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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR. V \JXJ KJ JJXMU Al.-J.1 vxuvu^. HOLDEN FOUND GUILTY. A WARNING TO CULPRIT GOV? ERNORS. Guilty on Six Articles-Not Guilty on TTJ^ .Articles-Holden Removed and Disqualified. RALEIGH, March 22. The high court of impeachment, sitting for the trial of W. W. Holden, Governor ot North Carolina, voted to-day on the eight articles of j Impeachment preferred by the House, with the following result : A two-third vote was requisite to convict. Forty-nine members were present. Not guilty on the first article ayes 30, nays 19. Not guilty on the second ar? ticle-ayes 32, nays 17. Guilty on the third article-ayes 37, nays 12. Guilty on the fourth article-ayes 33, nays 16. Guilty on the fifth article-ayes 40, nays 9. Guilty .on the sixth article-ayes 41, nays S. Guilty on the sev? enth article-ayes 36, nays 13. Guilty on the eighth article-ayes 36, nays 13. In order was then" passed removing Governor.Holden from office, and disqualifying him from hold? ing any office of honor or profit in the State. On this order the vote stood : 36 affirmatives, 13 negatives. AU the senators were present except one. The completion of the Senate is thirty-six Conservatives and fourteen Republi? cans. One Republican was absent, Mr. Fly, of Northampton._ PROCEEDINGS IN O&XQRESS. WASHINGTON, Maren 22. The Senate tabled the resolution to adjourn, 30 to 23. This shows the strength of'Ku-Klux legislation in the Senate. The cases of Blodgett and Goldthwalte were discussed, but gave way to the regular order of business, being Anthony's resolution limiting business, which was amended so as to include legislation on the South, with a rider by Robertson, of South Carolina, for a general amnesty. Trumbull said, during the debate, that the judiciary committee was unable to agree upon a bill regarding the South. Mor? ton wanted the committee to report to that effect, when "possibly the wisdom of the Senate would be equal to the task. Thurman characterized the various Ku-Klux bills which had been introduced as entirely outside the constitution. The vote to legislate for the South was 31 to 18. This was followed by a number of amend? ments, including tariff modifications. Finally, Anthony's r?solution was adopted-36 to 18 as follows: Resolved, That the Senate will consider, at the present ?session, no other legislative i business than the deficiency appropriation bil); the concurrent resolution lor a joint commit? tee of' Investigation into the condition of the Statis lately In Insurrection, and the resolu? tion, now pending, instructing the committee on the judiciary to report a bill or bills, that j will enable the President and the Courts of | the United States to execute the laws in said States; and the report that may be made by the committee on the Judiciary on the subject. The Senate then adjourned. HOUSE. Hubbard, Bell and Parker, Democrats, from New Hampshire, were seated. Young, of j Georgia, noticing a newspaper statement that | he had expressed a desire to charge through the House with a body of cavalry, shouting and killing, said the statement was -simply ridiculous and preposterous. He bad never felt, from the day of his admission, or given utterance to, sentiments that could warrant any such statement. He concluded, "Like the people whom I have the honor to repre? sent, I desire and Intend to obey the laws ol my country, and to do all in my power for its peace, prosperity and glory." Edwards, Dem? ocrat, from Arkansas, was seated. Colonel John W. Forney is nominated for coUector of customs at Philadelphia, and John Bowles is confirmed as suryeor of customs at Savannah. END OE T H J?. RICHMOND RAILROAD WAR. BICDMOND, March 22. The Senate tooday finished the long railroad war In the Legislature by passing the House bill for the sale of the State's interest in the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad for a hall million to H. E. Eilyson and others ot this city, thus defeating the proposition of General Mahone to buy it Later in the day an affray occurred between General Mahone and John Lyon, the attorney for Walters of Baltimore, In whose interest the State's Interest ls bought. Blows were exchanged and a pistol fired by Mahone. No serious injury was done. THE STATE OF THE WEATHER. WASHINGTON, March 22. Synopsis of the past twenty-four hours : The low pressure on Tuesday evening, on the coast of Maine, has contlnned to prevail, with cloudy and clearing up weather, and brisk northwest winds. The pressure has but slight? ly Increased in the eastern and middle States, and is now again falling, as i? also the case on the Gulf coast. Clear weather has generally prevailed In the Southern and Gulf States, but is now followed by cloudy weather. The storm centre indicated on Tuesday evening, west ol the Missouri River, ls BOW in central Indiana and Illinois, with brisk northeasterly winds on Lake Michigan, brisk northerly winds in Iowa and brisk som h and southwesterly winds in the Ohio valley. Its influence is shown In fresh southerly winds on the Gulf, and Iresh north? easterly winds on Lake Superior. Probabilities : It Is probable that the area of lowest barometer will move to the northeast with high winds on the lakes, cloudy and threatening weather in the middle and eastern Atlantic States. * Fresh winds arc probable on the (jplf and south Atlantic coast. Hotel Arrivals-March 22. CHARLESTON HOTEL. W. J. Hosbln, South Carolina; George C. Lord and wife, Miss Lord, Charles H. Lord and wire, Mr. and Mrs. Charlee Thomdyke, Misa Cor? nelia Edgar, f. A. Haw and wife, Boston; Ey ra B. Tuttle and wife, Brooklyn; H. V. Nlemeyer, Jr, South Carolina Railroad; James A. Mc Da vi ci, H. N. Clark. J. S. Mathe wes, Ocaia, Fla.; R. Peters, Atlanta; Josiah Oakes am wife. New York; A. B. Phelps and lady, Georgia; E. Willis, New York; T. C. Mcintyre, Master McIntyre. Marlon; George Savage. Florida; M. Tosterdelt, J. M. Davis, New York; Michael Hoag. Ohio; A. F. Lee, New York; George Lee, Massachusetts; c. Davenport, New York; N. D. Robinson and wire. George Thacher and wHe. George F. Pierce, Boston: Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Chapin. Jr., New York: J. A. Runnell, Mississippi; Grace Rnmrtll, Springfield; B. F. Clyde, Philadelphia; S. B. Dow, South Carolina. MILLS HOISS. T. C. Pendergrast, wife, daughter and niece, S. Throckmorton. Clcctunatl. 0.; w. K. Hawk? ins, New York; Wm. H. H. Davenport and wire, Pro'ess<*-Wm. W. Fay and wife. Jno. E. i-aven port, George S. Claire, George W. Keene and wire. Wm. S. Boyce, Mr?. M. B. Breed. Lynn, Mass.; Hi.-vare! Gilliat, T. H. Babington, England; Miss Deacon, Miss Adam, Boston: A. J. Reed, cine. . na:i, o.; Frank Arnim, South Carolina; Mrs. W. Connan, Miss Colman and maid, Savannah, Ga ; M-ss Wallace, New Jersev; Rowland Redmond, Ireland; Mr. and Mrs. J. W. H. Stollin and child, New York; A. B. Watford and wife. Harrisburg. Pa.; Mr. and Mrs Lawrence, New Jersey; J. Nedds, wire. iianghter and son. Wm. Becker and wife, New York; J. Lawrence, North Carolina. ' m T. " PAVILION HOTEL. T.B. Butler, and son, Mannlnir, S. C.: A. Mor? gan, Gi-rgetown: w. s. rjt>ey. George's Station: James M. Ljwe, Georgia; j. Butterfield, Durand. THE REVOLT AT PARIS. The Situation at Montmartre Unchang? ed-All Trains Searched by the Insur? gent*-Bismarck made a Prince - Kaiser Wilhelm on the Throne of Charlemagne. PARIS, March 21. The insurrectionary official journal urges the" National Guard to exercise vigilance for crim? inals attempting to re-enter ParX The city is quiet. Cabs have resumed their tripe, and the theatres are open. A proclamation Bigned by General Duval, and dated elmply "Paris," de? mands an election lor Mayor of Paris, with deputy mayors in all the arrondissements. The proclamation says it is not the intention of the Nationals to separate Paris from France, but only from the Empire and the government of National Defence, and irom their measures of treason anJ cowardice. It concludes with an appeal to the people to sustain themselves "as we are doing, and to follow our example in opposing oppression." A decree further postpones the maturity of commercial bills, and prohibits landlords from expelling lodgers for non-payment of rent until the issuance ol ftesh order. LONDON, March 21-10 o'clock. The council of Rouen voted an address to the government deploring the insurrection in Paris, urging prompt measures and offering support. Similar addresses were received from private citizens. It is hoped the address? es will have a eood^ffect on the working classes. The government at Versailles has ad? dressed a reassuring circular to the depart? ments, informing them that the situation In Paris is no worse. Revolution is unanimously disavowed. Chanzey and olher officers are still detained, but with hopes of an early release. The mayors of Paris refuse to hold the com? munal elections. The government promises a speedy intervention by' the army now% before Versailles, and concludes with assurances that the greater part , of the country is calm. A, meeting of Paris editors declared the conven? tion of electors to-merrow null, and public opinion against the committee which ordered, it. The committee is implicated in illegal and criminal acts, and now is the time for the Na? tional Guard and parties to come forward and put an end to the deplorable affairs. The Paris correspondent of the Times telegraphs that many persons were shot without a trial on Sunday. The Nationals will shoot Thiers, Vlnoy and Palladmes if captured. A strong reaction has commenced among the respecta? ble portion of the inhabitants; consequently .the committee are seek i ny. to .have Admiral Salsset command the National Guard. Ver? sailles resembles a camp. The prisoners of Metz and Sedan are offering their services to the government. LONDON, March 21-Midnight. It was stated in the House of Commons that Lord Lyons was "instructed to follow the French Government to Versailles. Every ar? rangement is made to protect English life and property in Paris. Advicesfrom the interior of Paris to 10 o'clock to-night represent the city as tranquil. A placard, signed by the mayors, Informs the citizens that the Assem? bly at Versailles voted for and urged the pro? posal for the election of a municipal council, and expresses the hope that tne National Guard will prevent further conflicts until the Anal decision ot the Assembly. Slr Henry Bulwer has been elevated to the peerage as Baron Dallon and Bulwer. ' Napoleon, who arrived yesterday, meeting the correspondent of the World, an old friend, said: "My return to France is only a question of time. Sooner or later she will summon me to save ber from the Incapables who are now displaying their folly and madness In shedding her blood and plunging her into anarchy. My pretended deposition will never be ratified by the people. There are only two parties in France who possess real strength, the Repub? licans and Imp?rialiste; but the empire alone ls able to conduct France to true and perma? nent liberty. The Orleanists possess only ima? ginary strength. They dare not venture an appeal to the popular will." The Emperor is in excellent health. ! BERLIN, March 21. The German Parliament was opened to-day j by Emperor William, who, in person, deliver? ed his speech from the throne. The Emperor said: "When I see the German Reichstag for the first time aiter a glorious but trving strug? gle, which Germany has victoriously prosecu? ted for independence, I am impelled first to give thanks to God for historic successes with which He ha3 blessed the faithlul unity of German allies. By heroism and discipline o? the armies and devotion of the people, we have what our forefathers struggled lor unity of Germany and security of her fron? tiers. Our conviction of ,fulure uuity was veiled. The ever-present enthusiasm of the people rent the veil when the Fatherland was threatened. The nation unanimously rose in her defence, .ind traced its firm will in Indeli? ble characters on the battle fields ol France lo be a united people." ! Thc Latest. PARIS, March 21. ? The insurrectionary central committee will ! respect the conditions of peace, but consider that the bills of Indemnity should fall on the authors of the war. The situation at Mont- j martre and Belleville is unchanged. . Business and labor are stopped, and there are frequent light alarms* A demonstration of the friends of order was made to-day. The procession proceeded towards the headquarters of the in? surgents and found bayonets barring the way. An angry altercation ensued, when the Irlends' of order retired. MARSEILLES, March 21. The Insurgents hold General Chanzey and Admiral Soissot as hostages, and will shoot Chanzey if they are attacked. All the function; aries of departments have tendered armed" support to the Assembly. LONDON, March 22. The report that a French transport, with three thousand prisoners, is lost, with all on board, ls regarded as absurd, and is partially contradicted. BERLIN, March 22. Bismarck is elevated to the rank of Prince ol the German Empire, and Moltke has the grand cross of the. order of the Iron Cross. VERSAILLES, March 22. Thiers has announced that the government will not declare war against the insurgents unless Instructed by the Assembly. PARIS, March 22. The National Guards search all trains. They hold all the fortifications west of Paris. BERLIN, March 22. The Emperor delivered his coronation speecli from the marble throne of Charlemagne, which was brought from Air la Chapelle for the pur? pose. BAPTIST ?.DVG ATIONAIi CONVEN . noir. MONTGOMERY, March 22. The Southern Baptist Educational Conven? tion meets at Marion, Ala., on April yi. Dis ?tlngulshed speakers are engaged. Schools and colleges throughout the South are requeu? ed to sena delegates. .. TONE OF THE STATE PRESS. BLAIN TALK FROH THE UNREPRE? SENTED TAXPATERS. Only Justice. [From tire Wlnnsboro'-News.] The power of Justice to conciliate, favor and qidet prejudice 1B Immeasurably great, and a people would Bubmit to the rule of monkeys and gorrillas, far more to that of negroes, if Impartial justice were the rule of government. It ls not that our legislators are ignorant and -unintelligent, but that they are brutal and cor? rupt, and the flt instruments in the hands of wickedness and vice for the perpetration of legislative and executive crimes, of which the whites of this State complain, ft is that they are dishonest and sympathize with all manner of stealing as legitimate business. A bitter and a stern resentment, therefore, is evidently spreading, and a deliberate purpose is being cherished to resist such rottenness by force,-at the very first opportunity, or in other and very plain words, to fight out of this filth. Take the su iject of taxation. It is proposed to collect two taxe3 this year; one this spring, and another next fall. These taxes would be more cheerfully paid, if. the people could be? lieve in their necessity. But they seem but a part of a plan of extravagant and useless plun? der. Moreover, it is not clear to the taxpayers where the money they have already paid has gone. The poll-tax, for examDle: the State auditor says that but $40,000 of lt has been, paid, and ninety thousand Has not been paid. Now we simply don't believe it, and would like to see the proofs. A great marry negroes have paid their poll-tax, and a great many employ? ers have paid taxes for them. The poll-tax, we believe, bas been much more generally paid than ls by some believed. Where is It, and what has been done with it, that it should be reported as unpaid ? It is very easy to report lt unpaid, and to say that it cannot be collected from people that have no property. But proper? ty-holders have their Just grounds of suspicion, and they have the right to state them, and to ask to see the proofs of the correctness of the report that they may verify lt. The zeal for education exhibited In the management of the poll-tax strikes some ot them as akin to the z?al for "land for the landless" exhibited by the land commission. It the tax be not paid, as is alleged, or if lt be paid, and then misap? plied to other purposes than education, as we believe very possible, In either case, "there is something rotten in the State ol' Denmark." Now hadn't the government better satisfy the people on this and kindred subjects, belore lt attempts to collect a second tax next fall ? We think so. Perhaps the tax may theo be paid. The opportunity of resistance may not then have come. But we countenance a Judicious prudence. We whites, who don't hobnob with negroes, are tired of this government, and intend to change it. The will will find a way. The Triple Tax. [From the Barnwell Sentinel.] Now this Is confiscation, downright legisla? tive robbery. The taxes of two years forced into one, and an additional tax to pay interest in gold. This is the astounding fact the peo? ple have to look in the face; the planters are called upon to pay this enormous tax or have their lands sold. How are they to do il ? This year the reduced price of cotton has not en? abled the planters to do more than pay expen? se?, leaving no surplus; many will tall ^hon and owe a balance to their creditors. Last year not a few found it impossible to satisfy thc demands of the tax-gatherer; this year the number will be increased. Now the question is, will the land own ?er patiently stand by and see his land sold for taxes, on an assessed value far above what they can be sold for, either by himself or the sheriff, or will they continue to resist this rob? bery ? Human patience will be exhausted when this outrage is attempted. No people on the face of the earth will submit to be taxed out of their property by a band of adventurers* who, owning no property themselves on which taxes can be levied, are recklessly grinding out of thepropertylholder a fund upon which to steal. We repeat, the people do not Intend to bo taxed out of their lands. Thc Taxes-Public Dissatisfaction. [From the GreenvlUe Enterprise.] The extra vant taxes levied by the majority of the Legislature of South Carolina, their op? pressiveness and injustice, the fraudulent schemes and waste of the public money, which they are Intended to support; the useless olllces, the high salaries, the corruption of the Legislature In Belling their votes, the horrible and Intolerable rule of ignorance and dishon? esty, all have made a deep Impression en all the people who have any honest interest In the Slate Government. We now record thc fact that there is, and of right ought to bc, a solemn determination among all the honest men of the State not lo stand a repetition of these tuxes, but unanimously to resist them, "peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must," There ls no doubt ot the iact that the votes of committees and of members of the Legis, latiire have been bought by money. We un he8ltallBgly avow the principle that every rep? resentative and every olliciul who sells his vote and influence ought to be put to death by? law, lt ls pure and simple robbery. The peo? ple-we mean people by those who are not Idiots or fools-are making up their minds. Scoundrels who self their votes and levy high taxes, must be stopped.. We hope another year may see a people in this State united as one man to resist these horrible frauds aud exactions. Let them dare Bell their voles again and rob and plunder. The most stupid negro In the State will come to see that his interest is on the side of honesty, and every white man, except the thieves. Will the People Submit ! [From Hie Barnwrll Sentinel.] It is well known to all parlies that this paper has at a 1 times recommended a strict obedi? ence to the laws, though in many instances : un laws are ol a partisan character, and op? pressive in their nature. . The taxes are enor? mous, ai:d-are sucking the life-blood Irom j mauy of our people, notwithstanding all who I can are meeting the demauds ol' the collector I promptly. But the point where forbearance has ceased to be a virtue has been reached. The State tax will be sixteen and the county six mills on the dollar. If this thing is at? tempted lo be done, we will not hesitate lo ad? vise our people Lo openly resist it in an organ? ized and efficient way. If the ignorant and heartless majority ot negroes in the House of Representatives presume that the white tax? payers ol'the State will silently submit to their own ruin and degradation without a struggle, they certainly mistake the character of the white race ! The Remedy. JFrom the Laurensvllle Herald.] The militia being disbanded and disarmed, will this give satisfaction to the people ? With? out any hesitation we answer in the negative. Taxation and representation must go hand In hand. Our people have been taught to regard this as one of the cardinal principles of a free government, as a right bequeathed them by their fathers, and one that they will never willingly lei. die. Under the present order of things who has Hie hardihood to say that the property holder and the intelligence of the country are represented ? Whom do we find In the halls of legislation ? Negroes in every re? spect ignorant ol their duty; scalawags without character and without money before they were turner1 'TOSB in the public treasury, and corrupt carpel baggers who left their country for their country's good. To this sweeping declaration there are a few honorable exceptions, but un? fortunately for the- people the exceptions are indeed lew. Now, the intelligent man claims representation because wisdom and education are necessary to contrive the meaus for good government-and he is right. The taxpayer claims representation when bis money is voted away-and who dare gainsay his right ? Tlie people then ask no more than iheir right; good men in the halls of legislation and a true representation, and until these are ?rained dissatisfaction will continue to exist. These are the two prime causes of trouble and dissension. Let them be removed. In this way, and this only, can peace and harmony be sflude lo prevail. TUB SOUTH CAROLINA CENTRAL RAILROAD. The Sumter Watchman ls authoritatively inform? ed that Mr. w. H. Peronneau, treaiurer, ls now authorized to put under contract, for grading, the whole line of road from Sumter to the con? nection wlih the Northeastern Railroad. Ar. rangements have at length te;n made by which means sufficient wl'.l be realized to complete this part of the road, and the work ls to be pushed energetically iorward. ZAWS OF THE STATE. Acts and Joint Resolutions, Passed by thc General Assembly of South Carolina, Session of 1BT0-'71. [OFFICIAL.] AN ACT to make appropriation and raise sup? plies for the fiscal year commencing Novem? ber 1, 1879. SECTIOS 1. Be it enacted by th? "Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, now met and sitting in General As? sembly, and by the authority of the same : That the following sums be,and they are here? by, appropriated for the payment of the vari? ous officers and expenses of the State Govern? ment, that ls to say: FOB SAURIES. For the Governor, three thousand Ave hun? dred dollars; for the secretary of 8tate, three thousand dollars; for clerk to secre? tary of State, one thousand dollars; for the private secretary of the Governor, two thousand dollars; for the adjutant and In? spector-general, two thousand five hundred dollars; for the comptroller-general, three thousand dollars; for clerk to the comptroller general, fourteen hundred and ninety-nine dollars; for the State treasurer, two thousand five hundred dollars; for the chief clerk to the State treasurer, fifteen hundred dollars; lor a bookkeeper to the State treasurer, eighteen hundred dollars; ior auditor of State, two thousand five hundreu*dollars; for the State auditor's clerk, one thousand five hundred dol. lars; for the superintendent of education, two thousand five hundred dollars; lor the clerk to the superintendent of education, one thou? sand dollars; for the chief Jnstioe of the Su? preme Court, four thousand dollars; for the two associate Justices, seven thousand dollara;- for the eight circuit Judges, twenty-eight thousand dollars; for the eight circuit solicitors, eight thousand dollars; for the attorney-general, three thousand dollars; for the attorney-gene? ral's clerk, one thousand dollars; for the clerk of the Supreme Court, who shall perform the duties of librarian ol said court, fifteen hun? dred dollars;.for the State reporter, fifteen hundred dollars; for the keeper ol the State? house and State librarian, one thousand dol? lars; for the superintendent of the South Caro? lina penitentiary, two thousand dollars; ior the three health officers, three thousand nine hun? dred dollars; for the watchmen of the State? house and ground^ six hundred dollars each; for the county auditors, thirty-one thousand five hundred dollars; for the derk to the audit' or of the County of Charleston, one thousand dollars: for additional clerical service, five hundred dollars; for the three code commis? sioners, ten thousand five hundred dollars; for the Governor's messenger, three hundred dol? lars; for the county school commissioners, thirty-one thousand five hundred dollars. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. SEC. 2. For the contingent fund of the Gov? ernor, twenty thousand dollars, out of which shall be paid the expenses of the bureau ol agricultural statistics, to be drawn upon the order of the Governor; lor the contingent fund ol the treasurer, two thousand dollars, one thousand dollars of which, ll so much be 1 necessary, lor fitting up the office of the State treasury; for the contingent fund of the attor- i ney-general, five hundred dollars; for the con-1 tingent fund of the comptroller-general, five hundred dollars; for the contingent fund of the State auditor, five hundred dollars; for the contingent fund of the adjutant and inspector? general, five hundred dollars; for the contin? gent fund of the superintendent of education, five hundred dollars; for the contingent fund of the secretary ol State, five hundred dollars; lor the contingent fund of the State librarian, one hundred and fifty dollars. The above ap? propriations to be drawn on the order of the heads of the several departments, lt so much be necessary. JUDICIART DEPARTMENT. SEC. 3. For the purchase of books for the Supreme Court library, one thousand dollars, if BO much bc necessary, to be drawn on the order of thc chief justice; for contingent ex? penses of the Supreme Court, under section 7 of an act ratified the 18th day of September, 18G8? five hundred dollars; for an attendant on the library aud rooms ot the Supreme Court, eight hundred dollars, to be paid quarterly on the warrant of the chief Justice on the treasu? ry, the said attendant to be appointed by, and removable at the pleasure of. the said court. ORDINARY CIVIL EXPENSES. SEC. A. For the-interest on public debt, four hundred and eighty-two thousand five hun? dred and ninety-four dollars and forty cents (482,591 40;) for the support of the Lunatic Asylum, thirty thousand dollars, to be drawn on the order of the Governor; lor the support of the State Orphan Asylum, ten thousand dollars, to be paid in accordance with the law establishing the same; for the quarantine, ex? penses, three thousand dollars; for the keeper of thc Lazaretto, eight hundred dollars, to be drawn on the order of the comptroller-gene? ral, accounts to be first approved by the Gov? ernor; for tlie physician of the Charleston jail, one thousand dollars; transportation and clothing for discharged convicts, three hun? dred dollars; for the Catawba Indians, one thousand five hundred dollars; for the current priming of the General Assembly, thirty thou? sand dollars, if so much be necessary, to be paid on the order ol the clerks of both houses; for the payment of claims passed by the Gene? ral Assembly fifty thousand dollars, if so much be necessary; for deficiency for legislative ex? penses, filty tho^and dollars, Il so much be necessary; for deficiency for payment of com? missioners and managers of election, ten thousand dollars, if so much be necessary, to be paid In the usual manner. EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES. SEC. 5. For past dues for construction, and continuing the construction of the South Caro? lina penitentiary, eighty-thousand dollars, to bc paid on the order of the Governor; for re? pairs on thc university bitildlngs, six thousand dollars, to be paid on the order of the Gover? nor; lor indexing the records of the surveyor's office, two thousand dollars, to be paid upon the order of the secretary ol' State. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. SEC. G. For the support and maintenance of free common schools, one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, In addition to the capitation tax: Provided, The said sum ol one hundred and fifty thousand dollars be apportioned among the several counties of the State, in proportion to the number of children between the ?ge of six and sixteen; further, that each county shall be entitled to the amount orthe poll tax raised in said county; for the support of the South Carolina University, twenty-five thousand dollars; lor the support of the South Carolina Institution for the education of the deaf and dumb and the blind, ten thousand dollars, to be paid on the order of the Gover? nor; for books already purchased by the State for the use of the common schools of this State, thirty-four thousaurf^?nd twee lars and fourteen cents ($34,020 li,) paid on the order of the superlnten education; for purposes Indicated in section of act approved March 9th, 18 thousand dollars. MILITARY EXPENSES. SEC. 7. For defraying the expenses militia, ten thousand dollars, ?Ive thou which shall be used lor fitting up the i hall in toe City of Charleston; one th for repairing and fitting up the ars< Beaufort, to be disbursed by the adj uti inspector-general upon the order of th ernor. SEC. 8. That all taxes assessed and p under this act shall be paid In the foi kinds of funds, viz : Bills receivable < State, United States currency, national notes; gold or silver coln. Approved March 7th, 1871. j Ax ACT to protect the Interests of the wherever payment ot Interest now di mains unpaid on bonds Issued by an] road company, and whereon the guarai the State Is endorsed. , .SECTION L Be it enacted by the Senal House of Representatives of the State of Carolina, now met and sitting in Genen sembly, and-by the authority ol the sam? j That the attorney-general be, and he is by, required and authorized to cause to stituted immediately after the explratl thirty days after the final passage of thh for, on behalf of, and In the name of this I an action, suit or other legal proceeding 1 I court of this State, or of the U Stares, against each railroad con which has, also, against all railroad panies which have heretofore issued t upon which the guarantee of the State 1 dorsed, and on which Interest ls now du unpaid, unless within thirty days aftei final passage of this act, such railroad co ny or railroad companies shall fully pay ?discharge such interest; for the purpose c forcing the payment of all Interest due o: bonds of.such.railroad company, and prc lng and securing the State against loss or age by reason of said guarantee, and t< end, to enforce the rights of the State b: tue of the statutory or other lien or mort held by the State, or held to secure the ment of said bond or bonds, on all or a the property, assets or effects of such com or companies. SEC. 2. That the attorney-general be, he Is hereby, authorized to appear for, oi half of, and in the name of this State, in action, snit or proceeding on behalf of other party or parties, against any such road company or railroad companies, an bind the Stute in such action, suit orproc lng, and to protect the interest of this ? therein. SEC. 3. That if the property Include the statutory or other lien or mortgage to secure the payment of the bond or bt named in the first section ot this shall not realize enough upon any or sales of all the property, assets efTects, under and in pursuance of any or Judgment or decree In such action, suit or ceedlng to pay the principal and Interes such bond or bonds, the deficiency shall and ls hereby, made a debt of this State, shall be, and is made, payable as such. SEC. 4. That such deficiency mentione the last preceding section may, at the op of the bolder of the whole or any pori Uiereof, be funded into coupon bonds of State, of amounts not less than one hund dorare each, bearing Interest at the rat six per cent, per year, payable seml-annua which said bonds shall be payable wit twenty years after the final passage of this i and upon the request of the owner or own ol such deficiency, the treasurer of this St shall issue such bond or bonds. SEC. 5. That an annual tax, In addition to other taxes, shall be levied upon the prope Kif the State sufficient to pay the Interest ut he bond or bonds hereinbefore authoriz and upon the'Indebtedness arising out of si aforementioned deficiency at the times wi such interest shall (all due. SEC. C. That the attorney-general be, and ls hereby, authorized to employ such coun as he may deem for the best interest of I State, to assist him in perlorming the dut imposed by this act, and to pay therefor su compensation as he shall deem just, whl shall be paid by the State treasurer upon t certificate of the attorney-general. SEC. 7. All acts and parts of acts inconsiste with this act are hereby repealed. Approved March 7th, 1871. AN ACT to amend and extend the charter the Planters' and Mechanics' Bank of Son Carolina, and for other purposes there named. Whereas the capital of the Planters' and M ebonics' Bank ol Soul h Carolina has been i ducedhy losses from one million ot dollars one hundred thousand dollars, whereby tl Shares, originally worth twenty-five dolla each, are, at the present time, worth, in r al i ty, but two dollars fifty cents each, and tl president and directors of the said bank ha\ petitioned for leave to consolidate their sa shares at that* rate, so as to bring them up l their original par value : SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate ar House of Representatives of the State of Soul Carolina, now met and sitting in General A sembly, and by the authority of the same : That the board.ol directors of the said bau be, and they are hereby, authorized, to coi sol?date the shares of the said bank, by callie In their said shares, and issuing one share i the par value of twenty-five dollars for evei ten of their present shares, so that the numb? of shores shall be reduced from forty thousan to four thousand: Provided, however, Tin the said bank shall, at the request of stocl holders now holding less than ten shares, rc deem the said shares at the rate ol two dol lars fllty cents per share. SEC. 2. That the said board of directors, be fore reducing and consolidating the sal -shares, shall give at least thirty days' publi notice, in one or more of the newspapers c the City ol Charleston, ol their intention so t consolidate, reduce and redeem the stock o the said bank, and, from and after the da; fixed and so publicly notified for the said con solldntlon, reduction and redemption of th? said shares, no one shall be considered or heit to bc a stockholder of ihe 6ald bank who ho? not received a new certificate for the consol idated shares at twenty-five dollars a share Provided, always, That the bolder of an] number of original. shares under ten shall be at liberty to sell and assign the same to whomsoever he may choose, by endorsement upon the certificate held by him, which endorsement shall, without trans? fer at the bank, entitle the assslgnee to de? mand the redemption ol' the said shares or the consolidation of them, wherever he has ac. quired or holds ten or more shares, at the price or rate as in ihe first section of this act provided. SEC. 3. Thesaldboardofdirectorsareht farther authorized and empowered, from to time, to increase the number of shares the capital of the said bank at anytime ? thirty days' notice o? their intention so rx published in one or more of the newspape the City of Charleston, to a number not ceedlng in the whole twenty thousand ahi each share to be of the par value of twi five dollars, and to open books of subscript for such additional shares, und?r BUCH re? Mons as they shall prescribe : Provided ways, That the stockholders shall have pn ence in subscription to the increased stool proportion to the amount then held by th SEC. 4. The said bank is hereby fan authorized to receive deposits, in such BI and at such times as the boarif*bf" dlrec may state, by public advertisement, and the same with a stipulated rate of interest u them, at stated periods, the interest to be ] In money, or to be placed at the oredit of i depositors, upon the same terras and col Lions as the original deposits. SEC. 5. The present charter of the bani hereby altered and amended, as In the ] vious sections o? this act is provided, and all other respects the said charter ls her confirmed as If those provisions had been or nally Incorporated In the said charter, and said charter Is also extended for a period twenty-one years beyond Its present terml lion. SEC. 6. That all other powers herein con! red upon the board of directors of the Plant and Mechanics' Bank be, and the same hereby, conferred upon the board of direct of the bank known as the Union Bank of So Carolina, which charter is also hereby ame ed and extended In the same manner, and t they shall have the same powers as are her conferred. SEC. 7. That the charter of the Peopl Bank of South Carolina be, and the same hereby, renewed for the term of twenly-c years from and after*the sixteenth day of 1 cern ber, which shall be lo the year of c Lord 1873. SEC. 8. That the said bank, during said te of twenty-one years, shall enjoy all the prl "lepes, rights, powers, Immunities and bene which lt now enjoys under existing charter said bank. SEC. 9. That tills act shall be deemed a p Ile act. SEQ. 10. That this act shall not be consta 'to exempt any of the banks named from St or municipal taxation. Approved March the 9th, A. D. 1871. AK ACT to establish the Charleston Charita Association, of the State of South Carollt for the benefit o? the Free School Fund. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate a House of Representatives of the State of Soi Carolina, now met and sitting in General J sembly, and by the authority of the same : That R. H. WiUoqghby, F. H. Frost, J. Horbach, M. J. Hirsch' and "Oscar B. Little, South Carolina, and 'their associates of pa ne rs, shall have the full right, and are here authorized, to-form themselves Into a part ni ship association, to be known under the nar and style of R. H. Willoughby and Company, such other name as they may now. or herea/t as?ame. SEC. 2. That all the rights of corporatlo known as .banks be, and the same ls heret vested In the said firm, for the purpose loaning oas money on Interest, purchasli and mortgaging real estate, buying peraor property, and they shall have the same rig! and privileges now enjoyed by the banking! s ti tu tiona of-this State; they shall also* ha' the right to dispose of any and all such pro erty, real, personal or mixed, that they mi become possessed of, in any manner, and c such conditions, as the said firm or associate may deem fit and proper, and to the adva tage ot said firm, and to promote the Intere of the said school fund of the State of Sou Carolina. SEC. 3. Be it farther enacted, That, befoi commencing business under the provisions this act, said firm shall pay, or cause to 1 paid, into the hands of the State Buperintei dent of education the sum of one thousar dollars, ($1000,) to be used for the benefit i the free schools ol' South Carolina,}and anni ally thereafter a like amount, for the term < ten years, or so long as said partnership shs choose to do business, it being uaderstoc and agreed that said payment of one thousan dollars per annum by said association 1B ttl consideration upon wbteh the privilege ot ir corporation herein Is panted, and wheneve said company or firm or association shall fa to pay said consideration, then their right t do business shall cease. SEC. 4. That the association, company o firm incorporated and established by this a< shall have full power and are hereby authoi lzed to establish agencies throughout tb State. SEC. 5. That this act shall be of force imm< diately on and after its passage. Approved the 8th day of March, A. D. 187! AN ACT to provide for the protection of pei sons, property and the public peace. Whereas, threatenings, intimidation an violence are used In portions of the Stat against the peace ol the same; and, whereat the laws are set at defiance and the officers < the law hindered, prevented and. obstructed I the discharge of their duties*, and, whereai armed, disguised aud lawless persons ai threatening, maltreating and assassinate peaceable and defenceless citizens; therefor? SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate an House of Representatives of the State of Sout Carolina, now met and sitting in General Ai sembly, and by the authority of the same : That if any person shall assault or intim date any citizen because of political opir ions or the exercise ol political rights an privileges guaranteed to every citizen of th< United States by the constitution and law thereof, or by the constitution and laws of th! Slate, or for such reason discharge such cit! zen from employment or occupation, or ejeci such citizen from rented house, or land, oi other property, such person shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and. on conviction thereof, be fined not less than fifty nor more than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned not less than three months nor more than one year, or both, at the discretion of the court. SEC. 2. That if any two or. more persons shall band or conspire together, or go in dis? guise upon the public Highway, or upon the premises of another, with intent to injure, op? press, or violate the person or property ol'any citizen because of his political opinions, or his expression or exercise of the same, or shall attempt by any means, measure or acts, to hinder, prevent or obstruct any citizen in the free exercise and enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the constitution and laws of the United States or by the con? stitution and laws of this State, such persons shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, on conviction thereof, be fined not less than one hundred nor more than two thousand'dollar?. or be Imprisoned not less than six months sot more than three months, or both, at the dis? cretion of the court, and shall thereafter be Ineligible to, and disabled from, holding any office of honor, trust or profit In this State. SEC. 3. That If, In vfolating any of the pro? visions of this act, any other crime, misde? meanor or felony shall be committed, the offender or offenders shall, on conviction there? of, be subjected to such punishment for the same as is attache i to such crime, misdemea? nor and felony by the existing laws of this State. SEC. i. That the solicitors, sheriffs, consta? bles, and all other officers In the several cir? cuits or counties vested with powers of arrest? ing. Imprisoning and balling offenders again s t the'laws of this State, he, and are hereby, specially authorized and required to institute proceedings against all and every person or persons who shall violate any of the provisions of this act, and cause him and them to be ar? rested, imprisoned or balled, as the case may require, for a trial before such court aa shall have jurisdiction of the offence. SEO. 5. That the Circuit Courts of this State, within their respective circuits, in the counties of which the circuits are respectively compos? ed, shall have cognizance of all offences com? mitted against the provisions of this act, and of all other causes arising under this act. SEO. 6.' That lt shall be the duty of all sher? iffs, constables, and other officers who may be specially-empowered, to obey and execute all warranwand other processes lsBued under the provisions of this act to them directed; and should any sheriff, constable, or other officer specially empowered, refuse to receive such warrants or other processes, when tendered to him, or neglecter refuse to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in the sum of five hundred dollars, to the use of the citizen deprived of the rights secured by the provisions of this act, or be Imprisoned In the county Jail at the dis? cretion of the court And the better to enable the sheriffs, constables and other officers, especially empowered to execute all such war? rants and other processes as may be directed to them, they shall have authority to summon and call to their aid, the bystanders or posse co ml tatus of the proper county, and all per? sons refusing toohey the summons or call of the officers thus empowered, shall be deem? ed guilty of a misdemeanor,-and on conviction thereof, be punished. And such warrants and other-processes shall run and be executed by sold officers, anywhere within the circuit or county in which they are Issued. SEC. 7. That any person who shall hinder, prevent or obstruct any officer or.other person charged with the execution of any warrant or other process Issued under the provisions ot this act, in arresting any person for whose ap? prehension such warrants or other process may have been Issued, or shall rescue, or at? tempt to rescue, such person from the custody of the officer or person or persons lawfully as? sisting him as aforesaid, or shall aid, abet or assist any person so arrested as aforesaid^ directly or Indirectly, to escape from the cus? tody of the officer or person or persons assist lng him as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person for whose arrest a warrant or other process shall have been Issued, so as to prevent bis discovery and ar? rest, after due notice or knowledge of the fact of the Issuing of such warrant or other proc?as, shall, on conviction, lor either of said offences, be subject to a fine not less than fifty, no more than one thousand dollars, or imprison? ment not less than three months nor more than one year, or both, at the discretion of the court having Jurisdiction. SEC. 8. That any citizen who shall be hinder? ed, prevented or obstructed in the exercise of the rights and privileges secured him by the constitution and laws of the United States, or by the constitution and laws of this State, or shall be Injured lu his person or property, be? cause of his exercise of the same, may claim ' and prosecute the county in walch the offence shall be committed, for any damages he shall sustain thereby, and the said county shall be responsible for the payment of such damages as the court may award, which shall be paid by the county treasurer of-such county ?n a warrant drawn by the county commissioner a thereof, which warrant shall be drawn by the county commissioners as soon as a certified copy of the judgment roll is delivered them for file in their office. SEC. 9. In all cases where any dwelling house, building or any property, real or per? sonal, shall be destroyed in consequence ot any mob or riot, lt shall be liable tor the per? son or persons owning or interested in such property to bring suits against the county in which such property was situated and being, for the recovery of such damages as be or they may have sustained by reason of the destruc? tion thereof, and the amount which shall be recovered In said action shall be paid In the manner provided by section 8 of this act. SEC. 10. That no person or persons shall be entitled to the recovery of such damages if it shall appear that the destruction of bis or their property was caused by his or their illegal con? duct, nor unless lt shall appear that he or they, ** upon knowledge had of the Intention or at? tempt to destroy his or their property, or to collect a mob for that purpose, and, sufficient time Intervening, gave notice thereof to a con? stable, sheriff, trial Justice or Justice of the peace of the county in which such property was situated ancubeing; and lt shall bo the duty of such constable, sheriff, trial Justice or Jus? tice) of the peace, upon receipt of-such notice, to take all legal means necessary for the pro? tection of such property so attacked, or threat? ened to be attacked; and If such constable, sheriff, trial Justice or Justice of the peace, upon receipt of such notice, or upon knowledge of such intention or attempt to destroy such property, in anywise received, shall neglect or refuse to perform ins duty In the premises, he or they, so neglecting or refusing, shall be li? able for the damages done to such property, to be recovered by action, and shall also be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor in office, and on conviction thereof, shall forfeit bis commis- ? sion. SEC. ll. That nothing in this act shall be construed tom prevent the person or persons whose property is injured or destroyed from having and maintaining his or their action against all and ?very person and persons en? gaged or participating In said mob or riot, to recover full damages for any Injury sustained: Provided, however, that no damages shaft* be recovered by the party injured against any of the said rioters for the same injury, for which compensation shall be made by the county. SEC. 12. That it shall be lawful for the coun* ty commissioners of the county against which damages shall be recovered under the provis? ions of this act, to bring suit or suits, in the name of the county, against any and all per? sons engaged, or In any manner participating In said mob or riot, and against any constable, _ sheriff, trial justice Or Justice ol the peace or other officer, charged with the maintenance of the public peace, who may be liable by neglect of duty to the provisions ol this act, tor the re coverv of all damages, costs and expenses in? curred by said county, and such suits shall not abate or fall by reason of too many or too few parties defendant being named therein. Approved February 28,1871.