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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR. THE TROUBLES Di FRANCE. A 53TAZL-SIZED WAE IS THE CITT OF PARIS. The Insurgents at Montmartre Block? aded-The Germans In France-A Threat of Re-occnpatlon-The New French Loan-Imperial Compliments -The Black Sea Question, &c. PARTS, March 17. The membere of the National Guard have been invited to call at the American legation to receive each five francs In money, or a pound ol tobacco, from the subscriptions? made In America for the relief of the sufferers In France. A meeting of the officers and subalterns of the National Guard of Montmartre has been summoned for the purpose of signing an ad? dress resolving on the election, of their own chief In the person of Menotti Garibaldi. Non signers are denounced as traitors, but as yet there are few signatures. Rentes are to be bought up extenrirely by the government, with a view of susi sining the cr?ent of the nation In view of a new loan. General Palladinea, In citizens' dress, yester? day iaspected the cannon held by the Mont? martre insurgents. The merchants of Paris are signing a protest against the law in relation to commercial bills. The journals unanimously deprecate the ex? hibition of any violence towards the Germans returning to their business and, residences in Paris, but urge their social exclusion. The Prussians are still charged with depredating upon the inhabitants, and reprisals urged. The D?bats says : "Before we can forget that the Germans are enemies., we must cease to And them thieves. Il after their extortions they cannot comprehend they ought not to return to France, we have a right to stretch a cordon which will exclude them from French socie? ty." The other papers talk ia a similar strain, saying there can be no friendship whilst he Germans are in France. General Ulrich will be a candidate for the Assembly at the ensuing election, to fill one ot the vacancies from Puris. There are one hun? dred vacancies in the Assembly, mostly from Alsace and Lorraine. The Assembly has appointed a committee of forty-five to report upon the state ef the in? vaded departments. The mayors of the?arron dlssements are required to state all the costs incurred, and specify all the outrages commit- j ted by the Germans, and to describe the re . source.? remaining at their disposal, and the prospects of a harvet-t. * - PARIS, March^l8. ^venteen of the Parisian deputies to the National Assembly have resolved upon a fresh appeal to the Montmartre Insurgents for moderation, and insist upon the surrender of cannon in their po:;es.?ion to the authorities. The National Guard have transported filly-six cannon from Place .de Vosges to Belleville to prevent their seizure. The Montmartreists have greatly increased their vigilance in pre? paration for decisive measures expected from ^Jhe authorities. The rappel was beaten Jn several quarters this morning. A new French loan, which will probably bear interest at five per cent., and be redeem? able at a fixed time, will be submitted to the National Assembly on Tuesday next. The mortality is rapidly decreasing in Paris. A dispatch from Rouen says the German official paper there ceased publication to-day. Instructions have been forwarded to the Mayor ol Rouen thai; eighteen thousand French citizens shall to-morrow pass over to the lett bank of the Seine. General Fron, with three hundred men, has blockaded Montmartre. Several officers have been taken prisoners. A large crowd of the National Guard surrounded him. Armed sol? diers of the lice fraternize in the streets with the people, who are out in great numbers, and shout "Fiue la R?publique !" A Dire Threat. BERUS, March 18. The Cross Gazette, semi-official organ, says if Hie French persecute returning Germans the^ Prussians must reoccupy the environs ol Paris, and possibly the eity. Honor to th? Fjrench Republic. . . VIENNA, March J 7. A programme for a celebration m honer or the liberation of France from the Prussians l-as been arranged by a committee o? citizens of Gratz, the capital of Styrla. The proposition is not yet sanctioned by the Governor of Styria. Imperial Compliments. . ST. PETERSBORG, March 17. The Invalide Russe publishes a letter recent? ly sent to the Czar by the Emperor William, who says : ':To:day, at the review near Paris, I remembered our united armies approaching Paris after hard fighting under the Emperor Alexander and the King of Prussia..* The let? ter also expresses the pleasure of his Majesty at the acceptance by the Czar of the colonelcy of the first Prussian Guards. A message of congratulation has been sent by the Czar to the Emperor William. The Black Sea Question. ST. PHTERSBCRG, March IC. The Amtblatt has the following remarks upon the decision ol the Black Sea Confer efl ca at London : "NqtwithRtanding newspaper In? vectives, the powers have interpreted the let? ter of Prince Gortscliakoff as reasonable and upright, as not a challenge and not treachery. The result o? the conference, ip.volyiug no un? jnst sacrifices and disturbing no rights, re? moves distrust and pledges peace." M i se ella n tous. : LONDON, March 18. Eugenie is still awaiting the Emperor's ar? rival at Dover. The protocol of the Black Sea conference has been concluded and signed by seven powers. Its general features are concilia? tory.' A special correspondent of the Daily News, at Lille, telegraphs tba: many manufacturers In Alsace and Lorraine Intend removing to that city and Lyons. The House of Lords has passed to a second reading the bill for the abolition of university teste. The Cambridge and Oxford boat crews are now practicing dally on the Thames, prepara? tory to the great race appointed for the first ot April. The Frenohsporting paper, Le Sport, has re? appeared in Paris, and discusses prospective races. _ _ -The Keowee Courier says : "The Circuit Court IB now in session, Judge Orr presiding. Three cases m the Sessions have been tried, and one or two continued. One of the cases the killing of a negro boy by another-was of ? a serious nature. The killing was irom care? lessness in firing a gun, and the Jury brought In a verdict of manslaughter. Court will ad? journ during this week." -The dwelling of Mr. J. F. Brock, near Jack's Creek, in Clarendon, was entirely con? sumed by fire last week. lt ^as the result ol aridest. THE STEVENS MURDER IN UNION. Conviction and Sentence of tue Mur? derers-Charge of Judge Thomas. The Union Times publishes a synopsis of the evidence adduced on the trial of Henry Can? non, Taylor Palmer and Fred Green, negroes, indicted for .the murder of George M. Stevens, in Union, on the 31st of December last. The circumstances connected with this diabolical outrage have been published In full, and the main points only need to be recapitulated in order to relresh the memory. Mr. Stevens was a drayman, and was conveying a barrel of whiskey to the house of a neighbor, when he was stopped by a militia company of about twenty negroes, under orders, as lt waa testi? fied by colored men, of June Mobley, a negro member of the Legislature. They demande d drinks, and .Mr. Stevens gave them a flask half full. The negroes ?aid they wanted m?re. Stevens refused, an 1 as he drove on, received a volley of bulle.a. He jumped out, was knocked down and shot to death. The negroes above named were Identified a3 the muri ers, with the exception of Fred. Green, who proved an alibi. They - were ably defended by ex-Judge Munroe, one of the old? est and best lawyers in the State, without fee or reward; but the evidence was conclusive, and in fifteen minutes alter the case was given to the jury, which was composed of six whites and six blacks, a verdict of guilty Was rendered. In passiDg sentence of death upon the mur? derers, Judge Thomas used the following lan? guage: Prisoners-You are the first upon whom it has been my. melancholy duty to pass the sen? tence of death. Before now the Sixth Circuit has enjoyed such an exemption from deadly crime that it might have been said to be at peace with all mankind, foy frequently in other climes it has been my boast that this circuit presented less criminality than auy other ol the same area in the southern States. But you stand before nie to-day convicted of that murder .which has changed this lair prospect into the reign ol* terror which pervades the land, which has caused many of your race to expiate with their lives your guilt, which has shaken our State to its very foundations, and which may yet end In Internecine war. Far be it from me to upbraid you In your fallen condition. But little did you know whon yon went out that, night, that the incendiary torch which you bore would light such a fire a fire which seems unappeasable, and which threatens to consume not only you, but all that surrounds you. By the historian or philoso? pher this might have been anticipated. To place power in'-the hands of the weak and un? skilful has always been dangerous, and resulted In ruin. From the time when the child of the Bun undertook to drive bis lather's chariot in thelt diurnal path, and set the heavens on fire, up to the present, the experiment hus al? ways failed. To have placed guns lu your hands, aud have you, take the law in your hands, was worse than madness. I would sooner have confided them to my children. What did you er your officers know ot their use-of the regulations which goverued arm? ed bodies, and which has grown into a system almost as intricate as the common law'? Or of the serious couseqtiences which have re? sulted in our unevenly balanced social system by their infraction ? But so it ls; yon can look around you upon your distracted country, upon the newly-made graves which dot your county, and upon your own, yawning beloVe you, and say* la your I guilty ignorance, you did lt al). From such a scene as this you need expect no pardon short of Him; who alone will for? give the vilest transgressor. At His feet F be? seech you to cast every coming thought ol' your Hie, in suppliant prayer for your future welfare. And if it be possible, as some (dight recompense for the wrong you have done upon ean h., mingle with these selfish orisons an car nest petition tiiat in your graves all animosi? ties shall be buried-that whe-n in your death the majesty of the law shall be vindicated, that majesty, and with it peace and good order, shall be restored to your unhappy country. The sentence of the court ls that yon be taken lroin the place where you now stand to the common jail of Union County, and there kept until the third Friday in April next, when you shall be taken thence to the place of pub? lic execution lor Union County, and there, be? tween the hours of 12 and 2 P. M-,- bo banged by the neck until you be dead, dead, dead; and may the Lord have mercy upon your souls. COTTON MOVEMENT FOR THE WEEK. NEW YORK, March 19. The cotton movement has been heavy and In'excess* of last year. Although not up to the figures of last week, .the receipts are over 34,000 bales less than last week, but still very large fer the season, and Indicate a crop ot over 4j000,000 of bales. The receints at all the ports lor the week were 102,484 bales, against 130,533 last week, 12G,935 the previous week, and 136,661 bales three weeks since. The total receipts since September have been 3,153,51" bales, against 2,303,872 for the corresponding period In the previous year, showing au In? crease of 840,645 inluvorof the present season. The exports from all *he ports lor the week are 103,500 b?les, against 04,897 for the Same week lafet year. The total exports for the expired portion ol* tile cotton ye ir have been 2,070,327 bales, ngainsc 1,402,940 bales for the same time last year. The stock at all tho ports ls 644,SS2 bales, against 409,197 bales for the same time last year. Slocks at the Interior towns ure 10,750 bales, against 90,899 bales last year. The stock in Liverpool is 804J)00 bales, against 295,000 bales last your. The amount of Amer? ican cotton afloat for Great Britain is 332,000 bales, against 320,000 bales last year. The amount of India cotton afloat for Europe is 167,000 bales, against 129,734 last year. The weather South during the week lias been gen? erally warm, with less ruin. In some"quarters high waler interfered witn the movements of cotton. . " * -A New York Herald correspondent has just Interviewed Senator- Sumner, who ex I pressed himself very Ireely on the San Domin? go matter and hi3 own removal.* On the ; former point, he declared the conduct of the Administration in this whole business a gross usurpation ot the war power, and a shameless violation of the constitution. '"Grant has done this. He has been makiug war lor the month past without a shadow of considera? tion for the legislative authority. He has con? sequently been Inlracting the constitution in the gravest maimer, and his conduct is totally indefensible. He doesn't know anything, sir. I dou't accuse him of any knowledge what? ever. He is not a man capable ol understand? ing principles, or M grasping any tiling In a comprehensive view. He does not under? stand the primary elements ol' the const itu Uonalr'equirements for war. All lie knows is how to execute. Put him on a horse, and he'll blunder along somehow in the field. There's where lils avocation ends." -An encouraging meeting of the merchants and citizens ol Darlington was held on the 8th Inst., In the courthouse, tor the purpose of aiding the Darlington Agricultural Society iu making preparations for the county fair, which will be held on the 4th and 5th of Oc? tober next. -The Union Times says W. F. M. Williams has been appointed amlltor of that county. We cannot think that Williams will accept tlils appointment, knowiog, as he does, that he is not the choice of one sut of every hundred taxpayers lu the county. AS OTHERS SEE US! OUR COSGO LEGISLATURE. Sketches of Men and Measures In South Carolina, as Viewed by a Northern Man. A correspondent of the New York World writes irom Columbia, describing the last hours of our General Assembly: Looking In upon the House upon one occa? sion every sofa assigned to visitors admitted to the floor was occupied by women, all of whom, with three exceptions, were blacks, and all of whom, with no exception, were well-known courtezans. -Judging by the at-, tenticn paid to these "ladies" by the members, lt wa; evident that "no discrimination on ac? count of race, color, or previous (or present) condition" would be tolerated here. In tbe-lob by were stands for the sale of oysters and other refre?-limen ts. including liquors of all kinds, and about a hundred negroes we?p there con? gregated, smoking, drinking, eating, and smell ng loud enough to collapse in ten min? utes (be- stomach of any man not thoroughly acclimated. A drunken uproar, which I will not attempt to describe, was under full head? way lu the House, and a drunken uproar was nader full headway In the lobby. The most shocking profanity, the most lascivious and indec-eni conduct, the most -acrid, wild odom, the most diabolical expressions of pas? sion of wlilch-the worst ol faces are capable all these gave a lurid, fetid, revolting charac? ter to the scepe. In the midst of it all the "business" went on. A half-drunken member, with the real old plantation dialect, moved that $160 be paid to some man who had-re? paired the clock. The motion was curried by acclamation. Another moved that a present of $1000 be given the speaker, andthls war, in like manner, carried in the midst of yells which would have done no discredit to pande? monium. And so were numberless other sums votcil recklessly away, in the midst ol cries which plainly indicated how liberal some peo? ple can be in voting away other people's money. How far these gentry succeed in feathering their nests at the expense o? this ruined Com? monwealth may to some extent be realized by a few figures. The speaker of the House, (Motes.) receives his $0 per diem every ses? sion, and this session includes four montlfB. Belore adjournment, $1000 are voted him as a present, extra, all from the State treasury. He is aho adjutant-general, and as such receives a salary of $2500, with $1000 more as a contin? gent fund, and $21.000 more for expenses (?) of the militia. He also was allowed $91,000 Xo buy furniture for the hall, and $00,000 to buy arms, Ac, for the blacks, bliese are the flcr 11 res which the records show, and besides all this there ls a wide margin for perquisites and shal es in railroad, bond and other speculations in which the credit ot the Slate is used ad lib? itum. Grantund the Dents are admirably imi? tated, thusly: The speaker'? father is the'ehief Justice, with a salary of $4000, and a contfngent Tiind in his hands ot $5800, besides much other "monlsh" which are not tabulated. The speak? er's father-in-law has $1500 fur one office and I $10110 for another. The speaker's uncle, (still Mo; es.) ls circuit judge, with a salary ol $3600; and then follows a small army of the speaker's kin who have what to them seems a liberal share of the pickings. So muth for one nest, ann a like exhibit could be shown of the others. To meet all this demand for plunder, the taxes must be and are enormous. A gentle? man has Just been Introduced to me who own3 a taiga tract of very poor and unimproved pine land, utterly worthless, and unsalable at pres-1 ent, and which the Radical assessors have val-1 ned at six dollars an acre. As he bas lost al- I most everything, he told them he could not pay Siroo taxes, but offered them land enough at Its assessed value lo make that amount. They said they were willing to take the land, but wonk] not allow him more than seventy-five cents per acre, as that was all lt was worth. Tba very men who assess his land at six dol? lars, and require and will compel him to pay laxes on it at that valuation, are unwilling to receive lt us taxes at more than seventy-five cents per acre. This gentleman stands de- j serventy high among the best men In the State, anil his case ls only introduced us a specimen of the way such malters are now managed here. There ls no doubt that, these outrage ou i wrongs are driving the white population tb the verge of distraction. The State is utterly, unable to meet thu demands of the robber crew, and the remorseless cormorants are I snatching-the last crumb of bread from the poor widows and orphans who lie helpless at I their feet. O men and women of the North ! ye who read this in your happy homes, still I free, protected and blest, think of those with faces as lair as your own, and hearts as pure, I ground in fhe dust and writhing under ton urea I in which only savages delight, and ail this with the approval .of a great and enlightened J government claiming to be the friend and refuge ol the oppressed. Awl the saints prey upon each oilier. Not only here Is every office a grand shaving machine, and every movement and operation a shave ot high or low degree, but all through I the State the same thing is being done. A Juror serves two weeks at $1 50 per diem and I gets his ticket calling for $18. He presents I tills to the county treasurer, who says "no I money," bin offers finally to "advance," and take his ticket at $10, or even less. And this Ia cpnstantly done. Persons working on roads I or bridges are paid in orders from tue county commissioners or the treasurer, who, of I course, has no money, but oashes the orders I out of lils private funds, at fiity per cent, dis- j count, lt ls easy to see to whose benefit alU lids inures, and the persons so fleeced arW mostly negroes, by whose votes these very "shavers'5 were placed in office. The State in the hands of this Radical crew has become the j honest, white man's purgatory, and the El Dorado lor swindlers and rogues. Three hundred thousand dollars were amply iuiiiicient before the war for all the ordinary I expenses bf the Slate government for twelve months. Now a single session of the Legisla? ture, the one just closed, costs $180,000, the I sum which this body unblushingly voted lor its own. benefit in three appropriation bills. The first was for $125.000. passed just belore the Christmas recess lor their holiday frolics. I The second, after the recesa, was for $135.000, and the last was, as already suite.i, for ?265, 000, aggregating "nearly haifa mllllon'of dol? lars Imposed on an impoverished and down? trodden people as the price ol a single session ul ihe Legislature, whose only mission has I been to misrepresent the people and to waste' the public treasury" without any regard for the I publicgood. And, as to the millions In bonds, Ac, it is a fact that the whole monstrous iniquity is so covered up that the people of the j State cannot ascertain the amount of such debt, who holds the bonds, or what has be -n done with the money raised by their hypothe? cs ion. I need scarcely add that all this amounts to a practical confiscation ot the property of the taxpayers, and solely for the benefit of a set ol' sharpers deserving the halter. Why don't the I President and lils parly, who are really re Bi onsible Ipr supporting these robbers, take I the State from (hem and give it to honest men at the North, who might ruu the government with some little referenceto the development I ol the State's resources, the education of the masses, the encouragement of industry, and the punishment of crime t To call i his a State in any such sense as that word was once un? derstood is to indulge in a transparent satire. It is nothing but a scope ol country from which ali the essential features of civil liberty and representative government, have been obliterated by a well organized band of rogues and ruffians, who equal if they do not surpass In depravity any gang which a British ship ever carried to Botany Bay Old England sends such forth as convicts; New England sends them here as rulers. I am satisfied the taxpayers of the State would accept, as a relief a purely military gov? ernment under the control of'oificers ol' the regular army, rather than re mai u under the tyranny of savages who are last making un Ashantee of what, under an honest rule, would be a prosperous Slate. And 1 will only add. in conclusion, that the negroes, as a mass, are not to blame lor the wretched condition of this State. They would readily harmonize willi the white people, as the whites would willi llietn, if it was not for the Radioal leaders who, for their own bad purposes, use every effort to inflame their passions and to make them believe that they have more use for tue musket limn for the shovel and the hoe. A Bordeaux correspondent states that Henri Rocuefort is suffering from consumption, that his lungs have bean affected lor years, and that he cannot in the nature of things live long. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. WASHINGTON, March 18. *In the Senate, the committee on election re? ported in favor of Hamilton, of Texas, and will consider other cases Monday. This de? feats the claim ol' General Reynolds to the seat The admission ol Hamilton turned upon the point "that Hamilton was elected upon the day,and by a Legislature designated by Federal law. The opponents of Blodgett claim that his election is faulty in both respects. Hamilton was called In open Senate, and would have been seated had he been present. Governor Alcorn, ol Mississippi, telegraphs the Congressional delegation of that State for ample authority to punish outrages on the northeastern border. In the Senate, Sherman's resolution instruct? ing the Judiciary committee to report the Ku Klux bill was discussed all day." Sherman, supporting his resolution, said in eleven Southern States the public condition was one of unparalleled horror and anarchy. Da? vis, Stephenson, Johnson and Lewis spoke. Lewis said Virginia was as peaceful as any State In the Union. He denied the existence of Ku-Khvx organizations there. Johnson supported his colleague. Sher? man replied that he could substantiate the as? sertions of the preamble to the resolution, which asserts, in effect, the subversion by armed, disguised and lawless me^ mainly soldiers of the late rebel armies, o? all civil authority In large parts of the late Insurrec? tionary States; that persons and property are unsafe, the rights of citizens denied, and the courts powerless (by organized perjury) to punish crime. Sherman went on to give an epitome of the evidence eliolted by the out r ige committee. Bayard speaks Monday. It is thought in shrewd-circles that the Ku-' Klux movement is merely a vehicle to detain Congress until tho Dominican commissioners return. Total subscription to the new loan, $10,000, 000. WASHINGTON, March 19. General Strum, of Indianapolis, will "be ap I pointed supervising inspector of steamboats. The latest Mexican advices Indicate eleven j majority against Juarez In the organization ol j the extra session ot Congress. The Southern Democratic members of Con? gress held a caucus, but took no action. They will await the action of the general caucus of the party. . - A bill has been prepared at the Instance of the revenue commissioner, and will be intro-1 duced on Monday, authorizing him to employ a police loree when necessary for the collec? tion ol revenue. The bill appropriates a mil? lion of dollars. . _ THE STATE OF THE WEATHER. WASHINGTON, March 19. J The low barometer of Saturday evening on the south Atlantic coast has moved eastward into the ocean with brisk winds. Clearing up weather has prevailed there ?Turing the day. A comparatively high barometer, with pretty clear weather, has generally prevailed east-of the lower Mississippi and the lower lakes. An area of low barometer, which was Indicated by the reports received late last eyenlng, west of I Missouri, has developed into a storm in that re? gion. The barometer ls now falling rapidly from Lake Michigan to Arkansas and to Minnesota, with heavy snow in the latter State. The tem? perature has risen very rapidly from Indiana to Alabama. Fresh and gentle breezes have been generally experienced to-day, occasion- I ally Increased to brisk winds on the lakes. I Probabilities : Fair weather is indicated for Monday on the Atlantic Coast; cloudy weather on thc Gulf and lakes, with-brisk winds. -The grand aud- petit juries of the Albany County District Court, Wyoming, this term,*j as at the term previous, Is composed of equal proportions of men and women. The judge took occasion to compliment, ia the highest terme, the intelligence, discrimination, hon- j esty and propriety of conduct with which the j women acquitted themselves last session, say- j lng they had gone far to vindicate the policy, Justify the experiment, and realize the ex- j pectatlons of those who had clothed them-1 selves with the right. The bar, the bench, and J the intelligent men of the country had long I (elt that something was needed to improve I and Justify our jury system; something to lift I it above prejudice and passion, and imbue it ? with a higher regard for law, Justice, oath and conscience. The court would assure them the fullest protection against everything gpliich might offend the most relined, modest j and educated women in any walks of life; and would punish severely any attempt to throw ridicule or contumely upon them*. -St. Crispin never had a more Ingenious follower than James A. Hamilton, whose re- J cent espape from a Pennsylvania prison is the most marvelous rogue's work on record.* Hamilton was an old prison bird, and one of t'ue most dangerous convicts in the Lancaster J prison. Assigned to a solitary "iron-clad" j cell he was set to work at shoe making. Some lime ago he complained that his bench was too low, and asked for a couple o? short pine planks to put tinder the legs to raise lt "a I few inches. For weeks he worked under these boards at night, cutting a hole through the floor, and lu the day time covered his tracks with the boards. Having cut through the flooring he reached solid masonry, and worked upon that with such success that, J eventually, enough was removed to admit the .passage of his body. Having cleared the mason work of a space a foot thick, and about three feet broad, he attacked the solid prison wall irom hts narrow crevice I under the floor, and although it was three feet thick he made a breach, and passed safely through, and-let himself down two stories by a very thin but exceedingly stout shoe thread. Breaking into the wash? house and carpenter shop, lie procured a j change of clothes and lumber to construct a J ladder with which to pass over the jail yard* wall. This ladder is a model of ingenuity. None ol the lumber was stoiH enough to make the sides, so ho lashed several slender pieces together wjth bed cord, and tied broken barrel staves across lor rounds^ Witk this the pris- j oner found his way to freedom. Early Sun? day morning Iiis flight was discovered. In his j cell fully a cartload of debris was found care? fully stored under his bed, the slats ol' which were cut in half and bored at regular distances to make a ladder, which, however, he had beeu unable to get through the peculiarly shaped hoic by which he had escaped. -The Masonic Lodge, at Camden, has a new hall, neatly and comfortably furnished. -The Camden Journal contains-an account ol the robbery of the store of Mr. F. Goss, on Friday night, a week ugo. The thief has been arrested. * -A colored man, named Alien McMahon, last Tuesday, was killed by the caving in ol the sides of a well that he was cleaning out on Captain VV. C. Dunn's premises, m Union County. Allen is represented us a man of ex? cellent character, and much respected. ZAWS OE THE STATE. Acta and Joint Resolutions, Passed by the General Assembly of South Carolina, Session of iS70-'7i. [OFFICIAL.] Av ACT to regulate tbe manner of- drawing juries. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by tbe Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, now met and sitting in General As? sembly, and by the authority of the same : All persons who are-qualifled to vote in the choice of representatives in the General As? sembly shall be liable to be drawn and serve as jurors, except as liereafter provided. SEC. 2. The following persons shall be ex exempt from serving as Jurors, to wit : The Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, attorney general, comptroller-general, State auditor, State treasurer, secretary of State, superin? tendent of education, commissioner of agri? cultural statistics, members and officers of the Senate and House of Representatives during the session of the General Assembly, members of the Senate and House of Representatives o? the United States, Judges and Justices of any court, county commissioners, county audi? tors and treasurers, clerks of courts, registers of mesne conveyances, sheriffs and their deputies, coroners, constables, the marshals of the United .States and their deputies, and all other officers of-the Uni? ted States, counsellors and attorneys at law, ordained ministers of the gospel, officers of colleges, preceptors ?nd teachers of acade? mies,- practicing physicians, and surgeons regularly licensed, cashiers and tellers of in? corporated banks, editors of newspapers, con? stant ferrymen, millers carrying on that busi? ness at the time, and all men actually em? ployed as such; such officers and employ?es of railroads as are now exempt by law, and persons who are more than sixty-five years old. SEC. 3. Ko person shall be liable to be drawn and servo as a juror lu any court oftener than once in every year, but he shall not be so ex? empt unless he actually attends and serves aa a Juror in pursuance, of the draft: Provided, No person shall be exempt from serving on a jury in any other court in consequence of his having served before a justice of the peace or a trial Justice. SEC. 4. That there shall be appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate one officer for each county in the State, to be named and designated a Jury commissioner, who, with the county auditor and chairman of the board of county commissioners, shall con? stitute a board of county commissioners for the county; said jury commissioner shall hold bis office for two years, unless sooner discharged by the Governor. SEC. 5. The board of jury commissioners of each county shall, once m every year during the month of January, and for the present year within one month after the passage of this act, prepare a Hst of such Inhabitants In their respective counties, not absolutely ex? empt, as they may think well qualified to serve as Jurors, being persons of good moral char? acter, of sound Judgment, and free from all legal exceptions, winch list shall include not less titan one from every twenty voters, nor more than one from every ten voters of their respective counties. SKC. C. Of the list so prepared, the board of jury commissioners shall cause the names to be written, each one on a separate paper or ballot, and shall fold up said pieces or paper or ballots so as to resemble each o.her as much as possible, and so the name written thereon shall not be visible on the outside, and shall place them in a box, to be furnished them by the county commissioners of their county for that purpose, and by said board df Jury commissioners to be kept. SEC. 7. If any person whotfe name "Is so placed in said jury-box Is convicted of any scandalous crime, or la guilty of any gross Im? morality, his name shall be withdrawn there-, from by the board of Jury commissioners, and he shall not be returned as a Juror. ?SEC. 8. The clerk of the Court of Common Pleas In each county, at least fifteen days be? fore the commencement of any regular term of the Court of General Sessions for the coun? ty, and ten days before any special session re? quiring a jury, and In the County of Charleston like periods before the first of each alternate week of the Court of Common Pleas, and at such other times as the-respective courts may order, shall Issue writs of venire facias for Jurors, and shall therein require the at? tendance of Jurors on the first day of the term, and for the Court of Common Pleas for the County of Charleston on thc first and each alternate week thereaf? ter, and such other days a3 *,he courts may or? der. Tlie petit Jurors returned for the Court of General Sessions for Charleston County shall serve for the term, and the jurors returned for the Court of Common Pleas for two weeks; the jurors for the-Court of General Sessions for all other counties shall serve for the term, and for the term of the Court of Common Pleas'lmme diately following.. SEC. 0. The venires shall be delivered to the sheriff of the county, and shall be served by him without delay upon the board ol Jury com? missioners of the county. SEC. 10. Nothing contained In the preceding sections shall prevent the clerk of any Court of Common Pleas from Issuing venires for ad? ditional jurors In term time, whenever lt is necessary for the convenient dispatch of busi? ness, In which case the venire Bhall be served and returned, and the Jury required to attend on such days as the court shall direct. SEC. ll. All jurors, whether required to serve on grand or petit Jury, Bhall be selected by drawing ballots from the Jury box, and the persons whose names are borne on the ballots M drawn shall be returned to serve as Jurors. SEC. 12. When Jurors are to be driwn, the board of jury commissioners shall attend at the office ol the clerk ol the Court of Common Pleas, within and for that county, and in the presence of the clerk of the court, and the sheriff of the county, shall shake up the names lu the jury box until they are weil mixed, and having unlocked said box, the said board of jury commissioners, in Lite presence of the clerk of the court and sheriff of the county, shall proceed to draw therefrom, without see? ing the names written thereon, a number of ballots equal to the number of jurors required. Ii a person so drawn Is exempted by law, or is unable, by reason oi sickness or absence from home, to attend as a juror, or if he has served as a Juror in any court within the year then next preceding, his name shall be returned into the box, and another drawn in his stead : Pivvided, That if the clerk and sheriff shall lail to attend, after due notice, the Jury commissioner shall proceed without them, and the Jury so drawn shail be lawful. SEC. 13. Wnen any person is drawn and re? turned to serve as a juror In any court, the boord of jury commissioners shall endo the ballot the date of the draft, and ret Into the "box after the number of Jurors 1 ed have been drawn; and whenever the revision and renewal of the ballots in tnt the board of jory commissioners shall tr to the new ballots the date of all the made within the'year .then next precedii SEC. 14. The time for drawing Jurors not be less than seven nor more than 1 days before the day when the jurors ai quired to attend. SEC. 15. The sheriff Bhall, at least foui before the Ame when the jurors are rec, to attend, summon each person-who ia d by reading to him the venire, with bia em ment thereon of his having been drawn, leaving at his place of abode a written no tion of his having been drawn, and of thc and place of the sitting of the court at i he is to attend, and shall make return o venire, with his doing thereon, to the ole the court, before the opening or time of ing the court, irom which lt issued. SEC. 16. On the day when the Juron summoned to attend at any court, the shall prepare a list of their names arrangi alphabetical order. The first twelve oi list who are not exempt, shall be sworn Impanelled aa a Jury for the trial of cai and shall be called the first Jury. The twelve on the list shall be sworn and im elled in like manner and shall be called aecond Jury. SEC. 17. Supernumerary jurors may bi cused, from time to time, until wanted, may be put on either of the Juries, aa occt requires, in. the place of absentees. Not herein contained shall prevent the tran ring of Jurors from one Jury to another n the convenience of the court or of the Ju require- lt. SEC. 18. Each Jury, after being thus Imp? led, shall retire and choose their foreman shall make such choice upon retiring \ the first cause with which they are char and whenever the foreman ia absent or cused from further service, a new fore shall bc chosen in like manner. SEC. 19. Nothing contained in the precec sections shall apply to the impanelling Juries In criminal cases, but the jurors sha called, sworn and Impanelled anew for trial of each case, according to the establis practice, and their foreman shall be appoir by the court or by lhe Jury when they retir consider their verdict. SEC. 20. When, by reason of challenge, otherwise, or a sufficient number of Jul duly drawn and summoned, cannot* be fained for the trial of any cause, civil or cr) nal, the court shall cause Jurors to be rete ed from the bystanders, or from the cou at Targe, to complete the panel: Provic That there are on the jury not less than adj of.the jurors who were originally drawn i summoned, as before provided. SEC. 21. The Jurors so returned from bystanders, or the county at large, shall returned by the sheriff, whose duty it shall to be present during the entire term of si tt of any court in their respective counties, t Bhall be such as are qualified and liable to drawn as jurors, according to the provisli of this act, SEC. 22. The court shall', on motion ol eltl party in a suit, examine on oath, any per who is called as a juror therein, to kn whether he ia related to either party, or i any interest In the cause, orhas expressed formed any opinion, or is sensible oi any b or prejudice therein, to know whether h? related to either party, or baa expressed formed any opinion, or is sensible of any p or prejudice therein, and the party object! to the Juror may introduc? any other corni tent evidence in support of the objection, lt appears to the court that the Juror is i indifferent m the cause, lie shall be plac aside as to the trial of that cause, and anoth shall be called. SEC. 23. In Indictments and penal actio for the recovery of a sum of money, or otb thing forfeited, it shall not be a cause ot ch ?lenge to a juror, that he is liable to pay tai in any county, city or town, which may benefited by such recovery. SEC. 24. If a party knows of any objection a Juror In season to propose it before the tri and omits to do so, he shall not afterwards allowed to make the some objection, unie by leave of the court. SEC. 25. No Irregularity in any writ of veni facias, or In the drawing, summoning, or ii panelling of Jurors shall be sufficient to G aside a verdict, unless'the party making tl objection was Injured by the Irregularity, i unless the objection was made before the r turning of the verdict. SEC. 26. II either party In a case In which verdict is returned during the same term i the court befqre the trial gives to any of tl jurors who try the cause anything by way treat or yratulty,tbe court may, on the moth oi the adverse party, set aside the verdict, ai award a new trial of the cause. SEC. 27. When a Jury, after due and .tho ough deliberation upon any cause, return In court, without having agreed upon verdict, the court may state anew tl evidence, or any part of it, and expiai to them anew the law applicable to tl , case, and may send them out for further dell eratlon, but if they return a second time wit! I out having agreed upon a verdict, they aha not be sent out again without their own coi Bent, unless they shall ask; from the cou some further explanation of the law. SEC. 27?. That the said jury commissioner! appointed by the Governor, shall receive ft their services three dollars per day lor evej day's actual service In performing the dutlt Imposed by this act; such number of days n< to exceed the number of days the court fe such county shall be in session, together wit five days to complete the lists, and draw tb Jurors; to be paid out of the treasury of the! respective counties. SEC 28. The Jury in any case i?3y. at th request of either party, be taken to view th place or premises In question, or any property matter or thing relating to the controvers, between the parties, when it appears to th' court that such view is necessary tr a just de cisi?n :. Provided, The party making the mo lion advances a -sum sufficient to pay the ac tual expense; of the jury and the officers whi attend them in taking the view, which ex penses shall be afterwards taxed Hke othei legal costs, if the party who advanced then prevails in the snit. SEC. 29. If a person duly drawn and sum moned to attend as a Juror in any court ne gleets to attend without-sufficient excuse; h< shall pay a fine not exceeding twenty dollars which shall be imposed by the court to whicl the juror was summoned, and shall be pale into the county treasury. SEC. 30. When by neglect of any of tht duties required by this actio be performed bj any ol the officers or persons herein men? tioned, the Jurors to be returned from any place are not duly drawn and summoned to at? tend the court, every person guilty of such neglect shall pay a fine not exceeding ono hundred dollars, to be imposed by the same court, to the use of the county In which the offence was committed. SKO. 31. If the board of Jury commissioners shall be-gnllty of fraud, either by practicing ont the jury box previously to a draft, or In draw? ings juror, or In returning into the box the name of any Juror which had been lawfully drawn out, and drawing or substituting another In bis stead, or In any other way in the drawing of Jurors, he shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or be Imprisoned not exceeding two years In tte State penitentiary. SEC. 32. Nothing contained in this act shall effect the power and duty of coroners? Justices of the peace or trial justices, to summon and impanel Jurors, when'authorized by other provisions bi law. . SEC. 33. The clerk of the Court of General Sessions in each county, not less than fifteen* days before the commencement' of the first term ol the court In each year, shall, issue write of venire fac?as in each -county for eighteen grand jurors to be returned to that court, who shall be held to serve at each term thereof throughout the year, and until another grand Juror is Impaneled In their steen. SEO. 34. Grand Jurors shall be'drawn, sum? moned and returned in the sa me manner as Jurors for trials, and when drawn at the same time as jurors for trials, 'the persona whose names are first drayfn, to the number* requir? ed, shall be returned as grand Jurors, and those afterwards drawn, to the number re? quired, shall be jurors for trials. I SEC. 35. In case t>f deficiency of grand Jurors in any court, writs of venire facias may.be Is? sued by the sheriff of the county In which said court ls held, to return forthwith such farther number of grand jurors lrom the bystanders as may be required. SEO. 36. No more than thirty-two persons to serve aa petit Jurors sh ??ll be drawn and sum? moned to attend, at one and the same time, at any court, unless the court shall otherwise order. SEC. 37. That any person who shall here after be arraigned for the crime of murder,. manslaughter, burglary, arson or rape, shall be entitled to all the Incidents of an arraign? ment, and to peremptory challenges, not ex? ceeding twenty, and the State, in such-cases, shall be entitled to peremptory challenges, not exceeding two, in the manner heretofore pre? scribed by law. And any person who shall oe Indicted lor any crime or offence other than * those above enumerated, shall have the right to peremptory challenges of ?ve, and the State, in such cases, shall be entitled to per? emptory challenges not exceeding two. SEC. 38. That, an act entitled "An act te regulate the manner of drawing Juries," ap? proved the 26th day of September, A. D. 1868, and the act entitled "An act to amend an act entitled an act - to regulate the drawing o? ja? rles,*' approved the 23d day of March, 1869, and all other acts, or parts of acts, in any way con? flicting with the provisions of this act be, ind the same is hereby, repealed. SEC. 39. That this act shall take effect, and have the full power of law, from and after its passage. Approved the 10th day of March A. D. 187L, Unsiness (daros. Jr M CC O N KE T, * ~ PAINTER AND PAPER HAN&B-B. No. 102 BROAD STREET, (Davison's Old Stand.) ?av Orders intended for me should be left as above between KINO AND MEETING STREETS. marl4-l7? Q E. L E V Y, *TRIAL JUSTICE, No. 86 BROAD STREET, Office recently occupied hy s. L. Bennett, All Business entrusted to me will be promptly attended to. marll-3moa F fi. D AU EB, No. 399 KING STREET, PIANO TONER AND TEACHER OF VIOLIN, FLUTE AND GUITAR, Respect rn ?ly Informs all muslo loving ipoople that he has always on hand a flue, assortment of VIOLINS, GUITARS, Flutes, Flies, Drnms, Flu Unas, German and French Accord?ons, Muslo Boxes, Strings, seir-blndlng Mnslo Folios, M"?}o Paper and Blank Boots, and over five hundred Songs and Pieces of Hitchcock's five and ten ce ut Music for the Piano. Catalogues gratis. All sorts or MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS RE? PAIRED. Country orders for Plano Toning attended to. feb2-cthpm_. JOSEPH W. HARBiSSON'S, ARTIST'S SUPPLT, PAINT AND OIL STORE, No. 62 QUEEN STBBBT, CHARLESTON, S. .0. Patent Thief Detecting (alarm) MONEY DRAWER. Jan3-mwf6m_- '? Premium Canft gal*. $9^???^_ $95,0(50 LAST CHANCE TO BEE WHAT SS WILL DO .- ? $? Will secure a Share in tho Alleen Premium $5 I -$? Land Sale.Divest $5 $5 Will secure a share as above and a fine Ss $6 Wort or Art to adorn your homes. $6 $5 will secure a share and the Steel Engrav- SS $5 lng, "Marriageor Pocahontas,?...worth $5 $6 .will secure a share and the Steel Engrav- $5 iib lng, "Landing of Columbus, -.worth $5 $6 WU1 secure a share and the Steel Engrav- $5 $6 lng, "The Day we Celebrate,".worth $5 $5 wm secure a share and the beautiful $s . $5 Chromo, "American Autumn,"-worth $6 *$5 Will secure to some shareholder the Der- 16 $5 by Mansion and 25 acres of Vineyard and SS S5 Orchard, Yalued at $25,000. $5 SS Will secure to some shareholder "Rose- SS $6 ville Farm," 160 acr?.3. ' $5 valued at $10,000.invest $5 Will secure to some shareholder "om? is house Farm," 166-acres. $6 $6 valued ac $6000.invest- $5 $6 'Will secure to some s.iaretiolder who in- $6 $5 vests, a Peach Orchard, valued at $3600 $5 $5 Will secure to sonfe shareholder a vine- $6 $5 yard and Peach Orchard. $5 $6 valued at $3000.Invest . $6 $6 Will secure to some shareholder a fine $S ts Villa site, With Cottage, Garden, Ac, is $6 valued at $2600.invest $6 $6 Will secure to 83 other shareholders val- SS $5 uable properties, ranging in value from $5 $6 $600 to $1500.;.In vee t $5 $5 These Real Estate Prises. SS '$5 valued at $95,ooo, are located In the beau- $6 $6 ttfnl Town or Aiken, South Carolina... - SS $5 Its unequalled climate and hea'.tn-givtag SS $6 surround logs, has made it the SS $5 "SAKATOGA OF.THB SOUTH." $6 $6 The Shares will be distributed April 218t, SS ?5 when each Shareholder will see SS ts "WHAT FIVE DOLLARS WILL na" SS "There ls a tide in the affairs or men, which, . Taken at the flood, leads on to fortune." The most liberal terms to Clubs. For deserlption or the valuable Real Estate, Prizes, notices of the press, names of Committee to make the Drawing, home endorsements, and general character of the enterprise and manage? ment, send for pamphlet. Remittances for shares should be made with Postofllce Money Order, or currency In registered letter, or by Express, Ad? dress j. C. DERBY, General Manager, Augusta Qa? Office corner of Jackson and Reynolds streets. es- Residents of charleston and vicinity oas: secure snares by apply lng to J. RUSSELL BAKER, 50 society st. ; at C. HICKEY'S, No. 845 King street; WILBER A SONS', No. 59 Broad street, and J? . Lies ROUMILLAT'S, No. aol Bing street, where specime ns of the Works of Art, which each share? holder receives, can be seen. mart-ii