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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE REFORM MOVEMENT
AX EMPHATIC LETTER FROM GEX
ECSAE WADE MAMPTOX.
XVhai the Babara of Sonth Carolina
Thinks of our Canst andCsadNstu.
The following letter has been addressed by
'General Wade Hampton to Colonel Charles H.
Si mont?n, of this city:
COLOMBIA, October 8.
My Dear Sir-Some time since your letter
asking my opinion as to the Reform move?
ment In our State reached me, and whilst rea?
sons both of a public and private character
have restrained me from taking an active part
In the canvass wblch has grown out of this
movement, I have never had the slightest
hesitation as to the course I should pursue, nor
reluctance in expressing to my friends what
that course would be. Whatever differences
of opinion may haveexisted among the honest
citizens of the State as to the best mode ol re?
dressing the grievous evils under which they
hajjB labored for the last few years, there were
and could be none as to the existence of those
evils, and of the vital necessity ol making a
vigorous effort to reform them. It was this
conviction on the.part of our people which
gave birth to and now lends impetus to the
Reform movement. It was this which in?
duced the originators of this movement,
ii I estimate their motived correctly, to make
an earnest and patriotic struggle to res?
e?e the State from those who are disgracing
her hitherto proud name and ?ragging her to
ruin. No aim can be higher, nc object wor?
thier than this, and thongh the means adopted
to accomplish the purpose are not such as I
should have suggested, I sympathize too fully
with the object In view, to withhold any as?
sistance In my power from those whose mo?
tives are the same as my own and whose
Judgment may be better. If this movement
has for its sole purpose, what I trust it has, the
redemption, of our State, the nominees of the
Reform party should command the support of
every true son of hers. The effort to save the
State deserves success, even should lt fall to
win it, and as I have not yet made it the chief
article In my political creed, that success can
sand ti fy a cause that Ls wrong, or justify apos?
tasy from one) that ls, right, I regard lt as my
duty to support the candidates of the Reform
party.' Believing that they are moving in
the right direction, I shall not, from mere
pride of opinion, refuse to accompany them,
because they have taken a different road
from the one I should have chosen. I cannot
vote for the nominees of the Republican party
because, to quota the emphatic, though un?
grammatical language of one whose high offi?
cial position In that party makes him an au?
thoritative exponent of Its true condition, as
his political character renders him a flt type of
its officials, "In some of its departments Re?
trenchment and Reform is, doubtless, greatly
needed. Some of its offices are fl]led by In?
competent and corrupt men, who should be
driven from the high places they occupy. More
fe -economy in the appropriation and dlsburse
f ment ol public money should be practiced."
-Because, their nominee for Governor is, to my
certain knowledge, false and treacherous; be?
cause this party Is notoriously corrupt, venal
and profligate, and because in my opinion, any
native white citizen of South Carolina who
votes for that ticket will cover himself with de?
served disgrace. I can well understand how
honest and true men may doubt as to the pro?
priety of the Beform movement, and questiou
the soundness of its platform, but I cannot com?
prehend how any South Carolinian can identify
himself with a set of adventurers and plunder?
ers, who have made the government of his
State what-an Influential Radical paper has
justly characterized as "a disgrace to civiliza?
tion," and I am uncharitable enough to believe
that none will do so, except such us have
been, or expect to be, paid for forming an alli?
ance which they must feel ls disgraceful. I
could as readily be persuaded that Benedict
Arnold acted from conscientious motives, and
In ?iod iai th to his countrymen, as that any
true son of South Carolina who venerates the
ancient honor of his State, who ls jealous of
.her past fame, and desirous of her future wel
fare, could, from patriotic impulse, affiliate
with men whose only tie to bind them to our
:State ls the "cohesive power of public plun?
der." Some of the recent converts to this
?new?faith-that faith whose cardinal doctrine
.it .Is that the- strongest side Ls always right-,
may boast of their devotion to their state, and,
as proof, point to the scars they have received
in her defence; but to these I beg to com?
mend a reply once made to this same pa?
triot Arnold, who asked a friend what the
Americans would do with him ii he was cap?
tured. "They would bury the leg which was
wounded Lo their service with military h onors
and hang the rest of your body," was the
prompt and suitable answer. Unfortunately
for our State, this wholesome discipline cannot,
be administered to the patriots of this same'
stump among us, who parade their patriotism
while they are selling their country; but lt ls
In the power, as it ls the duty of every honor?
able man, to treat them with the scorn their
treachery so richly merits. Let them And, if
they can,-in the price for which they have sold
themselves and their kindred, compensation
for the loss of their own self-respect and-the
esteem of all honorable men. "The ox know
eth its owner, and the ase his master's crib."
The few who have joined the ranks of the
engmies of their State. In this supreme hour
of ner trial, can neither give character to
the party to which they have allied them?
selves, or weaken that which they have desert?
ed. Their desertion should but stimulate
those who are honestly working for a reforma?
tion of abuses to renewed exertions. Eve nit
the nominees of the.Reform parte.' should be de?
feated, an event which seems uow mos tun
likely. Infinite good will result to the State by
sending honest men to the Legislature, and,
' in any case, it is -far.better to fall in a good
?cause than to succeed in an evil one. It has
boen said t^at as the nominations of both par?
ties are alike m presenting a Republican to the
people as candidate for Governor, no real dif?
ference exists between the two tickets. Is this
the case ? It is true that Judge Carpenter is,
like Governor Scott, a Republican, but does
that make them alike in all other respects ?
The Bar .ol Charleston, composed ol gentlemen
of tl e highest standing and character, have
born, willing testimony to the ability, the im?
partiality and the integrity of JudgOjCarpenter.
Can an equal number of gentlemen of like re
apectability in our State be lound to endorse
the official character of R. R". Scott ? Cati one
decen? man be found to do so ? But admitting,
for the sake ol argument, that the nominees
of the respective parties for Governor are
on a par-a supposition which does gross In?
justice to Judge Carpenter, and is too extrava?
gant to gain credence from even the most trig-1
oted of Radicals-dot s the nomination of the
Reform party for Lieutenant-Governor present
no higher claims on the people of South Caro?
lina than that of the Republican ? Of the Re?
publican candidate lor Lieutenant-Governor I
know but little. It ls his misfortune, however,
to be in bad company. He was an influential
member of the last Legislature, perhaps the
most corrupt that has ever sat in thc United
States, und so far from endeavoring to prevent
or expose corruption, he is using every effort
to continue the rule of those who have plun?
dered the State and degraded her character.
On the other hand, the Reform ticket ls hon?
ored by one ol the noblest historic names of
our State; a name which comes to us covered
with glory from the days or the revolution;
: which shone bright among the brightest on
the plains of Mexico, and which has received
additional lustre by being borne by that heroic
son of Carolina, M. C. Buller.
All classes of our people, white and colored,
who are opposed to misrule, dishonesty and
corruption, are'vltally concerned in breaking
down this dangerous monopoly by which a lew
venal foreign adventurers, aided by their baser
native white allies, are systematically plunder?
ing the state and bringing her name Into dis?
repute among all honest men. The candidates
of the Reform party have this end lu view, and
to the full accomplishment of this happy result
I cordially wish thom God speed. My best
wishes for the attainment ol this object go
with them, nor shall 1 let any difference of
oprakHr on my part as to the expediency of the
means they are using prevent my extending
to them a hearty support.
I am, very respectfully and truly, yours,
Colonel CHAS. H. SLVIONTON.
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
LONDON, October ll-Evening.
Consols 923. Bonds 91}.
FRANKFORT, October ll-Evening.
United States bonds 91?a95.
NEW YORK, October ll-Evening.
Gold steady all day. Sixty-twos 12i; sixty
fours 111; sixty-flves 11$; new 10]; sixty-eights
10J; forties 6$. Tennessees 62$; new 60j. Vir?
ginias 62$; new 66. Louisianas 70; new C6a68;
levees 76a78. North Carolinas 48$. Stocks
active all day.
THE CELESTIALS DEFIANT.
LONDON, October ll.
The Chinese Government declines to give
guarantees against f^fthor outrages. All the
Catholic buildioTS in Pekin are des troy ci.
TUE STATE ELECTIONS.
PHILADELPHIA, October ll.
The election is progressing with Bpirit. The
negroes are voting for the first- time. They
are unmolested in some wards, while in others
is there tome disposition to riot. The marines
are at headquarters, and will act promptly in
case of disturbance.
LATER.-The returns of the elections to-day
indicate the following results . The First Dis?
trict elected Randall, (Democrat;) the second
is in doubt; the Third elected Meyers, (Repub?
lican,) and the Fourth elected Kelly, (Republl
1 can.) The Fifth District Is doubtful. Scatter?
ing returns from the State show large Demo-'
eratic gains. In the Twenty-second District
Negley Is elected, and lo the Twelfth Shoema?
ker." The Democrats carry Harrisburg by 260
majority. , _
RECOGNITION OF CONSULS.
WASHINGTON, October ll.
The President, recognizes as Portugese
Vice Consuls, Henry Hall Woodbridge at Sa?
vannah, and Clemens Claoiua at Charles ton.
THE EUROPEAN MAILS.
WASHINGTON, October ll.
The Postmaster-General, answering the in?
quiry from New York whether the mails
should be sent by tbe Cambrii, says it is un?
safe at prosont to dispatch mads by North
THE CAUSE OF CUBA.
NEW YORE, October ll.
A large Cuban meeting has been held hero.
McMahon, Ryan and Jordan spoke.
AN AFFAIR OF HONOR.
. RICHMOND. Va., October ll.
James Barbour, editor, of the Enquirer, sent
a peremptory challenge to Jos. W. Walker, of |
the douse of Deles ates. It was declined on
the ground that tho State Constitution dis
franchised duellists. Colonel Mosby was the
bearer of the challenge.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The bale or cotton, at St. Louis, which took
the sweepstake premium of $1000, and was
presented by the owner to the Southern Or?
phan Educational Society, was sold yesterday |
for thirty-two cent3.
Margaret Waters, the notorious baby farmer j
and murderer, was hung, at London, yester?
day. She died protesting her innocence.
A heavy northeast rain storm prevailed at
Wilmington, N. C., yesterday.
There was a heavy frost In Norfolk on the
night ol the 9th instant.
Judge Bond decided In New York yesterday
that a mortgage made in 19C3, but renewed In
18GC, must be paid in gold, the renewal not
being equivalent to a new contract.
Captain Robert L Bradley, a customhouse
employee atSTew Orleans, was stabbed dead on
Saturday by an unknown murderer.
There were four deaths yesterday at New
Orleans from yellow fever.
-The passion with which the French soldier
respeots his flag ls vividly revealed lu a story
of Sedan. At Hie moment ot capitulation, a
captain, a lieutenant of zouaves, and a brave
sergeant, resolved that the flag which had been
left in their keeping should not fall into the
hands of the PrussiaES. So they took the em?
blem of France to pieces, one concealing the
banner under his uniform, the other putting
the balls Into his pocket, and the third keeping
the; eagle. After the capitulation, it was
agreed ?hat all the relics should be confided to
the care of the sergeant, who, being an Alsa
clan, could speak German. The brave sergeant
then managed to escape ?rom his captors, lo
don the guise of a peasant, aad to obtain a bas
ker. in which he placed the memorials of j
French glory. He then covered the precious
relics with a mass of tobacco, which he had got
Irom ?he willing peasants, and, thus guarded
against detection, he managed to pass through
all the German lines and to reach Paris.
-As an Instance of German forethoughr, we
learn that as early as the latter part of August
the royal priming office at Berlin had finished
and forwarded to the front 5000 copies of the
specified plans of the fortifications of Paris.
They contained all the latest additions, and
also the improvements which were la course
FIGHTING AT ORLEANS.
A PRUSSIAN SUCCESS AT ABT EN AT.
THREATENED STARVATION OF THE
PRUSSIA WILL NOT RESTORE THE
REPORTED DEATH OF PRINCE FREDE?
GARIBALDI AND HIS VOLUNTEERS GO TO THE
War Report! from Tours.
T0DK9, October ll;
There has been nothing from Paris for two
or three days. It is reported that Garibaldi
will take his volunteers into the Vosges. The
Minister of War has the following from the
commander of the Fifteenth Corps, dated Or?
leans at 9 this morning: "The Prussians at?
tacked our forces at Artenay. After sharp
fighting the Prussians occupied the position.
Genend Regan, with five regiments and four
battalions and artillery, reinforced the French.
After fighting until 3 o'clock we were com?
pelled to fall back Into a forest, which ls still
held and will be held at any price. The ene?
my were greatly superior In numbers."
It is understood that fighting ww resumed
to-day near Orleans. The scene of the battle
ot Artenay. yesterday ls only three hoars'
travel by rail from Tours.
The people are indignant that the Fifteenth
.corps was not reinforced from posts here.
General Bourbaki is summoned to Tours to
answer charges of leaving his post to visit
War Reports via London.
LONDON, October LL
. A note from the Prussian Government. In?
forms the powers'that Paris threatens to hold
out until starved. In that event a hundred
thousand must die. Prussia will be unable to
feed Paris a single day after capitulation, as
there is nothing edible within a day's march oi
Metz advices are to Sunday. The weather
is very unfavorable. The firing irom the
works is steadily maintained. There ls much
sickness In the town. The Prussians took two
thousand prisoners lu the last encounter.
Many of the Prussian wounded have been re?
moved to Berlin.
It ls stated that Bismarck replied to Lord
Lyons "that while clad to make peace, no
truce proposition would be entertained for a
moment. Nevertheless Prussia must prose?
cute the war. Those holding power In France
are answerable for results."
Pra?ala and the Napoleon Dynasty.
BERLIX, October ll.
The following ls official: "The Government
of Prussia, though unable to recognize the
present Government of France, will not re?
store the Bonapartes."
Th? Siege of Paris.
LONDON, October 8.
The Manchester Guardian has a special tele?
gram from a correspondent at Prussian head?
quarters which announces that the bombard*
ment of Paris ?will begin early nest week.
The cannonade will be preceded by a formal
summons to surrender the city. It ls believed
by others that the assault will begin on the
anniversary of the battle of Leipzig, Octobe r
IC. The Germans count on being in the city
on the 19th. They may not find the task so
easy. The near approach of the horrors ol
bombardment excltos universal pity and sym?
pathy here. Eloquent advocates of mediation,
in papers like the Standard, are trying to
move the government to action. The horrors
disclosed after the siege of Strasbourg forci?
bly aid these appeals. The ministry manifests
no intention of moving, and the people await
the result of the assault lu dreud and anxiety.
Ruskin writes that Prussia pushes her success
too far. She should concede an armistice and
offer terms possible to French honor. In an
eloquent article this morning thc Standard
says: "The siege of Paris is not called for,
and ls going too far."
Farther News via London.
LONDON, October ll.
Five French Iron-clads have passed Dover
to the eastward.
Garibaldi has advised the people at Nice and
Savoy to discontinue all agitation at present,
as it only embarrasses the French struggle
Reports from Tours.
Touts, October ll.
Another body of Prussian prisoners have ar?
Gambatta's balloon brought 39,000 letters.
The Prusslaus shoot all Franc-tlreurs, and
this ls one ot the reasons why the Tireurs car?
ry thc black flag.
The papers announce the denth ot Prince
It requires a large force to protect the Prus?
sians from tho indignation ol the people.
The Sympathies of Spain.
MADRID, October ll.
Senor Castillan, in addressing the French
delegation, affirmed that the sympathy of the
Spanish people was decidedly with the Pre nch
The Battle Near Orleang.
LONDON, October ll.
A detachment of the army of the Crown
Prince defeated a portion of the army of the
Loire near Orleans, taking 1000 prisoners and
three guns. The French fled ia disorder.
The Prussians have abandoned the purpose
of shootlug the town officers_of Ablls, in con?
sequence of a threat to shoot an equal num?
ber ot Prasslau prisoners.
The Prussians were repulsed a Becond time
at Cherizy, but they milled, captured and
burned the town. Tho French say that the
Prussians have burned several villages in the
plains of Be)nice.
The clerical party in Franc?, but especially
lu LaVendee, reluse to light under Garibaldi.
Ten thousand of the National Guard, under
Gustave Flourens, demanded chassepots, and
insisted that a change be made In the practice
of opposiog on every battle fitld one French?
man to three Prussians. The answer of the
government was unfavorable, and Flourens
Among the documents found In tibe Tuileries
ls a deed dated Immediately prior to the mar?
riage of Napoleon with Eugenie, In which
nearly 6,000,000 francs are settled by the Empe?
ror on Miss HowiiFd and her SOD. Hie ?ouut de
The Germans are; closing on Thlonvllle.
They 'have been largely reinforced, and are
receiving siege guns from Strasbourg.
The King of Saxony has instituted a new or?
der, that of St. Henry, solely to honor the
King of Prussia, The new decoration was de?
livered on the 9th Instant to King William,
who In response to the honor, complimented
the Saxon troops for their gallantry.
War material is shipped dally from Liver?
pool In large quantities, it is supposed for
At last accounts from the scene or the bat?
tle at Artenay, near Orleans, the Prussian
cavalry were in close pursuit of the French
The Liberals in convention at Stuttgardt
yesterday adopted resolutions In favor of the
union of Germany with a common Legislature,
a. united army, and a diplomatic representa?
tion in co rn mo D.
Russia denies ali reports that she ls making
unusual military preparations, and the entire
press declare that the government wants
During the legislative debate at Copenhagen
on the budget, the ministry declined to make
any reduction or army estimates until the re?
sult of the war between France and Prussia
were better known. i
THE CHEAM OF THE WAE- NE IFS.
The Conditions cf Peace.
Though the German Governments have not
yet officially declared on what conditions they
will be ready to conclude peace, it is well un?
derstood that the two principal conditions will
be a pecuniary Indemnification and the. ces?
sion of part or the whole of the German terri?
tory of France. On the former of these condi?
tions, one ol the first jurists of Germany,-Prof.
von Holtzendorf, of the University of Berlin,
expresses the following opinion In one of the
daily papers ol Berlin:
We must start from the consideration .that
the most ample Indemnification would never
be able to repair all the damage which has
been caused us by the war. The lives ol our I
brothers which have been annihilated are
treasures that will never be recovered, and lt
would be altogether impossible to restore to
all Individuals what they may have lost In con?
sequence of want of work ?and the disturbance
But because it ls impossible to liquidate the
Indirect damages, it is all the more necessary
to fix in advance a part of the war indemnifi?
cation which must be Insisted upon. Our
claims against the French nation will be com?
posed ol the following priEiclpa! items :
1. Payment of all the German war loans as tar
as they have been Issued. It will not be ne?
cessary on our part to show that the sums
have been really expended. Such parts of the
loans as may not yet have been expended must
likewise be repaid In consldei allon of the gene?
ral damages which during the war will para?
lyze the tax power of tfie State, and which
tadstbefclt for a long time to come In the
property of the nation. leis also a matter .of
course that the war material which has been
used up or damaged must be replaced from
the refunded war loans.
2. Indemnification for the families of the
killed soldiers, as well as those who, In conse?
quence ol the war, have become invalids. To
this end, France must pay a capital, from
wlilch widows and orphans, and Invalid sol?
diers and their families, receive an annual
3. Indemnification for the German ships cap?
tured br the French fleet, and lor the damage
which has thereby been inflicted upon Ger?
4. Indemnification for the violation Of the
international law on the part of France, in
particular for firing upon unfortified towns, as
Saarbr?cken and Sehl, and for the expulsion
of German citizens from France.
5. Payment ol a penalty for the atrocities
committed during the war by French citizens
against German residents ; for instance. Ill
treatment and plundering of German subjects,
and assassination of wounded German sol?
G. Refunding of the communal expenses
caused by the war.
As to the second condition of peace, the re
annexation ol the German territory ol France
to Germany, it may be regarded as highly
significant that the government of Elsass,
created by a decree of the King of Prussia,
and planed under the administration of Count
Bismarck-Bohlen, ls noe coterminous with the
former province of Alsace, embracing the two
Departments of Upper Rhine and Lo wer Rill ne;
but that it embraces nearly the whole ol the
compact German territory of France, that ls
to say, the two Departments of Upper Rhine
and Lower Rhine, and the German districts ot
Lorraine, which have been constituted by the
German administration, into the new Depart?
ment of Moselle, embracing the Ave arron?
dissements of Metz. Saargemund, Dudenhof?
en, Salzburg and Saarbarg. Together, this
nert* iroverninent embraces a population of
l,eii,54C inhabitants, of whom at least 1,300,
000 speak German. The administration of I lie
new government has been thoroughly reor?
ganized alter the model of the civil adminis?
tration of the German States. The new pub?
lic officers have partly been taken from PruB?
sla and partly from the South German States.
All transit duties from and to the German
States have been removed; the tobacco monop?
oly has been abolished; the salt trade given
free, and, in general, the whole government
treated as if lt were one ol the States ol' the
.Customs Union. At Hagenau an odlclal paper
has been established, giving the decrees of the
Governor in both the German and the French
It ls naturally inferred from this administra?
tive arrangement that the new Government of
Elsass contains that part of French territory
which tile German States, at the time when
the arrangement was made, intended lo re?
claim for Germany. Subsequent events may.
of course, have modified this intention. Shouid
the whole new Government of Elsass be really I
annexed to Germany, the Towns of Metz, De
denhofen, (Thionvilht,) Suurburg, Pfalsburg,
Salzburg, (Cbuleau-Salina,) would, among
others, be reunited with Germany; while
Nancy, Laneville and Pont-a-Mousson would
Tobacco In thc War.
The London Lancet e-ayd of tobacco as no
army ration : If there ba one fact that has 1
been moro frequently stated than another, it is
that 'll': soldiers engaecd in this war- well or
wounded-?eek the solace ol tobacco. Tho in?
habitants of every nation ruauif'-st similar in?
stinct", and oue of tho sr rongeai is this desire
to ?eek out some fubstanco tho use of which
may stimulate or sootho tho nervous system.
There is no privation wuicli the habitual al?
though nwt exesssive sm )Uer fjels so mnch as
the loss of tobacco; and soldiers of all nations,
especially tho Fieucli and Gurman nations,
smoko it. It was a standing injunction ot tho
first N.iooleo i that bis troops snould havo
tobacco, and they found it ot' the createst ad?
vantage in the retreat from Moscow. We have
been accustomed to look upon tho German as
fond of bard intellectual toil for ltd own a-ko;
andmon of abs.ractiou and imagination, if wo
may judga from the prevale :ce of thc practice
of smoliins anions them, unquestionably ap?
pear to find an aid in tobacco. But the man
Jiood ot Gormaiiy baa risen like a giant re?
freshed to undergo any physic il exertion and
hardship that m*y bo required, and this war
bas taxed tho physical euergiKS of tho alronsr
est. The soldier, wearie I with long mirches
and uncertain reel, obtaining his food how
and when bo can, with hu nervous system
always in a state of tension from tho ?mttft4
aud excitement be encounters, linds that his
cig<rsorpipo ona ..le him to sustain hunger
or fatigua with comparative equau-nity. Ex?
plain it as W3 may. this is phy-ioioyicaliv true;
and madieal offic?rs wuo wool l not oo sorry tu
seo the issue o?a ''awritratum" disco itiuued,
aro compelled to allow that the moderare u^o
of tooacoo by soldier H in tue field hit several
advantages. For the wounded it is probabl*
: bat tobacco his slight anodyne a.id narcmc
properties that t-nablo the sufferer to sustain
pain botter Jiimir Ibo day, aod to ubtai.i
sleep during the ni?iht.
At Laurensvllle, on Monday last, there was a
large attendance of citizens. Very little pro?
perty was sold by the sheriff, homestead
notices putting a St?/ Od that officer's ham -
THE CITY FOE REFORM.
OR AN JD RALLY OF THE PEOPLE.
HAMPTON AND BUTLER ON THE HUSTINGS
PROMPT REPRESSION OP AN AT?
TEMPT TO DISTURB THE
THE SPEECHES, Ac."
It bas been long since Charleston has wit?
nessed so Imposing a gathering ol her people
as that which formed the Union Reform mass
meeting last night, in front of the Charleston
Hotel. The stand, gaily decked with flags,
and brilliantly illuminated with gas jets, the
speakers uttering earnest and burning words
of eloquence and patriotism, and the vast sea
of faces filling Meeting street, from Hayne to
Hasel, and crowding every inch of the spa?
cious porticos of the hotel, made np a scene
well calculated to encourage the friends of
honest government. The assemblage must
have Included, at the lowest estimate, five
thousand perBons, embracing all classes of our
citizens. At 7 o'clock, a stirring air from
Mitchell's Band heralded the approach of the
speakers, who soon after appeared upon the
On motion of Mr. E. L. Roche, the meeting
was called to order, and the following officers
President-Hon. Thomas Y. Simons.
Vice Presidents-Hon. W. 3. Henerey, Arch?
ibald Cameron, James Cosgrove, Henry Gour?
din, R. E. Dereef, f, D. Fanning, Joseph Ed?
mondson, D. F. Flemrag, Robert Gordon,
Elias Garden, Alva Gage, Colonel B. H. Rut?
ledge, E. \V. Marshall, Alex. Melchers, Robert
Morrison, John F. O'Neill, H. B. Olney, M. H.
Nathan, T. R. Tully, J. T. Welsman, CO.
Witte, Steadman Yeadon, George S. Hacker.
Secretaries-William Aiken Kelly, W. A.
Zimmerman, Marlow Cochran.
On taking the chair Colonel Simons invited
the vice-presidents and secretaries to take
seats on the stand, and spoke as follows :
REMARKS OF COLONEL SIMONS.
It hos been sold that the voice ol South Car?
olina ls dead. To-night will show that the
people of South Carolina are awake to their
true interests, and are prepared to secure a
government which will not be a disgrace to
future ages, and which will not be transmit?
ted to their children with dishonor. Our fath?
ers of the firs: revolution were actuated by
the same hopes and desires as we are now.' We
are determined to have a free ballot and a rep?
resentative government, and to-day, from the
mountain to the seaboard, over every section
of the State, the people of South Carolina, all
classes and all races, so far as may be, are de?
termined once more to have a government of
which they will not be ashamed. My country?
men, from every section of South Carolina
comes the most encouraging, the most enthu?
siastic, and the most cheering news. Never
has South Carolina been In greater public peril
than that which now hangs over her people.
Two years under a government which never
represented the people; two years of exorbi?
tant and unlimited taxation, Inaugurated by a
venal Legislature; two years under a system ot
I tyranny unexampled in the history ol the
[Here the speaker was Interrupted by some
of the Ring minions, who vainly endeavored
to create a row, bul as soon as order was re?
stored he resumed.]
My countrymen, this very Interruption
shows the character of the party In power.
They desire neither an honest expression cf
opinion nor an honest vote. But to resume.
The people of South Carolina have written on
their platform a sentiment that may be en?
dorsed by every citizen of the State-Union
and Reform-and they have nominated as
their candidate for Governor a gentleman
who has been endorsed by the Bar of
Charleston, and by a community which
he has officially served with honor and
rectitude. They have selected as . their
candidate for Lieutenant-Governor a gentle?
man who has proved his devotion to his
mother State on every occasion, and who ls as
distinguished a patriot In ttme of peace as
he was distinguished as a soldier In time of
war. [Cheers.] I congratulate the people of
this section of South Carolina, that ai last the
heart ol the State has been touched, and that
from the mountains to the seaboard there
comes the same Intelligence, that the uprising
of the people in behalf of their rights ls uni?
versal. In the two years which are passing
away we look upon a. picture of demoralization
and debasement such as has never before been
witnessed in this State. But, thanks to our
distinguished standard-bearers, one of whom
will address us this evening, a harmony'and
enthusiasm has been aroused which promises
regeneration and success. It only remains for
the citizens of Charleston to be fully Impress?
ed with the duty which devolves upon them
to see to it that there ls a lair ballot and an
honest count, and when the election Is de?
clared, the Joyous cry will ring out lrom every
portion of the State : South Carolina ls once
more free, regenerated and disenthralled !
Colonel Simons then Introduced General
Wade Hampton to the meeting. He was re?
ceived with long-continued demonstrations of
applause, and spoke as follows :
REMARKS OF GENERAL WADE HAMPTON.
Felloio-c'UUensof'Charleston-I hardly think,
that In this city or ray birth, lue colored peo?
ple, whom I have known lrom Infancy, will
refuse me a hearing. Because I was one of
the first men in the South who, Immediately
alter the surrender, addressed your race.
Many of you will remember, that at the in?
stance of some of those who are now your- rep?
resentatives in the Legislature, I addressd
large meetings of the citizens of Columbia and
elsewhere, and on all ot those occasions lt
was my endeavor to address you os friends
in whose welfare I had an abiding Interest. I
need not add that I still cherish the sumo reel?
ings, and would not undo, ir I had it In my
power, any act which secured your emancipa?
tion. I had no Idea ot speaking on this occa?
sion, and only came upon the platform at Hie
request of my honored friends, but I have pre?
pared a letter which announces my hearty and
cordial endorsement of the present action of
the people of South Carolina, and
propose lo leave my friend, General Butler,
to say what I am sure this occasion will evoke
from every honesl man identified with the
prosperity of South Carolina. I have but a
single remark to make, whether you agree
with me or not. I beg you, both white and
colored citizens, to conduct Hus election in a
lair and peaceable manner. Vute for the can?
didates ot your choice, and lor one I am ready
to say that, If under such circumstances, equal
privileges being accorded to all and equal
honor being observed at the ballot box. I will
shoulder my musket among the first to
aid in the preservation of peace. [Great
applause.] But I tell you, fellow-citizens,
further that If that party which has grown
desperate with power attempt to tamper with
the ballot-box, there will be bloodshed, and
the faull will not rest with us. The people
are determined lo have a lair election or a
free fight. I care not what may be the plat?
form ol the Reform party when I see In It that
plunk which looks to the restoration of the
State and ?ls recovery from those who have
made its resources the object of their
plunder. The Reform party may not last
a year, because when Us grand purpose
bas been accomplished, other questions of
national or lederal Importance may enlist
your Interest. But in such a cause as this
Democrats and Republicans alike should be
willing to unite. Before I left the State, I felt
that lt w-i.1 due to myself to express my hearty
concurrence In this great movement for Re?
form. I accordingly prepared the letter to which
have before referred, and which embodies
ray views. I have only to wish you a God-speed
lu your undertaking, and leave my friend
and comrade, General Butler, who talks as
well as he fights, and than whom there can
be no worthier standard-bearer in a cause
which has for its object the harmony and prc
perlty of South Carolina. [Loud and profon
REMASES OF GENERAL BUTLER.
The chairman now introduced General 1
C. Butler, the announcement ot whose nam
and whose appearance on the stand, evokt
applause that made the welkin ring. Ic w;
evident, however, that there was a crowd
Union Leaguers around the platform wi
were determined at every hazard to lnterm
the speakers and disturb the meeting. Gen
ral Butler evidently understood this, for I
began his speech with the following remarks
Felloic-Ctlizens-? hope, for the honor ol th
old city, and of the movement In which we a
engaged, that lhere will be no further dlspo!
tion manifested to disturb these p'oceedlng
As far as I am concerned, I have come a loi
way to make a speech, and I Intend to, 1
heard. [Tremendous cheers.] I have ho ac
m oslty against any man. I am here in the di
charge of what I conceive to be a public dut,
and I do not mean that my mouth she
be closed by idle brawlers who ha\
been sent here to disturb our meetln?
[Cheers.] It has been charged that I have o
ganized a faction for the purpose ot opposlr
that party which has present charge of ti
alfalrs in South Carolina. It Is due to myse
to say that my opposition to Govcrm
Scott does not arise from the fact that he 1B
Republican, or from any personal consider
tions, but because he Ls proved unfaithful i
the trusts reposed In him by the people of tl
State. On this ground alone do I propose j
I have Invited Governor Scott to meet m
from the mountains to where old ocean lash?
your shores; but again and again the respom
is, that Governor Scott "can't speak." f Laugl
ter.] Can't speak? Then his friends ba
done bim great Injustice; for, after bavin
sworn to execute the laws In mercy, did t
not go to Washington and there publicly di
olare that South Carolina was "a nest of assa
sins," and that "Winchester Rifle Law was th
best law for South Carolina. [Interruptions
I have spent four years on the picket Un
righting for freedom." Well ! fellow-cltlzeni
I expect he ls on that same picket line to-nlgh
but f tell you that on the 19th October we ei
peet to relieve him from duty and send him t
the rear. [Great applause on the part of th
Reformers, and dissent by the Leaguers.]
On the 22d ol July last, I had occasion t
make certain charges against Governor Scot
as the Executive of the State, and I have bee
called noon by your Radical paper here for th
proofs. Right here, in the City of Charlestoi
I propose to produce them.
1st. I charge that he has violated that we
established and acknowledged principle ot la
which prohibits a trustee lrom speculating fe
his own benefit in the funds of the cestui rp.
This charge ls admitted os to speculating 1
State bonds, but lt is claimed that this speculi
tlon was made by the Governor to give thei
"a much needed guarantee to capitalists," an
to "Improve the credit of the State." Devoi
ed and patriotic son of our beloved State I
The purchase by his Excellency of larg
numbers ol the bills of the Bank of the Stat
at for 10 to 20 cents In the dollar, and the rc
commendation by bim that said bills be lund
ed by the issue of bonds for their redemption
and their subsequent redemption, was like wis
Intended, no doubt, as a "much needed gust
antee" by his Excellency..
The Interest which his Excellency had In th
purchase ol $2,000,000 State bonds,1-short," b,
his financial agent In New York, and his "bull
lng" operation, In recommending that the lo
tere8t of the bonds of the State be paid v.
coin, and the subsequent passage of an act, b,
the Influence of .his Ring, to that effect, ah
the handsome profits made by the Governo
In the sale, was another of his unselfish acts c
devotion to "our beloved State."
It ls a novel principle In the science of gov
eminent that the Executive, by availing him
3elf of knowledge which he has oflcialli
should enhance the credit of the governmen
by speculating, (not inuestina,) in her stock
and bonds. It is something new, at least I
this latitude, that the gubernatorial offlc
should be converted into a brokers-shop, wit
the Executive as chief broker.
No, fellow-citizens, this subterfuge ls tc
transparent. The credit of the State has bee
kept up by the promptness with which ot
people have paid the enormous taxatlo
wrung from them by this Governor and h
Ring. He bas kept np the credit of the Stat
also by concealing the truth from the world
and it rests to-day upon an artificial, unnatt
ral basis, and will collapse as soon as the tra
condition of affairs is known. It ls the cred!
of a gambler, which has been bolstered up b
false pretences, and ceases as soon as his fund
are exhausted, no one having any confldenc
in his integrity.
2d. I charge that he has Infested this Stat
with paid spies from abroad, reeking with ha
tred of our people, and established a system a
espionage dangerous to public liberty and fre
j Institutions. That he pays these spies wltl
your money, under the pretence that they an
peace officers, when they are simply his pol I ti
cal partisans, and engaged In stirring up strlfl
among the people.
Specification: This charge ls not denied, bu
these spies, for the purpose of deceiving th?
world, are called "Constabulary," whlcl
means, in this Slate, political partisans ant
fletectives for Governor Scott, employed b
him at the public expense to perpetuate hli
power, and to look alter his interests. It li
claimed that they are "appointed and pale
strictly according to law." Ot course. HlPlor
is crowded with instances of the direst oppres
slons and wrongs inflicted under the forms o
law. Is there auy provision in the law au
thorizlng the force, which compels bis Excel
lency to appoint and pay this band of faction
Ists $31,492 2L; to Impose this unnecessary ex
pense upon a people already burdened wltl
poverty, debt and taxation ? Could not th?
sherill's and their deputies and constables, th*
regularly constituted officers to execute th?
iaw, have made every arrest claimed to hav<
been made by these detectives, and have dis
charged every duty, except, perhaps, that o
eaves-dropping and hanging about the pre ml
ses of honest men at night to catch up som*
pretext for the exercise of their detestaba
Where and when has there been an Instanc*
of resistance to the regular processes of th(
law ? Where and when has there been tba
violation of law or disturbance of the peac<
which ines leriffs and their posse could not have
overcoine.or which Justifies this pretended con
stabulary yoree ? Where and when has a singh
Ku-Klux (for whose special benefit this foret
pretends to have been organized) been arrest?
ed, tried or convicted ? Either the Ku-Klux
have not existed except In the guilty Imagina?
tion ot bis Excellency, or the constabulary
have not done their duty. Why have they not
arrested them ? Why have they not appre?
hended the incendiaries who night after night
have made the heavens bright with the flames
ol their unholy torches-with the destruction
of gin-house alter gin-house ? Not one effort
did these protectors of the citizens and their
property make to arrest or punish the crimi?
nals. The reason is obvious. The ma?
jority ot this force was and ls com?
posed of Sherman's bummers, wbo had
revelled In incendiarism, and It rejoiced
their villanous souls to witness the destruc?
tion of the property of our people, hoping to
excite our animosity to the colored people and
bring on a war of races, and thereby afford an
excuse for their continuance. I can point to
a half dozen gin-houses, some of them filled
with cotton, destroyed oy incendiaries In the
County of Eilgeiield alone, the property of our
most peaceable and conservative citizens; and
although there has been from six to twenty of
this loree constantly at the courthouse, I have
yet to learn ot one single effort being made to
arrest the Incendiaries. Why ls this? Will
Governor Scott answer ?
4th- Icharge thatho has. attempted to de?
moralize the public virtue and prostitute the
public morals by introducing into his house,
as Governor of South Carolina, persous ol'ill
fame, he knowing them to be such, thereby
offering a reward for prostitution. With Gov?
ernor Scott's private immoralities I have noth?
ing to do. I make nocharges against lils private
character, knowing nothing of it. He may be
as dissolute as a Borgia, and as venal as
Charles, in private, and 1 have no right to In?
quire Into lt; but when he flaunts depravity in
the face of the people of South Carolina, as
Governor of South Carolina, under the sanc?
tion of his official position, this becomes a sub?
ject of legitimate comment, and he should be
held to a strict account for this as for any
other dereliction In office. As such, I claim
that lt Is not only my prlvelege, but my duty
to call attention to lt. The Information upon
which this charge Is based was derived indi?
rectly from Northern people stopping in the
City of Columbia, who complained that Gov?
ernor Scott had forced them In contact with
Eersons of bad character, by having them al
ls receptions. Governor Scott knows whether
any such persons have attended his receptions.
And it yea. he kno wathe motive which In?
duced him to have them there, whether asa
deliberate insult to the people of this Stater or
Tor the gratification of some- morbid'finer
which he may entertain of the social equably
of all persons without regard-to previous
character. If nay, thea lils Irlends have ?ooo
him great Injustice. ' . . -
[At thia.poInt, there was so much Interrup?
tion that the police Interfered, and arrested
the noisiest ot the leaguers. Sheriff Mackey
swung on to the most turbnlent of tiidenir.
and handed him over to the care of the police.
This officer behaved with equal proprtetv atti
plUCk.] K tr J
6th. I charge that he has connived at, If hs
Is not implicated in, the murder of oltlzea3 0f
South Carolina for political effect. The facts
can be stated, and let the public render a ver?
B. F. Randolph, a colored Radical senator
from Orangeburg, was killed at Hodge's Depot
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, a short
time previous 'to the Presidential election.
The Radical leaders had not had "an^outragf
for some time. This one was consequently
seized upon with avidity, and the "loyal hear?
was fired with indignation, and the "loyal
voters" were excltedto a proper pitch for tbs
approaching election. Governor Scott and Us
friends spread the report far ana wide that
Randolph had been murdered by the bloody
Ku-Klux for political opinion sake, and
"curses loud and deep," vengeance wolca,
knew no bounds, were vented against them.
One example would be enough to strike terror
into the clan-such would be the horrors of
the punishment lor this bloody outrage. -
One example was furnished. The murderer
went In pfopriaperson? to Governor Scott and
confessed the .bloody deed. Governor.Scott,
confined bim in the penitentiary without evett
the form bf a trial or sentence. He procured
a confession which, It was supposed, Implicat?
ed several prominent citizens. The confession
was published and used to carry the election,
and the murderer .was. allowed to escape and
go at large In the neighborhood of his ho ma
tor some time. The citizens of the surround?
ing country began to murmur at this flagrant
conduct of his. Excellency. Public Indignation
was beginning to ' be heard, whereupon his
Excellency offered what was supposed to be a
bogus reward of $10.000 for the arrest of tbs
murderer. Some of his henchmen were dis?
patched to arrest him. They sought the crim?
inal In the night time, aird Instead of securing
him as a witness against the Ku-Klux, he was
shot to death, and bis Ups sealed forever.
Now why was the. murderer not tried and
sentenced ? Why, and by what authority,
was"he committed to the penitentiary before
trial and sentence ? Why was he allowed to
escape after having committed so heinous a
crime, being, as was alleged, the repository Of
such valuable testimony and willing to divulge
It ? Why woe he not arrested earlier and be?
fore the public demanded it ? And why waa
he killed rather than arrested.? Did he pos?
sess any Information which would Impl?cita
Governor Scott in the murder of Randolph and
others for political effect ? The testimony of
the murderer might have broken up the SU?
KI ux, if they had existed. Here was a long
wished for development. Why was lt not pre?
served ? It might havo saved the lives of.
others, or perhaps, as Governor Scott had Us
heart set on carrying the State Radical, it
might have Implicated him In certain ugly
crimes to effect lt. Who knows ? The mur?
derer cannot speak. .Governor Scott can.
Let's hear an explanation from him of this
mysterious transaction. -
A similar attempt to murder innocent color?
ed men has been made In 1870 tor political
effect, but fortunately for them, the Infamous
plan was discovered by white citizens In tims
to prevent lt
6. I charge that he has violated the law of
bis own creation, the creation of his' own
party, Innot requiring the land commission?
er to make a report of his operations, and has
-defraudedthe State ol large sums of money,
by converting to bis own use money appro?
priated to buy "homes for the homeless'1 andi
"lands for the landless."
On this point I have always noticed, In my
travels throughout the State, that the Radical
speakers always reserved the land commission
until the last, and generally wind up their
speeches by saying that, If they only hau time,
they could tell you all about lt. But I have'
never yet Been one of them who had either
the time or the inclination to do so.
Here is a man clothed with almost
dictatorial powers, with $700,000 to be
spent through a lana commissioner. Although
one ot an advisory board, he pretends, how?
ever, that be had no power to control tba
I commissioner. And wno was he' A man
named Leslie, from New York. The money
I was put Into his hands, and when, In his an
I nual message, Governor Scott had occasion to
review the operations of the State Govern?
ment, he touched upon every subject under
Heaven, even to the business of the State
housekeeper, but all that he could say con?
cerning Leslie and his commission wits that
he baa bought 45,000 acres of land. Some
of the senators subsequently called on Leslie
for a detailed report, but Leslie told them that
he knew enough about the land commission to
send them and Governor Scott to the peniten?
tiary, and they had better not "crowd the mon?
key." Well, If you remember, they did'nf;
"crowd the monkey." [Laughter.] But they
did the next best thing. They went to Leslie
and asked what he would charge to get out of
his place. His reply was : Ii you put Ina ne?
gro I shall charge you a big price. Bat If you
are going to put in a white man I shall not
charge you anything. Subsequently the Gov?
ernor appointed DeLarge, but when DeLarge
took possession of the office he found .that
every dollar of the money was gone.
General Butler, amid many interruptions,
continued his comments upon various subjects
connected with his charges against Governor
Scott; explained to the colored people present
the meaning and character o? the Reform
movement; answering in a good-natured way
the many questions put to bim by persons bi
the crowd, and closed his speech with thc fol?
lowing remarks :
It has been said that the people of Charles?
ton are apathetic and uot fully up to tue de?
mands of the hour. But I do not believe lt. -
on the contrary, I feel assurred that when tho
hour arrives the people of this glorious old
city will rise In their manhood and, catching
that breeze which comes Geom the mountains,
send back all Its ai'n^y influences as a wel?
come to the noble citizens of the upper por?
tions ol the State. Tell me that those around
whose history cluster so many associations of
wealth, patriotism and manhood, are lag.
gards when everything ls at stake thu
honorable and good and grand, while vam?
pires are feasting on our vitals, and robbers
are plundering their city and State ! Tell ma
that the citizens of Charleston can sit with
folded hands and look idly -on while such Ini?
quity ls In progress ! No ! No! No ! [Cries of
No ! No ! from the entire audience.] In Heav?
en's name, No ! The manhood of the country will
not permit it. I believe they will come up, give
their time and money, and repudiate and repel
the accusation which has been made, and sa
prove to the world that they are as strongly
identified with this movement as with any
other that has ever stirred the hearts of the
community. The wLole State ls lu danger,
and I appeal to every honest man to work a
little, to spend a little, to make one long pull,
strong pull, and a pull altogether, to lift our
old commonwealth up, and move her forward
towards that grand destiny which ls In store,
REMARKS OF COLONEL RUTLEDGE.
Colonel B. H. Rutledge being next intro
ducod, made one of those happy, telling and
convincing speeches for which he has become
renowned durlngsShe present campaign. The
style of Colonel Rutledge ls peculiarly fasci?
nating, aud it was observable that his speech
had but few Interruptions, and evidently struck:
the key-note of the sympathies ol bis hearers.
The lateness of the hour, flt being midnight
I when the meeting adjourned,) precludes a full
report of his remarks.
The Hon. M. P. O'Connor was next intro?
duced, and, with characteristic fervor, spoke
I REMARKS OP HON. M. P. O'CONNOR.
My FeUoio-cittzens-We are preparing for
the most Important election that may ever
occur In the history of South Carolina. The
success of our cause will be Che inauguration
of harmony between the different classes of
our comm.mity-the ipiuslon of new vigor
into the nation's life-give a fresh start to fte
tolling masses, and guarantee the blessings of
peace in the pursuits of honest industry. Ifs
disaster will prolong the evils under which we
suffer, scatter wider and more broadcast the
seeds of immorality, crush the hopes o? tba
risin" millions, and postpone indefinitely the
day of our redemption. We are In the crisis
of our destiny. The signal bells ot alarm and
[Continued on Fourth Page.]