the prospect of Prussian
shells battering down the splendid edifices of
Paris. It is exceedingly doubtful if auy of
their shells fall much beyond the Inner line of
works, and lor the reason that they will not be
able to construct batteries near enough to the
outer fortresses to throw shells into tue Tuile?
ries, unless they bring six hundered pounder
guns with them, and we doubt much il their
siege artillery contain guns of any such cali?
bre. Furthermore, to surround "the walls of
Paris would require a much larger army than
the Prussians now have. Five hundred thou?
sand men may do it, but half that number
cannot. They may occupy ail the avenues ol
approach, but eacn force of occupation would
be so far Irom the others that by rapid massing
the French would stand a fair chance of thrash?
ing the besiegers in detail.
Thc Prussian Plan of the Campaign
Against France-A Singular State?
A correspondent of the New York Herald,
In a letter dated Carlsruhe, August 10, says:
You, no doubt, remember how lt was all
along, until barely a week ago, expected that
the.French would take the Initiative In this war.
would either cross the Rhine at Strasbourg or
move across ihe Bavarian frontier and carry
on the war in the enemy's country. You also
probably recollect how every one believed that
the Prussians would take the defensive, would
first occupy the line upon which they would
have Landau os a centre, then fall back on
Moselle, and finally make a stand at Mayence.
Lastly, you cannot have forgotten (for it oc?
curred within tin; hut few days) how astonish?
ed the world waa when the Prussians, and not
the French, .ook the initiative; and then, in?
stead of the war being carried into Prussia by
Napoleon, it was carried into France by the
Prince Royal. The latter change of tactics
every one put down to accident, or, at any
rate, to the fact of tbe French not being ready
to cross the Rhine when they ought to .have
Well, I have, within the past few hours,
been shown an official document which proves
beyond all doubt that from the very first the
plan ol the campaign determined upon at the
Prussian headquarters was exactly ??ne for
line and movement for movement what ts now
being carried on.
Bismarck and Moilke never intended that a
shot should be fired in Mcrmany. They knew
a month ago exactly th? state of forwurdnes-:.
or rather the state ot' backwardness, ol thc
French army. Wherever horses or provisions
were being gathered together for thu French,
there was a Prussian a^ent taking slock ol
the same. At Berliu, and. indeed, throughout
Germany, there was but lour person.- admitted
to know the plan ot' invading France, and not
allowing France to Invuue Prussia. Thew
were B.sinurck, Molli..-, Blumenthal and
the King. The luea was. of courwe,
fostered that the Freucti would certainly In?
vade "Fatherland," iur by so doing the
national spirit was reuJered all the more
inteuse. The secret was well kept, so well
that throughout Europe every one believed
Prussia would have to act upon the defensive,
and that French armies would be fed on Ger?
man ground. And this belief worked in anoth?
er way for the advantage of Prussia. It made
the French ah the more careless about r
lng for the feeding of their army. Tl
lleved that in one or two days at mos
taking the field they would be"in the va
the Rhine or that of the Moselle, and hi
the crops and stores at their disposition
what it I tell you what I have myself s
a document which admits of no possible
that so long ago as the 23d of July, the
day upon which the Prussians woult
the frontier in force, and the very places
they were to cross were already t
and named by the initiated few
directed affaire ? What If I tell you tht
advance upon WIessenburg, the subse
following of the French troops, the br?
of their line by attacking them somewb
the valley of the Saar and the forcing of
back upon Metz or Nancv, if they wet
utterly beaten before, was 'all mapped c
a master hand in the great art of war tr
days ago? It is impossible for me tc
where or how I got the Information; but
I say is the fact, and one hardly knows
to admire most, the head that plannet
attack upon the enemy that expected to
invader, or the marvellous secrecy with
the intentions of the Prussian leaders
concealed so long as there was any rea?
The Horrors of the War.
[Prom the London TImes.l
Those who can detach their minds fror
tlcular Incidents of war to contemplai
progress as a whole must acknowledg
strange and, we may almost say, terrible
ation of the snectable. Take the m
France and mark upon it the course of tl
vancing army during the past week. SU
and surely the dark blue columns have ?
onward, covering, piece by piece, the ea
departments, ana pushing their way int
heart of France. The whole armv lias n
with the unity of a single being. WI
noise, without haste, but without halting
moment, it has appeared resolute to a<
plish a preconceived design. We see ii
character of the advance evidence o;
attack, attested to us by many other pi
that the plan ol the campaign
settled before a hostile column had
tered upon French territory, for lt bea
every step of its progress the impress
single mind. The effect is enhanced b
contrast presented by the armies ol tl
fence. Ever since the betrinnlng of tht
their movements have been distracted,
attempts purposeless, and their efforts c
quently ineffectual. Other nations may
their lines of blue and red moving with
than machine-like regularity and force,
organization of the German army goes ft
yond this. "Infantry to perforate the fo
tillery to smash him. cavalry to lacerate
and at the same time the Brethren of
bearing the red and white cross of neutr
to drag him from the field of death; Siste
Mercy to tend him, doctors to cure, pries
comfort his soul, all follow, each in Its a;
priate order. There is even a corps of g
diggers, who are under command, and s
in their appointed functions, burying '
were friends and foes, but have become re
ciled in death, and-so runs the inscriptlo
the heights of Forbach, as in the orcuarc
Sadowa- '.Ruhen zusammen in Gott.1 "
No more awful implement of destruc
than the German army has ever done its
tined work. It has the physical force ol J
tion brought together and driven against
foe after much training and discipline, and
such a ready concurrence of every man IQ
army, that lt acts os a single man woult
under the volition of his heart and brain,
result is seen at large in the advance from
Rhine to the Saar, from the Saar to the
selle, from the Moselle to the Meuse; it ma
studied In detail on the heights of Spich
and among the vineyards of Woerth. '
regiments had exhausted themselves li
saultlng the Speckler Berg, when the 40th
vanced and scaled lt at a cost ot GOO men
16 officers, while the C7th sacrificed OOO i
and 25 officers, in breaking in upon thc
trenchments at Forbach.
The work had to be done, and it was don
no greater sacrifice than was necessary,
at atty sacrifice that was necessary,
ghastly spectacle after the battle of Woert
described by a well-known correspond
who, not unused In the annals of war, fays
have seen many fields, and the more I se
them the less I like them." Along two mile
road ?ny the trophies of death, and though
service of burial was continuously kept up
the companies of grave diggers, the harvest!
proved too heavy for the reapers. "Th
will, I fear," writes our correspondent, vi
two prophetic accuracy, "be many more
such scenes and worse." Before the campo
of 1870 comes to a close, how quick soever
approach of the enemy may be, the great
strover will have laid low thousands more
The Battle of Woerth-Incidents or t
Fight-How McMahon Lost t
[Correspondence of the London Telegraph.
Whatever could have made McMahon
cept a battle under the circumstances, I :
utterly at a loss to conceive. A glance at I
two armies seemed to show how utterly 1
possible lt wotdd have been for the French
do more than hold their own. and even to
litis must have cost them dear. But tri
compels me to state that the vast superior
In numbers was not the only reason why th
lost the litrlit.
The Prussian troops are. without exceptic
in the highest slate ol discipline; the Pren
are the very reverse. Tiley are brave tc
fault. I never knew men fight better or c
spise death more. I saw one regiment
Zouaves, which was 2000 strong when it we
into battle. It lest an immense number
men. and the survivors were finally surrour.
ed by the Prussians.
They fought like devils; and I don't thli
there could have been two hundred men 1<
when they held up a white handkerchief a:
were made prisoners. The Prussian office
themselves admit the reason why they tot
so many prisoners to be that the French we
all detached, were here and there in small b
dies, and were all cut off In detail. The Prc
sians seemed to me never to lose their form
tion; the French seemed really never to hai
hadaoy. Their system, or wanto! systei
might answer very well against undisclpline
tribes In Algeria, but as they are they never w
be able to face a regular disciplined Europea
army. I repeat that, as regards their braver
even to a fault, there can be no doubt waa
ever. But in these days courage is not tl
only requisite for a soldier.
In saying that McMahon's information wt
of the very worst kind. I am merely repeatin
what every French officer I have seen sine
the fight told me. It ls hardly to be believe?
but it ls perfectly true, that the maps of Alsac
furnished by the Prussian topographical di
partment to every officer in the army were ir
finitely more correct than those used by th
French headquarter staff. But most to blam
of all the military dnpartments seems to hav
been the "Intendance." Prussian officere hav
told me that, ii* the French army in Strasbonr
had crossed the Rhine about the 20th ol' Julj
and with a hundred and fifty thousand me
had made a forced march upon Mannheim, th
results of the campaign would have been ver
I believe the fighting portion of the arm
was perfectly ready to move on that day, bu
there were not two days' rations ready fo
them. Nay, 1 have been told by French pris
oners that it was only on the day before th
battle of Woerth that the Chef d'Intendance c
McMahon's army concluded the contract fo
fresh meat for the men. Some days befon
leaving Strasbourg many of the regiment!
officers told me that the army sincerely hopet
the present campaign would be the last ii
which the soldiers would be led by the Inten
dance, and that it was lullv expected they (th<
French) would revert to the old system, tha
worked so well under the First Empire, b]
which an officer in each regiment was ap
pointed to purchase food and provide for tnt
wants of the men.
How thc Nobles of France Rally to itheii
Tue d'Orl?ans are winning Uareie tvithou
coing to battle by the noble stand they take ii
thiu momentous crieie. The Gaulois publishei
a private letter from the Prince de Joinville
full of devo:cd patriotism. I give it in fu*J :
BRUXELLES, Angnst 10, 1870.
I devour tho journals, my dear Monsieur
Bsiobei - they teach m> nothing new. Both
niiL-flarti eviu-?iitlvproo-inne; for a decisive con?
flict. 'Ve have ?til gr -at reamrces; for, after
all, the Corps alcMitbon is the only one dis?
abled. FroBsanra baaanff?red but'iit'lc. and
the others are iutact. Over and above thcae
forcee there ia the rage of geeing the enemy on
our territory. But we must be commanded.
Will we be?
The troubles in Paris make me shudder wita
horror. I cannot understand the Chamber.
I cannot understand that a word should be
spoken, an act accomplished, that has any
other aim bnt that of coming to the assistance
of our armies, the only hope of France at this
hom*. Whatever the present government may
be, while the chane? of resistance ia left ns, it
ia better than a provisionerv one, from tho
single fact that it is organized. And. if this
resistance cannot be prolonged, it is the prea
er* government only which should be forced
to yield tn the law of the conqueror. Bnt any?
thing rather than this alternative.
1 have received no reply to my demand to go
over and serve in the army under the Emperor.
I wait with an anxiety which yon must under?
stand. I have jost read that the citizens of
Weissenborn fired on the enemy daring the
combat. The brave fellows I if every one
would do the like-if they succeed in patting
Paris in a state of defence-if oar army can
find a chief to direct it, the efforts of the Ger?
mans will find themselves exhausted in the
very centre of France, and they will encounter
their Borodino there. Nothing is lost, and I
allow myself to dream of a treat national
movement by which France will drive the ene?
my from her soil.
Honrs, minutes axe precious. I do not con?
sider that I Uve. I pity yon sincerely, for to
oar intense anxieties are added those of the
Yours, ?fcc., FBUIOOXS D'OBXEABB. ;
How Prance has Been Swindled?
[From the Journal of Commerce.]
It is related of the ' Cz ir Nicholas thfct,
shortly after the Crimean war broke ont, he
was strolling through sn ordnance yard at
Sebastopol, surveying with pride the pyramids
of cannon balls piled np there, when he idly
chanced to strike one of them with his walking
stick. It gave back a strange, dull sound. An
examination revealed that it was made of wood,
and the same exaggerated wooden nutmeg im?
postare had been practiced by the contractor
in supplying all the balla there stored away.
Following np this clew the Czar ascertained
that jobbing and fraud pervaded all depart?
ments of the army service, and that, except om
paper, his empire was in no condition to con?
tend with the allied powers. Napoleon's army
and military equipments and provisions ere.
not as deficient and deludive aa those of Nicho?
las; bnt they fall far short of what he and the
world expected them to be. We question, in -
the first place, whether the active army was
anything like 400,000 strong. We have never
been able to Agare ap more than 250,000 or
275.000 regalar French troops ia the advance
on Prussia; and we believe thal the actual enu?
meration of the men at his command was the
principal reason that induced Napoleon to
stand on the defensive instead of attempting
an invasion of Prussia. Somebody-or some
military ring-has been deceiving the Emperor
and getting rich on: of the rations and supplies
of & paper army. Then, too, the reserve of
400.000 men, which were eapposed to be capa?
ble of taking the field at short notice, why
bave they not been available to reinforce the
regular army more promptly? Because, we
venture to say, the War Department WoS Ufti
able to furnish them with rifles or muskets of
any description, to say nothing of chassepots,
equipments, and uniforms. More than a year
ago we read the statement that France had
ever a million cbassepots in her arsenals; and
tbe government factories were said to be still
turning thom out. But immediately after
McMahon's defeat, complaints began to be rife
that France was short not only of chnssepota
bat of arms of every kind. The French com?
missariat ie worse, il possible, than any other
branch of the service, if we may believe a tithe
of the statements made by correspondents.
McMahon's army was represented to be almost
starving tor some days, and that, too, in a
region in easy communication with the capital.
All these deficiencies and weaknesses in ihe ?
French army, disclosed by the light of events,
astonis'.i those who believe that, since 1866,
France bas been making unremitting efforts
for a war with Prussia. Either she has had no
serious intention of fighting Prussia in all that
time, or the Emperor has been grossly doped
by his fivorites, who have deluded hov? into
the belief that France waa prepared "to con?
front every eventuality" (to quoto from hie
speech to the bodies of State, January 18,1869.)
and havo profited by his credulity lo amass
Gustave ReyHari has organized a volunteer
corps for the defence of Paris, composed of
writers for the press.
Leboenf, the deposed French commander,
is now derisively called "The stranger's guide
The Journal Officiel publishes a decree dis?
missing from office the mayor of Epemay for
issuing a proclamation advising citizens to
make no defence.
The Patrie est?males the Prussian losses at
over 145,000 men thus far. Huonville has cer?
tainly been resupplied with stores and ammu?
nition. Bismarck is reported to be at Spandau,
The French have eent to the Spanish minis?
try for information in regard to the organiza?
tion of guerilla bands, probably with a view
of us mi; that method of warfare against Prus?
It is reported that the Princess Clothilde,
wife of Prince Napoleon, when urged by the
Kins of Italy to leave France, replied she
would not abandon the country of her adoption
at such a moment. To-monow is the last of
i he three days within which German residents
mnst leave Paris. After thal date the police
are to search carefully each arondissement to
see that thc order of expulsion bas been ob?
served. Many arrests of alleged spies axe
Tbe Standard, in reviewing the situ?t ion,
says: "Tue Prussians are strong around
Rheims, while immense masses of them have
passed to the northward. It is impossible to
say whether tbe report that the King is moving
on Paris with a heavy force is true or not.
Equally doubtful is the rumor that the French
ministers of war and the interior have removed
from tbe capital. The news is all uncertain
Previous to tbe departure of the American
Ambulance Corps, Dr. Evans, the celebrated
dentist, made an ill-tempered and heated
speech, opposing tbe appointment of Dr. Sims
as a member of the committee to supervise the
movements of the train. After the adjourn?
ment of the comm ttee a personal encounter
took place between the antagonistic physicians,
daring which Dr. Sims ohaetised Dr. Evans
quite severely. The rencontre, from ihs
standing of the parties involved, bas produced
ALL A.HO Ci ISLE STATE.
Mr. Lucien Dargan, second son ot Dr. T. A.
Dargan, of Darlington, died on Saturday last.
A stabbing affray occurred near Ridgeway
last week, and resulted in Discing one of the
combatants hors de combat.
A terrific thunder and lightning storm oc?
curred at Winnsboro on Monday last. For a
half an hour there was ene contloaal roll of
thunder, aud flash after flash of lightning lit
un the horizon. Those who witnessed it say
it was a grand spectacle to behold.
Dr. John Douglass, of Chester, died on
Wednesiav, the 26th ultimo. For more than
seventy years Dr. Douglass has been known
11 the the people of Chester. As a physinan
his skill was well kuown. As a politician he
was highly esteemed, and aa a man universally
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