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The Charleston daily news. [volume] (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, March 20, 1871, Image 1

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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE TROUBLES Di FRANCE.
A 53TAZL-SIZED WAE IS THE CITT
OF PARIS.
The Insurgents at Montmartre Block?
aded-The Germans In France-A
Threat of Re-occnpatlon-The New
French Loan-Imperial Compliments
-The Black Sea Question, &c.
PARTS, March 17.
The membere of the National Guard have
been invited to call at the American legation
to receive each five francs In money, or a
pound ol tobacco, from the subscriptions? made
In America for the relief of the sufferers In
France.
A meeting of the officers and subalterns of
the National Guard of Montmartre has been
summoned for the purpose of signing an ad?
dress resolving on the election, of their own
chief In the person of Menotti Garibaldi. Non
signers are denounced as traitors, but as yet
there are few signatures.
Rentes are to be bought up extenrirely by
the government, with a view of susi sining the
cr?ent of the nation In view of a new loan.
General Palladinea, In citizens' dress, yester?
day iaspected the cannon held by the Mont?
martre insurgents.
The merchants of Paris are signing a protest
against the law in relation to commercial bills.
The journals unanimously deprecate the ex?
hibition of any violence towards the Germans
returning to their business and, residences in
Paris, but urge their social exclusion. The
Prussians are still charged with depredating
upon the inhabitants, and reprisals urged. The
D?bats says : "Before we can forget that the
Germans are enemies., we must cease to And
them thieves. Il after their extortions they
cannot comprehend they ought not to return
to France, we have a right to stretch a cordon
which will exclude them from French socie?
ty." The other papers talk ia a similar strain,
saying there can be no friendship whilst he
Germans are in France.
General Ulrich will be a candidate for the
Assembly at the ensuing election, to fill one ot
the vacancies from Puris. There are one hun?
dred vacancies in the Assembly, mostly from
Alsace and Lorraine.
The Assembly has appointed a committee of
forty-five to report upon the state ef the in?
vaded departments. The mayors of the?arron
dlssements are required to state all the costs
incurred, and specify all the outrages commit- j
ted by the Germans, and to describe the re
. source.? remaining at their disposal, and the
prospects of a harvet-t. * -
PARIS, March^l8.
^venteen of the Parisian deputies to the
National Assembly have resolved upon a fresh
appeal to the Montmartre Insurgents for
moderation, and insist upon the surrender of
cannon in their po:;es.?ion to the authorities.
The National Guard have transported filly-six
cannon from Place .de Vosges to Belleville to
prevent their seizure. The Montmartreists
have greatly increased their vigilance in pre?
paration for decisive measures expected from
^Jhe authorities. The rappel was beaten Jn
several quarters this morning.
A new French loan, which will probably
bear interest at five per cent., and be redeem?
able at a fixed time, will be submitted to the
National Assembly on Tuesday next.
The mortality is rapidly decreasing in Paris.
A dispatch from Rouen says the German
official paper there ceased publication to-day.
Instructions have been forwarded to the
Mayor ol Rouen thai; eighteen thousand French
citizens shall to-morrow pass over to the lett
bank of the Seine.
General Fron, with three hundred men, has
blockaded Montmartre. Several officers have
been taken prisoners. A large crowd of the
National Guard surrounded him. Armed sol?
diers of the lice fraternize in the streets with
the people, who are out in great numbers, and
shout "Fiue la R?publique !"
A Dire Threat.
BERUS, March 18.
The Cross Gazette, semi-official organ, says
if Hie French persecute returning Germans
the^ Prussians must reoccupy the environs ol
Paris, and possibly the eity.
Honor to th? Fjrench Republic. .
. VIENNA, March J 7.
A programme for a celebration m honer or
the liberation of France from the Prussians l-as
been arranged by a committee o? citizens of
Gratz, the capital of Styrla. The proposition
is not yet sanctioned by the Governor of
Styria.
Imperial Compliments.
. ST. PETERSBORG, March 17.
The Invalide Russe publishes a letter recent?
ly sent to the Czar by the Emperor William,
who says : ':To:day, at the review near Paris,
I remembered our united armies approaching
Paris after hard fighting under the Emperor
Alexander and the King of Prussia..* The let?
ter also expresses the pleasure of his Majesty
at the acceptance by the Czar of the colonelcy
of the first Prussian Guards. A message of
congratulation has been sent by the Czar to
the Emperor William.
The Black Sea Question.
ST. PHTERSBCRG, March IC.
The Amtblatt has the following remarks
upon the decision ol the Black Sea Confer efl ca
at London : "NqtwithRtanding newspaper In?
vectives, the powers have interpreted the let?
ter of Prince Gortscliakoff as reasonable and
upright, as not a challenge and not treachery.
The result o? the conference, ip.volyiug no un?
jnst sacrifices and disturbing no rights, re?
moves distrust and pledges peace."
M i se ella n tous.
: LONDON, March 18.
Eugenie is still awaiting the Emperor's ar?
rival at Dover.
The protocol of the Black Sea conference
has been concluded and signed by seven
powers. Its general features are concilia?
tory.'
A special correspondent of the Daily News,
at Lille, telegraphs tba: many manufacturers
In Alsace and Lorraine Intend removing to
that city and Lyons.
The House of Lords has passed to a second
reading the bill for the abolition of university
teste.
The Cambridge and Oxford boat crews are
now practicing dally on the Thames, prepara?
tory to the great race appointed for the first ot
April.
The Frenohsporting paper, Le Sport, has re?
appeared in Paris, and discusses prospective
races. _ _
-The Keowee Courier says : "The Circuit
Court IB now in session, Judge Orr presiding.
Three cases m the Sessions have been tried,
and one or two continued. One of the cases
the killing of a negro boy by another-was of
? a serious nature. The killing was irom care?
lessness in firing a gun, and the Jury brought
In a verdict of manslaughter. Court will ad?
journ during this week."
-The dwelling of Mr. J. F. Brock, near
Jack's Creek, in Clarendon, was entirely con?
sumed by fire last week. lt ^as the result ol
aridest.
THE STEVENS MURDER IN UNION.
Conviction and Sentence of tue Mur?
derers-Charge of Judge Thomas.
The Union Times publishes a synopsis of the
evidence adduced on the trial of Henry Can?
non, Taylor Palmer and Fred Green, negroes,
indicted for .the murder of George M. Stevens,
in Union, on the 31st of December last. The
circumstances connected with this diabolical
outrage have been published In full, and the
main points only need to be recapitulated in
order to relresh the memory. Mr. Stevens
was a drayman, and was conveying a barrel
of whiskey to the house of a neighbor, when
he was stopped by a militia company of about
twenty negroes, under orders, as lt waa testi?
fied by colored men, of June Mobley, a negro
member of the Legislature. They demande d
drinks, and .Mr. Stevens gave them a flask half
full. The negroes ?aid they wanted m?re.
Stevens refused, an 1 as he drove on, received
a volley of bulle.a. He jumped out, was
knocked down and shot to death.
The negroes above named were Identified a3
the muri ers, with the exception of Fred.
Green, who proved an alibi. They - were ably
defended by ex-Judge Munroe, one of the old?
est and best lawyers in the State, without fee
or reward; but the evidence was conclusive,
and in fifteen minutes alter the case was given
to the jury, which was composed of six whites
and six blacks, a verdict of guilty Was
rendered.
In passiDg sentence of death upon the mur?
derers, Judge Thomas used the following lan?
guage:
Prisoners-You are the first upon whom it
has been my. melancholy duty to pass the sen?
tence of death. Before now the Sixth Circuit
has enjoyed such an exemption from deadly
crime that it might have been said to be at
peace with all mankind, foy frequently in other
climes it has been my boast that this circuit
presented less criminality than auy other ol
the same area in the southern States. But
you stand before nie to-day convicted of that
murder .which has changed this lair prospect
into the reign ol* terror which pervades the
land, which has caused many of your race to
expiate with their lives your guilt, which has
shaken our State to its very foundations, and
which may yet end In Internecine war.
Far be it from me to upbraid you In your
fallen condition. But little did you know whon
yon went out that, night, that the incendiary
torch which you bore would light such a fire
a fire which seems unappeasable, and which
threatens to consume not only you, but all that
surrounds you. By the historian or philoso?
pher this might have been anticipated. To
place power in'-the hands of the weak and un?
skilful has always been dangerous, and resulted
In ruin. From the time when the child of the
Bun undertook to drive bis lather's chariot in
thelt diurnal path, and set the heavens on fire,
up to the present, the experiment hus al?
ways failed. To have placed guns lu your
hands, aud have you, take the law in your
hands, was worse than madness. I would
sooner have confided them to my children.
What did you er your officers know ot their
use-of the regulations which goverued arm?
ed bodies, and which has grown into a system
almost as intricate as the common law'? Or
of the serious couseqtiences which have re?
sulted in our unevenly balanced social system
by their infraction ?
But so it ls; yon can look around you upon
your distracted country, upon the newly-made
graves which dot your county, and upon your
own, yawning beloVe you, and say* la your
I guilty ignorance, you did lt al).
From such a scene as this you need expect
no pardon short of Him; who alone will for?
give the vilest transgressor. At His feet F be?
seech you to cast every coming thought ol'
your Hie, in suppliant prayer for your future
welfare. And if it be possible, as some (dight
recompense for the wrong you have done upon
ean h., mingle with these selfish orisons an car
nest petition tiiat in your graves all animosi?
ties shall be buried-that whe-n in your death
the majesty of the law shall be vindicated, that
majesty, and with it peace and good order,
shall be restored to your unhappy country.
The sentence of the court ls that yon be
taken lroin the place where you now stand to
the common jail of Union County, and there
kept until the third Friday in April next, when
you shall be taken thence to the place of pub?
lic execution lor Union County, and there, be?
tween the hours of 12 and 2 P. M-,- bo banged
by the neck until you be dead, dead, dead; and
may the Lord have mercy upon your souls.
COTTON MOVEMENT FOR THE WEEK.
NEW YORK, March 19.
The cotton movement has been heavy and
In'excess* of last year. Although not up to
the figures of last week, .the receipts
are over 34,000 bales less than last week,
but still very large fer the season, and
Indicate a crop ot over 4j000,000 of
bales. The receints at all the ports lor
the week were 102,484 bales, against 130,533
last week, 12G,935 the previous week, and
136,661 bales three weeks since. The total
receipts since September have been 3,153,51"
bales, against 2,303,872 for the corresponding
period In the previous year, showing au In?
crease of 840,645 inluvorof the present season.
The exports from all *he ports lor the week are
103,500 b?les, against 04,897 for the Same week
lafet year. The total exports for the expired
portion ol* tile cotton ye ir have been 2,070,327
bales, ngainsc 1,402,940 bales for the same time
last year. The stock at all tho ports ls 644,SS2
bales, against 409,197 bales for the same time
last year. Slocks at the Interior towns ure
10,750 bales, against 90,899 bales last year. The
stock in Liverpool is 804J)00 bales, against
295,000 bales last your. The amount of Amer?
ican cotton afloat for Great Britain is 332,000
bales, against 320,000 bales last year. The
amount of India cotton afloat for Europe is
167,000 bales, against 129,734 last year. The
weather South during the week lias been gen?
erally warm, with less ruin. In some"quarters
high waler interfered witn the movements of
cotton. . " *
-A New York Herald correspondent has
just Interviewed Senator- Sumner, who ex
I pressed himself very Ireely on the San Domin?
go matter and hi3 own removal.* On the ;
former point, he declared the conduct of the
Administration in this whole business a gross
usurpation ot the war power, and a shameless
violation of the constitution. '"Grant has
done this. He has been makiug war lor the
month past without a shadow of considera?
tion for the legislative authority. He has con?
sequently been Inlracting the constitution in
the gravest maimer, and his conduct is totally
indefensible. He doesn't know anything, sir.
I dou't accuse him of any knowledge what?
ever. He is not a man capable ol understand?
ing principles, or M grasping any tiling In a
comprehensive view. He does not under?
stand the primary elements ol' the const itu
Uonalr'equirements for war. All lie knows is
how to execute. Put him on a horse, and
he'll blunder along somehow in the field.
There's where lils avocation ends."
-An encouraging meeting of the merchants
and citizens ol Darlington was held on the 8th
Inst., In the courthouse, tor the purpose of
aiding the Darlington Agricultural Society iu
making preparations for the county fair,
which will be held on the 4th and 5th of Oc?
tober next.
-The Union Times says W. F. M. Williams
has been appointed amlltor of that county.
We cannot think that Williams will accept tlils
appointment, knowiog, as he does, that he is
not the choice of one sut of every hundred
taxpayers lu the county.
AS OTHERS SEE US!
OUR COSGO LEGISLATURE.
Sketches of Men and Measures In South
Carolina, as Viewed by a Northern
Man.
A correspondent of the New York World
writes irom Columbia, describing the last
hours of our General Assembly:
Looking In upon the House upon one occa?
sion every sofa assigned to visitors admitted
to the floor was occupied by women, all of
whom, with three exceptions, were blacks,
and all of whom, with no exception, were
well-known courtezans. -Judging by the at-,
tenticn paid to these "ladies" by the members,
lt wa; evident that "no discrimination on ac?
count of race, color, or previous (or present)
condition" would be tolerated here. In tbe-lob
by were stands for the sale of oysters and other
refre?-limen ts. including liquors of all kinds, and
about a hundred negroes we?p there con?
gregated, smoking, drinking, eating, and
smell ng loud enough to collapse in ten min?
utes (be- stomach of any man not thoroughly
acclimated. A drunken uproar, which I will
not attempt to describe, was under full head?
way lu the House, and a drunken uproar was
nader full headway In the lobby. The most
shocking profanity, the most lascivious and
indec-eni conduct, the most -acrid, wild
odom, the most diabolical expressions of pas?
sion of wlilch-the worst ol faces are capable
all these gave a lurid, fetid, revolting charac?
ter to the scepe. In the midst of it all the
"business" went on. A half-drunken member,
with the real old plantation dialect, moved
that $160 be paid to some man who had-re?
paired the clock. The motion was curried by
acclamation. Another moved that a present
of $1000 be given the speaker, andthls war,
in like manner, carried in the midst of yells
which would have done no discredit to pande?
monium. And so were numberless other sums
votcil recklessly away, in the midst ol cries
which plainly indicated how liberal some peo?
ple can be in voting away other people's
money.
How far these gentry succeed in feathering
their nests at the expense o? this ruined Com?
monwealth may to some extent be realized by
a few figures. The speaker of the House,
(Motes.) receives his $0 per diem every ses?
sion, and this session includes four montlfB.
Belore adjournment, $1000 are voted him as a
present, extra, all from the State treasury. He
is aho adjutant-general, and as such receives a
salary of $2500, with $1000 more as a contin?
gent fund, and $21.000 more for expenses (?)
of the militia. He also was allowed $91,000 Xo
buy furniture for the hall, and $00,000 to buy
arms, Ac, for the blacks, bliese are the flcr
11 res which the records show, and besides all
this there ls a wide margin for perquisites and
shal es in railroad, bond and other speculations
in which the credit ot the Slate is used ad lib?
itum. Grantund the Dents are admirably imi?
tated, thusly: The speaker'? father is the'ehief
Justice, with a salary of $4000, and a contfngent
Tiind in his hands ot $5800, besides much other
"monlsh" which are not tabulated. The speak?
er's father-in-law has $1500 fur one office and I
$10110 for another. The speaker's uncle, (still
Mo; es.) ls circuit judge, with a salary ol $3600;
and then follows a small army of the speaker's
kin who have what to them seems a liberal
share of the pickings. So muth for one nest,
ann a like exhibit could be shown of the others.
To meet all this demand for plunder, the
taxes must be and are enormous. A gentle?
man has Just been Introduced to me who own3
a taiga tract of very poor and unimproved pine
land, utterly worthless, and unsalable at pres-1
ent, and which the Radical assessors have val-1
ned at six dollars an acre. As he bas lost al- I
most everything, he told them he could not pay
Siroo taxes, but offered them land enough at
Its assessed value lo make that amount. They
said they were willing to take the land, but
wonk] not allow him more than seventy-five
cents per acre, as that was all lt was worth.
Tba very men who assess his land at six dol?
lars, and require and will compel him to pay
laxes on it at that valuation, are unwilling to
receive lt us taxes at more than seventy-five
cents per acre. This gentleman stands de- j
serventy high among the best men In the State,
anil his case ls only introduced us a specimen
of the way such malters are now managed
here. There ls no doubt that, these outrage
ou i wrongs are driving the white population
tb the verge of distraction. The State is utterly,
unable to meet thu demands of the robber
crew, and the remorseless cormorants are I
snatching-the last crumb of bread from the
poor widows and orphans who lie helpless at I
their feet. O men and women of the North !
ye who read this in your happy homes, still I
free, protected and blest, think of those with
faces as lair as your own, and hearts as pure, I
ground in fhe dust and writhing under ton urea I
in which only savages delight, and ail this
with the approval .of a great and enlightened J
government claiming to be the friend and
refuge ol the oppressed.
Awl the saints prey upon each oilier. Not
only here Is every office a grand shaving
machine, and every movement and operation
a shave ot high or low degree, but all through I
the State the same thing is being done. A
Juror serves two weeks at $1 50 per diem and I
gets his ticket calling for $18. He presents I
tills to the county treasurer, who says "no I
money," bin offers finally to "advance," and
take his ticket at $10, or even less. And this
Ia cpnstantly done. Persons working on roads I
or bridges are paid in orders from tue county
commissioners or the treasurer, who, of I
course, has no money, but oashes the orders I
out of lils private funds, at fiity per cent, dis- j
count, lt ls easy to see to whose benefit alU
lids inures, and the persons so fleeced arW
mostly negroes, by whose votes these very
"shavers'5 were placed in office. The State in
the hands of this Radical crew has become the j
honest, white man's purgatory, and the El
Dorado lor swindlers and rogues.
Three hundred thousand dollars were amply
iuiiiicient before the war for all the ordinary I
expenses bf the Slate government for twelve
months. Now a single session of the Legisla?
ture, the one just closed, costs $180,000, the I
sum which this body unblushingly voted lor
its own. benefit in three appropriation bills.
The first was for $125.000. passed just belore
the Christmas recess lor their holiday frolics. I
The second, after the recesa, was for $135.000,
and the last was, as already suite.i, for ?265,
000, aggregating "nearly haifa mllllon'of dol?
lars Imposed on an impoverished and down?
trodden people as the price ol a single session
ul ihe Legislature, whose only mission has I
been to misrepresent the people and to waste'
the public treasury" without any regard for the I
publicgood. And, as to the millions In bonds,
Ac, it is a fact that the whole monstrous
iniquity is so covered up that the people of the j
State cannot ascertain the amount of such
debt, who holds the bonds, or what has be -n
done with the money raised by their hypothe?
cs ion.
I need scarcely add that all this amounts to
a practical confiscation ot the property of the
taxpayers, and solely for the benefit of a set ol'
sharpers deserving the halter. Why don't the I
President and lils parly, who are really re
Bi onsible Ipr supporting these robbers, take I
the State from (hem and give it to honest men
at the North, who might ruu the government
with some little referenceto the development I
ol the State's resources, the education of the
masses, the encouragement of industry, and
the punishment of crime t To call i his a State
in any such sense as that word was once un?
derstood is to indulge in a transparent satire.
It is nothing but a scope ol country from
which ali the essential features of civil liberty
and representative government, have been
obliterated by a well organized band of rogues
and ruffians, who equal if they do not surpass
In depravity any gang which a British ship
ever carried to Botany Bay Old England
sends such forth as convicts; New England
sends them here as rulers.
I am satisfied the taxpayers of the State
would accept, as a relief a purely military gov?
ernment under the control of'oificers ol' the
regular army, rather than re mai u under the
tyranny of savages who are last making un
Ashantee of what, under an honest rule, would
be a prosperous Slate. And 1 will only add.
in conclusion, that the negroes, as a mass, are
not to blame lor the wretched condition of this
State. They would readily harmonize willi
the white people, as the whites would willi
llietn, if it was not for the Radioal leaders
who, for their own bad purposes, use every
effort to inflame their passions and to make
them believe that they have more use for tue
musket limn for the shovel and the hoe.
A Bordeaux correspondent states that Henri
Rocuefort is suffering from consumption, that
his lungs have bean affected lor years, and
that he cannot in the nature of things live long.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, March 18.
*In the Senate, the committee on election re?
ported in favor of Hamilton, of Texas, and
will consider other cases Monday. This de?
feats the claim ol' General Reynolds to the
seat The admission ol Hamilton turned upon
the point "that Hamilton was elected upon the
day,and by a Legislature designated by Federal
law. The opponents of Blodgett claim
that his election is faulty in both respects.
Hamilton was called In open Senate, and
would have been seated had he been present.
Governor Alcorn, ol Mississippi, telegraphs
the Congressional delegation of that State for
ample authority to punish outrages on the
northeastern border.
In the Senate, Sherman's resolution instruct?
ing the Judiciary committee to report the Ku
Klux bill was discussed all day." Sherman,
supporting his resolution, said in eleven
Southern States the public condition was one
of unparalleled horror and anarchy. Da?
vis, Stephenson, Johnson and Lewis spoke.
Lewis said Virginia was as peaceful
as any State In the Union. He denied
the existence of Ku-Khvx organizations
there. Johnson supported his colleague. Sher?
man replied that he could substantiate the as?
sertions of the preamble to the resolution,
which asserts, in effect, the subversion by
armed, disguised and lawless me^ mainly
soldiers of the late rebel armies, o? all civil
authority In large parts of the late Insurrec?
tionary States; that persons and property are
unsafe, the rights of citizens denied, and the
courts powerless (by organized perjury) to
punish crime. Sherman went on to give an
epitome of the evidence eliolted by the out
r ige committee. Bayard speaks Monday.
It is thought in shrewd-circles that the Ku-'
Klux movement is merely a vehicle to detain
Congress until tho Dominican commissioners
return.
Total subscription to the new loan, $10,000,
000.
WASHINGTON, March 19.
General Strum, of Indianapolis, will "be ap
I pointed supervising inspector of steamboats.
The latest Mexican advices Indicate eleven
j majority against Juarez In the organization ol j
the extra session ot Congress.
The Southern Democratic members of Con?
gress held a caucus, but took no action. They
will await the action of the general caucus of
the party. . -
A bill has been prepared at the Instance of
the revenue commissioner, and will be intro-1
duced on Monday, authorizing him to employ
a police loree when necessary for the collec?
tion ol revenue. The bill appropriates a mil?
lion of dollars. . _
THE STATE OF THE WEATHER.
WASHINGTON, March 19. J
The low barometer of Saturday evening on
the south Atlantic coast has moved eastward
into the ocean with brisk winds. Clearing up
weather has prevailed there ?Turing the day.
A comparatively high barometer, with pretty
clear weather, has generally prevailed east-of
the lower Mississippi and the lower lakes. An
area of low barometer, which was Indicated by
the reports received late last eyenlng, west of I
Missouri, has developed into a storm in that re?
gion. The barometer ls now falling rapidly from
Lake Michigan to Arkansas and to Minnesota,
with heavy snow in the latter State. The tem?
perature has risen very rapidly from Indiana
to Alabama. Fresh and gentle breezes have
been generally experienced to-day, occasion- I
ally Increased to brisk winds on the lakes. I
Probabilities : Fair weather is indicated for
Monday on the Atlantic Coast; cloudy weather
on thc Gulf and lakes, with-brisk winds.
-The grand aud- petit juries of the Albany
County District Court, Wyoming, this term,*j
as at the term previous, Is composed of equal
proportions of men and women. The judge
took occasion to compliment, ia the highest
terme, the intelligence, discrimination, hon- j
esty and propriety of conduct with which the j
women acquitted themselves last session, say- j
lng they had gone far to vindicate the policy,
Justify the experiment, and realize the ex- j
pectatlons of those who had clothed them-1
selves with the right. The bar, the bench, and J
the intelligent men of the country had long I
(elt that something was needed to improve I
and Justify our jury system; something to lift I
it above prejudice and passion, and imbue it ?
with a higher regard for law, Justice, oath
and conscience. The court would assure
them the fullest protection against everything
gpliich might offend the most relined, modest j
and educated women in any walks of life; and
would punish severely any attempt to throw
ridicule or contumely upon them*.
-St. Crispin never had a more Ingenious
follower than James A. Hamilton, whose re- J
cent espape from a Pennsylvania prison is the
most marvelous rogue's work on record.*
Hamilton was an old prison bird, and one of
t'ue most dangerous convicts in the Lancaster J
prison. Assigned to a solitary "iron-clad" j
cell he was set to work at shoe making.
Some lime ago he complained that his bench
was too low, and asked for a couple o? short
pine planks to put tinder the legs to raise lt "a I
few inches. For weeks he worked under
these boards at night, cutting a hole through
the floor, and lu the day time covered his
tracks with the boards. Having cut through
the flooring he reached solid masonry, and
worked upon that with such success that, J
eventually, enough was removed to admit the
.passage of his body. Having cleared the
mason work of a space a foot thick, and
about three feet broad, he attacked the
solid prison wall irom hts narrow crevice I
under the floor, and although it was
three feet thick he made a breach, and
passed safely through, and-let himself down
two stories by a very thin but exceedingly
stout shoe thread. Breaking into the wash?
house and carpenter shop, lie procured a j
change of clothes and lumber to construct a J
ladder with which to pass over the jail yard*
wall. This ladder is a model of ingenuity.
None ol the lumber was stoiH enough to make
the sides, so ho lashed several slender pieces
together wjth bed cord, and tied broken barrel
staves across lor rounds^ Witk this the pris- j
oner found his way to freedom. Early Sun?
day morning Iiis flight was discovered. In his j
cell fully a cartload of debris was found care?
fully stored under his bed, the slats ol' which
were cut in half and bored at regular distances
to make a ladder, which, however, he had
beeu unable to get through the peculiarly
shaped hoic by which he had escaped.
-The Masonic Lodge, at Camden, has a new
hall, neatly and comfortably furnished.
-The Camden Journal contains-an account
ol the robbery of the store of Mr. F. Goss, on
Friday night, a week ugo. The thief has been
arrested. *
-A colored man, named Alien McMahon,
last Tuesday, was killed by the caving in ol the
sides of a well that he was cleaning out on
Captain VV. C. Dunn's premises, m Union
County. Allen is represented us a man of ex?
cellent character, and much respected.
ZAWS OE THE STATE.
Acta and Joint Resolutions, Passed
by the General Assembly of South
Carolina, Session of iS70-'7i.
[OFFICIAL.]
Av ACT to regulate tbe manner of- drawing
juries.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by tbe Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
All persons who are-qualifled to vote in the
choice of representatives in the General As?
sembly shall be liable to be drawn and serve
as jurors, except as liereafter provided.
SEC. 2. The following persons shall be ex
exempt from serving as Jurors, to wit : The
Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, attorney
general, comptroller-general, State auditor,
State treasurer, secretary of State, superin?
tendent of education, commissioner of agri?
cultural statistics, members and officers of the
Senate and House of Representatives during
the session of the General Assembly, members
of the Senate and House of Representatives o?
the United States, Judges and Justices of any
court, county commissioners, county audi?
tors and treasurers, clerks of courts,
registers of mesne conveyances, sheriffs
and their deputies, coroners, constables,
the marshals of the United .States and
their deputies, and all other officers of-the Uni?
ted States, counsellors and attorneys at law,
ordained ministers of the gospel, officers of
colleges, preceptors ?nd teachers of acade?
mies,- practicing physicians, and surgeons
regularly licensed, cashiers and tellers of in?
corporated banks, editors of newspapers, con?
stant ferrymen, millers carrying on that busi?
ness at the time, and all men actually em?
ployed as such; such officers and employ?es
of railroads as are now exempt by law, and
persons who are more than sixty-five years
old.
SEC. 3. Ko person shall be liable to be drawn
and servo as a juror lu any court oftener than
once in every year, but he shall not be so ex?
empt unless he actually attends and serves aa
a Juror in pursuance, of the draft: Provided,
No person shall be exempt from serving on a
jury in any other court in consequence of his
having served before a justice of the peace or
a trial Justice.
SEC. 4. That there shall be appointed by the
Governor and confirmed by the Senate one
officer for each county in the State, to be
named and designated a Jury commissioner,
who, with the county auditor and chairman of
the board of county commissioners, shall con?
stitute a board of county commissioners for the
county; said jury commissioner shall hold bis
office for two years, unless sooner discharged
by the Governor.
SEC. 5. The board of jury commissioners of
each county shall, once m every year during
the month of January, and for the present
year within one month after the passage of
this act, prepare a Hst of such Inhabitants In
their respective counties, not absolutely ex?
empt, as they may think well qualified to serve
as Jurors, being persons of good moral char?
acter, of sound Judgment, and free from all
legal exceptions, winch list shall include not
less titan one from every twenty voters, nor
more than one from every ten voters of their
respective counties.
SKC. C. Of the list so prepared, the board of
jury commissioners shall cause the names to
be written, each one on a separate paper or
ballot, and shall fold up said pieces or paper
or ballots so as to resemble each o.her as
much as possible, and so the name written
thereon shall not be visible on the outside,
and shall place them in a box, to be furnished
them by the county commissioners of their
county for that purpose, and by said board df
Jury commissioners to be kept.
SEC. 7. If any person whotfe name "Is so
placed in said jury-box Is convicted of any
scandalous crime, or la guilty of any gross Im?
morality, his name shall be withdrawn there-,
from by the board of Jury commissioners, and
he shall not be returned as a Juror.
?SEC. 8. The clerk of the Court of Common
Pleas In each county, at least fifteen days be?
fore the commencement of any regular term
of the Court of General Sessions for the coun?
ty, and ten days before any special session re?
quiring a jury, and In the County of Charleston
like periods before the first of each alternate
week of the Court of Common Pleas, and at
such other times as the-respective courts may
order, shall Issue writs of venire facias for
Jurors, and shall therein require the at?
tendance of Jurors on the first day
of the term, and for the Court of
Common Pleas for the County of Charleston
on thc first and each alternate week thereaf?
ter, and such other days a3 *,he courts may or?
der. Tlie petit Jurors returned for the Court of
General Sessions for Charleston County shall
serve for the term, and the jurors returned for
the Court of Common Pleas for two weeks; the
jurors for the-Court of General Sessions for all
other counties shall serve for the term, and for
the term of the Court of Common Pleas'lmme
diately following..
SEC. 0. The venires shall be delivered to the
sheriff of the county, and shall be served by
him without delay upon the board ol Jury com?
missioners of the county.
SEC. 10. Nothing contained In the preceding
sections shall prevent the clerk of any Court
of Common Pleas from Issuing venires for ad?
ditional jurors In term time, whenever lt is
necessary for the convenient dispatch of busi?
ness, In which case the venire Bhall be served
and returned, and the Jury required to attend
on such days as the court shall direct.
SEC. ll. All jurors, whether required to
serve on grand or petit Jury, Bhall be selected
by drawing ballots from the Jury box, and the
persons whose names are borne on the ballots
M drawn shall be returned to serve as Jurors.
SEC. 12. When Jurors are to be driwn, the
board of jury commissioners shall attend at
the office ol the clerk ol the Court of Common
Pleas, within and for that county, and in the
presence of the clerk of the court, and the
sheriff of the county, shall shake up the names
lu the jury box until they are weil mixed, and
having unlocked said box, the said board of
jury commissioners, in Lite presence of the
clerk of the court and sheriff of the county,
shall proceed to draw therefrom, without see?
ing the names written thereon, a number of
ballots equal to the number of jurors required.
Ii a person so drawn Is exempted by law, or
is unable, by reason oi sickness or absence
from home, to attend as a juror, or if he
has served as a Juror in any court within the
year then next preceding, his name shall
be returned into the box, and another drawn
in his stead : Pivvided, That if the clerk
and sheriff shall lail to attend, after due notice,
the Jury commissioner shall proceed without
them, and the Jury so drawn shail be lawful.
SEC. 13. Wnen any person is drawn and re?
turned to serve as a juror In any court, the
boord of jury commissioners shall endo
the ballot the date of the draft, and ret
Into the "box after the number of Jurors 1
ed have been drawn; and whenever the
revision and renewal of the ballots in tnt
the board of jory commissioners shall tr
to the new ballots the date of all the
made within the'year .then next precedii
SEC. 14. The time for drawing Jurors
not be less than seven nor more than 1
days before the day when the jurors ai
quired to attend.
SEC. 15. The sheriff Bhall, at least foui
before the Ame when the jurors are rec,
to attend, summon each person-who ia d
by reading to him the venire, with bia em
ment thereon of his having been drawn,
leaving at his place of abode a written no
tion of his having been drawn, and of thc
and place of the sitting of the court at i
he is to attend, and shall make return o
venire, with his doing thereon, to the ole
the court, before the opening or time of
ing the court, irom which lt issued.
SEC. 16. On the day when the Juron
summoned to attend at any court, the
shall prepare a list of their names arrangi
alphabetical order. The first twelve oi
list who are not exempt, shall be sworn
Impanelled aa a Jury for the trial of cai
and shall be called the first Jury. The
twelve on the list shall be sworn and im
elled in like manner and shall be called
aecond Jury.
SEC. 17. Supernumerary jurors may bi
cused, from time to time, until wanted,
may be put on either of the Juries, aa occt
requires, in. the place of absentees. Not
herein contained shall prevent the tran
ring of Jurors from one Jury to another n
the convenience of the court or of the Ju
require- lt.
SEC. 18. Each Jury, after being thus Imp?
led, shall retire and choose their foreman
shall make such choice upon retiring \
the first cause with which they are char
and whenever the foreman ia absent or
cused from further service, a new fore
shall bc chosen in like manner.
SEC. 19. Nothing contained in the precec
sections shall apply to the impanelling
Juries In criminal cases, but the jurors sha
called, sworn and Impanelled anew for
trial of each case, according to the establis
practice, and their foreman shall be appoir
by the court or by lhe Jury when they retir
consider their verdict.
SEC. 20. When, by reason of challenge,
otherwise, or a sufficient number of Jul
duly drawn and summoned, cannot* be
fained for the trial of any cause, civil or cr)
nal, the court shall cause Jurors to be rete
ed from the bystanders, or from the cou
at Targe, to complete the panel: Provic
That there are on the jury not less than adj
of.the jurors who were originally drawn i
summoned, as before provided.
SEC. 21. The Jurors so returned from
bystanders, or the county at large, shall
returned by the sheriff, whose duty it shall
to be present during the entire term of si tt
of any court in their respective counties, t
Bhall be such as are qualified and liable to
drawn as jurors, according to the provisli
of this act,
SEC. 22. The court shall', on motion ol eltl
party in a suit, examine on oath, any per
who is called as a juror therein, to kn
whether he ia related to either party, or i
any interest In the cause, orhas expressed
formed any opinion, or is sensible oi any b
or prejudice therein, to know whether h?
related to either party, or baa expressed
formed any opinion, or is sensible of any p
or prejudice therein, and the party object!
to the Juror may introduc? any other corni
tent evidence in support of the objection,
lt appears to the court that the Juror is i
indifferent m the cause, lie shall be plac
aside as to the trial of that cause, and anoth
shall be called.
SEC. 23. In Indictments and penal actio
for the recovery of a sum of money, or otb
thing forfeited, it shall not be a cause ot ch
?lenge to a juror, that he is liable to pay tai
in any county, city or town, which may
benefited by such recovery.
SEC. 24. If a party knows of any objection
a Juror In season to propose it before the tri
and omits to do so, he shall not afterwards
allowed to make the some objection, unie
by leave of the court.
SEC. 25. No Irregularity in any writ of veni
facias, or In the drawing, summoning, or ii
panelling of Jurors shall be sufficient to G
aside a verdict, unless'the party making tl
objection was Injured by the Irregularity, i
unless the objection was made before the r
turning of the verdict.
SEC. 26. II either party In a case In which
verdict is returned during the same term i
the court befqre the trial gives to any of tl
jurors who try the cause anything by way
treat or yratulty,tbe court may, on the moth
oi the adverse party, set aside the verdict, ai
award a new trial of the cause.
SEC. 27. When a Jury, after due and .tho
ough deliberation upon any cause, return In
court, without having agreed upon
verdict, the court may state anew tl
evidence, or any part of it, and expiai
to them anew the law applicable to tl
, case, and may send them out for further dell
eratlon, but if they return a second time wit!
I out having agreed upon a verdict, they aha
not be sent out again without their own coi
Bent, unless they shall ask; from the cou
some further explanation of the law.
SEC. 27?. That the said jury commissioner!
appointed by the Governor, shall receive ft
their services three dollars per day lor evej
day's actual service In performing the dutlt
Imposed by this act; such number of days n<
to exceed the number of days the court fe
such county shall be in session, together wit
five days to complete the lists, and draw tb
Jurors; to be paid out of the treasury of the!
respective counties.
SEC 28. The Jury in any case i?3y. at th
request of either party, be taken to view th
place or premises In question, or any property
matter or thing relating to the controvers,
between the parties, when it appears to th'
court that such view is necessary tr a just de
cisi?n :. Provided, The party making the mo
lion advances a -sum sufficient to pay the ac
tual expense; of the jury and the officers whi
attend them in taking the view, which ex
penses shall be afterwards taxed Hke othei
legal costs, if the party who advanced then
prevails in the snit.
SEC. 29. If a person duly drawn and sum
moned to attend as a Juror in any court ne
gleets to attend without-sufficient excuse; h<
shall pay a fine not exceeding twenty dollars
which shall be imposed by the court to whicl
the juror was summoned, and shall be pale
into the county treasury.
SEC. 30. When by neglect of any of tht
duties required by this actio be performed bj
any ol the officers or persons herein men?
tioned, the Jurors to be returned from any
place are not duly drawn and summoned to at?
tend the court, every person guilty of such
neglect shall pay a fine not exceeding ono
hundred dollars, to be imposed by the same
court, to the use of the county In which the
offence was committed.
SKO. 31. If the board of Jury commissioners
shall be-gnllty of fraud, either by practicing ont
the jury box previously to a draft, or In draw?
ings juror, or In returning into the box the
name of any Juror which had been lawfully
drawn out, and drawing or substituting
another In bis stead, or In any other way in the
drawing of Jurors, he shall be punished by a
fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or be
Imprisoned not exceeding two years In tte
State penitentiary.
SEC. 32. Nothing contained in this act shall
effect the power and duty of coroners? Justices
of the peace or trial justices, to summon and
impanel Jurors, when'authorized by other
provisions bi law. .
SEC. 33. The clerk of the Court of General
Sessions in each county, not less than fifteen*
days before the commencement' of the first
term ol the court In each year, shall, issue
write of venire fac?as in each -county for
eighteen grand jurors to be returned to that
court, who shall be held to serve at each term
thereof throughout the year, and until another
grand Juror is Impaneled In their steen.
SEO. 34. Grand Jurors shall be'drawn, sum?
moned and returned in the sa me manner as
Jurors for trials, and when drawn at the same
time as jurors for trials, 'the persona whose
names are first drayfn, to the number* requir?
ed, shall be returned as grand Jurors, and
those afterwards drawn, to the number re?
quired, shall be jurors for trials.
I SEC. 35. In case t>f deficiency of grand Jurors
in any court, writs of venire facias may.be Is?
sued by the sheriff of the county In which said
court ls held, to return forthwith such farther
number of grand jurors lrom the bystanders
as may be required.
SEO. 36. No more than thirty-two persons to
serve aa petit Jurors sh ??ll be drawn and sum?
moned to attend, at one and the same time,
at any court, unless the court shall otherwise
order.
SEC. 37. That any person who shall here
after be arraigned for the crime of murder,.
manslaughter, burglary, arson or rape, shall
be entitled to all the Incidents of an arraign?
ment, and to peremptory challenges, not ex?
ceeding twenty, and the State, in such-cases,
shall be entitled to peremptory challenges, not
exceeding two, in the manner heretofore pre?
scribed by law. And any person who shall oe
Indicted lor any crime or offence other than *
those above enumerated, shall have the right
to peremptory challenges of ?ve, and the
State, in such cases, shall be entitled to per?
emptory challenges not exceeding two.
SEC. 38. That, an act entitled "An act te
regulate the manner of drawing Juries," ap?
proved the 26th day of September, A. D. 1868,
and the act entitled "An act to amend an act
entitled an act - to regulate the drawing o? ja?
rles,*' approved the 23d day of March, 1869, and
all other acts, or parts of acts, in any way con?
flicting with the provisions of this act be, ind
the same is hereby, repealed.
SEC. 39. That this act shall take effect, and
have the full power of law, from and after its
passage.
Approved the 10th day of March A. D. 187L,
Unsiness (daros.
Jr M CC O N KE T, * ~
PAINTER AND PAPER HAN&B-B.
No. 102 BROAD STREET,
(Davison's Old Stand.)
?av Orders intended for me should be left as
above between KINO AND MEETING STREETS.
marl4-l7?
Q E. L E V Y,
*TRIAL JUSTICE,
No. 86 BROAD STREET,
Office recently occupied hy s. L. Bennett,
All Business entrusted to me will be promptly
attended to. marll-3moa
F
fi. D AU EB,
No. 399 KING STREET,
PIANO TONER AND TEACHER OF VIOLIN,
FLUTE AND GUITAR,
Respect rn ?ly Informs all muslo loving ipoople
that he has always on hand a flue, assortment of
VIOLINS, GUITARS, Flutes, Flies, Drnms, Flu
Unas, German and French Accord?ons, Muslo
Boxes, Strings, seir-blndlng Mnslo Folios, M"?}o
Paper and Blank Boots, and over five hundred
Songs and Pieces of Hitchcock's five and ten
ce ut Music for the Piano.
Catalogues gratis.
All sorts or MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS RE?
PAIRED.
Country orders for Plano Toning attended to.
feb2-cthpm_.
JOSEPH W. HARBiSSON'S,
ARTIST'S SUPPLT, PAINT AND OIL STORE,
No. 62 QUEEN STBBBT, CHARLESTON, S. .0.
Patent Thief Detecting (alarm) MONEY DRAWER.
Jan3-mwf6m_- '?
Premium Canft gal*.
$9^???^_ $95,0(50
LAST CHANCE TO BEE WHAT SS WILL DO
.- ?
$? Will secure a Share in tho Alleen Premium $5
I -$? Land Sale.Divest $5
$5 Will secure a share as above and a fine Ss
$6 Wort or Art to adorn your homes. $6
$5 will secure a share and the Steel Engrav- SS
$5 lng, "Marriageor Pocahontas,?...worth $5
$6 .will secure a share and the Steel Engrav- $5
iib lng, "Landing of Columbus, -.worth $5
$6 WU1 secure a share and the Steel Engrav- $5
$6 lng, "The Day we Celebrate,".worth $5
$5 wm secure a share and the beautiful $s
. $5 Chromo, "American Autumn,"-worth $6
*$5 Will secure to some shareholder the Der- 16
$5 by Mansion and 25 acres of Vineyard and SS
S5 Orchard, Yalued at $25,000. $5
SS Will secure to some shareholder "Rose- SS
$6 ville Farm," 160 acr?.3. '
$5 valued at $10,000.invest
$5 Will secure to some shareholder "om?
is house Farm," 166-acres. $6
$6 valued ac $6000.invest- $5
$6 'Will secure to some s.iaretiolder who in- $6
$5 vests, a Peach Orchard, valued at $3600 $5
$5 Will secure to sonfe shareholder a vine- $6
$5 yard and Peach Orchard. $5
$6 valued at $3000.Invest . $6
$6 Will secure to some shareholder a fine $S
ts Villa site, With Cottage, Garden, Ac, is
$6 valued at $2600.invest $6
$6 Will secure to 83 other shareholders val- SS
$5 uable properties, ranging in value from $5
$6 $600 to $1500.;.In vee t $5
$5 These Real Estate Prises. SS
'$5 valued at $95,ooo, are located In the beau- $6
$6 ttfnl Town or Aiken, South Carolina... - SS
$5 Its unequalled climate and hea'.tn-givtag SS
$6 surround logs, has made it the SS
$5 "SAKATOGA OF.THB SOUTH." $6
$6 The Shares will be distributed April 218t, SS
?5 when each Shareholder will see SS
ts "WHAT FIVE DOLLARS WILL na" SS
"There ls a tide in the affairs or men, which,
. Taken at the flood, leads on to fortune."
The most liberal terms to Clubs.
For deserlption or the valuable Real Estate,
Prizes, notices of the press, names of Committee
to make the Drawing, home endorsements, and
general character of the enterprise and manage?
ment, send for pamphlet. Remittances for shares
should be made with Postofllce Money Order, or
currency In registered letter, or by Express, Ad?
dress j. C. DERBY, General Manager,
Augusta Qa?
Office corner of Jackson and Reynolds streets.
es- Residents of charleston and vicinity oas:
secure snares by apply lng to J. RUSSELL BAKER,
50 society st. ; at C. HICKEY'S, No. 845 King street;
WILBER A SONS', No. 59 Broad street, and J?
. Lies ROUMILLAT'S, No. aol Bing street, where
specime ns of the Works of Art, which each share?
holder receives, can be seen. mart-ii

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